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* /bMMKFVTTHWD 



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x 



TOM 5 

Nos. 1-6 
1908 



KRAUS REPRINT LDT. 

Nendeln/Llechtensteln 

1968 



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Printed in Germany 
Lessing-Dradcerei - Wiesbaden 



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K 




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BBCbl <S> flHBAPb * 1908. 
La Balance. Janvier. 1908. 




KraoMjumnono •OKOPIIIOH'B* 

» T—rp*wi« u, *, JUrpouon, a. si. 
Pbc* *• rtefer* a. lUtropoli, tj. 



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«Bft(H» EKEMBCHSHHK'b 
HCKYCCrBT> H MTEPAT/Phl. 

Toxh h3Juhw nsmft. 1908. N 1, xbbap&. 



GOAEPKAHIE. 

Omit 



B a j e p i i B p c o b v OopeveBBui. Ajtam cnionopeHii 7. 

K. iL BajmoHTv ILuaca sBoa.BoceBB cnootBopenft 17. 

M. KysiiHv Ptmevie Ahhu Meiepv PascxaffB. 25. 

Ill a p a b mi JIep6eprv Ohm noiyaam. 4paica n 3 jtbhctb. . . 39. 
06pH Bepacaei. Hcropi* Beaepu h Tasreftaepa. PoBaamneacM 

aoaeaaa 61 

A. C. IlyniKKHv TpH orpuBKa Max HeBaaaHHaro madia. 70 

Jbmpasypa. P y c c k a a aaTepaTypa. 

AHipei Bt ant. Tpuorin MepescKOBcxaro 73. 

3jjhcv IlyTB h nepenyTta. (Baaepii Bpaxon*. 9 Ujrm a nepenyrB*".) . 8a, 
K. HyxoBCKit. Tperia copn. (T. Hyjucoav „BecBO» aa cSBepV. — */ 

T. Apaon. .Beiepaift cbbtV — Ba. JleHcaia. .YTpeHBie sbobbi".— 

A. PocaaaaeBV „B% 6aanrs\— E. Tapacon. N ,3cMHHa aaaa*.) ... 87 

B. Baxyaaav Bctn cecTpan no ceptraxv (JyfeaiiB KaaeBB*, 

aauiaaan) 93. 

B a 6 a i o r p a $ i a. (O. Aubobi „3eaaa arfcren*. — H. Hobbkovb. „3oaonie 
Kpecrw\— A. OeaopoBB. .Ctbxh'.— B. CaiiOBCKift. „nynncBnV— 

B. IIIbuutb. v <fruoco<t>cxaa xpecroMana".) 97 

IlacbBa 11 pejiaKaiD .... 104 

Hoiui kbbtb, ^ocTaaaeHHua n peaaxoitj 107 

HaocTpaBaaa jHTcpaTypa. 

Peas raji. 4>paBnyacKaa noasia n 1907 r in 

A. 3aiac6epn 0pa*KB Boaroutffb. 119 

Ba6aiorpa<|>ia (Refny de Gourmoat. ^Simone*.— Hans Bethge. Die 

Lyrik des Aualandes — InseLAlnnnach) 124 

Hosua k b a r a, aoaoBaeBBBii bb pocaiouo . . . 129 

H a % BcypaaaoBb (C*epn» lilapaa Ban Jlepfepra. — IUajnaaonk 

IIIapaD Ban Jtepfopiy • . 130 

HoxyooTBO. 

HropB Tpa6api». .Codst." b J*bbokV 137 

A b p c a i i. „HCb8bb Heaovtxa" wh XyaoacccTBe BB oanh Tcarpfc 143 



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C0XEP3EAHIE. 



H. Oeo<)>M jaKToa-b. Beaepa. • . • 9 %i 

Ero it Bfeepi u 

Ero le y naajw. 5S 

Ero me. Jfon. (Hempemvknnui aaronoU) $7 

<Epo«»ara cB » nepBoxy ourfcxy (crp. 5X wuomc« (crp. 61 ■ 135) h 
o&kmkiu ero me. 06mift <t>pamamcb— «nian>pa X1T b. 



k-bb «CKopnio»». 

SOMMAIRE. 

Valere Bruiiov. Poemes*— C. Balmont, Poemes.— M. Kouzmiae. 
Lb Decision d' Anna Meyer. Nouvelle. — Charles van Lerberghe. Les 
Flaireurs. Trad, de Serge Poliakoft. — Aubrey Beardsley. The Story of 
Venus and Tannhluser. Nouvelle romantique. Trad, de M. Lykiardopoulos. — 
A. Pouchkine. Une lettre inedite. 

Lttterature russe. Andrl Biely. La trilogie de Dmitri Merejkowsky. — 
Ellis. Un nouveau livre de Valere Brussov. — C. Chookovsky. Recueils 
nouveaux de vers. — V. Bakouline. Notes* sur un almanack — B i b 1 i o- 
g r a p h i e. — Lettres a la redaction. — Accuses de reception. 

Litterature etrangere. R e n 6 GhiL La Poesie francaise en 1907. (Presomp- 
tions accrues d'un nouveau mouvement podtique). — A. Eli a sb erg. Frank 
Wedekind.— B ibliographie. (Comptes-rendus sur les livres de M. M. R. de 
Gounnont, Hans Bethge et sur Talmanach alnseb). — Accuses de r e c 6 p- 
t i o n. — Les revues. (Mort de Ch. van Lerberghe. — Monument Charles 
van Lerbeghe). 

Beaux-arts. Igor Grabar. Deux expositions artistiques a Moscou. — 
Aurele. «La Vie de rHomme* de L AndreiefT au Theatre d'Art a 



Dessins. N. Theophi iak tot I Quatre dessins merits (pages 51—57)— 
Frontispice (p. 5), inscriptions (p. 61 et 135) et couverture par le-meme.— 
Frontispice-generale (p. 1)— miniature du livre d'Heures du due de Bern 



i o-*a ». Um am. arnmanci »• ■• bopobm*, hocoa, hozosam, jl a. ru-Anou.. 



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on> pemkixih 



V 



Bt. xobitb 1906 r. acoaiajcx bt. Bpcccexfe Ulapjn* Ban Jfepoeprr., bu- 
juuomiftc* 6ejn>ri ft drift uo&n, aa TmopiecTBO KOToparo „Bbch" htjckojmo pasr. 
o6pamajn BEHMaeie *nmre*et. HCejaa no*rnm» naium, JIep6epra 9 mi *aem. 
bt. stomt. >ft cro nepByn apaay ,Lcs Flaireun •, bt. cboc apexs BuaBaamyi) mho- 
ro tojdcobt. bt. nciani m noxBjuDmyDCji no-pyccxa bt. nepBuft past. 

2$ Mapra h. ct. 1908 r. BcnaiBjierai xeornurBTie co abb cMepra xyAoxcBX* 
xa06pa EepACAta, npoaaBexeHum KOToparo „B-fccu" b-bckoauco pasr. npeAO- 
craBjuum cbob cTpaHHioi. Mu AaeMT. bt, btomt* >ft b-bckojbko bobuxt., toauco- 
tto onyoABKOBaaBim. bt. noAAHHBBKTs, OTpinxoBt ero HOBejuu: „Hcit>piA Be- 
aepu ■ TaBreftaepa". JQ[o iiocxsabato BpeMera 6mjo BaalcTeBT. abibb oTpuBon 
hst. ncpBOHaiajBHoft pejuicniH OToft hob&uli, KOTopHft f nojn»3arjaBiein» .IIoat. 

XOAMOMT.", H 6&IAT. JUHT. BT» .BTSCaXT." I9O5 T. >ft II. HuBTB 60jfce BOABaft 

BepcU bobcjuu noBBHjac& otababbumt. BaAaaieMT. bt. xpaftee orpamneHHOin* 
ibcas 9KSCMiuupoBT». Kt. coxcajrsHiD, no ycAOBixar. pyccKoft neiaxB, Mil He 
Morjm jutb nojnaro nepeBosa aarAiBCKaro BajUHui. 

Tpa oTpuBKa hst» BeflSAaBaaro vmcbmz A. C. nynnaraa neiaxa»Tcx cb> 
juo6c3Haro paapimeHiji nojucoBHsxa AjeKcaaapa BjiajumBpoBKHa HCapiceBBYa, 
no <}>OTorpa<f>iH, cbbto! ct> opBirraaAa, hurts nepejUBHaro bmt» r.HempKHBy. 
IIbckmo IlyniKXBa oopameao kt. Jnmy, homt. aeBSffBCTBOMy (Mowen* Gutl, kt» 
H. H. roHiapoioft). OpHrHHaji. aanBcaar. pyxoD IlynzKBHa oieat frfcrAO, 
noTra 6esT» saaKOBT. npenBBaeiji b oesr. 6ojn»nnnT» 6yxBi», bo AOCTaTOiao 
fenco. HtKOTopuB abbua obbckb aaMB nonpaBjesu, a BSWcH-iftmiji noMapxH 
pyxonacB oroBopeau boat. crpoKoft. 

IY. roAOBue boabbchbkb, Baecmie noAaocn»K> noAnacayi) njary ao buxo- 
Aa >ft i, bmtmdtt. upaBO nciywn. oeanjUTBO aajUBift x-Ba «CKopnioHT,» hb 
cyaay 3 p. hst. cnacica bt. 20 aaaBaai*. Cobcokt. BaaeiaTaar. bt. xaxaAorfe 
x-aa «CKopnioBT»» y npajoBceaaoMT. bt. kobh$ aroro >ft. 

oBictn 



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CTMXM /PA3CKA3H / UPAMbl. 




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OBPEHEHHHft. 

Ifaun 



i. noaTy. 



Tw AOJDKon* 6un> ropjum, 
Th Aoxxetrb 6m ocrpwrb, ican *e«n>; 
Kan JliHTC r noAsetmoe imam 
Aomto refit men otaeu! 



Bcero 6yju> kmoahuJI cBnatreAb, 
Ha ace ycTpeM« caoft esopv. 
Ha 6yxrn» tkm Ao6poA*re*k — 

rOTOBHOCTb BOATM Ha KOCTCpb! 



Bute Moxerb, ace n> anam mm* cpejicrBO 
An apKO-irkayviTb ctkxobt*, 
Hwcb 6eaimajiMiaro rtTcraa 
Hnpi cmeraida aiorb. 



Bfc mmyTU xrfSoMnm ofturrift 
K% 6escTpacrM0 ce&i nprneaojib, 
H rb HMCh 6eanoauuuiun» ptaurrift 
ripoauttb HscryiwcHHyio 6cuibl 



B* aura yTpa h n> (fcajurb aefepiiett 
JIobm, hto memierb Tetft Pokt>, 
H nomn: orb atea h3t» Tepidft 
rkma aaatTHuf! rtaoifb! 



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BftCUNl 



2. rojiocb. 



„Tu — MOft, Moeft pyxoft omtHeHi, 

H *, yetpeHHasi, amy. 

HrpaA, 6c3ynein> h 6esne<ieirb> 

Orb cqacTM cittAcsi, wum> bt> 6pe*y. — 

Tu BApyrb OHHCiiibca, bt> <iacb saiomfbiA, 

noftneoib Moft 30bt>, /muib cepjwy BmrrHhiA, 

H ci» Boiuieirb Kpiuaieuib Mitt: nny\ 



Tu MHonnrb wnuiai: 6yny Btpcm»! 
Tu MHoniirb roBopwrb: % — tboAI 
Ho HeH3MtHem> h pasntpeirb 
Co6biTiA Tpenerb pokoboA, 
Hto 6uno, — TanbKO npeABtmaHbs, 
Hto 6uno, — JiHuib 3HaMeHOBaHbsi 

TorO, HTO 6bJTb AOTOKHO CO MHOft! 



Tu can He nomurb, He HSBkj&xh 

CBoeft nooitAHeft r/iy6HHU, 

Tu Aymy paAOcraocTH npejuun>, 

Kaicb 3u6h MeAneHHOft bojihu. 

Jl amy Tefa cb newirb pasmparb. 

Bi> 6unoiTb, bt> rpajiymeirb, bt> hictoruk 

MHt ahh tboh o6peHeHu!* 



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OBFEHEHHUft. 



3. OTBVTb. 



Ocrpo 11 man chho pamm 
Baopb tboA, ftiecrauitt uihhokv 
Cepjuie McxtTb tie ycriHerb. 
Cepjuie,— nn n» Mat urtrotcv 
Chobi ah nymy o6ataiierb 
Boron tudHiMeHHufl cpom>? 



Pwgr nxy % HaKTptay, 
Baopb yimpa* bo aaopi,: 
Puiiapb — n xecroxyio ctqy, 

BtpHbia-Ha Jipuft KOCTCpT,. 

Th nosoBemb,— g oTBtiy, 
Cicawmh, — npimy npftroBopi*. 



flcwiro a xju*t>. HeyateaH 
Jlponierb n m pyica? 
Oporto crpyioi npontaH, 

Utffb MOefl 3KN8HH (falHSKa. 

Earnce a... (Same... y irkm. 
Al cHHia oT&iecicb icaimvat 



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10 BfcCM N 1 



4. HA MEJUIEHHOAVb OrHl>. 



Ha neAneHHOirb orafc ropHiub tm h cropaeuib, 

J^yuia MOfll 
Ha MeiweHHOirk onit ropmiib tm h cropaeuib, 

Cbo« ctoht> Tan. 



CTOHuib, Kam> Ce6acTbstrb, npoHHsaHHuft crpt/iaMH, 

BC3T> CWTb BSAOXHyTb. 

Oromiib, Kain» Ce6acTbiitrb, npoHHsaHHuft crptflanH 
Bt> anew h rpyAb. 



Tboh Bpani Kpyroirb, cb Becejiuirb cutxoirb, cuoTpsrrb, 

Cni6asi nyKb. 
Tboh BparH Kpyroirb, cb Becejiuirb cxtxoirb, CMOTpsrrb 

Ha CMtHU ftiyicb. 



Topirrb KOcrepi>, ropirrb, h crptflH xcansrrb Htxaio 

Bt> BenepHitt nacb. 
ropirrb KOCTepi>, ropirrb, h CTptau Hcarorrb Htxaio 

Bt> nooitAHilt pa3i>. 



Hto m> He cntuiHTb OHa m> tbohmt> ycrairb npeACMepTHuirb, 

Tboh ne»rra? 
Hto nrb He cntuurrb OHa — kt> tbohmt> ycrairb np^acMepTHbiifb 

ripwiuiTb ycral 



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OBPEHEHHHft. u 



5. 3AKAHHAHIE. 



KpacHuA oroiib, pacKpymcb, pacKpymcb! 
KpacHtiA oroHb, BSBeftca bt> Temiyio Bucb! 
KpacHbift oroHb, paacpyracb, pacKpymcb! 



JbKMByio Kywiy. m> utiui sojiotoA, 
JhKimyio Kywiy npoitsaio hhioA, 
JbKMByio Kywiy, bt> utim aowrottl 



Jlwcb bockoboA, o6pameHHufl ko uh% 
Jhacb bockoboA onnboaerb bt> onrfe, 
Jhacb bockoboA o6pameHHuA ko MHt! 



Cepjuie TBoe, He Kyunpb bockoboA, 
Cep/uie tboc si nponaaio hitioA, 
Cepjuie TBoe, He Kyunpb bockoboA! 



Be* TBOfl HCHSHb, HSSIBy, He BO CHt, 

Bex TBOfl xmsHb noni6aerb bt> onrfc, 

BCSI TBOfl XHSHb, HftflBy, He BO Oft! 



KpacHbiA oroHb, pacxpyTHCb, pacKpyTHCb! 
KpacHuA oroHb, BSBeAca bt> Teiuiyio Bucb! 
KpacHuA oroHb, pacKpymcb, pacKpymcb! 



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12 BftCH N 1 



6. OCEHb. 



He6o upKO, hc6o cHHe 

B*b HMCTOJTb 30JIOTt BtTBeft, 

Ho crpyHToi rfcHb bt> ao/ihh% 
H 3BeHMTb BOKpyrb HyTb oiuuiho 
HtaKHbift 30bt> — He SHaio neft. 



3to npH3pain> turn irrHiia 

Bt/IO Bterb BT> BUIUHHt? 

3to oceHb hjim rcpHua 

Bt> piist onaMeHHOft h nuuiHoft 

Hamioraerb nwn> ko MHt? 



Oihiuiy, oiuuiy: tm npopoHMiib! 

Tmift nyTb He yKAOH*, 

% Hcnojmio Bee, 4to xoneoib! 

3th sipidsi OAexcAU, 

tlowurb, noHsun>, — jym Mem! 



3to tu — Ha cnepTHOMi> AOMcfc 
>KAeuib noKopHaro Te6t! 
IlycTb >Ke rfcHb aokhtca crpoMce! 
fl aay, aaxpuBuiH Btacobi, 
Btpeirb Taftirfe h Cy/u>6t. 



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OBPEHEHHHft. 13 



JiyHHblft HbfBOJYb. 



JlyHHbiA AbflBOTb, 6ni>AHO naTOBbie, 
HaKfiOHmn> kt> aeiurfc pora. 

B3opu, npH3paMHO-araTOBfcie, 

CnoTfwm> cb He6a Ha cHtra, 

Oiobho thxo Mipi> saxBaTUBasi 
Bt> ctTH xHTparo Bpara. 



PyKH, TOHKOft C*BTbK> Citt&neHHbM, 

Be3i» HaaoK/rb yna*H hhut>, 

PtlOrb TtHH HOBOflBAeHHblfl, 

Oiobho craH necrphix-b rrnfin>. 
BroKy BcnuuiKH Mo/mitt, Bnpa&neHHbifl 
Bt> 6apxan> cyMpanHbix-b ptcHHin>. 



3Haio, 3Haio: — KptnKO cicpyqeHHaro 
OnpoKHHeuib Tu bo Mniy, 

Kt> cHHHirb MonHiflirb npiyqeHHaro, 
rioicopHuib niyxoMy any 

H noTom> bt> Bpara 3aMyneHHaro 
KHHetub BtpHyio crpfcfly! 



JiyHHblft AbflBOJTbl BfltflHO MaTOBbie, 

HaKJiOHH Kb 3eM/it pora! 
B30pw, npH3paMHO-araTOBbie, 

C"b BblCOTbl BOH3H BT> CHtra. 

H Mem h uiph 3axBaTbiBan 

Bt> ctTb KOBapnaro Bpara! 



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14 KBCH N 1 



8. BHfl-bHIE. 



Bt> cynpaKt Benepa tu — HenoAfiHKHa, 
Bt> 6t/io», cB5imeHH0»n> Bimtt. 
Bt> cyMpaict Benepa mh% HenocrioKHa 

CKOp6b Ha CnOKOftHOMT> AHllt. 



ABoe mu. CyMpaicb xoaoahuA, MonuibHutt 

BuiUUTb MH*fc TOAbKO Te6)I. 

HBoe mu. Hah oahht> h, 6e3CHAbHuft, 
Mezuiio bo MpaKt, cKop6n? 



CMOTpHUlb Tbl CTpOrHMT> H BAyMMHBUM-b B30pOM*b... 

3to npomaHbe mib 30bt>? 

CMOTpHUlb Tbl BT> CepAUe Cb 6e3nttBHUMl> yKopoMi>, 

C/iobho H3i> rny6n b*bkobi>. 



Tbi Jib 9to? Ta, npeAi> k%mi>, icaicb nepeAi* TaftHOft, 

P06KO CKAOHSIAHCb MeMTbl? 

Tu Ab 3to 3Atcb, hah npnapaicb cAynaftHuft: 
JIym> h nrpa tcmhotu? 



MeAAK) BO MpaKt, MyXOM-b H TAy60KOMl> f 

He OT3upaiocb, CKop6n... 
MeAAio. Ho ecAH tu nocAana Pokomt>, 
Mh% He yftTH orb Te6a! 



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OBPEIEHHHfi. 15 



9. LA BELLE DAME SANS MERCI. 



fl He noKpwrb mma 3a6pajiOMi>, 
He noAwurb rap/taro uurra, — 

fl WXVTb OAHlfb, HaJTb TeMHbIMT> BaJIOMlt, 

TAt juuib 6edMOfiBHa h nycra. 
fl 3Bam>: „OrptAa nyxcoro craw, 

B3HeCHCb H 3KH3Hb MOW CKOCh! 

Tu MHt npeacraHb bo Mnrfc TyMana, 
La belle dame sans mercil* 



CBepmavrb * TaftHue o6psiAbi 
npem> ajrrapeirb bt> MwraaHbH savrb. 
npexpacHoft HaMbi 6eai> nomaau 
fl BtHHuft npitapaicb 3aKAHHarrb: 
,$lBHCb Kaicb Mtoiirb Hajn> ne«MuibK>, 
Moft npMroBopi> npoHBHecn, 

IlpOH3M MHt CepAUe BtpHOft CTMblO, 

La belle dame sans mercil* 



Bcrpt<uurb si flweb, Ha TBOft noxoxdft, 
3a HHirb crpenwrb noKopHbift nyrb, 
Kaicb Ha Kocreprb, Bcxomurb Ha none, 
Kaicb bt> wiaxy, noHmcavrb Ha rpynb. 
.Coxcth Mem noarsAHeft crpacTbio, 
Kib bt> crporift xom>ai> B03HecH, 
Tsoefl xony yrorrbcsi anacrbio, 
La belle dame sans mercil" 



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16 BfcCH N 1 



Ho iiuia tm, rojrb sa roAon, mhmo, 
HeAOcnoKHMOft, Heaeimoft. 
Hh pasy Tu, HeynoAHMoft, 
Kaicb Poicb, He muia npeAO mhoM 
ripHAHl— onieirb jik>6bh h MyKH 
Bo MHt Bet xcaxcAu noracH, 
H norpyaM MHt bt> cepAue pyKH, 
La beUe dame sans mercil 

Bajcpii BpucoBi, 



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IIJIflCKA 3H0fl. 



i. nOJIOHflHHHICb. 



— noHCMy tm, nyrh CBHptabHuA, 
BtHHO Hoctniibca, Kpyaonnbca, 

Hh Ha MHn> He OTAOZHeuib? 
Ha Kane^H tm ftorr&ibHoA, 

BlIpaBO, BfltBO, ICb JUUm MMHIIlbC*. 

— Jl — WltHeHHUA. — 3T0 HTOHCb? 

— HaAO MHoit o6pajn» icpeiueHba 
Ho cBsrroro saBepuieHba 

He 6bun> AOBCAem. 

rioTOny hto nom> 6bun> nwiHbiA, 

Bburb oht> pBaHUft h pynaHMA, 

OnpOKHHy^b CBtHH OHT>, 

Pasyxpacwrb Kpecn> ub-btimh, 
roBopHTb: „Bece/u»e ct> h*mh. 
EnaroBtcn»e 6uTisi. tf 
H BHHa oht> Hanwrb bt> sojiy: 
„3to jyuiairb juctt> norojiy." 
A noroAa, 9to — a. 

— Hto ace juuibiue? — 8 — aaiofiaeHHuA, 

JIpOXCbK) 3ByKOBT> IKWIOHeHHUA, 

Bb 6pusrarb 9 bt> npraorarb orai. 
Pafrb ce6a, crpacreA cbo6oahmxi», 

n<WIOH5IHHHKT> HepHOpOAHMTb, 
HoCflTb RbBBOJU* Mem. 

riocmcy — h BApyrb cocKynycb, 

rioraaacy — cobcbmt> Haicyiycb. 

Tut a? Hto a? 3anoio. 

Bee no-HOBOny o crapoirb. 

Bee 6m naabiiie, Bee 6m m> napam*, 

Btio, p-feio, B*K>, BbK>. 



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18 BfeCHNl 



2. MAKT>. 



Kto much cpuwerb, 
Ton> rpoirb BusuBaerb 9 
Bt> Bpaftorrt ckmsvih uh% Tticb. 

H BOTB nOHCMy fl 

Becb BSAporay, mcy* 9 
Hpo*y, sanpmftTMBiiiH iuuo». 



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MflCKA 3H(WL 19 



3. rUIflCKA ABYX1>. 



— 91 Hn rpaju Btrporpaju, 
HasuBtiocb t BU c . 

— fl hst> rpaju UBiTorpajw, 
fl .OroHb oqeft". 



— fl no rpasy Btoporpuy 
3jttcb, h irferb, boht> Tan. 

— H no rpasy UrkTorpaoy 
riirrb juuo inrkTairb. 



— fl bo rput BtTporpiAt 
Bsbwioi, TenHora. 

— fl bo rpiAt UitTorpiAi 
XCjy, urkTOia*— ycra. 



— Jl bo rpaAt BtTporpiAt 

BOAOCITb BMOMfllO. 

— JI bo rpiAt LbrbTorpiAt 
Tlponoio: „JIk>&iio". 



— H hst> rpiAt Btrporpuu 
Bpusiiy BHzpeirb crpyft. 

— fl hst> rpaju UrkTorpaot 
floaoqr. .Utflyft". 



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20 MMMNl 



4. CTPWIA. 



rOBOpaTb— IKMKtfH HeAOBtKOBl». 

Xopouio. Tojibko icaicb ace mit 6hm>? 
BiAb poAHTenefl aojdkho wit «mrrb h jno6im»? 
Kto xo> ApeBHte — AiyiairroB-b, AuracoB-b, 
AccHpimrb, Xa^aecBi>, Bap*roBi», Giassirb? 
Kcwib 3axoHi> — Taicb saxoirb. Ham> om> juun». 

HW0BtK0BT> AIO&IIO— B1» HIlOCTaCH HTb ApeBHeft, 

Pnaaa 6bum sipqe y hhxt>, h pfcmi HairteHtA, 
Bt> HTb raiocfc aiuui&nbi roBop-b nopeft, 
JlyHOft cepe6pwiHCb HTb crpyHbi, 
O 6orarb h reposro BtuuuiH hmt> pyitu, 

H KAHHOIlHCb HMT> B03B*BUUW1 MOIOH BeUtKHXl* Wpeft. 

HO pyHM H KAHHOIlHCb — crptflu, 

Ocipifl, 

Bbiomaro m-btko, Konbsi. 

YxoAHTe xce bu, hto bt> xcaiaHisirb (brfeAHurb He artou, 

HeaoBtKH, bt> cboh yAvnrrecb npcAtnu. 

Jlyicb ApoxaiTb. AoroHH Hrb, BtcryHba mo*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HXflCKA 3H0JL al 

5. HEBECHfalft BfaOCh. 



Ha aoaonm poran 
Hefiecoaro 6100, 
Bt arbncmn ottaucan, 
1*4 atmaa ptaa, — 
Bk aasjrpa bucotu, 
Cause* aonim rfciacoirfc 
Barpmue ivtiu, 
Han qnqwmim 6ukomv 
Bospajtoaaaca 6un» 
Boanicoaan, ctchb, 
JIio6HTb on He npnuin 
Ben rpotmaro orm. 
On fyjnco aoaonim, 
npOBamaca rpon, 
Kaicb 67x10 OMyn aurb 
Baurpan caomn xapaon. 
flpOpBMHCk ofiaaica, 
Hetiecmi ramyn ayi> 
Tpn cothm jwa 6uxa 
Kopon croflTb aoKpyrb. 
M n npaawooct orm 
Ao kmmmo* em npUKOKV 

M K4UUUS, CTCHB, 

JlKrfoMufl anen cpon. 
H caaaocieir 
Or* ocipia JiirfaM, 
H mhoid aaaxmm 
B* aaotawot icpoaM. 
A n mtnepy ajwui 
3awaacb n buch aataaa. 
M m HOWKTb nouuH 
Hcfiecnn craw. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



22 BftGUNl 



6. B-bAOrOHb. 



y Kaauiaro ecr-b vtaoroHb. 
Korju Tw aactteuib, om> Bcnerb, 
Bt> Kpwiarb ero Aunierb nwierb, 

OCMOTpHTOI, AyHCTb, HACTb, 

OKptirb, yjieraerb, He ipoHb. 



Om» BOAeifb, Korju MU BO CHt. 
H pt3HUfl HBMl BHAHTCB COHT>. 

Bon» imnu, iisypb, He6oac/ioirb, 

He MU 9TO BHJUOn» t t OHT>, 

H TOHeirb mu cb mnrb bt> summit. 



BOTb rtTepT* 6t)KHTb IIO IlrtTftM'K 
KpaCHBbift Cb KpaCHBOft, HTb AM, 
Be8CMepTHBB dCBBICa *HB1. 

Ut/iyerb. M Aumerb TptBa. 
3acHyBuiHMi> rarb cjuako ycTtM-b, 



BOTb CCOpB, MyAOBHUlHblfl BHAT>. 
Cl> HOKOMl BtAOrOHH, 6tAl, 

Oncpbuucb h Jiberca pyAB, 

Tu cnimib, tw yaqgrb hibccta*. 

CMOTpN. BtAorom» tboA y6im>. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



ILIflGKA 3HCML 2t 



7. EJWHO— PA3Hfalft. 



Mhl BHOCHMU 

Bl» CBtTU, BT> AUMbl, 

Mm Kpynaai 

Ben kohiul 

Bb crkToaapHhifl 

Tpoirb yaapHbift, 

Bt> m pain* cepAem> h n citn, ahum. 



Ho noicyjui 
Ecn> Iyju, 
Ecn> h HyAO 
Am JDOAefl. 

CrtaUJft MCTKTOIb, 

Hacynnroib 
QMpaqaiomHrb crpacTeft. 



H noKyaa 
Ham> OTCiOAa 
Hqmpyjui 

CtffeTHTb CrtTb, 

Mvrrb mcb 6-btuA 
Borb— bt> npcjitnu 
KpacHtm, comntb h Bctn iwmeTv 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



24 BfcCH N 1 



8. m3JlAAb3JMHH'b PYMM. 



Ton>, kto 3Haen> cmiy iumickh, 

B"b TOITb, KfllCb BT> BHXpt, CB*BTHTb Borb, 

H6o CMepTb oht> 3Haen> bt> ziacKt. 
Arma-iy! 



Bt> AanbHeirb, bt> &ih3komi>, bt> BbiuiHein», rb HH3K0>n>, 

B*b MHrt BtHHOCTb, BT> 6ypt B3A0X1>, 

3tfaerb oht> jik>6bh cMepT&nbtiocTb, 
An/ia-ry! 

K. BajibMOHTi 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



PBI11EHIE AHHH MEflEFb 

nocBimuRCii C. 17. iUnunuy. 



— Tu 6u nonua, AHura, B-b KHarHHHHy ciuubHK) CHj-fcTb, a to 
Mfft otoAth HejL3H, a Tain* caecapb pa6oTaen», — eme cramHTb 
hto HHCyju>! 

— Hto #ce ji 6yay Tain. jrtaaTb? 

iU TO «e, HTO H 3jrfccb: BT> OKHO CMOTp*Tb. 

— A oiecapb? 

— Hobojlho Toro, hto KTo-He6yAb bt> KOMHarfc 6yaerb, jo- 
BOJbHo Toro!.. 

O&fc jReHmHHu,— h cocKOHHBman co cryja, Ha KOTopufi oHa 
Bcrajia, hto6h jocrarHyTb bucoko pacnojoweHHaro OKHa, h raaAHB- 
maa y hchkh frfcibe, h CTapaa, h MOJOAa*, h AHWTa, h KapojiHHa 
HBaHOBHa, h iueMHHHHua H3i» 4epeBHH 9 h nerep6yprcKafl TeTKa, 
ocBamaeMbifl cojihucmt* h3t> Tpex-b okoht> 6ojibmofi hh3koA KOMHaTbi 

6bUH CXO)KH rOJOCaMH, HeHHCTUMT, BbirOBOpOM'b pyccKofi p-fe^H 
R HeH3rja4BMbIMT» CeJbCKHMT, pyjiaHaeirb. 

Eojibinoe okho KOMHaTbi bt» jpyroirb aTaxcfc He h3m^hhjio 
3p^jnnxa nepeji* roia3aMH j-fcBymKWTa Hte njomajb ct> rycTHM-b 
H3jwjih cajiOMi* 3a Hen, Torb nee Haji-feBo rop6ujib Mocra, tott> me 
HanpaBo cHosa cajn> 3a KaHajoM-b. T-t nee Btaep-b h cojiHue bt> 
jhuo, THinHHa jfkrHHXT* noaynoKHHyrbix-b KOMH^rb, HapymaeMaH 
JHmb THxoft pa6oToft to yxojwmaro Kyja-To, to B03BpamaiomarocH 
ciecapji, AOJirifl6e3T> A*kia jenb — HaBojnjH coht», cnaAKift h 6e3- 
AyMHbiA, He CMymaeMbift hh Mbicjibio o noAucKainH M-fccra, hh 
BocnoMHHaHbHMH o 6ojioTHCTbirb Jiyrax-b noKHHyraro jfci6ypra, 
o pojuuiofi cupoBapH-fe, hh MeHTaMH o 6jiecnniieft HCH3HH neTep6ypr- 
ckhxt, rocnoAi*. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



26 B*CH N 1 



Jbh 3a ah jim h, — TyMaHHue h jicHue, cojHeHHue h jowjuhbhc— 
o4RBaKOBo npoxoAHiH amh Abhu Meftept. Tar* we OHa bcti- 
Baja co cBoefi Tencoft — He cinraKOM-b paHO, Be cinrnKOM-b noaxBo; 
TaKi» we cierKa noMoraja eft, Tan* we HHTaja poiiaHi» at pona- 

HOMT>; CMOTp-fcia BT> OKHa; HO npa3AHHKaMT» XOJHJU m» pojcxBeB* 

HHKaMi»; -B34HJU Ha Oxry, ixfe 6e3i» mjjinu cm-fcja Ha Tparl 
Kjajritama, ciyma* imim» h itbchh m»*Htira; Tan* we He ToponB- 
iacb HCKarb M-fecra, owhju* occhh h He noHyKaejiaji KapojjHofl 
HBaeoBHoft. 

IIogi-b o6ijia OHa xojhju n JTiraift cajr* CMOTp-fcr* ryjuno- 
iuhxt>, 40BOJbHan ywe rfcjrb, hto ysHasaia nacro BCTptaaeMtu 
iHoa. Oahh OHa Jiio^HJia, jpyrix — H-fcrb, jUBaja nposBHiua h cm4ji- 
jacb, pa3CKa3UBan aomjl Bcero 6o»me eA HpaBHJHCb *Ba o4>h- 
uepa, Bcerza npHxoAHBtnie Birfccrfc hjh cxoAHBmieca ywe bt> cajiy. 

OaHHT» 6uJTb BHCOlUfi, CT» p030BUMH mdUMH, AIHHHHlTfc HOCOITb, 

6ojbumnH KapHMH rjiasaMH, oneHb mojojoA. Apyroro ohi He 
nocn-feBaja AOCMOTp-ferb, Bcerju paarJMHBax nepBaro. Macro ohi 
ciumaia, Be hohhiu*, hxt» 4>paHuy3CKift pa3roBop-b. Korju ohi 
roBopHiH no-pyccKR, AnHa Towe He noHHitaja, Tar* nan xa3a- 

JlOCk, HTO npOCTUH CIOBa HM-fejIH JBOfiHOfi OUIC11, HCAOCTyilHHfl 

4'BBymK'B. HacTo newjy poMaHaMH OHa c^aHTaaHpoBaJu, npiuyMH- 
Ban, — kto 3th *Ba t r*B ohh WHByn», Kairi* y hhtb MaTepa, cearpii,— 
n oAHawAu nonua at hhmh h3t» caja. 

Euaa Tojna... 04>Huepu b3jur H3bo3hhm h no-fexajn mhmo 
IlaBJOBCKHXT* Ka3apM*b Ha MRibOHHy©; Abhu ohh He aairfcruM; 
6hih oneHb Becejfei h rpoMKo cM-fcjiJHCb. 

Jlouz OHa sanHcuBaJu Ha nepeiuerfe KHHra jhh, Korja an 
BHjrfaia y h, Ha Bonpocb crapyxn, oTB-fcrHia: 

— rjynocTH, TaHTa KapojHHa: sanHCHBan, Korju 6hjo coinne 
n Korju M.OX&... 

— Pass-i cerojuu He 6tuo jowjia? 

— % omw6jacb, tctji, npaual H tikis paacfe*HHis, — orsi- 
THja Meflep-b, Be sanepKHBa* 3anHCH. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



PtmKHIE AHHH MEfiEPL. 27 



3- 

Bi xpyrofl pa3i» AHHa 6uja ciacTJHB'fce, TaK*& Kaic* eft yjpjocb 
npofrra ci-tAOMi> no noAvfeja, nyj» ohh boiqjh h i\h* norb HtHTb 

OJ|HHT> H3T» HHXT». BllpOieirb, OHa HUM HCJOJrO, TO COBCfalTb BOIOT- 

Hy», *cho cnima sanaxb jyxoB-b, to pa3*fcjeHHaji npoxojRHMH, 
npHieirb Bticoica* (f)Hrypa o$Huepa h 6-fcjoe joHtiniKO ero nao- 
CKoft 4>ypawKH 6tiJH jicho h Aajeico bhahumi> nanKOMi» bt» nym. 
Ohh 6ucTpo boihjh bt> noAvtaAi, Kyja* cnoniKaacb, nocirferaHJia 
h MeAept, h, noAH»imicb bo Bropoft dra^b, 6e3T> 3BOHKa npo- 
hrkjh cb KJ»HeMT> bt> ABepb, TOTqac& ee 3auonHyBi>. KiBymica, 
nojiB*Bmaflcji 6ujo Bume, npo*ua Ha M-tjuioft jocirfc: .Bapsapa 
AupeeBHa CKaiKOBa" h, HapoiHO cryna Ra6jyKanH, ito6u bh- 
3BaTk msefinapa h3t» ero noji-fcmeRbH ct» 3anaxoMT> nnpora Ha bc» 
ji-kcTHHuy, 6e30THerH0 coo6pa3HBmH, cnpocHjia: 

— Iocnojita CRaiROBa eme He bt> ropoji? 

— HHKairb H'fcrb-cb, paHbme jBajwaTaro He 6yj,yn». 

— H HHKoro npn RBaprapi He ocTaBjeHo? 

— A Koro BaM-b yrojHo? 

— IloApyra moji y hhxt> jftnaa, — Bpaja AHHa no BjoxHOBeHiK). 

— Hto jne 9 OHa bt> H-feMKax-b y hhxt> npn j-frrarb? 

— ila, Aal — o6paj|OBajacb cnpamHBaioinaii. 

— Offfe ci> xkrbun h y-fexaiH, — mojbhji», yju6HyBmHCh, 
nxBeftnapK 

— % 3Ha»... x y3HaTb xorfeaa,— h j-feBymRa puaacb bt, Komejb- 
Ki f rjrt BM-fecrfe 6hjih arfcmaHu h AByrpHBeHHtie, h njrriajTHH- 
Hiie, h rpHBeHHHKH ci> M^AbK), KpacH-fea h He Haxojui. Co6eck*- 
hhkt», cjrta* 3a en abhjkchlhmh, Hap OH BO mchjchho roBopHJT>: 

— ilapb* TaBpHJOBHa npn KBapTHp-fc ocraBJieHa h hotom-b 6apu- 
hhht» 6parb, IlaBerb AH«apeeBH«rb, BpeneHHo npoHCHBanrb; TaBpH- 
JOBHa hmt» yciyKHBaerb. 

AHHa, HHiero He HalUx, 3aKpuia RomeaeR-b h cnpocHja: 

— riaBej-b AH4peeBHH*b? 

— r Hy, ja, IlaBej-b AH4peeBH<rb ^ojHHHH-b, aeftfrb-rBapjiH 
CeMeHOBCKaro noxRa. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC *" 



28 BfcCN N 1 

— Axt», ju! bott» nam*? Hto ;«e, ohh aojto 3xi>ch npo6yAyTb? — 
jonoTaja H-femca, hc niBeftaap-b MOJHa oTBopjun* eft ABepH. 

— riaBejn> AHApeeBHVb! FIaBejn> AHApeeBHH-b, — TBepAHjaoHa, 
hah 40Mofl,— riaBJiyma, Ha**, IlaBJ*, FlaBJiHKx; IloJb! — p-femnjia 
OHa BApyn>. 

Oh& eje oTB-fcnaja KapojHH-fc HBaHOBH-fc, xjuza: # HejoBKO, 
hto h qejioB-feKy HeA&ia Ha nafil Hy 3aBTpa 3afl^y h mojkho jUTb 
25 KoneeKi*. Hoitep-b AOiia 3a6bua nocMOTp-fen*... Hy, h Tam> iiomhk>: 
BTopofi on» yrja Haji-feBo, KawercH, KpacHuft." 

— MhjhA Ilojib! — cKa3aja OHa BGiyrb h cfcia kt» oKHy. 



}KeHlUHHH OA^BaJIHCb CT> BO3M0>KU0I0 TmaTeJbHOCTbD, C06h- 

pancb Ha HMeHHHu kt> AajibHefi poACTBeHHHivfc. FIjeMHHHHua cienca 
Bopnaja, He KejiaH HaAiaaTb Hapjumaro uiaTbH h roBopn: 

— 3to — cMioiHO, Tanra, bt> TaKy» rp*3b Ha^fesaTb CB-traoe 
iuiaTbe, — 6ytfro Ha citOTpHHbi!.. 

— MoHcerb, h BnpaBAy h Ha cmotphhh BeAy Te6n, AHiOTa,— 
0T03Bajiacb TeTKa. 

— Hy, caMH ce6n h noKa3HBaftTe, ecjin sto Bam> HpaBHTcn! — moj- 
BHJia AHHa. 

KapojiHHa He oTB-fenajia, pa3Ma3biBaa naJboaMH peneflHoe Macio 
no npoGopy. AHHa 6ujia ct> yTpa He bx Ayxi, AOJiro He bhah 
IlaBjia AHApeeBHna, HeAOBojbHan noroAoft, KapojiHHoft HsaHOB- 
Hoft, npeACTonmeft BenepHHKoft — Bcbin> Ha cB-fcrfc. OHa h bt» ro- 
cthxt, cHA'kna MOJina h cKynafl, He o6pamaa BHHMaHiH Ha pa3cna3U 
MajieHbKaro, Jiucaro, GpHTaro HeaoB-feKa nocpeAHH-fc crojia, — noneT- 
Haro rocTH. Kant 4epe3i> BOAy AOHOCHJincb ao ynieft A^BymKH 
ero cjoBa: 

— rioixaja rpa<|>HHH noKynaTb AOMamHiH TycfwiH, a canojK- 
hhkt», KaKi. cTapuft 3HaKOMuft, h cnpamHBaerb: «a hto nee, rfc 
Ty<|)ejibKH, hto no3aBnepa Banrb cynpyrb 6paxb f He no hohck* H3- 
bojihjih npiflTHCb?» — rpa<J)HHH roBopnrb: c Aa, bt> noA"beiffc KMyrbb 
— h B«Ay HHKaKoro He noAaerb. A Ha jprpo, Kain> y rpa<t>a npieity 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



PftmEHIE AHHU MKftKFK 99 

6m, wh Ka0HBeri ■ lumia ero anam*: tKoMy tm, okpomj 
neM, rycfwra nowynaenn>?» Bt. npiemHoi npocrrcJH cuan, ace 
cjhuiho; rpa4>BHji roaoc* yciuraen, rpa<frb ee ynMaerv, — npa- 
mo cpanl Ha 9Ty Oaxaauo rnxonj a cb nojuiocoirb bt* aa6HHen, 
BHxy, — y rpa<£a jaxe mea noapaorfcia ■ Kanyib paaauca, n f 
xa» crapufi ciyra, hto6u 6-fcjicTBie ppe^o wpa x mh , roaopo rpa- 
4>effi, 6y4TO hh bt* neirb hc 6usaJo: cBiuiuh, MaTymna-rpa<|>H- 
na, ckojbko cerojiHJi B-b cHoBoirb BpenenHi noKoiHHiKOB-b? 16 
nejoB-fcrbli— cHeyxean 16? % certuHa eme raaen Be inaaa. 
JUfi-xa mrkli— H budum, a rpacfrb Mirfe rpa pyftaa B^'pynyl A 
rpac)>HHS y Hacb 6uaa cb 4>aHra3ieft: artSua ciirraTb, cnoibRO 
noKoflHHKOBi»; ■ Korju 6uao HHoro, onero AOBOJbHa 6uBaaaI.. 

Moaiaia Ahhi h n kohic* aa oGpaTHoitb nyni a xoxbKO Ha 
BiopHHHuft Bonpocb CTapyxii, aarb eft noapaBnaca flaaen Ec)>m- 

MOBHVb Ilo6iAHHT>, CHpOCHJa: 

— Kaaoi 3TO? 

— JXa bott. nocpeAH croaa CHjrfcrb, rpacfKitifi aaiiepjuiBepv 

— JIucufi-To? 

— JXl pa3B*fc OHT» JUCIlft? 

H onarb, noMOJPUBrt, aaaeja KapoiHHa HsaHOBHa noji» crym> 
aoaecb no peabcam*: 

— A 3Haemk, Aum, oh* B-fcjp> BairfepeBia Hirfcerb. 

— Kto? 

— IlaBerb E4>hmobhti»I.. 

— AL 

Tenia nojojicJiaaa eme r npojoancaja, noBnxaa roaoc-b: 

— Hajrfepenia, roBOp», onocHTeabHo Te6a... 
AHHa BonpocHTcabHO nocMOTpiaa. 

IIpOCHTb TBoeft pyKH... 

— raynocra! 

— 3to HHiero, hto om> He tain* yarb mojojh>; oirb— hcjo- 

B-fclTb HOHTeHHUfi H 0(Se3IieieHHHft, OH*b OICHb OU-feHHJrb Te6a, H 
BOTb... 

AHHa Bjcpyra rpoatco 3aiuaKaia h cna3axa rpoaito: 

— OcTaBbTe mchb bt. nono-fe! Hnnorju a *e Buftjy 3aMyHCb 
3a Ihaaa, amine hh* IleTpa hjh HsaHal 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



80 BftCHN 1 

— Hto th KpHHBmb, Ahdti? flpHHeirb Tyn» IlaBen? 
Ho ^-keyniKt He orB-fenaxa, oTBepHjBinHCb n creuy oua u 
npoAoixa* iiiaKaTb. 



5- 

He ct> Becerairb, bo ■ He cb rpycTHuirb iruomt* ofrbiBua 

AhH2 KapOJHH-fe HBlHOBH-fe, HTO M*fcCTO OHB BZIDMZ. y^HMCHHO 

Ta na Hee nocMorp-fcia* 

— Katn> nee 9to, Abdtb, TaK-b Bjpyrb, He nocoB-faroBaaacb, 
HHHero? 

— Tarn* yjech Bumio, tctb! Bi» ca*y pa3roBopuacb * cb oa- 

HOfi JUMOfi, — Taitt* MHJU* H 4*fcTH MHJH*: MaJbHHICb H A*feBCnU. 

OneHk 0Ha MH-fe noHpaBHjacb,— roeopua AHHa, rjuun vb oropoHy. 

— Hto nee sto 3a rocnowa, hto ct> B-fcrpy 6epen» neioB-fau 

K*b 'XbtMWh} 

— CtcaiKOBa* 

— He GHixajaL 

— Ohh Hejuuetco HCHByrb. He noHpaBHTaj — B-fctt h yftni 
morho. 

— KoBeHHO; TOJbRO 9TO He OHeHb XO pomo— M-feCTB lffcHBTb. 

Txk ohh KHByrb-To? IIoftTH caMofi paaysHaTb. 

— OBa Ta*a* mhjbx, tctb, npano!.. 

TeTKa npoMOjnaja, AyMa* o bo3mohchomi> 6parfc njejmHHHau; 
Ta yue bcho h oTHexiHBo BcnoMHHaia cmythuji KHHyru ah*. 

Boftjui vh nepe4H»K), ohb 3op*o nocMOTp-feia, nona ropraH- 
hbh nonua 3a 6apuHefi t — H-fcrb jh rxb <|>ypa)KKH h cfcparo 4>op- 
MeHHaro naibTo 9 ho en hohth xo3HficTBeHHuft h BJofiJieHHtifl 
BsrMAXh Biurfcn TOJibKo xceHCKiH h jrfcrcKui najmro h myCitH,— 
04Ha cb jqtpoHKofi Ha cHHeft noAKJajR-fc, oncyAa BfUH-fcjacb Bara,— 
h pBA*b Kajom-b. BapuHH 6ujb B-t#UHBa h cyxa, H-fecROJMto yjia- 
BjeHHafl BB3HTy 6es-b nyfaHRaiiift. 

— JI 6u oneHb xorfeia y Bacb HtHTb, MH-fc Taifb HpaBBTCB b»- 
iuh jrfarH h Bee! — 6ojTaia AHHa, oicpuMeiiafl H*fcm»-To. 

iUita, ycM-fexHyBmncb, cnpocnja: 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



PUIIEHIE AHHH MEftEPB. 81 

— Ckojlko Bain* jt-krb? 

— ileBSTHajuwTb. 

— y«c? Ha Biurb bh Raxerecb mojoxc. 

BapOCIMTL— TOJbKO BU H CJUpJTh BUl'b? 

— fl XHBy OAHa ct> 4-fen,MH: iiofi ujjtch y*iepT». 

— An, ynep*kl— BociuHKHyjt AHHa, pasoiapoBaHHo. 
CHOBa ycM-feiHyBiDHCb, juMa cyxo cicaaaja, noRadtiBa* (Soranyi) 

cb ^t j ij e ) KOMHaxy: 

— CnaTB Bairb npmerc* ci xtsrcbUB. IlaBjyina, noaAopoBafic* 
ck c^peftieftn. 

— 3jipaBCTByfire y IlaBjyina,— cuaaaaa jrbBymRa, Hain6ascb kt» 

TOICTOMy MaJIbHHRy. 

— 3a*rfeMT> y tc6h Taicoft hoct>?— cnpocHJi, tott» cepbeaHo. 

— KaKofl? 

— Kam> y jiuh IlaBja. 

IIpHju aomoA, AHHa Bjpyn* nojyMaia, hto GcaqROBa Monter* 
6un» cecTpofl Apyroro ocfumepa h IlaBejrb AHApeeBRY* — He ea 

H36paHHHITB. 

— H*tn», hc Moxerb 6utl, htoGh oht» He 6un floieM-b, — 
OTroaiaa oHa jORyHHu* couwhmia n paacyAHTenHO coo6pa3ua. 
*ro MOJiojiue idah Tain> HepaaxyHHH, hto bt> cymHocru ue Bee 
n ptBHO, KOTopuft — 6pan ea^rocnojRH. 



Obh xbxuhcb Bcerjw BM-tcrfc Ibsen AiupeeBHYb Aoihhhhi* 
h IIeTpi» AaeRcfceBH<n» ilypHOBi,— rfleTpt h riaBexbi, kzh> nn> 
3buh 9 ho ce» ocjmuep-b 6iur* jrtftcxBHTeJibHo Ilojb. H tcorju 
OHa, ciyqaflHo hjh Hax-fepeHHO, OTKpbiBuia hmt> jpepH, OHa 3ajrfe- 
uia, Kyju nojo^HTb <|>ypaxRy IlaBen AiupeeBHYb, hto6u 
noToirw He3airbrHO noirfeaoBarb hmchho ee, h6o o6-k <|>ypajRRH 
6iun c& oAHHaKOBbiM-b oROiumeirb h HM-fcjH Ha Tyjbi rfe »e 

n. A 

OHa Be ptmajacb Ha Hero cMOTp-farb h tojlro Bmraaxa ero 
roaocb c& H*KOTopHM-b HejiocTaTROMi npoHBHomemA. Korju, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



82 BfcCH N 1 

ojHajKAH, Kpoirfc o6wHHun» cajpaBCTByftTe*, enponufiTei, ciiarb 
nojKHBaeTO, oht> o6paTHJc* kt» Heft ct> KaKHirb-To HesHaHyimurb 
BonpocoM-k, OHa Tarn* CMynuacb, hto HHHero He Morja oTB-fcnrn>. 
OHayHHjacb nojipajnaTb ero roBopy HeujaxfercRH paju,KorjuJlo- 
rajajacb, bt» neirb ceicperb: HyjKHO 6hjo irfccKOJbKO BucraBHTb 

H3HKT> H3*b-3a IUOTUO CJOHteHHHTb 3y60BT> H TaKT> rOBOpHTb. 

OAHaxmu, 3a6uBmHCb, OHa Tarb 3aroBopiua npn jipynm. 
BapBapa AHjpeeBHa o3a6oneHHO cnpociua: 

— Hto ct> BaMH, 4)pefljeflHi»? Onero bu Tan» crpaHHo 

rOBOpHTC? 

— #3uin> otfontrja, — 6ucTpo oTB-feraja AHHa h cb B03r*a- 
comt» t IlaBJiyma mianer*!* GpocHjacb h3t> KOMHaxu, xoth He cih- 
inajocb HHKaicoro njana. 



OHa p-femHJacb. OHa jlojito nncaja sto hhcbmo no HOHam» 
ypuBKauH, zajRe pa3HUMH HepHHJiaMH: chhhmh — jtbtcrhmh h pu- 
jkhmh — KyxoHeuMH, Tpenema, hto6h ee He sacrajH 3a sroirb 
saHsiieM-b h B3AparHBa* on Kaxtaaro B3*oxa caamnrb A-fereA. 

H Tenepb OHa Bpeiui orb BpeMeHH HamynuBaja ero n cbo- 
eMi» KapMaH-fe, pa3c*fcjiHHO CMOTpa Ha TaHuy»mHrb KpaicoBjnrb, 
nojtfoHeHHCb h oryna KaCayxaiiH, jrfcreft h ct> tockod Ayiia* o 
cToaoBoft, rrf hhjh Haft Tenepb floibmie. 

OpaHay^ceHRa ro.Bopua: 

— % oneHb AOBOJbHa: sa 3aBTpaKOM*b h o6-baomt> ju»tt» icpac- 
Hoe bhho; Bcraeirb He pano; x bt> 9 nacoB-b ju» )Kop*iy Ark koh- 
4>era h offb onuTb aacunaerb; Korju xoioabo, 6epy ero ceG-k n 
nocrejb bm-bcto rp-kiKH. H monsieur Tairb mhit>. Ha-Aaax-b on 
nojupHJi* muao, CKa3aBi»: cBorb mujo, m-lle, hto6u MUTb mc»i. 
Mh Tain* orsjuHCb, noTOMy hto bu noBHMaeTe, hto sto ana- 

HHTb? 

Bet CHOBa cM-feajHCb, h AHHa c-b jpyrHMH. Ona Hao6paxaia 
h c3epKaio» n (^aHTaxt, h citopcKoro JU»Ba», h ntaa bucokhm^ 
rojocoM-b, paBBOju 6oabnuiMH pyicajiH. K*bth BH3riHBO cuisumcb n 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



mUEHIE AHHH MEftEPB. 83 

jiuH eft Ha roaosy. IIojiHaBniH raaaa, ona ajipyrb yBBjrfcaa n 
MBepjuch CTOjumaro Ilanaa AajpeeBHia; rpoMRo BCKpHKHyB-b, oua 
6pocuaci» npjuio bt> nepejBDD, npjuto n 3airfc<teBBOMy paaune 
najbTo, 6bicrpo cyHyaa cMjrroe nncbMO n RapMaHi h BepHyaacb. 
tOrfejiaHO, crkiaHo, hto-to 6yAerb?» — cTyiaao y Ben n roaorfc. 

MajeHbKift naBjyma, pacmajRBiiiHCb, 6pocRn n iyjRyi> aH- 
rjHHaHKy ROH<|>eToft, h Ta cToaaa n HeroAOBaHiR, Moana BUTRpa* 
jHnxift JHKepi> ch anaa h jh4>*. 

ABHa 6pocHjacb n MaibiRRy h, bm-bcto ynpenoBt, craaa era 
jurrb, irfeiyx h menna: cmhjuh Iloab, mrjuh, mhjihh!* — h Manas 
nyratin meKH pe6eHKa, ero MORpux ry6n KasajRCb eft 4pyniMR: 

P030BIJMH, Rp-BHRRMH, Ch TeMHbllTb nymROMl* R yjRf ROJ101HMH 

ycaMR. 



8. 

y»e Jipyroe brcbmo mypmajo y He* bt> KapMatrfc, xorju ohb, 
Beceao Hantaan, ojrtBaaacb aa BeiepnBRy r* flotHbaRHy. TaRoe 
«Rjoe 9 TaKoe B-EjRJBBoe, TaRoe Gaaropojwoe 6ujo sto micbMol 
Oho HaHRHaaocb wki: cMRauft h npeaecTHuft Apyn>I Bame RCRpen- 
aee npH3HaHie 6hjo He ToabRo HeoxRjiaHHO, ho h Rpaitae aear- 
ho, He TOJbKO aecTHO, ho h TporaTejibHoi... OHa3H&ia ero Ha- 
Haycib. 

KapoiRHa HBaROBBa Be Moraa HaxBajBTbcx cBoeft iueMaHHHiiefi, 
noMoraBmeft eft Bajrferb jiBHBoe co6aii»e naabTo, yRyniBaBmeft 
ee Tenjuju-b oaarRoirb, arfaomeftcji r djuomeft. 

3a cTOJOM-b oHa roBopnaa Bet*** npixTHbui BeinH, ju»e npn- 
BRpaaa; pacxBaaRBaaa Jlarry, nrfc OHa HHKorju He 6biBaaa, kikoh- 
to aaxTHHCKoft xRTeJbHHirfc, roBopnaa rbroA-to crapynm*, ahcmt> 
6«Bmefl Ha noxoponarb, hto y Hea, Arhu, Ha 3tomt> >Re RjarfHnvi 
noxopoReHa 6a6ymRa, xoth aro 6uao r HeB-fepHo, hhju p*6hhob- 
ry h aajiHBKH, He oTKaauBaaacb on nnpora ct> caroft h rod- 
Heaaro cnra, n-fcaa BucoKHM-b rojocom>, onaTb pasBOju CoabimmH 
pyRaim, h 9 aaRoaein, rpOMRO pacnaaiuaacb, Korja xo3xhhi> no*b 
nrcapy 3an-tn>, Saecn iuchhoh, tCpeaa joaHHu pobhux*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



84 B*CH N 1 

— HyBCTBHTejbHan jrfcBHoa — Bama njemiHHHiia, AHHa IleTpoB- 
Hal — roBopHj-b naBen> E^hmobhh-l, npoBonca* KapojiRHy Hbi- 
HOBey. — HyBCTBHTejbHsm r yrfcmHTejbHa*, — AoGaBHx-b oht>, nojRe- 
Bzwb ry6aMR. 

— Aaft-To Bon», juft-To Eon>l — KHBaja Ta rojoBorc, nma py- 
KaMH pynaBa co6aibflro cajona h Aoxro hxt> He Haxojur. 

cMrjuA h npeiecTHuft ApynJ Bame HCKpeHHee npH3Hame 6hjo 

He TOJbRO HeOJRHJUHHO, HO HJeCTHO, He TOJbRO JeCTHOl...— TBep- 

AHja AHHa, jejica bt> noorejH h irkiyji cROMRaHHyx) noayniKy. 



Ore-fen* yxce Ha BTopoe nncbito nojyHHja AHHa h eme no- 
caaja, ho caMoro ero cb rfex-b nopt He BHjuJa. 

H co cnyTHoft TpeBoroft npHGiymHBajacb OHa kt» pa3roBopam» 
3a ctojiomt*, rjrfe roBopHJiH o cKopoft Mo6HJH3aiUH, o crpaHHorb 
jKejamH IlaBja AH^peeBHqa h ero jipyra oTnpaBJHTbai Ao6po- 
BOJbHo Ha ilajbHift BocroR-b, o 6jh3Komt> 0TT>-fc3jrfc, pa3jyKi. 

OxHznmu, BepHyBmHCb orb TeTymKH, OHa 3acTaia xo3*ftny 
pa3CTpoeHHoft, xojunueft no 3aiy ct> maTROirb bt» pyK*fe. He chh- 
ita* manoHKH, OHa npomia bt> jcfeTCRyi) h, BcraB-b nepejp» toohb- 
meftcfl neHKoft, cnpocnja y IlaBjyaiH: 

— JXm* f »rro c-b nanofi? 

— Hto? — nepecnpocHjrb tott>, He OTpuBaxcb orb RapToiHaro 

JOMHRa. 

— Hto ct> itaMoft? OHa cepAHTCH, ona oianerb? 

— 3a 3asTpaROMi» 6ujh KapTo<J>ejbHUH ROTjeTbi, Maica mrb ae 
•feja h njaKaja; OHa hxt» He jk>6hti», a jumh [Iasej-b yfexan. 

— jjjum naBejrb ytxajt? — MOJBHja AHHa, He HyBCTBy* Tenja 
Tonxmeficff neiKH aa chhhok). 

— y-txaj-b juueRo, jiaieRol — cb yBjenemeMt pa3CRa3UBan 
najbHHR-b v — ytxajrb jtpaTbcn. Korju oirb nprfejierb, ohi npnBe3erb 

MH-fe KOCTHHblXT* COJUUTb H Ca6j»... 

— He cnparnHBajt-b om> 060 MH-fe, IlaBjyma, bchomhh, He 

RJaHjUCJI? 



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PftlHEHIE AHHH MKftKPL. 85 

— H-fenl— oTBtaan paackaaao peGeaoBV 

— Bcoomhb, jan, Bcnotfaa! — aacraaaaja xkmjm**. 
IloxjaaB-b, aajbHHirb nojpuu-b cb yjutaoft niaaa h CBaaaro 

onxxb: 

— H-fcrb, juuu Ibsen toju>ko aex-fen nai pacta h ae 6uTb 

TpjCOMt, — H CHOBB Clan CTaBBTb UtCtpUM RapTU, JCTKUI H HC- 

ycroftHHBus. ojaa Kb jpyroft. — Onero bu ae caaaaere manoixfl, 
4>peftjcm^ Bu Rpu-aaOyxb ooftjieie? — jbcrobo cnpocan orb, 
bhjui xbaynnty neqaabaoft. 

— Chbmj,— c*aaaaa oaa a nomaa aaao aaia, ixk rocnoxa 
xojaaa B3ajn> a anepexb, ojuu, co ckommrhuiii njiraoa-b rw 
pyaarb. 

— Bu 3aaere, (|>pefljea% f Gparv ybxarb aa Boftay?— rpoaao 
cK23aaa BapBapa AajpeeBaa. 

— .fla, mh* IlaBiyma caa3UBaxb,— oroaaaiacb Ta t bxoju, h 
xjuua ck Tpeneroa'b, hto npa6aaan rocnoxa, ao Ta, noxojwrb 
a bbjui Aany owajucmeft, 3aM-hnua toimo: 

— Korju Cobji npajetb an ibroxh, ae 3a6yju»Te nepea-feaarb 
eft 1JJKB. 



10. 

iloanurb nocroirb noKaaaaocb Aaai ape**, nova oaa He 
73aaaa aapeca Ilaaja AaxpeeBana, raitoro juueaaro, Tarb hbcto 
jrfaueaaro; Aaaaaux aerfeia noroirb aa3aaacb aaroa-b, Korju 
npoxojpuo apex* orb tracbiu jo incuta, Barb orb rfcxa 40 rfc- 
xh. Oaa cam xojuua n noirajirb, Tarb Barb nacajfocb t ao 
BoorpeCoaaHixi, a vraoBBarb yxce aaajrb ee, aapaafe poncb bi» 
na<irfe a cnpamaBaa ec: cGb Aaabaxro BocroBa?»— t,fla!»— otb*- 
iaaa oaa, xpacata a hjbctbjb, hto aaopu xpyrax-b o6pamax>Tcji 
aa aee cb aonpocoav crto— «o? xeaa, ceorpa, ji>6obhhiu?». 

Tarb itponua 3Baa, aecaa, jrfcro a occhb yxce 6jh3ki 6iua 
3aui)HHTb Kpyrauft roxb. Paaao ori npoxojuuH aix rfeBjmKH, 
Bccirkao 3aajRoft nacbaaaa xpyra,— TaRaaa HtaauMB, tekhmh 
•6jaropoAHUMB 9 — jriaaomeft arRyparao, ao Barb 6u aBToaaTBHHo, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



86 BfcCH N 1 

cboc A*kao, BeceJioft, RpoTRoft, aoRopHofl, — noRopHoft jUKe mp toto, 
*nro OHa He oTKaauBaja HaoTpfeb cBoeMy HCKaTejo, IlaBjy E<J>h- 
MOBHHy no6-fcjiHHy f He roBopx hh tju» f hh cH-fcrBt, ;rhb* *b 
cJUKofi h 6e33a6oTHoft HeonpeA*kaeHHOCTH. 

HaRoneip*, HacTaja Ilacxa am e* cepjuu: BepHyac* orb h cb 

HHlTb BepHyJHCb HOBHfl MyieHb*. EuBHIH OABZVUkhi onm 6e3v 

Hen y cecTpa, oht> He to 3a6oj-fcjn», He to noccopMC* co Cxai- 
KOBoft, ho nepecTajt y hhxt. 6tiBaTb. [IncbMa npmcoAHJH Bee Tarb 
^ce f h eme name, ho, 3Han ero TaR-b 6jh3ro, AHHa Tomuacb *ce- 
aaHieM-b Buxhrh ero jhuo, cnumaTb rojocb, Roropuft, MOjRerb 

6uTb, np03ByHHTT» AX* HCJI rfeMH Ke CIOBaMH HHCeM-b, — TaRHMH 
H-t^HUMH, TaRHMH 6jiaropOAHUMH. 

H OHa p-fcniHJjacb caMa noftTH kt» HeMy, xpa6pan jk>6obi>k> 

H Cep^eHHOft npOCTOTOD. 



ii. 

Xot* KOMHaTa, Ry.ua bbcjh AHHy, He oTJinnajacb oco6eHHo orb 
BHA'tHHtixt e» y CRaHROBurb h hxt> 3HaRonurb, ho, ciynaftHO 
yBHA^B-b ce6* bt> 3epKaj-fc, jrfcBymRa noRa3ajacb caitoft ce6*fc Ta- 

ROft XtaAROft, CM-fcmHOft, HeHyXCHOfi B*b 3TOMT> CB^TJOM'b He(>OJb- 

moM-b Ka6HHerfe. 

3Haji orb AeHmHRa, hto jlohz TOJibRo IleTp-b AaeKcfceBHTb, 
Meftep-b, rfein> He MeH-fce, ocrajacb, AyitaH orb Hero y3HaTb hobo- 
cth o ApyroMT>. 

Ha cTOJi-fc jiefltaxb pa3opBaHHuft ROHBeprb, pa3BepHyToe nncbMO 
h HanaTuft Ha Hero oTB-fcrb. Y3HaBmH cpasy nncbMO sa cBoe, 
AHHa HeBOJbHo npoC-fcjR&aa i\aa3aMH H-fecKOJibKO HaancaHHurb 
crpoKi. BToporo: cMnauft h B-fcpHtift jipyrbli h t. a. 

tKaKaa He6pexcHocTb — 6pocaTb TaR-b micbitali — xo3*ftcrBeHHO 
h peBHHBo nojiyitaja AHHa bt> to Bpeiui RaR-b 3a Heo y#te pa3- 
jUBajicx roioc-b ilypHOBa: 

— 3jipaBCTByftTe, Aopora* (^pefijien-b... 

Ohti noKpacH-fejn>, ohcbhaho, AonuiaBmHCb, hto nncbita sani- 
neHbi, h bt» CMymeaiH ocraHOBHJJOi. AiBymRa, noBepHyBmncb K*b 



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FSIIIEHIE AHHH MEflEPb. 87 

neiiy, BHjrfcia cro n nepsuft pt3^, He otmckicmm rituon-k 
AHjipeeBH^eM-k. Oht» 6umt> sucort, C-fcaoRypt, Kypnock h cb-bho, 
— HHicro oco6eHHaro v — tohorv IfocuMBt Anny bt> Rpeaio, oht> 
HaHxn> roBopRTb cani, 6yxro nocfcrHTeafcHRiu npRmii touro aa 
ero caoBaMH. 3anHHaaa>, on roBopniv 

— By cnpasejuiiBO HaynjeHu, bhjui 9to rrcuio hi uotm 
cTort. iL xpaflHe BHHOBannepen brmh cbohhi jerROHUGiieMi; 
noB-tpbxe, x Tain HaRaaan jme aon aroft mrhjtoA o&hMcmn*l 
nasen AiupecBH<n> hhhcfo Re anaen 06* sroft nepenncR-fe; 
nHCbMa nHcan act r. chx> 6iua oqen jerROHUcieHHaH myTRa. 
K oneHb BHHOBart nepejo bamh; r uajrtocfc, hto bu TaRXte ampa- 
bo CMorpRTe br. ary KoppecnoH^eHuip. % Rory bi artSoe BpeMR 
BepHyrb bar** BamH nHcuia. He cepjurrecb, pajH Bond CiacraR- 
bo, hto ara onpoReriRBOCTb He noueMa aa cotoft bo3mojrhh» 

^iACTBifll BOTT, R BHJRy BaCL CHOKOftHOft H ZpaSpoft — R 3TO HeRR 

yrfcraaen. 

Oht» AOJiro eme roBopMi o tor* xte f r jrho a-bbjiiikh a> 
fleHarjaxHRUM-b ceafcCRRMi pynHHReMi 6uao HenoABRXiHO, cjobho 
ORaHeiriioe. Korju om nepecTaa-i rosopRTb, oita, 6y*xo oiHya- 
nnicfc on cna, npoH3Hecia: 

— Eiarojupi) aac*... 

— IIoMHjyflTe, 3to 6uaa hor oSaaaHHOcTi* 3arja*HTb bhhj 
3THMT, apH3HaHieRi> t 6wn> noxien, juxce aanoajuauirbl.. 

— H Ban faarojupD He 3a Hero, — r Ban 6aarojup» aa nncb- 
na. i(jR neHR ohh 6iur OTB-feTaHR Ilaua AHjpeeBHia; ohr cjrfe- 
aajR mchji TaKt uajoaro c<iacTJHBofi. Bamn caosa naao h3R-bhhjh. 
H a Ban npomy, ecin bu nojyqRTe dhclro He Ha same hrr, He 
oTKajRHTecb orvinm... itan> r npexue, — Ao6aBR*a ona thxo. 

— rincbMo on Back? 

— Jla, rohchho. Bu O T BhlH Te? 

— JUt — CKa3aai> oht> btbckojlko yjHBaeHRO. 

Ona Bcraaa, nponuacb, r ct> RaRoft-ro cnoRoftHoft tockoJ) 
ofaeaa raaaaMR ROHHary: AHBaHu, Croat, aanaBicRH, 4>oTorpa<i>iH 
xo3aeBii h xpyaeft, crapua ca6aH, CRpecniBmiRCR najn» ottorjh- 
toft,— h Bumaa, He CROTpa n aepRaao. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



38 B*CH N 1 



12. 



Amia 6uja cnoKofiaa r doai. B-tHuonT» bt> HenpacHBoft na- 

pHKMazepcKofi npHHCCK'fe, BT> 6-fejIOMT» iuaTb-fc, CT» (|>aTOfi HCBi^ofi 

bt, pyicax-b. OHa Ka3ajacb Beceaoft h cnoicofiHoft h 3a yjwiHoin> 
— npocTan, pa^yniHaji h He crfccHji»inajicH. IlaBeJn* E<f>nMOBim> 
h KapojiHHa HBaHOBHa cuuh, bhjw cBaju>6y KaKi» artAyerb, iuicb 
y Bc-fext, h Aa)Ke Jiynrae, *rfein> nacTo 6uBaen>. 

YTpOMT. BTb HOHHOft KOC^TOHK-fc, OCTZBH COHIIUrO Myfta Vb 

cnajibH-t, AHHa nponuia wl Kyxmo h, ckn 3a KyxoHHtifl ctojti», 
Hanajia nncaTb 6ucTpo, Kam> paH-fce o6jiynaHHoe: tMnjuft *pyn>, 
moh jiio6oBb kt> Bam» oaraeTcji HeKOje6mtoft...i rincaja oHa, 
AOJiro, BpeMeHaMH B3Auxa* h cjia^KO yjiu6ajicb. 

M. Ky3MHH*fc. 

Ororipb— aesa6p h 
1907. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OHM nOWflJIH 

Mkimxin atama wh Tpm aaicTBian 

JUJI TBATPA ♦4JROBXBB 

UIAPJIH BAHT> JlEPEEPfA. 



MopHcy MmtpjiHiiicy. 



B* o pK cer pt nosopoBBwft flapmv rayxaa 6apa6aBBaa apo6t. 3ayx* pora 
■jujevt. Bapa6ajuia« apofe. Koponria oepKoaaiiB Bonn n. oprarfc. 
MaoroKpaniue h rayxie yaapu. IIojBBaaeTca usaito. 

Coe*a npearraaaaerfc xoMBary o*ea* Mnoi uxihu. Hanpaao ctobti 
npacaoBeaBaa rk era** foaamaa xpoaarb ca 6aJUttxmon h aaaarfccicaRx as* 
lepaoa capaca. B-a cepeaaura aaaaeft ctbbh jaept; aaxaao okbo c* onynien • 
not nrropoft. Oxoao ap o aa rB MxienuciB ctojbkv hi sear* Pacflarie, cpeaii 
aayn. aaatateflftgrb cva*ea aceararo aocxa. 

Bypaaa hou. jSoaca* uemen. n creaja. tfaaaaeica *obocbtc* caacra 
atrpa cpeas jepeaaean b aaa co6am. flpa boabbtib aaaaaica cueaa Kaacerca 
oycroB, b obb ocvtmeaa toujco aayxa aepnasniaaui bocxobubb cvbumb. 
Cbobb cjnanBii yaapu n aaepk. Moaoaaa avaymaa CTpcaaTeaaBo acraer* «► 
apoaarB, aupaacaa yacaca acta» cbobmb aaflateaiaRB. Oaa noayojcaTa, a* 
py6annrt, ca pacnymeRBUBB GajoaypuMB aojocaaa. 

iTfcflCTBIE nEPBOE 

iloHb. Kto Tairb? 
To JO CI caapyaca. jl. 
A OH*. KTO BU? 

Tojocl. XI 

jl O H b. 3lO He RUB. KTO Bil? 

To jock Aril ho... % HCJorfeirb, bu oto npexpacHO aHaere. 
Aon a. g HHitoro He *uy. 

ToJOCb c* apoaatB. iloHKa, HTO 3T0 3B myMl? 

A oh a. MaTymaa, 9to rfcrcp-b. — Bu npniiUH ko MH-fe? 
roiocv PaayarfeeTc*, He m aajr*, Kpomxa, pa3yMieTca, He 
Kb Baaral 

Man. Hinrb, npaBja, % ciumy hto-to. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



40 BfcCH N 1 

iloHb. Ecih bu He cKaxcere Baraero HxeHH, h He OTBop». 

T O Jl O Cb. Ho... H3... 9TOrO HeJb3H CKa3aTb. HqeJOB-fetCbCbBOAOK). 
.HoHb. HeJIOB-feKt CT> BOAOfi? 

r o ji o c t». Hy, 4a. IIoaiyniaftTe! 

CiumBO GjJthKznbe BuxvBaeMOft boau. 
Man. iloHKa, * cjiumy BOAy. % ammy, tto-to Jberc*. 

,H O H b. HeJOB-tKl* Cb BOAOft? 

Tojioc-b. Hy, ,aa, h ct> ry6KOft. 

ilont. Ct> ryCKoft?.. Mh^ HHnero 3Toro He Hajio. 

Tcioc-b. IlpocTHTe, KpomKa, npocTHTe... 3to juh Toro, 

*1T06U 06MblTb. 

MaTb. Kto 3TO, AOHKa? 

iloHb. MaTymna... sto... HHiuift... HHmift npocmrb mhaocthhd. 

MaTb. A-al Hy TaKi> no^aft eny. E-fenHainJ IlycTb oht» bo(I- 
j^erb h oTAOXHerb. B-b TaKy» Hoib! Axt>, Bo we noflI 

CTym, rbABepb. 

iloHb, H-frrb!— MaTymna, a 6oK>cb, uajo jh kto MOHterb npiftro. 
MaTb. 3to He xopoino, hto tm roBopnuib, sto He xopomo, 
HyKHO eMy OTKpwTb ABepb; Aaft eiiy xj-fc6a. 

Gryrb vh ABepb. 

Jl o h b. H-far-b!— % 6oiocb rkx-b, kto npnxoAHTb HOHb», MaTymKa; 
6uTb Moxcerb, sto Bop-b. 

MaTb. ilOHKa, HyjKHO OTKpHTb, CIHmHUIb TH, HyKHO OTKpblTb! 

Kto Tairb? 7«i6a*ck. Ax-bl MaTb xopomo 3Haen>, kto 3to, 'joHKa. 
OHa 3Haen> stotb 3ByKi>. 

CTyKT. BT» ABepb. 
JX O H b •CTpeBoxemia*. TbI 3Haemb, KTO 3TO? 

MaTb. A KaKi> >ne? Koiiy #te sto 6tiTb, KaKi> He Hameity 
jio6poMy TocnoAHHy? Oht» oxothtc* hohmo. H BOTb ohi 3axorfci* 
•fecTb h nnTb, OHT. ycTaji>. OrKpofi eMy, AOHKa, oTKpofl emy nocKopfrft. 
% cjumy Tonorb ero nepHbix-b KOHefll 

JIomaAHHuft Tonorb n otju*tmu. 

JXo^b. Hto sto 3a raym., bu He oahr? 

Tojioc-b. Pa3yM-fceTca, a oahhi»! h H-frrb HHKaKoro myita... 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OHH nOTOUH. 41 

An, jul.. Moxen Sim, npaua, Tin smay... 9ro on Tin, rro 
Hjen 3a mho*... Ho ompoftre ate. 

Qrjwh a* aaepb. 

Aohk yxojine! 

Tojocb. Tart bu ne zorare orgpbiTb? 

iloHb. fl HHROrjU He OTKpOD. 

To jock Hy, xopomo, a nojioxuy. 

MaTb. Bck roBoparb, joiKa: aasrpa, aaarpa; ja, bo ewe, eme 
kto Tan? On xoien juarb? To, nero He 3naen ojHn, to 
3Haen xpyroft, Hero He BHjpm ojlhht., to bhjhto xpyroft, h oto 
BeaHxift rp-fan» h Hepa3ynie... Aohrb, Tar* on ymen, hto a He 
ciumy ero Goabine? 

R o h b cnovp« ■* jMp*. Jta, MaTb... »... *a... on ymeav 

Man. A! Jfc xpaHHn ero Tocqoju h Caana Jl-feBal.. Hto aa 
noroju Tan, Hapyxn... IIoah cdju, AoiKa, homojhmc* aa Hero, 
3a aroro 6-fetuKa cpejH hohh, npoireirb One Hanrb h Tpofayt) 

MOJIITBy. IlOBepHII HeMHOKRO KpeCTt KO MH4, BOTb TBKV.. Tan. 



Gnmmo, xa» art xesmnu aenxyr* moibtbu, caumen 
meaecrb leion n pysaxb crapysM. Aaatab uemen a* okbjl 

Mexieno 6ao*% xeoin tiooBi 

CauBzao, san jam cotiaaa. Ao*h aajyBierb cbbih. Ha 
cues* vejuora. 

JTfcftCTBIE BTOPOE. 

3bjki pora Bjuxerfe.5apa6anax apofib. Opran. MaoroKpanue yaapu. Cafrn 

onjTk saacatem, a bhjbo, aavi aajqaaa jraiymjca ctobt* y apoaani, 

BeooaBHXHaa, n nora oataaaaU, c* aaoon, oOpameaaburb a-a aaepa. 

Cry» rb aaepa. 
jloib crptamnM ftpocuc* n mpa. An 3aMOJHHTe->Ke, 3aJIOJHH- 

Tel Man cnHTb Tenepb. 

Oryx* a* aaepa. 

Toaoc-b cMpyaai. 3ro Mirk Bee pasnol 
Jl o h b. Bu cKaaaJH, hto bu nojoauere. 
ToMOCh c% lBjmiw c«auk H? X TojbKO hto nprnaej-b! 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



42 K6CH N 

Rom>. Hto? A pa3B*fe sto He bm tojilko hto 6kjh ajvfccb? 
T o ji o c i». KoHeiHo He *. 
MaTb. iloHKa, h cjbimy myni». 

J], O H b no HanpaueHUO rk xiepB. 3to HenpaBJUL 

r o ji o c t>. Bott> eme hto! 

MaTb. ,HoHKa, ji cjibimy, hto-to meBejiHTCH. 

JI o h b. Kto Ke Bbl? 

F o j o c t>. Ho... 

MaTb. ila, TaMi> ecTb hto-to, jxal.. 

il o h b. S HHKoro ae xmy. 

MaTb npHCxynnraaacfc. ^a, JW, HTO-TO TaJfb TpeTCH, TaMT» BOTb, TaM7>, 

noA-b ABepb»; kohchho, hto-to TaMi> noj3en>. Hto 9To TaM-b, joiKa? 
H, o h b. 3to HOHHa* nTHua, MaTymKa. Kto ^ce bm? 

r O J O C T>. Ho... SL HeJOB'BK'b Cb C'BJlbeM'b. 

JtoHb. HeJIOB'BK'b Cb e-BJibeM-b? 

r o ji o c t>. ,Ha. 

MaTb. Ho, H-fcrb, AOHKa, ho, H-ferb, % oibimy, kto-to roBopnrfc. 
Kto oto Tarn*, sto He TBoft rojiocb, He tboA; ho h*btt>, T2mt» 
kto-to ecTb! Kto TaMi», AOHKa? 

JI o h b. MaTymKa, * kc roBop» Te6-fc, hto Tan* HHHero h-btt». 

MaTb. J\z t Aa, TaMi> kto-to ecTb. 

Ciyirb vh ABepb. 

Tbi otbimHinb? CTynarb bt> ABepb. Kto TaM-b? Cnpocn, kto TaMi». 

JX o h b. MaTymKa, sto HeJOB'BK'b, KOTopuft 3a6jyAHJCJi h 
cnpamHBaerb, KaK*b eMy npoftra. 

MaTb. Ax-b, coxpaHH ero IocnoAbl B-b TaKy» HOHb, an,, Eoxte 
Moftl Ontpoft eny nocKop-tft, AOHKa, 3TOMy 6-BAHjiKy, nycTb oht» 
oTAOXHerb h no-Bcrb hcmhojkko. Axt>, Eojge Moftl nocjymaft. 

CTym vh joepb. 

Ax-bl HyxcHo eny oTKpbiTb! 3to, AOHKa, Aojrb MRjocepjuH. 

rioftAHi 

iloHb. MaTymKa, * 6o»cb, sto y#cb BTopoft pa3i>, Majo jui 
kto MojKerb npiftTH. 

MaTb. He 6ofioi, AOHKa, sto Jio6poe jvbjo, n cj-BAyerb xh- 
jiaTb Ao6pun ivkiia. 

CTyrb i-fc joepb 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OHH HOTOLDL 



JlOHh oo unpaaMato ** jntpa. H*ferb! 

MaTb. Tu ee cjumnmb aonuueft? 
JX o h b. Hto 9to 3a myn? 

roiocv H-fcn HHKaKoro niyHa... Axil Tan bhhsj... fl He 
3Ha», H-fcn, 9to orb rkn, hto Tan* myn. 

MaTi>. Ho, xoHKa, nocaymafl, hto-to Tpercx Tan, noj-b jsepbD. 
4ohi> tecrpo. 3ro jojkju 6ben n jsepb, MaryniM. 

Oryx* rtAsepb, 
H*nl 

MaTb. Ho, H-fcr*, tbo* Man ee rayxa, oea caumim,, Kan 
TpaBa pacTen*. 3to myn on nero-TO, hto bojohhtc*, an, ju, 
Tenepb x 3Ha», jul 3to npenpacHa* Iocnoxa aama nn sauna, hto 
Tan, npenpacHa* Iocnoxa Ha jomajpi; oea npsnual B-fcju> oaa 
ofrfcmaaa? iU, ju» kohctho joHKa, 9to obi, x oneHb xopomo cauniy, 
arc osa, oTicpoft eft nocKop-kfl! 

Crynab asepb. 

JX O H b no MnpftMeBto » jMpa. H'fcTbl npaftnanaiBC* *% oort impi ■ 
nan e« m ppa. Ax*b, MaTJOlKa, * 6o»Cb Tix*b, RTO npHXOAHTb HOHbD. 

MaTb nocjt ■taoroparo Moiiamfl ■ cwrrp* tft v* rjaaa. IIoHeJiy, AOHKa? 
XpBCTOCb Cb H2HH. 

• Jl o h b. An! MaTymna, hto cb to6ok>, tm Tan ApojKHmb? 
MaTb. 3to a orb pajocTH, joHica, hto Ona Tan-b. 

Cryrfc *b xaepi. 

Jl O H b. ^ He OTKpODl 

roiocv Al Hopn no6epnl 

MaTb. 3ro npHxojum n nan xeaaHHax rocTbH. 

Jl o h b. He jipoxH Tan, HaTymxa. 

MaTb op«piiMsaoaic« raiocom. Ho 3TO OIOXO, 3TO, OXb, OX*b! orb! 

9To naoxo... 9to, He n joCpy, on, on!., a roBopnaa Te6-fc, 

HTO HyXHO... OTKpUTbl Orb! HTO HyftHO OT...KpUTb! OTKpUTb! 

Ctjxi njuepfc. 
r O a O C -b, Tan 3HaHHTb, BU He XOTHTC OTKpUTb? 

JloHb. H-fcrbl yxoAHte. — O! hto cb roCoft, NaTymica, y re6z 
pjKH cose-in xoaojmua? 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



44 BfcCHN 1 

To a oct». Hy, xoporao, a noAOWjy! 
JloHh. % HHKor^a He oTKpon. 
r o j o c -b. Hy 3to mu eme npcnoTpHMT>. 
iloHb. OI MaTymica, th... 

MaTb Muvnjick ■ Kanuuu. .flowa, % BHA*tia npenpacHbift cork, 
oral noAHHMH hcmhojkko noAymKy... Aal npenpacHuft cohtJ % 6tua 

Kh pa©... kmbuuu H BT>CaAy... Ksmen BCE aHreJU jrtJUUUttyM* pyK*n seen, 
kmm* oyxro oat cotepaeTCA Tiwoim... TaHaOB&Mll hutUa* £ CO CBJTTOfl 
Jl'BBOfi... see ■pemi aaoDJMJKJUi xecTaici, npeaue *iin cjcamt* JI TaHHOB&ia^. 

nocpejm; Kamejb npa3AHHKT», npeKpacHufl npa3AHHK*b, onJ orb! 

OXl>l Oaa hum cTpmnui* jauun, tto6h nojuumes. 

JI O H b yjwpxBBM ee ■ onpajt oon c* e« jtnuu MaTb! O, MaTymKa! 
MaTb. CpeAH pafiCKHrb UB^TOrb... XAOMA-nocjrt Bteoroptro Mojwd* 

■ iMpciojui b* Mfjroe. Pa3B*B OHa yjuuiHJiacb, hto k ex He ciumy 6ojibme? 

JI o h b tmmmm ha MMtpk. JJa, MaTb, ja... *a... Offb ymcji*. 

MaTb. 4a xpaHHTb ee Tocno^b cbohmt, cbhtumt. bohhctbomt>. 

Ro h b. JI*, MaTymica, h noMOjmcb 3a Hero. 

MaTb nosBOjjM cttM jMowMih, MejueRHo. Ha... HyKHO MOJHTbcji 3a Hee... 
HyxcHo MOJiHTbcx 3a Hee 1*760x11 mon MOjiHTbCH CsHToft R-kn-k Mapin 

BT> ex 06HTeJH. Kmme». IIp04TeMl>. OTHe HaUTb H Tpoftaytt MOJHTBy. 

IIoABHHb HeMHoro Pacnaiie, a hto-to ero mioxo BHHcy. Hfr bott> 

TaKT», Aa. 

Cmmao, Kara offfc meniyrb mojhtbh. Eme cnimen me- 
Aecrh qeTOin. h Katnejo*. Ulyuim Aoacab, 6bK>mift Bb crexja. 

MeiieHHO 6&6T1 OXIHHAXAAf& noon 
Cjimhiho, Kan. juen, co6aica. iloib aasyBaerb cbsyk. Ha 

CUeHt TCMHOTa. 

4-fcflCTBIE TPETbE. 

Bapa6aBBan &po6b. 3Byrb pora Bjuueicfc. Mothbt. b* oprairB. YoueHBui 
cryrb Bb ABepb. B* noJHoft TenHOTk 

JloHb. Ax-b! Eowe moA! ax-b, Bonce moA! 3aMO*HHTe *ce bh! 
Kanofl y^cac-b, moh MaTb yMpen> orb cTpaxy! 

Oyrb B-b aBepb. 

r O JI O C T> ciupyjM. BoTb H a! 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OHH UOHyflJIH. 45 

JXohl. Ho ynoj*K> Bacb, aaMOJHHTe, ynojuiK> Baci> 9 o, Eowe 
nofl! 

Tojioct», Hy, nero Tam»! Borb h ji 3jrfccbl 

iloHb. Ho nero ^e BaMi> nyjKHo? 
Tojocb. Hero? boAthI 

CTyKT. Wb juepfc. 

Jlom>. Biiu> bu MH-t ofrfctuajiH noAo^cAan> ao yrpa! 

To JI O CT» paapaacanck ciriaoirfc. All*, CKajKHTe, nOHCajyflCTa! S TOJbKO 

hto npHmejfbl He npaB^a-JiH, 3ft, bu? 
MaTb. >EU>HKa, 3a^crH cB-feny. 

Cfffcrt. 

Ji o h b. 3to He npaBAal 

To jock. Arbl Hopn» no6epH! Hro bu, cM-ieTecb, nro-jb, sjrfccb 

Ha^O MHOft? 

MaTb. JloHKa, 3a)icrH h jpyry» cB-fcny, B-fc;u> OHa Tain, npnmjia. 

CBii-n, ycHJHBaeTCH. 

T o ji o c t». Hto Ke bh He BnycraTe, mch* kt> ce6i? 
Ji o h b. MH-fe Bac-b He HyjKHo. 

r o ji o c t>. Xoponio, xopomo; KajKAOMy cBoft HepeAiJ fl Tyrb 
BOBce h He mx fiacb npnuieji-b, bott* oho mo! 

MaTb ocMrrpMam nciomo KOMUTy. Mofl <flOMl> HeAOCTOHHT* npH- 

H*Tb ee. 

r O J O C T>. AI BOTb KaiCb, OTBOpHTe BU MH*, HaROHeU'b, HJJH H BU- 

mn6y ABepb? 

MaTb. Ho, AOHKa... hoahhmh 3aHafi*fccKy... h BnycTH cojhuiuko... 
TaKi> Bce-TaKH 6yi,en» HeMHoro nojiynnie sxfccb. PacKpuM* pj*m pa- 

locman xecroMV IlyCTb BCe 6y*eTb, KaK*b BT» npa3AHHKT>, B-fe^b OHa 

ceftnacb Boftjerb. 

JX O H b. XoponiO, MaTVniKa. Oiia noMMWMitn mropy. OcsimeiHoe okbo 
Tin noxopoHHMTk Mpor% Ha crfcirfc. 

MaTb. Hto sto 3a rfcHb? 
J\om>. Axt>I.. 

OHa 6ucrpo onycKaen. aaHairfccKy. 

MaTb. ZI,OHKa, B03bMH CBfiTOft BOAU. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



46 BfcCH N 1 

JX O H b 6tpx Kpomuunray b Kponuo ■ o6ptnuffC&. si *Mp«- H*fcTbl K?0 JKe 
BH? 

rojocT». Ho, Hoprt no6epHl HejoB-feicb... c* aToft BemhD... 

il O H b Kpoiu Banpuo, wurfcao, nepexj. cofao ■ u xitpk Ilpa uauoan •* mart 
rjyxoi cryrfc si xiepfc; mat* Kpeonrrcfl. llocxfc ■teoroparo Mcuntw*. Ob KaKOft 

Bemtio? 

r o ji o c t». X HenoB-fcirb ch rpo6oMTi, ju! 

JloHb ■cnycwui ipm. Arbl HeJOB-fclCb... 

F o j o c t>. Jla, ^a, 6htb Mowerb, Meaa He xuaJH? 

M a T b saxuxajDmjDiCB rojocon. OTKpoft eft ABepb, AOHKa, OHa MO- 

;Ken> BofiTH. 

JloHh. Mary mica, sto hc rocnowa... sto... kto-to... cnacaeTc* 
orb npecji-feAOBaHw b nmerb y6-fc;KHma. 

M a T b xpnuum rojocon. OTKpoft eft, IIOCKOp'fee, AOHRa, OFbl OXT»! 

oTRpoft... eft nocKop'fee, nocnop-fce, oxtJ orb! OHa — ^enaHHan rocTb*. 
Orb, BOJtfJ, aaft MH-fc bojuI 

Tojocb. Hoprb B03bMH 9 nana* sto Tjwtecrb! 

CTym> vh jLBeph. 

MaTb. Axt>, a 3aA«xaiocb, AOHKa... ixfc Pacnarie?.. a ero yjKC 
He BHjity 6ojibme, .zw, *a, HyjRHo eft OTBopHTb ABepb. 

Tojiocb. TaKi> oht» Becb HaMOKHerb. 

MaTb. IIoah, HaKpoft na ctojh>... nocrejR caMyn xopomyD 

CKaTepTb. yjuipju cefot n rpjju. BoTb 3A-fcCb, BOTb KaKT* pa3T> 3J|icb! 
Xpuinnn rojocom. O-O... HOAH, HOAH, HapBH UB'fcTOHROB'b, ja, OHa 

TaMi>... OTRpoft Hte eft. 

HeHCTOBue yjupu bi ABepb. 

r O J O C T>. IIpHXOAHTCil BUJIOMaTb ABepbl 

MaTb. iU, Tam>, h ee BHHty, a ee y3Hax>, o, npeKpacaa* 
TocnoKa Hama. 

HoBue yjupu b% ABept. 
Tojiocb. Hy, nero >Ke bm TaMx, aft, bh? 

Tojoca Ha yjours. 
MaTb xpaiuuKi roiocom. IIpeKpacHaji focnojica Hama... y nchx 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



ohh no^yaJH. 47 

nepejn> rja3aMH, BHjmmb tu Tenepb ABepn... htl yncc H*ferb 
Ornpoft... 

Yzapu ro jxBep*. CiumHO, xar& juep& Tpemsn. 
Aa, y Heft hto-to Tam» ecn>, hto-to TaM-b Ha iueni. 

OHa xpecmTcji. 
Jloib. Orb, MaTyniKa! 

To J OCT*. K~lb 3TO HyftHO, Tain» BOTB BaMtl 

y^apu Bl ABepfc H TpeCKT*. 

JXoHh. YxoAHTe, yxoAHTe Ke, kto 6h bu TaM-b hh 6ujih! yxo- 

JlHTe, rOBOpK) BaHT>, % He OTKpOK) ABCpH, TOBOpX) % BaMT», HHKOrjW, 
HHKOrjU, HHKOrjul Bu npHHLIH, HTO Jb, y6«b MOD MaTb, Jtf? Tptcn. 

Bu, hto Jb, npHHecjH Hain* c-b co6ok) ciiepTb, »} Arb, Eoxe Moft! 
Ho hto nee a saM-b TaKoro cjrfcjaja? Arb, Eoxte noftl Arb, Eoxce 

MOftI 

Yxapu h Tpccrb. Ona naxaerb na koxbhh nepejrb jwepuo, 
puaa. 
MaTb xfciA* Mitpofmu youU, tto6h oojduitm*. BoftAHTe, npeRpacHaii 
TocnoKa Hama, jieHb Hacraj-b, h h roioBa. 

M, O H b ■» KOjrkam ■ c* noAumuoi pjmmb.O! ol H 60K)Cb, nepeCTaHbTe, 
MOJIK) BlCbl Mbl — 6-fejiHbIH JfteHIUHHU. Y HaCb HHierO H-BTb. MoH 

MaTb 6ojbHa. B-kzib He 3a HajtH bu npmniH, He npaBja-JiH? Bu — He 
3JIOJTBH. % Bam» OTKpOK) .wepb, ho CKa>KHTe, B-fcju> y Bac-b ecTb 
cocrpaAame, He npaBAa-JH? Bu He xothtc cjtepro Moeft 6-bahoA 

MaTepH?.. y^apu ■ Tpecr* j auM aaartcM* Toparit coop* aupyn. Grappa wraHam 
jipwui T k yncnan o6pason%. Mftjoxu xtoymxa 6pocfterc« ba Karfcra neperfc kpomtud 

cioci Msrepm. Arb, MaTymKa, ycnoKoftca Ke 9 hto ct> to6o&. He xpnan 

Tarb 9 ji yMnpax) on cTpaxy, h y hoit> tbohxt>, p*aomi> ct» To6oft! 

MaTymKa, nocMOTpn, nocMOTpn Ha Meaa, sto a, TBoft anrexoHeifb! 

noHeny tu mh-b 6ojibme yucb He oTBinaemb? 

MaTb. Kto tu, aHrejoqeirb? 

Tojioc-b. riopa! Ilopa! 

CTpamHue ysapu h Tpecr*. 

JX O H b npojaiXM ctoxt* ba Korfcaxxt, y KpoaaTB. Ho BU He BOftAeTe, HH 

Bu f hh apyriel 

ToJOCb. IIoCMOTpHM-bl 

YoueHHue yjupu. Kycoierw jiepeaa oTCRanaaerb on 
BHyTpeuHeft cropoHu ABepm ■ najiaera, b% KOMsary. B* npo- 
AOJDReHie Bcero crknyDiuaro cHappm npoHotojom cnopb. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



48 BfcCH N 1 

,H o h h. O, MaTyniKa, nam* th ApoxRmb, pynn y Te6a, kzkt> 
jejn», He 6oftca, nocMOTpH, Te6n oxpaaaen, TBoft Aoporoft anre- 
jiOHeKi>, He 6oflcfl, ohh He cjrkianrb Tefrfe HH<iero AypHoro, pa3B-fc 
th MeHH yxce He y3Haemb? O, He cxoTpn Ha MeHH T8kt», tbohmi* 
HenoABft^HUMt B3opoin>, MaTymKa, h 6bi)Cb Tenepb Te6n! 

Cxbimao pacaaie jomaxeft. 

M a T h jjai6xMCh b npHaumm ao** rfc cBoei rpyjoh ■* to ■pen* Kara npoaoft 
pyxoft oh* noKasknaen aa jBepfc. 3tO — KapeTal 

rpoxon, Tjixcejoft xapem, KOTopaa ocTaBaBJonaerai y 
ABepa. Csfcrb MejucaerL mbmo ABepeoa men. IIIjMHbia 
cnopb. CjuimBu orpbiBKa 4>paai», bt» nepeaeacicy cb pyra- 
TejibCTBajui: 
ccHto Taxoe? Hto Taxoe? He xoTjn-b oTBOpaTb?» 
«JUepb3aKpuTa.O,Ta-Ta-Ta!. iA&ace oab? Hyacao auma- 
6bti> Aaepbta 
«Cobcbmt» Moicpui! 3ro Tpyn-b! 3ro Tpyn*b!» 
Hobuh Baxacrb Ha ABept cb ycBAeHHbiaa yAapaaa. 

M a T b KOTopaji ciymua wet no ey oTxpunm or* jJonstmiM proa** CBJfTaA 

iJ,-tBa Mapijil 

JX o h b. MaTyuiKa, sto a Te6ji o6HHnaio, nocMOTpH h ftiarocaoBB 
aeRa! MaTyniKa, th bt> mohxt> o6T»HTwrx-b, o, nocaoTpH Ha Meaa, 
nocMOTpH Ke!.. 

HeacroBbia my mi caapyaca. 2Uepb nOAb aanopoa-b no- 
Aaerca. Jloib 6pocaeTc* aa ABepb a OTTaAKBBaerb ee 
Baaajn* cbobmb pyxaaa. Bopb6a. YacacHax cyaaroxa. 

MexieHio OieTi nonoii. 

B C i> TOJOCa caapyacB, c* ooxerceBieMi. An>I.. 

11 pa nocjrkaaeBrb yAap-fc boahoto crapyxa acnycaaeTb 
crpanrabia xpanAua lcpairb, a MOAOAa* jraBymaa 6poca- 
ercji orb ABepa, bt» OTqaaaia, Kb xpoBara cb paenpocxep- 
tumb pyxaMH, bt» to Bpeaji aarb ABepb, yarynaa aa- 
nopy, naaaerb sa Heft Bcjrka'b cb rpoxoroai a racarb. 
o6t crtqa caAbBbm xoAOABbia-b AyBOBeBiearb. 

3AHABfcCb 
DepeBejb C. A. IIoaxkobv 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



PMCyHKM 



H. 0IO+1UAKTOBA. 



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Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HCTOPIH BEHEPtJ M TAHTEflSEPA 

rw kotopob noiPOEHO oiibcubabtcji ctpob iipb Abop* 
TocnoMM Bbbbpu, Boibbb a Bctahhuu, dojci bka- 

MBHMTUn XOJUfOA rdPCBJUPTBOITb, B ** KOTOPOft 
COABPBCATG* OPWltlDIBHlJl TaBTISSBPA Wh 3TBXI 
MtCTAXl, BTO PACKAJIHIB, IimmBCTBlX BT» PsM* B 
B03BPAIQBHIB KT» JLOBOBHOft It>PB. 



POMABTraCKAjl HOBBJUA 

OBPH EERflCJIEfl. 



OTPUBOKT> DBPBfclft. 

O jdo6obhob BcrpBTB, npoBcmeAmefi Meaciy TaareBsepoMi h BeHepoft. 

BeHepa n TaHreftsepi. yaajmracb bt» BocxHTHTejibHHft 6yayap- 
hhkt> rih naBHibOHi>, nocrpoeHHHft Jle-KoHOM-B 4Jih aapHuu Ha 
nepBoft Teppacfc, naBHjrbOH-b, H3-B KOToparo 6ura npejecTfffcftnrift 
bhjh> Ha napKH h cajiti. 3to 6mj-b oqapoBaTejibHuft yrojioicb, Becb bt> 
MHrKHX*B nojjyniKarb h meJKOBtix-b 3aHaB-fccKarb. Bt> Heirb 6hjo 
BoceMb crfeHi*, CBepKaBinHXT» 3epKajiaMH h jirocTpaMH h pa3yKpameH- 
huxt> pacnncHHMH naHHO, a Kynaioo6pa3HHft noTOjioKT», Ha Bucorfe 

OKOJO KaKHXT>-HH6yAB TpHJIWTH (|>yTOBT>, CMyTHO ci*Jn> 30JIOTOfl 

ainicoft cKB03b TenJiyw AtiMKy on. rop-feBmnx-b BHH3y csin-b. 

KpOmeHHHK BOCKOBMH CTaTySTKH BT> TeaTpaHbHUX-b KOCTIOMaX-b, 

yau6aBinigca hojbhumh meHKaMH; orpaHHue ypo^uu, HM-fcBime 

/KeCTOKifl BH^T, 3aMOpCKHXT> 6oTOBT>; 30JOHeHUH rOpKHJ gjli^HO- 

3eaeHUH Ba3ti; OH-feM-feBinie nacu; huxukh h3t» cjohoboU kocth, ct> 
xhtpumh 3anopaMH; <J>ap4>opoBHH <f>HrypKH, pa3HrpHBaiomiji irfcjiHa 
ciieHti, — 6e3KOHeHHtift Mip-b jiteitaHHoft npHqyAJiHBOcra HanojHjun, 
3arfeftjHBHe micaira, cToxBmie no crfcHairb. Bt» owoft nacra 
KOMHaTu ctoaio mecTb OHapOBaTejJbHuxT» ctojhrobi> juui Kaprb, 

aKKypaTHO 06cTaBJJeHHUXT> CaMHMH HBHCKaHHHMH H H3HmHUMH 



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62 BfcCH N 1 

cTyjbHMH, Kanie Toibxo morho ce6-fc npeACTaBHTb; Tain>, hto b* 
KOHn-fe-KOHnoBt, 6uTb-Mo>Ken», ecTB aojh npaB^H bti cTHi-fe TeoAopa 
YoTca: 

H si-pax* bi raxm cb Ibpraeft jdo6bm. 

Ho bo BceMi» naBHjboirfc He 6uio Hfraero npeKpacH-fce ckmia- 
BUTh mHpMi> v pacnHcaHHwrb ile-JIa-riHHOMi> jaHjunacfrraMH bt> 
ayxi K*ojw JIoppaHa — owk h3t> rfcn> Bemeft, nepejrb KOTopujtn 

MOXCHO lUI-feTb, Ha KOTOpUH MOJKHO rjjwkrb IvfcjIHMH HacaMH H 

3a6uTB, hto npnpoAa MOHcera 6utl cKyiHoft h HaAO-kiUHBoiL 

MxT> 6HJO HCTHpe — 3THXT> H-fe^HUXT* CrfcH1», TaK'b yiOTHO 3aKpUBaB- 

mnn* co6oft j»6oBb h o6pa30BaBmHxi> KOMHaTy bt» KOMHarfc. 
IlaBHJibOHT> 6ujt> Ha^yraeHi* orpoMHUMH B*fcrKaMH po3i> h irfcjK* 

HHMT> JH060BHMMT> apOMaTOIIT*, KOTOptlft HCXOAHJTb H3T> nOAymeiCb 

h JOXCb, — apoMaToirb, KOTopwift bti 6ojbmoft Taftirfc npnroTOBJifijrb 
IUaTejHH-b h HaauBaji-b L'Eau Lavante. 

BH^Bniie BeHepy TOJbKo bt> JlyBp-fc hjr EpHTaHCKOirb My3e*fc, 
bo 4>oiopeHEUH, Heanoji-fe hjih Phm^ He Moryrb HM'fcrb hh Maj-fcft- 
niaro noHjrria o tomt», Kanofi jtHJioft h onapoBaTejbHoft, h o6aa- 
TesbHoA, Kanofi BOcxHTHTejbHo-npeKpacHoft oHa Ka3ajiacb, jenca ct> 
TaHreftaepoMT* Ha po3obomi> araacfc bt> 3tomt> ny^ecHOMi* Cyjiyap-i. 

IlpHHyAJIHBtie JOKOHU H HCKyCHHH rOC^ptl, Haj|T> KOTOpUMH 

TaK'b cTapaJCH Kocms, OKOHnaTeabHO pacrpenajincb 3a y>KHHOMi», 
h pa36pocaHHue 3aBHTKH nepHtixb BOJiocb cbo6oaho cnycKajHCfe 

Haj|T> eH MJHTCHMH, BOCXHTHTeJbHHMH, yCTaJMMH, BCnyXHyBDlHMH B-fe- 

KaMH. Eh TOHKaa copOHKa h H3ucKaHHtie namraJioHHHKH npo3paHuo 
o6jerajiH en HepBHoe h B036y>imeHHoe rfcjo... 

Taflreft3epT», 6jL-fcAHuft h oH-fcM-feBniift orb B036y>KAeHiH, rpyGo 
BOAHJ*b najibiuMH bt> nepcTHHX-b no 6o#cecTBeHHOMy rfejy, cpuBaa 
copoHKy, naHTaioHM h HyjKH, h 6pocnjca kt> npeKpacHofl JWM-fc 

CT» rjy60KHM-b B340X0in>l.. 

Hac-b cnycTH mhcchct* Mapcyn-ab h ilopHKyp'b h eme H-feKoroptie 
4pyrie BOpBajHCb, coBepmeHHo nwiHtie, bt> KOMHaTy. naBHAbotrc, 
6ucTpo HanojHHJCA myMHoft TOJinoft, KOTopaa 6tua ej*Ba bt» coctok- 
hih Aep>KaTbCH Ha Horax-b. Tain. 6ujh MHorie h3t> aKTepoBt, h 
Jlecf^cb, TaK'b &iecT)iuie curpaBmift pojb <J>aHc|)pejioina, Bee eme 



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HCTOPIH BEHEPH H TAHrEfl3EPA. 63 

b-l rpHM-fe, cTajrB ycitaeHHo yxajKHBara 3a TaHreft3epom>. Ho 
meBajbe Hamejn> ero coBepmeHHO HeHHTepecHum> BH-fe caeHti, 
Bcraji* h nepemen* nepe3i» KOMHaTy Tyja, ixk cnxhjin BeHepa h 
MaHHKiopa. 

— Kanoft ycrajnifi bhxb y KpomeHKH, — cna3aja mhcchct* Map- 
cynjiB. — He othccth xh MH-fc ero bt» nocTejbicy? 

— Hto xct», eciH eny Tain> ^ce cnaTb xoneTCH, Kan* h MH-fc f — 
CKa3aja, 3-fcBa*, BeHepa, — to sto jiynmee, hto th MOKemb c/rkaaTb. 

Mhcchcb Mapcynjb noAHJLia cbod rocno>Ky ci> noAymeirb h no- 
Hecia ee Ha pynax-b ct» hhcto itaTepHHCKOK> H-fc;KHOCTbK>. 

— Hy, H^eMTe, A'farn, — cna3ajia TOJCTaa oco6a, — HjeMTe. Ilopa 
sam* o6ohmi>:bii nocre-abKy. 



OTPUBOK'L BTOPOft. 

O TOUT., K2xrb TaHrefisepi* npocHyjca h bsjuh cbod yTpeuHDX) BaeHf bt» 
xojurk BeHepu. 

Bcer.ua 6uBaerb npurrao npocHyTbai bt> hoboA cnajbirfc. He- 
npHBUHHue o6oh, He3HaKOMUH KapTKHti, pacnojroKeme ABepeft h 
OKoai>, TOJibKo cMyTHo cxBaieHHue HanaHyH-fe, — Bee sto yTpom> 
pacKptiBaeTCH HamHMi* B3opaM*b bo Bcefl npejecTH cBoeft Heo>KHAaH- 

HOCTH. 

Eujo orojio ojHHHajmaTH nacoBi> 9 Kor^a TaHreft3epi> pacKptun* 
i\ia3a, npuiTHO noTAHyicA b-b CBoeft orpOMHoft, pa3yKpameHHoft no- 
<tcih h CTajn* H-t>KHTb cboh npocHnaBmiHCH mucjh, pa3rjH4UBa>i 
3aMucioBaTufi y3opi> 6&i;uxHHa Hani. CBoeft rojoBOft. Oht> 6ujh» 
oneHb AOBoaeH-b KOMHaToft, KOTopaa A^ftcTBHTejibHo 6tuia H3ucicaHHa 
« onapOBaTeJbHa h HanoMHHajia HHTepbepu H3jimHaro, ciajiocrpa- 
craaro Eo^yaHa. GtB03b y3eHbKy» nxejb AiHAHurb, BumHTtirb 
UB-fcraiiH 3aHaB-fecoKT> oht» MeabKOM-b yBH^aji-b 3ajHTMe cojHaeMT* 
ra30HU, cepe6pHHtie 4>OHTaHti, npicie uB-feiu h ca£OBHHKOBi» 3a 
-pa6oTofi. 

— OneHb mhjoI — BocKJHKHyjrb oht> h nonpaBHjn> nojn> co6oft 
mejROBUH bt» o6opoHKarb noayniKH. — H fcaiti* npejecrHux itap- 
thhuI — npoAOxxcajrb om», h raa3a ero cTajH 6poAHTb no acramiaMi*, 



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64 BftCH N 1 

BHcfeBmHMi> Ha pacnncaHHUxi, po3aMH crtaax-b. Bt> h^hchuxt, H3o 
rayrarb paMarb o6mrajH H3BpameHHua, ho h3juiihij* coajuHiii 
i(opa h ero hirojih: crpaHHUH a^th bt» itacRaxi h aomhbo, orspa- 
THTeitHO yju6a»miHCH; yroHHemHe pa3BparaHRH» BuruAHBaDmie 
H3i>-3a njiena Kyiuoo6pa3HuxT> cRpoitBbirb A^BymeR-b; rauuHBiie 
MajieHbKie nbeppo, pa3urpHBax>mie h3t> ce6* jik>6obhhkobt>, yita3H- 
Ba»mie najbiuMH Ha hto-to, Haxojuuueecji aa npeAtaaMH RapTHHu; 
Heo6iiHafiHue nxerojH h cTpaHHH* xceHnwHti, xxramieca nonapHo 

BT> nORO*X*b CTHJ* pOKOKO, CJeiKa OCBHIUeHHUXT, TaflBCTBeHHlW'b 

orfxiecROM-b noTyzax>maro KaMHHa, on KOTOparo naAfrurb orpoMHU* 

rfeHH Ha CTBHH H IIOTOJOKT>... 

Kor^a TaHrefi3epi> BCTaan», oh-l CRHHyjrb pocRomHyx) HOiHy» 
copoHKy h cTajit H3AIUHO napaAHpoBaTb nepejii* ajihhhumt> aepRa- 
jom-b h KOKeTHHnaTb ct» caMHMi* co6ok>. To HarH6aoiai BnepeAt, 

TO JOJKHJCJl Ha HOJTb, TO BHTHHIBaJICH BO BCCb pOCTL, TO CTOJLTb 

Ha oahoU Hori, AaBaa Apyroft BHcfcn> cbo6oaho, HanoMHHa* co- 
6ofl bt> 9Tofl no3*fc nopTperb KaKoro-HH6yAb paHH*ro HTaxbjiHCRaro 
Macrepa. IIotomt* oht» onjm> jojkhjcji pa noj-b chhhok) kt> aep- 
Kajy h jx>6obho orauiAHBaji'b ce6a nepe3T» njieno. 3arfcjn> om> 
cTaj-b ApanHpoBaTbCH bt> 6-knuft meiKOBuft aianrb Ha cothh npe- 
jecTBbix-b MaHep'b. OH-bTaR-b yniy6HJicji bt> cBoe'oTpajKeme, hto He 
3aM-BTHjn> RaRi» Bonua irknaji TOJina mohoahxt> npHciyxcHHROBi> r 

OCTaHOBRBIDHXCH BT» BOCXHIUeHHI Ha nOHTHTeJlbHOMT> pa3CTOHHiH, 

oxcHAa* ero npHRa3aHift. KaKT> tojibko meBaibe hxt> 3aM*brarb, 
oht» mhjo yju6Hyjcji h Bej-fcjn> hmt» npnroTOBHTb BaHHy. 

BaHBa* 6uja caitofi Coibmofi h, noxcaiyft, canofl RpacHBoft 
KOMHaTofl H3T» scero, OTBeAeHHaro ejiy, p*Aa noRoesi*. H3B*£cr- 
hu rpaBiopa JIopeTa, GByjKamaJi 4>poBTHcnHCom» kt» t ApxHTCKTyp-k 
XVIII B-feKa* MujbBya, xyiine Bcbrb mohxt» cjobt> Aaen» npeACTaB- 
Jieme ofrb yorpoficTB-fc h yRpameain aioft ROMHaTH. ToJbRo Ha rpa- 
Biop-t JIopeTa BaHHa, norpyjKeHHa* b* noxb, HeMHoro Maja. 

IIoao6bo HapuHcy, TaHrefiaep'b ocTaHOBMc* Ha MraoBeiiie, 
rj5AH Ha CBoe oTpajReme bt» cnoKoftHofl, AymHcroft boa*, noTOM-b, 
nyrb-nyrb bctpcbo^chbt, aepRaibHyK) rjaAb Horofl, H3*mHO Bomea-b 
bt> npoxJiaAHwfl 6acceflHi> h mhjo oaiwji'b ero npyroMT. am pa3a. 

— He npHcoeARHHTecb jh bu ro mh4? — CRasajrb oht» i o6pa- 



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ECTOPIA BEHEPH H TAHTEfi3EPA. 65 

vascb ki> npeKpacHUMi* MaibiHRairb, cTosernHMT* HaroTorfe cb 
TenjwMH noioTeHiuMH h AyxaMH. 

Bt» MrHOBeme ona ohh ocbo6oahjhcb ott> cBoeft JierKofl yTpeH- 
Heft ojkemxu, nptiniyjH bt> boaj, cxBanuHCb pynaiiH h ORpyjR&iH 
meBaibe paAOCTHturb xopoBOAOMi*. 

— IIo6pia3raftTe Ha MeH*, — bocrjhkhjji» oht», h jtaxbiHRH 
cTajiH iuecRaxb Ha Hero boaoA h bt> kohitb kohaobt, oht» noiyB- 
cTBOBajii* ce6* 6oj-fee h-bmt* GojpuM-b... 

KaiCb H3BTICTHO, He CaMaH BaHHa, a ClOTRHilfi H BOCXHTHTeJbHKlft 

npouecci* BirrapaHi*, ciTuyDmift 3a Heft, jocTaBjjierb niaBHoe 
Haciajaueme MW&wteMxwh RynaHb*, h TaHreteepi* Curb (tarfce 

H-kwb AOBOJieWh HCRyCCTBOJTb, KOTOpoe npOSBHJH npHGiyjRHHKH 

n BiinaiHemH 9Thxt>, hohth jdCobhuxt,, o6p«oBT>. HijRHoe bhh- 
Mame, Roropoe ohh npomuH kt» Heity, npo6yAHjo bt. Hem, hjb* 
cTBa, noHTH rpaHHianu* ct» npHSHaTeAbHOCTbir, h eciH bt» Hem* 
oaraBaiacb xoTb rsHb tockh no pOAHH-fc, to h OHa ncneaia cb oroh- 
Hameirb o6pua. 

OrAoxHyBi. HeMHoro h itaJieHbRHMH rjoTRaMH BtraHB-b CBOfi 
moKoxajo, oht» nepemerb bt, ySopHyo. Ero Ranep4HHepi> iloKypt, 
napHRMaxepi» IIIeHHXJb h ABa mojoahxi» npHciyxtHHRa owuaiH 
ero npHRasamft OTHocmrejbHo yrpeHHaro TyaieTa. Korju orohhh- 
jiocb tipmrbe, AoRyp"b Bexbrb cbohmt> noMornHHRaifb nojioftTH ct> 

U-fejUMt p>UOMT> ROCTOMOB'b, H3T> KOTOpHXT* OBTb npe2UOXdUl> 

TaHrefi3epy cn-knaTb Bw6op-b t OROHHaTexbHtift Bu6op-b 6ajn> oieHb 
yjuraeH-b. IIpeiuueHbRifi cwpryicb h3t» roiy6nHo-po30Baro auaca, 
cboCoaho CBHcasmift BORpyrb ero 6ejiepi», 6px)RH h3t» nepHux-b 
Kpy«eBT», cnaAaBiDHxi. BOJHaMH, cobcbmt> RaRi»K>6Ra, — ao kojtbht> 
h TOHKan copOHRa H3T, 6-fejaro itycJHHa c-b 3oiotumh RpanHHRaxn 

H BTb o6HJbHHX*b CKJaAKai*b. 

ilsa npHciyjRHHRa nojfb Ha6jnoAeHieMb iloRypa bhdojhhjh 

CBOK) 32USJSLHJ BeJHKOJTBIIHO, IipeRpaCHO, He Cirfema, Cb H3UCKaH- 

HUM-b BHHMameM'b kt> Harorfe h ct> npouBjeaieM'b hohcthh-b toh- 
Rofl oitbhkh pocRomHaro Topca TaHrefisepa. 



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66 BfcCH N 1 

OTPMBORT* TPBTlft. 

O Stabat Mater, Campv&OKh m Ae-JIa-IlMirfe. 

Koraa oht> npocHyjc* orb AHeBHoro CHa, oht» 3aM*krHJi», iro 
3KHna>KT> B03BpamaiCH no joporfc rt> ABopuy. Ohh cHanaia oara- 
HOBHJHCb y Ka3HHO h BunuH H3T> SRHnajKa, hto6t» npncoejui* 
HHTbCA kt> nrpoRairb bt> petits chveaux. TaHreft3epr> npejinoHerb 
ci-kAHTB 3a Hrpoft, He npHHHMan bt> Heft ynacTui, h cTajn> 3a Be- 
Hepofi, onycTHBmeftcH bt> nydoe Rpecxo h 6pocaBmeft 30jotux 
MOHeiu Ha cHacTiHBue HOMepa. IlepBoe, hto 3aM*kraii» TaHreft3epi>, 
6ujo H35mecTBO h onapoBaHbe, BecesocTb h npacoTa Rpym>e. Ohh 
6ujjh npHMo o6axTeibHbi jaxce Tor^a, Rorjia ohh crpe6a*H Hy«ie 
npoHrpumn. O^taiie bt» nepHtift araac-b, bt» 6-knurb jaftROBiro 
nepnaTKaxT>, mnpoRHx-b xcejrarb napHRax-b, bt> TORarb cb nepb- 

*MH, Cb OBaJIbHWMH JHIUMH H MOJOAUMH TH6rHMH rtiaMH, Cb Ce- 

pe6pHCTUMH h H-fcjKHUMH roJiocaMH, — ohh HCRynajiH co6oft ojiep- 
3HTeJbHoe BHcoKOM-fepie, oTBpamrejibHoe Hax&abcrao h 6e3CTtu?oe 
ypoACTBo ocTajbHiix-b cBonrb co6pan>eBT>. lOHoma, Roropuft bu- 
KpHKHBaji-b HOMept BHHrpaBmaro, 6turb npjmo onapoBaTeieHV 

Bl> n03AHeMT> AHeBHOMT> CB-ferfc, npOHHKaBmeM-b CKB03b 6ojib- 

niia, 3aB-femeHHHH mejiRom* ORHa Ra3HHO, Bcfe 3oioHeHU* jrfcnHua 
yKpameeig, jmarpH, 3epRaia, nojnpoBaHHtift nojrb, pacnncHoft no- 
tojokt>, JomaAH, cRanyniU no CBoeMy 3ejeHOity hojix), tojctm* 
ctohohrh 30JOTa h cepe6pa, JionaTRH H3*b cioHOBoft kocth, TOJUia 

4>aTOBaTHXT» HrpOKOBT* BT» CTpaHHHXT, KOCTK>MaXT> H Cb B*fcepaHH 

BCe 3TO HM-tjIO BeJIKKOJI-fenHO-pOCKOinHMft H yBTHblft bhjp». Pa3- 
HOCHJIH Haft. BtlJO TaR-b KpaCHBO BFU^Tb RaRyK>-HH6y£b luueHb- 

Ryx> ^aMOHRy bt> mronri, HepBHo no^HOcainyio Hanucy kt» ry6ain> 
h BHHMaTeJbHO crfeouimyK) na3aMH 3a nocreneHHO c6aBJunonuiMH 
xoat> JonuubMH. ilpyrie HrpoRH, 6oj-fce paBHOAynraiae, noitfUUJH 
ctoih h rpynnaMH hhjr naft, Taicb h chmt>, B-b 3ajrfc. 

TaHreft3ep'b Hamen> MHoro 3aHHnaTe*bHaro bt» Ra3HHO. JXh- 
peRTopoMi* 6ujit> rioHmoH-b, jHHHOCTb yAHBHTeJbHo H3o6p a feraTeji]»- 
Haa. He npoxoAHJO ah*, hto6u y Hero He 6hjjo HarotOB-fc ho- 



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HCTOPIH BEHEPbl H TAHrEfl3EPA. 67 

Boe npejtcraBJieHie, HOBaa npiuiaHRa. Ctohjio TaibKo nepeiHcraTb 
dapua nporpaMMti Ra3HHO, hto6u nojyiHTb Bnojm-fc acHoe npeA- 
cTaBjeBie o ero Tajiairrfc. KaKoe 6e3HHcieHHoe koihhcctbo 6a*e* 
tobt>, KOMejuft, KOMHHecKHri 6ajeTOBi>, KOHuepTOBt, MacRapa- 
Aowh, niapajrb, nairroMHMT*, jRHBurb RapTHH-bl nani* npe*cTaBje- 
Hi* MapioHeroinJ Kattia 6ypjecKHl 

y IloHmoHa 6ujio yjHBHTeJbHoe nyTse Ha HOBue TajaHTu, h 
Meorie H3i» rjiaBHuzi* KOMejuaHTOB-b h uiBuoBi> KopojeBCKaro 
Tearpa Onepu BnepBtie oohbrjihcs h co3ja*H ce6-fe hm* bt> 

Ka3HHO. 

Piece de resistance aToro abh 6hjo npeAcraBjeme cStabat 
Mater* Pocchbh, aToro o6ajrrejibHaro meaeBpa. Oho cocrojuocb bt» 
npeKpacHufl Salle des Printemps Parfum&. A icana* BocxHTHTejb- 
Has nepejtaia SToro npejecrHaro arapoMOjHaro npoH3BeaeHui J±e- 
Kajuflca, bt> My3UKi KOToparo 6ujio hto-to, HanoMHHamuee 6oji*fc3- 
HeHHuft HaJierb Ha bockobuxt, iuoAax-b, hto h opKecTpy h n-fcBuy 
yjuuocb noAHepKHyTb cb HcnepnuBanmeft TOHRocTbX)... 

)KeHCKyx) napruo cntai* CnHpfuioH-b, 3Torb HecpaBHeHHuft 6ap- 
xaTHtift ajbrb. M Kani* nyAecno oht» ee hcuojjhhjit>! Haqara ct» toto, 
«rro juiH 3Toft pain y Hero 6turb yAHBirreJbHO dcfx^eRTHuft Rocnoirb. 
Ero noiHtiH Horn BiuoTb ao hhcto xceHCTBeHHuxi* 6e4ep-B 6ujh 
ojrfcn* bt> oneHb 6-knue nyoiRH ct> posobmmh BumHBRaMH. Ha Hem* 
6ujih RopHHHeBue JiaflKOBue 6othhrh, 3acTerHyT«e no HRpu, a 
6e*pu ero 6hjlh onoacaHti y3RHMH ajiuMH noABA3RaitH. Kopca^t 
ero 6bun> BtiRpoeirb Ha no*o6ie jROReftcRaro KaM30Jia, TOJibRo 
pyxaBa 3aRaHHHBaJHCb rycTHMH pioinaMH, a BORpyrb men h Ha njie- 
naxi> JOKaja nepHan HaRHAKa. Boioch ero, oRpameHHtie bt> 3eae- 

HUft UB^Tb, 6tlJIH 3aBHTU KOJCHKaMH, JIO406HO rfeM-b, ROTOpMJI ;rfc- 

janrb cToib npeRpacHUMH rjaARi* jhiu Ma^oHHT* Mopaneca, h cbh- 
cajiH Ha ero BtrcoRift, aftueBfUHuft, jueHHO-6'kauft jo6t>, Ha ymH, 
meKH h 3aTujioRi>. 

JIhuo ajibTa 6hjo y#cacHO h npeRpacHo — jihuo rh^hui. I*a3a 
ero 6ujh orpoMHu h nepHM, ct> nyxjieHbRHMH, onaflMJieHHUMH ch- 

HHM-B, nOAymeiKaMH nOJCB HHMH; meKH, CO CRJIOHHOCTbK) KT» HOJL- 

Hort, 6ujih HanyjpeHU h ct> jiitoHRaMH; ry6u 6hjh nypnypHH, ci> 
Goji-feaHeeHUMT* H3rn6oMT>; noACopoaoR-b — RpomeiHuft h y^HBH- 



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68 BfcCH N 1 

TeabHo BHToneHHuft; BtipajKeme jhiu — ^cecTOKoe h KeHCTBeHHoe. 
Eo^cel KaKi> oht> 6ujh> npeKpaceHt h Kam> oht» irfcjrbl 

ToHRan 4>pa3HpoBKa conpoBo^uaJiacb BuqypHWMi* ABH>KeHiein> 
pyKH, BocxHTHTeJbHoft BH6paweft KHBOTa, HepBHwirfc ABH^cemem> 
6ezepi> hjih nuniHUMi> B3AUMaHiem> rpyjn. 

IlpeACTaBJieHie BHaBajio HeonncyeMMfl Boaroprb — rpoirb aniuo- 
AHCMeHTOBi>. Kjoai> h Kaep-b 3aKH^ajR CnnpiuioHa p03awi h no- 
HecjH ero TopjKecTBeHHO Ha pyitax-b kt» cmiHKairb. Bcfe npH3HaiH 
ero koctiomt* BocxHTHTeJibHUMi*. MyxCHHHU hohth pa3opBajiH ero 
Ha KycKH h Ha MrHOBeme <JioniajgKH> 6hjh 3a6tiTu. 

Bt> tott> Me AeHb, no3Ke, BeHepa h TaHrefl3epi> nocfcrHJH 
MacTepcKyx) Jle-JIa-IlHHa, Tain. Kaio> meBajbe oneHb xorbrocb, 
hto6t> ct> Hero HanncajiH nopTperb. GiaB-fc ile-JIa-IlHHa, Kain> xy- 
AO^cHHKa, 3HaHHTejibHo cnoco6cTBOBajia ero penyrauw, k2lki> now- 
pHTejH xceHCKHX-B cep,neirb, h6o MHoria jaiiu, xpaHHBmui npurr- 
huh o Hem* BOcnoMHHama, rJuurtaH jyiUBUMH ntasaiiH Ha ero 
nopa3HTejibHije fetes galantes, nopTpera h folies bergferes. Korja 
BeHepa h meBajibe boidjh bt» ero MaarepcKyio, oht> ctohjit* cpejH 
rpynnu j*py3eft h 3HaTOKOBi» 9 jm6oBaBmHXCH ero nocj-kuHeft Kap- 
THHoft. 3to 6ujho HeGojibnioe uojotho, ojma H3*b ero bocxhth- 
Tejn>HUX7» matinees. Ha HTaJbAHCKOiii* 6ajiKOH-fe ctojuu aajia bi 
6-kioirb, HHTaioman uhcbmo. Ha Heft 6hjih KoptoiHeBiae nyjifui, 
cojioMeHHaro UB-kra hhjkhui k>6kh 9 6*kiUH TycfxiH h 6oJbmaH cojo- 
MeHHas rnjunna. Y hch 6mjh puttie bojiocm ct> oiHHbOHOirb, y 
Hon» ea jiejKaja KpomenHa* jraoHCKa* co6aica, cpHcoBaHHa* cb 
jtoChmhiui KopooieBH — «4>aHHH>, a Ha nepHJiax-b crojua oTKpHTa* 
nycTaa xxbTica. 4>ohomt> cnyjKHJTb kjohokt* nubcitaro ne&3ajKa, 
He6ojbmui nynuf jepeBbeB-b, B-fcHqawmiH kphjkh hh3khx*l xojmobt,, 
KyconeKi* p-feKH, 3aMOKT» h yTpeHHee He6o. 

ile-JIa-riHHT* no < A6ixcaj'b h noirknoBaxb BjaxtHyi) h HajymeH- 
Hyio pyny BeHepu. TaHreft3epi> ct» rjy6oKHMi» noKJOHOMt nonpo- 
chxb noKasaTb eiiy KaioA-HH6yju> napTHHU. JIr>6e3Hufi xyAOftHHin* 
noBejfb ero ocMaTpHBaTb MacTepcKyx). 

Bt> HHCJ-fe npHcyTCTBywmHXT» 6uji> h Kocm9, TaR-b KaK-b Ae-JIa- 
IIhhi> Kam> pa3i> bt> 9to Bpeim nncaj-b c*b Hero nopTperb — nop- 
Tperb, KCTaTH, oC-femaBimft 6im» HacToxmMMi> mejieBpOM-b. Bci 



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ECTOPIA BEHEPH H TAHTEft3EPA. 69 

jk>6hjh h BocToprajHCb Kocms. HaiaTb ct> Toro, hto oht> 6ujit» 
MacTepi> cBoero jrfena, — 3Toro TOHKaro, B03BumeHHaro HCKyccTBa 
Ryac))iopu; sarhwb oht> 6bun» oneHb «JiHKaTeHT> h ivrfeaeH'b h ero 

6bIJO BH4HO H CJUHIHO TOJbRO TOIUW, KOTJLSi OHT> 6bIJTb HJ)KeHl>. 

Oht> 6bun> nojie3eHT>; oht> 6bijn» 4eKopaTHBeHi> b-b cBoein> 6-bjiomt> 
4>apTyK't, nepHoft MacK-fc h cepe6paHoirb koctiom-b; oht> yM-kn-b 

MOJHaTb. 

Xy40>KHHKi> BenepoMi* AaBaji> BeHep-fc h TaHrefi3epy MaaeHb- 
nift o6-B4T> h HacTaHBajn», hto6m Kocms npHHHJn> bt> Hein> ynacTie. 

KyaiJ^p'b RJIHJICJI, HTO OHT> 6y^eTT> JlHinHHM-b, H nOHa^o6HJIHCb AOJlriH 

yroaapHBaHui, hto6h oht> p-fctuHJica npHH>m> npHrjiameme. BeHepa 
npncoe^HHHJia cBoft rojiocb, h oht> conacre*. 

O, Kanofi 3to oKa3ajcH npejiecTHuft RBapTerbl XyaojRHHR'b 
6ujt> bt> napa^HOM-b Kocnoift, bt> nypnyp-fe, Becb bt> khcthxt> h 
5oibinmn> cKJraAKarb. Ero bojiocbi 6ujih iujiiiho 3aBHTbi, ero 
TA^cejibiH b-erh HaKpameHu, ero jitecTbi — umpoKH h poMaHTHHHti, 
h oht> Becb HeMHoro HanoMRHaji-b Mopejin, HcnoaHHiomaro Bojib- 
4>pana bo BTopoM-b jrsftcTBiH onepu BarHepa. 

BeHepa 6ujia bt> njrfeHHTeaibHOM'b Tyaaerfe pa6oTu Kannjia h 
noxoAHJia Ha K%*. TaHreft3epi> 6bun> o^fen. a-b jKeHCRoe iuiaTbe 

H HOXOAHJTb Ha 6orHHK>. K0CM3 CBepKaJIT* 30JIOTMMH 6jieCTKaMH, 

cuu-b p»ma*H, 6jiecrfejn> 30Jiothmh nyroBHoaMH, 6tun> HaKpameHt, 
HanyjipeHT*, bt> numHOin* napHR-fc h noxoAHjn> Ha MapKH3a H3*b 
uaRoA-HR6yAi> KOMnnecRoft onepu. 

CTOJOBan ,He-JIa-IlHHa 6biJia caMoA RpacHBoft H3i> Kor^a-JiH6o 
cymecTBOBaBmnx-b... 

nep. M. JlHKiapAonyjio. 



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HEH3JUHH0E fTHCbMO A. C fiyillKHHA. 



# # 



II y a le bien et le mal dans notre vie qui n'est pas & ^viter. 
Je suis maintenant dans cette dpoque fatale — la prudence ne peut 
rien, si l'ame est inquiette le coeur trouble. — On ne peut x se rappeler* 
au devoir. Je vois l'abyme qui m'entraine et je ne saurai r&ister 
& la combinaison des maux, des peines, des souffrances — causes par 
une passion.— Je vous ai remontre... 



# 



Ddlicieux... et de ce moment infortund vous Ctes devenue mon 
unique idde — sans vous je ne saurai exister 8 , je n'ai pas encore 
connu 4 une femme qui aurait tant de pouvoir sur moi — il n'y (a) 
rien au monde que je n'aurais 6 pr£fer£ au bonheur d'etre aim£ 6 — 
d'etre sur il n'y a pas un mal qui pourrait se compa- 
rer 7 k celui de vous d^plaire — il n'y a pas un bonheur... 



* # 
if 



Je suis las de souffrir inutilement — taut il enlin que je m'ote a 
moi-mCme toute espirance? 

Enfin, quoi qu'il en soit de mon sort, je sens que j'ai pris une 
charge au-dessus de mes forces. 

Je vous le dis s^rieusement, croyez en ce coeur sensible qui 

ne vit que pour vous. 

A. UyiiiKHHi. 



1 BirfccTo 3Toro CBepxy HamicaHo: Comment. — * Bi nojuniHnHKt: rapelte.— 
Bi noAAHHHHirfc: existee.— * Eijjio: vue.— 6 Bujio: pourrais.— • Bi nojunmnxi: 



aim^e.— 7 Bt> nojuumnmeb: compart. 



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/*""" " 








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TPHJJOrW MEPB3KKOBCKATO. 



A. 0. Mepexxosoxii. XpHOTooi h Ahthx pnc t*. Hacrb I. 
CMeprb 6oroB*b.— Hacrb 1L Boexpecmie 6orH.— Hacrb III AHTiixpHCTb. 
Hobm H8A. M. IlHpoxxoBa. Cn6. 1906—7. 

y 9ftc|>ejieBoft 6amHH wrape ocHOBaHi*— wrape MeTajuiHiecxHXT* 
HorH. Ha MeTaJuimecKHX'b Horaxi yTBopxAaeTCfl miomaaxa. Ob nao- 
majuai h HaHHHaercfl tIwo 6amHH. MexAy ocHOBamnMH Camra npo- 

(rropHoe DpOCTpaHCTBO. 

Bt> PoccIh eoTb Mfrvra, rA* cxoaotch TpH ryCepHiH Ba HeCojibmoft 
ojiomaAH. Moxho Gnjio Cm coopyAHTb 6amHX> Ha noAoffie dft$ejieBoft 
bi» Tpn noflHomia. Ra«Aoe noAHOxie HaiHHaaocb 6u bt> paaHoft rytop- 
HiH. Tfejio 6amHH npiraaAJiexarto 6u Tpeirb ry6epHi*Mi», hjih hh oahoII, 
a, noxaoyfi, o6JiaxaMi>, He6y t nTmairb. 

Ecjih eo6paTb KHHrH, HanncaHHUH MepexKOBCKHirb, moxho uioxHTb 
H8i> hhxt> KBHXHyio GameHxy. 0, xohohho, dTa CameHxa ifeHbme 9ft- 
(fteaeBoft: oHa cb yAo6cTBOM*b yirfecTHJiacb 6bi Ha naftHoirb noAHocb. 
Ho ecjm aeaJiHaHpoBaTb coAepxame xaxAoft H8i> HanHcaHHbixi» xHHn», 
aro coaepxame oxaaajiocb 6u ctojib aHaiHTeJibHburb, hto Morjin 6bi 
mu epaBHHBaTb ero, hocomh^hho, pasBls TOJibxo ct» fojibmoft CamHeft. 
B**crfe ct> rt»n> Hacb nopaaHJia 6bi oAHa ocotoHHocTb xaxAoft h3t> 
oioxeHHbixi* BoeAHHy KHHrK xaxAaa onHpaeTCH Ha Apyryio, bc* xe 
oh* coaAaHbi Apyr*b ajw Apyra, bc* otfb offpaayxrrb CBHaHoe irfcjioe. 
MexAy rbMi: MepexxoBCKift — pouaHHcrb, MepexxoBcxift — kphthk*, 
MepexxoBcxift — noarb, MepexxoBcxift — hctophx* xyjibTypw, Mepex- 
KOBcxift— mhcthxt*, MepexxoBcxift— ApaMftTyprb, MepexxoBCxifi— ... 

Raxnaa hst> xHHTb, HanHcaHHbixi» MepexxoBCKHifb, bobco ho npeA- 
cTaBJiflerb co6oft OTA'bAbHyx) CTopony ero A&poaaHin, xoth oh* h 
flBJueTCfl nepem HaMH bt> pa8HOo6pa3Hbixi> oa > bjih]hxi>: aA'bcb, xaxfc 

KpHTHX-b, TaMTn XaXl MHCTHXl, a Taifb, XaXT> UOdTb. Ho JIHpHKa 

MepexxoBcxaro— ho rapHxa tojibxo, xpHTHxa— bobco He xpHTHxa, po- 
iiaHbi— He poManbi. Bt> xaxAoft hst> xHHTb ero bm HaftAOTe coBoxyn- 
Hocrb bcbxi CTopoHi> ero AapoBaHin: HairbHeHa <J>opna Bhipaxenia, 
xairtaeffb MeTOA*. MepexxoBCxift CTapae-rcH Ctrrb TaxTHKoirb. HacTo 
*ro ©xy yAaeTca. H BecbMa. ToAbxo-iTO ohi mrfeHHJrb nacb toh- 
HaftmHirb aHajraaoirb flocToeBCxaro, h mu HaHHHaeMi> b^phtb euj f 



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74 B*CH N 1 

xaxi xpHTHicy,— owb otipamaerb Bee ooraTorao cBoeft kphtbkh h& to, 
htoom CA'ftJiaTb axcxypcix) bi> otiAacTb HCTopm h ocBtoHTb ee x&» to 
HeotibniafiHo. Bm npHirapHABCb h ct> ami* CM-bAbnrb npuxKOui: Hi 
CAfeAyeTe aa hhmt> boba* Brjiy6b HCTopiH. Mara h Bcei<ipHyx> hctopud 
npeBpamaerb oht> bt> DbOAecTaAi kt> npexpacHoft, xarb MpaMopaas 
CTaTya, AHpHiecxoft cxyAbHTyp* caobi>. HTaxi>, doa* xpHTHKoirb 

H HCTOpHK0MT> TaHACA 1108Tb? He TyTb TO 6bUlOl HOdSilO pHTOpHXH Dp©- 
BpaTHTb OHT> BT> HdAIAHblft HOXpOffb CBOOft 0rH6HH0fl MHCTHXH, 060X- 

xerb Bacb oraeirb, npHoAHdHVb MHCTHxy ROB^poaTHo. Ecah Bbi 

KpHTHKT>, OOdTb H MHCTHKT>, OHT> aaCTaBHTb OOBl>pUTb BaCT>,HTO HaCTy- 

uHjrb KORem> iiipa... h noToifb aaxoBiHTb cxojiacTHHecicoft cxexofl: 
•BeaA'b paaABoeHie: dTo cHjia XpncTa oopeTca ct> chjioA aHTHxpHcra*. 

H TyTb CKpOOTCfl OTb BCfeX*b — HO BCCft IIHpaif HA** KHHIT> HDOftAeTb Ha 

BepmHRy CBoefl 6am ah, ycAAeTca bt> otiAaxaxi ct> noaaopHOft Tpyoofl. 
OnpeA'bJiHTe-Ka ero, kto ohv. kphthkt>, noarb, mhcthkt>, HCToparbT 
To, Apyroe h TpeTbe, hah hh to, bh Apyroe, hh TpeTbo? Ho Toroa, xto 
xe ohi>? Kto MepexxOBcxifl? 

BoTb xoat> ero AHpHKo-xpitTHiecxHX'b npoponecTB-b. 

Ob xojioAHoft xecTORocTbio onbiTHaro aHaroua oht> Bcxpoerb nepen 
BaMH flymy Ahhbi KapeHHHoft, npoBOAerb Baci> no OBOHirb nyTJDfb, 
npana BbiBOjrb. BbiBOAoicb oaaAaiHTb. HanpHiffepi*: CTaHerb aacb yafc- 
p«Tb f hto acTapTHHecKie xyAbTbi apobbocth npeAonpeA*JM»Tb h pery- 
Jinpyiorb ncHxoJioriio Ahhm, hto oHa— BonjiomeHie, caaxeirb, AcTapm. 
Cnoco6eHT> oht> bo tojibko ocBfeTHTb acrapTMaifoirb AHHy, ho h ophoah- 
aHTb acTapTH3MT>, npeAoifHB'b ero bt> oGpas* Ahhm. AHHa-AcTapra 
oKaxeTCH Aaji^e anoKaAHncHHecKoft3KeHoft,npecA a & , AyeMOft ApaxoHoirb. 
OCjieneHHaH bt> coahuo JKeHa AcTapTa-AHHa RapeHRHa! 9to jih ho 
CeaBicycHua, bo HyAOBHmHbifi ^grotesque"? Hah... nocAymaftre: y 
Bacb roAOBa noflaerb xpyroin>, noiBa aamaTaeTca doa* BoraMH. 
Bam> iioxerb noxaaaTbCA, mo bc©— toabko npooopaa-b eARHOft chah. 
HBam> HBaHOBHHi>, aaAOAxaBinifi Bairb 6eai> orAaiH, CTaHerb HBaHoirb 
HBaROBHHeifb XAecTaKOBbnrb, h AaJi*e: TH<Jx)Hoin>, Apuif aHoirb, flpaio- 

HOIfb. BaCHAHCa IleTpOBHa, BT> KOTOpyiO Bbl BAK^AOHbl, npeBpaTHTCA 

bt> TRenj BacHAHcy. Bama XHaHb oxpacHTca HeoGbreatabiirb. Bbi 

OyAOTO npOBOAHTb CBOH AHH ST) 6opb6* Cb ApaKOHOTH(|K)HHblirb 

HBaHoifb HBaROBHHeifb ITao, onoAHRBmnifCA Ha coAHeiayio BacHAHcy 
HeTDOBHy. JKeATce ea nAaTbe BaaoBOTe bu coAHeHHbiifb. Bhjp, 
moxho coftTH ci» ynal riofljiHTe Tenepb Kb MepexxoBCKOMy, cxajurre 

Oily: „BbI yHHAH lieHH OTHOCHTbCA K* A*flCTBHT6AbH0CTH, KaiTb KT> 
CHIfBOAaifb. fl DpeBpaTHJlT> CBOIO XH3Hb BT> CHMBOA'b: Be*A*fe BHMy 

BpaxAynnUA Hanajia. BceiiipHafl HCTopia TOAbxo opeoAi> x* CHMBOARanj 
mohxt> nepesHBanifi. Ho Aajrbe: Bbi yHu ah o tomi, sto chmboau BeAyn> 
Kb BonAomeHiio, DHcaAH: ,3A*Cb xoHiaeTCH name abhoo, 8jibch HaiH- 



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TPHJOITH MEPEXKOBCKArO. 75 



name Tataoe, Bane AtttoTBie". fl ymnfrrb bt» HoraTXHH* 
ApaxoHHSu*, a vb Hjb-btkoboA- co$iaxcrBo. HoraTKHHi xenrrea Ha 
IJrfeTXOBOft. Hn UB-h fl-feJiaTb?* 

H MepextxoBcxiA otb^thtb: *EeTb bItcho xeHCTBexnee hshsjio x 
eeTb Hepn> ct» xboctomt>, xaxi> y aaTcxofi coGaxx, a Ban* x eoB'BTyio 
Ba6aBHTbex orb xomsiapoBi>". 

HHfero He otb^thtt>. He axaerb, vro exaaaTb. A B*Ab noaaix>, mk- 
CTHxy, xpHTHsy, HOTopiio— Bee npeBpaTHXi* MepexicoBOxifl m opeoa* 
Boxpyr* xaxoro-TO xoBaro oTHomexix kt> pejiHriH—Teypnraecxaro, bt> 
xoropoicb 6eapa8A'BJibHo cjihth pejiHrifl, MHCTHxa h aoaaix. Bee ocTSJib- 
Hoe— HCTopix, xyabTypa, Hayxa, tyujiocotyia TOJibxo noAroTOBJUura ieJio- 
BfeiecTRo m> HOBOfi xh8hh. Tenepb npHOJiBxaeTcx 8Ta XHdHb, ynpadA- 
HfleTex iH<rroe HcxyccTBO, HOTopxHecxax uepsoBb, rocyAapctBO, Hayxa, 
xeropix. 

H xaxxifb oraeirb aajiHTa irponoB'BAb MepexxoBcxaro, xax* npe- 
xoMxxeTcx ona bt> cymecrByiomHX'b ueTOAaxi* TBopqeerBa: bt> pouaHaxi, 
n xdhthx-b, bi» penHrio3HMXT> xaejrbAOBaHixx'bl UpMBJiexaerb oaa xt» 
xeiry 8<rreT0BT>, u hcthkobt>, GorocJioBoB-b, npocTo KyjibTypHwx-b JiioAeft. 
BoHOTHHy hto-to HOBoe yBUflajrb Mepexxoacxifl! M oho BecoHaarfepmio 
cb eyn^ecTByiomHiiH $opifaMH TBopnecTBa. H noToiiy-TO 6aniHX ero 
KHHTb, yxojinmaa bt> ofaaxa, He uirberb oGmaro noAxoxia Kaxb h 
ffanmn d&fyeaa, 0Ha HaiHHaeTex morHMH noAHOxifiMH; noAHOxix oth 
yiuipaK>TCJi bt> HecoHaM-bpuMbix o&iaeTH aHamx h TBopiecTBa; bt> pe- 
jihHx), HCTopin xyjibTypu, n HcxyccTBO, bt> ny6.iHUHCTHxy 9 Bo ifHoroe 
Apyroe. BepraHHa xe oamHH apHxaAJiexHTb tojibko BoaAyxy OHa hbai 
oojiaxaMH. Tani> yefenex MepexxoBCxifi cb noaaopHoA Tpyfofl h hto-to 
yBHAiwrb. Mu He yBHAfeAii: oojiaxa aaxpuxH TBepAb. MepoxxoBCxifl 
enycTHJicx xt> Ham* paaexaaaTb o xaxmrb-To peayjibTaTaxi cbohxt> 
HaAotfxaqHbix'b BbiiHCJieHifl bt> $opicaxi, Ham> H3B*bcTHbixi» (hhhxi> 
^opm» He cysctob coaaaTb— oh** 6yAyn> coaaaHW, otrrb uoxerb, 6yAy- 
mHirb reHieirb): cTaxi oAxoBpeneHHO xpHTHXOirb h noaToirb. h mhcth- 
xom» f h hctophxom*b GTaHerb Bdkifb, Tbifb yroAHo. Ho om> hh to, hh 
Apyroe, hh TpeTbe. Gxaxyrb, noxanyft, hto oht> aiuiexTHxi*. HenpaBAa. 
IIdocto oh* cneniaAHCTb 6e8i» cneoiaJibHocTH. B-bpH-be, cneuiaJibHOCTb 
ero rA'B-TO eny h xena, ho eme ho poAHxacb npaxTxxa m npeA'bxax'b 
arefl cneoiaJibxocTH. H orroro-To CTpamibiM-b cb^tomt* oxpameHo tbod- 
HeeTBO MepexxoBcxaro. 9tott> cB^rb HepaaJioxxMuA. Ero Be cjioxHTb 

H8B CyMMbl KpHTHHeCKHX'b, lfHCTHHeCKHX'b H a09THHeCRHXl» AOCTOHHCTBTb 

TpyAOBrb HHcaTexx. H bi> to xe Bpeiix MepexxoBCxiA npH Bceft orpoM- 
Hoerx AapoBaaix hhta^ He AOBoiuiomeHT>: He ao KOHua oojibmoft xyAOX- 

BHKls HO AO XOHUa IipOHHUaTeJlbHblft XpHTHKT>, HO AO KOHUa ooroenovb, 

xe ao xoHiia hctophxt*. ho ao xohux ^HJioco^b. H oht> ooxbnie, H^irb 

TOXbKO 1108Tb, OOAbQie, q-Blll TOJIbXO XpHTHX*. 



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76 BfcCH N 1 

OcTaB&HCb bt> npefl*bJiaxf» cTporaro HCxyccTBa, hotth HOBoaxoxHO 
roBopHTb o ero 9 T p h ji o r i h*. Bee paano, BbipBembca bt» m Hcmy, bi> 
HCTopiio KyjibTvpu, bt> HAeoJioruo. H Geaotipaaicbi MHorta cTpammbi 
BeJiH^ecTBeHHoft .TpHJioriH*,— h to uepTBbia oxeifbi AaBflTi» MHorootfpaa- 
hjk> cepiio ero ahbhux* o6paaoBT>,TO MeaoHH, 6bm», .Benin" oupoxHAH- 
BaiOTCfl hs 9th otipaabi. MepexxoBCxift noAiacb ycTpaHBaerb hst* 
cbohx* po»iaHOBT> apxeoJioniHecKift iiyaefl: 3fl*fecb h oAexAH anoxa 
BoapoxAOHifl, h „nypnypHccHMa"—pyMflHa, KOTOpbiMH noAbaoBajracb 
BH8aHTiftcKie HunepaTopbi, h Tiapa ,BHaaHTiftcxaro nanH* anoxH IleTpa 
I-ro. CrbHM h noTOJiox*b 8topo ifyaea ho cooTB-bTCTByrorb necTport n 
6oraTCTBy apxeoAorHHecxaro MaTepiaJia: crbHbi cbpbiH, xaaapMerabifl: 
noTOJioKi> oGpaayiorb rpjiaHO-roJiyCbifl aockh, HMeHyeubifl ,6eaAHa Bepx- 
Hflfl", nojrb, cfcpwfl, KaiieHHUfi,— v 6eaAHa hhxhjui". Ha AByxi napax* 
crbHT> AomeiRH ct> HaAnHCflMu: „Haoh (toroneaoBlwecTBa*, ,HaeHH6Jio- 
BfeKotioxecTBa", ,AnoJiJioH*b*, .JRoHHCb*. CxyiHoe, xaaapxeHHoe noirfe- 
lAOHie h b* Hem necTpoTa 6oraTbixi> apxeoJionraecxHX'b xojuiexuifl: 
»purpurissima" h .HAeflHeJioB-bxofloxecTBa*. Apxeojiorin h cxojiacraxa! 
H bott> nepea* Bcb TpH poMana npoxoAHTb nepeA* HaiiH paA* flora- 
rbftmHXT> xaprHH'b. MepexxoBCxift npexpacHbift KocTioiiepb. Buy Haao 
Hao6paaHTb XH8Hb KtoiaHa, JleoaapAO, IleTpa. IIpeKpacHo: ecrb bocxts— 
moxho BburbnuTb hst> HerojxeATbi* cTaTyH, pacxpacHTb hxt* ,nypny* 
p h o c h if a*, a tto KacaeTca ao oflcTaHOBXH— bi> Heft HOAOcTaTxa ho 
flyAerb. CoflpaHO Bee, hto HyxHo. 

Bw6paBT> bt> CBoeifb uyaefe cBoflOAHoe irbCTo y oAHoft hbi> crbffb 
(apxeojiorHnecKifl kojuioxiuh — mxa<I>bi — CABHHyTbi rb cepeAHH*), Me- 
pexxoBcxift oxpyxaerb CBOHCTaTyH BCbiiH arrpHGyTaMHanoxH. ,)RH8Hb 
K)jnaHa a ?— AaeaftTe cx>Aa iiaTepiaJib h8t> mxa^oBi* J# l f 2, 3 h t. a- 
Bott> Bairb KapTHHa u aaoaaiaTcxaro ropoAxa: BoftHa, xocTioMbi, maem 
bohhobi* Toft anoxH. BoTb Habrcecxift xpain>: CTaTyH, apoifarb. Bee 
HaaBano cbohmh HueHaMH, xt> xaxAouy npeAMeTy 6brra npecTaBJieHa 
8THxeTRa. Taxi naoflpaxaerb MepexxoBCxift K)jiiaHa bt> xpairb, npn 
ABop*h, bt» AeHHaxb, bt» noxofl*. Pha 1 * 6oraTHXi> h nbiniHbix'b xapTHVb. 
Ho (J)OHb bthxt> xapTHHb? <X>ohomt> nocjiyxHTb npupoAa. Mepex- 

KOBCKifi — H-bXHblft JIHpHX-b IipHpOflH. OhT* 6C TJiyflOXO HOHHIiaeTb. H 

AHBHbniH odpaaaifH He6a, cepe6paHaro lfbcaiHaro cepna HaA*B ctb- 
Tyeft nepecxaxerb om> Myauxy, xoTopoft xoT*bJTb 6bi axxoicnaHHpoBaTb 
cboh apxeojiorHHecxifl rpynnbi BocxoBbix'b xyKoji-b. lOjiiaH'b y Mepex- 
xoBcxaro hscto ho lOjiiaH'b bt> CMbicjrfe xoHxpeTHaro HeAOB^xa, a 
»jiiaHOBa xyx^a. Ho He6o y MepexKOBCxaro— BcerAa ho6o. Oho xh- 
Ben*, roBopHTb, AfcimHTb. H boti K)jriaHi» Ha $oh* He6a, OAymeBJieH- 
Haro MepexxoBCKHicb, yxe He TOJibxo K)^iam> t a chm BOAH^eexift o6paai» 
Toro, hto xejiaerb BJioxHTb bt> Hero aBTopb. Ho hto6u chmbojit* ho 
6bun> cjnnnxoifb rpyfa> (BocxoBan xyxJia Ha fyowb He6a) t Mepexxoa- 



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TP&IOrifl MEPEKKOBCKArO. 77 

«iift HyTb-nyTb cTHJiHayerb CBoe He6o, & la BoTH^ejuiH, JleoHapAo, 
OajiHnnHHO JIhioih. .Hjw aroro oht> cjnunxoirb xopomo 3Haen> xhbo- 

UHCb HTaJIEflHCKHXl> If aCTOpOB'b. IIOJ7y<iaeTOH HOAOdie XH8HH H A%flCTBH- 

TeJibHaa yTOHHeHHocTb xyjibTypu bt» cueHaxi* ero w xpoHHXT>*. Borb 
apuTeabHull o6paaT> roTOB-b. HaAO, ytoGu A'BftcTByromia Jiaiia ubho- 
paxbi aaroBopajiH. Ho xyxjibi ho roBoparb. UpeAOCTaBbTe roaopHTb 
MepexxoBCXOify orb hxt> hmohh. Oht» cyMBarb cxaaaTb bt> cthjtb anoxa. 
Oht> ajw 9Toro AOCTaTOHHo HaiHTaHi. H bott> BbiCTynHTb Ha aBaH- 
cueHy can MepexxoBcxift: GyAerb roBopsTb to 6acom», to AucxaH- 

TOSfb, TO KOMHHeCXH, TO TparHieCKH, H BCerfla CTHJIbHO. 0, 8T0 GyAOTb 

ho opocTo paaroBop-b! 3to 6yA6Tb Aiaaorb: 6yAyrb ccujikh, uHTaTu 
H3i> aairBHaTejibB^BfimHrb yuoBi* Toro bpomohh, pacnoaoxeHHua bt> 

TaROIfb (lopaAK'B, HT0<5bI OOBOXyOHOCTb 3THXT> BT> 4K)pif * fliaJIOra H3JI0X6H- 

Hbix-b uHTarb cjiyxajia HeapaubiMb yxaaaTejibiuiM'b naabueirb xt» ao* 
me^rb, noBluneHHoft Ha ctbh'b. He aatiyAbTe, hto apxeoAonroecxaa 
rpynna Ha ^obtb xapTHHbi HTaAbaflcxaro if acTepa pacnoaoxeHa y oahoJ! 
H3T> crfeffb uyaea, a Ha ctbh'b Aomenxa: ,Haea lejioB-BxotioxecTBa". 
Iloroifb Bca rpynna xyxojii* CyAeTb nepeHeceaa xi npoTHBonojioxHoft 
ct-bh-b noA*b Aontenxy: .Unea foroieJiOB-BHecTBa". Ta xe rpynna, 
to cTOHTb noA*b ,AaoAJioHOMT>", no noAT> .flioHHCOMfc*. IIoTOirb, npH 
noHonui KaMepT>-o6cxypu, npoaimpyerb Hairb MepexxoBcxift Ty xe 
rpynny Ha nojrb, HaauBaeMbift .hhxhhh 6eaAHa", npoauapyerb Ha 
,6eaAH"B Bepxaeft". Tax* noxaxerb MepexxoBcxift n"bcKo.ibxo h*bmi*xi» 
naHTOMHirb y bc*xt> leTupex* crbffb cBoero aAaria; nepeirbHHrb He 
paarb (Jk>ht> y bockobhxi> rpynni; nporoBoparb y xaxAoft crfem* cBoft 
AiaAorb bt> cth-tb rpynnbi h cootipaaHO co crbHoft. H npoftnerb ne- 
peA> HaMH h bch XHaHb fOiiiaaa, h 6bm> Toft anoxH, h peJiariosHo- 

$HJIOCO(|>CKift CMblCJTb OTOft XH8HH. IIOTOftTb, ytfpaBb CBOH B0CX0BHH 

xyxJiw, HapHAH, yTaapb, cTaiyaTxa bt> HyicepoBaHHue mxa4>bi, oht> 
npHHHMaeTca aa JleoHapAO. IIpoA*BJibiBaeTb Ty xe nponeAypy- rpynnbi 
nponyreraecTByiorb orb XpacTa kt> AaraxpHCTy, or* AaTaxpacTa xt> 
AnoJUiOHy, orb AnoJMOHa kt> Hioaacy, orb HioHHca kt> XpacTy. Bee 
aro nyTenrecTBie GyAerb uoToirb npoauapoBBHo Ha BepxHion h 
hhxhioio 6 ea Any. 

noAyvrrca nojiHaa aaajioria ct» nyTemecTBieifb IOaiaHa orb ct*bhh 

ao CTBHhl. 

To xe cb .IleTpoirb h AjieKCB6iii>*. 

Bt> peayAbTaT'b reoiceTpHHeoxaa npaBWibHOCTb ero rpouaAHoft 
.TpH JioriH*. TpyAi» Heo6bixHOBeHHo noHTOHHufl h ccwiHAawft. fla- 
jrbe. HyxHa He npocTaa reoMeTpHHecxaa npaBHjibHocTbi MepexxoB- 
ewouj Hyxao noxaaaTb sbojijoaiio AByxb 6op»mHXca bt> MCTopia chjit>: 
xpecTiaHCTBa h H3N4eoTBa. fljia dToro MepexxoBcxift: 1) pacnoaaraerb 
rpynnbi cbohxt> o6paaoa% Taxi, ttoGh KOH^arypauia rpymrb oahoA 



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78 B*CH N 1 

?acfH w TpHJioriH* cooTB'btcTBOBaJia 6m bt> irfeJioirb KOH<J>HrypanJR 
rpynirb cxexHoft lacm 2^ Om> Aaerb h^ckojibko oopaaoBi* (HHoraa 
npefliieTOBT)), KOTopwe npoflAyrb cxbobb bc* iacTH. HanpHii-fcp-b: iipa- 
ifopHjio CTaryio nocTaBHrb bt> xpairfe. Barfcrn bt> bha* apxeojiornne- 
cxoft pacRonxH BocicpecHTb ee bt> anoxy BospoxAeHin. H, HaROHem>: bo 
otipaafe h noAotiiR .BeHeueflCKaro HCTyRana" nepeBeserb ee bt> Pocci». 
Hah: bt> xjinctobckhx'l pag'tainx 1 * oTbimei-b lepra, cxoarur ct> opria- 

CTHHeCKHM H KyJIbTaMH AP6BH0CTH. 3) Bl OAHOfi nacTH „TpHJTOriH* OHb 

nepecTaBJinerb cboh rpynnu cnpaBa ttan*BO, bt> Apyroft— oAHOBpeiieHHo 
paacTaBJiflerb rpynnu h cjitea HanpaBo, h cnpaBa HaoliBo, Tarb hto ny- 
TemecTBie coBepmaeTca oahobp6M6hho bt> AByxs HanpaBJieHUxb; HaKo- 
Hem>, bt> nocJi"bflHeft iacTH pacnojroxeHie rpynni* HAerb cjrtaa HanpaBo. 
CooTB-feTCTBeHHO dTOMy oht> cJierxa ifbHaerb KOH<J>Hrypauiio iurrarb b 

CBOHXT> ROHMOHTapift B*b <f>Opifb paacyXABHiH in> BTEWb UHTaTaiTb. IIo* 

jiynaeTca HCHan h npocTaji HAeojioria. Bo Bceifb pasABoenie: lieamy 

XaOCOWb H KOCMOCOWb, HJIOTblO R AyXOIfb, flablieCTBOlTb R XpHCTiaH- 

CTBoirb, CeacoaHaTeJibHMM-b h coaHaHieMi>, flioHHcoMi* r AnoJuioHotrb, 
XpHCTowb h Ahthxphctomi*. IIpoTHBonoJioxeHie nexAy BepxRefl H HHX- 
Heft oeaAHoft pasABaRBaerb bt> cboio oqepeAb xaxAyio aRTHHoniio: Tairb: 
Ayxi> XpHCTOBb oRaauBaeTCM h noA* nacxoft anonjiHRHdiia, h hoat> 
uacitoft AioHHCHdHa; to xe npoHcxoARTb h ct> Ayxo>n> AHTUxpHCTa. IIo- 
jiynaioTca cjioxhha tfmrypbi, tohho KpHCTajiJiorpa^Hiecxifl moa&ih. 
PaaABoeHHbifl lOjuaffb: noToiib K)jiiaHb pacieTBepeHHbift. OryAeHTbi 
AOJiro CHAflTb HaAT> cjioxhmmh xyoHxaifH, npe«A© x rhwb HayqaTcs 
onpeA*iuiRTb KpHCTanjiHHecKiH oucTeiibi. HeonuTHbie iHTaTejm Me- 
pexROBCxaro lacro aanyiwBaioTCH bt> cjioxhnxt* (Jwrypaxb ero hcto- 
pRHecxaro KOHTpanyHKTa HAeft. A oht> Taxi npocrb: HaAo HaflTHJimnb 
npHHURirb KnaocH<|>HKamH. Rsji-b*: bt> K)jiiairfe hach qeaoB-bxoGoxecTBa, 
RBbiiecTBa, hjioth, rocyAapcTBa, anoJiJiHHHSMa, aHTHxpHCTiaHCTBa xarb 
6yAT0 npeotiJiaAaiorb. KaRi> oyATo: noTOMy q-ro Ha ah* RXT» (bt> 6qsjih% 

HHKH6H) OTRpUBaiOTCfl HACH npOTHBOHOJIOXHblH (668AHa BepXHflH). 

K)jiiaH*b dToro He noHHJii>. Bo BTopoft nacTH HBJioseHHbiirb nAea&rb 

npOTHBOCTOHTb HA6H DpOTHBOHOJIOSHblH: KOHTpanyHRTb CAOXH'be. Bl> 

.IleTp* h Ajiexcb-b" nepeAi HaMH Tpexi>HpycRaH HAeoJioria: 
1) H3U4ecTB0 ct> npoJieTOMTb Bb cBoe npoTHBonoJiomHoe, 2) HCTopH^ecKoe 
xpHCTiaHCTBo c*b npoJieTOMb bt> CBoe npoTHBonoJioKHoe, 3) npoTHBono- 

JIOXHOe AByXT> npOTHBOnO^OXHOCTefl (HCT0pHHeCKar0H3bIH6CTBa H HCTO- 

pnsecKaro xpHCTiancTBa) CTaHOBHTCH HCKOMbiMb eAHRCTBOBfb. TyTi> h 
MHCTHKa, h rerejiiaHCTBO, h meJiJiHHriaHCTBo, h mocTHKa, h chiKbo- 

JIH3M1>~0AH0 > CJIHT06 CT> APyrHMb: IffeJiaH ROAJieRUiH HA6& R H^iaH 
KOJIJieKUJH KOCTH)MOBT>, UHTaTb, BbinHCOKT>. 

ApxeoAoria r RAeojiorin— bott> cmwcjit> ,T p h ji o r i h* MepeaKKOB- 
cxaro. Bt> btoA nepTBofl OpoHH Tpenemerb h 6b6TCH ero orpoMHUfl» 
noaarHaHHbift Ta^aHTb. Heyxejin 8to TaKb? 



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TPILIOrifl MEPEKKOBCKAIU 79 

H-bTb. — Htmi, ne Tain>. 

Ta MHorpaHHaa HAeaJiucTHHecRaa opoHH, bt> KOTopofl aaROBaHi* 
TcopnecRiH noJierb MepeacROBCKaro,— 6poHH npoapaHHan, bch CKBoaHan. 

Mhl BHAHMT, CKB03b H6fl. Be3HHCJieHRbiH XOJIOAHblfl rpSHH, HBHyTpH 

oaapeHBhifl apRHiib cB-bTOMi>, nepejiHBaiOTi> bcBmh iiBfrraMH pajiyrH. H 
hack MepessoBCKaro TOJibxo bhahmo, CKOBWBaiorb 6oraTCTBo ero o6pa- 
aoB-b: oh* npe^oifJiHiorb otipaabi, HanpaBJiaa hxt> kt> oahom} t (J)OKycy- 
H dTOTb (J)OKyci> BOBce He HAen, a RaRoft-TO cHMBOJiHHecRift o6*paai>: K*b 
iieicy CTORaioTCfl ajih MepexROBCRaro bcb jiyna xuaHH. llpo aBTopa 
JTpHJioriH* moxho cnaaaTb, hto OHb hm1sjii> *oaho bha^hbc, hoiiocthx- 
Hoe yiiy*. 

KaKi> npenpacHo oobacHaerb aBTopi .TpHJioria* sto cTHxoTBopeHie 
IlymKHHa! He noTOMy jih, hto ouocaMoiiy eMynepeanyp-b <5jih3ko? Ebijrb 
MepeacKOBCKifl-xyfloacnHKT>, njrfeHHJicsi cboGoaoh xyAoxecTBOHHaro TBop- 
secTBa, iiponoB^AbiBajn> xyjibrb KpacoTbi. H xpacoTa iripa HBHJiacb 
euy bt> Jluirfc Eahhomt>. yBHA*Jib oht> JIhkt> Eahhuh. 

IIoHHjrb, hto MHorootipaaie o6pa30B*b. hxt> KpacoTa-TOJibKo 6eaKo- 
HeHHocTb jihhhhi> ao BpeMeHH yKpbrraro JIuRa. Emv HOKaaaJIOCb, HTO 
yBiiA'b.Tb oh*b tott* npeAferb KpacoTbi, KOTopbift AocTyneHb HejioB-bne- 
CTBy. H, yBHAaBi>, He aaxorbjrb BiurbTb ohi> Gojibme HHHero. 3Hajn>, 
hto eme h*Btt> cnoBb, htoGm ormcaTb to, hto bha^jtb, h^tb noHHTift 
otibacHiiTb KpacoTy, H-ferb KpacoK*b iiao6paaHTb. II Bee aacKBoaHJio eMy 
oaHHM-b, Haa-feKT, oAHHMb. Ci> toh nopbi cTaJi-b pbiuapeirb CyAymaro— 
phiuapeMT> 61sahbimi>: bcb CoraTCTBa nayRH, HcnyccTBa, khbhh noMepRJiH 
bt> HeMepKBymeyb cBlsrfc. Bee CTaJio JiHinb cpeACTBOMb xoti. b3aoxomt> 
nepe: aTb aapio hoboh, rpaAymeft, nocji'fcAHeH KpacoTbi. 

HeaoJibHo onycTHJTb .CTa^bnyio p-feraeTRy tt pwuapb 6-feAHMH— Me- 
peacROBCRiH— Ha jihuo CBoe: 3toh cTanbHoft p-femeTKOH CTa*ia ana Hero 
HAeo-ioria. Ho cb*tt», ropamift' bt> HeM-b, ckbo3l Hero ciaiomiH, Jiy- 
wrca H3b-noA?> aatip&na. „CTajibHaa p*fcraeTRa a — aa6pa;io y6oraro 
mjieMa: bott. HAeojioria MepexROBCRaro. 

OOpaabi uptitiHpaerb ohi» kt> cxeMaM-b. Orb Toro XHBbia Jimia, npo- 
xoAamja bt> ero poxaHax-b, npeBpantaiOTca bt> KyKJibi, pasyupameHHbiH 
apxeojiorHHecRon BeTorabio. CTaHOBHTca a.vOjieMaMH MepTBbixi> cxeMi>. 

Ho H^eH MepewROBCRaro,— To.ibRo B-bpa, To^ibRo chmbo^w, oOcaxeH- 
Hbie ajiJieeft KpacoHHbiXT> o6paaoBT>. Ajijich Beaerb rt> ropnaoHTy: Tain* 
flpKoe ero ocji^bhjio, npRoe co-mue. Oho BoexoAurb. H RaRHMb aojio- 
TbiMb oViecRoirb cBepuaeTb Rpaciibifi necoRb ajuieH:— necoRT> HAefl! 3to 
Re necoRb: 3to orHeHHbin 6apxarb, KOTopuM-b BocxoAflmee cojiHue yc- 
Taano nyTb He.ioB*bHecTBa. 8TOTb CB'bT'b ocB"bmaeT*b npHrHaHHbie Kb 
cxewavb o6paahi ,TpHJioriH tt . Bocrobmh KyK.ibi tojibro noTOMy RyRJiM, 
hto iicTopia, jiioah, RaKb #iH>AH,— Bee 8to yaiepao ajih MepexROBCRaro. 

Bee 3T0 BOCKpeC.lO AT) OAHOM^ Bb XHBOMb. Bb XH3HH TO H XH3Hb, 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



80 BfcCH N 1 

hto aaneiaTjrbJio b* ceG-fc HecKaaaBHbifi o6paa*— „EenocTEXHGe bh- 
A'bHbe". Mm bc*— liepTBeubi. HcTopia lfepraa Toice. Tojh>ro Jiyn* <$y- 
Aymaro ee oaapaeT*. KtaiaH*, JleoHapAo, IleTp* BOBce He HHTepecyiorb 
MepeacKOBCKaro caMH no 066*6: tojibro, RaR* chmbojih. 

MaTepjinHKT> bo cnpocTa nncaJii> fljia, uapioHeTOR* cboh nepBbm 
Apaiibi. Oh* aiiajrb HeBoaiioxHocTb BonJiomeHia hx* b* ycjioBtax* co- 
BpeMeHHofl cueHhi. II He cnpocTa npeBpamn* MepeaucoBCKift HCTopix> 
b* apxeoJiorH^ecRift Myden: oh* aaxoTtab pacnopaacaTbCH c* HCTopiefi 
no-CBoeMy. IIpeBpamaH ee b* Myaeft npu CBoeii* KaGHHeT-fc, oh* yOHJi* 
bt> HCKyccTB-b HCKyccTBO, b* HCTopiH— HCTopiK) . HcTopia flJiH Hero— 
„TeaTp* BiapioHeTOKi**; nayRa, RyjibTypa, HCRyccTBo— aTpH6yr*i Ma- 
pioHeTOHHaro A'bfiCTBa. Oh* cRaaaJi*: „CRopo rohhhtch aI^ctbo— nai- 
HeTCH acHSHb - . B* HOBofi KH3HH paarjiHA'bJi* KpacoTy oht> MHyio; AAA 
Hen eme h*t* <J)opM*. H noTOBiy-To tbophcctbo ero oGpamaeTca ki> 
caMhiMi> pa3Hoo6pa3HhiM-b (fopiiawb, u hii r* oflHoft. w TpHJioria" npo- 
AOJixaeTCH b* ero RpHTHHecRoft TpHJiorin: „rorojib h Hoprb*, „Toji- 
CTofi h JJocToeBCKifi", n rpflAymifl XaM*". Tenepb aaayMaJi* oh* rpH- 
jioriio ApaiiaTKHecKyio. CKopo y Hero 6yA6T* TpH TpHJioriu. Ho a-ro— 
nee to a:e, Bee o/ma TpHJioria: TpoflcTBeHHhift aHaR* EAHnaro Jlnxa, 
EAHHaro HiieHH— ,HeHocTH*Haro BnA'fcHbH". He noHHTb ero pouaHOB* 
(tea* ero kphthrh. H rphthrh (tea* poMaHOB*. 

B"bpoflTHo, ApaMU eme paa*, no HHOMy oti*flCHHK>T* Haw* u KpH- 

THRy, H pOMaHbl, Bb CBOK) OHOpeAb 06*HCHHflCb HMH. 

w B^AHfaifi pwuapb*— RaRi> nacTo ero ynpeKaiOT* bi> cxoaacTHR'fe! 
MexAy rtM*, ii cxoJiacTHRa, h apxeoaoria, h bch liepTBeHHOCTb HfeRo- 
Topuxb xyAoacecTBeHHbixb rpynn*,— He npHAaei* jih bco 8T0 MepexROB- 
CROMy noAiacb HeyjioBHMyto npejiecTb? y Hero ecTb cboh npeaecr*. 
MoxeT* ObiTb, aTa npejiecTb HecoHdM'bpHiia cb npejiecTbio CTporo-xy- 
AoaecTBeHHaro TBopnecTBa. Ho MepexROBCRifi, He xyAOXHHR*. Ero 
Hejibaa M'fcpHTb mhcto acTeTHnecRHM* MacmTaGoM*. A ecjin hphxoahtch 
wbpHTb,— yAHBJiaembCH, KaKb eme ero bmcoko cTaBHT*, KaR*b He bh- 
AHti> rpy6wx* h hchux* HeAoneTOB'b bt> ero TBopnecTB'b! 

Ho RaR* 6bi cTporo hh ocyxAaTb xyAoxHHRa-MepexROBCRaro, Bcer- 
Aa HafiAeMb mn Bb HeM* h-bhto He paanoaHMoe hh Ha HcxyccTBo, hh Ha 

RpHTHKy; BM*CTb Cb T-&M* 3TO bH^ITO" He HACTb B*b CieTb XVAOXe- 
CTBeHHblXb AOCTOHHCTB-b ero ^TpHJIOHH*. 

H HapoHHo cTapajiCH paajioxHTb »TpHJioriio fl Ha cxoJiacTHRy h 
apxeojioriio, htoCw HM^rb npaBO cRaaaTb o MepexKOBCKOMi> to, hto 
AyMaio:— oht> He xyAo»HHRb. Ho oh* h He w He-xyA0XHHR'b'.. Om> 

He XyAOKHHRT> TOJIbRO. 

H He xosy CRaaaTb, hto oh* 6ojibme xyAOXHHRa. Eme Men^e xosy 
h CRaaaTb, ito oh* iieHbme. fljia yfiCHeHia ero A'&HTejibHocTH npaxo- 
Ahtch npiuy.vaTb Kaxyio-To (J)opMy TBopsecTBa, He npoHBHBmyiocfl b* 



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TPMOFIH MEPESKOBCKArO. 81 

Hamy anoxy. 9ts anoxa Hama, aojixho CtiTb, noAxoAHTb Kb HOBbnib 

TBOp^eCKHMt BOaifOXHOCTHM'b. 06l> 3THX*b BO31l0XH0CTBXT> aarOBOpHJTb 

MepexROBCRift (o, m*tt>— He cjioBaMH: MyawKoft cjiobt>!). Oht> KaRb 
CyATo Jiynme aHaei-b HeBiAoxufi Bam* aabiKb. Ho mw dToro aauRa bo 
aH&exb. MepexROBCRifl nuTaeTca uphbocth csoft h3Mkt> kt> Hamnirb noHfl- 
■rifljfb, nyraeTca, cirfernHBaerb cjiOBa. Ho RyjibTypmae jiioah cTapaiOTCfl 
ho aaM-feiaTh aKuearb HHocTpamxa. 

HacTaHBaTb aa tomi, hto .TpHjioria* MepexROBCRaro CTpaaaerb 

MHOrHMH XyA0aceCTB6HHbIlfH HeA0H6TaifH H npH dTOMb CMOTjyfcTb Ha 

MepexROBCKaro TOJibKo, KaRb aa xyAOXHHRa,— anaHHTb coBepmaTb 6ea- 
TaKTHocTb: HaAtoaTb Ha Hero ^TpHmKHH-b Ka4>TaHT>". AHajiHSHpoBaTb 
ero Hiieojioriio,-— aMaHHTb ynopanHBarb pyxaaa dToro KatfrraHa. 

MepexROBCRift— Boui»mee HeAoyifbHie Baraefl anoxn. Oht>— aaraARa, 
xoTopaa ynajia rt» Hain> h8t> CyAymaro. 

UocTpoHJib RHHXHyio OaraeHKy; ee moxho 6wjio 6n noAaTb Ha nafl- 
homi> noAHocfe. Hai> menoiKH nopomRa pacTyrb 4>apaoHOBfai 
a m * h *. Hai> rhhxhoh 6ameHRH MepexKOBCKaro Bbipocjia BaBHJioHCKaa 
6amHH— HAefl, chvbojiobi, aaraAORi>? He 3HaeMi>. Cann> MepexROBCRift 
cb noAaopHofi Tpy6ofl bt> pynaxb B3oraejn> no Heft h CRpbuica orb Haci> 
Bb otfjiaxa. Mh He Btyiaeifb tohho, ta^ oht> h hto ct> hhmt>. Ahcuih- 
aHpyem* 4>yHAaneHTb 6amHH: oaho noAHoxie ea— HCRyccTBo, Apyroe— 
pejurin, TpeTbe — cxojiacTHKa, neTBepToe— KpHTHKa. CaMa 6amHH— hh 
to, hh Apyroe, hh TpeTbe. HHorAa CBepxy naaaerb Ha Hacb aoxa* 
nenaTHbix-b jihctobk 3to MepexROBCRift nwTaerca cl HaMH paaro- 
BapHBaTb. 

Ha oAHoifb cbhtk* HanHcaHbi cthxh, Ha ApyroMb— aaM^naTeJibHoe 
BdCjrbAOBanie o ^CepacjjHM-feCapoBCKoirb*. HaTperbeirb CTpaHBoe cjiobo- 
npoH3BOACTBo: 6yAT0 6bi »n6mjio to, hto nonuio" (npeAnoJiaraeTca 

,nOfflJl6 B*b XOAb a ). 

Ho bco, hto 6bi hh HanHcaJii> MepexROBCRift, CTpaHHbnrb KaKHMb-TO 
ciaerb cb*tomt>. Mbi XAearb, noaoBerb jih oht> Hacb Ha cbow Ganraio, 
coflAeTb jih kt> HaMi> co CBoeio noaaopHoft TpyCRofi; HHorAa Haifb Ra- 
xerca, hto tianraa ero paacbinjieTcn, Kain> paacbinaioTCH „<}>apaoHOBfai 
3M-fcH* t RorAa rt> HHMb npHRacaembCH najibueirb. 

MoxeTb 6UTb, CHHM6TCH OHb CO CB06H OafflHH H yJieTHTb; MOXeTb 

6brrb t yxe yjierbJi-b (noneMb iibi anaeifb, kto Tavb caepxy Hacb okjih- 
xaerb). Moxerb 6hrrb, MepexROBCRift yxe aaBiepai> Tain>, 8a oKHaMH, 
a paaroBapHBaerb ct HaiiH B*bTepb: Btoepi* cBHBaerb ero jihctrh, a 
Mbi nyuhewb, hto 3to HaMi> nocwAaerb rpaMOTbi Hanib aaoOjianHhift 

3B*3AOHerb. H*bTX v 8T0 He TaKb. 

liApet E i i u t. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



nyTH h nEPEnyrbfl. 



Basepift Bpx>ooB%. n y t h h nepenyTba. Cotfpame cthxobi. 
Toil* 1. (1892—1901). M. 1908. 

OrpaHHO h cjjulko Kwn> HacTOJuunirfc 
npeA^yBCTBien rrfccmi noisu. 

B axe pit Bpneoiv 

Kor^a Ha GoflKoft, schboA h ny*Aoft aacrbHHHBOCTH 6 h pack, Hue- 
nyeMofi .jiHTepaTypoft* h aBJiaiomeft co6oft BeaA'b h Bcer.ua npocrofi 
iiexaHHSMT) npHcnoco6jieRiH yHHBepcajibHaro aaKOHa cnpoca h npeAao- 
kohih kt> AyxoBHhiM-b noTpe6HocTflM% „cpeAHaro HeJioB*Ka" f Bjipyn> 
noaBJiHOTCfi hcthhhoo xyAoacecTBeHHoe npoH3BeA&Hie, TO-ecTb Hfrrro 
CTpaHHoe h HeoGbinaflHoe, irfeHTo no caMOMy cymecTBy CBoeMy npoTHBO- 
nojioscHoe acMSHH h .HejioB'feKy*, h^hto Taicoe, hto cjiaARO HaApuBaerb 
cepAiie, roBopHTb o homi-to HeAonycTHMOM'b, a, 6htl Moaterb, yTpa- 
h6hhomt>, o MewbTO hobomt>, a, 6biTb MoxeTX, 3a6biTOM*b, Bceraa Ha- 
cMepTb oTpaBJiHH Aymy h Bcerjia npoHHBbiBaa ee MyHHTeJibHbinfb npea- 
^yBCTBieMi>, — cepAue npaaAHyerb CBOft npefcpacH-feftmift npaaAHHirb! 
KorAa cpeflH rpyaw cRyiHbix'b, Rairb nujih, 6eauB-bTHbixi>, Kast oGoh, 

MepTBfaIX*b, KaKT> BiyMiH H XOARO-Jiy60HHfaIX'b t HaJiaKHpOBaHHBIXl>, xairb 

BepCHbiH HrpyniKH, KHHn>, rjiaBHaa npmiaHRa KOTopux-b apocTb ubh- 
aypu hjih CTpaHHocTb oGjioxkh (a He TaKia jih khhph— HCKJiioMHTeJib- 
naa nnma coBpeMOHHaro pyccRaro, Aa h He tojibro pyccnaro HHTaTeJia). 
BApyrb hohbhtch KHura pasAyMift h TpeneTa, KHHra ropbKOft npaBAbi h 
caMooTBepxeHHaro TpyAa,— eAaa B-fepHTca cbohmt, rjia3aMi>! HHTaftTe 
TaRyio RHHry, h bu He A&AHTe eft BToro noaopHaro HaaBama, orb ro- 
Toparo TaRT> h naxHeTi> mrtceHbio h nbiabio! 

Bbi npHBbiRJiH HyfiCTBOBaTb yAOBJieTBopenie, 0TbiCKaBT> xoth 6n H*fe- 

CKOJIbKO CTpOKT>, rOBOpHIAHX'b CepAUy, CpeflH 6e3HHCJieHHHbIX*b CTpOITb 

ireaaKOHHo-poxcAeHHbix'b h HeicpemeHbix'b A*THmeft Haraefl „ji h t e p a- 
Typti", Bbi BHaeTe bc* pHeMbi HaHaycrb, bbi iio&eTe, myTa, cocTaBHTb 

CaOBapb H3*b HHX-b H HaOHCaTb CTaTHCTHHeCRlft yieOHHR* dpOTHieCRHX'b 

TepMHHOBi>, h BApyrb... Bbi BOAHyeTecb, cTpaAaeTe h naaneTe, RaK* 
TorAa, RaR-b njianajiH bt> nepBbift past, RorAa nepBbia, cjiynaftHo npo- 
HTeHHbia (Bee paBiio rA*b, xoTb Ha npHJiaBirb iiaraaHHa) ctpokh Kaaa- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



nyra h nEPEnyrwi. ss 

AHCbBaOIHMH COtfCTBeHHhlllH, HHTftTOJIb, B&mHMH CAOBaMH, JiyRSBO HOBr 

dyraaHHMMH r-bmt>-to h BCTjyBHaioiuHiiH Baci> cHOBa, hto6h He paa- 
CTaTbCH h h r o r a a! 

Oh*b o6oflpa.iM BamH 6eayifHbiH HCcaHia h roBopHJiH Bam, aacrfeH- 

THBO H CTporO O TOIfb, STO KTO-TO t H6BHAHMblfi!H A&JieRifl, TA'B-TO 6JIH3KO 

McwiHTca h cropaerb aa Bacb, pfemaerb Banry cyAbCy, ayxaa o Bameirb 
aaBTpamHeifb ah-b r roTOBb RaxAyio MHHyTy npoKJiacrb Bame liajio- 
Aynrie! 

BjiarocjioBeHHH anoxn, Koraa hbahktch Ha cbbtb 8th khhth Tpe- 
neTa h paaAyjtfift, HeaatiBeHHbi rb A*BBCTBeHHbie roAbi HXb oAHHORaro 
pacuB-bTa, 6bicTpbie, cKynHbie roAN, h6o HeHafl-feKHa h <5jiH3Ka nopa HXb 
npnaHaHiH h ocRBepHeHia. Kohc^ho, hxt> njiaiia HeyracHico, Ann HeiiHO- 

I*HXb OHO CyAOTb CB'BTHTb HaBCer^a, HO TOJICTblH CJIOfl 06meCTB6HHOft 

KonoTH H6Ha6*BJCH0 aarBHHTb hxt> orHeHHbie H3hiKH f noAo6Hbie Heyra- 
cHMbiM-b JienecTKaMi* aojioToft h njiaMeHHofl B*b4hoh Poabi. 

Gbhtbi 8th cTpaHHUbi, h5o Ha HHXb nenaTb u*BJioHyApifl h oahho- 
^ecTBa, KJiefiMo tieayMia h MyieHHiecTBa! 

OTRyAa npHXOARTb 3TH TBHH. H3b Hero BbipOCTaiOTb 9TH UB*BTbI, 

OTRyAa HHaaeTawrb sth aByRH? IIoaaAH-- coataceHnoe nponuioe, Bb Ha- 
CToam;eMT>— Kpecrb MyieHift h HdAtoaTeJibCTBo TOJinw, bt> rpflflymeMT> — 
orpa6JieHie, <J)aJibCH<t>HKauia h npoaaica cb ayxuioHa aaB-BTHbixb HAeflL 
3aTBMT> H AAH KOrO DpHXOAflTb 8TH oCpaaw?.. H e a h a K)L 

3th rpycTHbiH h CAaARia syBCTBa oxsaTHJiH mohh, Koraa a 6-ferAo 
nepe.iHCTbiBaJi-b CHOBa BonjiomeHHbia Ha 6yMarfe t eme TaKi> HeaaBHo 
aBynaBiniH tojibko bt> noTaftHbixb nonoaxb AyniH, h, Raaanocb, aatibiiwi 
CTpo<|>bi nepBbixT> cthxobt> Baaepia BpiocoBa. 

HyacHo jih Gnao BocKpemaTb HXb? fla, h no AByMb npHHHHaMb. 

llpoc.ifcaHTb nyTb, npoftAeHHbift noaTOMb, AaBinuMb Ha\n> ..Stephanos", 
moxho tojibko cb cauaro HaiaAa, HacA-bAosaBb He TOAbKO TopHbia, 
HaflAeHHfaiH hmt> AoporH, npopyOJieHHbiH hmt> npocBKH h nui> BOflpy- 

XeHHUfl B*BXH, HO TIIjaTeJIbHO HCXOAHBb H BCB npOCeAOHHblH TpOHHHRH, 

He paab BCTynan h Ha cjrftAbi, o6opBaHHbie h hmt> caiiHMb yace a&bho 
OpomeHHbie!.. fla, ccjih HHTepecHM Hani* n y t h noara, Koropbift a'BJiht^ 
ci> HaMH BbiHeceHHyio hmt> Aodbiny, He HHTepecHbi ah noAHacb HaMb h ero 
oepenyTb a?.. OepBbift tom* coOpaHia cthxobt> Bajiepia BpwcoBa co- 
AepRCHTb bt> ce6* BemH, HanHcaHHbia HMb aa 15 jrbTHift nepioAb Bpe- 

M6HH, BHOJIH-B AOCTaTOHHblfl AAA TOrO, HTOCbi HdAaAeRa CTaAH BHAHbl 

9opKony rjiaay bcb HaBHJiHHbi h narHCbi nyTH Toro nodTa, KOTopufi no 
npaBV AOJixem> 6biTb Ha3BaHb n e p b bi if b cpeAH BC&xb coBpeM6HHbixi> 

pyCCKHXb XyAOXHHROBb, RERb CTHXa, TaRb H npOSbl. II 3T0 TBMb 50A*Be 

BaxHo, hto BpiocoBb— xyAOKHHRb, HeyRAOHHo HAymift Bnepeab, Henpe- 
CTaHHo pacTymift h He AocTHrmiA eme nepioAa RpHCTaAAHaauiH. 
Xtpyraa npHiHHa— He iieH^e aaKOHHa. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



84 B£CH N 1 

HyXHO H BEXHO coxpaHHTb Tfc MHOrifl CTpO(J)hI u aKKopflw flOST* 

HOBaTopa, BJiacTHaro peBOJiioitioHepa cthjm, kotopmh aByiaJiH wb aha 
CopbCu, KaKi> JioayHrh, Kairb npHauBi>, RaR-b nepBbia noouTKH a*ti> 
KaTexHdHCb HOBoft BBpw, CRaxem* ToiH-be, HOBaro RyjibTallloaaifi- 
CBnmeHHa! Eh hobo© cjiobo, en hobbia hack h odpaabi Taxze 

CBfllUeHHbJ, X6pTB6HHbl H He8a6B6HHbI, RaKb HOBblJI 0TRp0B6HUl peAHTifl, 

HOBbie jioayHrH oCmecTBOHHofi 6opb6biL 

Ecjih Tenepb BpwcoBb CTaJib noaToirb AocraxeHift h BaaTCJieifb 
caob?>, to Hegajieico to Bpeii h, Kor^a oht> 6hun> do3tomt> npeAiyacTBifi, 
Aymofl, no 6ojih npoHHaaHHofl npeApaacB'BTHbiMb xojioaoio* HOBbix-b ot- 
itpoBeHifl h ApoxbX) HOBbixb AepaaHifl. 

H cam> OHb npocTo h TporaTejibHo roBopnjrb 061 aTOMb,— 

Mti 6ujih jxepsKH, 6&IJIH jtIsth, 

Hani* Bee Kasajiocb bt> apKOMi, cB-fcrfc.,. 

Tenepb KpyroMb h Tumb, h rfcHb. 

ilauieKO nepBan aryneHb,— 

II^Tb dtrjiuxb jrfcn», Kain> imtl crojrkTift!.. 

BpiocoBb cTajn> opHrHHaJibHbiMi, BnojiB* coaHaJib ceoa, coafla.Tb 
CBofl coCcTBeHHbifl, BpiocoBCRifl c t h ji b — JiHrab nocjife .Urbi et 
orbi"; TOJibKo nocjrfc ^Stephanos* oht> BCTaJib Ha BbicoTy nepBOKJiaccHaro 
nodTa; tojibro nocjrfe cBoeft apaMbi „3 e m ji h" oht> noABeJTb nepawft 
HTon> cBoero paaBHTia;— noaToity I tout* ero cotipanifl cthxobt> pHcyeTb 
HaM*b ero npexAe Bcero, RaRb n a t a npeAMyBCTBift, Rani* <rrpaR- 
HHKa, p-feraHBraaro htth ao kohus, ho eme He HameAmaro oROHiaTeab- 
iraro, eAHHCTBeHHo-B^pHaro h BoauoxHaro nyTH. BoHCTHHy, Bb Hem> 
phi* noarb JpeTbefl c t p a x h*! 

BnpoHeM-b, yxe Ha MHorHxi CTpaHHuax* „Tertia Vigilia* nyB- 
CTByeTCH Momb BJiacTHaro xyAoxHHRa. „JIk>6hmiuj1 s^robi" yxe a&ot* 

OCHOBHOH TOHb AJIH n03AH"BHffleH ^flpaBflbl BfrlHOft RyMHpOBT**; OTA'&Tb 

w Bt> crbHax-b" bm-bct* cb rjiytfoRo-xecTOROfl noaicoft ,3aMRHyTbie" Aa- 
K)Tb nepBbie aKKopAbi noaAH'bflmefl ctdohhoh h cjioxnoft chm^ohIb 
„3©mjih u ; roJioca cTHxift, bt> noaM-H „I{apio cbBepHaro nojuoca", yxe 
Hairbiaiorb 6yAymaro aaRAHHaTeaa CTHxiftHbixb nopbiBOBb; yAHBHTCJib- 
Han noaMa .AraHaTH<n>* yxe AaeTb B03M0XH0CTb C-ferjio o6oap"BTb TBop- 
necRift TBTaHHiecRift o6jihri» hohth bo Becb pocrb, bt> Heft Hac-b yxe 
nopaxaerb noHTH remaAbHaa cnoco6HocTb noaTa OAHOBpeiieHHo BnaA'BTb 
Aapoifb A©TajiH3HpoBaHHaro BonJiomeHiH, rpaHHiamaro cb TaRi» Haau- 
Baeiiofi „cTHAHaaiiiefi M (HHKorAa He nepexoAfl, oahbko, Bb Hee) cb 

HyAeCHOH CnOCO^HOCTbK) B.iaAbTb KaKHMb-TO, eity OAHOMy HBB'bCTHbm'b, 

pbinaroM-b B-bHHocTH. Yxe bt» dToft noaifb Bajiepifi BpiocoBb 
o^HapyxHBaerb Aapb norpyxaTb Haci> bt> noToicb aB.ieHift h BApyn. 

BbipblBaTb Hdl> Hero, HOAHHMaa AO XOAOAHbIXl> BblCOTb 6oxecTBeHHofl 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



nyra h nEPEnyTta. 85 

Am epw. H iiw He anaem*, kto repofl ero noaubi: ara nepHaa h 6a*ba- 
heji xpHua, AraHaracb, hah caaia .BeJiHKaa 6orHHH BCfexb 6orHHb, 
AcTapTa cB'ftTJiafl'? 

Bb aTofl noan* yxe BCTpfciaeMb mbi h to uacTepcTBO tyopubi, aa 
KOTopoe noaflH'be no8Tb HeoAHoicpaTHo CyaeTb KaaHHMb AHTepaTyp- 
raoiH xyjinraHaiiH, 6poca»nmiiH bt> CBoero rnraHTcxaro Bpara kahhkoA 
jaapnacua", h bm-bctb cb T-fewb Ty cocpeAOTOieHHOCTb ocHOBHoro co- 
aepoaHlfl, KOTopaa A'bAaerb Bpiocoea Bb ero AyqmHXb coaAaHUixb ao- 
CToflHboib cTaTb Ha p»Ay ci» BoAAdponb h paBHUMH eMy. 

Eabs ah nyxHo MHoro roBopHTb o nepBoft hoaobhh'b dToro nepBaro 
Tons coCpaniH cthxobi* B. EpiocoBa; kohchho, AaAeico He Bee, BonieA- 
mee bt> Hero, OAHHaKOBo ivbhho m chocoGho nocnopHTb cb ero no«A- 
ffUhnHMH BemanH. Hwr&H 8th „K)HomecKie cthxh*. xaxeTCfl, hto 6po- 
AHnib bt> MacTepcaoA BaHTtAH cpeAH Maccw HanaThiib, Macro HeaoA*- 
jiaHHbix'b, nacTo cAHmxoMi> AeTaAHaupoBaHBbixb HSBaaHifl; noAiacb 
xoaoai> CAOBa He yiftorb bhoah'b ocB*fcacHTb CAaAOCTpacTba TBopiecaaro 
nopbiBa, HHorAa oTA'bnbHaji CTpoKa oTCTaerb orb CBOHXb cotipaTifl, 
Ta bah HHafl pneya to cahidkomi» .KpuKAHBa, to cAHmKoiib po6xa H 
aarAymeHa, to hah HHoe cpaBHeHie GaHaAbHo, ho, He cxoTpa Ha bco 
8to, Mbi 6poAHMb A'bflCTBHTe^bBo Bb nacTepcKofl b a fl t e a h, a He paa- 

CMSTpHBaeMb AOTOKb Cb rHDCOBbJMH CA'BHKaMH H (J>a6pHHHblltH CTaTy- 

eTsaMH... 3th npoOHbie dTiOAbi, 8th npHiyAJiHBbJH h uoA^acb rpHMacHM- 
lajonU* uacKH Bee xe nab MpaMopa h MeTaAJia, hah TpeGyiorb upauopa 
h MOTaAAa; ohh Be hoxcxh Ha $ap(|)opoBbixb KyKOAb hah Ha oaobhh- 

HbJXl> .COAAaTHKOBb*. 9TH CTaTVH ffb XOAOAHblMH, MepTBbJMH 8paMKaMH— 

yxacHbi, a He cifBrnHw!.. Hxb coaAaAo 6 e a y u i e, a Be cTHAHaauia; 
oh* roBopHTb o B-feKaxb h TbicflHejrfeTiflXb, a Be o BHepaniHeMb ah*b! 
Mm cpeAH HHXb bt> MyacB, a He Ha pbihk'b! 

HepexoAA Kb AeTaAbHoxy auaAHay, nam* xorfeAocb 6w oTiffeTHTb 
H-fcCKOAbKo Bemefi, KaKb HaH6oAl»e yuaiBbJA. Bb r K)HomecKHXb 
CTHioTBopeHiflii" npehpacno canoe nepBoe, w EpeAMyBCTBie*; 

CHJIbHO H OOAHO daBfeTHOft yTpCHHeA APOXH He60AbIDOe CTHXOTBOpeHie 

^pem 1 , rA* cthxt> yxe noAOHb cnyrAoft MaccHBHOCTbR) h floraT- 

CTBOM7> OTpaiCeHifl DOAAHHHbJXb 6pOH30BbJXT> H3A*Aifl; OOAHO ooaahh- 

saro yxaca CTHXOTBOpeHie JIpoKaaceHHbift* 4 ; oneHb rAyGoico h xapaa- 
Tepeo ,0b KOMeTbi*; oAHHMb nab caubixb TporaTeAbHbixb h Bb to xe 
Bpeica 6eanon^aAHbixb RBJiaeTca .OcyxaeHHaa xpHiia"; cHAbHo h cboo- 
o6paano CTHXOTBOpeHie ,CyMacmeAmifi"; aHaHHTeAbHbi HaB'bflHBbiH Boa- 
jidpoifb CTpoKH „Bb BepTen**; He aa6biBaeTca xoAOAHaa, ho h'bxho- 
roJiy6aa noaua ,CH*ra - . 

Hflfb KBHrH w 9 T 0— H fc AyHHIBMH HBAAIOTCH w BeCHa\ UHKJlbC'BTJIblXb, 

eABa HaMtneHHbJXb, ho soBymHXb h BOAHyionuixb oTpuBKOBb — .Ckh- 
T&Hifl*. CTporo-HCKpeHHee .CTporoe aBeHo*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



86 BfcCH N 1 

Bt> KHHrb .TpeTbH c t p a * a" bi> caMOM-b mianfe 6Jiemen> co- 
BepraeHHoe, rJiyGoKo-HHTHMHoe CTHXOTBopeHie 9 R U ; bqcb OTAtab •JI»- 
Chmun b'bkobt>" npeKpacem,; bt> uewb hh oAHoro fla*e nocpeflCTBd- 
Haro CTHXOTBopeHia. 

Cjia6-fee, ho TOHOK'b no OTflfcJiirfe oTatab m Y Mopa". „Bt> crtaaxi* 
aaKJiJonaerb bt> ceffb 11 cTHxoTBopeHift, h3t> kotopnxt* H-feKOTopua bi 
CBoe speiffl ChiJiH oTKpoBeHiaMH noaaiH h ao chxt> nop* ocTaiOTca otipaa- 
iiaMK .HMnpeccioHHCTH^ecKoft noaain". Cpejw ocTajibHtixi* nbecb, uefffce 
paBHhixT), BbiA&R)TCH cji^jiyiomia Benw: w n*CHji B , .JeMOHU nuJiH*, ,3e- 
jieHbift qepBHqoR'b 11 , .CJiyiaftHoft", 9 Bi> HeKOHieHHOM* aaaHiH*, oco- 
6eHHo w Kt> MeTa^iJiairb"... Ha* noairb, kohoiho, „AraH8>H<rb* h ,IJap» 
cfeBepnaro noaieca*. 

IIOflBOfla HTOFb, Mfal CKaKOWb, TTO yX6 BT> 3THXT> KHHraXl HpW" 

nyBCTBift BaJiepift EprocoB-b aB^ae-rca tbmt> TpoflcTBeHHtiirb cjiiamein 
fleMOHa MUCJiH, TeHiH CTpacTH h Anrejia nenaJiH, KaKHWb uu aaaem 
h jhoGhmt* ero bo BCfex-b ero no3AH*ftranxT> f ap-bJiNX* h coBepmeHHHX* 

TBOpeHiHXT>. 

9 m Jinc*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



TPETlfl COPTK 



reoprift ^yxKOB*. Bochoio Ha cfeBepi.— T. Apxoro. BenepHift CB'BT'b. 
Bx JKeeoEift. YTpeHHie 3B©Hbi.— AxexoaKXp* PooxaftxeBv Bt> 6aniH"fe.— 
Bar. Tapaoon. 3eMHbia flaJiH. 

„TpeTii coprfc M^yTk ■• xyxe n«piar«V 

Hn o a ■ o r o oCiaineii. 

— H a! h n!— TOHeHhKHMT> rojiocKOMi KpHHajrb pbiacift, nycKaflCb aa 
HHMb BCJlfyVb. — H a! h a! 

3tott> pbixift H3T> AHflpeeBCKOft „BeaAHbi" 6bun> HecoMH*BHHo Aae- 
KcaHAP'b PocJiaaneBt, aBTopi> cOopHHKa „Bt> 6amHV. Oht> 6-fcacaji'b aa 
fiauepieirb BpiocoBbiMi* h KpHia.ii>: h a! h a! 

H a k2kt» tm bt> oufcneH-feHb-fe 
Grfcacy bt» B^Kaxi. seMtiyio ocb. 

YilHBHTejibHO, cKOJibxo paaBOJiocb Tenepb pbi«HXT> lt> JiHTepaTyp*! 
Ctohtb TOJibKO hmt> yBHAaTb xoTb acecrb, xoTb TOHeHKy ho By to, <iyxyio, 
nan* Hanepe6oft KHAae*rca Ty^a hxt> roaoAHaa cTaa, h Kaacubifl Kpn- 

HHTb: 

- H a! h a! 

IIOJIOXHTeJIbHO, OHH CTaHOBflTCH COUiaJIbHbTMl> flBJieHieM*b n mnjTb 

CBoero HBauoea - PaayMHHKa, KOTopufl HanHmeTi> o hhxt> AaccepTaiiiio. 
„Pi«rie*— onbrrB xapaRTepacTHRH. H;ih KaKi>-HH6yAb noMarne,— 6jioh- 
AHHH, tto jih. Bt> dTofl AHecepTamH Gyaerb cRaaaHo h ofoacHeHo, no- 
neicy dTO B*b o6Jiacn> AyxoBHaro TBopnecTBa BApyrb BopBaJiocb CTOJibKo 
noflpamaTeaefl, HMHTaTopoBi., napaaHTOB-b, cTpaHHbixi> h CTparaHbixb 
JiH>Aeft 6eai» JiHua, ycTpoaronufXb ce6^ Kap-roHHyio Koniio MyacHxi jihkobt> 
h Heo6biKHOBeHHO caMoAOBOJibHO HocamHxi> dTH MacKH, npHKpbiBaioiAia 
nycTOTy. IlycTOTa! HHKor.ua eme ne HMlwia oaa cTOJibKHXb (fcopMb, no- 
Aotiift, ycTpeiwieHifl kt> ObiTiio, xaKb Tenepb. B^pyrb nycTorfe (oGukho- 
BeHHofl nycTOT*, Abip-b, npoBaay, HeCbiTiio) AaHa Kanaa-TO HaAesAa, 
laxaa-To A&xe BoanomHocTb npaGJinaHTbca kt> peanbHocTH h GbiTb, h 
BonaiOTHTbCii. OrKyAa TaKoe? — nycTb o6i>acHHTb Hawb HBaH0BT> Paa- 
yXHHrb, a uu noaa co6epein> juia Hero noAxoAamjft MaTepiajrb. 

CoMH-BaaTbca vb 6brriH r. Hyaxosa y mchh H*BTb HHKaKHxi> npH- 



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88 B*CH N 1 

ihhi>. Ha oTftluibHoft CTpaHHirs ero hoboh KHaru TopxecroeHHo, Karb 
Ha MonuibHofi njiHrt, H8o6paxeHo: 

KHHrA .BECHOJO— HA CfcBEPl' 
OTniqiTABA Bl THnOrPltll ,CHPI7Ci" 

bi> OKTflBP-b 1907 rofla. 

OBJIOSKA PABOTbl M. B. AOByXHHCKATO. 

in oBnuro <iiau 3R3bmdjmpobi cto HmBPOBAHHim — 

HI B7MAT* XOMkWb. 

IIoToirb Ha apyroft oth-bjibhoh cTpaHHU* nepeiHcaeHbi npyria ,Khhth 
reopria HyjiKOBa*, KOTopbin> oicaabiBaeTCH mecTB tomobt>. EIoTOifb 
Ha TpeTbeft oTfl-feJibHofl cTpaHHirfc yicaaaHo, Koraa KaRie cthxh neia- 
TaJiHCb h rA*« Bi> KHHrt ecTb orJiaBJieme, ecTb nocBHmeHie paa- 

HblMT* JIHUaifb, eCTb BOCeML OTffBJIOBT», — H BC6 «6, 6CJIH H6r0 H6 IBa- 

Taerb, TaKi 8to cauoft KHHrH. Eh h-btb, h HHKor.ua He Gujio. iHTajD 

CTpOKH, BHXy pH6Mbi: BOTb HOCOMH'BHHblft BOCKJIHIiaTeJIbHblft 3HaKl», 

botb MHoroTonie, BOTb eme MHoroTonie — bcb yB-fepeHifl tibrria! — ho, 

HyjlO, XOHy BCHOMHHTb 3TH CTHXH, — HXT> H-feTb! XOHy BayiHTB MX* 
HaHSyCTb, — HXT> H*BTT>! XOHy paacepAHTbCfl Ha HHXT>, 0T6pOCHTb HXT> 
npOHb, — HXT» OnflTb-TaKH H-BTb! 110X0X6 Ha ,C0H1> (5-BAHHKa" Bl» KHH6- 

MaTorpa^'h. 

Cthxh r. HyjiKOBa eme He HanHcaHbi. Ohh KOH^aiOTCfl hmohho 
TaMi>, rjft hwb cji-BAOBaJio 6bi HaiaTbca: y BXOAa bt> GbiTie. Oht> nnraeTb 

H3T» njTBHa, H3T» ZUTBlia, B2 bojiio! 

PacTopraeM-b u Bpe*iii,f h aojk) — 

IIeqajQ»HyK) jkojdo 3Cmjih. 

O, CojiHue! o, CojiBue! Bhcmjih! 

9to — cxena CTHXOTBopeaifl (nycTb h GaHBJibHaro), 9to — KOHcnen-b, 
8to— aaAAHHaa Teiia, KOTopyro eme HyxHO BbinoJiHHTb. Ho r. Hyaxoro 

CTaBHTb TOHKy H CaMOAOBOJIbHO yMOJIKaOTb HM6HH0 Taifb, rA* Otfy 6U 

cJi'BAeBaJio Hanaro paaroBopi>. H 3to BcerAa TaKi>. Oht> 6en icoaua 
roTOBi> paa^pacbiBaTb npoKJianaiuH cBoero MHCTHHecaaro aHapxHaxa 

He xoiy yHtuioft jkoah, 

CepAUe TKZTKJLeTh AHKOft BOJTH, 
BOJIH UapCTBeHHMX-L OpjlOBT.. — 

llpoiB orb MepTBuxi, (SeperoBi! 

(KaKoft AypHoft BKyci»: „boah uapcTBeHHbixi> opnoBV, h »m epTBHe 5epe 
ra tt h .cepAUe xaxAen> ahkoA bojih*!), ho HeyxeJiH ho bhahti*, hto, 
9th ytiorie phan GaHajibHbix'b BoarJiacoB* CKop-fee 0HaHH8*rb, <rfeMi» 
noaain? .flojw — bojih", „boah — aojih* h AaJibme hh ct> irbCTa. Aaxe 
cjiobt> y CBAHarn HHKaKHxi ne oxaaajiocb. HaRpHHajTb Ha Beob Mip-b o 



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TPETlfi COPTL. 89 

DocJi-bAHeiTB ocBoCosA6HiH» a Kairb flfcjio flonuio ao Aim*: .bojih— aojm", 
.ao j« — bojih", h omiTb HH^ero. Jlenenerb pacrepHHHo: w h3t> mrbHa 
■a* mrtaa, Ha bojho* h .npoib otb MepTBHXb 6eperoB*b a , h onaTb-TaKH 
ptmwr&ihBO BHnero. Ho, uoxerb faiTb, nanrb MHCTnecslft aHapxncTb, 
emejm owb bt> aHapxHBirfe Tairb HeonuTeffb, cHJienb cbohmh MHcnrae- 
cxhmh BHjrbHiaMH? Axb, h Bffbch r. Hjioovb eABa yirberb jieneTai-b: 
TeMHOoKaa SCeHa, Kto-to OrpaHHtift, EAHHCTBOHHUft — h (foibme HHsa- 

KHTb CJIOBT*. CTOHJIO y6*raTb (H TaKl> TOpXeCTBBHHO) H3*b IUTbHa, TT(X5hI 

o6p*cTH TaKie peayjibTara! Bnpoieirb, BHHOBaTb. r. 4yjiK0Bb, y6*fc- 
xas'b H8i> rartaa, noBCTpfeiajrb eme h CMepTb, h bote oropOBeHie, 
KOTopoe oht> npHHecb ci» coGojo: 

Em nyiHTejiLeue sy6« 
Ilyrajni cxpeaceToirb cbohm*. 

B^AHaa tiyuara Jlojianb! Kaxb 6oApo h caMoyBfcpeMo HeceTb r. 
HyAKOBfe, npH efl nocpe^CTB*. cboo Hetifarrie. ,BoTb a ceroAHfl nmny 
nycTHKH h aaBTpa nycTHKH, anocjrfeaaBTpanoftfly, HHamnny iiniaay - — 
Tacb h cJiNfflHTCH bt> xaamoirb pocieprfe Haraero noBTa. BfeAHflra! Ha- 
racaJTb 6m Tro-HHdyab obhbhob npo Taflry, npo raaMaHOBi>, KOTopux'b 
CTOJibKo noMHHaerb HapflAy ct> nocjrfeflHHMb ocBofoXAOHieiib. Ho h 
ajrfecb pacTepflHHUH cjioBa h 6opxoTaHie, h masiaH'b noxon Ha Ajio- 
xeaHApa Bjiox* 

H TeMBOOKa* TKeaa 

Tan, rat Crfejrtero cohhuh nee*, 

Co Maoft axbho o6py?eiia, 

H rfepofi TeMHoft KpemeHa 

Bi» Taftrfe xoJojiHoft TeMHoemjett. 

Mbcthmho 8to HeChiTie n'fejiofl xhhfh, oTneiaTaHHOfl Ha tiyMarfe JIo- 
jiaH-b. 3aKpbiBaemb ee, h bt> Aynrfe, xax*b Mwioaia, phtmhhockh aw6- 
jidtch efl OAHHCTBeHHo-cymecTByiomiH ctpokh (ht6 6u PetiHXOBy po- 
AoxHTb hxt> Ha MyauKy!): 

KsHra ABecHOD Ha cfeBepiv 

OrnenaTaBa rt ranorpacjHH «CHpiycx» 

B-* ornrfp-fc 1907 roaa!.. 

OGjOTKJca pafoni M. B. iloCyacHHCKaro... 

Ha* o6nxaro ihcju 9K3eMnjupoBi cto HyMepoBaHHun> 

Ha GyMarfe Jlojiam,! 

Ha 6ynarB JIojam>! 

3TO— eAHHCTBOHHUfi HCTHHHblft V6rS libre, KOTOptlft UU OTUCXaJIH B*b 

KBBrh r. HyjiKOBa. 

MH* OIBHb MtUlh, HTO fl HaBBaJTb JIHTepaTypHUMb 0HaHH3M0Mb 



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90 BfeCH N 1 

noaaiio r. HyaxoBa h y mcm H6 ocTaJiocb HaaBamajLna TBopiecTBa r. 
JleHCKaro. 

w Kto-to ne^JieHHO BCTaeTb", ,xpi>uioirb GJiecTamiurb xto-to B*eTb% 
«flo yTpa kto-to Kb zhbhh 6eaneiajibHOH bobotis aoBerb Men**, .mexe- 

CTH OfleXAOft, XOflHTb KTO-TO*, „BT> KOJ4HaTaXT> KaXl» 6JRTO XOflHTb XTO- 

to", .rpycTH© aa ct*hoA Baafarxaerb kto-to", ,h BdAbixaerb kto-to: 
o KaKi> CKyiHo - ,— aTo hohth noapaxi'B* homth Ha xaxAOfi CTpaHBirfe, 
h HyBCTsyemb, KaKi> dTorb kto-to ofiMaTbiBaerb, otiMaTbiBaerb , o6Mam- 
eaerb Tefla kukhmh-to hhthmh, noxyxa tu hh pyxofl, hh Horoft, xax* 
bt> KHceJi-fc. Oaho cTHXOTBopeHie r. JleHcxaro nojyiHHH'fee, jipyroe— no- 
xopone, h hhkto He 3HaeTT>, noneiiy He Haotioporb. Hai> OAHoro cthxo- 

TBOpeHifl MOHHO CTfeJiaTb TpH, H3T> TpeXT>— OflHO,— Bfl'feCb H*TT> HH MXCa, 
HH MyCKyJIOBl., HH KOCT60, a OAHifb TOJIbKO CTy^OHb: 

B*BjniX JIHjriH, HH3KO CKJOHCHBUH... 
PbHK H JiaCKH, BeCHOft OBfcXHeHBUX... 

KaaceTcx, Kpujn>x Hsun. Heft cepe6pHcruji, 

CTpoftHOe TBJIO H BBOpU JiyUCTbie. 
&BJIUX JIHJliH, HH3KO CKXOHeBHUJI... 

Bmpx BHesanHaro niymj 3e.neHue... 
TenjuH pyKn, nyrjiHBO jpcwaiui*, 
B'BJioe njiaTbe, bt» cany mexecnimee. 

Eyjwri. 3a6uToe, rpycraoe, wuioe, 
riaxHyn, kikt. 6y;nro Hazn» cxfexreft moiujiok), 
HuKHyrL Ha crepxcBrfc uriiu 6*BJiocH*EjKHue, 
Cepxue pacKpuro, Moxxmee, H-fcxcHoe. 

Pajxocn. jiyqHcrax, rpyart Benonsm&n, 
BjiajKHOCTt BeceHH^H, cjiajiocri* HeBHjrniaff, 
3anaxi> TaHHCTBeHHuft, irfcxcHUH, My<urreju»HUH, 
B-bjikih jrajiiH... urfen, ynoHTexbHuft... 

Bto oTHXOTBopeHie eme He xoBieHO, ho a He iiory yrepii'feTb, Yrofa 
ho npnaHaTbcx: h nepenHcajiT ero ott» xoHiia xi Haiaxy. 
Ho bt» Hewb moxho avbJiaTb h apyriH nepewkmema : moxho, aanp., nepe- 
CTaBHTb Bcb anHTeTbi, h acJxfceKrb noJiyiHTca tott> kb. Y cthxobt> r. 
JleHcxaro H*&Tb cxejieTa, y ero nepescHBamfi h^tb hh JiorHKH, hh tbm- 
nepaMeHTa, h ohh pacxjiaflHCTbi, xaxi» KHcejib. 

r. ApaoBfe 6yAeMi> roBopHTb BOOTopzeHHO Oht> ymiBaeTca Ta- 
khmh cJiOBaMH, Kaxi> „MHpaaei>", w KopTexn> - , ^eprorb*, •axxopxb", 
,eHMiaM*b 44 t „JiaaypHax nyiHHa", „BOJime6Hbift xpaMi> ub-btobx", h mi 
paflN npHB-feTCTBOBaTb bi> erojiHU* ^apoBHTaro nodTa niTa6HHX , b nuca- 



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TPETlfi COPTb. 91 

pe*. y H ero M flopw „Ba rpyAB Tpenemerb 6*fejibfft mejixV h HenpecTauu 
y Hero BauBaHia xi* ai-oft flop*: „aatt pyxy mh*: bca xaaBb ecn> 
0pw>!' bah: ^BepHHCb, uoa poABaa, BepHHCb, MOfl xwrtonb, BepHHCb, 
mob Beesa!", hjih: „cnB f abtb 44 hjib: „ae boaxoab, tm He nofliiemb 

AB*TOBV, B CT» XaXBMB, flOJIMO GblTb, aaBBTXaMB HAIDb OOdTL HB- 

merb Ha xaBueoHpcxofl 6yifarfe: 

H thio cn-fcxcb, bcx nojHa TpeneTaHbein, 
Tm 6jh3ko, tiki 6jh3ko npubHyju ko Mat 
H Bjpyn* odaxjia, uojupiua JofeaHkeMv.. 
O, xpyri Mofl, to 6ujo bo ch*! 

A noTGMi» 6eperb hobuh Jincrb h, ho ooMBteaflCb, nHmerb 

HtacHufl craH-b Moeft njyroBKB... 
Jlencift bbjkoxv.. JlBHweabe hoxckh... 
Tpecm pacnymeBBoft mHypoBXH... 
Bjiomwi, ftaomxH, 6jomxfl v 6jioniKH... 

Ob r. ApAosa bbhtkh raaAXB, h bt> xohivb kohuobi> aoneiiy niTaCHhurb 
HHcapnifb Be HM-bTb cBoero noaTa! 

HTan, r. PocJiaBaeFb xpaHBTb BpiocoBy: h h! 

H x, xaxb m vk oirBoeB^Bb-i 
Cjrkacy n fffexaxb aeuayo oct. 

Ha* AaoibH'bHmaro oxaabiBaeTca, hto Epiocoffb .pacmaTajib nexy* 
aenBoft ocb, a PocjiaBAeB-b noMorajrb exy bi» 3Tomt> cTpaBHOMi* aaajiTiH. 
OtibacBHTb jih r. PocjiasJieBy, hto aexHaji ocb ecTb Boo6pajtaen aa jihhLh, 
h hto yejrbARTb ee bi» B-Bxaxb, a rbu-b 6ojrfce pacmaTaTb ea nexy 
Tax* xce TpyAHo, xax* b cnoTKHyTbca o6t> axBaTopi? He nopadBTejib- 
Hfce jih Bcero to, hto, HM-fca o EpiocoB-b CTOAb cxyTBbia npeACTaBaeHia, 
r. Pocjiaaaevb Bee xe roTOBb 6*xaTb aa BTHMb BeaHaxoxiieMi h xpa- 
HaTb eny: h a! b h! TaaHCTBeBaa btb roTOBHocTb „pbixaro HeaoBfexa" 
tasaTb xyAa yroAHo— h aa X'fex'b yroAao, xoTb cb aaxpbiTbiMH raaaaxa, 
fflnnb 6u TOJibKO aaaaTb cboh xa»io6Bbift xpHXi: h m ! 

H xyAO Be to, hto r. PoeaaajieB'b noiHTHjn> y BpiocoBa oTjvkJibHbie 
cthxx: 

Kan ohm xpyra xpyatirs juo6w, 

On vfejyerw xapxo at 17611! (crp. 174) 

b # BpocTHbixi> nTHUb*, b ^toa", b „XHHroxpaHHJiHma*\ b ,ropoAT»*i B 

•KBflTB— IfBrH* B .npHdbJTlH — OTXpUTifl* B 6p»COBCXiH CJIOBXpb, B 

6px>eoBCKiB paaxipi*, h bco, hto TOJibxo nonaaocb boa* pyxy (xaxi> 
yxe yxaaaao bcbmh peiieBaeBTaiiB), a to xyAO, hto, bbbbi aTorb nta- 



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92 BfcCH N 1 

raft, h cJioxnuft, h 6orarafi annaparb obi npHcnoco6Hjn> ero fljia Toro 
xaMCKaro, raaeTHaro,iuipiojibHHHbffro HimmeaHCTBa, KOTopoe paajnuocb 
Tenepb no acefl noJiyrpaMOTHoft Poccin, npejibmaa lonepoB* h ayftnra 
Bpaiefi, h Hfauiajrb 8Ty 6aaapHyio aemeBicy aa xaKoe-To Haca'BAOTBeraoe 
npoAOAxeme 6p»coBCKaro fl*BJia, aa xaKoe-To cosirbcTHoe ci» hua 
pacraaTHBaHie xaxoft-To GearpaMOTHofl w HeKH*: 

B0Tb HllKOTOpblfl H8T> dTHXl» UHpJOJIbHHHbHX'b MaKCHM-b.' 

i) ilo6po ■ mo— ■BHomeHHua Maaail (crp. 81) 

a) Jhofare Tan hmcto ■ cbjtto, Kara, arfepn. (crp. 23) 

3) Kto aioft, kto ao6puft, a ae shjuo. (crp. 84) 

4) Hto uoMcm 61m *p*e, <rro Moacero 6mtb Kpame 
3rfepaHaro ciacrb*, joiyra »hmxt» cepaera! (crp. 23) 

5) H, cojraue, tboA, h mucju Koa, Kara tm, 
BosBuineHBa, Kpacaaa h rpoMaoHa. (aa) 

6) UapH oakhi, aecs Ha ropu cartai 

H npeaapaft jnxncicoe noKaoHeaie. (26) 

7) O, ciaBa, caasa, cKoai&Kaa Tpona! (25) 

Kohotho, om» „noarb ropoAa". Hao Bcfexb chjh» HanparaeTca, hto<5« 

COOpyflHTb .MHCTHKy 06hIA6HH0CTH - , KOTOpyK) TOUOpb TaKB XOpOUIO 

A'BJiaioTb bt> Mockb*b h bt> neTep6yprt. Ho bott> Bbicmaa MHCTHHHOcrb, 
xoTopoft flocTHraen* ero AytiOBHft cthxt>: 

AHTpam aHmaarora Bosrkiaem,, 
Co crfera 6aecHyaa sbts&kh CB-STa 
H saman-samiH rpaicMO<t>OH'i 
3airBjn> HsCHTue Kynaera. 

r. Ebi\ TapacoB* Jiynne yifojranrb. Oht> Kara KHHyjica pas* 
bt> noToro <5aJibMOHTOBCKaro pHTMa, tbjcb h RynaeTCfl TaMi> Aocejrfe, 
oaMOAOBOJibHo mopaa, (fyupnaa h oxyHaacb cb nwioBOfl. flemeBOCTb 
cjioBb, jierxoB'BCHOcTb otipaaoffb, h Bona, BOAa 6eaT> 6eperoBiK Ilopa 
suftTH Ha tieperb, OA^Tbca h noftni no xaMHairb, h BOdBpaTHTb no 
npHHaAiexHocTH 8th 

Kpacra saKaraua, 

Chu HeBosBpaTHue, 

Cb-btjoc napcTBO Mcmi... 

Hnane npuAOTCx HaBcerAa npmcKHyTb Kb MHenraecKOicy o6niecTBy 
„pbraxb", KjAa mu eme ho bhojih-b npHwcJueirb MoaoAoro noera. 

K. Hyitieiii 



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BCBMT> CECTPAITb HO CEPbrAAffB. 



B-feAbifl R&MeHb. AjibnaHaxi> HHAHBHAyaAbHaro HCRyccTBa h 
HHAHBHAyajibHofl mhcjih. Tom> nepBbifl. M. 1907. 

Kara xyjiHram* noflBHAHCb bt> xhshh, Tara noHBHAHCb ohh h bt> 
AHTepaTypfe. He HAeaAHaosaHHbie ropbKOBCRie 6ochrh, ho noAAHHHbie 
xyjraraHbi, B-fepamie TOJibKo bt> Kyjiara h bt> pytfjib, jno&mie TOJibRO 
CKan^aJTb. H bt> jiHTepaTypy nepeHecjiH ohh bc* oGbnHbie npieMbi 
aKcnponpiauiH MeAOHHbix'b JiaBora, vb KOTopbixi y nepenyraHHaro ch- 
JTfeJiwia, CyflTo <5n Ha Hyxjibi „P. C.-JI. P. II.*, oTCtapaiorb 2 p 76 koh. Co 
cJioMaHHbDfb 6payHHHrom> h ct> aaayCpeHHbiirb khhx8JIomt> BJiaMbiBa- 
vtch ohh bi» JiHTepaTypy h KpHHarb bmiho: .Pyra BBepxi> h hh ct> 
irtcra!" 

JlHTepaTypHbie xyAHraHbi, Kara h xyjiHramj bt> xhbhh, He Bceraa 

JTbftCTByiOTb BT> OflHHOHKy. HHOrfla OHH C06HpaK)TCH CKOnOlTb flJIH .op- 

raHHsoBaHHofl* 9KcnponpiaaiH. nomrrRoft K*b Tanoft opraHHaoaaHHoft 
aKcnponpiaoiH h HBJiaeTca ifocxoBCKift ajibMaHaxt .BfeAbift Kaicem*", 
aa nocA-feAHeft CTpaHmrfe KOToparo noirbieHo: ,AAbxaHaxH Bluoift Ra- 
M6Hb penaKTHpyerb AHaT. BypHaRHra". HTara, boti> hmh Hoaaro 
.repofl*, noprpeThi KOToparo Moryrb othhh'B noHBAATbca bt> tiyAbsap- 

HblX-b JIHCTKaX-b. 

AjibMaHaxi> ^B'Bjibift KaMeHb" pexoMeHayeTCH Ha ofijioxK* KaKi> 
opeACTaBHTejib n HHAHBHAyaJibHaro HcsyccTBa h HHAflBHAy&AbHOft mhcah\ 
A Kara me HHaie? HHAHBHAyaAHara He Moxerb He AOCTaTbc* Ha aoax) 
nieHHo xyjmraHairb Birbcrfe ct> raACTynaifH, xoTopbie $paHTbi hochah 
AeeflTb JTBTb HaaaAT>. Ho m SBamH Rpaftraxi* HHARBHAyaJiHCTora rr. 
Hjn» B-fajiaro RaMHfl yme He npH3Haiorb HHKoro, xpoirb cefo. H ra cym- 
hocth bch hxt> KHHXKa He HTO HHoe, Kara noRymeHie 9KcnponpiHpo- 
aaTb bc» pyccKy» AHrepaTypy bt» cboio noJibay,— ho, yBbi! noRymeHie 
trb HeroAHbiMH cpeACTaaMH. 

Bi» aJibMaHax*B noM-bmeHbi cthxh, paacxaabi h crraTbH. Cthxh h 
paaexa8bi cyrb tb He cTpfeAjnoniie 6payHHHra h Tynwe KHHsaAbi, ko- 
TopuMH BoopyxeHbi rr. aReoponpiaTopbi, a OTaTbH — oahht> onjionmoft 
Boaraacb: n PyxH BBepx'b". IIpHToifb BoarAacb btoti otfpamera ro Bcbra, 

KTO TOAbRO HirfceTCA Bl> AHTepaTypt, KT> .HpaBbTMT>* H lAtBbnfb", kt> 

•peaAHCTara' h .aeKaaeHTaraV Bcjih 6h noRymeHie titAORaueHiieBi* 
jAaxocb, Tonac* nepecTana 6w cymecTBOBaTb bch pycenaa AHrepa- 
Typa h orb Hen otTaoHCb 6bi TOAbRO HeuHorie, noAyHHBinie no KaRHMt, 
to eoo6paseHuarb nonwiy, h caMH ynaoTHHRH anbuaHaxa, T.-e. Bopncb 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



94 BfcCH N 1 

3aftueBi>, H. noapxoB-b, B. rpacfmoBb, H. Pycoro, Ahst. BypH&xaHb 
h eme ABa-Tpn, BMeaa xoTopuxi* B* naaurra aaxaxi He yxjiaAWBaDTCH. 
B*b oauoirb a'bji'b, paaBfe He suiho xpawrb 6'feJioxaMeHabi cboc 
»Pyxa BBepx-b - ?— CjiymaflTe: 

— .ToJiCTbie xypaaJibi... O&ioxxa— naxerbi juia 6axaJiea. TexcTb— 
nepenaiKaaaaa mioxoft xpacxofl cfepaa MfemaaHaa. JIaTepaTypa — no- 
HonoJiia CKHT8JibueBT>, TaHOBi* h npHCHbix'b. Ohh dapaxaiorb cboh ho- 
yxAioxie CpayHHBXH napTiflHbiMH ABpexTHBaiiH h iuioxhmh pHBMaiui a 
HeHCTOBCTByiorb. Ape6exxarb Ha CTaxaHaxi* h3T> - nojyb rpen ynaro 
CTyAHfi. BhiCpacwBaicrb xapTHHy, xax-b <t>Jian>. 3an axHBax>Tca cTaTyeft, 

KaKl> 6ox6ofi. HdA^BafOTCH HaA*b MHAOCCXOft, - OA"BBaK)rb BT> aocitbxh, 
ABJOTb BT> pyKH t!j BHHHeCTeprb.* (CTp. 101). 

(KaKOBi> CTHJib! HeAypem> Tani, arpaionqfl aa cTaxaHaxi*, ho xo- 
poma h BeHepa MHJioccxaa, xoTopofl bt> pyKH abjih BUHiecTepb. JRajib 

TOJlbXO, HTO y BCHepbl MHJIOCCKOfi pyKT>-TO H H*Tb!) 

— .TojicTbie xypnajibi sto xaxofi-To AocaAHbift aHaxpoHHairb, nop- 
Tnmift (?) HCKyccTBO... CTMxoTBopeHie CKMTaJibua o6paaem» nosrHiecxoft 
nonuxocTH... HBTepBbio M. ropbxaro jiphmhthbho no CboeMy coaepxa- 
Hiio..." H t. a- (CTp. 127—9). 

— .B-bcbi* bo3boahti> xt> ropHbWb BepmBHairbAyxa,— npaBHJibH-fee 
bobboahjih, Tenepb xe bo3boahti> He Bbime Bopo6beBbixi> rop-b... Paaxa- 
iseHie yxe Haiajxocb. HcRyccTBy yrpoxaerb HOBbift axaAeMaaifb. Han- 
Coji-be apxHarb axaAeMHCTOMi> HBJineTca yxe cnfeBmift cbok> itbchi> 
B. BpiocoB-b. ByjixaH-b aaxynopHJiCH. JIaBa aacrbiBaerb. Yracame HAerb 
no Bceaiy <|>poHTy. PaacwnaioTca o6yrAHBmieca(?)AexaAeBTbi.'(OTp. 102). 

— ,TIepeBaJii»'. HAeftHaa M-BmaHHHa no peueuTy, kto bo hto ro- 
paaAi. MeTa(J)H3HHecKoe xaAOTCTBO, nosHTHBHoe M-femaHCTBo, caaoHHHft 
aHapxHaifb.* (CTp. 120). 

— ,3oJioToe PyHo". fleHbra xaTHTCH no napxeTy. Ha nepBora 
njiaH-B HdAaTejibcxaa MomHa. HaAb xypHajiowb BHCHTb oxpHKi>: ,Hpooi*, 

BT> JIHB1X)!' (CTp. 121). 

— ,A. B-BJibifi BcaxHBaerb bt> cboh cthxh pfcmaTeAbHO bcb cymecTav- 
jomie bt> Mip* Aparou'BHHbie xaif hh. Ero 3 o ji o t o b t> ji a a y p h aju 
mohh Bcero-Ha-Bcero— cycaJio bi c h h b x *.• (CTp. 103). 

— .MexcHxaHCxie JienecTXH R. BaJibMOHTa. YBHAniie, noAHHJUUiie. 
Caobho HapoiHO BbicymeHHbie aah GjiaroTBopHTeJibHaro rep6apiyna bt> 
yHe6HHK'B reoMeTpiH hah bi> noAHaeftcxom npoToxoJX'b't?)... (CTp. 122). 

— 9 Ob K. BaJibMOHTOMb cocTHaaeTCH B. HBaHOBb. Cybmarb mohh ero 
cJiOBecHO-acTpoHOMHHecxifi Jienerb... 6. CoAory6i> npenoAHocarb 6ea- 
ayCyio (?), neperHHBmyio (?) nonuiocTb.» A. Bnoxi BbicxaabiBaen> ee6ji 
HiinoTeHTOMb o6paaa (!!)... BajiaraaaHHaerb A. B-BAbifi... OcTaJibHhie co- 
BCfeMb (xyAa xe oojibme?) onjioma-iH.* (CTp. 123-4). 

— 9 Cthx. C. ropoAeuxaro— Heymnoxan nonuiocTb... A. Bjioki nepeirfe- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



BCfcMl CECTPABTB HO CEPbrAMl. 95 

Baerb caiioro ceta... KpacHeo, ho naxHerb (!) IlyniKHHUirb... y H. By- 
HRHa ^yBCTByeTCH roHopapHan (?) wiHHHOTa... A flaJibrae no ofibiXHo- 
BeHin ropofleuKin (???) rpyfoCTH. - (CTp. 131—3). 

06o Bcemb 9tomi> moxho cxaaaTb oaho: »8ji6poBo!* H, npaso, ecJiH 
6u bt> JurrepaTyp* moxho 6ujio ycTpaHBaTb <t>opMeHHhui axenponpiauiH, 
B-bpoHTHO, HHbie h cMynuiHeb 6bi oti> ,6ypHaK0KHxi>' rpy6ocTefl. Ho 
ajibMaHarb „B*Jibift KaneHb* bt> Hamuxi pyxaxi>, mm ho cn-fema mo- 
xcmt> nporjifljrbTb ero h to nepBoe ?yBCTBO CMymeHin, oTBpamemH h 
rtKOToparo cmna, xoTopoe Bceraa oB^airbBaerb jiymoft, xorAa CTaji- 
KBBaembCfl cb HenpHCToftHoft BbixoAxoft, — CMtafleTca Becejibiirb cm*- 
xoirb. JIfi Taxoft CTeneHH hphmhthbhu h GeaBpeAHbi bc*& t* cpeACTBa, 
KaKHMH rpoajiTb rr. tf-bJioxaMeHiu* HOTpetaTb pyccKym JiBTepaTypy, 

OpHCMOTp^BinHCb KT> TOMy, KaKl> pacnpaBJIHIOTCH IT. 6-bJIOKaMBHIlbI 

eo BCbMH JitrrepaTypHbiMH TeneHiHMH Hamero bpbmohh, HaxoHem>, cnpa- 
mHBaemb: hto xe ohh npejuiaraiorb BaaMBHi? Ho, xoraa nbrraerabCH 
HaBJieib H3i> 6e8rpaM0THbixi> CTaTeem* h h3t> 6eanapA0HH0ft pyraHH 
xaKifl-HH^yAb Do^oxHTeJibHbiH yTBepxAeHiH, noJiyiaemb TOJibxo CTa- 
pbia-npecTapbifl,— roBopn aabixoMi* ,B*Jiaro KaMHfi", w neperHHBmiH tt — ot- 
xpoBeHU. CTporo oorJiacHo cb cbohmi> THTyAOM* 9 aJibMaHaxa hhahbh- 
AyajibHaro nexyecTBa", rr. GluioxaMeHm* h ho HM^iorb npeAJioxHTb 
wniero, xpoM-fe caMaro aaTXJiaro HHAHBHAyaJinaMa. 

BoTb ito nHmeTb peAarropB aJibMaHaxa r. AnaT. BypHaxHHi*: »fl 
roBopio: („Tarb roBopHTb 3apaTycTpa"?)— h*tt> hh „OTaparo", hh ,ho- 
Baro* HCKyccTBa. Majio Toro (?), h*tt> BooGme HcxyecTBa, xaxi> nero- 
jih6o caMou-BHHaro. Ecn> tojh>xo JiaiHOCTb. Bee orb hbh... Poxa H-frrb, 
ecTb TOJibxo a. Bee— aah MeHH, a xe— hh ajih koto. Bee woe toju»ko 
MH*.HcxyccTB0— 9to moh peAHri*— MHb... HcxyccTBO— caMOAOBJi'bioniafl 
pejraria caMOAOBJrt»mefl jihhhocth, dxcTaTHHeexoe noxjiOHewe npeotf- 
paxeHHOMy cefrfe.* (CTp. 108—9). 

Ho B-feAb 9to Mbi eJibimajiH yxe ABaauaTb irferb Haaairb! B*a* oto 
to eaMoe By^brapHaosaHHoe HHumeaHCTBO, xoTopoe npejibcrano 6oe*- 
xoBrb Topbxaro h aacTaBHJio r. EMeJibHHOBa-KoxaHcxaro nocBHTHTb 
cboio KHHry ,Mrfe h uapHirb KneonaTpV! HTaxi>, <|>HJioco<l)ifl rr. ahto- 
paTypHbixi> xyjraraHOBi> BnoJiH* coBnanaerb c-b <f>HJioco<f>ieft rr. yjiHH- 

HblXl> 60CHX0B"b: tfyAOMl 8HaTb! 

H CT» dTHMH-TO CTapO-.AeKaAeHTCXHMH" HCTHHaMH r. BypHaKHHi* 

npeTeHAyerb Ha po-ib oTxpbiBaTejifl HOBbix'b MipoBi>! A B*Ab oht> np^TeH- 
AyerbJ BoTb hto uHinerb owb To-nacb nocjrfe HaJioxeHia CBoero chm- 
BOAa B-fepbi: ,ByAymee HaMi» eme f xairb roBopHTb Tenepb, He cHraaJiH- 
anpyeTb (rA* 8to, b* xaxoMi* xaCaxt, Tarb .roBopHTb*, r. BypHaxBH^?). 
liofl Ayraa XAerb nero-To. He Mory npHCTaTb hh xt> TOMy, hh xt» Apy- 
ro»cy 6epery. fl yxe npome^b yAymAHBoe ropHHAo couia^HCTHMecxaro 
oodHTHBHSMa h HayHHJiea opesHpaTb ero. fl xynajicfl yxe bt> MHraiomeft 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



96 BfiCH N 1 

nycTorfe Hoaaro HOxyccrBa h nomejiajrb eiiy raxoft kohhhhu... fl 
bcbht> 8TBm yxe axbho .noyxHHaJibV H npecnoxofino aeny bt> npo- 
Jien> AByib cTyjibeB*. BcTp-feny mi xoro no aoporfe hjih caif oahhho (???) 
GyAy JierfeTb bi» eme HesanoJiHeflHbixb npocTopaxb— see paBHo." 

Hto coTpynHHKH „B'bJiaro Karaa* cbjih iiexAy CTyjibeB*, — bto 

HCHO, HO HTOGhl OHH „CaMOJIHHHO* JieT8JIH BT> XaKHXI»-TO IipOCTOpaXb,— 
COJllve H'BMb eOlfHHTOAbHO! CoilHHT6JIbHO yjK6 DOTOIiy, HTO C06CTB6HH06 

hxt> „TBopHecTBo" o6flapyxHBaerb ho TOJibKO xpaflHee 6eacHaie, ho b 
xpaftHioio noApaxcaTeJibHocTb. Bcb cthdikh h paacxaaHKH, nponenaTaa- 
Hue Bb aJibwaHax*, ho tiojrbe xaxb xaaxie nepentabi h nepecxaau rtib 
caMbixb „CTapfaixb" h ocoCohho ,HOBbixi>* nncaTeJiefi, xoTopuxb ajibna- 
Haxb TperapyeTi CTOJib OBbicoxa. M-bcTaMH noApaxaTOJibHocTb aoxo- 
AHTb nyrb He ao wiariaTa. TaKb, HanpHirbprb, nepBoe croxoTBopeHie, 
oTxpuBaxMAee aJibiiaHaxb h noAnHcaHHoe ,AHaT. BypHaxHHb*,— hohth 
hto cnHcaHo H8b .3jibJib Hapb* K BaJibMOHTa. 

TpaMOTHocTb h KyjibTypHocTb rr. G'BJioxaftfeHiieBfe AOCTaroHHo bh- 
cTynaiorb hbi> npHBeAOHHHXb uHTarb. Kb eoxaafeHix), ifbcro ho bobbo- 
Jinerb Haiib BbicTaBHTb Ha noxaai* bc* nepabi xyanraHCxaro cthjia h 
bcb 8aCaBHUH Hea'knocTH, o6HJibHo Taamjaca bt> rJiyCHHaxb MocxoBcxa- 
ro aabM anaxa. OcofoHHo npHirBHaTeabHbi bt> droirb oTHomeHiH cTaTbH 
no HoxyooTBy. Hto ctohtts Hanp., Taxoe paacyameme: .BaaHie HHHyTb (!) 
ho Hxxe shbouhch. flaxe Bbime. Bojrbe coBepmeHHuft bhai> HCxyccTBa- 
Pacnonaraerb Tpewa HairfepeHiaifH, MaTepiaaHaapyeTca (?) bt> npo- 

OTpaHOTB-B, XHBODHCb X6— Bb AByX*b HdlTBpeHixX'b DAOCKOCTH* (CTp. 79). 

PaAB* »to He oGpaaHHXi topo HaxaabCTBa, cb xaxHifb xyjraraHb Ha yan- 
u* Bperb npoxoxeft Aaferb xaxoft-To BaAopb, RaA'feacb copsaTb Ha coTxy? 

He Merle xopomo h paacyxAeme o erHneTcxoxb h aHTHHHoxi* hc- 
xycoTB-b, rA"h ooo<5maeTca, nexAy npoiHirb, hto bo acfexb erinieTCXHX'b 
xaoftpaxeHiax* ,napcTByerb aOcojnyraaarb* (CTp. 70). Kb sto* cTaTVfc 
npxaoxeHbi OHHMKH. Ohh HanonMHajoTb pHcyHKH H3i> naoxoro Aope<t>op- 
Mexxaro yneGaxxa Hcropix. Ho oco<teHHO HHTepecnbi hxt> doauhch. Bb 
aaBxcxMocTX orb rtx-b Haaaxift, oTxyAa pxcyxxH nepecaaTbi, noAtraca 
to HTBueuKlx, to OpaHuysexifl, to HrajibHHCXui, to aHrjiiflcxia! Tarb, 
rb pycexoirb aJibMaaax-B ncjrb naoCpaxeHieirb rpenecxofi cTaTyH hh- 
Taew ,Nike you Samothrake"; h flajrbe: .Una Panciulla", .Giorane 
cbe si leva una Spina (e% 6oxbnoi 6yxBU) da on piede\ .Lonior 
eMemble dee oolonnades« a JUmaeon tempi" ■ t. x. 

BnponeMV mi He craaairb rb oco6y» axxy pexaxmn axbMaaaxa, 
hto rb net ne Manuoea xnov axaiMpcrb HBocTpanoie xauoc o6*b 
aroirb mi saji%eiff%« Ho xaxxut, xaxe m jutamjM nepeao^mrrb cb 
rraauncKartK Moxerb m n6mmw% xe tera xyxxranoifv. 

B. Buyjiiv 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJI10rPA<DIH. 



Oozm Ammob*. 3eMJifl UB*TeT'B.K-BO»rpH(|)T>*. M. 1908. U,. 1 p. 

J3eujin upbTGTb* 0. fluMOBa— bto nenocpeACTBeHHoe npoAOJixeme 
.CojmueBopoTa*, ho yxe <rb nyTb HairbieHHbim* yxJioHOMi* bhh3t>. 
^CojiHueBoporb* xaaajica khhtoA oGtmaHift. Bt> xaxAOMi* paacxaa'fe, 
CBoeoCpaaHo cirbJioifi* no BH^nraeft <t>opM-fe h HHTepecno ocB-femeHHOwb 
Kasofl-HHCyAb opnTHHajibRO noBepHyToft mwcjilio, qyjjHJiHCb xaxig-TO 
cKpHTtia, HeBUflBJieHHUfl^HepTfai pacuB-feTaiomaro TajiaHTa. CTpaHHOH 
„Ck)jiHueBopoTa" t&bjih bt> ce6*fe xpacHByio HeAocxaaaHHOCTb h Gnjih 
doxoxh Ha ocTp&ie h B-fepHue Ha(5pocKH yrjieirb m> xaxoft-To <5oJibmoft 
cepbeaHoft KapTHH^. Bt> MaJieHbKHXT> paacxaaax* shah h TpeneTaJiH 
emene BomiomeHHua bo3moxhocth. XorbJiocb AynaTb, hto oh* oAHaxAM 
0TKpox>TCfl nepeA'b nHcaTeaeirb, xaxi> HeBHAaHHbi* nhnn ct> BepmHHbi 
cauoft BbicoKoft ropu. H hcthhhob padBHTie TBopnecTBa flwMOBa phco- 
Baaocb bt> Gyaymejrb. 

.CojraueBoporb* Hirbjrb tiojibmoftH aacJiyxeHHbift ycirfexi. 

Hepe3i> ABa ct> iiojiobhhok) roAa nocjife „CoJiHueBopoTa* Bbimejib c6op- 
hhxi .3emifl UB-bTeTb",— h yxe aa cyAbfly flbiMOBa ctbhobhtch rpycrao. 
BbKHHrfc ecTb npexpacHbie paacicaabr— .CHacTJiHBeirb^OceHb", .Bee oh- 
xee fieayirie"; ohh— yxpameHie cflopHHxa. Bt> hhxt> Ta xe cMtJiaii CBo<5o,na 
aahixa, nofli> xoTopoft yraAUBaemb onepTaHis hobhxt> jiHTepaTypHbixi> 
(J)opm>, Ta xe H-fexH0-3BeHHmaH, ho ORop6Hafl MeJioaifl AynreBHbixi* 
nepexHBaHift, rfe xe HeoxHAaHHO-ocTpue nanoMbi nojiy-AocxaaaHHbnrb 
Mbicjiefl, — cjiosoiTb, rt xe paAocTHbia TBopqecxin 00-femaHifl, KaKi> bt> 
„CojiHueBoporb*. Ho came hctomhhkh TBopnecTBa He pacnrapHJiHCb, 
He Bbnnjm nab cTapux'b CeperoBb. Bt> TBopiecTB* flhiMOBa Chjih noxa 
TOJibxo HaMexH Ha to Hacroamee npoHHKHOBeHie bt> BtWHyio Tpare^iK) 

HBJIOB'bHeCKOfl XH8HH, 6631) XOTOpaTO HCXyCCTBO HHKOi\na He Moxerb 

6hm> nojmbiirb h coBepmeHHbnrb. Bt> paacxaa* ,CiacTJiHBeu*b a , ta* mm 
npHcyTCTByeifb npn caMoirb Bbicoxom> HanpjixeHiH TajiaHTa JJbiMOBa, 
9th HaMexH cx^aAHBaioTca B*b H-feiTo irtuibHoe h cepbeaHoe. Ho H6 
HaAOJiro h HeAOKOHua. HpaacKaaT>coBceft cJioxHOCTbio ero ncHxoAorn- 
necxaro samicjia paap'femaeTCH ct npncymefl .HbiMOBy JierxocTbio bi» 
nojiy-rpycTHbix'b, nojiy-Me<rraTejibHbixi> MyabixaJibHbix'b axxopAaxi. 

9 3eiuifl UBtTerb"— BTopoft nepiOAb airrepaTypHoft A*jrrejibHocTH 
Jfrmoiia. 3to— THxaa yonoxoeHHOCTb bt> onpeA*JieHHom>, ho yxe paH'fee 
AO CTHTHyT oifb nepioA* paaBHTin. Bto— aaTHHyBmaflCH secHa Ta^aHTa, 
HCBaa h xpacHBaa, ho Taxaa xoAOAxaa. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



98 BfcCH N 1 

ECTb B1» HOBOMb C^OpiIHK* H^CKOJIbKO paacKaaoBii, KOTopue sac* 
6jjrro yKa8biBa»T*b aaace Ha ynaaoirb TBopqecKHX* cmrb: eoBcftrb 
nottrfejiHie paacitaabi, eme Be titiBmie bt> newra hjih noHBHBmieca Bb 
1907 r.,— w IIo8Tb h OHa*, ,CxepTb lfaaeHbicoft H»* h „OHa cnBTb". Bb 

HBXT) flblMOBl, TOIHO CT> flepBKHlTb Bbl30B0MT> KOMy-TO, OTpblBaeTCH 0Tb 

BCARBX'b oepbeaHbiib ivfejiefl m aaerb caotiOAy oflHOMy cTfuiHCTHHeexoiiy 
flapy, arpaa hmt>, Karb jioBitift xoHr/iepi> oTTOHOHHbiMH HoxaxH. Paacsaau 
dTH CTOflT-b Ha onacHofi qeprb. OrHJib hxt> to nHMHTeHi* h npaab 
(Hanp.: „TaKi»: BcejieHHaa h bt> oahomi> icbcrfe ea— bi> coaBteAiH Cojih- 
aa — noM-femeHa itposaTb — CoJibmaa xpoBaTb H3b xeaTaro aceaa cb 
AByua 6-feflbiMH, 6-bJibiMH noAynucauH h yflHBHTejibHbJirb rojiyflbiirb ojtb- 
anoMb**; hjih: „oHa Jiexajia Ha xopoTKoirb HeyAo6Hoirb AHBaH* cb 

HflTblO H*XHblMH HOflymiCaMH, CJIOBHO C03flaHHbIMH flJIH HCTepHKH*); TO 

cjierKa ceHTHMeHTajieffb; to aaflepeyrb MHCTH<iecKoft AbiMKOft 663% 
hcthhho-mhcthh6Ckhxi> omymemfl. Bt> 3THXb paacxaaaxi h-btt> XHBoro 
rbJia cb TpeneTHHMH HepBanH, a cjramHTCfl toju>ko cyerebifi meaecTb 

8$<|>eKTHbIX1» CJIOBeCHblX'b KOM<5HHaitifl. 

Kb ciacTbio, paacKaabi dTH Kain>-To He saHHwajorb ueHTpaJibHaro 
nanoxema Bb KHHrfe h Kaxyrca cJiynafiHbiMH, tohho HeoxHA&rao cop- 
BaBmaacfl mynca hah HeyifbCTHbift eapbiBi* cirbxa cpeflH cepbeaHaro 
pa8TOBopa. Bt> o6mein> xe bt> KHHrfe „3eiuui uBfeTerb* nepeA* Ha*H 
OpeXHifi flbIM0BT>,— flbIMOBT> ^CoJiHueBopoTa*, H6 HHxe h He Bbime co6- 
OTBOHHaro npomjiaro, cjierxa oicaif eHfeBmift bt> cjiHmKOM'b 3aTHHyBineftca 
BecHfe CBoero nepBaro paciiBfeTa. 

Hiia IIiTpii eni. 

Him Hobhxob*. 3oJiOTbieKpecTbi. M. 1906. U. 1 p. 40 k. 

,PoMaHi> ,3oJioTbie KpecTbi" HBJiaeTca nepBbiirb 3BeH0Mi» saflynaH- 
Hofl tphjioHh",— Tam» nnmerb bt> xpaTKoirb npeAHcaoBiH m> aeiiy 
aBTop-b. A Teifbi 3Tofl TpHJioriH — .CTHxia xpHCTiaHCTBa h aabiiecTBa, 
npeJioMJieHHaa bt> coBpexeHHocTH, h HOBaa xhshs, KOTopaa XAerb 
OBoero cpoxa, hto6m noflHaTbca h3t> xaoca HOBbiirb, eme HetiuBaabiMb 

UB-feTEOM-b*. 

3aMwcjibi HoBHKOBa noHTH rpaHflioaHbi. Ho npnraaaHie npeflCTaBHTb 
flopbfly AByxi> CHCTewb Mbicjiefl, fla eme npoapfeBaa bt> Cyflymee HAeaAb- 
Hoe paap-BmeHie 3Tofl <5opb6bi,— eKaabiBaeTca.flaJieKo He nojrb cony ero 
AapoeaHiio. „fl3broecTBa" bt> poxaHfe nona H*brb BOBce. Moxerb 6brrb, 

CT> HHMl, Mbl BCTp-bTHMCH BO BTOpoft HaCTH TpH^OHH. A CefliaCb M0XH0 

npoc^-hflHTb TOJibRo ABa TeieHia h ab* npoH3B0JibHbia KpacKH— HepHyn 
h 6'hnjfo. 4epH0fi pucyerb Hobhkobt> Jiioflefl cb nepTaicH 6oro6opHeoKHMH, 
eb OTpHuaTeAbHbiM-b OTHoraeHieMb kt> XpHCTy, kam> Kb eAHHOft mhcth- 
^ecKoft HCTHH-b. H Clwioft— A*Teft XpHCTOBbixb, nojiyiopoABBbixiH nooy- 
CeayiiueBb, KOHKpeTHsnpyiomHX'b XpHCTa bt> KaKoft-To H3Jii)6jieHH0- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



EHEJIOrPA<f>IH. 99 

aoxmift oGpaa-b, otiAeieHHtift bt> <5arpaHein> aaRaTOBi* hjih cb-btamh 
HenopoHHMH pH3H. MexAy sthmh AByxa noJiDoaMH pe^HriosHaro H3- 
CTynaeHia ecTb vto-to TpeTbe, cpenHee. 3to— aioah, BocnpHHHMa»mie 
xpacriaHCTBo nonpocTy, xHTeftCRH, bt> cbabh cb noAHTHRoft, peJiHriosHo- 
HpaBCTBeHHUMH opraHHaauiaMH aah Hapofla h t. n. Be* repon XHByrb 
bt> coBpeMeimocTH, bt> HaniR abb. BbipadHTejieirb 6oro6opiecTBa HBJiaeTca 
.CTapHHOKi* aaiaTCKaro rana", h6H3b'Bctho Kam> h noneiiy nonaBinift 
■a yHbWbia ctiopHDja coBpeneHHuxi* xpHCTiaHi>. Om>— MaJieHbidft aHTH- 
xpHcrb poMaHa. Ha oahomt> h3t> hxt> Be<iepo*b, nocjrfe ajihhhoA p-bhh,— 

6orOXyJIbHOfl, OtiBHHHTOAbHOft H CTpaCTHOft, Offb BOCKJIBaaeTb: „MOXerb 

6hm>, icoxerb 6hiTb, Aaxe h, a! npmnejrb 6m ko XpHCTy, ecAH 6m He 
BH^-feJTb, He 3Hajn> Bacb... npHmenmHX'b!' 

ECAH HoBHKOBT>, RpOM'B ITBJiefl XyAOXeCTBeHHHXl>, HM*eTl> BT> BHfly 

H-BKOTopyio uponaraHjqr hoboA pejinriH XpHCTOBoft, to mm BnpaBfe no- 
BTopHTb HeroAynmifl bodjil „CTapHHRa aaiaTCKaro THna - . 

9 IIpHineAnrie* 9 to ecTb rfe, kotopmxt> ca*n> Hobhkubt. ciHTaerb 
v npHmoAniHMH M ,— Tjrb(h> v AHHa h oTHacTH AHApefi (ueHTpaJibHMa <|)Hrypu 
poMaaa), HHHero oftojaro ci> Xphctomt> He Hirfeforb. Ohh, 3th coaHAaTOAH 
.HOBofi xh3hh", no cymecTBy cBoeif y AaJieKH orb BceMipHoft TparezuH, 
coaAaHHoft yneHioM-b XpHCTa. Hxi» Xphctoci> He Bceo6i>eMJiioiuiH, ho 

H6BHAHMUfi npHHUHm> XH8HH,— a TOJlbKO ApadHHntfft, 3K30THiecRifl, HOITH 
CJiaAOCTpaCTHMft 0<3pa3T> HSCTynAeHHMXX MHCTH4eCEHIT> CH0B1». TBOpMO- 
CTBO HOBO ft XH3HH repOH HoBHKOBa HaiHHaiOTb CT> JIKHSbH. Ho 3Ta 

•XpHCTOBa Jiio6oBb" MexAy Tn-bfowb h AhhoA ecTb hhhto HHoe, xairb 
TOHiafimee HanpaxeHHoe cjiaAoeTpacTie hoat* KomyHCTBeHHMMi> aHaxoirb 

»30JIOTbIXT> KpeCTOBT> a , KOTOpMMH oClTBHHBaiOTCH BJIK><*JieHHMe. 

CAaBJieHHMe acKeTH3M0MT> nopMBM tuioTH 6eaco8HaTeJibHo Hrayrb 
eaoero BonAomema, BnpoieMi*, He Hapymaa cthah odmaro HacTpoeHia 
AymH. H 6*bct> CAaAocTpaoTia HaA^Baerb HfeXH-bfimyio AHHHBy, coTsaH- 

HyiO H3T> 30A0TMXT> Ayieft, CTpyamHXCa pO30BMXT> 06JiaK0BT>, UB'BTOB'b H 

nepxoBHaro apoiiaTa nnejiHHaro Bocsa. w B-fejiaro XpHCTa" aparb repon 

BT> CBOHXl> MHCTHieCRH-iyBCTBeHHblX'b 3KCTa3aXT>. OTHerO OhT> He p030- 

Bbifl hah He roJiyfofl? Onero y HoBHKOBa He xBaTHJio citbaocth oA'BTb 
Ero bt> pH3M H3T> AenecTKOBi> h6aohh hah B-broJiytfoft B03AymHMft aTAaci»? 
Hobhkobi> He Aocraraerb rAy6HHH noHHMaHia TparnsecKaro 
3Ha«ieHia yneHia XpHCTa ana Bcefl coBpeueHHoft KyjibTypM h Ha bc*bxt> 
CTyneHflx-b paaBHTin nejioB^necKaro ayxa, h noTouy, Hecif otdh Ha u ep- 
naionue npo<5jiecKH peAHiroaHofi BAoxHOBeHHocTH, paapatiaTbiBaerb haoio 
6y^ymaro KAeajibHaro xpncTiaHCTBa Ha KaKofi-To 6eaHaAexHoft haockoA 
noeepxHOCTH. HcxyccTBeHHoe h 6oA*b3HeHHoe CM'bmeHie AByxb BeAHKHXi 

ldpOBTb BHAHITb MM BT> pOfttaH'b, H H*BTT> BT> HeM'b TOrO npOQTOro U*BJIbHarO 

HCKyccTBa, ROTopoe yTBepxAaAO 6m XHByro cBaab HeAOB-bxa ct» peAH- 

rio8HO-MHCTHHeCKOfl TaftHOfl XH8HH. HoBMO AX>AH HOBHROBa HO yiaTb, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



100 K&CH N 1 

KaKb HyXHO HTTH aeifHHMH nyTJDIH KT> HefoCHhOfb AOCTHZeHUUTb. 

nocJi-bflHJifl rJiaBa— jioOpoBOJibHaH cuepTb Tjvbfa m Ahhu w orohhb- 
TeabHaro coeAHHeHiH aa „hobom% Hetf^rA* .B-fejiufl XpHCToc*\— oto 
iiyHHTejibHHfl Ha^pbiBT* flymH nHcaTOJiH, coBepmeHHO BaGJiyAHBraeftca 

BT> CB0HXT> HCRBHUIXfe. 

HanHcafli» pouaHb cb xapaHTepHofl una HoBHKOBa HepoBHocTMO. 
HHorAft nepefli> HaMH HacToamifl xyAOJRHHR?*, ct> TaJiaHToifb H'bSHbiMi 

H TOHKHMb, a pilAOlfb— HenpOOTHTBAbHafl OaHBJIbHOCTb 0<5pa30BT> H H©- 

OtibliaHHaH HaHBHOCTb IfblCAH. 

Haaa IleTpoieiii* 

A. eexopoBv Cthxh. 1906. U. 1 p. 

Mohh nopaamia OAHaxflbi cjifcAyiomaa 4>paaa Ore<JMj>eHca: .CTyneHb, 
Han6ojrBe BKJiw^aiomaa bt> ce6a bck> OeanpeA^JibHOCTb uipa, aBJiaeTca 

HBHCOJI-Be HHAHBHAyaJIHSOBaHHOft, H 0<5paTHO a . 9tB MblCJIb HM*eT*b 60JIb- 

moe 3HaH6Hie ajih Teopin HCKyccTBa. Ohb CBaauBaerb abb tbrhx* 
ocHOBHbix-b cbohctbb HacToamaro, 6ojibmoro HCKyCCTBa, KaKT> hhahbh- 
AyaJiHaifb (cy6i>eKTHBH8M'b) b nuipoRyio oTKpbiTocTb ero BCbin> paaHo- 
poAHbiifb rojiocaMi> iiipa, BCbm> nopbiBain> h aanpocam* coBpeweHHOH 

MbJCJIH HeJlOB-BHeCTBa. HHAMBHAyaJIbBOe HCKyCCTBO B0BC6 He BHaHHTb - 

HCxyccTBo n H3*b cBoero yroARa", 6e3MHTeaHoe THAHxaHbe csepiKa aa 
nenxoH. IIocJi-bAHHro po^a MCKyccTBO hhcrojibro He hhahbha7&JU»ho: 
bc* CBepiKH THJiHKatOTb oAHBaROBO h bc* noaTbi, noxoarie Ha HHX1>, 
noxoKH h Apyn> Ha flpyra. HaoGoporb, Hacroamifl HHAHBHAyaoHSMb, 
HacToamjft cy6i»eRTHBH3M < b, noHHMaeif bin KaRi> rayGoRoe npoHHRHOB6Hie 
bt> cbok) Ayray, TBopamyio cboh coGcTBeHHbift nip*b, He Moxerb 6bm> 
yaRHifb h* KeJieflHbnrb, h6o Ha HBB'bCTHOH rjiytfHH-fe flyraa xyAomaHRa— 

B6Cb Mip*b, H TBOpHeCKift HHTHMH8M1> HpHBOAHTb RT> MipOBOMy BC8- 

eAHHCTBy. HcRyccTBo BeAopoBa— HCKyccTBO CBepina: oho He hhahbh- 
AyaJibHo, npH6jiHaaaob kt> neMy-To BecbMa pacnpocTpaHeHHouy Tenepb, 
rt> inay nero-TO cpeAHe-no9THHecKaro;B*b CHJiy axoro oho Manxo, 
yBRO h BRJiiOHaerb bt> ce6a jmmb xaARift RJioHORT>HeAocTyiraaro h Heo&b- 
ATHaro ajih Hero Mipa. 3thmt> h onpeA'kJiaeTca Hami> BarAflA* hb noa- 
aiio A.. BeAopoBa no oTHomeHiio ea kt> HCTHHHOMy, 6oabmoMy, uipoBony 
HCKyccTBy, Tony HCRyccTBy, ROTopoe, no cjiOBairb dHHeReHa, women 

^npHBOCTH BT> ABHXeHie MHJIJliOHbl pyRT> RBR*b CBOH COOCTBeHHblH, M0- 
KOTb TpeneTBTb BT» UHJUliOH* HHflHBHAy&JIbHbIXT> lyBCTBOBaHiH H cobab- 

Ba*n> paAocTb h rope u-fejiaro HapoAa*. 

Bcjih me nepeflTH rt» OTA'bAbHbiM'b, nacTHbiM'b aaifbHaHiHirb o jih.- 
pHR* A. OeAopoBa, to He bcb ohh 5yAyn» oTpHuaTeJibHbi, Koe-rA* y 

Hero MOJRHO 0TM*THTb H3B*CTHy» TeHJiyX) HHTHMHOCTb, HHOrA& AO- 

BOJibHo TOHRift pHcyHorb h Ha6AK>AaTeAbHOCTb, HanoM HHajomy» ByHHHB 
(wJtejfb dB'bSAaMH jiomhjich noAb Horofl"). HeAypHbi Hteoropus 



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BHRHOrPAMH. 101 

cnixoTBopeHiH, roBopandJi o npapoA*, aeiurfc, Becrt, CTena h t. a. 
Bootime bt> 9eaopoB*fe HyBCTByeTca foaaocTb kt> npapoAft oht> mbjtl ct> 
neio h aaaerb ee, hto, mojkotb Guto, offbacaaeTOfl ero KpecTbaaoKHirb 
npoflcxoxjieHieifb. („Moft oTeub 6wrb xpecTbHHBHb-nacTyx'b 4 '— paacica- 
auBaen obi). Ho bo n a eHbmeirb KoaaHecTB'fe Banpamraanrca h oTpa- 
iiaTeJXbmiH aaftrfeHaaijr no noBoay khhth. Ectb cthxh, HpeaBHHaftao 
cjia6bie no TeiHHrt. OTCTaBmie 6e8KoaeHao*AaJieKO or* epeAaaro ypoBaa 

CTHIOTBOpHOfl T6XHHKH HamerO BpeMCHB. HhHO HpjDfO BaUOMHBaiOTb 

nonurbftmie f imraHCKie'poM aacu. 

Biitopi rofmiv 

B. OxnoBOKit. IlymxHHi. Xtaaab h TBopieoTBO. Cn6. 1907. 
Orp. XXVI+618+6 aea. U. 8 p. 

„He tokmo Moxerb 6wTb>H0 BecbMaB*bpoHTHO, ecJiH 6T>ruapbHBaHT> 
BacHJibeBHTb Bifbcro Kaaaaa Bsajn* Jlaccafoab, to Bb HopTyraJiia 
tibuio 6u Tenepb HTo*aa6yAb Apyroe*... Taxb myTHjrb, oAaaxAi*, rep- 
neH*b. 9tb myTKa BcnouaaaeToa npH HTeaia .8*jio mapoxoB'feniaTejib- 
Baro h MHoromyMBmaro* npeABCJiOBia r. CanoBCxaro. ,Bb usaa 
h ii-bflTeJibHocTH BCBKaro HeJioB-toKa,— namerb aoBbift <5iorpa<|>b flymKH- 
aa,— Baflo pasjianaTb aneuearb daxoaoiffepBocTB h Meuearb coynaft- 
bocth,.. JleHBocTb BHocHTb cJiynaftaHft xapaxTepb B*b aaxoaeftrbpaoe 
ToneHie HCTOpin... 0Ha Moxerb aaaepjCHBaTb hjih ycKopflTb b^hbo 
nocTynaTejibHoe ABaxeaie acTopia, Moxerb HaxJiaawBaTb cboh bbah- 
BHoyaobHua lepra Ha coBpeueaaocTb. Bb otomtt— cjiynaftaocTb bcto- 
paneeKofl XHaaa... fl'taTejibaocrb IlymKHRa oabb aab TpyAHbixb 
no6 J bxb aaKOHOM-bpHocTH aaA* cjiyHafiaocTbx>". He roBopa yxe o npo- 
aaBOJibHocTB h ranoTeTHHBocTH Taxoro BaraaAa Ha acTopix), r. Chhob- 
cxoMy coBepmeaao ho yaaJiocb npairbaaTb BTorb Barjiaflb rb A*Jiy h 

HapHCOBaTb Cb TOHKB 8p1>BiH OBOOft ,<t>HJIOCO<J)iH* KapTHHy XB8BB' U 

TBopiecTBa Hymxaaa, noxaaaTb, hto hmohho 6hjio Bb ero HCTopia 
w cJiyHafiHhnn>* a hto .saxoHoirbpHbiirb*. OrfpocBBb Bb CTopoHy paa- 
cymjieHiH bt> cnurb Ka$bi MoxieBBHa o tomt>, hto .^paHuyscxaH peBO- 
jnouia, IleTpT* BeJiHKift, IlyniKHirb— Bee bto cji^actbIh rpaHAioaaaro 
nponuiaro", hto .cjiynaftHooTb Hep-feaxo oxpyxaerb bo%mh foaraicH 
eyn^ecTBOBaHia BBHTOxauxb Ji»Aeft', hto xa8Bb nymxaaa cJiojtHJiacb 6u 
aaa<ie, w ocjih 6u y Hero 6wjia Apyraa noApyra xhbbh, ecjia 6w roeyAapb 
noBHMajrb ero a u*HHjn>*,— paaoyxAOHia, pobho aa Kb neuy ae BeAy- 
n^ifl, noTouy hto bco aa CB-ferb cjioxHJiocb Taxb, aaxbOHo onomaJiocb, 
— mi* ae Moxcenb ae oTirbTHTb, hto, aedfOTpa aa Becb OTorb TynaHb, 
r. CanoBCKift Bb o(5meifb b^pbo noaaJib aaAany 6iorpa$a. v HTo6bi 
vbpafce a T0HH*e on*feHHTb A'baTeJibBOCTb BeJiaxaro qejioB^Ka, — roBo- 
paTb aBTopb,— aaAo: 1) BbiacaaTb rb aoTopaHecxia yanoBiH, xoTopua 
h6B80^xho npHBejia rb upoaBJieaho ero A^flTOJibBocTa; 2) aaAo bmhc- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



102 BftCH N 1 

HHTb, HaCROAbRO TOHHO OTB*BTHJia 8Ta fl*HT6JII>H0CTb Ha BOIipOCM, DO- 

CTaaneHHue eft nponuiuirb; HaAO onpeAluiHTb bt» Hefl hobhA MoMenrb 
vb nocTeneiraofl 8bojix>uih npomaaro h 3) yncHHTb, xasia aajiaHH no- 
CTaBHJia 8Ta A*feflTeJibHocTb rpajiymefl 9bojhoiuh*. Bcb 3th ,h*ao" 
nxb h ocTaJiHCb y aBTopa AotipuifH, ho ho ocymecTBJieHHbniH noxena- 
HiflMH, h BCJTfcAi* aa ropaejiHBbim> npHCTynoirb HaHHHaeTca h THHerca 
Ba fffeCROAbRHX* COTHHXT> -CTpaHHITb CRyHHa* h 6eaAapHafl komhhju- 
ni* t bt> KOTopoft MOJibKaiorb, KaKi> oaaHCbi bt» nycruH-b* ho ropaaao 

Hame 0a3HC0Bl>, AAHHHblH BblHHCRH H3T> AHHOHKOBa. KOMOHJIHTOpTi H 

TcwibKo romhhahtopi, r. CHnoBCRift HpeaBbinafiHo Tyn> Ha o6o6meflui 
h bt> TaRHxi cjiynaflxi ho oGxoahtch (tea* nyacoft noMoniH. raaBHUMH 

HCTOHHHRaMH jyifl I\ CHIIOBCRarO <5bIJIH pa60TU AHHOHKOBa H Bohr- 

CTepHa, oOfc yae ycTapfcJiua; aBTop* y B^pnerb, hto HcnoJib30Bajn> ,bcb 
hobwo MaTepiaJibi, noHBHBmiecH HeA&BHo", ho drony TpyAHO noBfepHTb: 
r. CnnoBCKOMy h6H3b*cthw HaA&Hifl II. A. E<J>peMOBa h II. 0. Mopo- 
soita (BTopoe), axaaeMHsecKoe HdAame, . OcTa<t>beBCRift apxHBi>*; oaho 
DHCbMo nymRHHa kt> kohIi uHTHpyeTca no CTaTb% r. H. HBaHOBa. 
Ho eABa jih h caMoe ocHOBaTejibHoe anaROMCTBo cb JiHTepaTypoft 
npoAMOTa cnacjio 6w r. CnaoBCxaro. IIpHHHHa ero HeyA&HH ho bt> 
8tomi> 9 ho bi> (faKTHiecKHX'b oniHfiKaxi, ROTopuxi* y Hero He nepe- 
HTemb, a bt> tomi», hto oht> npHCTynHjn> kt> BbiacHOHiio cTOJib cAouoft 
h pa3Hoo6paaHoft jihhhocth He TOJibRo 6eai» aHaHiH HCTopiH h JiHTepa- 
Typhi, ho h 6eai> CROJibKo-HHtfyab Hcnaro npeacTaBJieHia o IlymRHHt. 
ABTop-b o6*majn> AaTb ,cBoe* noHHuaHie iiymKHHa h He AaJii» HHxa- 
Roro. IViytiORoe, HeHajrfeHHMoe 6eacHJiie r. CHnoBCRaro cuaaaJiocb npex- 
Ae Bcero bt> tomt», hto oht> npomejrb coBepmeHHo paBHOAymHO mhmo 
RaH6o«Tbe 3Ha<iHTeJibHbix*b MoaieHTOBT> bt> HCTopiH nymRHHa: oTHorae- 
hIh ero rt> TaftHOMy otfmecTBy, ero noAoxeHiH bt> coBpeueHHoft jihto- 
paTyp* h, bt> HacraocTH. aypHaJiHCTHK-b— Bcero aToro r. CHHOBCxift 
ne ROCHyncH, yA'bJuifl cboo BHHMaHie BHbmHHM'b uoMeHTairb, rotodho 
torane <t>aRTanH,— xeHHTbtf-B, AyaJin; Aa o hhxt> h nncaTb-To 6hao 
jierne, noTOBiy hto dTa CTopona shshh IlymRHHa AocTaTorao HayneHa 
ApyrHMH, h aBTopy He TpyAHO 6wjio BaaTb ab* rhhto h CA^JiaTb h3t> 

HHXl TpeTbK). 

w noB-bcTHX-b B-BJiKHHa", o paauHHHbix'b OTaTbHX'b IlymRHHa BT» 
w JlHTepaTypHoft raaeT* - h n GoBpeMeHHHR-B* r. CHnoBCRift h He aa- 
HRHyjicfl, xoth ne 8a6bWb ynoicflHyTb, h ct> TOHH-bftmeft ccbiaxoft, hto 
,25 to uojxh 1818 roAa IlymsHHi* Bhi6paHT> 6buib bt> HJieHbi BoAbHaro 
06mecTBa AiXJHTeJieft caobochocth". OoicbxHiica CRaaaTb, noAbsyacb 
,<()H^oco<J)CKofl* TepMHHOAorieft r. CanoecRaro, hto bt> xb8hh h TBop* 
hoctb-b IlymRHHa .CIob^cth B*AKHHa* 6mah 6ojrbe w aaROH0M*pHbi*, 

H-BITb 06meCTB0 A«)6HTeJiefi CJIOBeCHOCTH, ROTOpoe, HaB'BpHOe, 6bLDO 

.cJiynata-be^ .noBlMTett B^jiKHHa*. CRaaaTb o •IlHp'fe bo BpeMa HyMu* 9 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



EHRIIOrPAMfl. 108 

hto ohi ^nncaJiCH bt> paarapb xoJiepnoft anHAeuui, h Ha 9tomi> npo- 
HdBeAeBiH, 6biTb iioxerb, OTpaanjiHCb upRifl BnenaTJi-feHifl h Mbicjifl, 
nepexBTbifl noaTOirb bi> 9to upon a", h ho cKaaaTb 6oJibme HHHero— 
aHanirrb, noRaaaTb ceua He TojibKo H3T» pym> bokt> anoxHMb kphth- 
Kom>, ho h majirawb HHTaTeaeub IlymKHHa. JyiiaTb, hto JlymKHH-b 
Becb Bbimeji'b H3i> cTapoft 4>paHayacROft noaTHHecRoft mKOJiw XVIII B*fe- 
Ka*, hto ero Bsrnajvb Ha cuepTb 6bijn> „ca*ibifl uhhhhhh<P— bott* RpH- 
THiecRie .nepjnd", kotopwmh o<5oraTHjn> jiHTepaTypy r. CnnoBCKift. 
Tony, rto TaRT> anaBHO onHmerL HyoiRHfla, HeJibdH He npocTHTb h 
Hes-fexecTBo, h r. CHnoBCKOMy Baojnrb AoaBOJiHTeflbHo He aHaTb, hto 
•BopoAHHCRSJi roAOBmHHa* h »KneneTHHKaMb PoccIh" BbiaBaHbi He 
p-bHbK) Jle-ieBCJia, CRaaaHHofl bt> 1834 r. f a nojibCRHMi BoacTaHiein> 
1831 r.; noBTopaTb aaBHo onpoBeprHyTbift B3Aopi> o tomt>, hto Bb 
Mouaprfe riyniKHHb npeflCTaBHJib ce6a, aBb CajibepH— BapaTuncRaro; 
HaabisaTb K)Haro pouaHTHRa h Apyra IlymKHHa TyuaHCKaro nHcaTe- 
jieirb .cTaparo aana-ia', KOToparo IlyinKHHb, 6ysno 6bi, .HyacAaacH*; 
B^pHTb Toxe A&BHO onpoBeprayTOiiy cayxy o nponymeHHoiib mohojio- 
rfe EBreHin Bb .MfyjHOMb BcaAHHR-fe" .. Bb cootb-btctbIh cb HeB*fe- 
mecTBoaib h HenoHHuaHieMb, h nonuiuft, paaBJiaHbifi toht> HdJioaceHis, h 

CRyHHblft, Cfepblft HdbJRb, HHrA* He BCnblXHBaiOmifl ICHBblllb COHyBCTBi- 

en-b ri> npeAMeTy h HaBOAumifl Ha HHTaTejia cuepTHyio Tocny. ITojio- 
XHTejibHo eme hhrto ne BbicKaabjBSJib o IlyniRHirfe CTOJibKO nonuiaro 
BdAopa. h RHHry r. CanoBCKaro aaxJionbiBaerab co CKyKoft, aocaAofl h 
HaynJieHieicb, hto ecTb xe Ha CB*fcrfe Tanie HenyTRie jhoah, KOTopuMb 
Henero aanepuHyTb Aaae orb coAHeHHoft meapocTH ITyaiKHHa! 

; H. A e p ■ e p v 

B. HImex*. <X>HJioco<()CKaH xpecTOMaTia. UocoCie xnn cpeA- 
HHX-b yneCHbixb aaBeAOHifi h jw& caiiootfpaaoBaHiH. ITepeBOAb cb H-feueu- 
naro K). roBCieBa noAb peA- DpcxJ). H. Jlaflre. K-bo w Mathesis a . Oaecca. 
1907. U. 1 p. 

HaaBaHie KHHrH A&erb HeBfcpHoe npeacTaBJieme o en coaepacaaiH. 
OsHAaemb, hto hoat* o6jioxroh „<X>HJioco<t>CROfl xpecTouaTJH* Haflflemb 
eTpaHHnbi, KOTopbia cocTaBHTejib npaaHaerb otfpaauaMH <J)hjioco<J)croh 
TpaxTOBRH Bonpoca. JKAemb oTpbiBKoBb Hai> RHHrb Bcbx-b BejiHKHXb 
MbiejiHTejieft nejioB-fenecTBa, u oien> 6biTb, CTpaHHUb npoTHBop-ftnuBbixb, 
ho yBJieKaiomHX'b nucAb reniaJibHofl chjioO mhcah h cJioBa... ORaau- 
BaeTCH, hto cocTaBHTejib HHHero noAo^Haro AaTb He xorfejrb h Hirtob 
CKop^e bt> BHAy to, hto Tenepb npHHHTo HaawBaTb ,BBeAeHiem» Bb 
4>BJioco4>iK>* 9 TonbRo nanoaeHHoe He HMb caMHirb, a Bb pha* otpub- 

KOVb H3T> flpyTHX*b (fanOCO^OBl). Ha CHCTeiiaTHHHOCTb RHHrH h na no* 

cjraAOBaTeAbHocTb cTaTefl bt> xpecTonaTiH o6pameHo ropaaAo Oojibmee 
BBHuame, H^m> Ha caMOCTOHTeJibHoe <J)HJioco4>CKoe h jiHTepaTypHoe 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



104 BfcCH N 1 

sHaneine otpubkobi. tomt>, hto6li KHHra AaBaJia H*xoTopyx> xapax- 
TepHOTHKy oTRbmBML'h *MbicJiHTeJieH — rferb h noMHHa. AocTaTOHHO 
cRasaTb, hto bt> xrarb HHiero He bbhto He tojibko y ApeBHHXb h cpenHe- 
b*kobwxt> nHcaTeaeft, ho Aaxe y CnHHoabi, MaJibGpamna, Bepraea, JIefi6- 
HHua, DIoneHrayapa, Terejia, <X>HXTe, HHiime, reptiapTa... Hto mojkho 
6buio 6u exaaaTb o xpecTouaTiH MipoBoft JiirrepaTypbJ, bt> xoTopoft 6bum 
6u nponymeHbi, Hanp., flaHTe, IUeKcnupb, MoJibepb, KopHeo*, Tere, 
rioro, HOceH-b, MsTepjiHHKb! — 3aTo bt> xKHrb paAOirb co cxyAHbiMH 
(h nacTO He onera j\jih hhxi> xapaxTepHHMH) oTpbiBxaMH H3*b JfexapTa, 
Jloxxa, JOu a, KaHTa, Mwuw h ByHATa, otohtl oGpaauti <t>HJioco<|>cxaro 
launjieHifl He tojibko 3iirBapTa, re^AHHra, IlayjibceHa, ho h Taxm 
BTopocTeneHH*bflmHxi> racaTejiefl, KaKb JlnABHrb Bycce, 0. JlnGMaffb, 
A. IlyaHKape, I. OraJiJio, <D. ParaaJib h aaace oeiib cTaTeft caMoro co- 
cTaBHTOJia c6opHHKa, r. B. IIlMHAa. Oiurrb, hto cxaaaTb o cocTaBHTert 
jiHTepaTypHofl xpeoTOMaTiH, KOTopbift, nponycraBb, Hanp., JlepicoHTOBa, 
BKJnoHH^b Bb KHHry cboh cthxh?.. Ecjih aaforrb npeTeHuiosHoe saraa- 
Bie KHHrH, ocTaHeTca CHCTeuaTHHeeiciA noA<5opi> cTaTeft no ocHOBHbnfb 

BOnpOCaiTb^HJIOCO^iH, AOBOJIbHO pa3H0p0AH0ft U'feHbl.HiKOTOpbie OTpblBKH 

npexpacHbi; Apyrie, Aase noAUHcaHHbie bhahmmh HMeHaMH, He Aocra- 
tohho K'bJibHbi h AHrab 6*i\no aaTparHBaiorb npeAwrv, ecTb h npooTO 
HHHToxmiie. PeAaKTopi> pyccxaro HdAaHin, npo<|>. H. JIaHre, aaHBJwerb, 
hto „OTpbiBKH H3b coHHHeHift AexapTa h JIoKxa npoB'bpeHH no noA- 

JIHHHHKaMl". H3b 8T0r0 HaAO aaRJIiOHHTb, HTO OTpblBKH H8b JlaMOTTpH, 

TeKKeAfl, .Zfyotiya-PeflMOHAa, K)u% HyaHKepe, AapBHHa, Mhjxah h ap- 
nepeBOAOHbi ot> HfeMemiaro nepeBOAa. BjiaroAapHifb, r. npo(j>eccopbl 

r » p * o * t *. 

IlHOUfo n pejauux). 

M. T. T. PeAaKTopb. 

Bb J4 9-omt> Bamero atypHajia (1907 r.) nosrbmoHb paatfopi bmxoa*- 
maro hoa* Moeft peAamueft nojraaro cotfpaHia conimeHift A. H. PajxameBa, 
HaoHcaHHbid r. Kajuiaine»n>. OcTaBJiaa bi» OTopoffft HecnpaBeAjraua 
HanaAKH Ha pexjiaify, KOTopoft,a 6yATo 6m, noJibaoBajica, a xony tojxbko 
noxasaTb, Kara Ao6poooB*fecTHo r. Kajuiamb othocch ki> OBoeft pa6oTfe. 

T. Kajuianrb, caMb peaaxTapya Bbixoaamee bi> MocKB*fe HSAame Par 
AHmeBa, xoth CHa6Aiurb nepBbift TOMbBecbMa iitaHUMH npHM'bH&Hijnn, 
xaxb-To: npojiy6b SHaHHTb npopy6b f cTp. 161; Tpeyx-b— Tpeyxaa manxa 
h t. a-» ho aaro noirfeCTHjrb OAy w BcwibHocTb* bi> oneHb HenojiHOM'b bha% 
MOTHBHpya ©to rbifb, hto noAAHHHbift Texcrb HensB^OTeHb. MexAy TfclTb 
OAa .BoAbHOCTb* 6biAa HdAaHa nojiHooTbio QTA'toBHbiifb HdAanieirb m 
remap* 1906 r. 8to HSAanie xoth bi> npoAaxy h ho nocTyuuio, ho 
dxaoMiuiHpu ero mrtorefl bi> IIy6AHHHoft ^h^otok-B h 6H6moreKan 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



BHBJI10rPA*Ifl. 105 

AKAneiriH Haym> h IleTepGyprcxaro yHHBepcHTOTa, a Taxse y h*koto- 
puxi> HacTHMX*b JiHirb. BTopoft paai» OAa GwJia HaneiaTaHa nojraocTbio 
bi> Moeirb HBAaHiH, Ha KOTopoe Taxi Hanaaaerb r. Kajuianrb. hto, aa- 
itbthbi> opeorpa<t>Hiecxifl oneiaTKH h oTcyTCTBie npHJftaaHift, npony- 
cthjit> HaneqaTame oam, Aocejrfe eiiy HeHdB-bcTHoft. 

Ha^-biocb, ito Bbi He orsaseTe astb irbcro uoeuy aaHBJiemio Ha 
cTpaHHuaxi> Bamero yBaxaeuaro xypHaJia. 

TTpHMHTe yB-bpeHie bt> cosepmeHHoirb uoeuT> yBaaeHin h npeaaHHOCTH. 

at wom6pm 1907 r. C. TpoSimill. 

Oim%Th B. B. Kaxiama. 

He iiory noHATb, aa<rbirb noHaAotiHJiocb r. TpoftHHiixoMy ero »Boa- 
paxeHie"? Bb ero HaAamH a onfbTHJii> paA* oTpHixaTeJibHbixb cropoHV. 
coBepnieHHo HeB-baecTBeHHwe npieubi peAaxTHpoBaHta, HCxaaceHHbift 

TeKCTb, rpOMaAHOe KOJIHHOCTBO OTCTynJieHift OTb nOAJIHHHHKOBl» (toh- 

Hoe BOcnpoH3B©AeHie bcbxi» hxi> ocoGeHHocTeft tibuio 6Ahhctb6h- 
h o 10 u-fejibio .peAaxTopa*). Hh ajih ycTaHOBJieHia, hh rjib. paa-bacHeHia 
TeKCTa CoHHHeHifl PaAHmeBa r. TpoftHHUKHMT> HHnero He CAlwiaHo. 
r. TpofiHHiucoify yroAHO ciHTaTb Bee sto „opeorpa<f>HHecxH»(H oneiaT- 
KanH M (!!) — ero Aotipan bojih, BbipaseHHan, BnponeMih oieHb Herpau otho. 
He Mon> He otm'bthtl a h tbxt> ycAOBift, npn xoTopbiXT> neiaTa- 
aocb h Bbimjio bt> cb*btt> 9T0 HaaaHie. Ero ycepAHO peiuiaMHpoBajiH 
„Bnpoitb*, aa nojiroaa ao nocTynjiema bi> npoAaxy, HapoAHaa ra- 
aeTa r. ftxymxHHa h .Pyccxia B-baomocth*, BbiABHraBmiH Ha nepBbift 
njiaHi> oneHb coMHHTejibHoe nna mohh ynacTie bt> peAaxTHpoBairiH 
EcfrpeMOBa. RorAa Bbinuio bt> cb-bto peAaxTHpoBaHHoe mhok> HaaaHie, 
r. BeAeH*eB*b nocirBmHJib paa6paHHTb ero, npnapaBmHCb kt> o a h o ft 
oneiaTK-B h OAHoicy nycTHxoBOMy HeAOCiioTpy bt> npHM-biaHiH h 
npoTHBonocTaBHB*b ero otipaauoBOiiy HSAaHiio r. TpoftHHuxaro h 
EtypeuoBa, t o r a a e m e He cymecTBOBaBmeMy. He yoirfeJio 
noflBHTbCfl vb npoAax'B sto nocA'BAHee H3AaHie, xairb ,PyccxiA B-baomo- 

CTH* HOOITBinHJIH paCXBBJIHTb ero 8a TOHHOCTb B0CIip0H3BeAeHiH TeKCTOBT> 
— CBOftCTBO, KOTOpbllTb OHO BOOrO M6H^6 OTJIHiaeTCH . 9TO — 0>aXTb, 

oneHb HexpacHBbift <J>aKTb, h r. TpoftHHUxift, „ocTaBHBmift bt» 
CTopoBrb HecnpaBeAJiHBhw (noneny ?) HaaaAKH Ha peraaify*, xoTopoft 
om> w 6yATO <5bi noJibaoBancfl*, nocTynmra coBepmeHHO npaBiuibHo. 

T. TpofiHHuxift nepexoAHTb aarfeirb kt> BUHCHeHiio CTeneHH ,Ao6po- 
cob'bcthocth" (sic!) xoero HdAaHta. fi caMb npexpacHO iyBCTBy» ero 
HeAocTaTKH (ohh yxaaaHbi h HonpaBAeHbi bt> npeAHCJioBiu h Aonojrae- 
HUx-b npH II tom*), ho He r. TpoftHnaxoicy MeHfl oyAHTb. JlHua, ocb-b- 
AOMJieHHbiH h 6eanpHCTpacTHUH v B-Bpojrrao, npH3HaK)Tb, hto a CAlwiaJi*b 
xoe-iTo ajia xpoHOJioriH, ycTaHOBJieHiH h paaiflCHeniH TexcTa CoiHHe- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



106 BftCfal N 1 

Hift PaanmoBa. HaAaHie Moe paeiHTaHO Ha ,6ojiwnyio nyfoHxy', h no* 
9touj a CTapaJiCH paa-baoHHTb bt> Hewb Bee, ito norjio 6w aaTpyjiHHTb 
cpeAHuro iHTaTeaa— bt> toii-b ihcjtb w Tpeyx* - h ,npojiy6b". r.Tpoft- 

HHUKift XOHOTb HaMBRHyTb Ha TO, 1TO B C * MOH HpHM-feiaHUi nOAOtiHB- 

rO CBOflCTBa, H bto— h eaoCpoooB-bCTHO. 

B*B OAHOMb H3T> CBOHX* HpHM'friaHifi fl HHCaJTb, HTO „nOJIHblA (H6 

noAJiHHHhift, Kara nmnen* r. TpoftHHiucift) TCKcrb oam .BoJibHocTb* 
HeHaB^CTeH-b 44 — bi> neiaTH, KaKb CbuioacHO h3t> ROHTeKCTa. ToraaaHe 

3HaJfb o6*b OTA^lbHOMT> H3flaHiH W BT> reHBapfe 190tt*, CJIbimaJTb TOJIbKO 

o Koniu nojmaro TexcTa oah» noJiyneHHaro E<|>peMOBbiMi> orb cwHa Pbah- 
meBa, h, cjrfejiaBb H-bcKOJibKo HeyaaHHbix'b nonbiTOK'b ero aocTaTb, orpa- 
hhhhjich nepenenaTKoio Toro, hto a&JH» r. BeHrepoBb, ct> hImcotophmh 
AonojiHeHiAMH. I[jih BToporo Tona * uwh yaaJiocb ero AocTaTb, hohi 
HanenaTaH-b y u e h a Ha c t p. 620—629. He BHaio, Kaxb OTHecTHCb 
nocjrb dToro kt> c/ioBaMb r. TpoflHHURaro oTHocHTejibHo .oau, Aoce.it 
MH-fe HeHaB'&CTHofl*, xoTH a ee HaneMaTajn> t p h m a h. 

rioJioacHMb, ,Bo^bHOCTb a mrfe .aocoji* HeHSBBCTHa", moh npHM-feiafliJ! 
BJieMeHTapHbi: npHHewb Tyrb „Ao6pocoB'bcTHOCTb* Moefl peiieHain? Hah 
r. TpoPHHUKift He BnojiHlt noHHMaerb SHaieHie dToro cioBa? AyMai), 

HTO TaKl>: BT> K0p0T6HbK0MT> DHCbM* I\ TpOHHHIlRarO 9T0 — HO 6AHH- 

cTBeHHwfl cjiynafi. fi nncajrb: Haaaaie r. TpoftHHUKaro HexpacHBO pes- 
JiaicnpoBaJiH TaKin-To h Taicifl-TO JiHua— oHb roBopHTb o6b aBTopeKJia- 
MHpoBaHiH; xoMerbOHb cRaaaTb„noJiHbiR M — nHmerb,noAJiHHHbifl*;BM'fecTO 
n nojiHufl TeKcrb oaw HeH3B*cTeH , b*— w eja HenaB-fecTHa". 

Bt> OAHOM-b roTOBi> a noBHHHTbCH nepe/rb r. TpoflHHiutHMi*: b* ne- 
pe^H-b nepeneMaTaHHbiib uwb npoHSBeAeHift a cjiyiaflHo nponycnub 
.BoabHOCTb", ho Bb Moefl peiieHaiH coctebi HSAaHia He Hrpajrb p *~ 
mMTejibHo HHKaKoA po.iH— Bee BpeMH a roBopnjib mibKO o n p i e- 
Man peAftKTJipoBaHia. 

1 1IMM 1906 r. 

B a. K » j x a ■ v. 



• On nocryoixt n npjAaxy n i » ■ * npoajaro roam; oicuio r. Tpoimn- 
xaro WTipoitBO 22 bo a 6 pa. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HOBUHRHHTH, 



CoGpaabi oovnexii. 

Bajiepift Bp»coB*b. IlyTB h nepenyTbu. Coftpaaie emon, Toirb I. 

(1882-1901 r.). K-bo .CxopnioBi*. M. 190a H 2 p. 
OpaHK*b BeAeKflHAi. Tomt> II. Bammpv Houiki DaaAopu. Ham. 

JEanoBHHrb-. CnO. 190a U. 1 p. 26 n 
reapa ki» Htfeem. Cotipaaie coiHBeBift. Torn* L HaA. C. A. Gxxp* 

MTHTa. M. 1907. U. 2 p. 20 x. 
EMiHcxifl. IIoJiHoe cofipaaie craxoTBopeaift bt> 4 Tonaxv Ha* 4-6. 

T. 1—4. HaA- M. JlHpomiOB*. Cn0. 190R. U. 4 p. 
M o p h c t> MaTepJiHHRi. CoiHHeHia. OepeaoAi JI. BaAhxaaoft. C% 

uumcTpaoiaicH UL flya-na, Mbbbb ■ h. Pepaxa. Tom* IIL Ha*. 

M. DapoxxoBa. Cntf. 1906. H 2 o. 
IlymKBHT>. (BaOjiioTexa b6abkbxi nacaTejieft boai p«A- C. Beara- 

poBa). Tomt> I. Bun. 8—4 HaA. BpoKraya*-Ety>o». Cn0. 1907. 
C. CTeaHfl xi - KpaBiaacxift. Coopaata aoiaBaaifl. Tom> I. 

AHApefi KoacyxoB*. Bata. ,CB*ro<ia". Cn0. 1907. I(. 1 p. 

Onzi. 

K. BajibMOBTi. IItbiui bt» BoaAyxfc. Orpoxa aantoaftia. Otiaoxxa 

H. BaAHtiaaa* HaA* »HIbijobbbxt>*. Cd6. 1906. I(. 2 p. 
IIIapAb BoAJiapi. U^btu Baa. IlepaB. Apceaia AJibaaara. HaA- 

JTeriocV. Cu6. 1908. H 1 p. 2ft a. 
Ba. BoBH'b-BpyeBHHv Ha6paaaiifl opoaaBeAeaia pyeexoi aoaala. 

HaA- 8-e. Cntf. 1906. U. 2 p. 
H. T. BpaHATi). Taxi* irteBB. KfoBi>. 1907. H 50 b. 
II o a b B a p ji 9 b *. Oraxa, aaopaaaue b oepaBeAtBBue Bejiopoirw Co- 

Aory6osrb. K-bo .Oaxejai*. Cnfl. 1908. U 90 x. 
C. ropoAenKifl. flan* bojib. Otbxb b exaaxa. ,ti>axMH*. K-bo 

JL K. Thxomhpobb. Co*. 1906 II. 1 p. 
MojecTT> ro^naiv Konuo. Taxia nieaa exoptfa. HaA>»0c9B»". 

Cq6. 1907. n. 25 x. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



108 KBCH N 1 

H. rywHJieB*. PoiiftHTHHecRie ub-bth. Cthih. Haprarb. 1906 r. 
IX. 60 k. (1 fr. 26). 

H. HOBHIOBl. H81 XH8HH BJX&* OCjIOJKEa A. RpUMOBA. K-BO ,1^$%". 

M. 1906. II. 1 p. 
Hhi. HoHpKOB'b. Cthxh. RHHra BTopa*. 1905—1907 r. OtaoxRa h 

BHHbeTXH Jl. MuTpoxraa. M. 1906. II. 80 K. 
BBreHift TapacoB*. BeuHbia aajra. fiTopaa KHHra cthtobi. 06- 

Jioxsa H. BsJiH^HHa. Hsa. .HlHiioBHHrb". Cn6. 1907. It 60 k. 
Teoprift HyjiKOB'b. BecHon Ha cfeBep*. Jlnpiuca. »<I>aKejiH*. K-bo 

Jt K. THxoiripoBa. Cn6. 1908. It 1 p. 
A. GeflopoBi*. Cthxh. Cn6. 1906. II. 1 p. 



:, noifton, paaosaaii. 

maJioMi>Aim>. TopoAOKi. Hep. ct> eBpeftCR. B. BypAeca.HaA. »HIh- 

noBHHKb*. Cn6. 1907. It 75 r. 
3. H. T h n n i y c t>. MepHoe no 6-Kiouy. Um&a KHHra paaoRaaoffb. Hba. 

M. IlHpoxsoBa. Cn6. 1906. It 1 p. 26 k. 
Bopncb 3aflueBi». PaaoKaau. Hsa. 2-e. K-bo .IHnnoBHHK'b*. Cn6. 

1906. It 60 r. 
R. RoBaaeBCKift. TepnoBuft B*bHem>. PaacRaau. T. I. Hsa* »IIIh- 

iiobhhri". Cn6. 1907. I{. 1 p. 
Hot pi Koxobhh kobt>. PaacKaaw. K-bo ,Mht6jih*.M.1908.IX.80 r. 
MapRi KpHHHUKift, PaaoKaau. T. I. Hsa* „IIlHnoBHHR*\ Cn6. 

1906. II. 1 p. 
BopHCb JlaaapeBCKift. PaacRaai*. Tom Tperifl. Cn6. ,Bos". 

OGjio xxa B. JIaHcepe. Cn6. 1906. It 1 P- 
T. JIbBOBT>. ynuia. IIoB-BCTb. M. 1906. II* 50 r. 
Oktebi Mnptio. rojiroea. Ilep. cb npeA* H. OoapKOBa. Otiaoxsa 

fl. MHTpoxHHa. M. 1906. I{. 1 p. 
Oxtebii Mnptfo. 628-6-8, IlyTemecTBie bt> aBTOMotiHJi'b. Hba. 9 IIIh- 

noBHHKbV 1906. II. 1 p. 26 r. 
H. HoBHKOBb. 3oaoTbie KpeoTbi. PoxaHi. OtiJiosRa A. RptacoBa. 

M. 1906. It 1 p. 40 k. 
AHApeftHeuoeBCKift. IlncbMa HOHopMSJibHaro qeJioB'feRa. ABropHa. 

nop. M. TponoBCKoft. Cn6. 1908. U,. 60 r. 
H h h a fleTpoBCKaa. Sanctus Amor. PaacKaaw. K-bo 9 Timtyb m . M. 

1908. I{. 60 r. 
A. PeMHaoB-b. HopTOB-b Jlorb. PaacRaau. IIojryHoiAHoe comn&. Uo- 

9Mbi. OfiJioxKa M. ,Ho6yxHHCRaro. R-bo .Bos". Cn6. 1906: Hip. 
A.PeiiHaoB'b. IIpyA*. Pom anb. Hba. .Cnpiycb* . OtiJioxRa M. flotfy- 

XHHCRaro. Cn6. 1906. It 1 p. 25 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HOBHfl KHHTH. 109 



A. Cepa^HM obkh*. Jftrexie paaexaau. Pxo. B. KycTOjtfewL R-bo 

JIIxiibBBxxV. Cntf. 1906. U, 1 p. 
Bx. CTaHDioiiYi. nyrcxoX Axbtouv Co*. 1907. II. 1 p. 



mason* Ant. BpeiieRa Meeeix. Hep. » expeftex. K Tponos- 

cxaro. Km. .Ad. Astra". Cnfl. 1907. it 50 x. 
KBftJi&voMTv Tpii pacoB*Ta. ffpaiia. TeaTp* IOxoctx r Rpaeoru. 

Ofaomxa M. Hyftxo. HaA- M. BxpoxtxoBa. Cn6. 1906. H 60 x. 
JIopx* Baftpoii. Raxx*. Mxcrepix. Hap Hb. Byxxxa. CnG. 1907. 

HIP- 
Mopxe* MaTepxxBx*. fltaueaeb x Maxxaaxaa x cmi n ne» 

P«boa* Baxapix Bpuooaa. Ob 3 nopTpoTami M. Msrepoxxxa x 

eTBTMft o oro sxbkx x tbop*6ctb%. K-bo ,Cxopnton°. M. 1907. 

Up. 
C. HatAeaox*. Xopomexbxax. RombaJx. Ofaosua H. Bxxxtfxxa. 

HaA- JHxnoBXxrb*. Cn0. 1906. IJ. 60 x. 
Ct. nmx6wm©BCKift. Ym*. ApaMaTxrocxaa noma b* S a. IIap. 

« noAbexaro BBr. TponoBexaro. R-xo .Ad Astra". C06. 1906. 

U, 75 x. 
C. PatyaxoBxib. OTBeprxynrt RoxvfltyaKi. Hsa. .fflxnoxxxxb*. 

Cn6. 1907. IJ. 60 X. 
Sopxt Poxtxffaxb. HoxpHBaxo. Hep. dxAxea. R-bo »3apa- 

TjCTpa*. M. 1907. U, 50 x. 
6eAop% CoxoryCb. notoAft Cueprx. Tpareflix. ,<t>axwiw«. R-bo 

A- R. TxxoidpoBa. Cn6. 1906. H 
C. Cepr-b©BT>-IteHCKiB. CnepTb. Ubeca bt> 5 a- Hba. JHbiiob- 

xxxb". Cu0. 1906. H 75 x. 
RHxpaxoxb. Mapbx HBaxoaxa. Rom. Bb 4 aMctb. Hsfl. jaixnoB- 

xxxb". Cn6. 1906. H 60 x. 

Jtaepaarjpa x oOxteosxeuooi*. 

KBaABMoxTi. Bferax aapxxnu. Mucax x xneiaTAtaix. Hsa* IIh- 

posooBa. 06xoacxa M. Hyftxo. Cn6. 1906. I{.1 p. 50 x. 
Hxx. Bpxx laxxxoxb. BnenaTAtaix 6farrix..IIapK». Hau. Txn.1907. 
Ilpofc C. H. B y a r a x o a b. Kapjrb MapKCb, xaxb pejixrioaxuft thxi». 

Hsa. A- B. Xyxoxcxaro. Cn6. 1907. IJ. 95. 
M. repmexaoxb. n. JL HaaaaeBb. HCxsxb x Munuiexie. Cn6.l906. 

U. 1 p. 25 x. 
HpoJ. FL A* Kot aapeacK ift. JbrrepaTypHux xanpaBAexix Aae- 

xeaHApoxexot anoxx. BxGa. .Gb^tohb". Cn6. 1907. IJ. 1 p. 95 x. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



1 10 K&CH N 1 

MoaepHHCTbi, hxt> npeAmecTBeHHHKH h KpHTHHecKaa nirrepaTypa 

o hhxt>. Oflecca. 1906. IJ. 40 x. 
A. A. HHKOJiaeBi. Koonepanja. 2-e hsa. C. B. ByHHHa. Cn(5. 

1908. IJ. 30 r. 
A. H. II u n h h i>. B'BJiHHCxifl, ero xhbhb h nepenHCxa. Hsa. 2-6. K-bo 

,roJiocT»*. Cu6 1908. IJ. 8 p. 50 k. 
IlapBycb. IIo Tiopbuaicb bo Bpeiia peBOJiioaiM. Moft no6'Bn> Hai> 

ChChph. K-bo ^IUunoBHHK-bV Cn6 1908. IJ. 8o k. 
JI. CHaeifcxift. 05yH6Hie HTOHiio bt> ceMbt. Cu6. 1908 II. 35 k. 
H. M. CtieHOBi. ABTo6iorpa<()HHecKiH aanncxH. Hba. „HayHHaro 

CjioBa". M 1908. IJ. 1 p. 30 k 
K. HyxoBCRifl. Orb HexoBa ao HamHx-b AHeft. JlHTepaTypBue nop- 

TpeTU.XapaRTepHCTHKH.T-Bo „HaAaTOJibcxoe 6iopo*. Cn6.1908. H.1 p. 

HOKJOOTBa. 

AnojuiHHapift BacHeuoBi. XyAoxecTBo. Onurb aHaJiHaa no- 

HHTift, onpOA'BJIHIODIHX'b HCKyCCTBO XHBOHHCH. H3A- 1. KHefoJib. M. 
1908, U. 1 p. 
T e a t p t>. KHHra o hobomt> TeaTp-b. C6ophhkt> cTaTeft A. JlyHaiapcxa- 
ro, £. AHHHKOBa, A. TopH^eJibAa, A. BeHya, B MeflepxoJibfla, 
6. CoaoryOa, T. HyjixoBa, C. Pa<J>aJiOBHHa, BaJiepia Bpv>coB& h 
AHApen B'BJiaro. Hba* JHHnoBHHK-b*. Cn6. 1908. U. 2 p. 

CGopHHXH. 

AjibMaHax-b (JiHTepaTypHO-xyAOBceeTBeHHbifl) HI KHHroHSAaTejibCTBa 

„IIlHnoBHHR'b M . OCjioxKa JI. BaxcTa. Cnfi. 1907. I{. l p. 
B -b ji bi n K a m e h b. AjibuaHaxi HHflHBHflyaJibHOft icuojih h*hhahbha7- 

aJibHaro ncxyccTBa. M 1908. IJ. 1 p. 
C*BBepHbie C6opHHKH. KHHra II h HI (Knyrb raMcyHT>. Mh- 

CTepiH. Oiia raMcoHi. Senseiiva amorosa. A. KynpHHT>. Knyrfe 

TaMcyH-b). Cn6. 1907. It 1 p. 50 x. 
To ace. KHHra IV (Iencb IleTeprb £ko6cohi>. HnjibCb JIioHe. V. Te$- 

AHHrb. IIoTOMOK'b TaMJieTa. C. KHpxerop-b. HeciacTH'Bflmift- A$o- 

pnaMbi). Cn6.1908. II. 1 p. 

Hayroiif oovneHia. 

TpyAw nepBaro acepocciftcxaro cb-BSAa cnHpHTyajiHCTOFb bt> Mo- 

cxb*. M. 1907. II. 3 p. 
CouiajibHanHCTopifl (1789—1900). IIoa* peA 2K- ECopeca . TWb 

I. ynpeAHTejibHoe Co6paHie. K-bo .flam*. CnG. 1908. II. 2 p. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl JfflTEPATYPA. 



*PAHUy3CKAH n093Ifl Fb 1907 rojiy. 

BoepacTaDmU HMfyw aa hoboc uomnecxoe ABBxeaie. 



Bo OpaHUUI BC*B IipHBUKJIH KT> TOMJ, HTO pHflOlfb C0-CyD(6CTByi>Tl 

jib* oTA^JiBHUfl, BpaxAe^HWi Apyn» Apyry JurrepaTypu; 6om>nie Toro— 
art noaaia, dovtb BeaocTBJCBMbia Apyrb aa* Apyra. 

ByAeirb roBopirn> tojibko o noaaia. HTarb, cymecTByeTb bo 4>paa- 
oia noaaia: AByxi> poAOBrb. Oahb bto hhxi» cooTaln-cTByeTb, hjih cTpe- 

MHTCH COOTB-BTCTBOBBiTb, KOBOapBaTBBBOtfy BAeaJiy, BpaxAetiaoftcy BCA- 

xmrb HOBmecTBaArb.0Ha otipantaeTca ki> yuairb, npHBhixmairb kt> oaho- 
oopaaix) hab rb TpaAHnjoaaoa paaMOBaaaoa paToparfc, Vh KOTOpoft 
paBBHBajorofl o6wx* M'bcTa caHTHiceHTajiKSMa h repoaaifa, aaM-feaaioauJi 
BA6H. 8t» noaaia aaYfeirb He caymaerb offuwaro Mipocoaepuaaia, 
npaiumro rponaAHum» toAbmaacTBOMi, h ropARTca cbohmt> noaaiia- 
Hk»n> Mipa, aajrb xoTopuub oaa aaaorAa ae aaAyifbiBaAacb. KoacepBa- 
thbhbji noaaia noAwye-rca otMrnuiaJibBburb opaaaaaieifb. 

BopOHOlTb, eAy^aeTCfl, HTO Cb AOBKOCTbK), BT> KOTOpoft, BBAO OTAaTb 

eft cnpaiieA^HBocTb, &r& noaaia aaaifCTByerb Koe-iTo, yuaAHHBaa 06b 
HcroHHaxax-b, y CBoeft noApyra, y noaaia aoaaTopoffb,— noAbayoTca ea 
Hae*MB a BTopoeTeiieaausfa TexHuiecxaNH npieBiaiia, npacnocotijiea- 

BJJMB Kb CBOHIfb BOpMBIflb. H TOrfla 0<M)BIVaJXbBbie nOKpOBBTOAB dTOft 

nosaiB, yBBBepeHTeTCRie a axaAeiMraecKie, TopsecTBeaao aaaBAaiorb, 
,hto oaa no npapoA'a bobco ae Bpara BOBOBBeAeaiairb*. 

flpyraa noaaia, acTaaaaa, ta, xoTopaa, ae ciioTpa aa aa «rro, BeAerb 
aacb Bb rpaAjmee, Ta, xoTopaa cocTaaAaerb qeoTb OpannjR h koto- 
poft <Dpaanja ae noHHnaen> (xora ee noaaif aiorb natipaaabie xpyra aa 
rptaflnefl)— era apyraa noeaia Taarb Bb cefrB Taxy» aaepriio otinjaro 
paaaaTia, aeeen bt> eeto ciwibKo cbmabi Gyaymaro noofeBa, ito oaa 
Kaaarea nyawoft Tony Bpeueaa, bt> xoTopoe oaa Boaaaxaerb. Kb otob 
APyron ooaaiB bb puna BpeM eaa npaaaAaexaAB, bcab aaabiBafb Tosbno 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



112 BfcCH N 1 

caMbia piAxia h HeoCxoflHiibia hm eHa, AHApa Rene, Fioro, Bhhbh, Boa- 
Jiapi, MaJinapMd. 

Bl> MOHX*b KpHTHH6CKHXT> aaiffcTRaX'b, DOMtmaBIEHXCa Ha 8THXI 

cTpaHHuaxi bt> -reieHie roAa, a ocTaHaBJiHBaJica Ha Tta* etopmiRaxb 

CTHXOB*b, BT> KOTOpblXl> CRa8blBaeTCH AyX*b, BOHCTHHy OAepXHMHfi H08TR- 

lecROft uyROfi, bi> KOTopbixi> Coffee H^HMeH'be on peA^JiOHHOBHpamaeTCJi 
CTpeMJieHie kt> mnpoKHif t> o<5o<5meHiaMT>, yRaabiBax>nuoH> Ha BaaiQfooTHo- 
nienia leaoB-feRa h BcejieHHofl,— oahhmt> cjiobomt>, Ha noaroBi, KOTopue 

BblA'bJIHDTCH H3T> aMOp$HOft MaCCbl HOApaXaTOJiefl, H6 XOTHTb A&BBTb 

Toro, ito, noJnpHM-fcpy BocTOKa, Mbi HaabiBaeirb .JierKoft noaaiefl*. Tenepb 
ace , peax)M Hp jh MHHOBaBmifl noanrcecRift roA*, a CHmraio HyxHbnrb csa- 
aaTb H*CKOJibKO cjiobt> o RHHraxih KOTopbia bt> CBoe Bpeiifl a npomeji* 
if oJiqanieirb, ho KOTopbia oGaaAaJiH aapon* — noHpaBHTbca pacnpeA*JiH- 
Tejiaifb pasHbix-b npeiiift h HarpaA* Mopcerb 6biTb, He 6e3T> noaroTOBH- 
TejibHbixi> peKoiieHAauift h HHTpHrb.H botb a oTKpbiBaio oTierb, npo- 
HHTaHHbifi TacTOHoifb Byaccbe o npeiiiaxi^ pacnpeA'bJieHHbix'b AnaAe- 
Mieft. 

rjiaBHaa upeiiia tibuia npncyxAeHa r-x* EaeH-fe Diucapb aa c6op- 
hhki> cthxobt> w L/Instant 6ternel*.KaxeTCH,6buio p-bmeHo aapaH'be, hto 
npeuiio nojiy^HTb hmohho oHa: ct> TaRoft HacroftHHBocTbio oaho BpeM* 

A06HBaJlHCb 6jiarOCKJIOHHbIX*b 0T8bIB0Bl», Kb KOTOpbIXl> yOOMHHaaOCb 6bl 

coHyBCTBeHHo HeH3B*bcTHoe HiiH r-XH IlHRapb. Mh* Tanxe peKoneHAO- 
Bajw ea ctfopHHK'b, ho, Haflfla bi> Hein> toju>ko aojiio 6eajuniHaro, *h- 
meHHaro HHAHBBAyaJibHocTH TaJiaHra, a ho Hamejrb HyxHbnrb ynoMH- 
HaTb odi> He*n> nocji-b cxoahuxi* ci> hhmt> RHHrb r-xn Ae-PeHbe, rpa- 
<t>HHH Ae-Hoaitab, 0. rpara. 

Cji-bAyerb H oflHaKo t aanouHHTb oAoGpHTeabHbia wiOBa, KaxHii h ugh* 
KoiiHTeTa (on maltre, HaabiBaerb ero r. Byaccbe) yRpacH&i cboA ot- 
ie*n> AxaAeniH o RHHrb r-XH IlBKap'b. Bt> homt> roBopHTca o »BHOBb 

HaHAeHHOMl> pOMaHTHSM*, KOTOpblfl RaXeTCH toJlfee HCKpeHHHMl» v Vfelfb 

crapbifi" (Heo-poMaHTHairb— dTo GoabHoe irfcCTo aR*AenHOTOBi»)» Aairbe 
xe cKaaaHo: ,9to He c6opHHin> paajiH^Hbix-b nbecb, cBnaaHHbixi» Hcicyc- 
CTBeHHo: bt> RHHrb ecTb eAHHCTBo ox>xera h nocrpoeme b* o6n^eirb 
rapMOHHHHo. Bb Hem ecrb Taicxe bi> Bbiomeft cTeneHH xhboo, o<ieHb 
npaMoe lyBCTBO, BcerAa ompaB^aiomeeca orb npapoAM h orb Bceo6niefi 

XH3HH*. 

HecM orpa Ha cjioBa ,maltre'a" t e6opHHxi> r-XH IlHKapb— npocTO c6op- 
hhki cjiynaftHbix'b cthxobi> o jho6bh h npnpoA'b, nepeAa»nqixT> muuuii, ho 
yaRo aroTHHecKia nyBCTBa noaTa. OAHaKO, pa8B* He aaCaBHo BHA^Tb, 

KaKl aRaACMHR-b, Cb poGROft JIOBKOCTbK) H COBC*lfb HO RCTaTH, HOeTb 8Ty 
XBfiUJiy ,6AHH0fl H CJIOXHOH n08M*fe", HB ROTOpyK) BT> TOHeHie AOJH'HX'b 

ji-ferb a yRaabiBajrb, Raxi» Ha eAHHCTBeHHo AOoroftHyio. h ROTopyn b* 
TeneHie aTHx-b jrferb aRaAexHRH oTBeprajiH rbri> HeaaKOHHbift pox^ 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JHTEPATYPA. 113 

noeata! H paart He hobb btb BHeaanHa* oTpacTb aKueimxa kt> .hjtb- 
cray eceoflmefl xhbhh", o neirb Bcer^a TBepjuuia mob, AxaAeMieft He 
npH3HaBaeMaa, .Hayroaa noaain"? 

Ao&naAroirb cootimaerb Aturbe, ito btbkotophm* H]>eMifl He iiorjia 
fo>rn> npncyxAOHa noTouy, hto »ohh HapymHJiH TpaAHuioHHbia npaBHna 
♦paHuyacioft noaaiH*. Borb, hto roBopHTca no aTowy noBOAy bt> oTwrt: 
.AxaAeicui no CBoeft npHpoA* hhckoubko ho BpaxAeGaa HOBOBBeaeHijiirb, 

HO, n08B0JIHT6JII>H0 JSJUBkTb, HTO nOdTBirb BOBCO H*TT> HECTOftHHBOft Be* 
O0XOAHMOCTH BT> 60JIbQ7HX*b BOJIbBOCTBXb, TBMT> T*, KOTOpbIXT> AOCTB- 

tohbo 6bino JIaMapTHHy, Bhhbh, Miocce, BHXTopy r»ro h JlexoHTy a© 
JIhjud &na eoBAaHifl hxt> meaeBpoB-b". Octbbjihh bi CTopoH* yjmtiity 
npeBoexoACTBa* Koropa* 'aoabchb tibuia npo<5*bxaTb no ynoHOMy oome- 
trey npu aTHX-b cjiobbxi, He Moxein> He onr&THTb Toro bnboab, koto- 
puft, ecTecTBeHHo, BbrreKaerb hbi> bthxi yTBepxAealfl: ajib HAeft h ajw 
TexHHKH He cymecTByeTb aBOAxmta, HcxyccTBo He Moxerb, He aoaxho 
paaBHBaTbca!.. M tbkobb, KOHeiHo, h ecTb aaTaeHHa* MbicAb aKaAewrae- 
CKaro Mipa, .no CBoeft upnpojxh hbcxoabko He BpaxAeGnaro bobobbbao- 
Hiflirb*. 

Ho sorb HtHTo aynmee eme. Bi aToifb roAy AxaAeiriH npejyioxHJia 
Ha npeMbo HanncaTb noauy, B*b xoTopoft H8o6paxajxocb 6bi xaxoe-HH- 
6yAb cJiaaHoe cotibrrie h3t> Hameft HCTopiH. Bujio AocTaBAeBo cto bo- 
cem» MaHycKpHirroBT> h h3t> hhxt> abb npemfpoBanbi: r. ToTbe Oeppiapa 
h TKaxa AHApa (nceBAOHHMi* oahoU noaTeccbi). UepBbift H36pajn> tomoio 
.CpaxeHle y AenBHa", BTopoft— XCaHHy a'Apitb. .Hflea noaifbi rJiyCoxa, 
paacKa&b xopomo cocTaBJiem> h oxHBJieH'b*, — nnmeTb bco tott> xe 
.mattre" o npoHBBeAemH Oeppiapa, a bt> noaicb 3Kaxa AHApa xBavrarb 
.npexpacHbift juipHHecxift nophiBb*. y Oeppiapa H-BKift ABopflHHFb paa- 
caaauBaerb bt» nHCbirfe kt» oray, epaxeme bt> TaxHXb CTHxaxi*: 

Monsieur mon pere, en fin, la victoire est a nous! 
Tout est sauvl. J'ecris cela sur mes genoux, 
A la diable, n'ayant pas meme une ecritoire, 
Mais, bah! vous com pre ne 2 toujours ce mot victoire! 
Je suis gai, mon esprit, comme moi, bien vivant 
Trotte sur le papier qu'il brule en ecrivant. . . 

H Tairb HAerb Ha npoTHxeniH noJiyropacTa cthxobi> noaifbil Poctbht*, 
npaBO, zyga CHocH-beL Hto xe xacaeTCH ,JwpH4ecKaro nopbiBa* 3KaKa 
AHApa, to BOTb o6paaein>: 

L'^pouvante a pousse le flot des ennemis... 
Le pont croule! Dieu l'a permis, 
Mais Jeanne, la bonne Pucelle 
Pleure sur ces Anglais que le del a punis! 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



114 BftCH N 1 

He 6yaein> npoxojmTb. H botb tto yHnepeneTOKie h asajieia- 
<iecxie xpyra wuwm aa noaaiD, aa coBpe*eeHyx> $pAHuyaeKyi> noe- 
aho! 9to Kaaoe-ro HacTyiiaeHie lynoorHl 

HeotixoAflno, oflHaso, BCMOTpBTbca, He opraasayerefl ah OAHOBpe- 
MeHHo c* ennrb ynpaMOTBOtn* peauiiH hbt> HaoAHpoaaHmm ajmm- 
tobt> uoBoe noeTHHeeKoe ABHseuie, KOTopoe cnoeofiHo 6hao 6m Bucry- 
mrrb, mm npeeicBiurb BeauaroAaHseHifl KoauajieBiiTHajmaTaro vtaa. 

Ha 8THTb CTpaHHuax'b, vb Haisjrb nponmaro roAa, a o6pama» 
BHmiaHie na oodbi ?enipexi> moaoahxi noeTOBi, Dlapju fiHAbApaia, 
8onepa-BaabAopa (AnexcaHApa Mepeepo)JKopsa Amife** h Pero Apao, 
noABp'BiuiHJi BMcaaaMBaeioM mhod HaAexAbi UHTaraiiH hst» hxt> TBop*e- 
ckhxi> coaAaaift h h8t> tbx* Ae&napanift, bt> kotopmxt> ohh Bupaman 
cbo» xyAomecTBeHHyw Bfcpy. * flBoe nocjrBAHHX'b h8t> hhxV», RwmMMb 

H ApKO, OTKpUTO SaftBfUIM C06H Ha CTOpOfl* npHHUHHOBT* ,HayHE0H. 

noaaia*. — BaTbirb a yxaaajii, tto kt> rhirb me BarjiHAairb hbho npa- 
MHJtaerb A6ejib EeJuieTbe (cfopHira .Marie dee Pierree"), h hto 8bojdo- 
njoHHCTHHecKan AORTpHBa no9TH*eexH BoaeoaAaHa y MOJioaoro nopra, 
JR&Ha Orra, bt> ero c6opHHrt .I/Effort de8 Races*. rapyoHHiecxoe 
OTpeMJieHie xi» e/iHHCTBy xoicnoeHniH npoiuuurb AHApe H6eawr& Kb 
CBoeirb .Livre da Soleil*, oOHapyxHBb cnocofaocTb kt> $iuioeo4oxoify 
loimJieHhOt npHxpuBaDmenycn iacTo 4k>pmoh ajuieropin. 

HaAanie .AnroJioriH* Bajibma h ehhth o BepjiaBrb h BoaJiap* Aam 

MH"bn0B0AT>BbUICHHTbaHaieHie8THX , bn09T0Bl> Kb HOTOpiH hoboh noeeiH. 

3arBMi> epeAH coBpeneHHbixT> no8TOB*b a nocTapaJicH y KaaaTb Tfexi* Taop- 
iecTBy KOTopuxi cyxAeHo oco6o npowoe cynteeTBOBame, kt> MeroAairb 
h HAeaifb xoTopuxi vb ocofoft BHHicaTeJiBHocTbi) aoaxhu o6pamaTbca 
HaiHHaDmie. fl HacTaHBajrb, tto (nocjrb MaAJiapua h BepAasa) Tsjunoi 
noaTaMH aoaxho oiHTaTb Op. Bbejia rpH<M>HHa (Bbinycnnimaro Kb 
oTHeTHoirb roAy KHHry .Plus loin")— no ero cjutbHOMy iyBCTBy acHaHH, 
h 8m hah Bepiapaa (cCophhkh ,La Multiple Splendour" h .La GuMaade 
des Dunes*)— no oha* ero o6o6memft h no rjiyflHH-fe aocTHraeaioH Hirb 

CHMBOAHaaolH. 

Toiho Taxxe, Kb Teneeie Bcero ro^a, oCpamsjrb h BHrncame Ha 
oAHy He6oAbmyK> rpynny nosroB-b, coopeAOToieHHy» Ha ctoep%, bt» 
JIhjui'b h Appa, H8Aa»myK) He-rupe paaa bt> roffb poA* aHTOAoriH noA* 
aarAaBieirb ,Lee Bandeaux d'Or*. »* Hoaohch, cTOflBmU hoa> h%h- 

60A%e 8aM*BHaT6JIbHbIMH H3T> dTHXb CTHXOTBOpeHlH, yXO nOflBJUUDieb 

paH^e bt> xypnaJTb ,Le Beflfroi*. Hai» iHCJia 8thxt> nosroBb o rBKOTo- 

• „BftoH% 1907 r., 16 1. 

•* Lts Bandeaux d'Or. Reruo. Diieitoiir: M. Paul Castiaux. 19, AfBme da 
rObwintoire, Paris. 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JHTEPATYPA. 115 

pur* MH-b npegcTaBJUuicfl eaynaft roBopBTb h OTAtabHo. Tuon Teo 
Bapna (Th. Varlet), (taecTHmaa HenocpeacTBeHHocTb KOToparo yiffcjia 

BJlHBaTb B*b CTHXH HyBCTBB OBlUBia H MOIAHblH. TaROBT> UoJlh KaCTiO 

(P. Castiaux), ROTopbift cyirturb npo6HTb aroTHiecRyn icopy, noKpuBaB- 
myx> ero npexpacHuft TaaaHTb, h bt» cbohxt> HOBbix-b oosAaHiarb npo- 
caaBHTb pocKorab 3KH8HH, npoHHaaraoft Rasi> 6u hmuuiiih omymem- 
hmh. TaKOBT> eme Dbeppb HtyBb (P. J. Jouve), bt> craxaib KOToparo 
oyftcTBo lyBCTB* aaulMieHO capuToft aHeprieft h nacTO paaplnnaeroa 
b* <|>hjioco<J>ckhxt> paaayMiaxb. 

Hbt> ApyrHxi coTpyAHHROBi aToro xypHaaa mojkho ynoMHHyrb eme 
Pox8 Ajuiapa (R. AJlard), Bb cinxaxb KOToparo ecu* uejiaHxaJiHiecRaa 
HtaHoerb, 8arapa MaA$epa (E. Malfere), npeaecTHo pncyi>maro cft- 
aepqbie ropoAa h Hx*b KaHajibi, h AByxi Ha<uiHai)mHXb: 9ayapA& Illap- 
naHTbe ct> ero BHHMaTejibHbiMb BocapiHTieirb ORpyzanaraxb Bemeft, h 
Ulapjia KjiapHca, rpycTb KOToparo, KaKb RaxeTca, icoxerb BoaBHCHTbca 

JkO HCTHHHaro CTOHUHSMa. OTM-ftTHIfb, RCTaTH, HTO BT> TpOTbOITb HO- 

Mepfc .Bandeaux d'Or" BCTp-bnaiOTCH HiieHa AioaMeJia, Apao h Bhjib- 
Apana, noatejiaBmHXb BbipaaHTb 9thmi> coTpyAHmeoTBom» cbob conyB- 
creie MOAOAOMy xypHajiy. 

x Ito6u onpeA'bJiHTb HanpaaneHie .Bandeaux d'Or* Jiyroe Bcero boc- 
naaB30BaTbCfl cJioBaifH oAHoro nab yiacTHHROBrb xypHaJia. Botb, ito 
roBopHrb Ilbep-b HtyBb aa ce6a h aa cbomxt> TOBapnmefl: .Hacb cooah- 
hrjio otfmee iyBCTBO npeKJiOHemH h Aaxe RaRi» 6u KyjibTb, cb KaKHirb 

MH OTHOCHlfCR KT> TaRHIfl HMOHaMb, KaKb CTe4>aHl» MaAJiapMd, JKttJIb 

JIa<J>oprb, BepxapHb, PeHd rajib, Bbejuie-rpH<tHt>HHb, r»cTaBb Kairb*. 
PflAou i> ct> 3THMH mi enaif h, irbcROJibRo Aajibme, TRjvb ynoif HHaeTb eme 
ABa: Ilojifl KjioABJifl h MdTepjraHRa. HaaHaieHto .Bandeaux d'Or", JKyB-b 
onpeA*Ji^erb TaKb: .CoaAaAHUb bt> HamH ahh, ABJiaiomiecH JiHTepa- 
TypHMirb Mapaaif oiibf anoxy, noAo6Hyx> cjiaBHod f aox'b HeAaBHnro npom- 
•iaro. CodAaAHifb xyAoxecTBeHHUft xypHajn>, KOTopufl iiorb 6m CTaTb 
BOHCTHBy <|>paHuy3CRHm» B'bcTHKRoifb Mercure de France, xypHSJib, 
Bee aHaneHie aoroparo 6ujio 6w bt> TBopiecRHXb C08AaHiHXb, a He bt> 

KpHTHR-fc!" 

GTpeifjieHie CBoefi rpynnw Xijvb onpeAfeofleTb KaKb hobo-hbu- 

leCTBO,— TepilHHb, npH6jIH3HTftnbHblft, Bb ROTOpoiTb OAHRRO, H6, AOAXHO 

BiurfeTB BoaBpameHui Kb napHaccTBy, ho npeauBrb rt> CBameHHoiiy opri- 
aaMy 3KH3HH, BbipaateHHOMy Bb Myaufffe h oaMonpoHaBOAbHocTH phtmobt^ 
CHMBOJiHawb Bb rAaaaxi» erofl rpynnbi ecTb AHBHaa 4>opiia HcayccTBa, 
Roropaa coaAajia HOBbift cnoco6T> f qyBCTBOBaTb, BocnpBHHMaTb h oohh- 
MaTb. ToBopa o HayiHoft noaain, %yBi» BbipaxaeTca TaRb: .Bm*ct* cb 
Pena TiuieMb, iiu B^pHiib, hto BOBHHRHerb HOBoe HCKyccTBO, HenoO*- 

AHMO BCeo6mee, Bb ROTOpOlfb COJIbDTCfl HayHHOe TB0pieCT30 H TBOp- 

necTBO xyAoxecTBBHHoa, Bon^omaa bi> ce5-fc BeempHyn rapifOHix> M . 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



116 RBCH N 1 

Bjihsko Kb erofi rpymrt caluyerb Ham> nocTaBHTh em© oahoix> 
MOJiofloro noaTa, ffiopaa *e IlaaaHApH (G. de Palandrie), nepiiaa RHHra 
KOToparo * AaeTb otomame toabmoro HCTHHHo-opHrHHaabHaro TaaaHTa. 

Bl> 8T0ft RHHrB H806paxeH'b RpHdHCb HyBCTBeBHOCTH, D6p6XHBa©MHfi 

XMomefi, h ero 6opi»6a c*b cawnfb co6ofi, aaBepmaxaiiaaca nofltAofl. fl 
nocTaBJiio, OAHaKO, bi> BHHy MoaoAOMy noaTy npeyBeAHHemiyjo HepBoa- 
hoctb h jietipexHocTb BHpameHifi,BpenflinHX*beflHHCTByno8irb h neTio- 

CTH pHTMOBT>. Bb CHMBOaHdlTB IlaaaHAPH OCOifcHHO flOporO TO, HTO 0T0 
RSUK'b MOerO „a*. Ho COrJiaCHO Cb CBOHM^ C0$CTB6HHbIMl> TBOpHOCTBOlfb 

lioaoaoft noen> bt> npejmcjioBiH Kb CBoeft RHHrt 8amsiaerb: .HtTb 

HHKaKOft H606XOAHMOCTH, HTOfol 8T0TB HafaUTb nepOAaBaJTb TOabRO JIHH- 

HocTb caiioro noaTa; nycTb noarb <rrapaeTca BbipaaHTb bt> CBoem, 
cjiobb Kaxi> mokho Goabine Bceo6maro*. 9to noca*BAHee TpeGoBame h 
c6;iH*aen> IlaaaHApH ct> noaTaifH .Bandeaux d'Or". 

HaKOHeirb, bt> rohu* sthxi e-BrJiMXi aaM-feTOR-b, wrb xoneTca ot- 
b6Cth ifbCTo noaTy, o ROTopom> a eme hh pasy He mrbai> caynaa ro- 

BOpHTb, TaiTb KBJCb Offb BO Haflaa* HH OAHOft KHHrH, HO HMfl KOTOpaTO 

HecoMBTBHHo 6yAerb CBaaaHo cb hobum* ABHsemeirb (JpaHuyacxofl 
noaaiH. fl roBopio o flxoH*b JI. IIIapnaHTbe (John L. Charpentier). 

MoaoAoft HeaoBtab, 26 a-feTb, bi> rpobh KOToparo ecTb Hacatflie 
npeAROBi (fcpajmyacKHX'b h HpaaHACRHxi, 3K. IIIapnaHTbe ho cn'towrb 
BMCTynaTb co cfopHHRoirb. Oht> pa6oTaeTb, ncnpaBaaerb h nepea*- 
abuaerb cboh coaaaHia. Oht> no*erb, noHCTHBrfe, 6wTb HaaBaHi> noaTom> 
HayHHoft noaaiH, h tb cthxh, KOTopue obt> mh*b noKaabiBajrb, HM*B*m> 
(toibmoe aHaieHie, oCme-neaoB-BHecKoe h <t>Haoco<l>CKoe. fl 6m cxaaaai 
ToabRO, hto eiiy cjrfeaoBaao 6u yiceHbmBTb wb cbohxt> noauaxi nacao 
OTBJieHeHHbixi, BbipaxeHifl, hto6h npHAaTb CBoeft p*hh Goabme »H3HeH- 
Haro TpeneTa. 

Bnponeifb, a xo*y ocTanoBHTb BHHuaHie iHTaTeaa ho CToabRO Ha 
OTHxaxi IIIapnaHTbe, cnoabRo Ha rfcx-b ero aaM'BTRax'b o noaaiH. ro- 
Topua om> coo6nuurb mh*b. „fl Hcxoacy H8* Toro HAeaaa noaaia,- 
nHmerb IIIapnaHTbe,— ROTopoe ho cooTB*BTCTByeTb 6oa*be ea onpeAlwwHU 3 
cfl-BJiaHHOMy JIaMapTHHom>: BonaomeHie cauaro HHTHiraaro h canarc 
6oxecTBeHHaro t ito ecTb bt> Mbioaaxi neaoBliRa... fl CTpeMaiocb n 
noaaiH, ROTopaa He 6yAeTi> ocB^maena Hayaoft Toabao bbbh^ Hepew 
paaHua nocpeACTBa^o ROTopaa 6yAen» HaaynaTb aTOTb CB*Tb H8HyT[w 
aaR*b ecan 6u oHa eaiia 6uaa Hayaa M . OTBepraa yaaia paMRH noaaii 
aHHHbix*b qyBCTBOBaHift h nepexHBaHifi, IIIapnaHTbe xonerb otrphti 
cBoe cepaue, h, Coatrae Toro, CBoft yifb Bceft auidHH, «h8hh bt> ea irfe 
aom». U.'BJib, ROTopyio cTaBHTb ceto Moaofloft noarb^ TaaoBa: ooa*^ 

* 6. de Palandrie. Stabat Virgo Dolorosa. Messein 4d. 



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MHOCTPAHHAfl JHTEPATYPA. 117 

eTBOBaTB caoefl noeaiefl eoaHAaHixTGyaymaro, xaxairb ce6* ero npea- 
cTaBJiaen> noan. ,06paafei h pano*,— roBoparo oab,— boto cpeAcrao 
noary, hto6h BupaaaTb cbod HHAHBHAyaAbHocTL, ho eoAopxaaie ero 

BAOXHOBOHift H6 AOAXHO 6l*Tb MB ABBHAy BAbBltTO* • 

B* CB06MT> TBOpieCTB* OHb XOWTb OflgOro: CypBBHTb Ifipb, VTOGfel 

aa xaacAoft paartAaaaofi Taflsoft BeTaaaAa aah Hero bobbb Tafiaa. Bb 

HaySft OHT> AXtfBTb TO, HTO OBB npBBOCBTb Cb OOfaft (feanOKOflCTBO H 

Myxy, h n caaoab paaotiJiaieaiH hjuoobIh ©ctb aa* Hero cofoaan. 
O BOBHXb noaraxb on roBopBTb Tan: ,fl axtfan peaaaaiib 
BoAiapa h ero Toaxy» BAyaiBBocrb, xan h eBOJiwuioHHaab JIorohtb 
Ae Jhuia". Ho o noaTaxb-cauBOABCTaxb on roBopHTb « 6oaubhmh 
oroBopxaMH: »Hxt> acTeTaxa pacmnpHJia cnocofe noaTBieexaro Bbipa- 
xeaia; aa^-fen xe obb orpaaaHaaa npeA'BJM noaTBiecxaro baoxbo- 
Beaia?" Bb Manjiapaa oh* bhabti ho CTOJibxo eoaAaTeaa, cxoobxo npo- 
AoiixaTejifl BoAAapa, CToamaro bbctojibko BoepeAfl, aacxoabxo bobbb 
noHxa onepexaeTb yxflfpacaycTBBmiflca jihctb. „Bepfl8Bb octb Bepnan. 
Ho a aaiero ho cxaxy o Mopeacb h Kaa-fe, croab aufixaxb b cto-tb 
6ea$opifeBBbiXb <1 .— ,Ha*b uneajsu noaTon 1880roAaa He BHxy aaxoro, 

KpOM* PeH8 THilfl H BbOAAB rpH^BBB, BO 06a OHB CTOflTb BH*b OH. 

Raxb cTpaHHoe coneTaaie Toro b Apyroro hw%crk cb Aoaeft napaao- 
cTBa, naAO flaaBaTb cme oABoro jrBflcTBHTejibHo Bejiaxaro xyAoxaaxa, 
Bepxapaa, aeBCTOBbifl aayTOufi dBTyaiaaub xoToparo noxerb cayxaTb 
npexpacauMb npairfepoiib aab uoAOAHXb". 

TaxoBu dTB aamraaaia o noaaia uoAOAoro noaTa, xoTopfaifi noxerb 
aaaxTb bhaboo m*cto Bb Hameft JiHTepaTyp-fe. fl ae aacTaaBaio aa 
HeonpobepxaaocTH Bcfexb ero (ftrauxb aaalraaBifi, ho, b3htnji Bjrfecrfc, 
ohb oGpaayiorb rapnoaaHeoxoe irKnoe. 

XoTBAOCb <5W, ?T06h BCb 8TB MOAOAHA CHJIbl, oaymeBJieHHtia Ta- 
XRMB CXOABUMfl CTpeilJieHiflMB, OGbOABBBABCb, BaXOHOBb, Bb OflHOMb 

oflmeab xypraurfc, aaxe nocTynflBmacb, uoxen 6i*Tb, xoe-vfeMb H8b 

CBOBXb BBABBBAyaAbBUXb yMXAOBifi. Torfla MOrb 6bl COdABTbCB HOBblfl 

npHTflraTeJibHHft lieaTpb, Bb xoropon aojioaexb cboGoaho 6w bmckb- 
aMBajia cbob noxeaaaia a xyA» oaa oTAaBaaa 6u bb cyAb cbob eoaAaaia, 
o6paaya CAaropoAaoe, oeBOBaaaoe aa BaaBMBon AOBlipia, Cpa-rcTBo. 

R • s i 6 k I I. 



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OOBPBMBHHHB H'BMEUKIE HOdTU. 



HI. +PAHKb BKflXKHHfll>. 



OpaHrb BejxeKHHA'b narbcTeH-b ho tojibso pyccxoft, ho h fffcMeu- 
soft nyfoHKb noHTH HCKJUOHHTeobHo Karb Apauaiyprb; Jiape^ecKifl 
OTHXOTBopeHifl ero, paatipocaHHua no paaHbnrb mypHaJiam> a sannb 
HeaaBHo coGpaHHMH bt> oahhi tomhkt> ,Die vier Jahresseiten* (Mfinchen. 
Albert Langen), msjio 8HaK0MH flame BocTopmeHHUin* noKJioHHHiaifb 
TBopnecTBa BefleKHHfla. Meatfly rbifb, remaJibHOCTb BefleKHHfla o6Ha- 
pyxHBaeTCH bt> &rm> CTHXOTBopeHiHX'b eflBa jih He ap^e, ifeirb bt> 
ero HaB^CTHbix-b Apasfaxi. HoaoGho Tony, Karb HatipocxH nepom h 
KapaHflamoii-b BejiHxaro MacTepa nofliacb Kamyrca ifHA-fee n HHTepec- 
H*e ero 6oJibraHXT> aaKOHieHHUx-b KoiinoaHuift, TaKT> h bt> cTHXOTBopeHi- 
HX'b BefleKHHfla ifbCTaira GoJibine HHTHMHofi npejiecTH, vbirb ffb*ero 
cJioxHbix-b flpaiiax'b. 

Jlpama BefleKHHfla TeHfleHoioaHH. Bcb oh-b TpaxTyxrrb toamm) 
OflHHi, Bonpocb, 6ojibine Bcero aaHHMawmift h BOJiHy»mift aToro nodTa: 
8to — Bonpoci> nojia. Boniiomee HecoBepmeHCTBo bcbxi> coBpeiteHHbirb 
otintecTBeHHux/b Hoparb, oTHomeHiA h couiaJibHaro ycrpoftcTBa, no- 

CKOJIbKy BOO 8T0 HaXOflHTCH BT. CBH3H CT> BOHpOCOIfb HOJia, lfy^HTb 

BefleKHHfla ho ifeH-be, h*bmi> HecoBepmeHCTBo o6mecTBeHHaro ctdoh 
MyHHrb KaKoro-JiH6o couiaJibHaro peifropMaTopa. Tarb, oht> rayooKO 
cKop6HTb ci> fl-BByniKoft, flo aaMyxecTBa o6peieHHO& Ha fl-BBCTBeHHOCTb, 
eb ©Horaeft, oTflaDiflHii-b nepBiae CBHTbie nopbiBbi yjiHrooft HpocTHTyr- 

K*J OH*b CKOp6HTb CT> npOCTHTyTKOft, KOTOpafl H BT> TUCHYfe HpOflaHHUXb 

otoaTift ho Momerb noTymHTb nomnpaiomaro ee orHH, h cb HejioB-bxoirb, 
npH coaflaHiH KOToparo npnpofla oTCTynaaa orb cbohxi» HopnajibHHXb 
nyTeft, BHyviHVb eiiy HjBCTBa h crpacTH, KOTopbixT> om> He Homero 

yflOBJieTBOpHTb, HOBCTynaH BT> KOH(J>JlHKTb Cb 60XeCKHMH H HeJI0B*B46- 

OKHifH aaxoHauH. Oht> CKop6im> flame ct> coouaftfH, noJioBbia oTHome- 
Hia KOTopux-b peryjiHpyiOTOH leaoB-BKoirb, He mejiajonpurb flepmaTb bi 
CBoem> floirb xyny meHKOB'b, upmowb enje coMHirreJibHOH nopoflM. 

9toh me eKop<&K> npoHHKHyTbi bcb CTHxoTBopeHia BefleKHHfla. Ona 
MomeTb npH HeflocTaTOHHofl BHHMaTe^bHocTH jierxo ycKOflbaHyTb on 
HHTaTOJia, h Torfla BefleKHHjrb xameTCH Toabxo i*hhhkomi», HHorga— 
nopHorpa4>oirb. Oht*, noBHAHiioicy, buojih'B HaifBpeHHO oxpuBaeTB bod 
cbod 6ojib h cKopo"b nofli Mac k oft rpytiaro mranxa, HHorfla— aerxo- 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JIHTEPATYPA. 119 

MHcaeHHaro nbeppo, a HHorAa— HaBpameHHaro caaAocTpacTHHKa. Bt» 

tifaUOe Bpeilfl OHT> D'BJl'b CBOH BOTCH Ha CflOXeHHbifl HM1» SO MOJIOAiHt 

anoiinaHHpyfl ce6*B Ha rHTap*b, bt> moHxeHCKosfb Cabaret w Die elf 
Scharfrichter". IJyGjiHKa, oocTOflBmaH l .rJiaBHUirb otipaaoirb, B3*b CTyaeH- 

TOBT> H H>HbIX1> DpOXHraT6Jiefl XH3HH, BHA*BJia BT> E6Wb OOfciKHOBeHHarO 

eiaffpesHaro KynJieTHCTa h ahko eiiy pyKomiecxaaa. Oht> xe npoAoa- 
juurb n-BTb cboh noeBAo-cKa6peaHfaui Bemu Ha H3bicKaHHo-6aHajibHbia 
MeooAiH, ho 6eacTpacTHoe jihuo ero Bbipaxajio TaKoe npeap-feHie ki> 
aiymaTeJiaifb, ito ho oAHoro H3i> hhxt> HHor^a npoAHpajii» Mopoa-b no 

IOZ~B; CTaHOBHJIOCb XyTXO, H HBBOJIbHO JIBJUUiaCb MblCJIb, HTO BHAHDIb 

npeffb co6ok> He JcynaeTHCTa, a BAoxHOBeHHaro npopoKa-ooJiHHHTejia. 
H fount MHHyTbi, KorAa Ben pxaBmaa h pyKonjiecKaBmaa ny6jinxa 
CMonuuia, hcho omymaa Haai> co6oh BauaxH icpbuibeBi* yxaca h cjiuraa 
CBHcrb HeMHJiocepAHaro 6a<ia Bejimcaro npopoica. BeacTpacinoe, ho 

BAOXHOBCHHOe AMUO BeAOKHHAa, CT> flCTpe6HHbIM'b HOCOAfb, iyBCTB6B> 

HbQfb pToin> h KpyrjibiMH rAaaaMH cobh ocTaeTCH Heaa6BeHHbiin> una 

BCBXT>, KTO ero BHA'BJI'b BT> pOJIH AOKJiaMaTOpa CBOHXT> DpOHSBeAeHlH. 

TexHHKa Apain> BeAeKHHAa oneHb HecoBepmeHHa, ho BeAeKHHA'b- 
noarb, noxajiyft, eme Co.Tbe cjia6uH TexHHicb, H-hwb BeAeKHHA'b-ApaMa- 
Typra. Oopifbi, paaM'Bpbi, paeMbi h phtmh o6biKHOB6HHbi, HeopHrHHa-ibHbi 
h noAHacb Aaace Ha.vfepeHHo 6aHajibHbi. Ho, mosho caaaaTb, tto bt> 8toh 
HciyccTBeHHoft 6aHajibH0CTH aaiunonaeTCH aHaHHTeAbHan aojijj hxt> 
npeiiecTH: roBopa 061 o6biAeHHbixi> Bemaxi>, utrno xoTopbixi> npoxoAHTb 
xazAHH, He aaM-BHan aaiuiiOHaiomarocfl bt> hhxt> Tpartiaiia, BeAeKHHA* 
ynoTpeoAHeTi» canun oGbiAeHHbiH cnoBa, yKJiaabiBaa hxt> bt> caMbia 
6aHaJibHbifl CTHXoTBopHbiH <J)opMbi. H, KaxeTCH, hto ApyrHMH cpeACTBatiH 

OVb He MOn> 6U AOCTHHb H COTOH AOAH TOH TAy6HHbl H HHCT0-n08TH- 
10CKOH KpaCOTbl, KOTOpofl OTJIHHaiOTCH IIOITH BC* erO CTHXOTBOpeHlfl. 

Gtopua BnojiffB oTCTynaeTb Ha aaAHifl luiarb nepeAi coAep*aHiein», 
lOTopoe noJiHo yAHBHTeabHoft chjih h rjiy6oKoft, spacHBofl cKoptiH. 

Bb HtKOTOpblXt H3T> CBOHXfe OTHXOTBOpeHiA BeACKHHAb BHAHTb B(TB 

HeHaBHCTHbie euy aaxoHbi h ycToa yace onpoiHHyTbiMH h bt> TaKHXT>— 
oieHbHeifHoroHHCAeHHbix'b— Bemax*b citop6bero cm -BHaeTCH 6eao6Aa4Hofi 
paAOCTbio tibiTifl. TaKOBo, HaupHM^p-b, oaho h3t> caiibixi> H3B^cTHbixT» ero 
CTHXOTBopeHiH— .Use*: 

Ich war ein Kind von fiinfzehn Jahren, 
Ein reines uoschuldsvolles Kind, 
Als ich zum erstenmal erfahren, 
Wie sQss der Liebe Freud en sind. 

Er nahm mich urn den Leib und lachte 
Und flOfterte: welch ein Gluck! 
Und dabei bog er fachte. sachte 
Mein K6pfchen auf das Pfthl zurQck. 



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20 BftCH N 1 

Sett jenem Tag lieb Ich tie Allc, 
Des Lebens sdadnster Lens iit mein; 
Und wenn ich Keinem mehr gefalle, 
Dana will ich gem begrtbea sein, 

Horn 8Toir& nojraoarb puoeTH h cwrrbx emoTBoparia ecn 
yaxe cxpbrraa exoptfb o tfaicrpo yxoA*meft at ojioaocth; HaABHraerai 6ea- 
mawiocTHaa crapocrb h onrnfaerb y upexpaeHaro rtaa enoeofaoerb 
6uTb JuotiHiniarb h juoGhtb; a xran» 669b jikXJbh TepaeTb Bcxxift enanurb. 
flame AD&mb bi> njmiaAWb arfcrb, xoropol oht> ynHBadTox n np*- 

B6A6BH0irb CTHXOTBOpeiliH, JX6 ROCim» BT> C60fe HOT O^HHT b APyTOft 

cKop6H: cxopGx o TcwibKo tpo pacnycraBmeafcx, ho yme cafjrroarb ub*tx*» 
o Beearb HeHffbacHHaioarb apoMarfe h6bhhhocth, xoToput yneTymaeTCji 
nocjrfe nepiiaro npnocHOBeHia Myvnnn*. 9Ta exopfib apxo peeyercx b& 
cjrfcayiomeirb cTHxoTBopeHiH: 



WINDLi 

Sieh die Uufrache Maid, 
Erst eben erblOht; 
Durch ihr knappkurzes Kleid 
Der Morgenwind rieht. 
Wie schreitet sie rQstig, 
Jubiliert und frohlockt.. 

Ho oara Hcnbrrajia Bticmyn paAOCTb farrifl h iibItou HaarfcxH evam: 

In einetn langen Kleide 
Geht sie nun bald einher, 
Sinnt veigangener Zeiten 
Und jubclt nicht mehr. 

KaxeTOfl, eme hhkto ho Hao6paxaJTb cb Taxoft chjioA scero Tpa- 
maxa, xoTopuft aaxjnoHaeTCH bt> imliTrb, noTepxBmearb scero tojimco 

OAHBTb H8* CBOHTb JI61ieCTX0B*b! 

Ho atHBHb Bce-TaKH Tax* xopoma h xoporxa, a wferxy jiyroie 
ofoerfcTb, ycunaa cbohmh jienecTxaam Becemift Ayr*, Tfairb aacoxHyrb. 
IIodToiiy xaaBAfaift nonmewb cpbnaTb bcB abIto, xoTopue eaiy BCTpft- 
THTca hb nyTH 9 a ub*toxt> AOAxarb oTAaBaTb eeta bo bjibctb xaatAOMy 
B*Tpy h xaaxAoity npoxoaxeiiy. 9ra mhcjib npeaBbnaftHO xpacHBo bm- 
cxaabiBaeTCJi bi cTpacraoarb emoTBopeHiH ,Franeiaka*, h» xoToparo 

X npHB6Ay TOAbXO DOpByV) H nOCA*AHI>I> GTfO^W 



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HHOCTPAHHUI IHTEPATTPA. 121 

Franciska, mcin retaender Falter, 
Hltt'st da nicht zu eng for dein Alter 
Den ketmenden Busen gefchnnrt, 
Dann ilaflten wohl nicht die Gewinder, 
Sobald ich nan eben die Binder 
Mit harmlocem Finger beruhrt.. 

O glaub mir, die Monde entfliehen. 
Die Rosen ▼erwelken, verhluhen 
Und fallen dem Winter sum Raub. 
Es kommen and gehen die Jahre, 
Man legt deinen Leib auf die Bahre 
Und alles wird Moder und Staub. 

0*ea* xopom Be&eKwujn> n Toraa, koto* Buatien vb jsjmj a*k- 
Bynan, r py c ra me ft u Toimmeflcji bt> HenoHJrraoft w hob c&uofi took*, 
cmjtho HjBCTBjnn^efi, hto RMTynaeTb seeaa x vro tojhxo-*to pac- 
nycTHBiniecfl iorfeTH aojuxhh ofaerfeTb. A nan*,— exxxeTBeBHuft taxaxift 
lesoarfexiH— xe npoTHTHBaeTb eft pyxx h bo oTxpuaaen eft r xa». Qpax- 
uxcxx npexuxymaro enxoTBopesix HanxBaerb cbod TocRy bt> npo- 
cran, xo»— foaroAapx aroft tieaucxyccTBexxoft npoerorB,— noTpacaio- 
nuro cJioB&xb: 

Weiss die Mutter doch so gut, 
Wann bie Aepfel reifon. 
Und ihr eigen Fleisch und Blut 
Will sie nicht begreifenl 

Wenn ich nicht so trostlos wax, 
dog's mir wohl urn Treue; 
Kommt das GlQck von Ungetihr, 
Folgt ihm keine Reue^ 

...Seht euch nur dies Leben an, 
Huhner, Enten, Gflnse — 
Druben schwingt der Schnittersmann 
Seine blanke Sense... 

Not und Schande, Angst und Pein, 
Alles will ich tiagen. 
Wird es nur kein Mjgdelein, 
Will ich gar nicht klagen. 

H6bojh»ho ooxTb npxnoiixxaeTCX BeziexBHA'B, nonnuft bto cthxotbo- 
pexie ha aayxbuxbift h mohotohhhA moths*. Bt> xa<uurfc nytaxxa eme 
cxfeeres, bbabtb Kb xaauoirb cjiob* CKaGpeaawft Haxerb hjzh JiBy- 



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122 BftCH N 1 

CMHcneHHocn>; ho xorA& noan opoH8Hocirn> nocji-bflHia cjiobs: JR ro- 
toba HoauTaTb Bee, nosopi> v eTpaxi» h iiyxH h ne 6"yAy ponTaTb, JtwahHu 
if oft petoHosi ho 6hiJii> Ataonxofi*, — Bcfc yMOAxaioTb, oxaaieHHue 

CTpamHblM'b TparHBUOlTb 8THX1» CJIOBIm 

BeaeRHHA'b HBJiaeTca h ropaqHin> aamHTHHKoirb npaffb mojioaocth 
bt> 6ojrbe mupoxoAfb CMbiCA'b, ho tojiuco iioaobomi. Mojioaocth Bee noa- 
boaoho, a HejioB-bqecKie aaxoHbi cymecrByiorb no tioAbmeft qacTH tojkjk) 
AAH aamHTN cTapocra on AepaHOBOHift mojioaocth. Bt> oahomi> cthxo- 
TBopeHiH—.Der TantonmOrder', npuHHMaeMoM'b MHornMH aa iomophcth- 
iecxoe, oht. CHaiaJia paacxasbiBaeTb bt> CTpamHo uhhhh6ckhxi> cao- 

BaXT> O TOAfb, XaKl> y6HJl*b CBOK) TOTKy, xaxi nOTOMT* HCXaJTb BT> OH 

Konoflaxi AOHen» h Kaxi» oht>, HaxoHem>, cnpaTaai Tpynt bt> norpett. 

DoTOM-b CTOHTb 116 pe A* CyAbHMH B TOBOpHTb HMT> CJTBAyMpa CAOBa.' 

Ich hab' meine Tante geschlachtet, 
Meine Tante war alt und schwach; 
Ihr aber, o Richter. ihr trachtet 
Meiner bluhenden Jugeod — Jugend nach! 

H, A'BftCTBHTOJIbHO, BT> 8THXI1 A6p3KHX1> CAOBBXi: ^Aa, H yOHJTb CBOD 

TOTxy, ho oHa 6wjia cTapa h ApaxJia; a bh, cyAi>H, noxymaeTeob Ha mod 
UB^Tymyi) MOJioAoeTb!" aaxJUOiaeTca yAHBHTejibHo npocTaa, bo chab- 
aaa anoaoria npaa-b mojioaocth. Bt> ApyroM-b CTHxoTBopeHin mojioaoB 
anapxHCTb, npHTOBopeHHbift kt> xaaHH, npocarb, <rro6bi eny bt> npeA- 
CMepTHbift iacb, bm-bcto o6biHHaro xy6xa BHHa, a&ah o6 a ba<rie xeHnpiHbr, 
,BT> TO BpOMfl. KaiTb Bbl 6yA6Te ynHaaTbCfl bhaomi Moeft xpoBH, npoAH- 
Toft Ha necoKi, OHa ho npoM-feHaerb Moero o6i»aTia Ha xycox* urfefia 
H3T> BarnHxi* pyxT>". Ho ootomi>: 

Einen Sohn wird sie geblren, 
Dem roein Kreuz im Herzen stent, 
Der for seiner Mutter Z&hren 
Eurer Kinder Hlupter roiht 

Bl> OBOeft OpOHOB'BAH BeAeXBHA* HHOrAa, A'feBXTBHTeJIbHO, OTaHOfiHTOH 

UHHHKOM'b h aHapxHCTOMT*. Taxi, oHb roBopHTb: .He npoxoAH mhmo oo- 
xpoBHm-b aeMHoft XH3HH paaHOAyniHo, a 6epH oe61i Bee, to> Moxemb aa- 
xaaTHTb: b*ai> aaxoHbi Toabxo ajih Toro h cymecTByioTb, «rro6bi m m» 
TODTaa-b HoraMH". Hah: ,5AaseH%, kto Beceao h aobko nAHmen> Ha 
CB'BJKHX'b MorHJiax-b. B*ai» HHRTo enje me jxaJioBaaca Ha cxyxy, Taauya 
j noAHOsia 9ma4K>ra". 

BeAexHHAV-6oAbmoe hma, h eMy pyxonjiemyTb rt caMbie ak>ak —ear 

MOAOBOAbHUe <|)HAHCTepH H CTOAflbi 06n^6CTBa H aaXOHHOCTH,— XOTOpHX* 



y 



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HHOCTPAHHAJI JIHTEPATYPA. 123 

Offb TBJCb HBHaBHAHTb H Hafl-b KOTOpfalMH TaKb 8JI0 rjIVMHTCB. £aX6 OBb 

BHAHTb, hto npoHsomjio RaRoe-To BeAopaRyncBBie, hto jix>ah, pyRonae- 
BQmde eicy, npocTo bo noBBiiaiOTb ero. H botb, htooli ycTpaBHTb bcb- 
toe HeAopaayM-BHie, oht> otiBaxaerb bt> oahomt> hot* caifbixb CHJibHuxb 
cbohit> cTHXoTBopeHifl ,Konfession M cbok> Aymy. Oht> roBoparb: .Bh- 

Afl yCITBXT>, KOTOphllTb B HOJIbSyiOCb CpOftH JIOpflAOHHblXb AK>Aeft, a npH- 

xomy bt> HefloyM-BHie h chhtsjo nodTouy cbohmt. Aoaroirb odob-bcthtl 
iripy, ht6, co6ctb6hho, ynpaBJiaerb iiohmm mucjibmh h rbjcoA oroHb ro- 
pm» bt> iioefi Ayni*- Tairb botl a KJianycb Baifb, hto a upeAnonejrb 

6bl 6bITb VJIHHHOfl XeHIAHHOft, H'BM'b CaUfallfb 6oraTbIMT> B B6JIHRBM1> 

uynBHoft." 

Welt, in mir ging dir ein Weib verloren, 
Abgeklart und jeder Hemmung bar. 
Wer war fur den Liebearaarkt geboren 
So wie ich dafur geboren war? 

,Pa3B-B MH*B CJTBAyeTb CTHAHTbCA TOro, TTO B y TOJIHK) Ka«A06, XOTb 6bl 

h caMoe Beo6uHBoe xeaaaie, poxAaionieecA bt> Moenb noary? 4to ecrb 
CTHAb? fl ero nacTo BoouTbiBajrb nocjrb RaxoroMBoo <5aaropoABaro 
nocrynKa, hjib npH bba* jtoacrbx* cTpaAaaift u Myxb; mh-b 6hb8jio 
ctuaho, KorAa uena aa hto-jih6o aarpasAajiB. Ho cTbiAHTbca CBoero 
rtaa 6ujio 6h Boniiomed BeoaaroaapHocTbi) oo oTBomeBiio kt> TBopuy, 
co8AaBmeny CTcuibKo paaocTefi b BacJiaxAeaift.* 

Aber Schamgefiihl des K 6 r p e r s wegen, 
Der mit Wonnen fiberreich begabt? 
Solch eia Undank bat mir fern gelegen, 
Seit mien einst der erste Kuss gelabt! 
Und ein Leib, vom Scheitel bis zur Sohle 
Allewarts als Hochgenuss begehrt... 
Welchem reinern, kostlichern Idole 
Nachzustreben, ist dies Dasein wert? 

,H ecjiH b AyMaio o Tba'B a o noaoBbixb paAocTaxb 6hrria, to bco, 

HTO fl CA*BJiaJTb, MB*B KaSOTCB BBHTOSBfallfb H /KdJIRBMb Bb cpaBBeaiB 

ci> rtirb, hto mh*b aaerb Moo tbjio; TorAa a now rBMBb xb3bb b 
TojibKo TorAa a nyBCTByio ce<5a BeaBRBMb.* 

Welt, wenn ich von solchem Zauber traurae, 
Dann zerstiebt zu nichts, was ich getan; 
Dann preis ich das Dasein und ich blume 
Zu den Sternen mich vor GrOssenwahnl.. 

Aiexciixpi 3 j i i c 6 c p r i. 



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BHBjnOITAOIfl. 



Remy de Oourmont.Simone. Potane champdtre avec onze com- 
positions de Georges d'Espagnat. Mercure de Prance. 

Kaai bt. aToft MaJieHbKofi khhsk*, He npeflHaaHaneHHoft jura *ph- 
thkh,— MHoro npejiecTH h HCTHraaro MacTepcTBa, bt> otomt> m aJiein>xoin>, 
ho pocKoraHoirb in-quarto, KOTopuft CBepxi Toro Taa* yaa<iHo h Tan 
KCTaTH yapaoieffb pHcymcaMH nepom> HCopxa a'BcnaHba! 

3a*cb mh* H-brb HaaotiHOCTH roBopHTb noapoGHo o MHorooGpaaHOM* 
TBop^ecTB-b PeMH ae TypMona, Tax* aa^b h anaio, c* xaKHM* hckjud- 
qHTeJibHWicb bhhm ameirb othochtch kt» HeMy wraTeaH BToro mypnaJia- 
Ho ecjw uh aaxoTHMT> 6pocHTb otfupft BarJiHAi» Ha tbophoctbo PeMH ae 
rypMOHa, BToro iracaTeflA H8i> noKOjrtain „BeJiHKHX , b a , mm aojixhh 6y- 
Aem> oTM-bTHTb nocjilwioBaTejibHOCTb eToro TBopnecTBa, npeacTaBaino- 
maro jiorHHecKia cTyneHH paaBHTia: Taa-b Kaicb nHcaTeJH> onpea'taeH- 
ho mejn. oTb xyAomecTBeHHbix'b coaaamft Kb coaaamajrb kphthhockhmi 
h HayiHbWb, hoctohhho yrJiy6Jia« CBOft aHajiH3T> h pacrnHpna cboS 

CHHT631>. 

Moxewb jih mw cnaaaTb, hto ero xpHTHxa ctohtt* oco6hhkomi» on 
ero TBopnecTBa? KoHeHHO, irferb. H ecan bt» ero flByxi> .KHHraxi 
MacKT>" xapaRTepHCTHKH H*KOTopbixT> no3TOBi> ca'baaHbi bt> npeyBOJiH 
H6HH0 BocTopxeHHOMT> toh*, a ki apyrHMi npoHBJieHo onpea*Ji«HH04 
HeBHHMame h Hexejiame noHATb hxt> ayx*b, to 8to jramb noTOMy, ht< 
P. ae TypMOHb Bceraa 6burb BonncTBywimnrb aaenTOM* CHMBOJiHBMa i 
iracajrb cboh oiepxH bt> roaw eme He npeKpaTHBmeftca 6opb6M. Onrfc 
thmt> aynme, hto h3t> Bdixi ,chmbojihctobi>* om> oflHHT> hh paay h 
noaBOJiHJTb ce6*b aaMajiHHBaTb hah coaHaTejibno yiraxaTb npoH8BeaeHi 
CBOHXi> jiHTepaTypHbix'b npoTHBHHKOB*b. HaicoHeirb, 6eeynpeHH«MH ocra 
iotch ero HayHHo - RpHTHqecidfl HacjrfeaoBaHifi, Karb: w la Culture de 
idtes", w le Chemin de velours", „le Probteme du style*, .lTSsttetiqu 
de la langue fran^aise", bt> KoropbixT> micaTeab KOMMOHTupyerb caM 
ce6a h <I>h;ioco<J>t> BbiCKaabiBaeTca ao KOHua. Tohho Taxxe Bosce b 
otiocotiaeHa xrara ,1a Physique de Tamour*: t* xe naen otip'feTaeM 
mh bt> paHHHXT> noaMaxi ae-fypMOHa, xaicb „Lilith" hah ,Th6odat". 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JHTEPATYPA. 125 

Tenepb, cMRrneHHUfl tohroA h Bcenpoma»meft HpoHiet aBTopa ,3hhao- 
roBT>", un BROBb o6p1vraeirb hx* bt> He^aBHo HBAaHHoirb potfaH* „Un 
ccbut virginal". Ki» dToiiy xe pouaHy, Karb 8nnrpa<j>bJ, moxho nocTaBHTb 
oTjx'fejibHbia paacyamema bt> nocjifeAHHxi* .fliaJiorarb jnotiffrejieft" (•Dia- 
logues des Amateurs*), Tax* Rax* bt> hhxt> BbicTynaerb, xavb h bt> 
pouaH**, TOTb xe GeacTpacTHbrt .HMiiopaAHSirb - P. Ae-FypMOHa, roto- 
pufi MHorHirb RaxeTCR ero ocHOBHbnrb oBOfteTBOira r ROTopuft ifbi cra- 
TaeM-b jramb HSBpameHiein. CBOftcTBORHaro euj MRCTRHecRaro hybctbr... 
<I>HJioco<J)CKaH jihhhoctb P. Ae rypMOHa o6paaoBaHa H3*b Tpex* aae- 
MeHTOBi>: H3i» HaGjnoAemft HaflT> rbin>, ito nepBbie xpncTiaHe BaabiBM h 
„BemH itipa cero*, H3*b o6nurpHOft apyAHuin, bt> xoTopoft ct> Tatobnrb 
caajiocTpacTieirb cTajncHBaiOTCH h BaaHUHo yHHiToxai>TCH BCb HAen, 
h, RaRORem>, m% jtkXJbh kt> o<rrpoft HponiH, noAofaoft TOHxouy yxy 
Oreiuiajia, HIaii<J>opa h PBBapoJia. OnHpancb Ha era cBOftcTBa cBoefi 

JIHTCOCTH, BHHMaT6JIbHHfl Ha6JIK>AaTeJIb, TORb 8a rOflOITb, HpaBOBT> H 
C0Bpeif6RHbIXl> C06bITift, BeJIHRHXl H MaJIbIXT>, CTOHTb MOXAy HaifH P. 

Ae rypMOHT>, apRTBJib, JiHraeHHbifl aHTyaiaaxia h He 3Ha»mift HeroAOBaHia, 
cjiobho raiuierb, Aepxamift bt> pyxaxi iepein>, KOTopoMy cyxaoro cTaTb 
npaxom>. . • £a, oht> GeanpHCTpacTHbift apirrejib, ho, 6brrb uoxen, <rrpa- 
Aaionpft on> Toro, hto oht> He b-b cmiaxi cAfcRRTb Bbi6opi> MexAy B*fe- 
pofl h 3HaHiem>,— HaCjiiOAaTeJib h cvabh, ROToparo yBaxaemb, Aaxe xorAa 

MblCAHDIb HHaie, H-feMT* OHT>. H, XOTH HaCb HHCKOJIbKO HO COtfJiaaHHeTb 

nojioxeme rfexb ahui», KOTopwa u hpho xaTHTca no raaAKOft Aoporfe Ha 
cbohxt> HeTbipexfe npHHUHnaxb,— ho bprai> ah hrc* yAOBJieTBopHT-b h 
Taxaa (J>mioco<i>LH: „ByAeirb Gearp-braHbra-b Baopowb cicoTp-bTb Ha xoat> 
xh3HH"...9to— <t>HJioco<J>ia P. Ae TypMOHa, rjiytioxo noiyBCTBOBaBmaro 
hto Bee irbHHeTCH, hto hh oaho MrHOBeHie He iioxerb hm^tl npHTRaa- 
Hift Ha a6cojnoTHoe... 

Ho aaftffeiaTejibHO, tto, HHTan npexpacHyio noasiy v Simone", xaicb- 
to aa6biBaemb o6t> aTom> (JjHJiocoitrft, npHBUKmewb cyAHTb Jixueft h 
A"bJia h naxoAHTb hxt> cJiHrnxoirb JierxHMH. TflHKaa h 6AaroyxaHHaa, 
xairb b*6hokt> H3i> ujnoii^, 8Ta noaiia ctohtt> oco6hhkomt> b-b TBopne- 
CTB-b P. Ae rypMOHa. Bt> Heft om> He TOHxifi npoHHCTb, .iobko paao- 
6^aHaionufl mhhii yio cjioxhoctb Mbicaeft, ho noarb, npeACTawmift npeAi> 
HaMH bi> CBameHHoft HaroT*b, uoaoGho nepBo6biTHOwy cymecTBy, no- 
xpoBi> ROToparo ecTb MHjiocTb He6a h Apoxb HeB^AOMaro PoKa. 

CHMOHa, cB-bTAaa h rjiyfloKaa, xaR-b boaw py^bR, — hh hto HHoe, 

KaX*b HHCTHHRTb, H HOdTb He MOXOTb TOBOpHTb 06*b Heft HHRHe, KaX*b 
CJIRBOCJIOBJIR BCb TOHKiR H MOry^iR CHJIbI npHpOAbl. H 3T0 CARBOCJIOBie 

HanHcaHO Kairb 6bi AeneTom, xoTopuft Bee eme He xaxeTCR noaTy ao- 

CTaTOHHO npOCTbllTb, HT06bI OWb CTaJTb nOHRTHbllfb Bceft BCeJieHHOft, 
H KOTOpblft nepeXOAHTb KaKT> 6bl BT> H-bRJfi MHCTHHeCRifi rHMffb. 



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126 BfiCH N 1 

Simone, il y a un grand raystere 
Dans la foret de tes cheveux. . . 
Tu sens le foin, tu sens la pierre 
Ou des betes se sont pose*es... 
Tu sens le miel, tu sens la vie 
Qui se promene dans les prairies. 
Tu sens la tejrre et la riviere, 
Tu sens Taniour, tu sens le feu!.. 

HTairb, Ha 4>oh1& paaHOoGpaasbixx KapTHHb oAHHHaauaTH MtcaueBi 
rofla, bhahtch Haifb CuMOHa. Birfecrfe c% BoapbiniHHKOMb h OcTpa 

JIHCTOIfb M BM*BC*TB CT> TyftfaHaMH, padftfblBaiOIIUlMH BCft JIHHiH TO 

pnaoHTa, oHa Hcneaaerb, cjiobho yxoaa Ha ocTpoBa 6namemui% 
JXnx Haci> 3ByqHTb nodna CHfcra, ROTopyio xoieTcii BbinucaTb aatci 
sa ea h-bjkhoctb h aa ea oearpaHHHHyio rpycTb. 

Simone, la neige est blanche conime ton cou, 
Simone, la neige est blanche comme tes genoux. 
Simone, ta main est froide comme la neige, 
Simone, ton coeur est froid comme la neige. 
La neige ne iond qu' a un baiser de feu, 
Ton coeur ne Iond qu* a un baiser d 'adieu. 
La neige est triste sur les branches des pins, 
Ton front est triste sous tes cheveux chitains. 
Simone, ta soeur la neige dort dans la cour. 
Simone, tu es ma neige et iron amour... 

IIotomt> no8Ti> noeTb CHMOHy nepejrb KpbiJibaMH MeJibHHiibi, Bpamaio 
mHMHca bt> r;iy6HH*B qepHaronpoBaJia;emeflajihme — pfeaxifi KOHTpacn 
icexAy neiaabio Bemeft h hchoA nuaitocTbio xhbhh, BonaomeHHofl bt> cMep 
th Majibixi> A^Teft a*bca, onaBmHXb oceHHHXb aHCTbaxi... ,Simon< 
aime tu le bruit des pas sur les feuilles mortes?" H Tyrb xe sByiHTi 
eme nodMa prfeKfe, mHpoitofl h npeKpacHOfi, caabamaa noabay Mipa h no 
xoxaa aa uepB06biTHbift rHMHi> Baarfe. 

La Riviere est la mere des poissons et des fleurs, 
Des arbres, des oiseaux, des parfums, des couleurs. 
La Riviere est la mere des forts : les beaux chenes 
Ont puise* dans son lit l'eau pure de leurs veines... 
La Riviere feconde le ciel : quand la pluie tombe 
Cest la riviere qui monte au ciel, et qui retombe. 
La Riviere est une mere tes puissante et tres pure, 
La riviere est la mere de toute la Nature. .. 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 127 

CHMOHa— 3T0 HHCTHHXTb, BWJWPl Mipa, BbipoCTaWmift KSKB Upk- 
TOKl nOfll BT&XHOCTbK) HamHIl pyKl», CJIOHeHHNX*b flJIH MOJIHTBN H flJW 

foaroaapHocTH. OHa — hhcthhktt., rjiHAamift Ha Haci> h3t> r;iy6HHbi 
raaa* XHBOTHaro, KOTopoe, noicopHoe 3axoHaMi» npnpoAbi, HAerb ce6*b 
Bnepefli, ho aaicbHafl, hto ero mam— THxifl pHTMb ero CyAbGu. 

Rene Oh 11. 

Hans Bethge. Die Lyrik des Auslandes in neuerer 
Z e i t. Leipzig. Max Hesses Verlag. 

KBHra npeACTaBJiaeT'b co6ok> aobojibho otfmHpHyio h HHTepecHyio 
xpecToifailio noaTOBb nyTb jxh ho Bcero coBpeMeHHaro KyjibrypHaro 
Mipa, jrfeHTeJibHOCTb KOTopwxb naaaerb npeHMymecTBeHHo Ha BTopyio 
nojioBHHy MHHyBmaro B*xa (xoth BXJuoneHbi H-feKOTopwe, nHcaBinie pa- 
H-fre). Sjyhch oobeAHHeHbi bt> H-BMeuKOMT> nepeBo^-fe nosTbi: AHrjiiH, 
OpaHiUH, BeJibrin, AMepnxH, HTaJiin, Hcnamn, IIopTyrajiiH, PocciH, 
HlBeuiH, HopBeriH, JaniH, IIoAbinH, Toji-iaHfliH, BeHrpiH, 4exiH, HnoHin 
h KHTaa. IIo;rb HMeHeMb xaxAaro aBTopa npHBeaeHw xpoHOJiorHHecxia 
aaTM roAa ero poxAemn, CMepTH h t. a. Ilofl6opi> iio3tobt> iiohth 
Besjxb AOBOJibHo noJioHb, ooAyMaHi* h HecJiyiaeHb. IlepeBOAbi BecbMa 
paaJiHHHfai: ecTb h oneHb mioxie, ecTb h npHtfJiHxaiomiecH (tojrbe hjih 
Meafee kt> BoaMoxHOMy flJiH nepeBoaa coBepmeHCTBy. 8Ta padJiHHHocTb 
xy^ozecTBeHHOft u^hhocth nepeBOAOBb, aaBHcnman, kohciho, oti> nepe- 
Boawxa, oTM-fcneHa h bt> caiioMb npeAHCJioBiH kt» c6opHHxy. Bt> xane- 

CTB* nepeBOAHHROBb, HapHAy CT> COBCBMb HeHaB^CTHblMH aBTOpaMH, 

ynacTByiorb bt> co'opHHK'fe h TaKie hostm, xaxb: PuxapAb JXduenb (nepe- 
boah H3*b BepjiaHa, ITbepa JlyHca h HcnaHCKaro noaTa CopHJiJia), 9Ma- 
HyHjrb FeflGejib (nepeBOAbi H3i> A. Miocce, Bhkt. Tioro), XpHcriairb 
MopreHinTepHb (nepeB. H3i> BbepHCOHa h Hdcena), PnxapAb Hlayxajib 
(nepeB. hst* 9peAia, MaAJiapua h Bepjiana), CTe^aHb UJBeflrb (Bep- 
xapHb, KHTCb, CHMOHCb), Otto dpHXb FapTJietfeHb (nepeB. h3T> JKnpo), 
TeABHra JIaxkam> (3Arapi Ho, JJ. I\ PocceTTH, CyHH68pHb), II. PaMep-b 
(MdTep^HHKb), A. 4)ohi> DyTTKaMep-b (Miocce) h ap- HaH(5oJibinee xo- 
jutoctbo nepeBOAOBb npHHaAJiexHTb Otto Fayaepy, xoTopuiib nepe- 
BeAeHbi 42 aBTopa cb 14 paajiHHHbix'b h3wkobt>. 

Bt> pyccxoMb otaIwi* noM*bu\eHbi nepeBOAw h3t> IlymKHHa, JlepMOH- 
TOBa, <X>eTa, HexpacoBa, MaftxoBa, IIoJioHCKaro, Bji. CoaoBbeBa, Mepex- 
lOBcxaro, MuHcxaro, BpiocoBa, BaJibMOHTa, CoAoryCa h B^oxa. Bcb 
nepeBOAH, aa HcmiK>HeHieMi> OAHoro, cA^JiaHM raHCOMb (J)OHb TioHTe- 
poirb. H-foxoTopue hbi hhxi> oneHb HeyAa^Hbi, h kt> TaKHMb npexAe 
Bcero aojixhu 6biTb oTHeceHbi hohth bc*b nepeBOAbi h3t> IlymKHHa, Jlep- 
MOHToaa, Hexpacoaa. Bbi6opi» caMbixb cTHxoBb H*BKOTopbixb no3TOBi> 



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128 BfcCH N 1 

(DyniKHHa, HeKpacoBa, BpwcoBa, BaabMoroa h zip.), cjiy^aevb h He 
Moxerb AaTb irfeMemcoft ny6jiHR*b xoTb CRoabKO-HHGyAb ncwiHaro npea- 
CTaBJieHifl o6i> dTHXb nodTaxb. 

BlITOpt r O # M A ■ V 

Insel-Almanach aufdas Jahr 1908. Leipzig. 

9Ta KHHra npeacTaBJiaerb cotfoio eme HeaHaKouoe Haifb, pyccRHMi>, 
coneTame RaaeHAapa, KaTanora HdAaTeabCTBa h c(5opHHKa JiHTepaTyp- 
Hbixi> npoH3B6AeHifi h 0TpbiBK0BT>, AoaaceHCTByiomHX'b cjiyxHTb o6paa- 
uaMH H3AaHHbixi> RHHroH8AaTeabCTBOMi> co^HHOHifi. Taxoe cayxetiaoe 
noaoaceHie dToro TpeTbaro, BaacH'Bflmaro oiyvbJia KHHra He Mfcrnaerb 
eMy, oAHaKo, Curb oneub HHTepecHbiMi— yBM!— ropaaao 6oxbe HHTepec- 

HbUfb H IVBHHblMb, TBMb MHOrie H3*b CaMblXb IipHTflaaTeJIbHNX'b CGop- 

hhkobT), noHBJifliomHxoi y Hacb. „Insel" bt> HacTOflmee BpeMa oaho Hdb 
nepBocTeneuubixi> h ohchl RyjibTypmjxb RHHroH3AaTeabCTBi> TepMaHiB. 
BbinycKaiomee KaKb npoHaBeAeHia jiynrnHx-b rfeMeiiRHXi aBTopoBT>, Tairb 
h nepBOKJiaccHbiH BemH BceMipHoft jiHTepaTypu B*b xoponraxb nepeBO- 
Aaxi>. Otipaaubi Bcero dToro mu h HaxoAHMi» bt> HacToanjeM'b ajibManax*. 
Bon 0TpbiB0Ki> npeAHCJioBifl ryro <|>. To$m aHCT&na ki AB*BHaAuaTH- 
TOMHOtiy co(5paHiio CKaaoKi „TbicaHH h oaho& ^ohh m v npeAnpHHHTaro 
H3AaTeJibCTB0MT>. PaAOMb oTpbiBKH paaroBopoBT> TeTo ct> Pmiepoirb H 
Ap- flaa-fee KOHem> oan ra6piaaa A'AHHyHiiio bi> naifflTb <t>p. Hnume 
(bi> nepeBOA* 0. <t>0HT> Tay6e) h HHTepecHaa cTaTbfl EIoneH6epra o 
BHJibre^bM*b reflHue, oAHOM'b hstx opHruHaJibH^flniHX'b yMOBT> Tepii aRiH 
XVIII B'BKa. U-BJIblft pHAT> CTHXOB'b: ro(J)MaHCTajw, PHKapAN ryxi», Oo- 
reaepa, KajibKpefiTa h ap« H'bcKOJibKo iiohth reBiaabHbixi> cthxotbo- 
peHifl PuJibRe, H3i> KOTopux'b He Mory He ynoMHHyrb nowrtAHHro— npo- 
cToro onHcaHia naHTepu bt> RJi'bTK'b sooaorHiecRaro caAa. Bt» Heirb 
noarb roBopHTb, Me«Ay npoHHWb, hto oTb nocroaHHaro npo6*braHia 
naHTepu mhmo «ea , fe3Hbix , b npyrbeB* rji^trh ea Baopi» TaRi> ycTaai, 
hto He Moacerb Goafee BWBCTHTb HHHero: eft RaxeTca, ito BORpyn> Hea 
tuchhh *eji*B3Hbixi) npyrbeB-b, a 3a hhmh H-brb Hiraero, h*bti> Mi pa. 
.ZJaa^e ocTaHaBJiHBaioTb BHHManie: cTaTba djinewb Kefi o coBpe- 
iieHHOM-b mBeACROMi HHcaTejii Ilep^b raaabCTpeM'b (Per HallstrOm), 
mecTb TOMOB'b nepeBOAOBi coHHHeHifl ROToparo noaBH^HCb bt» HaAaBiH 
w Insel"; nepeBOAa ^Bateau ivre - ApTypa Phm6o; 6oJibmofi OTpw- 
BOKt cTaTbH o tomi» xe A. Phm6o— CT6(J)aHa IlBedra, oneHb Kpacn- 
Boft h rjry6oRoft t apRo BocnpoHSBOAaiAeft o6paaT> OToro reHiaabHaro Bap- 
Bapa bt> HCRyccTB*,,, raaawuHHHpyiomaro AiTHau. Jburbe ca*bAy»Tb 
nepeBOAu h3T» Onapa Kaftana, H3i> RHTaftcRHxi noa-roBb, H3*b Fopaoia. 
HHTepecHO Taicxe nncbMo HHmne o <J>paHuy3CRofl h HTaabaHCKoft My- 
auRi (raaBHbiMb o6paaowb t o TmoKh h IIhhhhhh). BH^mHocTb ajnoia- 
Haxa naanma. 

BiiTopi rofmiv 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HOBHfl KHHTII, 

AocT&Menus b% pexasniio „B*con* 

ei lb ornripa 1907 r. do 15-« aaaapa 1V08 r. 



Louis-PaulAlaux. Notre Darae d'Ephfcse. E. Sansot P. 1908. Pr. 1 fr. 
Paul A n d r 6. La Guirlande. Nouvelles. Ed. de la .Belgique ariistiqae 

et litteraire". Brux. 1907. Pr. 3 ft 60. 
M6cislas Goiberg. La Morale des Lignes. A. Messein 6d. P. 

190& Pr. 3 fr. 50. 
Max-An61y. Les Imm&noriaux. Roman. Mercure de Prance. P. 1906. 

Pr. 3 ft-. 50. 
Marcel Reja. L'Art chez les fous. Le dessin, la prose, la po4sie. 

Avec 26 dessins. Mercure de Prance. P. 1908. Pr. 3 ft. 50. 
Charles Vildr ac. Images et Mirages. Ed. de ,1'Abbaye". P. 1906. 

Pr.3 fr.50. 
Leonard de Vinci. Textes choisis, Trad, avec une introduction par 

P&adan. Portrait de L. Vinci et XXXI facsimiles de dessins 

et de croquis. Mercure de France. Paris. 1907. Prix 3 fr. 50. 

H&xeiptia kbhth. 

Walerius Brjussoff. Die Republik des Stidkreutzes. Novellen. 
Autorisierte Uebertragung von Hans v. Ouenther. Verl. bei H. 
v. Weber. Milnch. 1908. 

P. M. Dostojewski. S&mmtliche Werke. Herausgegeben von Dmi- 
tri Mereschkowsky und Moeller von den Brack. Mtinchen.R. Piper 
und C°.-Verlag. 1908. 

Die Lyrik des Auslandes in neuerer Zeit. Herausgegeben von 
Hans Bethge. Leipzig. Max Hesses Verl. Mrk. 1, 80. 

Cyprian Norwid. Eine Auswahl aus seinen Werken. Ubers. v. 
J. P. d'Ardeschah. Mit einem Bildniss in Lichtdruck und einer 
Phototypie. Verlag. v. T. C C.Bruns. Minden in- W. 1908. Mrk. 5. 

HrannoKi* sura. 

Guido Verone. Bianco Amore. Ed. di Poesia. Milano. 1907. L. 3 
Emilio Zanette. Giovanni Pascoli. Ed. di Poesia. Milano 1907. 
L. 3. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



M3t KyPHAJlOB'b. 



CicepTB mapu bbm% JlepCepra. 

(aMercure de France*), 16 Novembre 1907). 

26 0KTa6pa 1907 roaa bt> MaJieHbKoft KOMHaTrb GoJibHHKbi Cem>- 
iKaHi> h EjiH3a6en> bt> BpiocceJi* yiiep-b BejiHKift noaTb. HeMHoro 
Con-be rojxa, nepeAb rbirb IIIap;ib BaHb Jleptieprb 6hjii> nopaseHi 
yjiapowb y CBoero Apyra Tperyapa Jle Pya. Oh* ncnbrrajib Toraa 
MrHOBeHie HeoGbinaftHOft npocB'BTJieHHOCTH, aa KOTopbwn> nocji'BAOBaJiH 
irbjibifl hcaIwih 6eaco3HaT6JibHaro coctohmh. IIoTOMb, icaaajiocb, moxho 
omjio Ha6jnoAaTb H-BKOToparo poAa yjiysmeHie. Ulapjib Bam> JIep6epn> 

nOJiyHHJFb OHHTb CnOCOCHOCTb lyBCTBOBaTb H OTHaCTH cnoco6HocTb o6v 

acuHTbcx. l-ro flHBapn 1907 roaa ohi> eme roBopHJTb co mhoio nom- 
HOBKaxb w ITaHa", npejinojiaraBraHxca aa rpaHHiieA, neuj oHb onem 
paAOBajicii; OHb roBopmib Tanace cBoeMb c6opHHK*5 „La Chanson 
d'Eve*, H3T> KOToparo oht> yxe HHiero He noMHiurb, room* Toro, hto 
3to — ero c6ophhki>. Oht> paacnpamHBaJi'b ueua cBoefl KHHrfe ct> 6oji*3- 
HeHHbiMi> -iioOonbiTCTBOMb. Oht> xorbjrb nepeHHTaTb ee noToirb, Koraa 
oht> GyAerb B*b coctohhIh 3to CA'&iaTb. 

Ho aprepio-CKJiepoa-b He AaBajrb HaAexcA'b Ha BbiaAopobJienie. He- 
cMOTpn Ha cBoe neiajibHoe fyusmecKoe cocTOHHie, HlapJTb Bain> Jlep- 
6epn> coxpaHHJii ropAOCTb noaTa, coaHame CBoero co6cTBeBHaro ao- 
CTOHHCTBa, bt> oaho h to ace BpeifH H'BKHoe h cypoBoe. flaxe cpeAH 
a-roro KpymeniH Bcfexb cbohxt> cnocoCHocTeft, oht> ywbm> BHymHTb ki 
ce6* jiiotfoBb h yAHB^eHie coBepmeHHo nocTopoHHHXi> JiHirb, Ha none- 
neHiH KOTopbix* oht> HaxoflHJiCH. Ero ceMbH, nopaaBinaH c*b aBTopoirb 
,IJaHa" H3b-aa peJinrioaHOft HeTepnHMOCTH, nepeBe&na 6oJibHoro vb 
KJiHHHKy, noTOM-b bi> 8T0Tb HHCTHTyrb CeH-b-JKaHa Ha yjwivfe Ae-Caajipb, 
rji'h H-feKoraa JiexaJii> Taicxe h Boa^apb. CeMbH nocfcDjaJia ero, ho 0Ha 
ynoTpetfHJia bcb cTapamn, hto6n cA^naTb BOKpyrb Hero nycTHHD bi 

MOpaJIbHOMb OTHOmeHiH. H'BKOTOpbie H8T> CaMblX'b ftlHBKHX'b Apyaefl 

noaTa He 6wjih Aaxe H3B*meHbi ero cMepTH, Apyrie 6mjih H3B*meHH 

CJIHmKOIfb H03AH0. Hh r-H*b MopHCb MaTepJIHHKT*, HH aBT0p*b dTHXl 

ctpori> ne MorjiH npHcyTCTBOBaTb Ha noxopoHax*b. Bee 8to a ciHTaio 

HyXHhIM'b OTlfBTHTb, TOHHO TaKT> SC6, KaK*b H H*BXHyiO HpeAailHOCTb fpe- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



U3TB JKyPHAJLOFL. 181 

ryapa Jl6 Pya, KOTopwft AocTBBHjrb CBoevy Apyry AfrrcTBa H'bcKOJibKo 
nocjj-hjxHHx-b nacoBi yrferaeHia. TasoBa Gbuia bi» CBoeft TparHiecRoft 
ropecTH KOH^HHa oAHoro iAVb caMbixi> 6jiaropoAHfaix < b nodTOBi bc*xt> 
BpeweHT). CwepTb, noRpaftHeft Mfepfe, 6u«iaAJifl Hero jieraa. Oht> croh- 
hbjigb 6eai> CTpaAaHift, B*b rjiy6oKoin> o6MopoK-fc, 26 0RTa(5pa 1907 roAa. 
niapjib BaHi> JlepGeprb pojuuica bi TeHT-fe (a He vb JleAepGeprii, 
KaK-b yTBepxaajiH H-feROTopbie) 21 oRTatfpa 1861 roaa. Ero oTeui*, po- 

aOMT» H3T> CTapHHHOfi rOHTCKOft 6yp'jRya3iH, JIKtfHTaJIb h co^HpaTejib 

rojuiaHACKHx-b h <|)jiaMaHACKHX'b rpaBiop-b, tibui-b nejiOBfeirb TaaceJiaro 
Hpaea, yxe oseHb npeKAOHHaro BoapacTa, yifepmid HfecROJibRo jrferb 
cnycTfl nocjrb caoeft xeHHTbGbi. MaTbnodTa Cbwia BaJi.iOHCKaro npoHC- 
xoasA6Hia, eme oneHb MOJioAaa, oneHb KpacHBaa h Maricaro xapaRTepa, 
ho CKJioHHan kt» MejiaHXomn, 6;iaroAapa ceoeft nepeaM-fepHoft nyBCTBH- 
TejifeflocTH, KOTopaa ocoCohho npoaBJiajiacb bi» iiopbiBax-b cTpacTHofl 
pe.-THrio3HocTH. OHa HM'bJia Ha CBoero cbiHa mytioRoe BJiiaHie. Bt> 
BOCiioMUHaHie o Heft aBTopi> „Entrevisions" roTOBT> (5ujn> Aaace BaaTb 
nceBjiOHHMOM'b <t>aMH;iiio MaTepu h noAnHCbiBaTbca IIIapjieM-b-rHCJiairb 
(Guislain). 

Bi» reHTB bt> ROJiJieacb ieayiiTOBi Illapjib bbh* JIep6epn> T-fecHo 
uo^pyxHAca ct> AByMa cbohmh mKOJibHbiMH TOBapHmaMH, nodTaMu, MopH- 
com-b M3TepjiHHK0MT> h rperyapoM* Jle-Pya. Bm*ct6 ohh h BbiCTynajiH, 
bt> 1886 roAy, co cthxbmh, KOTopbie 6mah noM-bmeHbi bt> w La P16iade tt , 
xypHajrfe, HSAaBaBmeMca b*b ITapHxrb koaoJib^oM-b JUapaaHcoM-b, Khjh>- 
apo\rb h MaKaeAeifb; BM-fecrfe see ohh Owjih oTM'bieHbi bt> ,La Jeune 
Belgique" cTaTbeft JKopaca PoAeHOaxa. 

IIoToifb Illapjib BaH*b JIep6epn> coTpyAHHHajrb AOBOJibHo nacTo 
bt> „La Jeune Belgique" h bt> oco6ohhocth bt> ,La Wallonie", rA"fe 
oht> noM-fecriurb CTaTbH o cbohxt> Apydban, Jle-Pya H MdTepJIHHK'b, h 
. Les Plaireur8*( w 0HH nonyaaH 1 *),— „MaJieHbKy w Apany bt> 3-xi> A'feflCTBiax'b 
aha TeaTpa (|>aHTOineft" (cm. Bbime CTp. 39). w L'Intruse tt MaTepjiHHRa 
noflBHJiacb bt> Toirb xe caMOM-b acypHajrb, pobho roA* cnycTa (bi» hh- 
Bap's 1890). TaRHirb o6pa80Mi», coBepmeHHO HecnpaBejyiHBo, nocjrfe uo- 
cTaHOBRu oCoHx-b npoHBBeAeHift, B'b ApaM-b w Les Plaireurs" xorfejia bh- 
A*bti> noApasaHie ^L'lntruse" (cm. OTHocHTejibHo 8Toro »B^cbi" 1904, 
Js£ 4, CTp. 56). Ho 6bwio 6bi OAHHaxoBO HecnpaBeAJiHBO BHA^Tb vh nbecb 
M^TepjiHHKa noApaxaHie Apa.vB Batn> JIep6epra. 06a Apyra TaK*b nacTO 
pa6oraJiH h AyMaaa, HaxoAACb BM'bcrb, hto H^ROTopua haoh y hhxt> 

CT8JIH 06IAHMH. Ho He HyXHO OC066HBarO BHHMaHia, HT06bI aaM'feTHTb 
nCVb BHAHMbJMl> TOXAeCTBOMl> CM>«6Ta HOOCnopHMOe padAHHie B'b aa- 

mbjcji'b h bi> HcnojiBeHiH. B'b „L'Iutruse* HAea npeame Bcero (J>hjioco- 
4>HHHa; m> w Les Plaireurs* OHa npeHMymecTBeHHo n^acTHHHa. 

IlepBbiH npeACTaBJieHia ApaMbi n Les Plaireurs 14 hm-^jih m*cto bt> „Th6- 
Aire d'art*. no^t ynpaBJieHieM-b noJia-Oopa, 5-ro <J>eBpajia 1893 roAa u 



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182 BiCH N 1 

bt, TeaTp-b ..L'OEnvre", noA* ynpa&neHieirb JlnHbe-IIod, 18-ro omapfl 
1896 roAa. Ohh npoHSBejin bt» napiucb, Rani h3b-bctho, chjibho6 Bnena- 
TJi-fiHie. IloflBHJiHCb oepeBoflH Ha aHrJiiftcKifl, Brbneiuud, HTaJibflHCKifi h 
Aaxe Ha nemcRift asuKH. Ho fllapjib BaHt JIep6epn> He HHTepecoBaaai 
TeaTpoMT>; owu MenTajrb o CTHxax-b, Haxoaacb bt> 8to Bpena Ha <l>aRyjnr 

TOTB CJI0B6CTH0CTH BT> BptOCCeJTb, H MOAOeHHO rOTOBHJTb C6opHHKl Apai*0- 
lTBHHbIX*b MaJI6HbKHXl> n03M*b, ROTOpblft OHT> BBinyCTHJlT> Kb CB*BTb B"b 

1898 rofly: »Entrevisions*. 

Bt> »H3HH BaHi> Jlepfopra H-ferb HHKaKHXt ApyrHxi* coGbrrift, xpoMB 
ero npoH3BefleHift h H"BCKOJibRHx*b nyremecTBift. noABJieme bt> napmrfe 
bt> 1889 roAy, npefaiBame bt> JIohaoh*b bt> 1899 r.,— oht> Tam> ocMaTpn- 
Bajrb MyseH h HatiferajTb <rb R-fewb-JiHCo BCTpfeqaTbCH— npoAOJUKHTeJib- 
Hoe npe6biBaHie bi> TepiiaHiH bt> 1900 roay, rA*fe oh* noaHaKoiCHJicH bb 
BepjiHH'b cb CTe4>aHOMT> Teopre. He*b MioHxeHa ohi» HanpaBHJicfl Bb 
HTaJiiio h npoBejit H'feCKOJibKo M'BcaueB'b bt> Phm*, a noTom> bt> OKpecT- 

HOCTHXT> <t>JI0peHIUH B*b Toppe A©JM> TaJIJIO. TaMT> OHT>, B6CH0A H JTB- 

tomt> 1901 r., HanHcajn> nepBhia cTHxoTBopeHia ctiopHHKa ,La Chanson 
d'Eve* (cm. offb 8tomt> c6ophhr*b .Bfcchi" 1904 r., J* 4, CTp. 56). BHJiaa 
Toppe AeJib r&juio B03Bbiraaen> cboh CTapua ctbhu h HeTbipexyro.ib- 
Hyio 6amHK> cpeAH npexpacHaro caA& bt> HTSJibflHCROM* BRycfe, Ha 
cayofl BepmHH*B xojim a ApneTpn. Bojibmin AepeBba A&BaJiH Ham> rtHb; 
MOJioAeacb, paayRpameHHafl UB-RTauH, myiiao BeceJiH/racb y Hanmxb 
Hon>, oGmnpHbiH ropuaoHrb nosBOJuurb bo bcb ctopohm foiyxAaTb Baopy, 
ynoAfl ero bt> 6eaKOHeHHocn>. BeiepoMi* HeMHoroHHCJieHHbie tocth bhjuiw 
ycTpaHBaJiH Me/yieHHwa nporyjiKH noxojiMairb, npH cb*btb apRoft ayHM 
acHaro HTaJibHHCRaro JitTa. Cb^tjihrh JieTSJiH BOKpyrb Hacb rycTHMH 
Pohmh. flaMbi, bcb B*b 6-feJioirb, yKpamajiH hmh cbok> npwiecRy, hto6k 
AaTb HaMT> HjiJiioaiio noaBJieHia <J>efi ope ah cnjiomHbixT> ctbht> jiaBpo- 
Bbixij ^epeBbeBb. HHRorAa noavb He HyBCTBOBajrb ct> tbkoh coaoft ipa- 
coTy xh3hh bt> toh OH ToqR*b, rR'b oHa coapHRacaeTCfl CT> MeTTOft. H 
ecjiH oht> yxe bt> Phm'b DbiTaJica nepe^aTb h^crojilro nepBbixi> cjiobi> 
CBoeft „EBbi", to TOJibKo 3A*BCb BnepBbie 0Kb ycJibimaJTb hxt> no6*AHoe 
n'BHie h TOJibRo 3A*bcb 0H*b nocTHr*b 36MH0H pafi. 

c lTo6bi Jiynme o6^yMaTb cBoe npoHaBeAeflie, noarb hotomi* oinpa- 
bhjich bt> yeAHHeHie, bt> aomhrt* bGjihsh jTbca vt ByfloffB; ohi npo- 
XHJtb ABa roAa bi» 9tomi> jrbcHoirb oAHHonecTB'b, Ha rpaHHU-B BaaaoH- 
ckhxi> h ^paHuyacRHX* ApAeHCRHxi* rop*b,H B*b Tenenie 1902 h 1903 r. 
nHcaJi-b h HcnpaBJifljrb ct» yAHBHTejibHburb yBJieneHieirb HyAOOHbie 
cthxh w La Chanson d'Eve*.— B*b to Bpeiifl, rsjci* noaBHJiHCb ero *Les 
Entrevisions", oahht* hsi» Han6oJi'Be 6aH3KHX*b Apyaeft oodTa, OepeaHi 
CeBepaH-b, iior-b ero ynpeKHyTb, HecicoTpa Ha cboh shboA dHTyaiaairb 
rt» 9T0My coBepmeHHOMy HCRyccTBy, ynpeKHyTb bt> tomt>, hto oh* ,tbo- 
pHTb TbMy H3i> CB-BTa*. Bi cGopHHR* 9 La Chanson d'Eve* om>cyifB,ib 



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H33> SyPHAJOHL. 183 

ocymecTBHTb Bwcmyio $opify h AeaJibHocTH h Taxxe fieayuHo TpyAHyio: 
MeJioABHecKyio T&aab, ao tskoH CTeneHH npoapaiHyio, «rro Aen aBJiaeTca 

OCHOBOfi 6fl CB-feTJIHXb HHTeft. 

.nam>*, caTHpHHecKaff kom6/u* bt> 3-x* A'BftcTBiax'b (cm. ♦B*ch < * 
1907 r. v J# 4) t 6huia BhinymeHa bt» cb*to tojuro bt> 9906 roay h Ha- 
ctojibko HeaaaeJiro a<> nepBtixt npHCTynoBi tojrtoHH, »ito nosrb He 
M«rT» yxe pyxoBohnTb ea noeraHOBKoft Ha cueH* (n HoaGpt-aeKaGp* 
1906 rofla bt> TeaTp-fc ,L/OEuvre* r-na JIwHbe-IIoa). Ilbeca, xoTopaa 
npeauia ct> 6oj»mHin> ycirfexoirb bi» Bpx>ccejrb t fouia cypoBo npHHHTa bi> 
oeTaJiBHOfi BeJibriH, h H-BKOTopbie H3i> en opothbhhkobt> ayM&nn BHA*BTb 
btk eroirb aabrcecKoirb nojrbeicb jiioGbh ynaaaHie Ha BrbROTeparo poAa 
v HpaBCTBeHHy» cjiatfocTb*, KOTopaa npeAB-bmajia yase 6jih8R06 Kpymeme 

BCfeXl» (J)H3HHeCKHXT> CHJTb aBTOpa! JKfUIRift apryifOHTb nOJIHTHROB'b! Bt> 

fl-feftCTBHTe^bHocTH „naHi»" aanywaHb paHbme ctopHHxa .La Chanson 
d'Eve^Taicb cypoBo ocyxAemoe nporaBeAeHie npeflmecTBOBaJio mejieBpy. 
Yse crb BHMbi 1901 n>Aa cymecTBOBajrb dohth nojimjft HaftpocoR'b flpanu, 
KOTopan aBaHHTejibHo noase noJiyiHJia cboII oKOHiaTejibHbift bhai», 060- 

raTHBHIHCb fffeCROJIbXHMH JIHpHieCRHMH CU6HaMH. Cil'feflOBaJIO 6bk UOWh- 

cTMTb „IIaHa* na ero Hacroamee irbcre, rn* ero noirfemajrb can* 
anTop-b: a hmohho, paaowb ct> ctiopHHRoirb ,La Chanson d'Eve". CoBep- 
meHHO HeJi-feno BHA'BTb aa-BCb aHTHRJiepHRaAHaifb. 3-feftCTBBTeJibHo, aB- 
Top*B HirbJTb 6ojrbe ranpoKifl aaracejrb. „IIaHi»° npoHaBeaeHie aiohhch- 
«ieoKoe h, no MHiiHix) rejwieHHCTa Bwuieicca, OAHHCTBeHHaa „caTHpirae- 
oKafl" Apaxa, HanHcaHHaa co BpeMOH-b rpeROBi. 

HeciioTpfl Ha ero pfcaKocrb, ero aabinecRift naHTenaMb He tto 
HHoe, RaK*b 6ojrbe rpytfoe Haotipaxeme HAeft, coaepxamHxca bt> noaifb 
Ebu. Ho a He xony aaHHiiaTbca sjx-hch JiHTepaTypHoft kphthkoh, eiue 
uewbe Toro,— nojiimiqecRHMH paacyxaemaMH. fl orpaHHiiraaioeb ToabKO 
Tturb, hto noATBepxAaio HCTHHy, nacro He npuaHaBaeMyio, BcnoMHHaa o 

BCJIHKOirb XyAOXHHR'b. 

Oht> 6hun> BeJiHRHMi* xyAoatHHROMTi Bb cbohxt* cTHxaxb h ropaaflo 

60JTbniHM'b ) TBMT> BT> APaifaTHHeCRHXl* npOHdBOAeHiaX'b, B*b CBOHXT* 3CKH- 

aaxi> cKaaoKi* bt> npoa* h bt> aTHXb yAHBHTeJibHbix-b nHCbMaxb, MHoria 

H3T> K0T0pbIX*b CJTBflOBaJIO 6bl Ony6jIHROBaTb. 

KaRoe yAHBHTejibHoe HaamecTBO— 3th nncbua BaHb JIep(5epra! Iloarb 
uposBHJTb ce6a Taifb coBepmeHHo HenpHHyxaeHHO. 3to 6huio noApo^noe 
omicaHie H3HCKaHHbix*b omymeBift, tucahh ocTpoyMHbixi> buxoaori>; 
8to 6buiH t no cbooh ajuieHHqecKoft JiernocTH h HaamecTBy, cBo6oAHbia 
ABBxeHia AyniH, bi» HaHBbicraeft CTeneHH ^HpHHecKoft, Ranyio TOJibRo 
moxho Boo6paaHTb. Ho xyaoatHHirb npoaBJUun» TaMb Tanse, hohth bo- 
npeRH ce^*, cboh peBHHBbift RyjibTb (JopMbi, h, RaRi> 6yAT0 6eab ero 
B^Aona, ero caioia HenocpeACTBeHHbia cjioBa yRpamaJiHCb 6jiecTaiAHMH 
o6paaanH. 



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134 K&Chl N 1 

Cks8Kh IHapjiH BaHi> Jleptiepra paacbaHbi bt> paajiHHHbixi» xypaa- 
Jiaxi*, noflnHcaflHhia HHoraa nceBAOHHiiowb. Jlyimaa h3t> hhxi» .La 
Gr&ce du sommeil" tibuia aeaaBHo nepeneiaTaHa bi> oahomt> h3T> $paH* 
oyacKHxii xypHajioBi>. Bt> xypHaaax*b: •Vera et Prose" h w La Belgique 
artistique et littlraire" noyfemeHbi aHaHirrejibHbie otpbibrh 6oa-fee otimap- 
Hoft cKaaKH, KOTopan aa 6oji , fe8Hbio h cMepTbM) aBTopa Tarb h He 6bwa 

0K0H46Ha (CM.„B'BOfaI 4> 1907 T.yH 2)„IlpHRA]0<ieHiH npHBUa I(HHTiH* aojukhu 

CbwiH Haul* npeACTaBHTb bh*b bcbxi» BpeifeHi* 6JiaxeBHyio anoxy, Roraa 
HHnero He GyAerb cymecTBOBaTb Ha aemrb, Rpoicb MeTraaift noaroffb. 
H <J>eepHHecKift ABopeu-b npHHua 6burb Becb ivfeJiHRoii'b nocTpoem* bi 
ubiJiKofl tiJiaropoAHoft Aynrfe, ROTopaa aaifbicJiHaa ero BoaBumeHHyio 
apxHTeRTypy. Kb coxcaa'BHiio, orb Hero ocTSJiocb tojo»ro h*bcroju>ko 
Aparou*BHHbixT> o6aomrobi>. 

Hhrto bt> iripfc 6oJi-he fflapjia Banb Jleptfepra He npeKJioHHJica ne- 

peA'b HHCTOft KpaCOTOfl. Om> BHOCHJTb BT» 9T0 nOKJIOHOHie (fedROHeiHO 

H-BJKHbia qyBCTBa, cypoByio coaHaTeabHOCTb, HaHBHyio h H3yMHTeJibHy» 

BOCTOpXeHHOCTb. 

Ero cyxAOHia, Bceraa yAHBHTeabHO TOHRia, b* 6oAbmHHCTB* cay- 
naerb tfbiBajia oieHb BfepHbi. MexAy npo^Hirb, oh-b AORaaajrb sto cbohmh 
CTaTbHMH o MapiH BaniKHpueBoft h o <J>epaaH-B CeBeparb. 

3tH CTpORH, HCRJIlOHHTeJIbHO <J>aKTHHeCRia H HaHHCaHHbJH CITBDIHO, 

a icory aaRaioiBTb JiHrab BbipaxeHieicb Moero GaaroroB-BHia h CRop6a. 
yMep-b caicbift cB-BTJiwfl noarb. Caicaa HabiCRaHHaa Ayma He rpeaHTb 
6ojibme flJia Haci>... HaA'BHeifb Tpaypi» h bt> MoanaHiH 6yAem» cayman* 
myiiHbift nojierb CjiaBbi. 

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IIaxflTHHx% niapjoo saH* JlepGepry. 

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derne tt cooCmeHO, hto rpynna Apyseft Illapjia Bam> JIep6epra oTKpbiJia 
noAHHCRy Ha nauaTBHR'b aBTopy ,IlaHa* h „ Chanson d'Eve". IIoAnHCxa 
npHHHMaeTca no aApecy: M. Fritz Van der Linden, rue d'Enseignement, 
82, Bruxeiles. Bcb, noAnacaBmie He MeHbme 25 <J>p. f noaywn* „ Ahtoao- 
riw tt H3t npoHBBeAeHift BaHT>-JIep6epra, pocKomHoe HdAame, ROTopoe 
yxe noAroTOBaaeTca kt> neiaTH h bt» npoAaxy He nocTynarb. 



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.COlOffb* H .B-fcHOICb*. 



Ob H-bKOTopux*b nop* CTaJiu paajiaBaTbcn rfvroBaHia Ha to, mto 
,Co»3t>" yTpanurb CBOft nepBOHaiajibHbift xapaKTepi> h Hai> tbcho 
canoneHuaro Kpyxica npeBpaTHJica bt> cayiafiHoe, necTpoe ofruecTBO, 
HAymee kt> HeHatffcxHOMy pacnaay. HaxoAflTb HenocJi < bAOBaTeJibHbiin> 
h Aaxe HejrbnuM'b oAHoapeiceHHoe ynacTie Ttx* paaHopoAHbixb, HHorAa 
npauo ncKJaoHaxmjax'b Apyn> Apyra dJieiieHTOBi*, nai KOTopbix-b ncityc- 
CTB6UH0 cnaam nocjrbAHifl BbiCTaBKfl .Coioaa*. roBoparb, hto ohjio 6u 
JiorHiH'be, hto6w KaxA&fl rpynna ycTpaHBSJia cbow BbicTaBKy oTA'bJibHo. 

He icH-fe, y6-BJKAeHH*Bflmeiiy cTopoHHHKy KpyxKOBb h rpynirb, Boapa- 

XaTb npOTHBli HHTHMHbIXT>, HeGOJIblHHX'b BblCTaBOKb, H H OTb AyniH npH- 

rbTCTByio BbicTaBKy w B*H0in>" t KaKT> npHB'BTOTBOBaji'b h ,rojiy6yic 
Poay* *. Koe-rro CTajn> yxe noroBapflBaTb o Boao6HOBJieHiH BbicTaBOKb 
.36*. H otjihhho. XUrHJieBT>, HecoMH'BHHo, t a Race CA'BJiaerb eme He 
OAHy BbicTaBKy .Mipa HcayccTBa*. fl xAy hxt> ct> HeTepn*HieMT>. H, 
OAHaKO, oTHero-6w, Hapaay ct> cauocTOMTe^bHbiifH rpynnaMH, He cyme- 
CTBOBaTb .Coioay -1 , dToicy Hameiiy .CaJioHy" Champs de Mars? IlecTpoTa 
ero HHCKOJibKo He acbmaerb paatinpaTbca xaicb bt> irfejibixi* rpyunax-b, 
TaKb h bt> oTA'bJibHbix'b xyaoxHHicax'b . fl Aaxe AyMaw, ito coBepmeHHO 

Heo6XOAHMO pa3T> BT> rOAT> BHA*Tb OfepOBa pflAOMb CT> CanyHOBbllfb H 

GyAefiKHHa paAOMb ct» Beaya. flyMaio, ito npn Taicoft cHCTeicb Jierne 
paaraA&Tb, hto Taaoe CfepoBb h CanyHOBb, h BeHya h CyAefiKHHi*. IV 
paaAO HCH-be HairfriaeTCfl to, hto, MoxeTb 6biTb, nepeacHBOTb h dry, h 
AecHTKH 6yAymnxi» BbicTaBoicb h BHAH-be to, hto aatfyAeTca BBfbcrb Cb 
aaspbiTieifb BbicTaBRH. 

* 3a Hoe npiFBTCTBie ,rojy6oi Post" he huha ooBatiBCb bt» w 3ojoiomi» Pyai tt , 
ito M6hi icxpeHHO orop<uuo. IIo 3T0My noBoxy, a Taicse h Geai bchkhzi no- 
BoxoBiTan ycofcra HaroBopiTb iraoro BocxBTBTejiBuxi Bemeft, a, kctetb, h ptmarb 
piXfc rpaHjuoarBimixk npo6i6Mi. n^ezpuB xypaarb otemaerb ptnarb boxo6bub 
me spo6j6HU ■ b% Tesyn^en rojy, ■ Mipy npeACTOBrb noiyqiTb b% kohu* roxa, 

BT» BBX* BOBOrOXHBTO nOXBpKB, HXIDCTpipOBEHBUtt c6opBBKl BCtn> ptneflift, DOXb 

pexEBidei H. Patiynacsaro ■ B. M— th. IIpiflTBO 6y*erk ca^tTb, cioxa pywi, ■ yxi 
6oune Be TOiinci ■ He Bcxaro. H qyBCTByio, hto ho yxepsycb orb co6je3he 
BepBynca *k aroi naKEHTBoft tom* KaKi»-HH6yjLb noxpo6sie. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



188 BftCH N 1 

Moe rjiytioicoe yGtaAeme, hto Hdb Bcero BbiCTSMeHHaro hs»Coio8** 
tcwilko neThipe bciuh awhiOTb maHCbi Ha AOJiroAfcTie: 6eaycjioBHo— Ob- 
poBCRifi m Uerrpb* h .rotfeJieHb* BeHya; ci» fffeROTopbiM h oroaopRaitH — 
CbpoBcxift ace nopTperb dJieraHTHoft abhm h .HejioB-bRb Bb oiRaxb" 
AotiyxHHcaaro. .IleTpb* nepeftAerb, HecoMH-feHHo, h bt> BCTopin. fl He 
xony BTHirb CKaaaTb, hto bcb ocTaJibHoe h6H851ukho ^norAoranb ueji- 
jieHHaa JleTa*; ecTb h hohhmo aroxb Bemeft He MaJio cuabearo h Kpa- 
CHBaro na BbiCTBBR'b, ho bcb bto, sub specie acternitatis, He flocTaToiHo 
nojiHOirfeHHo. 3tott> BbiCTaBOHHUft MBTepianb Heo6XOAHMb, h6o oht> h 
ecTb to RJioKonymee ropHHJio, bi> ROTopoMb, nab BaaHiiojrfeflCTBifl nepe- 

KpOCTflbIXT> BJliHHift, nLHH(J)yiOTCH OTJTfeJIbHblfl HHAHBHAy&AbHOCTH. 3A*feCb 
HCHO BMAHbl H IJOAAHHHbJfl IffeHHOCTH, H pOAHBmafl HXb pyA*, H HH 

Ha hto ho HyxHan HaRHnb. 

C'bpoBCKift n fI©TpT>" — ivbJioe cotibrrie. Bto He TOAbRO JiyHman sap- 

TRHB BbJCTaBKH, HO H OAHa H3T> BHaHHTeJIbH'feftinHXb KapTHHT> nocjrfeAHnxi» 

jrbrb. 3aKopeH-fcAbift peaAHcrb, ynpHMbift .cnHCbiBBTejib <n> HaTypu*, 
ObpoFb cyii'fejrb aarjiHHyTb Bb Heft npoHHRHOBeHH-fee h ocTpfee no Ty 
CTopoHy peajibHaro Mipa, Heaeejin sto yaaBajiocb rfeub lOHbiirb $&HTa~ 
<rraMb h HcxaTejiflMb TaftHb, ROTopue y*e He nponb Gmah cAaYb h 
C'bpoBa h caifbifl peajiHairb, RaRb HeHyxHbift xjiaxb, Bb apxHBi>. IIo- 
BTopHJiocb to, tto cJiy^HJiocb cb HexoBUirb. Kto Hmerb TaflHbl, OTb 
Toro oHa 6-bXHTb; rto HdAteaeTOH HaA*b Heft, TOMy ohb caMa HAen» na- 
BCTp*qy. Ilopa noHHTb, hto jvbno He Bb RJiHiRaxb, a HCKJi»«nrreJibHO 
Bb paawfep-fe h rJiyCHH* AapoBaHia. IleTpb, A^ftcTBHTejibHO, Bbipoci> y 
CfrpoBa Bb Ty HyAOBHiAHyio, hohth $aHTacTH<iecRyio (Jrarypy, Roropaji 
HaBOAHJia H-feKoraa yxacb Ha o6biaaTejieft tf IlHTep6ypxa M h Tenepb eme 
nyraerb, Rorna iHTaemb o cTpamHbixb roAaxb nocTpoftRH ropoAa, 
tiojrbe CTpamHbixb, ybmt> cTptuieiuciH RaaBH. Bb ROMnosmiiH hcoGn- 
laftHo yAa<rao pactrpe;rbJieHbi rJiaBHbia Maocbi, a&kxaui eft coBCfeMb 
oco6y», dohth apxHTeKTypeyro cTporocTb, ocTpoyMHO h 6e8b noA*ep- 
RHBaHiff paap'bnieHb otiniift cHAyeTb h HaftAOHbi KpacBBbin jihhih. He- 
6oAbman ryamb y Hero npeBpaTHJiacb bt> irbjiyx) <J>pecKy. Bon> neao- 
B'bRb, KOTopony (J>pecKa no njieny. Oab cnpaBHAca <5u cb Heft, He npa- 
G-kraa Rb noMoiAH rbxb Tpa^apenibixb, HapaAHO HatiHBmHXb ocROMHHy, 
npieMOBb, KOTopue Bee eme cxoAHTb aa ofaaaTejibHwe arrpH6yTbi 
„cepbe3Haro AeRopaTHBHaro cthjih*, Toro, ito H-feMeuRie Kunstprofes- 
sor'bi h Geheimrath'bi akHJatt* BeAHMaTb 3 monumentale Kunst*. 06m* 
Haa HepHocbpaH C-fcpoBCKan raMMa Rpacoirb ba^cb AOBeAeHa ao ptA- 
Raro 6AaropoACTBa it KpacoTbi. P'BmHTenLHbifl CHHifl toht> boabi, HapaAHO 
nepe6HBaiomift oGmyio raxiMy, h h^rotopuh ocoOchhocth ryamHaro 
npieMa aacTaBJiawTT, BcnoMHHTb xHBonHCb BeHya. Ha BUCTaBR-B h cjiu 
maJib BCROAbdb 6pomeHHoe 3aM*BiaHie oneHb TOHkaro u-feHHTe-ia, tto 
OBpoBTb Ha btotb pasb ,He 6esb BeHya". fl ueHTaro o ToMb BpeueHJi, 



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HCKYCCTBA. 139 

xoroa xyAoxHHKH nepocTaHyrb Tax* uynHTeAbHo naompHTbCH, HToObi 
TOJibKo He noxoAHTb Apyn» Ha Apyra. Ecah vb XHBonHCb CfepoBa no- 
najio h*hto ivbhhoo orb BeHya, to h cjiaBa Bory. HypaTbca CTopoH- 
hhxt> BJiiflHifl h ApoxaTb Ha a* bo3Moxhoh noTepeft CBoeft hhahbhaj- 
aAbeocTHy a rAaBHoe, toHTbca kbkhxii-to tojikobi h nepecyAOBi>,— Bee 

9T0 npHdHaKH OHOHb MOJIBOfi H OrpaHHHOHHOft HSTypbl. ECAH 6fal CHAb- 

HUfl HeAOB-BXb BdAyMaAi Aaxe npaiio noAA'feJiaTbea doat> xoro-HH6yAb, 
to oht> aToro ne cyMlurb-6fai CA'BAaTb h ocTaJicn-6fai caMmn» cofoio. 
Tan h OfcpoFb: bt> CBoeacb noaoAM „neTprfe" oht> (kwi-fee Cfeporb, TfcMb 
Kb ,EAHcaBerfe," hah •ExaTepHH'fe'', hah B*b nepBOirb ..rieTpV. 

UopTpeTy r. Jl. rHpmiiaH'b HOAocTaerb HeMHoraro, hto6u 6mb 
Taxnirb-xe meAeBpoM*. Ero cfepaH rauMa TaKi» xpacnaa, hto noxopjierb 
h Ttob, kto cfepoiiy npeAnoHHTaerb xpacxn. Oht> HanHcaH'b TOiinepoA 
h 9 Moxerb CbiTb, 6AaroAapn aTofi TexHHK-fe, bm^cto TaxeAbix'b, tock- 
AHBO-cfepuxfe h 6eauB-bTHo-HepHbixi> Kpacoicb nopTpeTa EpuoAOBoft, y 

ObpOBa UOilBHAHCb BOBblfl, HOOXHAaHHO UB*BTHCTbUI, CBpUA H HepHblfl 

KpacKH. IIpaBAa, KorAa Ha^Huaemb paarAOAbiBaTb AeTMH, to HHxaKi> 
ho Moxemb npmiHpHTbca cb rpgaHbiirb, MepTBbiin> ub1*tomt> AHixa. 

TaKl> AaA6K0 AX>60Bb Kb Cfepoft XHBOUHCH He AOAXHa aaxoAHTb. Oco- 

6enHo 8to (JpocaeTCA bt> rAaaa Tbu-b, kto xopomo aHaerb opHrHHajrb. 
Bt> cubical xapaRTepHCTHKH nopTperb ho npeHaAAejCHTb kt> HHCJiy 
yAaHHUxi ObpoBCKHU nopTpeTOBT>. Owb He Haraejii> BuroAHaro aah 
roAOBbi noBopoTa h sasuib ee bt> TaRom» paxypcfe, hto bt> peayAbTarfe 
nauyHHAocb Henoirfepgo mnpoxoe ahuo. ToHKaro cxoACTBa bt> Heiii> bo- 
o6oie Kferb. H Bee xe a HacTaHBaio Ha tobtb, tto nopTperb aTorb ho 
ynperb ct» aaxptrrieftrb BbicTaaxH. Bt> Hem» ecn> itbhto Bfecxoe, hIihto 
foAlte aaxHoe h HyxHoe, h*bmi» npocToe cxoactbo, aro— napyromaa xpa- 
cots ero cfepuxb h nepHbix*b nepeAHBOB* h nA-feHirreAbHOCTb HeoxHAaH- 
HOft H HOBOft KOHuenuiH. 

BucTaBAeHHbifl CfepoBbnrb nopTperb JleoHHAa AHApeeBa xoponrb 
caoeft 6apxaTH0fl rycrofl XHBonHCbio h bi» xapaxTepHCTHKli ero ecTi. 

OftpOBCXaA TOHXOCTb. JKaAb, HTO no $OpiTB OVb H^CXOAbRO HdMATb. 

3a to MacTepcxH HapHCOBavb ero nopTperb AByx* a"bboi6kt». Bt> homi> 

H-BTb H CA^AB TOft AP*0AOCTH AHHift, KOTOpyiO ClipOBl> HaCA^AOBSJIT* y 

Pfcinraa h KOTopaa apeAHrb M-fecTaMH Aaxe TaxoMy ero meAespy, xaicb 
pncyHorb <rb a^toh C. C. BoTXHHa. Tyn» ecTb 6e8nomaAHaa yB-fepeH- 

HOCTb pyKH, OCTb H01TH BpKWIAOBCKaA w 4epTa - H HHKaKOft w pBBHH M . 

Tjiaaa nocTaBAeHhi Taxi xp-ftnxo, xaxi» yirbAH CTaBHTb toabko caMbie 
6ojn»Qiie Maerepa nopTpeTa. fl 6u cxaaaAi* TOAbxo, tto ecTb H-bKOTo- 
pan CAaAocTb, Aaiomaa HenpiATHhift npHBxycb xaxoro-To Helleu. Cypo- 
BBiH nopTperb Botkhhwxt> Bee xe ocrraeTCH HeupeBaoflAeHHWMT>. 

B* nocfffeAHee Bpeiui ohohb bt» moa* nncaTb 9 ro6eAeHbi A , hah, B*p- 
B*e, „noA*b ro6eAeHbi*. H ecAH ycAumnmb, hto KTo-HH6yAb cHona paa- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



140 BfcCN N 1 

p femmicji roOeJieHoarb, to y>m> aapaH be aHaentb ero RpacoHHyw rairay. 
TotiejieffB H6H861UKH0 AOJixeHi 6MTb HanHcanb bt> foesJibirb, jihhh- 
mm> TOHaxi, AOJixHa 6bm» CTeprocTb xoHTypovb h nojraoe orcyTCTWe 
KOHTpacroBT>. BoJibman nacTb BhicTaBKH .fojiytfoft Poaw" fouia n 
cymHocTH BHCTaBKoft MajieHbRHVb rofojieaoB-b. H t Haflo CRaaaTb, HTO 
9Ta ,ro6ejieHOBmHHa tt nopoAROirb yxe npncRyHHJia h xoHerca HHoro. 
Benya Haimcajrb cboA ,ro6eJieHi>" ne noTOMy, hto Ha hhxt> Mojta, a 
npocTo noTOMy, hto e*iy oht» HyxeHi* 6hun> aju aeRopaoiH ero xe 
OajieTa .naBHAbOHi* ApMHflbi". H, xairb h moxho 6mjio oxHAaTb on* 
Benya, B3HJi*b bi newh onenb He 6aHaJibHyio HOTy. Bi Heirb h*bto 
hh Majrbfimeft bhjiocth h (taeRjiocTH, a, HanpoTHB-b, xpacKH ero 6oa- 
p*fce, onpefl-feJieHH'be h noJiHoaByHH'fee, Tfeirb bo BCfexi» apyrnx-b bh- 
cTaBJieHHbix'b .HM-b Bemaxi. KounoaHiiiH ero ao TaRoft cTenera hoa- 

JIHHHa, HTO BbI3bIBaerb U'BJIblR pOft TOMHTOJIbHO CJiaAKHXl* BOCHOMH- 

HaHifl h BocKpemaerb npnapaRH Jletipttaa h Xfcrpya. Oahht, npo$HJn> 
PHHanbAo, HapHCOBaHHbiA TaKi> octdo, Rairb BeHya enje He pncoBajrb, 
nope^aerb anoxy KopoJiH - cojraua foJibme, H-bWb ero xe w KopojiL* n 
„OpaHxepeH', KymieHHbifl Ha BbicTaBK'B ajih TpeTbJiROBCRoft rajuiepen. 
Bt> n OpaHxepeH a nonaJii> HenpuiTHbift CHHe - aeJieHbifi tohi», a wacJiH- 
H8ji XHBonHCb „Kopojifl", Bee eme He coBcfeifb aaiomaacfl iiacTepy ryamii 
Benya, H-fecROJibRo AemeBHTb otv HHTepecnyio aarbio. yxacHO o6haho 
hto Taxaji xeifnyxHHa, xairb aTorb ro6e/«BHi», He nonajia bt> TpeTbfl- 

KOBKy. 

w HeJiOB-BKi> bi» OHKaxT> a — flo^yacHHCKaro — Jiynniee, hto CA*fcaajrb 
3Ton> n-BBeu*b neTepOyprcKHXT> abodob*, Kpunrb h rojux'b ctbht>. 
AoOyjKHHCKift— He XHBomicem> h eMy mioxo yaaeTCH Bee to, hto Tpe- 
Cyerb xhboohch; oht> tojh>ro pncoBaJibnuncb, ho pncoBaJibmHirb npo- 

HHKHOBeHHblH, HaA'BJieHHblfl TBMT> OCOtfblMb HHCTHHRTOftTb, ROTOpblt H0«- 

BOJifleTb eMy caima cjioxhuh Benin nepeBOAHTb Ha TanHCTBeHHufl 
aabiRi, rpa<(>HRH. Bt> „H6jiob'bk'b bt> onaaxV BbipaxeHo HeHatrfepHmo 
GojTbme, tbmi> bt> npocTourb nopTpeTfe, ofoaxena RaRas-To tohro no- 
HyBCTBOBaHHan CTopoHa IleTepCypra, bcbmh ocHaaeaiau, ho hohth He 
noAAaK>n^aHCH (t>opMy^HpoBrb. KapTHH* BpeAHTb H^Roropan xecTRocTb 
HapaHAama, aamiTaro xharoA RpacRoft: y AotiyxmcRaro 6biBaJiH ro- 
paaflo (Jojrte cnacTJiHBbui coneTaHia RapaHAama h aRBapejiH. 

Ha BbicTaBK'B, h noifHMo 8thxt> BrbOROAbRHxi» Bemefl, Rani h yxe ro- 
BopHjrb, ecTb MHoro TaRoro, HTO CMOTpHTCH Cb HHTepecom>. IIpeBocxo- 
Aem> c-Bpbift neftaaxi> c*b 6epeaRaii h Ha 6epery p^hrh -rcwiOBHHa; aaTo 
o(Vfe ero HcnaHKH— nycToe m*bcto. OpHrHHSJibHO bbhth RpacHBbw cBoeft 
roJiyGofl raMMoft n 06Aana naA^ Mopeifb M — AHHc<|>ejibAa h ero le w Ub*- 
Tymia AepeBbfl - , ho He Bbinura y Hero ,Bepeabi", xoth cajfaa aarta 
oTAHHHa. OneHb aanoMHHaeTCH icacTepcRoA pHcyHORi* K)oHa una ,8ojio- 
Toro Pyna", Hao^paKaiomin KaKon-To 4>aHTacTHHecRift HHAiftcRift ropoAb. 



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HCKYCCTBA. 141 

IOohb oxaauBaeTea nepBOKAacem*MB rpa^iucoMB. KpacHBu, ho cihid- 
xoarb b*tho ,PoxAeuie A<|>poahti*"—H. Mhjhoth; He iijioxh 8tioau JIapio- 
hob*, aexHaB Aexopaubi Pepnxa, pHeyuui 8eo$HAaxTOBa; ecTb xhbob 
sb cxanxaxB JIoxxeHfiepra, ho ho bb yxacnoMB ero noprperb, h ecTb 
noaai* aepeBHH bb HaHMearfee bhjioh hbb aemeft MenjepiiHa, bb ero 
aenepB „Bb nanaA* Ma* - . 4to xe eme cxaaaTb? Hto npocme aaftpocxK 
CBMaTypu y IlaoTepflasa Aynme, HexeAH ero komhobhiuh „BeHeprb cth- 
pitHHofi MyauxH*, CMaxHBajoataH hh nycTeHbKift aaexAOTB? Hah hto Gany- 
hobj HeBbiroAHo cocbactbo OfepoBa, BcxpuBaiomee bb ero hbphahomb 
xojictb— .ropTeHaifli*b - xaxyxM-o npeAaTeJibcxyio AerxoBiCTHocTb? H orb 
AymH xeaaffb-foi TaAaHTAHBOMy xyaoxHaxy noayMaTb o6t> 8tomb co- 
c^ACTb*, noHHTb CBoft ocHOBHoft rpfeXB; TorAa ohb abgtb MHoro u*h« 
Haro. Baxcrb, bb nopTpeTB HaamHoA, HtpaHoft abmu, otahhho, xota 
fffecsoAbXO HdAHmHe xpyrAo HapncoBaHHoft h HecpaaHeHHo xyxe na- 
nHcaxHoft, AaJTb Taxyjo TOHxyio h ocTpyjo xapaxTepacTHxy, xaxaa p*ako 
yAaBaaacb h CfepoBy. Ho aaHfeMB stotb yxacwwft Myxcxofi nopTpeTB? 

CTOHTb-JlH XBAftlB TOMB, HTO JKyKOBCKlft, BOTb yxe H-feCKOJIbXO A*TB, 

xaxrb nameTb oah-b hooiaocth, hah o tomb, hto aapoBHThift KycTOAieBB 
HHxaxB ho moxotb Bu6paTbca HaB <J>oTorpa4>iH, hah o tomb, hto mo- 
aoxo KpwMOBCKoft XHBOQHCH cb nponwaro roAa oxoHHBTeJibHo npo- 
khcao? Hah noxajrbTb toAbme o tomb, hto ecTb HaHBHbie a*>ah, npn- 
HHMaJonue &th xncAO-CAaAxia GajiaAbflocTH aa aoapoxAOHie Tpajumifl 
CTaparo nefiaaxa? Moxotb 6uTb, HaxoneiiB, noxajrbTb o tomb, hto bb 
xounarb UepenjieTHHxoBa bthmb jtbtomb fouio MHoro .thidhmw*, ho 
Maao xhboohoh h hto y Hero ecTb 6ojrbaHb, xoporao anaxoMaa h MoeMy 
npiflTeaio Hropjo Tpalapio h HaauBaioniaHca bb oGhxoa* .BbicTaBOH- 
HbDfB ayAOMB*? He 6yAb y hhxb aroft xoBapHoft foA'baHH, oahhb HaB 

HMXB BblCTBBHAB 6hl TOAbXO CBOH aAb60MflblH OOMfeTKH, a ApyrOH He 
BblCTaBHAB-^U BOBCO. HTO BB BOIAaXB KaoATB, HBHHCaHHUXB MOXAy 

TpeTbHMB h HeTBeprbiMB 6ajoaomb xopomaro 06-feAa, H*TB XHBOrO M-fcCTX, 
xb aroMy bc* hphbukah. Ho xorAa xhbuxb m-bctb craHOBHTCH ace MOHb- 
me y Taxoro nyTxaro h xyAbTypHaro xyAOXHHxa, kbxb CpeAHHB, to aro 
Aocbabo. KorAa xe hxb ho BHAHmb y Taxoro 6oAbmoro H'bKoraa MacTepa, 

XBXB KOHCTaHTHBB KopOBHBB, TO 8T0 yxe 60AbHO H XOHOTCA CKOp&e 

npoftTH mhmo aaonoAyHHaro MfecTa ero noaopHma. OnycTHMB rjiaaa h 
nepeAB ctbhoh An. BacHeiioBa: ohb cahidkomb MHoro CA*JiajiB &na pyc- 
cxaro neftaaxa, hto6u 6epeAHTb ero paaii, xoTopbin eMy h 6eaB Toro 
TflxeAbi. Ohb ho hbb tbxb, am xotopwxb HcxyccrBO TOAbxo npiflTHaa 
aa^aaa, h anaeTB Myxn ucxaHift. 3HaeTB hxb h IOohb. roBoparb, hto ero 
aen^H HeyAaiHH. OAHaxo, a AyMaio, hto HHax HeyAaHHaa Bemb ctohtb 
6oAbmeH^MB AacATXH yAaHBbixB. Bee, hto BbicTaBHAB BmorpaAOBB,— 
CeayeAOBHo yAaHHO. Bee 8to oneeb HrpHBo, CA'bAaHo 6oflxo h cb Taxofl 
AerxociBX), hto bocoao cmotp*btb. Oahbko, nycTb ho 6yA6TB Ha mohji 



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142 BtCH N 1 

xyaottHHicb bt> o6hab, ocjih h e*y cxaicy, mto neuaTb MyMHTe.1bHbfXl> 
HCKaHift Aaerb caMoft HeyAaMHoft h3T> Bemefl IGoHa, hjih caMoft ypoA- 
,iHBoft rpHicac* KyaHeuoBa nepeB'fecb Hajn> jiynmnMH xapTHHaMH Bhho- 
rpaAOBa. H noxa oht> xi/rb paai> bt> xh3hh He noMyBCTByen, thxocth 
HCKyccTBa, a 6yaen> mirr* tojilko ero jierKocrbio, oht. He eoajiam 
HHMero rjiyfoxaro. Koraa cjibimHmb xajiofoi Ha ,a™ b^hhmh hck&hui*, 
to xoneTCH KpHKHyTb: (xrraBbTe bn bi> itoko-b jiK>A6ft, KOTopue 3Ha»Tb, 
mto hmt> HyacHo, He HyxflaiOTCH bi> BamHXi» noxBajiaxi> h paBHOAynrau 
kt> Bamefl 6paHH! 

fl TmeTHo nbiTa.iCH yjiOBHTb xoTb xaK0ft-HH6yAb c.tbai> cepbesHbni 

HCKaHift Ha BblCTaBK'B w B*HOK'b - . JXQXe TO, MTO HM-feeTb BHJTb HCKaHifl, 

lib cymHocTH TOJibRo npocToe yxapcTBo. HejibdH xe, bt> caMom» jrtofe, 
npHHiiMaTb bt> cepbea-b ceNieftHbin ynpaxHeHta BypjnoKOBT>? RorAa bxo- 
Aiimb na BbiCTaBKy, to nojiyMaemb BneMaTJi-BHie, mto, KpowB BypjnosoBi, 

HiVBCb HHKOro H*TT>, H KaaCOTCA, MTO HXT> MHOrOl AeCHTb, MOXOTb 6bJTb, 

ABaAuaTb BypjiH)KOBi>. IToTOM'b oKaauBaercH, mto hxt> TOJibKO Tpoe h 
mto oahhi> nnmerb KBEApaTaMH h iiH<I)paMH, Apyrofl— sannTbiMH, a Tpe- 
Tift— mBa6poft. IIpH 6jiHxafimeifb paacMOTp'taiH tott>, KOTopuft mrmerb 
mBaGpofl, oKadbiBaeTca aceHmHHoft h npHToirb o&iaAaTeJibHHueft Han- 
tio.ibmaro TaJiaHTa. BnpoMeM-b, h aboo ApyrHX*b, HecoiorBHHo, TajiaHTJiHBt* 
h no.iHbi Toro HeBHHHaro aaAopa, KOTopwft tibiCTpo cnaaaerb. OMeHb 
Aoaro 6yp^K)KaTb HeJiban. Mh* HaMHHaerb KaaaTbca, mto Taxofl r;ia- 
ro;n> cymecTByerb. Ohh, HaBfepHoe, y6*feXAeHbi, mto hxt> XHBOUHCb— 3T0 
HOBbifl— CeperHTecb bcb GypxyH HCKyccTBa!— aHapxHasrb. fl AyMaio, mto 
3to hbmto CoJibmee: 9to— MaxcHMajiHaifb. H TOJibro bt> Hamesrb mhjiomi 

OTCMeCTBlV, BT> KOTopOBfb OAHOBpOMOHHO yXHBaWTCH H BblCHiafl H HHdmafl 
K>MbTypbI Mipa, BOdMOXHbl Tallin, nOHCTHH* H6-l1>nbIH, BeiAH, TaRUI aa- 

KocHlwibie npoBHHuia^HBMbi, Kara 3th nopTpeTbi bt> iiH<t>paxi> OAHorc 

H3T> BypJIK)KOBl>. TO, MTO A^aeTb 4)OHT>BH3HH'b, 6bIJIO-6bJ MyACCHO, 
eClH-Cbl fl 3HaJlT>, MTO eiiy TOJibKO B0C6Mb Jl'hTb. fl 6hl HOCH^Cff CI HHlfb, 

KaK*b ct> nncaHOft Top6ofi. Ho- yBbi!-— Wunderkind'y rponrb u*BHa, ecjm 
oht> KaxAwft A©Hb y«e acwix6ht> CpHTbCH. Ho, Moacerb 6biTb, a oTCTaJTb 
h6o ace eme AyMaio, mto HyxHO HM*Tb 3HaHia h CoJibinin 3HaHifl, mto- 

6h C03ABBaTb BT> HCKyCCTB* UtaHOCTH HO Ha CerOAHHmHifl TOJibKO ACHb 

H AyMaio, mto Ha oah-bxt* 3MouiflXT> h HHTynuufxi jitJieKo He ycKa- 

Merab! 

H r o p h r f» 6 i p k. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



JKH3Hb 4EJI0B-BKA BT> Xy^OHCECTBEHHOXTb TE VTPfc. 



Bcfe HOBbin npoH3B.°fleHiH JI. AuiipeeRa BoatiyxAatorb BHHMaHie 

KpUTHKH H 06meCTBa, 06l> HHXT> II H my TO, rOBOpaTb, HHTaiOT'b JieKlUlU 

co6echjiywrb. Hbao npnsHaTb, mo sto— Bno-iH* aacJiyxeHHo: JI. 

AHAPeeBT>— TaJiaHTT> HCTHHHblft, BbJJiaiOmiftCH. CpeAH C0Bp6MeHHbIXl> 

6e-i.ieTpHCT0BT» oht> AOJixeHi> BaHHMaTi> oaho H3T> nepBbixT> llfeCTb, 
xoth, Moacerb GfaiTb, h He cauoe nepBoe, KaKoe Taici> oxotho npeao- 
CTaBJiaerb 6My ApyxecKan npiiTHKa. 

3a JI. AHApeeBfaiifb yxe HaciHTbiBaeTCH phat> CMJibHbixi* h yAau- 
Hfaixi> coa^aHift. KOTopbiH npHCoeAHHHTOi kt> oOmexiy GoraTCTBy pyccicoft 
jiMTepaTypu. Mnorie MeJiKie paacicaabi nepBaro uepioAa ero A*feHTejib- 
hocth, Kairb w Bt> TyMaH'b", „Bea;u<a*, h OoJi-be KpynHbin Bemii noaairbft- 
dihxi xbTby Kara w X,H9Hb BacHJiin QHBeftcicaro", „MbiC.lb tf , ,ITpH3- 
paKH 44 ,— hm^iotl npaBO, ec-iH He Ha TaKi> uaawBaeMoe tt 6eae.MepTie M v to 
Ha XH3Hb He MeH-fee AOJiryio, Ytafb paacxaabi M. TypreueBa h;ih Tioh 
ae MonaccaHa. 

JI. AHApeeBi» npeACTaB^ineTca HaMi xopomHM'b, Ta.iaHT;iHBbiMi> hh- 
caTe-ieu*. ho bobco He MipoBbWb reHieMi>. He ctbbh JI. AHApeeaa bt> 
c>rtfflHoe h ;ioxHoe noaoxeHie, moxho ero paBHHTb cb Bbi^aio- 
hihhhch nucaTejiHiiH, HaiflHMH h aanaAHUMH, ho .lynme ocTepenbca h 
ne npoBOAHTb napajuieaH MexAy JI* AHApeeBbiMT> h IHeKcnnpoBrb, JI. 

AHApeeBhIMT> M Jl0CT0eBCKHMT>, JI. AHApeOBhllfb H H6ceHOMT>. 

IloHeuy xe Tain>? Kaxux-b ace dJieMOHTOB-b whr7> bi TBopiecTB* 
JI. AHApeeBa, na-b-aa Hero He bt> npaB*b oht> npeA'btfB.iHTb CBoero Tpe- 
5oBaHia Ha MfcCTo bt> MipoBosfb naHTeoH-fe JiHTepaTypu? 

y JI. AHApeeaa ecTbCBOftcnuib. Ero yaHaemb cbnepBbix'b ctpoki> 
6esi> noAUHCH. &ro — nepBoe HcnuTaHie, xoTopoxy aojixho noABepraTb 
nHcaTeJia,— h JI.AHApeeBi» BbixoAHTb h3t> Hero TopxecTByionuiM'b.y JI. 
AHApeeBa ecrb yirfeme HdotipaxaTb, pHcoBaTb motko, Bbinymio h HpKo. 
Ero KapTHHbi aanoMHHaiOTca; coaAaHHU* hmi» jihiui XHByrb MexAy na- 
mh. y JI. AHApeenaecTb (fraflTaain,— nopofl ohi» HacHJiyerb ee, ho nacre 
oHa coBepmeHHO cbo6oaho nepeKHAUBaerb nepeat ero oTpaHHUbi cboh 
p&Aym. JI. AHApeeBi* ywberb „BbiAyMaTb a , noACTynHTb ki cBoeMy 
cioxeTy ct> HeoxHAaHHoft ctodohw. 

3to Bee CHHbHbia cropoHbi TBopnecTBa JI. AHApeeBa. 

Bc~bmi> hmt» npoTHBonoaaraeTCH oAHa cjiafian, ho araoAHaeABa «m 
He ypaBHOB*mHBaerb t* Tpn. 



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144 BfiCH N 1 

TaJiftHTb JI. AnnpeeBa— TaJiaHTB HOKyabTypHhifl. JL AHgpeevb, 
xaifb xyAoatHHKi, He CBflaaH* ci» Bbicmeft AyxoBHofl xuaHbio cBoero 
BpeMOHH. Oh* xyAOMmrb He BepxoB* CBoero Bfexa, a ero epeABiai- 

R 6u BfaipaaHJTb dTo emeMHaie. JI. AHApeeBT>— TajiaHTAHBHfi mi. 
caTOJib, ho He yicHufl h He otipaaoBaHHbift neJioB%Ki» *. 

TajiaHrb ecTb coBepmeHHo ocotiuft aapb, cxaxeirb, n neCecb m . Hhow 
ohi» „08apaen> roJiOBy (teayMiia, ryjiflKH npaaAHaro". HnorAa, h&hpothbi, 
naaaerb oh* Ha raroB-fexa CHJibHaroyiiaH MODQioft boah. Bi> noeJrtAHero 
cjiyna-B bi> Mip-fc oxaabiBaeTC* TeTe> oxaauBaeTCfl AaHTe, OKaauBaerca 
DymKHH-b... 

B* JI. AHApeeB* TaaaHT*,— cTHxiftHoe AapoBaHie (taiuieTpHCTa, He 

COeAHHHeTCH HH CT> OCTpOTOK) MblCJIH, HH C* HCTHHHOft XyAbTypOft Ay™!. 



»%H3Hb nejiOB'bKa*— oaho H3i> caiihix*b cJiaOwx* co8AaHift JI.Ahap©- 
eaa, ecjiH He caMoe HeyAaiHoe. Kt> coxajrBHiio, aa nocjrfeAHie roAu JI* 
AHApeeBb nee ynopH-fee CTpeMHTCH paap^maTb bt> cbohx* npoHaeeje- 
Hiax'b xaxie-To otfmie, „MipoBbie" Bonpocu. Ohi» Bee crapaeTCA 6wtl 
rjiyGoRoioicJieHHbiMb, xoierb $HJioco4>CTBOBaTb h noynaTb, h, BJrtcTO 
Toro HT061* 6biTb npeKpacHNMi xyAoacHHKoifb, oKaauBaeTC* AOBOAbio 

HaHBHhlWb nponOB-BAHHKOMT> H BOCbMa XaJIRHIfb MhlCJIHTOJieiTb. TeMH, 

Bbi6paHHhiH JI. AHApeeBbiMi, bi> JyA'b", „HCh3hh HeJiOB*Ka l \ •TbM**— 
no mieiy TOJibxo THTaHaMb mncjjh, bt> kotopux* TBoptecxafl chm 
coeAHHHeTca ci> reHiaJibHocTbio yiia: JI. AHApeeB* .cuaawBaeTb" m 

Cb pe(JflMeCKHMb IipOCTOAymieM* H CT> KOMHHeCKHlCb CaifOAOBOABCTBOMb- 

HanHcaTb „xH3Hb leJioBluca", BooGme XHSHb leJioB-frxa, Bit 
ycjiOBift BpeMeHH, CTpaHbi, HapoAa, jihhhocth,— a*Aaia TpyAHOCTH 
HenoM*pHoft. Ona 6biJia 6bi doa* CHJiy paaB* toabko TeTe* ecjw 6u 
ohi> aaxorbjrb oTAaTb BCD cbox) XHdHb eft, a ho co3Aaei» .OaycTa*. 
XapasTepHbift npnaHaicb HeAanexHX'b yMOB*— ho noHmiaTb TpyAHocTeft; 
h JI. AHApeeBT) paaA'fcJiajiCH c* w JKH3Hbfo HeJioBfeica" oienb npocro 
h OHOHb cKopo. flaBaa ma6JioHN, oh* BooGpaxao*, hto a&ot* h^hto 
Bceotimee; o6e3UB-B4HBaa AP&uy, Jinmafl ee bchkhx* xpacox*, <fcun» 
ytitaAeH*, hto A^Jiaerb ee BceiiipHoft. 

n 3KnaHb HeJioBtea M ~eAHHCTBeHHoe b* CBoeu* poA*fe cotipame 6aHBJiir 
HocTeft. HaHHHafl c* nepBaro MOHOJiora „H*fcKoero b* cfepoic**, nape- 
Ka»maro Taxi* otfntfa lrfecTa, xax*: ,b* hohh HeGbrria BcnuxHeT* cb*t 

* Omo oo6oi puyiiteTCM, hto h rotop» icxwureABO o ton o6part J. 
Ah^mobi, KOTopul Buorynaen in eroKBin. Oiotho xonycita©, ito b*l hactboJ 
juiaBi J. H. AB&peen (i ho im4» qecn 6un c* im •■axoMian) npoflBuen 
MHoro yxa, h erne oioTHte npH3Ha» t qro J. H. AHApeeB*, OKOH<um xypcs ya- 
BepcireTt, iMien BtKoropoe opaBO noHBratb ce6s HeJOBtwMrw <o6paBOBtJDam». 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HCKYCCTBA. 145 

TMbHHrb, aaxxeHmift HeBliAOMOft pyKofi", hjih: w oHb HHKoraa He 6y- 
wen anaTb, hto Hecen> euj rpaaymift nac*— MHHyTa*, Ha npoTOxeHiH 
iiflTH xapTHHi AMcTByiomifl juiua roBopjrrb tojibko wiockocth h no- 
maocTH. A Bb to xe Bpeiui aBTopb, HHKoraa He Hcneaaiomift aa obohm h 
nepcoHaxaMH, coxpaHaerb BaxHbift bhaih caobho oHb BJiaraerb Bb ycTa 

A^ftCTByKmiHXb JIHUb KaXUT-TO OTKpOBeHlH. 

&b xoHirfc xoHqoffb oKaabiBaeTCfl, hto JI. AnapeeBb o XH3HH HeJioBluca 
anaeTb h MoxeTb cootinurrb Taxin hcthhbi: .Mojioaoctb h juoGobl yrfe- 
maioTb h Bb taoHOCTH", „Bb yn&vb bc* Jibcrarb, npH Hey entail oTBepTbi- 
BaiDTCH*, »npoBHfl*Hie Hacro He cjiwniHTb nojiHTBb*, „Mbi He 3Haem> 
CBoeft cyAb6M M h t. a«— IIohcthh^, xoh6tch noBTopHTb otb*tt> Topauio 
TaicJieTy: „IIpH3paKy He ctohjio BCTBBaTh H8b Moriuibi, htoGu cooGnuiTb 

TOJIbKO 9T0! # — He CTOHJIO 6bITb XyAOXHHKOMb, HTOtibI XH3HH HeJIO- 
B*fexa COOtilAHTb TOJIbKO BCfeMb H 6e*b TOrO H3B*bCTH0e! 

BCJIH <5bl MOXHO GblJIO CepbeBHO OTBOCTRCb Kb 3T0M y HHTH-KapTHHHOMy 

HeAopaayMtain Bb njioxoft npoa*, uu cicaaajiH 6bi, hto apaiia JI. Ah- 
ApeeBa— KJieBeTa Ha HeJioB*Ka. H-brb, xuaHb nejioB-bKa h Ayma hojio- 
B-fexa He orpaHHieHhi TOJibxo t*mh hhhtoxhhmh noMbicjiaMH h xejia- 
Hbnni, tKmh CKyHHhDCH h Tpa$apeTHbiMH nepexHBaHiHMH, KaKla noKaaw- 
BaeTb Hairb JI. AHApeeBb. Bb HeJioBta'b, Bb xaxAOMb hojiob'bk*, h 
ocofcHHo Bb oCnte-nejioB'bK'b ecrb h*hto Bhicmee, eerb CTpemieHie Kb 
HAeaJiy, ecTb AynoBeHie eb He6a— „HepTa HanaJibHa BoxecTBa", xaxb 
BupaaBACH AepxaBHHb. H JI. AHApeevb, kohbhho, noAM*THjn> 6u 9Ty 
nepry. ocjih 6u oht> aaxorbJib TBopHTb HenocpeACTBeHHO, a He yMCTBo- 
aaiTb 6w CBepxb CBOHXb CHJib. Tenepb xe ero Apaua ecTb He xhshb 
HeJioBtaa BooGme, a xraHb HapoHHTO-nonuiaro HeAOBtaa, paacxaaaHHan 
Kb Tony xe HapoHHTo-noBepxHocTHbiMb HaojnoA&TeJiera. 

Caxa& <|K)piia w SCh3hh HeJioBfexa" ao xpaftHocTH HOBbiAepxaHHa. 
JI. AHApeeBb AyManb coaAaib .CTHJiHaoBaHHyio" Ap&My, ho cGHBaJic* 
Bb HenojmeHiH aroft aaA&iH Ha xaxAOMb raary. Bee BpeMfl OHb CTa- 
paeTca CA*JiaTb bhath hto y Hero BNBeaeHb He AaHBhift HeAOBta'b, ho 
4eJiorfcKb Bootfme, hto y Hero ho jh>6obb Taxoro-To Kb xaxoft-To, a 
jno6oBb BOoGme. Ho Bropoft axrb npeBpamaeTca Bb o6biHHyio peajibpyio 
cueHxy H8b GbiroBOft KOMeAiH, a HeTBepTufl c6HBaeTca Ha CTapoMOAHyio 
MejioApaify. ABropb He A&erb Aaxe HMeHb CBOHMb AMcTByniAHirb 
jDDiajrb, ho npHTBOXAaeTb AMcTBie Kb oopeAfrieHHbUib M-bcTHocTaiib 
roBopfl 06b HTaJiin h HopBerin, h Kb onpeA*jieHHoft anoxt, ynoMHHaa 
oGb. aBTOMO^HJiaxb h aJieKTpHnecKHXb Jiaiinaxb. ycJipBHbia CTapyxn 
noaaHMCTBOBaHHbw y MaTepJiHHxa, ycjioBHbifl .H*kto Bb cbpoMb*, 
yoaosHbie ,ApyabH g h .Bpara* neJioBixa nepeAyioTCH cb peaJibH^ftniHMH 
4>Hrypami AOKTopa, npncjiyni h t. noA- Bb o6meMb noAynaercfl 6eap- 
6paaHbfd arr^oiieparb, jnimeHHUft eAHHCTBa h cthjih. 

4yTb jih ho npaBb 6buib xto-to, cxaaasb, hto eAHHOTBeHHoe XHBoe 
ahuo wh aT0Mi» npeACTaBJieHiH: CB-bHxa. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



146 B*CH N 1 



DocTaBHTb w }KH3Hb r IejioB-BRa" Ha cuoh*— aaAaia He6jiaroAapH&fl 
4t6 moxho CA*HJiaTb ct> 3thmt> BbiKHAbiraein>? Kaici> bjihtb xHBHb bi 
MepTBbia cxeMbi h cKynHbie Tpa4>apeTbi, hjih Kairb cxeuaTH3HpoBaTb, 

CTHJlHSOBaTb CU6HU MeJIOApaMaTHHeCRifl H OblTOBblfl? 

MocKOBCKift XynoxecTBeHHbift TeaTp*b aaxorBJrb CA'fcJiaTb Ha*b btoA 
ApaMbi npo6y nocTaHOBOKT> bt> hobomt> cthji*b. KaKi> onurb, ero noniTKa 
aacJiyxHBaerb BHHiiaHifl. Ho h bt> cueHHiecRofi HHTepnperauiH oRaaa* 
ch u'bjibift pflA'b HeAopaayirbHift, h Henocji-feAOBaTeJibHocTefi. 

fleKOpaiUH BCe BpeMH GblJIH „CTHJJH30BaHHbIfl M . Ilepeirb 3PHT6JUIMH 

CTaBHJiH He KaKy»-JiH6o onpeatuieHiiyio ROMHaTy, ho KOMHaTy Bootime, 
H3o6pa«aJiH He 6ajn>, a cxeMy 6a;ia h t. a. Ho ct> bthmh cthjih30bab- 
humh AGKopauiHMH He rapMOHHpoBana HHCKOJibKo urpa aKTepoBi>, cauaii 
peajibHan. .HejioB-bKt" pbinajrb CBoe rpy6oe h nonuioe n upoRJiHTie" ro- 
Jiocoftrb npoBHHiiiajibHaro TparHKa, h Ha <t>0H*b cxeMaTHiecRofi KOMHaTU 

9T0 6WJIO CM'bmHO. B H-bKTO B*b C*pOM*b* H3T> a6COJIK>THOfl TeMHOTbl 6a€HJTb 
CBOH UJIOCKlfl MaRCHMbI, KaKt npOTOAbHKOHl> Ha HOXOpOHHOITb 0(5*A*» 
II 9T0 <5blJJO CM-fcmHO baboo. 

He rapMOHHpoBaJiH co cTHJiH30BaHHbiMH AeRopauiHMH H KOCTKMH 
HrpawmHX'b. Ohh Cwjih oa*to bt> onpeAluieHHo-coBpeMeHHbie koctiomu. 
Ho pa3B-B coBpeMeHHbie jiwah atHByrb bt> o6me - KOMHaTaxi>, a He bi 
onpeA'feJieHHbix'b KBapTHpaxi? H paaBfc AORTopi> t oAfrruft no-AOKTopcKH, 
mox6tt> nonacTb rt> poxeHHirfe bi> aomt>, rA* oima He HacTonmifl, a 

JlHfflb CX6MaTH4H0 HaftfbHeHHblfl? 4T0-HH6yAb OAHO, I\ peXHCCepb! 

Coo6pa3Ho ci> necTpoToio caMoft nbecbi, necTpoio Bunuia h nocTa- 
HOBKa. „Bajn» y HejioB'feKa" 6bun> H3o<5paace>n> »no-BepACJieio". Tocth 

CHA'BJIH TaMT> H TaK*b, rA*fc H KaK*b OHH He MOrJTH 6bl CHA*Tb BT> A*A" 
CTBHTeJIbHOfl 2CH3HH: BT> RaROftfb-TO npOXOAHOIfb SaJI'fe, pHAKOIfb, IIOA* 

acTpaAoft rjih MysuKH. BmIscto TaHuyiomHxi> 6njio Herope • A©KaAeHT- 
ckhxt> 2ceHCKHXi> (Jwrypu, H3rH6aBniHxcH k la miss Duncan. 3a*ro m> 

IiepBOMT> A^ftCTBiH HeJIOB'feR'b CaMblWb 3anpaBCKHMT> aRTepCKHBTb cnoco- 

Oout Hrpajn> cueHy ct> aceHoft, a bt> qeTBepToirb oneHb peaJibHO HaoGpa- 
xa;n> oTiia, JiioCyiomaroca nrpymicaMH 6ojibHoro»,cbiHa. 

caMoft nrp* cicasaTb Henero. HrpaJiH BOo6me xyxe, Tbirb o6biRHO- 

B6HH0 BT> XyA03KeCTB6HHOM'b TeaTp*. Ho HaAO HanOMHHTb, BT> HBBBHeHie 

apTHCTam, hto BnpoAOJixeHiH Tpexi> nacoB-b npHxoAH^ocb hmi> AeKJiami- 
poBaTb HecTepnHMbiH <5aHajibH0CTH, coxpannn bhai», hto ohh roBoparb 
cepbedHo. Ciiyraaa co cueHbi 9tott> hotoki* tpwh3mobt>, cTaHOBiuiocb 
ctuaho h 3a aBTopa, HanucaBinaro hxt>, h 3a C-BAHbix-b Hcno^HHTejieft, 
o(5H3aHHbix'b hxt> AORJiaAbiBaTb Hani, h 3a caiioro ce6n. Xo-rtJiocb 

BCTaTb H THXOHbKO BblflTH H3T> 3pHT6JIbHarO daJia. 

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COZIEPHCAHIE. 

Ora, norton, pasosatu, eranm. 

M. K y a m h h t». Paxeru. AeBjm cnreoTBopeHift 7 

JljujcapiCejie 1 6 e p r v Con o b-sibocth. Flep. K). BaxrpymaftTHca. 14 

B a j e p i ft BpcccBi. OraeHHMft AHreiv ITorfecn, XVI b. jfj. XI . . 19 

A. C. II y id k h h i. HessAaHHaji saiiHCKa. C* npHirsqaHijuui H. Jlepsepa 40 

K. BuiMOHTi. Kojokoju»tokobt» jiepmuch. O noMhoanch npejamjnri. . 49 

JEneparypa. P y c c k a x jHTepaTypa. 

3 j ji h c v HamH anHTOHu. O cnurfc, JI. AaApeeBS, BopHcfc SaftneBS h 

MRorom Apyrom 61 

BopHCi Byraen. Ha nepeBaxfc. X. BojbBooniymeBHHKH 69 

Ahtobi Kp aft Hi ft. P-fcna. 73 

B h 6 Ji i o r p a <p i h. (3. rmmiycB. HepHoe no frfcjoiiy. — A. Peioraorb. 
HopTOBi JIon». — Maptn KpHHanjcift. PaacKasu. — B. JlaaapeBori*. 
Paacxasu.— C. CeprfeeBi-IIeHcicift. Cuepn,.— B. CBeHmmicift. Ahtb- 

xpHon.— Hb. Hobhkob*. ilyxy CBjrroMy) 77 

IlHCkMo bi pejuKuin 89 

HHOCTpaHHaji jHTepary pa. 

P e h 3 ApKo. Barjuun. Ha 4>paHuy3CKyr> jnrrepaTypy bt» 1907 r 90 

A. 3jiac6epn. JboxBun Ulapcjrk 96 

Bs6jiorpact>i>i. (Ad. Thalasso. Anthologie de V Amour Asiatique.— F. Do- 
stoejcwski. Sammtiiche Werke.— Valerius Brjussoff. Die Republik des 
Sudkreuzes.) 100 

H31 xypHajiosi. 

aCoBpeiieHHufi MipT»».— aMercure de France©. — Rogsica 104 

HosyooTBa. 

M. A. KajbBOKopeccu. Myauxa ro IlapHXcfc 106 

Hropi Tpa6apb. s CTapue Tosu m 113 

IIhcmio wh pejuicniD 116 



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CO^EPatAHIE. 

Pkojhu. 

A. Chjihhi. CaMoy6Ubu 45 

Ero m e. PascFfcn, 45 

K. Bajtsepi. Savignyplatz. (B* a KpacKH) 47 

Oojoacxa h (JjpoHTHcnHCi. r& nepBOMy OTjrfcjy (orp. 5) H. e o <p h j a k- 

t o ■ a. 4>poHTHcnncu k* Apynun. oTjcfeian (crp. 59 h 107) A. C ■- 

an Ha. 06mift (ppowruamch—uammopi XIV rbxa. 



SOMMAIRE. 

M. Kouzmioe. Poemes. — H j a 1 m a r Soderberg. Un songe dc 
l'eternit*. Nouvelle. Trad, de J. Baltrouchaltis.— V a 16 r e Brussov, L'Ange 
igne\ Roman de la vie allemande du XVI siecle. Chap. XI. — A. Pouchkine. 
Une lettre" inedite,— C. Balmont. Essai sur lcs legendes polonaises. 

Literature russe. Ellis. Nos epigones. — B oris Bougaeff. Les affran- 
chis.—A nton Kralny. Le navet— B i b 1 i o g r a p h i e.— Lettre a la redaction. 

Literature 6trangere. Rend Arcos. Coup d'asil sur les lettres francai- 
ses en 1907.— A. E 1 i a s b e r g. Ludwig Scharf. — B ibliographie. (Comptes 
rendua sur le livre de M. Ad, Thalasso et sur les traductions allemandes de 
F. Dostojewsky et de Valere Brussov). 

Les revues et les journaux. 

Beaux-Arts. M.-D. Calvocoressi. La Musique a Paris. — Igor 
G r a b a r. Une revue artistique. 

Dessins. A. S i 1 i n e. Deux dessins ine"dits (pages 43 et 45).— K. W a 1 s e r. 
Savignyplatz. (Dessin inedit).— Frontispice, page 5, et couverture par N. T h 6 o- 
philaktoif. Frontispices, pages 59 et 107, par A. S i 1 i n e.— Frontispice g6n6- 
ral — miniature du livre d'Heures du due de Bern. 



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roBpexeHHO u HHicaxT. He uo3xce 15 aup-fcjui. KoHTopa He npHHJutaen. Ha ceoa 
OTFBTCTBeHHOCTH 3a tohhoc HcnojHeme 3ajiBjeHiB, nojiyHeHHura nocxt aroro 
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Bt. necrpoTt oraeft h crfcTa 
IloA-b mothbu MeHyaTa 

CTpOftHUft 4»BHT> MaBOft nOHHICb. 



Hto 6tfl*erb y <t>oirraHa 

Bt> ctpoft HtKHOcra Tynaiia, 

Heft Tam> uienon*, qeft Tam> b3aoxi>? 

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H, CIUIOHHBT, J\yK3LBO Bt)KAH, 

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Ha po6poHt, Ha rpyjw? 
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PAKETU. 



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MCapico xcejrroft noaoaoTOft aaicaTa 
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fl BSAbOUUTb, OKHAaSI AMdHAU. 



Arb, aapsi rtorb antlt h no6tAHtft, 

Ht*Tb CKAOHSieTCfl HHXCe CBtTWIO — 

H MeMTu o yAbi6ict nooitAHett 
MHt Mivite Bcero, hto 6bu\o\ 



O, npouiaHbe Ha AtcTHiwt i-eMHOft, 

IlOUtsiyft y BUUlMTbOTb Kpec&n>l 

O, BailTb B30pT>, JiyKaBbJft H TOMHUtt, 

OAMHOide BcnnecKH Bece/n>! 



ria/ibubi pym> mohxi> naxHyrb AyxaMH, 
Bt> oiaiudft imtifb saioiiOHasi MHt Aywy; 
Ty6u xoKen> MHt npiwHaHbe crHxaMH, 
Ho ceicperb ;ik>6bh ne Hapyuiy. 



OTIUIbJBaTb OAHHOKO H CASUIKO 

Byjierb MHt on> nycruHHOft BepaHAbi, 
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4. HAiUTHCb KT> EECUUft. 



3xtCk, CTpACTUO CJUIKOIO ftOJUJlCb H ropa, 

Man cnpoauw *u, joo6joo jol 

3n%a> npncTaiQs rxt Jbofaofc 6pocaerb ncopa, 

3atcb name snn a rb aamrb taut. 



5. PA3TOBOPh. 



Maputrb ryjnerb c* apyron rb urfcTtaact. 
y icnuuro jkbkoA n pyxt» 

A irb ntpmct 
Goost croon uuhv ammcu. 
Btiyrt on mmomui paaroaopv, 
Ob yjniteol asop* acrpfeiaerb nop*, 

UrfcTHoA yaopt 
riecTpim muerorb trfcaoiue anno*. 



,Hairb 6wn> npinrb nrraAcidA 
Bt» aocnoumiairia norpyxetrb 

yMOJDCHyjrb OHTs 

A TOTb jkucoA BAuxm cb ymteoA tohkoA. 
— JlrtSoatio hi, moA apyrfc» ocrfciueftu, 
Ho xpymai h mmyTmi cm, 

Kiltb AHM aeCHU, 

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PAKETU. 11 



— Btpvfce apyatfu c«3b — noatpbTt wt: 
Ohi ne aepaom* art aqrraon ait, 

Ho m onct 
Bacb ne Towrb wtMMMkarh Hanpaauufv — 
.JI jpyxtiu He sa6yay hhkotju — 
Ojua mch ejuuorrt sataia, 

Kam> h aceraa, 
JI toiuco ab mmm away idprb npeKpaciuiirb. • 



Cioea nycTbm crptHHo roaoparb, 

npOXOAffTl» TMZO OKOKb pan, 

A rfc ropiTb, 

H He BHAHU 81 HHMH BHIWICU. 

y KMMMMTO BT> pyxt JICBKOR Ultrb, 

y icaauuro bt> nnasarb aretrb. 

BenepitiA catrb 
JlaacaeTi ilmtui irtxcHue aTJiacu. 

6. BT> CAfly. 

Hrb pyxM 6iuh npH&iwKeHbj, 
JlepeBbfl 6buiH noacTpmceitti, 
Ba6o<iKH cywepcMHUfl /roam, 
Caoaa, ace mch^c actum, 
&oaa, ace forfce CTpacnuia 
Ty6u aaneraiiaca lueimum: 



„XOTHTe 3HaTb Bbl, mo6mq ah a, 

Jlio&no jih, 6eautHHaa KXnia? 

CepAueirb jubho au yro yaHajnt". 

— IiBtTom» a awrfc/rb naneauA 

y Toft, cb xtirb ace TamioaaAH au, 

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12 B*CH N 2 



^ICranyck emeto MHD Apemocruo, 

Hto w oftmayrfti pchoctuo: 

Barb jumib jno&no, aa6un o6* AioiutP 

Jlenco ccpwc apeiKcnmiy, 

Orjioni cTynetm JitcrmiiH— 

Kt» Toll xe Kjqm OHt iro tepuurt. 



Ho HbH ran b3aoxh 3*jviyiiieHu? 
Ho KtMi» HTb ptMH noAcnymiHu? 
Kto Tin •ocxoahtt* lov-aa 6oacen? 
Myxn» KXniH to o&UHyTuA, 
Bt» xcwierb ituchuII aatmyTult — 
Orewia 6neatyflH ero .lopHera. 



KABA^EPTj. 



Kawiepb no KatfHHery 
Bhicrpo xoAMTb, ropjn> m 3om»: 
He HanyApem> 9 6cst» nauiero; 

H 3a6blTb UBtTHOA K*M30Jrb. 



w BpHAl» JIH KflSITBfal 3a6falBa.U1 

Tain> no30pHO, raicb uiyra! 
Tam> o6MaHyit> com-ah 
Burro r/iynoe ahth. 



m Ap& yjupa cpaay icpnAy 
HflWh h, peBHOCTbio ropw: 
3tb uinira Jiymue nay, 
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PAKETLL 



IS 



Oxjuuum, moA rocnojunn, 
Flyer* mot npesptma crapocTb, 
Ka*a*epi>— hc nu ojhhv 



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(XStuucajo nponm son!" 
Taicb xojuurt no Ka6imcTy v 
He Hanyjq>en 9 ropjrb h son. 

8. YTPO. 

Myn» yTpo Hacrano, si moctomi* couuiMCb. 
4yn> yTpo HacrMO, craju eme He naoiitcb. 



ripitxjwo Art Rape™, npMBeajiM Menepuxv 
ytxaao Ait Kaperu, rpoMTb yaeaAM xcmbuxi*. 



Jlmnb Tpoe annumo, xaicb niBuiiA aaicpim&frb, 
Jlmnb Tpoe BHJUJIO, KUCb KpHHaauiiA yiuun». 



A kto-to aiuuiarrb, hto oh* thxo uiemrarrb? 
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yrpoifi y MOCTa icoporb nacryxM naoiM, 
ytpoifb y Mocra ay*y Kpom Ham™, 



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Kaicb MHt MoniaTb? Kaicb mh% sa6uTb Te6«, 

KtlTb TOJIbKO 9T0TT> llipT> H 6faOTb MHt CBtTOTb? 



Kaxoft Armna, arb, icaicoft Ajiapmrb 
TeCa npoHSHTb, Kpacoio He npoH3etn>? 
CicaxcH, 6e3i> Tpenera, Kaicb BcrptTiurb oht> 
3aTMeHHuft Banisurb oneft npoapaHHO-KapHTb? 



Yxcb He cxa3aTb yxo/iiaiiHMH ycraitH 

Ttrb Ht)KHfairb OIOBT>, Kb KOTOpUITb SI IIpHBUICb. 
MCHe3T> 7IK>6bH IUltHHTeflbHfalft H3UKT>, 
noni6*b UBtTOICb, IUltHSICb 7IK)6bH UBtTaMH. 



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Kto Jiyniue sHarb uBtTHurb wemcowb noji6opi>? 
Heft 6bun> 6esyKopH3HeHHtft npo6opi>? 

YBfal! H8 BtKH CKpWIOCSI Bee 91t>! 



Hto ocpHnica, nit o6opBaimasi kbhhth? 
Hto y 6eacoHHaro 6<wibHoro cotn>? 
Hto xofSHb TOMy, kto, hobuA AncwuiOH*b, 
CKop6im> Hajn> rpo6o»n>*cBi)KHin> riaiunfra? 

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xyiuurb, hto y Meag (teaoiepTHax xyma. JI CHirrajn, sto cbxtumt* 
h jq>aron-feHHMMT> jupoin>, h x 6uxi cHacTXHBt r ropgHJcx hmt>. 

H nacTo ji roBopiun. ce6*fc 

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jctft ci BH TettHOCTH h nojom> (tarie rxyCoxaro cxucxa, i-fart 
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lin npejuuymi& 3*o npHGiHjKeme k* hcthh-4 cocTaBJxen 

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H paxyxci* SHamo, hto moji 6e3cnepTHaxj(yiiia— tioraitTBO, ko- 
Toparo HeA3X hh noTepxn bt> nrpi, hh otjutb 3a xoxth, ji Ben 
pa3ryxuyi> xH3Hb h KHXjuecxH pacTonaji* r to, hto y iieHJi 6uxo, 
h to, nero y Mesji He 6mjo. 

Ho Karwo Benepoin>, c* # H*hcKOJi>RHMH TOBapnnuMH, x ony- 
thjcx vi 6ojbmom», cBepiUBmen 30jotout> r ajeRTpHiecKHMi* 
cb£kom>, 3ajri, Han mexeft bt» noxy xoroparo noxBHiiaxcx 3anaxi> 
paaxoxemx. iU* Moiojum jrkBynutH c* HaRpameHHUMH jhiumh 
h oxHa crapax xennoraa c* aanojHeHHUMH rancour MopnoiHaMR 
nxxraxw Ha dcrpajcfc, nojr* cbhctl opxecTpa, oxo6pHTexbHue rphrr 

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MHoro hhxh h CecfcjioBajH o 6e3CMepriH xymn. 

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MRn>. Ceftnac-b #ce bhaho, hto OHa 3*a h ypoAAraa h p-BmirreibHO 
hh Ha hto He HyHCHa, h hto OHa craHOBHTai TaKO» Bet 6ojibrae h 
6ojii>me ex Ka^Utim. AHem>. Kan* cirfcniHO 6hjo 6h Aywn>, 
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Moe coBepmaercH h ct> to6ok>, h co MHoft h co bcbmh HaMH. H 
nana* 6Hj»a 6h Man myrica nzxhanxb mcb B-inHOCTbDlt 

c B-b tbohxt» caoBax-b MH-t 6ojrfce Bcero He HpaBirrc«, oTB-ferHjrb 
h, cHe to, hto th oTpHMeinb 6e3CMepTie AymH,' ho to, hto th 
Haxojmmb yAOBOJibCTBie bt» 3Tomt> oTpHuamH. JIbah hoxohch Ha 
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nopM AO BpeMeHH OTKpHBaeTC* ABepb BT> Crfefffc, H KTO-HH6yAI> H3T» 

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ero b3hjih bt» Apyrofl caAT>, KOTopuft 6ojibine h KpacHB-fce, h*bmt> 
3Tott>: h oaho MraoBeHie ohh npncjyniHBaioTCH Kb 6e3ito«ii), 
h noTOM-b ohh npoAOJi^caiorb HrpaTb cpeAH UB-faroBT.. IIpeAnojo»H 
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hto oH-b BCKapa6KaoicH Ha crfcHy, hto6h B3rMHyTb, KyAa ynuiH TOBa- 
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h Ha Moft B3rjiHAi> c-b TBoefl ctopohh HeBHpa3Hno arfcmHO pa3- 
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MapTHHT>. 

cHyAOBHmHafl Benu> — npeBpaTHTbCH bt> hhhto, paBHO Kaicb 

HyAOBHIUHO H He HM'BTb B03MOKHOCTH npeBpaTHTbCH BT. HHHTO 1, 

cKa3ajii> Apyroft h3t» mohxt. Apy3efi. 

MapTHH-b npoAOJi^caji-b cboio MHGHb: 

tZU», CKa3aji-b oht>, ccarfcAOBajio 6h HaftTH cpeAHee. Hy>KHo 
onoHcaTb cboh npecjia, h yftTH, h HCKaTb cpeAHHro, nponopoioHa*b- 
Haro Me^cAy BpeMeHem* h b-bhhoctmd. Kto HaftAerb ero, Mo^cen> 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



COFB BOTHOCTH. 17 

ocHOBaTb HOByD pejHrii), noroiiy hto bt» ero Bjacrn 6yAen» jjh- 
ma* npHMaflKa, nana* Korja-jm6o 6bua y jtobiiob-b »,seft». 

OpKecrpT, ci» TpecKOMT> ynoxin>. 3oioto aajia cBepxajo TycK-rfce 
ckbo3i> Ta6aHHtift Abim>, h ckbo3i» mean bt» noay to h j-fcao npo- 
HHRajn» 3anarb pa3Jo?KeHia. 

Mm BorajH h paaonuHCb, xajiubift ro» cbok> ciopoHy. jl zioxro 
6pojpun» B3ajr^ h Bnepejn* no yjmuajrc>, KOTopux-b x He y3HaBaji> 
h KOTopuxi* noTOMt He BRAkr* 6ojn»me hhkotju* — no nycTUHHUMt 
h BUMepmHMT» yjHuam», HbH 4011a, ita3aiocb, pasMLntajH ( cboh 
P*ah, hto6h 4an» MH-fc jopory, xyju 6h ji hh men, h hotom-b 
cHOBa CMiiKajHCh 3a mhok). fl He 3Han> 9 r;rk * Cujt,, noKa Bjpyn. 
He otcaaaic* y cBoeft coScTBeHHoft ABepn. OHa 6mju oTRpuTa 
HacrejKb. H Bomejrt bt> ABep* h cTajrt noAHHitaTbc* no jrfccTHHui. 

y O^HOrO H3T> OKOHT* Ha JrfcCTHHirfc * OCTaHOBHJICJI H CMOTp-kflt Ha 

jyHy; paHbme x He 3aM-feTHjrb, hto 6uxa jyHa Bt stotk Benept. 

Ho x HHKorAa, hh ao 3Toro, hh nocirfc aroro, He BHAtai* 
TaKofl jyHH. Hejb3H 6bMO cxa3aTb, hto OHa CB-ferojia. OHa 6ujia 
neneuHO-c-fepa*, h 6x-fcAHaji, h HeecTecTBeHHO 6oxbmaa. 9 aojud 

CTOflJIl* H He CBOAM* rJU3T> CT> 3TOft JiyHbl, XOTH * CltepTeXbHO 

ycrajn> h xorkro cnaTb. 

% JKHJTb BT> TpeTbeMT» STaflffe. IIpoftAH AB*fc JrfccTHHUH, X 6jia- 

rojupHJfb Bora, hto MH-fc ocTaBajiacb toxlko oAHa. Ho Kor^a x 
noAHjuai no SToft x'fecTHHU'fe, Me ha nopa3HJio 9 hto bt» nepeAHeft 
He 6ujo TeMHo, nam* o6biKHOBeHHO 6biBajo Bcer^a, ho hto OHa 
6mia cia6o ocB-fcmeHa, Kam> h ocrajbHbiA cfeHH, icyaa cB-faniJia 
jyHa bt> OKHa Ha j-fccTHHuaxT>. Ho, He CHHTaa ji^cthhiui Ha nep- 

JUKT», BT> STOUT* AOlffc 6UJIH BCeTO TpH JI-fccTHHUbi; nOdTOMy BT» 

BepiHefi nepeAHeft 6ujio Bcerja Teimo. 

ci^Bepb Ha nepjuKi* ontpbiTai, cKa3ajn> x caMoky ce6i. cCb^tt* 
npoHHRaerb Ch xfccTHHiui Ha HepjuKT». Co cTopoHbi npHciyrn 

HeOCMOTpHTeJbHO OCTaBJflTb ABepb Ha HepAaK1» OTKpblTOft, HOTOMy 

hto TaK'b-To Moryrb npo6paTbcn Bopu Ha HepAaKi»». 

Ho TaMi> He 6ujio HHKaKoft ABepn. TaMT* 6biJia annib o6biK- 
HOBeHHaji x-tcTHHiu, noxojKan Ha Bci ocTajbHUH. 

CTaio 6biTb, x He pa3CHHTajn>; y uena ocTaBajiacb eme JiicTHHixa. 

Ho Kor^a x hoahhjch h no aTofi Ji-fecTHHu-fe h onyTHxcii bt» 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



18 B*CH N 2 

cfeHxro, MH-t npHnuocb cjepxHBarb cefiji, ito6h He RpHRHyn 
rpoMKo. IloTOMy hto h Kb 9Thxt» cbhhxt> 6nro cB-fcn», parao Ran 
h 3xbch He 6yjo oncpuTofi ABepH hi lepjuurfe, ho 6iua Honai 
jicTHHiu, Bejiynu* BBepxi>, xart h npejRH**. A bt» okho hi 
j-fecTHHuy cB-fenua jyM, h OHa 6uja nenenHo-cfepa*, h jnmeH- 
Han 6*ecRa, h HeecreorBeHHO 6ou>max. 

% 6pocHJc* 3Bepxi> no j-fccTHHirfc. % He Mork AyMan» 5ojbme. 
IIIaTmxcb, x noAHHMajcx eme no oahoA, h eme no oahoA; i 
«n 6ojn>me He cnrran. 

Mbtb xoriiocb RpHian, MH*fe xorkioct paaCyjun* 8Totl 3a- 
KOXAOBaHHiift aomt> h bhjtbtb xD^eft BOKpyrt ce6x; ho Hoe ropjo 
6uio cAaaieHo. 

Bjpyrfc mbtb npnnuo n roiOBy nomiTaxbc* npoieorb an* Ha 
ABep*n. Kaxie jk>ah moimh khtb bt» arofl BaBHJOHCKoft 6anmi? 
JlyHHuft cB-fen* 6ujt-& ciamROM'L cia&b, * 3a#cen> cnaiRy h no* 
Hecb ee rt> M-fcaHoft Aocicfc. 

H nponejrfc Ha Heft huh ojHoro hs*l mohxt> yMepmnrB jipyaeft. 

Tor^a ko mrfe BepHyxacb mo* p-fci* h ji aaRpHian: 

tlloMorHTe! IIoMorHTe! IIoMorHTel) 

3totb RpHRi 6uji» w MeHK cnaceHbeM'B, noTOMy ito oh* 
pa36yAHJn» MeHji on, sToro HyjoBHmHaro cHa o b^hhocth. 

Co imeAararo nep. K). BajTpymaiTBCfc. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OrHEHHfclft AHrEflT). 

Hotter* XVI iui. Hacx* btopaa. 
Ijaba XI. 

KAKl M MMX* M3T» PlHATlI 

M JCAKl Ji BCTPMTLICJi Cb AOKTOPOMb 4>AyCTOMb. 



He cyM-tit 6m h onncaTb bt» • noApo6Hocnin>, icain» x npo- 
3Khjt> nepBtie ahh nocii yxoAa PeflaTi*, h6o bt> Moeft namrni 
ohh caHJHCb wh oaho MyTHoe hatho, KaKi> npH TyMaH* CJIHBa- 
dtch bt» oaho — raBaHb, h oicpyjKHHe Aona h MeHymieai Ha rrpH- 
craHH jdah. Ho HHKonw npejKAe, Aa^ce Boo6pa^csui 9 KaKx mu 
pa3craHeMCK ct» PeHaTov), He non> a AonycTHTb, hto ct> Taicoft 

fleOAOJHMOCTbD CXBaTHTB MCHH BT> CBOH KOITH TOCKa, CJIOBHO 

ropHiift opejn* Majiaro arHeHKa, h hto oKancycb * HacmibKo 
6e33amHTHHMT» h 6e3noMomHiiMT» npeAt HaTHCKoirb 6e3ynHuxT>, 
HeHcnojHHMurb wejaHifi. Bt, rfe ahh bcd moid Aymy HanojiHjuo 
40 KpaeBi>, h cBume Kpaa, co3HaHie, hto cnacTbe Moeft hukhh — 
bt> oAHoft Peaarfe h hto 6e3i> Hen — H-ferb am uenx cjiucia bh- 
Ain AeHb hjth BCTpinaTb Hc*4b. M-fccjim*, npoBeAeHHwe mhod ct» 
PeHaToo, npeACTaBJHJHCb MH-fc Bpei&eHeirb 3AencKaro 6*a>KeHCTBa, 
b npn mhcjih, hto k Mon» yTpaTHTb ero Taicb xerKOMUcneHHO, x 
roTOBi* 6tun> bt> npocTH KpH^aTb caMoiiy Ct&k Bcfc npOKXXTUI H 
<5hts caMoro ce6a no jrauy, RaKi> npe3piHH^fiinaro HeroAHH. 

KOHCHHO, HCHOJIHHJrb K BCe, HTO TOJbKO 6imo bt> mohxt. ch- 

Jaxi,, hto6h pa3HcnaTb PeHary. % doapo6ho onpocnj-b, He ^cajiix 
nojuneirb, Bcfan, cropojKeft y ropoACKHXT> Boporb, He npoxo- 
AHja jih hjh He npo-fe3Kajia jih nepe3T> 3th BopoTa jneHiuHHa, 
noAo6Ha>i PeHarfe. % HaBej-b Bcfc bo3mojkhhji cnpaBKH bt> tocthh- 
HHuaxi,, MOHacTupHXT> h Bcferb ApyrnxT» M-torarb, rxk Morjia 6hi 



Digitized by LjO(3QIC 



20 B*CH N 2 

oea HaftTH npiion., npn neirb, co3Har>cb, bt> 6e3yMra cBoeirb, o6pa- 
maic* cb BonpocaMH ju*ce B-b ny&iHHHiie AOiia. % He nocni- 
juuc* BUHecrH cBofi no30pi» ea yjiHuy h nomerb co cbohmh «a- 
jio6aMH h npock6aMH kt> rfcin> Hanum cocfejKajn>, KaxapHH-fc h 
Maprapnrfc, ct> kotopmmh oaho Bpenx Bojuua crpaHHyo jcpyxGy 
PeHaTa. Ho Ha bc4 moh pobucrh nojyiajrb a jramb noxHMime 
nje<rb, a bt» hhuxt* cnynawb, Kor*a pa3cnpamHBajn> cb H3jhid- 

HHlTb BOJHeHieM1» H CJIHmKOMT> CTpaCTHOft HtCTOftHHBOCTtK), — H 

jKecTORUi HacM-femKH hjh npocTo 6paHb bt> oi B -kr b . 

B'b to nee Bpe*m, xBaTaxcb 3a 6eaciuicjeHHyx> Hajejiuiy — no- 
BCTp-feqan. PeHaty rjrfc- jh6o Ha nepeRpeonrfe, HeycraHHO ofrfcraro i 
yjHuu h moecuuh ropoja, npocraHBajrb nacaiiH Ha npHCTarax-b n 
puHKaxb, bxoahj-b bo Bcfc iiepRBH, ta± jiK)6Hjia MOJHTboi PeHaTa,. 
h BocnajeHHUMt B3rj*AOirb BCMaTpHBajcH B-b KOjrfcHonpeRioHeH- 
Hue o6pa3u, MeiTa* pasjHHHTb cpean hhxt> cinniKOirb 3HaRonyi> 
4>nrypy. Tucxny pa3i> npeACTaBJUM'b x cetf-fc, Kain>, CTOJRHyBmHCb 
BHe3anHO ci> PeHaTOD, rn*fc-HH6yAb bt> ysRoin* npoxojrfc, cxBaiy a 
ee 3a raanvb, ecnn OHa ToponjHBO 3axoqen> 6-fexcan> npoib, ynajcy 
Ha KOj-tHH bt> yjiHinyx) rp*3b h CRajgy eft: cPeraTa, x — tboS, 
omiTb — TBoft, HaBcer^a h coBc-fcirbl Bo3bMH iieHx, xaR'b pa6a, KaK-b 
Benu>, KaKi» Tocnojib Eon> 6epen» jymyl J^-iiaft co mhok>, hto 
xoieoib: comhh neaa, KaKi» ropmeHHHK'b cbod rxHHy, npHKa3MBafl 
MH*t, — k 6y^y cnacTJiHBTijjiHpaTb juh Te6)il» ToBopx Ropone, nepe- 
jkhjh* Tenepb x cam*, co Bceft TOHHOCTbK), Bee to, hto nepe- 
^CHBasa KOi\na-To PeHaTa, mua 6e3yMHO cBoero TeHpHxa Ha yiH- 
oaxi> KeJima, h AyM.a» x 9 hto moh nyBCTBa HHH-fcirb Hepa3HMHCb 
orb ex orHeHHaro 6e3ynift rfcx-b jHeft. 

Benepme Hacu, KOTopue npoBOAHXb x Aoita, oTRptiBaxn 41a 
MeHH 6e3M*tpHMe npocTopu orcajiHbji, h BpeM* 40 yrpa 4 6ujo 
jux neHH nopov) 6e3jKajocTHoft hutch, KOTopoft noABepnurb 
x cam> ce6a. HecnoTpx Ha to, yHH3HTeibHUMi» Ka3ajocb MH*t npH- 
6-trHyTb kt» KaKOMy-jH6o ycnoKaHBa»meMy cpe^cTBy, h x He xo- 
rkni> BHDHTb hh craKaHa BHHa, npejmoHHTax BCTpiqaTb cxop6b 
jihuomt> Kb JiHuy, 6e3T» 3a6paja, naicb necTHbift puuapb Ha noe- 
ARHKi, H-tMi> KynHTb BpeMeHHoe cnoRoftcTBie irfeHOK) 3a6Bemji 
PeHart. CnoBa, RaR*b b^ nepByn HOHb 6e3i> PeHara, nepexo- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHfclft AHrEJTL. 21 

juut> m H3T» OAHofl KOMHaTu bt> jpyry©, to 3anHpajca 7 ce6a, 
htoGu He BfurfeTb, He homhhtb Bemefi, kt» ROTopuirb npmuca- 
jacb PeHaTa h Ha KOTopux mrfe HecTepmrao 6uxo CMOTp-frrb, 
to oium> rhjuucji Ha Ty caiiyD nocrejL, bt> xoropoft oHa cnaxa, 
irkiy* nojiymKH, kt> ROTopuirb apn)KHiiajHCb en menu, cTapaacb 
BcnoMHRTb bc* h-bwhhji cioBa, KOTopu* OHa npoH3Hoaua. YcTa- 
joctb CMUfcaaa MH*fe, HaKOHem>, rja3a, h Torja bo CH-fc OHa hohh- 
xaja wh moh o6t>htw, npnjKHiiajacb rt» Moeft rpyjn cbohm-l na- 
jeffbKHMi>, xpynKHMT> rkioirb, hjh nua ro mh-b HaBcrp-siy H3*b 
depRajn>Hun» 3ajT>, Top#cecTBy»maa RaRi uapnua, mh-b jupynnuui 
B*BHeu*i>, hjh, HanpoTHBi>, Bzo^Hja 6j-BAHaji, GoJbHaa, hctomjch- 
Haji, npocTHpax pyRR, npoc* sanumi... % npocunajca, cjiobho na- 
jua ct» bucoroh 6amHH cnacrui bo Mpairb h xojojh* CBoero oTBep- 
»emfl... 

TaKt npoBejit *, bt, MeiTaHi*rb, Tpn hjih lempe ahx, a no- 
tomt, oBja^iic mhok) nocj-fcjiHee oTHa«Hbe h 6e3Haae;KHocn> RpaftH**, 
Tam> hto He crajo, y nee* chjt> jufte jui* hohcrobti. H Kpyr- 

JHS CyTRR OCTaBaJCX B*b CBOHn> ROMHaTaTb, HaejHH-fc Cb TOCROft, 

ciobho npecTynHHKT>, 3anepTufi bt» mpbirfc bm-bctb ci» ahroA 
o5e3bHHoft, Roropax Kanxu& MMn» onjrn* 6pocaerca Ha Hero h ero 
Aynurrb cbohmh itbiikhmh pyRaMH. Ilopoft npHdUBara n rt> ce6-fc 
JIyn3y h Ha^HHan n corufi h cto nepBuft pt3i> pa3cnpamHBaTi» ee 
o6t> o6cTOHTeJbCTBarB, npn ROTopurb ymia PeHaTa, oco6eHHO ynop- 
ho noBTopjw Bonpocv. cTaRi, OHa cnaaaja, hto yB3*caen> jamb Ha 
H*bcROJibRO AHeft?t — h My*iiurb (ykxaj 10 cTapyxyjo rfcrb nop-b, noRa 
OHa, Raiax rojoBoft, He yxojifuaorb uenn cana. Torju npejUBaJcx 
x BocnoMHHamjun» o PeHarfe, nepeGnpax n yiri Bcfc ash h nacu, 
Kaxie mi cb He» npoBein, hoao6ho Tony, rirt* cRpxra nepecunaerb 

Cb JStfOHB Ha JMAOHb CKOILieHHMH HMT» MOHeTU, H HHOrJU CWkBCh OTh 

paAOCTH 9 RaRT» HjpoTb, Rorju B-b najurni Bjcpyrb BcnjHBajo 3a6y- 
Toe ciobo, aa6nryt bbtjuutb PenaTH. A to eme BUAyMUBajrb & 
BCHRix npHM-fcnj, oAHy Herfeirie jq>yrot 9 kotophmh He to hto6u 
o6ojibnwjrb, bo KaRi»-To rknuurb ce6*. TaR-b, cmotpx bt» okho, k 
roBopHjrb ce&fe cEcjh cnpaBa no yjHirt ceftnacb noft^erb My>K- 
HHHa, to PeHaTa ro MH-fc BepBerou. Hjh TaRi»: cEcjh & cocHinraK), 
He c6HBmHCb, mp MBjjioHa, to OHa eme rb KeJbH*Bt. Hjih erne: 



Digitized by Lj0OQlC 



22 BSCH N 2 

cEciH * BCnOMRD HO HM6HaMl> Bcfexi* CBOHTL TOBapHIUCft HO JBB^ 

BepcirreTy, to * Bcrp-feny ee 3asTpat. H bt» TaKom* coctomhui 6e»- 

CMMtA H 6e3BOji* npOXOJIfUH OIUTb AHH, H MH-fe CTaHOBHJOCb BCe 

6ojrfee cTpaHHo nojyMan, o tomt>, hto h Mory BepHjnrbc* n» «> 
a*mt>, t o6pt3T» cajcot PeHaru yace Rasajc* MH-fe He bocdomhhi- 

HieMl O JRHBOMT* HeJOB-feR-fc, HO KaKBMT* TO CB*TNM1> CHMBOJOMT>. 

Oabijiuiu npHAyMaji, a hobjd nrpy, a hmchho, chah b-* Kpearfe, 
3aicpHBara rjaaa h Bootipaxan, hto PeuTa 3a£ci>, bt» ROMHarfe, 
hto ohi nepexo4HTB on OKHa ki> crojy, on nocreJiH rt> axrapi), 
hto OHa noAi04Hn» ko MH-fe, RacaeTc* MOHXT* BOJOCB. Bt> yuenem* 
X, jrisftcTBHTesbHo, cjiobho cjumara mam, mypmame iuaTfex, ciobho 
omymara npHKocnoBeme H-fextHuxi naji»uen» 9 h otot* ca*oo6- 
Mam* 6hxl MyHHT&ieHi» h CAajtocTeBt. Taxi* ynHBaiai % 4>aHTa3iefl 
irfejue Hacu, h cie3u He pa3i» HanojtHjuH moh ma3a, ho Bjipyrv 
cepjwe Moe ocraHOBHJiocb h Toroacb 3a6H*oc* mjitckho, a pyKH 
noxaiojrfejni: * yciumajn* peajbHuft mopoxi» nianx h oneTXH- 
awe KeHcxie mam b-b KOMHarfe. 

% OTKpujT* rxasa: nepejto mhok> Ouja Araecca. 

MejueHHiiMii, cjobho Heco3HaTeibHUMi> ABH^cemeM-b Arnecca 
npnfaHSHxacb ko MH-fe, onycTRjacb nepezo mhoh Ha KOJrfcHH, Mart 
6uBajo n nepe;n> PeHaTOD, B3*ja mod pyicy h ripomeimuia MH-ic 

— rocnoAHHi* Pynpem*, oTHtro bu jubho He pascRaaajH Mfffe 
npo cefiji Bee? 

Euxa Taxax JiacKOBOcn> bt» en nxiocfe h on Tairt ocropojRHO 
KocHyxcx pam» Moero cepjua, hto He 6u*o MH-fe hh ctujho cBoeft 
cKopCii, hh arpamHO npHcyrtTBi* nyxtoro m> aroft KOMHark 9 
Towe cwara pyxy ArHecct h Taxi ;*e thxo, xaicb roBopiua OHa, 
cRasaxii n oTB-fen* eft: 

— OcTaHHrecb co mhoA, ArHecca; 6jarojup» sacb, hto bu 
npnnijH. 

H Tyn ace, 12rt> Ram> * He moit» bt» totb nac* JtyMCTb hh 
o HeMi> HHom>, cTajix m roBopHTB Araeccfe o Penark, o Htmet 
jktGbh, o MoeMi» oTHaflHiH. Hatnaa cboc yroieme jubho TOMHBmas 
MeHA Ka)mia Ha3BaTb Bcxyrb, rpoMKo cboh HyscTBa, ci> 6eanomMr 
Hocn»», vh TOHHun TepMHHaxb, onpejrfejHTL cBoe ncao^eHie, — 
h caoBa BupuBajHCb y neHi Rar^ro npoTHBt MoeA bojih, 6e3* 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHESHUfl AHTEtfB. 28 

y*epj*y f hhoiw 6e3* cbxsh, kik-b 7 cynacme;unaro. % BHjrfera, 
K2kt> 6jrtAH-tia Araecca on mohxt> npH3Hamfi, Rain> cB*fcxiuft r 
Bcerju CeaneHHiift b3i\ixat> ex 3acmiajcx cieaaiiH, ho B03jiep* 
j*axi»cx yme He Hit-tar* chju, h6o bhjh> nyjicoro cTpaAamx iuuct»-to 
o6jemaai> Moe co5cTBeHHoe. Ecjh «e Araecca mrrajiacb BaraBHTb 
CBoe cjobo, HiMT>-HH6yAi» yrkmHTb mchh, x HacimcTBeHHO npe- 
pwBaji* ex p-tab h npoAOJKaji» cbok> erne bt> 6on>meirb hs- 
CTytLieHiH, cjobho MeHx yHOCHjit bt» 6e3j|Hy Ha cbohxt> Rptuiara 

RaROA^TO AeMOHT*. 

Ee3yMHuft nopuBt'itoft ajhjcx, BipoxTHO, okojo naca h, HaRO- 
Hein», Araecca, He BujepxaBt Toft hutkh, KaRoft x nojpepro ee, 
BApyn», 3apuAaBi>, ynajia Ha nan> h noBTopxJia: cA 060 MH-fc, 060 

MH^BU H He 4yM2LIH HHKOI\JuI» TyTB X H*iCROXfcRO OHOMHIUCX, nOJ- 

hxjtb Araeccy, ycajoui ee bt> Rpecio, roBopnjrb, hto x npnsHa- 
TejeHi» eft aa ex Jio6pory 6e3KOHeHHO, h, jrfcftcrBHTejbHO, bt» Ty 
MHHyTy HcntrruBaxb rt> Heft bck> H-fejRHOCTi* j»6xnuro 6paTa. Korja 
me Araecca ycnoKOHJiacb, OTepja noRpacH-tainie raaaa, npHBeja n 
nopxiORT> pacTpenaBmiecx bojoch h cr&aa ToponHTbcx AOMoft, htoCh 
crrcyTCTBie ex ooraiocb He3ajrfc?eHHtim», x Ha KoxfcHxrb yHOura ee 
npiftTH 3aBTpa bhobb, xotx Ha MHHyTy. A noarfc yxoja Araeccii 
HcnuTHBaj-b x Kaxoe-To crpaHHoe ycnoRoeme, cjobho pafleHuft, 
Koropuft AOJiro jencarb Ha noj-fe 6htbh 6e3i> noiionui h, HaKOHem», 
nonaxi* bt> pyKH BHHMareJibHaro gejHRa, apoiwBmaro eiiy, He 6eai» 
jiyHHTexBHoft 6ojih, ero i\iy6oKix para h nepeBxaasmaro hxt» hh- 

CTtllTb nOJIOTHOMT>. 

Araecca sepnyjacb ro MH-fc Ha Apyroft Aem, a noTom> npnnua 
h hx Tperift, h Ha HeTBepnift, h cTaja noxBJXTbcx bt> mohxt> rom- 
Haxarb ewejuieBHO, yirfcx RaR-b-To o6naHyTb h CsHTexbHOCTb 6paTa 
aprycoBCKift B3opt cocfcAHHxr* RyitymeR-b. KoHeiHO, x He Mon> 
He xorajuTBcx TOTnacb, noieity oHa npmcoAHJa ro mh*, ju ex 
xpojicfcy Korju * Ri» Heft npHRacajcx, noRopHocn> ex Barjxja h 

P060CTB ex CJOBT, JOCTaTOHBO o6t»xchxih MH-fc, HTO OHX RO MH-fe 

oTBOCHJiacb co Bceft H-fe«HocTbK) nepBaro nyBCTBa, Ho 9To He Mono 
noirtmaTb MH-fe MyiHTb ee cbohmh npH3HamxMH, noroiiy ht<j Mirfe 
ArHecca 6uia Hy;KHa toxlro RaR-b GiymaTejbHHiia, nepejib koto- 
poft Mon x cbo6oaho roBopwTb o tomt>, H-kn-b KHja mox Ayma, 



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Google 



24 BfcCH N 2 

r nepejn> Roropoft x nor* Bcayra npoH3Bocim> ciaAocTHoe mwk hmi 
PeHara. TaRHin» o6pa3om», bt> o6paTHom> oTpa^cemH nosropH- 
jhci> am MCioi rfe lacu, Korju * cajci» cayman paacu3u PeHaxu 
o rcHpurk, h6o hi 9Ton> paai* x 6ura He *tepTBOK>, ho naxanoirk 
H, tjxax hi MajeflMcyi) Araeccy, exeAHeBHo meAmyn ko MHiea 
jtyieHix, Aynajn> x, hto mh nerBepo: rpacfn* reHpnxb, PeHara, i 
h Araecca, — cirfeiueHti iie^uy co6o», kikt> 3y6iaTux Koieca n 

MexaHH3Mi HICOBT*, TaRT> HTO OAHHt HeBOJbHO BIIHBaeTCX BT» j(py- 
roro CBOHMH OCTpiXMH. 

% citaxy, hto Araecca ci» HeoftHAaraot am Hex 6oApocTbi> 
nepeHocHJia sth HcntiTaHix, TaRi> Kam> jid6ob& 9 noBHAHMOMy, Bcfcm», 
h cmim cja6wMi», Aaen chxh THTaHa. 3a6tiBi» cbok> AiBHiecRyn 
CKpOMHOcn., noKopHO cnymaxa OHa moh pa3cna3u o ahxxi» hi- 
raero cHacrix cb PeHXTOD, — paacRa3u, b-b ROTopun* HpaBMoa 

MH-fe BCHOHHHaTb H O CaMOMT> CORpOBeHHOMV IIpeOAOJ-feBaX CBOD 

4-krcKyK) peBHOcn., mia ohi aa mhoA bt> KOMHaTy PeHaTu, h no> 
bojhji noxaauBaTb ce€rb jd6hiiux ii-feara PeHaTu, Rpecao, rxk ohi 
nacro CHA*feja, axrapb, y KOToparo OHa MOJMacb, Ty nocreib, y 
hoahoxux KOTopoft a, 6tiBaio, cnaxb, He cirhx hoahxtb rja3i> Bume. 
3acTaBJtjijn» x ArHeccy h ofcyjmuTb co mhok> Bonpocb, Kam> mhI 
Tenepb nocrynHTb, h po6khmt>, npepuBarcmHMca tojocoitb y6-fcx- 
Aaaa OHa hcbx, hto mh* 6e3CMHcaeHHo 6hjo 6h -fcxaTb Ha hohckh 
no Bcfein> ropoAaM-b H-feiieiiKHXb aeiieib, oco6eHHO, icorjia x He 
3Hajn» Aaxce, rjrfc poahm PeHara h ta^ jKHByro ex 6jH3*ie. 

BnpoHeM-b, oiyiajocb Hep^ARO, to> x He copa3M-fcpxxb cbohxt» 
yAapoBi> cb CHjaMH cBoeft ncepTBu, h TorAa Araecca, BApyrb ypo- 
hhbt> pyKH, memraia MH*fe: cfl He Mory 6oibmeI» n bcx KaR-wo 
noHHKaja, to onycnaxcb n thxhct» cieaarb Ha noj-b, to ctuaihbo 
npnnaAax jmnowh bt» Rpecio. TorAa HCTHHHax H-tKHOcn* kt» arofl 
6-feAHoft A'feBOHK'fe B03HHRaja bo MH*fe, x o6HHMaiT» ee XaCROBO, 
TaKi* hto CM-femHBajHCb HtmH bojocu h rytiu c&iHxajiHCb bt» no- 
irfcjyft, aah HeHX v oAHano, He sHaHHBmift HHnero Apyroro, Rponi 
Apy>R6u. Mower* 6un>, paAH araxi KpaTKHrb MHHyrb h npnxo- 
AHxa^ ro uwh Araecca, h, bt» oKHAamH hxt», roTOBa 6tua npHHXTb 
Bci moh o6hau. 

TaKi* nponuo BpeiieHH 6ojbme HeA*fejH, a x Bee neA*Hjrb bt» 



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OrHEHHHft AHTEJTB. 25 

KejtfcH-k, BO-nepB«n>, noToiiy, hto, A'tftcTBirreibHO, HeKyju 6hjo 
MH-fc ±xan>, a, Bo-BTopurb, noToity, hto 6eaBOjrie Bee eme onyra- 
buo MeHji cjobho rycroft c-fertio, h cTpamHO mbtb 6hjo pascTaTbcJi 
ci> nocjrfeAHeft npRcraHbD, eme ocraBaBineftcK y mchh Ha 3eiti*B: 
ci> npHBaaaHHocTLK) Araeccu. ilyma uox bt» rfe ahh TaR-b 6uja 
pa3M^rneHa bcbmt», mhod nepejRHTuirb, hto hhkto 6u He npHBHara 

BO Mfft CypOBarO CHOABHJKHHRa BeiHRHXT* KOHHBHCKWOpOBT» f bo- 

AHBmaro SKcuejLnmn nepe3T» jrfcBCTBeHHue jrfcca HoboA Hcnamn, 
bo, HanpoTHBi», Becb norpyjueHHiift n ciTBHy cbohtb 4yBCTBi> > 
HanoMHHaxL n CKop-fce RaRoro-HH6yju» tROpnuuKaHot, crooib tohko 
H3o€Spa^ceHHaro ocrpoyMHUM-b Eajbjiaccape KacrnxbOHe. H, no«en» 
6brn> 9 He hits* boxh cj-fcaaTb pimiiTejbHHft man*, eme mhoto AHeft 

JUHJTb 6tl H CBOft CTpaHHUft o6pa3T> JRH3HH, eciH 6h He HOJOJRHJIO 

eMy KOHem* npoHcmecraie, Roropoe B*fepirfce npH3HaTb ecrecTBeH- 

HbIM1> BUB040M-L H3T> BCerO GblBIHaTO, *rBM"b GiyiaftHOCTbD. 

Outran, Ha crjobtb ahx, a HiieHHo bt» cy66oTy 6 napTa> 
KOi\*a Araecca, He Bu^epxcarb CHOBa rfex-b HcnHTamft, RaRHirb 4 
nojoeprb ee, xejK&ia bt> 6e3CHJiiH y mchh Ha koj-bhjixt>, a h, CHOBa 
pacKaHBancb bt» cBoeft jKecroRocTH, ocropojgHO trfejoBajt ee, — 
ABepi» Hamefi ROMHara BApyrb pacnaxnyJUCL h Ha noporfc noRa- 

32LMCa MaTB*fcft, ROTOpilft, yBHjrfeBT* HeOJRHjaHHyX) RapTHHy, BCCb 

KaKT>-To aaMep^ on HsyMxemji. ArHecca, npn noaaiemH 6paTa, 

BCKOHHJa Cb KpHKOM-b H, paCTepjtHHO MCTHyBmHCb RT> CTBH*fc, HpH- 
JK2LMZ KT» Heft CBOe JIHUOJ X TOJRe, HyBCTByK Ce6B BHHOBaTUMT>, He 
3HaJTb, HTO CRa3aTb, H BT> Teieme, BtpOHTHO, ITBJOft MHHyTU 

npeACTaBJiHJiH mli RaRyi>-To H-fcuyK) caeHy h3t» naHTOMHMbi yjnn* 
Haro TeaTpa. HaROHem», noayraB-b jap* p*bhh, MaTB-fcA 3aroBopHJi» 
TaKi>, bt> cepjuxarb: 

— Borb BToro, 6parb, % orb Te6a He owiuiaj'b! Hto xoqemb 
npo Te6fl jiynaj-b, a y#rb lecTHuirb Mararb Te6* ciHTajrbl #-to 

CMOTp©, HTO OHT> nepeCTaJTb RO MH-fc XOAHTb! To, 6UBaJO, RaHUUlft 

AeHb, Ra^uuft MHb, a to— Ha, jb4 hca-bjih rja3i» He Ka^(en>I Cna- 
Hiurb, BHaiHTb, nTHHRy; jiynaerb: Tenepb oHa ro mbtb h cajca Jie- 
TaTb 6yAen: Hy, H-fen,, 6pan», omH6aeoibCji, bto tc6-b Jienco He 
coftjierb cb pyKi>! 

rOBOpa TBR% H CaM-b OTb CBOHXT> CJOBT> npHXOAH BTi *pOCTb, 



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26 BftCH N 2 

MaTB-fcft HacTynajT> Ha Memi nyth jh He cb hoahhtumh icyiaiuitH, 
h * Tmeroo niiTajoi o6pa3ynHTb ero. HoToirb, sawbiBWh BApyro 
Araeccy, MaTB-feft pHHyjca Ha Hee h, eme 6oj-fce 3aAHxa*cb» cran 
ocunarb ee HenpHCToftHUMH, 6paHHiiMH GiOBaim, xaRHrb hhrotai 
He nocM-ti'b 6h a npoHBHecra bt> npHcyTCTBMi xeHniHHu. Araecca, 
ciuma »ecTORiH o6bhhchu!, aapuAua eme ona*HH-fee, 3aApo»aju 
bch, KaKi> onaaeHHaji Ha ora*fc 6a6oiKa, h ynaja Ha non> nanojo- 
BHHy 6e3i> HyBcm». Tyn> k yuce pimHTejbHO BCTynnjcx bt» jrfcio, 
3aropoAHJi» Araeccy h citaaajrb Marato TBepAo: 

— MhxuA MaTB-feftl H oieHb nepejrB To6ofi BHHOBan, xora, 
gotten 6uTb, h He Haoroxbico, nan* tu bto AyMaemb. Ho cearpa 
tboji He BHHOBHa hh bt» neirb, h tu AOJjueH'b ocTaBHTb ee, noRa 
He Buciymaemb mohtb o6*bflCHeH&. IlycTb rocnoxta Araecca wen 

AOMOft, a TU C*Ab H HOBBOIb MH*t TOBOpHTb. 

YBipeHHOCTb Moero TOHa noA^ftcTBOBaja Ha MaTB-fcji, offb npa- 
mojkt> h rpyaHO onycTHJCii bt> xpecio, Bopia: 

— Hy, nociymaeirb tbod AiajeimiKy! 

% noMorb Araeccfe noAHjm>ca, Tairb nan* OHa eABa co3Ha- 
Baja, hto Ataaen, HpoBOAiurb ee 40 ABepn h TOTnacb 3anep-b 3Ty 
ABepb Ha aacoB-b. IIoTOM-b, BepHyBmRCb kt» Marsta), cbrb npoTHBt 
Hero h cnurb roBopHTb, HacKOjtxo Mon> cnoicoiiHuirb rojoconv 
Kaitb to co MHoft Bcerjia 6uBajio y bt> MHHyry, Korju HaAO xi&- 

CTBOBaTb, KO MH-t BepHyJiaCb H JICHOCTb MUCJH H TBepAOCTb BOXH. 

% oCfoicHRjrb MaTs-ho, HacKOJbKo to mojkho 6ujk> lejOB-fcxy 
rpy6ony h npocTosaTOMy, Rani* o6cro*TejibCTBa ?kh3hji Aosen 
jieHfl 40 KpafiH^ro oTiaHHbJi, h H3o6pa3Hjn» nocfcmeiiDi Araeccu, 
KaKT> jrkjo HHjocepAt*, noAo6Hoe HodbmeHUD 6oJbHHu> hjh Ten- 
hhut>, Ha hto 6aarocjOBJ»erb h IXepROBb. HacTaHBajn, 5, «rro hh 
cb Hoeft aropoHu, hh co cTopoHbi ArHeccu He 6uao p-fcin o 
xk>6bh, He roBopx yme o 6ox-fee HH3*eHHurb noKejammrb, h 
hto HamH oTHomemji He nepearynajH AOSBoieHHaro ice^uy 6pa- 

TOM-b H CeCTpOD. Ty )Kt KapTHHy, CBRA'feTeJieM'b KOTOpQft 6ujh» 

MaTB-fcfi, o&bjicHHjri> a HciUDHHTeibHO Ao6poTOD Araeccu, koto- 
pax njiaKaju u2lat> mohmh cTpaAamxnH h BOJHOBaaacb bhaomt* jioeft 
HeyrfeoiHoft cRop6n. IIpu stomt*, kohchho, cTapaJCB % roBopmb co 
Bcefi y6'tAHTejbHocTbr) 1 Kanofl toju»ko cnoco6eHi» 6ujt» AocTHrayTb, 



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OrHEHHblfl AHTEJTK 27 

r nojara», hto caM-b Mapicb Tyi aift IlHuepom,, oTem> oparopoB-b h 
JHueM*fepoB-b, npociymaB-b mod CBRTomecicyi) p-feib, nouonaj-b 6h 
MeH* no nieny CaarocKJOHHo. 

Ilo M-fep-fe Toro, Kam» a roBopna-b, MaTB-feft ycnoicaHBajca H-fe- 
CKOJbKo, h Brb a nr k n> noTpe6oBaa-b: 

— Bon hto, 6pan. IIokjhrhci» MH-fe npeHHCTMM-b rfeaoM'b 

XpRCTOBUITB R Cxa^eHCTBOM'B IIpeCBHTOft JX^BU BT> PaK>, HTO MejKAy 

Tofioft a Araeccoft He 6mjo HHHero jypHoro. 

X, KOHenHO, jun Tanya) KJHTBy co Bceft cepbeaHocTbD, h 
Mare-feft Torja c*a3ajrb MH-fe: 

— A Tenepb a TeC-k bott» hto CKajgy. Bt> tohkocth nyBCTB-b 
a BjuBaTbCH He yM*fe» h He xony, a ToibKO o6t» Araecc-fe tm h 
zyman, nepecraHb. Ecjh 6h tm nocBaTaac* kt» Heft, a 6h, mo- 
acerb 6utb, h He oncaaaj-b 6m, a BC-fe sth conyBCTBia ju h*khocth 
Re am Hen,-— eft rj^cho He Apyra, a Myxa. Kt» Heft tm aynme h 
Re jyMaft noKa3MBan>ca, *a h jfRKaKHx-b nnceM-b He noACbuaft, — 
HHHero xopomaro He BuftjenJ 

IlocTaHOBHBT* Taitoe p-fememe, MaTB-feft uojhmc* cb icpecaa, 
co6Hpaacb yxoARTb, ho dotomt* nepeAyMaai*, noAomea-b ko MH-fe h 
caa3aai> y«e raiocoMi* 6oa-fee Ao6pHM-b: 

— H eme bott> hto a Ao6aBJK>, Pynpem»: yfea#iaft otcdju no 
ao6py. 3 cr» 3Thmi» kt» Te6-fe h mejn», hto6h nocoB-feroBaTb. Bnepa 
cmmajTb * Tame paaroBopu npo Te6a, hto MH-fe arpamHo crajo. 
ys-fepjiDTb, hto tm ct> cBoeft cfrfejftaBmeft a^bkoH aaHHMaacji He 
ToabKo HepHOKHHjftieM-k, ho h xoe-vfeM-b noxy^e. H, kohchho, bt» 
9to He oneHb rfepo, ho caM-b 3Haemb, no*b miTKoft Bonufi bt» 
nen-b yroAHO npH3HaeTca. A y#te noroaapHBaorb, hto orfexyen Te6a 
npauenb rb oTB-feTy. [IojoAHM-b, Hami> apxienncKon-b TeHpHrb — 
Ao6pnft HeiOB-feia* h npocB-femeflHMft, ho B-feab Heabaa #te noTa- 
am HepnoKHRjiciK). Oahrmt* cjobomt*, nocaymaftc* MeHa, — orb 
cepjuu roeopo: yfeajftaft Aa nocKop-feel 

rioci-fe 9trxt» caoB-b MaTB-feft, Bee He noAasaa MH-fe pyKH, no- 
aqmyjca r Bumea-b, h a ocTaacj oahht*. 3aM-feHaTeabH0, hto 
ice 9TO npoHcmecTBie, coBepmRBmeeca npeaBMHaftHo 6ucrpo, bt» 
AeaRb rib naraumaTb MHHyrb, r bt> KoropoM-b Tparejua 6uja 
cximaHa cb aerxoft KOMejieft,— noBjiaao Ha mchr caMHM-b bo3- 



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28 BftCH N 2 

6y^ua»mHMi» o6paaoMT». % HcnimiBaj-b Taicoe omymeme, cjobho 

6H MeHH BO CH-fe OKaTHJH CTyjeHOft BOAOft H B AHKO 03RpaDCB 

Kpyroni>, npoapormift, ho npocHyBmiAc*. Korjw nocreneHHO noe 
BoaHeme ycnoKORiocb, a cna3ajrb caMi> cefvfc 

— He oneBRjiHO jh, hto bto co6urie 6ujo nociaHO Te6i 

POKOMT*, HT06U BH3BaTb Te6fl H3T» Toft TpflCHHH 6e3A*fcfiCTBi*, B*b 

KOTopoft 3aB*3Jia tboji Ayma? Eme HeMHoro, h jyHma* iacTi» tbohxi* 
nyBCTB-L nopocia 6h cruomHoft 6oAOTHoft ocoKofi. Hajo H36pan> 

HTO-HH6yAB O^HO HJH JKH3Hb HJH CMepTbl eCIH JKHTb TM He MO- 

wemb, to y>tpH, Henejun; ecin nee He xonemb yueperb, j*hbh, a 
He 6y4b noxoKi* Ha yjHTKyl Il-fcjue ahh niaicaTb h ymuxTbc* Ha 
HbKMro j|o6pory — HejocToftHO nejioB-feKa, nocraBieHHaro, no cio- 
BaMi> IIhko jejua MnpaHjoiu, bt» cpejoTcrin iripa, hto6h o3Hpan» 
Bee cymecTBycmeel 

3th npocTH* pa3cy^uemH, KOTopturb crtaoBaJO 6u npifrra 
MH-fe bt> rojOBy n 6e3i» nponoB-fejiH MaTB-fc*, oTpe3BHia MeM h % 
cTajn> CMOTp-brb Ha CBoe nojoxeeme rja3anH 3ApaBfciMH. £cho 6uio, 
uto MH*fe nopa noKHHyTb ropo;p> KejbHi>, ixfc 6ca*fee He 6imo hh- 
KaKHxi, npHHHHi> uwk ocTaBaTbc* h Txk MorjH yrponcara Mirfc, no 
yKasamD MaTB-fca, BecbMa BajKHu* HenpbrrHocni. ToTnacb )Ke, He 
oTKJaAtiBan jtaa, Hanaro a roTOBHTbcn kt» orbfeny, paaGHpaib 

BetUH, KOTOpUXT, HaKOHHJIOCb MHOrO 3a M-fecHUU HCR3HH Ha OJHOJTb 

M-fecrfe, h nepecHHTUBaTb cboh jeHbni, KOTopun* y neH* otcaaa* 
jocb 6oibrae ioo peftHCKHXi* $jophhobi> — cymca, cb KOTopoft a 
eme He moit> cwraTb ce6n 6iAHj!Kom». Kyjw hmchho -fcxaTb, y 
MeHji bt> to BpeMH He 6ujo onpejfbieHHaro p-femem*, h tojlko 
oaho 3Haji> a TBepAo, hto He no-fc^y bt> pojHoft Jloarefiifby rb 
poAHTejHMi>: MH*fe h Toi\*a Ka3ajocb HecTepnHMuirb xBHTbcn nepejn> 
hhmh KaKHM-b-To HeyAaHHHKom>, 6e3i> jeHerb, 6e3T» HajieXJO, 
hto6u oTem> B-b npaB-fe 6ujt> cKasaTb MH-fe bt> jhho: cSturb m 

6e3A't»bHHKOM'b, TaKHMT* H OCTaJCjIl. 

Cj-fe^y^nuft JieHb 6uj*b BocKpecHuft 9 h ero p-bmarb a oTjuib 
Ha to, hto6h nonpomaTbCH ct> KeJibHom*, h6o ciHraKOM-b mhofo 
xopororo Aia uena cBepmHjocb n stomt, ropojefc, hto6m a Mort 
ero noKHHyTb KaRi> AepeByniKy, bt» KOTopoft 3aHOieBan ciynaftHO. 
FioA'b 3boht> uepKOBHuxi> kojokojobt* Hajckrb a CBoe Jiynmee 



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OrHEHHHft AHTEffB. 29 

man*, nenajbHo BcnoMHHa*, RaR-b bt> npa3AHHRH nun mu npejiue 
ci PeHaTor) kt» necci, h HanpaBiucji oahhoro n Haray upnxoa- 
CKyD iiepROBb cb. IlemuiH, nojiHyio pa3HOUB , feTHoft Toanoft. TaM-b, 
npHCJOHiicb y rojohhu, cxymaa ninie opraHa, mmacx n o6p-fccTH 
bt> cBoeA Jiym-fe MOJiHTBeHHoe nyBCTBo, ito6u xot* hmt> cnHTbca 
cb PeHaToio, KOTopa* bt» tott> naci*, ROHeHHO, MOJH*acb Tonce, 

Txk-TO Wh Jipyroft, HeH3B-fecTHOft MH-fe uepRBH, RaRT> o6-bej|HHJlK>TCfi 

ABoe j»6«mHri>, paazi-kieHHux-b oneaHOMt, tjdiah BeiepoMi* Ha ojhv 
h Ty nee 3B^3Ay. 

IIotomt», no OKOHqaaiH Meccu, * AOJiro 6poAHJi» h3t» yiniui 
bt> yiHny, BocRpema* bt> uslmhth co6uTi* noarfeAHnxi* M-fccjuieB-b, 
Tan» RaR-b, Ra3ajocb, He 6hjo bt» ropojcfe RaMHA, ct» rotopumi> He 
CBX3UBajiocb 6u y nea« RaRoro-HH6y;u> BocnoMHHaHui. Tain>, 3a 
raH3eficKoft npncTaHbio, 6uBajo, cHj-fejH mu ct> PeHaToio, MOJi^a 
ciioTp* Ha TeMHHH boju PeftHa; 34-fecb, bt» aepKBHCB. IleTpa, 
6uja y Hex xio6HMaa cRaMeftna; bott> 3A-fecb, y 6amHH cb. Map- 
THHa, *o.iro h yB-fepeHHO xmaja PeHaTa no*Bjemji CBoero TeHpHxa; 
3xofi yiHuefi -fexaa-b a BM-fecrfe ci> MaTB-feeM-b Ha noejuiHOR-b ct> 
reHpHxoMi»; bt» 9Tomi> Ra6aR-fe, oAHa^cAH, npoBejrt a Hejrfenue 
nacu bt» MenTaxt o PeHarfc h o6t> Araecc-fe. H 6e3ROHenHo MHoro 
Apyrax-b BOcnoMHHaHifi OTA-fejjuiocb nepe.no mhoA orb crfeirb, BCTa- 
Baio Ha nepeKpecTKaxt ct> 3ejuH, KHBajo MH-fe h3t> okoht> aomobi>, 
BurjmAUBajio Ha ueun H3i»-3a npHJiaBKOBi* Mara3HH0Bi>, cieTajio 
ko MH-fe co mnnieft uepKOBHbixi> 6ameHi>. MH-fe HaiHHajio Ra3aTbca, 
hto mu ct> PeHaTOK) 3acejiHJH Becb ropoAi> KejibH-b rfemiMH Hameft 
id6bh 9 h crpamHo MH-fe cTaoio pa3CTaTbcn ct> 3Thmt> M-fecroM-b, ciobho 
c-b o&feroBaHHofi seMJieft. 

TaKT>, 6pOAH BT> TOCK-fe H MCHTaXT*, noAomen a, ynce He BT> 

nepBuft pa3T>, rt> Co6opy h 6e3i> onpeA-fejteHHoft u-fejn ocraHOBHJCH 
bt> ero rfeHH, okojo rponazHUX-b k>hchuxi> okoht*, Korja BHe3anHo 
on» TOJinu oxn'fejiHjmcb jBa qeJiOB-fena, noBHAHMOMy, h paHbrae 

Cl-fejlHBmHXT> 3a MHOK), H npH6jH3H*HCb RO MH-fe. % HOCMOTp-fejrb Ha 

hhxt* H3yMjeHH0, ho AOJixceH-b npH3HaTbCH, hto y#ce npH caMOMi* 6-fer- 
jomi» ocMOTpi ohh MH-fe noRa3ajHCb BecbMa 3aM-fenaTejibHUMH. Oahht» 

H3T» HHXT>, HeJOB-feR-b JrfeTb TpHAUaTH HATH, OA^Tblft KaKT* o6bIHHO 

OA-feBaiOTCH AOKTopa, ci> He6ojibiuoft KypnaBoft dopoAKoft, — npon3- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



30 BfcCH N 2 

boaha-b BnenaTj-feme nepeoA-braro Ropoj*. OcaHRa ero 6u*a 6ja- 
ropojHa, ABHHcem* — caMoyBipeHHu, a bt> Bupaftemn Jinua — 
KaKoe-To yTOHjeme, cjobho y neaorkKa, ycTaBmaro noBerfeBaTt. 
CnyTHHKi> ero 6ujt> ojrfcrb bt> MOHamecRoe aiaTbe; oht» 6uj-b bu- 
cokt* h xyjn>, ho Bee cymecTBo ero RaneAuft mhit> irfcHjuo cboA 
BHiniHift bhju>, TaKi» jne, KaKT. ero jihuo cBoe Bupaneeme. CHaHaia 
mh-b npeiicTaBHJiocb, hto MOHaxt, hah ko mbtb, ej^Ba cAep- 
>KHBaen> cm-ex*, roTOBacb kl KaKoA-To ocrpoyMHofl myncfc; neper* 
mhH) x 6ujt> yB^peHt, hto y Hero RaRui-To 3jo6huh HairipeHi* 
npoTHBi, Mean, Tant hto h BHyTpeHHo ynce npHroTOBRic* rt» 060 
poH-fe; ho Kor^a oht» noAomejn* cobcbmt> 6jh3ro, % yBFUuun> Ha 
ero JimrE jmmb noHTHTe-ibHyrc yju6Ry. 

Gb H3UCKaHHOfi B*t)KJIHBOCTblO MOHaXT> CRa3aJ*b MH*fc 

— JIio6e3Huft rocnoAHirb, ckojlko mu dairfemiR, bu npoBOAHTe 
BpeMH bi> tomt>, hto ocMaTpHBaeTe 3Tott> npeRpacHuft ropojn> n 
npHToni>, RanceTCH, ct» hhmt» xopomo 3HaRonu. MentAy TfeM*B, MU 
— nyTeinecTBeHHHKH, nprfexajiH c»Aa bt> nepBuft pa3i> h onera 6hjh 
6w paAu, ecnH 6u KTo-im6yju> yRa3ai-b HaMi> Ha AoaronpHiriHa- 
TejbHocTH KejbHa. He oKanceTe jib bu HaMi> BHHMame h He co- 
rjiacHTecb jh cTaTb Ha ceroAHHmHift AeHb HamHMi> npoBOAHHRom»? 

Bwja bt» roaocfc MOHaxa Heo6biKHOBeHHan BRpaAiHBocTb hjih, 
B-fepH-fee, 6ujo bt> HeMi» nanoe-To MamnecRoe Bairaie Ha Aymy, 
noTOMy hto cpa3y noHyBCTBOBajn> n ce6a cjobho 3anyTaBmHMC* 
bt> HeBo,zrfe ero cjiobt> h, bm-bcto Toro, hto6u p-B3KHMT> oTKa3o»-b 
npepBaTb pa3roBopi>, oTB^naji-b TaRi>: 

— IlpocTHTe, JK)6e3Hbie rocnoAa, ho mchh yjWBMen>, hto bm 
o6pamaeTecb ct> TaRHMH npocb6aMH kt> HcioB-feKy, ROTopuft Barb 
He 3Haerb h y KOToparo Moryrb 6uTb 6oji*fce Ba^CHbw jrkia, *rkwb 
BOAHTb no ropoAy AByxi>' npi-B3^cHXT>. 

MoHaxi>, ci> y^BoeHHoft jm6e3H0CTbK>, nojn> KOTopoft Morja 
cnpbiBaTbCH h HacM-femKa, B03pa3HJi» mbtb: 

— Mu BOBce He xorkiin Bac-b o6ra'bti». Ho Hani* noKa3ajiocb, 
hto bu He oneHb paAocTHbi, a mu saTo — Becejue pe6irra, ^RBem> 
Ka^CAoft MHHyroft, He AyMan o cj-fenyomeft, h, Moreen, 6uTb, earn 
6bi bu corjacHJHCb coeAHHHTbc* c-b HaMH, OKasaJH 6bi bzm> He 
MeHbmyx) ycjyry, h-bmt> bu Hain>. Ecjih nee ocTaHaBJHBaen eacb, 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEBHblfl AUTELTB. 31 

hto bu Hacb He 3Haere 9 to aTOMy noMoib jerKO, Tam» RaR* 7 bcaroU 
Benui h y BCHRaro cymecroa ecn> cBoe Ha3Bame. Bon> sto — moA 
Apyn> h noKpoBHTejt, nejOB'fcR'b AOCToflirfeftmift h yHeH*fcfiniifi, 

AOKTOpt c|>HJOCOC|>iH H Me^HUHHU, H3CJffeAOBaTeJb aieneHTOB-b, 

IoraHH-B 4>aycn> 9 Him, KOTopoe bu, 6uti» Morten*, ammajiH. A % — 
cKpoMHuft cxoj»p-b, MHoro j-ferb H3crfc;tyx>mift HSHaHRy Bemeft, 
KOTopoMy B3JHmHift nHppoHH3MT> M-fcmaerb CA^JiaTbCH xoporaHMi* 
TeoJioroMt. Bt, xbrctsi sBaxn Mean IoraHHOin* Miojuhhomt,, ho 
Ckwrfce npHBHHHo MH*fe myroHHoe npo3BHme Me4>HCToc|>eieci> 9 nojn> 
KOTopuMi* n npomy Hera AajOBan*. 

B*B TO BpeMX 06a He3HaKOMIU HOKa3aJIHCL MH-fe j»ju»mh aoctoh- 

humh, h % nojyiiajrb, hto He 6yjjen» HHRaRoro 3Ja, ecin n npo- 
Bejfj H+KOTopoe Bpeim wh o6mecTB-fe jtsyTb nyTemecTBeHHHROBi> n 
nonwTaucb bt> hxt> 3jopoByi> Beceaocn> oKyHyn> cbod T*rocTHyx> 
rpycn>. CoxpaHHH see CBoe aoctobhctbo, h OTB-ferarb, to> roTOBi> 
npifiTM r-l hhmt> Ha noMomb, TaRT» Kam» H3AaBHa jk>6jk> ropoju* 
KeibH-b h pajrb no3HaROMHTb HyHtecTpaHiieB'b ct> ero 6oraTCTBaMH. 

TaKHMT, 06pa30MT>, COD31» 6ujfb 3aKJK>HeHT», H H TyTb JRe BCTy- 

niurb bt> cbok) pojib npoBOAHHKa, npejuanm HanaTb ocMOTp-b ct» 
Toro cofopa, orojo KOToparo mu HaxoAHJHCb. 

Bcfc 6nBaBmie n KeibH-fc xopomo 3Haion> arorb Co6opi>, o 
KOTOpOMT* y^e H-fecKOJbKO pa3*b ynoMHHajrb x bt> CBoeni, pa3CRa3i, 
ju HHe nocfenuBmie ropojw onimaJH, kohchho, o rponaAHOM-b 
coopyjKemH, npejnpHHjrroM-b TpH B-tna Ha3axb, h bt» cBoem> Te- 
nepemHem> BHjrfc RpacHop-fcnHBo cBHjrfereJibCTByDmeM'b o cia6ocTH 
cHjrb neaoB-feKa, cpaBHHTejbHO cb Monibc ero <t>aHTa3iH. % paacRa- 
3aJt*b cbohmi> cnyTHHRaifb Bee, hto 3Hajn> o nocTpoHR-fe sToro xpaita, 
bt> ROTopoM*b xopoBa* lacrb 6iua ocBsnieHa nepe3i» crorferie nocrfc 
Hanaia pa6orb, Ropa6jb — npejocraBjeH-b juji ciy^cem* eme cnycT* 
nxThMficsm jrbn,, GamHH, He aoBCueHHua 40 dojhoh bhcoth, yicpa- 
meHu ROJOROjaMH Gojrfce Bocbmueami jrkrb Ha3ajo>, — h KOTopuft 
Bee eme ctohto % cpe*H ropo/ia, RaRi> HoeBi> ROBHerb, roTOBHMtiA 
jum 6yAymaro noTona, h cjobho najbuem* rpo3HTb ct> RpumH rn- 
raHTCKHM-b ^cypaiueM'b ju* nojrbeMa RaMHefi. Korju a ROHHHJfb 
Moe o&bHCHeme 9 Me<)>HCTo4>ejiecb cRasajrb: 

— Kas-b Hsueib^ajiH jdahI Xpajfb CoxoMOHa 6ujt» se MeHbme 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



82 BfcCH N 2 

aToro, a nocTpoeH'B Bcero bt> cent ci> hojobhhok) jrfcrb! BnpoHen, 
h to cKa3an>: pa6oTajn Ha cTapHKa He oahh pa6u, ho h mjxm 
cTMxiflHue. BuBajio, npHrpo3HTb hmt» nepcTHem*, a ohh orb yxaca 
Apoxarb, KaKi> xncrb* oceHbi). 

Ct> H3yMJieHieMi> nocjtorp'brb * Ha topo, rto o mpi - Ilcajuio- 

irtBU'fc rOBOpHJTB, CJOBHO O leJOB'fcR'fc, JHHHO 3HaROMOM*b, HO no- 

tomt> a cnejn> aro myTRofi h nocoB-frroBajrb mohmi* cnyTHHuain* 
Boftra bo xpain> h ocMOTp-farb ceMb Raneu-b, oKpy»ta»mHn> xopo- 
Byx> nacTb. Korja noRaatiBajrb n Raneury Tpex-b Bojucbobi>, rxt, 
no npeAamio, jiejRarb rfcia 3Thxt> eBaHreibCRHrb naroBi>, nepejan- 
Hue KejbHy nocii paapymeHui HTajuracRaro ropoja MnjaHa, aor- 
Top-b <I>aycrb, ao rfcrb nop-b dohth Bee Bpeiu MOjqaBoiiA, cKa3ajn>: 

— JloSpue jbah! He c6njHCb jh bu HeMHoro cb nyni, 3a- 
-txaBt cojxa, bm-ecto Toro, hto6h nonacrb btl BHejeem* najeciHH- 
cRiftl Hjh, Mowerb 6wrb, 6h*h bm noca-fc cnepTH 6pomeHH bt» 
Mope h npnnjiHJH bt> KeJbH-b no PeftHy, hto6u 3^'tCb o6p£cTH 
cefrfc MorHjyl 

Mh Ha 3Ty ocTpoTy 3acirfejuiHCb, aMe<t>Hcroc|>ejec'biipH6aBHjrb 

BT> TOMT> >Ke TOH-fe: 

— B-BAHtie Mejbxiop-b, SajiTaaap-b h Kacnap-b, He oieHb-ro bu 
6ujh yjuHJiHBii! IlpH JKH3HH Rpecmrb Bacb anocToro Bona, RO- 
Topufl h cam, bt, iHcyca XpncTa hjoxo B-feparb, a no CMepTH no- 
jiohchjh Bac-b Ha dokoA bo xpaicfc, KOTopuft ca*n> uoro* He B-i- 
«naen>! 

OcMOTpiBT, Co6op"b, OTnpaBBJHCb MI KT> CTapHHHOft UepRBH 

cb. KyHH6epTa, hotomt, rt> cb. ypcyjrfc, itotomt> rt> cb. TepeoHy, rt» 

OCTaTKaMl> pHMCKOft CTBHU H TZKh JUjie — KO BCBMT» AOCTOnpiUrfe- 

naTeoibHocT^M'b ropoja KeJbHa. Besj-fc moh cnyTHHRH HaxojuuH, 
ht6 cna3aTb cirfcniHoro hjh ocipoyMHaro, npHneirb bt» p-fcnarb 
AOKTopa 4>aycTa 6ojbme 6mjo aoGpojiymHoA myTKH, a Mecfmcro- 
(^ejiec-b npeAnoHHTaxb 3iy» HacM*femRy. Bt» o6meMi> 9Ta hobox 
nporyjiRa no 3HaROnum. MicTaifb, cb AByM* HeyTOMHMUMH co6e- 
cB^HHRaMH, paacfcjua H-fecKOJbKO qepHoe o6jaRO yHUHUi 9 omm» 
3aBOJOKmee Rpyrosopu Moefl jjyoiH, h Ror^a orb npoAoa^CHT&iBHoA 
xoab6u Bcfe'MH oneHb ycTajH, k cb yAOBOJUbCTBieM'b npHHAJTb npeji- 
JoxceHie boAth bt> SjHHcaftmifl TpaKTHp-b h BunHTb RBapry BHHa. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHblfi AHrEJTb. 83 

B-b Tpaxnipi mu noM-tcTHJiHCb b-b yrjy, okojo orm, h, noxa 
xo3Shht, h cjyra ftapnjH Hajix ryca h nojUBajn bhho, * onut-B 
noxpoCHie pa3cnpamHBaTf> cbohtb hobuxt> SHaROMues-b, kto ohh h 
Ryja •feAyTB. Mec^ncro^execB oTBtaaj-B MH*fe Tain*: 

— Moft jpyrb h noKpoBHTeJb, aortop'b <I>aycTB, yroMjeirb 
6peneHeMi> no3Hamft, — h6o oht» nexortrb yieH-feftmift, — h no- 
KexajTB jhhho y6-t4HTi>CH, ycTpoeHi* jh Mipi> conacHO ct» 3aK0- 
HaMH HayRH hah H*frn>. A no nyra, o6T»-fe3^caH crpaHU h ocnaTpHBa* 
ropoju, mu, KcraTH, y6ixuaeMcx t hto bhho Bciuy hbjiho, h Mync- 
hhhh Btaxh frfcrawrL 3a jRemnHHaMH. 

AoKTopt <J>aycn> nenaibHO aoGaBHjrb: 

— Tu Mon» 6h jynne cRa3aTb 9 hto hojtb bc&mh mnpoTaMH aa 
jeHbTH Heib3« KynnTb cqacTk h cuoft HexB3H nojyiHTB jd6bh. 

jl cnpocHJi, b*b KaKHx-b cipaHarb ohh 6uBajH, h Me$HCTo- 
4>eiecb oxotho cjrfciajrb MH-fe jiiHHHuft nepeieHb: 

— CHanaia, — cRasara oht>, — no6uBajiH mu bt» MTajrin, bha-bmh 
MoiaRi, BeHeoio, Ylzxjfo, 4>jiopeHnir), Heanojb h Phmt>. Bt> Phm^ 
Moft jq>yn> chjbho no3aBFmoBaj*b HCH3HH ero cBurbftmecTBa h nce- 
ctoko ynpeKajfb mchh, ito h He cjrfciaji> ero naaofi. IIotomi> ot- 
npaBHJHCb mu n Tlzauomv h TpeiUK). Bt> TpeiuH noftearfcx-B moA 
4pyn>, wo He HtHBera bo BpeneHa Axnxja h TeKTopa. IIotom-b 
MopeMT> npo-fexajH mu bt, Ernnerb, r#fc a noRa3UBajn> AORTopy 
nnpaMHAu, h oht> HenpeM-feHHO noHteiaro 6htb <t>apaoHOMT>. H3T» 
Enurra onipaBHJHCb mu bt> IlajecTHHy, ho % 9Ty cTpaHy He oieHB 
jk>6jk>, h mu nepe6pa*HCb bt» KoHcraHTHHonojib r-b cyjrraHy Co- 
jHMaHy t caMOMy ciaBHOMy h3t» Bcfexr* npasHTeiefi nipa, h ecjin 6u 
* He y^ep^cajrb AORTopa, oht> HenpeM*tHHO nepemej-b 6u bt> B*fcpy 
MaroMera. H3i» KoHCTaHTHHonoaa npo6pa*HCB mu bt> Mocrobuo b 
xoKtoyh 4>aycrB noRa3UBarb cbod yneflocTB npn jBopi rhxthhb 
Eieui, ho ocTaTbcji Tan** He nojRejaxB H3i»-3a jdtuxt* Mopo30BT>. 
Tenepb «e o&iAayBiZtwh mu ropoju H-hteiiRoft 3cmjih; 6buh bt> 
B-feirfe, Mr>Hxeirfc, Ayrc6yprt, Ilparfc, JleftnuHrfc, H»peH6epri> h 
Opac6ypri. Jh*-he HanpaBueMC* bt» Tpnp-b, a nodi noi^eM-b 
bo 4>paHiuD h wb AHrJiip. 

IIoRa Mec^HcrocJ^ecb nepe^aBaj-b mh* stotb cboA HTHHepapifl, 
npHHeciH HaM-b BHHa, h, aa ctaRaHaMH peflHBeftHa, 6ecfe^a Hama 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



34 BftCU N 2 

ojKHBMacb. % Bee ctapaica BHB-ijaTB, HacROjbRO HOBue 3huomioi 
MeHs Mopoiarb h HacKOJbKo roBoparb npaBAy, ho 06a oh* 6iuh 
qpe3BUHaftHo jkjohhhbh bt» c bo HiT» oTB-brarb. MecfmcTocfieiecb 

nOCTOUHHO myTHJfb, H HBO BCfafb BOOpOCOBT* BHCRaJbSblBaJTb, RaTb 

akin, a aoKTop-b <J>aycrb roBoparb najo y ciobho 6h hhhto bt» nipt 
He 3aHHMajo ero, HHiero He oTpHuaxb, ho h He nojXBepjuan 
HHHcra. Bnpoqeirb, row h, y3HaBi», «rro jjORTop-b <t>aycrb He 
nyxurb 3aHirrigMT» narieft, oOHcarb eiiy cbok> no-fcsjfty rt> Arpnimi 
HerrecreftucKOMy, ^ORTop-b npocjymaj'b Moft pa3CRa3i> ct> bhahmiutb 
jn>6onuTCTB0Mi», h bt» oTB-ferb cKa30JT» MH*fc cjrt\Ay»mee: 

— % HHTara coHHHemji ArpHnnu, h oht» MH*fe npeACTaBMeTc* 
HejoB-feKom* o^eHb Tpy.nojK>6HBbiirb, ho He ojapeHHUirb. Marieft 
oht, BaHHMajcx TaKi» jne, vMi> Hcropieft hjh KaKoft Apyroft Hay- 
Rbft. 3to Toxce, Kara* eciH 6h neaoB-kR-b ycHaHHBoarbD AyMan 
xocTHHb coBepmeHCTBa ToM^pa h niyCoRoiiucjua ILiaTOBa. Bet co- 
HHfleHLH ArpHnnu ocHOBiHbi He Ha omirfc MaraiecROM-b, Roropuft 
04Hht» 0TKpiJBaen» ABepb kt> aToft HayK-fe, a Ha AoBpocoB-fccTHOYb 
H3yqemH pa3Htirb khhit>, — He Ooorbe. 

H, crojbro yM-kn>, 3amHHtajT> 3Haieme ArpHnnu, taKT> Kan» 
noHCTHH-fe cHHTa» coHHHeHie tDe occulta philosophiai TopgcecTBOirb 
qejoBiieckaro yna, ho Me$ttcTo<t>ejieci>, BMimaBmHCb, npeKparan* 
Ham-b cnopT* tikhuh cioBaMn: 

— CKOJbko Bm hh norfejR bli, rocnoja, Hajn> cfcopiiyjaMH h 
h CKOJibKO 6ti Hit ynpajftHjuiHCb bt> MarRnecKOMT, onurfe, Bee paBHo 
yjOBRte BU BT» CBOH cfeTH TOJbRO RtayD-HHfSyAb HcajRy» TBapb 
H3T, 6-fecoBCKaro itipa, paw ROTOpoft H TpyAHTfcC* He CTOHJO. A 
yxci» c-b rfeMH, rto noctubHie, He Barn, Tanfrbc*, ecjn He oROBaia 
toil hh Ajairb, hh Cojomobi», hh Ajtb6epTb BeJHRifil Hy> ju 6y- 
Aem 4>Hioco<|>cTBOBaTb h cncTeMaTH3HpoBaTb; *, npafeo, He BMHecy 
6ojbme yneHofl mhhh; xaBafire BfeceiHTfccfc: wb» mm >ne 9To ofrk- 
tuajta Hameny rocnol 

Bt> TpaKTHp-fe 6btJo jobojbho MHoro nocfcTmreieft, h Me<|>&cTti- 
4>ejeci>, BHesanHo nepeiitHHBT* cBoft cepbe3Hii& bhjh> Ha oCpta-b 
HacTOHmaro myTa, o6paTHJOi kt> npHcyTCTByDmHin, cb Ra*t>ft-TO 
npn6ayrKoft, npejuanm cirktb niceHRy. Koe-irro no^omejrt rb 
Banx v a Me^HCTCK^ec-b, npaciBT* Ha orojrb, 3»obrhmi h aobojbho 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHfi AHrEJL. 85 

npigTHUMt rcaocojn* aairbrB pa3yjuuwe Ryiueni, h3t» KoTopun* 
aaooMHBJOi mh* toxbko npHn-ferB, Koropuft cKopo orua nojty- 
rHBiTb bcm 3aia: 

Wein! Wein! 
Von dem RheinI 

Kohhhbt, nicHD, Me<})HCT0<t>e*ecB o6paraica kt» cJiymaTeJSMT, 
cb tikhmt> npeAio«emein>: 

— MHJiocTBBtie rocnojul Cogepnia* nyTemecTBie h nocfeTHjrB 
BanrB ropojn*, mh ipesBUHftftHo aobojbhu ero M'fecronoJOKeHieM'B 
h xejajR 6u QTCjiarojutpHTb RaR*B«Hu6yAB BacB aa to. UoaBOJBTe 
ate Hani* yrocrnTb Rapuaro h3T> sac* Ao6poft rhctbd mojoaofo 
BHaorpajul 

Bck npHHiuu 9tr caoBa aa mynty, h6o ejBa naiRHajacB BecHa 
r Ha ao3an» He Mono 6im» h aejieHaro xHCTRRa, ho Mec^Hcro- 
4>MecT> cb ncuiy-cepi>C3HUMT», nojy-myroBCRRM'B bhaom-b npRHjuc* 
aa Hcqojaeme cBoero o^inum*. Oht> b3*jtb bt> pyRR ab* 6ix>Aa 
m, nojiHj|BT» hxt> Biepn*, upoTaHyjn> kt> caMOMy oKHy, KOTopoe, 
Vh Biuy AyzoTu n RoifHarfc, 6hjo cienca npioTRpuTo, npnroBa- 

pHBajl npH 9TOMT> CB ROMHqeCRH-TaHHCTBeHHMM'B BRAOM*B RaRlH-TO 

6e3CMucjeHHux cjoBa, no BH-fcnraocTH noxojRui Ha aaKiHHams. 
SpRTeifl, tjuh Ha am npojrfejKH, xoxoTaju — RaRT> HaA> BtixoARoi* 
aafiaBHaro rayitiepa, ho Me<|>HCTo<|>execB nepe3i» h^croabro mh- 
Hyrb nocraBHJT. 6jk>ju Ha ctoj-b h ohh ORa3ajHCB HanomeHHiiMji 
rpoajiMMH frfcuro r Kpacnaro BHHorpaAa. 

PaayirfcercA, * He coMH&BaucB, hto bt» 9Tomt> nyjcfc RpuaacB 

TOJBRO XHTpOCTB JOBRarO 4>OKyCHHKa, OAHaRO, BT» TO BpeMH H % 

6kijtb nopajgeirB He MeBrfee npoiHxi>, h y bcbxt> Haci> hcboxbho 
BupBajocb BOCKJHuaHk H3yMJeHia. Me4>Hcnxf>e*ecB Bcfex-b npn- 
raamarB nonpo6oBan> ero yronieHui h rfe, kto Ha aro oTBajRHBajc*, 
MorjH ytoAHTBc*, hto BRHorpajn* npoH3BOAHJTB BnenarjrbHie co- 
BepmeHHO CB*fc#taro. H^Roropoe BpeMH Me<J)RCTo4>ejecB 6iur& 
npejuteroM'B Bceo6maro BocxHmemji, TaKt RaR-B Ha Hero cMOTptan 
He 6e3i» csjmeHHaro crpaxa, KaKi» Ha ROJAyHa hjh Hapojrfe*, a 
oq*B, cjomurB pyxH na rpyjH, cpeAH ToxnsmHxcH 6»prepoBi> ctohjtb, 
iuk*b haojtb, cb jhuomt* ropAeaflBUM'B, KaKi» y JIr>uH4>epa. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



86 BfcCU N 2 

OAHaKo, koimu nponuo nepBoe yAHBieme, 3aM*brHn kto-to, 
hto noAo6Hoe a£jo He mofio 6htb HcnojHeHo 6e3T» noMonm 
nepHoft chjh, h 3Ton» roiocb nt>AAepncari» ciyra Tpagrapa, ko 
Topony He no Bitycy 6uao, hto nocferHTeAH yromamrcji npa- 
nacanH, ao6utumh nyAecHUMi* cnoco6ojn>. KaKoft-To noABunHsmift 
KpecTBKHHffB Aajge noACTynHJi» in» Me<|>HCTo<f>eai> co ckbtumh 
RyjaxaMH h cTaxL, pyraacb, Tpe6oBan>, hto6u owl Tonac* noni- 
joBaji* Kpecrt h noATBepAHn, hto ohi — Ao6puft xpHcriaHHH*. 
Eme Tperifl, bhahmo, cTyAeHTL h3T» 6ypcu, orajn* npeAOcreperaifc, 
hto BHHorpajn» mo^cctb OKa3aTbcn 0TpaBjeHHbiMT>. 

Me^HCToc^ejtecb H-fcKoiopoe Bpeiui cayman* 6pam» h Hanajpui 

CT» HaAMeHHUM1> BHAOMT>, nOTOMt BApyTb OTB^THJTL BCfclTB TZKhZ 

— Ecjih BaMi,, m»*HHyrH, Mofi BHHorpaAi He no Bitycy, to bh 
ero h He noaynirrel 

CKa3aBi>, oht> HaKHHyjt Ha 6j»Aa Kpaa cBoero naama, a 
Korju nojuuun* ero— BHHorpaAa y^ce He 6uao h b* noMHfffe, h 
Bet mu MorxH 4yMaTb, hto BHjckiH ero jhidi, bt» BOo6pa»emB. 

Tyn> noAHBJCH HeH3-bncHHMuft myMi>, xain» Kan* Befc cpaay 
npnmjiH bt> *pocTb h KHHyjHCb Ha Hac* TpoHn*, hto6u no6Hn» 

HaCL. Bl JHUO H2MT> BOHRJH, HTO MU — MOmeHHHKH H HTO AOJJKHO 

nepcwb Hacb ropoACKHMi» BjacTjurb, a KyaaKH noAUMaJHCb yj*e 
Haft-L HamHMH rOAOBaMH, TaKT* hto Morjo HaMi» npiftTHCb naoxo, 
rkwh 6oj£e, hto mu 6uih 3araaHu bt» yrojn». Ykc bbucji % sa 
ac|)ecT» mnarn, AyMa*, hto opyKieM-b npmeTCji MH-fe 3amHnum» 
CBoe aoctohhctbo, ho BM-imaTeibCTBO TpaKTHpHaro XOBJfHHa, KOTO- 
pony He xorinocb, hto6u ero 3aBeAeaie cTajio apeHO© yfiiftcTBa, 
Koe-KaKi* ycnoKOHJio ccopy. Me<f>Hcro<})ejeci» KHHyjr* Ha crojrb 
30JOTy» MOHeTy h, noAi» npHRpurieM-L ciyra, AoCpajracb mu ao 
ABepH, npoBOHcaenue BecbMa HexecrauMH B03r*acaMH. 

Korjia mu 6ujh y>ne Ha yuirfc, AOKTop-b 4>aycrb citaaan 
Me({)HCTO(|>ejiK> cypoBo: 

— KaKT* Te6i He HacicyHHrb noBTop*Tb ojuri nrtwe crapuji 
myTKHl Chart* bt» Te6i neaiuft 6-feceHOK-b, KOTopufi nacy He 
Mowerb npoHCHTb 6e3* npoKa3T». JIhuo yTe6n, aoj^ho 6utl ycraerb 
6biTb cepbeaHUMx h aoji^ho on BpeneHH ao BpeneHH kphbhticx 
bt> rpHMacy. O Bch%rh tbobxt* npoA^jiKax* ctuaho BcnoMHHanI 



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OrHEHHHH AHTEJb. 87 

Me4>HCTcx|>ejecB oTB-frrHj-L ci npeyBejHHeHHoft noHnrrejb- 
hoctmo: 

— Hto A-tJiaTb, ji>6e3Huft Aoicroprt, He Bchwb 6htt> HcnuTa- 
TeuMH aiejieHTOBT*, nan bu, jp rtomj #te mu o&fenuuii noaa- 
6aBirn> Hamero coroBapHnul 

4>aycrb npo40iKajn>: 

— A hto, eciH 6m xo3shht» He BCTynuc* sa Hacb» npHmiocb 
6u Hair* noaHaitOMHTbCji ex ReJBHciuuui ItyjanaMHl 

Me4>HCTo<|)ejecT» Bospaau-b: 

— Bon emel % cui-paro 6u ct> hhmh Tanya KemyTKy, Kam> cb 
nHTyxaMH H3i» Ayep6axOBCKaro norpeCa bt» Jleflnwirfe, h mu erne 
nortmHJiHCb 6u baboc. 

Hto6h nepen-feHHTb pa3roBopi», z cnpociun* Me4>HCT<x}>eu, 
KZKh aojkho CMorjrbn» Ha noKa3aHHuA v hmt> 4>ORycb: ecrb jh bto 
npoBopcTBo pyn» hih o6naHT> apim*, — bo oht» cRaaaro jurfe: 

— Bu omnCiHCb, aro hh to, hh Apyroe, ho yM-feme noabao- 
hiThcn aaKOHaMH npnpoAu. BaMi» aojjkho 6ut& h3b4ctho, hto 
roxh pa3A-fejeirb Mexuy AByM* HaorjutH aeMJH, Tarb hto icorjia y Hacb 
3HMa, bt» CaCSeftcRoft Hhjuh — jrfcro h Hao6opon». OcTaercn tojlko 
Hjc-fen* wb cBoeMi* pacnopjuRemn MaaeHbRaro jjyra, yM-fe»maro je- 

TtTb 6uCTpO, H OHT, 6e3T» TpyjU BT, JK)6oft wkcMWb AOCTaBHTb 

Bajn> j»6ue moam, co3p-feBa»mie ixfc-jH<5o Ha Apyrous KOHirfe 
cB^ra. 

Kain> Bcerju bt> p-fenara Me<})HCTo<f>ex4 Hexba* 6iuo npn aTOM-k 
onpejrkiHTb, roBopHTb jh oht», HacM'txajicb hah orb Aymn, ho % He 
crarb HacraHBarb Ha o6-b*cHeHiarb. TfeMi* BpeMeHein* noAoro jh mu 
kt> nepeKpecTKy, wfe aoijrho 6u*o Hau-b paacraTbc*, h a, hobh- 
Hyjicb BHeaanHOMy ^cejam», Tam> Ram* HOBue SHaitoMiiu bt> ciubHoft 
oreneHH ssouum Moe jto6oiihtctbo, cRaaaro Tarb, o6pama*cb rt> 
Aonopy 4>aycry: 

— JhoCeaHuAAORTop'b! CeroAHX yrpoMT, a oxotho HcnojiHHjrb 
Bamy npocbfiy, aim mum He coBchrb o6uRHOBeHHyi>— GiyKHTb 

BaMl> npOBOAHHKOM-b, BeqepOMT», M TOJge XOHy OTHeCTHCb 1Tb BaM-b 

cb npocb6o&, MojRerv fcuTb, HecRpoMHoft. Bu mh£ CRaaaiH, hto 
HaM-fepeHu opoAoaftaTb name nyremecTBie h iAere bt» ropoAt 
TpHpT*. Ho h MH-fe ecTb Hy^ua ompaBHTbcji tyju me. He oobbo- 



Digitized by VjOOQI.6 



88 BfiCH N 2 

JHTe JH Bbl UpHCOeAHHHTbCJi 1Tb EtM-b, npH WTb, KOHCHHO, BC* 

cboh pacxoju h Boabiiy Ha ce6a? Bt> aopor* aHmaa* mnara hb- 
Korju He aoM*maerb, a mom rpycrb Cyjerb He jemHeft npn nocroaH- 
Boft BeceaocTH samero coyTHHRa. 

Eaea a cKaaaai* wry p*<n, nan> anno Me<t>BCTo<|>ea*, Boofime 
cnocoCHoe M*urb cBoe BiipaMteme, lUicbxaMeaeoirb npkn rojrb, 
cj*aajocb BUCOROM'kpmjrfc n npespHTeabHUM-b, cjobho y rocyjupa, 
roBopamaro cb npiuBopinun abCTeuoM*, h om> cuaan mh*: 

— HaBMHHTe, rocnojiHHi Pynpexn, mh hc HyjRjiaeMCM hh bi 
AeHbrarb, hh bt» mnaran. Mm nyremecTByem babocmt*, h y Hacb 
H-fen> M*cTa mam Tperbaro. Bu ay?me npncTpoftiecb it* RaKOMy- 
jh6o Kapasany KynuoB-b. 

He ycirbrb a O Trfrnrrb na oto ocRopfiaeme, Kain» 4>aycn, ao 
rkrb nop-b npQ*Ba*Binift Toabico Rpaftu>K> B*MtaHBOCTb, Bjipyrb 
npninen n. noca*AHee paaapaxeme h aaxpHHaxb sa caoero 
apyra Tan* ra*BHo, Ran tojbko xo3*hhi> rphhht* hr coGany: 

— MOJHH, H HOBBOU MH* CBMOMy BUfiHpaTb CBOHTb CHyTHH- 

kobt>! ityMaems th, to> mh* npiarao Biu*Tb hoctorhho orojo 
ce6a tojwo iBoe Rpuaai>meec* jhoo? Boxe Moft, 4a hh* 
ciacrbeM-b 6y*erb caumaTb 6jh3t» ce6a khboA HeaoB*qecKiA to- 
aocb! 

Ha ant rfffcBHua caoBa AORTopa <&ayara Me<{>RCTo<t>eaect pas- 
cM**aca, Kam» ecan 6u to 6iua MHaaa myTRa, h oTB*rarb: 

— Bame a*jo, AOKTop-b, upnRasuBaTb, a mh* — noBHHOBaxbca, 
h m MMWb ciyra Bnaorb 40 ahm, nona ne cayHmca RaRoft-anGo 
cayiaftHoft nepeM*Hu Bib Hamnn oTHomeiriarb. Ecjh a orRaaaa-b 
rocnoAHHy, to mibKO noTOMy, rto 6oaaca Barb oGesnoRORb, a 
caMT* a oqeab pajn» nonyrwRy, amoMy co6ynu*HHRy h apony 
co6ec**HHRy. H60 bhho h aorua — bto moh caafocm, 6e3i ro- 

TOpUrb MH* H KH3HB Be B*b JRHBHb. 

3aT*M-b, o6pamaacb ro mh*, Me<f>Hcro<t>eaecb jiofiaBJurb: 

— Mu nycRaeMca B* Aopory aaBTpa hb aap* 9 a Hafljiere By 
Hac-b bt> rocrnHHHu* cTpen Ropoaefti. 

Iloca* sToro mu nonpomaiHCb h paaonuncb bt> paaHua cropofiu. 
Buao eme AOBoabHo paHo, h mh* npHinao, 6hjo, hb yn-b noflTH r* 

^OMy BHCCMiHOBT* H XOTH 6ftl BarajIHyTb TaAROM*b tt HHMT> Kb OKHO, 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHllft AHTEJK 89 

ho TonacB 3aa-fciHjrb a, «no Btepanuiee hoc pfcmeme yfezaib 
h ceroAHamma npBBJDHeaia coBepmeHHO sbbojobjb TyaiBOMi 
jhkt> Araeccu bt> aoeft jtynrfe, h a tiuctho acaan rb cBom 
cepjurk npejaaarb jpyjaecaarb lyBCTBi* kt» Hefl, cjobbo aeraarb 
nepTb, HaHCpTtHBUz-B Ha npa6pe*taoM'b oecrfc h cTepnm npa- 
jHBOirb (Sojbmarb bojh-v Taa*b h He nojrtSonurcTBOBan a 
ito-jh6o pa3»ijuTi> ofrb yiacra Araeccu h no cerojaamflift 
AtHh He 3Ha» t ompaBRj-b jh ee 6part aa aaaaaaiue hi aaaofl- 
Hn6yA Monaempb, hjh yjoaoabCTBOBaaca joManmHirb HaaasaHieirb, 

HJH, DOBipHB-b MOHBT» GaCHBH-b, tipOCTHJ-k BHOlffk fiOJbme B 

HHKorju He Bajrkrb Araeccu, He roaopaa-b ofrb Hefl hh ct> rfea-b, 

H TOibKO, HIMIBT* 8TH 3anBCBB, BHOBb 0*888** en o6pa3T>, HO- 
KOHBimflCX MHpHO HI OXBOYb 83Tb rpoGoBl rb leBBOB'b yrjy MOCfl 

naiurrH. 

IIpHmeAniB joaofl, a paenxanuca cb JlyaaoD, aoropaa ae npn- 
MHHyaa no aroay nosojiy noiuaKan», orjan eft aa zpaaeaie pas- 
hub rpoMoaaaia Benin, Barb aaam, a oaraabHua yaoawb oaoa- 
HaTeai»Ho, h 6pocBjcB n nocTen oxaoxHyTb noexfc abb, noaaaro 
npmuK>HeBiBBfl Beo6unaftauBB. Bt> BasBaHeaaufl «iacb, paao 
yTpoMi>, b 6tui» Ha aorarb, a, nepeKHByB% nepe3T> iuteno caoft 
AopoxHuA M-femoKT>, noarfanHj-b m> cTpea*b Kopouit-bi, oaboA 
Bdrh jy^max-k rocTBHaaui» bt> ropojrfe. V aopon cToaaa apinaaa, 
Kpirraa noB03aa, sanpajaeaHaa neTBepaei) Ao6purb Aoamteft, a 
AoaTopT> <t>aycn> h Me<t>HciD<f)ejecb t croa aa apiumrfe, pacnopa* 
xajracb yuajiaoi) nocrfcABBrb Bemaft. 

JloKtoph npBB*TCTBOBajn> aeaa Jio6e3HO, a Me<f>BCTo<}>ejecb 
ayaaao, — ao t Bnpoaero, 6en HaarfemaH, oh* ae ya-fcrw o6xoABtbca 
aaaoma. Capoaauft moA yaen» ail npaaicaaa caajui ayaoaa, 
noroBT* b a 4orropT» 4>aycrb ckta aayrpb noBoaan, a Mecfmcio- 
<|>ejecb ck aynepoa-b aa ko3ju. Caopo nocaumaaocb meiaame 
BHjra, iomua pBaayja a noBoaaa noaaTaaacb no EohhobcboA ao- 
porfc Kb CeBepaacaaa-b BopoTaa-b, yBoaa Heaa, aojaerb 6uTb 9 
BaBcenia asi ropoju KeibHa, rxk npoxajrb b saHtaaxexba-feftmie abh 

MOeft JBLB3BSL 

Bajiepii Epocoiv 



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HEM3AAHHAH 3ADHCKA rmnKHHA. 



Th xorin nmxktb TiuJuHccxoro wHBoracoa — YroBopHCb ci 
rare Koraa 6n nan Birfccrfe n» iiexy npirfacixfr— At uomemh-am 

TH ofrkjUTTb 3tBTpa J JteHJI? 



A.n. 



3aimoxa A. C. nymnxa Hatipoeaxa lapwwnom xa xefoiMnom 
xxowfc tfynanL HoAnxcb— oi«b xapaxTepxax MoxorpaNMa, eoeTaueH- 
xax H8i» xanajibiiMib 6jm kuoxx h {taMxaix noeTa; oHa tooto BCTpt- 
*aerox nojrb nyrnxxxoxxMH aBTorpatyanx. flant rferb. Ilewraeirb 
saraoxy, beta* eme He noxBXflBmyx>cx, « jntfesxaro paapfcmeiii 
C. A. BasrepoBa, xoropuft xamem ee bt> apxn* JLrrepaiypaaro OoHja. 
Oxa Baaeaea bt> JfrxyiieRTu kt> ornery o nymxxxoxoi BueraaxV, 
yerpoexxoi $oxAoirb n 1880 r. IIpH net mrfceTca nxouio BBB-bcixaro 
xygoxxxxa A. Peaaxoaa x* fl. B. rpxropoaxHy. .Bon rt abb aoporie 
Aooxyrxa— raoa** PeaaaoB* (5 BO*6pa 1880 r.),— o xoTopux* roso- 
pajn* ii Bairt mepa. Saraoowfc A. C. IlyniUHa bm yse aanux saan- 
wrfe, a ob lepraxoin. B. A. JKyxoBcxaro ooorymrre no Bamoicy <tot- 
roiiy yeuorptaiv". (Heprwrb SKyxoBexaro, toso ooxpawmndftca n 
JtoxyMeBTaz'b* (ow, othoohtoji kt> noeraxoBX* .Xhbhb sa nap**)- 
Moxbo AyicaTb, tto sanHoxa nymsBxa AooTaoaob PeaaxoBy on IKy- 
xoboxbto, b, rtpoimio, JRyxoBOxou y ftua aflpeooBaxa. Kto torn wn 
sxBonxoevb, o xoTopom roBopxn IlymxflBB, im B6fl8B*erao. 

H. Jtpitpv 



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PklCYHKkl 



l. K. BAJIb3EPb. SAVIONYPLATZ. 
II. A. CHJ1MHT>. CAMOVBTflHA. / II!. A. CHUHHb. KAtfOB-fcTh. 



Digitized byLjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 




r 



Digitized by CjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



KaJIOKOJIblHKOffb AEPHCHOb. 

noMhaanch npuuHim. 



niiipoKifl xpuaba lforyux* iithikb saeJiOHAim Bee Heoo, npocra- 
paac* 0Tb BoeToxa ao Sanaaa. raaAHmb— h BHAHmb noaero. raaainnb— 

H BHAHmb KpHJlbH. H OHH yHOCHTb T06H, TBOK) lOieJIb, TBOK) MOHTy, 

tbod cyabtfy, Bcero Teto. CaurnHmb cbhctt» BfeTpa. rpoMN roBoparb. 
Maaoe Bee Braay. Potixoe Bee flaaexo. Th aerom*, rv aeramb flea* 
xoHua. BanaaTca bbMau* Bjihsko claim* aaannra h epe6pHcram» 
6aecxoin> abb mHTa aoBymeft JIaaypH, nurrb ropaqift, pacxaaeHHbiH, 
oxpyzeHnuft onpaBoio flm, h man* oeBlUKHTenbHo-npoxJiaAHufl, bt» 
ffaxpoirb (Hunix* o6aaxoBi» h bt> onpaB* npoapauoft Hoto. A Meatfly 
AByMfl mHTaMH— bc* Chtbh m6htn. Be* bohhctbb ateaaniH, ycTpeicaeHift, 
bcxbhkh HaAaxAU h mocth, ryau seiiHbix'b h He6ecHuxi» epaaceHift, bob- 
xecmiaca bbhob h naBmia aHaxeaa, h Birfecro XHBbix'b jnoaeH— aacTNB- 
mifl HBBaflHia, h HeflonlmiH cthxt>, h pyneerb hoboh Haaeacobi, xoto- 
pirt Bee GluKHrb-ti'bxHrb, xoropuft Bee BBeHHrb-SBeHHTb, toiho frbjibie 
xjxonbfl oniB'bTraHX'b na1iTOBi» aeTarb, nocafe soaora xhbhh aeTarb 
oAyBaHHHKH, a Ha arany wrb btbxho, Hetiecno, okbobhcto uBferyrb 
roayoue pacoBBTbi, 3B6HHTb xoaoxoabUKH. ILiaHyrbOHH hjeh paayiOTca? 

3BeHflTb KOaOXOabHHXH* 

PacxpuBaemb rjiaaa h raafliunb. Hto eo mhoh? TKh a? Hto a? Bwjrb 
bi He6ecaxi> Bceofeeuaionraxi, a aeacy, bchboh, xotb paatiHTuft nage- 
Hien-b, Ha yxaoBTB ropu, Ha onymx* aeaeaaro raa, h cmotp» na UB*Tbi, 
Ha aapio, BeiepHioio h yTpeHHX>io 9 h oaumy — ub-bth noim>. Ub-btu 
boiotb— o6t> OpaHHoirb nrfcafl-fc. 

fl cJibnny. 

Heoajexo on iloopoxmia, 

Ha noHHicajomct ropt, 

Tjcfc corona vferp* mjinm jhiuo, 

rcp6ypTork aaaoK*. Ha sap* 

PasBaawi ero to mxbdti v* sHTtpt, 



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50 BfcCH N 2 

To pjcfcon bt> njaMemi lepBOHHoxv Ho Monua— 

Monua, xa» ee btv paapxcyft. 

3xka> pojn 6un ciaBH&ift. 3to 6biao. 

Ho toahco ponon» roprarfc arpyft 

HanoMHim sByxoxi itbhhoh iiaackx, 

4to astcb Korju-To 6uah Aacxx, 

H bi rfeKorbiHOCTH saBAsxx 

3Byixra MTHOBCHHuft noirkiyft. 

rcp6ypTM. KaatAbrik 6um% Moryqii, 

B* orHim m bi rpoxaxi 6uTi*. 

H paapocrajiacB rat cexi*. 

Korju aci icaxoft repoypr*, otjkhxicboh B-fcxx xxnyqix, 

Ilpomajicji ck WH3HM0, ck 8irBmHurb ahcm-l, 

Osaux* obtl A-kiajiai opAoxi, 

H Ch KpHKOMT. yHOCHACA Wb TyHH, 

H opjnt KAexor&, cbxcti xpuia 

Zpamua buiiibxx ckaab. 

Taxi 6mao ao tbx* nop*, noxa repoypni shot, 

4to poA% opjnrauft <rnrn» opjoro, 

H Porfc noxopHun 6trn» roTon 

A** ropRUTL XHVHXKOBl, qeft KADV* OCTfrfee CTBJDL 

Tax* 6mao ao tbx-b nop*, noica 
Oahbtl TepoypT*, b* mrp* npespkHHOft, 
He nocarayjn, Ha rfcn, «m aoaa Bticoxa. 

ErO BMVT03RH2K pyXB 

Bajua pyatLe, h, ct» btstkhxi* rAaaox* 
Bt> cods* bohab, youa paaoxi 

KpUABTOCTL rOpAMTL AyM* t COSBOHHkie VEXa, 

OpAHH&ift Ayr*, opARHuft paayxv 

Pyxa TepoypTOBa icorAa 

YSbtl opAa. YShtb opAa! 

KorAa oxothmki 6espa8cyARUH 

Aokox BepHyicx bt» aron jeu, 

Oh* Tain, rA* cbai 6mxl xsyxpyAHux, 

BoAqmi yBBurkrb m xpexeH*, 

H yxepi cuht, ero b* xaxoft-ro xyxt TpyAHOft, 

H bt» saxxt pyxxyAa cTyneHb. 

Ha 3aBTpa, ro 6ucrpoR nepex-SH-fe, 

Eme 8Byqan xonuBHuft sbobtl, 

Eme oopymxAxcb cryneHH, 

Eme 6wat» npaaAxxr* noxopoHv 

H Taxi cxoHqaAHCk ahh. CAOXcxAacfr n&n* BpexeHv 

PoA-fc Buxepi. 3axoKT» nax*. Jlxmi xfcTep* Hax* pyxxoi 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



XOJOKOJMHKOBft flEPSHCb. 51 

Jfejrfcera npK9pa<iauft caoft ctohv 
Opm sciesju. Kpnr* opjnmtk 

UpUBQMMBUrKM KaKb COHV 

H jomiB py*eft sbchmtt., cnajua, 
3aeHHn» m ruaqcTi, noxHiaa, 
Kotju-to cjubhur, ropraft ckjobi. 

TaXl BOTb HTO, BOTb HTO. fl CepAUOMb 8T0 3HaJTb. 

fl noMHK) bc* a&bh, n xoTopuirb a npnxocHyjicfl. H mhcjiwo m ory 
B08BpanuiTBCfl xt> MHHOBABmeicy. Ho ABHHyrbca mbtb HeJiba*. fl npn- 
lOBavb CBOHirb naflemeifb rb ropHoicy cxJioHy, npetfb aeaeBbnrb Jiy- 
roirb, apea* aejieioiirb Jitcoiib, as xoTopbiirb, ny», myiumb — mejie- 

OTJITb XeJITblfl HHBbl, SOJIOThlfl MOpfl HOlOIAHX'b XOAOCbOB*. HaXAOHflJOTOJI 

ohh, 6e9b KOHua HaKJioHaiOTCfl, toiho nAaxyiifl hbu. A AftJibme, Tairb 
Aaoune h a&zxbme, jrbeflue aaTOHH, CToaiifl boah, noxpvrfaifl pxaBHH- 
noft, nepHoe oaepo, nepHoe aepxaao Aymb, hto tjihahtca bt> toii- 

HOTy. Mfffe CB-BTHTb BfelHOO CoJIHUO. fl Bb BtUOft B6CH*. Ho TOb-TO 

Tairb, rfl* xoTBJTb 6h fl 6vrb, aaMepaaerb npyA*» nanaerb cH-ferb, h 

AB06, KOTOpbDfb DOMOHb HeJIbBfl, CXOJIbSflTb, 06jTUe Bb CTdJIb,— TaHUyfl, 

exoabiurrb xt> BHMaaiomeft npopytiH. H caMH Ha6pa#H ee. H noMoib 
HMb Hejibaa. Hejibdfl! 3aAMxa»cb. He xpHXHemb. He ABHHembca. 

3jioe xoAAyerb. Beperb. HoAXOAHTb. Yarn He nory. npecTymieHie 
AHmero, HanoicHHaerb, yBOAHTb coasaHie bt> aaMoxi, bt> xoTopom» 
cTpamHbifl oxHa. Tyrb tto-to ejiyHHAocb, ht6 A&*e irbHflerb BOBAyxi» 
xpyroirb. H eejiH bt> a^oB-frmeirh floirfe dmepb oxHa — rJiaaraifl Bna- 

AHHH, H no XOMHaTaMb XOAHTb Taifb SHBUe MOpTBeUbl, MH*B B-BAOMb 
3aMOKl> PHA3HHbCXlfi, TA'B TOOTH yJtaCHH. H fl HO MOry He IrJIHA'BTb, 

xaxi> BCTaerb IIpHBHAtaie bt» 3aMK*B PbiAaHHbOKoiib. 

UpHBHABHbfl BBTBOfi. IIpHBHA'feHbfl OTpaOTOH. IIpHBHA'BHbfl, KOTOpblfl 

Tatay cxpwiH. Ho noxapb Aajiexo, a aapeBo bhaho. IIpHBHA'BHbfl hoot* 

B* aaatrfc PfctAnnacxom vacoaR* ecn, 

Ilpexk qacoames hokoh, 

B* Tom noxora noprpero ten acesnpiHu, 

Hg HSyfcC T HO t, HO 8HaTH0H. 

Rto OHa, kto ee HanHcajro, 

Rto norkcmxfc, oncyjut BsiMCh ona rw saxxB, 

Hhkto He pasvmjujri tofo HHKorju, 

Hhkvo Hxxor^a He ysHaen. 

Bh Ton MMixk KK*ero hbt* oco6eeHaro, 

Tojmco Bsrjuub aaTanrb bt» ce6k tto-to yrpexoe, 

JU eme bot* pyxa ojwa 

HeecTecneHHO xax*-ro MtMMih. 

naAmi pyxH toft xari 6yxro n yauin ocajmcb, 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



52 BSCHN2 

OKOcreHfejH, 

Uocxk Kasoro-TO xpafaxro TpyjHaro ffcia, 

Morten 6un», npecTjsjeHM. 

Mucjx Tajti* Hanpacw, 

Koaeroo, e*T* tbhh n mm npaiuut; 

Bee ace Tyro bhcmotpbt* aro, noscajyt, Boano3KHO t 

H6o Koraa-TO rjyxie arte* cjyxx KpyaiHjnci., 

Hto vi He8ananjTH0M% npomjora xaxoe-To 6iuo 

3joc sxkch xh*o. 

Aaace o juyra cHpoTara roBopHjn, tcmho h hcjicho, 

HeaocrorbpHo, hhkto ra am cjyxx He vspuv 

Pbjpco, Be lacro o Ton noBTopjum, 

Koaeuo, jmojuub &b coBcfem, 

Ecjd 6u, ra saiurs, 

IIpHBHjriHie bcchiiibbu, BpeMB on BpeMeHH, 

He 6yjuuo £BjeHi>era cbohhi 

Bt» 8a6uBmeBCB naxaTH 

My^rrejiBHUB 3TOTX paacxara. 

IIpBBBLzrBBie to ae cMymaen, hokob Tara pfcaico, 

Kara aro 6uBaero bt» npyrnra H-fccrara. 

Bhjuuoti ero HHoraa bt» nepexoAB, 

Ctohtb Ha koj-sbbxi h MOjnrroi, tohctt. bt, Mojaman. 

rOCTBKl, 1TO BOTflDTh B1 HOBO'S TOM*, B03JTB laCOBHB, 

JImmh thxok) nocrynMD Bt nojrao*n» HanoMHHTi «ryn cninmo, 

4to boto oho tjtl; 

A earn Tyro aceBmnHu, earn Tyn» mbjiub jtsth, 

Hra oho HHKorju Be CMynrra, 

Kara 6yjrro 6w iiomhhtl, tto ra hhxt. on npnpojai nyrjBBOcn. 

OjtBaxo »e ra xaxcaoM-L raay 

EcTb cTpamHaB tmtkk** hoil, 

B% KOTopyx) ra sames hhkto He cnocooera 8acHyn»; 

H TBTfc JU»e, KTO hhtoto 

He BHjum, He cmmim, 

He SHaen. bo tmtb hh o lera, 

CXfeexjerfc TpeBora, qero-TO nra Bee HecnoRORHo; 

Kara 6yoro 6w hto-to bh*b x-spu ra npHpojrfc Toraa. 

Bo bcx) ary hohl, xotb 6u He6o 6eao6.aa<niura 6hjo> 

Hara aaiucon xaxaB-ro Ty*a bhchto, 

A ftnace aepeBwi, b* caay, xotb 6esi> FBTpa, 

lUypmara, mejecTBTi, mejecrxr*. 

Ha 6amHS OAHBHaonaTb jramt HcreKaera, 

A B-fc HBJIOH naCOBHB JJKh CTyKM, JLBHHCeHLH, 

Kara 6yATO Tara xojurre, Kara 6jjoo Tara 6pojum, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



K0J0K0JO>?HKOfil> JEPJKHCb. 53 

H ynapt BCTaen no vfecTajtv 

CxpuBaDTCx bt» sairrfe bcb cryra noAajune, 

Jlmnfc caiuie cirkme fijonce noiuoium, 

H cxymwra, CMOTpjm, rjuuuin, 

Hxt» jnma oxBjfflton, an boiocu Bcrajra, 

H yxcacora Boaxyn aacimieB't xpyroMv 

Bmti nojraoii. Jpkn*wm qacora. 

Pacnopjnorcji ABepa b% vacoBB-fe, 

Choi co6oft, 

3aropaiyrai crfeu. 

Ha ajRafrfe, 

HO ABBBOTB KaKH»-TO, 

BjTBjtHun xaimrb-TO, 

H CHHeBarun cbstomi; 

IIpHBBurBBie xceanoiBU, n 6-bjob b axhhhob OAeaurfe, 

G* BOJOcauB pacnymeHHMMH, 

Ct» abhomi on 6oxb8bb yMjumnr*, 

Bcraen aa rojtbbh apeAi anapera. 

XoJiojDi Monuuuia BaeaanHO Kpyrojn aacraen; 

Bl p«8*, CBjUBeBBBKl BAen O&BABTO CipKHTb. 
HyAOBBHIBUB BBA*! 

Ton cBxmeBHBin — ocejen, 

ToiOBa ero— Tpynb*, 

PyKB, BecymU qamy — junm» (rfexu* koctb, 

iUa nepcjn* huti, wh cTBxapim, 

Majue joa cxejera, 

Hanry ojonn aecen, 

B* KOTOpot BOJU H BBBO, 
ilpyrOft 3KC— OrpOMHHB TpeOHHld. 

Havraaeroi Mecca cBXTax, 

Pym cBOH'icaic* ayatao cjaraen, cBumeHHHK^ 

Hxi BoeuouMaen, 

06cpHyjKji h craxi hi koxbbx, 

Bh TpeoaaKi rjuucan m HBTaen, 

Mojkhtca on ropjno; 

Caaerai, «m> sran MOjarrmairfc 

Otb*tctb7dtt» am Meproeaa, 

Jhz Majuro CKeiera, 

Ho rojioca Bin BBxaKoro, 

H ae cjuoiho bb BBAOxa. 

Toxueo n umbjtj, Korjia 

I10AHOCHTCjl Ch XpOBlD TBJO ToCBOABe, 

CjaimxToi otsbjk* bbobkb KOCTjaoro, 



r 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



54 BfiCH N 2 

npepiiB&c rjyxoe MOjnaaM. 

Koine** odpjucv, 

B% xpecio cajwrca cB*ineHBBKi, 

HcnoBBjumc* npropan noaxojom. 

Kan ropjno nepcjn* sthmt, obi bojbtcji, 

TjwcccTfc xaxax rpyju. paspuBaen eicy. 

HcnovBjyeTcx. 

Gxymaeri nana CBjineBBBKi, 

Gxymaen, ciyinaen aojto. 

Ckojuco ate cjesi h BBAMiamft 

HcnoF^A Ty npepusam. 

5oxce Beradft! 

Kan ace aojuchu 6htl yatacBH npsraaBM 

Toro npKBHjrBHM, 

npecrynjieHLji ero. 

rjuuonre! rjuABTe! 

IIo Tpyntejiy j6y y CBxmeBBBxa 

Xoioabub crpyHTca b xanaero nor*; 

B* npopunixi OTBcpcn>HMH BepTBura oiara 

CBepxaen oix>bi> BosMymeHwr, 

JKescxift noprper* aa ctsh£, saTCMHjuicfc, qepvien, 

Hara saMKOM*k rayxoft paapaacaeTc* rpoin*. 

Jha M2jum> cxeieTa crojm Ha xoriHm, 

H bojutcx, mojmtl npomeaU eft. 

IIov&Aaja Bee, i-ojobob npexjOBBjaci, 

Bun b% rpyju. ce6a, b* 6ojih, bt» tocks noKajiHfc*. 

Bi>en» ceabo — b njuqera, h xcxen. 

Ilpoxojum* BBayni. Ci» bo&0od naraoarr* 

K% cwimeHHHKy asop* cbob, co ctohomt,: npomeHkf. 

MonuBHMm. on roaiocom eft OTBBHaeTV 

He vh 9Ton may. 

Koroa ace? Korxa ace? Taepjom npuBHjriHte. 

CBameHHBjn* bojfibtv 

Ob* eft yKasyer* aba Bajnro cxejeTa, 

3acniBinie bt> ropucoft moj&o^b — 

H botl BCTesaera— b cvshb noraciH— 

H boto BaMUKaDTca ABepa ibcobbb — 

Jlmnh cron paajiaeTcx 9a bbbb npoTxacHuft, 

H cpasy Bee thxo, b to, wo 3fffeci> 6&UO,* 

MaHyTy TOBy, oTomjo, 6es% cxmju. 

Koraa *e? 

He b* 8tomi> ronj. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



KO JOKOJEbTOKOBL JQBPXHCB. 56 

Ho oTHUHBe— nyrb. Bcah orqaaHie— 6e*b aoana, 6ero npeAfeaa,— 
Kan 6u Benno hh Gmjio npecTyiuieHie, aaa* 6h Monun»aa hh fouia 
Taftea,— cyAopoamdl Tpenen> aynm H8*rfe*aen aymy— h jduiaem ee 
aaeraanieft, Kan aaic eab, hah oeataerao-toiCToft, ian tocto, noea* 

0C6HH Cb T6MH0D rpflSbK), TOJIBKO HTO BHnaamJH GfeUft CH^Tb. 

B'bAb dim xe Totb, %a aaaa apoab CA'fcaaJia leprad! rptab <**- 
AoeHtaHbnr*. Totb, Kto CMeprin aajrb xhshb. Hah TyAOrro mo*©tt> 
htth. Kb Heuy, Hta mrrxa noma Bejraxaro Beceaia, h6o rJiacHTb o 

BOdCTaUBH H8b lfepTBHX*. 

Cbjoa6hhhsi, KOTopuft OTBepraen 6ea6penoeTb pacaaaaM, eon 
ho caameHHiirb, a eTpanmuft KOJiAym>. OtopoTeaB. Hah Kb Boapoat. 
Auooieicy. A earn to wb lrfccry npHKOBaH&, vba* Ayma cnocofaa, on 
CHJiBHaro xotbhj*, HCTopraTbca hot* rfcAa, h htth HecmniHOft nocTynbio 
no BC*irb nynorb a aoporairb. 

EeTb caasame o h*bkovi JJHJiHrpHirfc. 

Illex* naaarpaab yforia, a aamex* 

Bb Taxi* exam, tto bbtab asb em 

Oab Bwojia ac Baaan. Taxb nponuo 

Bee aaro. Iloaomaa Sana, Taxa*, 

Cyposaa, tto hthau, saaepsaa, 

Hab aoasyia Bb 8janm cnaaaaa nepbfib. 

Osatinxi* naaarpaab ataaxb afepaoa caepn, 

Raxb aipyrb oab ropaocTaa yBaaaab, 

Koroput npoGaacaxb Bb caaxa orpoaHoa 

Hpeab yaxyi) pacnteaaay. BaraaHyBma, 

OCjpaaoBaaca oab, w> ecn» aopora, 

«J(opora axfecbs, acxpHqaab, ho tb caoaa 

3aaep8jm Toratcb, caab ace najnrpaab 

Bb orpoaauft aeprsuft xaaeab npeBpanuc*. 

Hpanteab apyroft Bb to btbcto najarpaab y 

H Taxb ace aeauKj STaxb cxaab Bucoxaib 

Oab waaojOL ae aorb aaira, xaxb nepauA. 

Yatb aavurb oab orqaaBaTbca, naaxaib, 

Bipyrb Comae aa aecay ofoporaaocb, 

Onaaia saaepsniia caoBa. 

Bsraaayn oab, aaaarb, wo jascan caoaa, 

H*b aeib aepataab, cb nocaaaaaab Teaauab caaroab, 

Tenepb xe Bb aaxb daaa aypaaa, 

Caaaco. Oab notAomeab a npowran: 

cAopora aaaebs. Uorneab no yaasaHuo, 

H aroTb npOBoaaaxb ae o6aaayjb f 

Oab Bumeab npaao Kb rpo6y Iacyca. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



56 BUCbi N 2 

He Torb jih 8to HHJiHrpBM'b npHmejrb kt> rpooy rocnoflHio, lorojHrt 
BoexJiuKHyjn* .flopora dafecb", h a&Mepro numb bt> oabobtb CBoem 
jihk% ito<5t> Aymoft npociflBmeft aacTaBHTb Jie^-b pacraaTb, h npeotfpa- 

3HTB TeifHUft H rpflBHUfi CHtPb BT> HOBy» XH8Hb CBtBCHXT* n06tT0BT)? 

Majibifl 6'bjihh BB'bpoi'B noKaaajn> flopory. JIa XBaJiHM* mh Bee, wo 
XHBerb. MbjihA, bi> orpouaora, cBoeft -CwcTpoToft yxaaaJTb Ha pacme- 

JIHHy, 4p63T> ROTOpyiO BOTb npopUBaOTCfl CB*TT> B©3K0HeiH0CTH, Cl H6- 
06MaBH0CTl>K> B'felHHX'b naCXBJIbHOCTeft. Jta XBaJIHMI, MH Bee, HTO SI' 

Berb. BeoHKoft, cBameHHoft, XBhJioio Bceooxia, mh MfeHaera to, tto bi 

HaCT> BH3B8JI0 THMHH OcaHHH, H M*feHfl6MC4I CaMH. Bl HBC% DO«flai)TCf 
3BOHH, H&6& BJiaCTbK) MH BT> pHTMT> BOBJIOKaeMCH, 8a6HBa6M1> JBTCBTM 

o6opoTHfl, BCTynaa b% aBOBAnuH HHCJia xpysanpixca dBfes/ci. 

0, a rjiasy Ha aeJieHHH ckjiohi*, h BcnoMHHaio, c* BejiMKmtb ofaer- 
HeaieMi», ocB*bXHTeJibHo-cTpaHHyio, h B-bpHyio, cyAbtiy MoBaxa, KOTopiA 
nocjiymaBmHCb flbaBOJia, tifrxajTb h3t> cbhto& o6ht60h. 

BOTb 3T0Tb HOBHH TOJIOCb. 

Ha to* oojubtb, hto 90flyn» IIorocTon, — 
lipoma* mb Tarn. Botea hjih lyaa, — 
Ectb rpy6uft neaB, yajracruft h xopaacTua, 
H bt» paaaue iacw bb-b-iioa'b Hero 

MOHOX-k JBXJUCJI. BUXOAHXB OB*B MXBBIJrB, 

Ho, qyrb BcraBajrb, BejnwB 6ujtb pocn ero. 

noicadUBajcji bt» paaaux-B obtb <t>aryparB, 

Ho name — bt» 6-sjiom'b, hjih bt> xjooyxs. 

He toabko aiyxH. Mokho 6uao BH^tn,, 

Kax-B *b BOAy oht» bxoabjtb, pacnpocTHpajr* 

Moaamecxift KJEo6ym», ■ araaoBBiAcx 

Bee MeBLme, MeBj>me - MeHtme— aoiesajrB. 

To Ranmiftcji 6uxh Moaaxx xaxoft-TO, 

Koroput H3T» ooareAB 6sxtajrB, 

H 6hun j6wn> paa6oftHHKaicx auocx. 

Kara aceaaxaay ero bbjuudi Taxace, 

B* mjuxeTCKon ojcfcjrakH. Hn^ero 

He roBopajTb, h aaxoxy ae cASxaxb 

Hero-HH6yju» Aypaoro. ^cjiobbkt*, 

Hto a/rfccB ero wh noarfcAHift pas* yBacaxb, 

HcnyraaHLift BHjrkHfceM-L, 3aRpaiajr&: 

«iU xBajnrn. Bora icaxmoe AuxaRBev. 

A oht, cKaaajrc M x Ero xBajnoa. 

CaaaaB-B, aoie3i>, a 6bun> cb rfcxi nop^ aeaaAaa-B. 

A exceju aouia eme hbjuhjich, 

Kojb capamaBajni, obt, He oTrsqajTB, 

JhimB roAOBOft RHBajn>, hjih pyKO» . 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KOJOKOJD>HHKOFL JEPJKHCb. 57 

fl Moanocb OeaaaKaTHoiiy Corauy, h orb (teaxoABHbix* npHqaciift— 
xpyroirb pacoB^TaDrb uB-feTN. Mh* cTaHOBHTCH CTpaHBo-Jierxo. fl 
aejrbeirb bt> OB'&toHHux'b aBoaaxi, jiojiImoto M6hji saqaHbfl, ApoxaHba 
rojiy6wxT> kojioxojibihkobt>. fl meBOJibByjrbpyKoft. fl Buy— 0Ha aotb- 
Bynacb ao roayflux-b KonoKonhmon. fl BHxy. Pyneft 3B6hhtt>. JTbeb 
paaffBHraeTCfl. Ilpoib, npaapaiCH. ftoraa a, BoaxasAaB'b BceiiipHoA Ha- 
irBBHocTH»KOCBycb roJij6ux'b kojioxoju>hhkobt>, 6yAy hxt> cayman*, cTany 
aa Herb raaAfcTb, hbao.mhoio ae BJiacTHbi bh Tauie cboah npomaaro, 

B1I «I JflOBHIHa, KOTOphlfl IfBHATbCfl H6 XOTflTb, IfBHaTbCa HO MOryTb 3a- 
XOTfcTb. 

fl BoacTajrb. 

Mfffe B606J10 dHaTb, HTO TOMHbia CHJttl AymH f KaiCb JIOTyHifl MblOJH 

OTb CB-feTa, 6'bryrb orb mobx* roayGHXi* kojiokoju»hhxobi>. O^HBifb 
DjrfeTKoirb, xoraa bt> mwb 3bobt> BceidpHocTB, a notffeXAaio Aa*. 

H aaxoft-To roaoc* noerb mh/b o eTpamaux* flBBomoHax-b, o xoto- 
Phxt> HyxHo Hairb aaaTb, Kara nocTynajorb ci» Hacaaieirb, xoraiiapHo 
xoTJumm AafiHTb XHBoe. dTorb roaoc* Aaaeaift, b Kaserca mb**, hto 
oht»— IIoAbCRift. A 6uTb-iioxerb ohi fOxHO-Pyccsift. A 6biTb-Moxerb 
BceieaoB-BHecKifl. 

Hy, HBJiflflTe cetia, Ahbojcohu. 

.flVBOXOHU, AHBOXOHU, 

HyatAii Hanni in saKOHU, 
GrpameH-fc citsxb samB, cTpamHu sbohu 
HamsxB xpaMOBB b-khobuxb. 
Ecu juuce, nexci> nj-BTaifH, 
Kojokojbihkh npesB aaaa. 

Mil OTB HBXB KAKB 3Z CTSHaiW, 

BoibBu mu on aeeBuoiBB ajwxB. 

JlMBOTROHbl — CB rpjOMO AJHHBOft, 
3u6xoft T01HO COBB ny^HHHUft, 

ibyxapmBBBoft, TpexapmHSHoft, 
Hjtb yBHAiraifc, TarL frfer*. 
A Re to yssaeniK juiikh 
ibuHOi'xceBKB, juiBuoft 6a6ra, 
npoMejucBerB bb qepBORHoft manirfc, 
CTpannui AHBBue Bpare. 
ByjiemB pa6B. Efexte cnipaft hub. 
4to6u xchshb 6u*a bmb MacMB, 
By/rem* xojoaomb TepaaeMB, 
ByAemB sHan, xaxB cnHay nfyrt 
A He xoiemfe, rpyjw am, 

Cjobho AbOOJUCKIJI BJieTH, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



58 BfiCH N 2 

hjAjrk 6m Te6x, ■ n carkri 
H bo Twrfe y8Baenn» KHyrc. 
Tyn boto irBBynnca nponaju, 
IIpontAaerb h» He Majo, 
B* dToft irbcKB H-fcn Baiaja, 
Bpjurb jm 6yacn» ■ KOHeni. 
UoHCKajx, nosa6iUH t 
ibnoxcoHU TaftHy cxpum, 
iU Hamen n jkhboh Monurk 
Ty jcfcBHuy Moaojiem. 
Ul&n vi xfccy, ■ cranum ctobm, 
Oh* icpynie BHjan-i ckjohu, 

BOTL KyjU BH t JUIBOJROHM, 

B* TaftHy npjreere jnaKeft. 
Toiuco kohl 6uxi» BejtueKO, 
CepAue n. cepjwy, 9opxo oko, 
Oh* ck Heft dcaieri*, botl, juuexo, 
ibiBuni Men TOJina sa Heft. 
Bon (yferyn», h Aotrfcraxyro. 
YcTpanuui, Hacninuora, 

H ypOAIHBO MeJOKUDTb 

Tpyam — niem BBepx* h bhhb*. 
Tojdoco jrBBymica CKeKByja, 
Ha hvbtu OHa Bsr.uiHy.ia, 
Bwcrpo MOJiojEuty mcnHyja: 

KoSOKOJDkHHKOB-L AtpTKMCb. 
Bl» TpaBXHHCTOft KOJUl6eiH 
K0JK>K0JU»1HKH 8BeffBJH 

B* canon* jtbxb, n canon jrfert, 
JImbotkoru pasonuncb. 

ECJH BCTpBTHXn* HX*, TaK* 3TO 

Tu sanoMHH jum covtTa, 
Heo6iiaH*HBa npsiriTa: 

KOJOKOJblHKOrb AepJKMCh. 

K. BiJiMOitt. 
Boia *• U CMibr*. 
lt07-8. 
3ma. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 







Digitized by VjOOQiC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HAHIH MfflTOHH. 

O ciu*, JL Aupira*, Eonrc* 3itaiBs h mhoi-oh* jpttomv 



L'ib»qi 4« btM ttt rhorrtar d« jtllt 

V. d«L, Adm. 



Caiotft OTpamHuA Bpan> Bcjutoft peBOJUouin BbipocTaerb h3t> 
ea eo6rrBeHHbix'b H-feApi. 

Ilosa peBOJiioiiia He Hacbirana coaaaBinyio ee noTpeGHocTb, eft rpo- 
aarb peautia. Ho noraa nepeBopon* cTpexHTca neperaarHyrb Aaaexo 
aa npejrtau aTOft »noTpe6HocrH* h, cTaHoeacb h3t> cpeflCTBa can o- 
AOBjrfe»meft utiibi), HH^erb He coaAaaia Hosaro status'a, a nbiTaeTCM 
vb eaicoft HenpecTamocTH nepeuteb, bt> 6eaocTaHOBOHHom> HCKaHiH 
HOBaro h HOBaro, toobxo h o b a r o, yBHAfrrb cioicjrb nepeirfeHbi, to 
HemiHyeMo oht> nepexoAHTb *i» pecTaBpauuo, T.-e. bt> BoaBparb. H Ha- 
ckojibko pecraBpauia, coaHAaioniaa tHoeoe" h3t> c t a p hi x t> BJieuen- 
tobi> yxacrbe h o6xaHiHB'be peaKiUH, nacrojibKo xe BbipoAHBmaflca h 
caMopaaaoxHBmaaefl peBooiojoiia yxacHte h axHB'be npocToro BoaBpa- 
mema rb cTapbun> $opMain>. 

3a paaonapoBaHlearb bt> v CTapoMt nopaAKV HeMHHyeiio 
nocJi*flyerb paaoiapoBaHie b t> 9 hobomi n o p a a k %*, a OKopo 
b canoe ropbKoe paaoiapoBaHie bt> ^hobomt* BooCme". 

HhTb HHiero onacirbe juia Bcaxaro nporpecca rfex-b BparoBb ero, 
KOTopue OTpaBJieHbi taedium'oMi so Bcaaoft nepeirbafe, aBHBmexca 
n hit* aynrb ecTecTBeHHbiMi> npoTecTom> npoTHB'b CeaHaaexHbix'b pa- 
aoupoBaaift bt» *HOBoin> Bootinie" hjih npeapHTeabHbmi* h BbiabiBaio- 
npofb 6oroxy^bCTBOin> f HanpaBJieHHbiwb dpothbi caiioft hack cbo<5oam. 
Rarb ecTeoTBeHeH'b Taaoft nepexoAi una ampxHCTa, Kara* HeBoaiio jcoh-b 
offb A4ia peaJiHCTHHOCHH-Mbicjiflmaro nojiHTHital H, Hao6oporb. Elocjifc 
rerejiBHHCKaro: .Bee AfeftCTBHTeabaoe— paayxHot* BaicyHHirb, ecTecTBeH- 
HbOfb otipaaoirb, npameob kt> ((wpwyji*: .bchkoo paapymeHbe— coaH- 
jam*!* Docjrfe ropbiaro paaonapoBaHia bt> HAeajiaxb 1848 i\, BoArap* 
Morb BBAOXHyTb otiaerHerao, jramb pacKpbiB?> hhkbh8htopokh - Geano- 
maAHHJi h xoaoABUH, xain> wcrbifi paayifb, CTpaHHim co?HHeHift Ae 
Macrpa. 

3*0 8Ha?HTb, HTO H 9H0Xa peBOJIlOUJft HftffeeTb CBOHXb dHHrOHOB'b. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



62 HBCH N 2 

Bto aHaHHTb, hto paapymeHie ajih paapyraemH m hck&hIji hobato w 
HOBaro HeHd&feZHo KOHiaercH HaMeabiaHieirb HAeajioB-b h jnrmocTelL 
Bee 8to ctojib xe npmrbHHMo kt> oflmecTBeHHbiM'b nepeBoporam, 

KaKT» H Kt peBOJIWIUH Bfe O^Op* TBOpiOCTBa, Vb RhHMOUb CJiyWfe K % 

peBOjiioniH cthjih. 

B* neicb cynpiocTb Toro rnraHTCKaro nepeBopoTa b* ofoacro 
hotth Bcbxt HCKyccTBt (Kain> h bt> hxt> aaaaiax'b, Tarb h MeroAan), 
KOTopufi Hirtob lrbcTc bikohh* XIX Btaa h nojiyHHJTb o6mee HaaBa- 
Hie .HOBaro cthjia bi HCKyccTB**? 

Kohbiho, He bt> tomi>, hto MHoroTOMHue poMaHH aauluuuiHCb HO- 
BejuiaMH hjih nosMaifHB'b npoafe, AJiHHHbie CTaHCu h wieriH— coHeTaMH, 
cxyiHaa lentoon* KOHTypa HeGpeuocTbio KOJiopHTa,' a rpyftbift o6m<&- 
eTBeHHbifi xapaKTepb JiHTepaTypa cirbHHJiCH <5ojrfe8HeHHoft iyTK0CTbi> 
kt> spoTHK-fe. He bt> arfeirfe fyopwb, He Vb HenpeirfeHHoirb cocpeAOTOie- 
HiH HHTepeea)BiieHHo Ha AaHHoarb UHKjrb Bonpocovb, He bt> cauoirb nyB- 
ctb* ocBO<5oxAemH on> MOTOAOvb eootfme, h ywb HHsaroHe bt> aAor- 
m a t h a m * aojixho HCKaTb onpaBA&Hta h GeaxoHeiHaro HHTepeea bojih- 
Koft h BcecropoHHeft peBOJiiouiH c t h ji h, oBHaMeHOBaBmeft xonem 
MHHyBmaro Btaa, Haiajio ROToparo oaHa»ceH09aHo UHKJioirb o6me- 
GTBeHHbixi nepeBopoTOBi>. H He bi> cTpeMAemH .paapymaTb, ito- 
6 m paapymaT b"— aoaxhbi mh bha^tb BejiHidft Jioaynra ero, aafffe* 
n^aHHbift HaMi>. 

IJoaoGho Tomy, saKi> xaxAHft otfmecTBeHHbiH nepeBoporb mjiprb 
jramb 6ojibmaro npH6jiHxeHia npn AftHHbixi* ycJioBiax* rb 
oKOHqaTeJibHOMy h B-feiHoiiy cTpoio HejioBfeiecKHTb oTHoraeHift, acnafl 
peBOJiioiiifl cthjih ecTb BbiHBJieHHoe eoaHaHie Toro, hto npn AanHbixi 
ycjioBbntT* TexHHKH"H HaJiHHHoeTH TBopneoKoft BHeprin iieTOAu TBopne- 
cTBa OKaahrearoTCH ycTaptemHifH h ho HcnojrajnoTb cbooG eAHHcneHHO- 
Henpoxoflameft, nocjrbAHeft h aGcojuoTHoft aaAftin — nocTHieiie 
BtHHbixT) cymHocTeftBi* oTHocHTeJibHOfl h BpeiceHHo-npexoAHiAeH 
cpeA'b HBJieHift. 9to aHaiHTb, hto HaflAeHbi Jiynmie cnoeotfbi, BeAymie 
kt> Tot xe, Bee Toft xe, eAHHot h HOHairfcHHoft Atom. Ob btoA tohkh 
•apfeHiH h*tt> .HOBaro* h „cTaparo", KaKi> A*JieHia Ha ah* cymecTBeH- 
HO-HenpHMHpHMHH xaTeropiH, H*brb flombi h aAonfaTHSMa* H*Tb peax- 
uioHepcTBa no cymecrBy h scTeTHHecKaro anapxHaiia; crb sroft tow 
ap-taia bc* jiynmie oCpasuH TBopiecTBa— c OBpeMBHHbi MexAy co- 

(50ft H BtHHOCTb- eAHHCTBeHHUft KpHTepiyifb H OAHHCTBeHHaS 

caHKuin xyAoxecTBeHHaro TBopiecTBa. Ob 8Tot tohxh aptaifl wwcjiwua 
junnb oAHa KJiaccH(})HKauiH xyAoxecTBOHHuxi* (Jwpirb, a hm6hho paa- 
AHHeHie hxt> no OAHOBiy HeHaufbHHoicy npHaHaxy— coorHomeHia bt> Has- 
Aoirb H8i> HHTb flByx*b Bcer^a HBHa6'taHbirb bt» HexyccTB^ aaeiceH- 
TOB'b peaJibHo-4>eHOMeHajibHaro h HAeanbHo-HyMeHaAbHaro. Bcaxoe ho- 
xy cctbo ompaBJifleTca OTipea^bHaro, xoth ho bchkoo xyAoxeoTBeH- 



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HAIHH anHTOHH. 63 

HoaaoaapqaHia oeTanBAHBaare* Ha oAHHaxoBoft oTanami dToro npomuc- 
bobbbia. Oo cTonara yrnyfiABHU xyAOuaxa bt> {mhom OHaiibHoa tojiuco'h 
moxho xaaceH^imBpoBaTb ero npoBBBeAesiH. drouy fftaeHi» b% oah- 
ibkoboH CTeneen uojyiem&Tb BCb TBopeHia acxycoTBa, 6wb pasjnnria 
Bpenemi, lrfecTa h erenen fcapoBHToero aBropovb. 

UoaTOMy, xarb ©to hh cTpaHHO on* yxa eoBpeMeBBaro ,moabpbb- 
ctb% oKaauBaeTen, tto chmboahsmi cyniacTBOBajrb BearAa, 
noxa cymecTBOBaao hckjootbo, hto daeuaBTb paaobBaro Haxomrrefl 
m> npoHBBeABHixx'b Aaxe tbxhx* xpataarb ponaaTBBOBb, xarb Tax* 

BAB HoBBAHCTi, a Vb HBHIH AHH Vb OBIOJX* Ay?mHX1» OTpOltyaX* POABH- 

6axa h CeaepeHa; hto QymxHHb (bur* oahobpbmbhbo h xaacaflxoirb, h 
HOBBTopoirb, pcBOJUoiiioHepoifb cthaji; hto raHJaabHMH BoAJrapi* opra- 
xxtookb h opHTHH&AbHo cunurb bo bahho dJieMBBTu CTporaro nap- 

HaCCHBMa Cb BJIBMBHTaMH CaiOIX* KpaftHHTb pOliaBTHHB- 

eiHii orp-bmaBift b GojrfcaHeHHO-MHCTHHecxMXb coaepuania; hto Abhto 
no xapaxTapy obohx* hao& (tour* BeamadmHin H*b Bcfexi» pombh- 

THXOBl» H TTO OHT> SB HOpBHfl CpOflH XAaCCHXOBT> <|>Opifbi; HTO BBAOTafi- 

mnrb cmcBOJracTOirb XIX Bfexa aoajcho chhtbtb TaTO, xota bt> to so 
eaiioa Bpaira on coaAflurb ojpm> fl8i»aairbHaTaAbBMmBx*bpaaAbBbixb 
pouaaovb — .BejibroJibMa MeftcTapa"; ito BHaioHio Banapiii BpncoBa 

CpBAH C0BpBMBHHUX1> OMy DHCaTBJIBft HMBHHO Vb TOITb, HTO CBOB A*JIO, 

xax* poBOJuoiUoHopa vb noeaiH, oht> aaBapmiui* npmrbBaHiem* babo- 

eHHBOXH-eTpOrarO, COBHBTBAbHO BUB^pBHHarOMBTOAa. 

3aM*HaT6JibHo, hto yxasaHHaa hbmm peBo adiua cthjih aa- 

XBBTHJia BO* O^epbl TBOpHBCTBa, Vb HBCTHOCTH, Vb ABTapBTypfe, 06*fc 

ajwpw an, xaxb cthxb, Tan h npoay, 

UoYTVBGh BBAHXia pa^OpMBTOpbl C T H X B Vb KOBlfb XIX B. ABBABBb 
Vb TO SB Bp©MH H pa$Opif BTOpBMH U p O 8 HI 3. Ho, BOAABpb, POABHfiBXIh 

6. YaftAbffb, PHAbKB, ro4maHCTajib; y hbct> fi. Bpmovb h A. BfeAbift. 
ByAyntffi HCTopwb .bobbto othaa* Bb PoccIh TmeTHo CyAerb hckbtl 

BOBOft OpOBfei Vb HBCHBCTHUXb, pHBOHBO-tiaaBXyCBHX* TOHXXb npOBd- 

B^Aesifi HamHiT> coBpeMBHHHXb amiroHOB^ t*xi» nojiy-paaaiicTovb, 
noJiy-AawwaRTOB-b, bo tabb^ xoTopuxi* croHTb oahht> hsi> caMmb 
cirfcnHXT> no aaifbicJiairb h oaioab 6a8Bxyemix% h 6eanoMomHbix*b no 
MBTOAy annroHOB*, JleoHHAb AnApaavb. CxoAbKo 6u hh nepeiHTUBajrb 
tfyAynUfi hctophki» Hamero cthah daaKOHOHmio, MexaHHHecxia kom6h- 
HBoiH peaAbHaro h mhcth ne cxaro, 6aaycnoBHaro h 

CHMBOA HHOCKarO H Vb AJHHHHXb H XOpOTKHX'b, HO BCerAB BblMy- 

HBHHux'b h 6aaBxycHbix , b HBicunuiaHiHxi BToro 9 yHBHHxa M. Topbicaro*, 
HBHTamtaro CTBTb yHHTBAairb MaTepAHHxa, oht> BcarAa, HBHBM'bHHO, 
zoJtMewb 6yAon> ooyAHTb hxt», xairb 8CTaTHHacKH-6eanji0AHUfi mbtb- 

piBJTb, H6o HH Vb OAHOlfb H8T» HEX* H'tTb H HaMBKa HB M6T0A*b C H M- 

BoaaaauiH, t.-b. hb aaxonb pHTMBHaoxaro napaxoAa orb paaob- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



64 BfiCU N 2 

naro » noTyoToponmiy. Tarn, r»* CHMBonieexaa estaa ran 
„4eA0B*xa" onopira CBoinrb cvfcTom* e% aAexTpmecKm oeataie- 
nam oaiioft peaAuoft roenuoft, rA* kuwhS npejiierb abohtcs, 
npoHBBoauo Jiomerb (tarn oomam to xax* aAAeropia, to ian 
pemiocT^ \ rn* chmboahsmi BbipaxaeTca rtirb, hto Myauasn, 
HrpMDmift he Kovrpate*** mrfeerb npaoe Gppxo h eamiioxaanbHa 
KOHTpa6a<rb,a eaiaUl peaAuuft Aaxeam oanot HaTypaAMol xmpet 
aoBaTb roeTeft » otoaj v rocnoAXHa HeAortxa", Tarn, zomno, He mo- 
sen 6«Tb h pfeu ho tojimco o neroA* TBopwetaa, ho aaxe off* hc- 
KyccTrt Bootfme, h6o aA*e* n u mrfcem a*ao «* npoerol Bjabrap- 
hocti>jo. He Aapoifb xe u yawxa, Hanncainiaa x* arol nbecfc, yme bu- 
rfcCHHJia bt> ,0oAbmoft nyfiAxxft* apiH JBeetAoft Baohu" h conepmna- 
6T* ei» .Maranneirb*! 

CooAneHie peaAaana e% OHMBOJiHaMonv- floabxoe irtcro 
Hameft eoBpeMOHHoft npoau. 

Hffb aaomxi npoaaHKOBfe hhxto ho ptamm aroft TpygHoft aaAaiH, 

HH y OAHOI*0 H81 HHXb Mbl TO BHAIDrb CHMB0JIH8Jia, OpraHHIOCXH BH- 

pacTajomaro h8t> peajibnaro, Benu>, nocTenemfo nepexoAsmyu bi> chm- 
BOJTb, xarb 8to mrbeTb m*cto bt> .Petite* primes en prose* m. 
BoAJispa hah Aaxe bt> eaMbix* pHcxoBaHraxi» lrteTax'b Ronou aHca. fl 
yse ho rosopio o PoAeH6azH, bo Beta* npoHaaeAOHiaxfe xoroparo h*t* 
hh OAHoro sHaHHTeAbHaro npouaxa bi kotoa* cm BOAHaaiiiH. 
Oht> hhta* ho oesopffAHerb uxa Bended, erpeioieb npoYeer* m xaxAot 
BemH oh Aymy. Bro HOBeJuni hbt> .Dpajuui TyMaHom*, xax% h xasAaa 
cTpaHHoa ero reniaJibHaro ponaaa Je Carillonenr", uom 6n cAysHTb 
xaTeiHaHcoifb ajm cmraoAHCTa-iipoaaHxa, ho SHaxomi ah ct» hhhh 
Hama nacaTejiH — amiroHbi, xoTopue eflBa ah yirfcDTb 6mb *naTe* 

JlflMH? 

ilosToiiy Mbi <n> yB-apeHHocTbD yTBepxAaeMi» 9 hto oyaymifi hcto- 
PHxt> cthah TOAbxo Toraa noftxerb bc» irfepy nepeBopora bi> Hameft 
nposfe, ecjw oh% TmaTejibHo cAHHHTb JiynmiA CTpaHimbi Heemo-peajiH- 
CTHiecxoft 6AHAH0ft,H0He 5e3UB'BTHoft,po<5KoA f ho rpaniodHoft, a, rjiaa- 
Hoe, — uyApoft nposbi HexoBa, BToro nocAtABAro caicocTOHTaHuiaro 
cTHJiHCTa ao peBOJiKUJOHxaro nepioAa pyccxol npoau, ct> 6e8nomaAH0- 
oOpaaHbmi, yTOH^eHHo-BbipasHTejibiibiirb h BcerAa flocTHra»mHirb en* 
BOJiHiecKH ooo6meHift KJiaccHiecxH - eTponiirb aauxoirb BpioooBcxofl 
•3eMHeft och*. Hh HaotipasHTeabHuft, ho xpH^amUl h eAflmxoarb nap- 
xifl, ho CMorpH he bc» cbod opHrHHaHbHoeTb, fldbiK'b A. B-bAaro, hh 
xanpnaHbift h cyuepeHHO - (brfeAHbift, xaxbrTo CBoeOpaaHO oesBOJibHbrt 
h Kaicb 6u HaxoTOHHbift asbiRb r-XH rnniiiyc^ hh AHmeHHbift BbiAep- 
xaHHocTH, iota h n*TKifl, H8bixi» 6. CoAoryffa, hh AioHHCHHecxoe scne- 
paHTo Bnq. HBaHOBa,— ho enoco6Hbi flaTb acHaro hohhtih o aaaoeBa- 
HiHX'b HOBaro cthah m oCjiacTH npoeu. H, yse bo Beaxoirb cjiyia*. 



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; HAnm anHTOHH. 65 



* 



nasi* paaBHTifl HOBoftnpoau AOJiXHa <5htl npoBejieHa memo Me- 
pexKOBcsaro, bt> cairaxb jiynnHXT> CTpaHHiiaxb KOToparo cnmnxowb 
MMoro coAepxaHifl h cjikdikoicb mbjiocthjih. 

Otb nymxHHa kt> Torojiio, ot* roroJin Kb TypreHeBy HToJiCTOMy, 
r OTb TojicToro kt» 4exoBy — Hflerb hhtb pasBHTbi Haraeft ,CTapoft* 
npoau. Orb HexoBa ao BpwcoBa— cxaieKb, nponacn>: aA'fecb aapoxAe- 
Bie •hoboA" npoau. A bt> CToport orb 8toA Aopora, nepepfeaaHHOft 
CTpeiiHHHoft, THHeTCfl nocTeneHHo Tepaiomaaca Tpomca, no KOTopoft no- 
nuiH airaroHbi cTapofi npoau. 

BaHaJibuaa TpaAHubi BUBOABTb M. TopbKaro Hdb HexoBa, Jl. 
AHflpeeBa— flSbTopbicaroHB. 3aftueBa— H3b AHApeeBa. Be©— sto pfemH- 
TeobHoe HOAopaayirBHie. M. ropucift, Kara peajincrb (ecjin TOJibKo 

MOXHO rOBOpHTb Cepb68H0 06b HOMb, K9LKL nHCBTe/rb), HBJIA6TCA a6- 
COOTOTHOD npOTHBOnOAOXCHOCTbK) HeXOBa BO BCBXb CMblttiaXb H OTHO- 

meHiaxb. CbApyrofl ctodohu, JI. AHApeeBb npHHHJic* aananBHyio .cmi- 
B0JiH8aiu» - , coBepraeHHo HeaaBHCHMo orbM.ropbicaro, nyxe ope ah paH- 
HHXb npoH8B6AeHifi AHApeeBa ecTb Taxia xypbeaHua Benpi,KaKb w CrBHa'. 
Bb ero 9 npH8paKaxb a ecTb Aaxe yAaiHue nonbiTKH h HaxexH Ha h'bko- 
Topoe OBJiaA*Bme m6toaomt> OHMBOAHdanin, ho aarfeirb onaTb cjifeAyerb 
cprab, h bi> .Ejiiaaap**, •lyA** h, oco6ohho, »3Kh3hh HeAOB'fexa 1 ' mu 
BCTp-biaeiicfl ci> Taxofi nyTaHHueft m6toaobt>, cb Taxoft a^tckoA 6ea- 

nOMOmHOCTbM), HTO HfcTb B03M0KH0CTH flaXO OTB'BTHTb COto Ha BOUpOCb'. 

He rayTKa jjh bto Ha#b HHTaTejuwH? Hto xe KacaeTCH B. 3aftneBa, to 
ero CTH^b Bceu'BJio— nopoxAeHie .CHHreaa* iiexAy CTapwiib peaJiHauoirb 

H XyAO DOHflTbIMb w CHMB0JIH3M0Mb*. 

KorAa aa nocjrbAHee Bpeica Ha pbrairB noHBRJica enpoob Ha Bee 
•CHMBOjranecKoe" h KorAa, Ob Apyroft ctopohu, HacTyuHJio HBHoe oxjia- 
VAeme iHTaTeJieft Kb nHcaHiHMb Heo-peajiHCTOBb,— HHbie Hdb HHXb no- 

nUTBJIHCb npHCn0C0<5HTbCH Kb HOBbIMb TpeCoBaHiaiib. TaKb 6NJIb coa- 

AaHb oco6uft, lepeanoJiocHufl, AexaAeHTCKH-peajiHCTiPieeKifl cTHJib, 
ROTopug, no cnpaBOAnHBOCTH, aoJixeHb 6brn> aaiuieftMeKb xaxb c t h ji b 
aneroHOBb. CaMbiMb THrraqecKHMb ero npeacTaBHTejieMb HBJifleT- 

Cfl BopHCb 3aftueBb, aBTOpb AeBHTH— AeCHTH KpOXOTHblXb paseKadH- 

xoBb, oHOHb noxoxHXb Ha xapTOHHue aombkh, paacbinaionUecfl orb 
Majrbfimaro npHKOcHOBewa ki> HHMb. 

GpeAH ropaHHXb, ho tieanaoAHUxb MjrreacHbiib MevraHifl JI. AHApe- 
eBa* cpeAH tiucrpo pacTymefl dikojiu OTHJinaaTopoBb (KysMHHb 
AyejieHAepb, PeMHSOBb, B. CauoBCKOfl h aP-), cdoah 0T4aaHHbixi> h 
rpyCwib ao HenpncTOftHocTH nonbiTOKbOTKpuTaro BoaBpaTa Kb peajiHaicy 
(Apobi6anieBb, IJeHCKift, KaMeHCKift),— n HpHMecxan npoaaB. 3aft- 

* 06* ocmubHHXL peajiacran a ho <5y*y rosopim ta HeAOCTaTKOMt ifbcTa. 
3airiqy nob oaho: sasi hh Kiacca^iiupoBajii ( bcIxi bthxi BTopocreneBRUzi 
tmroHOBi, on aroro ho yBeiHwrcfl rxb pasiaracmee SRa^ieRie. QoaTOMy mm 



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»~ *■*■»-. 



p*»* 



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HAnra eimroHU. 67 

_ 3aftueBT> ntrraeTca eoaAan* jrapiraecKyio npoay. Oh* aatoiBaerb, 
"qro 8TO— TpyflH*ftmaa aaAaia, Tpe6yx>iqafl hoith reHiaJibHOft HaoopfcTa- 

T6JIBHOCTH H CaMOft CTpOPOft CaMOKpHTHKH« 

Botb, *to imcajrb IIL BoflJiapt bi> nocBflmeaiH kt> cbohmt> ,Petits 
poemee en prose", oopameHHosrb k* Arstae Houssaye o nyjificuuTb 
CBoftCTBax-b jiHpnqecKoft npoaw: iOthhhhto Jiioooft noaBOHOKi> en, h Ana 
KycKa aroft ra6Koft <J>aHTaaiH ceoBa cpacTyrca; HapyGHTe ee Ha MHoro 
laeTeft, h Bbi yBHjprre, tpo xasAaa nacTb icoxerb cymecTBOBaTb cauo- 
croaTeJiBHo*. TaxoBbi TpefoBaHta nosTa Kb npoafe TaKT> BejiHKa otb*t- 
<5TB6HHOcTb 3a coaAarie ,<iyAa nodTHiecKoft npoau, liyabiicajibHoft 6eai> 

pUTMa H PH91IH, CTOJIb X6 rH6RO0 v CTOJIb nopHBHCToft, Kam> .IHpHHeCKiH 

j^BHxeHia jqrmH h Tpenerb MeiTbi!" 

MexAy rticb, JiHpMHecKaa npoaa B. 3aftneBa upocTO iiexaHHHecsoe 
^eoeAHHeHie npoaaHaif ob* h noaTireecKHXT* npHxpacb, Bbi6paHHbix*b hoao6- 
ho Aparou^HHbiirb KaMHHMT> Ha* Hy*HXi> oxepenift. Ero npoaa — 
paBHOA^fiCTByiomafl npoa-fe HexoBa h AHApeeBa, a HHorfla flame paBHo- 
AMcTByiomafl npoafe rjifetia YcneHCKaro h A. B*Jiaro. Taa-b, nanpH- 
irfepi*, ,6Hpio30Bbifl npojierb" bt> He6o A. BfeJiaro h Kaicoft-HHCyflb nbHHut 
nopyMHirb AHApeeBa y 3aftueBa coeAHHJUOTCA bt> oahht> othbihI* 6ea- 
CMeprabift oCpaa-b „MaTOBo6Hp»80BaronopyMHKa i ! 

Paacsaabi B. 3aflueBa BcerAa JinraeHbi BCflKaro Haneica Ha A^flCTBie 
hah $a0yjiy; 3to KaKoft-TO CHMBOJiHiecitift CHHeMaTorpa^'b hjih npo- 
cto MHCTHnecKifl RoppecnoHjie Hui h; ero repoH, no HatiJiD- 
AeHiio OAHoro arbTxaro KpHTHxa, TOJibxo tAHTb h chhtb hjih co- 
^Hpaxrrcfl npHCTyiiHTb kt> ompaBJieHiio cbohxt> TBapHO-aeMJMHbixi* 
noTpe6HocTeft. Ho cthjil B. 3aflueBa coBepmeHHo no Bicycy tojih*, 
ecTecTBeHHO He noHHMaiomefi h He *ejiaiomefl w HOBaro* h bt> to xe 
BpeMH 6oameftcfl BbicnymHBaTb otiBHHeHin bi> oTCTaJiocTH. Botl noneiiy 
B. 3afiueBT> ciHTaercfl ,HOBaTopoirb",HAyiAHin»AaJibmecHMBOJiHai<a.Ho 
bto «a a ji b m e M npocToe .post hoc ergo propter hoc". Bcaxift ynaAOirb 
^biBaerb n o c ji * h bo BpeMeraowb cifbicjrfe a a ji b m e nojieTa. 

HoBHBHa 3aftueBa— TOJibxo iiacsa; bt> cymHocTH oht>— hckohhwA 
pyccKift CbiTOBHirb, ho Moryntfft raary cTynHTb 6eai> n HapoAHocTH a , 
opr&HiPiecKH nyxAbrt HAeftHOft h TexraqecKoft peBomouiH 3anaAa bt» 
o6jiacTH HcnyccTBa. B. 3aftneBi> Mejitrift peaJiHcrb, npHKpbiBaromiftca 
oedCMbicjieHHburb 8JioynoTpe6JieHieM% 6ojibmHMH 6yKBaMH (.aaBTpa* h 
•3aBTpa"), Tape, yMeHbraHTejn>HbniH HMeHaMH (THXoHbxo, KaneJibKa, 
JieAHinKH, KOJioHKa, aufbfiKa), hobnmh cjioBoo6paaoBaHiffMH (apHTejibHo- 
AymeBHbift yAapi», seJiteHo-KaMeHHbifl no'baA'Bt MHKpo(5bi orHH, Kypcn- 
cTCRifl manoHKH) h BhiMyneHHbiMH cpaBHeHiflMH h M6Ta(J)opaMH (^acaHA- 
Hbift rHraHTb" BirbcTO yjiHua, „MyApHft BejiHKaHT> <n> roJiOBoft xynoJioif i» v 
c-b KOJiOHKaifH... HaA* KHnaMH khhit," BirfecTo: PyMHHueBCKift Myaeft, 
„M03rb oGjduih AypaKOMT>" BirbcTo: norAyn*jn> h t. n.). IIoctohhho y 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



68 BfcCN N 2 

3afiueB* epejn nywrb, mhchmkofb, Mopjn* h gypMBHa MeoBxanrB cpai- 

HOHU, BUXBSHeHHUfl H3T» IIIeJIJIH-BaXblfOHTa, H ,CHM$OHifl" B*feJiaTO; 

HeHsti-fezHo, Karb BoopocHTeJXbHbie bh&u, oaa^aiHBaDTb y Hero paamje 

.rrCKTO*, .HTO-TO\ .EATb-TO*, H08*HMCTB0BaHHHe y BaAbMOHTa; Haxo- 

iiein>, ejramKoirb ohobhaho h Bourne TaMcyHa h IlmeftumeBCKaro. Ha 
Bee 9to He ofoeAHHeHo vb oflHo irfejioe. He cahto b% eAHHUfi cnaaB-b, a 
aexHTb kui M-bcHBo H3i» paaHopoAHHx*b aaeifeHTOffb. 3aM*HaTejn>H0 T 
hto bo Bcltx* repojrrb B. 3aaneBa ecrb tto-to noJioxHTeJibHo Mojrqa- 
ahhcboo, oeo6eHHo bt> ero noAKOBHHR* Pobob-b h Mhbtb (paacxaab 
.3aBTpa*), y soro .Horn cauH CpejjyTb* h yHocarb ero bo Bpeim 
BOdCTaHia bt> (feaoaacHbur Mltcra, Ha naTufl 9Taxi>, onyAa oht> h 
noerb eaoft teuvb *Bejraxoicy ayxy*, HanpaBHsmeity, AOJUtHo»6biTb, 
ero Horn. 

3afiueBCKift cthjh> HaauBanrb Hejrbnbiirb repuBMowb .mhcthhc- 
CKifi p e a jj h a m i>', ho hhkto H8i> ero nocjr&AOBaTeaeft ho noTpyAHJica 

TOOpeTHHeCRH HaifHTHTb CJWlOCTh STOrO »H B a r BT> HOBOMl' 

cthjih. J$na nacb se 8to aByHHTb CToab xe 6eacnbiCAeHHo, KaKb Bupaze- 
me „Ta JiaHTJiHBaa 6eaflapHocTb', h Tarb mh h xotbjih 6u 
aasoH^HTb Hamy aairbTxy. 

PyccKift chmbojih3Mt>— cwffb aanaAHaro, Bejuucaro oGHOBJieHui HCKyc- 
CTBa; euy Hyxeffb CTporift MeTOA'b; mm cJiHimcoarb CTpaaajra, 
iTotibi yMajiHTbca h cx>ciOKaTb Tor^a, Koi\aa 5opb6a eme ho KOHTOHa; 
hocjtb BoflJiapoBCKofl npoau, rA* xaxAoe cjiobo — oraeHHitfi CTHncarb, 
nocjrb oTpaBJieHHaro apoiiaTaMH cthjih rxmcMaBca, docjtb a*btckh- 
irbJioxyApeHHoft b CTporoft, Kaxi> opraffb, npoaw PHJibKe, docjtb kojio- 
KOflbHaro aBOHa PoAOHtiaxoBCKoft MeTa4>opbi, Ham» cthaho mrbHHTbca 
nyfixaMH h noAAeBxaMH 3aflueBCKHXT> ajuraoBaThix-b h jry6oiHbixi» 06- 
paBOBi>! He Jiyime ah npocTo nepenHTaTb eme paai> Tjl YcneHCKaro, 
4exoBa h ToacToro?.. 

T'BITb Xe, KTO BOBpadHTb HaiTbf HTO H SafiaeBl* TaJiaHTAHBl*, IfU 

oTB^THUfb, ho nycxaacb bt> 6eanjioAHuft cnopb, tojibko oahoA typaaofl, 
KOTopaa Aa GyAerb jioayfiroifb bchkbto, ciHTa»maro cetfa npHHacTHborb 
xyjibTy DpeicpacHaro: 

L'amour du Beau est l'horreur du joli! 

9 2MUC\. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HA IIEPEBAJTB. 

X. BOH&HOOTIiyilJEHHHKH. 



CoBepmiuiocb: noupbiaa rpaabio HOByio aaTepaTypy pyccayio. Co- 
BepmHJiocb: HHBbi ea nenaabBbi, rpasHbi; h mm He bhahmi> ea Bepnjaa*b, 

H6 BHJJHMT>; HO OH* 6CTb: BepDIHHbT OCTb. BepmHHBI OflHTb BHflHbl T6H6pb: 

bhahbi rbirb, kto flyraoft nepe6oa , bai» nosopi, noKpbiBaxanjft pyccKoe 
MOJioAoe HCKyccTBo, noaaBHepamHie ero BparH, ero BiepaniHie patta, ero 
eeroAHflmme BOJibHooTnymeHHHKH. 

GoBepmHJiocb! 

Hto Gbiao 6bi, ecjiH6*b ropnhia BepmHHbi Mbi cpaBHaaa c* HaaHHaMH? 
Ha H*CKOJibKO (JyTOB-b npanoaHaaca 6bi cpeaHift ypoBOHb. Hto 6wjio 6bi y 
ecjiH BocxoxAeme Ha BabGpycb tibiao 6hi HeaaMfeTHO? CTaB* Ha Bep- 
manfe, Mbi Bee xe HH3Hay yBHflaaa Boapyrb ce6a. Tskobb HHdHHa hobM- 
meft JiHTepaTypu pyccftoft: caaantfe bt> tioaorfe— icaid* 6bi Ha BepmaHfc; 
CToamje BBepxy— Kairb 6u bt> 6oaorfe. H aaxe Hao6oporb: BepmHHbi 
onpefl-fejiaiorb nofliacb no OTpauaTeabHOMy peabe$y: h tioaoTo anaro- 
EOKb cRMBoaHBMa oicaabiBaeTca BbicoHafimHirb Kpaxeifb HOBaro acicyc- 
CTBa; Ha Kpax-fe cToarb 3aftueBb v GrpaxeBi h npacHbie, ropgo B3H- 
paa Ha „6ojioTHaro* Haume. 

GoBepmnaocb! 

Ecjib mh npaHHMaejfb, cxaxeM'b MepexaoBCKaro, BaabMOHTa, Hfla- 
HOBa, BpiocoBa, CoaoryGa, ranrriycb, PeMaaoBa a Baoaa, oTiero 6u 
Ha»fb He npHHaTb PocaaBaeaa, fl. roaaaa, Ba. JleHcicaro a BceBoaMox- 
Hbixi .6araKHHbix , b*? Ecaa aB-fcaaa nepBoft BenHiHHbi— AHapeeB*, to, o, 
6eai» coMH-feHia!— nepBoft BeaaiHHbi h BaHueBT*, a JIhmob*, a KaMBH- 
CKift, h Apubi6ameBi>. Ecaa noan> A. Baoicb, to h*mt> He noam, hb- 
nprnrbpi*, OrpaxeBi* h Hobhbobi>? Bt> a^totb* a HHTbiBaai* ABaaaa. 0, h 
AbjihhI}, h ABaaffb noarb Toxe! 

Borb tbkt> HAaaaia! Bcfex% HHTaiorb, acfeMa AOBoabHbi, 060 BCfexT> 
entmHo cocTaBaaiOTca .Kaaenflapa nHcaTeaefi"; cxopo Grpaxeffb a To- 
jaarby noxaaya, cnpaBarb cboh Dtfaaea, a hxt> apyrb-KpaTHirb paacaa- 
xen>, H3i> KaxHXb 6juojxi> cocrosuvb KXJaaefiBbift o6*a*b „BhicoKOflapo- 
BHTbix-b*. Haflo Bcerga yBaxaTb rphthrb, a to moxho ero a ocKopCaTb. 
Bt> oflHofi raaerb Mean HaaBaaa w BbieoKOTaaaHTaHBbim> a , ho a mrbai» 
HeyflOBoabCTBie bt> aeHb Bbixoaa raaerw OTKpoBeaHo npaaHaibca peaaa- 
Topy, hto tohi> raaeTbi mh* apaaae He HpaBHTca. Bt> catayioineM'b 
H no MoeMy aapecy npomaacb. Mopaab mojioaumi: ecaa xonenib, 

<IT0<5bl ipHTHKl OHHCbiBaa'b 6 a » fl a, KOH HM'feemb no- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



70 MCH N 2 

Tpe6iooTb TUHCTpe6JiHTb, Be ynoAotiaafl cbohxi no- 

0770X08% MOeft OnpOMeTHHBOCTH. 

HbiHHe TaJiaHTb oxpyxeH* opeoaoM* h3t> paooB*. Pa<5* aHaer*, 
hto Jno6eaHMmaro na* apyaeft naTpoH*b oniycKaerL Ha bojuo. A boju>ho- 
oraymeHHHX* b* Hamn ahh— sto nepBbift npeTeHAeHT* Ha JiHTepaTyp- 
Hwfl TpoHi) naTpoHa. 06* dTOM* nocfapaeTca h naTpoH*, h ero xpn- 
THKa. 06* 8tom* noaa6oTHTCH cane* BojibHooTnymeHHHK*. IIoTOMy 
hto. xax* ate HHa<ie? BojTbHooTiiymeHHHx* HasynHTb ce6* paooB*. 
y BOJibHooTnymeHHBKa 6yAyr* cboh BOJibHooTuymeHHHKH. 

H TaK*b Awrfre, h Tax* Aaa*e. 

Orciofla Mopajib: He oTnycxaft Ha bojih) patfo**— He npaBAa jih? lifcT*,, 
He npasfla: He mi-bft patioB*, He ocTaHaaoHBaftCH 9* noxopeHHofi CTpaa-fc, 
ocTaBaftca bohhom* BOJibHbiM*: Bee Bnepegi, Bee BnepeA*. 

Bee BnepeA*- 

A to npoHaoft^eTb c* BOHHaMH BOHicaro abhsbhui to, hto npoHaonuio 
c* rftKOTopbiMH tiopuaitH aa chm bojihsm*, pacnojiosHBmHMHCA aarepen* 
b* saBoeBaHHoft otiJiacTH. Bohhh npeBpaTHJraeb b* uapefl: hx* oxpy- 
hhjih pa6bi; ho nepBbift BojibHooTnymeHHHK* oxaaajica h nepBWM* th- 
paHoifb, CBeprHyBmnifb aaBoeBaTeoa. 

IIocMOTpHTe na MOJioayio pyeoxyio JiHTepaTypy: xaacAHft irfecau* 
BbiioflHTb b* Heft HoBaa 3B*b8Aa; h b* cjitAyiontfft lffecau* oHa aa- 
xaTfiiBaeTCH. Jlerxo bocxoaht* h Jierxo HHcnaA&eT*: sto Bee noTOMy, 
hto b* HOBtfimefl JiHTepaTyp* pycoxoft y*e h*bt* dohth bohhob*: 
ecTb BOJibHooTnymeHHbie paGbi h BOJibHooTnymeHHHXH BOJibHooTaymeH- 
hhkob*. 

Kax* BOJibHooTnymeHHHKy aaBoeBaTb TpoH*? 0, nycTb TOJibKO no- 
KHMaerb oh* bc* rpaaHbia pyxn, ki> HeMy npoTHHyTbia! Ho BOJibao- 
oTnymeHHHKa He naflo yiHTb: oh* Bee aHaerb can*. Kax* GbiBinift 
pa6*, oh* xHTep-b, jiobox*, MCTHTeaeH*; oh* AoraaaHB* h npHXHAHHB*; 
HaynHJi-b bcb yacHMKH rocnoAHHa, Haxpao* ero ofleaww h AparoirbH- 
hocth, BbicTynaeT* Ha JiHTepaTypHoft apeHfe b* Macx-b apHcroxpaTEaica; 
bot* oh* paacKaabiBaeT* o cefll pa6y-6iorpa$y (6yAym©My bojibhoot- 
nymeHHHKy): ,y Mena ecTb toji*xo napa Gpiox*. fl jho6ox> cbod xefly, 
a HHray Bee o cboGoahoA jiioGbh. PK>Mo«ray boakh, r-H* 6iorpa$*... Ha*. 
H HHHeMy ho ynHJica. Mchh BWHajiH Ha* rHMHaaiH. Bto 3By hht* 
r o p a o, noTOMy hto xh8h* — Canran, Ha xoTopym a Bcxoxy... Eme po- 

MOHKy, r^* RpHTHR*". 

H Tax* Aaji*e, m Tax* Aairfte. 

H pa6*-xpHTHx* ((jyAymift BOJibHooTnymeHHHx*) nnmeT*: „y Hamero 
BbicoKOTajiBHTJiHBaro Z. ecTb napa 6p»x*. 9to aByiHT* ropAo. 
3to HaAo noHHiiai* MeTa$opHHecRH a . 

H Tax* AaJi'fce, h Tax* Aurfee. 

TaKOB* BO^bHOOTDymeHHHX* JIHIIOM* X* XpHTHXy H HHTaTeJID. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HA HEPEBAJR. 71 

Ilepftaro on noAxyflaerb, BTopou y on tipocaeTb iiujib bt> roaaa. Kpn- 

THttb, C00tipa8HBT>, TTO C* HHlTb BOdMOZHa B^epa, HTO ero MOXHO noA- 

HHTk h Ha npetfHafiiH ero doctpohtb aHTepaTy pHy» nutojiy , hto6h nozn> 
$oaroMl> ea BcmibiTb caMoicy,— kphthkb nepetiferaeTb orb narpoHa kt> 
BOJiMiooniynieHHHKy, cBepraerb naTpoHa, caxaerb Ha TpoHb Biepam- 
HJiro patia. Tajcb bocxoabtt> hobbji aHTepaiypHaa arfcaAa. Tajrb bm6h- 
paerca xprraxofl KajiH<Jrb Ha naci h3t> patios*: CBotioAmtft cam aa- 
Bonerb cetifc rbjih^ctbo. TaxoBa Ayraa OTpeMHTejibHoeTb hoboA jihto* 
paTjpbi pyccxoft, hoboo en pa6cTBO, xaoxoe en yHHseHie. TaxoFb bojibho- 
0TnymeHHHKT>, otipanieHHUft jumom> kt> mnaremo h xpaTHxy. 

He TajtoFb offb, otipanteHHuft jnmottb xt> naTposy, noxa aroTb na- 
TpoH*b eme Hymen* eMy. Hrb-noA* MaoKH Bejurcia caaAeHbxoft yjibi- 
6aeTca oht> yautixoft naTpoHy, eseMHHyTHo ytiferaa kt> neuj aa xyaHCbi 
jiHTepaTypHofl apeHH noxart apamaftmyio pyxy: .Hflsatmee Bairb, 
Apaxafimifi: BanraMH MOjraTBami *hbt>, BarnnuH xapiaira cwrb, otiyrb, 
oa*tb* 

H Tax* AaJi*e, h Tax* Aajrfce. 

noTOMT> cHOBa BbitiHraero Ha apeny xpmiaTb: *fl— a— a.- HaneMy 
He yranca, hhwo He 8Ha». Ilapa 6p»xT>. 3ByiHrb bto ropAo"... 

HfTaxb AftJi'Be, h Taxi* Aajrbe. 

„Bpe»ca rocnoAHe, tiaaronpiaTfioe" iiorb tin cxaaaTb jnotiHTeob cnopTa. 
Ha aBaHCueH* JiHTepaTypw pyccxoft Tenepb Bcaxift cnoprb. JlHTepaTopi- 
cnopTCM3HT> f noarb-KJioyH'b, aacaOHHJTb A^ftCTBHTeabHua bhcotm co- 
BpeifeHHaro TBopiecTBa. A jain>, Ha BhicoTaxb, oToarb nonpemeiiy 
bohhu ABHxeHia, noti'BAOHocHo noAHHBinie aHaua OHMBoaHdiia. <X>aaaHra 
6otoOB*b npouLia BnepeA* h expwiacb. A botb aa Heft noTHHyaca otio8i> 
Boftcxa. JlirrepaTypHHfi otioa* Bcaxaro ABHxeHia Haotiaayerb reme<f>rb- 
icaxepaMH. Tope BOHHy, OTCTaBmewy ao otioaa: 8A*cb kagto ero tpoht> 
h B^Hem uapcxifi. Ho Btiem uapcxift— a-ro Aypauxift xoanaxi, xoto- 
pborb yB*BHHfiwrb BOJibHOOTnymeHHHX*b Biepanraaro BOHHa, eeroAHara- 
Haro narpoHa airrepaTypHaro otioaa. 

BnepeAH HAyrb abBbi abhsohih, HanaAaiouae Ha BparoBi; caaAH 
npoxoAHTb xaAHbie maxaaw h rieHbi, Tepaanntfe Tpymi naafbiHX'b 

BOHHOVb. 

Emu* Biepa Hetionbttafl (J>ajiaHra chmbojdiotobi, crpymrpoBaHHbto 
Boxpyn HeaatibiBaeMaro .Mipa HcxycctBa", a hotomt* soxpyrb .Ho- 
Baro ny?B" ooti^AOBooso npomaa cxBoab cTpoft airr*paTypHHXi> B^a- 
rorb, BOTp-BTVBiinrx'b ee yatoaxmaHbeirb h Tyqeft aaBHTeabHbix'b 
CTp-BJTb. IIociioTpHTe Tenepb: rA* TBepAHHM BHepamHHXfb BparoBb? Hxt> 
npocTo H-bTb. Oaaaara npomaa BnepeAH. OHa «hbb h Tenepb: hst> ea 
paAOBb BbifiAyr-b h HOBbie tiopnu. Ho aa Heft noTHHyaaob o ti o a h a a 
cbojiohb, xptriaxD^aa bt> ymH naBmaifb, Tenepb tieaBpeAHburb, Bparairb 
o Toin»,',Tro „xpacoTa— xpacHBa*, „HcxyccTBo— CBotioAHO*. H ocjih ary 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



72 BfiCH N 2 

o 6 o a h y » c b o ji o h h npHHHMaerb iHTaTeob, eme He boojih* ocstyio- 

MJIBHHHft BT> XOA* paSBHTlH HOBSTO HCKyCCTBa, 8S HOBaTOpOBT>> MH 

flcwDKHM eiiy uanoiiHHTb, hto oto bc« He JibBW ABBxemH, a TpycuHBH* 
rieHM, ynpasHHionqji cbok> xpa6pocTb Haffb TpynaMH. Biepa sth riemi 
6hjih BparaMH abhjc6h1h, HBMHoro noaafffee oh* cTajm ero paoaun: 
xajiKo npflTaoHCb bt> KycTax*b, Koraa Tyn> udoxoahjiii jibbh; Tenepb 
oh* npaajiHyiorb ho hmh coBepmeHHyio notftAy, am Ba&bHoonryniefl' 
Hbie paCbi, cnajifl ay6H yxoflamHM-b orb hhxt> BAajib BOHHairb abhxbhui. 
Ohh xpa6phi: ohh OTpHuaiorb h BiepaniHHX'b Bparoab MOflepraaMa, 
roroBbi oTpHuaTL a t*bxt>, y Koro ohh xe HaKpajiH cboh JioayHTH. Ho 

OTpHUaiOTb OHH HCHOATHHIKa. UpH BCTpBTB CT> BOHHOM'b, OfiepHyB- 

mHMCH HaaaA*bi ohh GucTpo npfliyrcH bi> Kycnj. 

BOHCTHHy — oSOdHEH CBOJlOHb dTH dHHrOHU CHMB0JIH3Ma, H6 

poAHBmiecfl bt> H*flpaxi> ABHxeHta, a npHcoeAHHHBmieca hbbbtb bt» tott> 
MOMeHTb, KorAa TepaTb hm* pfemHTeabHO Henero. BoHCTHHy — oto Ha 
bojuo oTuymeHHwe pa6bi rtx* <uia6oBOJibHHX'b bohhob%, Koropue co6jraa- 

HHJIHCb JieCTbK) DOKOpeHHUX'b . 

Ho BOHHaurb nyxAa noxBaaa, icaic* qyxAo Hifb HenpHaHame. Bohht> 
o6Haxaei"b OBofi weTb aa jnotieaiiyio eiiy haoio, ho oxHAaa hh tipami, 
hh noxBaJibi aa CBOfi noABHrb. Bohh% HeyroMBM-b. Oh* Bcerna Ha 
CTpax*: y Hero aBteAHoe He6o bt> rpyAH h moto, ooHaxeHHHft aa 
dB*8AHoe He6o. 

Mh, chmbojihcth, He 8HaeMi> jimrepaTypHHX'b naoaoffb, 6jiyAJiHBHXb 
Komex'b h rienb, ncfejiaiomHX'b Tpyuw naBrnHXi* BparoBi*. Ecjih ohh ro- 

BOpflTb, HTO H OHH— CHMBOJIHCTH, OHH JlTJTb: MH HporHaJIH OTb CeOfl 

8Ty TOJiny npaa^Hbix'b naaaoBi. Co6paBraHCb Ha noHTHTejibHOMb paa- 
OTOffHin OTb Hacb, ohh orjiamaiOTb Boeirb HHBy JTHTepaTypu pyccKoft, 
npeAaBaa aaB*Tbi v HaBopoBaHHbie y Hac*b. 

IlycTb Hx*b npHHHMaiorb aa Hacb. Ilycxb coBepmarorb ohh cbod 
jnrrepaTypHyio xapbepy orb hmohh ABHxeHia, HaM*b jixtfeaHaro: 6yAen» 
nacb, Koraa oHHyrcH ohh xexAy mojiotomt* h HaicoBaJibHeft. HaxoB&nb- 
Heft OKaxeTCH una hhxt> nrapoirift npyrb tHTaTeaeft, caerxa aaHHTepe- 
coBaHHbifi coBpeMeHHbnrb HCxyccTBOMi, KOToparo ohh boahto aa hoc*. 
MojioTosrb oKaxeMCH ajih hhxt> mh, BOHHbi, KOTopwirb He Aopora xapb- 
epa, ho HyxHa cjiaBa, He cTpanrao nopHuame; mojiotomt> oxaxeMca mh, 

BOTepaHH CHMB0JIH8Maj MH aamBmCWMT* CBOe 8HaMfl HanraMT> MGHOMTh 

Kam» orb BH-BmnHX-b BparoBi>, TaK*b h orb BparoBi* BHyTpeHHHx^. 

Ecjih He ncnyrajmcb mh HtaorAa BparoB'b, kohohho, He HcnyraeMca 
opaBH o6o8HHKOBb, aaxpaBinHxcfl bt> HamH pflAbi. MHorie jm nab 
o6o8hhkobt> Aepxajra bt> pyxaxi mohi» aaBoeBaTeJieft? 

Bopici Byritlv 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



PMIA. 



JlHTepaTypHo-iynosecTBeHHwe ajibuaHaxH K-Ba 
W HL h n o b h h k t>", KHHra TpeTbA. Cn6.;— ,3 e m ji a*. CtiopHHK'b 1-ft, Moc- 
KOBCKoe k-bo.— *<D axejiu", KHHra TpeTba. Cn6.;— „H OBoe Cjiobo*- 
ToBapnmecKie CtopHHKH, KHHra BTopaa. MocKBa. 

Herape c6opHHKa... H*tb, He ieri*pe, a Tpn... h leTBepran. IIoTOMy 
hto nepBbie Tpn Tairb caMH h cGHBaiOTCH bt> Kyny, bt> MaaeHbKoe 
CTawo, a neTBepTMH aepxHTCH Ha oTJierfe. Xonerb 6htb oairb no ceG-fe, 

XOTB H6 COBCBlfb, XOTb CKOJIbKO-HH6yflb. Mbl yBHflHMT> AftAbHie, KSKOfia 

ero »0Tfl*jn>H0CTb*, a noxa aaftiieMCfl cTaAo>n>. 

JIo<5pocoB*bcTHo npoHHTajrb hxt> oahht> sa ApyrHirb, raseTHbie 
oT3WBbi npoHHTajn> t icaKie nonaJiHCb... a bott>, xoiy nneaTb oTwrb— 

H CHOBa AOAZeHl> pblTbCH B*b CtiopHHKaX*: p'BniHTeJIbHO He HOMHIO, rfl* 

kskoh AHApeeB*b, rA'fe xaKofi KynpHH-b, rA* KOTophifl CoJioryta*. Bt> 
w niHnoBHHK-B* AHApeeBCxan .TbMa tt . Borb jwb ee bctp*thjih-to! „AHHy 
RapeHHHy' h •BpaTbeBi KapauasoBbix'b" Tairb He BCTpfeqajiH. Ob nero 
<5u t xaxeTCH? AHApeeai h AHApeeB-b. Hh xyxe, hh jiyirae. Ta-xe phto- 
pHxa, Ta xe ncbpa aimixyAOxecTBeHHOCTH...— „o, moh xasHb 6ujia 
npenecTHa! Toniirre, jvbbkh!"— Ta-xe GespeayjibTaTHaa HaTyra „yAHBHTb 
KipT> 3Ji0A*HCTB0irb" h aaxe Torb-xe rJiynbift-nperJiynbiH repoft,— o6mk- 
HOBeHHbifl AHApeeBCKift aypaK*. IIpaBga, bi> ctiopHHK'b „3eauia' AHApeeBi> 
yxirrpHJicH HanHcaTb eme xyxe. .IIpoiuiflTie 3B^pfl", KaxeTca, He 
BCTpineHo oco<5biMH BocropraMH. A, Moxen> 6brrb, eme HaiHyrb h 
annrb «IIpoKJiflTieMi>* BocTopraTbCH (a Bcero oxHflaio), xoth Tyn> yxb 
HHHero, xpoirb rojioft HaTyra H"BTb; bt> npHAany OHa CTajia naxHyn* 
nocjr&AHHMH TpyaaMH ropbxaro, ropbKOBCKHira n6Tom>, Koraa oht> 
npoxjiHsaJTb Eepony. 

KynpHHi>, noKOHHHBi* vb .HlHnoBHHK-B* ct» TOHqanmeH aomaAHHoft 
ncHXOJiorieft ( w H3ynpyA*b a ), uphhhjich aa .CTHjraaauiio* (HbiHie, B*Ab, 
6e3T> CTHJiHsaniH se cyftCH, aaxe menKHHa-KynepHHirb bt> ,Pyccaoft 
MbicJiH* CTHJiHByerb! ECuy, «rro BotiopuKHirb npniieTCH aa CTHJiHsauiio 
bt> w B*cthhk-b EBpoiibi*.)— .Una cbooh (taaropoAHOft u-bjih Kynpmro npn- 
HJiJica AoOpocortcTHo nepenncHBaTb BHfoiiio. H Bbimaa y Hero Cyaa- 
MH6B bt> .3enaV. He xaa'fea TpyAOBi>, oht> BocnpoH3Bejn> bc» HCTopiK) 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



74 B*CH N 2 

nocTpoeHia xpaiia npH Cojiomoh*; nepeiHcaaa xaifHM h MaTepiajn*, — 
HHHero He Bbraycrcurb, Aaace, xaateTca, orb cefla npHflaBHJTb. Bcjih oht> 
BTorb „pa8cxaa%" He AHXTOBaai*, a cam nHcajrb— to Haao yAHBJzaTbca 
ero pa6oTocnoco6HocTH. .rifccHb n-bcHefl", juw xhbocth, nepenncaHa 
B-BBHfl* fliajiora. Coaomoh*, 6yATo, roBopHn>: ,...ABa cociia tboh— xarb 
jib* cepHbi, KOTopwa nacyTca uemjij juuriaMH*... h t. a., a Atoymxa 
Ha 8to, 6yflTo, ,BCxpHKHBaerb, Baxpiroaerb jihuo JiaAOHaMH, a rpyAb 
jioKTAMH h Taxi xpacH'beTO, hto Aaace ymn h mea cTaHOBHTca nypny- 
poBbiMH*. XIpHHeMi y JioKrefl ea .Kpyrabift A*BHHecKifi pncyHorb*. 
Heo<5biKHOBeHHo shbo! 9to npoAoaataeTca oieHb AOJiro (JlfecHb irbCHefl" 
h 5e8T> „AiaJiora"— AJiHHHa), a aaT-feM-b KynpaH-b, no TOMy-ace Men>Ay, 
npHHHBiaeTca otipatioTbiBBTb „8KKJiediacrb". IIoBbcTBOBaHie aaHHMaeTb 
hto-to oxoao BocbMHAecaTH CTpaHHivb Taaceaaro Toiia ,3exjiH*. Raxaa 
noB-bCTBOBHHiK) irfeHa-HS'b cxaaaHHaro hcho. 

Hto xaoaeToa Cepa$HMOBHHa ( m JloHb m ) h OeAopoBa (JleTJia*) —to 
a He noHHiiaio, aa^-feM^ ohh bt> ,3eMjrb a ? H .flonepH" h .IleTjrb", yarb 

6CJIH 6blTb, TO npHJ!HHH*e 6bITb Kb HOTBepTOlfb C6opHHX"fe — ,H0BO6 

Cjiobo*. Kaxaa CBaab Meamy bthmh npoBHHuiaJibHbiMH paacxaaaifH 
6wb (J)opMbi h 6eaT> coAepacama— h xoTa-6bi ypaHHCTo-caAHcnreecxHMa 
,tom JieHiaiiH" CoaoryGa? 8to— AB* padHbia CTapocTH: Birbcrb hmt> 6brn> 
He Ao6po. BnpoieMit, — HdBHHaiocb: ynoioniyTbia ,ToxJieHia" He bt> 
9 3eMJi-b M , a bt> ,<X>axejiaxi>". fl BHHOBarb, xoth, Moacerb Gbrrb, He Tax* 
yan> Baattta BTa omH6xa: .Qaxejibi* h „3eMaa* He Tax* yarb Aaaexn Apyn> 
orb Apyra. ,Eahho cTaAO M ... ,4>axejibi M roBoparb (wrrHpya ce6a) bi» 
npeAHCJiOBiH: .Ilojiaraa, ito HcxyccTso aBJiaeTca uoryimtb opyaieirb 
fljia 6opb6w ct> flyxowb M-femaHCTBa h kochocth, mm 6yAem> cTpe- 
MHTbca"... h t. a. »3eMJia* HHiero He roBopaTb, ho, xaacerca, ct> 
yAOBOJibCTBieMT> cxaaaaa 6u To-ace caicoe h Taxi ace, HartpHoe, 
.CTpeiiHToa". Borb CepatyHMOBHYb h 6eAopoBi> HOMHoro noAnopTHJm, 
Hy, Aa Ha Bcaxyio CTapyxy CbiBaerb npopyxa. . . 

CTapyxa ,HoBoe Cjiobo" — hohth 6ee% npopyxa: cxpoiraa h yw 
HOHHa. TjiaBHoe ace, bto — ecTecTBeHHaa CTapyxa. EcTecTBesHaa 
cTapooTb MoateTT* 6biTb He iceffbe npexpacHa, vbirb HoaoAOCTb, 
He nacTo, h a othjoab He xoiy cxaaaTb, hto xax*b paai> CTapocTb 
.HoBaro GJiOBa* — npexpaeHa. Ho Bce-Taxa sro mieHHo Ta CTapocTb, 
y KOTopofi Moryrb Gbrrb npexpacHbia nepTbi. EcTb Apyraa... 

Mh* BcnoMHHaeTca H^neuxaa cxaaxa, AaBHHiHHaa, A*Tcxaa: ^Pio- 
6euaJib M . CeHHaci> y Mesa h*tt> ea hoat* pyxoft, nnmy no ooTaBmeifyca 
BnenaTAtaiio. P^nHbifi xopoab yxpajrb HacToamyio, qeJioB^^ecxyx) 
npHHueccy h yTamHjn> ee bt> oboo uapcTBo, hoat* bomjii). IIpHHuecca 
TocxoBaJia oAHa, cxynajia no obohm* npHABopHbni*b Aauairb, ho caomfb 
juo6HMbiM*b coCaHKaMb... IIoBeJiHTeJib p-feiFb BBAy^ajrb ee yrbmHTb: oahj 
ptaxy npeBpaTHai> vb Taxyio-To npHABopnyi) Aany, Apyryio— bi> Apyry»> 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



P*HA. 7ft 

ejktsMJrb actab; aa* wimnrnn ptaoa* w%a*in> coGaiaab, tohb 
Bb Toik saa* rt, aacToaatfa. npuaecea fauia vb aocToprt. Ho 
■e Aoaro AOBJiaeb paaocTb. Hopes* TpH aha ctbju coxayTb b Ha 
rAaaaxb aaayrb m oaoA*Hbaia aaxbi; oApnurfcui ooftaixa, Taab hto cb 
noflymeab yan» He uorAH BCTaaaTb.- Cotiaua 8Ta CTapocTb, aeaerecT* 
BeBao-GucTpaa (toamo tjw aha!) otfbaoaaaacb rfeirb, hto h eotfaaa, h 
(tpefljunai— ffmiH pftimia~ BpaAb *a ptaBaA CTapocTb Noatarb aa>c b, 
JDojs^wby xasaTbCA npeapacHofl... 

YBhl, BOTb HMOHHO BTOft HeHeAOBlHeCAOft CTapOCTbD B*OTb OTb 

,3eJ4Jia", oTbt/fraseAOBfe*, orb JUlHnoBHaaa",— ora cKyrojxircxyHHbixb 
cTHAimanit AycJieHAepa, orb cTaaucoBb Kyaiaraa, apoAte 

... Jlax iero see art jubu 
Jhmeafcpaue nrraau? *... 

on aaTyaonm jumm>* Bonaeft Aaapeeaa, on •erazift" TopoAeu- 
xaro Aa Haaaoaa. CayaciiAHOb, aopmeft hobiah ,npexpacaH** aarie 
otpoeh CojioryGa, a Haaoro yme ae cotiaaaaaTb aib, cb nacy aa nacb 
ApaxAtontui rfcaa. Taflra, manaau, mhom h CyjiaMaea, xepTBeBHbix 
A*w* HeHaTypaJibHtw PoiiH8oaeaie lepra, anaorb ao earaaoHao-rjiy- 
mub repoeva Aaapeeaa, ,Boapyra HdMyHcnaaro cepaaa" xoTopuxb ,ace 
•xptaxo oanmawmui aaueaHbiH ofeaTia npaapaiaaro Hyaoaama*, •• 
8to xaaooHo h BHeaaoao noeTaphAo, eaHaAo y aanaAo; a nocraplwo aeecT*- 
CTB6HH0,— yara CAHmaoirb eaopo. Bb wy prbnay eme ooBCfctrb boaabho 
waTeaa aanyeaaAb ay6bi c* yAOBOAbOTBieub, Taxaa plmaa 6hiJia 
CB^meHwuui... A Tenepb— hto cb Heft, aaaoft a rpaanoft, aaAotomeft, 
AtaaTb? 

OrapocTb «i6TBepTaro coopaioa— „Hoaoe Caobo* — ae npeapacHa; 
6eaAapHaa CTapocTb; ho ohb aaTypaabaa, a uorrouj ho OTpanraa a ho 
oTBpaTHranbHa. Paaeaaab rapaaa... Hy,HTo acb, uycTb ce6*. AftxeH- 
BaabAb cotipajiea, aaaoaeub, aanaoaTb o AHrepaTypHOMb TBopiecTB'b 
Jlbsa Toactoto. . • Aa nycTb ce6* mnnerb. BoTb Tam>, rjx* GeaoftHAHaa 
CTapymaa Haaraofl GaHTHHb CTapaeToa 006* npaaoAOTb — Tam» yxb 
xyxe. Coeabi H3b aui8HH repoeBb anoHcaofl boBhi*. . . Jiy^me 6u ho 6hjio 
Bb .HoBoarb Caob^" OToro 6earpaifOTHaro 6eayMCTBa. 

3a to Bb ^HoBOMb Caob** ecTb cTpaaHuw hcthhhoA, aoiBofi 
xpaeoTu h npoAeoTH. Orapoe, — ao B'bHHoe h npocToe, aaab cbmb atHSHb. 
y noAAAHHuib PiotfeaaAa, bo Bcbib Tpexb etfopHaaaxb, vbrb hh 
eAaaaro aaAoxa, aoTopidl 6bunH5hi BnoAOBaay Taab nA'aHHTOAeab, 
xaxb erpoxH oM^mHbixb v o6uaHOB6HHUXb M Hoxobohhxi .HaceMb aab 
Ch6hph*. 0, aoaoHHOt ©to He .hoboo cjiobo!" Ho oto to, neuj B'bpainb, 
tt6 (Jhjio Heerb.MaAuiib,HeAOB'bHbBirb t ~HeAOB^HbHirb h BoacbHMb,— 

* t*aaein>, crp. 19a 

** c8eaia» 9 crp. 44. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



76 BfcCH N 2 

Ffcerb erb arm acHbiib CTpaHHWb. H Taftra rjrb bohctbej xmia, 
a ho 6yif axHaa gexopauifl hst> TeaTpa MeftepxoJibfla; h xaxAu8 iiokjioh* 
pojpnjwb — yjiu6aeTOfl. 

•M-bmaHCTBO M XOCHOCTb!"— BblXTH H KOHTfl BOCKJIHKHyAH-6l* „<I>aKe- 

jibi'.Hy, R'BTb, HBBHHHTe, rocnoga: Bameny apHCToxpaTHSMy flajiexo ju> 
aroro irbmaHCTBa! H Jiynme 6hm> cBHTbiirb, npexpaeHbnrb h XHBborb 

w M'BmaHHHOM , b» BpOfl* HeXOBa, TBMT> OflpHX^BBHiefi COtiaieHXOft H8T> 

P'bnbi bt> uapcTB-b PioCeuajia. 

MoxHo-6u npHBecTH MHoro o6pa8iHKOB , b <J>axeJibHaro h aemuraoro 
w HCKyccTBa*,— Toro w opy»ifl*, KOTopuifb bth bohhh (fopOTca upoTHBb 
,kochocth h iTBozaHCTBa". OflHH npoBHrnuajibHtie nepjibi KopoJia — JI. 
AwpeeBa— nero CToarb! Ho nycTb Hmhrem caitH noTpyflHTCH,— «c«h 
aaxoTATii, ecjiH oaoji'feKyrb 8to AJiHHHoe, cxyiHoe JieneTaHbe. fla, 8aB03ia 
p-femca. Ce30HT> npomejrb... 

Byaeifb cnpaBegJiHBbi — nanam bcb Tpn nepBwe cOopHHKa ohchl 
xoporao. Hto Kb, h aa bto cnacnGo. E<mih He qHTaTb— to nocMOTpfeTb 
Ha hhxi> BioacHo He 6eai> npurraocTH, ocotieHHo Ha „3eMJitt". 

.HoBoe Cjiobo* — ho bmdijio. CicoTp-bTb Ha Hero Hejn>aa. BbipsaTb 

H8T> RHHrH w TlHCbMa a , npiotiDJHTb HXT> KT> HOJIHOMy co6pamx> CO^HHOHifl 

HexoBa— a ocT&nbHoe... ocTajibHoe Bee paBHo xyaa. Mono OTflaTb 
bt> napHxcxyx) pyccxyio 6H6moTexy. Tbmt> TOJibxo xoponraxb khhto 
h-bto, a to ecTb BCHxin. dftiHrpaHTbi JitoCHTb HHTaTb. Bee craomyrb 
ct> CjiaroflapHOCTbio. 

A ■ T O ■ 1 KpltBlt 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJIIOrPA<MH. 



8. H. rmnriyo*. HepHoe no GfeaoM y. Paacxaabi. Cn6. Haaa- 
Hie M. IlHpoxxoBa. 1906. Hip. 

3. H. rmmiycb BunycTHJia naTy» XHHry paacxaaoB'b. HaiHHaa ct> 
TOMHxa ,Hobh6 ax>AH M flo pa36Hpaenoft KHerH, TEJiaHTb ea pucyerb 
JioMaHyia JiHHiio. MtaaeTca xpyr* H8o6paxaeifbixi> Ten*, lfbHaOTca 

H MOTOAU 6JI TBOpieCTBa. HaCTO H flOCTOHHCTBS H HeflOCTSTKH OH npO- 

H3B6A6Hifi saBHCATb HeTOJTbKO orb TaaaHTa aBTopa. 3.H. rnnniycb— 
cauaa TajiaHTJiHBan h3t> iracaTeabHHirb-xeHimiH'b. Kpourb Toro: oHa — 
yrabftmaa cpeAH coBpeMeHHbixi> 6eaaeTpHCT0B%. Eh TOHxifl xanpHSHbift 
pfb icaKT> 6w npoHHBbiBaen> $0Hjra> cofaTBeHHaro TBopiecTBa. Ea y*n> 
nacTO— npenaTCTBie jwa Hea. B* 8tomi» oTHomeHiH OHa— npoTHBonoaoac- 
hoctb MHorairb coBpeic eHHbim TaaaHTax t>; bt» to Bpeua, xaxi 8th Ta- 
aaHTO rH6Hyn> orb HeAocTaTxa yiia, eft M-femaerb bt> TBopiecTB-B 
AoftTH ao 0TMe»eBaHHbiXT> eft rpaHeft hm6hho HaJimnHee paaBH- 
■rie HHTeaaeRTyaabuocTH. ym> aaBHTi* b* Heft xyAoacHHxa. Teiibi, 
aaTparHBaeicbia en bt> paacxaaaxi, caHmxoirb cepbeaHbi, caHraxoM-b 
3Ha^HTeabBbi; BonaoTHicbi jih oh* Booflme bt> npeABaax*b ea $opMbi? 
BbiTb Momerb, ecaH&b paaaana oHa tott> juih Apyroft pa8CKaai> bt> 
nfcabift poxaxb, TorAa 6w toabxo cyicbaa OHa BbicxaBaTbca bhojih-b; 
Toraa, 6brrb Moxen», He TaroTHancb 6bi h mn. Ectb xyAOKHHXH, koto- 
pbie icoryrb cxasaTbca Tjoabxo Ha Cojibmnx-b noaoTHax-b. IIpeACTaBbTe 
ce6*b ,<X>aycTa h MaprapHTy* Bpyfieaa bt> bha* MHHiaTropnaro Ha6po- 
cxa: mm He hmImih 6m remaabHaro npoHBBeAeHia 8Toro xyaosHHxa. 
Moxho jih BonaoTHTb rfe rayfioxia MbicaH-nepexHBaHia, KOTopbia nbi- 
TaeTca nepeAaTB 3. H. rmraiycb, Ha 90 cTpaHHHxax'b Maaaro <J>opnaTa 
bt> paacKaa-fe .fl b o e— o a h h t>" (.HepHoe no 6*aony*)? B*ai> bco 
Tyr-b HenoHHTHO Ham, TynaHHo. Ona noAXOAHTb x* caoxH'bftmHM'b 
aaraAxairb Gbrria xaxi» 6h ecxoaab, Gpocaerb caynaftubift BsraaAi n 
npoxoAHTb iihmo BOBce ho oiroro, hto caxa He noHmiaerb, iero xoc- 
Hyaacb: npocTo eft t*cho bt> npea'baax'b paaoxaBa h OHa noHeBoais 
Aoana noAHHHHTb ero TeHfleeuiH, cxexlt. Taxi, paacxad-b ea CTaHo- 
bhtch TeHAeHuio3HbiM*b. Ho afl'bcb TeHAeHuioaHocTb caynaftHa: orb He- 
Ao<rraTxa irbcTa h BpexeHH BonaoTHTb bt> o6pasbi ray6oxyio iibicab. 
Ob Heft npoHexoAHTb nenaabHoe HeAopaayM^Hie: aaTparHBaeiaie Bon* 
pocbi Boe rayCxe h ray6me, nepesHBaHia yTOHHeHH-ftfl h yroHHeHH'Bft. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



78 BfcCH N 2 

CxaabiBaKvrca bt> Heft bc* qeprbi xyAOXHHxa-aHaJiHTHxa, b% poflt 
JleoHapAo AaBHHiH. Ho oHa He yMfceTb cnpaBHTbca ct> cbohmt> co6ctb6h- 
hhmt» pocToifb: pacTerb dopxocTb ap-tain, a Hairb XaJKOTCfl, ito nx- 
raeTi> OHa xy*e. 8to orroro, hto iSmniycb anoxn „Cyifepox*b ayxa* 
Bonjiomajiacb wb HeCojibniHXb paacxaaaxi. H ani paacxaabi aaneu- 

TJTBJIHCb Bb TaXOfi flpKOft XyA<>XeCTBeHHOft $0pM*! Cb TBX*b DOpb 

HHAHBHAyaJibHocTb en GeaicbpHO Bbipocjia: eft cjiHrnxoirb MHoro nyarao 
cxaaaTb. Ct> 6eaneiHoft JrtHbio OHa TOjn>xo Mamerb pyxofi, oTAfem- 
BaeTCA xopoTeHbKHMH atfaauaiiH csoeft HeHairaoaHHoft hobIvcth, xan 6u 
chhcxoaa Ao JiHTepaTypu. Orroro to HeAooxaaaHHoe AaBHTb iHTareafl 
HeBoiuiomeHHoft cxeicoft: nonynaeTCJi BneiaTjrbme, hto TeHAeHuio8Hocn» 
rj6wrb en apxoe AapoBaHie. Eme bt> 9 hnowb Meit' MUMoru 

COMH-BBaTbCH, BT> 161Tb CttJia OH HHAHBHAySJIbHOCTH: B*b npODOB^AH HflX 

bt> xyAoxecTBeHHoft H3o6pa8HTeJibHocTH. Hair* xaaaaocb, hto ona <rra- 
hobhtch McxpeHHe-TeHAeHiuoBHa. Ho bott» nepeA* nanH .Hepnoe 
no 6tJioMy - . Hicbi bhahmi>, hto omH&iHCb. Taxie paacxaabi, xan 
w CoxaTHJH>*, R BtHHafl le HCK0CTb', f He to", hcho yxaabma- 
iott>, ito BTa TeHAeuuioBHooTb BbiHysAeHHaa: npoHHKHOBeirie bi ray6Hxy 
HeAOBfeiecxoft jihhhocth y rnnniycb HecopaaiCBpHa ct> <t>opMoft Bbipaxe- 
HiH.Bi» poMaH'fesB'b TpHJioriH MOrJia6blCKa8aTbCHrHnniy<n>; Hom- 
ily HO pa8BHBaeTb0HaCB0HTeMbIBT>aTHX'b(tK)pMaXT>? CjIHIOKOirb B6JIHKH 

ea TeMbi ajw paacKaaoB-b h HOBejurb. Tyrb bcb— HaCpocxH ahh oAHoro 
npoH3BeA6Hifl, HaA*B KOTopbiMb AOJDKHa DOTpyAHTbCfl pyxa xpyimaro 
MacTepa. rnnniycb npeAaerb nenaTH 3th nepHOBbie HaCpocxH. 4epHo- 
Bbie HaCpocKH xpyiraaro npoHaBeAemH HcxyccTBa He BcerAa xyAoxe- 
CTBeHHbi cbmh no ceC*. H MHorie paacKaabi 3. H. rnmriycb bt> tomhi* 
„4epHoe no 6'bJioMy" CTpaAajOTb 6eaxpoBHooTbio: noHBJiaerca bhap- 
MocTb TeHAeHuiH. Bt> Heft lyBCTByeTca pyxa xpynHaro xyAoxnHxa; bi 
Heft yn*b h nojierbi oojibmoro TaJiaHTa. A OHa, xax* 6>ato hoxoth, o6pa- 
maeTca xt> JiHTepaTypfe, nacxopo aanncbiBaerb o6pi*BKH cBoeft HeHanx- 
caHHoft .TpHJioriH", BOBoe ne aatioTHCb o tout*, hto oxaxerb HirraTeJit 

H XyA0XeCTB6HHblft KpHTHKb. H XpHTHKl>, TJiy60K0 U"BHH JWb H T8JiaHTb 

3. H. rHHniycb, rjiyfoxo B-fepa, Ha tto OHa cnocoCna, xaxi» xyAOX- 
HHKb, Bee xe npHHyxAeHb oTiffeTHTb 8HaHHT6JibHHe neAOCTaTKH ex 
pacxaaoB'b: cyxocTb, TeHAeHuioaHocTb h HfexoTopyi) (teaxHaHeHHOCft. 
H*rb, nycTb jiynme bt» npeA'bJiax'b paacxaaa OHa Bocnojibayerefl 6ojrbe 
expoMHbiMH TeMaiiH, a BacDTy HacTonmaro, ,xoToparo moxho 
6biJio 6bi JiK)6HTb— h xoToparono HacTou me My— hhkota* 
ho 6 bi a o tt , ooTaBHTb aah Toro HeHanHcaHHaro npoHaBeAema, xoropoe 
eft oAHOft HaAiieatHTb coaAaTb h xoTopoe coaAaTb OHa— uomerb. 

Mbi TBepAo B-bpHifb, mto 3. H. rnnniycb, HaxoHeu-b, CHHaoftAerb ao 
AHTepaTypu, mhmo xoTopoft OHa Bee npoxoAHTb. 

Aixpit B*JI ui 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



BHBJUOrPAglH. 79 



Pennon. Hoptobi Jior-b, Paacxaau. UoajnoHOoe 
eoiam Iloeiaf. K-bo .Eos*. Cn6. 1908. IJ. 1 p. 

.Ctohti xojiofla... A bojihm... rpefiHflXH Meiyrca 
noflb xpHXH CTajibHoro BHipfl, npHJieT-bBmaro bi tjth- 
Apu". M (»Be6Ka"). Tarb roBopnrb PenH30Bb. Haffb KHHroft PeMHSOBa 
xecToxie xojiom onycTiura JieflHHbw cboh xpbuibfl. H*Tb, He Haflb 
khhtoh,— Hafli» ayinoft aBTopa crynjajOTca xoaojja, h oaa, flyma, m e h e t- 
cflnofl'bxpHKH cTajibHoro BHxpa, npH JieT'BBmaro bi 

TyHflpH. TjHApa H BT> Heft CTaJTbHOft BHXpb.* BOTb JieftTb-MOTHBT> 
9T0fi CHJIbHOft H apKOH KHHrH. CTMbHOft BHXpb 668S8JI0CTH0 OXBaTHJIb 

PeifxaoBa: toiho kto-to ajioft, hcxohh BpavgeGHuft, BCTaerb Haab 
Mipoirb AymH TajiaHTJiHBaro nHcaTena. n HoprHKb" HaauBaerb ero 
PeiiM30BT> bt» aairbnaTejibHOMb paacxaali Toro me hmohh. He H o p- 
t h k b, a Hoprb, npHHHBmifi o6paai> TapaxaHD^Hxa. .Bb... TapaxaHbeirb 
mypmaHb* m epentHaca exy (TapaxaHDjHxy) caiib fliaBOJib, a notiopoTb 
JtbflBojia... 6biJio... nepBbnib ero BaB-feTOMb". Ho TapaxaHmHKb cmo- 
Tpxrb Ha *H3Hb XHByx> jnoaeft, TOJibxo xaKb Ha paarapi* y c a t o ft 
ZH3HH TapaxaHOFb. Besfl-fe MepemyTca e»iy TapaxaHu. *Tu cJiHBy 
paap'BJCb cnepBa nonoJiairb, nocbinb caxapoxb, noTOMb nocTaBb Ha 
CROBopo^xy... Ha yTpo BbiHb h HaiHHaft BapHTb. Torfla cJiHBa xb 
cjihb*b, ito TapaKaHbKi> Tap axaHy, 6yaerb OTjrBJibHo". Boe 
ociBepHHJib Bb nip* TapaxaHiQHXb: »IIoraHoe,— jiaerb TapaKaHmHXb,— 
bco noraHoe"(,HopTHK'b <l ). H iripb OTaHOBHTCH He flonoin>, a BpaxAeti- 
hoh rocTHHHuefl: ,rocTHHHua — He floifb. JKhbo Bbrryparb*. (,Cepe6pfl- 
huh junker"). TapaxaHn(HKi> BhnypHTb. H pacTerb, h pacTerb otipasb 
TapaxaHmHxa, cjiobho BonJiomenie CTajibHoro BHxpn — mecTByerb oht> 
no TyHflp* SH8HH. ,TapaxaHDjHKb cb ,ZJ;hbhjihhwmh 6a<5anH HOByio 
B*py xonerb o&bXBHTb". CTpamHbift TapaxaHmnxb: BCTynaerb bi> coiosb 
name cb HapxaifH, noTOMy hto paaB* He DapxH J^hbhahhu 6a6bi 
y PeMHaoBa? H ropoffb HawHaerb florpoxaxbiBaTb ,cbok> hoojiIiahioio 
cyTOJioxy*. urbHeHHioft cTajibHbarb AhixaHieMb jioaahoA chjih. H cujia 
9Ta daiiopasHBaerb sh8bj>: m3hl npeBpamaeTca Bb TiopbMy, koto- 

PyiO JIHSyTb BOOTH — OOpUBM AyiHH 6e8CHJIbHOA: .OxaaHHhift, 
OK8flHHUfi - JIHdaJIH BOJTHU Xp *BH O C T H ft B a JI T>, BhIJIH, 

B8beporaeH hhh B'BTpoMb" ( w KpBnocTb*). OxaaHHbifl TapaxaH- 
mHXb! 

Ha dTOlfb CTaJIbHOlTb (JttffB KaTOpSHOft JKH3HH r. PeMHBOBb HaHH- 

Haerb pHcoBaTb 8a6aBHua cuohu. Ero KOBaHbift cJion> necTpHTb npH6a- 

JTXaMH. TOIHO Offb XOHOTb yftTH Bb A'bTCKyX), TOIHO XOIOTb HTpaTb 

cb ffBTbira, ct> HXb ,cjioHeHxaMH". Ho Bra Hrpa — Tom»xo onbaHeHie. 
H Taxaa XH3Hb—„BHHHaa jiaBxa". w BHHHy» jiaBxy aanepjiH. CfurbJiemi 
cb xniOHaMH nponajrb bt> cHferaxb: 6onhme h e n p o c h— -h h b o t t> 
cTOJibxoHeaacTb*. (.HoBHft roflb*). H ooHTb ysHaeTe Bb cHA'bJiba'b 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



80 BftCH N 2 



BuTapaxaHDiHxa.Ha ycaTyn XHdHb— H6AaeTb,noToiry< 
CTpaflaHie.H*XHoeTB xeotoraaftxaa, npoeBtaHBavmiax b* ray 6x8* aj- 
idh aBTopa— juu TapaxaBBjHxa TOAbxo ycnaa iM8ib.H eirfcn, 
Hrpw, a&tiaBHhia npH6ayTXx, kotopwmh BaropaaxBaerca r. PeimaoBb, 
o6b^hhh kphkoui cTajibHoroBHxpji, upBaeTfeBinaro bi 
t y h a p n. H HanpacHo oTapaeTeji ynoxotixTbea r. PenxaoB* m axbHHxy 
ITaBJiyraK-B, xeTrajomeiiy o ojior6hk'b; caioui bth Mevru naAaxn-b Bb 
cepane KpHKoirb CTaabHoro BHxpa. .Bb KOMHaTyKaTH Bomejrb HacTpoft- 
nuurb, OTajrb nbflHHHo xaoTpaxBaTb*— Ofepuft caoxexoxb, cxpaa Mop- 
Aoixa, — jAapiuia hotb". (.Caoh6kokV). npxcjiyaiafiTecb, — na b*ju> 
Tyrb yatacb; h onaTb xpHXi eTaabXoro BHipa, onaTb: »Oxa- 
flHHufi, OxaaHHuft, OxaaHHHft TapaxaaniHKb" . dTOT* xpxxb 6pocaeTca 
na Hac*b H8% khhth. Tyro oxaa naeoca r. PeMxaoBa AocTxraero cbo- 
ero anorefl. „IIocojiOHbio* a .HopTOBnrb Jloroirb* r. PexHBOBb bh- 
ABHraeTca, xaxb oahht, h3T> ayqmxib eoBpeMeHxuxb npoaanxoBb pyc- 

CKHXb. 

Pacxpofrre aio6yi> cTpaHHoy, h bh BCTpbTHTecb ct> paAoifb (fepaab 
HeoChiHaflHoft xpacoro, noAbeiia xeo6fcraafiHaro. Bon> 0Txpfa»ax> crpa- 
HHuy f — HHTaftTe: .BoxbHaa expxny?aa xaicepa, xax* ranieHxa Ha na- 
nepTH y npaaARHKa M (ctd. 206). Borb eme 0TxpuBav> xHxry— euoTpBrre: 
.Mohotohho noaaaxxBax maiBKaMH h CTyna eanoraicH, xoaan> no xo- 
pHAopy lacoBue, xaxb TiopeuBue ahh* (orp. 206). H bto bt> othoch- 
toabho HeyAaHHoft noeM-B *B * a a a 6 a m h a". HBAOCTaTxan Pbmh- 
soBa a BHCKaaajica bi» peneHaiH o .II p y a **. Bt> BHauTeabHO Mexbmeft 
CTeneHH era HOAocTaTKH npHcynxx h .HopTOBy Jlory". Ho xpxeTaJibHaa 
acHocTb cjiora, lerxocTb pHcyHxa bt» coAepxaTeAbHbixb paacxaaaxb 
aA*BCb CKpaAHBaioTb ao minimum'a HeAoeraTKH Pen hbobx. Bean* aefti-b- 
MOTHBb XHHrH 8By HHTb onpeA'bJieHHo h Monpio: H8b paB6HTaro oxxa, 
y KOToparo ckjiohhjich ropmoniift aBTopb, xjiemerb xpun cTaJibHoro 
B-BTpa, npHJierBBmaro Bb TyxApi*, ab noAXHtfaerca HaAb oxxoirb, xaxb 

HBASb XHBHblO pasfiXTOfl (XHBHbD HOIHOft, JCETOft"), JIHUO TapaXXH- 

lAHxa. H TapaKaHmerb jzaerb: JloraxoeiBee noriHoe". H ta*b 
to aa cmiHofi paaAaeTcx 6a6be aeneTXHbe: Japasaimsb... 

HOByiOB'Bpy X OH 6 Tb 6 b H B H T b". H AHH npOXOAHTb, KBJTb MOHO- 

TOHHue nopeuHbie lacoBwe. H PoifxaoBb npocirrb: w B*Tepb, nponoft... 

CTOHTb AH XHTb?. 

Men*e yABHOHb oTAlunb „IIoJiyHo<iHoe Cojinne*; ho h aA^cb apxia 
Hacb BCTp-bnaiOTb cTpaHHun.HairbocTaeTcanomeJiaTb,HTo<5M TaJiaHTb 
PeMHSOBa HacTOJibKo xe paaBHAoa, HaexoAbxo paaBxaea oht> Bb .Hop- 
TOBOirb Jlorb" no cpaBHemiocT>.IIpyAoiib'. Torjia HOTopia jnrrepaTy- 
pw pyccKoft npio6p*BTerb ente hoboo, Heaa6wBaeiioe hub. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJnOrPA$IH. 81 

Mapn Spnmpdi. Paacxaau. T. I. Hafl. .ULanoBHHKb/ Cn6. 
H. lp. 

Kaara KpHHHUKaro— njioffb floarofl JiirrepaTypHoft AkaTeabHocTH, 
M0X6TB 6111Tb, flaice rtKift htopb efl. Mw 8aaein> oto h CTOHirb 

HWb CtiopHHKOlTb, KBXb Haflb MOrHJIOft HeJIOB'BKa, KOTOparO GOJIbHO H 

xajuto xopoHHTb.3a roAH patfoTN KpHHHuxaro Bcaxift u orb y6-feflHTbca, 
«rro iracaTb oht» yirbeTb. Oh* awpaGoTaab TexHHxy paacxaaa, npaBAa, 
HeMHoro cTapoMOAHyio h Taxeayio, ho Bee see aobojibho Hcxycayio. 
KaxAHft paacxaab aBJiaab co6oft h*hto ivbabHoe, yirao paapaGoTaHHoe 
no TOHHOMy DJiaHy. Ho Bceraa xaaajiocb, hto bto— xoaaHxa aonrxH h 
paacyAxa, a He naoflb XHBoro HenocpeflCTBeHaaro TaaaHTa. Kaxoft-To 
MepTBbrt, xexaHHiecxift Tpyfl*b. Bt> pacieTJiHBocTH h miaHox-bpHocTH, 
xoTopufl cayxarb THniraecKHMH nepraxH aroro nHcaTeaa, HyBCTByeTca 
h-bhto xoaoahoo, CTapexoBCKoe, HBBcerAa MepTBoe. XChbhb cb en Ha- 

M*HHHBOCTb» KpaCOHHbJXb B^MjeKTOB'b, Cb XySblXaabHOCTbK) OTA^bHWXb 
XOX6HT0Bb, Cb 6fl eXBAHeBHOft BOJIHyttmeft TaftHOft BOCHpHHHXaeTb OHb 

exBOBb ihcto paacyAOHHbiA HacrpoeHia, h noTOMy hh oflHHb o6paab 
ero noaTHnecKHXb BHA'BHift He aaropaeTca ruiaMeaeMb HacToamaro 
TBopiecroa h noToiiy bcb repoa ero paacxaaoBb nopaacajorb OTcyT- 
CTBiem> BHyTpeHHefl raGicocTH, HaAyxaHHocrbio h cyxoft oAHocropoHHe- 

CTbK). OHH XHByTb Bb XOJIOAHOft padpfeXeHHOft aTMOC^ep-B OTBJTeieH- 

Hbctb Hfleft h ABHraioToa xairb xapioHeTKH, nocjiymnbia cnoxoftHbiirb 
pyxairb. A, Mem,ay rbxb, RpHHHmcaro Hejibaa HaaBaxb GeaAapHbixb 

H Offb AOCTaTOHHO yXOffb AJia TOrO, HT06bI 6blTb Bb CQCTOflHiH HOA- 

BeprHyTb cefla caxoft CTporofl caxoxpHTHK'b. H, HaxoHeirb, OHb yme 
HaxoAHTca vb tomt> nepiofl-fe coBepraeHHofl BayTpeHHefl ap'fejiocTH, 
xorAa neJioB-feKb m xyfloxHHKb BCTynaeTb bi> nojmoe o6;iaAaHie 

BCfeXl* HaJIHHHMXl> ^yXOBHNXb CHJIb. XOHOTCH 3HaTb, HOTOXy Xe 61*0 

KHHra npeACTaBJiaerb h3T> ce6a tbkoo xaaoaHaHHTeJibHoe aaaeHie 
bt> HacToameft jifrrepaTypb, Aaxe npa H-BKOTopwxb cBOHXb noaoxHTejib- 
Hbixi» AaHHbrib? H AyMaeTca,— 3T0 noTOMy, <rro AyineBHaa xoHcrpyxiiia 
RpHHuuxaro poxoBbixb o6paaoMb nocTaBHJia ero xexAy jxbjub jihto- 
paTypraMH anolaxH, xe»Ay AByMa nojuocaxa jkh3hh, Kb KOTopwMb 
oht» o6pe?eHi> cxaoHHTbca nonepeM'BHHo. OHb — nepexoAHaa CTyneHb 
acxyccTBa; HHorAa MHCTHXb, Haorfla pauioHajiHcrb, HeMHoxxo ,Aexa- 
Aem-b* h pflAoifb caMbifi yO-bxAeHHbift peajiacrb. KaKi> xyAoxHHXb, om> 
MOJiOA*b HBiTOie Bpeiffl OeaxoHeHHo CTapb. OHb yse nonyBCTBOBaji-b 
CHMBOJiH8irb, xaxb-TO xooHyaca HMnpeccioHHBMa, nuorAa aar^HAWBauij> 
aa BH-BraHift, rpy(5ufl cxeaeTb XH3HH h omymaJib Ha CBoetrb jihu* xo- 
aoAHoe AyHOBeHie HeB-feAOMwxb cthxIh, a, BoaBpamaacb H3b CBoaxb Ay- 
xoBHbix'b CTpaHCTBin, cxenTHHecxH yjibitfajica h orb xaacAaro nepexa- 
BaHia ooabaoBaaca toabko ocTaBmeaca MbicJibio— cyxoa h rojiofi. OTb 

aTOfl ABOftCTBGHHOCTH, OTb BTOfO 663CHJlia HyBCTBOBaTb nOJIHO H ray- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



82 B*CH N 2 

60K0, flO 8KCTa8A,~ KpHHHUKifl BOCb H3JI0M8JICH H JlflH HCKyCCTBA HO- 

th6i». Bora vb paacKaa'b ,BapcyK*b*, — Ha (Jk>h* (torBdHeHHo Hep- 
BHofi HanpfliceHHocTH ncHXOJioriraecKaro MOTHBa — camifl rpyoita pe- 
aiiHCTHiecKia onHcaHin, CTapoiiOAHo HepamJiHBHfi cranb h rpyaao 
BunHcaHHHfi TflxeJiOB'bcHuft Curb. Bt> paacicaaaxb foji'fce HOBaro thhe 
( v HacjrBACTB6HH0CTb c , ,JIoxb", ,CjTBnein>", „nomJiocTb*) ecTb btbkoto- 
pue ycrrfexH Bb cifbicjrb cthah, bo Bee me oto hohth He paacsaau, a 
TpaxTaTH Ha HarbcTHbia tombi, rjrb xyAoxecTBeHHwe otipaau Hirfewra 
BTopocTeneHHoe aHaneme. Bt> ,HacjrBACTBeHHOCTH" KpHHmuuft nu- 
TaeTCH p-braHTb owy h3t> caMbixi* TeMHUXfe npo6Jieirb ncnxoAoriH, ho 
Majib^Hirb TpyHHHT>, BocnpHHflBmift orb MaTepn Kanyi) to TaracraeH- 
Hyio h cjiorayio GojrfeaHb AyniH, xaxeTCH Haub He aaraAoiHbiirb noa- 
thh6ckhmt> otipaaoirb — npeKpacHbiftrb h TparHnecKHMb. — a JiHrymKoft 

Ha aHaTOMHieCKOM-b CTOJI*B, HajTb KOTOpofl KpHHHUKifl Hp0H3B0AHTb CBOH 

pauioHajibHbie (JraaioJionreecKie onwTbi. Bb paacKaa-fe .JIoxl" crpacr- 
Hue fliajiorH repoeB-b caMbixi* BaxHbixi* Bonpocaxb HcxyccTBa npeji- 
CTaBJiflWTca oTpbiBxaMH H3i> cTaTeft, Hacxopo onpaBJieHHbiMH BT> <5cji- 
JierpHCTHHecKyio <t>opny. H noTOMy Bee, ito namerb RpHHHiixifl, mi 
npHHHMaeM-b Rax* xaocb HaB-BHHHbixT> Hjiefl, He nopoAHBmift irfeAfeHa- 
ro, rjiyGoico AHuaro Bne^aTJTBHiH. HyecTByercH h bhaho, htoKphhhii- 
Kifl oTopBajicH orb cTaparo TeHflemtfoaHaro ncxyccTBa, oTopBajic* 
Bb caMbixT> rjiy6HHaxb CBoeft AyniH, ho oTflaTbca HenocpeACTBeHHo 
u Bceii'bJio HOBbiifb HAeaJiairb ho cyM-BJib. He oAOjrbjrb oht, hobhxi> cth- 
jiHCTHMecKHXb aaaanb, ho cnpaBHJiCH cb HanjibiBOMi* ncnxoAorHHecra- 

npOTHBOp-BHHBbJXb COBpeMOHHblX'b HepeXHBaHift H, HO CMOTpfl Ha 6anb- 

moe AHTepaTypHoe Tpyaojnotfie h yiti, He Mora coaAaTb HHMero opH- 
rHHaJibHaro h BHaiHTejibHaro... TaKOBb xyAoxecTBeHHbift o6ahki» 
KpHHimKaro— pacnjibiBqaTbift, TyMaHHbift, noiiHHyTHo M*BHfliomifl onep- 
TaHifl, OTopBaHHUfl orb HpoiDJiaro h He npHroAHbift am HacToamaro. 

H i i a D • t p 1 e 1 1 1. 

Bopac* JlaaapeBosii. Paacjcaabi. ToMb TpeTifl. Hba* „Eo6" Cn6. 
1908. II. 1 p. 

ITohth y xaxAaro 113b Haoi> Bb hhcjtb paaHooGpaaHbixb 8Haxomai» 
ecTb (J)OTorpa<(>bi-JiK)(5HTe^H. 3to GoJibmeio HacTbio GeaooHAHite, bo, bt> 

KOHITB K0HUOBT>, HaAOl*AJIHBbie H HOCTepHHSfbie JIK>AH. ChHMBJ0TT> Be8A*, 

Bee, hto nonaAeTCA Ha rjiaaa,— bham xypopTa, ta* Ji^naTca orb pe»- 
BcaTHBMa, BHaROMbixb h HeaHaKOMbixb jnofleft, Haxpbrrbie ctojiw, ney6- 
aHHbiH nocTeJiH, cboh h ^yxia KoMHaTbi h t. n. h t. n. JIiotfHTejibOKie 
aJib6oMbi vb roAaMH nyxHyrb. CHHMKaMH hoahu Aaxe CTapue HeMOAanbi. 
n GKOJibKO TpyAa h Bxyca, npaBo npeMHAo.* — cxaxeTe bu OAHaxAH 
HeocTopoxHo. JlHX3HTejib*({)OTorpa4)'b ckpomho yjibi6HeTCH h HaHHerb 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



BHRnorPA*ra. 83 

Bu&JiaAUBaTb nepeA*b bemh cboh GoraTCTBa:— .Borbafl-fecbH XHjn> b* 
nponuioifb roAy jtbtoii*, a 9to — co6axa noero ahah, (He npaBAa jih 
xaxix nopoAHCTWi ymH), a 8to— KOMHaTa noero Apyra, a 8to— npyA*, 
r^t a bt, a'btctb'b xaTSJica Ha xoHbxaxit, a bto— bocxoa* cojiHua Ha 
Afi-IleTpH, a 9to". . . Bm yxe pacxaaJiHCb bt» Heo6AyMaHHoft jho663hocth, 
ho Bce-TaxH CMOTpHTe, CMOTpHTe flo 6-feineHCTBa, flo seJieHux'b KpyroBi* 
bt> lviaaaxb H,xaRi> HexoBcxift repofi,Ha<iHHaeTe AyuaTb o npeccb nanbe. 
Hotth xaxAuft oCmecTBeHHHft xpyrb .Hirberb cBOHXb $oto- 
rpacJ)OBT> - ;iio6HTejiefi; He jiHmeHT> hxt> h JiHTepaTypHbift. Tojibxo 
jiHTepaTopM-4)OTorpa$bi yxpfenjunorb cboh apHTejibHbia BneHaTjrfeHia 
ho Ha cBBTOHyB0TBHTeJibHuxi> naacTHHxax'b, a Ha GyxazHux* CTpa- 

HHIiaX'b, H aJIb(50MMHKH H6 HpHHyTb, a pa3MH0XaH)Tb BT> COTHHX"b H 

TfaicHHaxi axaeMtuiapoBi*. HaA^ xaxAMm> chhmohkomt> HaAHHCb: — 

.OflHHOKift, BoJTBdHb, HpaBCTBOHHOCTb, XHTpOCTb* H T. H. JIlOflH CHHTbl 

xaxi» npHAeTCH (TaxoBa npaBAa xh3HH,— ho B8UDprre)~H aa o6"baomt>. 

H Ha JIlOGoBHOlIb CBHAaHbH, H BO BpeMH 3y6HOft 0OJIH, H BT> KynajibHbixi> 

xa6HHxaxT>, h bt» cnaAbHaxi, oahhmt> cjiobomb, bo bcb rfc MOMeHTbi, 
xorAa JiHTepaTop-b-<t>oTorpa4>i> HaxoAHJica no 6jih3octh co cbohmt> 
KOflaxosrb. Kto nocM'berb coiiHtaaTbca, hto xyAOXHHKH, HHkeHepu, 
BpaHH cb hxt» xeHaBCH hjih jiK>6oBHHuaMH, o6*BAeHHbi6 ctojih, najiHcaA- 
hhkh m xa6HHRH, yxplinjieHHbie Ha nocJiymHoft njiacTHHxli, He cymecT- 
Byiorb? Mhi BtpHM-b BopHcy JIaaapeBOKOMy. H nope Ha (t)HHJiaHACRHX*b 
xypopTax-b Toxe ecTb. H ofijiaxa GbiBawrb HHor.ua „rpa3HO-<|>iojieTOBfaiH <l , 
h bt> xohub icapTa noixn Ha A6peBbHXi> BT> Haraeifb KJiHMarb Henpe- 
itbhho ,Ha6yxai0Tb - , h pyccxia 6apbiraHH, „KaTH h Cohh", hbcto tomhtoh 
no aaxoJiycTbHMi». OcTaexca Tojibxo p-feniHTb Bonpocb,— xaxoe oTHomeHie 
JUXJHTejibHaa-AHTepaTypHaa <(>oTorpa<J>ia Harfeerb xt> HcxyccTBy. 

Hairb Moryrb Boapaawrb: „bobc6 8to He $oTorpa<|>ia, a pyccxaa 
A*BftCTBHTeJibH0CTb. Ahtoht> IlaBJioBHH'b to me Hao6paxajrb pyccxyio 

A"bflCTBUTeJIbHOCTb*. BfepOHTHO, ORaXyTb 60(6 ITBCXOJIbKO cjiobt> He- 

xobckoh raxojrfe h HexoBCxoft iiaHep* h Tyrb npoH30HAen> caMoe ne- 
^iajn>Hoe HeflopaayM-BHie. J^bjio to bt» tomi>, hto Hoxobckoh MaHepw 6eai» 
HexoBcxaro TaJiaHTa He cymecTByerb. HexoBb, yMHpaa, He ocTaBHJTb 
AJia Bceo6maro ynoTpe6jieHia CTepeoTHnoB-b. 4>opna h coAepxaHie 
^mjih AJia Hero miOTbio h xpoBbK). Oht> aaBBmajrb Haicb He a;ib- 
60MM (J>oTorpa(friH, a rajuiepeH coBepmeHH-BftmHXi nopTpeTOBb, rfl-b 
TBopnectBO HCTHHHaro TaJiaHTa bckpujio caicoe xaftHoe ho^ob-bhockoh 
AyniH, H6AocTynHoe AJia orpaHHieHHo BocnpHHHMaromeft (t)OTorps4>H- 
Hecxofl naacTHHXH. H, HaxoHeu'b, Hoxob*, npn caMoft npocrbftineft cb 
BHAy MaHep-fe nncbxa, 6bun> yToaieHHbiM'b cth^hctomt> h yMHbiirb 
HejioBtaoirb, xoTopbift ho cxaaajrb 6w name bt> 6peAy hto .yBaxeHie 
BUTexaerb h3t> pa6oTN mospobi, a juofoeb H3i> pa5oTw HepBOBT* - . 
«MoarH M h ohi> cairb Hero repox ynoTpe6jiaAH, B'bpoHTHO, TOJibxo bt> 



r 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



84 B*CH N 2 

xapeHoirb bh;v& H ecjiH He yAaeTca Bopucy JlaaapeBCROiiy tboptoctbo, 
to flame juia <f>oTorpa<f>HiecKHXb ynpaxHemft moxho noxeaaTb euj 
notiojibme BKyca h BHHiiaHbH. 

H.Ootiiiiv 

C. OeprteBi-IleHoxiA. C m e p t b. Ilbeca bt> 5 A'BficTBiax'b.HaAaTejib- 
ctbo ,UIiinoBHHKi>". Cn6. 1906. II 75 k. 

CeprbeBi-IfcHCKift noROHHHJTb ct> .HopyHHRoirb BaCaeBbnrb" (cm. 
w B-BChi* H U). Ha nocJTBAHHXT> cTpaHHuax* c6opHHica norpyaHJrb bt> 
,BeacrbHHoe* ero rpfemHyio Ay ray, noJiyHHa-b roHopapr> cb h8a. *UIh- 
noBHHirb* h npeAajiCH Me<rraMi» o co6jiaaHHTeJibHofi cjiaB-fe flpaiiaTypra. 
HanHcajTb nbecy bt> 5 a- HaaBajn> ee ,CMeprb", a MaTepjiHHKT> aa aajib- 
HocTbK) paacTOflHifl He cuorb aaxe h spHXHyTb: 9 Kapayjn>! rpatorb!*- 
Cepr-BeBb-LfeHCKift, xaKi> bhaho H3i> nponuiaro, Bootfme He cjnunKOMb 
yBaxaerb iyxyio JiHTepaTypHyio co6cTB6HHocTb, ho cb Taxmrb AepaHo- 
BeHieyb oht> ho o6Hpajn> aaxe JleoHHAa AHApeeBa. Eny oneHb xort- 
Jiocb nHcaTb ,TOHb bt> TOHb RaRi> AHApeeBi*, iioxeTi 6hm>, (sasb. 
dHaTb?), oht>, AMcTBHTejibHo, lyBCTByeT* ce6fl 6JiHaKHM% AHApeesy, h 
DOTOMy bt> paacRaaaxi* ecTb xoth h HCRaxeHHoe HeAocTaTRom> TanaH- 
Ta, ho Bee ace HecoMH'BHHoe cxoactbo ct> -H36paHHWMH o6paauaMH. Ho 
yarb ocjih AHApeeBi>, to npH neu-b xe Tyrb MaTepjuiHKb, Aa eme 
noA6HTbift noARJiaARoft MJiaAeHiecTBa pyocRaro AORaAeHTCTBa. H ay- 
MaeTCH Bb nojibay CeprbeBa-IfcHCRaro, ito 9to ho npocToft rpa6earb, 
a H'bHTO Coji-Be cjioxhoo h necTHoe. 

EcTb paacRaai> o tomt>, RaRi> bt> OAeccb cTapHRi>-eBpeft npimecb 

BT> yHHBepCHTerb TOTpaAb CBOHXT> MaT6MaTHHeCKHXT> BblHHWieHifl, H» 
KOTOpofl BHAHO GblJIO, HTO OHT> CaM0CT0flT6JlbH0 OTRpfalJTb 6HHOM1» HbfO- 

TOHa. B'bjiHbift eBpeft ho cjibixajrb o HbioTOHfe. ToJibKo h Bcero— ho 
cjibixajrb, axHanbOTb 9Toro cTaaa Tpareaieft. B*BpoHTH*be Bcero, ttoh 
CeprBeBi-IJeHCRift ao 1906 r. He 3Hajn> hh o aeRaaeHTax'b, hh o MaTep- 

JIHHR'B, H 663-b JlHTOpaTypbl, 663T> BCHROft OCB'bAOMJieHHOCTH B30(5paJICS 

Ha nepByio cryneHbKy TaR*b HaabiBaexaro ,HOBaro ucRyccTBa* h Ha 
aTOTb HeB-BAOMwft ajiTapb noJioxHJii, cboA Aap*b— ubecy bt> : 5 a*Mctb.— 
,CxepTb". fl'bJiaji'b ohi> ee TpyAOAK)6HBO t TmaTanbHo. AfocHJH* lyAecHo 
OTRpbiBmarocH eMy MaTepjiHHRa oi> nepBMMH HeyAo6oBapHHhiMH 6a*> 
AaMH pyccRoft AeRaAeHTCRoft RyxHH, iyBCTBOBajn> H-BRoe CMyTHoe BJie- 
Heme Kb CHMB0JiH3My h H3b dToro TexHaro xaooa BHe8anH0 Haxjiu- 
HyBmHxi> HacTpoeHifi ct> Tpyjxowb, tohho BopoiaH TaxeJibie RaMHB^ 
nbiTajiofl coaAaTb cbok) w CMepTb*. 

CTepxeHb nbecbi—CMepTb— CMepTb, KaR-b cthxIh, RaRi> njiaMeHHMft 
yparaH-b, noxapaiomift Bee, hto nonaAeTCH Ha nyTH— 6e3cicucJieHHbift r 
AHRift, HeJi-BObifi. Cobcbmt> RaR*b MdTepjiHHRi> nbiTaeTCH CeprteBi>-IJeH- 

CRifi npHMHpHTb OTBJieieHHOCTb daMUOJia CT> nJiaCTHIHOCTbK) BOHJIO- 

n^eHbfl. OHb yxe AoraAaJica, ito CHMBOJinnecRoe npouaBeAeHie aoaxho 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



BHBJIOrPA<Mfl. 85 

XHTb ABOftHOfi XH3flbK), HO K&Kb paSABOHTb 8Ty XH3Hb — H6 3Ha6Tb 
H CTb 8T0r0 U*JIbIH CU©HbI HBJIfllOTCJr OftMOft ClfRDIHOfl KappHKaTypoft Ha 

MdTepjiHHRa. Bott>, Hanp.: chatto ab*b OTapyxn; a aan^M-b oh* ch- 

flHTb— HeH3B*CTH0. PeMapKa: ,HaAT> HHMH HaCbl 6bIOTb OHOHb HaCTO... 

KomxH... PaaroBop-b ct> 6ojn>mHMH nepepbiBaMH; Tarynift, flJiHHHbift". — 

IlenjioBa: Benepa-To, Benepa-To xaxie AJiHHHhie nonuiH! 

Ba6ymxa: A-a... Beiepa... Oxt», Fochoah! OKecrb, nayaa). Eme 
xaxie AJiraHbie . . Tommje. . . A Borb flajir>rae kt> PoxaecTBy eme ajihh- 
Hl»e 6jjijTb. Bpucb, to, nofljian! y, ay pa!., y, Ay pa!*. (MoaiaHie). 

IlenjioBa: KaGbi iviaaa bhztbjih KaKb ca-fejiyerb, Bee 6m jftno ce6*fe 
xaRoe-HH6yAb Hanuia... Ilo xoaaftcTBy msjio jih ero, flluia... A to 
xax'b... HyjiRH a eme B«xy. 

Batfymxa: A? HyjixH? Oxt>, Tochoah. 

H AaJibme bt> tomt> xe poa*: »A? fla... Oxt>, TocnoAH! A? Axt*. Bo- 
xe Mofl, Boxe iioft. Hto-A-to bn? H-h-h... Toc-noAH! HaftHHKi>... cto- 

JOTb HaflHHITb*. 

IlpeAB^maTb cMepTb npraoAHTb xaxia to ajuieropHHecxia Gapbim- 
hh. riofloftnerb Kb xpbiJibuy, cnpocnrb Jlnay, (xoTopaa bt> bto Bpeifa 
yxe yroHyjia), nocroHTb h yftAei-b. IIoTourb Apyraa, TpeTbH. 

Bea nbeca nocTpoeHa Ha naysax-b, Toixaxi, TaryHHXT> paaroBopax-b, 
ajuieropiflXT> h omeJioMAaiomix'b a^xtexTax'b Bpofl-fe noxopoHHaro n-feHbH 
3a cueHoft h t. n. TepoH paaroeapHBaiorb MexAy co6oft npH6JiH3HT6JibHo 
Taxi: ,Mbi BoabiieMca aa pyxH h nofiflewb Bnepe;n>. 3/ Hacb 6yAerb 
XH3Hb xax'b cxaaxa— bch h3t> mopoxoffb". Hah: „Bh o6BHBa©Te mohh 
xaxb njiionxb. Xothto o6BHTbCH"... Hjih: j,Mh 6yAeMi> BABoeicb— oaho, 
xaxi raap-b (?) ... Raxi> pacxpuTaa KHHra"... 

Cyan no cTapoMOAHocTH AexaaeHTcxaro paaroBopHaro penepTyapa 
h cAHrnxoRfb 9AeM6HTapH0My 9 BH^mHOMy uoapaxamio MaTepjiHHxy, Ay* 
xaercH cxopto, hto miariarb r. CeprfeeBa-UjeHcxaro — 6eacoaHaTejibHbift. 
IlpoeTO noBTopHJiacb bt> otfmHXb lepTaxi Tporarej/oHaa HCTopia oAec- 
cxaro OBpea bt> pyccxoft AHTepaTypfe. H ocjih sto Taxi>, ecjra CeprbeB-b- 
UeHcxift yHHTCH HcxyccTBy cam*, 663% Majrbftmeft nocTopoHHefl noMonw, 
to ero nepBbw odih6kh He TOJibxo npocTHTejibHbi, ho Aaxe yMHJiHTOAbHbi. 



H. Oc 



Bax. CBempnixiH. Ahthxphctt>. (SanncxH cTpaHHaro HeJioBtxa). 
Cn6. 190a H. 1 p. 

RHHra CBeHUHuxaro ctohtt> bh* npeA'bJiOB'b xyAoxecTBeHHofi jihto- 
paTypw. CBeHimixKifl— h© 6ejiA6TpHcrb. CoaHaerb ohi> 9to h cam. 3aAana 
ero hhcto ncHxoJiorH^ecxafl,— oht> xoqerb AaTb noxyweHTaJibHo tohho© 
H3o6paxeHie co6cTBeHHoft AyniH bo bcbxt> en MHorocjioxHbixT> nponbvie- 
Hiux-b ao caiiaro rjiy6oxaro h TeMHaro AHa,— h * bt> AepaHOBOHHO npaB- 
AHBbixT> CTpammax-b w 3anHcoxi>*, AMcTBHTenbHO, aane^aTJTBHi> cxyAbn- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



86 BtCBl N 2 

TypHO TOHHblft Otipaffb flymH, TOJlbKO H6 XHBOft, a Wb 0K0HHaT6JIbHOMT> 

npouecc* en paajioxeHb*. UeHTpaJibHNH nyRxrb xhhfh, toixb, h3t> 

KOTOpofi paOXOA^TCH BCtl pajliyObl 8T0H CTpaHHOfi h CTpamHofi aBTo6io- 

rpa(|)lH,— ,Teopia AHTHxpHCTaV Ee cosAaerb CBeHUBuxift, xax?> $hjio- 
co4>oro6 o6ocHOBaHie CBoero rnieHifl, oht> Becb bt> Heft, bt> 9tomi> npo- 

KJIHTiH HCKyCCTBCHHOft H CJIOXHOft JIOrHKH, HCTOmHBmeft erO JHJTBJ. 

Bonpocb 6eaciiepTiH, npecjrbflyiomift CBeHiumxaro ao xonmapa h 
6peaa,— aTorb CTpacTHbift bohjil kt> ueHSBfecTHocTH xaacAaro XHBoro 
HeJioB^iecKaro >cepAiia,° MeAJieHHoJ nepexoAHrb a*t* Hero bt> noxopoH- 
Hbift Han*Bb, bt> aayHbiBRbift rHMHb ciiepTH, BonJiomeHHbiA o6paaoirb 
AHTHxpHCTa. v TeopiH Ahthxphctb'', no anoBaifb CBeHiumxaro, Hejuierca 
AJifl Hero ,0TKyAa-T0". ,OTxyAa 0Ha BaaJiacb Gbuio coBepmeHHO Heno- 

HflTHO,— rOBOpHTb OHb,— TaKb KaKb H HHKOrfla He AyMa.Tb 06b dTOM'b 

Bonpocfe oTBJieqeHHo". Ho CBeHiumiafi oma6aeTca, noTOMy hto aBJiaeTca 
ohb He H3BH*, He „0TKyAa-T0", a h8T> caMhrxb TaflHbixb H^apb 6anb- 
Horo Ayxa, KaKb nepBbifl KOHxpeTHbift npnaHaKb BHyTpeHHHro pacnajia, 
xaxi nepBoe poaoBoe hhtho paaJioaceHin Ha bockoboh merb Tpyna. Co- 
npHK0CH0B6Hbe ct> xpHCTiaHCTBOMb, mo acerb Curb, oaapHJio Ha mhit> 
Cji'bAHhiMb jiyHOM*b HaAesAu ary TeMHyio nora6aiomyK) xnaHb, ho, xaxi* 
oxaaajiocb, He kt> Ao6py. Oho TOJibxo npHBeao Bb nocjrfcAHee aairfcma- 
TejibCTBo AaBHO pacmaTaHHbiH chjih AymH h TOJiKHyjio Ha onacHy» 
AJiH cjiafonrb Aopory hckbhih aGcoJiioTHOfi hcthhu. 

,XpHCTOCb HO CblHb BOKlft. XpHCTOCb H6 BOCKpeCb. XpHCTOCb H6 

no6-bAHJn> CMepTb",— BOTb Bee, hto ocxajiocb ajm CBeHiumKaro orb ero 
xpHCTiaHCTBa. XpHCTOCb ctbhobhtcb xpaeyroJibHborb KaMHeifb ,Teopin 
AHTMxpHCTa", KOTopyio oHb pasBHBaerb ct> MaHiaxajibHoft y6*AHTe-ib- 
HOCTbK), cTpoftHO, xpacHBo, Aase Gjiecrame. Taxb roBopurb OHb o6*b 
AHTHxpHcrb:— 9 KaKi> bch HCTopia HeJiOB-bneoTBa ao Xpncra GbiJia npo- 
rpeccoifb bo hmh rpHAymaro HaGaBHTeJia orb ciiepTH,TaK , b nocJife XpncTa 
Bee ycTpeMHJiocb Kb MeAJieHHOMy oGHapyscemK) jure BOCxpeceHb* XpncTa. 
H tohho Taxxe, KaKb npe»A© lejiOBtnecTBo jka&ao no6*AHTejffl,— 
B*bpHJio bi> Ero npHraecTBie, Tenepb oho XA^rb a p y r o r o xto 6u 06- 
HapyxHJTb o6MaHi> h BoacraHOBHJTb hcthhhoo aHaneHie cMeprfl. JIhXSob^ 
xpacoTa h HCTHHa 6biJiH HAea^iaMH, xoropue ABurajiH h onpeA^iflAR 
nporpec<rb. Tenepb xaacAyrb AHTHxpHCTa, h HAeaJiasiH ctbhobhtcji npo- 

THBOnOJIOKHOCTH JIKX5BH, KpaCOTbl H HCTHHH— CTpaXb, 6630 6pa3 1*6 H pad- 

pymeHie, KaacAbift oTA^ibHuft neAOB'bKb hbjih6tch H0CHTe^eM*b Ayxa 

AHTHXpHCTB*. 

IIOKOHHHBb Cb XpHCTOMb H 06bHBHBT> C6(5h .CBHTbUfb OTb AhTH- 

xpHCTa", T.-e. B-bpHbiMb HocHreJieMb cTpaxa, 6eaotfpaaifl h paapymeHb*,— 

CB6HUHUKift Aaerb nO.lHyiO BOJIIO 8B^pHHhIMb HHCTHHKTaMb CROeAJIHI* 
HOCTH H Ha BCfeXb nyTHXT* *H3HH CKJI0HH6TCH X*b 0K0HHaT6JlbH0ft 668- 

cjiaBHofi norn(5e^H. Moxerb 6biTb, y»e He bbsho, hto mm ohho XpHCTo<rb> 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



BHBJKOrPAMH. 87 

xaxb XHBaa GJiaroaaTHaa CH.ia, nepecTaJia cymecTBOBaTb ajm ero co- 
aaama. PaapbiBb ci> xpHCTiaHCTBoirb ^BHaiHTeJieHb He no cymecTBy: 

OHb ABJIfleTCfl XaXb 6M CHMBOJIHHeCKH-yCJIOBHhIMb 3HaK0MT> JCOHUa Vb 

KHHrb ero TeMHoft cyflbCH— B3MaxoMi> Hi»ero-To naaTxa nepeAb xa3HbH>. 
Ecjih Ou 6oroxb CBemunutaro 6buvb He XpucTocb, a, cxaxeMb, acxyccTBo 
hjih ;no<5oBb,— pasB-fe BOJibaa npeayraflaTb, bt> xaxia MpanHua CeaflHW 
KoniyHOTBa h oTpimaHbH npHBean 6u orh ero HHmy» iiymy. MexAy 
Bcaxiofb HenocpeflCTBeHHHMT* h CBfrrnbiirb BonaomeHieMb BCTaJia 6w 
ero ocxonaeHBaa XHmHaa uucm> h Taxeouft xx1un> 6ojibHoro, oTpaBJieH- 
naro rfeaa. CBeHUHuxift He xajrberb xpacox*, hto6i>i Ha cvrpaHHiiaxb 
•3anHcox < b* noxaaaTb ce6a He TOJibxo xaaxKMb, ho h oTBpaTHTejibHWM*. 
•foBoparb, JiH^HOCTb 6ojn>me Bcero BbipaxaeTca bt> jhoCbh 1 *,— nmnerb 
offb.— .flocTaToiHo npocJiyraaTb HCTopiio jikX5bh xaxoro-HH6yAb hojio- 
Btea, hto6u yaHaTb ero ayime h noJiH-fee, H-feMb aa itfuiyio xaaHb 
BHaxoMCTBa. fl coraaceHb cb 3thmt>. H noTOMy, Taxi cxasaTb, xaHBoio 
AJia .HcnoB'bAH* Bbi6apai> cboA poMaHb". fla, h3t> 9Toro „po»faHa* mu 
yraaeirb oxoHiaTeabHo, hto CBOHUHUxift— Tpyiib. H Bb jikXJbh OHb abh- 
xeTOfl oAHofi 6ea6jiaroflaTHOH, Mexaturaecxoft cuaofi CBoero ecTecTBa. 

Bb Heft H-feTb AJIfl Hero HHKaKHXb HfeKHUXb OTTfeHKOBb, HHxaxoft OCH- 

xoaonraecxoft cb*tot*hh,— Bcero Toro, hto fl^aei-b qeaoBfeiecxoe 

lyBCTBO TporaTOJIbHO 3bl6KHMb H Bb TO SO BpOBCH CTporHM* H CBH- 

TWMb. /Jaa Hero JixtfoBb CHJia Mpa«maa , xoaoAHaa h noTOMy ocoGohho 
cxaoHHafl xo BCHKOicy npecTyiuieHiio h AeMOHnaiiy. CB*TJibnrb bh- 
iitHbexi> v JiyHHMMT> npHapaxoMb cxo.ibanrb Ha MpaiHbixb cTpaHHuaxT> 
nojioBoro xomyncTBa otipaab MaaeHbxofl xpoTKoft B*bpoiXH, repoHHH 
»poMaHa tt — mepTBbi xhiahoh jhoCobhoA Hrpti CBeHUHUxaro. Ho h arorb 
o6paarb coBepmeHHOH HeaoB*b?ecKoft jhoGbh GpocaeTb TOJibxo GeaxHBHOH- 
Hbifl oTtaecxb bt» ero paaaaraiomyioca Aymy h 6eacHJibHo Hanparaerb 
h Tepaaerb ero uyxcxofi HHCTHHKTb, sacTaBJiaa qyBCTBoaaTb cBoe 
noaHoe 6aHxpoTCTBo. Bfepoixa fljia CBeHiumxaro Taxaa me »naA*uib*, 
xaxb Becb Mip-b, XHBynpft ajih oahoh cxepTH, xaxi> oh* caxb, Bspamn- 
Ba»miA bt> CBoenb cepwb c*mh AHTHxpHCTa. KorAa B*ponxa yxH- 
paeTb,— oh* cb xpHXOMb „bc* HBAOXHyrb, Bee rHHjib! Ypa AHTHxpHCTy!" 
OpocaeTca Bb nyfiJiHHHMH AOMb. Taxb xoHiaeTca ,poMaHb*. 

Ha nocJi1\AHefl CTpaHHU* noca'b npaaHaHia, hto Tenepb oht> ,He 
XHBerb, a AoraHBaerb"— CBOHiumxift cb AByciibicaeHHoft yjibi6xofi aa- 
AaeTb Bonpocb, Bb xoTopoirb, no ero wioBaub, n ecTb xaxaa-TO hoco- 
oGpaaHoeTb, ho, cbApyrofi ctopohu, h xaxaa to cwyTHaa aaAexAa* 1 ,— 
moxho jib yaHaTb XpHCTa, ho nepeacHB-b Ahthxphcts? Cb xaxofi n*bJibio 
ocTaBJiaerb oh* ce6*b 8Ty hocji^ahioio aaaeflxy, — aioryrb p"bmHTb TOJibxo 
aiOAH, HM'feionpe BoaiioiCHocTb BCTp-feTHTbca cb HHMb aa npeA^aaMH 
xhhth. Ho ecJiH BbaToifb BonpocB TaHTca Aaxe noA^HHHaa HaAexAa 
Ha BoaposAeHbe, a He nocA*bAHift ayHHbifi HdBoporb naBpameHaoft muojih, 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



88 BSCH N 2 

OHa He oaapHTb yme HHKaKoro Gyaymaro. Ohe BCUHXHBaerb jmiiib Kan 
((K)c<tK)pHHecKifl oroHb na iiorH^-b CBOHUHUKaro. 

Hiii nitpoi esta 



Hsan Hobmxob*. £ y x y C b a t o m y. XlepBaa KHHra cthxobi. 
0<5;iomKa H. IL KpbiMOBa. KHHroHBAaTejibCTBo »rpH<t>T>'.M. 1906.11.1 p. 

Hto oGmaro y r. HoBHKOBa ct> Jfyxoirb CBflTbnrb, mm, npH3HaeMca, 
p-bnurreAbHO He noHHMaeni>. IIoieMy r. Hobhkobt> peKOMeHAyerb ctop- 

HHJTb CBOHXT> CTHXOBT> Cb. flyxy? BbTTb MOKOTb, I\ HOBHKOB'b MOH&Xl, 

hoabhxhhki*, acxerb, nero uoflparo, npopoxi>? BbiTb iioxerb, 8T& 
KHHra nojraa Heo6bi?aftHbix'b oTKpoBeaift, CBbirae HHcnocaaHHbirb eicy 
Cb. flyxoM-b? yBbi!— apoiHTaBi* KHHXKy r. HoBHKOBa, npHXOAHTca npa- 
aHaTb, hto cthxh ero AaJiexo He onpaMAUBaiorb CBoero Bbicoitaro no- 
OBjmeHifl. Co Cb. JlyxoMi r. Hobhkobt> HHiero oflmaro He Hirberb. Ho 
dTHin> Mbi HHKairb He xoTHifb cKaaara, hto r. HoBHKOB-b BoaBejTb xyay 
Ha JXyxa CBHTaro: ajih btoto ero cthxh cjihidkomi nocpeACTBeHHbi. 

Hto me TaKoe npeacTaBJiaioTb co6ok> cthxh r. HoBHKOBa? He (fojr&e 
He MeH'be, Kairb nponaBeAeHie caiioAOBOJibH'bftmefl cepeAHHbi, xopomo 
yaoBHBmefi cymHOCTb nocjTBAHeft moabl Bt> hhxt> npexae acero iyB- 
cTByeTca rpy6aa pasBaaHocTb npoBHHiiiajia, o6oApeHHaro npHMtpoifb 
.CTOJiHiHbixi orryHeK'b*. Tenepb, KorAa nyTb jih He KaxAbift AeHb npa- 
hochti> Hain> HOBbie ciopapHdbi, BpoA* ff 5'BJibix < b KaMHefl* h t. n. nep- 
jiobt>, sacTaBJiaiomHX'b HeBOJibHo onacaTbca aa Gyaymee pyccKoft jiHTe- 

P&Typbl, padBfldHOCTb rr. HOBHKOBblIl> npOH3BOAHTl> AOBOJIbHO Tflzejxoe 

BneiaTJi-bHie. KaKi> Baui HpaBirrca TaKie, HanpHM'bp'b, cthxh: 

Bay^iKa judGhju auuucoe, 

AfcAymita juo6hjtl cbod BHyiKy. 

Bajoeaj-fc ee MapMejuuucoD, 

A OHa vfcJOBaju s^Ajnuamj pyucy... h t. a. 



Hjih eme: 



H TejeHoiica jucxajia — 

BuJIl OH* MaJKHfcKift... — 

CB-sxceft TpaBKoft yromaja 
Y aaBajieHKH. 

H TejieHOHxa ji>6hju— 

5ujn» OH*fc H^XCHeHbKiH... — 

H BojuracoD noma, 

TaKOfi CB^XCeHBKOft... h t. a. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJUOrPAttH. 89 

H Tarb eTpaHHm> Ha ABaAuaTb HaHBHO-cttCttRannufX'b cjianRHXT> 
cTHinxoB'b,— w Hpo TeJieHOHKa", w ripo 6a6ymRy" f „IIpo AtaoHicy*. Yuujih- 

TOJIbBO BT» 00066HHOCTH 9T0 # IIpO* f IipHAyiiaHHOe A^A BHIAeft IipOCTOTfal. 

OtaImtl 8Toft py6jieHoft npoabi ct> pneifaifH hochtt> HaaBame .IIpH- 
MHTHBbi". Rurbe unjTb ota*jim, yxe upeflHaaHaneHHue co6ctbohho 
ajih Ayxa CsaTaro— „MHei>", w Bt> npeAABepiH", ,Ob BOAoeftfa", ,Bh^ 
xyjiBTa". Mu He ayifaeirb, *rro6u Cb. Ayx* cTajrb HHTaTb »th cthxh. 
Bt> rjiaaax-b oCwraoBeHHaro cMepTHaro HHTareJia ohh TaRxe He Moryrb 
npeACTaBHTb KaKoro-JinCo? oco6aro HHTepeca hjih hobhshu. B'taaro h 
BjioRa HeepaBHeHHO HHTepecHfee nponecrb bt> opHrHHaa-B, h-bmt> bi> 
6.TfeAHbix*b h HCKameHHWi*b Konbirb r. HoBHROBa. 

Bopici CajiOBCsoi. 



HHCbMO BT> PEmAKIUK). 



M. r. r. PeaaRTop-b! 

Bl> BHAy H*ROTOpMX*b HeTOTOOCTeft B*b BaiTfeTR'B r. B. BaKyjiHHa 

o&b aJibiiaHax'b .BfcJiwft KaMeHb* (.Bfecbi* M 1), npomy noirbcTHTb Ha 
CTpaHHuax* Bamero yBaxaeuaro xypHaaa HHmecjrfeAyiomyio nonpaBRy. 
Hh o KaROifb eflHHoifb HanpaaneHiH y r.r. ,6-BJioRaneHueBT> a He 
mrturb oeHOBaHift roBopHTb r. BaRyHHHb, .foiaroaapH Tony, hto mh > 6- 
Bbf r. BypHaRHHa, coBepmeHHO cnpaBeAJiHBo RBaaHtjwuHpyeMbiH r. Ba- 
RyjraHuiTb RaRi> npea'fejrb HeopHcroftHaro xyjraraHCTBa, Bceuluio Jiexarb 

Ha eAHHOJIHHHOft OTB-BTCTBeHHOCTH HX*b H0CRT6JIA, H HBHJIHCb flJIH CJiy- 

HaftHfaixi> ynacTHHROBi ajibiiaHaxa ctoab xeBecejioft HeoxHAaHHocTbio, 
Rarb h A^fl r. BaRyjraHa. 
EpHiiHTe h npoH. 

B. rpnfmon. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 



B3rJIfl < m> HA <DPAHUy3CKyiO JIHTBPATYPy Wb 1907 r. 



MHHOBaBmift roju> Bbi<5pocHJn> Ha khhxhhb pi*hokt> eme hbciojibko 
thchh-l tomobt>... 4hcjio nHcaTejieft Bee yBeJiHiHsaeTCfl; hhcjio HHTa- 
Tejieft eABa-jiH He yueHbmaeTCH.HdTa HenponopuioHaJibHocTb Bee pacTerb- 
B-B^Hhifl KHHrn! BfcAHbie aBTopw! <I>paHuiH axioTHpyerb, Beaerb bojih- 
THKy h He HHTaerb Goji-bc Hcieaaerb ropAocTb pacu. IIpaaAa, ea 
HHTejiJieKTyaJibHUfl oiarb nbiJiaerb nonpexHeuy, ho bt> OBoefl crpaHt 
oht> yxe He ocB-femaerb h He corp-BBaerb HHKoro. H HeGoJibinofl xpy- 

XOKT> H36paHHbIXT>, BC6 CyXHBaiOmiftCH C*b KaXAblMl* flHeii-b, TB16TH0 

noBTopneTb Aoporin HMeHa, cpeaH Bceotanaro HeBHHMaHia. y mcaTe- 
Jieft ocTajicfl jiHmb oahht> Kpyrb HHTaTejiefl: nHcaTeJiH xe! 

KaKb D'BAKO BCTp'BTHOIb Tenepb BO QpaHUJH HOJIOB'BKa, AJM KOTO- 

paro, no cTapoMy Bbipausemio Mohtohh, „xirrb aHaiHTb libicJiHTb'! 

BoJTBe IIOHTH HBTb HCTHHHblX'b HHAHBHAyaJIbHOCTeft, ClTBJIblXb jdw- 

HocTeft. HacTaaa anoxa pofacaro HamynwBaHia h peauuH. „CepeAHHa* 
TopxecTByerb. Bean*— TaJiaeTu, reHieBb h-btb. 

Bt> noaaiH— BoaBpameHie kt> Heo-poMaHTH8iiy, HecuoTpa Ha yciuria 
He6o^binoro KpyxKa.MOJio^uxb*.— TeaTpi> AaBHo norpnffb Bb6aHajibH0in> 
afliojibTep-b h bt> Oy pxyaaHOMT> ceHTHifeHTanHdicfe. — Pom aH% CBoeft nom- 
jioctbk) cnopHT*b ct> ApaMoft. B'bab Ilojib Bypxe h Mapoejib Ilpe*) 
coaflajiH mKOJibi! 

Bitboto HOBbix*b TBopiecKHxir coaAamft, xaAHbie rpoCoKonaxejni 
exeAHeBHo BbiHocHTb Ha cB'BTb ..nHCbiia*, .Meuyapbi", »ooo6njeHUi # . 
neiaTaiorb aanHCHbia khhxkh A. a© Miocce, cierb npa<uui <X>Jio6epa, 
4>aKTypbi JIaMapTHHa h eme 6oji*e hmhtoxhuo »AOKyneHTbi M . 

Ho, Moxerb 6biTb, aa rpaHHuefl eaje yifbtorb irftHHTb (fcpaHuyaciyD 
jiHTepaTypy, KaKb Hlmo XHBoe, h ct sthue AajieKHMH ApysbHMH a 
xoiy noroBopHTb o HOBbixb KHHraxi npomrfaro roAa. 

Mh-b npiflTHO Ha nepBoifb ifBcrb nocTaBHTb KHHry iiojiOAoro raca- 
TeJiH, npomeAmyio dotth HeaaifBieHHofl: ,La Bourg R6g6n6r6" JKiuifl 
PoiiaHa ♦. 

* Jules Romains. La Bourg R6g6n6r6. Messein $d. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 91 

JKxuib Pom3ht>— MOJiojiofl nHcaTeJib bo bcbxT) cMhicJiaxT> 9Toro caoBa. 
Emj eme n-hrb flBagnaTH jrferb, h oht>, HecoMHtaHo, yiacTByerb wb 
aBOJUouiH Hameft jiHTepaTypw. Oht> npHflepacHBaeTca TeopiH „co6op- 
hocth", vb cymHocTH cTOjib xe CTapoft, xaicb MaTepbHJiH3Mb jleiio" 

KpHTa. H H, y6-BJKH6HHblA CTOpOHHHK-b HH£HBHAyaaH3Ma, rOTOB*b OTb 

Bceft AymH npHB-BTCTBOBaTb dTy w co6opHOCTb% ecJiH TOjibKo ea ctopoh- 

HHKH npH3HaK)Tb, HTO ,HH.HHBHAyaJIH3M*b", BT> meCTBUI „C06opHOCTH* f 

ciyacHTb npaBofl Horoft. ,Agir est le fait d'un seur,— cKasa^b oahhi> 
H3i> BejiHHadmHX'b aioaeft A*bftCTBiH. Ecjth xecrb oahoto iiomerb 
ABHHyTb irfejiyio rpynny, He 6jnewb Bee ace aa6biBaTb, vro npexAe 
Bcero 6bun> 3Torb xecrb. 

Hto KacaeTca khhth .La Bourg R^g6n^r6 - , to Tawb AoxaabiBaeTca 
iiaxe h-btto Gojibmoe. Ho a He Mory noB'bpHTb, hto6h (J)pa3a, HanHcaH- 
Haa BTb yJiHHHOMb nnccyap-B, Morvia <5h npeoGpadHTb yrpioMyio flepe- 
ByniKy bt> A'bHTeabHbifl h npouB'bTaiciiUfi ropoAb. Ho, H-ferb comh-bhih, 
hto aBTopi) cjwbm> CaecTame h xyaoaeecTBeHHO HcnojiLaoBaTb CBoft 

9 OOmeTb m . 3aM-BTHMb t HTO 8Ta KHHra, BT> KOTOpOfl CAHmKOM'b BbiCTynaerb 

iieTOffb, He Moxerb npi&THCb no BKycy hh ncHxoaoraftfb, hh HHCTburb 
xyAOZHHKaifb (xoth bi> Heft h ecTb HOBbie h XHBhie oGpaau), hh Hirra- 
TeviaMb ceHcanioHHbix'b poMaHOBi. He 3Haqnrb nu sto, oAHaKO,— npa- 
auaTb opHrHHaabHocTb KHuru? 

nocMepmaa KHHra M. roabfiepra * Aaerb MHoro opHrHHaabHbix'b 
h uHTepecHbixb Mbicaefi. Bt> Heft Abimnrb coBpeMeHHaa ayma, ROTopaa 
HHj|HBHjiyaJiH3HpoBajiacb B*b cH.iy cjioacHocTHH npoTHBop-BHift. „HcKyc- 
ctbo ecTb HCKazeHie caMoro ce(5a bo hmh Gojibmoft HHAHBHAyaaHaauiH*. 
roBopuTb roab6epn». fl 6u bwbcto „HCKaxeHia* npe.anonea'b cxasaTb 
.yc-ioxHeme". H*bcKoabKo paHbrae Toab6eprb nncaa*: .HcKyccTBO— 
8to aareOpa nyBCTB-b*. 

KHHra ToabGepra onnpaeTca npeHMymecTBeHHo Ha npoHOBeAeHia 
xapHKaTypHCTa A. PyBeflpa, KHHra KOToparo, .Carcasses Divines", 
BbiaBaaa HeaaBHO cTOJibKo anoGw.H HeHaBHCTH •*. 9to, kohohho, ayimaa 
Harpajia, xoTopoft Mora AotiHBaTbca uoaoAofi xyA0XHHKT>. HHKorAa He 
ycTaerab nepeJincTbiBaTb dTorb aab6oMi> h Bcer^a noaynaemb orb Hero 
BnewHrfeHie hoboo h xhboo. Ct> KaKHMb HCKyccTBOM-b aHaTOMHpoBaab 

OHT> Vb pHCyHKaXl> CBOHX*b 3HaiieHHThIXb COBpe&ieHHHKOB'b! CKOJlbKO 



* Mecislas Golberg. La Morale des lignes. Messein Sd. 
** Dessins" in^dits de Rou?eyre. Carcasses Dirines (Harris, Bourget, Car- 
ri^re, Copp^e, France, Gindara, Golberg, Lemaitre, Mendes, Metchnikoff, More*as, 
Rachilde, Rejane, Reuard, esse de Xoailles, Sardou, Willette etc. etc.) Bosc et 
C-ie ^d. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



92 R&CH N 2 

GeaoGpaata, ckojibko cTpaAaHUi, ckojibko MeJixaro Tmecjiaaia cyirtab 
oht> cocpejiOTOHHTb Ha noBepxHocTH hxt> MacoKi>! Bto, Kara nHmer& 
roJib6epn>, „<jK>pnyJihi yxaca, HHTroxecTBa h paaocTH*. 

AHflpe PyBeftpi, bo BTopoft nacTH CBoeft KHurH, najiaraerb, bi 

KpaTKHXT> a^OpHSMaXt, CBOH B3rJIflAU Ha HCKyCCTBO. B0Tb irfeCKOJILKO 

(frpaa* orryjia: »He Moacerb GbiTb p*hh, bt> mohxt> pncyHKarb, o chctc- 
MaTHiecKOMb BocnpoHBBeaeHiH ^ejioB'bHecKaro oGpaaa, no toh npe- 

KpaCHOH IipHHHH^, HTO flJIH HaCX 4>OpMa H6 C.ymeCTBVeTb HJIH, B-fepfffce 

HBJiaeTCH npenflTCTBieMb rjih AyxoBHaro npoH&neHia Hameft AyniH, npe- 
nHTCTBieuih KOTopoeMbicTpeMHMCH coKpyniHTb, ho KOTopoe aanmmaeTca 

Cb TparilHeCKOH MOlAbiO".— JBbJTb XyAOHHHKOMT>— BHaHHTb BHHMaT6JIbH0 

oTscfenaTb BaaHMooTHomeHie reoMeTpHHecKHXb nponopuift BemH ct> rap- 
MOHien hjih <n> AymeBHbiM'b BOJiHeHieifb*. 

Mojioaoh xyAOHCHHKT>, K0H6HH0, He itorb HaftTH Jiyimaro anoJio- 
rncTa, H-BM-b rojibGepra, npn HTemn nocMepTHon KHHrH KOToparo 
iiejibaH Ha KaxAoft CTpaHHU'B ho raui'BTb o 6eaBpeMeHHofi yTpart aToro 
yMa, cTOJib npocB-femeHHaro, cTOJib TOHicaro, jM^Braaro Tam> CTpacTHo 
yBJieKaTbcn! Yxe .Lettres a Alexis* rojibGepra, noHBHBmincH bt> 1904 r. 
bt> naAaTeJibCTB-b .La Plume*, npHHaAJiexarb Kb HHCJiy khhit>, bhabh- 
raiooiHX'b DHcaTejien Ha nepBoe m-bcto, h HaGpaHHbifi Kpymoirb Tam> h 
ou'BHHJi'b a*ro npoHdBeAeme. BnponeMb, ho mtfba nrapoicaro Kpyra Apys^fi) 
roJibCeprb, no KpaftHeft Ml>p'b,-HMlui'b mnpoKift Kpyrb BparoBb. Eiiy He 
npomajiH octpotm ero npoHin h HenoG Kahmocth ero JiornRH. 

/KHBHb ToJib6epra Gbwia cnJiomHbiMT> h TarocTHbJM-b MapTHpojiorom.. 
Bott> eme OAHHb KaTopxHHK-b JiHTepaTypw, AaBmift cBoen CMepTbw v npu- 
M-fepT> u ! fl BHA'bJi'b ero npomeAniHMT> JilvroM'b bt> MaJieHbKOMT> t&chomi> 
AOMifK*b bt> <J>oHTeH6Jio.BpJi-B3Hb CA'&Jiajia H3i> Hero KaRoe-To npnapaH- 
Hoe cymecTBO, KaKoft-To hthhih cKeJierb ct> rpoMaAHUMH h ropflmHMH 
r.iaaaiiH. Oahoh jksukaoh xhtl oht> npeoAOJi'&Bajrb cMepTb irbcam aa 

M-bCHUOMb! 0H*b HCIJblTaJTb BCB AOpOlKHbie mHnbl XH3HH HO BOBCe H6 

6biwTb oaJioojieHHbiMb, a, HanpoTHB*b,— paaymeHb, noJiOHb lOMopa, nojiom> 
HHTepeca ko Bce&iy. IIoc.TfeAHHH cTaTbH, HanHcaHHaa bmt> bt> ero »TeTpa- 
AHX-b"-,, Disgrace couronn^e d'epines 4 * — a*ro AHeBHHKb ero neqajibHofl 
aroHin h Bb to ace BpeMH meAeBpi CTOHUHdMa *. Hhhto bo Bceft Bce- 
MipHoft JiHTepaTyp-fc He aacTaBHTb aaCbiTb 3thxt> cTpaHHin>« 

Mh* xohotch eme Ao6aBHTb, hto H3AaHieMi> nocMepTHOft KHHrH Tojib- 
Oepra mu o6naaHbi }KaHy PeHd 06epy (Aubert), 6biBineMy HaAarejoo 
„La Revue litt^raire". On-b 6bun> ajih M. ro;ib6opra b^phmmi Apyroiib, 
He noKHAaBmHM'b ero HHKorAa. 



* Cahiere de M^cislts Golberg. Edition de I'Abbaye. Gr^teiL Seine. 
nepiOAHwecKoe. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 93 

Ilocjrb „OraAa KnapHccbi* Ilojib A^am> aajn* Ha*rb .Kaapaccy h 
CHacTJiHBaro MyxneHy* *. Hsb^ctho, RaRofl HeaaCbiBaeiibift o6paai» co- 
aaaJTb aBTopi> *Xhtpocth" h .Chjiw** h3t> KnapHccu, a-roft yromeHHoft 
pacro^iHTeJibHHUbi HacJiaacneHift. OGpaa-b, cpHCOBaHHbift ct> HaTypu, bh- 

nHCaHHUft CM-BJIO, 66BO BCaKOft JIOXHOfl CTbJAJIHBOCTH H JIHUCM'bpiil, Aa- 

jioko ocTaaiuieTb aa coCoft bchrhxi »flaMT> ct> KaMejiiaMH". 

HyxT> Ilojifl AjiaHa, GoraTo BoenHTaHHUfl, coctohtt* bt> cm-bjiocth u 
bt» paaHOo6paaiH. Ero TBopnecTBO, yxe oGHHMaiomee agchtrh tomobi>, 
roToeo BbipocTH ao raraHTCKHX'b padM*BpoBi>; bhaho, hto ero AapoBaHio 
AOCthtjio CBoefl apluiocTH h hto oho xoHerb BbicKaaaTbca. HeMHorie 

UOrjTb 6bITb OAHOBpeMeHHO •aBTOpOM'b H w XHTpOCTH", H w CHJIbl", H 
w JLbBOBT>*, H „HpHHbJ H eBHyXOBT>" H BCBXT> APyrHXT* pa8HOO0pa8H'Bft- 

nraxt poMaHOBi> Bona AflaHa, bt> KOTopuxi h Baabaairb, h <t>Jio6ep-b. 
h 3ojia h TSAWb JIoM6ap , b, bt> KOTopux'b h AeHHbi, h Phm*. h BnaaHTbi 
h CHHTeaHpyiomift hxt> IIapHXT>! .Ilojib AAaffb— HBJieme BejiHROJi'biiHoe'i 
BbipaaHJica PeifH A©-rypMOHT>. 

IloJib Aaaa-b He ocTaHaBJiHBaeTCH nepeA* BonpocaMH cajtoft xryneft 
coBpeMeHHOCTH. OAHa rjiaBa bt» •KjiapHccb" nocBameHa BocRpecnoMy 
oTAbrxy. flpyran aanumaerb HcxyccTBo nopTHHXK. Mh-b HpaBHTca, hto 
KnapHCca— ae peMecJieHHaa KypTHaaHKa h nopoio yBJieicaerb mchh chjioio 

CBOeft CTpaCTH, HO MH* HHCROJIbKO H6 BBCeJIO, KOrfla OHa TpeBOJKHTl- 
M6HA AJIHHHHMH pa3CyXA©Hi«MH f HBHO nonaBmHMH HO Ha CBOe M'fcCTO. 

KorAa mh-b HyacHbj cootfpaaceHia o 6yAym«M-b hjih CB'BA'bHia o ijocji'ba- 
hhxt> HayiHbixi> 0TKpbiTiaxT>, h aHaio, RyAa aa hhmh oCpaTHTbca, ho 

MH"fe XOTBJIOCb 6bl OCTaBHTb HaiHH THHCaJIblH RHHrH y ABOpeft KBapTHpbl 

fOiapHccw... 

HTO OC066HHO AOpOrO BT> „KjiapHCCB H CHaCTJIHBOM'b My»HHH*B tt 8T0 

HeaaBHCHMbifi tohi>, aBynanufl ct» RaxAoft cTpaHHiibi. BypacyaaHbia Ao6po- 

A*T6JIH p-BDIHTeJIbHO OT6pom6HbI, H H6 HyBCTByBTCH HHRaROft HOHTH- 

TeJibHOCTH nepeAT> naHBHOft w H6CTHOCTbio M . ABTopi> noitaabiBaerb HaMi>, 
hto coBpeifeHHOcTb aaaerb JiHrab oaho aoctohhctbo: ycn*BXT>! Cl> TaKHMl> 
CJiecTHJAHifb MacTepcTBOM'b pncyerb Ilojib AAaHi» bt> CBoefl khht1> 
Hamy oTBpaTHTeabHyio anoxy, mo mw neBoabHO noAAaeMca ero onapo- 
Baeiio h roTOBbi BocxHmaTbca. 

IIo noBOAy HOBaro H3Aama ero RHHrn mh-b xohotch HanoMHHTb o 

nHCBTea-B, TaKT> liaJIO H3B-BCTH0MT> BO OpaHUiH, HO BCTp^THBraHM-b TaKf o 

coHVBCTBie bt> 3tomt> xypHajit,— o AHApa HCha*. ** 

* Paul Adam. Clarisse et Thomme heureui. Bosc et C-ie ^d. 
** Andrd Gide. Les Nourritures terrestres. Ed. du Mercure de France. Cm. 
ofo aem craibi) X 3HflOBb6BoM-AHHi6aii 9 B% pan onaaHM" ( w BtcH* 1904 te 10) 
■ pagfop* ero craTU o learpB ( w 8tcu M 1904 J6 6). 



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94 BfcCH N 2 

UpeKpaoHoe AapoBame A. JKwaa coctohti mat hbhoA npocToro, 
BbipacTaiomefl Ha noiBfe bmcokoA KyabTypnocTH njmu, h h3t> xaxofl-TO 
6H6JieftoxoA oTspoBeHHoeTH. „Les Nourritures terrestres"— oahs wb Hae- 
6oji1v6 yBJieKaTeJibHWXT> u HaHGojrfee ciaiomHX'b ii-feceirb bo caaBy mrsol 
£to— npoHSBBAeHie neaoB'BKa bt> eucTaa-B, „nbaHaro Boron*", sax* 
GnHHoaa. 

„He Haj^BfiTecb, HaeaHajurb, HaftTH Bora vjih -m6o bt> hhomi> 
ufecrb, tbmt> boba*!"— roBopHTb ycTaMH cBoero repoa A. XCha*. H b* 
apyroirb itbctb: „KaK*b Toabxo Hamt Bsmant ocTaHaBaHBaeroa aa 
oAHOirb coaAaHin, oho, xaxoBo 6w hh 6biao, orBpamaerb Hacb on> BoraT 

MbKMib, HHKoraa ho apeiiaioDjaH, yxBaTbiBaiomaa MajrBfinrie orrtaxH, 
n TOHxafl HepBHaa BocnpiairaHBocTb, coeAHHeHHaa ct> H*b3KHoft rpauiefl,— 
TaxoBbi ocHOBHbifl CBofloTBa HtHAa. Ero poMam> .rimmoraliste", coaaa- 
Hie co(5Jia8HHT©JibHofi ncHXOJioriH, AHxopaAOHHuft ahobhhk'b npepuBH- 
CTaro coaHaHifl, yxe noxaaaai bco CBoeoGpaaie uHcaTeabcxoft jihihocth 
SCHAa. .Lea Nourritures terrestres" oTxpuaa bt> JKha* MomHaro nodTa 
npHpoAH. Cxoabxo hchocth h xpacoTbi bt> Jiyunvu-b CTpaHHuaxb OToft 
khhth! „fl CA'bJiaaca CpoAaroft,— namerb HCha*,— HToGbi xacaTbca Bcero, 

HTO CpOAHTb... a CCpOCHJTb CBOH TOpOACKifl OAeXAH, KOTOpWH ZipHHy- 

XAaJiH iieHa xpaHHTb caamxoirb MHoro AocTOHHCTBa!" 

„JlHTepaTypW* B^BTb B*b dTOfi KHar* H OCTaeTCH JIHDlb npHB'BTCTBie 

npapoA'B, JiHmb BcnAeoKHBaHie pyKi> nepeA*b cojiHueirb h aerxaa (0, 
hvtl aawBTHaa!) Aposb ry6b nepeab (SeaoGpasieirb aeiiHoro. H Tpy^Ho 

BT> CBOK) OiepCAb HO npHB'BTCTBOBaTb 3T0r0 aUOOTOAa C*b OTKpbTTblMH 

o6i>HTiHMH, KorAa ohi> HHrnerb: »B*b to Bpeica, KaK*b Apyrie dhc&jih a 
neiaTaaa, a npoBeJib 9th tph roAa bt> TOMb, hto nyremecTBOBaJTb, bt> 
tomT), hto CTapaaca aaGbrrb Bee to, neuy HayHH^ca... PasyiHsaTbca 

6bUIO TpyAHO H A'BJIO DIJIO MeflJieHHO, HO 8T0 6MJI0 nOJI68H'B6, H'bMl 

yHHTbCH y Ji»Aeft, h nocayxaao, BOHCTHHy, Haiaaom Moero BocnHTaaia!* 
Heiero h roBopHTb, hto RHHrn HfaAa, ray6oxia h opHrHHaobHua, 
He hm-bjih HHxaxoro ycirfexa. QpaHuyacxaa xpaTHxa xopoirb odBHHHaa 
}KnAaB*b THSROifb npecTynjieHiH: ocKop6JieHin pyTHHbi. Ctoht* nponecTb 
xypHaJibHbiH cy«AeHiH apaM-ft TRhjia 9 I{apb KaHAaanb* 4 : ohh aynme 

BCerO AOKaSblBaiOTb HeKOMneTOHTHOCTb H HeA06pOCOB*BCTHOCTb coBpe- 
MeHHOfi KpHTHKH. 

Mh* xoT*BJiocb 6u eme roBopHTb 3A*cb KHHrb Al MaTepoHHsa 
.Paayirb IXb-btobi" *, ho SHaMeHHTbifl DHcaTeJib HM-fcerb npaBo Ha 6ojtb6 
noApo<$HbiA paafop-b, h-bmt> tott*, KanoA Mory eiiy yA^JiHTb a. OAHaxo 
h nosBOJiio ce6-b bt> H-BCKOJibKHXb cjioBaxi> yxaaaTb na aHaieme Toro 
nyTH, KOTopbift coBepmRn*b 6eAbriflCKift Apa¥aTypn» bt> cBoeft A^BaTeab- 

HOCTH. 

* Maurice Maeterlinck. I/Intelligence des fleurs. Pasquelle. 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JHTEPATYPA. 95 

TBopiecTBO MaTepjiHHRa Haiaaocb ci> HeacHofl aapH, KOTopaa c&cyT- 
ho Gpexxiuia CKBoab TopxecTBeHHoe, ho H'fecicoJibKo TycK^oe oGjiano 

MHCTHUHdUa. HbIH* TO XO TBOpHOCTBO pa8BHBa6TCfl npH nOJIHOlTb CiHHiH 
ClTBJIOft $HAOCO$iH, CBJIdaHHOft CO BCBMH AaHHHMH COBpeMOHHOft HayBH. 

Xo^t> paaBHTia MarepjiHHKa coBepraaJicn cTpoftHO, npniio, 6eao bchkhxi> 
xoaetiaHift h yRJioHemft bt> CTopoHy. Mh* RaxeTca, oABaRo, hto h*bro- 
Topua CTpasHma ero nocjrbAHeft khbth HanacaHU ct> MeHbmeft 3a6oToft 

CTHJTB, VBftfb Mb! TO IipHBblRJIH HaXOAHTb y Hero. Mh*B RaXOTCH TaRXe, 
HTO nopOK) MaTepJIHMKT> OCHOBMBaeTCfl Bl> CBOHXb BblBOAailt Ha HCTOH- 

HHxaxb coiiHHTejn>Hbix*b. BoTaHHKa Morjia 6u R&Th eiiy ropasAo 6oJi*e 
JnofonbiTHbie h THnnqecKie nprnrbphi, vfeifb tb, KOTopue cocpeAOTOTO- 
Ba»n> ero BHHMaHie. HCajib TaRxe, mo He paa-b cM-feraHBaerb oht> no- 
HaTia ^intelligence" h ^conscience". Bee dTO oco6eBHo xajib noToiiy, mo 
bi HOBoft KHHrfe ecTb cTpaHHUbi, KaKT> t Hanp., o „6e8CifepTiH", KOTopun 
nopaxawrb cm-bjinmh h 6JiecTHmHMH BbiBoaaMH h npHCaBJiaiorb hobhh 
jiparoirbHHfaift RaiceHb kt> GjiHCTaTejibHoft roboh'b MopHca MsTepjiHHxa. 

He ocTaeTCfl mbtb M-fecTa h ajih Toro, hto6m GpocHTb h-bcko^bko 
ub*btkobT) Ha MorHJiy Ajib$pejx& JKappn (A. Jarry). 9tott> nncaTejib 
coBepraeHHO He no3Hajn> npH xhbhh cjiaBbi h en taarb. Oht> Bejii» 
XH3Hb bt> HHmeT-B, noRa He Hamejn> ce6* kohhhhh Ha GoJibHirraoft 
KofiK-B. To 6biJib eme oahhi, He noAHHHHBmiflca „npaBHJiaMi> M , h3t> bojih- 
xoft cexbH djxr&poB'b llo, BoAAepoBi, BHJibe a© ilHJib A^anoB-b, Maji- 
Jiapiia, Phm6o, JIai|)oproBT>, BepjiaHOBb, rojib6eproBT>... Ero saaymHJiH bt> 
jioraoMb niyM-b, noABATOM*b BoKpyrb ero lyaoBHmaaro .Ubu-Roi" h 
no3a6wjiH ero HCTHrao-upeKpacHhw, rapMOHHHecRia codAaniH, KaR'b 
„Le Surmftle\ „Messaline", ,L/ Amour absolu", „Les Speculations". Ha 
npHropoAHOMT> RAaA^HHTB oht> npHcoeAHHHJicH R*b CBoeuy 6paTy no Ayxy 
h no 6*bahocth: kt> JKwjik) JIa<t>opry. 

fl AOJixeH*b xoth 6u HaaBaTb, He uwhn bobmoxhocth roBopHTb o 
HHib, erne H-bcKOJibRO ctok)ib;hxt> BHHMaHin RHHrb. TaROBa npeRpacHaa 
KHHra Cyapeca .Voici lTiomme*; TaROBbi nocuepTHbifl HOBejun* Ilbepa ao 
KepjioHa ,Le Boule de Vermeil*;— „Choixde pages anciennes et nouvel- 
les* C. }Kopma de Byajibe;— .Les Souliers des morts" JlyH Re IIIoBHHbH;— 
oco66hho xe w Gens de \h et d'ailleurs" AjieReaHApa Mepcepo, paacKaaw 
TOHxaro ncHXOJiora, HanHcaHHbie cthjiomi*, bt> rotopomi» HyBCTByeTCH 
BJiWHie jiynniHX'b TpaAHiiift jnrrepaTypbi. 

BnpoHem>, h nporay h3bhhhtb HecoMH-BHHhie nponycKH h npoC'BJibi 
&b 3tomt> Moen-b oHepR'b. VLbt> rpyAbi KHHn>, oRpyxaioniHX'b Mena, h, 

KOHOHHO, BblCKpaJTb H'BCROAbRO Ha omynb HJIH, B'BpH'Be, HOBHHyHCb BHy- 

TpeHHefl HHTynriiH, MoxeTT> 6brrb, npoAHRTOBaHHOft toh napTiftHocTbw 
HaC-sxaTb ROTopoft ho Moxerb hhrto. 

Rene Arcon. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



S 



COBPBMEHHHE H'BMEUKIE nOSlTfaL 



IV. JboxBHn niapg*. 



JIioABHrb niap^T), paaa-BJiaa ct> .BeaeKHHjioM'b rtKOTopwa ocoteH- 
hocth ero TBopnecTBa, oAHaxo, He nojibayeTca hohth hhr&koh Ha- 
B-fecTHocTbio. Ci> BeAeKHHAoifb ero cBHauBaerb miHHairb, njiaMeHflaa 
HeflaBHCTi* ki> coBpeMOHHOMy iiipoBOMy ycTpoftCTBy h ropanaa JintoBb 10 
BceMy „3fl-BniHeMy*, aeMHOMy, h mumoe npeapfeHie ko Bceuy .HeaA'feni- 
H6My M t eeaeMHOMy. KpoM-fe Toro, ohi, hoao6ho BeaeKHHAy, yAfrueTb 
MaJio BHHMaHi* BH-bmHeH spacorb u tyopirb craxa. 

IlpoTecn> niap$a no chji-b cBoeft, noxanyft He ycTynaeTb npoTe- 
cTy BeAeKHHAa h HanpaBJieHi> He TcwibKo npoTHBi HeHopuanbHocTeH 
bt> o6;iacTH hojioboh xhbhh, ho pfenurrejibHo npoTHBi> Bcero: cooiaJib- 
Haro CTpofl, rocyAapcTBa, ofanecTBa, HayKH h pejiHiiH. Bi> ero craxaxb 
aBy^HTb to HeHaBHCTb otteaAOJieHaaro npoJieTapia, to npoKJurrie aHapxa- 
cTa-<j>aHaTHKa, xejiaiomaro noTonHTb bi> nop* kpobh bcd Hamy ohbub- 
aauix); ho Haa* dTHirb Bee se se AOMHrapyerb nwiocb HCTHHHaro 
nodTa, OTM*qeHHaro nepoToirb BoxiHMT>. 

TBopnecTBo lllap4>a apico xapaKTepHayeTca nepTauH ero jraua. 
y IIIap<t>a acejiToe jihuo $a6pH<iHaro pa6oiaro, HcnojiHHiomaro caicyx> 
TpyAHyio pa(5oTy: Bee bt> rjiyGoKHX'b MopniBHaxb, mnpoKifi, npfuunoc- 
HyTbifl Hocb npojieTapia, hhskIh jio6t>, BCKJioKOieHHbie, nepHbie Kan 
cMOJib BOJiocw h 6opoA& h mnpoiifl porb, Bceraa cJioseHHUft bt> 
nojiy-npeapHTe^bHyio, nojiy-cTpaAajibHecnyx) yjibiGny. Ero jihuo bm- 
paxaerb cTpaAame, a rjiaaa roparb HeHaBHCTbio kt> cbohmt* nyiHTe- 
jiawb. Ko Bceify BTOiiy oh* eme xpoiiaerb. IIpHXOAHTb bt> ranoBy 
KanHb, Hmemb Ha ero Ji6y KJiefiua oTBepxeHia, npomiaTia. Owb can* 
ce6a CHHTaerb OTBepxeHHbmi>, npdKJiaTbisrb, canoHe6o oTaepHyjiocb 
orb Hero h «H3Hb ero HanojraeHa utabiirb paaoirb cTpanrabirb Hecnac- 
Tift, 4)HaHqecKHXT> h HpaBCTBeHHbii'b Myin> h HeyAani. HoBttmiH c6op- 
hhkt> cbohxt> cthxobi> oH*b oaarjiaBHJrb: ,Tschandala->Lieder" h nocra- 
bhjii> bo raaB-b ero cji-BAywmift anHrpacJn h3t> HHwne: 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JHTEPATTPA, t7 

•- Jenes TschandaU-Gerahl, daas man nicht als giekh gilt, son- 
de™ ak aiugestoeaen, unwurdig verunreinigend. AUe solche Naturen 
haben die Farbe des. Unterirdischen auf Gedanken und Handlungen; 
an ihnen wird jegliches faJeicher ak an Sokhen, auf deren Dasein das 
TngesBcnt ruht.» 

(Nietaache, Gataendammerung, tai) 

&rmn> dimrpaJtoirB nee exaaaao. Ho m oahhx* aarAaaift cthxotbo- 
pemft, BxojunQHxi* n ynoMHflyTuft ctopmirb, 6hjio 6h aoctbtohho am 
naayneHiji Mcaaro npeACTaueHia o xapaiTep* TBopnecTBa noaTa 
Borb aarjuau 8th : Ja* nuruoTHHa?", .ComecTaie n ajrb", ,IIpopo- 
u spoBH", ,Cun tuiu 1 , „2Kuo6a napia*, ,ITfceHa 6yHToamH*a* 
■ t. a. 

yze Kb OABOMl H8B IiepBHXl CTHXOTBOpeHift Illap^l BOdCTaeTb 

apoTHVb Bora, otiAlunnniaro ero, h 6pocaen> Buy n jnmo bhbobi>: 

... Ich glaub an Gott nicht mehr und sogeschahs, 

Dass tiefcr ich von Tag su Tag gesunken, 

Aua dnem Weib die Wollust hab getrunken, 

Mit dem nicht Kirche mich noch Staat verbunden, 

Die nkhta besasa, als ihrer Seek Wunden. 

Ich glaub an Gott nicht mehr und so geschahs, 

Diss er ein keimend Gluck mir weggestoMen, 

Hinauf zu seinen Engeln hat befohJen 

Ein junges Leben, das dies Weib gebar, 

Das schon im Mutterleib vergiftet war. . . 

... Ich glaub an Gott nicht mehr und luge nicht. 

IHap+&. aoAotao BeAOiaHA/. Bueryoajrb Ae*JiaifaTopoin» obobxi> 
npouMtaoni Ma nojofoeraan. yse ynouaayTaro Cabaret .Die elf 
Seaarfriehter*. HasorAa ho aaoyAy aoniiwuaro aompacTa MeatAy mb- 
h XMSHepaAoeTHot oyojnsoft u 6*aho oAfcrairb, ah- 
ictuo a npeaptaioir* noeTOMi. Oa aeHaBHCTbD or*, 

M 06eaAOAOMMUfl f rJUA*A* BHB81> HB TOJIUJ 4X>A6ft, 

AU eirhxa m Beoeaur, on atoma*, omipaaoB o cnamy 
eryaa, aoropuft Apoxam an ero pyaaii, m pfcaaairb, HaifUpeaao 
rpjfcui*, ro*oeoin» tipoeam cbob Aopaxia otiBHHeHia h hcdob-bab. Ho 
atiuBaercs tb ropei* m ouotaeMie, oirhmanoe, oabbko, ci ropAoerax), 
«* lOTopaiMH ova npoH8Boemrb aepayio erposy CTHxoTBopeHi* *Proleta 
rem*: 

Ich bin ein Prolet ! was kann ich dafur? 

3to emoTBopoHie oKamMBaoToa CAftoyiomRiia oBAuniMjt cjiobb- 
a o 6uerpoin» h craitHoif* paaiaioseaiM npoAerapien: 




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98 B*CH N 2 

Mit Satnenstrftngen sind wir begabt, 
Millionenfach uns zu vermehren, 
Dass ihr, ihr Oberen, die Hande habt, 
Die euch gemachlich ernlhren. 

Bt gpyroiTb CTHioTBopeHiH oht> BoacTaerb nporHB-b 6paxa, flfcJM 

IDUiarO H8T> CB060AHbIXl> JHOflefl roxoahhrob*. Offb rOBOpHTb! .0, earn 

6bi mm 6buiH BB-bpflMH! mh Torjia RycajiH h TepaaJiH 6m Apyr* Apyra, 
h a, caMem» RaKi> Coji-fee cHJibHMfi, pacTepaaJib h coxpajit 6m tefa, 
caMKy.— Ecjih 6m mm 6mjih 6eacMepTHMMH 6oraMH, mm jkhjih 6m flMeKo 
flpyn, orb Apyra Ha ejiuceftcRHxi nojiaxi. Moa soJiecBHua RaTHJiaci 
6m no JierKHMb o6jiaKaMT>, a tm mecTBOB&na 6m bt> cohm* cb^tjiojih- 

RHXT> 2CeHT>. Ho MM H6 6orH H H6 dBfepH, a JUDAIC 

Doch mir sind Menschen, getesselte Menschen 
Und milssen uns tragen mit stummer Geduld, 
Und mUssen uns tragen und mtlssen entsagen, 
Und unsere Triebe sind unsere Schuld. 

lOieftMH 6paKi>, niap(t)T>, oAHaRo, npeKJioHaeTca nepeflb acemiiHHofl, 

UapHUeft 2KH3HH. JKeHUJHHa BOOCme eAHH0TB6HHOe bt> Mip*. TTO 0H1 

Bocn'bBaeT'b ct> BocxHmemeM'b, ct> peJiHrioaHbiMi* 6#iaroroBtaieirb. Ho 

H TyTb Bl> H6M1> HpoCMHaeTCfl OTBepXOHHMft H, BT> MOMCHTb BMCfliarO 

BocTopra, Koi\na om> aa6biBaerb npo KaHHOBO rjioAmo, dBHRaerb ntub, 
cKOBMBaiomafl eMy HorH, h dTorb 3ByKb B03Bpamaen> ero bt» Mipb se- 

CTOROft A^ftCTBHTOJIbHOCTH. 

Cji*bflyiomee crnxoTBopeme .BcTp-fcHH* HHTepecHo He TOJibKO no 
hacb, ho h ct> HHCTa xyAoxecTBeHHOfi tohkh ap'taig. Oht> xoAHTb no 
ropogy H CMOTpHTT) Ha upoxo»HXb H6 raaaaMH lejioB-feRa, a JJPOB' 

TOJIbHO 06T>6KTHBH0, H rOBOpHTb HHXb OpH6jIB3HTeJIbH0 BT» TOMl 

TOH'b, bt> KaKOM-b CTajib 6m roBopHTb o jix>ahxi> rocTb c*b Apyrofl niiaie- 

Tbi: „KaXAMft H31> HHXb HlfbJTb AB* HOrH. Be* OHH, RaiCb MyXHHW, 
TaRb JR6HIAHHbI H A*TH 6MJIH daBOpHyTM B& HJiaTb6 H A6pxaJIH CBOB 

rbJia otb^cho, oimpaacb npH a-roMi Ha both 1 *. H BApyri> »Ta ncrra 
RappHRaTypHaa MaHepa cM'bHfleTCH rjiy60R0fi cRop6bio nejioB'feRa, V 
soro cpeAH AioAefl: 

... Fremd zogen sie aneinander- vorbei 

Mit grossen begegnenden Blicken 

Und geschlossenem Mund, ein jeder fur sich, 

Ein jeder mit seinen Geschicken. 

Ein jeder mit einem sehnenden Drang 

Nach fernen Hausern und Turen, 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JHTBPAT7PA. 09 

Ein jedcr for tgeiogen wic Wind 
An unsichtbaren SchnOren 

Bt> aajuuraeflie Henb8H m juouasjTh o RomyHCTBeHHOirb, ho auih- 
Hon cTHXoTBopeeiH niap^s, oaarJiaBJieuiom JHecrofl flent nope* 
ma*. map<trb pAaciAanAen, ha» ha undl ao» ffauo roTono see 
iripoaAAHie, xak% bomju noKptUACb pacnTMUoeTMO h HAnonuacf 

XHBOTHLIMH BCfeXli BHAOnb, HOKJUHAH *6H0VfcRA. Ha JTpO ffleCTOrO AH* 

CoaAaTeab comejrb ha mmjod, tto6h nocnorp^Tb ha cboo TnopeHie. H 

TfTb OVb BeTp%THJri» 0668bflHJ pwrMBjimjwt* Wh JI%HHM>H novfc 
HOfl* A*P*B01Tb. H BOTV' 

Das war der sechate Schdphingstag: 
Die Erde spie Feucr und Stein*, 
Die Sonne verhullte ihr Angeaicht 
Die Aefiin gebar mit Gegreine. 



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BHBJUOrPA<DIH. 



Adolphe Thalaaao. Anthologie de l'Amour Asiatlqne. 
Mercure de Prance. P. 1907. 

r. Tajiacco cam cootfmaerb Ham, onyaa oh* noiepnHyai fan. 
myn*iacTb aAeneHTObiP a a* CBoeft patfoTbi o iieHTpaJibHoft h Bocwnofi 
Aaiii: H8i> npoH8BeflemfloOToro a$raHCxaro noara, xosere 6mtb, cauaro 
8HaiHTenbHaro hst> hhxt>: Parxaaa KaftHJia. KaftHJrb, bt> nonHoirb ofaa- 
AaniH ifbcnmiiH HapfeTOMH h npH 6oraToni> SHaaiH M*cTHHn> be- 
TepaTypB, H%cKOjjbKo pa8i> otobxajrb bck> Aaii>, BCAymHBUca «i 
irbCHH ea HapoAOffb u cyirfcJi* BbiAtoniTb, hto ohh nowrb npocro h 
CeaucKyccTBeHHO h bt> Hesrb caaaaaocb BfffemHee BJiiflHie, bhaoh3M*- 
HHBmee nepBOHaiaflbHbift pHTifb. 

TaxHirb o6paaom», xHHra r. Tajiacco HaHHHaeTca offrflCHHTeabHafi- 
CTan>eft, bt> KOTopoft aBTopfc, MexAy npoimrb, yxaabiBaen ea Tpn raaa- 
Hbix-b BfloxHOBeHifl, Ha xoTopbifl moxho' paaAfeiHTb aaiaTCRifl nfcera 
jikXSbh: BAoxHOBeHie eBpeftcxoe, KHTaficxoe h caHcxpiiTcxoe. Tajiaeeo 
AoxaabiBaerb eapeftcKoe BAiaaie Ha bcx> aan4AHyx> Aaiio h Haxoum 
ero ocAatitoaiontie ottojiockh Aaxe bt> noaain ueirrpaAbHoft Asia, rjt 
rocaoACTByerb ayma Boa*. KHTaficxoe BAOXHOBCHie, wb cbow oiepejb 
aa abb TbicH<iH jrbrb ao Hameft apw pacnpocTpaHHJio cboc BAunrie it 
bck) BocToiHyn Aaiio, orb Tu6eTa h MaHAxypiH ao AraaMa, h on» 
Ciaua ao Hhohjh. 

JlfrieHiR 8TH, KOBeTOO, HO IfOryTb 6hlTb OCOtieHHO CTporHMH, noTOMy 

hto cepAUC HeJioB-bKa boba* oaho h to ace, oco66hho xorAa oho noen 
hah njiaHerb o ajoGbh. Ho Bee ate bt> (kwibmHHCTB* CAy^aeB* npaxo- 
Ahtch coraacHTbca c& xAaccH^Hxaoiefi aBTopa. Tax*, nanp., Tpyxao 
ho yaHaTb Bcefi CTpacTHOCTH h Bceft h^shocth •HbCHH Dftcaeft", en 
BopxofiaHia ropAHHKH, ea *iomHbix*b iceTatyop* h ea aaflHxax>maroci 
pHTiia, — bt> coBpeMOHHOfi a$raHcxofi n-fecH*: „fl necy bt> ee&fc aanax% 
ea rfejia.. EaipeBO — bto ACHb, ea Horn— bto hohbV— Jlpyra not,— * 
cxbjxyeTb otb*tt>,— a pacnymj aaBftcbi arax* Tam*jam> 9 lepraix* xoe* 
h BBeAy Te6a bt> caai> uoefi tifcAoft men... fl npexpacHa, h Tax* 6*aa, 
4to cB'brb Hameft Jiaunbi uepxHera nepeA* Monifb AHiiom>... Gname 
caxapa moh xpacHbia aecHa h xoft ajibift porb*. Toiho Taxxe hbbo 
CAbiniHmb BAiaHie KirraH, xorAa wraemb TaxJa CTpoxn bi> oahoA mo- 
peficKOft noBirb: .BjiHaxa oceHHaa ^yHa, u bt> aoaAyxt SByiHTb mpm 
Ahkhx* ryceft, yAerannmx'b hoa* Apyria aetfeca". 



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RHOCTPAHHAH JIHTEPATyPA. 101 

fl AyMax>, oahbko, hto HOHbaa doabooth hh uojfb oaho Ms* Tpexi 

Ha3BaHHHTb BAOXHOBOHIh — BOHHCKyi) H HXHSOBHyX) JIHpHKy MOHTOJIOB'b, 
KHprH80Bls TypXHBBOBls lOpKOCOtfh. CBOOOtipaBHOO nOHHMBHie JI»6BH 

HecoKpymHMoft h BcerAft t soctokoh ji»0bh, KOTopaa yfaBaerb h npe- 
Aaerb nbrncaifb, xapaiTopHoe AJia MOHrojibcsofl noaaiH, yKaauBaerb Ha 
cjmeeTBOBaHie lOTBopTaro baoxhobohIji, coBepmeRHO caMocroHTOJibHaro. 
Bnpoieirb, mosho 6mjio 6u HaflTH h naToe, — Bb rpaiiioBHocTH, xhboh, 
BJiexymeB, Hfeaameft, HeoxHAaHHO npepwBaiomeflcfl rpycTbn h CTpaaa- 
Hlem>, Kaxafl xaparrepHa ajih OHapoBaTOJibHHX'b jid6obhuxi> irfeoem, 
CiaMa h KanfoAXH. 3to He jiHTopaTypHU* coaaaHia, ho itbchh Aynm 

n*CHH TO paAOCTH,TO THXOH MOHTbl. v Ob TbXb HOpb, KBKb TbI yfexaJTb, 

o! BBAHxa moh neiajib, — h tboo OTcyTCTBio CA*Jiaao baboo Cojrfce mn 

POKHMH 6paCJI6TbI Ha MOHX*b py*aXI»* f — rOBOpHTb MaJIOHbKafl BJIKXtaeH- 

Hasr Kan6oAadaHKa. OHa roBopHTb ©me: ,B«b tboomt> npHeyTCTBiH moh 
pyxH, moh najibm*, moh ry0H, moo cymecTBO— Apoxarb, Kara Apoxarb 
jraoTbfl AopoBa KopnuH noA*b B*TpoMi>*.— ,JlHCTba KopHUM ho Apoxarb, 
o, moh BoajuXbioHHafl,— ohh Tpenemyn> noAT> jibckoh B-feTpa, nbHHJuqaro 
hxt> faaroyxaHmnrb nou'fejiyeM'b". Bt> btomi> ocn* HaucKaHHOCTb kh- 

TafiCHOft, HHOHCKOft H KOpOHCKOft ITfeCHH, HO OCTb H HtHTO faJIbmee: 

HexpoHHOOTb, HonpopoAOTBeHHOCTb lyBOTBa, MoxteTb 6uTb v o(ta8aHHaro 
bjiUthIw) MaJiancxoMy. IIpH btomi HOBOAbHO npHxoAHTca noxajrfeTb, hto 
r. Tajiacco ocraBHJib Bb cropon* MfcaafteKyn noaaiw: H'fecKoabKO ,naH- 
ryn* Manaxn hjih Abu aoqoahhjih 6m cymecTBeHHo ero KHHry. 

BCTOCTBOHHO, HTO fl HO MOry BXOAHTb Bb IIOApo6HbIH padtfopb BTOH 

aHTonorin. fl Mory toju>ko npHBfrrcTBOBaTb oh noHBJieHie, noTOMy vro 
taaroAapa hoh, mh Tonopb bi tomt> so dojioxohih, xairb A^Bymxa hst* 
CTHXOTBopoHlH KHTaftCKaro noora Taffb-TyHi>-JlHHra: .MojioAOHbxaa a*- 
Bynuca, Ta, hto ct> aapH ao ho*h, oAHa bi> obooh xoMHarfe, BbimHBaen, 
moHXOMi* UB-feTbi Ha cboomi nnaTb-b, — BApyrb bch Tpenemen>, cua- 

AOCTHO, npH HOOXHAftHHOMl BByXfe A&AOXOH (JWIOHTH*. 

R«»* Okll. 

W. M. Doatctfowaki. S&mmtliche Worke. Herausgegeben von 
Dmitri lloroaohkowaky and Moollor van don Brack. Mfinchen. R. Piper, 
*C»Vorlag. 

JIooTooBOKifi npHHaAJiexHTb Kb t*mt> BOAHHaftmHirb reHinrb, koto- 

PUM1> CyXAOHO ITfcHHOO BJllHflie BT> yMCTBOHHOft SH8HH Bcoro HOJIOB^^O- 
CTBa HHepOOl 8T0 H Wb MlpOBOt HCTOplH. RaXAUH nep0B0AT> OOHHHOHift 

tmxoro nHoaTOJTH Moxerb paaoMaTpHBaTbon, xaxb naAOHie oahoh H3b 
BH^mHHX'b nperpaAb, npeoHTCTByiomHX'b aaJioxeHHOH Bb co8AaHiflXb 
reirifl Morjmoft cha*b oxaauaaTb boo bobmoshoo ahh hoh BoaA'McTBie 
■a XH8Hb h M^rb. Cjiobho epunaoTCfl oahb H8b nejieBrb, aaxyTfaoaB- 



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109 MCU N 2 





otffMuri* eovmenl Aoeroea- 

xoropara. xpoMa roro, npnmtaen* y*acri6 

aaarox* AocToeeexaro, aax* A- C. AfepeacxoaeKifl. 

TpyxxfcAarax* mearaieft w nepeaoxa. 

unoit* iwn ooaon eoaep- 

otioporaMM, exaaeuaMM. npB uepeaoA* MX* 

coorr mhTerwjwmMM m mm* dommtiammx ofoporaMx, 



onuuiaa y aero ero xyxry. Bto ae atmh , tto mm arfeMeuxoir* m eo- 
o^me ms eBpooeftcEMx* aauxax* btbt* txkhx* se mpanHiift, cAoae- 

HO ■ OGopOTOS*,— MX* 96 MtMbBja,— XftXO AMMI* B* TOM*, TTO OMM 

Me cootfbtctb7I)t* a Me aaaxonraw pyecxxM*, iioctoxbxj* noexoxb- 
xy f aaop* Me aaaaonrani BHtaxix npaamxa m Masepai pyccxaro *e- 
xoataa m fpeanyaa in aMepaaama* Ben mm aoabMOM* xaxoro-ax- 
6jju> erfeMeoxaro naeaTeaa, noaaayxaaaroex tasmmm ice ofopoTaMx, 
xax*, aaop., Aanearpyeepa mom Aase rayoni aaa a* HtaoTopux* ero 
eaaaoao-ferroBbix* aemax*, to npa uepeaoA* ero Ma pyccxift xatix* 
noAjvaTea rt se HenpeuAOJUDttiatBaTpyAxexiJi: crojib se MHoroe npa> 
AOtcji o6eaABHBTb m 9 ocjim mosho Tax* aupaaaTbaa,— ^oAHTepaTypai*"... 
B* o6H|eM* oepeaoAH r. PaaaHa 8a6oTAaabi, otiAyMaau, AHrepaTypxbi, 
nymAH Mexaseaia a aaaAaaaaMa. Ho ctma* Aoeroeacxaro, sax* sto 
dohmtmo MS* npeAUAyawo, aaauTeiibHo BBAoa8MtaHAea. B* oammx* 
noJiy^HJica xaxoa-ro npHiecaHHwa, aaeHAbeTaeHHO nparaaaeBHut 
otha*, b* Apyrax*— rpoMOBAxie* aanyTaaMue nepioAU AocToeacxaro, 
DOTepas* npa nepeaoAfc cbod Aymy,o6paTBXHebBO too to *jaobhhibo- 
aeyxAx>see ■ ypoAaaaoe, Koe-rA* r. Paana* npa6 > *raeT* x* Heaae- 
HMTeAbMUM* BCTaaaaM* ham onymeaixn*, xoTopua mo boota* xasyTea 
aeo6xoAHMmfa... 

HteoTopbiM* tomxm*, xax*, aaop., XHI-ony Tony, ofeeAmiaaaieMy 
noAMTM^eexU CTaTbM floeToeaeaaro* npejwocjiaHo npeABCAoaie Mepeac- 
aoBeaaro.B*aTOM*npeoHeaoaiHMepe«aoBefcUl noBTopaer* obom ju>6h- 
Mbia mhoah o apoTMaonoAonocTH MAeft BoiweAOBtaa a HOAoataofara, 
onpoaepraer* ear amah floeroeaoxaro aa pyccxoe caMOA*pxaBiv»pyc- 
eaaro Xpaera' m BocToixyio uepxoBb a* npoTMBonoxosxocTb aanaA* 
aoa, aaauaaa bcb era bbpaaah ahui* uaexoft AocToeBoxaro, doa* 
xoTopoa expuTO HCTHmoe amuo AoeToeaexaro (npoxBJumneeca a* 
poMaaax*X— ahuo npopoxa rpaAynieft uepaax Gaaroro flyxa, peaariM 
ft-bxro aaatea a aeeAeaexoft Teoxparix. 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JHTEPATYPA. 108 



Die Republik dee Bflldkreaxea. Norel* 
en. Mfinchen. Verlegt bei Ham tod Weber. 

HaTepec* a* coBpeneiHot pyecaoft jnrrepaTyp'fc, mcoinrtaHo, ae 
TOJibBo aoaam bi> Bapoal, ho ■ noearfcAoaaTeauo nm BoapacTaera 
i yiopaaaerca. floaaaaTeabCTBOBi* aroicy— noaaaeaie aarpaamet (ooo- 
(feaao bi> repuaaia) vbaaro paaa nepeaoaoai BHflawaurica npoaeae- 
Aeatt eoapeaieaHaiu pyceaax* meaTeaefl, aaara aoTopam noabayarrea 
Tain* BSBncuiien a ycotaon*. 

Oaaoft hst> Taaaxb neea^wan pyeeaara maaaora aa vteenaom 
ama* aaiuiacb aaara paaeaaaoa* Baaepia BpxMoaa, aaaaHaaa ME>Hxe- 
aoBeaam aaaaTeaaeTBOira Hans you Weber'a. Raara era npeaeraaaaen 
coGob nepeaoa> eeMB paaeaaaoa*, o6paaya***» no-pyecaa. Barker* e* 
"Apauoi .Sanaa" — ctfopaarb „3enaaa oca", h^arenjcoe aaAaale aoean 
saroaoaon aepaaro paaeaaaa •Peeoyfiaaaa Dacaaro Kpeora" — .Die 
Republik dea 8fldkrraaee". 

nepeaeaeHbi paeeaaau Taaeom $on r»HTepoin». nepeaom anomrfc 
aarepaTypen a *y*yn> aeaaseadi a omaforb, xora aoe-rA* offeaoa- 
VBaera nojtAHHBaa%, ho eoxpaaaa e* AocTaTouoa nuaTeabaocTbio 
bwo crrapaTejibHja) enunaoaaaaoeTb Bpocoaeaaro aauaa, aeeoiorNmo, 
<neaa vtaaya> aarop y, aaaraam^eiiy eaoe noe^eTBoaaaie to bt> ycTa 
•BTaaaaaeaaro aoaejunera XVI ataa", to nepeaaiomaro ero ,$eabe- 
TOHarry 6jnjmjm> crortTift*, v aaaleaTrb neaxiaTpaieeaoa a%*e6- 
hum* bjih Aaate .yroHieaHOMy paaapaTaaay Bpeneva rpaaymea peao- 
jnwda*. He coacfcirb hami qohhtbo, aaTfc*ra nepeaoAiara aaifBjnurb 
ooABaroaoBBH ateoropam paaeaaeoab; Taa-b, aanp., noAaaroaoaoai 
»Hn eyAe6Hbixi» aarajion" — oGpaTaa-b a% .HeBbUfoaeaabiA ojiynaft* 
(.Bin unaufgekllrter Pall"), a% noAaaroaoaa 1 * »no BTaabaacaoft pyao- 
n«ea aaiaaa XVI ataa"— autipoean cjiobo ,aa*aaa°, ooraBam npocro 
XVI rtrb; a nacbuo .npeAaaaoe eoaaa*aix> pyaoft naoaia" — nepeat- 
ata* aa raebuo, nepeaaaaoe aaaaiy au eoaoaeaia (,dem Henker sum 
Terbrennen llbergebener Brief*). Koe-rx*, tohho Taaate HeaeafteTao 
aavta*, nepeaoAHarb aaoAaro a* aaary xypcHau, aoTopuxa vbn y 
Bpneoaa. 

Raara aaAaaa norra-Tro pooxomao. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



M3T> JKYPHAJIOFb. 



Ooapexeraii Mip*. H 2. 

T. HeBftAOMCxift, Boexpemaa nyn* ah He JiereHAapnbw BpeMena 
npeoJioByTaro Maxca HopAay, BonHTb Bneaairao, hto oteiecTBO b* 
onacHocTH: AexaAeHTCsaii JiHTepaTypa HaiHHaerb oxaauBaTb BAinie 
Ha JiHTepaTypy, ,AooeA* SAopoByx)?. IIpexAe Bcero, ito bto aa A^aeue 
jiHTepaTypw Ha ,8AopoByx>" h „HeaAopoByx)*? JlHTepaTypHoe npoiiaBe- 
A6Hie Moserb 6mh TajiaHTJiHBhiMb hah 6e8AapHban>, u oxerb 6urh na- 
nucaHo Bupa6oTaHHuin> cTHJieMb hah HepaniAHBO, Moierb 6bm> ajihh- 

HbUfb HAH KOpOTXHITb, HO „8A0p0Bafl JiHTepaTypa - TO X6 C&MOe, HTO 

HpaBCTBOHHiiift KBaaparb! Ho A*Jio He vb BbipaaceHiaxis ocTaBHirb en 
h nocMOTpHMi>, hto xe ooo6ohho nyraeTb r. HeBlkAOMCxaro. Oht> hh* 
men>: „Hto aa BaxHOCTb bt* canon a-bjtb, ocah h-bckojibko toraTHXb 
(npeHMymecTBeHHo MocxoBCKHXb) KynuoBi* - neueHaTOBT>, ©CTecTBerao 
ckjiohhux-b ,noTpa4wiHTb* noAb canoHOB'bftmifi h canoiioAH^ftmifl $*~ 
eoffb h TporaTeAbHo 6e38amHTHbixb nepeflb aBTopHTeTOM-b Aitforo 
„MOAepHHCTa" noCofln-be, nHTaioi-b TpH-neTbipe, Aec*TOXi> (aa Aaxe xora 
<5w lerape AecHTxa!) HdAaHift h Aaiorb npixn-b aecaTicy micaTeJiefl, 
OKOHHaTeAbHo aopBaBniHX'b cb SHdHiio, HaApbreaiomHxcH bt» pasHUb 
w MHCTHHecKHXb* h SGTeTHHecxHXb BHAyuxaxb, oflHa Apyrofi HCKyc- 
CTBeHH'bfi, HeHyxffbe h CKyia-fee... Ho ecjiH tyoxyci* h Bbreypti, a rJiaB- 

HOe KOpeHHOft nopOKb HXb TBOpieCTBa H AyiTb HBHHHaeT'b DpOHHKaTB 

bt» otfAacTb, AooeA-b hmi> HyxAyio, ocah xoe-xaKflMH HepTaMH hxt» 
HacTpoeHin aapasanrcH H-fexoTopbie aiqah xhbhh, jiioah, npmmanH«8 
CAyxHTb xhbhh, Toraa BCHKift Jiiotamift poAHoe xyAoxecTBO Hirben 
ocHOBaHie cepbeaHo h He coBcbirb Becejio aaAyMaTbc*.* 

Bo-nepBWXb, heao cnpocHTb r. HeBftAOMCxaro, ct> xaxHxi* wo nop* 
HBAaBaTb KHHrn ctsjio A'fejioMb aasopHbiMb? flonyCTHMT*, HTO MOCKOB- 
cxie MeueHaTM A'feftcTBHTejibHo w nHTaiOTb* (T.-e. cyticHAHpyxn-b) tb 

HBAaHifl, KOTOpblfl OHHTaDTb HyXHUMb HOAA^pXaTb, — pa8B"B XB 8TO 
nOCTyilOKTh AOCTOfiHblfi OCIfbflHiH? BoTb K. CoAAaTeHXOB'b .OHTaJTb* 

paaHbiH HSAaHia, SHaHHTb h Ha Hero hbao yxaauBBTb naabueirb. Hah 
r. HeB'BAOMCRift nojiaraerb, hto AOCTOftHU xhshh jiHmb rt HSAaHiH, 
KOTopuH He HyxAax>TCH Bb MeueHaTaib? OnacHNft Bar^flfl-bl A botl 
HeAaBHO .HoBoe Bpeica - , bt> oahomi> h8t» <J>eAbeT0H0BbJ3ypeHHHa, onost* 



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H3B XyPHAJOBL. 105 

ctmo 4UTaTejiefl, tto Tony canoMy „CoBpeneHHOMy Mipy", bt> koto- 
poirb r. HeB^AOMOKift Dunen, oxaaaJic* Hyramb MeueHarb,— h *yp- 
hm* nomevb aa AesbraifH rb oAHoicy xoexoBCXOicy xjiyfly... Hto earn 
mu Tenepb BaBonmra „Hto aa BauocTb, ecjiH H-Bcxojibxo Goraraxb 
MocxoBCKHX'b xJiyfoBi, TporaTejibHo 6688aiAHTHUxi> nepeA* aBTOpHT6- 
Tom» ToncTaro sypHtuia, nBTaiOTb accbtoxii rocnoA* HeBBAOMcxHX'b, 
HaApuBanniHxofl bt> paaHbixi* flHTepaTypHO-peaxuioHHbixT> BhixoAxax*?* 

Bo-BTopwx , b,HTOdT0 8acwcK'b: KTococTOHTbH3A&TeJi«ii'b f He xynem> 
jib? B-feAb 8to npieirb # HoBaro BpeneitH*, ecjra ae TpeTbaro OTA'taeHUi. 
A tto ecjra Apyroft ,kphthxi»", nprnrtaHJi motoa* r. HeBfeAoiccxaro, 
Hanflerb AOHCKHBaTbca: .a rro Taxoft r. HeBl*AOMCxifl, He sua* ah?* 

Haxofleitb, hto 8to aa npoTHBonoaoxeHie „jix>Aefl xhbhh" h „mo- 
AepHHCTOB'b*? Ecjih bt» Hameft AHTepaTypfe ecrb rA*b-AH6o XHBHb, to 
TOAbxo bt> oarepfe uoAepHHCTOBb. Hbabbho enje „Pyccxoe BoraTCTBo", 

KOTOpoe, X0H6HH0, T. HeB'BAOMCKifl H6 BanOAOdpHTb BT> nOTBOpCTB* MO- 

AepHHdMy, paatiiipaa ctfopHHXb .Hoaoe Caobo*, rA*fc co6paJiHCb hm6hho 

aHTH-MOA©pHHCTbI, aaiTBTHJIO, HTO TOJIbXO myTHHK*b MOIT* npOAAOXHTb 

Taxoe aaraaaie, Taxi xaxi bi cGopiunrb ecTb bco, xpoMfe ,HOBaro\ 
Kaxafl xe XHdHb 6eai> „HOBaro*. 9to— caicax HacToamaa ciiepTb. T. He- 
B^AOMcxifl hto-to JieneneTb o ,Jiio6fliAHX < b xyAOxecTBo", ho, no BceMy 
cyAfl» ero xi» 8Tony poAy JiK>Aefl othocth h6bo8moxho. JI»6amie xyAO- 

X6CTB0 3Ha»Tb, HTO XyAOXHHKl> n CJlJMMTb XH8HH* TBOpHOCTBOMfc, H 

hto HCTHHHoe HCxyccTBO Hamuli AHeft— TOJibxo to, xoTopoe r. HeB-b- 

AOMCKOMy yrOAHO BOJIHHaTb n MOAepHHCTCKHM'b c f H HTO, CJTBAOBaTeObHO, 
Bb HaniH AHH TOAbKO XyA0JKHHXH>M0AepHHCTbJ* CJiyXaTb XH3HH. 

Ho HHTepecH-fce Bcero, OTxyAa bocb cupb-tiop* aarop'bJiCH. Hany- 
rajio r. HefffeAOMcxaro ho (SoJibme ho MOHbme xaxb to, hto .bt* ajib- 
MaHax-B .nianoBHHX'b* xt> mieHairb coTpyAHHxoB-b aepBaro aJibMaHaxa 
upHcoeAHHHJioob CHanajia abb, a noToiib u , fejibjxi> (?) neTbipe hmohh 
H9b ,B*cobi>*, „IIepeBaJioBi", ,3ojiOTbJii> Pjvb u — rr. ropoAemciA, 
Bjioxts Cojioryfrb, HyaxoB**... IlyrJiHBb xe r. Hob^aom cxift! Ho jxx>6o- 
dmtho 6hwo (for aaaTb, noneicy bi> BToifb nepeHH* nponymeHo hhtoo 
hmh: BaJiepin BpiocoBa, Toxe ynacTByiomaro h bt> # Blacax*b* h bi» ajib- 
uaHaxaxi* JIlHnoBHHxa"? Yvb ho noTouy ah, hto Bajiepift BpiocoB'b 
cocTom-b bt> to me Bpeiifl coTpyAHHXoifb .CoBpeMeHHaro Mipa'? 

* TOBOpS BOO 8TO, M CTftHOBIDCl HB TOHBy apftaifl T. HeB*AOMCKATO. Ho DOS- 

boid oatfi yiaaan exy, tto npoflaBexevui cro» BOHaBBCTBiui euy .HOwpHHCTorfc* 
■ysxantei n MOAeiatan me 6oxte, Hfare nicarea .axopoBol" nrepaTypu. 
Knn, Banp., Oe^opa CoJory6a, xoroparo oht» npjwo HaakiBaeri no hmou, bh- 
xo^m BTopiiH% h Tpen»HM% BSXfAieMi. Hawen Ttjum npoBSBeieBil cyn» xe 
■eoBBBni, a axeiifo laxawiM. He oilman a raise, ito(5h bbbtb R. Bbumobtb 
■ji Baiepia Bptxosa Tpe6oBaia xepm co cropoHii xaxareiel. 



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106 BW3H N 2 

RCTftTH MOJEHO JKMftTb, I\ UortSOMadft UpOSBMMGTb H0JD06 fleBBa- 

xomctbo e* Toft artrepaTypoft, xoropyio oftamaen; to, hto Hsefccrattmii, 
MHoro paa* oHTHpoBAHHirt ctbxi> Bepaaaa npanBean MiMtpw 
(CTp. tS7) v flBJUOTOfl B0B06 ■• WBMMVUirb npoicaxoif* eraTuu. Ho, 
oibbhabo, p. oftaaHBTaaa .(kMwuoft* vrepaTypbi ewTan ran ceoero 

AOeTOnCTft* 08HU0MHTb<UI Cb HMD. 

Meronre da Franoe, Ji 1. 

BbNl .Mercure de Prance" non*meHa CTaTba 3. raoniyeb o 
coBpeueaaoft pycexoft JiHTepaTyp* .Notes snr la literature russe de 
notre temps". IIpaaoABirb h» CTaTbH rfeexoabxo examxi h octpuzi» 
xaparrepHCTHn, xoth aaaexo ae hoao bc*mh mh coraacaaacb 6u 
noflnHeaTi>ca: Maxcain* ropbxift, bt> aacToamee Bpeica, ho 6o**e xaxb 
noepencTBeHHufi eouiaaacrb h orxBBmift xyAoacaBK*. — JI. ABApeen 
eTaBHTb cefffc aaaav, caamxoirb rayfoxia ajw cbohxi $Baoeo<f>cxBx* 
xoHuenuifl, ocTaBmaxca aa ypoBB* jrfcTCxaro noHHMama.— MeaoHHbia, 
epoTB*ecxJa onacaaia ApubifiameBa. cupoft peaaasirb Ceprfceaa - n>H- 
cxaro, iuniB*ecKaa aeueTonaoTaocTb RyaiiHBa b Bin. HBaaoaa, bh- 
AaBaeuafl nepBWin> aa eaaeHaairb, a Bropuirb— aa uncrtuxBawh, otbh- 
Banrcfl nopoft pefimecTBOit*, nopoft BBapanieBieirb, a Bceraa— -HeMHoro 
BapBapcTBom>.— 6. Coaory6ir— no8Tt, aeuaoro cyxoft, bo BecpaBaea- 
Bbifi h onacauft HapoaaTeAb ct» xyabTom csoero »*•*, on ocTanca 
oabbobbmi*, xoaoAHbDrb, rayCoxBici b no-CBoeicy HaBpamenHbnrb. — 
BcTb eepbeaBbift apoTHWb b y Baaepia BpnooBa. Ero noaaia— xpa- 
coiaaa, taeeraniaa, ocTpaa b culuiaa, nopoio xoaoABaa, bo xoaoAoirb 
iceTaaaa, BcerAa aaoaxaro. — A. Bjiokt>, punapb MacTBiecxoft Aaai*, 
Tepaerb naoro, noxopso noBTopaa nycnia $pa8bi o ,MBCTBHecKom> 
aaapxaauV, Be aairfeiaa, *rro ob* awnem* cubieaa. 



Pbab npoaaneAeBlfl Baaepia Bpneosa noaBBaca aa uocalffHee 
Bpeua bt> nepeBOAaxi sa BBOcrpaflBbie aetata: roaaaaACxift xypaaai 
,Buropa" bt> nepBbnrb 8 MM aroro roAa noirfccriurb nepeBOA'fc Apami 
,3en aa". llepeaoA* CA-BJiaro Abbb ao rp*fr>. Bt> aaTumcxoirb acypaaai 
.Star!' ( v JIyHB")a006 r. H l t aawrB neiaTaaieirb nepeBOAi „Oraex* 
aaro Aareaa" (A. AycTpaaa). Tam» xe aaneiaTaa'b nepeBoa* ctbxo- 
TBopeaia „Op4>efi a dBpeAflBa" (Bapau). Bt» aaTbimcxoft raeert 
.Latwya* (.JlaTBia*) noic^eaii nepeeoA^ paacxaaa m Bh noAaeiiHofl 
•nopbirh". H-hMemtoMi nepeaort ,3enBQg Oca*, noaBBBmeftca QTjrM^ 
Hbnrb BBAaMieifb, mi Aaem> aairbTxy m orAtat ffafiaiorpa^ifl. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



uyaiiKA erb iiaphjk*. 

Hhcuco mark Ilapnca. 



OncpuBafl cepiio nnceifb o MyBbixaJibHoft xhbhh QpaimiH, MH* xa 

X6TCH H6 JIHmHHM-b OOCBHTHTb H*bCBOJIbXO npeABapHTttlbHNrb CTpdHHU'b 

o5mevy cocTOflHiio h TeieHiaarb, HairfeTHBmHMCJi bt> BToft cpeA*, jvfca- 
TejibHocTb KOTopoft h 0yAy SA'fccb onrtnaTb. 

Bb 3T0ITb 7AHBHT6JIbH0lfb, BC68aXBaTbIBaX>IIieiCl, HHTOHCHBflOMlt 

BOAOBoporfc, KOTopuft co8AaK>rb, ct> oAHoft cTopoHbi, HeycTaHHaa a*h- 
ToibHocTb cfpaHuyacKHX'b My3biKaHT0Bi> h c*b Apyroft — BC6 ycHAHBaio- 
meecfl BJieieaie ny&iHXH Kb yyabix'b, moxho oTirfeTHTb paaHbi* TeneHia. 

MOXHO OrpaHHHHTbCfl H*feCK<WIbXHMH CJIOBaMH DOpBOlTb T6H6BiH, KyAa 

BxoAflrb 6en paafopa Bch HaHttarbe nonyjiapHbie Konno8HTopbi, CTpe- 
Mflmiecfl Kb AeraeBofi h (feicTpoq cjiaa* h ocTaiomieca b^phumh MHpHoft 
pyTHH*. Ohh noJibayiOTca ycirbxoirb, rjiaBHbiu'b otipaaou'b, bt> oGAacTH 
TeaTpa, ra-fc ohh aaHHMax>Tb nepBencTByiomee wfecro. hhx* HaMb 

0PHA6TCH BA'tCb p*AKO TOBOpHTb. 

KoMnoaHTopbi, crpeMHiitfecH xt> HCTHHHOMy HCxyccTBy, Jiyime ocb*- 
Aom .leHHbje o ltfuiaxb Hcxy cctbb, Moryr* 6biTb padA'bn eHbi Ha ah* 
(taibmia mxojiu hjih, cxopfeft, Ha ab* pa8JmiHbifl rpynnw , HanpaaneHin 

KOTOpbll^ HBHO npOTHBOOOAOXHbl, ITOtibl H6 CKasaTb DpOTHBOp'bHHBbJ. 

OAHa H3T> BTHXT> rpyOITb HBJIH6TCH xp&HHTOJIbHHlieH KaaCCHHeCKHX'b 

H K0HC6pBaTHBHb]Xl» TpaAHltfft B*b nOJIOXHTeAbHOITb 8Hai6HiB BTOrO 

cjiobb. I7poH8BeAeH]H npeACTaBHTejiefi aroft rpynnu ofoapyatHBaiOTb 
xoBOJibHo cTporyio, HAeaAHCTHHecxyx), HeMHoro Aaae aCcTpaxrayio 
loHuenuiio. Kyjibrb <J>opMbi bt> 3thxt> npoHBBeAeiiiaxb Tax* paaBHTb* 
ito BpeiieHaMH moxho noAyx&Tb,' hto 8Ta $opic& bm*cto Toro, Tro6bi 
6biTb cpeACTBOM-b, flBJifleTen cauoirfejibx). Bt> hhxi A*JiaeTca otfpameme 
cxopfeft x-b HHCTOiiy paayity, H'hwb xt> iyBOTBain», h nojiynaeiioe Bne- 
wnrfeHie ABJIH6TCH BpexeHaHH cxoptt peayjibTaTOMi BbipameHHbixT> 
MHcjieft, H^wb xanecTBa cpeACTB-b H8o6paxeHJH. Ob BHtoBefl CTopoHbi 
*th npoH8BeA6Hifl eme xapaxTepHayjOTca CTporo nojiH<J>OHOTecxHirb cth- 
oeirb h, xpoirb Toro, noHCxaMH ihcto ABHaiiHnecxHX'b npoueccoBT> bm- 
paseHta: MaccHBflaa, hbcto cJiHmKOMT> HarpoMoxAeBHaa opxecTpoBxa, 

OptTOpHblfl H BblCOKOnapHblfl CTHJIb. 



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110 B^CH N 2 

9tH OTJIHIHTeJIbHblfl CBOftCTBa npOHBJUHOTCH, ROHOHHO, BT> HOpaBHOft 

cTeneHH h ct> paaHhiMH peayjibTaTaMH y paaJiHHHbixb npeACTaBHTejieft 
niKOJibi, rJiaBoft KOTopux*b hbjih6tc^ BeHC6Hi> a'9hah h HaHfajrbe bha- 
hhiih jyhHrejinuH ROTopoft Moryn> 6mti> HaaBaHbi AioRacb, MaHbupb, 
r» PonapTm> h H-feKOTopue apyrie,— yneHHRH IJeaapa QpaaRa, rocbch- 
Haro h GeaycjioBHo HeeojibHaro baoxhobhtojih ABHxeHia, no;mepmjrfe 

KOTOparO H6 MaJIO CDOCOtfCTBOBaJIH BfalCOKlfl aBTOpHTOTb h RpacoTa 

npoH3B6AeHifl BeHceHi» a'9hah. 

Jlpyroe TeieHie npoACTaBJieno CKopfee oTfl-hjibHUMH HMeHaMH, i-feni 
rpynnofl: Kjioat* fle6»ccH, Mopncb PaBOJib, fleoAa ae-CeBepaicb, Ajh>- 
6ep*b PiocceJib, Borb rfe, HbH npoH3BefleHifl HaH6oJi*e 8HaiHTejibHbi. 
TBopnecTBo BCfexb 8thxt> ROMno8HTopoBi> cooTB'bTCTByeTb 6ojrfee koh- 
KpeTHOMy HAeaJiy: oho ctpomhtch bt> CBoeft cymHoc™ K*b Henocpea- 

CTBOHHOft Bbipa8HTeJIbH0CTM, TOHHO TaKb SO, KaKT> TBOpHOOTBO RaKOrO- 

HH6yAb MouapTa, JlHCTa, hjih UIoneHa. Oho BdbiBaerb toju>ko kt. 
lyBCTBaub h HHxorAa He npHTHaaerb na chmbojiu. EAHHCTBeflHoe, hto 
oho nbiTaeTCH HHorAa nepe^aTb,— HacTpoeme neflaaxa/npHpoAi*. Bcenia 

HCHblfl H OAapOHHUfl 8T0ft BHyTpeHHCfl JIOrHKOft, OKHBJlfllOmeft BCflKOe 

npoHaBeAeHie HCKyccTBa, npoH3B6AeHifl 8thxt> ROMnoaHTopoBi> HHKora* 

HO CBOAHTCH K*b npoCTOft Hrp* (|>Op»faMH ( HJIH Kb UpOCTblMb nOJIH$OHH* 

HecicHM'b coHeTaHiHMi»: paaBHTie <t>opMi> wb hhxi 6oJi*e cbo6oaho, rap- 
MOHin 6oji*e foraTa h rii6Ra, cwia BupaaHTejibHocTH Coji'be Henocpea- 

CTBBHHa H 60JI*6 TOHKB. 

KoHOHHO, eCTb K0lin03HT0pbI— H He H3T> HHHTOXHhIXb— KOTopwe He 

Moryrb 6wTb npuiHCJieHbi hh kt> oahoA H3b 9thxt> Kareropifl; flanpe- 
»fbpT>, raCpiajib <J>op», HbH xhbuh h HCRpeHHin npoH3BBAeHia He noxo- 
AflTb hh Ha HbH Apyria, hah eme OjiopaHb IIlMHrb, oahhi» h3t> Jiyi- 
mHXb npeACTaBHTeJieft MOJioAoro noKOjrfeHiH, npHMbiRaKinrift no h^koto- • 
pbiMb cBoftCTBairb CBoero TBopnecTBa cKop-feft rt> miacc necKoft miojrl, v 

H-hM-b Kb C0BpeH6HH0My „K0JI0pHTH01iy ABKXeHilO", HO BC > *e 6e3ycaOBW * 

ocTaiomiftca ceHcyajiHCTOM-b, a He Mbic^HTejiem. 

dTH, HeCOMH-feHHO, CJIHmKOMb 6*brJIUH H HeilOJIHbJH, n| BABapHTeJIbHItf *? 

paaT>flCHeHifl uwh HaxyTc* ho 6eanojieaHbiMH, TaKb nai b ohh na^SaBflJ t 

MeHH OTb H006X0AHM0CTH BOdBpaiAaTbCH Kb HteOTOpUl *b OCn^HHb 'Wf > 

Tam», CBoftcTBeHHbiMb npoHBBeAeHiHirb, o KOTopbix*b MH*b npHAerf^ 
aA*bcb roBopHTb. fl He 6yAy ocTaHaBJiHBaTbcn Ha pfeaKo I BpaxAe6Hoef ^ 

8THX*b AByXT> TeqeHlft— BpaXA66HOCTH, C06CTBOHHO, He CaMHXb KOMt ^ 
3HT0p0BT>, HO HX'b npHBOpXeHUeBT> H KOMeHTBTOpOBl*. 9l i BpaXAe^HOtf - ^ 

npouBJwercH exeAHeBHO no^eifHROfi bt» nenaTH, cTaTb mh h Apyni } 
MaHH(J)ecTauiHMH, ROTopua aojixhu npeACTaanaTbCH aob( ibHo cirtoHi^ ^ 
6eanpHCTpacTH0My apHTenio. / ^ 



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HCKYCCTBA. Ill 

3t* Boe BospacTaDBtaa BpaawetiHoeTb aenaoro ojunaJia aaiajto 
Texyniaro MyauxaAhaaro oeaoaa, To-ecTb oourfeABie TpairbeaiiaacTeii- 
maro roAa, xoTopue bt> otofKBOBeaaoe Bpeua ei> Myauxaabaoft toixh 
aptaia npoTexanrb aobojilbo cnoxofiao: aaTepecaue xonnepTbi a;rfeeb 
so HOBaro toa& aoboauio ae MaoroiHCAeaabi. 

Ho BOTb ya» B-fecxcuibxo jrferb, taaroAapa aaaiiiaTHBfe opraaaaa- 
TopoBT* Oceaaaro CaAOBa, mi airfeeirb eseroAxo bi> nanaa* eeaoaa 
irfejibift paAi> npexpacBuxi> acnoAaeaift coBpeMeaaoft xaiiepHofl nyauxa. 
KeapTeTb Dapaa-b (Parent), o KOTopoirb mb* npHAeTC* iacro roBopnTb 
b6o bbkto aynrae Bero h© oticAyantBaerb HHTepecu coBpeMeaBbixi> xou- 
noaHTopoBi, — niaHBCTKa M. Apoai> (M-lle Martha Dron) m ntaaua 
E. flejibreci. (M-lle E. Delhez) bciioabbab bt> Caaoa-fc vh acTexmero 
oxTatip* uftiuft paA*b BecbMa irfcHBhixi* npoaaBeAeaifi, HiceHBo: acHoe h 
BupaaHTeAbRoe ipio AJibOepa PycceJia; xBHBTerb Typaaa, MoAOAoro 
acnaaexaro xonnoaaTopa, ibe CBfrsee h (JoApoe TBopiecTBo, h©comh*hho, 
ciopo o(Jp*TeTb noxa erne aeAocTaiomyio euy cacaTocrb; Prelude et 
Scherao rjir cTpyHHbix-b HBCTpyneHTOBT> a ap$bi 4>Aopaaa IIlMHTa; 
npoHSBeAeHia paA& moaoahxt* (taibriflcKHXb xouno8HTopoBT>: SCoareaa 
(Jongen), JJjonwa (Dupuis), rxtfepra (Huberti), GepB8 (Servais), Teo 
Hcafi (Th6o Vsaye), JIeKem> (Leken), Bp« (Vreuls). 

Opxecrps* Kojiohhb a Jlauypa noAyiaiorb npafiHTeAbCTBeuayio 

CVOCHAiK), BBaM'feB'b KOTOpOfl OBB 0Gfl3aHbl, BOTb yX6 HfeCKOAbKO JTfeTb, 

AaBaTb paaT» bt> roA* TpexnacoBoe acnoAHeaie hoboA (ftpaanyacxoft 
ayauxa. PeayjibTBTOirb dToro otiaaaTOAbCTBa BBAaeTca yBeAHieaie 
xojiHqecTBa acnoAHaeiiHX'b othmh opxecTpaua HeHaABHHbix'b npoHSBe- 
AeHifi y ao h© BcerAa yAyimeaie xaiecTaa npoaaaeAeHift. XapaxTepao, 
hto. rjiaBHuifb o6paaom>,Ha KOHuepTax'b Jlaaype acnojiaanrca bobua 
npoH3B6Aeaia f AHineHHua, aa pfeAKHifa acxJUOHeBiaifH, xaxoro 6u to bb- 
6hjio xyAOsecTBeRHaro HHTepeca. IloeTOMy a aAfecb ynoMaay TOJibKO 
66x aTHXi> HCK^»HeHiHxi> > xaxoBUMR aBJiaiOTca cpeAH aoBOCTefi dToro 
ceaoHa: „<X>aBBbi a flpiaAH* Pycceaa — <l>HBajn> caiufroHHiecKOft xapTHBbi 
xoropuft, kt> cox&nfeHiio, GbtJTb acnoJiHOHi 6eai» nepBWXT> Tpexi nacTeft 
ho xoTopbfft Bee ace oxaaaAca oieab HHTepecHbiwb xaxi no aauucjiy 
Taxi h no BbinoAHeHiio ero; w Kopa6jib' — cHM<jK>HHHecKafl nooaa Cana 
aeBBAa (Samazenilh), Ao6pocoB*fccTHaa, BbipaaaTeJibHaa, AOBOJibao 6ora 
Taa ayauxaJibabiMa AocTOHHCTBaaH, xotb aeifHoro a6cTpaxTBax a paa 
cyaoiHaa. Bi» nporpamcy t*xt> ace KOHuepTOBt, 6AaroAapa UleBOAapy, 
6hjio BBOA6HO nocA^AHee CHM(|)OHHHecKoe npoaaBeAeHie Ba^iaxHpeBa 
•Bb Boreifia*, BCTp'bTHBraee 6o-ibmoe coiyBCTBie y nyC^HKH. 3a Bpe 
aieHHiofb OTcyTCTBieifb llleBeJinpa bto npoaaBeAeHie 6ujio npexpacHO 
npoBeAaao ApyrHMb Aepaxepoirb— BaAajiea-b. 

Ha xoHuepTax-b Kojiohhb 6hah acnoAHeHbi Bnepeue cjibAyiomiH 
nposaBeAeaia: ^CejibMa", KBHTaTa, aacAyxiiBmaa ea aBTopy, JleCyma, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



112 BfcCH N 3 

PHMexyio npeniio,— TmaTeabHo OTfl*aaHHoe npoHBBejieHie, bo xan i 
Boaxafl KaHTaTa, npeiiHpoBaHHaa Ha noflotaoirb xoHKypcfe,— a6c<wnoTHo 
6aH8JibHaa; CHMcJoHHiecKie otphbkh H3*b „Bhhu A66aTa Mype* A. Bprao, 

BT> KOTOpWXT> BblCTynHJIH BT> Jiyimeftf* CBtrfe noTycxHtamift, HCKP6H- 

HUft, CHMnaTHHHbifi TeMnepaiieHrb BToro Konno3HTopa; „rpycTHHe lacu* 
h ,n-bCHb Poxa* ra6piajiH .ZfrmoHa, CTpaHHm* HeMHoro cirbmaHHaro 
cthjih, ho He AHmeHHUH BupaarreJibHocTR, He cMOTpn Ha cjihiiikomi> 
noflnepKHyTbifl h HaHBHbift poMaHTH8Mi>; TpH s PoacAecTBeHCRifl cxaasB* 
llepHJibOHa, npiHTHUH, ho 6eauB-bTHbw; HaxoHem», ,BocnoMHHaHifl" BeH- 
ceHa a'9hah, opxecTpoBaa noaiia Ha Teuy oahoA hst» nperaHX-b <|K>pTe- 
nbHHHbixi nbecb KOMnoaHTopa,— ^TToana ropi>"; axcnodHixiH SToft noaioi 
o*ieHb xpacHBa, ho, cjiymaa ee bt» nepBbift paa*b, HOMHoro TepaembCB 
bi> nocjitytfioiiieft paapaCoTicfe, HeciioTpn Ha en xpaftHe cxaTyio crpy- 
xTypy. 

Hhbhhkh h noBTopeHin onepHbixi» TeaTpoBi> mbjio BHaiHTeobHH. 
OrM'bTHM'b cpeflH apyrHXT> ihcto noBepxHocTHoe h BH-fenraee npoH3Be- 
jxenle KcaBbe Jlepy # Chemineau*— bt> KoMHiecxoft Onepfr coBepmeHHO 
nycToft 6ajien> Ahph Mapemajia ,Le Lac des Aulnes* — bt> Onept. 

MOXHO OTlfbTHTb MBMOXOflOWb DpeXpaCHblft Jlfi6KTb BT> TOJIbXO-HTO 

HaaBaHHOM-b TeaTp-fe r-xn Atto (Hatto) bt> Maprapurb ,<I>aycTa* ryHo- 
napTiH, p*ako HcnojiHHexaH Taxi caMotiuTHO h npoAyuaHHo. 

Tojibxo mto npomjiH ct> rpoMaflHbWb ycnfexowb TopxeeTBeHHUfl 
npeACTaBjieHiH JIpoMOTea* TaOpidJiH 4>opa. Th6Atre des Arts aaa* 
iiasfb HOBoe npoHaBeiieHieO^opaHalllMHTa— .Tpare^ia CaJioMeu*. Ilpe- 
xpacHaa napTHTypa btoA naHTOMHMbi Heiraoro nponrpaJia m hcdoji- 
HeHiH, HecMOTpa Ha bc* ycHJiin MonoAoro Aepiucepa ItarejibtipexTa, 
no^pocoB-fecTHo CTapaBraarocH nepeaaTb BCft aocTOHHCTisa arofl opiini- 
HajibHoft h coHHoft ifyauxH, o xoTopoft, Haa-feiocb, 5yay HirfeTb cjiynaft 
roBODHTb noflpo6ffbe. 

N.D.CilT«tirusl 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



CTAPHB rOJIH. 
JW* i— ia, 1907 r. 



Ecjih 6u MeHfl cnpocwiH, *rro 6bHio y Hacb Haitfojifce iiojioAoro bt> 
ofaacra HCRyccTBa bt> ifHHyBmiA roAfc, h, He aaayvuBaacb, oTBtiTHjrb- 
fac xypHaJii, nocBflmeHHHft HCRJimnTeJibHo CTapoiiy HCRyccTay— 
.Orapbie roAN". B% KaxAoin> HOMep* ero TaR*b MHoro Goapocth h 
3AopoBaro 9 K>Haro aaAopa, tto no cpaBHOHiio ct» hhmt> w 3ojioto6 PyHo", 
Kyjn>THBHpyiomee, rJiaBHbnrb o6paaoMi>, mojioaoo HCRyccTBo, RaxeTcn 
Apauioft cTapyniKoft, maMKaiomeft KaKHXi>-To AonoTonHbixT> hobocthxi,. 

KoMy npHxoflHJiocb aaHHifaTbcn HCTopieft pyccKaro HCRyccTBa, tott> 
agaerb, bi> xasoe OTiaaHie noBepraerb HacjrbAOBaTejifl uohth nojifloe 
oTcyrcTBie RaRHxi»-6bi to hh 6buio HafleacHbix'b uaTepiaJTOBi, h hcto?hh- 

K0BT>. CpaBHHTOJIbHO GOJIbme HdCJI'bAOBaHO HCRyCCTBO AO-neTpOBCROfi 

PycH, ho h TaM-b ecTb TaRUi aaraARH, RaRi» CRyjibDTypHbiH yKpameHia 
BJiaAHifipcRHx-b h nepeflCJiaBJibCRHX'b uepKBeft, hjih npoHcxoxAenie 
marpoBbixi* AepeBHHHbix'b uepKBeft. flo HCKyccTey XVIII h XIX BtRa 
nenaTHbift iiaTepiajrb HcnepobiBaeTCfl KHHraiiH h cTaTbHMH IleTpoBa h 
cjioBapeirb Co6ko, aBTopoB-b coBepmeHHo JiHmeHHwx'b xyAoxecTBOHHaro 

HJTbfl; DpH dTOJfb pa60TM HXT> H6 HayHHbl, nJIOXO AORyMOHTHpOBaHbl H 

nojiHbi HenpoBBpeHHbix-b, aaB-BAOMo HeB*pHbix , b, a HHoraa h npniio 
4>aHTacTHHeCKHXi> CBtA'BHifi. „CTapbie roAbi" nocTaBHJiH ce6'B aaAanefl 
BocnojiHHTb 9Torb npoC'fejrb. HysHO 6bino, OAHaKo, HaftTH TaRyw <f>opny 
flaa HBAaHui MaTepiajioffb, ROTopaa ho aanyrHBajia-tfu HeHyxHoft cy- 
xeoTbio h MepTBOHHMoft cpeAHHro juoGhtojih, He cneuiajracTa, h 6yAHJia- 
6u HHTepeci> r-l nponuiony Bamero HCRyccTBa» HaftTH jihhIio, jiexamyio 

M6«Ay CepbedHOCTblO H HayHHOCTBK), Cl> OAHOft CTOpOHbl, H HBB'BCTHOft 

AocTyimocTbio et Apyroft— fouio ho JierRO, ho ew$ TpyAH'be 6mjio yAep- 

MTbCfl Ha BTOfi JIHHiH H H6 HOAAaTbCfl pa3JIHHHbIMT> C06Jia3Haifb. 

H //Tapue roAN" bmiiijih cb necTbio h3t> dToro TpyAHaro noJioxeHta. 
OneHb npocToft npieifb— BbiA*bJieHie hbt> TeRCTa Bcero apxtobHaro MaTe- 
piajui bt> ocotibia npHJioxeBia— otfJienuurb aaAany it abji1> BoauoftHocTb 
opHAepxHBaTbOfl CTporo HayHHhix* iieroAOB-b h b-b to xe Bpewn npe- 



Digitized by LjOOQiC 



114 B*CH N 2 

BpaTHjn cxyHHHft ajih CoAbmHHCTna Texerb bt> aamiMaTejibHoe, a 
HHorfla h aaxBaTbiBaiomee iTOHie. 

Jlynmee, hto 6mao HaneiaTaHo bt» .Orapbix* roAaxi»*,8To~CTaTbx 
6ap. H. BpaHreA*, ocotieHHo ero BacjrbAOBaHie o „CxyAbnTopaxi XVTII b. 

BT> PoCCiH*. IIO MaCC* HOBblX* CB*fl*Hift 8T0— HaCTOantfft MXBffb aoh 

jhoGhtoah, a XHBoe h yMeKaTwibHoe HanoxeHie sacraBJiflerb bchom- 
HHTb 4>paHuyacKia HacAfeAOBaHui roHxypoBCKoft mxojibi. Onewh nfrau 
CB-B^tHin. co6paHHbia 6ap. OeAbxepaaMom bt> ero „AA$aBHTHOKb 
yxaaaTOAli neTep6yprcxHxi> aoJioTbix-b u cepetfpaHbix'b fl*Bjn> tcaerepoBi 
aa BpeMfl orb 1714 ao 1814 it.". MHoro HOBaro ecTb h bt> cTaTbaxi r. BepH- 
mTaMa o CKyjibnTop* UpoKo^beB* h nepBOMi pyccKom> nepcnexTHBHCrt 
MaxaeB'b; MHoro HnrepecHaro bt> CTaTbax'b r. CoAOBbesa o pyccxnxi 
KHHKHbix'b HjjJuocTpaTopax-bXVlllB., r. Pom aHOBa o QeAOTOKb, r. Tpy6- 
HHROBa o nepBbiXT> pyccKHxi neHcioHepaxT>, r. TpoftHHmcaro o CTapurb 
u*nHbin> MocTax-b, r. TpyroBCxaro o pyccKHxi ro6eJi6Haxi» h bt> 6*br- 
Jiofl aaMfrnrb AjieacaHApa BeHya o uapcKoceAbCKHXi> moa6Ahxt». He 
Majio TOHKHXt h ocTpoyMHbixi> aaM-Biamft paacbHHo BT» CTaTb* r. C 
MaKOBCKaro o Bopobhkobckomt> h ropaaao MOHbrae bt> ero xe crnrbt 
o fiHxe-JIe6peu < b. BbiAotibi nptaTHbe, ocah 6u bt> hhxt> 6nao <k>jn»me 
CB'BA'bHift o xyAOXHHRaxi. Bt> pyccR0Mi> xypHajrb, ecTecTBOHHo, Hmemb 
HOBbii'b noApo6uocTefi o npetibiBaHiH bt> Poccin Bnxe-JIeGpeHT*, ho hxt» 
H-brb. Bjiecrnme boaotca bi> acypHaJi* xpoHHxa, peAaxTHpyeMaa r. Ma- 
kobckhmt>; oneHb nojieaeH*b ea 6oeBoft otaIuii*, nocBflnieHHbift cospe- 
weHHbiM'b pa8pymHT6JiHM'b cTapHHbi. IIpefiocxoAeRi» oTA&rb MyaeftHbix'b 
HOBocTefl, KOTopuft Beaerb TBKOft aHaToxi CBoero A*Jia, xaxi r. 
HlMHATb. Ob (5oJibmHM i b HHTepecoMi> HHTanrca h onero o&b esponefi 
crhxt> ayKuioHaxT>, BaiiHcaHHbie Jierxo h BeceAo: aBropi hxi> cyuteb 
BHecTH H'feKOTopyio HrpHBOCTb jjaxe bt> Taxyio cyxyx) MaTepiio, xarb 
nepeneHb ayxiiioHHbix'b mn^pi. 

flojiKeffb npH8HaTbOi, hto .CTapbnrb roAaM*b a a Taxi co*yBCTByx>, 

HTO CHHTSJTb 6bJ np6AaTeHbCTB0Ml> rOBOpHTb TOJIbKO O&b OAH*bX% CB*T- 

ahxt> eTopoHaxi MBAaHifl h yMOJiiaTb o TeMHbixi. A hxt> ho MaAo 
IIpexAe Bcero xypHajrb AonycTHJii 6ojibmyio oraH6xy t cjihiiixom?» pac- 
raHpHB'b cboio nporpaMMy: oht> aocthpl 6u 6o^bmaro, ocjih 6u bc* 
cboh chjoi cocpeflOTOHH.Tb Ha o6cji*AOBaHiH pyecxaro HcxyccTBa. Mory 
yBtpHTb peAaxuiw, hto n«Tb cTpoxi, AoxyMeHTanbHo ycTaHaBAHBaxK 
mHxi> aBTopa PyMHHueBCKaro Myaefl, hah xoHHaro ABopa m Ryaunra- 
xaxi>, hah HHTBHAaHTCKHX'b CRAaAOBi bi Mocxb*b— 6e8xoHe«mo BaxrKe 
rAy6oxoMbicAeHHbix i b cTaTeft BChib aaMopexHXi* anaTHbirb racTpoA©- 

pOB*b .CTapblXl rOAOBt". H HO TOAbRO HOTOMy, HTO 8TH 8AaHifl CTOStn 
Bl> MOCKB*, HAH OH OXpeClfeoCTJlXli, HO H HOTOMy, HTO 8T0~ m6A©BpfcI 

BcenipHoft apxHTexTypu h ropAOCTb He oahoA Poccin, a Bcero HeAOB*- 
secTBa. Ha m*ctb peAaxuin a npexAe Bcero HaMliTHAi* 6m com> naa- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



HCKyCCTBA. 115 

fajrfee BaxHux'b apxHTexTypHba 1 * naMATHHX0Bi» h iq>eAnpuuuii> 6u 
©cjih He AeTajibHoe o&yrfeAOBame m — pro bubbbao 6u 6<wibinifl aa- 
Tpam — to, no jtpataeft u%$% BtiacHeHle aparoirfeHHHX'b hmohi» bbto- 
povb. CjrfcJiaTB 8to Tax* He TpyAHO. A btb xoHxyppemtf* cb (teaine- 
JiesHbDCH danaAHUMH cneuiaJibHbiicH xypHaJiaMH coBCfcirb 6eanAOAHa. 
&hjp> Bee paBHo ct> emeroAHHxaiai Boab Ham* ho TflraTbca. Eahhctbohho 
npouBBOAHTejibmaiH 6i>uih 6m Hacjrb^oBaHia o rfax-b HHoaeifHUX'b co- 
xpoBHnjaxi HCKyecTBa, xoTopuA cyAbtioio aatfpomeHU kt> Ham> h aaGbrru 
Ha CBoeft nepBoft poahh*. Hapaay cb eram* HeotixoAHUo, xohohho, npo- 
AOAZBTb booth MyaeftHyn h ayxuioHHyx> xpoHHxy. Heymera He aocbaho 
.Oraptofb roflaifb* lyBOTBOBBTb BTy npoHetipesHTeAbHyio chhcxoah- 
TOJibHooTb Boa9, nochuiajomaro bt> Poeoiio coBepmeHHo BaflopHyio h ny- 
CTyx) aairbTxy, h*b KOTopoft m* yenae**, hto bt> toabbho oTxptiToirb 
noprperfe PeiKJpaHjrrb HanncajTb xpaoHuft Ganrb aaa Toro TOAbxo, 
,hto6i* ap?e orrbHHTb cBtaeeTb rfria h tioraTbie TOHa HHxapHaTal Ob 
hoao6ho& xe irfejibio on Tarb nrapoxo Hairacajrb koct»mi> h $owb: 
Aa6u eubHlie BtiABHHyTb imaTejn>Hyx> BwpatfoTxy roAOBU*. (He njioxi 
h nepeBojfb!)? H HeyseAH He HyBCTByx>n» .Orapwe Tow* HHxaxofi He- 
aobkocth 8a noirfemeHie AHAAeTaifrcxofl h raynoBBTOft Goatobhh Apice- 
Tepa ,Ofo HJunodiH abhsohIh bt> neftaairfe", bt> KOTopoft stotb paaBHB- 
Hbifi rocnoflHHb noynaerb pycoKHxi MOAB'bAeft o tomt>, hto Bpmuib 

JIOBOAHJTb BOQAjniHOe npOCTpaHCTBO AO 8aflHHT0 HABHa CBOHX"b XBp- 
THH1» (?) H rtlfb IipHABBaJTb OpOAOOTb BHABMl/ H HTO ,TOHXO BUHH- 

eaHHufl nepoAHift nAamr-o, apyrb h Qeheimrath Jaenieke, rA* tm?— 
ho irfemaerb PyGency nepeAaTb (?) a&JU>hx>k> nepenexTray h hoxaiohh- 
TMhBjn mnpHHy cpeAHeft *both, ho TaKoe coneTanie He AonyoxaeTb 
npaBHAbHaro HaotipaseHta co6ctb6hho BOBAypraaro npocTpaHCTBa (?!)*. 
OrHooHTeAbHo eaMoro xapairrepa HBcurfeAOBBHifi He aoaxho tiuTb 
HHKBKHX'b KOJieGaHifl: rh octbtkh IleTpoBCxaro h CotiXHHCxaro Ayxa 
xoTopue eme aaMtnaiOTCA bi> H'taoTopun otbtuixi, aoashh ycTynHTb 
m*cto THny BpaHreAOBOKira paforb. Oahbko, h8t> bcoto, hto nonHAOcb 
bt> .CTapbixi roflax-b* mohh 6oJibme eoero oropvAa eTaTbH o Tannp-b 
r. BepemarHHa, BUKaaaBmaro, hohcthh*, 4>aTajn»Hoe HenoHHMBHie — * 
upeAnoiejTb 6u AynaTb: HesHanie- rtxi naiiaTHHXovb pyeesaro KJiac- 
emiH8ica, xoTopue hbjw»tch BeAHHaftmHM h ooBAaHimn pyccKaro TBop- 
necTBa, Momerb (JwTb, hb npoTflseHJH Bceft HOTopin Hamero HexyooTBa. 

OropHHTOJIbHO, HTO HB OTpBHHIiaXb XyAbTypHaTO XypHBAa OIIATb BOC- 

xpeeaerb oohth OraooBOXoe ynopcTBo bt> boAh* npoTHBi* „6e8Aynraaro 
KJiaooHmraica*. Xortooob 6u eme, tto(5w bt> sypHBA^ He noHBJUUioeb 
Taxoro xjiana, xaxi Hejrfcnbifi o4>oprb xh. TarapHHa, noeopamift BToro 
oTinraHaro xyAoraixa h pobho hhhoto ho npH6ajwiajomift rb nymxHHy. 

ropAXTbCfl TaXBMH OTXpUTiHHH HOHOrO. BootflAO UpH HOA^OpH HAABCT- 

pauifi petnaxiUH oa^aobbao 6u 6btn> 6oAte ooTopoxnoft h ho Bcer^a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



116 BBCHN2 

noJiaran»cfl Ha BKycb asTopoBi* Texera. Bt> xpeMJieBcxira OBopuaxi 
nanp., moxho 6mjio HaftTH Jiynmyio uetexh h tiojifee aHawTejiBmu 

HKOHbl, TBMT> T*, KOTOpHJI B0Cnp0H8B6AeHU Bl> *ypHWTB. OflHaKO, BC6 

3T0, kohohho, nycTHKH B*b cpaBHeHia ci> T'bifb npeBocxojunofb MaTepi- 

aJIOMI>, KOTOphlft flaJTb Haifb 3TOTB OHapOBaTBJIbHblfi xypHaJTb, BMtklO- 

ntfft, npH bc*xt> cbohto floGpuxb KaiecTBai'b, oaao, ceBefeiti pftjuu)* 
h HCSJuoHHTenbHoe: oh* ho tojibko He wpfcerb, a, HanpeTHBi, Bee no* 
H"ben> h ero nocjrbAHie BbinycKH yxe baboo ToJime nepBbixT>. Bi> Atfpti 
?aeb! 

Hropi. rpt6«pk. 



IIHCbMO Kb PEAAKHIK). 



M. r. r. PeaaKTopb! 

IIodBojibTe sanBHTb nepera nocpeACTBO Baraero yBaxaeiiaro myp- 
HaJia, hto Mbi He ciHTaeirb (Son-fee BoanoxHbiin> ocTaBaTbca bt> inert 
coTpyAHHKOBb xypnajia „3<wioToe Pyro*. 

IIpHMHTe H Up. 

' B. ^piTTeHopeiicv 

A. AptDOBl. 



PeaaKTopi>-H3flaTejih C. A. HOJWKOBT). 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 









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Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Bmi<t>MAPTT><£1908. 
La Balance. Mars. 1908. 



Fog* mudi 



Oinqui&me annie. 




«OSOPIIIOH , B» 

TwrpftUBax m* x. JUipondn, o. at 
Pbc d. Thtfert, a. Mttropolt, ij 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



tBBChU EHaM-BCflqHffiCb 
HCKYCCm H JIMTEPATyPU. 

ToXb H3JUHLH HHTHft. 1908. N 3, MAPTk. 



COflEPTKAHIR 



Otmxm, ncvfton, ot&tul 

AjeKcaHjpi BiLOK-h. 3axjunie oraen ■ MpaKon u muacoft Meieieft. 

1 1 CTUOTBOpeHift • 7 

Bajepift BpncoBi. OraeHHuft Aurejrv IIoB*cn, XVI b. Ia. XIX ai 
Ocxapi YaijikJii. De Profundis. Tpn HeHajUHHiixt orpuBica ci» npe- 

AHCioBieirL Po6epTa Pocca . . . v • 42 

A. C. IlyinKHHV HeHSAaHHLie ennui. C* npemoiOBien H. JlepHepa. 57 

JLnepaTTpa. Pyccicaji AHTepaTypa. 

A hap eft B* a Lift. iUiaft-JUMa hst. Canoxcuu (O TBopiecre* 0. Co- 

jiory6a) 65 

Baaepift BpccoBi. JleowraHTM. (CfopHuar cthtob* H,. ryMueBa, 

noTeioaraa, B. XoAaceBHia, V. HoBzuicaro, JI. 3apxHCxaro, Alexander). 77 

R. BaikiOHTi. O KHHrar* aaa Afcreft 8a 

Bh6a iorpa<J>i a. (3. riraniycfc. JbrreparypHM* AHeranti. — II. Ko- 
xcesHHKorb. Paacxasu. — Hraa ItarpoBCKaA. Sanctus Amor. — 
H. Tejemort. Paacxasu.— B. Kno^eBadft. KypcL pyccxoft ■cropix. — 
M. Jlene. HncoiaeBade auHAapioi) ....:.•• 86 

Hobui RHITB, AOCTaiJieUHUJl Vh pejUKuiD. • 100 

HHOCTpaHHaji AHTepaTypa. 

A. 3jiiac6 eprv Pnxapjrfc IUayicajft 103 

MaxciHijiaHi III h k i». IeHpHr* Mara* • ' 109 

Peie rmaifc. HoBue coophhkh craon.. (Fr. Viefe-Griffin, Ch. Vildrac, 

E. Baes, N. Deniker, A. Vahrius) 11a 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



COJEPJKAHIE. 



Pmojhxh. 

H. RpuxoBi. iUa juaunactm • 51 h 5; 

A. ApanoBi,. LUpEiu cffkroBT, 55 

Ofooauca h 4>poHTHcnHcu (orp. 5 h 61) H. 9eo(f)HJiaKTOBsu 06mift 
4>poHTHcnH<rfc — MHHiaTDpa XIV rfcxa. 

Q6%MUMBmJM. 

SOMMA1RE. 

Alexandre Block. Poemes. — V alere Brussov. L'Ange igne\ Ro- 
man de la vie allemande du XVI siede. Chap. XII.— Oscar Wilde. De 
Profundis. Pages inedits avec preface de Robert Ross. — A. Pouch- 
kine. Vers inedits avec preface de N. Lerner. 

Literature russe. Andre Biely. L'ceuvre de F. Sologoub. — V a 1 e r e 
Brussov. Nouveaux recueils de poesies. — C. Balmont. Livres pour 
les enfants. — B ibliographie. (Comptes-rendus sur les livres de M. M. Z. 
Hippius, P. Kojewnikoff, Nina Petrowska, N. Telechoff, V. Klutchewsky, M. 
Lemk£). — Accuses de reception. 

Literature etrangere. A. E 1 i a s b e r g. Richard SchauckaL— Maximi- 
lian Schick. Heinrich Mann.— R end G h i L Comptes-rendus sur les livres 
de M. M. Vicle-Griffin, Ch. Vildrac, E. Baes, N. Deniker, A. Valvius. 

Dessins. A. A rap off. La Reine des Masques. (Dessin inedit, page 55). — 
N. Krimoff. Deux paysages. (Dessins inedits, pages 51 et 5 3).— Frontispices 
(pages 5 et 61) et couverture parN. Thdophilaktpfi. — Frontispice gene- 
rate — miniature du Livre d'Heure du due de Bern. 



boita*u o-»a PAonr. iox. si. nrmoin »• ■• Boroitn, moxoba* a- nu rArAMUA. 



4 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



OTb PEOAKUIH H KOHTOPH. 



Tpn HcnaaaHHMT¥ orpuBxa B8i De Profundi* Ocxapa Yaftjoju nepeaeoeaii 
Ham Cb xoppeKrypi, jdd6c9ho MDcnBMmvn Han r. Pofcpron Poccon, m 
noxMMMmcn oahobpcmchho cb aHnriicJcurB xonojmeHHUM-B Haiamera «3am- 
cojci marh ParaHracoft n>p*Kit», BomeAmnn n hoboc auame arameaiB 
O. yaijksa (14 tomohb, Methuen a. C, London 1908). 

PejuKuii npocHra nN2,n cthxbxb M. KyaMHHa, HcnpaamTB cxkayi> 
miji onenaTKH: hi cthxotb. aPasroBopis, bt» ctetb 9 muo <nrraxB — «Hah* 
.sax* npiDrov; n cthxotb. aBi» Guy», vb cthzb io—*IIhbto» * BHjrfcn na- 
jicbmh»; Tam» nee, am 21 — kKto Tarn buxoaktb K8V*a 6ocxera». Kpont 
Toro nponymeHO nocBBmeme acero ionua cnxoroopeHiH B A.HaynoBy. 

* 
PjxonHCH, jiooraBjeHHuji vb pejuxnii) «Bbcob*», coxpaHHDTc* jMmb rw 
tom* cjyia'B, eciH bxl paaK-fep* npeaitmaeTO x newmoit jnen (3aooo 
6yKBi). PjiconHCH MeHunaro paa*Bpa, bt» cjyros HenprnTOjceocra h» julm scyp- 
Haia, yHH^TOBcaDToi h HHxaxKxi* o6%MCBtmA no noBOxy htb* ~bm imcmeH- 
HMTk hh ycTHMTL, pejuiaua juBBn ho Meaner*. Jlnna, ho nojyvHBniU, B* Te- 
ieme 3 M-feomeB*, HBBtmeHin o npHHjrriH bxl pyxonHCH rt nevau, Moryn 
paenojiaraTL ex> no CBoeny ycMOTpfcHuo. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 








Digitized by LjOOQiC 



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3AKJWTIE OrHEMT> H MPAKOWTb 
H IIJlflCKOft METEJIEft. 

H BHOBB TlOCBSlUlAt) * 3TH CTHXH — T lEt, 



3a Bee, aa bcc Te6« 6jaroiiapio *'• 

3a Taftnuji ujMtma crpacrei, 

3a ropei* caeai, orpaBy nontaya, 

3a necTt sparo** h KjeseTy Apyseft; 

3a acap* Aynm, pacTpaieHmift rfc nycTUvfe. 

M. JlepMOHTOIl. 



I. nPMHHMAK). 



O, BecHa 6e3i> kohiw h 6e3i> Kpaio! 
Be3i> KOHua h 6eai> Kpaio Mema! 

Y3HaK) Te6fl. )KH3Hb! IlpHHHMaiO! 
H npHBtTCTByiO 3BOHOMl> mma! 



npHHHMaio Te6a, Heyaana, 
M yaana, Te6*fc moH npHBtrb! 
Bt> 3aKO^AOBaHHoA 06/iacTH iuiana, 
Bt> TaftHt CMtxa— no3opHaro Htrb! 



npHHHMaio 6e3COHHue cnopw, 
YTpo bt> saBtcarb tcmhuxtj OKHa, 
Hto6t> moh Bocna^eHHbie B30pu 
Pa3Apa)Ka^a 9 nbHHwia BecHa! 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BiCHN 



npHHHMaiO nyCTUHHhM BeCH 

H KOAOjuu* aeMHbiTb ropoAorb! 
OcBtT/ieHHufl npocrop-b noAHe6eciA 
H Tomieiii* pa6bMTb TpyAorb!.. 



H BCTptwaio tc&i y nopora, — 

Ci» 6yflHhrtn> BtTpoirb bt> SMtHHurb KyApsirb, 

Gb HepaaraAaHHbiirb HiieHeirb Bora 

Ha xwiOAHiiirb h oKaTurb ry6arb... 



riepejrb 9T0fl Bpaacayiomefl BCTptweft 
Hmcoraa % He 6pomy mirra. 
HmcorAa He onq>oeuib tm roieiH. 
Ho HaAi HaMH — xwt^bHafl Me<rra! 



H CMOTpio, h Bpaxuiy HSMtpaio, 
HeHaBHAR, mm* h jik>6*: 
3a MyqeHba, aa rn6ej\b — a sHaio — 
Bee paBHo: npHHHMaio Te6a! 



2. BT> Offlt. 

npi*Biiiift MipT>, icaicb sbohkIA Aap*b, 
Kaicb anaTa ropcrb, si cram* 6oran>. 
Cmotpio: pacrerb, uiyuKTb noxcap-b- 
Diasa tboh ropHTb. 



Kaicb ora^o wyTKO h cBiivio! 
Becb ropoAi — apidft cHoirb onw, 
Pfcica — npo3panHoe creiaio, 

H TOAbKO— HtTb MeHfl... 



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JI 3Atcb 9 bt> yniy. JI Tairb, pacrorrb, 

fl npHTBOHCAeifb Kb CTtHt— CMOTpH! 

TopHTb iviaaa tboh, ropsrrb, 
Kaicb qepHbirb ab% sapnl 



fl 6yay 3a*cb. Mm bc* cropmrb: 
Bccb ropoffb noft, ptica, h si. 
Kpecra KpemeHbem> orHeBMirb 
O, Mima* mo»! 



3. H BO MPAK-b. 

JI HeBtpHyio BcrptTwrb y bxoju: 
ypoiuuia iviaTOicb — h o;wa. 
Hiocoro. Tcwiwco homb h cbo6o/ul 

TOflbKO XCyTKO CTOHTb THUlHHa. 



TOBOpwrb eft HeCBHSHfalH ptHH, 

OncpuBarb eft bc* TaftHbi ct> /iioAbMH. 
HHKOMy He noBtAa^b o Bcrptnt, 
Hto6t> OHa npouieimwa: BOSbMH... 



Ho OHa ycKOAbsaiomeft irnmeft 
Ilcwiertna bt> HenacTbe h Mpaicb, 
Hife bsbwich oraeBOft 6arpHHHueft 
3acunaiomift npasAHHiHbift cjwiarb. 



H y cBtwaro AOMa, TpeBOHmo, 
fl ocranai BABoem» ch TeMHOTOft. 

HeB03M03KHOe 6bWO B03MOHCHO, 
HO BOSMO)ICHOe— 6hWO Me«rroft. 



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10 RBCH N 3 

4. JIOJTb nUTKOfl. 

Ilepexoxcy on. KadHH kt> kbshh 
LLlHpOKoA nonocoft onra. 

Tfal TOAbKO HeB03MO)KHbIMT> ApaSHHUIb, 
HeMblGftHMblftTb TOMHUlb MeHH... 



H si, Kain> TeMHufl pa6i> f He autio 
Bt> orHt h Mpaicfe noTOHyTb. 

H TWIbKO p06K0ft TtHbK) BtlO, 

He CMtsi bi> He6o 3aniHHyTb... 



Kaicb BtTepi>, Tfai ut/iyeuib xcaAHO, 
Kain» ocettb, iuneft^OAfb uie^ecra, 
XpaHH bt> TeMHHirfc 6e30TpaaHoft 
MeHH, Kaicb 6t,aHoe ahth... 



Pa60MT> 6e3yMHbIMT> H nOKOpHb!MT> 

Ho BpeMeHH Taiocb h wny 

Uojl-b 3THMT> B30pOMT>, CHHUlKOftTb HepHblftTb, 

Bt> Moem> nunaiomeBfb 6peay... 



JlHUIb yTpOMT> CKftlO nOKHJiaTb si 

TBoe BbicoKoe Kpbuibuo. 

A HOHbK) TOHeTb bt> citnaAKax'b n/iaTbsi 

Moe 6e3yMHoe jihuo... 



JlHuib yTpom> BOpOHairb 6pocaio 

CBOft XMt^b, CBOft COffb, CBOK) MeHTy. 
A HOHbK) CHOBa— 3HaK), 3HaK) 

Tbok> seMHyio KpacoTy! 



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CTHXH. n 

Hto 6wTb 6c3CTpacTHbiMT>! Hto — KpHJiaTbnrb? 
Cto pasi> 6irayft h yKopH... 

4T06t> TOJIbKO 6tITb Ha MHTb npOWWTbnfb 

Cb to6oA — bt, onrfc HOHHOft sapn! 



5. BT> CH-brAXTj. 

IloftMH we, h cnyTam>, a cnjrnurb 
GrpaHHUbi h crpoKH cthxobt>, 
rbiamoirb tboh roieMH OKyTam>, 
Ocnwoi ct> to6ok) 6e3i> cnoB-b... 



IloftMH, bt> 9TOirb cyiipaKt — Maroirb 
Ctoio Hajn> T06010 h acay 
Uom> 6bioiiiHMCfl npaa^HHHHuiTb 4wiarom>, 
Ha crpaxcfc, nojTb Bfcrpoirb, bt> 6peay... 



H BtTepi> noerb h npopowrb 
Mh% bt> 6y < nymein>— com> rcwiy6ott... 

OlTb XOHCTb CMtflTbCfl, OHT> XOHCTb, 

Hto6t> Tbi BecenR/iacb co mhoA! 



H posfai, oceHHifl p03u 
Mh% chatch Ha KaxcAOirb uiary 
CKB03b Mr/iy, H OHM, H MOpOSbl 
Ha 6tfloirb, Ha Jiencoarb CHtry! 



O 6yaymeMT> BtTeprb He citaxcerb, 
He ocaaceTb oceHHifl uBtroicb, 
Hto mwiw thxo pa3Bsi)Kerb 
CboA uie^KOBbifl, qepHbift imaTOicb.. 



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12 B*CH N 3 

Hto TcwibKo 3Beiisimafl chmtcsi 
H nyuiy namimasi TtHb... 
Hto cepjwe— /lersraiasi imtiia... 
Hto bt> cepwfe — meMamaa vitHb... 



6. H BT> IWIbHHX'b 3AJIAXT>. 

Bl> 6e3KOHeHHOft jivm KopptuiopoBi> 
He OHa jih Tairb n/wuierb bjwih? 
He Mera ;ib 9toA My3uicoft cnopoBi* 
On» Hea bt> stott* qacb omeAH? 



HHnero bu He CKawere, jhoah. 
He nottMere, hto TeMem> Moft xpaMi». 
TpeneTaHbH, B3AbixaHisi rpyAH 
Bocna^eHHuirb oncpbiTbi i7ia3a*n>. 



Cepjiue — jiencasi irrKua 3a6BeHift 
Bt> so/iotoB npojieraioiuJft Maci>: 
To OHa bt> onbHHeHbH KpynceHift 
FDwicKofl TpH3Hy cnpa&naeTb o Bacb. 



HHKoro eft He Hajio H3t» cicpoMHbirb, 
Eft He ym> h He rviynocTb Hyxafu, 
H He ;no6HTb, HaBtpHoe. TenHbirb, 
ripHcaoHeHHurb, Kaicb si, y crfcHM. 



CepAue, B3BeftcH, icaicb Jiencan irrHiu! 
Ilo^eTH Tbi, ^K>6oBb paa6yAH 9 

HCTOMH Tfal HCTOMOft ptCHHUbl, 

Kt> 6n^mO'Cuyrjiuhrb witnawh npHnaAHl 



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CIKXH. 13 

Ccpjmc 6mtoi 9 Kan immt tomhtci— 
To mm ducpyxxn ohi 
B* Mtnmrh Tiimt» amuum imuia, 
Hjocony, mneiiy hc itpu... 



7. H y KPAH BE3AHU. 
no ymwirb mctcjib Merer*, 

CSHMCTCly miTMTCfl. 

Mitt kto-to pyxy nojuerb 
H kto-to yjiufaerca. 



BeACTb — r wacy: ray6mit 
rpamnoirb Tanum antra. 
Twer* om, noerb out, 
3oBen> ohi, npoK/nmM. 



H nojooacy h oixoxy, 
H sinqrb vb cMyntoirb rpenert: 
Bora tojiuco nepeAiiy uc*cy — 
H 6yxy rb arpoflHOirb jieneri. 



H manerb oht, — He oTonurb 

(H MM yHHMTOXCHa): 

— noAmu yirbibeirb yimptTb 

— Jlymt odwropomewL 



— rioftMH, DOftNH, TU OJDOKHCb, 

— Kan gwuch tiAhu xcwkwu... 

— Barmm, bstmhh rb xoaoahuA toio>, 

— Ixt BCe HUtKM MOffOAO... 



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14 MCM N 3 

Btry. flycm, npownrruit, npoibl 
He uyHb Tw, He HcntrruBaA! 
yftAy « Brb ncwe, bt> cHtn> h bt> hohb, 
3a6bK>cb nozrb Kym» paKHTOBuA... 



Tairb eora Bctn> Bom»irbe BOJib 
He npfmeBOJiHTb BOflbHaro. 
H (toieft Bctrb foibirfce 6<Mb 
BepHerb cb nyTH OKCMbuaro. 



8. BE3yMIEMT> 3AW1HHAK). 

O, hto MHt aaictTHUft pynflHevby 
Hto uiusi TpeeorH pa&iyicb? 
Bee n nipt— icpyacamiflca TaHem» 
H BcrptHH TpenemymHrb pyiciJ 



$1 fijltAHbOl BHMCy /UHHTfal, 

$1 nociynb Aetoicbio /iobjiio, 
ft oiyuiaio roBopb oncpuTbiit, 
ft TOHKOe hmsi aio&iio! 



H HOBue chm, aaneTasi, 
TpeBOxcarb bi ycnmoirb nyni. 
A Bee neneHa CHtroBU 
He Moxcerb Mem aaHecm.. 



Hecirrecb, Kpyaorrecb, Tomrre, 

CHtKHHKH— XOAOAHiH BtCTb! 
JfylllH MOetl TOHldfl HHTH, 

IlopBHTecb, pi3BtATecb t cropine... 



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CTHXH. 16 

Till, XOnOJTb, MOft XOnOAl>, MOft BHMHift, 

Bb jtymt Moefl— crpacTHoe ecrb! 
CTaHb, cepoue, B3Auxaiomitt cxhmhhkt,, 
YMpHTe, yMpirre, bbi, nunibi... 



BHOBb jierHTb, aenrrb, ;ienrrb, 

3B€HHTb 9 H Clfferb KpyTHTb, KpyTHTb, 

Haneraerb BHxpb 

CfftoCHblTb HCKpT>... 



Tfai BHAtHbearb, bt> iuracict HtxcHOft, 
IlocpeAH noApyrb, 

OfiOIllJia paBHHHOft CH*fc>KHOfl 

BucrrpoTeMHufl, 
Be3KOHe4Huft Kpyn>... 



OlfalUiy rOBOpi> TBOft OTKpblTblfl, 
BlMCy fofeAHUSI JiaHHTbl, 

Bb sicHbift B3opr> nroicy... 

Bee, hto He acaxcy, 
riepeAairb oahoA y;iu6Koft... 
CnacTbe, ciacn>e! Gb HaMH — HOib! 



Tfal OIMTb TpOnOK) 3bl6KOft 

y^eraeuib npoib.. 



3aMrrasi. santBasi, 
CTam> TBOft ni6idA 
Bmpeirb Tyna cirferoBasi 

Bee— BHAtHbSI, BCe — H3MtHU... 

Bb cHtxcHOirb Ky6ict 9 ncwiHOirb ntHhi, 



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16 BfiCH N 3 

Xftriwib 

3BCHHTb... 



3aBepTH, 3anHHi 
CepAue, saiiowm! 

3aMeTH AtBHMlft ortob — 

CuepTH H*n>! 
Bt> TeifHOBrb nont 

BpOAHTb CBtTb! 
TopbKOft AOflt— 

Mhoix) Jitrbl 



M BOTb OIMTb, OnHTb — BT> B03BpaTHblfl 

Ilycnwacb rauicb... 
Meraib noen>. TboA rcxnocb — BHsmibift. 
Tu noHecnacb 
OnHTb no Kpyry, 
3eMHOny Apyry 
CBepKHyBi> Ha MHn>... 



KaKofl 3to TaHem>? KaKH»n> sto CBtTom* 

TbI ApaBHHUIb H MaHHUIb? 

Bt> KpyxceHiH 9tomt> 
KorAa tu ycraHeuib? 

HbH ntCHH? M 3ByKH? 

Hero n 6oiocb? 
LUeMHiuie 3ByKH 
H— Bo^bHasi Pycb?.. 



H g/iobho MemaHbe, h g/iobho KpyxceHbe, 
3eR/w y6traerb, BCKpuBaercsi TBepAb, 



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CTHXH. 17 

M cmmo (fesyiae, h cjkmho nyieHbe, 
3a0MHM h jMMXb, amtmt m cueprt, — 
Tu lrannbd! Tk rnnoMil 
Tu 6poaua pyKH 

Bneperb... 
H irbcwi Bcraerfc. 
H crptHHuiTb ctamborb dnoro qepm... 

yjuuui wnacal 
O, irkcml O, jMMXhl O, mtenJ O, Maaca!.. 
rtpnoMHKa— TU? 



9. Bl> AHKOft TUWCKh. 



rtpnoHHKt, npifOHmcal 

3ft, IIOll, BUSMEN N XCThI 

Eft, xcejneHbide jhotmkh, 
BeceHHie ub%tkhI 



Tan* Cb nocBMCTOirb, ju Cb npHCBHcroirb 
ryjmorb ao sapn, 
KycroqKH THzmrb mejiecToirb 
Kmaiorb mrfc: cuorpH. 



CMOTpIO ft — pyKH BCKMHyJIt, 

Bb nwpoidA nmcb nonvia, 
UrfcTam Bcin ocuiuuia 

H BT> Iltoft M30UUM... 



Herkpiiaa, JtyKaaaa, 
KoupHM, — iunmHl 
H 6y*b Hotm» orpaaoio 
ParrpaseHHoft jtymii. 



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18 BfcCH N 3 

Ct> yua coOoy, coOoy cb yiia, 
BeayMCTBya, jik>6jik>, 

Hit) BCH TbI— HOHb, H BCg TU Tblll, 

H BCR TbI BO XMtfllO... 



Hto nymy onuuia mow, 

Orpaeoft HSBoia, 

Hto o Te6t, Tefit now, 

H ntCHHMT>— HtTT> HHOial.. 

io. H BHOBb nOKOPHHft. 



Pa6oTafl, pa6oTaft, pa6oTaft: 
Thi 6yAeuib-cb ypoACKHirb rop6om> 
3a jMMroft h HectHOft pa6oTOft, 
3a AO^rHMi> h MepHbiMi> TpyAOirb. 



IIoat> npasAHHfCb— Apyrmrb 6yAerb oiaAKO, 
Hpyroft tboh ntcHH cnoerb, 
C*b AP3TTHMH /iHxan coAAai-Ka 
IloftAeTb, noA6onacb, bt> zopOBOAi. 



Tbi 3Haft npo ce6a, hto He xyace 
Hpyroro rumca/n> 6u — boht> icaicb! 
Hto Mora 6u cniHyTb h noTyxce 
CboH 3o/iotomt> uiHTuft Kyuiaia». 



Hto pocroM-b h craHOirb tu Bullion* 
CTaTHte h Kpame Apynorb, 
Hto Ta MOAOAHiia— noBume 
Hpyrmrb motoahut» yAa^hirbl 



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CTHXH. 19 



Xon. atyrmn mam 6rtjuni, 
Tohkm ea qepua 6poHi 
H crporw pfrm XNtxuai... 



ATb, CJttJWO, KMKh OHAICO, TUfb OUUUCO 

Pi6oT«Tb, noKa paacrtTera, 
H 3tum>, <no idum co/uumca 
Yuma 8a ctAO—n zopOBojn>! 



ii. TEE-b nPEOAIOCb. 

H a oram aanro y Hon> — 
y Hon> who ft taAho nh/ioA. 
3aHOom> BbK>ra ha nopore 

noaaprb MCTeJIH 6tflOKpU/K>A... 



Ho ma TOiucoe tboc 

TBepAHTb MHt AHBHO, fcutbHO, C/UUUCO.. 

H iit/iouTb TBOft uwcA4n> yxpajucoft, 
Korju MercAb noerb, noerb,.. 



frb mtflbHOA H SJIOA CBOeA TCMHHUt 

3aH0>ieBMO v cepjwe, tm, 

H THXifl TBOM ptCHHUbl 

Cmokiuih arbmue uBtTu. 



Kam> 6yATO, m cpcjumt 6%ra, 
51 noffb ueraiMO HSHeiiorb, 

H IipCAO MHOA BOSHHKb H3T» ctrkra 
XOAOAHUA, HOKHBOA UBtTOICb... 



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20 BfcCU N 3 

H cb TaftHOft rpycruo, cb rpycruo trtaaioi, 
Kaicb ciitrb cnajuerb cb jienecnca, 
>KHBoe him AtBu Cfrbamoft 
Eme oicTacTb ct> nauxa... 

AiexcaHApi B j o k t. 

Ocen, 1907. 



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OrHEHHHfl AHTEJTb. 

Hiaba XII. 

KaKi» nyTcmecTBOBajrw % c% joKTopojn»-4>aycTOMT» 

h ican. npoeexL Bpeiu B* samct rpa<t>a <tx>Hi»-BejueHa. 



TojrbKo Korjia ropoACRi* crfemj y)KC AaBHO ocrajRCb no3aAR 
Hact h B3opi, Moft HeBoibHo cTajrb B6Rpaxb bt> ce6* AaJIH BeceH- 
hmit> nojieft,— BApyn>noHyBCTBOBaji» h bc» Hecoo6pa3HOCTb cBoero 
noao^cemH h, KaKi» 6h co cropoHu nocMOTp-feB-b Ha ce6n, bt> ny- 

JKOft n0BO3K-fe, Cb HyjRRMR JDAbMH, 3a<rfcni>-To OTnpaBJRDIOarOC* 

bt» ropoAi> TpHpi,, — MuoieHHO paacM-tHJCH. Bt» caMOMT* j-brfc, 
mart 3a maroMt, cryneHb 3a cTyneHbD, sacTaBRja mchh CyAb6a 
cnycTHTbCH bt> rjy6RHU, cTOJb AajeKU orb Bcfext mohxt* npexi- 
hhxt> iuaHOBT* h HaM-fepenifl, hto 6ujiafl HCRdHb yjne npeACTaBJH- 
jacb MH-fe ciobho cHixcHaa Bepmnaa 3a o&iaRaMH. 

OjKHaRO, TaKT» KaKT» H3JUBH2 nOCTaBRJTb H Ce6*fc npaBHJOM*b HH- 

Korju He ^arfen> o nocTymck, pa3i» coBepmeHHOMt, nocTapajc* % 
h cBoe nyremecTBie ct> AOKTopoirb <&aycTOMi> o6paTHTb ri» ce6*fc 
cTopoHoft, HaR6orbe am newt BuroAHoft. IloHeMHory, HecMOTp* 
Ha TpncKy hobosrr, h6o Ryaoa-b e* He 6feun> poAB-femaH-b Ha peM- 
hhtl, KaKi» to ycTpaHBaorb Tenepb am- ofaereeHiR dtaAamHTb, yju- 
Jiocb MH-fe BOBjeib CBoero cnyTHRRa bt> ojKRBjeHHuft pasroBopt- 
H cRopo Mori, * 'yxte r He pacRRRBaTbC*, hto sarfewL 3Ty no- 
•feARy, tart* RaR*b AORtop-b <t>aycn>, OKaaajcn cofiecfcARRROM-b 3a- 
HH*aTeabirfeftn]HMT>. roBopHJH mm cb HRM*b de omni re scibili, eciH 
no»»30BaTbcx jk>6rmumi» BUpameHieM-bllHRo Ae MflpaHAOiu, r xnon> 
y6ij»TbCR t «rro o6jiacTH rpaMMaTHRH h HarypajbHoft <J>HJOco<|>iH, Ma- 

TenaTHKH R <{>H3HRH, aCTpOHOMiH R DAHIUapHOft aCTpOJOlifl, Bcfext 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



22 BfcCH N 3 

mchhuhh-b h npaBa, Teojorin, Marin, skohomIh h hhuxt* BCKyccTBT> 
paBHo 3HaKOMU Moeity cnyTHHRy, KaKi> xopomeMy xo3*HHy csoft 
oropoAi*. H cHanaja ocnapHBajrb hhuh 3aM-fcqaHL» jjoKTopa, noTOjn> 
npepiJBajn* ero p-feqb kopotkhmh BCTaBKaMH, ho dotomt, 6ecEju 
Bama npespaTHJiacb bt> MOHOJorb, h * npeanoHejrb HrpaTb pojn> 
noHTHTeoibHaro cjymaTeJM. TaR-b AaMocb, nona Mec}>HCTo<})ejecb, 
o6paTHBT> kt> naMT, cb R03en*b CBoe RpRBJummeeai jihuo, He nepe- 
p-fe3ajn> Moero BHHMaHia ocrpiem, KaKoft-To Hejrinoft myron. 

To 6mjio nepe^T> HamHM-b npH6jH^cemeMi» rt> M-fcoreHRy 
Bpiojuiio, tj& mu jmjh ouux-b JomaAHMt h npoBexH H&ROibRo 

HaCOBl> BT> KaROft-TO CRBepHOft rOCTHHHHITE. 3A*fccb noBcrpiiajH 
MLI H-feCKOJIbKO JIOJIJapAOBT>, ROTOptie, 3arOBOpHBl> Cb HaMH, CiaJH 

npocjiaBJuiTb ycn-fexH aicrrepiaHCTBa h ApyrHxi noAofiHurb ynemA, 
yKa3WBan Ha Hej&Buia nofrtau jaBArpac}>a TecceHCRaro h repuora 
Br>pTeM6eprcKaro, Ha nocj^Hie aKTu RopoM aHraiftcRaro, npoB03- 
rjiacHBniaro ce6a i\naBox> uepKBH, h Ropooieft mBejcKaro h j»t- 
cKaro, oTHHsmnx-b y AyxoBHux*b hxt» HMymecTBo, HaKOHem*, Ha 
ynopHoe conporaBJieHie IoaHHa BeftRejibcsoHa bt> MrcHcrep'k. Me- 
c^HCToc^ejrecb, BCTynHBi» bt» cnop-b, ropnno 3amHmajn> aoctohh- 
ctbo CbhtoA IXepRBH h CKa3aji> Menuy npoHHMi»: 

— 3th HOBbia epecn HM-fcrxrb ycnixx noTony, hto RHjisbx no- 
HyjuiH 3xhch HajRHBy, RaR*b co6aRH nyorb ftapRoe, a canoro JIi> 

Tepa OAHHT, JE(o6puft HOpTb BOAHTb 3a HOCb. Bl> ROHirfc KOHUOBT*, 
nOCJTE BCEXT, 3THX*b B'fcpOHCnOB'fcAaHift H HOBHXT> RaTeXH3HCOBT>, 

xpncTiaHCTBO TaR*b o6Mejrfeerb, hto a*y Ry*a Jierne 6y.*erb joBirrb. 
ci> 6epera cbok> pu6y. 

CRopo Jix>6e3HHft HHTaTeoib yBH^HTb, noneMy % cieorb Hy*c- 
humt> 3anHcaTb s^fecb sth oioBa Me<{>HCTo<f>ejiji. 

H3i> BpK>jJiH no-fexajH mh no aopork Ha EBCRHpxeHx, ho h s, 
h AOKTopi. 4>aycrb 6ujih ynce 3HaiHTe*bHO yroMjeHH, TaR-b hto 
3Ty nacTb nyra mu cjfraxv noiTH moato, h Tmerao crapajtai Hacb 
pa3BeceJTHTb Me<t>ncTo<})ejecb f to cbohmh npH6ayTRaiui 9 to 3a* 
cTaBJuui irferb n-fecHH Hamero Kynepa, lejoBiRa coBepmeHHo Mpai- 
Haro BH^a, HanoMHHaBmaro He to pa36oflHHRa y He to bhxojpuh3t> 
npencnoAHefl. Bt> EBCKHpxem> npnOuaH mu y«e bt> cyMepKax-b, 
MenTan Ra>RAuft TOJibRO o cnoROftHoft noctejH, ho Tarn, irjuuio 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHft AHTEJTB- 28 

mcb npHKJK>qeme, repoem* ROToparo BucTaBHjn> ce6a on>m>Torb 
Re HeyTOMHMuft npoRa3HHRi> Me<t>HCTo<t)ejieci». 

JJ-fejo Kb TOMi,, hto bt, ropo;ri> ORasaiocb mhojkcctbo npife- 
jrbxi>, h Ham* jnmb nocn-fe ^ojirnrt npennpaTejcbCTBT, bt, tocthh- 
HHirt, uojrb BueicKoft elm SchlflsseU, cooacHJiHCb npejjocraBHTb 
jus HOHjera o6myrc 3ajiy, Roraa nocfcTHTenH pa3oft,ayTCH. ripnxo- 
AEZOCb h 3a to 6htb friaroAapHUM-b, R Mbl bt, 6o.ibinoft KOMHarfe 
wroporo 9Ta;R9, Ha6frroft Kain> Tpx>Mi» ToproBaro Ropa6x*, npHMO- 
ctrjhcBi hto6h noyHCHHaTb, bt> yray, 3a HeHM-fcHie*n> cBo6o*Har6 
ctoju, okoho aocori>, yjioweHHHXi> Ha ABa nycrux-b 6o?eHRa. MejKAy 
6pa«HHHa»mHMH rocraitH, 6oJibmeK) Hacn>K> yjite coBepmeHHo 
nbflHUMH, xo3hhht> rociHRHHuu h ero eAHHCTBeRHtift oiyra Menumcb 
no bchkhmt, juaroHaMifb, c6HTbie cb TOJKy h He Hy»mie no;n> 
co6oft Hon>. Mec^HCToc^ejecb, nocn-fe Toro, RaR-b mu ao&to ao6h- 
BajHCb, hto6u Hajn> no^ajiH Hero-jm6o jpw ywHHa, noftitajrb, HaRO- 
Heui>, cayry 3a ropjo h, ca-knaB-b cTpanrayio rpHMacy, 3aRpHiajrb 
eity npxico bt> jihuo, htoGh oht> npHHecb Ham* BHHa h CapaHRHti. 

H-fecKOJibKo BpeneHH cnycTH napeHb rojibrjic* nepexB HaMH, ct» 
BOJocaiiH, npHJHnuiHMH ko Ji6y orb ycTaiocTH, no BRAy coBep- 
meHHO jiypKOBaraft, h cyHyjn> nam* KBapTy BHHa h Tpn craKaHa. 

Mm TOTnacb cnpocHJH ero, rxh )ke 6apaHHHa, ho oht», 03J106- 
jeHHuft, aojjrho 6uTb, Bceo6nuiMH nonpeKaMH, oTB-fenajTb Hairb 
rpy6o: 

— IIoroAHTe, h nojiynme Bacb AowHAanTcnl 

H-feKcrropue H3i» nocfeTHTeaefi, ycnumaBi* TaKyio Hain> omoB-fcAb, 
3axoxoTajH uMnuurb cwbxowb, a kto-to ct> AajibHHro crojia jance 
KpHKHyj-b: tTaKT* hxt», 4>paHTOB-b!» xoth hhkto H3i> nacb He me- 
rojLHJt-b OAe^moft. CepAHTbCH Ha ciosa Tynoro KapcrraHca 6u*o, 

ROHeiHO, HeyMHO, HO HO HeBOJIbHOMy ABH^eHiK), RaRT, HCBOJIbHO 

noAMMaemb pyny, ecan Ha Te6a daMaxHBamc*, * hto-to 3aRpHHajn> 
Ha Hes-fe^cy. (XzuiaRO, itemi npeAynpeAHJi-b Me<|>HCTO(f>ejiec'b h, ihwchh- 
nas, KaR-b 3a-fe3Kifl <|>HrJuip'b, oht» cxBaTRjrb oahoA pyRoft napHH 
3a nieio h KpHKHyjn, eicy npeyBeJHHeHHo rpojtRRirb rojiocoM-b: 

— Axit, Herojwfl! ^yicaemb th, hto uu cTaHeicb hhtl 6e3i> 3a- 
RycKH! ilo6puft craKan-b BHHa Tpe6yen> h Ao6paro RycRal H, eaiH 
to He xonemb jum uvk 6apaHHHti, TaRt x cb-feM-b te6ji caMorol 



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24 BfiCH N 3 

GramaBinie 3Ty pinb npHHJUHCb eme 6ojii>me xoxoTaTb, a Me- 
4>Hcroc|)ejieci» 6ucTpo onopoHCHRjn* Hajirruft craRaH-b BHHa, no- 
tomt> HeedecTBeHHO pa3HHyjn> cBoft port, npHHeMi> oht> crarb 
noxoaci> Ha naarb 3irfcH, h c^-Juan bfut>, hto xonerb A-fcAcTBH- 
TeibHo nporoioTHTb 6-fcAHaro Majaro. H KaKi» 6u CTparauMi* h He- 

B-tpOSTHIJMT> 9TO HH IIORa3aJOCb, HO H AO-DReHT* 3aCBHJEl'kTeJlbCTB0- 
BaTB, HTO BT> TOTT> 7KQ MHIT» Ciyra HCHC3T. H3T> HaniHTB rJUttt, 

KaKi> 6y*xo ero 3jrbcb BOBce He 6uBaoio, a Me<t>HCTo<f>ejiecb, 3a- 
KpHBan pon», ciobho noorfc xopomaro ooTKa, c&rb omm> 3a 
ctojii> h nonpocnjn* HajHTb ce6-k eme danam.. 

Bc-fe npncyTCTBOBaBmie 6ujh omenoiueHi* TaRHirb nyjiojrb: 
HHue ocTaAHCb, 6yKBajibHo, ct> otrphthmh pTaMH, h Ha H-fcRoropoe 
Bpeicx m>HHuft myjfb aajiu cm^hhjicx TaRoft THmnHoft, nana* 6h- 
Baerb AHmb Ha nop-fc bt» nact caMaro nojHaro nmuui, Rorju boju 
noxojtca Ha 3ejeHoe 3epRaio. 

CpeAH 9Toro MOJHaHiH AORTopi* <t>aycn> cRa3a.Tb cBoeny cno- 
cn-femHHKy Bnojirooioca: 

— Hey#cejH Te6-fe 3a6aBHo H3o6pa#taTb nepej-b sthmh Heynami 
Hapo^ix? 

Me4>HCTOcJ>ejiecT> B03pa3Hjn> TaR#ce Bnojrojoca: 

— Aoporoft AORTopi>l mu Bcfc H3o6paHcaeicb HTo-HH6yAb: a — 
Hapojrfc*, bh — yneHaro, KOTopoMy hhhto He mhjo. BcxRift Heao- 
B-fcicb, corjiacHO ct> MoHceeirb, tojlko H3o6paHceme Boftie. H 
xorbn> 6u h y3Harb, hto Boo6me h3b-&ctho Ban, Kpoirfc H3o6- 
paweHifi? 

Tint BpeMeHeM-b rt> Hain> norf-fcjRajrb xo3hhh?» rocTHHHHsu, 
pacTepHHHufi h HcnyraHHuft, co nunnofl bt> pyR*fe, 6pocMC* Ha 
KOJ-feHH, oioBHo nepe;rb Bja^-brejibHUMH RH*3bjuiH 9 h craxb yno- 
jtmrb Hac-b, roBopx Tarn*: 

— iio6pue h MHJocTHBue rocnoaa! He H3BOJibTe ra-feBaTbc* Ha 
Moero AypHji: y Hero jiejaHxojii* ct> jrfcTCTBa. Mu Baicb BoniecRH 
yoiyKHMt, h h npe^ocTaBJiK) Bam* cbod co6cTBeHHy» ROMHaxy Ha 
3Ty Hoqb. Ho TOJibKo bh mh4 Moero KejbHepa BepHmre, noToicy 
hto ceroAHn y Men* aiHniROMt MHoro jrkial Bt» Jipyroft pa3i» % He 
crajrb 6m TpesoKHTb TaRHxi» rocnoAi* csoeft rjynoft npocbGoft, ho 
bu caMH nocMOTpHTe: bhahtc, hto o^HOMy hc ynpaBHTboiL 



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OrHEHHWfl AHFEJTL. 25 

Me4>HCTo4>ejiecT> 3acM-fcjucH, cM-fcxoM-b xpHMUM-b h BOBce He 
BecejuMT., h cRa3aii>: 

— Hy, Moft J*pyn», Ha nepBuft pa3i> h3bhhhk>I Orynaft bhh3t», 
TaMi», noj-b jrfccTHimeft, Haftjemb CBoero cjyry. 

Xo3HBH*b R BC-fe nOCfcTHTeJIH, X BT> TOMT> HHOrfc, HOfrfcHtaJTH 
BHH3T> H, BT» caMOM*b Jrfcjrfc, HO^T* JrfcCTHHHeft, I*** CKJiaAUBaJHCb 

ApoBa, cmrbrb 6-feAHuft napeHb h Aponeaxb, RaR-b hobopojkach- 
Htift TejieHOKT>, ciobho 6h y Hero 6uja wecTORa* jnxopajRa. 
Xoshhhi* B«Tanuun> ero Ha CB-fcrb, h mu Bck, HanepepuBi>, orajH 
ero pa3cnpamHBaTB, hto hmchho ct> hhmt, cny^HJOCb, ho on, 
Hero Hejib3H 6hjio Ao6wrt>cx hh cjOBa, TaRi> Kaia> crparb, aojjrho 
6bm>, oTmH&b e*iy namm>. BepHyBnmcb HaBepx-b a, Ha aTorb 
pa3i>, noocrepercfl pa3cnpamHBaTb Me<t>Hcroc}>eiji, yace 3Haa ero 
nanepy oTB-fciaTb HHnero He BHanynmMH myrcaMH. 

Hto mp xo3«HHa, to oht> csoe ofrfcrname CAepwairb b, j-feftcr- 
BHTejrbHO, npeAocraBHjrb HaMT» Ha Hoib, caM*b a> aceHofi nepe6paB- 
rancb bt> naKoft-To nyjiam,, cbod KOMHaTy cb 6ojbmoft AepesuHHoft 
AByxcnajbHoft nocrejibK). Ha 3Tomi>-to cynpywecROM'b JojR-fc h 
npoBejH nacw ao pa3CB-kra, 6ori>-o-6ori>, mh ABoe cb joRTopoM-b 
4>aycTOM-b, Tam> Ram, Mecfmcro^eaecb npeAnoneorb cnaTb rai-To 
bt> ApyroM-b M-tcrfe. Ftepe^'b chomt> h, KaRi» 6yATO 6e3i> 3ajHeft 
kucjh, cKa3ajrb AORTopy: 

— B-fcpoHTHo, orb MHoraxT, HenpurrHOcrefi nyTemecTBUi H36aB- 
ji^erb Bac-b AOBROcTb samero apyra? 

iloKTop-b 4>aycrb oTB-fcnajrb MH-fe: 

— % Ke*an> 6u HcnuniBaTb bt> nyra h B-b wh3hh RaRi> mowho 
6ojbme BCHRaro poju HenpurraocTeft, 6ojbnuirb h Majux-b, tow, 
6tm> Mojuerb, 3Hajrb 6w * h pajiocTH. 

Ciosa 3th 6ujh CRa3anu 6ojrfee cepbe3HO, hokcjih toto Tpe- 
6oBaji> Moft Bonpocb, h TOTHacb jjoRTop-b, 3aKpiJBT> raa3a, cjrfcjajrb 
bhat>, hto 3acHyjn>, a 3arfeM-b BCKop-fc yorajocTb npepBajia h Bcfc 
moh nyTax)nuxcH AyMU o Hammrb ahcbhmxt, npHRjmeHunn>. 

Ha jpyroft Aem, paHO yTpoM-b, conpoBo#uaeMue hh3rhmh no- 
KJioHaMH xo3«HHa, mu nycTHJiHCb juurfce bt> Aopory, HanpaBJXxcb 
kt> MioHCTepeftc^eJiK), KpacHBOMy M-fecTenKy Ha 6epery 3p4>Ta, co 
crapHHHoft uepKOBbK); Ta%n> mu oT^uxajiH, 6e3i» oco6ijxt>, Ha stott, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



26 BfcCH N 3 

pa3t, npoHcmecTBifi. Orryjia uu cBepHyoiH b^crojibko Ha Boctokt., 
jepjica nyTb'Ha ApcRui ropii no 3eMJijiMi» apxienHCKoncrBa TpHp- 
cicaro, ixfc Ha KanuoM'B mary nyBCTBOBajicx nocmoicb kh3hr, 
co3AaHHuft MyApuMi» ynpaBjemeira noRoftHaro apxienHCKona Pa- 
xapaa cJDOirB-rpeflcJDc^eHKJiay. Bt» tott> aeHb a onaTb ynopHo Bbi3u- 
Bajn> AOKTopa 4>aycTa Ha pa3roBopi» h mohojot-h, Tant Raid Heo6- 

XOAHMO 6bJJIO MH*t HenpecTaHHO COCpeAOTO^HBaTb BHHMaHie, hto6h 

noAaBHTB bt» aynrfc THrocTHyx) TocKy no PeHarfc h no noTepaH- 
HOMy (xiaxceHCTBy, KOTopan, HecjtoTp* Ha Bcfe npefipaTHOCTH crpaH- 
ctbui, on, BpeMeHH 40 BpeMeHH no^MMajiacb bt> Moeft aynrfc, Kar& 
no^uMa»TCH bt> cBoft Haci> rop*ii* bow bt> HcnaHjjcKHrb hctoh- 

HHKaXT>. 

Ha cKJioH-fe ahh, npo-fexaBt 4>peftcxefijti>, cTajn nojyitbiBaTb 
mu, ixfe HaMi> npoBecTH 9Ty HOHb, Koi\aa BApyrb HeojRHjuHHoe 
co6birie H3irfcHHjro Bcfe Hamn npej^nojioaceHUi, a MeHji, nyreMi> He- 

npeABHA'feHHUMT, H H30rHyTHM*b, HOBCJIO RT> pOKOBOft pa3B*3R*fc Toft 

ropecTHofl HCTopin, KOTopyx) % ncpejun Ha srarb cTpaHauarb. 
3to co6irrie ctohtt>, Kant 3BeHO, b*b tomt> p&ffy ciyHaftHocreft, 

KOTOptlH CBOHMT, OCMblCJieHHblM'b nOCTO*HCTBOMl» 3aCTaBJIJi»n» MeHJI 

noHHTaTB KH3Hb He nrpajinmeMT* arfenbiXT* CTHiifl, ho TBopemem* 
HCKycHaro xy&ojRHHRa, H3Ba*HHHMT> no onpejrfcaeHHOMy h ahbho- 
coBepraeHHOMy 3aMbiaiy. 

y^ce H-feKOTopoe BpeM* jno6onbiTCTBo Hame npHBjeKaorb KpacH- 
Bbift 3aM0Ki», croamift na bhcokomt, 6epery BnmeJiH, aojhhoA ro- 
Toparo mu -fcxajm. h rocnoACTBOBaBinift Ha^b Beta** ropH30HTOin» 
cbohmh neTBepoyrojibHbiMH 6amHHMH cTapHHHoft cTpoftRH. Korjta, 
nocji-fe oAHoro H3ra6a p-fenn, mu oKa3ajncb coBcfcM-b orb Hero 
no6jiH3ocTH, mu saM'fcrHJiH, hto rt> HaMi> npH6jH»caeTai BepxoBofl, 
pa3MaxHBaB mjwnoft h bbho a-knaa uawh 3HaKH. Toraa Me<t>Hcro- 
4>ejiecT> npHRa3ajn> ocTaHOBHTb jomaaeft, a B-fccroBoft, o^-kraft Rain> 
repojibjrb HaTypHHp-fe, noxbixzjn* h, yrniBO RAaH**cb, CKa3ajn>: 

— Moft rocnoAHHi>, rpacfyb Ajiajib6eprb 4>om>-BeJiJieH'b, Bia* 
A'fejieu'b aToro 3aMKa, npHRa3ajn» MH-fe ocB-hzounThcr. He bu jh 
3HaMeHHTbift AOKTopi, TeojioiiH, c}>HJiococ}}iH y MeAHUHHH h npaBa 
IoraHH-b 4>aycrb H3*b BHrreH6epra t ROTopuft AOJwem> 6bun> npo- 
-fexaTb nepe3T> Hamn 3Cmjih no nyTH bt» ropoj-b Tpnpx? 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHfi AHrEJB. 27 

JXoKTOJTh npH3HaJCH, HTO 3TO TOHHO OHt, H TOW B"BCTOBOft 

npoAOJURan: 

— Moft rocno*HHT> noRoprfcfime npocnrb Bzcb h BamHxi> 
cnyTHHKOBi, no^caiOBaTb kt> Hain> bt> saMoicb h Bocnojb30BaTbca 
HamHMT, rocrenpiRMCTBOMT. Ha 3Ty hohb, hjih h AaJ-fce, ecaH to 
6yAen» BaMi> yrojuao. 

YcaumaB-b sth caoBa, Mec}>HCTo<}>eieci» BocRAHRHyoiv. 

— JIi>6e3Hfcift AOKTop^l 3aM-BHaemb jih th, KaKoft BceHapoAHoft 
ciaBu mu ch To6ofi y^ce aocthhihI Hto ao MeHA, a He npoib on, 
rpacfKRaro npcjuoHceHiH. IIo mh-b Ryaa jyqme h-btkhtbch Ha apn- 

CTOKpaTHHeCKHXT> IIOCTejJIX'b, H-BMT, H3HUBaTb OTT> KJIOHOBT. BT, 
AepeBeHCKOft ROpMYfc HJH npOBOJKHTb HOHb Ha X03*ftCROft AByx- 

cnaibHO# nocTejiH, no-4>JopeHTificKH. 

IIocrfcAHee BupaweHie o6-b*cH*eTCH riwb, hto 4>jopeHTiftiiu 

HOHHTaK>TCJl OTtHBJieHHHMH COAOMHTaMH. 

TaiTb lUUCB H MU C*b AOKTOpOMT* HHHerO He HM-BJBH HpOTHBl* 

npima, Ji>6e3HO HaMi> npe^o^ceHHaro, to mu h nocnimHJiH ot- 
b^thti> B-fecTOBOMy corjacieM*b u noBepnyjiH Jioma^eft rt, 3aMKy. 

IIo noAi>eMHOMy MocTy, nepeRHHyTOMy nepe3i» poBt ct> boaoPl, 
mu npo-BxajiH CHanaia Ha nepsufi ABopi>, ixfc otjuuh Jiomajeft h 
noB03Ky ciynurb, hotom-b n-feniKOMT, nepe3i» BTopun BopoTa npomoiH 
Ha raaBHuft ABopt 3aMKa, npespameHHuft BHHMaHieMi> Baaxfejibua 
bt> He6oJbmoft cajp>, bt> HTajbHHCKOM-b BKyck. 3ji.icb nepejn> 
aicTHHuefl, Beamed bo BHyrpeHHOcTb 3aMKa, bctp^thjh> Hacb caMi» 
rpacjrb Bejueirb, oRpyjgeHHuil He6ojbmofi cbhtoA, hcjiob^bkt> mo- 

JOJK>fl, UpHBJieKaTeJIbHUfl, Cb OAHHMT, H3T> TBXT> OTKpUTtirb JIHUT,, 

onymeHHtix-b He6ojibmoft 6opoARoft, RaRift jk>6hti> H3o6paacaTb 
BeHeaiaHCKiA Macrep-b THoiaHt BeiejuiH. Tpac}rb npHB-fcrcTBOBajrb 
AOKTopa <&aycra uepeMOHHoft pfribK), bt> Roropoft ynoMHHajc* 
TepMecb TpHCMemcrb h AibCeprb BeiHRift, 6oni Ojuuina h 6h6- 
JieftcRie npopoKM h HaM*fcpeHHyK> HanumeHRocTb KOTopoft * noHjun> 
JHmb Bnocj-BACTBiH. AoRTopt oTB-feqan eMy KpaTKO H Cb aoctohh- 
cTBOM-b, h 3artMi>, no 3HaRy rpa<f>a, najRH npHraacBjH Hacb no- 
ci-EjioBaTb sa hhmh Kb ROMHaTu am* nprfc3jicnx'b, rjvfe MU MOrJIH 
6h upHBecTH ce6x h csoe niaTbe bt» nopMOR-b noarfc AHeBHoro 
nyra. 



r 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



28 ft&CH N 8 

y>Ke npoxojw no ROMHaTaxi*, x non> nowfcTKTb, ito 3anoin» 
BejuieHOBi> cocTaBJuui> Sjiaropoj^Hoe HCRAKweme H3i> rfcxt puuap- 
ckhxt> nrtajrb, KOToptiH Tenepb Bee name h name npeBpamamrai 
bt» npHMue pa36ofiHHHbH npHTOHu. KaKi> H3B-fecTHo, bt» name cy- 
poBoe h Tpe3Boe Bpemi, Ronna Ha Boftirfe TpeGyeTc* He ctojh»ro 

JIHHHaH AO&ieCTb, CKOJIbKO AHCaHHJIHHa COJJUTL JU KOIHHeCTBO 

nymeKi>, nnmajeft h MymKeroBT*, h rouu bt> jrh3hh rjuBHyn 
pojib Hrpaen> He npoHCionueme orb 3HaTHun» npejucoB-b, ho 
cHJia ^eHen>, TaR-b hto 6aHRHpu cnopnrb BjiameM-b ch ROpojura, 
puiiapcTBO npnmjo bt> Kpaflmfi ynaaoicb h npejRHie najajurau, 
hto 6m hh roBopnj-b bt> hxt> 3aiuHTy YjibpHx-b (|>OHT>-ryTreMT», 
cocTaBjiHion* camjft oTcrajiuft Kpyn> bt> coBpeiceHHOM-b oOmecTBi. 
MewAy rtMT» t bt> 3aMK-fc c)>oHi>-BejuieHa Ha Rajfuoirb mary bha£- 
oiHCb ca-fe^M xopomaro BKyca h npocB-fcmeiiui, a, raaBHoe, yroHHeH- 

HOfi JRH3HH, H Cpa3y MOJRHO 6U0IO HOHJlTb, HTO erO X03*HHT> XOieTb 
HTTH BT> ypOBeHb C*b HamHJfb B-tKOMt, O KOTOpOICb TOTb «e 

TyTTerb BOCKJHKHyjrt: cKam> paaocTHo jRHTb bt» Tanoe speiul*. 
PfojimHaji HTajbHHCRaH Me6eib bt> H-feKOTopuxi, ROMHaTan,, Kip- 
thhu, bt» KOTopuxrb mojkho 6ujio yrajUTb yqeHHKOBT* ciaBHaro 
KOJiopncTa MaTB-fca TpK>HeBajibAa 9 jihtuh cTaTyn nyTb jh He caicoro 
IleTepa 4>Hmepa h MHoro jpyrnx-b mcjikhxt> noapoOHOcreft Ri3a- 
jiHCb cb£;khmh y3opaMM Ha numHoft TKaHH crapnHHoft o6ct*hobkh, 
BpeiceHi* hoxoaobi* bt> IlajiecTHHy, TajKcaoft, ho He MmeHHoft 
BeoiHHiK. HaKOHeui*, B-b oTBexeHHux-b HaMi, KOMHaTarb HamiH hh 
Bc-fe cam** H3ucRaHRUH cpejicTBa mk Tyajtera, Ayxu, npHTHpamx, 
rpe6HH, meTKH, hojuihjikh mx Horreft, cjobho 6h mh 6wjh ny6- 

JIHHHHMH ^CeHIUHHaMH MH pHHCKHMH KypTH3aHaMH. 

yMUBancb apoMaTH^ecKoft boaoA h nepeirfeH**, ct> noMomtD 
na#ca, csoft AopoHCHuft KacJDTaHt Ha npeAJiojReHHuft rpacfxun* H3i» 
chhhto mejKa, a, He 6e3-b nocru AHaro TmecaaBui, nyBCTBOBara ce6l 
nojibmeHHtiMt, hto bt» TaROMi* ldscrfc npHsarb Kairb noHeraufl 
rodb, 3a6tiBaH, hto * 6uon» npHraameH-b JiHmb Kan* coiyHaflHufi 
cnyTHHKT» AORTopa 4>aycra. 3to nycToe caMOAOBOJbCTBO eme He 
noRHHyjo JieHH, Korxa Haci> npoBejin bhh3i>, n cTOJOByD kom- 
HaTy, T#h 6ujrb HaKpurb o6mnpHMfi ctojit>, ycTaBjeHHiift, Kin 

JIOTORl> paSHOCHHKa TOBapaMH, BCeB03MO)RHUMH RymaHbHMH H BI- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHUfl AHTEJTL. 29 

HaMH, h ixfc co6paoiocb see Haceaeme 3aMKa, ci, rpac|)OMi> h ero 
cynpyroft. Bt> 9Toft oCmnpHofi 3aj*fc, KOTopan, kohchho, ciyHCHJia 
npepue ceHbopy jwh npieiia BaccaaoB-b, yKpameHHoft no crfcHaM-b 
KHBonRCbD Ha TeMy h3*b TpoHHCKofi boAhh h xpico ocB-fcmeHHoft 
(|)aKeJiaMH h bockobumh CB-fcnaMH, cpejw HeCooibmoft tojiiiu H3*m- 
hhxt> KaBajiepoBi*, mejecrfcBmHX'b mejiKOMi, h amacoM-b, bt» nui*- 
narb co cTpaycoBUMH nepb*MH, h j&Hrh, GamcTaBrnHX-b 30jiothmh 
y6opan h h Heo6biKHOBeHHO po30Boft KO>neft, — * Ha MHHyry nonyB- 
cTBOBaj-b ce6n — Taicb MeaoneH-b HeJOB-feicbl — qyTb He cHacTAHBUM-b. 
Ho oneHb cicopo jkjumio Mewi cnpasejuHBoe pa3oqapoBame. 
Bo-nepBurb, x Aoaweirb 6wjrb y6-k;uiTbcx, hto jihhho Ha mchh 
hhkto He cKJOHem, 6mjt> o6pamaTb BHHMaHie, a x, Bee ^ce Goj-fce 

npHBHHHUft KT> JKH3HH HOXOJHOft HAH KT> THXHJfb Ctckj&Wh CT> rJM3y 

Ha rjia3T>, cam* He yM-kn> BTHCHyTbcx bi> o6mee ojKHBJteme. Bo- 
BTopurb, x He moit> He pacno3HaTb, hto npn Bckx-b H3i>xBje- 
Hixxi> noiTeHix, Kaicix pacronajiH h rpacjrb h ero npn6jiH)KeHHue 
AOKTopy 4>aycxy, 6iuia bt» hxt, oGpaoiemH Cb hhmt>, h co bc^mh 
HaMH, Kanaa-To aojix HacM-femKH. JXotzam B03HHKJia y mchx bt> 
xynrfc, hto mu 6ujih npHraramenw rpac^oM-b Jinnib Kam> p-kuKOcraue 

myTU, KOTOpiJMH MOJKHO D03a6aBHTbCX BT> BeceHHiH CfCyHHUX He- 

jrfciH, — h aTOMy cre6ejibKy nojoap-fcHix cyjimeHo 6hjio oKp*fcnHyTb 
bt> irfejoe jepesiio. 

Korja mh pa3M-fccTHJiHCb 3a ctojomt>, x nonajrb Ha caMuft ko- 
Heirb ero, rxh cha^Jih KaneuaHT, aaMKa h Kaicoft-To MOJiHajHBuft 
rocnoAHHi* bt> 6apxaTHOMi> KaffraaH-fc, 6ooibme 3aHxroe Ky6itaMH, 

TtMT> MHOft, H 3TO JUUIO MH*fe B03MO)KHOCTb 6e3npenXTCTBeHHO 

jrtiaTb cboh Ha6jK>jieHUi. % BHj-ferb, hto BHHMaHie Bcero oGmecTBa 
cocpeAOToneHO Ha AOKTop-fc 4>aycrfe, KOToparo nocaAHAH pxAOMi* 
cb rpa<|>HHeft; kt> HeMy 6e3npecTaHHo o6pamaJcx rpacfrb, to 
yromax ero, to pa3cunax nepejp> hhmt> KOMnoiHMeHTu ero yne- 
hocth, to aajaBax eMy pa3Hbie, 6yaro 6w onem, cepbe3Htie, bo- 
npocu; Korju 4>aycn> HaHHHajn» rosopHTb, rpacjrb rfjiaj-b 3HaKT», 
npH3UBaH BcfacT, kt» MOJiHaHix), cjobho roTOBHCb icajitftuft pa3i» 
yciumaTb oTKpoBeHin My^pocTH. Ho h sto Bceo6mee BHHMaHie, h 
pHTopHqecKLH noxBaju rpacJDa, h oco6eHHO MHHMO-yneHue Bonpocu 
3ajuBaeMue AOKTopy, Bee chjisho oT3UBajiocb napojueft h catHpoft, 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



30 B*CN N 3 

h * Aante noAM*kTHjn» ABa hjh rpH pa3? aypHo cKpuraft cjrfcrb 
H^KOTopux-b H3i> npHcyTCTByK>mHXi», AORa3aBmifi MH-fe, hto n 3a- 
roBopi ynacTBOBajo Bee o6mecTBO. Korja a yG-fcajuca, hto Moe 
oTKpune cnpaBeAJHBo, nonyBCTBOBajrb h ctujtb npej-b caMHm> 
co6oft h o6HAy 3a AOKTopa, h Aajite fotobx 6hjh» HeitejueHHo 

BCTaTB H, CKa3aBT> KaKU-HH6yAt p-fe3KW ClOBa, TOTiaCT. yjUUHTbCS 

H3i» 3aMKa, ho y^epacajia MeHH Jtucib, hto cjrfcjiaTb sto nepaony 
arfcaoBajo 6u He MH*k, a mohmt> cnyraHRain,. 

Bnponeirb, aoktopi» <J>aycn>, RaR*b RajKeTc*, paHbme Hera ynuutn. 
cBoe nojo>KeHie, noTOMy hto oht», eme HejaBHo pacTonaBinift Tam» 
oxotho nepeAo mhoA, cjyHafiHHM?» nonyTHHRoirb, coKpoBHma ceoero 
yica, c^-fejiajcH BApyrb Ha aioBa cKym>, naiCB repoft NUkuui FLiaBTa. 
Bc*t ropjiHia npHB-trcTBw rpa<f>a noTyxajn bt» ero xojoAHoft a-fex- 
jihbocth, h no 6ojibmefi nacre oht> ykiohjucji orb otb-6tobi» Ha 
rfc jiynaBue Bonpocu, KOTopue ejReMHHyTHO otfpamajH rt> new? 
npHcyTCTBy»mie, naKt kt> opanyjiy. 3ait> Me^HcrocJ^ecb, He cay- 
maeMufi hhh-emt>, oxotho nepexBaTUBaorb sth Bonpocu HueTy, 
KaKi> m*hh, h 6pocaorb oTB-tTHUH arp-feju, HHorja nonajUBiniji BT> 
caMufi rjia3i> jHnen'fcpHuit'b BonpomaTejuurb. 

TaKt, c*b bhaomi> BecbMa cepbe3HUMT>, MOJioAoft RyseH-b rpacf>a, 
puiiapb Po6eprb, o6paTHJCH kt> 4>ayary ct» TaRoft p-fcHbrc: 

— % xorkn-b pa3cnpocHTb Bacb, yneH-feftmift AORTop-b, o cpe*- 
cTBax-b A'tnaTb ce6a hcbhahmumt,. H-fcRoropue yB-fcpjnDrb, hto ju* 

9TOTO AOCTaTOHHO HOCHTb UOJVb MUHIROft HpaBOfi pyRH M- 

AOHRy cb cepAaaMH JieTyqeft Mumn, nepHoft RypHUH h JurymRH. 
Ho 6ojibmHHCTBO ^kiaBniHxi onurb yTBepjRjaerb, hto 9Torb 
npieirb yaaeTca moxo. ,Hpyrie npejuaraarb cnoco6i> ropa3AO 
6oi-fce cnoHCHuft. Hajo bt> cpeay, ao Bocxo^a cojhiu, B3jrn> 
MepTByx) rojioay h, dojio>khbt, bt> ex i\aa3a, yme, H03jq>H h port 
no nepHOMy 6o6y, cj-knaTb H a Heft 3HaKi> TpeyrojbHHRa h noxopo- 
HHTb ee, a 3artirb bt> Teneme BocbMH AHeft npHxojiHTb h nojmsaTb 
MorHJiy; Ha BocbMoft AeHb npeACTaHerb acmoht> h cnpocnrb Bacb, 
hto bij A'tjaeTe; bu otb-bthtc: ch nojiHBaK) Moft ub^tokt»i; k- 
moht> nonpocnrb y Bacb jieftny, npoT^rHBan kt> Baicb pyRy; eciB 
Ha pyKi 6yAerb TaROft we 3HaRi> 9 RaRoft bu orfcoiaJiH Ha MepTBoft 
rojioB-fe, bu jieftRy oT^aAHTe, h ^eMOH-b caifb nojberb Haca^ueme; 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OFHEHHUft AHTEjTb. 81 

Ha jieBjmift Aem> BupocTen fiofrb, h AOBOJbao 6yj,erb bsjtb oaho 
ero aepHO bt» porb, hto6m craxb hcbjubmum-k Ho 9Tott> cnocofrb 
cjurancoirb cjoftenb, Tpen»H, HaKOHem>, yTBep*uu>rb, hto 6iuo 
toju»ko ejiHHCTBeHHoe cpe^cTBo jrfciaTbca u6brahmumi>: bto— kojmio 
Hireca, o xoropoMi* paacKa3UBaiyn nxaronb h Unuepoirt, ho oho 
6e3B03BpaTH0 noTepxHO. 

Em» piiuapb kohhhjt* roBopHTb, KZKh MecfmcTo^ejecb BOC- 
KJiHRHyjrb: 

— Mai, MUOcTHBufi puoipb, H3B^CTeHi» (fcurfce npoarofi cno- 
cofrb cft-bara* HeBfUHMumJ 

Pa3yirfceTC*, npH snirb cjoBaxt Bck B3opu ycTpemuHCb Ha 
Me4>HCT(xJ>ejiH, Kain> ccih 6u oht> 6tun> 3ue&, roTOBuft pa3cxa* 
3UBaT& KapeareHSHaMt o naAenin HiioHa, ho cpejw Bceo6fiuro 
MOJHamH oht> npoH3HecT»: 

— Hto6u oraTi HeBfuauuirb, jocTaTOHHo cicpuTbca 3a npej- 
Merom» Henpo3paqHHin>, Hanpiurfcp'b, 3a crtaofi. 

OcrpoTa Mec()HCTo4>eJH BU3Baaa Bceo6mee paaoqapoBaHie. Ox- 
HaKO, cnycTx HeMHoro BpeiieHH, jpyrofi npH&mjKeHHuft rpa()>a 
o6paraicn Kb jioicropy Cb TaKHM-b BonpocoMi»: 

— Bu, BucoKOHTHMufi AOKTopi>, MHoro nyremecTBOBajH. Hs*- 
HCHHTe xce HaM*b 9 npaBJU jh, hto nparb Toft ocjihuu, Ha KOTopofi 
Incycb Xpncrocb coBeprnmrb cboA Bvfejn. n lepycaanirb, no- 
kohtcx rb ropojrfc BcpoH-i? H hto Apyraa ociHiia, Ha KOTopoft 
Korju-To ixajn» npopoK'b Bajaam*, WHBa noHunfc h coxpaHHercji 
b> TafiHOMi» M*fecrfe bt> riajtecTHH-i, htoSu npHBe3TH c-b He6a Hai» 
bt» jieHb BToporo npHmecTBui? 

Oram* OTB-fcn B3jui> Ha ce6a Mectmcrocjrejecb, KOTopuft cxa* 
3ajn>: 

— Mu, joCearauft rocnojuiirb, He npoB-fepjun cjttKTOB'b, o ko- 
Topurb bu roBopme, ho noqeiiy 6u BajaaMOBofl oamirfc h He 
6uTb 6e3CnepTHoft, eciH cpeAH avuefi bt» Teieme nicjiHeji'fcrift He 
nepeBOAflTc* ociu? 

3ia myTKa HM-fcxa He Maiufi ycn-krb cpejH co6ecfcAHHKOBi>, 
ho Bee HOBue h HOBue Bonpocu o6pamaiHCb co BC-fert kohuobt* 
croaa kt> jomropy <t>ayary, npn hcmi*, no M*fcp-fc Toro, kzkl nnp- 
raecTBO pa3ropaaocb h tocth nbHH-fcjiH, craHOBHJHCb see 6ojrfce h 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



32 BftCH N 8 

6oorfcc Aep3KHMH, no BpeMeHaMt 6jih3ro conpHKacaacb ct> ocRopfoe- 
Hien*L. Birfccrfc cb rfcin> co CBoero cTopojReBoro nocTa * Ha6j»- 
Aaun», KaKi> oxM-krfcBiiiie rocTH HannHaxH AepjKaTb ce6s 6ojrfee 
pa3B^3HO, He^ceiH to nojo6ajo, Kam» xaBajepu TaftKOMt nojKH- 
MaxH pyKH cbohmt> cocfcARairb, a HHue, OTHneHHtie BHHOMT>, He- 
3aK-feTHO pa3CTeniBajiH rfccHHBmia hxt> nyroBHm*. Torju rpacfrb, 
KOTopuft Becb Benepi» AepjK&i-b ce6ji c*l 6oibmoft jobkoctbd, 
npepBajit HanHHaBniyccji opri» Tanoft p-fenbc: 

— Mh* Ka^ercH, Apy3bji y hto nopa *aTb otauxi» HamHin> 
rocTHMT,. Mh otjwjih necTb h Baxycy, h Kony, h MnHeprt; Bpe** 
coBepmHTb B03jiLHHie Mopc)>eio. Ilo6jiaro,2upHMT> HamHXT> coSecij- 
hhkobi» 3a Bet hxt> MyapHH pa3*b*CHeiiiji h noxtejaeirb HMT> ao6- 
puxi, coB-feroBi. 6ora <I>aHTa3a. 

flcHbift h yB-fepeHHuft ro&oci> ceHbopa cpa3y 3aaraBHjn> Bcixt 
npncyTCTByiomHX'b oBjajvkrb co6oio, h, BoraBT, H3i»-3a ctoju, Bet 
cTajiH npoiuaTbCH ct> HaMH, omm> npoaBJiaa BejRHaftmyio jn>6e3- 
HocTb. Mh Tpoe noKJiOHHJiHCb rpacf)y h rpacfwH'fc, (taaroAap* hit. 
3a yromeme, h najRH otbcjh Haci» bt> HaniH RoatHaTu, vxk y>*e 
6buiH npnroTOBJieHbi am Hacb Bcfc yjo6cTBa: uktkik nocTeJH, hoh- 
Hbie RacfrraHbi, TycfuiH, rooioBHue rojuhrh h ja?Ke HOHHue ropniKH. 
He AoaraBajo mubKO, hto6h bt» cBOCft ycjyjKJHBOCTH o6RTaTeiH 
3aMKa npe^o^HJiH Ka^uony h3t» Hacb no jKeHmmrfc jernaro no- 
BejieHu, Kam> H-fcRorAa jkhtcjih ropoja BepHa HMnepaTopy Chito- 
MyH^y h ero cBHrfc. 

Hto ao uemi, to, 3acunan bt» KOMHarfc, ixfc, MO*terb-6uTb, 
oT^uxan-b KaKoft-HH6y4b ciioabh;khhkt> roTc^pnja EyjbOHCRaro, % 
Aaa*b ce6-fe oC-fcmame, hto 3aBTpa noyrpy noKHHy stotb 3aMom>, 

XOTH 6bl H 6e3T> CBOHXt CnyTHHKOB-b. 

O^Hano cnyqHJiocb TaKi>, hto h atoro csoero p-fememx Be 
ncnojiHHJi'b. IIo cBoeMy o6biRHOBeHno, npocHyjica % Ha Jipyrofl 
AeHb paHo, h, He jKeja* TpeBOKHTb HHKoro, thxo cnycrajcx 

BHH3T, H BtimeJTb Ha 6aJlK0HT», pOAT» HTaJIbJIHCROft JOAJfUH, Ra- 
KOfl Hep-feAKO MOyKHO BHA^Tb BT> HaiHHXT> pUIUpCRHrb 3aMRaX*b. 

TaMi,, npncaoHflCb kt> KO-noHH-fe, BAuxa* cB-fcjnecTb itapTOBCRaro 
yipa h oTAtixa* B3opom> Ha RpacHBoft awh nojeft, HesojibHO 
3a^yMajicH a naxb cBoeft cy>ib6ofl, h Bet ropecTHUJi Ayuu, 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHfl AHrEJTb. 33 

npopBaBi> mioTHHy co3HaHin, 3aTonnjH mok> ayniy. MH-fc npejcTa- 
BMJiacb PeHaTa, KOTOpan, ixi-To bt> He3HaKOMOMi> MH*i ropo^i, 

npOBOAHTL HaCM HOBOft pajOCTH CT> K'fcM'b-TO ,apyrHM*b, a He CO 

MHofl; hjh, Mowerb-6wTB, HanpoTHBi>, TocKyen, 060 MH*i, pacicaH. 
Bajicb bt> CBoeMi» no6-fcrfc, ho jmmeHa bchkoS bo3mo>khocth 
oTucnaTB MeHH h oTToprHyra on> MeHH HaBcer^a; hah, cme, 

60JbHaH, B7» CBOeMT> npHBMHHOMT> OTHaHHbH, OKpyjiteHHaH HyjKHMH, 

rpy6uMH jk>ju>mh, HacM-fcxax>iUHMHCH Hajn> en CTpa^aHLHMH h en 
crpaHHUMH p-fenaMH, — h hhkto He noaoftjerb kt> Heft, Kan's h, 

HT06h jaCKOBHMT* CJIOBOMT* HJIH H-BJKHUMT, npHKOCHOBemeMt 06- 

jernHTb en TOMjemH... H hobuA npncryirb cTapoft CKop6n OBJia- 

4*tjT> MHOK) C*b TaKOft JKeCTOKOCTbK), HTO H He MOIT> OAOJrfcTb Ce6H 

h, noHHKHVBT> Ha KaneHHuft napanerb jihuomt>, juuit, bojik> c:ie3ajn» 
6e3CHJbHUMi» h He 3Ha»mHMT» yAepjKy. 

Kor^a TaKi> oiaKaurb h, cHirra* ce6n bt» o^HHOHecTB-fe, Ha 6aji- 
KOH-fe 3aMKa c^oH^-BeJuieH-b, Moero oaena Bapyrb KocHyjiacb pyica, 
h h, noAHHB-b rojioBy, yBHjrikarb, hto ko MH*i no^omejn* can7> rpacfrb. 
Xotji H 6uJT> OHT> MeHH MOAOJKe, HO, CT> KaKOft to oTenecicoft 3a- 
6oTjHBocTbK>, oht. o6hhjt> MeHH 3a CTaHi> h noBejrb no rajuiepcfc, 
octopohcho h Apy^cecKH cnpamHBan, bt> hcmt> Moe rope, o6HHceHi> 
m h K-feMT>-jiH6o H3i> ero jnojeft hjih y MeHH HeyaaHH bi» JiHHHoft 
>kh3hh. CMymeHHuft h npHcrujiceHHuft, fl no6opojn> CBoe BOJiHe- 
Hie h oTB^THJ-b rpac|>y, hto cKop6b moh npHBe3eHa mhok> BM-fccrfc ct> 
6aranceMi> h hto h He Mory jKajoBaTbCH hh Ha hto bb 3aMirfc. 
rpacj)!,, oAHano, He xorfcrb MeHH ocTaBHTb, h mm npojoioJUKajH 
pa3roBopi>, ryjHH B3ajn> h Bnepe;n> no 6ajKOHy. 

Bctcop-fc h AOJweH-b 6ujrb o6i>HCHHTb, hto He npHRaaJiejicy KT* 

CBHTt AOKTOpa <I>ayCTa, HO n03HaKOMHJCH C*b HHMT> JHHIb TpH ahh 

Ha3ajn», h sto oneHb pacnooiojKHJio rpacf)a bt> mo© nooibay. B*b to 
^ce BpeMH p^hh rpac|>a, bti> KOTopurb, Moxterb 6uTb ct» H3JiHniHeft, 
h 6u cKa3ajfb MepnypiajbHoft, ;KHBocTbK> nepeJiHBajocb xopomee 
06pa3OBaHie, hmt» noayneHHoe, npHMHpRHH MeHH ct» ero Bnepam- 
hhmi» ynacrieM-b bt» HacM-fcmKaxi> Hajcb naMH h uo3BOJihjih mh* 
OTHecTHCb K*b HeMy cb AOB-fcpieM-b. H Kor^a, cjiobo aa cjiobomt*, 
o6xHCHHJocb, hto y Hac-b ct> hhmt> ecTb o6mie jik>6hmuu bt» Mipi 
awopoBi* h KHHrb, h oht* HeMe^JH npeiwojKHJi'b mh* noKasaTb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



34 BfcCH N 3 

cbok) 6H6jrioTeKy, a hc Hamejn> hh npHHHHt hh noBojoB-b, hto6u 

O TK33aTbCH. 

Bt> Ka6HHert rpacj^a ji yBipnaai oKOHHaTeibHo, hto nepBoea- 
najbHoe Moe Ha&nK>AeHie 6hjio cnpaBe.n*HBo h too oht> npnaaji- 
jie/KHTb kt> JiyHmmn* jk>^hmt> cBoero cocjioblh, Tain> Kam» ero 
co6paHifl czrkaajH 6u necTb jioCoMy yqeHOMy. rpacjrb nposexb 
MeHH nepe;n> irkiHMH pujaMH nojioKt ct> KHRraMH, noKa3biBajn> 
MH-fe iriHHtie nepeiueru h3t> nepraMeirra, AepeBa, kokch, npacHoft, 
3eneHoft, nepHoft, h pa3Hbia p^akocthuh H3JWHia, BHrneamia h3t>- 
no4i> JiynmHrb cTaHKOB-b, h jiio6obho co6paHHbia hmt> nyTeBOAKU* 
B-fexH Haraero BpeMeHH, Kain> cEpistolae obscurorum virorumi, cLaus 
Stultitiaei, t Oestrus », KOTopuxt BCTp-fenaj-b h, Kaicb 4o6pun> jpy- 
3eft, Cb KOHMH JWBHO He BHjrfcjioi. I1otomi> rpacjrb uoKa3ajn> MH-fe 
pa3Hue HayHHbie npn6opH, KoropurL 6hjio y Hero MHOyKecrao: 
rjo6ycu, 3eMHbie h He6ecH«e, acTpoji>i6iH, apMUMH, iopRBera h 
eme Kaicie-To MH-fe HeB-feAOMtie, h Tyn> xce pa3CKa3ajn> MH-fe cM-fe- 
jiyio h nopa3HTeaibHyio Teopi» HnKOJiaa KonepHHKa H3i> <I>pay3H6ypra 
o ycTpoftcTB-fe He6a, KOTopyio Torjia * cnbimaxb BnepBue, noTOMy 

HTO 40 CHXT> nopt COHHHeHLH STOrO aCTpOHOMa He H34aHU. HaKO- 

Heut, rpacf)i» pacKpbun> npeao mhokd cboh jueihkh h BtiHyra h3t» 
HHXb pyKOHHCHUe KOjeKCH JiaTHHCKHXT* nncaTejeft, Ao6bmje HMT» 

bi> cocfeAHHXT* MOHacTupHxt, co6paHie npeKpacHun* jpeBHHxt 
reMMt, BtiBe3eHHoe hmt* h3t> ero nyTemecTBin no Urcnin, a, 
HaKOHeut, bt> oco6oM'b Jiapu-fe, nanny nnceM-b 3HaMeHHTaro yjbpmca 
Ua3ui, cb KOTopuMt oht> 6iun> bt» jiHHHoft nepenncicfe. 

JlerKo 6hjjo nojwi-feTHTb, hto rpacjrb noKa3UBaerb cBoe co6pame He 
6e3'b A*feTCKaroxBacTOBCTBa, ho Bee xce ero jiioSoBb kt» HayicajTbH hc- 
KyccTBaMi> coBepmeHHo npHMHpHJia mchh ct» hhmt>, h a, jttejiaji 
c^'fejiaTb eMy npurrHoe, cKa3aji'b, hto ero 6oraTCTBaMi» no3aBHj*o- 
Bajii» 6u caM-b BaTHKam*. OKOHHaTejibHo BocxumeHHtifl Moeft jecn»D, 
rpacfvb yca^HJii* mchji npoTHB'b ce6n h CKa3ajn> MH-fe Taici>: 

— % 6ooi-fee He Mory Bacb ciHTaTb nyjKHM-b, noTOMy hto bu 
npHHa^JOKHre kt> HHcny rtx*b Ke hobbixi> jiDjieft, KaKi» jr cajc-b, 
h, — KJiHHycb TepKyjiecoM'bl — MH-fe 6«ao 6h cthaho Bacb o6MaHUBaTb. 
IloaTOMy h ^oJDKeH-b npocHTb Bacb npe^ue Bcero otrpobchuo 
CKa3atb MH-fc, hto bu AyMaete o AOKTop*i 4>aycrfe. 



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OrflEHHUft ARTRJFb. 85 

% oTrfcnurb, hto cqHTao <t>aycra HeaorfeKoirb craparo ciuuua, 
ho Hpe3BiiHaftHO yneHUM-b h yMHUM-b h He yAepwajc*, hto6u He 
npnGaBHTb, hto 4>aycn> aoctohht* 6ojbmaro BHHMaiiia, Hexcejn 

TO, KOTOpoe npOHBJ*K>TT> RT> HCMy B*b 3aMR-fc. 

TorAa rpacfn* CKa3aj*b MH*fc cj*fcAy»mee: 

— A 3saere jih bu, icaiue X0AJm> oiyxH o 4>aycrt r ero npi- 
aiea-i? Pa3CKa3UBa»TT>, hto 9tott> Mec^HCTo^Jiecb hhkto hhoA, 
KaKt Ab*BOXb» KOTopuft o5«3aHT> cayxHTb jiOKTopy ABajwaTb ne- 
Tupe roAa cb rfcjrb> hto6u aanojyHHTb noTOMT> bt» cbok> BjacTb 
ero Aymy. H, pasyjrfceroi, He B-kpi) TanoMy B3*opy, Kaitb He rkpx> 
Boo6me bt> naKTu c*b jeiiOHaMH, h Aynax), hto Awraoa-b 3aKA©HHJT> 
6u mtoxyi) CA-kiKy, nojyHnrb rb xuaTewb 3a peajbHti* yaiyra — 
Aymy. Mirfe RajReTc*, hto a^o mhoto npome h hto Bamn cnyr- 
hhkh, a moh rocTH — npocro mapaaiaHu, ROTopue nojib3yK)TCJi He 

CHJMMH ajU, HO HpieMaMH J!OBRHXT> MOOieHHHKOBT,. OHH -t3JUTTl> H3T» 

3aMKa bt» 3aMOKi», H3ii ropoAa rb ropoAi», Beaxfe BUAawaa ce6a sa 
sapoji-feesi, h noKa3UBaji 4>oKycu, a B3aniHT> co6npaa AeHbra, 
no3BOjm»mui hmt. jkhtb 6e36*fcAHO. 

3th caoBa Rpaitae CMyman MeHx f noTOMy hto ao Toro BpeitCHii 
% CHHTaj-b AOKTopa 4>aycTa HeJOB*fcROMi> BnojiH-fc 6jaropoAHUjn>, 
h * Hanaj-b 3amHmaTb ero co Bcfcm> xcapoM-b, TaR-b hto Menuy 
HaMH npoH3omej*b Aapce aobojbho p-taxiA cnop-b. H bt> ROHirfc koh- 
uoBb rpacfn* yxce npnuo npH3Hajc* nH*fe f hto npHnaacnj-b kt» ce6-fc 
npotaftaBmaro mhmo AORTopa <I>aycTa cb eAHHCTseHHoA u-kibio 

H306jHHHTb erO npOA*fejiKH H BUBeCTH ero Ha HHCTyiO BOAy, 

Tyn> Ke opeAiowHB-b MH-fc npHHjm. ynacrie bt> o6iaeMT> 3aroBop-fc 
h noMOHb eity rb TaROMi> jta-fc. TaR-b ona3ajcH * BHe3anHo ne- 
peA"b TpyAHUM-b Bu6opoMi», KaKi» TepRyjec-b Ha pacnyTbH, ct> tok> 
ToibKO pa3HHaeft, hto Men-fee 6mjo AM MeHB BCHO, Ha Kanofi CTO- 
pork JJoCpoA'trejb n Ha xaKoft IIopoin>, n6o h o6pa3i» rpacf)a H3i> 
Hamefl 6ecfeAw BiicTynHjrb am mchh Kpaitae npHBjeKarejbHUM-b h 
o Aonropi *aycrt ycn-kn» si cocraBHTb cynueHie canoe jtecrnoe. 
HiKOTopoe BpeMA sicu Moefi AyniH ROJieOaJHCb AOBOJbHO Heonpe- 
AiaeHHo, ho noToin> a Hamejrb TOHKy hxt. paBHortcU h cKa3ajti> 
rpac(>y: 

— Hh rb RaKOMi» caynai He corjiaraycb n ynacTBOBaTb bt» 3a- 



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36 B£CH N S 

roBopi npoTHBi> nejiOBiica, He cjrfejaBmaro MH-fe HHnero ayp- 
Horo h KOToparo cwra» BecbMa npocB-femeHHuin>. Ho h3t» 
yBajKemji ki> Ba»n>, rocnoAHHT> rpacf>i>, a He npejnpHMy HHnero 
npoTHBi, Bamero 3aMticJia h o6ima©cb Bam*, hto He citajBy hb 
cjoBa mohmt> cnyTHHKaMi* o6t> 3Tomi> Hamem> pa3roBop-fe. 

Koi\na rpa<t>i> Moe p-fcmeme npHHWb, noica3ajoci> iuri yjite He- 
yii'icTHUM'B 3aroBOpHTb o CBoewh oTbi3ji% h h nocTaHOBHJn, npo 
BecTH erne oahht> Aenh bt> 3zmk&, ho co3Haioa>, hto BCTp-fcmnai 
ci> Mecf)HCToct)ejreMi> h 4>aycToin> He 6e3t cityiueHia, Kam> bhho- 
BaTuft. H qyBCTByH ce6ji He npHCTaBmnirb hh kt> tomv hh 
K'b ApyroMy 6epery, Kaicb 6h bt> noj-fc MOitny 4ByM* Bpaac- 
Ae6HUMH JiarepnuH, a erne MeH*fee, HejitejiH HaKaHyH-fc, Mon> npo- 
XBHTb ce6* BecejiHMi, TOBapHiuein*, Tain> hto, HaB-fcpHoe, bt> 3axirfc, 
bt> rfc 4hh, Bet npHHHJiH MeHH 3a HeaoB-feKa Hpe3BtiHafiHo xpan- 
Haro h HejiwAHMaro. Bnponeirb, a no < nM'fcTHjn>, hto bt» AaHHoin» 
o6mecTB-fe mbi Bcerja ocraeMCH bt> Toft caMoft jtacicfe, bt> Kanofi 
arynaftHo noflBJineMCH Taat-b nepBbift pa3i>, npn newb Harmony H3X 

HaCT> npHXO^HTCH BT> pa3HUXT> KpyraX1> HOCHTb MHO>KeCTBO C1MMXT» 
pa3H006pa3HMXT> JIHHHITb. 

Torb BTopoft AeHb, npoBejieHHHft Hana kt> 32luk% Becb ymea* 
Ha oxoTy, ^aHHyv) bt> necTb ero roareft rpacjxm-b, ho KOTopy© 
onHCbiBaTb h He 6yAy, hto6u He 6jyw4aTb cHHmKOMT> nacro b^ 
cBoeMi> pa3CKa3-k OKOjrbHHMH nyTHMH. CicajKy tojilko, hto, Hecjio- 
TpH Ha paHHee Bpeam ro^a, oxoTy mojkho 6ujo chcctl BncxaH-fe 
yAaBiueftcji, Tain> Kaio> 0Ha jocraBHora He Majo Becejb* eji ynacT- 

HHKaMT* H 6bIJIT> 3aTpaBJieHT> Ka6aHT», 3B-fcpb BT> TOft JffccTHOCTH 

p-fe^Kift. 4>aycrb t Kant h Bnepa, 6ujn> npeweTOM-b BcuHecKHxt 
Hana^OK-b, Ha KOTopbia omm> oTB-fenajn* 6ojibmeK> nacTbio Me<j>n- 
cTo4>eJiecb, nopo» M-fenco, nopoio AOBoabHO rpy6o, BbiaraBHBi> 
ce6a rtMt, hto HcnaHUbi Ha3UBaiorb cbocarrero, h CHHcnaBi* Heco- 

JIH^HHyiO 6jiarOCKJIOHHOCTb JWITb. 

Bt> 3aMOKT> BepHyjiHCb Mbi y>Ke no3AHo, c*b rtM-b 6oMj>uurh n 
KaKT> 6m orHeBbiMT, yTOMJieHienT>, KaKoe jw»rb Tpy^u Ha OTKpu- 

TOMT> BOSAyxt, H HaCT> OHHTb KAai'h me^puft yjKHHT>, npHTOTOB- 

jieHHbifl bt> tomt* >Ke 3aji-k, rji-fe Bnepa. O^HaKo, Ha 3Tor* paai 
rpacf)T> He xorkin, oTHJia^biBaTb cBoero 3aMbicaa h, eABa roiojiv 



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OrHEHHUft AHrEJTL. 37 

6uji> yjtoBJteTBopeBrb, cant o6paTHJcx kt» AORTopy cb TaRoft 
p-fenbio: 

— HaiCL H3b-bctho, yBajnaeMuft AORTopi*, «rro B*b o6jiacm Marin 
bu AocrnrjiH ycn*txoBi> ftiHcraTexbHurb, Tain* hto HeyM-fccTHo Aawe 

paBHATb CT» BaMH ROTO-Jh6o H3T> COBpeMeHHWXT. MarHKOBt, HH 

HcnaHiia Toppajb6y (Aa 6yAeTb jento Ayni-fc cro b*l uapcTB-fe Iljry- 
TOHa!), hh mojoaoto HocTpa^aMyca, o KOTopoMi. crojbRo niymrn. 
HWH-fe. H3b*bxtho Ha mi. TaRace, hto Ha npocb6u jipymrb jnin» 

ftBHTb CBOe HCRyCCTBO BU He OTB*fc<iaJH OTRa30M*b, H, HanpHM'fcp'b, 

KHH3K) AHrajibTcnoMy jiajiH B03MOHCHocTb boohmo yBHAtab Aje- 
KcaHJipa BejHxaro MaReAOHCRaro h ero cynpyry, BamHMH 3aKJm- 
HaniflMH B03BpameHHHXi> H3-b rfeHefl Opna nojn> crfen> Tejiioca. 
Tenepb ace Bee o6mecTBO npncoeAHHjierb kt> mohmt> cboh npocbGu, 
yMOJiaji Bac-b noKa3aTb h HaM*b xot* 6m nacnray Bamero qyjio- 
jiiftcTBeHHaro ncKyccTBa. 

H Cb HanpHHCeHHUM'b BHHMaHieMl» ORHAaJTb, HTO AORTOpi* 

4>aycn> oTB-fernrb, TaR*b Kani* B*b npocbC-fc ipac|>a jicho paaiH«iHJi» 
* npy^HHH h ahcrh 3anaAHH, n mh-b xorfeaocb, «rro6u AORTopi* 
pi3KHMH cnoBaMH npepBaxb JHUCM-BpayK) p-feqb. Ho, KT» MOeMV 
yjWBaemK), AORTopi* *aycrb, AepncaBiniAcji ao Toro BpeneHH npe3- 
BuqafiHo cAepjgaHHo, Tenepb otb-bthjt. TaR-b, cb BTEKOTopuM'b bh- 
coKOM-fepieMi.: 

— JIio6e3Hufi rpacfrb, bt> 6jaroAapHOcn> 3a Bame rocTenpiHM- 
ctbo a, nojRajyft, corjiacem> noKa3an, BaMi. to HeMHoroe, hto no3- 
Bojxrb MH-i CRpoMHUH moh no3HaHi*, h noiaraiD, «rro khh3» 
AnrajbTCROMy HeiiM-b 6yjierb xBacTaTbc* nepeAT» BaMH. 

KaKi> Tenepb a HCToxROBUBao, 4>aycrb, ocKopGaeHHbiA oTHome- 
HieM-b R-b neny rpa()>a h ero npH6jHjReHHtirb, xorfejit AORa3aTb 

RMT» BCBM'b, HTO A'fcftCTBHTeJIbHO OHT» 06jia^aeTb CHJiaMH, HM*b He- 

R3BicTHUMH 9 h pa ah TaRoro, He coBc-BM-b aocToftnaro TmecjiaBLH, 
ptujHacH yHH3HTb Mariio ao ny6jiHHHaro omm. Ho bt» tott. nacb, 
noxb BJiuraieM-b noA03pimft q>ac|>a, mh* npeAcraBHJOcb, hto aor- 
Top-b, corjiacHCb Ha npocb6y, o6jrHHHjrb ce6a, RaR-b npoAajRHaro 
mapjaxaaa, h6o tojuro ohh oahh cqocoGhu bt> j 1060ft nacb n 

Vh J»60M-b M-fecTB BM3HBaTb npH3paRH, — TaRT> HTO TOTOB-b H CMJI-b 

nocTaBHTb ero Ha OAHy jocRy c-b njyraMH, pa3*b-B3>KaK)niHMH no 



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38 BfcCH N 3 

AepeBHiurb am pacnpoAajKH paamix-b aMyjeTOBi*, irkneSHHrb ma- 
CTupeft, Booinic6HMXTi mwiojib, Hepa3M-fcHHWx*b T&iepoB-b h nponaro. 
Me;KAy rini», MectmcToc^enecb, BCTaB-b, noAomeji> in> 4>aycry r 
Hanajrb hto-to roBopHTb eny y6-fcjurreji>HO Ha yxo, ho tott> rcfcBHo 
noxtaxb njienaMH, nam* 6h roBopa: en Taio> xony», h Me<J)HCTo- 
4>ejeci> OTomeorb, HeAOBOJbHtifi. 

TaiCb KaKT. BCt B*b 3TO BpeM* myMHO HOAaHJHCb H3T>-3a CTOJa 

h OKpyjKHJH AOKTopa, h3t>hbjjut eMy 6jiaroAapHocTb 3a p-fcmeme, 
a, Bocnojib30BaBmHCb o6iuhmt> ABHjKeHieM-b, noKHHyjn> KOMHary b 
yineorb ryjjiTb no nycTtiHHoft rajjepefc, cepjucb Ha ce6a, «rro Be 
npHBejit bt> HcnojHeme cBoero BiepaniHjiro pimeHui, h Boo6me 
nyBCTByji cbok) Aymy, Kairb pa3CTpoeHHyio Biojy. OAHaico, jk>6o- 

ntlTCTBO, HJIH, TOHH-fee, JKaWAa HacrfcAOBaHUl, KOTOpoft B He CTU- 

>Kycb hh nano, He ho3bojhjio MH-fc npoBecrn tott> Benep*b OTA'fcjbHo 
orb o6mecTBa, TaKi> hto, cnycTH noj-b-naca BpeiteHH, k BepHyjcs 
bt> o6my» 3ajy h Bce-TaKH 6tun» cBHA'fcrejeM'b MarHnecKaro onbrra, 
coBepmeHHaro AOKTopom* 4>aycTOM-b, KOTopufl h onnmy 3A*fccb, ci 
TBM'b )Ke 6e3npHCTpacTieMT>, Kain> Bee onncuBaj'b ocraibHoe, cTapajicb 
He npn6aBHTb hh oahoA nepTu kt> TOMy, hto oTnenaTaaocb bt> namiTH. 
fiii 3ajx-fe ctojit. h Kpecjia 6ujh oTOABHHyru bt> yrai*b, a see 
o6mecTBo pa3ckiocb Ha CKaMbux-b, nocraBjeHHux-b nonepem* kom- 
HaTti, h, nepemennaBaBCb h nepecirfcHBaacb, ojKHAaJo Hai&ia onuTa, 
cjiobho npeACTaBjeHLH Becejoft nacTyp&nH. JJjui rpacfca r rpa4>HHH 
6hjih BHABHHyTH BnepeAi> ABa Kpecaa, Me<J)HCTo4>ejecb, ctob okojo, 
AaBaoi-b rmt> KaKU-To o6-bBCHeHur, a AOKTop-b 4>aycrb, oneHb 6jrfcA- 
Huft, nooAajb OTAaBasi> nocj'fcAHi* pacnopjUKemji ciyrain>. H no- 
ii'fecTHJicji Ha caMOM-b Kpaio cKaMbR BToporo pjwa, oTRyAa yAo6HO 

MH*t 6MJO Ha6jK>AaTb 3a Bciwh npOHCXOAHBOlHM'b. 

KorAa npncyTCTByionue H-fccKOJibKO ycnoKOHJRCb, AOKTop-b 
4>aycrb cKa3ajn>: 

— MnjiocTHBue rpacfrb h rpacfwHa, j»6c3hhji AaMH h cjaBHue 
puuapHl Cefinac-b * 3acraBJK> BBRTbcn nepeAi> Bairn Booniio napnny 
EjieHy, cynpyry uapn MeHejian, AOHb THHAapa h Jleju, cecrpy 
KacTopa h IIojuiyKca, — Ty, KOTopyc bt> TpeiuH 3BaiH — npeKpacirkfl- 
meft. UapHua >ibhtcb nepeAi* BaMR bt> tomt> caMOM-b Bnni Ho6pa3^ 
KaKofl OHa HM-fcia npn wh3hh, h o6oftAerb Bamn pbam, uo3bojm 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHfl AHrEJTL. 39 

Ban CMOTp-brb Ha ce6n, n ocTaHeTCH bt> Bameirb o&uecTB-fc okojio 
both MHHyn>, nocji-fc nero AOJWHa 6yAen> Hc^e3Hyn> cHOBa. 

iloKTopt 4>aycn> roBopHjn> sth cnoBa TBepAo, ho uni bt> ero 
rojocfe nociBimajiacb Kaicafl-To HanpjwceHHOcTb h B3rMAi> ero rjia3i> 
6ujh» ciHmROMi> ocTpi,, TaK'b hto mojkho 6hjio noAyiiaTb, HTO caM'b 
oht> He oneHb B'fcpnrb bt> yctrix-b npeAnpHHflTaro hut* A*fcjia. Ho 
Kam> TOJbKo oht> KOHHHjn> roBopHTb, MecfjHCToc^eJiec'b Ao6aBHJn>: 

— % oneHb npcaynpoKAa© Bacb, MHJocTHBue rocnoja, hto, 
noKa jfojeme 6y^eTi» cpeAH Hacb, bu He aojijkhu npoH3HOCHTb hh 
cioBa, rfeMt doj'fce He o6pamaTbCH kt> Heiiy ct> p-fcqbK), He aojijkhu 
ero KacaTbcn h Boo6me BcraeaTb ct> iffccTa, — bt> 3tomt> bbi aojijkhh 
Haii-b AaTb oG-fcmame. 

Tpa<{rb 3a bcbxt> oTB-ferHjrb, hto ohh coraacHH Ha Taici* ycaoBui, 
h Tor*a Me4>HCToct)ejiecT> pacnop>mHJic>! noracHTb Bc*i 4>aicejiH h 

CB^HH, 6lJBIIlk BT» KOMHarfc, KpOM-fe OJHOft OTAaJieHHOft CB-feHH, 

TaKi> hto HacTajia iiohth nojiHaa TeMHOTa. IIoHeMHory bt» ^cyTKOCTH 
3Toro Mpana h bt> BOJiHemH ojKiwaHiji cTajH cTHxaTb eiue pa34a- 
BaBmiecH nopoft monora h mejiecTia naaTbeB-b, h Bee oSmecrBo, 
Kain> 6u bt> HcpHuft Kojojieu-b, onycTHJocb bt> THinHHy. Eme 
noorfc, wb pa3Htixi> yraaxi> KOMHaTu B^pyn> nociumajiiicb rfc cajcu* 

nOTpeCKHBaHlH H nOCTyKHBaHLff, KOTOpHfl MH-fc V^e AOBOAHJIOCb 

ciumaTb cb PeHaroio h KOTopu* iioe cepaue BcrpHfeTHjio tockjih- 
BUM-b 6ieBieMi>. IIotomt> mcwhho nonaujH nepe3*b bcio KOMHaTy 

CB^THHUHCH 3B-B34W, HCHC3aH BHC3aiIHO, H, HeCMOTpH Ha TO, HTO 

Torju % y)K*b He 6hjh> hobhhkomt> bt> flBaemflxt Marn^ecKHXt, 
HeBOJbHan jtpojKb OBJiafl'fejia mhok>. 

HaKOHem>, bt> OTjajeHHoifb ynny 6-fejiecoBaToe ofmKO owfe- 
jHJiocb orb nojiy, h, 3h6mcb h KOJiuxancb, cTajio noAHMaTbca, 
pacTH h BUTarHBaTbca, npHHHMan 4>opny HejiOB'tnecKoft (fwrypu. 
CnycT* H-fecKOJibKo MrHOBemft npocTynHJio h3t> oGjiana jihuo, npHAH 

TyMaHa GIOJKMHCb B*b CKJiaAKH OAe^Abl, H CHOBHO yKHBafl ^ceHmHHa 
nOILBMJia KT> HaMT», CMVTHO BH^HliaH BT> rJiy60KOMT> CyMpaK*fe KOMHaTW. 

CHanajia npH3paKi» npH6jiH3KJicH kt> rpac^y h H-feKOTopoe Bpen>i 
KOjeGjiiicb, cToa-Tb nepeAi> HHifb HenoABH^cHo; noTOM-b cTOJb ^ce 
MejueHHo 9 KaKi> no B03^yxy, abhhvjich bji^bo h cTajn> npn6jiH- 
HcaTbCH ko mh^. H KaKt hh 6ujh> h noTpnceHt 3p'klHmeM'b 1 OA- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



40 BfeCH N 3 

Hano, He 3a6ujn> * co6paTb Bee cboc BHHMame, hto6h paacMOTp-fcib 
BHA'tme bo Bcfert noApo6HocTxrb. 

EaeHa, ckojlko h Mori. 3anonHHTb, 6uja HeBucoua pocroirbfi 
ojrfrra bt> iiairriK) TeMHo-nypnypHyio, bt> tomt> pojri, Kaida H3o6pa- 
xcajii» xyAomHHKt Aiupea Ma?rreHb*; bojocu en, uB-kra 30joth- 
cTaro, 6hjih pacnymeHH h cTOJb ;uihhhh, hto naaajiH eft jo camix* 
KOJi-feHt; 6ujih y Hen nepHbie Kant yroab i\ia3a, oneHb apKLH ry6u 
MajeHbKaro pxa, 6-kiafl, H3ni6HHBafl, KaKi> y Jie6ejw, me«, h Becb 

06jIHK'b BOBCe He UapCTBeHHUft, HO na-feHHTeJbHHft MP KpaftHOCTH. 

Mhmo MeHji OHa npocKOJb3Hyjia HpesBunaftHO 6ucTpo, h, npojioj- 
;naji CBOft nyib cpejtfi 3pHTejieft, np«6jiH3HJiacb kt> aoitropy <£aycTy, 
KOTopuft, HacKOJibKO to mokho 6ujo pa3CMOTp-fcrb bt> nojyMparfc, 
bt> BejiHHaflmeMT> BOjmemH 6pocHJcx Bnepejn> h npoorepi* pyKH 
kt> npR3paKy. 3to ABH/Keme aenn nopa3HJio oneHb, TaK*b Kain> 
jub&do 3aKJ»4HTb, hto am caMoro 4>aycTa ABjeme 6mo hcokh- 

AaHHOCTbK). 

Ho a He yen-trb eme o6cy*HTb Bnojiirfc sto coo6pa»ceHie, Korju 
Bjpyrb npoH3om.no H-fenTo Tanoe, hto cpa3y npepBaao Hanrb on«Tb, 
HanaBniiftcH Tain> 3aMaHHHBO. A hmchho, Kor.ua EaeHa, oTCTpamucb 
orb AOKTopa, npn6jiH3HJiacb kt> Ky3eHy rpa<J)a, cHA^BnieMy Ha j*k- 

BOM-b KOHH*t BTOporO pH^a, 0HT> BHe3aHHO BCKOHHJH>, OTBaHCHO 
CXBaTHJIT> npH3paKT> BT> CBOH pyKH H rpOMKHMT> rOJIOCOMT> KpHKHyXb*. 

cOnuili 4>aycrb bt> Ty we MHHyTy yarpeitHJioi in> HeMy ct> boc- 
KJiHiiaHieM-b rops h HeroAOBaHW, Bc*i Toxce cTpeMRTeJibHO hoah*- 
jHCb cb M*icrb, a cnyrn, 3apaH-fee kt> TOMy noAroTOBJCHHiie, bh- 
xsaTHJiH c|)aKejiH, KOTopue ao Toro BpeMeHp yKpusajH rA'fe-To, h 
bch 3aja o3apnjjacb hxt> wejiTOBaTUM-b cB-kroirb. 

H-feKOTopoe Bpeiw bt> cyitaTox-i HHnero HCJb3* 6biJio pa3iHHHTb, 
chobho 6u 3A*tcb ue'Mjiy H3>miHbiMH rocniMH npoH3omjia 6oeB*a 
czBaTKa, ho p'fcmHTejbHoe BM-fcuiaTejibCTBO rpacf>a 6bicrpo saoraBnio 
BcixT. ycnoKOHTbCH. Mm yBHA-fejiH pHoap« Po6epTa, bt> pyicax-b 
KOToparo 6ujh» ihojikobuA aocicyrb TeMHO-nypnypoBoft MaTepin h ko- 
Topuft ynpimo noBTopBJn>: 

— OHa BwpBajiacb h3t> mohxt> pyKT>, HiUHTe ee bt> 3aai, OHa 
AOJjKHa 6«Tb 3A*fecb! 

O^HaKO, flfln BCfexi> 6bIJIO OHeBHAHO, HTO KHBOMy CVmeCTBy He- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



orHEHHfclft AHrEJTb. 41 

B03MOJKHO 6HJO yCKOJIb3HyTb OTb BHHliaHUI CTOJlbKHXT* TJLZ3Tb H 

npHxo^HJOcb npH3HaTB 9 hto npH3paKi> EneHti rpenecKoft pacTaiwb 
bt> pynara cxBaTHBmaro ero puoapn, o6paTHBmHCb bhobb bt> to 
o6jiaKO, H3i> KOToparo o6pa30BaacH. .floKTop-b 4>aycrb ropbKO >«a- 
job&ic£ rpacf)y, hto He 6hjih BunooiHeHu azhhux 06-fcmaHUi, ho 
Mec^HCToc^eJiecb 3aoiHjrb cnop-b xojioahnmh cnoBaMH: 

— Mh Bcfe MO>KeM1> 6lJTL AOBOJIbHM, CKa3aJIT> OHT>, — A0KT0pi> — 

BU3BaBi» BH^HbHie crojib oGojibCTHTejibHoe, hto, puuapb He CMorb 
c^ep^caTb CBoero nopwBa, a puuapb — rtn*b, hto oht> HHH-fcirb He 
nomaTHJicx 3a cbod nonuTKy oaiia.n'fcTb EneHoft TpenecKofi; ilen- 
4>o6t>, KaR-b H3B-BCTHO, 6mjh> MeH-fee cnacTMB-b: eMy 3a to yue ca- 
Jioe oTpy6«jiH hoct> h ymn. 

KoHenHo, TaKaa p-fcnb 6bwa aep3Ka h Me^HCToc^ejiecb Morb 6m 
oTB-BTHTb sa Hee, eciH 6m pimapb, KaK'b h cam, rpa<J>T>, He nyB- 
cTBOBajH ce6n H-fccKOJibKO npHCTbi^eHHUMH h He 6ujih paAH yjia- 
AHTb Bee ueAopa3yM*tHie. Tpac^-b Hanajrb KaKyio-To nyTaHHyio p-fcnb, 
Ha noaoBHHy H3BHHH*cb, na nojioBHHy 6jraixuapH 4>aycra, a h, no4i» 
o6mifl roBop-b, thxo Bumexb h3t> 3ajibi h y^aJiHJic^ bt> cbohd kom- 
HaTy, TaKi> KaK'b MH-fc B^pyrb noKa3ajocb cTNAHNM-b ynacTBOBaTb 
bo Bceft aToft HeyMHofl HCTopin. H'hwb 6m hh 6mjio BHjrfcHHoe 
mhok) SBjeme, A'feflcTBHTejibHo jih MarHHecKHM'b BocKpemeHieni> 
jhhhocth, xcHBmefl bo BpeiieHa He3anaMHTHbia, hjh hoboA npo- 
A-fciKoft, Ha KaKW TaKHM-b MacTepoM-b noKa3ajn> ce6ji Me<J>HCToct>e- 
Jiecb, — MH-fe nona3ajiocb, hto mm, 3pHTejiH, HrpaoiH bt> HeMi> pojib 
yHH3HTejibHyK>, h 3axorkaocb nocnop-fce cTpaxHyTb ct> ce6*, KaK'b 
AojiueByio Bo^y c-b njama, Bcfc BnenaTJi-fcHiji SToro Benepa. 

% 6pocHJicH bt> nocTejib h, koiuw, H-fecKOJibKo BpeMeHH cnycTH, 
AOKTop-b 4>aycrb, npoxoAfl mumo, nocTynajn> bt> moid asepb, Hairfc- 
peHHo He oTKJiHKHyjicji, xfejiaa bhat>, hto y;ice cruio. 

B a ji e p i fi B p » c o d t,. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



DE PROFUNDIS 

OCKAPA YAflJIbiU 

TpH HeHSiUHHfcm OTpUDKa 

r npesHCJOBie Po6epTa Pocca. 



nPE4HCJIOBIE KT> HOBOMY JlOIIOJIHEHHOMy 
AHrjIIflCKOMY H3MHIK). 

JloporoA j-p-b Mefiep4>ejiwn»I 

Ct> 6ojibmoft paAocTbio nocBflmaio Bam, sto HOBoe H3Aame 
De Profundis. He 6y;u> Baci>, h He AyMaio, hto6h Korjia-JH6o ara 
KHHra yBHjekia cb-btt>. Korja Bu snepBue mchh cnpocHjrn o 3a- 
nHCKaxt, ROTopuH, KaKi> Bm cHiimajiH, yaftxbAt HanHcajrb bt> 

TCpbM-B, H BaJfk yiUOHHHBO o6*bJ!CHHJrb, HTO ji HaA*BK>cb Korjia- 

HH6yju> H3AaTb otpubkh 3thxt> 3aiiHcoKT>, coraacHO we-iamo aBTOpa, 
ho hto Tor^a ft CHHTajit 3TO npe>KJieBpeMeHHUMi>. Bm npocnjR 
men* aarb TepMamH (ywe Torjw bmcoko irsHRBineft xpauu Yaffcibjia) 

B03MO^CHOCTb IiepBOft 03HaKOMHTbCH Cb H0BblMT> npoH3BeAeHieirb 
OAHOrO H3T> eH J1106HM'EfimHX7> aBTOpOBl>. % AOBOJIbHO HexoT* co- 

rjiacHJica Ha Baine npeAnoflteme h o6-smajii» npn nepBoft bo3mo&- 
hocth H3BJieHb rfc nacTH 3anHcom>, KOTopbiH MorjiH 6u npejicra- 
BHTb HHTepec-b jwa HHTaomeft ny6jHKH. Mh-b KaweTc*, * crm>ho 

OTCpOHHJlT> 9Ty, AJH MCHH AOBOJIbHO TJIJKeJiyiO, 3ajaHy. ToJbKO 

Bamn nacTbie h HacToftHMbie Ha-B34ti bt> JIohaoht*, BamH eme 
6oj-fee nacTMH h HacToftHHBMfl nncbiia (oahht> bhat» KOTopurb, 

OTKpOBeHHO rOBOp*, H HaHa.ll> HCHaBHA'BTb) — 3aCTaBHJIH MeaH Hcnoi- 

HHTb Bame jKeaaHie. % He HM-kn-b HaM'fcpeHui H3JWTb pyKonncb Kb 
Ahimui; ho, nocaiaB-b Baarb Koni» jyix nepeBo^a h HaneHaTania Kb 
c Die Neue Rundschau*, n no.ayMajn>, hto Mory jocTaBHTb yjoBOJb- 
cTBie tbmt> aHrjiiftcKHM-b Apy3bHMTi h noKJioHHHKait'b yaftjbAa, KO- 
Topue He pa3i> cnpauiHBajiH Men* o6*b stout., H34aBT> oAHOBpeMeHHo 

3aDHCKH BT> AHfJliH. IIpaBJia, H Ha 3T0 p-felllHJICH He 6e3*b KOJe6aHLH, no- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



DE PROFUNDIS. 43 

npHHHHaMt, B^aBaTbCfl B*b hoapo6hocth KOTOpblXT> 3^-fecb BpHAT> jih He- 
o6xo4hmo. Ki» co^caji-femio, hmh YaftjibAaBT> to Bpenn jaiieKO He npunr- 
ho 3Bynajo adh aHrjiftcKaro yxa: ero JiHTepaTypnoe 3HaHeme, KOTopoe 
ct> TpyAOMi> npnsHaBajiocb Aajice B-b 3eHHrt ero 6jecnimeft ApaMa- 
THnecKoft Kapbepti, yace cTajo coBepmeHHo oTpnnaTbca cooTene- 

CTBeRHHRaMH .HjK. PfiCKHHa, He VM-fclOinHMH OTA'BJHTb HeJIOB^Ka OTT> 

xyAO^CHHKa. IlocKOJiLKy sto cnpaBeAJiHBo hjih H'krb— He mh* p-fc- 
maTb. Ho bt> TepMaHiH, rrf TepnuMocTb h npeKJiOHeme nepejn> 
HHcaTejieM'b 6ojrfce pacnpocTpaHeHbi, o npoH3BeAeHwxT» Yaftjib^a 
cyjuwH He3aBHCHMo orb jiHHHoft >KH3HH aBTopa. cCajiOMe*), 3a- 
npemeHHaji aHrjiiftcKHMT> ueH3opoin> erne upn >kh3hh YaflJibiia, 
6uja BKJiioHeHa bt> penepTyapT> eBponeftcicaro Teaipa 3a£ojiro ^o 
Toro, KaKi> eio Bocnojib30BajicH ajh jiH6peTTo cBoeft onepu Ph- 
xap;n> UlTpayc*b. Bt> to me BpeMH Apyrin nbecu YaftjibAa, hchoji- 
H^eHbiH H3p*iAKa 6e3i» yKa3amn hmchh aBTopa bt» aHrniftcKoft npo- 
bhhiuh, 6biJiH noABepnceHii ao npomjiaro ro.ua aHaeeM-fc bt> JIoraoh'e. 
YaftjibA'b (npeyBeoiHHHBaBmift cBoe noTepHHHoe 3HaHeme bt> Ahi-jim 
h He noA03p-BBaBniifl o noJio^emH, KOTopoe eMy 6«jio cy^ueHo 
noToirb 3aHHTb bt> eBponeftcicoft JiHTepatyp-t) iiohth 6e3omn6oHHO 
yKa3UBaen> HajHp-b, *o KOToparo oht> naorb, roBopn B-b De 
Profundis, hto hmh ero cTajo chhohhmomt> 6e3yniB. Ero cooTenecTBeH- 

HHKH OTpeKJIHCb HJIH 3a6iIJIH O ero BeJIHKHXT, HHTeJIJieKTyaJIbHblX'b 

JiapoBaHiax-b. 

Ilocbuiaji Koniio pyKonncn, npeAHa3HaHeHHoft juh Bac-b, khhi-o- 
H3AaTeoibCTBy it. MeTyaH-b (eAHHCTBeHHa* (t>Hpiia, KOTopoft a ee 
npeaioflCHjrb), h o^cHAaJi-b HeMHHyeMaro oTKa3a. Oahhi> OHCHb H3- 
BicTHuft nncaTejib, Hcrraioinift pyKonncn npejwaraeMHX-b khhit> mh 
yKa3aHHofl <f)HpnH, Bce-TaKH BiicKa3ajicH 3a npHHjme en ho, bt> BH^y 
HeB03J*o>KHOCTR npe^yrajaTb ojKHittwmeft KHHry BCTp-fcnH y ny6jiHKH, 

OHT» HaCTOflJTb Ha H3-bHTiH H*BKOTOpb!XT» CTpaHHITb, Ha HTO X OXOTHO 

coraacHJicH. Bt> BHjy Toro, hto ct> tbxt> nop-b no*BHJHCb Ha- 
crofiHRBUH Tpe6oBaHLH ony&iHKOBaTb B*b aHraiftcKOM-b opHrHHaji-fe 
3th CTpaHHUbi, y;ne noaBHBmijiCH bt> TepMaHin, oh-b B-b HacToa- 

mtWb H3AaHiH B03CTaHOBJeHH HapH4y CT> H-BKOTOpblMH ApyrHMH, 

npaB^a, MeH*te 3HaHHTejbHuiiH cipaHHuaMH, BnepBue no^BJUHiomH- 
mhch bt> nenaTH... RnarocKJiOHHan BCTp-fena, oKa3aHHan nepBWMT> 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



44 B4CH N 3 

H3AaHiHMT» De Profundis, MH*i Ka^ceTcn, jiocTaTOHHo onpaBAUBaer* 
noHBJieHie HOBaro, 6oJi-te nojiHaro, h3;uhLh. Moh c&muh rop>i<rii 
Hajie>fu,w onpaBAajHCt: aHrjiificKaa KpHTHKa Hanua bo3mo/Khhmt> 
BfciCKa3aTbCH o nncaTeji-t, GjiarocKJioHHo hjih oTpHtunreabHO, He iioa- 
nepKHBan cBoero eciecTBeHHaro npe4y6*i;iueHiji nporaB-b kohiu 
ero JiHHHOft Kapbepu, aajne pa36npan 3Ty KHHry, ixfe TBopnecTBO 
h JiRHHan #(H3Hb afiTopa HeH36-t>KHO Bti3HBaK)TT> conocrafijeHie. 
KoueHHo, 9to nocMepTHoe npoH3BejicHie Yafijib4a Bti3Bajio He oahht. 

CypOBblft OT3HBT>, Ha KOTOpue Z He MOry 3Kkcb B03pa3HTb, C03H2- 

Baa, hto ohh He Tpe6yiorb B03pa>KeHi>i. 

Ho, hto6h 6uTb cnpaBe^HBUMi, no oTHOineHi» kt> aBiopy r 
Kb ce6-fe, ecTb ^ea nyHKTa, KOTopue a 3xfccb AOJweH'b BiiacHHTb. 
3arjiaBie De Profundis, kt> KoropoMy MHorie npnAHpanHCb, — npn- 
HaAjre^CHTb MH-fe, Kani> Bu sto noMHHTe h3t> Hauieft nepenncKH. 

H3BHHJlTbCft 3a 3TO, OTKpOBeHHO TOBOpjI, H He CHHTaK) HyjKHHM*. 

3arfeMi> H-BKOTopue (cpeAH 4pyrHxi> — oahht> oneHb H3B*fecTHuft 
c{)paHuy3CKiA nncaTejib) jbCTHJiH MH-fe npeanojiojKeHieM-b, hto De Pro- 
fundis 6ijjjo Bceu-fejio coHHHeHo mhok) hjih >Ke HBHJiocb nepepaooTRoft 
nnceM-b Yaftjib^a ko MH-fe. Ecsh6u x o6jia4ajn> aocTaTOHHHM-b TajaH- 
tomt. m* TaKoro xy^oncecTBeHHaro nojnuiora hjih MomeHHHHecTBa, a 
AaBHo 6u co3Aajn> ce6-fe hmh bt» JiHTepaTyp-fe. % CHHTaio TooibKO Hy»- 
HMMT>3A-fecb 3aHBHTb, hto De Protundis npe^cTaBjiHerb co6o» pyKonacb 

BT> 80 MeJIKO HCHHCaHHblX-b CTpaHHITb Ha ABajUWTH 60JbmHXT» JH- 

cTaxi>; hto oho Ha6pocaHo bt» bha* nncbMa kt> oAHOMy H3i> 6jh3- 
khxt> Apy3eft aBTopa — h e ko m h -fe; hto oho HanncaHo bt> pa3Hoe 
BpeM>i Ha cHHeft, uiTeMnejieBaHHoft TiopeMHoft 6yMarfe bt> Teneme 
nocji-fe^HHx-b niecTH M-fecnueBT. npe6uBaHUi aBTopa bt> T©pbMi. 
YnoMHHaHiH o6t> SToft pynonHCH h yKa3amfl, KaKi> cl Heft noory- 
nHTb, BCTp-fenawTCH bt> y#ce ony6jiHKOBaHHuxi» nHCbMax-b YafljbAa 
ko MH-fe. PyKonncb 6ujia nepe^aHa MH-fe aBTopoM-b bt> j&Hb ero 
ocBo6oHC4eHUi. 3a HCKJuonemeM-b Maiopa Hejibcoaa, 6uBmaro Tor^a 

HanaJbHRKOM-b Pa^HHrCKOft TK>pbMM, H peMHHrTOHHCTKH, HHKTO He 

HHTaJi-b pyKonncb u-fejiHKOMx. BonpeKH o6menpHHHTOMy MH-fcmi), 
OHa He cojiepHCHTb bt> ce6-fe HHHero cKaHA&nbHaro. Ona HanncaHa 
6e3i> onpejrfcneHHoft cxeMH hjih njiaHa; nepBOHanajbHuft 3aMucejrb 
aBTopa *BCTBeHHO h HeoAHOKpaTHo m^hjuicji no M-fep-fc Toro, Kam> 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



DE PROFUNDIS. 45 

om> nucajiT*; bt> cBoem* E-fenoMt 3To npOH3BeAeHie oneHb 6e3- 

cbs3ho h 6ojibraafl nacTb ero 3aHHTa a^obumh h nacTHHMH jaH- 

hmmh, He npe^cTaBJi^iomHMH HHuaKoro HHTepeca juh nyCjHKH. 

PyKonHCL BHA-fejin h n04JiHHH0CTb en noATBepAHJiH Mejiuy npo- 

hhmh — Bm, r. MeTy3Hi> h r. TaMHJibTOHT> 4>aft4>i», 6uBniift penaK- 

Top-b ra3era cThe Daily Mirrori, tj& ojiuz cTpaHHiu en 6ujia boo 

npoH3Be^eHa 4>aKCHMHJie... 

Bm h jpyrie Apy3b* He pa3T> cnpamHBajiH mchh — noneMy n He 

Hannmy onHcairia >kh3HH Ocuapa yaft;ib;tt. % Bain> oTB-feny — no 

4ByM-b npHHHHaMi>. Bo-nepBwx-b, h He CHHTaio sto ce6*fe no cnjiairb. 

Bo-BTopux-L, Po6eprb IIIepapA'b y>ne nonojiHHjn> 3Tott> npo6-fcjn>. 

KHHra IIIepapAa coAep?KHrb Bcfe HaH6oxie 3HaHHTejibHue <J>aKTH 

H3i> >kh3hh Yaftjib^a; oniH6KH, BCTp'tnaiomucji bt> aioft KHHrfc, — 

BTopocTeneHHoft Ba>KHOCTH, 3a HCKJnoHemeMT> rfex-b M-fccrb, ixfc OHT> 

TaKi> ptmapcKH npeyBejiHHHBaerb moh othooichih kt> Yafluib^y. Ho 

ero B3rjuun> hz Hainero to6maroi apyra He coBna^aeTT> ct> iioeft 

TOHKoft 3p-feHiji Ha Hero, oco6eHHO Tain., ixfc 3to KacaeTcn cTpajaHift 

yafijbAa no ocBo6ojiueHiH H3i> TiopbMfci. Hto yaftjibXb cTpa^aji-b 

BpeMeHaMH orb KpafiHeft 6-t^HocTH h ero oneHb MyqHXb ocTpa- 

kh3mt> o6inecrBa— x npeKpacHO co3Ha»; ho bt> cymHocTH ero Ha- 

cTpoeHie 6mjo Bcer.ua xoponiHSTb, h, j«H*t KajneTcji, ero Becejiuft 

HpaBi» h HacjiajitneHie KH3H1K) cHJibHo nepeB-iniHBajiH bchkir th- 

Kejiua BocnoMHHaHin h co3Hanie ABycuucjieHHaro h TparnnecKaro 

nojoKemH. Bh* coMH-femfl, oht> ocTpo oiuymajit sto nojioxceme, ho, 

no o6uKHOBemio, TmaTejibHo cnpuBaJTb cboh nyBCTBa h ocTpun 

npoHBaieHin hxt> AflHJiHCb Bcei\aa Bcero H-fecnojibKo jHeft. Yafijib^-b 

6uji» HejoB^KT* ct> BecbMa pa3HOJiHKHMi» xapaKTepoMi>; h Kam> 40, 

TaKi> h nocrfc CBoero na^emn, hmchho no oTHonjemio kt» stomv 

CBoeny xapaiaepy h cbohmt, jiocTOHHCTBain>, oht> ocTaBJijuib nopa- 

3HTejbHo npoTHBonoJio^cHoe BnenaTJi-kHie Ha JiwAeft, MHHmHXT* ce6n 

3HaTOKanH cbohxt> co6paTbeBT>. HtoGu AaTb nojiHtift o6pa3i> Yafijibjw^ 

Hajio oftiajWTb reHieMT> Eocysjia, IlepcejH hjih Po6epta BpayHHHra. 

Moft Apyrb P. IHepapA'b Mowerb, MH-k Ka^eTca, npHTH3aTb Ha reHiA 

6iorpac|)a Bpo^i A-pa ilwoHCOHa, a y mchh H-fcrb ^a^e h TaoiaHTa 

Teoc|)pacTa. 

Po6epT* Poc ci. 



r 



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46 BfeCH N 3 

DE PROFUNDIS. 
OrpwBOin. nepBuft. 

KaKoe oTBpameme BU3iiBaioTi> bo MH*fe BOcnoMHHaHia o mohxt. 

6e3KOHeHHUxi> noctiueHinxT* a^BOKaia 1\, norjia a npn *pkomt> MepT- 
BeHHo-6jrfeAHOM-b CB-ferfe ahh CHA'feji'b bt> 6ojibmoft nycToft KOMHarfc h 
ct» cepbe3HHMi» jihuomt* cepbe3Ho Jirajn> KaKOMy-to JiucoMy lejOB-fegy 
ao rfexT> nop-L, noKa a HaHHHajn* cTOHaTb n 3-feBaTb orb cnyKH. 
Bon>, r^i h HyBCTBOBaan* ce6a bt» caMOM-b ueHTp-fc cj^MHCTepcTBa, 
6e3KOHeHHO AajieKHMi* orb Bcero, hto npeKpacHo. hjih apko, hjh 
Hy^ecHO, hjih CM-kno. % TorAa BHcrynHJrb 3aiuHTHHKOMT> npncTofl- 
hocth bt> noBeAemH, nypHTaHH3Ma bt> #ch3hh h Ao6poA'frre,iH bt» 
HCKyccTB-t. Voila ou mfenent les mauvais chemins... Ho % bchomh- 
Haio ct» 6jiaroAapHocTbK> o rfexi>, kto, AaBaa MH-fe HT0-HH6yAb, Aa- 
BajiH ct» paAocTb» h BeceJueM-L, kto cBoeft (5e3M-fcpHoft Ao6poTofi, 
CBoeft 6e3npeA'fcj">Hoft npeAaHHocrbio, oGjiernnjiH am uenn mod 
t^^cejiyio Homy, noc-fcmajm mchh HeoAHOKpaTHo, nncajiH MH*fe npe- 
KpacHUH h conyBCTBeHHUH nHCbMa, ynpaBJiaan 3a utKR mohmh A*k- 

JiaMH, yCTpaHBaJIH MOIO 6yAymyiO JKH3Hb H BCTaJIH OTKpMTO pHAOMb 

co MHoft na Bcrp-feny no3opy, H3iikBaTejTbCTBy h ABHOMy npe- 

3p-feHilO, HJIH JUJKe OCKOpCjieHilO. HmT> X BcfeMT> 06H3aH*b. Jl2}Kt 

KHHrn, KOTopMH ceflnacb Jieacarb bt> Moeft KaMep-fc, KyuaeHu Po66h * 
Ha ero KapMaHHH* Aeabni; h3t> Toro #ce HcroHHHKa a noayny 
HOBoe njiaTbe, Korj^a MeH* ocbo6oahtt>. MH-fe He cthaho 6paTb to, 
hto AaeTca ct> Ji!o6oBbK> h npeAaHHocTbK); h sthmt* rop^cycb. .fla, 

R nOCTOflHHO BCHOMHHaiO O TaKHXT> Xpj3bHXl> 9 K2LKT> MopT> 3aH, 

Po66h, PoGeprb IIIepapA'b, 4>paHKi> Tappncb, ApTyp*b Kjhc))tohi> 

H O TOMT>, H-feMX OHH 6bIJIH WH MCHH, OKa3HBa* MH-fe HOMOIUb, 

Bbipa^an MH-fe npeAaHHoarb h conyBCTBie. JI BcnoMHHa© o Kaxc- 

AOMT>, KTO GfeJJI-b A06pi> KO MH-fe BT, TK>pbM*fe, Aa)Ke O HaA3HpaTeJ*fc, 

KOTopuft roBopHTb MH-fe «Ao6poe yrpo> h «Ao6paa HOHb» (hto hc 
bxoahtt> bi> npyn* ero o6*3aHHocTeft), Aa;ne o npoarurb hojh- 
ueftcKHXT>, KOTopue rpy6o, npHB-feraHBO, no-cBoeMy cTapaJiHCb noA- 
GoApHTb MeHH bo BpeMA mohxt> nyTemecTBifi bt> KOHKypCHllft cyAi» 

* Po6epn> Pocci. 



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DE PROFUNDIS. 47 

h o6paTHo n ropbMy npn yciOBum yxacaaro tyxoraaro ornaji- 
Hia, — juxe o tout. 6-fejieoin> Bop-fe, ROTOpftlft, J3HaVb Men*, Korju 
mu lueiRCb no Kpyry bo ABop-fe yaucrmopTCKoft ropbiiu, men- 
Hyxi» MH-fc rjyiHm> ropeMHUM-b rcuocoa-b, KOTopuft BtipaSaxu- 
Baercji y jDjeft an jojraro h npHHyjurreabHaro aoawai*: cMh* 
^ub bit*, ill* Taxim, Kairw bu, 9to Txxejrbft, vtai, w nacv..» 

OrpmoKfc nopoft. 

My AymaeM-b, ito hudh nepencnBaHix jumc* Haa-b jupoa-b. 
Ho aroro ee CuBien. JUmt 3a caaua tohrui h Haaforfce caao- 
oTBepxeHHU* nepeatHBaai* tapRxojorrcx aiaTHTb. H Rarb hb 

CTpaHHO, 3TO B xfejaCTb HXT» CTOJb TOBRHRH. JlyxOBBAX B qyB- 

cTBeHHan »H3Hb o(5uKHOBeHHuxT» aojeft yjCRBBTeibBO xajKa. Tohbo 
ram xe, Karb ohb 6epyn> cbob Bjea sa npoRan B3t» poju ny6- 
jiHHHoft 6R5iioTeKfl hucjr— Zeitgeist Biaa, jRmeBsaro Jiyma — h 
B03Bpamatrrb hit, BacajeBHUMH Hepe3*b seA-kiD, tohbo Taiune 
cTapauToi obb ao6uti> ce6i cboh nepejRHBaBiji bt> KpeAHTb, hjh mc 
oTRa3UBaDTOi iuaTHTB, aorju noAaercH cien. Hyxao nepepocTn 
noAo6auft B3nu> Ha jkh3hj». Kam> tojbko 6yjea*b npHsyaue- 
mi pacniaiflBarbcx saJBiHUHH 3a nepexHBaaix, an 6yAeai> 3HaTb hbt» 
irfcHy, b 9to 3Baaie Hani* nocjyxtim, Ha nojb3y. BcnoasitTe, hto 
ceHTHMeHTajbHufl HejtoB^KT> Bcerju uhbhri n jtynrfc. CoGcrBeHHo, 
ceHTHMeffrajbHocTb npocro-Ha-npocTo — aenpHcyTCTBeHBuft AeHb mi- 
HH3nau ft Ka*n> hh npurrein> unHHsa-b co cBoeft AyxoBHoft cto- 
poHbi, ho Tenept, roi\ju oh* npoaiHiurb nejeHKH Ha ci>pTyRi», 

OHT» BBJBeTCB Be (SOJMHe, <*-fca*b 3aROBHeBHOft 4>Hjoco4>ieft w 

neaoB-fcRa, jumeHHaro AymH. Y mmnsaa cbox coniajbHax irfcHHocrb, 
h ju* xyjOKHHRa Bet 4>opau BbipajRemji HHTepecHu; bo caai> no 
ce&fc uHHH3jn» xanax Benu», b6o mm Bacroxmaro uHHHKa bbhto 
hhrouu ne pacRpuBaercx... 

OTptUKHTb ipeitt* 

He jupoM-b b ae ten irian bt> aoea-b noacHSHeHHoai* Rynrfc 
j HT e pa rypu cxkim, x H3*b ce6x ccRpxry 3ByKOBT» r ciorosi* crojib 
3Re CKynoro, Ram* b Mrjucki. 



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48 BfcCH N 3 

# He AOJweirb 6oxti>cx npomaaro; ecaH jkuh roBopxn* MHi, 
hto oho Henpejo^cHO, x He noB-fcpio; nponuoe, Hacroxmee h 6y- 
Aymee — jhiiil ojsjao MraoBeiiie bt» nia3arb Bora, nojn» B3opanH 
KoToparo Mil aodkhh cTapaTbcx jKHTb; BpeMx h npocrpaHCTBO, 
noBTopHOdb h npoTxjKeme jramb caynaflHux ycaoBix mwcih; bo- 
o6pa^ceHie Mojicerb npeo*ojii>Tb hxt, h -jieTaTb bt> cboCoahoA c<J>ep*i 
HAeajibHuxi* cymecTBOBaHift. IIpeAMeTu Tonce bt> cBoefi cymHocra 
czrkiaHu H3T» Toro, h3t> nero mw xothmt* hxt, cjrbiaTb; Bcxiulk 
BHAHMuft npejMerb ecTb cn-fcACTBie HacTpoeHix, bt> KoropoMi* mu 
Ha Hero cmotphmt>. tTairb, ixfc Apyrie, — roBopnrb Ej3kt>, — jhiiil 
BH^an> pa3CB-fen>, noaHHiiaioiiuftcx 3a xojfmomt*, x BH)Ky jrtreft 
Bora, KpHHaiuHxi, on> pa^ocni*. To, hto Ka3ajocb am Mipa h aix 
MeHH mohmt* 6yayiUHMT>, x noTepxjn>, kotm x aajn> ce6x noj- 
3ajiopHTb Ha npHBJieneHie kt» cyAy MapKH3a KyHHc6epn; BnojH-fc 
bo3mo^cho, hto x noTepxjn* CBoe CyAymee 3aAOJiro ao 3Toro. 
IlepeAo MHoft jie^CHTb jinmb Moe nponuioe. H x AOJixceH-b 3acra- 
BHTb ce6x B3rjHHyTb Ha Hero ApyrHMH rjia3aMH, 3acraBHTb Bora 
B3rji^HyTb Ha Hero ApyrHMH rjia3aMH. 3toto Heab3X AOCTHrayTi, 
3a6biBax 3To nponuoe, hjih npeHe6perax hmt>, BocxBairxx ero, hjh 
oTpeuaxcb orb Hero; hcoGxoahmo npHHXTb ero, Kam> HeH36*fc;KHyi> 
nacTb sbojuoiuh Moeft ;kh3hh h MoeroxapaicreparTOJbKO npeicnoHXH ro- 
jOBy nepeAi* BcfeMT>, hto x Hcnbrrajrb. HacKOJibKO x jajeicb on 
HCTHHHaro coctoxhix Moefi AymH, 3TO nncbHO ct» ero mi>hxk>iiih- 
mhcx HeonpeAijieHHbiMH HacTpoemxMH, ct» ero ropenbK) h 03J106- 
jieHHocTbio, ct» ero cTpeMJiemxMH h HeyAaneft bt> AoaraweHiH sthxi. 
cTpeMJiemfl, — BnojiH-fe xcho AOKa3biBaen>. Ho He 3a6yju>Te, bt> 
Kanoft yncacHoft niKOjrfc x o6ynaiocb. M nam* 6u x hh 6un 
HecoBepraeHeHT> n Heiri>JieHT>, moh Apy3bx eme MHoroe orb MeH* 
nojiynarb. Ohh npHnijiH ko mhtj, htoOh HayHHTbcx paAOCTH 

JKH3HH H paAOCTH HCKyCCTBa. EblTb MOflCerb, X H36paHT> aix Toro, 

hto6u HayHHTb hxt, HeMy-To 6ooii?e nyAecHOMy — 3HaneHiK> nenajffl 
h ex npacort... 

n e p. M. JlHKiap^onyja 



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PMCYHKH 



I / IL H. KPJWOWb, flBA JIAHflHI A4>TA. 
HLA. APAflOFK HAPHIIA CttBTOFb. 



Digitized byLjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 




.**■*!: ^affiTstjr'fc^??.- " ^ -.'.*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQIC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HEH3AAHHHE GTHXH nYHIKHHA. 



Bjiaronapa juotieaHOcni B. H. CaHTOBa, ROTopouy ubi npHHOCHirb 
Hamy rayfaRyio npHBHBTejibHocTb, >ai mrbeirb bo8mo«hoctb osHaROMHTb 
^BTaTejiefi ,B*coB*b* c* aBTorpa^oM-b nymRiraa, enje He oftaapoAOBaH- 
humt> bt> newrn h coxpaHHBnnai'b Ham> HfecROJibRO, ao chxt> nop* 
ocTaBaBmHxca HeH3B*cTHWMH, cthxobt> noBTa. ABTorpa^t BTorb nepe- 
rawTb ki B. H. CaHTOBy orb A. A. MaftROBoft; pam>rae ze oht> npraaA- 
aezajTb n. B. AHHOHKOBy, ROTopuft nepeaafli, ero JI. H. MateoBy. 9to— 
.thctokt> TOHKofl GyicarH, iiajiaro noiTOBaro $opifaTa, 6e3i> boahhbix* 

3HaK0BT>, HCUHCaHHblft CT> oCtHXt CTOpOHT,. Ha OAHOft CTOpOH* HBIIHCaHbJ 

nepBbie 20 cthxobt* CTHxoTBopeiria .KaBRaaV, Ha Apyroft— OROHnaHie 
•KaBRaaa" h w TpyAT>". Ha nepeofi cTpaHHirb, uemnj 12 h 13 cthxbmh 
•KaBRaaa", RpacHbiMH HepHHJiaMH HairacaHbi mi$pbi: .38*,— cji* < ht> xbh- 
Aapucxoft HyMepaniH npn cocTSBJieHiH ohhch Gyiiaraifb IlynxRHHa nocjrb 
ero cMeprH. 

He roBopn y*e o6t> HHTQpecraui BapiaHTaxi, bt> CairroBCRoft pyKo- 
riHCH,ecTb h^crojibko coBepmeHHo hobbix* cthxobi* nerbipe, npHiracaH- 
Rbie ri> JECaBRaay" nocjrb Toro, Rain> nheca GbiJia oROHneHa h AaTikpo- 
Baaa, h ABa aaiepRHyTbie bt> ,TpyAV. OcotieHHo BairbqaTejibHbi cthxh, 
flBJiflK>miecH npoAOJizeHieifb .KaBRaaa": 

Taicb 6yftHyio BORbHocrb 3aKOHbi rfcciwTb 
Taicb Amcoe rnieMR nojn> BoacTbio Tocxyerb 
Taicb HbiHt 6esM(viBHbifl KaBKa3T> HeroAyerb 
TaKb qyacAfeM chaw ero *niroT$rrb... 

06pa8i> TepeRa, tibjomaroca, RaRi> aB-fepb b* kji^tk*, bt> rbcHbix* 
6eperax-b, HanoMHiun> EyniRHHy eme 6oJi*e rpaHAiosHbift otipaaii— rorbH- 
Haro KaBRaaa, oxoBaHHaro pyccxofl BJiacrbio. .HepRecbi Hacb HeHBBH- 
ARTb - — nncajTb EymRHffb ( w IIyTemecTBie bt> Apapyifb 1 *). „Mh BHrtcHHAH 
hxi H8T» npHBOJibHHX'b nacr6Him»; ayjai hxi paaopeHH, iifeibiA roieueHa 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



58 RBCH N 3 

yHOTtToxeHH... Mbi oRpyxeHbi HapoaaMH, npeemucannwiHeji bo Mpart 
fl-bTCKHX'b 3*6aj xaemft, h hhkto eme H8-b Hacb He Aynajrb npenoacaTbca 

H HTTH CI MHpOlfb H RpeCTOM* K1» 6*flHHMT» 6paTiflM«b, JmraeHHHMb 
AOHblH*B CB*Ta HCTHHHarO. TaKb JIH HCnOJIHHeMb MU AOJITb xpHCTiaH- 

CTBa? - HecoMffteHo, oahoA hst> npH^HVb, aacTaBHBDiHX'b nynuuma 
OTKaaaTbca orb OROHUHin HaiaToft cTpo$fai, Ghjio coaHarie, <rro npoflro 
taaronojiyroo crbobb ueHaypy eft He yaacTca. 

Kt> CTHxoTBopeHbo „Tpyai»' aBTorpa<J>b npHtfaanflerb ABa hobutl 
craxa (2-ft h 3-ft). 9th ABa npeKpacme craxa, urcepHHynie nym- 
khhmmt> npHOKOHqaTeJibHoflo<5pa(5oTK*CTHioTBopeHijs[,cJiyjtaTbHOBMin> 
npHM*fepoMT> cTporocTH, ct> xaKofi IlymKHH-b oTHocHJiefl Kb cetffc. Moxen 
6wTb, B3flon> paCoTHHKa, 8aBepraa»maro cboA MHorarfeTHift TpyAb, 
noaynHJTb Gojrfre aaROHHeraoe, coBepraeHHoe Bbipaxerie, ho Bee xe 
Hani Aoporo ooxpaHHTb bth raytoxifl caoBa xyAOxmuca: 

...Thxo KJiany si nepo, thxo jiaMnany rainy. 
Hto xcb He BKyuiaerb Ayuia oaotoaeMbirb eio BocroproBb? 

06% nbeobi, cyan no ?epHHJiam» h HfcROTopfcorb ocooemocTmrb no- 
nepita, HannoaHbi bt> paaHoe Bpeiia. IlepBaa HamcaHa, noBHAHMOMy, 
paHbme. HcnpaBJuuiHCb oh* pasHbocH lepmuiaMH. Bt> ,KaBRa8%* no- 
npaBKH CA^JiaHH 6ojrfee 6jt1»ahi*mh neprajiaMH, a bt> „TpyflV— oojrfee 

TOMHblMH. 

HHxe mu BOonponaBOAHirb aBTorpa<t>T> nojmocTbio. Ilpn TpaHQKpnn- 
uiH ero, mu noJibayeMCfl tbmh xe osHaieHiHMH, xaRifl npHHaab fi. fl. 
BpneoBb Bt CBoefl patforb ,JImeftCRie cthxh nymxHHa fc . CnoBa, no- 
CTaBJieHHhiH Bb Kpyrjmfl ckoGkh ( ), aa?epRHyrbi bt> pyxomoH. Caob*, 
uocTaaneHHUH Bb npHMbin cro6rh [ ], npowraHbi no Aorawb. GnoB* 
bt> Kpyrjanb CKotfsaxb, HatipaHHun ct> paapHAXOft, 6buni aanepKHyTbi 
h BoacTaHOBJieHbi. 9 Hpa6." oaHanaerb, hto a&hhoo oaobo HepaaotiptHO. 

3aM*THMi> eme, tto npnnHCRa Kb ,KaBRaay" aawpRnyTa nanexoeb 
AOBHTbD napannenbHUMH jihhIhmh. Bo Bropora cthx%, h*a* wreep- 

TblMb CJIOBOMT>, Hbefl-TO lyXOD pyROD HBIIHCaHO 9 Vm* t — BfepOHTHO, 

w BbnepKHyTb*. 

H. JI • » ■ • » v 



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CTHXH nymKHHA. 59 



KaBxasi nojio mbok> — ojum b-w BumRHi 

Ctok> (utTK-h) nun, CBrsraMH y xpaji cTpeMHHHU — 

(Aocmrh * cBjimcHBofi KaBxasa BepmHHu) 

(Ctok> Hajrfc) (r o p a m h) (cH-fcraini), (ootht, bt» buiiihh*e) — 

Open (jHmb) ct» (rjyooxoft) OTjumeHoft (npeHsnojmefi) iiojihjibiiihcl (acxshhu) 

(BepmuHu) 
(Bi mexBayRHOWk napeHbii) IIapirn> (oahhoko) HenoABHKHO co mhoA HapaBH-fc 
(arto, Tateoe) Orcexfe, x (cmmy) (butkj) iiotokobt, poK^eHte 
(h) H H nepBoe (cffumy) (ch-shchhxi) [rpo3HHXT>] o6BajOBi (rayxoe) ABHacenbe 



3jtbo> Tym CMBpeHHO (jieacan*) HAyn» noao mhoS 

CxBOBb BTX"i (hOA!. CBTBraXH) HHSBeprancL myMBTL BOAonazoi 

(Ho a* hhmh) (3a) yTccoBi. Haria rpoiiazuj 

(Meat* hhxt» o6nTa) (I>fc jkubu) (hhxt») [(opjra)] Hrfe BfffiKi> o6imxm OABH. 

(aojionajuj). 
Tan HH3Re, moxx Tomjft, KycTapHHKL cyxoft 
A Tan* yace (xoimbi) ponm, sejieHU* cbhh 
Tsk nTHUM me6cHyn», rarfc cxaiyn, oaeHH 



A Tajrb jTKTh m jnojoi rH-fcaiuTca B*fc ropax-w 

H noxsaJOTL oboh no aiaiHiurb orpeiiRHHaMi 

H nacrup(H)i> hbs cxokhto btl Becewn .aojOHam, 

Tj& jtohtcji Aparaa bt» tbhhctux* 6peraxi» — 

(A) (H hi mi ft Hais^BHKi) (la* Tepem.) (crscHeHHuft) tuttc* b% 

ymejj^^a (Bt») (rjiyxoin.) (vh) 
Txk Tepem* Hrpaera (■ Boen) bt> cbbd-soohi. Becejooi. 



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60 B*CH X 3 

Hrpaero h Boen, Kan* arfcpi moioaoh 

3aBHjrfeBinift numy (b%) h3t> KJienai atexfcaeoH— 

H 6i*eTca o (icaMHR) ckuhj bt» (b pa sea's) (tocks) 6canoje3Hoft 

H xcaAHO Hx*fc jnutcen» (yTecu) raiOAHoft boiboh — 

Bonne! Hin hh dhiuh eicy, hh (oTpaxu) (cbooo/uj) 

TfecRjrr* ero (kshho) (xjmuiho) (itbjcuji rpouuoj). (MOJraa) rposHO (icpeMHHcniet 

CBOSH. 
BO c«rr. 



Taxi (rBTxy») 6yftByx> bojimoctl 3aicoau TfccHjrre 
Tam> AHKoe mien* (nojn>) BjacrMo Tocryera 
Tarn, Hyerfe oeajcaiBHUH RaBxaai Herojtyera 
Taxi HyxcjUM chjui (Hazrt hhmt») ero tbtotjitv.. 



ii. 



Tpy/n>. 

Mhit, BOXcaejieHHufi Hacraji— OKOHieHi* mob Tpyjn MHoroxBTHift. 

(Tmxo KJiaziy * nepo, thxo jamway ramy) 
(Hto TK-h He BKymaen. /tyma oxcBuueMuxi. ex> BOcroproBT.?) 

Htojk-w He noHjrraafl rpycn. ratao TpeBOXCHTB (ee) Mean? 

HjH CBOft OOABHTB CBepiDHBT, X CTOK) KaJCfc (Hpd6.) nOAeBIHHKT> HCHySRHUft 

IljiaTy npHjiBmift cbok>, lyauuift paoorfc Apyroft; 
Kih xcajb mh-b Tpyjia, MOjnajiHBaro cnyrHHKa (jkhshh). hoih 
ilpyra ABpopu sjutoh, — apyra IleaaTOBT, cumm? 



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Digitized by VjOOQLC 



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flAJIAfl-JIAMA H3T> CAIIOJRKA. 



8. Coxoryfe. v RHHrapa8Jiyxi M . tfafla-reJibCTBo ,IIlHnoBHHK'b*. 
1006 roAa. — „M e ji k i ft 6 * c *•. Haaaffie BTopoe. HaAareJibCTBO w II1h- 
noBHmrb*. 1907 roAa.— m U o 6 * a a c m e p t h". Tpareain. HaaaTejibOTBO 
.OwcejiH*. 1006 roAa. 



.XoneTCfl cxaaaTb: „9to oht> o cetift". Hfcrb, moh MHjme coBpeMOH- 
hhkh, 9to o BacV. (.Mejixift 6'bci> u . IIpeAHCJiOBie aBTopa.) 

— »Hyirb-«!ypamxH, iypxH-6oJiBaiiiKH, BlutH-TapaxamxH. Hyp* Mem. 
Hyp* lieHfl. Hyp*, lypb, nypi* Hypfc-nepenyprb-pacHyp**. („MeAxift 
facb«, CTp. 59). 

]Rh8hb no Coaorytfy, oto xanjra, npoAaBaeioifl noAoapirraibHbnrb 
apiiflHHHOirb: w Kanjuo Bbrabemb — $ywn> ytfyAOTb. Kami* — <|>yHTb. 
Kami* — py6i». CiHTafl xanjin, cwraft py&ra*. (.HcTAlmaioiAbi ah- 
hhhm - , 77). 

9to oht> npo ceta? 

— •Hftrb, moh MHJibie coBpeMeHHHRH, 3to npo Bacb". 8, Aa h Hy- 
«em» se Ha nero aaroBopi: xaxoft 6apnn namejica! 

Hyp*-«iypanncH, qypxH-fojiBaraKH, BfeAH-TapaxamxH. Hyp* mohh. 
Hyp* lieHfl. Hyp*, Hyp*, *ypb. HypMiepOTypb-pacnyprb. 

ToenoAHVL aBTopb, hto cb bemh? 

w Hto Biii, noMeHbme xax* GyATo?.. £a h noxyjrhJiH... Bhh3* pocTerb... 
OrpeicHTOfl Kb UBBHMjuy^ Do Hacronmeicy ero 6u vb yiacTox*... w Ba- 
pHHon>!..* H hhhobhhxh cm OTpflTB Ha Hero c*b cypoBbiM* ocyxA6HieMi>~. 
Ran oeirkjuuiHCb htth bh npoTHB* bhaob* npaBirreJibCTBa?.. Yxe 
ohb cbo6oaho xoAHTb noA*b CTOJioifb... Ctha* h cpaifb!" (,HcTJitaax>iAiji 
ahtohh"). rpodHTb xyjuraxaMH cMtoonpiMCJi pe&rrawb: „H*T1>, MOH 

MHAbie C0Bp6M6HHHKH f 8T0 fl O Baffb". 

Hyjrb-nyirb-Hyp'b! 

.CirbmaJiefl 0* Tyneft njunnynanrb bt» coahothom* ayrb ubiAHHorb*. 

(JJCTJTfcBaDmU AOTHHbl'.) HcH68T>, MOXOTb tibJTb, CT> MOJIXHMH, KaK* 



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64 BfcCH N 8 

mjjiHHKH, drbmaJiCA TapaxamxaifH HeatHTaicH: eme, noxajiyfl, bt> cym> 
aanoaaerb. 

^Hyp-b-nypamKH. HypxH-fajiBamxH* BiAH-TapaxamxH". Bh ycno- 
KOHJiHCb Tenepb, m HJiwe coBpeMeHHHKH? PfemHMi* me v oo cHomeiii) 
ci> AxaAeifieft Hay Kb... ciHTaTb ero buGubiuhmi sa- 
r p a h h u y*. (»HcTJrfeBawmiH jxhhhhu".) 



H*rb, ho cTpflXHemb CoJiorytia ct> AMcTBHTeJibHocra pyccxoft. 

IlJIOTblO OHT» CBfl8aHl» Cl> Heft H KpOBbK). B*b HeXOB* HaiaaCH, Kb Co- 

jiorytf* daxaHHHBaeTca peajwaiib Hameft jiHTepaTypu. Torojib hbt> ray- 
6HHb cHMBOJiHdif a Bbiqepnurb $opifyjiy peaJiHaaia: oht>— aAb$a ero. Hsb 
rjiyCHHb peaJiHdita Coaorytfb BbiiepTHJrb <{>opMyjihi cBoeft $&HTacTHKH 
HeAOTbiKOifKy, eaxHHa h ap«; oht»— oMera peaJiHaaia. 4exoBb oxasajiea 
BHyTpeHHHifb, ho TafiHMM'b Bparom* peajraaifa, ocTaBaacb peajiHcrora. 
Cojioryfo* iioahhjii> aHaxa oTxpmaro BOSCTaHia bt> H*Apaxi> peajraaifa. 
KaKb-To CTpaHHo conpHKocHyjicA om> Tyi-b ct> Bejnuuorb rorojiearb, 
HaHHHaa cb xyTxaro cirbxa, KOTopuirb otixoxoTaob Poccix> on gpeB- 
Hnro ropoAa McTHCJiaBJia ao crfeirb UeTporpaAa h Aajrfee: ao 6orocna- 
caeMaro Canoxxa. IlepcoHaarb CoJioryCa Bceraa hst> hpobhhkui, h 
CTpaxH ero repoeB*b h3T> Canoxxa: 6apam> aafoeajrb, HeAoraxoifxa 
BbicKOHHJia na-b-nofl-b Koiioaa, MHiuceBBHi* noAMHrHyjrb co ct*hh— b*a* 
Bee 9to yacacu, cnymaiomie cm epTHufi com> otfbiBaTejia ropoAa Caaoxxa. 
CoaoryOb— Heaatifareaeifbift Hao6paaHTeJib canoxxoBCKHXb yxacosii. 06m- 
BaTe.ib H3i> Canoxxa npeaaeTCH CHy (He nocjrfe rye* jih ct> xanycrofl?); 
npH dToirb ohi> AyMaera, <rro opeAaerc* npaxTHiecxHM* aaHjmairb 
no 6yAAH3My: HaynaeTi* cocToairia HiipBaHio, cMepro, Hetanta; He aa- 
6ynewb y hto floflpaa noJioBHHa o6HTaTeaeft rayxoft npoBHHiUH— 6eaco- 
aHaTeAbHbie 6yjumcTbi: chahto Ha xopTO?xax% nepwb Teiouiffe, ny- 
cTbiM-b yrjioifb. Coaoryfo Aoxaaaffb, hto h nepeceoaacb bt> ctootuh, 
ohh npHBoaarb ci> cotioft TeifHuft ynwrb: Aoxaaajrb, hto cyiaca ropo- 
AOB-b Poccificxoft HMnepiH paBHfleTca eymrfe CanornxoB-b. B* OToirb 
CMbic«Th h npocTpaHCTBa BejiHKofi CTpaHbi Hameft cyrb orpoxH-feftmift 
CanoaceK-b. 

TaK*b conpHKocHyjica eb ToroJieMi* 8tot% CBoeotipaaHbifi srthooai 
Torojia. H ciorb Co^ory6a hochtt> Bb ce6* hhhh lepra roroJieBcxaro: 
cjion, oTqexaHeHHUfl, npocToft h cJioxHUfi oAHOBpeiceHHo; TOJibxo jm- 
pHHecxift naeocb ToroAa, HanepTaBinift apxia Taxi* cTpaHmu*. npespa- 
maeTca y CoJiory6a bi> naeocb cypoBaro BeJiHHia h CTporocTH. flajrexo 
ho Bcer^a nojbaiaeTca Ck)Jiory6i> Bb caorb ao ce6a canoro: rpffanua 



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JAJAft-JAMA H3Tb CAH03KKA. 65 

nflTHa HepjnmiHBaro oTHomeHifl Kb caoBecHocra BCTpfeiaiorb Hacb Ha 
Bceifb npocTpancTB* ero ponaHOBb. He Bceraa noKpuTbi oh* cjioboc- 
Hoft HHBOft; MHoro cyxoro, noTonTaHHaro XHHBbn; MHoro Topiammb 
MeTeJTB nojmHHbirb. Ho ct» HHbixb lrbcrh ero TBopemft iraoro yHocmcb 
yu 6oraTCTBi> bt> xHTHHuy Hameft cjiobochocth. *IacTo ^paau ero — 
KOJiocbfl, nojiHHe aepHaim; Hfrrb nycTbiib cjioBb: hto hh cjiobo, to 
THxejioe aepHo Tnxejiaro ero caora, nbraraaro bt> cboA thxocth, npo- 
CToro bt> CBoeifb CTpyKTypHOirb eflHHOotfpaam. 

.H bott> shbotb oHa eiiy, eMy Ha cTpaxb h na nonrfejib, Boameti- 
Han, MHoroBHAHafl,— cji*bflBTT> aa hhmt>, oCMamjBaerb, cicfeeTCJi,— to no 
nojiy KaTaeTCH, to npHKHHercH TpjuiKoft, JieHTOft, Bfrncod, $Jiaroirb, 
TyiKoft, cotiaHRoft, ctoji6omt> nuJiH Ha yJiHirfe, h boba* nojraerb, (to- 
xktb, ... — HBtiaflJia, HCTOMHJia ero awtficoft caoeio iuiackoio - . („Mejndft 
6-fccb", CTp. 308).KaKoeo6)iJiieonpe ( zrbJieHift (BOJimetiHafl, MHoroBHflHaa), 
raaroaoBb (cjrbAHTb, otfMaHNBaerb, cMfeeTca, KaTaeTca, npHKHHeTca, 
nooaerb, 6*broiTb, HdJiaiuia, HCTOMwia); h aa*Tfee: npHKHjjhiBaeTca— Tpan- 

KOfi, .ieHTO&, BltTKOft, <|)JiarOMb, TyHKOft, C06aiKO&, CTOJl60Mb nWIH, 

abiflKoft njwcKoft. PaaBepTHBaa $paay, BCHKift GaHaJibHbift micaTejib 
HanojiHHJTb 6t* eTofl <f>paaoft cTpaHHuy. Cojiory6i> cxmiaerb MBorooti- 
paaie npHBHaxoBb HexoTbiKOMRH bt> ojiHy $paay. Rjui ycroieHi* Hyxnaro 
eify BnenaTJi'bHiH oht> flBaxflbi noBTopHTb ojiho npHJiaraTOJibHoe: ,h 
on> aroxb GwcTpuxb cyxHXb npHKOCHOBemft cjiobho 6 m c t p w e 
c y x i e oroHbKH npotiferaJiH no BceMy ero rbJiy" („M. 6.*, CTp. 220) „Ha 
en TBMHuxi Rpanxb aaraaoHHo yjiuCajic/i TeMHhift oTfaecRb*, 
.ji e r k i ft npHapaKb .iIthhxi chobt» m (aa-fecb ajuiHTepaui* ajih aHa- 
;iorHHHoft pojih), „a cb t e m h a r o He(5a t e if h a n h CTpaHHaa CTpy- 
HJiacb npoxaaaa*; bt> nocjrfeAHeM'b npHii-bp-fe o6paaeub apyroro h8jik>G- 
jxeHHaro hmt> npieiia: paflH BOJiHHaBOCTH oTCTaBJinerb npHJiaraTeJibHoe 
orb cymecTBHTeJibHaro rjiarojioub: „t h s e ji y » Ha ero rpy#b bojio- 
XHJTb Jiany - , B spKifl aaropajincb bt> nepHoirb He(J* aB-feaflbi 44 . Bt» 
operHHajibHOCTH cpeACTBb HaoOpaaHTe.ibHocTH oht> Toxe aiacTep-b: 
•Tynxa 6poAHJia no HeGy, G^yn^a^a, noflKpaflHBa^acb, — m h r k a h 
o6yBb y Ty^b,— noflciiaTpHBaJia*. 

Borb KaKoft cjiort aToro doJibmoro nHcaTejia: TH»eJiufi ero cnon>> 
TflzeJiufi, numHuft; bi> nbinraocTH e^HHooOpaaHbifl; bt> eAHHoo6paaht 
npocToft. 

TaROBa xe HfleoJioria aToro aajiyMMHBaro Ji-frronHciia: Tnacejian ero 
iifleo^oria, npHHy^JiHBaa; Bb npHHyflJiHBocTH ejiHHOo^paaHaa; Bb eflHHo- 
otfpaaiH npocTafl. 

JJ'bfiCTBHTeJibHocTb Hamero iiipa, KaKb h atvftCTBHTejibHocTb hho- 
6fcrria pacnwJiH^b: a a * c b h t a m b coeflHHHeTb Bb ce6*b nujiHHxa— 

HeAOTblKOMRa ,Cb TOJIOBOK) H HOJKKaMH*, nonHCRHBaeTb: ,fl". JIlOflH, 
6orH, JieMOHhl, SB'bpH npHBOAHTCH Kb OCHOBHOft e^HHHU*, nHCRyieft nbi- 



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66 BfcCH N 3 

jihhohx*; Kara h ona, ohh mimar*, a npiiap&HHaH JCHSHb nHcrb cyeT- 
jiroaro, 6eacnepTHaro HefarriH npeBpamaerb bt> njiavb* rjiacb, xoxotb, 
peBix HeAOTWKOMK-fe npoTHBonoJiaraeTCfl to, ito HH3fltcb,HHTani», 
HHTflt, HHKoraa — CMepTb. HeaoB'fera coeAHHaerb bt> ce6* nbuib 
h cMepn»: paaBHBaiomeecA coaHaHie ytiHBaerb npHapauyio xHdHb ie- 
aoBfexa, yracaiomee coaHaaie npeoAOJTfeBaera 3Ty XHBHb bt» nonpHCKH- 
Baiomift iihcki BaBHarHyBmeft dhjih— b* 6eacnepTHbift nncrb 6eecMepT- 
Hoft nHJiH. HaA* Heft ,ci> TeMHaro He5a TeifHaa h cTparaaa 
cTpywiacb npoxaaAa"— hckohh, hckohh: CTpy miacb, cTpyirrca; cTpyacb, 
npocTpyuTbCA* 

Rb AeMOHHSMy npHJiomuiii Coaorytfb AeTepMHHHCTHiecKift MeTOA*: 

nOJiyHHJICH AeTepMHHHCTHHeCKift fleJ40HH3M*b, T.-e. B*b AeMOHHBM'b OTCyT- 

CTBie AeMOHHBMa. H bcjih Torojib HeyaaiHo nuTajic* yterb cboA aeMo- 
HH3in> peaauaMoifb, Coaoryfl'b bt» HaarfeAiH ToreJia noKOHHHJTb <n» ae- 
MOHiiaMOM'b naBcerAa, Boo6paxaa npu dToifb, 6yATO oht> Bocxpemaerb 

ABMOHHaifl*. Ho 06* BTOIfb HHSe. 

JIioah nonuw orb uuifi: bot* KocMoroma CojioryGa; hio> ocTae-rca 

HJIH XaHyTb OTb HWIH BT> CliepTb, JIH50 CHOBa BBaJIHTbCfl Wb HbUIb 

poAHyio. PHdaHOBU, MomKHHH (aHapxHCTbi, peBOJUouioHepw, 6oro6opm*> 
HAyTb nepBUifb nyTeitt* HapoAi* CTeneHHHft, 5oro6oA8HeHHufi, ihhob- 
HHfi— CapaHHHM, nepeAOHOBU— BTopfaocb. 06a nyrH npoBaaHBaPTb pe- 

aJIH3MT> A^0TBHT6AbHOCTH, Bl> H5CTH0CTH AMCTBHTOJIbHOCTH pyCCKOH. 

Jlynme yuepeTb bt> iohocth: h HfeSHocTbJO HeotibrcaftHOfi CoaoryGb 6Jia- 
rocjioBJiaerb caiepTb otpokobt>, yC'brajonmx'b orb nepeAQHOBiiumw. h 
oTpoKOBHUT*, npeaBparamix'b »H3Hb w 6a$Hmy pyifflHyn h Ae6e- 
ji y »•: xpinKo ho b3jho6hjit> oht> Canoxexi*. 

Torojib HanaJTb ct> KOJiAyHOBi h 6acaBpK>jcoB%» a KOHiiura HeBCxmrb 
IIpocneKTOMb: ho HeBCxifi IIpocneKTb oxaaajica saB-bcoft — h ahphboh 
aaB'bcoft: xaxofi-TO GacaBpioiti BbicTaBHJi* h3t> Abipbi hock h hoct> aa- 
xoAHJTb no HeBCKOMy; Hero floGparo, aaxoAHOH h Horn 5eai> TyjiOBHma; 
HaKOHem>, KOTeJioKT> Ha najucfe. Peajraairb mhshh pycejcoft cyirKm*- 
TaKH npoRJiHTbifi Koanywb paajiouTb Ha hocw. IIo Bcbifb npaBHJiajrb 
HcxyccTBa Co;iory6i> AOBepnuuii> paaJioxoHie: ohi»— nepBbifi aTOMHcro; 
B3B*mHBaerb AMcTBHTeAbHc.Tb pyccxyio naaTOMHue Bfccbi: h hcao- 
TbiKOMKa — eAHHHua ero B-feca: 0Ha— nwufHRa ct> roJioaxoft h ct> ho«- 
KaifH, npHKHAbiBaeTCH 6am«uxoft; aanoJiaerb wb hoct>: hojiobbxt> hhx- 
Herb, npocTyAHTca: npHmejii> — paajioMBJia; raajijb — .h TorAa 6biCTpo 
Bbi(VBX8Jia H8*b yrjia AJiHHHaa, TOHxafl JinxopaAxa c-b HexpacHBun 
jiHUOMi>, ... o^HHMaJia..." ( w lIcTjrbBaioiAifl jih^hhu"). Yxe ho hoct» 6aca- 
Bp»KHHT> wihaht* H8T> Abipbi Ha CoJioryOa, a lauudapAu 6aeaBp»XH- 
Bbui> 6amiAAi» cboOoaho KpyTHToa bt> nbuiH. 0, CaaoxexK He cnaoeniB, 
ho noryCHmb! 

HypTriypamiiH, HypRH-6oABaniKH, 6yxH-TapaxamKH. Hyp* lceaa. 



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MJAft-JAMA H31> CAnOJKKA. 67 

Hypi> iteHH. Hypb, *yp*b, nypb. Hypb-nepenypb-pacnypb. A GyRamKH 
Aa TapaxamxH Tam» h nonojiayrb Ha aaKJiuuaHia, h aaxe OKaxeTOH, 

HTO ,OTb MaM86.1H KJIOHbl B 1> H C T B JI H* (,Me3Hift tifeCb") . 

He^oB'bK'b— HOAOTbiKOMKa, — xaKi cTapaa HHHbRa JlenecTHHbH Jie- 
neneTB, iibuib jiejrfea, aenerb a& Hamenra h npH tomt> coBep- 
raeHHo HecosHaTejibHo; a Kara tojibko co3Haen> yxacb CBoero iiojio- 
xeHia vb CanoxK-B, to npeBpamaeTca Bb TocKJiHBaro, ifHJiaro aiaJieHb- 
xaro BopiyHa, &xRH?a, y KOToparo yupajiH XHdHb, aejieHyio gjucy: 

Ejikhtb Bt ejnrfe MnpHO >khjtb. 
Ejncim ejiicy CTopoKiurb. 
3jioft npi-bxajn» MyxcHieici, 
Ejncy vb ropojn* yBoioin*. 

MH^eHbKift SJiKjnrb cMepTH npoTHrHBaerb uaJieHbKia pyiKH cboh— 
poAHofi, poAHOft oht> ciiepTH npororHBaerb, ftiKHVb, pyiKH, KorAa .Ha- 

ABHHyJIHCb AOKyHHfalfl HBJieHifl". 



ni. 

IIpocTb AOHejiban MOTOAb nocTpoeHin Cojiorytfa: Tpeyro;n>HHRb — 
qeJioB'fcKb (iurbHHNfl SJiRHHb), HeAOTbiKoifRa h cuepTb; Teaa, aHTHTeaa, 
chht63t>; BepxHHH nocbuiKa, hhxhhh nocwjnca, yMoaaKJuoieHie; 6on>, 
Mipi>, Hoprb; 6orocnacaenwft CanoxeKb, otaiBaTeJib, ^HTaiomift khh- 
xbhkh no 6yAAH3My, h oOhiBaTejibHHua, obbih ho HHTaiomaa (AeG&ian 
Aaif a); nepBaa CTeneHb coaHaTeobHocTH — y IlaKH nana, y otfbreaTeJw 
Canoxna bt> okh* canoxROBCRaa nwib; BTopafl cTeneHb coaHaTOJib- 
hocth— y IlaKH nana ajiaa, y ofoiBaTeJia Bb RoiraaT-B HSb oRHa iraoro 
hhjih; TpeTbA CTeneHb coaHaTBJibHOCTH— liana orb MaMbi „MaxHH-ApaJia", 
o6breaTe^b H3i> Canoxna bt> CMepTHbift^KDJioAesb .MaxHH-apajia'jH bk- 
boat>: Kb Canoxrt 3Jibia xaMbi, bt> CanoxK* MHoro nbuiH, Bb CanoxR* 
rjiy<5oRie rojioauu, Bb CanoxR-b otiuBaTejib 0Tb hmjih MaxHH-Apajia Bb 
ROJioAeab. Coaorytfb noBopaiHBaerb TpeyroJibHHKb cBoft, to ocHOBaHl- 
em> BBepxb, to ocHOBaHieMb bhh81>; CoJioryfe irbHHerb nocwiRH oah- 
Haro CBoero yMoaaRJimeHin; oTrfeHaerb tiyAAHCTa canoxRoana canox- 
ROBiieirb He GyAAHCToifb h oCpaTHo: h ROHiaerb rbMb, hto bhochtt* 
bt> CanoxROBCRyio ynpaBy npoBRTi otfb yBejiHHBHiH HHCJia rojioah6bi»; 
canoxROBUbi npanyTb orb Hero jrkTeft, a oHb bt» Rocnoirb AaJiaft-JiaMbi 
ycaxHBaeTCH nepeAb rojioaii&mh: .flwpa moh, cnacn mohh*. BeaA* i> 
bo BceMb ahbho onHcamaji noB*bCTb o tomt>, RaKb oOwBaTe.ib cero 
rpaAa <rrajrb Abipouo^aeMb, cnptHb 6yAAHCTOMb. 

^IlaRa vb na*Hy. Onb — npHHm>... 3jian $e« npHHHJia o6paab Ma- 



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68 R6CN N 8 

mowh... Majib^HRH npoxoAHjni...— ,Kto me tn?*— Jl mrfeHHHfi npHHUb../ 
— JSft Bory, ocBotioAHira..." M bott> y*e 6hurb Beiepb... Otf'feA* npHfani- 
xanca irb xoHoy... Bt> oTKpuToe okho CTOJioBOft BJiertaa nepHaa cTpft- 
Jia... C t> xpacHtioniefiCfl Ha Heft Haairacbio... H bt> to le Bpejta 
aa okhomt> jtbtckIh rcwiocb BHKpHKHyjrb unomMfijn 6paHb... — 
„HaHaaocb* noAyiiaab Ilaxa (Haiaaocb ocBo6o*AOHie)~. Ho sjiaa <J>ea 
yB08iwa Xlaxy... Bee Ha Mfecrb, Bee CKOBaHo, 3B6H0 Kb aseHy, Ha Bfero 
saiapoBaHo, bt> nafeHy, bt» mitay* (^HcTJi-BBarontfa jthhhhh"). 

fiorb TesHCb CoJioryGa. Aajrfce Hflerb paaBHTie ocHOBHoro Teaaca- 
TeaHCb. roTHK'b AyMaerb: ,3a oqapoBaHHoft ponjeft otiHTaei-b. 
H'BKHaH uapeBBa CejreHirra, Jiernift npH3paK*b JifrraHXb cbobi»". 

AHTHT63HCI. BpaTb JIlOTHITb KT> HCliy npHCTaOTb: 9 Tf CBKHbH 

xBOcrb, a y JiomaAH?" 

TeaHCb. ToTHKb: .Bon> h CeaeHHTa. MHJiaa, inuiaa". Ahtht©- 

3HCI. JIlOTHITb: .PyCCKie MOBHKH A0B6JIH CBOH <t>JIOTb AO rafaJIH. BOTb 

ohh h rHOe^HHTH". OKaauBaeTca, hto oCHTaTOJiH cyMMbi BCBx*b Canoz- 
KOBb— rH6eJiHHrH. 

TedHci. Kojih: Ahtht68hci. BaHH (ratieJiHHrb): 

.A bt» Ji'fccy KaK-b caaBHo! 

„CMOJIOH naXHOTb. „H CKHIIHAapOMb... 

.YTpoMb a 6'bnKy BHA a Bjn». M .A h AoxJiyn BopoHy." 

CHHTeab. .BaHH XB8JiHjn> cMopTb. . . Kojih CJiymaJTb H B*fepttJTb - . 
UJKajio Cmopth*). 

T e a h c -b . Caraa (cb noxBajibHbWb jihctom*): ,Bce hhtkh...* Ahth- 
Toancb. Oxem* (rHOejiHHrb, HacM'BDUiHBo): ,HTO*me, Ha crfeHKy no- 

ffBOHmb?" CHHT6 3b. ,KaKb-TO CTpaHHO H TOMHTOJIbHO TOplUIO OH) 

cepaue. - („36mjtb 36MHoe a .) 

H Bee cTaHOBHTCH Hao6opoTi» (cji'tflyromaa CTajiia, 

COdHBTeJIbROOTH). 

TeaRCt. ,Mhth (oh* ace nana, Kojih, Tothki* h t. a-) omrrb pfe- 
raHJTb uporyjiHTb ypoKH... OcTasajiocb noflA'BJiaTb 6api*HHHy noAnHCb._ 
Mhthhomi* nocTynR*B nocjiajiH aiaTepH nncbMO.* AHTHTeaHCb. 
BapwHH (nojiHan, rjiynaa, a e 6 § ji a a): Jl& Kam> tm drtob?* C h h t e a * 
BbinopoJiH. 

HAemb HanpaBO, h ^tomhtojibho ropHrb cepaue*; HAonib HajrfeBo, 

H HOpKa: KyAft HH KHHb, BOBA'B KJlHHbJ H aHTHHOMlH y rJiyOjIHOTCH . 

T e 3 h c t>. Mhth BHAHTb bt> OKH*t AtaoiKy Pan. AHTHTeapcb. 
Paa ynaaa h paatfHJiacb. ,Po6ko BuraeJib Mhth Bb xyxHio. njiaifeHHbie. 

HdfalHXH, KpaCHbJO, KaKb CTpy&KH PaHHRHHOH KpOBH, MOJIbKaHH... 3a 
nOHKOH 1 *. CHHT63b. .Orb aJITapHf KaKb ropHift B'BCTHHKb, HpH6JIH- 



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MJAM-JIAMA H3T> CAIKMKKA. 69 

3H;iacb Pan..." noaeaia— noraejn>: npHBeJia Ha leTBepTbift 8Taxb h bh- 

6pOCHJia H3T> OKHa. 

TH6ejiHHrH Gpocaiorb b* mrfeHb xhbhh CTp*feJiy cb xpacHoft xpacxoft 
ManHcaHHbiifb xpacHbiiib cjioboixomv, cjiobohko noAcxaxHBaerb nem- 

HblMb OrOHbKOMl>: BTHMb 0rH6Mb (xpaCHbUTb ITfcTyXOMb) SanaJIHTb flOBTb 

Bapowiwft Ilaxa hah Mhth, KorAa CTaHen* IIepenoHOBbnn>. 

Ilart (offb xe Kara h Mhth) Jiynrae yicepeTb, ifcarb coOjiaaHHTbca 
npasMBOM-b rb mh3hh, JTeaecTHHbH, BopiyHbH CTapoft. Ecjih cofaaa- 
hhtcjz, xoffb yMoaaxjittieHUi o6paT6Hb. T e 3 h c b. Caraa: »Bce iihtxh..." 
„A Bb CamHHoft xoMHarfe KonomHTca HJiHbxa JlenecTHHba". Ahthtg- 
3HCI. OTem>: ,4to *b, Ha crbHxy noBfecHmb?* CHHTeai. Cama: 
»fla, noBfemy." JlenecTHHbH (bxoahV. .IIoB'fecb Ha#b xpoBaTxofi — chh, 
tfanoniKa." H H3i> cHHTeaa padBepTbiBaioTCH HOBbie pflAN aHTHHOMift. 

3HOftHbiifb BeJiHKOJi'bnieirb npHpoaa y Coaorytfa KHBaerb, apas- 
HHTb, nymuTb, nbiJixifl cboh ona Jieirenerb Hameirrw — jhoCobhwh 0Ha 
npHdHaHin cboh HamenTbiBaerb. »ropHUB*rb pacKHA&tfb 6-fejibie nojiy- 
aoHTHKH, h orb HHXb K*b Beiepy aanaxJio cjiatfo h H-fcaHO. B-h KycTap- 

HHKaXb TaHJIHCb JipK0Jiaa0p6Bbie KOJIOKOJIbHHKH, 6e3yxaHHbI6 H 663- 

MOJiBHbie" (.3emrB aeMHoe"). „3fl*cb, bt> npHpo^-fe, chh, ycHH, oTpoKb, 
— JlenecTHHbfl Tefa BoabMH! BbipocTemb, nepeAOHOBburb 6yAemb.* TaKb 
y(5aK>KHBaerb Coaorytfb cbohxi> oTpoxoBb. 

HypirHypamxH, qypKH-6ojiBamKH, 6yKH-6yKamKH, BtAH-TapaKarawi. 
Hypb Hacb. Hyp* Hacb. Hypi», Hyp*, qyp-b. 4ypi-nepeHyp , b-pacHyp , b. 

rv. 

Jlerxie, npjmbie ub*tm, HpsoJiaaopeBbie KOJioKOJibiHKH: npeicpacHoe 
ThJio xeHcxoe; h Jiecrb ropHHHHOfi: *Bi» Taxyx) u h ji a ra k y, KaKb bn, 
xto He Bjuotfirrca* (,KpacoTa"). 9to bt> Ko;ioKOJibiHKb JiaaopeBbift ran- 
xoe anoJidaerb HacfesoMoe; nou*bJiyft KOJioKOJibHHKb — HacbKouoe yxa- 
JiHTb: o, 36MHaa pocsomb, noxpbiTafl HacbKOMbmu! ,Ha xoarb— foionibH 
yxyebi M (.MejiK. fffcc**). b Ott> itaifaejiH mionbi bt> hoctbjih* (.M. 6.*). 
•'BnibTe, ApyxxH, Ha6HBaft*re 6px>mxB" c»M. 6."). H a p y x k h (6biBmie 
IlaxH, Kojih, ApAamH), npeBpamawrca bt> XHBOTHbixb, ApflaJiioHOBi> 
OepeAOHOBbixb. Boxpyrb HHXb cnycxaeTca „ho<u>, THxaa, raypraaiAaa 
sjioB'bnpiMH noAXojiaifH h HaraeirraMH - (»M. 6.*). Bb 8T0fi Tbii* xpo- 
M-BfflHoft h aaoft KpoirbrnHhift h anofi ctohtt> IlepeAOHOBb, npeACTaBJiAA 
B 6apbimeHb PyrHJioBbix'b Bb oaicbixb co(Jjia3HHTeJibHbixb nojioxeHiaxb* 
(,M. 6.*). H chhtch eiiy Aaiiw ,B(rBXb MacTefi, rojibia, rHycHbia 44 („M. (5. tt ). 
fiorb xyAa npHBeJia th u ajib^exa, JlenecTHHbiomKa,— Kb ciacrbio, Kb 
HeB^crh? 9 7R HpHeHbxyio 6 u m h *• c*b tocko& bt> roJiocb roBopHTb 
IlepeAOHOBb. Bumb, nero saxoT^JTb, „HopTi onxacTbid" i.M. 6."). 

IlOAJIHHHO HOpTb: Jf BCTp'bTHBb MHJIOBHAHaTO THIfHadHCTa CT> H 6- 



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70 BfcCM N 3 

nopoHHMMH raaaaini* ap&bhht* ero a*bohxob:: ,A, MameHbxa. 
a^paBCTByfi, padA'bBOBH" ( W M. 6.*).— ,y Bact>, JHotiesHuft ApAaobOH* 5o- 
pHObiTb, aaraajiflJio Bootipaxeme" ( V M. 0."). Bee paaBajiHBaeTCH— AaJibme 
Hexy^a htth; h tiorocnacaeifuft rpaa* Canoxex* cxaJiHTCH yxacoic*. 
.PynwioB* aacMluuiCH, noxaauBaa rmuioBaTbie ay6hi* ( W M. 6.*). Ilyp- 
nypHbie xoJioxoJibHHKH ycr* H3flaion> Tfixeauft 8anax*; AHpexTop* 
tohhti a y 6 m Ha IlepeAOHOBa: ay6u, ay6bi b68A^ — h ay6bi i<hhjio- 
BaTfaie. „4eMy cBTBeTecb!" BociuiHiiaerb IlepeAOHOB*; h Ha* paaiurrofi 
nacTH rHHJioBaTofi Bftcfccrb ct xJiy6aiiH Taxejibix* cjiob* BbinapxHBaerb 
HOAOTbiKOMKa, HaHHMaen> ApadHHTbc*, onpoxHANBaa Ha UepeAOHOBa 
JiiOAefi, xhbothux*, npeAMenj. B* Hero myrjiHBo npHirBJiHBaiOTca 
xieu*: upHCbAaer* ot* CTpara: coAaiOT* xo<t>e: .He noACunaHo jih «Ay* 
(„M. 6. u ;. BApyr-b MHiuceBHi* co ct*bhh noAMHrnyji*. H mctht*, xax* 
TOJibKo ifoxerb: aohocht* Ha yqeHHKOB*, Ha otibiBaT&nefi, TamHTb 
noprperb MwueeBirca b* oTXoxee icbcro. Hsbh-b, H3HyTpH— xxen> ero 
HeyracHifaa HeAOTbixoMxa, lopxaa, KaKi> ne^Hofl njiaueHex*, xsx* 
cjiobo xpbiaaToe.— „0t* IOjuh HeTpoBHW b-bhjio xapoM*. (tea xBaTaoa 
IlepeAOHOBa aa pyxaB*, h ot* bthx* GbicTpwx* h cyxHX* npHKocHo- 
BOHift ojiobho ObiCTpwe cyxie oroHbRH npoG'feraJiH no Beeity rfejjy*. Ho 
b-bab 9to yx* He K)jiiH HeTpoBHa: bchohhht*, xax* onHCbiaaeT* Co- 
jiorytf* jmxopaAKy: „6bicTpo BbiG-braJia hbi» yivia AJiHHHaa, TOHxaa an- 
xopaAxa c*b HexpacHBbiM*, xejrrbiM* jihuom*... h JioxHJiacb pH- 

A Oil*, H O^HHMaJia H npHHHMaJiaCb U'BJIOBaTb." (,IIpH- 

abiBaionpft 3B*bpa"). 

KpacHbiH 6yKBbi BaiepTajiH Ha cTptJi-fe uaJibHHKH rHCeJiHHrx, 
ocBo6oscAaBmie IlaKy. KpacHun cMepTHbia 6yxBbi, xax* cTpyftxn Pae- 
Hoft KpoBH, naiiHJiH eoaHaHie Mhth. Tenepb xpacHufi paartHBaerb lie- 
peAOHOBi» v KpacHbifi $axeji* Ha Canoxex*, tbodh aaxJiHHaHie: *4ypv 
nypamxH, HypxH-6oJiBamxH t BfeAH-TapaxamxH. Hyp* mohh. 4ypi> Mens. 
Hyp*, nypi>, Hyp*. Hyp*-nepeiyp*-pacHyp*." 

Bot* hto cA'kJiajrb Ha* xhbhh CoaoryG*: ,BOT* BaMT>, MHOhie co- 

BpeifeHHHKH!" 

Hyp*-Hyp*-paciyp*! 



Ho OH* HO KOJlAyH*. 

IIpaBAa, oh* raoHT* juoahm* aytfbi, ocTaBJiaerb Ha rtjrb foombB 
yxycbi, padBOAHT* y uaiiaejiH KAonu b* nocTeJia; Bee 3to aobojibho 
HenpiHTHo: ho nycT* xoaht* noname x* ayOHOMy Bpany, noname otmu- 
Bax>T* Qbuib, noxynaiOT* b* anTexapexoM* MaraaHH* nepcHACxaro no- 
pomxy; o6biBaTeoaM* Canoxxa noJieaHO npHBHTb aJieMeHTapHbia xyab- 
TypHbiH npaBHJia. 



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M-IAfi-JlAMA H3B CAIIOJKKA. 71 

KoJiflOBCTBO Cojiory6a— 6Jiomifl yicycb, He tiojifee: B'bRh caub-TO oht> 
TaKofl 6ojibmofi bt» taarnxb HaiffepeHiHXb, bt> AeMOHHaMfe CBoexb He* 
HHorHirb 6oJibrae 6jioxh Ohi> bt> AeMOHHaicb CBoeirb MajieHbxift, Hauy- 

H6HHhlft gJIKHHb, V KOTOparO yKpaJTH XHdHb, aejieHyio eJiKy. BoTb H 

xajiyercn saM*b 6-bAHbift ejiKHHb, CKyjiHTb, aatiHpaeTca noAb ojxbxnoi 
KycHen> aA'bcb, KycneTb Tain>; a Mbi xpanHMb, MepTBemcHMi) xpanHMi> 
xpanowb: He cjiurnHMb ejiKHia. II eJiKHHb 6paHHTCH, mmiHTb, epene- 
hhtch, epomHTCH, nyraeTb: rjiflAHmb,— Kb yTpy 6JiombH yKycu. 

fljiH Hamero ycTpameHia — Hairb bt> HaaHaame, ce6*b bt> yT-fememe 
caaflKyw oht> npHAyuajrb, caaAKyio ycjia^y: HaiiMCJHurb (JjOKycb-noKycb 
cb paanoxeHieifb A'bflcTBHTejibHOCTH. IIpHKHHyjicH KOJiAyHKOMb— npurb 
Ha ctojii>: c6-bHcaJiHCb Kb CTOjiy a^th, a oht> hmi> co CTona: »<l>y-<l>y-<j>y : 
Bee paajioxy, mreero He ocTaHeTCH.* flfcTH aanaaKajiH: „Hypb-Hypb- 
Hyp*b." IIoAomjia aiaxa h cxaaajia: 

EjIKHIl, MHJieHtKift jfeCHOft 
y*ojuun> 6u TM JOMOH. 
Ejucy tm jwh He cnacemb, 
Cb He» caMi» tm nponaaemit. 

( v flHBapbCKift paacKaa-b*). 

KTO-TO H31> A*Tefl HHXHyjlb: H OTb HHXa BBB'bflJICM &IKHHb: HOX- 

Kasin bi» BOdAjrx'b: Jienb-aeirb; h nponaJi-b. 

B-b HeMb xe <j>0Kycb GfeAHaro eJiKHia? A bott> Bb neub. 

EflKHHEBA 3AAAHA. 

flSHO. ATOM*b XH3HH— HOAOTblKOMKa (CHMB0JIH3Hpy6Mafl TO BOAO- 

poAHHM*b aTOMoirb, to JiefttiHHueBOft MOHaAoft, to Teopieft BoCKOBHHa, a 
to h Gaiuuuioft); cyMMa BCfexb arouoBb hjih Mipv, mu, rjioTaiomie 
MHJUiiapAM HeAon»iKOMOK*b (Bb „CanoxKaxb" abophhkh MeTJiaMH 
B3B*HBaH>rb caMyub nepe^b HocoMb npoxoxaro KaKb paab bt» qacb 
ero nporyjiKH; npoiee BpeMH ahh nbiorb Haft ct> KajiaiaMH); ynpana, bo 
BJiacTH xoTopoft BbipwTb kojioaum ajih BOAOCHaCxeniH h opomeHin ro- 
poAa. 

TpeOyeTCH AOKaa aTb. OObreaTejib Moxerb nyBCTBOBaTb ce- 
6a oCeaneneHHUMi* orb nbuiH TOJibKo chah Bb r;iy6oKOMb KOJioaivfe: 
Ao chxt> nopb, npoBajiHBaacb Bb xriiOAeab, Taicb h ocTaBaJincb, hhcxo- 
Afl bb nipb npoxiiaAbi h t*hh— bt> Aha**. TpeGyeTca AOKaaaTb hhcxox- 
AeHie bt» AHAb. 

TaKOBa aaAana aeaeHaro SjiKHHa. floKaawBaerb oHb ee TpoflKHifb 
oGpaaoiib, paa6flpafl iiip-b npHpoAW, Mipb 6eaco3HaTeJibHoft cthxih 
canoxKOBua; h AaA*e: paa5Hpaen> oht> cosHaTejibHyio cTHxiio canox- 

KOBUa. 



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72 



II p h p o a a. 



RBCH N 3 

XOflT> flOKA 
Becoaia 



.ropnuB'b'rb pacKHflajrb G'BJibie nojiy30HTHKH, h w H Korna JIjormuji* irfeJioBaaa 
ott> hhxi> kt> fieiepy aauaxao cjiaoo h HtaHo". nou-BJiyn BoaGyxaajra tomhhu, 
( w 3eMJi*aeMHoe"j. 



T e 3 h c T>. 

.HarHOaJica nacjiem> 
ci> apKo - RpaCHbllfH, 
npoAo^roBaTbiMH aro- 
AaiiH M . (3enji* aeif- 
Hoe). 



AhTHT63HC1>. 

M OTopBaJii> CTe5eJib 
h noflHecb kt> Hocy... 

IIOMOpmHJlCH OTT> H6- 

npiHTHaro, TaxeJiaro 
3anaxa".(MejiRift 6-fecb). 



Teancb. 

W H oaexay, h Camrao rtao 
o6jiHJia oHa gyxauH — rycroft, 

TpaBflHHCTblfl H JIOMKlft y HHXT> 

6biJTh aanax*b... CTpaHHo ub*- 
Tymeft AOJiHHbi*. (MeJiKift 61iei>). 



n PaflOBBJica h yjibi- 

(foJICa... H JIK>6HJTb Ka- 
KHX*b-TO fl06pbIXT> JUO- 
aeft... aa p'BKOft BT> 
30J10THCT0 - JIHJIOBblXb 

rpeaax-b". (yrbmeHie). 
»Bi> aaMK-fe THXOMb 

H BOJime6HOMT> TaMT>, 

B^ajiH, aa oiapoBaH- 
Boft pomefl, otfHTaerb 
H'fexHaa uapeBHa, Ce- 
JieHHTa, Jierxift npn- 

3paK*b JTBTHHX'b CHOBT*'*. 

(jifra ToTHRa). 



n IIocpeAH nojia 6w- 
•ia Kor^a-TO aaa ne- 
ro-TO BbipbiTa xaHa- 
Ba... HeHyxaaa, h 6ea- 
o6pa3Haa". (Bt> toji- 
nt). 

ff Kaaa.iocb t «rro 
npeAMeTbi, Hejrbnbie h 
HeHyxHbie BoaHHKajiH 
H3i HHHero. Ms'b rjiy- 

DOfl ...TbMbI BOSHHRa- 

jio HeoxHflaHHoe, He- 
JTBnoe*. (Bb TOJin*). 



w Bce 6hUio bt> ea ropaairfc 
— nepeflb 3T0ft <ftJiH3H0& uep- 
uaJiH ajibie h xejrrbie tohh ea 
rbJia, HanoMHHaa. • . arrtaxH 
nepjiawyTpa h xeirayra". (Kpa- 
coTa). 

»flbiMT> orb JiajiaHa KJiyfirr- 
ca no uepKBH, CHH-berb h no- 
flbmaercH BBepx*b. y aarapa 
xoAHTb Paa, nooynpoapaiHaa-. 
Bca oHa, Kan hhkto h3t> mm- 
BbixT>, h npexpaeHaa"... (YrB- 
meaie). 



CuHT63 a b. 

„Bb noflHHTofl... pyR-B... napHa, (aagaBJieBHa- 

ro TOJIIZOfi), CB'BTHJiaCb Bb C0JIH6HH0MI CB'STB 

xpyxRa. H pyna 6biJia crpaHHo BoaflBHrayTa 
xi> He6y, KaKb xHBOfl mecrb*. (,Bt> toot*"). 
CuepTb. 



Chh 

.He ooftcaV. Bjrb3*b Ha noso- 

xcb... Ha^HHan naaarb yxe 

Hie*... (yiiuneHie). 

Cm 



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JAJTAfi-JIAMA H3T> CAHOiKKA. 
3ATEJIBCTBA 



78 



TejibHoe. 

ero ROJrbHH h CTonbi HtaHue 

nojiycouHbiH sejiaMH"... (.MeJi- 

xift 6*cb*). 

AHTHT68HCI. 

.JIiOAMHJia noBaJiHJia Gamy 
Ha AHBaHiK Orb pyGamKH, ko- 
Topyio oua psaHyjia, oTJierbJia 
uyroBHua. OroJiHJia njieno...— 

^OaopHHua"...— „3aHiOHHJrb, MJia 
jjeHein/... (Mejncift Cfccb). 



C03HaT6JIbH06. 

n Bburb on liana Becejrb, . mhjtb, jno6eseHb, He 
noflxoflHJii xi> onacHacTaMt h Kb nyacHMb, He- 

XOpomHBfb MaJlbHHKaMT,, H 3HaJICfl TOJIbKO CT> 

atobMH cemeft H3i> hxt» Kpyra* (»B*b natay*). 

Te3HCl. AHTHT63HCT). 

„Maxajib noxBaJibHhiMb „Hto jkt>. Ha crbHKy no- 
JiHCTOMb: ,Bce ohtkh, B'bcumb?" (3eMJi* aeii- 
Aaxe neTBepoKb Ma- Hoe). 

JIO a . (SeifJI* 36MH06). 



»OHa nocn*raHO paa;vBJiacb 
h HaxajibHo yjibi6ajiacb... Bcio 
ary HOHb eny chhjihcl a&mu 
Bcbx*b MacTefi, rojibiH m rHyc- 
Hbifl*... (Me;iKift 6%a>). 

.y MaxaejiH kjiohn bt> no- 

CT6JIH - . (Me-lKl'ft 6*Cb). 



T63T). 

KOHHHKb Bb 'leTfiepTOlfb 9Ta- 

owb nyBCTBOBajib o6Jierie- 



pTb« 



,A bt» jrbcy-To KaKB 
cjiaBHo! CmojioA uax- 
HeT*b tt .(}Kajio cMeprH). 

„X03»flCTBeHHblft My- 
XHKb Biiacb rOTOBHJI- 

ch aaroAH, HaBapH;n> 
nHBa, HaKynajib boakh, 
aap-baaji'b 6apaHa a . 
(BapaHiHicb). 

.Ha komi* xe... HeBHH- 

HaH KpOBb? OTB'BHaJIb 

aHrejrb: »Ha mhIs, Toe- 
hoah". (BapaHHHKi>). 

n IIpo^HBaK)inie KpoBb 
HCKynJieHbi MoewKpo- 
BbH>,H Haynawmie npo- 
jiHTiio KpoBH HCKyiuie- 
Hbi Mhoio*.. (BapaH- 

IHKb). 



»A a Aoxayio BopoHy 

nOA*b KyCTOM*b BH- 

A*Ji , b*-(3KaJio CMepTH). 

.CnaaaJia AHHCKa 
CeHbK-fe: ^jJaBafl Hr- 
paTb bi> 6apaHMHKa?" 
IIoJiocHyjia no CeHbKH- 
HOMy ropjiy" . (BapaH- 

HHKb). 

W H CpOCHJIHCb BOHHbl 

Ha A^Tefl h pydHJiti 
hxt>*. (HyAo oTpoKa 
JlHHa). 

„TBepAHJIH... O TOM*, 

hto 6on» t KOTopoMy ao- 

HblH-B Mb! nOXJIOHH- 
JlHCb,... TOJIbKO aefepb, 

TanmiflCH bt> jrfecy*.. . 
(flHKift Borb). 



C H H T e 3 b. 

— .fl He xony xhtl". (Htajio CMeprH)... Tm 

3BaJTb M6HH, H a npHBIJia. . . U6jJ\eTh CMepTB 

TBoa Jieraa h cjiame aaa". (GMepTb no o6b 
flBJieniio). 

GMepTb. 



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74 BfcCM N 3 

1-a CTeneHb coaHaHirocTb coaHaHie HA-bHa: Haxa h nana; 
Gama bt> luitay y JIioamhan h HepeaoHOBa; Crbopuobt>, mrtaeHHUi 
PaAyrHHbnfL; JKchh XiiapoB-b bt> ycjioBiaxT> cpeabi h t. a. 

2-h c t y n e h b c o a h a h i a ecTb BHjvbHie HeaoTbixoMXH: IIIyT- 
KHHbi ajio rayTHTb (.Bi> TOJiirb*), JlenecTHHba, Pycjiaffb-3B0HapeBa ct> 
6opoaaBKoft Ha Hocy, CrpnraAb h K? f JlnxopaAxa h t. a. 

3 - a c t y n e h b c o a h a h i a ecn» npHxoA* cMepra: oHa npuo- 
Ahtb Kb PnaaHOBy; Math, Kojih xoHHaiorb caMoy6i&CTBOMi»; Jlemy a*- 
Barb; CmfOHKy y(5HBaioTb cojiflaTbi h t. a- 

BbiBOfl-b. 3oJioTaH aapa npiipoAH— aoAOTaa aapa cMepra. Beaco- 
3HaTejibHbift 3obi> jikX5bh— 6eaco3HaTeJibHbift bobt> ki> CMepTH. Cm epraaa 
acHOCTb coBHaHia— cMepTHaa hchoctb CMepTH: oaMa CMepTb. Mbi ho Mbr 
Mbi nbijib, oajiameHHan aapeft— HeAOTbixoMXH, acwiorbiomiH toabxo bt» 
npeflHyBCTBiH CMepTH. Mbi aywaeM-b, hto mbi ajoah, a mbi hah npax> 

HAH COdBaTeAbHbie CMepTOHbimH. BOTb XaKOft (J)OKyCHHKT» BAKHTb! 

Ax* Tbi, (t)OKycHHK*b-noKycHHKT>! noxycHHiaero, BOAme6HHn», Ha- 
A-fejTb apMAHCKid xaJiarb, jibjuh noMaxHBaerb GyTbiAoixaMH: „Bon> y 

M6HH Kaxlfl, A^TKH, AB*fe GyTMAOHXH; H3T> OAHOH XAefaenib— cTaHemb 

6eacMepTeHi>... nbiAbueft nonpucKHBaTb, nwjibuoft nonncxHBaTb; uiefr 
Hemb h3t> Apyrofl: h CMepTHoe, CMepTOHbinrb, npeacTaHerb neGbrrie.* IIo- 
CMaTpHBaerb apMamxa, aacTpanmBaerb: h3t> xaAaTa 6yxy BbiA*feJn*Baen>. 

He B^pbTe, a*th: bto Ao6pbift Hami (Jjoxycb-noxycHHX'b 9eAopi> 
Ky3bMHHT> CoAory6*b. KaKoe yrbmeHie, a*th, HaMi> ero HHraTb! Bupo- 
CTHTe, npoHTeTe: npoHTOTe, noftMeTe. 6eAopi> Ky3bMHH*b npHmejrb noxa- 
3aTb BaM-b <J)OKycb. A ny-xa, ©eAopi RyabMH<n>, noxaxHTe-xa Hajrb 
CMepTb: xaxaa Taxaa OHa y Baci,? ,Borb aaaxaa"— oTBttrnrb nanamaM* 
h waMamawb CoAoryfo: Haxpoerb xjiWhhA raapHX-b KOAnanxoirb, h 
bhobb OTxpoerb; h Bbiflflerb ManeHbxift 6jikhht> ct» nufmxoft Ha Hocy. 

„Borb 8Aaxafl M — h Bbiflaerb MHJian Ateymxa, MHaaa Paa: ,6'hjms 
pHBbi UB*bAH aAbiMH poaaMH h Kocw ea paacbinaAHCb, xaxB Aereaftorifl, 
nAaMeHHbifl CTpyftKH... Orb en npexpacHaro Anna HdAHBaACH... Etobril 
CB-brb, a rjiaaa ea bt» stout* CBfrrb cihah xax% ABa Benep'biomiH cb*- 
THJia*. fla paaB'b bto CMepTb? Hero bbi (foaAHCb, a*th: oto Bama 

HCB-feCTa. 

n Borb aAaxaa*— h npHxoAHTb MHAaa, HexpacHBaa, Aotipaa Maua, h 
roBopHTb haoxo aayieHHyio poAb, roBoparb o cbohxb CMepTeHbi- 
m a x t> (a*th, He 6ofirech t 9to Bee Koah h XIcth!), roBopHTb mhabu, 
MHAbia CAona: .flymy tboio... 6epearao noAozy xi> ce6* Ha niie^o h 
onymycb bi» *epTon>, ta* oCHTaerb moh BAaAuxo... H corb Aynin tbs- 
eft BbuxMerb oht» b-b rAy6oxyio iamy.M— h cokomt> TBoeft Aynm.^ na 
noAHOHHbia OpwsHerb oht> aBteABi". (.CMepTb no o6*baBAeHU0 - ). 

MHAaa, xaxi> HeyM^Ao HcnoAHaerb CMepTHyio OHa cboio pooB. IV 
BopHT*b o CMepTH, a ycTa ea BocKpecemeMi, yjibiCaiOTca: a*th> haht© 



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AAJlAft-JlAMA H3I> CAI102CKA'. 75 

aa Hefl. w TorA* BnycTHJiH... AHHCKy h Ceabicy (r^aatoniHX'b Ha npeA- 
eTaBJieHie) bt> o6ht6jih cBfeToaapHbia h bt> caAbi GjiaroyxaHHbie, rA'B Ha... 
TpaBaxi> Mepuarorb MeABaHbia pocbi, h bt> cb*t.thxi> 6eperaxi» cTpyaTca 
oTpaAHbia bo ah* ( s 5apaH<iHK'b"). 4to, KOJiAyn-h, Hanyraai? HaTaTejiu 
tboh, AHHCsa h CeHbna, chahtb Ha Oepery y oTpaAHbixi* boa* hoboh 

XH3HH, HCHHBaH IfeABHHbJil pOCbl JIK>6BH HOBOfi, QOTOMy hto o6pa8i> TBOefl 

cMeprH ecTb o6paa < b BaucKyeMaro rpajja: rpaAa xuaHH. A CMepTb TOJibKo 
arrepKa bt» HeyAaiHoft TpareAiH „IIo6'ba& Cmopth", paabirpbiBaeMofl bi> 
xatiairb, o Heitb HeyMluio nporoBopHJica cain» aBrop*. 

Co.iory#b nepenyrajii* ochobhhh noHHTia npn coBepmeHHoft npa- 
BHJibHocTH nocjrfeAyionmxi> BbiqHcieHifl; npeotipaaya ypaBHema, nepe- 

HBCb H3B*CTHbIH BOJIHHHHbl BT» OAHy HacTb, a HeHdB-BCTHblH— B*b ApyryiO, 

noaa6buii>nepeM'BHHTb3HaKH Ha o6paTHbia;HBT> bhboa* 
bm'bcto ,n n k> c a" mm cTaBHirb n u h h y c *•, bitbcto .uHHyca*— ^njiiocb" 
XHdHb ero HaabiBaeMi* ciiepTbio; cMepTb— »h3hlio. 

Jfc, OKb npOBOAHTb HO BCBMT> nyTHMl* CMCpTH BHJIOTb AO... XH3HH. 
HcXOAHTb OTb — „1"— HOAOTblKOMKH. KoMtiHHHpyeTb HeAOTblKOMOKb BT> 

cjioxhuh <J>opMyjibi, bt> cJioxHbifl Apo0H. GnoxHa (fcopMyaa ero CMepTH: 
ho HucjiHTOJib npeo6paaoBaHHofl tyopMyjibi no coKpameHiw oKaabiBaerca 
paBHbiM-b Hyjuo: arorb uouewrb ecTb MoueHT-b noHMeHia CMepTH; h 
H6H3MBHH0 oHa otiMaHbiBaerb: 30B6Tb wb HefoiTie, a noKaabiBaerb ,o6h- 
tojih cB'fcToaapHbifl". IIoneMy? 

•/ l= =0: xH3Hb=0: bobco HenpaBAa; b^a* ompaBHaa ToiKa— CKpbiTaa 
srb XH3HH CMepTb; h ApoGb ecTb Apo6b CMepTH; (|>opMyjiy °/i=0, HaAO 
HHTaTb Tairb: CMepTb=HyjiK>; CMepTH ho cyn^ecTByerb. 

A caMbid K0Hem> (Mhth 6pocaeTca H3*b oKHa, Kojia TOHerb, MHJiaa 
Aa*a y6HBaerb CTHJieTOMi* PaaaHOBa, MomxHHi> tohhtch) HHorAa cay- 
laevb, ho name Bejihwb, He;iorHHeirb, BbiMyieffb. 

IIoKa CoJioryd'b, nepepaxeHHbifl bi> KOJJAyHa-apMHHHHa, noHJi*b Hacb 

BOAOfi CMepTH (BOAOft XHBOfi), Mb! tipbldHyjIH Ha KOJIAyHKa BOAOH XH3HH 

(CMeprH) h CTaJTb KOJiAyHi yMOHbrnaTbca; octsjich xaJiaTi> Aa manna: 
TaMT> hto-to nonHCKHBaJio: 8to fourb MHJibift, MajieHbKifl eJiKHHT>, aany- 
TaBmifica bt> ORemjiX ,H*bth, BoabMHTe e^KHia> nocTaBbTe Ha ctojihkt>: 

CKOpO 6JIKHH1> 60JIbfflHMl> AHfleft BbipoCTOTb. 

H JW& ^JiKHH-b BbipocTaerb— Cojibmoft, 6oJibmofi ahah: nepeA*b HaMii 
6oJibmofl HHcaTejib, n'BBem* hoboA acn3HH, o6HTejiefi CB'bToaapHbix'b — 
on* hhxi> xe cepAue HaAexAOfi ropHi-b. 

IIOKJIOHHMCH OMy OOflCHblM'b nOKJIOHOM*b. 

PyccKift HapoA*b cjioxhat> ropbKyio n^CHb o ropbKOMi> rop*. Fopb- 
xoe rope TeMHofi Ha Pycb HaBaJiHJiocb TeMeHbio. JKaaHb Ha PycH CKpbi- 
Jiacb bi> T6MH0M*b yrjiy: tomhw JiHua pocciaffb. Coaory6y a&hh aaAany: 
no TeMHOMy naray Ha juwb y o6HTaTejia McTHCiaBJia (hjih CanoxKa— 
Bee paBHo) KOHCTpynpoBaTb incTyx) T*Hb. IIorpyxeHHbifl bi» 9to aaHfl- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



76 B*CH N 3 

Tie, om> aatiMBaerb, mo patioraeTb ct oTpHoaTOJibHMMH BejnramaMH 
(orb— .1" ao— w o&" * h onycKaerc* MiraycM; Tarb HaiflHaeri* oht> nana- 
raTb, mto oAHa HejjoTWKOMKa h-ih oedKOHeiuocrb HeAOTbaoMorb cjtb 
no.ioacHTejibHbui BeaHiHHM. Ilocjrb AOJirnx-b BbrwcjieHifl BoacTaHUJtv- 
BaeTb AeaKOHeHHyio (iHCTyio) rfeHb, otioaHaiafl ee 3saKoirb 6e8KOHe*rao- 
cth: oo. Tor.ua o6pa?b, cboGoahmh orb tbhh, BUHysA6Hi> om> ooo- 
3HanHTb w -ao* no KOHTpacTy. no.iyiaeTCH afcypAK oTpuaaT&iBHax 
BeJiHHHHa— MHJia« fl'BByniKa, Paa; noJioxHTejihHaa— rfeHeBaj* .inxopajuta* 

K*b w -HO0* HaCHJIbCTBOHHO npHCTaBJIHOTCH „— •; Kb w — CD* Tairb ze Ht- 
CHJIbCTB6HH0 npHCTaBJIHOTCH DJUOffb (0CH0BHbl6 nJIKKTb H MHHyCb BU- 

HeceHbi aa ckoGkh paaoBT>). Ewheu-b bt> oahomb cJiyna* „+• Ha »— •; 
bt> ApyroMi CJiyna-b— w — " Ha „+"; bt> oGohxt* cjiynawb nojiynaeMi 

MHH.VCb, T.-e. XHBHb H CMepTb CyTb OTpHUaTeJIbHMfl BeJIHHHHhL OTCIOAa 

Heo6xoAHMocTb nepeflTH jihoo kt> HeAOTbiKOMK'b, coeAHHjnomefl BT> ce6"B 
n y e t y K> c y e t y xhshh ct> n o n h m m t> noxoeui cmobth, jihoo rb 
qeuy-To, aocojnoTHo HeconaM'fepHMOMy ci> botxhmh oopaaaMH Kara 
xh3hh, TaKb h CMepTH: „CMepTb noBepaceHa bt> oaepo oraeHHoe— Ge 
TBopio Bee hoboo* (,OrKpoBeHie*). 

U noAcodHaTejibHafl cthxui CojioryGa paaaBaHBaercji: bhahtt> mbjsjw> 
Paw h paHHy rtHb, JiHXopaAKy. Ho BeTXHMi>, acKOTHiecKHMi, MepTBbiifb 
co3HaHieMi> cbohmi> XBaTaeTCH aa rfeHb, pacnMJraa Paw bt> otaaxo rpeav 
a Pan peaJibHa* , xHBan, u HJiaa; ocb-bthto To.ibico ee co bcbxtj CTopoffb; 
nyme Amman en KpacoTa oaapHTcn; TBHb HCieaHerb. 

Pan, Ayma pyccKofi npaBAM: ho HdApeBJie oHa bt> t*bhh; bt» tbhh 
h mm, a cb HaMH h CoJioryo*. BooCpaaH.ib ce6n 6yAAiftcKHMi» CoHaoft 
h BoacBJii Ha KopTOHKaxT> nepeA* TeMHbiMt yrJio>rb. ByAAH3M?> xoponrb 

Ha TlldOT'B; BT» CanOKK* OHT> TOJIbKO AbipOlfOJlflHCTBO: CHAHTb Kb 1136%, % 

bt> H36-B Abipa; mojihtch bt> AMpy: .Haoa moh, jibipa moh— cnacH tiesfl". 
Ho tiojibmoe ero k>poactbo GoJibHo Hacb o6jiHiaeTV. # kba* aupomojihh 
h mm, To^bxo cRpbiTbie. Hame TaflHoe CTajio HBHbnn> y CoaorytSa. Ohi» 
B3H.Tb Aa h cBJTb B-b yrojii>, KaKb GbiJTb: bt> cnpryK'B, co cTasaHOin* 
^a»; cbjii uaifb bo o6jiHieHie. II oCnHHeHHwe hmih aoaxhu mm esiy 
cxaaaTb: w Te6* roBopHMi>: BCTaHb". 

CHA'BHie Ha KopTOHsax-b bt» yrjiy nepeA* cotfCTBeHHoft CBoen rhHuo— 
ropoACTBO, T.-e. ptauapcKifi noABHn>: bt> 3anaAHoft BBpon'B H8A&Baa bo- 
Ahahcb pwuapH, Boa6yxAan noHTOHie; a Bb CanomK* HaAaBHa BOAHJiHCb 
lopoAHBbie, Boa6yxAaa CTpax* cyeB^pHbift. BoaOyxAaerb cxpax'b h ch- 
A'BRie CoJioryCa nepeA^ nycTbiirb yrJioMi: noJiHo, He a*th mm. rioAofl- 
Aeub xe Kb aTOMy rpoMaAHe.yy xyAoxHHKy h cxaxeMi* eMy: ,CnacH6o 
TeC-b, iftwioB'BK'b Boxin: nocoxoMi» yxaaajrb Ha oearjiaayw Haray CMepTb, 
h mm yBHA'BJiH, hto h*bti> y Hacb OesrjiaaoH CMepTH - . 

AiJipfl Btiul- 

* 3h&ki oesaoievHocn. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



,3EBK)TAHTH. 



H. ryiouen. PoMaHTHiecxie I^b^tm. IlapHXb. 1906 r. 
U. 1 (J>p. 25 c. — noreMxra*. C m * m h a a jik>6obi>. ITepBaa KHRra 
cthxob*. Hba- M. IIonoBa. Cn6. 1908. IX 75 k. — BjaancjaB* Xoaace- 
■■**. MoJiofloCTb. Cthxh 1907 rofla. K-bo n Tpu^-b u . M. 1908. II. 70 k.— 
rpmropift HoBmpcift. 3aiseHHbifl CeaAHbi. Cthxh. 1908 rojn>. 
Cn6. 19ua I(. 1 p. — JleB* aapracxift. Hafli MopeMi aaTHx- 
diimi. Cthxh 1907 roaa. Cn6. 1908. I{. 50 k. — Alexander. II o 6 e 3- 
Aopoxbio. Cthxh. M. 1907. IJ. 50 k. 

UepeAo mhok) mecTb cfopHHKOBb cthxobi> hath nodTOBi>. Be* 
mecTepo — euni He AefoOTaHTbi, to Haimaionue. Bb aHTepaTypHuxb 
xpyraxb noiraiTb, hto H. ryuHaeBb, ro^a ABa Haaaa* (erne chah Ha 
rHMHaaHHecKofi cKaxb*), HSAanb TOHeHbKyio KHHxxy ,IIyTb Koh- 
KBHCTaAopoBT>"; hto cthxh B. XoAaceBHia y*e roaa Heibipe noasaaioTca 
bi paaHHib ajibMBHaxaxis iieaitHXb acypHaaaxb h raaeTaxi>; hto cthxo- 
TBopeHie IIoTeMKHHa Obuio upeMHpoBaHo Ha xoHKypcfe „3ojiOToro PyHa*, 
—ho aah 6oAbmHHCTBa iHTaTejiefl bc* mecTb HMBHb, B'fepoaTHO, paBHo 
HedHaxoifU. IIo npaay moxho ciHTaTb sth dhtb khh»©ki> — AofovraMH, 
„npo6aMH nepa", bt> KOTopuxb Hauo HCKaTb oO-fcmaHift, a He CBepmeuift. 

Ob 8T0ft tohrh ajrfeHia HaH6oJibraaro BHHMama, Ha Moft BaraaA*, 
aacjiyxHBaerb ranxKa H. ryMHJieBa: xpoxoTHbift cGopHHKb, bt> 64 cTpa- 
HHAbi, he KOTopwxi, co6paHO HeMHorHirb fojifte 30 CTHXOTBopeHifl. CpaB- 

HHBaa .POMaHTHHeCKie IfrfeTU" Cl> „IIyTeMb KoHKBHCTaAOpOBb*, BHAHIDb, 

vro aBTopi> MHoro h ynopno pafoTaab Haab cBonirb craxoub. He o<rra- 
aocb h eatyjOBb npexHefi He6pe»H0CTH paairfepoBb, HeparaaHBOCTH 
paeaib, HeTOHHOCTH o6paaoBb. Cthxh H. ryMHJieBa Tenepb icpacHBbi, 
HaamHbi, h, fojxbmeio lacTbio, HHTepecHbi no tyopirt; Tenepb oin> 
P"B8ko h onpeA*JieHHO Bbinep^HBaerb cboh otipaabi h ct> Goabmoft o6ay- 
MaHHocTbio h HdbicRaHHocTbio Bbi6HpaeTb dHHTeTbi. HacTo pyxa eMy 
eme HaicbHflerb, oHb — cepbeaHbift pa6oTHHKb> KOTopwfi hohhm aerb, 
Hero xonerb, h yiftfeerb AocTHraTb, nero Ao6HBaeTca. 

Jlynme yaaeTca H. ryiinaeby aHpHica „o6beKTHBHaa", rA*fe caMb 
nodTb Hcqeaaerb aa HapHcoBaHHbiiiH hm* oCpaaaMH, rA* Coabrae a&ho 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



/ 



78 BfeCH N 3 

rjiaay, <rb)n» cayxy. Bt> CTHxaxi> ace, r;rb HaAo nepeaaTb BHyTpeHHiH 
nepexHBaHin m yabiRoft CTHxa h onapoBaHieirb cnowb, H. TjuEJieBj Hacro 
ho aocTaerB chjih HenocpeACTBeHnaro BHynieHia. Oht> HeMHoro nap- 
Hacceu'b bt> CBoeft noasin, noarb THiia JleRORTa Ae-JIwib. OrbmiSBSuA 

BT> CBOHXT> JIHHHblXT> HyBCTBOBaHMIX'b, OHT> H3<5'feraerb TOBOpHTb OTb 

nepBaro jihxui, hohth ho BbicTynaerb cr» hhthmhnmh npHaHammiH h 
npeAnoHRTaerh nprncpuBaTbca MacRoft Toro rjih HHoro repon. CGjih- 
acaerb ero ct> napHaccuaicH h jiK>6oBb kt» 9R30THHecRHMi» otipaaaxi*: om> 
jno6HTb BbiOnpaTb fljia cbohxt> 6a-i-iajn> h MaaeHbRHX'b nodifb, Kara 
fleKopauiw,— wrb ct> ero nbimHoft necTpoTOft, hjim npinynJiHBOCTb Tpo- 
nHnecKHX'b cTpaHi, hjih nponuibie B'feRa, eme He SHaBmie mohotohhocth 
C0BpeMeHHhixT> AHefl. Ho H. ryMHxeB'b m efffee CAopsaH'b, tbmt> to 6uno 
6oJibmHHCTBO napHaccaeBi, h ero (paHTaaia nepTHTb nepe^b HaMH H*b- 

CKO.lbKO yrJIOBaTMH, HO CM*fcJIbIH H HeOJRHAaHHblfl JIHHiH. 

Koh6hho, HecMOTpa Ha 0TA*fcibHbui yAaiHbiH nbecu, h .Pomshth- 
necKie IIb^tm"— TOJibRo yqeHHqecKan RHHra. Ho xowrca b^phtb, hto 
H. ryMH.ieBT> npHHaAJiftXHTb rt> HHCJiy HHcaTeaeft, paaBHBaiomHXCfl 
MeAJieHHo, h no TOMy cauouy BCTaiomnxi bkcoko. Moacerb 6brrb, npo- 
AOJiaeaH paCoTaTb ct> toA ynopHOCTbio, Kan Tenepb, om, cyicfeerb oofiTH 
MHoro Aajibme, *rbwb mu to HaxlvrHJiH, OTKpoerb bt> ce6*fe bosmoxhocth, 
HaMH He nonoap-BBaeMNH. Ha Hamnx'b rjiaaax* aa nocjrfeAHie roxbi 
npom.ia neiaJibHan cynbGa H'fccRoabRiix'b CKopocirftJioKT>, oTUB-BnnHXb 
eABa jih He npexA© Manama CBoeft nepBOft KHiirH. He ORaxeTCH jih 
6ojtb6 cnacTJiHBbiMTj ecTecTBeHHbift nvrb: orb cjiaGaro h noApaxaTejib- 
Haro kt> coBepmeHCTBy, vbarb ofoMHbift nyTb Hamm* oahoahobokt*: 
orb CjiecTHmHX'b coaAaHift nepBOft iohocth rb njiocRocTH h nycTort 
AajibH^ftniHX'b 6e3HHCJieHHbix a b h hoith pexecJieHHbix'b noAA'taon*. 

EcTb MHoro npH«?HHb onacaTbca, hto rt> HHCJiy TaRHx-b oahoahobokt> 
npHHaaJieHHTb r. IIoTeMKHHt. Ecjih ero nepBwe cthxh He Bnojnm 
aacJiyxHBaioTb anHTeTa ,,6JIecTfll^Hx , b^ to BbiCTynJieHie ero bt> JiHTe- 
paTyp-fe coBepmHJiocb He 6ear> G.iecKa. Bt> to BpeMH, KaK*b H. ryuHJies-b 
roA*b aa tojxoht> paGoTaerb HaAi> cbohmh cTHxaMH, HHRo&iy HeHSB-fccT- 
Hbift h HHrBMT> He aaMfriaeMbift, r. IIoTeMRHnb cpaay CAiuiaJicfl MaJieHb- 

KHIfb „M3TpOMT>*, C03AaTe-10M'b CBOerO CTHJIH H HyTb JIH H6 CBOefi IHKOJIbl. 

y KHHrH r. IIoTeMKHHa ecTb cboh sacJiyre, h npesRAe Bcero aairB- 
qaTejibHa en ocHOBHan TeMa, en 3aMbicejn>. T. IIoTeMRHHB nocTaBHJTb 
ce6*B aaAaneft— bt> cwbrnnoft (J^pM-fe BbipaaHTb TparunecRoe, Bi>caMoirb 
noBceAHeBHOM'b, nom.ioM'b h Aaxe HH3MeHHoici> Haftro noaaiio: bt> napHS- 
lcaxepcKoft RyKJi*, bt> y^HiHOft npocTHTyTR*, bo BJiK)6jieHH0MT> rmcHa- 
3HCT*b, bt> cTapoft a*b*b, n^a^ymeft HaA* yMepmeft MocbKoft^. Mmo 
Tore: r. IIoTeMKHH-b nonbrraJiCH BbipaOoTaTb occX5bjft AauRi^ oco6ufi 

CTHJIb, 0C06blft CTHXT>, KOTOpblft MOrL C»hl BHOJIirB BbipadHTb 0<5* CTOpOHU 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



AEBIOTAHTH. 79 

ero noaaiH, en BH*fcniHift komh3MT> h ea BHyTpeHHift TparH8Mi>, — cthxi>, 
dohth Jiy6oHHhift h bt> to »e BpeMa yroHiemibift, aauK-b rpyflbift h 

HSblCRaHHblft OAHOBpeMOBHO... 

TaKOBa 6biJia aaaana, nocTaBJieHHaa ceti'fe (coaeaTejibHo hjih 6ea- 
coaHaTOJibHo, 8to Bee paBHo) r. IIoTeMKHHbiMi>... Ho ocynjecTBHTb, paa- 
ptmHTb ee— eny oKaaaaocb Aanexo ho hoat> cmiy. Hame Bcero cTHxairb 
IIoTeicKHHa ho AOCTaerb Toro caMaro, paAH Hero TOJibKO h HMHiorb 
npaBo Ha cymecTBoaaHie bcb cthxh bt> Mip*b: noaaiH. HuTaa iyTb jih 
He 6ojibmHHCTBo cTpoHem> r. IIoTeMKHHa, xohotch noBTopHTb Bonpocb 
IlyniKHHa: *Hto ccjih a*ro npoaa, Aa h AypHaa?" IIoTOM*b KOMHiecKaa 
CTopoHa nodaiH r. IIoTeMKHHa canniKOM'b nacTo cboahtch Kb Hrp-fe bt> 

XHTpblH pHOMbl, H HHblfl erO CTHXOTBOpeHiH H6 COJI-fee KaKT> m 6yj>BMd° 

he aaAaHHbia coaByiia: ,3ocbxa— MocbKa", ,To6hkt>— rpo(5HKT> a , .yBJia- 
xeHbi— cRBaxHHbi", ^ABepKH— naHcioHepKH", ^bHHTj-To— vJ>paHTa*, „IIa- 

BeJTb—HdCJIIOHflBHJrb", w yJIbl6KH— HITpHnKH", w HanpOTHB*b— np]OXOTHBT>* 

h t. a* HaKOHem>, AaJiexo He Bceraa r. IIoTeMKHH'b yM-berb paaaHiaTb 
lepry, aa KOTopoft KOMHiecKoe nepexoAHTb bt> oTBpaTHTejib- 
Hoe, h rpy6ocTb Tepaerb CBoe onpaBAaHie. Hhwh ero CTHXoTBopema 
He 6ojrfee, Kara MaJibHHmecKia buxoakh, BbiaBaHHbia xeaaHieMi> no- 
cxaHA&JibHHiaTb bt> JinrepaTypB. 

Ca'bJiaTb RaRofi-HH6yAb buboa^ o CyAymeMi r. IIoTeMKHHa TpyAHO. 
Bi ero KHHr* ecTb naTb— mecTb yAaiHbix'b craxoTBopemft, KOTopwa 

noaBOJIHKVTb BblA'BJIHTb ero H3*b HHCJia 6e8CieTHbIXT> H CeaiiB-BTHbix-b 
CTHXOCOHHHHTeJiefi. Ho, CT> ApyTOft CTOpOHH, ydOCTb TBXT> np«A'BJIOBT>, 

bt> RoTopbix'b aaMKHyTa noaaia r. IIoTeMKHHa (Kaxabifl paai>, RorAa oht> 
HbiTaeTca nepecTynHTb nx-b, oht> Tepnirrb HeyAaiy), h Kaxoe-TO He- 
cepbeaHoe OTHomeHie kt> CBoeMy A*bay> lyBCTByiomeeca bo Bcefl KHHrb, 
aacTaanaerb oxHAaTb AaabBrBfimHxi» ero c6ophhkobt> He flea* TpeBoru. 



y B. XoAaceBHHa ecTb to, <iero He AOCTaerb H TyMHaeBy h IIo- 
TeMKBHy: ocTpoTa nepeacHBaHift. Kara AneBHHra, Kara .HcnoB-bjib oa- 
Hofl AynxH - ,— ero KHHsna HM-berb cboio irfeHy. ABTop*b roBopnrb o ce6*b: 

H * npmnejn* m» Te6*, j»6oBt, 

Bcjtjn> 32 JBAfcMH npHBOJIOIHJIC *... 

H 3tott> toht> KaKoro-TO paacjiatiaeHia, KOTopoe BbmyxAaerb annib 
BoaoHHTbca aa oiOAbMH, 6eai oxotm h 6eai> bojih, toht> cTapnecKaro 
6eacHJiia npoHHxaerb bc» ary KHHry, oaarjiaBJieHHyio w MojioAocTb". 
8th cthxh nopoft yAapaiorb CoJibHO no cepAuy, KaKi> ropbKoe npnaHa- 
Hie, CKaaaHHoe cRBoab ayGbi h cb cyxHMH raaaaMH: 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



80 B£CN N 8 

npoTHHyjHCL jam mom 

Be^k jix>6bh, 6ea* chjit», oesVaiajoou... 

Ecjui 6t» iuwicaTk— cica-fc He ctojo 6u... 

>I, Toooft CMBpen, MOJiy. 

Bet Tponu npoKJUTbio npejUHU, 

bojbme Hexy/u mttm, 

Cjobho MHoro paa-k hsb^juhu 

HenpoHjieaHue nym. 

... 3a, ryjin aociu cochobsui! 

3apaBCTByfi, nhnuuk rpoooBnuun. 

Hto ao BH-feniHflro BbipaxemH 9thxi» nepexHBamft, to oho tojujeo- 
tojilko aocTHraerb cpeAHaro ypoBHJL I\ XoaaceBirrb Humeri cthxh, 
Kaicb BcbTHXi* lcoryrb nacaTb bt> HaraH ahh noenfe K. BaJibMOHTa, A. 
B-feJiaro, A. Bjioxa. Cthx-l r. XoAaceBHia aTo cpeAHift, paexoxift cthxi 
HaraHXi ARefl. 



PIcnoB-fe^b r. XoAaceBHia ocTaBJiaerb BneHaTJitaie, xoth bt> Heft 

MaJIO rpOMRHX'b CJIOB-b H naTOTHHeCKHX'b BOCKJIHUaHifl. HanpoTHBis 

HHCKOJibKo He Tporanrb npHBHaHiH r. HoBHiucaro, xoth on h jcpH<um> 

Ha KaXflOM-b CTHX* O CBOHXT>, GyATO 6*M, 046HB Heo6bIKHOBeHHhIXT> CTpa- 

AaHinx-b. (B-b 6jjxyw,ewb oht> Aame otomaerb cfopHHirb, cneiuaabHo 
oaarjiaBJieHHhifl:, ,KHnra MyneHift h oeamaJiocTHhix-b Jiacrb*). Bnpo- 
newby r. HoBHUKift Boo6me cwioHeirb ciHTaTb caiibia oaHaabHHH Beam 

He06WKH0B6HHbIMH. TaiTb (rOBOpH OTb JIHUa KaKHX*b-TO „Mbl*)» 0HT> JVtr 

pfleTb: 

Mu irfeHor) HecjiMxaHHHXT* jrfcjn,, npecrynjeHia m xepm 
CoazujiHMT* ajrrapa julh 6e9xajiocrHim .sacra m rpfcxora. 

KorAa xe hphxoahtch 6jihxc onpeA*JJHTb 3th .HecjibixaHHwa* a*m» 
dTH xepTBbi, JiacKH h rpfcxH, r. HobhukIA He Moacerb BbiayMaTb Hiraero 
Jiyimaro, Ram*: 

Mu cpuBaeMT* noKpoBti m tkibh ojiextai c* Hammrt ace hi, 
3acraBJweMi hx* rojiuxt xoiHTb rojyouMH HoraMH,— 

xoth bi aToft cynpyxecKoft KapTHHK*, xpoifb rojiyGHSHH Horb, ,ne- 
cJiuxaHHaro"— He cjinniROM'b MHoro... 

B*b o6meMi> KHHXKa r. HoBHiucaro— RaxeTCH njioxHirb noApaxaHiex* 
PumnaHy h PoJiJiHHa, a M-bCTaMH (ROHeiHo, npoTHBi bojih aBTopa) na- 
poAieft Ha hhxt>. H^mi, Hanp., KaKi> He napoAieft, moxho npnaHaTb te- 
rm OedBKycHbiH h rpyowH bhpihh: 



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JEBJOTAHTH. 81 

• • . O CMmeHHtift, iupcrBeuHuA PasBpart. 
Axi, 6jaaceHCTBO... yiapax> t yMHpa» a... 

npocja&ux... Ax-k, 6juxceHCTBO... uapcTBtHHwft Pa3BparL. 

Cthxomt> B-iafl'berb r. HoBHUKift hjioxo: pneMU ero cKynHbi, paa- 
irfepu 6aHaJibHbi h HeBbigepxaHhi. OnmtioR'b npocoflHiecKHX'b cROJibRO 
yroAHO. He uaao h oeih6oki> rpaMMaTHHecRHXi>: Hanp., „npiflTHofi 
taedium vitae* (dTo — poflHTeJibHbifl naaexi ct> npHJiaraTe.ibHbiifb bt> 
xeHCKOM'b pojrfe), .HanocJi-BARH" etc. 

Ecjih r. HoBHUKift xonenb nncaTb enje, eMy cjrBflyera nojiynne 
Q08a6biTb cboh nepBbie, HeyaaiHHe omara *. 

Tpa HeTBepTH rhhth JIbBa 3apflHCRaro aanflTo bhjihmh h HHKOiry 
HeHyxHbiMH ynpaxHeHiHMH bt> CTHxaxi>. Ho bt» kohu-b cflopHHRa ecTb 

H*feCKOJIbRO CTHXOTBOpeHifl, Kb ROTOpUXT> HyBCTByeTCfl nyjibcb XH3HH, 

xoTfl h oieHb cjiafluft. EoBHAHMOicy, r. 3apHHCKift (JoJibme Bcero ymxcff 
j K. BaJibMOHTa, ho nopoio oh* jwberi> aairhBaTb h Ha cboA Jiaai>. 
Gkojilko moxho cyAHTb, ero gapoBaHie hhcto JinpHiecKoe, h bcb ero 
nonwTKH nncaTb ,Ha anofoi ahh s h „ofriH<iaTb* (RaKi» bt> cthxotb. „ro- 
j>offb m ) TOJibKO cdHBaiorb ero ci npjnioro nyTH. 



B*b rhhkk'b Alexander'a cjiHmKom» liajio CTHXOTBopeirift, htoOn 
mosho 6buio cfl*BJiaTb RaKoe-JiH(5o onpefl'BJieHHoe aaKJuoneme o6i> 9tomi» 
Ae6ioTaHTB. TaRT> iiajio, hto nyrb jih He Kaamoe noicBieHo hobo& lacrbio 
CBfrra, h nepetfb HHTaTeaeMi lieabicaiorb A&Tbi: Hbio-Iopirb, ABCTpajiia, 
ErHnerb... Cthxh Alexander'a He Hat xyarnHXT* cpean eae^HeBHO no- 

HBJM»mHXCH, HO BCO X6 H8JTb RaXOTCfl, HTO aBTOpi— H6 nOdTl>, H Cfl*B- 

.iajii> 6n Jiynme, ecjw <5w cboh choco6hocth HanpaBHJii» Ha apyryio 
oOaacTb A'BHTeJiBHecTH, xoth 6m h jnrrepaTypHofl. 

B a Jiepl ft Bpscon. 



* £cn craxa r. HoBuparo b* otimem— nepeniBH, to dicjhox* na ofiiosKi 
ero ran, o xoropon Gxasaao, hto obi „pa6oTii B. Chcogb**,— npocTo niariaro: 
910 bjoxo caompoBaMM a^na y. Spaiia*. 



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KHHrAXb flJIfl JOCBTEft. 
3airfrnca. 



Mh* pa^ocTHo, h mh* npHCRoptao. IlepeAO mhok> jib* RHHrn, npea- 
HaaHaneHHbiH ajih A'bTCRaro TreHia: „HoBue noaTbi". CtiopHHRb Ha6paH- 
Hbix"b craxoTBopeHid coBpeiieHHbixi hobtobi* fljw A'bTeft. B. JI. Mockbs, 
1907, — h — „3KHBoe Cjiobo*. KnHra ajm* Bayiem* poAHoro H3baa. 
HacTb I. CocTaBHJTb A. fl. OcTporopcKift, OTpeKTopi TeHHmeBCRaro yw- 
jinma bt> C.-I16. C.-IIeTep6ypn». 1908.— H bt> toA h bt> Apyroft RHHTfe 
ecTb moh cthxh, a HapHAHaa KHHra OcTporopcxaro aaxe TaRi> h hehh- 
HaeTca TpeMH „0ceHHMH": Tp. A. K. ToJiCToro, K. BajibMOHTa h A. OeTa. 
PaAocTHo. ripiflTHo. H aaxe jibctho. H ajih mohh cnacrbe— 3Han>, hto 
moh cjioBa AoxowTb ao A*TCKaro co8HaHia. Ho... Ho... PaacMOTpmrb. 

JI*rb nflTb TOMy HaaajTb ct> noJiOBHRoft 6hun> a b*b Kpbiny bt> ro- 
CTaxb y JIbBa HuKOJiaeBH^a ToJiCToro. BeoHRift CTapmnb AotipuMb 
Heaa6biBaeM0-JiacK0Biflrb rojiocom> roBopHJTb, noATpyHHBaa: »A Bu Bee 
AeRaAeHTCKie cthxh iimne-re? Hexopomo, Hexopomo". H nonpocHJTb mobs 
HTo-HH6yAb nponecTb. fl e&iy nponejTb .ApoMarb CojiHua*, a oh*, 
THxoHbKo noKanHBaacb Ha Rpecjrfe, GeaaByiflo nocMfeHBaJica h npHroBt- 
pHBaJib: »Axt>, kbkoh B3Aop*b! ApoMaTb CoJiHua! Ax*b, xaKOft BdAOpi!" 

fl 6My Cb nOHTHTOAbHOft HpOHieft HanOMHHJTb, HTO Bb erO C06cTB6HHHXb 

KapTHHaxb BeceHHaro jrfeca h yrpa 8ByKH nepeM'fcmHBaioTca ct> apoiia- 

TaMH H CB-feTaMH. Offb ffbCROJIbRO DpHHflJTb MOH apryMOHTb, H IIOOpOCHJIb 

MBHa nponecTb eme Tro-HH<5yAb. fl nponejrb e*y: ,fl bi CTpaH'b, hto 

B*HHO BT> 6-fcJIOe 0A*Ta". JleFb TOJICTOH npHTBOpHJICfl, HTO H 3T0 CTHX0- 

TBopeHie eMy coBepmeHHo bo HpaBHTca. Ho oho nponaBOJio Ha Hero 
BnenaTJi-ftHie, h oht> coBepmeHHo ApyrHMT> tohomt> cnaaajre w fla rto 
Bbi co6ctb6hho TaRoft? PaacRaxHTe Mirfe, rto Bbi?" Oh*, RaxeTca, jdo- 
6htt> Tanie Bonpocbi npeflJiaraTb nocbTHTeaaMi. Ha mohh MrHOBemo 
HanaJio cocTOHHie xyAoxecTBOHHaro CHHTeaa, h a, bt> a^chtb hjih mrr- 
HaAUaTb MHHyrb, ct> bojihrhmi aoB-fcpieMb, paacRaaaJTb eMy bcx> cbod 
«H3Hb, Bb rJiaBHbixb en <iepTax-b. OT^IuibHbie Bonpocw h nepecnpocu. 
KOTopHMH oHb Hap-bARa nepe6HBajn> moh ToponjiHBbifi paacRaai> f noRa- 
abiBaJiH mh*, xaxi ohi cjiymaerb. Bbm> xoxen, HHRorAa Bb Moefi 
xh3hh hh oahhi» HejioB*R*b TaRb He cjiymajrb MeHH. 3a OAHy 8Ty cno- 
co6HOCTb— TaRi> npHHHRaTb Ayinoft Rb lyxoft, lyxAofl Aym*, MOXHO 
6eaROHeHHo nojiioGHTb JIbBa ToJiCToro, h a ero nx>6mo. Orb Bcero 8roro 
CBHAaHia cb hhmi>, AJiHBmarocH HbcROJibRO nacoFb, y mohh oerajiocb 
eAHHCTBeHHoe no jiacROBocTH onapoBaTeJibHoe BneiaTjrfeHie, h bott* 
ceflHacb,— iepe3i> Mrjiy roAOBb, BcnoMHHan arorb ^acROBbrt RphiMCRift 
Benepb, a HyBCTByw bt> ^yra* AfrrcRyio paAOCTb, A^TCRH-onaAocTHyio 
npnaHaTeJibHocTb rt> JlbBy ToJicTOMy aa RaxAoe ero ojiobo h ABHxeme. 



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KHHrAXt MR flMEft. 83 

A .ApoMarb CojiHua'/offb Bce-TaKH ho iiohaai, Raxi, npn Bceft CBoeft 
OeaM-fepHoft nyTKocTH h npH Bcem> CBoemTTBopiecRoirb reHin, uluiaro 
MHoacecTBa AMeHift oht> He noHHMaerb. 

Hhh-b ace,BOTi>, pacKpbiBa»flKHHaceHKy,npeflHa3HaHeHHyK) ajia jrfe- 

Tefl, H BHXy, HTO TaM T> eCTb BTfeCROJIbRO MOBVb BCD^eft, H KOXb HHXT> HE liep- 

Bojfb m-bctb .Apoicarb CoJiHua*. 4t6 aojixfo 6buio coBepniHTbca— coBep- 
mHJiocb. Kpyn» onepTHJicfl cnoJiHa,H KOHe<raaH TOiRa CHOBa eTaJia Ha- 

HaJlbHOfl. 

fl 3Ha» MHorHXT* A*Teft, KOTopbiff npHHHMaiOT'b „Aponarb CoAHua". 
H aHaio jvbTeVi, ROTopbiA, pa3i> npocjiymaB'b 3to cTHXOTBopeme, yxe 
noTOirb Bcerfla, Bb onpeA'BJieHHbiH coJiHenHbifl unrb, bo booma uporyjiKH 
Bb jrhcj hjih bt> caay, BApyn» ocTaHaBAHBaiOTCA h roBopHTb: „ Apouarb 
CoAHua". JXjia m6hh— BbicoKoe xyAoxecTBeHHoe ciacTie— 8Ta paAocrb 
anarb, ito tohrIa aojioTbis cTpyHbi, nposBynaBmiff Bb lcoeft aym*, 8By- 
qarb h aBywrb bt> yroHHeHHbix'b AfrrcRHxi* flymaxi*. 0, yTOHieHHhix-b! 
Crtnubi syiiaiorb, hto a*btcr1a aymH— npoci-bia, Kam> ohh AyMam-b, 
hto IIpHpofla ecTb oopaaem* npocTOTbi. Ho UpnpoAa, Kaxabift aeHb co- 
aaawmafl HOBbie aaicaTbi h naxAoe yTpo HaxoAHmancH bt> tieatipexHoirb 
TBopnecTB*, ecTb BonnomeHHaa cjioxHocrb, a ho npocTOTa. UpepoAa 

6*BXHTb npOCTOTbl, KaK*b 6'BXHT < b HyCTOTbl. H JTBTClria AyniH CAOXHbl, 

yTOHieHHbi, ayma pe6eHKa~H3BHJiHCTa, A^TCKaa Ayma— JiaoHpHHTb. Ha 
Gepery BaJiriftcRaro Mopa TpexjilfrHAA CB-BTJiorjiaaKa Hanuia RycoHeRi 
HHTapa v h, oCpamancb ko mh-b, roBopHTb; .Cmotph, a Hanuia ManeHbRoe 
coaraixe". 8Ta xe A^BO^Ra, oA'BTan, xonerb bohtr Bb Mope. Haha yA«p- 
XHBaerb ee. OHa yjiyiaerb MHHyry, tibicTpo Btoraerb bt> BOAy no 
ropjio, h no6'BAHbiirb tojiocomi» rphhhto: „Mope— moo!" St* xe fl'BBoiKa, 
Tenepb, Koraa eft ceicb jrhrb, HenoBOJibHa, hto HacTynaerb HOHb h 
CB-BTHTb <5jrBflHaH JiyHa. BeaT> <u>hxt>-jih6o BHymeHift, OHa oeperb 
Gojimdoh JiHcrb cHHeft GynarH, pncyerb na Hem> CBepxy ao HHay mho- 
xoctbo GJTBflHbixb 3B*B3jvb, Chjibift cepnb JlyHbi BBepxy, a paAOMb ci> 
hhmt,, AOTHHyBnriftCfl orb caMOft aeMJiH, tohrIh CTetteJib xejrraro UB-feTKa, 
no6-BAHTejibHaro, orpoMHaro, KaKi> Cojraiie, a BHHay, Ha xojim-b, MajieHb- 
Kift neJiOB'BR'b, cb yrpoaoft BBAbiiiawmift Kb He6y npeBejiHRift neHi>. Ha 
8T0Mb -6 on 0Tb bt> ji a a y p h— HaAQHCb: w Bbi30Bb bi He6o". Xtpyran 
AtooHKa, Ha ABa roAa en cTapme, a*btckh-jik)6h cJiymaTb moh cRaaoHRH, 
roBopHTb mh*; „KorAa, HOHb», a aaKpbiBaio rjiaaa, BaraH CRaaoHRH npnxo- 
AflTb ko mh* Ha noAyniRy 11 . „y moha xeJiTbie boaocm - ,— roBopHTb OHa. 
— w B-BAb a xe OBCAHOHKa, h Bbi jiw^HTe coJiHue, a BcerAa 6yAy Bameft 
xeHofl 44 . KaxAbift AeHb mh npoxoAHMi bt> ca^y no 3eJieHbWb tpohhh- 
xairb h neciaHbnrb Aopoxnawb. Bctp-bthmt> leiupe KaMennca, OAHoro 
HMb BsrjiHAa He noAapnifb. Pa3B*, tto rAHHeni» 9 RorAa oTmBbipHeifb 
HXb Horoft. A noAoftAOTb rt> sthmi RanemRaMi» pe6eH0KT>, h hbt> neTbi- 
pexb nocTpoHTb iiipoaAaHie. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



84 BfcCH N 6 

BepHeii ca, oAHano, kt> r-hwb ABym> RHHuairb. Bt> coopHHR'fe cthxob* 
una fl-bTeft— ABaauaTb ABa hmohh. H Meamy npo^HMb Tyrb ecTb Mepex- 
KOBCKift, y KOToparo Ha cnerb 5—6 xopomHXb craxoTBopeHift, Tyrb ecTb 
npocjiaBJieHHbifi II. fl.,— npocaaBHBmifica tbmt>, Be B*aaio,— ho yto 
•lynme Bcero, Tyrb ecTb BaTCOHb, h repiiaHOBb, h 4>oab6ayMb. He 
npenecTHo ah? RbTawb xothti> nonaaaTb ho toju>ko ub-bth HueHHTbie. 
H'BM'b HeaaoyARa xyxeopxHAen? XIpaB^a, i*bmt>? Bbi Toabao otfbacHHre 

MH-B? Ho fl-BJIO-TO BOTT> BT> H6M1>. 3a6bLlH HeaatiyARaXb H BaTCOHT) 

h <X>oab6ayiib. He B^aiorb uB'BTOBb hh II. fl., hh TepMaHOKb. A xo- 
rtob 6u a cnpocHTb r-Ha B. JI., cocTaBaaBmaro c6opHHRb,— Heaa- 
B-BCTHbi jih eaiy Tpa hmohh: MmhckIA, BpwcoBb h BaaTpynKifrrncb? 
E*iy HeH3B"BCTH0, hto y MnHCKaro ecTb apeicpacHbiH ctpoku o paaxe- 
TaHHOMb nTHHbeMb rH'feaA*? Ei*y HeHBB'BCTHbi CTpoKH BaaTpymaftTiica 
w BoapwHa-3HMa w ? Euy Heaafi'BCTHfai RpncTaabHua ctpokh Bajiepia Epio- 
coBa o uajibHHK'B, KOTopoMy aHrejrb noiioraerb bbocth bi ropy Mepa- 
jiyio GoHKy ct> boaoA? H ctpokh BpiocoBa o naaowfe-BupyqaaoiirB? II 
ero ctpokh: n Bbi y ch^xbhrh, bMto, Hacb JiHmb noxaa-feflTe"? H r-Hy B. JI. 

OblTb IIOKerb, H6H3B-BCTH0, HTO petfeHOKb CB06 A^TCROe BdeHaTCBHie 

aanoii HHaeTb Ha bck> xh3hi>, h hto noAcyflyTb peoeHRy meayxy, Koraa 
moxho flaTb eMy AparoiVBHHhia aepna, ecTb nocTynoKb apaHHofl u npe- 
CTynHufl? HaAaHie TaKofi rhhxrh, KaKb CGopHHKb r-Ha B. JI., a CHirraio 
<t)aKTOMT> JiHTepaTypHoft HaraocTH. 

MH*b H'BCKOabRO CTpaHHO HOpeXOAHTb OTb HH1TOXHO& KHHXeHKH 

Kb u-BHHOMy TpyAy A. fl. OcTporopcicaro „}KHBoe CaoBO 14 . HapaaHo 

HSAaHHblfi (Soabmofl TOMb, Bb 368 CTpaHHIib, HOHTH U-feaHKOMb COCTOHTb 
H3T> H6COMB7BHHbIXb o6pa3I*OBb pOflHOft CaOBdCHOCTHJ RaXAOe CTHXOTBO- 

peHie, KaacAwfl npoaaH<iecRJft oTpbiBORb CHaGxeHbi oneHb HHTepecHbiMH 
CHHOHHMHbiiiH HCToaROBaHiaiiH; hohth Raxaaa cipaHHua yRpameaa 
opHrHHaabHbiMH pncyHRaMH h cHHMRaMH cb RapTHHb BaaH6HHa, Pepuxa. 
KapAOBCKaro, 3aMHpaflao, JleBHTaHa, IlepenaeTHHKOBa, CfepoBa h mho- 
rax* ApyrHX"b. He Mory He otm*bthtb TaRxe, hto dTorb 6oabmoft spa- 
cHBHft To&fb CTOHTb Bcero 90 Ron-beRb,— aTy RHary Moxerb RynnTb 
h 6*AHaKi>, cHHTaionjift aaxAuft rpomb. IIpH uonfioyh otipaauoBi*, A. fl. 
OcTporopcRift cTapaaca coeAHHHTb h6comh , bhhocth AaBHHXb BpeiieHb 

Cb BemaMH HOBblMH, Cb KOTOpblXb eWfi He CTOpTO, Bb 0<5menpHHHT0CTH, 

KaeflMo Ta6y. Ho h OcTporopcROMy Heabaa He npeaaoxHTb Bonpoca: Iloie- 
My Tanaa po6ocTb Bb Bbitiopb h o b bi x b hmohx? IIoHeiiy BaabMOHTb h 
ByHHHb Moryrb BXOAHTb bt> A*TCKyio, a BpiocoBa h BajiTpymafiTHca 
TyAa He nycnaiOTb? He Mory eme ho yRaaaTb, hto Bb CHHOHHMHbab^ 
HCToaKOBaHiaxb A. fl. OcTporopcRift He BcerAa T0Hem>. HanpHM'bp-b, 

CTpaHHUa 105, „CH3blfl— TeMHHfi, HOpHblft Cb CHHOBaTblMb OTaHBOM-b*. Ch- 
ablVl eCTb CB-BTaO-CtpO-CHH6BaTblft, a OTHlOAb HO HepHblfi Cb CHHeBaTbBTb 

OTaHBOMb. Orp. 209, n aaaypb~TeifHO-roay6aa KpacKa". JIaaypb ecTb 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



KHHrAXT> £Ifl AfcTEft. 85 

HeGecHO-roJiyGaa RpacKa, h TeMHo-roaytfaa k CBtoao-roayGaa; CTp. 236 
r Ma1>Tb— oOMiipaTb, npmtOAHTb bt> 3a6hiTbe tt . Ma-feTb 3HanHTb Taicxe 
caaziKo H-feXHTbca, MewHTb Ha cjiaflocTHOMi omymemH. OcTporopcKift 
roBopHTb Taicxe (CTp. 175) ..fteHHHua— yTpeHHaa aapa". fleHHHiia ecTb 
h yTpeHHaa sapa h yTpeHHaa aBl&Aa, h bt> HaraeMi> BocnpiniiH oHa 
name osnanaerb yTpeHHioK) avhsjiy. Ho 3to, kohohho, Jinnib nacTHHHbia 
aaxrfeHaHia, h bt» ulwioMb RHHra OcTporopcKaro ecTb noAapoirb, koto- 
pwft oCoraTurb Beany© A'feTCKyw jiyray. 

H^TCKie nojjapKH! Moxho jih hxt> noaaObiTb! fl ao chxt> nopi> hotko 
homhjo, hto, Kor^a, hhth a*feTi>, a caMi> HaynHaca HHTaTb, noACMaTpn- 
Ban aa CTapoiHifb 6paTOMT>, KOToparo ynnaa moh MaTb, 0Tem>, pacTpo- 
raHHhift, noflapHjn> mh* MaJieHbKyio KHHXxy; 3to Gbiao nyTemecTBie, 
TaM-b 6w.iH AHKapH, h KHHXKa Guaa bt> cHHeMT> nepenaerfe, a KapTHHKii 
bt> Heft 6buiH xearoa. B% 3to xe Bpeiia, 6wTb aioxerb, roAOM* no3AH*e, 

H HHTa-Tb J3/fcTCKift MipT> tt ymHHCKarO, H CTHXU IlyinKHHaHHHKHTHHa, 

ii PyccKia HapoflHbiH nfecHH, PyccKia HapoAHbia CKaaKH. fl noMHX), hto 
MeHfl aaraflOTHo nji*bHHJio cJioBoconeTaHbe w ax*bTbi rope— ropeBaHbime - . 
H BecbMa nopaauao MeHH, hto rope jiwkomt> noflnoncaHO. „XHXHHa 
Ahah Tosia", „2KeHa HMmHKa* HHKHTHHa, HbCHH KoJibuoaa, poMaHbi 
}Kio.*ib-BepHa,— Kairb hxt> noaatftiTb? A'Maftirb-PHA'b! Kor^a mh* Cwno 
OAHHHaauaTb, AB^HaAuaTb a1*T*b, oahht> o<|>Huep'b, npiaTeab Moeft MaTepa, 

K&XJiyiO Cy60OTy npHHOCH-Tb MH-fe H3*b 0(|)HUepCKOft 6H6Jli0TeKH TOMT>— 

ABa, a iiHor^a h u'bawx'b Tpa Towa MaftnvPHAa. H bphat> jih ^peBHie 
cwHbi HapaHJia Oojrfce HaapaxeHHo B'feAaaH paAOCTb cy66oTHaro ahh, 
HfeM-b a. TaKi> HacaaxAaTbca KHHroft, a yxh He HacaaxAaaca tiojibme 
HHKor.ua. PaaB*b hto bt> 8tomi> poA* TpeneTaa*. KorAa roAa nepeai 
Tpsf yBJieicaaca TypreHeBbiifb, a eme no3AH*fce JIoctocbckhmt. h 9Ara- 
poMi> Ho. Bb A'feTCTB* h bt> paHHeft iohocth KHHra He ecTb aHTepaTypa, 

BCe BT> Heft XHBOTb H BXOAHTb BT> flyOiy, 6H CMWCJIT), ea HdbllTb, Ca&iaH 

BfffcmHocTb, tiysiara, nepenaerb, Tpn roAa TOMy HaaaAT> t nyTemecTBya 
B-b MeKCHK*, a HfcCKOJibKo paai> BcnoiiHHaa-b, hto bt> poManax-b MaftHir 
PHAa, KOTopue a HHTaa-b oAHHHaAAaTH xbTb, n MeKCHKa M HaauBaaacb 
^MexHKa". Oaho caoBO uoxen» CTaTb XHBbiMb Apyrom» Ha abchtrh 
jH>ti>, HaBcerAa. Jlferb TpHHaAuaTH aa6pajica a paa-b bt> 6H(5aioTeKy 
Moeft MaTepH, nepepbiai» bc* khhfh, h, nepeancrbiBaa xaxoft-TO tomt>, 
yaHajrb, hto „self-help" anaHHTb .caiionoMomb*. ByAy^H ct> Haxaab- 
CTBa naicaoHeffb kt> caiiocToaTeabHocTH, BaioGnaca Bb »to cjiobo Moame- 
hocho, h araoro, ifHoro pad*b oho npoirbao HH-bB*b xhbhh. H Bee emenoerb. 
Bi> A*bTCTB*b iibi nbeifb CB^xyio BOAy. J^aftTe BhWb bt> a^tctb^ 
CBtXHXb xaioneft. Bt> a^tctb* cpeAH UB'bTOB'b, Mbi— ub^tu. JIaftTe 

HaiTb Bl A*TCTB* UB*T0BT>. 

K. Biiimoitv 
190). M»pT*. Aonui Bepet*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJDOrPAOIfl. 



Ahtoh* KpaftHift (3. THnniycb). JlHTepaTypHhift ahob- 
h h k t> (1899— 1907). C.-lIeTep6ypn>. Haaame IlHpoKKOBa. 1908 roaa. 
U-bHa 1 p. 50 k. 

Jlerieoft KpHTHnecKoft panHpoft, naniiiHo-cBHCTHnieft, BoopyxeH-b Ah- 
toht> KpaftHift. IlpeKpacHbie to pncyerb pannpa BOHaeJia, myTJiMBo 
nocBHCTUBaerb y Hoca npoTHBHHKa, BbiabiBa* Ha Hanaaeme, a to aaotf- 
ho BdBHdrHeT'b h pacnJiaieTCH rH<5KHMT> 6jiecnowb. JIerKHin> cbhctomt> 
mejiKOBHCThiMT> paaApaaHHTB, h KaaceTcn— Jierxo cpaaHTb TaKoro npo- 
THBHHKa, KaKT> Ahtohi Kpaftmft: o,.He Bcerga ero yjjacTCH cpaaHTb.— 
nonpoCyftTe: nepeftjtfrre bt> HanageHie; HcxyccTBy <J>exTOBaTbca He o6y- 

HaJIHCb KpHTHKH poCCifiCKie*, GOJIbHIHHCTBO H3*b HHXT> HCKOHH apaJIOCb 

na KyjiaHKaxT>, Hy, a HHbie, MapKOft Bbime, xairb thzojio BOopyaceHHue 
BbicTynaK>Ti» ohh Ha 6oti; noKa-To coCepyTca! HenpeM'fcHHO nHmanb 
nyAOByio noTamyTT> aa coSoft, aa h noacTaBKy ajih nnnuuiH npnxBa- 
thtt»: GjiaropoflHo, noiTenno, TpajiHuioHHo— ho, Bon>, Mofll— noKa-TO 
aapnxaioTb ohh nnnjajib (aecHTb nenaTHbixT* cTpaHHm»!), noxa to y<rra- 
hobhti> noflCTaBKy (eme aecaTb CTpaHHUb!), noxa Ha Bpara cbok) pyi- 
Hyio naBOflHTi, nyraxy (aecHTb cTpaHHu*!), Bpcbxaforb oroHb (necHTb 
CTpaHHHT»!) ( na BbICTynHTb(fleCHTb CTpaHHUb HToro— naTbflecaTbO>—flB'B- 
Tpn ctpohkh AHTOHa KpaftHHro (raejiKOBHCTNfi cbhctt» HcxpHCTaro aea- 
Bin!) cnocotim* HaHecTH cepioanuH nopaHOHin Toft hjih HHoft BoopyxeH- 

HOft MaCTHTOCTH. A KyJiaHHHKOBl> KpHTHKH pOGCiftCKOft 6yKB8JIbH0 

pflAaMH yKJiajuJBaeTb pannpa AHTOHa KpaftHnro. He aapoarb bt> 6u- 
jibie roflbi ohh ycTpaHBajiH o&iaBbi Ha Haauuiaro nyfljimiHCTa. 

Tenepb coGpama H-kKOTopwa h3t> cTaTefl ero bt> oahomt> ctiopHHrb; 
h co6paHie hxt> oGHaxaerb Bb nyGJiHUHCrt ynaBHiioe lrbcTo: oto— 
(J)opcHpoBaHHaa He6pescHocTb, ct> KOTopoft paajvfcJibiBaeTCfl om> ci> pa- 
Aomi> BonpocoBb. Hto, ecJiH-6« Bbimejrb npoTHBHHKb, o6yHeHHbifl <J»x- 
TOBaHbio? ITo(5pbi3ra.iH 6w ohh aapHHuaiiH Gjiecxa, CTexax>niHXi> cb 
jieaBifl, a hotomt> npoTHBHHKb 6u npejuiowauvb nepe&TH Kb dcnajipo- 
Ha.Mb. TaxeJi-b acnaapoH* iieTOAOJiorHHecxaro HacjrbAOBaHi* juih 
HaamHoft pyHKH Hameft TaaaHTJiHBOfi nodTeccu, yKpNBawmeftCH noflb 
nceBflOHHMon> AHTOHa KpaftHaro! Hto, ecJiH-Gw iipothbhhki aauaxHyJi- 



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BHBJIIOrPA*Ifl. 87 

cfl acnajipoHOMi, nepeeecfl Bonpocb o cboGoa*, h;ih npeAonpeA*JieHHocTH 
TBopnecTBa bt> otiJiacTb aHaJiHaa ochobhhxi* noHarift „cbo6oa n*, 

w Heo6XOflHMOCTH*, W T B p H 6 C T B a*, ,H C K y C C T B a*? B'fcflHblfl 

Ahtoht> KpafiRifi, npHBNRmift kt> HeGpexHOMy oTHomemio ki» hpothbhh- 
Ka.Mi> Ha ocHOBaBiH npexHHXb cxBaToicb ct> RyjiaiHHRaMH aa ct> Hey- 
kjhoxhmh cTp-feJibuaMH H3i» nnmaJieft: raxe.ibift acnajipoirb (cjiHmxoin» 
Tflxejiwft hjih HaniRHOfi pyqRH, nocBHCTHBaiomeft parapoft) BbinaJIT* 6bi 
csopo H3i> ero pyKT»! 

A npoTHBHHKi> 6u HacTynaAb: „Bw cTpoHTe cBoe HanaAeme Ha pa- 
A* HenpoflyMaHHwx'b cyxAGHift; bn ho BbiABHraeTe hh oAHoro Bonpoca 
bo Bcefi ero cepioaHocTH; Meacay rhwb aaRJiioiaeTe, tto HCKyccTBo hh- 
AHBHAyajn»Hoe ycTap-BJio, 6yAyHH JiHrab nepexoAOMb orb HHaraeft <J>opMbi 
TOHAeHiiioaHOCTH kt> Bbicmeft. Banm Hana^KH cnpaBeAJiHBbi, GwTb mo- 

XeTb, eCAH-6bI Bbl HM'BJIH A'BJIO Cb EMeJIbHHOBblM'b-KoxaHCRHM'b HJIH 

cb MaHTOTOMb, ho nepeA* BaMH BpiocoBT*. He roBopio yxe o r^Te: ero 
to KyAa npHKaxeTe bw AtaaTb? Cb hhmt> hto noA*JiaeTe? Ahtoht> 
Kpaftmfi, aamwmaflTecb: rA"b CBHCTamift GaecRb Baraeft pannpu? 8cnaA- 

P0HT> H6JI0BK0 BHXJIfl6TCfl y BaCb BT» pyRaXb*. H npOTHBHHKb <5bl Ha- 

CTynajrb, a Ahtoht* KpafiHift oTCTynajrb... ,Bw yTBepxAaeTe, hto 
dCTeTKHecRift HHAHBHAyaJiHdMb Cbirpajii» cbok) poJib h onepnpyeTe npo- 
H3BOJibHo ct> noHHiieirb, TpetfyiomHMb MeTOAoaorHHecRoft oGpaflOTRH; 
oaoxHa npoCJieMa HHAHBHAyaAbHocTH: ecTb HHAHBHAyaJibHocTb qchxo- 
.lorHHecRafl, dMHHpHHecRaa, MeTaiJmaHHecKaH, otinjecTBeHHaa, pejinri- 
03Han. KaKOBO ace y Bacb coAepxaHie uoHHTia „HHAHBHAyaJibHocTH a ? 
KaKOBb npoueccb HHAHBHAyajibHaro paaBHTia h KaKOBbi HopMbi aToro 
npouecca? Huh ajih Bacb He cymecTByiOT-b npoGjieMu HHAHBHAyaJib- 

HOCTH, nOAHHMaeMNH HayHHO-<j)HJIOCO<J)CRHMH AHCUHHAHHaMH? HAH Bbl 

aanepRHBaeTe paGoTbi Te^bMroJibua, <I>exHepa, <I>oAbKeJibTa, Jlnnnca, 
OcTBaJibAa, Racafonuaca HCKy ccTBa? HHAHBH/jyaJiH3Mb B*b HCRyccTB*,— 
8to Bonpocb, TpeCyiomift caoxHOft paapaCoTKH, cnopHbift h TeMfluft, h ho 
cbhctomi» Bameft, *xoth h npeicpacHoft, ho — yBbi!— cjiaGoft pannpu oht> 

paap-BHIHTCfl, a COttaOATb HJIH BOflHOfl MeTOAOJIOrHHeCKHX'b Kp-BnocTeft, 

BoopyseHHbixb AaabHotioftHbiMH opyAiHMH; nocMOTp*bjn> Obi a, hto npeA- 
npHMere, xorAa paaopBeTca HaA*b BaMH xoth 6m oAHa cepioaHaa rpa- 
HaTa. H He mm Baifb oTB-BTHMt: Mbi AaMy nomaAHMT*. Bu AyMaJiH, hto 
OopeTecb cb naMH, ct> HHAHBHAyaaHCTaMH,— o, H*Tb!— bu 6opoJiHCb He 
ci> HaMH, a cb MaJibHHinKaMH H3b npnroTOBHTeJibHaro KJiacca, rpo3H- 
iahmh BaMb GyMaxHoft CTp*Jiofi. TpaxT>— acnaApoHij BbinaJi-b H3b pyRi>: 
3anmmaftTecb ace, mh ue Bocnojibayeiica Bameio HejioBROCTbK). 11 

w Bw o(5HapyacHBaeTe HesHaHie TepMHHOBb: Kor^a roBopHTe o6t 
HHAHBHAyajiHSM-B, to noflb HHMb paayM^eTe co-uiHncH3M*b. Hto bu Tpe- 
6yeTe orb coBpeweHHaro HCRyccTBa, bu, ero npeACTaBHTejib? Heyacejni 
ROJUieKTHBHaro TBopnecTBa xpncTiaHCRHXb u*HH0CTefi? H TaRb Ha 



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88 B*CH N 3 

cjioaniocTb MOTO.nojiormecKHX'b BonpoeoB'b o6pymHBaeTecb bh Xpe- 
CToifb h AfCTuxpHCToiTb? TaRT> ocKOUJineTe bu RyjibTypy, h He „croii~ 
uaifb" (Barae onpefl*JieHie ABRaaeHTOBT>) thhtb Bacb TOMy, hto Ryjiv 
Typa MHororpaHfla*. 

•Hy, flOBOJibHo cpaacaxbca im acnaApoHax*: uu b^jil ho aatfbiBaeirb, 
hto HWbewb jvhno ct> flaMoft; Mbi He o6pynrHMCH Ha Hee rnoceoJiorieft: 
BoabMeMTe pamipy: AaBaftTe $exTOBaTbCH Ha paBHbix-b ocHOBaniaxb. 
HTaK*b, Ky^a ace y sacb A*HyrcH IJymRHirb, Bafiponb, TeTe, Hnume? 
Hah ohh— npeacTaBHTeJiH uepROBHaro HCKyccTBa? Hjih ohh nHcajra 
xaHOHbi? Tpaxi>— KOHHHirb panHpu c^oicancH y Bacb: eme paoapy!' 

„Hy, Bon> ct> Ba.MH: noroBopmrb o AeRaAeHTaxi>-HAeaJiHCTaxi>, xo- 
TOpWXb Bbl OKpeCTHJIH KOrfla-TO ccrfaiKaifH rpHHbKaMH, cRonnaMH B 
ApyrHMH bt> Bbicmeft CTeneHH jno6eaHbiMH onpe^'bJieHiiiMH. B-feAHue hh- 
AHBHAyajiHCTbi-AeKaAeHTbi: noRa, HraopHpya RyjibTypy, Hayxy, ncxyc- 
ctbo, Bfai TpyAHJiHCb HaA*b co3AaHieMi> He6biBaJiaro cotiopHaro Hcnyc- 
CTBa, ROTopoe aojijkho BbidBaTb bt> Bacb TaRoe npiHTHoe BocnoifHHaHie 
(BcnoMHiiTe BamH HeAaBHin cTaTbH?), #a cRyRH pajiH CpaHHJiHCb co- 
6a4K0ft rpHHbRod, HHAHBHAyaJiHCTbi coaAauaJiii npouBBeAeHia, KOTOpblB 
HaBcerAa ocTaHyrca B*b jiHrepaTyp'fc pyccRoft. ch^Iwih BaAfc TpaKTaTBMH 
no HCTopia HCKyccTBa, KyjibTypw h TeopiH noaHamfl, nonyTHO jnotiyacb 
anraaraMH 6eao6HAHoft a^h hhxt> pannpu, h HrHopHpya, mto pannpa 
pncoBaJia cjiobo „c r o n uw fl no a^pecy hxt>; ax*b, Baina 6^ABaa pa- 
nnpa, cro;ib cyfoeRTHBHaa bt> HanaARaxi> Ha HHAHBHAyajiHCTOB'b, cto-ib 
HHAHBHAya^tbHaa bt> CBoeftrb w CBepxT>-HHAHBH ) uyaJibHOMb tt npopoiecrB*fc! 
OnflTb OHa cioMajiacb: eme panHpy". 

»3. H. Tunniycb— „a eKajieHTCKafl no8Tecca':r. A. Kpattaifl, 
rto OHa, no Bamewy MHtHiio,— HenpaBAa jih „c o <> a h r a r p h h b r a\ 
„CKonem>"? H*ti», ysrb, r. KpafiHifi: noaBOJibTe HaM-b, HHAHBiiAyajra- 
CTaMi» no cymecTBy hjih HHAHBHAyaJiHCTaifb no TaRTHR*, xpymo BCTaTb 
Ha ea aanjHTy. Axb t r-HT> KpaftHifl: . MacRa caerlwia ci> Baraero anna: 
nepeAi> naMH yeaxaeMaa noaTecca. Hto Moxerb CA*aaTb ranaHTHbift 
RaBajiep-b, rbri* He onycraTb pannpy; RaRi» ho noACTaBHTb rpyAb noAb 
yAapu Hanmnofl pyiRi:!" 

B0Tb, HTO CRaaaJTb 6U A^fiCTBHTeJIbBblft IipOTHBHHKTi H nOTOMb 

HanajTb 6bi 6eai> nrpw paaGupaTb nojioaceme 3a nojioaceHieM'b AHTOHa 
KpaflHflro. Mm He CTaHe.Mb TaKb nocTynarb. TaacGa, aarfcaHHaa KorAa- 
to aaAopHbiMi A. KpaftniiM-b cbAORaAeHTaMii— yBbi!— oHap-feraeKa He Bb 
ero nojibay; Bii^crfe ct> ^OTynnTeJibHbiMT>°MocKOBCKHMi> ACRa^eHTCTaoBfb, 

Cb w npOHHKaiOIUHMT> BO B C * A B p H* ( n Cpaay npOHHRHVTb 

yifbemb bo bc* tn* CTp. 105) B. BpiocoBhiM-b h „HeAORHcmHMi> € 
A. B*JibiMi f TaJiaHT^HBbift nyCJiHUHCT-h narpasAajrb y^apaMH ceoeft 
pannpu neTep6yprcRifi w CBepx , b-HHAHBHAyaJiH3M , b a — njiOTb on> nnorn 
naaHift KpaftHflro. A w TynHTejibHoe* A©KaAeHTCTB0 w ocTp'fee t, hohh-io mo- 



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BHRHOrPA*ia. 89 

TUBhi ocTparo RpHTBRa bt> 6ojrfeaHeHHo-„TyiiHTe;ibHOMi»" oTHomeHiH ero 
kt> TOBapHmairb no nepy. 8th TOBapHnm— „c k o n u w, o t t> h p e b a 
MBTepHJiro poxneHHbie" (cTp. 338)— oRaaaJincb Bjipyrb HejmmeH- 
hijmii „i y b c t b a, HeocnopHMsro, k a k i> a h a t b, hto a ho 

JUI H T> B T> M i p *, HOOKpyaceHT>MH'BnOfl06HbIMH u . A BOTb 

A. Kpaftaift, Hacb yxopHBinift bt> oTcyTCTBiH nyBCTBa coJiHgapHocTH, co- 
Bepmujrb BTOTb rp-fcx-b, uepeneiaTaBb CTapwn BoaMyTHTe.ibHUii caoBa, 
onposeprHyrbiH oHeBHflHocTbio. 

II ho „h e n o k h c ra e u y* HHAHBHAyajiHCTy B'bJioMy yxadbiBaTb Ha 
9to -nepeKHcmeMy" xpncTiaHCROMy coaHaHiio AHTOHa Kpataaro. 

H, ccjih y AHTOHa KpaftHflro ecTb HecTHocTb mmcjih, ho aoJiXHa an 
BwnacTb ero pannpa, TaKan HaamHaH, Taxaji JierKaa, Koraa otipama- 
en> ohtj ee npoTHB* nac-b? Bt> pyjcax* RanpnaHaro cy6i>eRTHBHCTa pa- 
irapa ceepxi, HHflnBHwyajibiioft nytfjiHUHCTHKH rojjHa Jinmb a.ih mbjio- 
rpaMOTHoft opaBM KyjiaHHHROB*, h-ih una. Heyiunoacaro CTp*Jibua H3b 
nnisarni. 

AiApel BlJiuft. 

nerp% KojteBHHROBi. PaacRaau. HanaTejibCTBO .Mhtojih". 1908 r. 

Y6oran Haraa jiHTepaTypa! IIoaoftaHTe kt> nefl ct> cepioaHoft TpeGo- 
BaTeabHocTbio. Har> uknaro paaa TpecKyHHX'b HueHT> yu-BJi*K>rb rpn, 
leTbipe nMeHH: MepeacKOBCKift, CoJiory6*b, BprocoB-bjPeMHaoFb, THnniycb, 
JI. AH^peeB-b. Borb h bco, h*mi> mn pacnoJiaraeMb; aa h to HHbie H3i> 
9thxt> HMeHb He bo Bceiix, He Bcerjia Bbigepacarb yaoBJieTBopHTejibHo 
asaaMeH-b Ha cTeneHb Gen.ierpHCTa. IIpoHie— H-ferb. A, Mexay rfeM*, 
cpeaH aTHxt npoHHx-b Bcro-feHaioTCH HamyicbBmiH HMeHa: TopbKift, 4h- 
pHKOB*b, KynpHHT>, 3aflueBT>. y Toro h apyroro, npaBfla, HaxoflHirb mm 
MaamHbiH crpaHHiibi, HCRpeHHia <|>paabi, cefi^acb »e npepuBaeMbia He- 
HyacHbiwH, HeRyjibTypHhiMH, hjiii aaiiMCTBOBaHHUMii CTpaHHuaMH: bt> 
o6meMT>— wBmaHHHa. A noa*b hhmh— Mope GeajiapHocTeft, no cpaBHOHiio 
ct> KOTopbiiib 8th GejwieTpHCTM — cjioHbi. EcTb flBa poaa ou-bHOKi: 
OTcnerb aapoBaHia orb Hopiia-ibHaro ypoBHH BBepx*b h orb HopMaJib- 
Haro ypoBHH bhh3t>, h ecjni KynpHHi» hah 3aftueBT> — GoJibmie nncaTejiH, 
TaKi> 3to no cpaBHOHiio ct» oxpyxaiomHMH hxt> 6eanapH0CTflMH; onpeflt- 
iiHTe paacTOHHie orb 3aftueBa no IU,enRHHOfl-KynepHHRi>, T.-e. cochh- 
TaftTe Ko.iunecTBo cryneHeft; nojiyiHTe w 99", T.-e. nncaTejiH, na „99 a 
o*ikcbt> npeBocxoflflmaro IU,enKHHy-KynepHHKT>: bcjihri* oTpmiaTeJibHbift 
pe.Tbe^'b JiHTeparypw pyccKOfl; HacTo naccHBb en ycJioBHO aanncbi- 
BaeTCH bt> aKTHBb. HenpouaBOJibHyio ^apoBHTocTb Bb nepexHBaHiflX'b 
AymH Mbi cM*BnjHBaeiib cb caMHMi> TBopHecTBo.vb: 6biTb ifoxerb, HHbie 
H3b coBepmeHHo 6eaAapHbixi> nHcaTeJieft— ^apoBHTwe jidah. OAa- 
peHHocTb HeodxoflHiia jxjir TBopnecTBa; ho ea msjio: Hyaaia eme oaa- 
peHHocTb bt> (JwpM'B Bbipaxeflla CBoeft oflapeHHoft Ayinn. 



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90 B*CH N 8 

Bee 9to BeBOJibHO hphxoahtch cxaaaTb, Kor^a iHTaemB Koxob- 
HHROBa. BeaycjioBHO, oht> aapoBHTb, xaxi> xyaoxecTBeHHaa HaTypa, 
-baox*, Ha6jiK>aaTejieHi>. BeaycjioBHO, A&poBBrbe OHb AaaTOJiifl KaiceH- 
CKaro h MHoraro MHoxecTBa apyrHX*. Bee xe noxa, xaxfc raicaTejib, 
oht> BOBce He cymecTByen>: ero paacKaabi, bto — xojuiexuia HMnpec- 

ciOHHCTHHeCKHX-b aKCnepHMCHTOBb Hafll BOpflMH, IIOXOflKOK) JDOflefi, 

BpeiieBaMH roAa h npeAueTaxH: bco— aanHCHaa xflnxxa hjttxo nepexx- 
Baiomaro HHTaTeaa. T. IleTp-b Kox6bhhrobi» He HAeajn>Hbifi nHca- 
TeJib (noxa enje BOBce He HHcaTeJib), a TOJibKO TOHxift iHTaTeab, npofffe- 
paiomift Ha6jnoAeHiflMH cbohmh rtxi> hjih hhhxi> nHcaTeJieft-HMnpeccio- 

HHCTOBb. IIOKa HTO, OHb CflSJTb 3K3aM6ffb Ha HHTaTOJia: HHCaTBJIflirb 

xejiaHHbi HHTaTeJiH, noAotebie ITeTpy KoxeBraxoBy; khhxkoh cBoeft 

OHOB'BCTHJI'b OBTb JlHTOpaTOpOBl pyCCKHXl> H HHOCTpaHHblX'b, HTO OBTb 

HXb HHTaJTb,— He ooji'be: a Be xony cxaaaTb, htoGw oht> KOMy 6u to hh 
Gmjio noApaxajrb; ero aanHcnaa KHHxxa bt> bha*b paacxaaoBT> yxaabi- 
Baerb na to, hto ckbosb npnaicy cyuuu aaBoeBaHift HMupeccioHHSMa 
(jiHTepaTypHaro, xyaoxecTBeHHaro) oht» nocuoTp-BJib Ha xh3bj> h co- 
rjiacHJica ct» HicnpeccioHHCTaMH; h a npoiejrb co BHHMaHiesn* ero aa- 
nHCHyio KHHXKy; TSJiaHTJiHBbi ero imcbMa H8T>-aa-rpaHHUbi, H8b creim, 
H3i> .Moulin Rouge": a oxotho noayiajrb 6w orb aHaxoMHTb Taxi* 
nHCbMa; ho TSJiaHTJiHBoe nHCbiio, aApecoBaHHoe qacTHbarb jmuoirb 
nacTHOMy jrauy, eme He ecTb npoaaBeAeme HaamHofi cjiobochocth. 

A ecTb Ha6JiiOAaTeJibHOCTb: „jik>ah, AaBHo ceMeftHbie h a&bho nojiea- 
Hbie, Hocarb HHAxaxn ABy6opTHhie h aaHomeHHbie" (cTp. 25); ,xoairi» 
neTKO p'Bxerb He6o M ; „onajiOBbiH hGjiokh dJiexTpwiecTBa" (CTp. 50); 
w aan-BJiH cmuhkh... aaxyxxajm TOHxia icyxH" (<rrp. 51); ecTb iku.-iiihho 
xyAOxecTBeHHbia <J>paabi: „HaAi> cTeabio rojiyooft noayivioGycb ne6a h 
aoaoToe, pacriaaBJieHHoe xepjio cojnma" (CTp. 95); .rycrbie icaAHBOBue 
SByKH BOjrropBTb" (cTp. 126). Ho plkAKaa tpasa, oTTOHOHHoe HaojooaeHie 

HaA*b He.lOB'BKOM'b BT> CTHJI-fe xyAOXHHROBb BaJUIOTOHa HJIH FyJIfcCpaH- 

coHa, hjih Ha(5jiK>AeHJe HaA* neftaaxeirb a, la YHCTJiepi* ecTb jihhib *a- 
Tepiajn>, ompaBHaa Toixa TBopiecTBa: He caMo TBopiecTBO. Iloxa hto 
r. KoxeBHHKOBi> nnrnerb AJia Toro, htoGm cxaaara: .onaJioBbia h6aokh 
ajieRTpHiecTBa", aa6breaa t hto n onaJioBbia h6jiokh € cjiynaflHoe h bobco 
ho Heo6xoAHicue cnyTHHKH Hero to 6dJibmaro. 

Aupel Btjut 

Hxxa HerpoBOBaa. Sanctus amor. 1908 r. RHHroH3AaTeJtBCTBO 

»rpH$T>*. 

— n Pa3B-B TaKT> GhlBaOTb... 3T0 KpaCHBHH anoHCKift pHCyHOKT», a 

He ropoACRaa seceHHaa HOHb",— BocxaHuaerb repoHHa OAHoro hs^b paa- 
CKaaoBb .Sanctus amor". 

.PaaB-B TaRi 6biBaerb?"— BocxJiHuaemb, npo^Ta KHuxeixy Hhhu 



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BHBJQOrPA*Ifl. 91 

IleTpoBCKoft,— „3to nnoHCKift pncyHOK-b, a ho CBHTaa jhoCobb*. He 6yA*> 
sjyhch codHaTOJibHaro yupontema b* cthjtb anoHueBi>, mbi bocrjihiuuih 6bi: 
.Canufl amor, inutilis amor!* IIocMOTpHTe, Kan* paaJiaraeTca abhxo- 
nie <J>a<5yjibi Ha atexaHHHy otfbmeHHocTH h MexaHHRy JiiotioBHaro cbh- 
meHHOfl-feftCTBia. TepOH h repoHHH paacxaaoB'b xoAflrb, Rani uaHeiceHbJ, 
onbHHeHHNe jho6oblio. Ho h jik^obs hxt> uaaeReHHaa. Bcb repoH paa- 
cKaaoBi HocHTb oaho jihu*; r repoHHH to xe. JlHiHocTb hxi» Hcna- 
paeTca. BH-Bmnaa xaaHb y Hhhbi IleTpoBCRoft— uaniHHa: b* Heft tomhtch 
Ayma jhoGbh. Ho ayraa jik><5bh — MaraHHa b% MarnHH-b. 

Bonb KaKi> npoBOAflTb BpeMfl repoH Hhhm IleTpoBCHOft. „fl cnxy 
Ha 6aJiKOB*, Rypio h ayiiaio. Borb aaaerb, o 46mt> a ayiiaio... Moxerb 
GbiTb a aaxe He AyMaio - (Ctaa npHAerb). ,Bbi;oxy Ha Aopory... OTXoxy 
vb CTopony... Caxycb hoa* Cepeaoft...* (OHa npHAerb). „CeroAHH a He 
xorb otoAaTb. KoTJiexw TaRi h cthjih ao Bene pa* (OHa npHAerb). 
.yaoxeHbi BenjH, ynjio^eHbi cieTa... - ,Xoxy h «Ay ee a . „Bt» pyjcaxi 
AJiHHHbifi JiHCTOHOR-b— MeHio. Bee TaRi> npo<rro\ Bee TaRi npocTo, He- 
HyxHo npocTO. „Cmotpk> Ha Hee. MaJieHbKaa. 3aRyTa;iacb B*b G"BJibift 
njiaTOKi>. JIhuo cnonoHHoe. TaR*b paaroBapHBaiorb xenbi Ha uaTbift 
roxb GpaiBoft XH3HH*. TaRi xHByrb RyRjiu hjih (JyjmiftCRie My^peubi, 

TaKT> XHJIH flHKapH, TaKT> OyfleTb XHTb BT> 9T0M*b CTapOMb Mip*fi CO- 

CTapHBmeeca HeJiOBfeHecTBO. 

Borb Kairb juoGarb repoH n repoHHH Hhhm IleTpoBCRoft. „3to cjiy- 
laeTca nacTo. ffiwrb owj, a npHxoAHTb Apyraa" (13). .Cjiymaft,— 
roBopw a npocTO— 8to oraHfaca. Tbi He Ta,— bott> h Bee* (15). ,Kto tu? 
H BHfl-BJTb Te6a ABa paaa h He aHax>, 6biJia th hjih npHCHHJiacb" (19). 
•He Haflo cnparaHBaTb. HyacHo noKopHo nmi6jiHxaTbCH kt> jikX5bh. Mbi 
TaKi> msjio jih>6hmi». BcTpfeiaeMca a yxoA*tMi>, Moxerb 6biTb HaBcerjia". 
(21). .Tbi oT^aJiacb 6bi mh* paAocrao? fla. Tbi xaajia MeHa? fla. Tbi 
icoa? fla" (24). w flB* nocTeJiH cABHHyrbi paAoarb. TaRi> fouio AecaTb 
jrbrb, TaKT> 6yaeTb Bcer^a. Chahm'b mu 6jih3K0, paajt'BTbie, bt> 6'bJiux'b 
py6amRax*b...— ,fl Rya-Jia - — roBopio a mewb* (35). w T*Hb na^aeTb eft 
Ha rjiaaa. Kaaie ohh? HepHbie, cuaie, cfepwe— ne anaio. Boo6me a hh- 
nero He anaio o Heft" (41). „Bce oConuiocb Tani* npocTO - (49). IIoneMy 
Tbi ceroflHa co mhoA?" (103). „JIoxHMca (5jih8RO... IIotomi bco 6biao 
npocTO* (109). 

XoAflTb TaRT> npocTO B*b npocTOMi> Mip*, roBopanb — H'BTb, aa- 
I1otomt> u^jiyioTca. IIocTeJiH CABKHyrw pafloirb, JioxaTca 6jih3RO. IIo- 
Tom> Bee GbiBaeTb npocTO. Tam> Cmjio Tan-b (Jyaerb Bcer^a. ^KyR-Jibi" 
paa^aeTca HacirfemJiHBbiH roaocb. Tania xyRJibi HaoGpaxaiOTca Ha kap- 
THHRax*b MOAHbix'b xypHajioB*b. Tairb Toxe cTHJiHaauia nejioB-BHecTBa. 
Becb Bonpocb bt> tomi>, oTKyaa r^aAHTb aBTopi* Ha MipT>, RorAa wip* 
h jnoGoBb paaJiaraiOTca ajia Hero Ha phat> npocTbixi, xyRoabHbix'b abh- 
xegifl. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



92 



B*CH N 3 



Bora $HJioco<)>iH repoeBi Hhhm IleTpoBCKoft. „Mm HH^ero ho 3Hae*n> 
o jik>6bh m (70). „0hh noaBJiniOTCH oceHbio— 8th... caaAKie ub'btm. Hn> 
aanaxi— ... oahhi h8T> aByxoB'b uoxopoHHaro nan-bea, KOTopwfl noxm» 
Beiepme KOJioKOJia, 6a*AHo-aoJioTMe aaxaTM u hob'baomo o neuh aa- 
rpycTHBmia Aymn 1 * (102). „Mm HHHero ne anaeMt o ce6*. Hiraero!" (113). 
»Hy»Ha Jiacica... He tboh ko mh-b, He moh kt> Te6*fc. He aHaio hlh" (43). 

n H"BTb HH TetiJI, HH M6Hfl. H^Tb B0.1H UH TBOeft, HH M06H* (117). ,5bUI& 

tm hjih npncHiuiacb?" (13). „OHa npimerb! OHa npiiAeTb... IIpHflen>!.. 
Ilocji-b ciiepTH te (18). Tax* botb oTxyaa xaxeTCH Mipt npocTMM-b aBTopy 
„Sanctus amor"! 9to— npocTOTa nocTHaeHia CKBoab npH3My xaxoro he* 
Gy^b Jlao-flaw, xuTaftcKaro uyApeua, npocTOTa HenocnuKHMaro Tao, a 
He npocTOTa KapTHHOKi> 3KH3HH H3*b MOAHaro xypaaJia. CMOTpHTe— nasaa 
HawchaHHocTb bt> uefiaaacB: ,0aepo oAfeBanocb bt> roJiyCwe h xejrrae 
mejiKa". Hah: ,KpnxaHBMe aByKH, xaKi. pon 3bohkhxt> Myxi>, yAapajDTca 
BbcrBHH HrjiaAKiflCTeK.ia6jiecTflmHX'b aepKajrb" (116). w Ha otkpmtomt> 
okh-b mnpoxaa Bfrrxa h6;iohh, bch cxBoaHaa... IIpunJiMJia Jiyna, orposi- 
Han, G^TBUHan, scaAHaa, aaufennjiacb aa b-btkh h cMOTpHTb*(116). 3to— 
BeceHHHa HOHb, Koraa oTxpMBaeTca Be*iHxoe „T a o*. „3a6MTbca~. He 
noMHHTb, He AyMaTb, He aaaTb HHHero" (27). 

IIocTewiH. KyKJibi. KoTJiera. Cnarb. BpoAarb. JIoacaTca. Ho cnarb, 
6poaarb, jioKaTca Ha ^owb aapH. H*bTb, 3to He nonuiocTb: aTO— MyApocTb 
npocTOTbi. SaH'bM'b ace TaKT> pfeAKo npimoAWMaerb noxpoB-b Hnna 
XloTpoBCKaa? Cjihiiikomi> OHa aarpoMo;KAaerb aapeBoft h rjiyGoxifl <Jk>hi 
CBonxb paacRaaoB'b KOTJieTaMii, xyxJiaMH h nocTejiHMH. Eme HOMBoro, 
ii aapH He Oy^erb bhaho: ocTaHCTca Tor^a HiiKOMy He HyxHaa xap- 
THHKa na-b aioAHaro acypHaaa. BaaTb 6m Aa BhiBepHyTb paacxaaM he- 
naHaHKy sapeft kt> HHTaTeJiHMi>; TorAa BMHrpaJio 6m HecoMH-feHHoe 
AapoBaHie aBTopa; a Tenepb oho cjiobho HapoHHo uoa* ByaJibw He- 

HHTepeCHbIXl> CHHeMaT0rpa$H4eCKHXT> nOApoOHOCTOH JKH8HH, TaKT> TTO 

He cpaay yjiOBHmb HeMHorie nepjiu. Hai> Hhhm IleTpoBCxofl Morao 6u 
BNpadoTaTbCH A^ficTBHTeabHoe AapoBaHie, ecjiH 6m OHa He OTHocBJiacb 
TaKb naccHBHo kt> co6cTBeHHMMi> cbohmt> xyAOKecTBeHHMirb nepexHBa- 
HiHMT>. A AJia aToro eft nyacHa B'bpa &b xeJiTMe mejixa aapH. Ho 
OHa toiho oTMaxHBaeTCH orb cbohxt> aopb: \,Haci> MHoro, HacB ropaaao 
6o.ibme. H-BM-b »HBMx*b, ho mm— npHapaKH, mm— rfeHH casaix'b ce6a. 
acajiKie o6jiomrh co6cTBeHHaro npom^aro* (86). 

BoTb 8to-to HeB-bpio BT> naeocb XH3HH (HeoGxoAHMoe ycjiesie xyAO- 
xecTBeHHaro TBopnecTBa) aaBojiaKHBaeT-b noAHacb ea TBopiecTBo yse 
He CTHJiHaoBaHHMMH, KaK*b bi> HnoHCKOMT, neftaaH*, o6paaaMH, a xyK- 
aaMii, To.ibKo KymiaMH. Orroro - to nnoHCKift neftaajrb oh TBopnecTBa 
c6HBaeTca sacTo Ha KapTHHKy H3"b xcypHaaa AaMCKHXT> moat>. 

Ai'pel B i x u |. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHEJIlOrPAfcM. 93 

H. TexemeB*. Pascxaau. T. II. Ha.ua Hie t-bs „3HaHie". C.-IIe- 
TepGypr*. E(. 1 p. 

3eaeHa& otaoanca t-bs ^name"— ©to bt» CBoeirbpoA'B MynAHpb otl 
pyccKOft JiHTepaTypbi, orb Toft cneue<J>H<iecKOH JiHTepaTypw, Ha roto- 
pofi JiexHTb 0T6.iecKT> npomjiofl cjiaBhi MaKCHMa ropbxaro, CKHTanbua 
h flpyrHXT>. 

CpeflHift pyccKin HHTeJiJiHreHTb eBje hbxoahtch nojyb rHHHoaoM'b T-Ba 
„3Hairie" h bi> TpaAHiiioHHO&rb aeJieHoarb MyHUHp-b, Bee paBHO, hto ut> 
<t>ypajKKB cb KOKapAoft, HaBOflameft cTpaxi> Ha cTaHuioHHuxb cuoTpw- 
Tejiefi, CeanperiHTCTBeHHo npofeAemb no Bceft Poccin. Ha BnaaHoft cRa- 

TepTH Bb JIKX30H npOBHHUiaJIbHOft rOCTHHHOft Bbl HHKOrjia H6 yBHABTe 

hh BaJiepin BpiocoBa, hh A. B-fcJiaro, hh KysMHHa, ho xoth oahoi*o h3T> 
HamHXb aejieHbrxb BHaKouueBb — ryceBa-OpeHtiypcRaro, CepaiJWMo- 
BHHa hjih TeJiemeBa,— HenpeM'feHHO. 

TejiemeaT> hbhjica bt> JiHTepaTypy npnico bt> „ycTaHOBJieHHoft <|>op- 
m**',— npflMo cJierbJTb cb nonyjiapH'Bftaieft bt> Mip* otkphtkh, rA* 
rr. ByHHR-b, TopbRift H GRHTaJieiib BCeMHJIOCTHB'Bftnie h BceHapoAHo 
npHHH.iH ero, xairb HJieHa, bt> cbok> 7"bcHyio ceicbio. OtibiBaTejib cb yMii- 
aeHieMb noB*BCHJib oTRpuTxy bt> nepeAHeirb yrjiy, h cb nepBoft ace non- 

TOft BbinHCaJlb paaCKaSbl H CTHXH ..OTM'feqeHHhlXb" 3HaMeHHTOH OT- 
RpfalTROfl. 

HacROJibRo moscho cyAHTb no t> nanpaBJieHiio u pa3CKa30Bb(iTo bi> „3Ha- 
Hra" a'bao He nocA*BAHee), TeJiemeffb— neAOBBKb xopomift h Ayma y Hero, 
hto HadbiBaercH, „0TKpuTaa h HecTHaa u OHb HcairbTHnHHHfaiftcpeAHifl hh- 
TejuiHreHTb. Ha OKpyscaiomee pearnpyerb Kajn> bcb,— GojrbaHeHHo omy- 
maerb coBpexeHHue couia-TbHhie HeAOHeTi*, bt> noJiHTHHecRHX'b yfl-feK- 

AeHlHXb HBHO CRJIOHHOTCH BJTBBO, CROpGHTb HaA*b JRH3HbK> TporaTOJIbHO 

6eacodHaTeAbHoft nexoBCRofi rpycTbio, He nyxAi* UHorAa „HacTpoeHiflMi>", 
jiio6htt> npHpoAy;— cjiobomt*, BOBce He BpeAHuft HCRop'be npinTHbift ne- 
jiob1iri» TejiemeB-b, h ccjih jiHTepaTypHyio ero A*aTejibHocTb HaAo npn- 
anaTb HeAopaayirBHieira, to BHHOBaTo bt> aTom>, noxaoyft, Bcero Gojibme 
AoOpoe t-bo ,3HaHie*. BcJitACTBie AoCpoTbi h enje BposAeHHaro BapBap- 
cxaro HeyBaxeHin Kb HCKyccTBy, oho BbicTaMflerb Ha cboh aBaHT>-nocTbi 
He JiHTepaTopoBb, a xopomnx'b dHaRoioix'b h Apyseft, noTOMy jramb, hto 

CHJWIHCb BM-BCTB Ha OTRpblTR-B, HJIH COOflDja yAHJIH pbl<5y, HJDI OAHaJtAbl 
0<5l»eAHHHJIHCb H*BXHOCTbK) Rl> IDaJIHnHHy. H BOTb Ha nOHB*B HyBCTBb 

HHTejurareHTHUx'b h, Moxerb 6bm>, no cymecTBy CBoeMy npeRpacHbixi>, 
BbipocraioTb copnue ajiwe ub*tn. 

ryceBT>-OpeH6ypcRiH, CRHTaJieub h TeJieineBi> nmnyrb; sarHiiHOTH- 

aHpOBaHHMH 3HaM6HHT0H OTKpMTKOH OtffclBaTeJIb HHTaOTb, H M03Fb ero 

Ha HeonpeA'BJieHHoe BpeMfl aaronem* bt> saROJiAOBanHbift Rpyrb aeAe- 
HeHbRHX*b RHHzeR'b. OcyAHTb 9to BapBapcTBo T-Ba ,3HaHiH* no 3a<yiy- 
rairbTOJibROBb^yAymeirb. A nona ocTaeTca HaarBHTbca, hto cxAbmerb 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



94 BfcCH N 3 

xe, HaKOHwrb, Ta icyTHaa bojihs Hameft cneue<J)ireecKoft JiHTepaiypu, 
ms rpefa* KOTopofi eme bbrbh paciuoiBaionuecH oiepRH MaRcmia Topi- 
saro h (?) IIIaJiaaHHa. 'CxJWHerb ae Roraa-HH<5yjtf> h otiaaHie a&bho 
yuepmuxi hjih bobco He XBBmHTb aju HCxyccTBa jnojjeft, paacfceTCH, 

RaiTb THXeJUft rHDHOTHHeCKift COHT>. 

Hiia neTpoieiii. 

Hpog. B. KxxraeBOxift. — Kypcb pyccxofi HCTopii. 
HacTb III. It-tea 2 p. 60 k. MoeRBa. 1908 r. 

Ha CTpaHHKaxT> „B'bcoBi>" y*e oncbwiocb. xaxoe BbicoKoe Hayi- 
Hoe h Kyjn>TypHoe auaneHie nwberb neiaTaeicuft h BuxoAfintffl oTflt- 
jibhhmh HacTfliiH xypcb Jieicuift no pyccKofl HCTopiH npo$eccopa 
B. 0. RjnoneBCKaro. 3th JiexmH aaBHo yxe <5jih3Kh h BHaxoMu hut*®- 
meft nyCJiHK*, ho oh* aoxoahjih ao hoh bt> HenojiHoirb h cJiyHaftHOVb 
bra*; Tenepb cam> aBTop* Bbimwrt aa npejrbJibi CBoefl yHHBepcHTeT- 
CRoft ayAHTopiH h naerb BoaMoxHocrb BCflRouy HHTaiomeMy h ayMair 
meMy oanaROMHTbOA ci RJiaccH?ecRHMi> Kypcoifb no HCTopiH naraero 
nponuiaro. Bbiraejnnaa 111 iacTb xypca u*^bkomi> (bi paairbpfe 476 cTp.) 
nocBflmeHa XVII BfeRy; aBTopi> ocoGohho HHTopecoBaJica a-roft anoxofl 
h MHoro ee npopatioTaJi*. PeayjibTanj 8tbxt> cneuiaJibHbix-b HacJrtflo- 
saHift, coJiHAHbncb HayHHbixi> HdbicRaHift aBTop-b npeflCTaBJweTb b* 

H8flmH0MT> H yBJieKaTeJIbHOM-b HaA0X6HiH,HyXA0Ml BCHROft O^HIliaJlbHOfi 

cyxocTH; Heaa&rbHHMbift MacTep-b CHnreaa, Aaiomifl apKia h Cjiecramifl 
o6o6meHia, ciacTJiHBo coieTaeTCH ci tohkhmt> aHaJiHTHROMi*, fleTaJib- 

HbIMT> HaHeTHHKOITb H OCTpoyifHbllTb KpHTHKOJTb. Bl HaCTOHmOM'b TOHt 

ocoGohho onpe^-feJieHHo npoJiHJiHCb nepTM TajiaHTa B. 0. KjuoneBCKaro; 
aafccb oAHHanoBO npHBJieKaiOTb BHHMame h cTpaHHUbi— niyGoKiH h 
CHJibHNfl, MacTepcRH xapaKTepHaywmia hojihm© ApaMaTHaMa mom6hth 
GypHoft HCTopiH XVII B-fena— B^Ka w CMyTti" h .RaHyHa petyopsrb* h cne- 
uiaJibHbifl rjiaBbi, TpaRTyiomia o cjio*hhxt> h aanyTaHHbixb Bonpocax* 

COUiaJIbHOfi H dROHOKHHOCROfi HOTOpiH 9H0XH. 

ITpexAe Bcero na^o oTMivrHTb rjiaBbi, nocBameHHbia anoxfe cMyro— 
.BOJiHKoft paapyxfe* MocnoBCKaro rocyAapcTBa; 8T0Tb oTAtob HaiH- 
HaeTca 6jiecTanpiMi> npojioroirb hoboA pyccKofl HOTopiH h flaerb pao* 

CTpaHHUT), npOBOCXOAHO BCKpblBaiOmHX'b H TOHRO pa8<5HpaK>mHXT> CJ10R- 

Hbie MOMOHTbi cMyTHaro BpeueHH. Abtopt> HCKycHO xapaKTepnayeTb 
ochobhuh jiHHin npouecca, ocTaHaBJiHBaeTca Ha noapoGHocTHX*b h ae- 
TaJiHxi>; h CBoeo<5paaHWfl KOMCHHauin o6mecTBeHHbixi» oTHoraeHia, h Hrpa 
HeJioB'feHecKHX'b CTpacTeft h TeicnepaM6HT0Bi» f h ncHXOJioria pyccx&ro 
HBJiOB-bRa nanaJia XVII b., aacTHrnyTaro Jiuxcwi'bTbeM'b, h nepB&fl (Jop- 
MyjiiipoBRa KOHCTHTyuioHHhix'b rapaHTifi — rpe60BaHiA orpaHHieflia Bep- 

XOBHOft BJiaCTH— BC6 8T0 HaXOflHTT> H flpKOO OCB^n^eHie, H AeTEJIbHblC 

paa6opi. CjrbflyiomiH rjiaBbi nocBnmeHbi HayneHiio. o6mecTBeitHaro h 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



BHBJIOrPAMJL 95 

xoaflflcTBeHHaro CTpoa MOCKOBCKaro rocyaapcTBa XVII Btaa; 3A*cb 
ocoGohho hsuo oTM-bTHTb HHTepecBUfl rjiaBu o KpecTbfiHara. H*- 

CXOJIbKO OCOtiHflKOlfb Fb KypC* CTOHTb HOItHOriH CTpaHHUU, Tpairryx)- 

ntffl 06* loro-aanaAHoft Pyc« h KaaaiecTB'b; 8A*cb aBTop-b orpaHH- 
HBBaeTCfl oGiahmh saicbiaHiJiifH h HeotixoAHiaiMH yxaaaHiaMH. Bt> 
npoTBBonojioxHocTb dTouy OTR-bny ipeaBbraafiHO AeTaJibHo h iiojiho 
paapa6oTaHH rjiaBhi, xapaKTepH8y»mia pyccKyio Kyjn>Typy XVII Btaa; 
aAtcb noapoCtao paaotipanb Bonpocb Hanaji* pacnojia h CTapootipuA* 
neeTBa, ho ocotiuft HHTepecb npeACTaB.unorL CTpaHHUhi, nocBameHHbw 
Borrpocy aanaaHoirb bjiIahIh. 3aKaH?HBax>rb KHHry He-rape xapaKTe- 

PHCTHKH BbIAaK>mHXCfl A*HT6Jieft BTOpOfl HOJIOBHHbl XVII B*Ka— JUOAOft, 

ctohiahxI) yxe w Ha pytiexV; bt> ami xapairrepHCTHKax* bi> noAHom* 
foecrb npoaBHJica xyAoxecTBeHHbift TaJiaHTB aBTopa h oh* HHTawTca 
<rb Be^HHafimHirb HaonaxAenieirb. 8to— npeBocxoAHbie ncHXOJionraecxie 
nopTpen* tohkoA h HaamHoft patioTbr; aBTop* Kain> <5n caul nepeHo- 
chtca vb OTAaJieHflyx) anoxy h CecfeayeTb ct> a^htojudch MHHyBmaro. 
JIdGobhoA pyKoft pHcyeTb aBTop* nopTperb „Tinnafiiiiaro" uapa AiieKCfca 
MnxaftJioBHHa h pajiowb vl hhmi> roBopm-b miBHaxb h npeotipaao- 
BaTejibHHXi) HaHHHaHiaxi npeAmecTBeHHHKOBi> IleTpa — mockobckomt> 
AHHAOMarb OpAHH*b-Han^oKHH*b h kh. FoJiHixbiH*. 

H. B. BopOBAiiv 

K. Jtexse. Hhko JiaeBCKie saHAapMu h JiHTepaTypa 
1836—1855 rr. IIo no,nJiHHHban> A*Jiam> TpeTbaro OrA^JieHin C. E. H. 
B. Kamiejiapra. CnG. 1908. 

UoAaarojioBoirb hoboA KHHra r. Jleiixe: ,no noAJiHHHwii'b ;rbJiain>* 
etc ifoxen* bbocth bt> 8a6jiyxAOHie: Ha caMoin> a*ji* H8i» 599 <vrpa- 
hhut> ea TOKCTa (BM'bcrb ct> npHJioxeHuaiH) okojio 200 cocTaBOHicro 
nepeneiaTxy iiaTopiaAOBi, noM*femeHHbix'b bi .PyccKoft CTapHH*", »Pyc- 

CKOMT> ApXHBfe", .BbUIoaTb* H T. Am CTOJlbKO X6 npH6JIH8HT6JlbH0 CTpa- 

HHirb nepecKasa neiaTHux* AaHHbixi> h ho fojifee 100 cTpaHHm» AOKy- 

M8HT0BT>, H3BJieH6HHbIX'b I\ JIOMKO AJM 8T0r0 H8AaHlfl H8T> apXHBa III 

OTA'toeHifl. OcTaJibHoe aanojraeHHo pa8cyxA©HiHMH h npHirbnaHiaMH 
r. JleMKe, ct> xapaKTepoifb Koropuxi Mbi noaHaicoMHMca hhxo. Hst> 

BHOBb OUyCJIOKOBaHHMX'b A&HHHX1> AJUIOKO He BCfe U^HHbl. BeayCJIOBHO 
HHTepOCHO TO, TTO OTHOCHTCH Kb HCTOpiH w (J)HJIOCO({)HHeCKarO HHCblia" 

HaaAaeBa h .Te^ecKona*. cHomeHiairb ByjirapHHa ct> III OrA*JieHieM*. 
Bt> w MyKaxT> BeJiHKaro noaTa" He npHCaBJieHO hh oAHoro HOBaro nrrpHxa 
Kb CA^JiaHHofi pHAOirb ApyrHXT> nacji^AOBaTenefi xapaKTepHCTHK* ot- 
Homemft nymKHHa kt> BeHKeHAop^y h III OTAbJieHiio. Bi ota*Ji*» no- 
CBHmeHHoin> BiffemaTeJibCTBy n HHKOJiaeBCKHxi> saHAapMOBi> M bt> .pyc- 
CKy» AHTepaTypy 1826—1855 rr. - , MHoro noBTopeHifi AaBHo H8B*bcTHa- 
ro— h AHiixHflro. MHoroe(6iorpa<t)iHByjirapHHa,rojioBHHa, flom^opyKOBa 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



96 BftCH N 3 

h ap.)buxoahtb aa npejrfcjui t©mh xhhth h aapymaerb ea irfejbHoen: 
r. Jleicxe HaeTo h MaorocaoBso roBopara o tomt>, hto eoBepmeaao ae 
yxa*AHBaeTea bt> nocTaBaaaaMa Hifb xe ca*HMi> Aaa ceto paaxii: 
.HaxoaaeBcaie saraapicu h pyccaaa JiHTepaTypa 1826—1855 rr.«. 

BnepBbie aaneiaTaaHbie b* BTOft xaarfe tokch* BuauBaarrb paA* 
coifrtHift h aeAoyufcaifi. Maoroe r. Jleicae ae cyirbJii npaBBAbao npo- 
460TB; bi> Teaorb paatiapaaca oa* f hobhahmomj, c* TpyAOira; *iacro 
He aoctbbmo any CB*&A*aift no paaaaTObiirb Bonpocara HCTopia a 
HcropiH aHTepaTypu. Bcrptraib oht> rA*-ro bt» xaarb a a66aTa Hhkojw" 
a, ae aaaflt hto bto— oneab BaBfeeTBUft ,a66an> HaKOJih", pyccH<t>HOH- 
poBajrb ero— nonyiBJica ,a66an Haieonafl* (cTp. 20); aafitun ohtb Aaace 
Hjioaaflcaaro drAjiKaaiaAb 6usn> 6orarb u aHaTeirb, ho...*)— h nporaib 
bt» pyaonBCH: ,8to xbocto aayiftiiHAOBOfi** cotiaaa aah oTaneqe- 
aia aeaaaai on hojuithkh* (CTp. 269); Cbtbb noA* OpaAAaaAom* 
npeapaTHoacb bt> 6aTay .noAb <DpBAraaroin>* (270), icapTHHHaMi 
HoBaaoBa— B*b ,uopTHAaoiib" (602), JKoae$i>-Ae-MoeTpb— b% JKoaetJwraa 
(CTp. 566). Oieab coMataaeiica, <rro6w b% TeacrfeAOKyMeaTOBi* ctohjio: 
,apenoAaBaaieiib ypoaovb GoraTCTBy r. £aBi*A0Ba* (302), »ayra>i 
npupoABue Aaopaae, iToftb onapaTbca HAearo aoMiiyHHaMa h pe- 
BOJiiouioHHOMy Ayxy" (629), „Be npanoMaaaerb aa 8to aeaaBBCTb Me- 
KCHxaHueBi kt> h^mu&mibo Bpeueaa QepHaaAa KopTeca" (345), ,le 
avoit de l'homme" (ataman— CTp. 346), # h3b*ctho o cymecTBOBaaia 
aadepaabaaro KOMBTeTa m cauoft Mocbb*, Bucbuurb hmt> a* a aTe- 
a e ft bt> IleTeptiyprb" (351), „BaymaTb ami Aaabaaro npenoaaBaaia 
3aaoaa Boaria" (431) h np. Bee 9to— oieBBAaua acaaaceaia noAAHHBB- 
xob%. M'beraicH r. JleMae BnaAaerb bt> aeaczoABMa npoTHBopfcnia eb 
caMHirb co6ox>: Rhno apxHBa III OTAfeaeaia 1836 1. Boaaaaao no noaoay 
CTaTbH 1889 t. (CTp. 284, 286); BHHberaa *i» .UhiraHaub 14 IlymxHHa Ha 
(CTp. 399), M HHKorAa He BoaGyauuuia BBxaxaxi* noAoapfeaift", aa <rrp. ace 
482—488 npaaeAeao ufcaoe xaaAapMcxoe ijvfeao" no ea noBOAy: »cyAb- 
6a» to?bo, aaaaaaaa BeaxeaAop$a aa ero noaopaoe aooBeaaoe y?acrie 
bi> cuepTB IlyniKHHa. Bb Maprt obt> Tax* aaCojrba*, tto He oahb* 
paab BapoAoaseaie tioAftraa Baetob (aid) aa boaock*" (cTp. 112)— a 
w aejibaa Taase ae ynonaayTb, hto a*brb aanero aeBfepoaTaaro Bb 
npeADoaoseaiu, hto bch 6oataab BeaseaAop^a 6uaa npocTOfi caicyjia* 
ilieft" (CTp. 112-113) a t. a* 

Tepoa HexoBosofi •GaaAbtfu 11 bco „xo?yrb cbod o6paaoBaaaoeTb no- 
xaaaTb a roBoparo o aenoaaTaoMi*; r. JIomkc Tose xonei-b noxaaaTb 
cbod 9 o6paaoBaaaocTb ( ' a paAHxaabaoe n 6jiaropoACTBo u a Tome .roso- 
paTb o HeaoHHTHOMT> a — fljia aero ace caicoro. Ovb iauiaeTb sanoaAaB- 



* BtpoiTMo, 6wjo Hamcaao, ian iacro nacannciapaxy, 9 aiaa6teH0Bot*. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



BHRHOrPASW. 97 

mHift jrti-b Ha 70 aeroAOBameirb npornvb Byarapimbixb, BeHKeHAop- 
$obi>, Ookobi> h yHHuerb hmt> „CBHptaHft pasHocb" (auffHuoe cao- 
botxo Hamero aBTopa). r. Jlemce ctpohtt> cboh paacysAeHia no 
RaHBHoft <(K>picyji'B namero CTaparo paAincaaH3Ma „ROHcepBaToprr 
xaHAapMv-mnioHiHiepdaBeKi h ,ayp aK1>H * Hpn 8tomt> nponajiaiorb bcb 
OTTteKH, pasHbia cTafliH Jipouecca, h Bee cnauBaeTca bt» CBpyio, oaho- 
otipaBHyio, CKyiHyio naccy. Ilopa <5bi, HaKOHeirb, npexpaTHTb „paaHocb" 
ByjrrapHHbai> h BeHReHAop4K>Bi»— AaBHo 6n hxt> mojrho <5hjio noHHTb h 
nocTaBHTb Ha cooTB'BTCTByiomyK) „HCTopHHecKyio noaoiRy*. B-bflb noji- 
Hufi accopTHCMeHTb GoJi'fee bjih moh'bo Kp'BDKHX'b pyraTOJibCTBi> Bcero 
MOHBrne paa-BHCHHTb, noieicy ByarapHHb Hrpajit Tanya poab bi> JiHTepa- 
Typ* AaeRcaaApoBCROft bhoxh, noieicy ci hhmt> HaxoAnaa bosm oxhoctb 
.boahtlch* BHaiajrb ETymKHBTb h KpuaoB*, ApyxaaH PburfeeB-b h rpHtio. 
*Aobt>, noieiiy oht> h noBABrfee moit> nocuaaTb bt> III OrA'feaeHie cm*- 
.thh no Tony BpeueHH AORaaAHbia sanHCRH. Ob Apyroft CTopoHW, He 
lrbmaao <5bi BAyxaTbCH Bb HCTopiio ero paHHHXb Heflopa8yn*Bflifi cb 
PburbeBbnii) h rpHGoBflOBMirb: ona BCxpbiBaerb HaH6ojrbe hhthmhhh 
CTopoHbi ByarapracKofl HaTypbi, ROTopua paaBepHyancb noToirb, bt> 
flHKOJiaeBCKyio anoxy. r. JleiiKe npeAno?eai» Apyroft nyTb: pyraTb Ha- 
nponajiyio, noAtiapaTb Becb CTapuft lcycop* naoxo BbiAyMaHHbixb (Hanp., 
KapaTbirHHCKHxi>) aHeRAOTOBb, hh bo hto He B^yifbiBaacb h HHiero ho 
paa-bHCHHH. Eme xyxe to, hto bi> yrony cBoeft ochobho& TeHAORiiiH 
oht> HSBpamaerb, aauaaHHBaerb hjih roaocaoBHo oTBepraerb <J>aKTbi. 
r-Hy JleMKe Hyarao CA'feaaTb BeHReHAop$a AypaRom» (ROTopuarb 
offb bo BCflKom* cayna* He 6bwn>), h noarouy 6eai> bchkhxt, ocho- 
BaHift oTBepraeTCH (cTp. 96) aBTopHTeTHaa xapaRTepHCTUKa rh. Boa- 
KOHCKaro (AexaCpacTa), h aaMaaHHBaiOTca apyria noAoGHbia cbha'b- 
TejibCTBa. DoaAH-BftmaH KOHcepB aTHBHaa penyTaaia rh. Br- 
BOMCRaro, m mojioaocth foremaro apwrb „aH6epaaHCToin>", BbisbiBa- 
eTb Taxyi) rpyGo h ec npa boa^i h By io xapaRTepnoTHRy r. JleM- 
Ke: iBjiaeuoRifi rbarb h xap&jrrepeffb, ito ct> neaeHOR-b ao rpoOa Ohjii> 
BcerAa oahhmt> h Tfeir* xe no cynjecTBy, coBepmeHHo ho oTpazaa Ha 
CBoeft naxaoft h nyeroft ayxoBHoft $HaioHoifiH (sic!) nacTpoeHift icoao- 
AOCTH, onpysawmeft xhbhh h t. n." (CTp. 86—87). Bto ho icfemaerb euy 
ccbiaaTbca noTom> Ha npoTecrbBaaeMCRaro npoTHBb .nraHeabHNXb* cth- 
xoBfb IlymRHHa h JKyKOBCKaro. Rohohho, n Bu6paHHbia itbctb h3t> nepenn. 

CRH CbAPyBbHMH" SaOTaBHaH T. JleMRe, BOnpeRH 0<5meH3B , BCTHHHMb<|)aK- 

Tairb, yTBepsAaTb (CTp. 134): ^HsB-feCTHO, hto Toroab BBeai nyTb an He 
o6a8aTeabHoft eyxMoft (!) Bb CBofi 6K>AxeTb noAaiRH aapa h Apyrnxb nae- 
hobi> ABopa (!!). Buy bi> aroxb oTHomeHin oneHb aeaao, h TbicaiH cbraa- 
aHCb (!!!) bt> Rapvaffb HHeaTeaa* (CTp. 184). HHTaTeab He uoxerb He c6aH- 
3HTb cb BTHirb yTBepsAOHieirb APyroe, oneHb xapaRTepnoe (CTp. 149): 
,npaBHTeabCTBo HnRoaaa I 6«ao AeenoTHqeeRHifb ao ROBna, oho sa&* 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



98 BftCH N 3 

jio on cbohx* noAA&HHbix'b nojwiHxi) ycjiyn> coBepmemo oeaanaTHo, 

3Haa, HTO KOMy HyjRHO BblCJiyjRHTbCH, TOTb H TaKT> BHCJiyXHTCfl. 

HcKJDoneHlH jrbJiaJiHOb, mm hxt> bha*jih h eme yBHAHirb, ho He Tan 
laero, h, Kas*b mh yme aairfeTHJiH, njiaTHAocb ne ohohb to TapoBaTo. 
flaflyrb 9000—3000 pytaeft accHraaiUHMH, a hoaaocth HaAO coBepnnrrb 
CTOJibKo, hto Ha bck> XHdHb cefa aauapaenib..." 

<l>aKTHHecKHx*b omuGoirb y r. JIomro ho ooepeinbcn. Kpoarb yxaaaH- 
hhxi> Bbnne, moxho oTirbTHTb eme cjrbAyionqH: craTba o Bojikob*, ct» 
noflUHCbio A. 5., oyjrro 6bi „6eai» coMH*Hifl l4 HanHcaHa floJieBbnrb, xora 
oh a npHHajuiexHTb A. H. ByjiraKOBy (cTp. 88); A. A. OpAOBi>, GyATo 6w, 
nHcajii napoAin Ha ByjirapHHCKaro ,3bUKHrHHa", xoth oht> eicy coBep- 
meHflo floCpocoB-feCTHo noApaxajrb (cTp. 284); cb noJiHbmb Aoafepieirb bt> 
paaHbixb irfeCTax-b KHHra BocnpoH8BOAflTca poacxaaHH anoxpH^HHe- 
ckhx-l M 3anHCOR'b" CioipHOBOft (CTp. 169, 483, 484, 502 h t. a-); 6eab 
BCHRaro cepbeaHaro ocHOBama oTBepraeTCH oojrbe Tbirb BfepoaTHoe 
CBHA'bTejibCTBoByjiarpHHa o aaRpbrriH H EBponeftua u — itoon noACTaBHTb 
BicbCTo Hero cboo, ohohb hjioxo ooocHOBaHHoe (CTp. 71, 339) h np., h 
np. He Beaerb r. Jleirce h ct uHTaTaMH. HoRofiHbift EfypeMOBi* onra- 
6oiho npouHTHpoBajrb dnnrpaMicy CoooJieBCKaro Ha Bopnca BeAopoBa, 
h r. JleicKe, Be aairfeTHBi oescMbicJiHUbi („anHrpaMiibi raARH, a aoho- 
cbi cJiajiKH*— cji*Ayen> Hao6opoTb), AoopocoBfecrao noBTopaen> ee 
(CTp. 312). IlymKHHy npHnHcaHb paa* coBepmeHHo He npHHaanexa- 
mHXT> eny anHrpaMirb (cTp. 356—357) ht. fl. 

OcoGeHHo JixtfHTb Hami» aBTopi» npHirbiaHis * h MHoroTOTO— am 
MHoro8HaHHTeAb.HocTH. Offb npfliio AonexaeTb cbohmh HpoHHHecRHMH, 

OrpaHHTOTeJIbHblMH H paffbflCHHTeJIbHbllfH npmrfeiaHijncfr HeHaBHOTHUTb 

iracaTejieft-KOHcepBaTopoB'b— h Bicfecrb ct> hhmh HHTaTejia (oco66hho 
xapairrepHa bt> 8tomt> oTHoraeHia CTp. 270, 290 h 291). MHoroTo^uoa 
necTpHTb bca KHHra. CTaBHTca oh* boba*— bt> noAaaroAOBRarb h sa* 
rJiaBiax'b, tokct* h npHM^naHinxb, nocji* cauuxi otibiRHOBeHHbixb 
(J)pa3T> („eme 6m...* ft HacTynHjrb" cTpamiaift w 1848-fi ro^b... Haiaoo 
ero He npeAB&niajio HHiero, HHBapb He aHajrb, hto CyAerb mrfeTb ero 
cocfeAT>..^ 3artMb rpaHyjia pobojiioiuh bo <X>paHuia... a , (cTp. 173, 
227, 290, 338, 372 h np.). 

Cthjib oTAHiaeTCfl oohihwhh cBoftcTBaMH aausa r. Jlenxe. Ha 
RaxAofi CyKBajibHo CTpaHHu* nonaAaiOTCH Tanie nepwibi, Rare .noJiyTo- 
pbixb jrtTb* (XJII), „co CBoftcTBeHHbnrb c e 6 * ocTpoyxieirb TepiieHK 

•) He Rosen ie onrtm aypbesiiaro npmiuaifl na crp. 205. Typreien 
imien o Torojl: 9 ero nozopoHia i% ynBepcneroRoi i^epKBi". I\ lem e at- 
■■Tfc m% DOMonu n HiTwejno c% naaan npurtaurieMi (cip. 205): 9 nn ioaio 
OToiBao -1 — ian 6yxio, Kport Hero, KOMy-urfyxb Mono npi«TM n roioay, no 
rorou lilcTBiTewo noxopoaui tbm%\ 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHRHOITAMH. 99 

(<rrp. l), „a a a raaai noAcyAHM hxi> oh* boa* ceta aoboa*ho npH- 
ahhho h (20), „xarb iioryrb HOTopuH Hamero otipaaoBaHia b o a h o- 
chtb y b a p o b a Ha CTeneRbURHHcrpa, cosaaBinaro bao- 
poByio no TorjtamHHJfb BpeiieHairb micoay" (82), „nporaBb Bceft Haxoaa- 
encKOH KaaapMeHmHHW 44 (86), JXy6ejibTi>... hmh KOToparo... naB-fecTHo h 
Tenepb eme nyrb an He BcasoMy, xoth, npaBAa, yse no Hacabimirfc" 

(CTp. 120), „H6CTH0CTb Ay66AbTa— flOHUH* B0np0CHT6JIbHHH 8HaKb* 

(128), „IIoJieBOH cfl-fcaaJTb bhat> Goa'feaHH* (181), ,bt> HHBap-fe 1848 ro^a 
BeHK6HAop<|) a b a a r h y a b 6 o a b h o ero bt> cboo Bpexa yAapromaro, 
a Tor^a yse yiiepmaro JlepicoHTOBa" (187). n 6yj&Tb npoaoajcaTb 
h olurreabHOCTb neH8ypo»" (174), t Byaraprab aanHBaai» ropbKyw* 
(232), .ObBepHHH ApxHBT> a nocTaBHab CBoefl saAanefi Hcropiio" (233): 
„ByarapHHT>, kohohho, 6hun> cocTaBaeHb Bb CTopoH*, hocm OTpa Ha npi- 
HTeabCTBO ct» apecTOBaHHbiMH h noB-braaHHNMH* 1 (sic, CTp. 236), 
•cKHTaHia bo OaopeHiiuo* (370), ,XaecTaKOBT>, onbaHeHHbifl rocTenpiHic- 
Hoft aaxycsoft (?I) ropoAHH*aro\ (666), ,bt> BHAy ea foabmoft (taGaio- 
rpa4>HHecKOH utaHOCTH* (bm. p*akocth, CTp. 667) h np. h np.« 

Ho— AOBoabHo! Hoca* Bcero yKaaaHHaro HaMH, HaAfeeuca, KavAbift, 
raaaa Ha &tj nyxayio, paafiyxmyio orb boahhrh cTnaa h Mbicaa, ho- 
onparayw KHHry, Hicberb noaHoe npaBo CKaaaTb: ,8A*Cb aapbrra 
aayn6iflAOBa cotiasa, nponoB^ayeTca caMbifi paAHJcaabHHfi, 6aaro- 

pOAHUfi, XOTfl H HOB'taeOTBeHHfalH MOpTHaHBIfb! Bb H6B 9 6 Jl b H 

a*rax>T"b" yuepniHXb h boahtb „npiaTeJibCTBO* cb •noBfemaa- 
HbiMH*! flpeKpacHbnn> anarpa^oMi) Kb Heft iforan 6u cayzHTb 
<yrbAy»mia caoBa canoro rocnoAHHa JIcmko o JToAOBHH'b (cTp. 666) 
.PeBoawolH BcerAa Aa»rb BoauoxHocrb BbinabiBBTb Ha noBepxHOCTb 
TaRHMi» ajoaairb, KOTopue bt> o6biKHOB6HHoe Bpeua TOHyrb bt> rpaan 

XHTeftCKOft THHbl". 

Bi; Kuiiiit 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HOBbW KHHTH, 

xterautnua m% HJMundB ,B*«ra* s 
t* li omii oo 1 aspfcH. 



OoCpamU OOVKH6HH. 

C. M. CTen HflKt-KpaBHHHCKift. Coftpame coiHHeHift. T. V. 

9ckh8i* h CHJiyaTbi. Bhoji. ,CBfeTO<ia*. Cn6. 1906. IJ. 1 p. 
A. n. manoB*b. CoiHHeHi*. Tom* III. Ob 6iorpa$ieft A. EJanoBa. 

Hafl. M. IlHposKOBa. Cnfl. 1906. IJ. 8 p. 

Oram. 

Alexander. Ho 6eaAopoxbX>. M. 1906. D[. 50 x. 

K. fia^bMORTi. Toubxo JuoGoBb. 2-oe h8a- K-bo »rpH<trb a . IX. 1 p. 

A. BayjiHHa. Ryvbi h itbchh. Cn6. 1907. 

H. B. EflHHaa paAOCTb. M. 1906. E[. 40 k. 

BaJiepifi Bpx>coBi>. fly™ h nepenyTbg. CotipaHie cthxobi». Ton 

IL Pnuy h Atopy. BfcHorb. K-bo •CxopnioHb*. M. 1906. 1J. 2 p. 
JleBi) 3apaHCKifi. Hajcb Mopem* saTHimmrb. Cthxh 1907 r. Co6. 

1906. E[. 60 K. 
M. RyaMHBi. ObTH. Oftjiosxa. H. 6eo$HJiaxTOBa. K-bo ,CxopirioHb°. 

M. 1906. E[. 1 p. 60 x. 
JleBb 3hjiobt>. Cthxh. M. 1906. It 66 k. 
JleonapAH. Hbchh h otpbibkh. Ct> nopTpeToirb aBTopa. Hepes* 

Hb. TzopxeBCKift. Cnfl. 1906. K. 1 p. 
HoBHUKifi. 3axxeHHhia (feaAHbi. Cthxh 1907 r. Cn6. 1906. II. 1 p. 
IIoTeuKHBi. CiebmHaa jikXSobb. flepBaa xHHra cthxobi>. Ha*. M. 

IIonoBa. CnG. 1906. H 75 k. 
A. 6. PaaneHKO. Hab nponuiaro. Cthxh. Cn6. 1906. IJ. 2 p. 
Hb. Txop«eBCKiH.06jiaK8. JlnpHiecxaa ex>HTa. Co6. 1906.11. 50x. 
fijiaAHOJiaBi XoAaceBHii. MoaoAOCTb. Cthxh 1907 r. K-bo 

»TpH$**. M 1908. IJ. 70 k. 

IIoBfton, poMaui, paacxasu. 

JI. AHy<|>pieBa. Paacxaabi. KHHra 1. T-bo „HdAaT6Jibexoe <5»po\ 

Cn6. 1908. D[. 60 k. 
Ill a ji o m t> Ami. PaacKaaw. K-bo ,IIIhiiobhjiki>". Cn6. 1906. II. 1 p. 
JI e o h h a b B m ji h c k i ft. 06HaxeHifl. Pasexaau. Ofaosxa h aa- 

CTaBKH n. ByutHHa. Cn6. 1906. U. 80 x. 
Baaepift BpiocoBb. OraeHHuft AHrejrb. DoBftcTb XVI B. bv 

AByxb nacTHXb. lacTb I. K-bo .CxopmoH-b*. M. 1906. It* 2 p. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HOBHH RHHTH. 10 i 

Ah ape ft B-bJibifl. Ky6oitL MeTMeft. HeTBepTaa OH*$OHia. Otaosica 

H. e^AOTOBa. K-bo .Csopnioinb*. M. 1908. H 1 p. 50 k. 
H. rapHHi. PaacKaau. Tom* V. T-bo •3HaHie"' Cn6. 1908. D[. 1 p. 
10 ji i ft JRyaaBOiii Pasosasu. CTHXOTBopema b* nport. BhGai- 

OTeica .MoJioflofi nonhmH* nom> pea. B. TponoBCKaro. Hsa. Ad. 

Astra. Cn5. 1908. Hip. 
AHaTojiift RaiieHCKift. Comae. Pascsaau. K-bo .Bos" Cn6. 1908. 

Hip. 
Aji. KoHflpaTbeBi. Bfejuft Roaea*. MHeoaonraeoKie pascKaaw. 

Cn5. 1906. E[. 75 k. 
O k t a b * M h p 6 o. AepeBeecKie paacKaau. Hep. Ah. lefaTapeBOKoft. 

Hafl. G. GsHpnyHTa. M. 1908. U. 50 h. 
A. HfeMoeBcxift. HpoMCTeft h ap- paacKaaw. PaapfemeHHUft aBTO- 

poMi nepeBOffb B. h H. JleoHbTeBtrc*. Cm*. 1908. Hip. 
Ct. nraH6hinieBCKift. CnHarora CaTam . 06pyHesie. (CoimeHia, 

tom* VIID. Hba. B. Ca6jiHHa. M. 1908. D[. 1 p. 
C. Cbrphaohko. Ha Cteepft. HoB-bci*. Cn<5. 1907. H l p. 25 x. 
A. CTpHBA^epri. Cohhh6hU. T. I. (IIob*cth. TeaTp*. ApaMbi). 

Hsa. B. Cafamia. M. 1908. H 1 p. 
H. TeaeraoB*. PascKaabi. T. II. Tbo w 3HaHie a . Cn<5. 1908. H 1 p 
BHTa.iift TaHCKift. Pemina Sapiens. K-bo .Mhcju,". Cn5. 1908 

H. 75 k. 
C. M. ycTHHOBi>. JlaflHHT*. repoft nocjr&AHHro BpeiieHH. PoMan*. 

Cn6. 1907. D[. 2 p. 
Ojibra Oopm*. Pbmapb na* HiopeHtfepra. Rieirb. 1908. JH 75 b. 
AHaTojib OpaHCb. Baffracap*. (CoiHHeiiia, tom* III). Hsa. 

B. CafciHHa. M. 1908. H 1 p. 

Jleo HHflb Ahapo*b*. I^apb-roJioffb* CpeACTaBJieirie bt> 5 Kapra- 

naxb. PHe7nHB.JIaHcepe.H8A. •IIIinioBHHK'b". Cn6. 1908. H 1 p* 
AjieKcaHAP* Bjiok*. JIhphhockIh Ap&Mbi. BaaaraHHHK*. Ropojib 

HanjioiA«AH.He8HaROMKa.05JioxKaK. CoicoBa.HaA. •HlHaoBHHK'b* 

Cnfl. 1908. IX. 1 p. 
<t>pHAPHn> T e6 6 e ah. H)AH$b. TpareAifi bt> 5 a* HepeB. BucTopa 

ro<|>vaHa. yHHBepcaJibHaa 6n6jiioTeKa. M. 1906. E[. 10 k. 
MaKCHMb TopbKift. Tom* V1IL Ilbecbi. T-bo .3HaHie\ Cn6. 1908. 

H 1 p. 
renpHii HticeH*. KorflaMUMepTBHe) npocHeMca. ,E[paMaTH<j. ami- 

Jiorb bt> 8 a. Hepea. K). BajrrpymaftTHca h G. nojiaxoBa. yira- 

BepcanbHaa GH&iioTeKa. M. 1908. H 10 k. 
E b r e h i ft R y p ji o b *. BoftHa. tfpaMaTHqecKaa $aHTaaifl Bb 9 Kap- 

THHax*rM. 1906. H 50 k. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



102 B*CH N 3 

Oesapi y aft Jib at>. B'feep'b jtoah yHHAtpxepb. Dbeca bt> 4 a. 
ABTopH30BaHHbift nepeB. M. JfruciapAonyjio. YHHBepcaJibHafl 6h6- 
jiioTeKa. M. 1906. E[. 10 k. 

JbnepaTypa * mokjootbo. 

H). AftxeHBajibjcb. CHJiyaro pyccRHra nHcaraxeft. Bun. II. flax. 

.HayHHaro CjiOBa*. M. 1906. it 1 p* 25 r. 
AjieKcaH.ap'b B e h y a. OpanimcRo Tofla. Haa- ,IUiinoBHHirb*. Cn6. 

190aU;.2p. 

A. KBorASHOBi. Toali nepenona. Hsa- »Mipa Boxifl". Cn<5. 1906. 

n;. i p. 50 k. 

Ahtohi KpaftHift. (3. rtonniycb). JlHTepaTypBJjflAHeBHHRb-USOG— 

1906). HaA. M. IlHpoxROBa. Cnfl. 1908. E[. 1 p. 50 R. 
ft. MepexKOBCKift. B-BiHue cnyrHHRH. AocToeBcnifi. roHHapoBi). 

MaftKOBi). 3-e H8A* M. IlHpoxKOBa. Gn6. 1906. H 50 k. 
YoJibTepi II a t e p *. BooGpaxaemje noprpeTbi. PefoHORb bt> aoit*. 

UepeB. n. MypaTOBa. Hsa» B. Catfjiiraa. M. 1906. I(. 75 k. 
6. H. Pep6epri>. KpaTKift Kypci> HCTopiH HCKyccTBb. Hsa- B- Ca6- 

JiHHa. M. 1906. U,. 2 p. 
P o <5 e p t t> CnaepaHi). CoBpeMeHHaa aHrJiificKaa zhbohhci>. Hep. 

3. OpmancRoft HdA. B. CatioHHa. M. 1908. IJ. 2 p. 75 r. 

B. H. HepHwmeBi. HenpacoBb npn shbhh h cifeprH. Cn6. Otthcki*. 

CtepHHXM. 

36MJIH. CtiopHHRfe nepBHft. MoCKOBCR06 RHHrOHBAaTOIbCTBO. M. 1906. 

It. 1 p. 25 R. 
KpHCTaJint. AiibMaHax-L. XapbROKb. 1906. IX* 1 p. 
CCopeHKi, T-Ba ,3HaHie*. KHHra XVIII. Cn6. 1907. Hip. 
C6opHHRb T-Ba ,3Hame*. KHHra XIX. Cnfl. 1906. D[. 1 p. 
C6opHHKb T-Ba »3HaHie«. KHHra XX. Cn<5. 1906. U. 1 p. 

C-BBepHbie CCopHHKH. HdA. ^inHHOBHEKb". KHHra HeTBepTaa. 
Cn6. 1906. 1^. 1 p. 20 r. 

PaBHHC 

Hb. ACpaMOBb. CTapooGpajjubi Ha BtaRfe 9rHorpa$HHeoRifi oieprb 

Cn6. 1906. 
A. JlemHHCKift. EBpeftCKift patioiift bi> JIohaobtb. M. 1907. H. 20 i. 
H. H. XaBCRift. HacjrfaACTBeHflocTb ecTb (fcmcuifl. K-bo .OpH<J)JiaM- 

Ma*. M. 1906. 
•flemeBaa 6H<5;iioTeKa tob. ,3naHie - . HH 1—100, 111,201— 

214, 231—264, 271—310. Cn6. 1906-1906. IJ. on 2 r. ao 80 r. 
yHHBepcaJibHan BnCJiioTeKa. K-bo .HoJibaa*. MM 1—50. 

M. 1906. H. no 10 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



MHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 



COBPEMEHHHE HBMEU;KIE nOSTH. 



V. PHXAPA* mAYKAJIb. 



Ilpaifbnfb aHTHnoflOMT> HIap<J>a, TBopqecTBo KOToparo mhoA 6buio 
paacMOTptHo m> npejiujiymewh onepK-B, aBJiaeTca mojioaoA BfcHCKift 
noarb PaxapA* IIIayKaJib, TpyaHo ceO* npeACTaBHTb AByxi noaTOBb, 
Gojrfee otjihhhmx'b flpyn> orb Apyra, h*mt> 3th ABa. OrpoMHaa paaaa- 
ua CRaabiBaeTCH yxe bt> hxi> bh-biiihhxt> o<5jiHKaxi>: IIIap<J)'b rpytfuft, 
npHaeMHCTHft, HenpHHecaHHHfl— THnHHHMft npoaeTapift, a IIIayKaJib ajie- 

raHTHblfl, CTpofiHblft, Cb B3bICKaBHbIM*b BKyCOMT> OA*Thlft — THnHHHhlft 
B-BHCKifl apHCTORpaTl. 9TOft paaHHU* BO BH'bDIHOCTK COOTB*BTCTByerb 

ctojib se rjiy6oKoe paajiHHie bt> xapaKTep* TBopnecTBa. 

IIIayKaJib— noarb ho AymeBBbix-b BnenaTJi-BHift, a, rJiaBHMin» oflpa- 
3oirb, apHTeJibHbixi>. Ero nodToiiy nacTo oGBHHHHyrb bt> xojioahocth, 

nOBepXHOCTHOCTH H H6fl0CTaT0HH0ft y rJiy6^6HH0CTH . Ho 3TH 06BHH6Hia 

KaxyTca kb* HeocHOBaTeJibHbiMH; IIIayKaJib— noarb BJiKtfJieHHbift, a 
Taifb, rxb ecTb BJiKrfjieHaocTb, aejibaa roBopHTb o xojioahocth. ToabKo 
npeAUOToirb eroBJno6jieHHocTHHBJiHK)TcaHeKaKifl-JiH6opeaJibHbia nepe* 
XHBaaia, a asbho oTomeamia anoxa,. ToaKiA aponiarb pokoko, 6eayM- 
Haa KpacoHHOCTb ApeBHaro Bocroica, 6e3o0JiaHHoe, paaocTHoe He6o 9ji- 
•laAbi h, HSJcoHeuih om> cam> — xaK* 6eaynpe<iH06, BneiaTJiaTejibHoe 
aepxajio bcbxi> GesBosBpaTao OToraeflniHX'b Kpacorb. 

HanpamHBaeTca cpaBaeaie ci AByMa HamHMH xyAoraaKaioi, cTOJib 
xe miaueHHo BJiiotiJieBHbiMH bi» KpacoTy nponumxi B'bKOB'b, ct> Como- 
huwb h BeHya. Ho, Me*Ay t*mt>, KaKi> ohh BJiK>6JieHbi bt> oAHy onpe- 
JTBJieHHy» anoxy, UlayKajib pacToiaera cbok> jiiotioBb Kam> acTHHBbifl 
floffb-^yaH-b h Bt ero CTaxoTBopeaiax-b „aaMeKR aa 3boht> Bcbxiv 
BpeMeH-b h napoBb*. 

CTHJib niayKBJia aanoMRHaeT* cjierRa CTBJib ero oneab 3HaHH- 
TeoibHaro B*HCKaro co6paTa - rcxJwaacTajia. Ho co BpeweHeirb oh* 
Bnojnr* aMaHCHirapoBajica ott» a-roro BJiiaaia h Bwpa(foTa.Tb cboA co6- 
CTBeHHbifl, oneHb xapaKTepawfl <muib. Ero qacTo MoacHo yaHaTb no AByro- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



104 BfcCN N 8 

Tpeifi CTpoixaifb, BuiBaHeHHHifb Hayraai) nab KaKoro-HB6yob cthio- 
TBopeHia.Eme6oJi*exapaKTepHHfl^a Hero ero npocoAroecxie npiemi. 
Bt> Hfeftiemcoirb oTHiocJioseHiH Boer^a 6buia TeHjieHuifl pacnana- 
raTb cjioBa Tasb, htoGm caicbi* cynjecTBerabifi no CMbicjiy hot, rb, 
Ha xoTopfaiH najiaerb aoraiecKoe yaapeHie, npHxooHJiHCb m KOHem> 

CTpOH6KT>. H JTfefiCTBHTeJIbHO, OCJ1H B8flTb H3T> KaK0r0-JIH60 CTHIOTBO- 

peBin TeTe oahh tojimco KOHeiHbia pneicyioiiiuicfl cjioBa, to ohh Hcnep- 
nbiBawTi) cotioft hohth bco coaepmaHie h otipasbi nbecbi. EojiBrfc- 

16H0 8T0 6bUI0, BBpOieiTb, JIHTOb B*b CaifOO HOflaBflee BpOllfl HOKOftHHlfb 

rapTJie6eHoirb, Kb secbMa JnoGonbiTHMMb pascyxAeHiflifb xoToparo bi 
,Neue Rundschau" (0KTji6pb 1905) h oTCbuiaio Bcbxi», rro aaHHTepe- 
cyeTCfl 9thmt> Bonpocoirb. Orb aToro, noBHflHiioMy, ofoaaTeabHaro jwh 
BCtaT> H*MeuKHXb no9TOBT> aaxoHa lUayxaJib 6eanpepbiBHO h, Btposrr- 
ho, BnoOTfe coaHaTejibHo ymioHfleTCA. Oht> TaK*b HCKycHo paaeTaBJiflen 
cjioBa, noJibayeTCfl npieMoirb „enjambement* h .aanpHTbiBaerb* pee- 
mm, hto cTHxoTBopeHifl ero, ecjiH hxi> HanenaTaTb (tear* jcpacraai 
CTpoKT*. Moryrb KaaaTbc* CTHXOTBopeHiflMH bi npoa*. Kairb oco6erao 
apsift npHM"bpT> a npHBeoy yflHBirrejibHO hhthmhoo, xpaco^Hoe cthxo- 
TBopeHio „Kophetua": 

Kdnig Kophetua hob seine goldene Krone 
von den goldenen Locken und schwieg. 
Auf sein Schwert gestutzt ging er und stieg 
Qber die steilen Stufen und, ohne 
sich umzusehn, liess er die staunende Schar. 

Oben sass in mondlichtschimmernder BUsse 

eine Bettlerin, in den Mantel der dichten 

Haare gehillt. Ein grosses Verzichten 

lag in ihrer Augen blinkender Nasse. 

Und so traumte sie, jeglichen Schmuckes bar. 

Kdnig Kophetua legte die goldene Krone 

Qber die eisengerusteten Kniee und harrte 

auf einer der Stufen, bis ihn die traurige, zarte 

Magd erblicke, flehentlich, ohne 

sich umzusehn, wo sein Gefolge war... 

HacMJibCTBeHHoe paafl*fcaeHie cjiob* .dichten* h „Haare* hah .ohne" 
h n sich dmzusehen" oieiib cwbno h hohth KappHKaTypno, bo npHAa- 

€Tb CTHXy HSBtCTHyiO np&ieCTb. ECJIH OpOHOCTb 9T0 CTHXOTBopexie 

BCJiyxb, pyKOBowcb ogHHirb numh cMbicjioirb, to flame coymaTeJib ci 

OHCHb TOHKHlTb CJIJTXOMb yAOBHTb BO BCOft Dbecfe H6 faJIbllie flBJTXV- 

Tpex-b pHeirb. 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JHTEPATYPA. 105 

HpHBefleHHoe cTHXOTBopeHie yRaairoaeTb eme h h& Apyryio oco- 
6eHB0CTb TBopqecTBa IIIayKajiH. Uo eoAepxsHiio CBoeiiy oho RaxeTCH 
He cauocTOflTeJibHuirb, aaROHieiiHbiirb npoHSBeaeHieirb, a oTpbiBKOMb 
H3i> 6ojrfee flJiHHHaro. HnTaTeJiJO Re cootimaeTca, kto uapb Ko$erya, 

HTO 8T0 8a pa(5NHH H TfeMb B06 fliJIO ROHHHJIOCb. flase 06l> BttOX'b Hiraero 
H6 TOBOpHTCH, TOJIbKO CMyTHO HyBCTByOTCH, HTO BC6 8T0 IipOHCXOflHTb 

bi rjiyfoRoft apobhocth, Ha Boctok*. IHayicajib oieHb jnoCrrb aaBaTb 
Taxie RaxynuecH otpbibrh; oht> KaRi> 6u BbipfedbiBaerb h3t> necTparo, 
nuniHaro ROBpa nponuibixb B*bKOBi> MajjeHbRift, p*8Ko orpaHHieHHbift 
xycoHOKb; hjih opocaerb bt> TenHyio aajib nponuiaro Jiyib H3i> noTafl- 
Horo (toHapa, apno ocB-feman uwb ojiuwb HeooJibmoft npyxoicb h ocTaB- 
Jiflfl Bee ocTajibHoe Bb TeMHorb. IIpieMOMb 8thmi> OHb AocTHraerb 

yjlHBHT6JIbH0 XHBOIIHCHblXb, HHCTO RpaCOIHblXb 8$<}>eRT0Bb. OaHTadiH 

HHTaTewia npeAocTaBJiflOTCfl CoJibmoft npocropb, ho oHa hobojibho Ha- 
npaBJiHOTCH no nynurb, npeAHaiepTaHHbiirb noaTOMb. BoTb eme npn- 
tffepb, 6ojrfee RopoTRifi, cxaTwft, a noTOiiy h 6o;rbe a^eKTHbifi. Yno- 
MHHyToe bt> Heicb hmh ,Ca66ioHeTa a — Mysccicoe hmh. 

Chronica. 

Sabbioneta kam von fernen Fahrten 
zu seiner Gattin, die mit kohlen, zarten 
Verbrecherhlnden ihm Willkommcn bot. 
Er sah in ihre grossen, ahnungsbangen, 
verbuhlten Augen— und im schwarzen, langen 
Samtmantel stand schon neben ihr der Tod. 

H a^-bcb Toxe HHTaTeJib moxctb jinmb AoraawBaTbCfl o npHTOHaxb 
ipo6H0CTflxi> pa8wrpuBaiomeflCH xpaiHoft ap&mu, ho yxacom* b*- 
en> oti> 3aRJiK>HHTejibHbix , b caoBb: .... h botb paAOMb ct> hok> CTajia 
Bb nepHOMb, AAHHHoifb 6apxaTHom> naam*— cuepTb*. Cjiobo .der Tod" 
nonrfcmeHo oieHb yaaiHo Bb oaiioiib kohu* CTHxoTBopeHia h A*&cTBy- 
erb nodToicy ocooeHHo chjibho h BemraaBO. 

IIoAo6Hbixb ,$parftfeHTOBb" y DlayRaJia oneHb MHoro. MHor.ua aa- 
pHcoBaHHbifi mn> Rycoiera nponuiaro eme iieBbme h cB-feTJiuft RpyxoRb 
noTataoro <J>oHapa npeBpamaeTCH Bb OAHy RpoxoTHyio,.Ho ocjrfenHTeJib- 

HO HpKyK) TOHRy. TaROBO CTHXOTBOpeHie „nocojrb": 

,KorA& nocojrb OTRJiaHHJica, moh RopoJieBa HanpaBHJiacb rt> 4>oh- 
Taay, CRpbiBaa aa Bfeepoirb cjieau. OHa Bb BOjraeHin 3a6biJia noAHHTb 
nocojrb njiaTM h oho BOJionmiocb no bhcoroA, BJiaxaoft TpaB*. A OHb, 
CTpoftHHft, TeMHORyApbift, H8Hn(Hbifi 9 noHTHTejibHo noRJioHHJicfl h Haupa- 

BHJlCfl Rb CaflOBOft ptmeTR**, VHOCfl Cb COCoft Bb r^y6HH* CBOHXb 

rjia8*b— flenyi) Aposb ea yaKHXb naenb". 



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106 BfcCH N 8 

. . . Er aber braun und schlank, voll edler Art, 
hat jeden Blick in seiner Macht bewahrt, 
hat ehrerbietig sich verneigt und schritt 
dem Gitter zu und nahm in aeinem Auge mit 
das leise Zucken ihrer achmalen Schultern. 

HeaaKOHHeHHOCT* xapTHHbi ajftch enje ocoGohho noAHepxHBaeTC* 
rbif^HTo aaKJiiOHHTenbHaH CTpoixa no paautpy xax* Gh oopteaHax 
jxHmeHa pueMu. 

0co6eHH06 M-feCTo bt> TBopiecTB* UlayxaJix aaHHifann .nopTpero* 
— KopoTxifl apxia xapaxTepHCTHXH HCTopHHecxHxi janEocrek h $ax- 
TacTHnecKHxi BUMhinuieHHux'b nmxb, xBJunoumca <wiHueTBopeHiein> 
CTpaHH hjih anoxH. OneHB xoponrb nopTperb Tofar t naAMeHHax, ropaaa 
juraBocTb BeJiHxaro Honaiiiia xh8H6hho h BwnyxJio BbicTynaerb xa% 
3ByiHhixi> cTpoiJrb inayxajun 

JH npoBejii jpiHHHyx) Aynrayio hohi> j mojioaoA Aami... Tenept x 
xoiy mcaTB, a Baci> bcbxt> upomy yCpaTbcx. He cTOfrre h&so mhoA h 
ho riuiAirre Tax* rayao, a to a nomexoiy BamH xyaocoiHHH hkdh 
0CTpieMi> eBoeft mnanr. fl— Bosiefi mhjioctld xyAozun. 

... Ich bin von Gottesgnaden; 

Ein Grande bin ich in offenem Hemd. 

Ich liebe das Licht, das die Welt uberschwemmt; 

ich liebe ein Pferd, 

das blumend sich gegen denZQgel wehrt; 

den Juden lieb ich, den keiner bekehrtl 

A xopojiio nepeAafiTe, <rro6bi oht> nocTyiara, ecJiH aaxoierb mh* 
noirhmaTb". 

Bote .IIopTpeTB uapxHaa X.*, ropAaro, rpyffaro, ho h bm*ctb ci 
tbmt> xpacHBaro npeAcraBHreJifl $eoAajn>Haro Btea: 

Halte mir einer von euch Latfen mein Pferd, 

Hole mir einer von euch Lumpen mein Schwert: 

Ich liess es bei einer Dame liegen. 

Lass einer von euch Schurken einen Falken fliegen: 

Ich will ihra nachblicken und mich ins Blau verlieren... 

Store mich keiner von euch Tieren! 

nepejrb ivraTejieirb npoHocHTca BepeHHua ada©*, Aasso oTomeji- 
mnx-b. bt> Aajib bUkob* h BHSBaHHux'b BJnrfaeHHtoro bt> hhxt> bostohi 
Ha H'hexonbxo xpaTKHXi» MniOBeHift kt> hoboA wombs: — seeroxie napx 
cbflofl, xpoBaBoft eTapHHU, xH8HepaAoeTHbie 9 yTOHTOmm rpexH Bpe- 
uewb IJepHXJia, saxoBaHHbie bt> aeirbao pwuapH, ropAue Homam* x 
•lerxoMbJCJieHHwi AaHbi poxoxo. Bon Hflerb HpoAiaaa: 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 107 

... Herodiaa, ein spaltiges, gerafftes, 
silberdurchwirktes, grimes Florgewand 
urn breite Huften, grusste mit der Hand 9 
kein Leben rann durch ibr genusserschlafftes, 
schneebleiches Antlitz mit geftrbten Lidern; 
ihr matter Leib hob tich bei jedeni Schritte 
und furchtbar funkclte in Nabelmitte 
ein rietiger Rubin vor ihren Gliedern. 

BoTb HcnancKiA Ba^aaro, ompucKi <I>HJianna IV : 

Mit blutgemiedener, linger, schmaler Hand, 

feinen Fingern, die den Duft der weisi en Rosen fuhlen, 

manchmal mager und mfid in warmen Damenhaaren wuhlen, 

halt ich einen zierlich-kalten Degenkorb umspannt. 

... Ein scharfer Dolchschnitt ist mein verachtender Mund. 

Ich ftreichle manchmal einen hohen schlanken Hund... 

Bon JierKOMHCJieHHiia aanyApeBBaa repuoraHH : 

... ich mill meine seidenen Gewflnder fallen 

lassen und nackt vor alien 

meine Kavalieren tanzen. 

... Zum Schluss will ich mich dreimal verneigen, 

einen achneeweissen jungen Hengst besteigen, 

in die Hlnde klatschen und galoppieren 

und laut lichen, wie sie sich echauffieren... 

Bt> Apyrom cTHXOTBopeBiH Illayxajib aociuiBiiaerb: 

Wer dfthet mir die verriegeften Pforten 
zu dieser Welt der blassen Nuancen, 
der Madrigale und Medisancen? 

Bt 9TBX1> CJlOBaXl H ORBOdBTb TS BAK>6JieBB0CTb DOdTS BT> npOffl- 
AHfl 8II0XB, KOTOpofl fl rOBOpHJll Bbime; OBT> AMCTBflTeJIbBO B JI K> 6- 

n e h % b* xpacoTy y meAnraxb B-fcKOB-b, BpeMOBb, tiojifee hpkhxt> Gojrfee pa- 
aoctbhxi b xpaooHBHX'b, H*irb flama cfepan coBpeaeHHocTb, bt> ROTOpoft 
noBTb ae BaxoABTb uaTepiaJia ajia cbobxt> TBopiecKaxb cbobi h ne- 
pexBBaHifi. Oht> eara CHBTaenb ee6n ^noaAHo-poKAeHHUMb 4 *— ,sp&tge- 
boren* b roBopaTb o ce6*fe bt> cjrfeAy»mHXb cJioBax*: 

„Moe exaaoHBoe uapcTBo ae orb cero Mipa oTBpaTBTejibao-Tpea- 
Boft noBceAHOBHocTH. Mob uapcxaa MaaTi*— noaaia a Moft uapcKifl ma- 

TOpb— -8B*8AH06 BOOO. fl— OTHpUCKb IlepHKJIOBa Bfexa, a B6 OOJIbBOft, 

6ji*AHHft Hadapeem>. fl— nocJi*Aaift aeaaaBBBi* a, onbaaeaabift xpaco- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



108 BfiCH N 3 

Toft, xxtfxjo ace, «eto cBepxaerb h kckpktcx Boxpyrb uexsc nunxyx 
napiy; tiepfcpexaro xoxx; exepxairaiift xyfaxb; Teifxoe $axepxexoe bh- 
ho; xonojpaA, xarb xayupyAb, xxxxtajrb, o6arpenmfi xpoxbxi,— x Ted 
koto* nil, xarax, oTxaenibcx uxfe xa mxypi naxTepu. 41 

Mein Mlrchenreich ist nidit von dieser Welt 
der eckel nQchternen Alltaglichkeit: 
die Dicfatuog ift mein purpurrotes Kleid, 
der Steraenhimmel ist mein Kdnigszelt. 
Ich bin vom perikleischen GeblQt, 
kein wQstenkranker, bleicher Nazarenen 
schfinheitsberauscht, als letzter der Athener. 
lieb ich, was nur berQckend strahlt und sprQht. 
Ein prunkender Brokat; ein Berberhengst; 
ein funkelnder Pokal; dunkle Falernerglut; 
ein Dolch smaragdenkalt, getaucht in Blut; 
du, wenn du nackt im Panterfell dich schenkst! 

niayxajih xanuoam irbjoift pxAb CTxxoTBopexift pftaxo oraraxun 
orb paaotipaxmxb Bbime. 8to ero HKCTo~JixpK?eexix xemx, xb xoto- 
puxb oin> Aaerb xaprxHu npxpoAi*, JiK)6oBb h caoskur nepexxBaxu 
ooBpeMexxofi xyxix. Ho Taxix nbecu Re yaaioTca noOTy, xce TBopie- 
ctbo xoToparo xacTpoexo xa hhcto apxroJibKux omymema x xa noJiy- 
3a(5MTbW iceJiOAix nporajibiiT, B-fexoBb. Bb efapxxx'fc .AusgewEhlte 
Qedichte" oxb cam> OTAftixJib nbecbi 06'fcHXb xarAropift xpyrb on 
APyra; xxxra eocTORTb xxb AByxb nacrefi h, 6hm> Moxerb, xapaxrep- 
ho to, hto nepaaa ?aeTb, Bb xoTopofi eotipaxu exaoux, veTo-xapi- 
?ecxix BemH, nocBXRiexa ,Meiner Mama*, a BTopax, coAepxcantax xy* 
mifl, xpacoHK&ix, Bemx— .Meiner Fanny*. Bott» cpaBBXTexbxo Jiynmee 
nab hhcto AxpxHecxxxb npox8BeA6Hifl: 

Somm erabend. 

Lautlos tanzt ein Muckenschwarro, 
wirbelnd in der Sonnenschrige. 
Kommt ein Lied im Lindenduft 
sonntagabend bang und trage 
durch die lauc, weiche Luft 
leise her aus den Alleen, 
wo die jungen Madchen gehn 
Arm in Arm... 

Aitieaiipi SaiaeSoyrv 
Ksnon, iMftpt MOT. 



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FEHPETb HAHHT>. 



Heinrich Mann. Zw is eh en den R as sen. Verlag Albert 
Langen, Mttnchen* 1W. 

HcTopia irfcMouaaro poMaaa He faraTa. Be HeAbaa cpaanaaTb c* 
rtiii TpiyM4)ajn>HHMT> mecTBiem, xoTopoe HaauaaeTCH paaaHTiem 
<t>paHnyacaaro poxaaa. GnmnioirB iyxAO Omjio noeTairb repMaain xo- 
joAHoe GeacTpaerie rajuiovb, h cammoin> apxo omymann on caoe 
•fl", tto6h bm*cto ero orpamraeHHaro aomiomeHia Aan CTporoe h 
OeanpHCTpacTHoe HaotipaateHie OKpyxanmeft ero c$epu c* pacraopeH- 
hob bt> neft aiBHBocTbD. Dostou? H*ueiude ponaHH— Oiaxe eamie sa- 
MfeiaTeJibHbie: a Bcaomraaio .BHObraibMa MeftcTepa" reTe>— aeerja 
oeTaxrrcfl raotfpameHieM'b o a h o ft h3b*cthoh jihhhocth b ea nepeaw- 
BaHifl; poMami BaJibaaxa h, ocotfemo, tioiotiepa aaiorb, aanpoTHVb, faaro- 
Aapa npHHUHiiy pacraopeaifl jibvocth » ea e$ep*. crcwib toraTyx) 
c*Tb nepeueTaa>mHxca oTHomeuift GeaiHCJieHHMX'b JimraocTeft, «rro 
nepe^b bamh BCTaerb u*jimh Mip-b. 

Bbiaraaa otipaau OrnuriH a mapaorru (.Wahlyerwandtschaften'), 
soi ct> TOHXofi rpycTbD nepexaaaeirb bi aym* aeyMOAHMyio cyAbfiy 

AByX*b JCeHIUHHTs BT> OAHO H TO 16 BpOMfl CTOJIb 6JIH3KHXI H CTOJIb 

iyzAJ*xi> aaM-b. Mm a*ahmi> hxt> MHMOJieTHMH paAocra, hxt> rope, ho 
m nepexHBaHiH ho aaniH, mi amok conyBCTByem mn>. Oh* 
cTpanaxm>, oh* niffHyrb; mi saa%em> hxt>, xarb ffu xajrtaH o rop* 
Graaxaro HejioB*xa, ho n flym* aayiHrb rojioc*: „]KaAb hxt»! B*ahuh, 
oh* yicHpaxn-b! OieHb xasb! Ho aro oh* yMHpaxn-b, a mm 6jaem 
HHTb! Mm 6yAen*b XHTb..." 

KorAa nepea* HamHMH rjiaaann paaaepTMBaioTOfl apxia, cyAopoamo- 
exarafl xapnmi .Education aentimeDtale", BCTaxn-b Aona h nanaTHHXH 
CB*TJiaro Ilapaxa, xorna, xan orHeHHbie hbmkh, eo CTporHXt cTpamurb 
xhhth DOAUMaJOTca rb aefly Tpeaemyma* jnotioBb h nocjrfcflHee cnaaHie, 
to io* yara ae conyBCTByeirb, mi ho x&a*era,— ct> npoHaeHHtnrb cenbio 
MenaifH oepjwem> mm BoexjnmaeMV. .Nostra res agitur, nostra, nostra!" 
Hmohho: Hama, hotim xarb h a m a! B*ju> bch h a m a xraocTb bt> 9toh 
xhht*, nama xmocTb ct> ea 6mctpoji6thmmt>, mhhtthmmi ciacTbOM-b 
h ea 6eaM*pHoft Myxofl; h a m a xmocTb, xoth aacb eme ho 6uao Ha 
cb*t*» xoraa coaflaBanncb sth CTpaHHUM. Ho paaB* He m m n^awuiH 
eb C THCHy T M MH 8y6aMH TOMHOft HOHbio, Tocxya o Toft, KOTopaa He npHmJia 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



110 BfiCH N S 

h ho npnfleTb, h He h a m h jib ycTa, cjiaraacb Bb 6oJitaHeKHyx>, maa- 
Kjno yjibiCKy, meirrajiH apyroft, npoflaxaofl, Ham> iy«Aoft, ho koto- 
paa (8an*irb! 3a*rfeMi!) fauia cb hsmh: w h luxaiy orb pmocf h, *rro, na- 
KOHem», to co MHOft!" Kto, Kara He mm? Nostra, nostra res agitur-. 

Hcropia HlsMeuxaro poMaHa (HCTUHHo-xyAoxecraeHHaro) He Coram 
OHa HCvepnbiBaeTCH HMeHaMH TeTe, ToT^pHAa Kejuiepa h KoHpaaa 
OepAHHaHjia Meftepa. (fl He ynoMHHaio HueHi> t 3HaK0Mbixb no xa- 
Tajiory 6H6moTeirb). Hxb criub— toiho Taxxe, nasi* h CTHJib ho- 
Bejurb KneficTa— CTpon>, paairfepera h HairbpeHHo pacraHyrb. Uo- 

AO0HO pHMCROMy CTHJIJO, OHb OTJIHHaeTCH flJIHHHWMH H HCiyCHO nOCTpOCH- 

HbiMH nepioAaiiH— u-bJibiMH 3AamanH h CanraaMH H3b caoBb. Thxo h 

CHOKOfiHO TOHOTb CTpyfl HOBlttTBOBaHiH, H CaMblfl 6ypHHfl, CTpaCTHUA 

nepexHBaHin nepeAaiorca rfeMb me cnoKotabrab h MeAJieHHbiirb tohomt>, 
xaxb h caMbui o6biAeHHUH. 9Ta iieflJieHHo KaTamaaca ptea cjiobi» He 
dHaerb hh BOflonaflOBb, hh OMyroBb, hh Bo;iHb.— Ho noa&JiaiOTca HOBbie 

JIIOAH; HOBblMH B'BAHiflMH OTM^BMeHH nOCJTBAHUI ABa AeCHTHJrfeTiH A6BHT- 

HauuaTaro B-feKa. Ob hobkmh ji»AbMH aBJiae-rca HOBMft cthjib: HepBHUft, 
HeTepn-BJiHBwfi, cTpeMHTeJibHbift h JwixopaAonHbift, Kara ero cosAaTejra. 
XjiaAHOKpoBHo-BDHHecKoe noB-ftcTBOBaHie coCuTifl aaM'BHHeTca Hiinpec- 
cioHHCTHqecxofi nepeAaieft BnenaTJifcHifl. 9to— cthju> nnurfbuneBcxaro, 

CTHJib H-BMeUKMXb peaJIHCTOBb, CpeAH KOTOpMXb OAHO H3T> nepBHXb 

ifbcTb aaHHMaerb npexAeBpeMeHHo cKOHnaBmiftca repiiaHb RoHpaoH, 
aBTopi> w A^aMa MeHma" h .Opaai".— Ho nocTeneHHoe yrjiytfjiewe xy- 
AoacecTBeHHOft KyjibTypw Bee Cojifee y<51*Knajio Bb HeyAOBJieTBopirrejib* 
hocth rpy6o*HMnpeccioHHCTHnecKaro MeTOAa, Kara TaKOBoro. flojiy^B- 
jiocb aBJieme, bhojih-b aHaJioniiHoe HBJieHiio, oTirtieHHOMy bt> zhbo- 
hhch. IJocji-b aparo yBJieneHia BcenoG-fexaaioiifliMb HMnpeccioHHaiiora 
Jiynmie yMbi CKopo onpexkmum ero HCTHHHyio u*BHH0CTb. Ohh noHHJis, 
hto Bb HMnpeccioHH3M*b HcxyccTBO npiotip'bJio Aparou'BHH'Bftmee cpea- 
ctbo; ho hmohho jronib cpe^CTBo, a HHKaKb He KOHerayK) VfrXb. 
H onaTb HaHHHaeTca nepioAb HCKamfl— Kara Bb xhbohhch, Taxi 
h Bb JiHTepaTyp-b. Bcb 9th HCKaHia Aax>rb, OAHaxo, jramb pajb 
HHTepecHbixb onbiTOBb h yupaxHeHift, ho ohh ho bmboahtt> aafciy- 
AHBmeeca annsecKoe HCKyccTBo Ha HOByio Aopory, Taxi* Kara ohh 
BnaAaiorb Bb rpytiyio omH6Ky,— npoHdBOJibHo coaAasaa hobh* 
CTHJib. Ho tohho TaKb ace, Kara h6bo3Mojkho nocrrpoHTb CamHK) 6en» 
(J)yHAaM6HTa, HeBoauoxcHo coaAaTb hcthhho - xyAoxecTBemibift cthjo, 
He CHHTaacb cb ero TpaAHitfaMH. Paap-fenieHieirb 8Tofi npotoeioi 
anHHecKoe HcxyccTBO TepMaHiu o6aaaHo noaTy, MyApo npnirt- 
HHBmeMy HOBbie TexHHiecxie npieMbi Kb MOHyMeHTaJibHOMT 
HCxyccTBy; nodTy, He ocTaHOBHBmeMyca, hoao6ho nepBtorb pearacTaifb, 
Ha xyAoxecTBeHHOMb BonjiomeHiH Me^xofi oCbmeHHOCTH, ho Bocnojibao- 
BaBmeMyca BcbMb 3thmt> tohkhmi h cJioxHbiirb aunapaTom> kt> co- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl JUTEPATyPA. Ill 

aAAHin Monpnm npoHaseAeHifl, OTpaxajonpixb aecb Mipb <rb ero pa- 
Aocthmh h yzacaira, xara Kaon* pocw— AyneaapHoe comae. 

3totb no»n» — TeHpHx-b Hihhi. Depaufi H8b fffcueiucHXi 
noaTovb oh* nomem no Myrouraecxoft h nycTbomofl Tpoirfc <frio6epa. 
JXecrrb A-fci-b mejn> oh*. hsh6m oraa hoa* Tazeaoft Homeft AotipoBOAMio 
npHmjrraro xpecra. flecaTb JrtTb TBopiurb on » uojraaHiH h oahho- 
secTB*, uui orb JDoaeft, Aoenraeicull Jiinnb JDDACKoft aaotoft h Ha" 
arfemxoft. Il*jnrt pub pftAKHX'b h Aparoiitamm XHHrb Boamro aa 
aro BpenH. H naaoay ajrfccb Jimnb Aaa pom ana— cawe aan-ftnaTeJibHue 
H3i> AamHaro pHAa ero npoaaaeAeHift: v Die-G0Uinneu" h .Die Jagd nach 
laebe*. Ob teeyMHoft paeTovTeobHocTbio Kpacoxi* h tohobt> auabiBaerb 
noarb n nepaoirb poxarfr otipasi repnorHHH Acch, wataah xoropoft 
HeHepnuBaeTCJi xaxAoft Baacn, xpacona h juoGbh. 8tb XHHra— crpotaaa 
emflxHiH, nocaameHHaa Tpeirb 6oruuurb: Jliajrfc, MnHepai h BeHep*. 
UwceHeirb after* on ararxb CTpaaHbixb, aaeHJiniHXi» Tewioft uyauxoft 
TopxecTBeHHba'b erpon. Bb •Doroarfc aa JUrtonM* Mtaarb Aaerb ho* 
HsrJiaAxiadl odnn sasAjmaro jikhSbh, cropaioniaro orb semaifl 
ofaaaarb aoajnotaeHHoft, xecToxoft h HeyuoAmioft. HeioicAHMo hom - 

HOrHMH CAOBaHH nepeA&Tb COAepxaHlO dTOfi XHHrH, B* xoTopoft ne- 
^AT nepBoft u nocJTBAHefi cTpaHHiiefi aaxJuoieHo booth (taibme, van* 
Moxerb BirfccTBTb HeaorfeHeoxafl aaa*. Karb bt> BOJnneOHom> cocya*, 
n nefl eotipana boh cawa* neiajib rfcx* ropauxb cepAero, aa& *o- 
tojm» Ji»6oBb— xeAaHHUmafl nbrrxa. H aTa ne?a*b BCTaerb bt> bo- 
JuraaBbixb cjioaarb, oxpiiUieHHi>m> crpeiianumcJi phtmom*. .Die Jagd 
nach Liebe*— eAHHCTBCHHaa XHHra, Aocrotaafl 6mh nocTaanoHfloft pa- 
Aoirb cb .Education eentimentale", arm* 9 HoBbiM < b Saa-feToif** acta* 
noanaBHmrb erocTbe eTpaAaaba. 

JZwiechen den Raeeen"— nocarfcAHift ponavb TeHpHxa MaHHa. Oh* 

HO CTOHTb Ha TO* HCKAXPIHTeAbHOft, OAHHOKOft BHCOTfe, Xa» .IIorOHfl 

aa Jix>6oBbJ0*, ho h on *apyerb CBoeft irfeayHeft m eAaaxoAiefi, Buauaafl 
ttrtwe offpaau rbium erpauuxoB*, 6pomeHHbixi» » npocTpaacTBo 
uemju abjmji pacaMH.^ Bb btoii*-— xaxb yxe roBopvrb HaaBaHie— 
npotaeMa ponana; OHa thjCoko aaTpoHjTa h p*meHa bt> nJiacTinHMX-b 
o5paaaxb. HyBCTBjeTca, tto coHepHHHecTBo »thxt> ABjx-b pacr>— rep- 
m aflcxofi h HaTHHcxoft— OTauBaeTCH rayfaKo bt> cepAOt noara, 6poraeH- 
Haro xajrb xaneHb cpeAb Aaa HapoAa. dTa XHHra nojwa crporoll uy- 
auKH, xaxi» h npemde pon am MaHHa. h o5xHraerb Teiaoft cTpacr- 
HoeTbJO eaoet ahxuIh. IlyTb TeHpHxa Maana 6hvn> xpyn h oahhoxt>, 
ho oht> npomeJTb ero h BCTymurb n npeAABepieoJiaBbi 1 TeHHuaxpfauiba 
xoropoft n myvon BaHocaTca hbai* ero roAOBoft. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



HOBHE CBOPHHKH CTHXOB-b. 
UmcbHO H3i IlapHxa. 



Pr. Viele Griffin. Po^mes et Poesies. Nouveile 6d. Mer- 
care de France. Paris.— Charles Vildrao. Images et Mirages. 
Ed. de l'Abbaye. Paris.— Edgar Baes. Cour on n e de Gi vre. Bou- 
chery ed. Ostende.— Nioolas Deniker. Pod me 8. Ed. de l'Abbaye. 
Paris.— Andre Valvius. Bazar. Mlssein ed* Paris. 

Bt> H3flaHiH, cooTBbTCTBy»meMT> 3HaHHTe.ibH0CTH ero nosaiH, bt» 
6ojibraom> tom* in-octavo, Op. Bbejie-fpH^HHi flaen> Hant cotipanie 

CBOHXTb CTHXOBT>, nOHBJIflBUIHXCfl BT> OTA*BJIbHbIXT> KflHTaXl H XypHBJiaXl 

ct> 1885 no 1893 r. h yxe ofrbeAHHeHHbixi bt> paaomeAmeMca Tenepb 
Tom* 1895 r., BnpoieMi> ci> HteOTopuMH AonojraeHiflMH. 

Bhobb nepeHHTbiBaa 8Ty KHHry, mm yGtsaaeMca, «rro ^hhhoctb 
noaTa, cTporo, 6evb cJiynafiHuxi yKJioHemft, h cTyneHb aa cTjmeHMD, 
coBepraaerb Jioraiecsift nyrb CBoero paaBHTia. Orb cfopHHxa .Cueille 
d'Avril*, bi KOTopoMT> Hama naMHTb TOTHacbOTbiCKHBaerb .IIoaMy Mopa*, 
nepea'b BTopoft coopHHicb (1887 r.) .les Cygnes," wu bo Bcefl DHomecsofi 
noaain BbeJie rpn^HHa yxe nyBCTByeM'b CBoeotipaaHyio ncHxoJiorii) no- 
8Ta, u*BHHocTb ero MbicJiefi, h ci caMaro HaiaJia oCp-feTeHHbixb hm* 
pHTMOBi>, ero Aymy, pacKpwBaiomyiocH bi> otiCTaHOBirB CHMBOnnaoBaH* 
Hoft npnpoAbi. Ho aTa npnpoaa, r;iy(5oKO npoiyBCTBOsaHHaa h Bocnpn* 
HATaa bcbmi> cymecTBOMi> nodTa, H-fecKOJibKo nepBotarrHinrb, ho <ryT- 

KHMT>, He CbJJia (KaKT> TO HM*J10 M'BCTO y BCHOrHXl ,CHMBOJIHCTOBb*) 

HCKaseHa icaKoft-JiHtio npeABBHToft Mbicjibio: npnpoAa ajih Bbejie-rpH<|>- 
<()HHa 6biJia npexAe Bcero BAOXHOBHTejibHimeft. H bott» tto iracajrb o 
c6ophhkb v Gygnes w , npn nepBOMi> ero noHBJieHin, Ahph Ae-PeHbe: .Iloarb, 
He BJUo6jienvbtk Bb Hama ropoAa, Bbejie-rpH<tx(>HHi> aotfpoBOJibHo yaa- 
jiHJica bi> AepeBHK), ki> Mopciunrb ropnaoHTajrb, rA* ero BpomaeHHaa 

AHKOCTb MOSOTb BBOJIH) OTAaBaTbOfl Hrp-B KpaCOKfe, MHeHHeCKHM-b BH- 

A*HiHMT> h OTABJieHHHM'b ap-BJinmaM-b. H(fo aHaieme BbeJie-rpH^HHa 
bt> tom*, hto Mexny HaMH ohi>— BapBapi, h 8to oAapnerb ero noeauo 
eAHHCTBeHHoft h coBepmeHHo CBoefipaaHofi cBtaecTbio. BapBapesifl 
neprbi ero noasiH flaiorb BnenaTJi-feHie H8bicKaHHbixi> HaxoAon, nero-ro 
HecAbixaHHaro, Kaicoft-TO rpytiofi pocKomH.* * AjipH Ae-Perae npn aTOMb 

* aypnan „Ecrits pour TArt*, 1887. 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATYPA. 118 

yxaabiBajib, hto 6ctl poaotb6hhoctl AapoBaHift, oGbHCHHeMaH, u oxerb- 
<5nti>, poACTBOHHocTbio pacoBaro npoHCxoxAeHin, y Bbejie-rpH(jx|)HHa 
cb .BoaBHraeHHHM'b BapBapoifb*— AjibflxeHopoM'b CynH6epHOMb. 

CCJDHKeme Cnjio yAaiHO, h Ahph ^e-PeHb© bt> CBoefi xapaKTepn- 
cthk'b oHOHb m*btko yicaaajib Ha CTpeMJieHifl, bt> to Bpeiia e^Ba otioaHa- 
hhbiiiwch, Bbe.ie-rpH(Jxl)HHa kt> .ifHOHHecKHirb BHA'bHifiirb*. IIocTeneH- 
ho HiieHHO „MHOb" cb ocotioft BJiacTHOCTbio npHBJieKb kt> ce<5-b ero Ay- 
my h noBejrb kt> coaAamio Taraxb noairb, naic* JBurythmie*, w Tom- 
beau b'Helene*, ,Porcher*, ,Chevauch6e d'Yeldis",— pacmupHB* aah 
HoaTa npeA'BJiw CmcBOJia, cjraraicoMb yaKie una ero noHHiiaHia xhshh. 
Ho Bb Toft se CTaTb-B, nocjrb noxBaab Bbejie-rpH<txJ>HHy aa to, hto ohi> 
•Hatf'BraeTb bchkhxi* HMHmHHXb onHcaHift", Ahph A6-PeHbe coBepmeH- 

BO HOOSHAaHHO Ha^HHaOTb CJiaBHTb 61*0 aa TO, HTO OHb „yKJIOHHJIC* 

oti HenocpeACTBOHHaro aptjrama ifipa* h hto „coBpeMeHHOCTb aaHH- 
Maerb hbhtoshoo m'Bcto bi> ero CTHxaxb*. Bi 8tomt> cjiyial* Ahph 
Ae-PeHbe noAM*HHjn> coGcTBeHHbWb HAeaJioirb Hacxoamyio JiHHHocTb 
aBTopa .Cygnee*. 

3aM-BTHMT>, hto bi> nepBy 10 anoxy CBoefi zvfeHTeJibHocTH Bbe;ie-rpH<}>- 
<f)HHb eme He nojn>30B8JicH rfeirb .CBoGoAHbnrb cTHxoirb", Kaicoft no- 
hbhjich y Hero bt> cfiopHHK'b h . Joies" (1889 r.). Ho cfopHHicy n Cygnes* 
6buio npeAnocjiaHo Hefiojibmoe npeAHCJioBie, bt> KOTopoii b no8Tb, hcxoah 
(„KOBapHo*, no BbipaxeHin A. Ae-PeHbe) hst> oahoA <J>paabi TeoAopa a©- 
BaHBH-ia, Tpe6oBBJib nojraoft cbo<5oah cnna. H ocjih Bbejie-rpH<J>4>HH'b f 
Kajrb mh yxa8HBajiH He paa-b, HBAHercH 3aBepniHTe;iearb ,CBo6oAHaro 
CTHxa* Bb Toirb cifbKMTB, xarb ero npeBoarjiacHJTb TiocTaBi* Kas%, to 
Bb nepBbixb KHHrax'b BbeJie-rpH^HHa yxe ecTb npeAiyBCTBie aroro 
CTHxa, pHTMHHeesH aaTaeHHoe ro noanaxb cffopHHsa ,Les Cygnes". 

Orb nepBbiXT* khhti> BbeJie-rpH<M>HHa Jierox* nepexoAl> ro HOBOMy 
c6opHHKy IIIapjiH BHJibApaxa. 

•Images et Mirages* a^Jihtch Ha ab*b nacTH. Oahs, noA* o6m t nui> 
HaaBaHiesrb B L'Abbaye*, BbiabiBaerb nepeAi* hsjih otipaabi rpynmj Apy- 
aeft, KaKi» 6u H-BKoefi AyzoBHOft (J>aJiaHCTepbi t cBHaaHHux'b o6mjawb no- 
uoHeHieirb KpacoT-fe h xaKb 6u cooCma c^yxanpixi HcxyccTBy. Bt> 
BTofi nepeofi hsxth nepeab bc* nodMbi xpacHoft HHTbio npoxoAHTb OAHa 
loicjib, orb xoTopoft noarb CHaiaJia onnaTUBaeTCH bt> yxacb, ho ko- 
Topyio BCJi-bAb aa rbifb npHHHMaeTb cb HtKOTopoft ropAOCTbio h npo- 
noB"BAyerb ct» aHTyaiaanoirb anocTOJia: hto Bb coBpeiieHHoft coniajib- 

HOfi SHBHH H*Tb IffeCTa A^W HOBTa, BTBTb HHTepOCa Kb erO A^y, H'BTb 

cayxeHiH HcxyccTBy. 

lis n'ont pas dit, eux qu'on ecoute, 
lis n'ont pas dit: 



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114 BfcCH N 8 

Puisqull n'est de sources, 
Ni mousses ni tleurs sous nos pas, 
Faisoos que nos pas 

Soient, eux, fleurs et mousses et sources, 
lis n'ont pas dit: 

Que la caravane 
Protpere en joie, avec la mane 
Prise aux seuls treason de notre line. 
Et ils n'ont pas dit Puisqu'il n'est de route, 
Nous-memes soyon notre propre routeL 

Hto se ocTaeTca A'knaTb noaTy? y juunrTBCA on> bcaketo conpno- 
CHOBeHia cb XHSHbio, htoGm H8(5-fcxaTb MaTepiaJiBHaro, a, MoxenrtiMTb, b 
MopaJibHaro patiCTBa? Ho Ha oynne jih xyAoxHBKaMb, htoGm aapa6a- 
TKBaTb ce6* urh&b HacymHMft, cooAHHflTbcg bt> tipaTCTBa jyia Marepi- 
sgibHofi pa6oTM, ito<5m, xaxb 6m cAtyiy* aaBlraaifb JlbBa Tojictopo, 
OTAaBb nacTb aha Ha TpyAb $H8HiecKiH, mrbTb Aocyrb am Ayxoa- 
naro TBopiecTBa? 9toA neirt o&b v a66aTCTBli noaTOBb" h nocsameHa 
nepBaa ?acTb XHHrH m. BHJibApaxa, otfjiiraaa vb noarb iuaMeHHyx>, 
ho KpoTxyn ayiny, booth flymy anocToaa hoboh rtpM. 

MeHTy BHAbApasaHeJibafl naaBaTb aroHCTHHecKofi: He torcroo orb 
jnoAeft nponoB*Ayen> owh, ho QAHHeme cb OAHHOMMinjieHHHKaiai h jay 
6ohh Kb HeJiOB-feiecTBy, h6o ero „a66aTCTBo" aojdkho BnocjrbacTBiH, no 
ero npoACTaBJieHiflicb, eTaTb xaxb 6m rjiaaoio HOAOB'feieeTBa, aoauo 

OOMMCJIHBaTb UpOTHBOp-fe^HBOe apfeJIHIAe BCeJIOHHOH, AOAXHO OTKpMBaTb 

nyTH, no KOTopoMy npoftAerb rpaAymee. H 8Ta nepBaa nacTb khhth 
aaxaHHHBaeTca cHMBOAHiecKHirb o6paaoMb Toro, saxb oahsjkam ae*e- 

pOITb BC* n08TM, BC* XyAOXHHKH 86MJIH, OtibOAHHHBinHCb, rptoTb 

pyxH HaAb eAHHMifb onieirb. 

O nous, si rechauffes autour de ce cceur chaud, 
Etranglons, 4touflons en nous les chiens voraces 
Que l'ancdtre Cain a laiss& dans la racje. 
Ces chiens de toute humanity griffes et crocs! 
Ahl 4tranglons-les, pendant quails dormentL. 

HHTepeoHo,. hto dTa MeHTa nodTa, npocaaBJieHHafl mrb Bb HtaHoft 
h CTpacTHOfi Mejione-fc, Hanuia cboo BonaomeHie Ha npoTameHiH nocjrfcx- 

Hflro TOAa Bb GpSTCTB* H'fcCKOabKHX'b n08T0Bb H XyAOXHHKOHb, CpOAB 
KOTOpblXb flBJIflOTCH SBTOpb XHHrH HlapJIb BHAbApaKb H OTO Apy8bH, 

JKopsb JIioaMeab, PeH8 ApKO, AaeKcaHApi> Mepcepo (dctfepb-BaabAopbX 
Aabtieprb raaab (dTorb nocjrbAHift— xyAOZHHKb xpacoxb> Ohh nct- 
»Tb Bb CBoeirb pacnopaxeHiH 0TA*feai>HMH aom mn> h Bb Hem* cxpoiao. 



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HHOCTPAHHAJI IHTEPATYPA. 115 

ho cepbeano oticTaBJieHHyp nnorpatyixK Bjjsjhh, Taxmra otfpasoMb, 
•caMH cetffc rocnoAaif h", ohh aocthtah xhbhh TpyaoBOft, ho CBotioAHOft, 

Bb XOTOpOft TpjAb $H8HHeCXift H HHTOAAeXTyaAbHHft CM tHHOTb OflHITb 

Apyroro. Eme p&Ho'roBopHT* o pesyAbTaTaxi a-roft nonuTXH, BbiBBaBmeft 

H6 M&OO npOTHBOp^HHBbIXl> TOAKOBl, HO, HOOOMHtaHO, CHMOaTHHHOfl... 

Bnpo?ein», KorAa a roBopwrb o Gahbocth BnJibApaxa n» BbeJie- 
rpH(M)HHy, a 6oju>me nrtob bt> BHAy aahhhhh hobicu BTopoft iacTH 
khhth, rA* noarb nojibayeTca, Kaxi» M6TOAom», ranpoKHMH aAJieropn- 
hockhmh nocTpoemflMH. Ho y BHAbApaxa ecTb cboh xaparrepHaa Ma- 

HOpa, M6AA6HH0 H TOX6A0, KaXl 6U Bl CBHSHOfi Mejione-ft, pasBHBa- 
miafl ochobhvx> tomv. Hvbctbo jay6oKO cxpbrro h ho BcmaHBaeTb bo 
BHeaanmx'b ApaMaTHiecraxb apxocTax'b: ero irbcHb, hah, Jiynine cxa- 
aara, ero rHMffb, Aaaexo paaAHBaeTb orapoTy cbohxi bojibtb, npocTbix'b 
h ray6oxHXT>, CTpeManyixca kt» xoHeiHoify ocBo6oxAOHix> (ocbo6oxao- 
mx> B*b Toirb CMHCJrt, xaxoft npHAajrb STOMy cAOBy TeTe, cxaaaBi*: # Iloa- 

ftiji BTO— 0CB060XA6Hie"). 

OCHOBHhW T6MH BTOft BTOpoft HBCTH Tb SO, HT6 H HOpBOft: OAHHO* 

hoctbo, HarHaHie, AotipoBOAbHo npHHHMaeMbia hobtomi*; ero HenoHa- 

TOCTb BT> TOAHfe, CpOflH XOTopoft OH> OAHaKO, AOAXOKb COBepmaTb CBOft 

nyTb,— nyrb Taftmi; cosHairie, hto bt> noarfe TaHTca apoxb HenoaHaH- 

H&TO, ApOXb B'fclHOfl rapMOHiH, KOTOpyK) OHl> AOAXOHl BOdCOBAaTb BTb 

HeAOBfciecxoMb eoaHaHiH. TaxoBa, Haap., nodMa .Parabole*, HaoGpaxa- 
x>maa cpeAH yrp»Mbixb, noJiyowrfenniHX'b pa6oiHxi> .Hrparomaro Ha 
expHnxV, cb ero BOcropxeHmorb Baopoirb h cb ero .mianymefica 
expHnxoft". Ta xe cxop6b BByrarb eme bi BejiHKOjrfcnHoft noawb ,L'Oi- 
seau blanc": 

Le grand oiseau blanc dlploya des ailes 
Qui 4taient to-tes pures, qui 4taient toutes neuves, 
Qui riaient au del comme des voiles neuves 
Et qui bombaient aussi, comme elles! 

RaMBBb, 6pomeHHut emroy, nopaxaerb (toryx) immy, nTHuy bojih- 
xofi mbhtu, BdAeraBmea x* HeHBBfeAaHHborb BbicoTam>. 

Desesplr6ment le grand oiseau 

Battit bient6t Fair d'une aile ajourte 

Battit bient6t Fair avec ses os f 

Comme on donne en vain des coups dans l'eau 

Avec one 4p4e... 

H XHTOAH AOAHHU BHA&IH HaAOHie nTHOH... 

TaxHirb (XSpaaoii'b, bo BTopofl KHHrb mm hbxoahmi> BHAbApaxa cb 
Tteoi xe ochobhhmh HcpraMM xapaxTepa, xaxi h bt> ero nepBOMb c6op- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



1 16 BftCH N 3 

rarfc. 5)to— D08n»H6JioB*HecTB« t yirfcioiuifl bt> CTHxaxbCBOHx-bBomiomaTb 
paonyififtji Bbicoxaro anaieHifl, 4pnoco$cxaro h MopajibHaro. Offb— na 
CBoeirB vfepHoirb ny™, h ero uyTb— bto B6JiHKifl ny tb HCTHHHoft noaaia. 
Han* ocraeTca xAaib cJrtAynmefi khvth BiuibApaxa, bt> H&AexA** 
hto oHa 6jnfirrb eme fajrfee eAHHa no nocTpoemx> h eme tojrbe eTpora 
no BbipaxeHijurb, Tan xaxb bt> no3naxb HacTosmaro cfopHHxa hjb- 
CTByeTCJr, nopon, pfcxoTopaa ToponamocTb, H*xoTopMJi H3jihiiihui .bojib- 

HOCTH*, KOTOpfclfl Ha^O OpHdHaTb JOOBh DOWIbHOft He6peSBOCTbK>. 

.flal paca Kama eme BJiacTBye-rb b* iiip*b - , xaxb <5bi oTB-feiaerb 
cb Tofl xe rpycTbo RflJibApaxy dArapb Baacb bt> CBoem» uaaeHbxoxb 
ToiiHrb nodTHHecKHXb pasAyMift. B^rapb Ba»cb npiraaflJiewrrb Kb noxo- 
Jitaiio, upeflmecTBOBaBraeny Hameuy, ho, noHHuaa bco aHaienie cosepmeir 
Hoft BaiiH pa5oTbi, ho npHHocHTb Ham> paAocraoft onTHMHcmmcxoft 
irfeCHH. CozpaBHBb Bb Aym*, cpeAH CBOHXb Hayrobixb TpyAOBb, lcyjibTb 
DpexpacHaro, ohth oAHaxo, BHAHTb ero CTOJib HecBoeBpeifeHBUirb, tto 
xaxAerb bt> CBOHXb rpeaaxb oAHoro: „npHnacrb Kb 6epera»rb oaepa 
Mem* h 3a<5B6HiH* h „thxo xaiaTbc* noA* wheat* o Byjiymeirb'. 

3arapb Baacb otfbreHo XHBerb Bb Bpioccejrfe h nojibayeTca Bb 
xpyraxb Bucmeft Geabriflcxofl HHTejunireHiiiH 8awiy«eHH0ft hsb^cthoctbh). 
oTJiiraaflCb, Bupoieirb, xpaftaeft cBoeft CKpoMHocTbio. Ero aHaiorb npeimy- 
mecTBeHHo no pnay ncHxo-HCTopHHecxHXi> TpyAOBi> o HcxyccTB*, aasrfc- 
HaTe^bHbixb r;iy6oKHMH h pa8HocropoHHHMH noBHaHiHMH aBTopa. Bojib- 
myx> h3b*cthoctb npiotfptob ero Kairb 6u BCTynirreJibHHft otioat*: , Aa- 
Jieropi* h ChmbojiV, Bb KOTopoirb coeAHHHAHCb ciuia mhcjih h crpo- 
rocrb MeTOAOBb, Tarb hto OTAluibHue ero a$opH8Mbi HM^ioTb vb 
nacToamee Bpexa Bee sHaieHie npHaHaHHbixb hcthht*. fib tout* xe 

<J>HJIOCO<t>CKOMb AyX* OHb HanHC&ffb pflAb TpaKTaTOBb UO w AeX0paTHBH6My 

HCKyccTBy ApeBHHXb", 6oraTo AoxyMeHTHpoBaHHhixb. Ho BbipaxeHi» 
9. Baaca, .aexopaTHBHoe HCKyccTBO ho ito hhoo, xaxb yTBepameme 
KyabTa KpacoTU, HAeaob neAOBlraecKaro TpyAa". 

HaMb xoiiwioeb 6m, hto6n r. Baacb npeAnoiejrb nocBOTHTb cboh 
noBTHHecsifl patioibi He nepeAa*rb CBOHXb hhcto aroHCTHiecKHX'b Bne- 
4aTJi*Hifi h CBOHXb ceHTHiieHTajibHbrxb BocnoifHHaHift, ho nomrrrfe 
TBopnecKH BonjioTHTb Bb noaii axb rb 4>HJioeo<|>cKiH npoGJieicw, Koropbu 
TpeBOxarb Hame h ero pasAyMbH. OHb 6JiH80Kb orb Taxofi aaAaiH, ho 
eicy juin ocymecTBJieHin en npHAeTca nepecodAaTb cbok> pHTMHKy, CAt- 
JiaTb ee Coji-be cjioxhoA, HaftTH 6oJi*e tohkIh cpeACTsa, vrotibi Apaiia- 

THSHpOBaTb HAeK). 

BoTb, HaKoeeub, nepeAb iihoU ab* MaJieHbXHXb khhxkh AByxb Ae* 
6x>TaHTOBb: H. AeHHxepa h A. fiaJibBiyca. 

Moxerb 6mb, uu npHB^eneMb H^xoTopoe BHHMaHie Ha tokhkb 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JLHTEPATJTA. 117 

r. JleHHxepa, exaaatfb, hto ohi>— cnh*b ohohb yBaxaen aro aBrponojiora 
h araojiora, a hto mbtb ero— pyccxaa. Bt xopoTeHbKHXi» noaiiRax'b, 
eo6paHHbixi> bt> ero nepBoft KHHrB, eme oahbixomi MHoro eJiynaftHaro, 
htoOh moxho 6buio BbiflCHHTB otinua TeHAemiiH ero nodsiH. HanpaBJie- 
me ero mucah eme ho onpeA'BAHjiocb h ero pHTMHxa eme ho Bupado- 
Tana. Ho mu nojiaraeirb, hto r. JXemnKeyb nonmewb 6un> ocb-baom jieHi 
o bojihxoxi noeTHHecKOirb ABHseHie iHe^aBHaro nponwaro, Tam> Kara 
om> Ao6ioTHpoBaJii» bi xypHajrb .Vers et Prose", aHTOJioriH „chmbo- 
jihctobtA HTaxi*, eicy npeACTOHTb npexAe Bcero o&naA'BTb TexHHKoft 
OMHX'b npeamecTBeHHHKOffb h buhchhtl caiioiiy ce6*B cbod hhahbh- 
AjaobHocTb, HTo6bi nepefiTH kt> ranpoKHM-b cHHTeTH4ecxHMT> o6o6meHi- 
awb noaain aaBTpanmaro ahh. 

BapoHeirb, yxe bt> lOHomecxHX'b cTHxaxi* r. AeHHxepa, bt> HcxpeH- 

HOCTH HX1> TOHa, BT» H806padHTeJIbHOCTH H'BKOTODblX'b BbipaXOHiA, HyB- 

CTByeTca TeMnepaueHTb nodTa. Hto npHBJieiwio Hame ocotieHHoe bhh- 
Mame — ©to eirBJiufl aHaaorin, kotopmmh mojioaoA noarb mrraeTCfl 
ycTaHOBHTb cooTHomeHifl nexAy cbohmh flyxoBHHMH nepesHBaHiiiicH h 

BH-BDIHHMH flBAeHiflMH,— BT> OXHAaHiH, HOXa OHT> HO HafiAOTb 60JTBO 

tohh&to MeacAy hhmh cooTBlrceTBiH. Ha nporaxeHiH ero iiaJieHbxofi 

KHHJEKH Mbl 0T1TBTHJIH U'BJUfi pflAl» yAaHHMXT* H OpHTHHaJIbHblX'b O0pa- 

aoB-b, ctfAHxenifl cjiobt>, HeoxHAaHHo, ho HenocpeACTBeHHO Aannwxi 
sejiaeiioe BneiaTjrbHie. Taxi, r. fleHHKepb roBoperb, hto oht> jnotarb 
BfeTepi*, Tax*b xe, xaxi» ,BeHepi, npocTpaHCTBO h BopoHOB-b"; ra'feaAa ohi> 
HaawBaerb .ivres-vivants"; Mbi aanoMHHAH eme cjifcAyionae cthxh: 

Or, je t'aime, Nuit bleue, ainsi que lei mattresses 
Qui regardent sans yeux, qiu caressent sans mains... 
Demain je compendrai le silence qui sauve 
Et la douleur aux mille voix... 
L'Homme e*tait amoureux, vers son coeur ^crase" 
11 nourrissait les soirs ainsi que des abeilles... 

Bnponeirb, xoTH H-fexoTopwa CTHxoTBopeHia KHHrH h npHBJieiuiH 
Hame BHHMaaie, ho 6oAbmnHCTBO paaBHBaerb otfmia RJia BChTb Hann- 
HaK>mHXi> tcmh h AOJWHbi 6i*Tb padciiaTpHBaeifbi KdJCb HOdTHHeCKiil 
ynpsxHOHbi, nojieaHua jranib rjih canoro nHmymaro. Hxt> r. fleHHxepb 
ho Ronmewb nepenenaTbiBaTb bt> cJi^Aywmefl KHHrB, vb xoTopofi 
mi oneHb yd«Aaein> ero He ToponnTbca. 

Apyrouy AetixnraBry, r. BaabBiycy, H-brb eme h ABSAUaTH .tbtt>, 
h bt> ero xhhxkb eAsa copoK*b CTpaHHUi>. OAHaxo, a HsymieHi cTpo- 
rofi CH^ofi, HepBHocTbio h CBoeo6paaieBTb ero cthxobt>. 11oat> coaHaTOJib- 
Hbim aarJiaBieirfc ,Bazar a , bt» ABaAuaTH hhth nodMaxi, r. A. BaJib- 
Biycr> BoacoaAaeTb nepefli bbluh aHotabift h coHHbifi AnxHpi, MHoro- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



118 BfcCH N 3 

UB'fcTHblH H GfelUft, BO B061TB BaraAOIHOM* MOJI1&UH 61*0 0a80B1». ^JB- 

OTBjercji, bt> otiCTaHOBicfe, H8o6paseHH0ft BtpHO h apxo, aanaxb nepua 
h npaHocTeft, sanaxb ajucorojia bt> TaBepaaxi> cb xyBbixofi. rat cpeAH 
yxHHHbixi» npocTHTyTorb njuunyrb QaTbxti h raTaHbi, bhahtcji se- 
en*— boh AHxaa spacoTa lOra. 

Je chante le Bazar, l'alcool, l'epicerie 
Et les iougeres ea detresse des bas-fonds 
Lunaires. 

H Bee 8to XHBerb h BonjiomeHO. H cjioBa noOTa, xairb ero aByn 
h xpacKH, coieTawrca bi> HeoxHAaHHue otipaau; bt» ero pHmaxi art- 
HfleTCH (5eayKopH8HeHHaH 3By?HoeTb— AHceoHaHcaMH, h ero craxb, xan 
mn h TpeGyeifb Toro, aBJiaeTca Karb 6bi BOJiHaMH, noAHHHADimnaiea 
coCcTBeHHoicy ABHJceHiio h BJiiaHii) Bemeft. 

KoHeiHo, bt> KHHrt ecTb HeAoeraTKH, npoiiaxH npoTHB*b Bxyea, Re* 

H861UKHUe Bl WHOCTH, OJUUIIKOirb TpHBiaJIbHHH BUpaXOHifl... Ho BCO » 

nosrb cyirbjrb cb yAHBHTeobHoft chjioh H8o6paaHTb h xpHHamee h 
KocMonoJiHTHHecKoe ABHseHie cpeAHjMOJraaJiHBMX* rbaefi KaaGaxa, h, 
nojiHyio npeJiecTHHTHniHHbi,KapTHHy iiycyjibMaHcicaro raaACnma ewa* 
6esnomaAHofl Jiaaypbio, h iiaBpHTaHCKifl TaHem» bt» BHAHAax-fe, xonia 
,bt> 8UHJienTHiecK0Mi> eofoaBH* aayxoffb" ujuunerb riepaTHiecaaa 
4>Hrypa. 

Avec, au bout des seins, griffes de frissons. 

H BOTb, «rro roBopHTb nhWb noarb, co3flaB*b Boxpyrb CBameaHyi) H 
nyTKyio aTMoo$epy Ka36axcxoft ho^h: 

Beau silence, a ton luth tendu a se briser 
A peine un doigt celeste oserait se poser!.. 
Mai d'une ime lointaine egaree en plein del, 
Mai si haut qui serait peut-etre d^terael, 
Mai de vide, ah! tendez les cordes du silence... 

Paayiffcercfl, 8Ta npexpaoHa* KHHra, HeeuoTps Ha bc% moh noxaa- 
jw, He yflOBJieTBopaerb Bnojm'b,— h kt> Jiyuneicy!— ro Aynneify, norony 
hto mm Moxem> oxHAaTb orb r. BaJibBiyca oieHb OTa'nrreJibHMX'b eo- 
aAftHifi. Ecah oht> aaxonero cepberao paGoTaTb, oht> uomerb Monpio 
pasBHTb cBoe aaicfcwrejibHoe AapoaaHie, upeAHyBCTBie KOToparo ab- 
erb Hairb ero nepBaa KHHra. 



PeAaRTopi>-H8AaTeAb C. A. nOJIHROffb. 



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OFBflBJEHW. 119 

KHHrOH3,HATEJIBCTBO ccCKOPHIOffL*. 

MoCKBA, TxATPAJIbHAJI H., A- METPOOOJlb, KB. 23. 

HOBHH H3MHM. 

Bajepll BpwoMv IlyTH h II e p e n y t b a. CoGpanie cthxob*. Tom* 
BTopoft. .Pmy h Mipy*. „B-bhokt> - . (Cthxr H3T» c6opHHKOBi> w Urbi 
ei Orbi* h .Stephanos"). M. 1906. H 2 p., ajih noAnHCHHKOB-b .BtcoBi*" 
1 p. 70 x. cb nepecbuiKofi. 

Bu a p ll BpwoMv OrHeHHbifi Ah rem. UoB'fecTb h3t> vBiieiutoft 
XH3HH XVI Bfexa. HacTb nepBAH. (IIpeAHCJioBiH h rJiaBbi 1— X). Ofijioxxa 
no rpamopfe XVI b. M. 1906. HaaaHie bi> npoaaxy He nocrynaeTb h 
BwcbtnaeTca HCKJnoiHTejibHO noAnHC^HKaifb .BfccoBi* no iita* 1 p. 70 k. 
Cb nepecbuixofl. 

AMpel Btiul. K y 6 o x * M e t e ji e ft. HeTBepraa CHM(|)OHiH. OGaosxa 
H. OeAOTOBa. M. 1906. IJ. 1 p. 50 x., Aflfl noABHCHHKOB* ,B1icobi»* 
1 p. 23 x. ct» nepechWKOfl. 

■• RytMirb. C^th. ElepBaa XHHra cthxobi. (Xtaozxa H. 6eo$H- 
jiaxTOBa. M. 1906. H 1 p. 60 x., Aflfl noAnHOHHKOBi .B^cobV 1 p. 23 x. 
c* nepecwixofi. 

CxHAxa icoxerb 6HTb ca-fejiaHa jramb npn HenoepeACTBeHHoirb 
oUpameniH bt> xoHTopy x-Ba. HoJiHhift xaTanorb x-Ba .CxopnioHt* h 
BJUDOcTpHpoBaHHbifi npocnexn xypHaaa ,B*bcu*, no TpetioBamio, bhcu- 
aaeTCfl 6esnJiaTH0. 

KHHrOH3,HATEJILCTBO irPHtfL* 
Bucuiixn noftmcuxAirb €B«oon» npi bhuhci* hbiiocpxactbbhho 

I9& CUAJA BC* CBOI H8JAHM CO CltXyttlABl CKHXKOl: 

% Aammmx* „rpi+V. 1904. Birfecro 1 p. 25 x.~8a 68 x. 

R. 4. BiJMMNrrb. ropmifl BepmHHbi. OraTbH. T. 1. HoxyccrBo h 
h inrrepaTypa. 00a* M. AypHOBa. BmIkto 2 p.— sa 1. p. 50 x. 

Auptil 6UmI. Bo8BpaTi». Ill cmityoHi*. OGjl B. BjiaflHxipoBa. Birfc- 
cto 1 p.— ea 60 x. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



120 BfcCH N 3 

8. Cojoryfe. KHHra CRaaoRi>. Ofa. M. flvpHOBa. BmUcto 80 r- 
aa 58 k. 

ArtKOtHAp* Baaav Cthxh o IIpeRpacHoft flairfe. 06a. B. Bjojpnri- 
poBa. Bm*cto 1 p.— aa 66 r. 

A. A. IN|»MAfcOMli. B^AbMa. JI^cTBBua. IIoaiiM. npeAHca. AHApea 
B-bJiaro. 06a. B. BjiaflHMipoBa, BirbCTo 1 p.-8a 60 s. 

Ill AiMitnarw „I>+V. 06ji. B. BflaAHMipoBa. 1906. BartMrro 1 p. 
30 k.— aa 78 r. 

R. jt Baamwrrv JiHTypria KpacoTW. 06a. M. Ca6amHHROBo3. 
BirfccTo 2 p.— aa 1 p. 50 k. 

K. A- BajtamTv OeftHua CRaasH. fl-bTCKia irfeceHRH. BirtCTo 
80 k.— aa 58 k. 

Ooaap* yaiJMv XIopTpeTbAopiaHa TpeA. UepeB. A. MnmuiOBofi. Hy- 
iiepoBaHHoe Haaame ci pHcyHKaMH M. JlypHOBa. BirfeCTO 3 p.— aa 1 p. 
60 Kon. 

OoHajrb YaiAMv Baubicou. Ilep. A. MhheuioboA. 06a. B. MHJiiom 
BarbcTo 1 p. 40 k.— aa 98 k. 

A. KypoiNONll. CKBoab npHaiiy Aynra. 06a. H. CanynoBa. BirtcTo 
1 p.— aa 60 k. 

A. BiJMiiiuMa»o«as. Mofi caA*. Cohotm h paacicaaw. 06a. B. MiuiioTH. 
BirfccTo 1* p.— aa 56 r. 

A. KoHAfiTwerk. CaTHpeeea. MHeoAorazecRift poMaH*. BirtcTo 1 p.- 

aa 70 r. 

(taw* Coj#ry6v HcTJrbBaJomia jihihhm. KHHra*: paaciaaoBi>. Brfc- 

cto 1 p.— aa 75 r. 

Hint rtoTpoaenaa. Sanctus amor. Paacicaaw. Bm*cto 60 roil— aa 
45 Ron. 

N. Hoaaaoa-b. Jlyxy CBirroiiy. Cthxh. BmIkto 1 p.— 8a 75 k. 

K. BtikMOHrw. TojibKo jno<k>Bb. II HdAairie. Bm-bcto 1 p.— 75 k. 

0. yaliM*k De proftindis. II HdAanie. Bitbcto 1 p.— aa 75 xon. 

0. AuauBV 3omjih UBlwerb. Paacxaaiii. Bitbcto 1 p.— aa 75 Ron. 

HaAaHiii BbicbiAaioTCH HeiceAJieHHO no noAyneHui Aonerb. Ilepe- 
cbiJiKa aa cwrb r-bb ^rpwjnb*. Ilpn BbieuAR* Hajio*. oAarexoirb » 
cymrfc aanaaa nprfaBAJieTCA 10 Ron. IY. hoaiihchhhob* Jtocon\ 
npH aaRaaan, upocarb ynaauBaTb J# 6aHAepoAH, iioa* Koropofi on 
noAynaioTb xypHara. 

CKJiam> h peflamia: MocRBa, TBepoRaa, Koamudft nep- a. Eaxpy- 
miraa, 7-fl noA'b'baAi^ RB. 196. TeAe$. 60-56. 

AApecb aaa AeHORHWb nepeBOAOBK MocKBa, Kosmiift nep* 
A* Baxpymraa, hb. 198, C. A. CoKOJioBy. 



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B-BCH # AIIPBJIb ♦ 1908. 
La Balance. Avril. 1908. 

Tqx& H aga i rig wnu&. Cinquieme ann£e. 




KHHiona^aTejaoTBO €OROPmorob» 

Mocku, TearpaiMMUi na M «. MeTponoffb, kb.s; 
Moacou, Placa da Thaatre, m. Itttropola, 25 



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HCKYCCTB'b H JIHTEPATyPhl. 

ToXb H34AHIH HHTHft. I908. N 4, ADPtJlb. 



CO^EPHCAHIE. 

Ctbxh, norton, orann. 

B^iccjiaBT, H b a h o b x. IIo sen epic. JfaprcecKift ouuri 7 

ARjipei B-fejibiu. Ajara. 3amicKn, uafiAeHHWi b*l cjMacmesmen zoxt is 

H. ryMHJieB-b. Pxaocra aeicHoft jix>6bb. Tpn HOBexau >' 

Bopuci ByraeBV Ha ncpesaxfe. XI. Teopiii hjjh crapa* 6a6a . . . 58 

JlHrepaTypa. PyccKaa jiHTepaTypa. 

B. B a k y ji u h t,. I1po3Kn> Bceo6maro npHMHpeRiii .... 45 

Bn6jiiorpa<t)i*. (C6opHHKn «3aaHi)i» XX h XXI. — TeaTp* EBpmnua n 
nepeBOJTB H. 0. AHHeHCKaro.—JI. Afiy4)picBa. PaaacaBM.— 3anaiBHe 
c6opHHKH. Bun. 1.— Jl-p-h Bpojiept XpHCTiaHcem,. ricwojoria h reopis 
no3Haein) W 

HHocTpaHHan jiHTcpaTy pa. 

P e h 3 r h ji b. Ilnci.Ma o <£paHixy3CK"oft no33iH. GretfcairL Majuupua, wki 

Hejorfeirt &S 

Ixobjihhh II a n h h h. «Kopa6ju>» I\ jf AHByHnjo 7* 

BH6jiiorpa<})iji. (Max Messer. Max Stirner.— Bernd Izemann. Lucrcaa 
—Peter Altenberg. Marchen des Lebens.— Jakob Schaffner. Die La- 
terne. — Hermann Esswein. Die Schrittmacher) "* 

HOBUft KHHTH, JOCTaBJieHHMJ! B*b pCJUHUlUO 8l 

ZosyocTBa. 

3 j j net. Hto TaKoe TeaTpi». (IIo noBOjiy «Khhth o hobomt, TeaTpi») • tf 

Hropb r p a 6 a p b. TeaTp* h xyaotkhhkh • 9* 

H. BoposAHBi. CpeABeB^KOBUu TeaTpi. IIo noBOJiy mockobckhxi racr- 
pojieft CTapuHHaro TeaTpa 9° 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



COAEPafAHIE. 



Phcjhxh. 

OcKapi Fuji n. «Bpewao u <i&ipeiia». (iba pucyHKa) 59 h 6r 

A. <t> o u t»-B h 3 u r t>. «Ha saKartu 63 

Ajk. YHCTjepi. riopTpen. Ct. Majtaapio 73 

O&xoacica h <{)pohtiic!ihcu H. 0eo<f>iuiaKTOBa. Oomift 4>ponTucnncL — 
MHHiaT»pa XTV pfcxa. 

OfegueHi*. 

SOMMAIRE. 

Venceslas Ivanov. Polities.— A n d r 6 Biely. Adam. Nouvelle. — 
N. GoumilefF. Les joies de F Amour tcrrcstre. Trois nouvellcs. — B oris B o u- 
g a e f f. La theorie o a lc marmotteraent? 

Litterature russe. V. Bakouline. Un pro jet de la reconciliation g£ne>ale.— 
Bibliographie. (Coraptes-rendus sur la nouvelle traduction d 'Euripidc, 
le livre de m-rae AnoufricfT, et plusieurs almanachs). 

Litterature e"trangere. Rene G h i 1. Lettrcs sur la poesie francaise. Sie- 
phane Mallarme. Aspects de 1'Homme. (Avec une lettre ineditc do Stcph. 
Mallarme). — Giovanni Papini. «La Nave* di Gabricle d'An.iunzio. — 
Bibliographie. (Comptcs-rendus sur les livres de MM. Max Mcsser, Bernd 
Izemana, Peter Altenberg, Jakob Schaffner, Hermann Esswein). — Ace uses 
de reception. (Livres francais 'et italiens). 

Beaux -Arts. Ellis. Qu'est-ce que le theatre. — Igor Grabar. Le 
Theatre et bs peintres.— E. Borozdine. Le theatre ancien a Moscou. 

Dessins. Oscar Ghiglia. aL'Heureo et «La Sirenco. Deux dessins 
inedits (Pages 59 et 61) — A. Von-Wizin.— «Au coucher du solcilo Dcssin inedit. 
(Page 63)— J. Whistler. Portrait de Steph. Mallarme". (Page 75).— Frontispices 
et couverture parN. Theophilaktoff — Frontispicc generate— miniature 
du Livre d'Heures du due de Berri. 



Tauor^A^ia ©-»* pacop. noa. u. bpeiuhbei ■• *• bgpobobi, moxoias, a kh. rArxpttiA. 



Digitized by LjOOQlC 



OTT> PE4AKUIH H KOHTOPU. 



PeaaKui* oopamaen, BHHiiaHie itrraTejieH, ito OHa He cmmm bobmoxhmh 

CTBCHflTb CBOHXT, nOCTOHHHHXT. COTpy^HHKOBT, B*b BUCKaSUBaaiH CBOHXT* MfftHiM, 

xot* 6m ohh h hc coBnaaajra co B3r akzzmu pejuucnJH. n ostomy, no OTjriabBiirt 
^acTHUMT. BonpocaMi. h npH ou-BHick pa3JHHHuxT» nacTBUxT. HBJieHift, Ha opa- 
Ktmaxi* acypHajia bobmokho noHBJiCHie cyacAeHift, (tbsko npoTHBOjrBTOBun. 

Pa3yMtCTCH, 3T0 HC KacaCTCH OCHOBHblXl* B3rJDUlOBl. peJUKIUH, OnpejTBJUDBlHXl 

ecc HanpasjieHie acypHaaa: bt» wars cbohxt. coTpyAHHKOB-b pe/UKni>i jioaceT* 

CMIIT.lTfc TCUbKO JIHUT., 3THMT, BBrjIflaaMlt He BpaXCAe6HlIXl>. 



Bb ouuBJieHiH Aj 5, bt» 4)paimy3CK0>n» Teiccrk, HertpHO 03arjUBjeffb pn- 
cynoKi, A. Apanosa-, naao HirraTb: «La Reine des Neigeso. — Bb crsxan 
A. B.iona na crp. 13, crpoica 9 CHHsy, HaneiaTaHo: «crpoaHOMi.», huo «crpyi- 
homt»»; Ha crp. 15, noc:rb cruxa cBuxpcxi. Tyia cBrsroBaji*, nponymeHU, noae- 
aocMOTpy Tiinorpa({)iH, ewe ieTupe: 

06«aajia. 
OTHHja... 

H OIIHTL — MCTeJfc, Merejib 
Bberb, noerb, Kpyacnrb... 

rio npuHKHaji-b, aaBiicflimiMT, He orb peaaxniH, oicpeaBa* naasa nortai 
ciOrHeHHUH AHiejT»» hc xonaa 6biTb HaneiaTaHa B"b stout. JM& h nojiBHia 
bt» JV.0 5. 

* 

IV. no-aniiciiiKii, aannjiflioiiiie o nepcarsH-s ajpeca, GjiaroBOJwrb coooman. 
JV* noamicHOfi KBiiTaHuiH xijih 6aHiiepojH, noirb KOTopoft paacbuaeTC* hmt. 
>KypHa.n>, xi yrua'iHB.Trb no 20 koii. jcHbraaiH turn noiTOBUHH iiapK3MH 3a 
Ka*c;iyio ncpeariiHy. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 







Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



IIOBEHEPIE. 

JbipnccKift iuoui. 



3Atcb THxaa Ayuia 3aTaetia bt> Ay6paBaxi> 
H 3u6^en» KaiuSenb pacTHTaibHaro cHa, 
JIbHerb jiacKOft 3o;ioTa kt> BOiHt 3&ieHOft JibHa 

H JltliblO CMCWIbHOK) BT> MeflBflHHXT> flbeTCH TpaBaXT>,- 



H bt> rpycrayio /ia3ypb nrajurrb, ocBtivieHa... 
H uejuiwrb AtHb TOHyTb bt> cisnouuirb pacrmaBarb, 
H wejuiKTb BopoxmTb Ha ApewixnuHrb KynaBarb 
Haai> cnyiiaHeHHOfl 3epKaAbH0CTbx> ;iyHa. 



3fltCb AUU1HTCSI JieiKO, H BtpHTC* CIlOKOftHO, 
H HCHO rpe3HTC5I. H BCe, MTO BT» 6falCTpHHt 

Msrrymeflcfl nembi Hectporo h HecrpoftHO, — 



Tpe3BHTCH, ymipflcb bt> cepaemioft iviy6HHt, — 

H, icaicb Mcwma^bHHicb-^tcb nojn> ^hctbchhoio cxhmoA, 

Be3MOJiBCTByerb cb Aymoft 3ewiH upefl pojuiMOft. 

Inn. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



B£CHN4 



II. 



Mrjia TycK^aH j\erj\a no npHAopoxcbio 

M THUIHHa. 

EABa 3apHHua BcnwxHerb 6tr;ioft Apoxcbio; 

EABa BHAHa 

HeHacTuxT> 3Bt3Ai> Mepuawmasi p03cwnb. 

H3Aaneica 
CBHpt^irrb Ka6a. HbH-TO bt> ncwrfe nocrynb— 

/lenca, Jierca... 



HtMterb HCH3Hb, 3aTaeHa OAHawAbi; 

H CMyTHuft nyrb, 
M nepentcoicb oiypa/ioi KaxcAfaiA 

Bt> BOJiuie6ifuft Kpyn»... 
HtMten> bt> cepjmt, saMKHyTOKb ojwm&i*, 

J1k>6bh Tocica; 
Ho KAen> Te6fl AuxaHbsi Tpenerb ica>KA«ft— 

H3AaneKa... 

24 HOH«. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



nOBEIEPIE. 



in. 



HHCTbl BOAH KJimtBbOl, 
POAHHKH — CTpyH XHBU*. 

B*b TeMHOirb atct— cryaeHeirb. 
Bt> Tiaofl ckmamt — npox/uuu. 
Hajn> Kpmameio jumiuuu 
3ojKmrrb XpHcron rfeHcirb. 



Bt> paAacoirb nark — oropoAeirb; 
Lbtrb Aaaopesufl — K<viOAem>. 

rOBOpHTb Cb Ajruioft XpHCTOCb: 
,HjUCJIOHIUICfl y KpHHHUU, 

3aqepnHH noefl boahuu, 
n<Moirb emdft BOAOHocb". 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



10 K&CHN4 



IV. 



Tbosi nb rojiy6a» saBtca, 
>KeHa, Mbc AuxaHbe — OTpaju, 
BepuiHHU 3e^eHaro ;iica, 
fl&ioHH caaa 



3aci7ia^a npejn> Bsopoirb, omutumt> 

B*b 96Hpt MCWIHTrb CBtTOpyHHOtfb, 

H nonAeHb siBHJia noBirruirb 

JlajiaHoirb JiyHHfa»n>? 



y»n> 6jiH3wiocb coriHue kt» npimiHy, 

KorAa OTBOpiUIHCSI BtHCAU, 

3a6uBiiii5i Mip-b, Ha Aonuny 
Cntarb h Haaeaguj. 



Eme oKpbuiHTbCH po6tno 
HyuiH HecKasaHHoe oiobo, — 
A KHfbiirb OMairb rony6tna 
PaAOCTb noKpOBa. 



H Acviro HeapHMaro xpawa 
flbiMiuiocb HBAeHHoe Myjio, 
H sacnuia CHHb emtiaita 

Electa* H3yMpyAa. 

28 i»HJi. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



nOBEHEPIE. 11 



V. 



06HHiuano ;iHCTbe aiaToe. 

I1POCKB03MJIO BT> ctHflTb OCeHHHTb 

flcHoft CHHbio THZoe HetSo. 
Ora^a TOHKocTBaibHasi poma 
H3ctqeHHOtt uepxoBbio h3t> KaMtisi. 
JIuM-b noBHCb newb 6tniiMU cronnaMH. 



HajTb ABepbMH— CKB03HfaIXl> y3opoMift 

3aBtcu, — hto pu6apeft rocnoAHHXb 
HeBOAH, pa3Ap*HHbie JiOBOM-b, — 
Hto tboh cMiueHHusi JioxMOTbsi 
y npejuiBepift 6-feaaro xpaita, 
3anoTafl, hhuum ntcim! 

CeBTitfp*. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



12 B*CH N 4 



VI. 



Ocettb... HyTb co/iHue nun* Jitcoirb npHBCTatferb, 
KHHOBapb Bcnhnmerb, 3ap/iterb 6arpein». 
no BtTpy rapbio aiajiHMOft nanmerb... 
CBtivibift npoMHHerb hst> o6/iain> 6opein»: — 
03HMb xcHBasi, — XMypaa aib,— 
CrnaHb napMeBafl— 6ypa« nptab... 



Co/iHue bt> HejioiroMi, 6opeHbM ctomhtcsi— 
Kto-to TynaHbi npsiAerb nz npswerb, 
Bopoirb Masmmrb, 6anoTom> aumhtcsi, 
Jloroirb cTpyirrcji, Jiyroirb 6peAen>, 
no nepeatcbflMi, nyraerb kohh, 
TeMHUirb 6e3Btcn>eirb Maerb, crew... 

C«HTii6pfr. 



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HOBEHEPIE. 13 



VII. 



3a qendft xcwim> 3aui/io noe CBtmio, 
3a rpaHb Haae>icAT>, o cepaue, tboH /woftHHicb!- 
H 3apeBOirb uapbrpaacKnx*b uo3MKb 
HKOHOcracb B03AyujHbift oananuo. 



OAHirb Ha HeM-b HanepTairb crporift J1hkt>. 
He Bee ;ib bt> 6buiOMi> Ero ftiaroBtcrwio? 

WTO Hfb BT> TaltHHKarb HCTOKOBl> B03MyTmiO 
npo6HBUllflCSI KT> MOpSlftTb CBOHHb pOAHHICb!.. 



Jlyna cpefipHTb napqy ay6paB*b boctomhwx*; 
H, npocKB03HBi> 4>iaAK6Byio Myrb, 
MepuaHbHMH MOKyiorb MHpHuft nyTb 



PfcjUJ 6epe3i> > npHMacTHHirb HenopoMHbixr>. 
H ribuib bjisuih, paaiyKOft rpyab meMsi, 
Ha TyaciwH He Bten» 03hmh. 

8 OKT«6p«. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



14 BtCN N 4 



VIII. 



Mo* ^K)6oBb— oceHHift He6ocBOAi» 
Haai> paaocrbio OTnpa3AHOBaHHOft roipa. 
Tjiaah: bt> Kpasirb niyfoKaro nonipa 
3aicaTHurb 3opb arfccwicsi ftorruft Mejn> 



M Tycmiwft Maicb, mto bt> naxarrarb senpa 
PaciiBt^b JiyHOft... M 6;iarocTb TeMHurb boat* 
TBopirnb bhho 6oxcecTBeHHurb cbo6oat> 
ripHqacrieM-b Ha noBenepbH unpa... 



5 OKT*6pJI. 

3 ar o p b c. I 907 r 



BflHecaaBi. HnaHOBV 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



3ADBCKH. * 



Bl> BArOHt. 



Bnepein* 6pocHTca nofenT*. Ho Ky.ua oht» 6pocHTCH? 3aH*feMi. 
cnpamHBaTb? Oht> tbo3htt> — yB03Rrb HaBcenia, noTOMy hto npnmja 
KpaftHflH nopa. 

Ohi* no>Kajn> pyKH. Ct> no3&neH'fcBiiiHMH jinuaMH, ct> nna3aMH, 
nojjHUMH HCKpi>, ABa Apyra ckjiohhjihcl Ha najiKH. Ha oahomi> 
Glut* npoaoMJieHi* KOTeaoirb (noHeaiy?)... 06a ycTaan. 06a 3hojih, 
hto Ha^BHraercH nocji'fc.nHee. 06a npoMeTajiHCb ceroflHHniHift 
4eHb no KaHaejiHpiHMT> h Korjia nepe6HBaoiH hxt> pa6oTy HecKpoM- 

HUMT> KHBKOMT,, KOIVHa 3aBO^RJIH CT> HHMH pdjHb O nOCJli JHeMT>, 

06a nepe6nBajiH: cFocnoaa, mu oTKJiOHHJiHCb orb ;ri3Jia». A ma3a 
nposajinBaaHCb Bee rjiy6^e: aojKHJiacb cMepTHan rfeHb. OioBa ero 
Jipy3efi 6hjh KynJienu irfeHoio KpoBH, ho cjiOBa yKpann: kto-to, 
no^cjyniaBi*, 3anHcajn> hxt> niTHcJjTHKOM-b c|)OHorpacf)a, h 3arayca- 
bhjh tuchhh BajiHKOBi>. OncpHJiocb HOBoe npeiuipiflTie: npo^aBajiocb 
M-t^Hoe ropao, BtiKpHKHBaiomee i\ny6HHy; onurHuft MexaHHKT> BcraB- 
JUOT& HHH-t ropjio-(})OHorpac|)a. KynaeHHoe ropao Bepemajio ahh n 

HOHH, II Apy3bH H3HeMOrJIH, H OflUayKAU CKa3a-Tb 0HT> o60HMT>: 

«rocno^a, h iziyB. ycarfexHyjica. YcAffexHyoiHCb h ohh: ohh hohajih 
Bee. Tenepb ohh ctohjih Ha iuiaTc^opM-fe, ctojmh h npoBowajiH. Kto- 
to JUHHHUft H HepHtlft, CT> 6uHaHbHM*b JIHUOMT, H KpHBUMH IIJieHaMH, 

* 3anHCKB naiuteHu bi cyMacmcAmein* jioirfc; no HaceAenHMMi cnpaBKOMi 
oanH-fc H3i> HepBHo6ojtHuxi, .leneoHimiJ Aoxxopa XajiAHBa, o6;iaaaji ckjohhoctlo 
kt> JimrepaTypuoft A-fcjrreJBBOcrii, BanBcaji HcnoB-fc;u> CBOero BCAaBBoyacepinaro 
apyra, crpajUBinaro xpyroBUMX noM^maTcafcCTBOin,, cbo6oaho o6pa6oTaB* 
HcnoB^Ab dt» JHTepaTypHOH (Jwpirs. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



16 BfcCH N 4 

ieaRT> CKGpOHUfi, HaarpOOHMH KpeCTT» f 06j6HeHHUd El CDpTVKT*, 

npoaexnyjca *¥ BaroBTb. H xorju pa3oajoi 3Bohokt>, h toi-ju 
MaxHyjH ohh KoreJKajiH: TpH AepeB*HHuxi» pyKH npoftanajHCb r& 
E03jyri. 

cTarrarra-xa-xa» — rpejrkm Koaeca. 4>OHapb BTb okho eMy khb- 
hjjt,. J[pyroft t TperiiL 4>OHapH nepearauH MHraTb. Honb 6e3i» mh- 
ramft npHJbHyja bt> oKHa. 

Bee 6ujo KOHneHo. Tj-t-To HancKocb nepHbifi naccaaenp-b no- 
aoineai* kt> B-fcniajirB h pacKHHyj-b pyKaMH, 3acTUji» — n Ka3ajod>, 
hto ero, pacn^raro, 6ojb npHrB03juua kt> crkfft. Bt> 0T;rEJieBiii 
6 Li jo tojlko £Boe: oht> h nacca;KHpi>. Oht> noj*ynaji*b: cllacca- 
jKnjrh paennrb To>Kej. Bcraj*b ct> AHBami h, j^kia* bhjo>, mo 
nmerb KOHAyicropa, noAomeji> 62hjkc kt» pacmrroMy. Ho nacca- 
>KHpT> f 3aBepuyBi> Tynoe anno, je>KaJT> Ha AHBairfc, ixt rfcHb hojh- 
Ba.ia ero Tam» o6hju>ho, Tain> oGhjibho: Ha B-femajiK'fe BHciio 
rmbTo ci> orronupeHHUMH pyKasaMH ju mnpoKonojiaH manna. 
Oht> BepHyjcH Ha M-fecTo h ckai>: B-fe^b Aopora 6bLia TaK*i» AJHHHa, 
TaKt A-iHHHa; Hajio 6ijjio npeoAOJi*ETb npocTpaHCTBa, vxk He o^Ha 
cTznma lOTHjacb BOKpyn> noaoTHa cpejw nepHoft hohh, KaKi> nep- 
Hbifi rpo6-b, o6cTaBJieHHbiu CB-fenaMH. Oht> Aynajn», hto jieTHTb 3a 
MHHVTofl MHHyra, 3a BeparoA JieTHTb BepcTa — Bee nepeABHraeTca: 
ho Kyjia nepeABHraeTCfl oht>? 

EMy xorfejocb noaofiTH kt» cnameMy cnyTHHKy, KOTopuft mabKO 
Ha )iun> pacKHHyjn> pyKH y B-fcuiajiKH, oy^To pacnHTufi, ho He 
noB*fecHJiCH — noB*fecHJi*b najibTo h yjierca con*feTb h xpairfcrb on> 
MyKH: 

— cBu -BAere? % to ^e -feayi. 

— «Kyaa?» 

— c3a rpaHb, 3a nepTy: nepTa He 3amnuiaerb, bt> nepTy Bpu- 
BaeTCH nocjiijiHee; ohh bcb 6e33amHTHbi, Koraa coBepniaeTOi 
npnuiecTBie; ho ohh roBoparb, hto coBepuiaeTca npnuiecTBie pa- 
aocth. Ohh He noA03p-BBaiorb h ca»iH He nepexoAarb, He bh-b3- 

KaiOrb H3T> HCpTU 0C5A30CTII, HT06l» nOM*kpHTbC^ CHJiaMH Cb Ha- 

mecTBieM-b ii3*b-3a rpaHHuu. fl i,AY Ty.ua*. 

«BbI, AOJlyKHO 6blTb, — CJDHJIOCO(|yb H 3aHHMaeTCCb HOJlHTHKOfi; 

h tojKO naTpiorb, h He wnpiocb ct> HHOcTpaHHbiM'b HaI^ecTBieM^; 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



AJUM1. 17 

HO cf)FU0C04>CKaa CTOpOHa BamHXT* CJIOBt, H3BHHHTe, MH-fe He no- 
HHTHai. 

riacca)KHpT» oTsepHyjcH h CKopo odhtb pa3AaBajica ero xpam>. 
0, KaKi> xorfcaocb eiiy KpHKHyn»: c£a 3RaeTe jh bu, k y a a a 
ijiy? 3Haere jih bm, KaKt Ha3UBaeTc>r dto nyTemecTBie? Eme 
HejWBHO KpHKHyjH mu BaMi>: npocHHTecb — npeAB-fccTia. Ho bu 
pyrajHct h He npocunajiHCb. Bhjih ahh, h Kanie 3aicaTu, Kanie 
3aKaTti HaMi» chhjhcb — H-fcrL, Ranic, Kanie? Ho mu coBepmnjiH 
rpixi>, cKa3aBi>, Kanie 3aKara Hain* chhtch. IIohhjih mu, hto Hameso 
BjacTb» roBopHMT> BaM-b, h hto Harnn cjiOBa — npejirfccTia. Kto 
mu? TafiHoe oOmecTBo? O, H-fcrb... Ho Tenepb mu TaKie ne^aHTu, 
Tanie neAaHTu. IIocjiymaftTeU — 

IlaccajKHp'b MeTHyacH, nepeBepHyjicn, ho He npocHyjcji. 

cIlpocHHTecb, iinaHbTe: mu p-femnjiH othhtl Bee, hto AajiH. Bu 

6p0CHJIH rpH3bK) BT> rfc, KaKT> JIHJHH, HHCTUH pyKH, KOTOpUH HeCJIH 

BaMi» KycoKT» aojioToro cnacTbH. H Hame cnacrbe dajio necnacTbeM-b. 
H Borb mu oTM-feHaeMt npeAB'tcriH. Mu nponuiH mhmo Baninxt 
okoht>; kt» KOMy 3arMHyjiH, TOMy npHHecjiH HaAejKAy. Ho mu 06- 
Hajie^vHJiH Bamy rpH3b. H mu npouuH, a bu noAyMaan, hto h a in e 
cnacTbe c*b BaMH. Bu Hacb #ce upHoamajjH iiotomt, na cboh nnpu 
Hajie/KAi*: 3to 6ujh He BaniH nnpu, a HauiH. Mu CHA'fcjiH TaM*b, 
cKpecTHBi» pyKH, n MOJinajiH, Kor^a noxcnpajiH bu xji-t6T> Ham-b 
HacymHuft. H bott> mu oTM-fcHaeMT, npeAB-kcTia: npocHHTecb: 
npeAB-feciift a a a Bacb 6ojibme H-fcrb*. 

Tyn> noAomeji'b oht> kt> cnnmeMy; cnamift bckohhjh>, bt> ho 
nyrfe cxBaTHBmncb 3a 6yMa#(HHK'b. Oht> noAyMaon,, hto sto — 
Bopi». Ho tott>, Koro npoBoxcajiH Apy3bH, Cji-fcAHoe Ha;n> hhmx 
ckjiohhjt» jihuo, Ha ycraaue HaA*fe» oht> noACJi-knoBaTue cboh 
naa3a — HaA'fcjn* ii3hch3 h thxo 3aM-fcTHjn>: 

cIIo3BOJibTe 3aKypHTb: y mchh H-fcrb cnHneK-b*. 

3Haj-b xh 3acnaHHuft nyremecTBeHHHK'b, hto bt> 3Ty MHHyTy y 
Hero oTHHMacrb Bee: oTHHMa»rb npeAB-kcTin? 

IIo'fe3A , b MHajCH BnepeAi», ace BnepeA* — KyAa? MeJibKHyji-b c|>o- 
Hapb, h eme, h eme: Bee ocTaHOBMocb; nepHuft He3HaKOMem> 
npHJibHyji-b kt» OKHy. 3to 6ujit» KOHAyKTop-b. noAT> BaroHOM-b npo- 
6-trajT> nejioB'feHeK'b, nocTyKHBaa mojiotohkomt>: tTeHb-TepeHb», 3to 



r 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



18 B£CH N 4 

crynajio pa3puB*iaToe cep^uc, cTynaao r ocTauaBJHBajocb. H cnamift 
nacca^Hpi* bckohhjh* ct. Jioxa h 6e3yMHtiMn pynajiH cxBaTfucs 
3a cepAue, pacKpturb pon>, h 3a3iaja nepHan nacn> (a, noaaxb, 
ro.iy6HHKi>!) — caajjKo 3-feBHyj-b n noBajiuic* bt> coht>. M Barom, 
TpoHVJior. MeabKHyjit c{)OHapb. Eme, h eme. IIoTOM-b ynce cJ>oHapu 
ue MejbnajiH. 

Ajumt> Ahtohobhhi* Kopeftun> cHA-km* y oKHa coBepmeHHo 
cnoKoftHo. E-fcjoicypaH, nyTb cfcA-fciomaH Gopoja ero nymHCTo jo- 
>KHJiacb Ha 6-fcnyio MaHumKy; i\aa3a Bnepmrncb bt> TpaKTarb o 4>h- 

HaHCOBOMT, npaB-fe. Ho 3TO TOJIbKO Ka3aJOCb! 30pKO CJl-fcAHJ-b OH*b, 

KaKi> nacca^np-b Kopqanca ua cohhomt> Jto^-fe (a, nomurb — a, 

HOHHJI'b: JieTHM-b CT> rOJIOBOKpy>KHTeJIbHOft SucTpoTofi!). 

rpeMji, no-fe3jn> BJierkm* Ha ^ceji-k3Huft moctt>. B-fejue TyiiaHU 
neaeHanH p-feny. Mocrb nanaoicx h moctt> He Mon> KOHHHTbc*; h 
^ceji*t3Hufl rpoxorb He Morb KOHHHTbca to^cc. Faa3a Aju*a 

AHTOHOBHHa AOHHTaJIH arpoHKy: «6»A^veTHaH KOMHCCiH xojttiafi- 
CTBOBajia>... — cXoAaTaAcTBOBaTb? 3tott> rpoxorb y6ben> hxt»»^ 
Ct> yxcacoM-b Bopoqajicji naccaKHpi>; ohcbh4ho, nuTKa ero buxo- 
AHJia H3*b rpaHHui* HejioB-fenecKHx-b Mywemft. AAain> Ahtohobhht» 
B3r^«Hyjn» bt> okho: no-fc3Ai> He BepHyjicn Ha TBepayio noisy — 
jierka*b bt> o6jiaKaxi>. Aji<lhi> Ahtohobhht, CKa3ajn>: cXojiaTafi- 
CTByio». KoHHHJiocb >*cejrfc3Hoe rpoMbixaHbe. IloKa3ajacb cranoU. 
IloAiieBKa TOJicTHKa - oma npHJibHyjia kt> OKHy: «Borb oht>: npi- 
-fexajit. BaieHbKa, a mu tc6h noAJKnaaJiH*. A^ain* Ahtohobhht* 
co6pajn> cboh chjiu. Oht» nepemejrb 3a nepTy. CxBaTHjrb caicb- 

BOHWh H BUmeJfb H3T> BarOHa. ToJICTflK'b-CTapHK'b, OTeU-b, HOJWCH- 

jttBmifi ctiHa bt> AepeBHio, o6jio6u3ajn>. Hmt> noaaam Tpoftny. 



y otua. 

C M H T>. OTeiVbl TU — OTeU*b. TlJ MeHH p04HJIT>. % HHKOrO He 

po^cjia-Tb, noTOMy hto h ynie.Tb orb H3HanajibHaro. fl ymeai» orb 
Te6H, n yHHJicH, CTpa^an-b; h BHA-fcHb* moh 6hjih hhctu. Mfffc, 

OTem>, OTKpUBaJIHCb HOBLie rop«30HTIJ. 

OteuT). J\h 9 n — oieirb. % Te6* nopoAHJn», h h HHKyaa He yxojuui>; 



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AMMT>. 19 

rj-fc 6ujrb BHanaji-fe, TaM-b h ocTajica. % uce bt, tomt> ^ce cTapHHHOMi> 
AOM-fe; h noM-fecTte Moe Bee to ^ce. % po>iuajn>: a jkhjh* ct> TBoefl 
MaTepbK). I1otomt» h #ciun> ci> 6a6aMH h A-fcBitaMH uaxneft AepeBHH, 
po^caaii. ^ OKpyjKajn. ce6a KypaMH, n-fcryxaMH, HHjuoicaMH. Y Memi 
nTHaa Hecen. aftua AearncaMH bt> aeHb. Ho \h HHqeMy He yqiMCH, 
HHKorAa He cipaAajrb. Tophsohth y neHH rfc ^ce, o, rfc nee. Kpy- 

rOM*b pa36-fe^CMHCb npOCTpaHCTBa, CTapHHHUfl, BOHCTHHy pyccKi«, 

bcc rfc ;ne. 

C u h i>. Ho tu 3aHHMaeuib bi> 3thxt> npocTpaHCTBaxi> Bee 6ojii>me 
M-tcTa: tu, oTem», noTOJicrkn-b; Te6-fc kt> jKHBOTy nopa no,HBH3u- 
BaTb TanKy. Th 6ujt> mohmt» BparoMt. Tu xorfcjn, kchh ooraBHTb 
Ha poAHH-fe; tu npennTCTBOBajib MoeMy no3HaHin hcthhu, h a on> 
Te6a 6-B>Kajn». Ho Tenept a kt> Te6-fc BepHyjica Ha im-Eneme. S 

XOHV y Te6* B3ATb 3AOpOBWi. 

Otbut>. £a, cuHT»;nnyxHy — CKopo Mip-b bm-bcthtcji bo mh-b h 
Cyay h otuomi> Moero Mipa, a tu — ero cuhomt>. Ho He oxaaM-b h 
Te6-fe no3Ham>i mohxt> 6oraTCTBi>, xoth KOHTopciua khhth no nM-fcmK) 
bt> nopjuicfc. H 3£opoBi>H Moero a Te6-fc He BepHy. Moe 3£opoBbe 
orb npaBHJbHofl ;kh3hh; y *enn jm6oBHa* CBX3b ct> KyxapKofl; h 
OHa — aymeHbKa: Ayma Bcero, hto y MeHfl ecTb. Ho xnx nero tu 
ko MH*i BepHyjcH? 

Cuht>. TaM-b, 3a rpaHHuaMH tbohxi> Bja^*BHifi, bt» 6ojibraoM*b 

Mip-fe, BT> HHOMT>, X 6bIJlT> CJIOBOMl> O JKH3HH HOBOft, ho x He no- 
CTpOH„ll> nMT> /KH3H«; OHH HCnopTHJH BCB MOH HaHHHaHUi. H X 

b3hjit> orb HHx-b cboh HaaejKAu; 6e3Haj(encHuft TeMiiuft Mip-b HeSuTin 
Tenepb 3a rpaHHueft tbohxt* BJia^'BHift. % ero He Bnacy, 3HaHHTT>, 
H-krb y Men* HHoro Mipa, KpoM-fc poAHoro Mipa, H3Ha<iajibHaro. 
3Torb Mip-b ecTb Mip-b AepeBeHCKift — TBoa ycaj*b6a. 

OTEUT). CUH1» MOft, B*b THXOMT> npHCTaHHBl'B thxo >khbh — 

onpoKHAUBaft p»mkh, njioAHCb h MHOHCtc^, h bo BceM-b cnymaflca 
OTua. 

C u h -b. % npnmeji'b He 3a tbmt,. % npHineji-b, hto6u HanaTb ct, 
Majiaro. % noKHHy tboS Mip-b TOJibKO Tor.ua, Kor^a npoBe^y pe- 
4>opMU bt> nanieMT, xoshActb-b. HoBan WH3Hb BonapHTCA y Hac-b. 
Toraa h BepHycb, OTKy^a ymejn>. 

OTEU-b. Moft CUH1>, MOft 60JIbH0ft, MOft H3MVHeHHUfi: X Te6*B 



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20 BfcCH N 4 

oTBcay jrfcrcicift tboA cfxaHreaeK'b. % Biinnmy joKTopa, h mu 
BepHeMi, Te6-fe 3AopoBi>e. 

Cuhi>. OTem>, h He 6oaeHT>: tboh ko3hh Hanajncb, ho jui 
eme no6opeMCH. 

H OHH BblUMH BT» CZXh. Grapblfi HOM'fcmHK'b 3a60TJlHBO o6hh- 

Majit cuHa. rpo3ABH cHpeHH KJOHHJiHCb. Hkim hthuu. Hhkto 6h 
He CKa3aj'b, 6ujio jih npou3HeceH0 9 ht6 6hjio npoH3HeceHo. IIpo- 
6-fcjKajia SKOHOMKa, KpHKHyBi>: cHHA»meHKH - to y Hac*b Hanaro 
na^aTbi. Tojicruft crapHKi* noao3pHTejibHo noroiHA'kjrb Ha cwHa. 
3a ynCHHOMi> Bcfe 6ujh MeptBemw hwihm. 



<*>JIHrEJIEK , b. 

CfcponeneabHbift xajiarb TOJCTHKa - oraa 6pocnjrb HeB-fcpHyc 
rfcHb Ha A^ana AffroHOBHHa; bt> 3aMKHyTOMT> 6hjih ohh cfxiHreabKi, 
tohho bt> 3aMKHyTOMi, jtipi. AjuM-b Ahtohobhht* 3HaJIT>, rji 
oht> 6bijn>, hto oht» A'taaan,. CTapHKi* mapnaj-b TycJxajjMH, a Ky- 
xapna, AymeHbica, Mtuia TapejiKH; crapRKT> BUKypnjrb Tpy6ny n 
ocrajica ^OBOJieH-b. Korja jiobhjit* 3a yet TapaKana, npo6-feraBmaro 
no cTOJiy, HecjiHCb 6yATo rpoMbi h raacM H3i> ero pTa: coaoAHTecb, 
naojurrecb, KaHaoibH — xe, xel» 

TlorjiHA'fejn* Ha 3AopoBVK>, pyiwHyio, 3JiaTOKOcy» icyxapny b 
CKa3ajii>: *3xkch He ;KHTbe f a pafi». Korja Bbimejrb, AOBoabHufi 
co6oft, Kyxapna npucHyjia CM-fexoMt, jioBOJbHax co6ofl, h H3ornyja 
CBofi nojiHtift cTanb HaA*b AjUMOM-b Ahtohobkhcmt*: cMh Tenepb 
oahh: 6epH ueKH — He bt» MoroTy Mfffc co cTapHKOMT»-To*. Birfccrfc 
nojii3JiH bt> KyxH-fe Ha neib. Aaam* Ahtohobhht* 3Haorb, hto Jii- 
jajit: oht> cnacajn* HcnoB-EHecTBo. Ho 3JioB-fcme - MepTBeHHufi jhiti> 
oToa y/KT» Topnaji-b H3i> • 3a ABepn: «Ajwmt»-to, cbiH"b-To nam*, 
naaaerb — naflaerb... A-a-a-a!» H 6ooibHo npHKOJOTHjn* Ajuuta 

AHTOHOBHHa. 

Bi> KaMopKi 6ujia 3HoftHa* Mnaa h AaaM-b, noBHTtift wyxoje- 
TOM-b, KaTajn> raapHKH H3T. xji*fc6a, Tpyjwcb bt» norfc jmia CBoero. 
Oht» 3Hajn>, hto A'kiajrb: oht> cnacajn> HejioB'tnecTBO no;rb xoxorb 



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AMM1>. 21 

h bo3hk> B03HBmarocA crapHKa y KyxapRH 3a neperopoAKoft. IIo- 
tomi> cTapHKi* AaBiui> TapaKaHOBt: cABawaTb nepBtiA, ABaAoaTb 
BTopoft, ABZxaxtb Tperift — aobojbho: TapaicaHOBT* 3ajn»»». H, 
OTKpuBan BOAonpoBo^Hufi KpaHt, inBtipHyjit AjiaMy wecTftHyx) 
BaHHy: cChah bt» Heft h miaBaft*. H pa3Aa*ocb arpyft coHHoe jo- 
noTaHbe: tUIa-a-ai... Cnxbjn> h iuaBaxb bt> BaHH-fc Ajwh Ahto- 
hobiiht*: oht» 3Hajn>, hto A-kiaai* — cnacajn* neJOBinecTBO. 

Oieui* A^aica AirroHOBHHa 6bun» TOJicreHHbift caMOAypi> ct> 

TpO&HUMTb nOA6opOAKOMl» H meiKaMH BM-fecTO Hia3T». BCK) JKH3Hb 

Konjurb AeHLra. IIoat> arapocTb pa3jrfcHjurb hxt> Ha npocTpaHCTBa: 
noM-fccTb* ero pociH; pocan h nyxan. Ci> Toft nopu oht» 3aBejn> 
ce6i Kyxapny h roBapHBaj-b eft: tTa uoh Aynia — Aynia Bcero y 
Men*: Ayma Moero ltipai. 3-aue jtcukh noroBapHBsuH, hto chht> 
OTo6ben» orb otiu ero Ayniy, BCTynHBt ct> Heft bt> HOByn CBH3b. 
CTapHKi> cani> co3HaBajn» yjftacb csoero no*o;neHui h 3anacTyio 
roBapHBajn.: rfloApocTaen* y nemi chht> — 6oaBaHi» AAan-b. Oht, 
y ueun Bee oTo6berb*. Ykt* KpecrbjiHe kochjihci* Ha crapmta ct> 
cyxocTbio, nojiHoft AOCTOHHCTBa; roBopHJin Apyn» Apyry: cByAen> 
y Haci> HOBuft 6apHHi», cuhokt*.* H HecnacL HOBan B-fecrb, 6jiaran 

BCfcMT,, 06l» AAaM-fe AHTOHOBHH-fe. 

AAaMt Ahtohobhht», chah bo cjMHreJbK'fe, CMyrao noHHMajn»; 
oin> 3Hajrb, hto a * * a * t» — noMorajrb KpecrbHHCTfiy. Borb Tyno 
ycxaBHJCH wh 6j-fcAHOcfcpyx> xyxapKHHy »6Ky, HcnempeHHytt hut- 
HaMH. cA Hy-Ka, Ayma moh, Btutofi mh4 hojkkh: 3xkcb % nocnjitH- 
Bajii,; Tenepb * 3Hax>, hto * Bain 6apHH-b». KyxapKa B3iM*Hyju 
Ha Hero, Tyno cocpeAOToneHHax, h craja mhtb Horn; yxMHJibHysacb: 
cIIaneHBKa-To Bami> 6-fejKHrb — 6i;KHrb bt» Monuiy*. H AAaMi> 
AHTOHOBHqT», HOBtift 6apHHi>, HOBbie H3peKarb saB-kru: oht> 3Hajn», 
hto A*fejiajn> — BOABop>u"b nop*AOKT»» cnacax Majoe, hto6t> npe3i> 
Majioe cnacTH h 6ojbmoe, noTOMy hto tojkko oht* nepemero 
nepTy, Toxbito oht» SHara, hto npHinia nopa — KpaftH*x nopa. 

ripHTanuucH nec-b, 6ap6oci>, noMOHHBmHCb Ha ABopnicfe, h bo3- 
ckiT> Ha Hero BepxonT> AAairb Ahtohobhht*. H neci> noTamHJT* 
ero Ha ABopt. H Ha ABop-fc cha^t* Ha net Anj3jn> Ahtohobhht>, 
BOABopnn npaBAy cbok>: 3Hajn>, ht6 A*fcjiajn>. 

CxBaTHJiH ero cejibcnie cTpaHCHHKH, npHBejiH kt> cTapHKy omy. 



/" 



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22 B*CH N 4 

A oTeut: lEniWMia: BiyTHTb chht> aepeBHro: 3apa3a — Bcfc no^b 
BoroMi, xoahmt*. FaBpioxa, ^hjih, aypajen, roBopio Baarb, nocfcKHTe 

CUHKa. ChHOBHJH o6*3aHHOCTH AOJIftHU 6HTb C06j»4eHM BCKD^V*. 

H nockKaJiH ero n-ieTLMH: cAun> — niaun>: hbtb, mecTb... Anrb— 
maun,: AecATb, ABajuiaTb*. IIotomt» iiojio^chjih bt» nocreab, Kain» 
bo rpo6i>; nepHHt, nam* KaMHeft, HaBajiHJin HaAt hhmt> 6jii.nHO- 

AyniHHX'b, MepTBeHHO-H-fcMUXT>. Y H3rOJOBbfl A^Ma AHTOHOBHqa 

mojkho 6hjio BHA'brb KyxapKy: cor6eHHaa, cTapoo6pa3HO oHa npe- 
najia kt> HeMy >KyTKO-CHpoTJiHBHM*b cnjiysToii-b h roaocHJia, a owh, 
6yjpo ch nepenoH Bee kochjtb; ho oTBajiRirb nepHHti, pyKH npoTa- 
Hyjn» kt> KyxapK*t; BCTajn> bt> uaJibcoHax-b jw bt> coponicfc, noma- 
THBancb: cfl B03CTajn» ci> ojpa: He 6yAbTe, aymeabKa, c;rfciiu». 

Kyxapna TOJiuajia HKaBmaro ct> nepenoa Alalia AHTOHOBrrea: 
«EapHHT>, npocHHTecb*. 

KpnxTa h B3AuxaH 9 yckncn oH'b Ha nocrejin; Aa sto 6ujrb xoabKO 
coht> h OH'b .eiue He nporoBopiuicn, san^MT* oht> npi'fcxaji'b. Bnepa 
HOHbio OH'b npr£xajn> kt» omy h oTeirb Tyn» ^ce ero Hanon:n>: o, 
KaKi> 6m yraHTb, Kain» 6m He nporoBopHTbcal Oht» 3Ha.rb, hto 
A'kaaj'b: oht> cnacajrb neJOB'fcHecTBo. A^aarb Ahtohobhjit> Kopefinrb 
ckjohhjit> Ha4i> HOHHtiMT* cTOJiHKOM-b cBoe 6jr£jiHoe, eji-fenHoe, Ga-fea- 
Hoe jihuo ch ycTajiHMH, no^cjiinoBaTtiMH rony6uMH raa3asin — r 

BCKHHyJTb JIOBKO Ha HOCT. neHCH3, CKJOHHHCb HWb TpaKTaTOIfb DO 

<})HHaHCOBOMy npaBy. «Ilo3BOJibTe, 6apHirb, oTKpuTb cTaBH»?> He 

OTB-feTHJn> — HHTaJn>; HO 3TO TOJIbKO Ka3ajiocb: 30pKO CxfcjtfWb 3a 

KyxapKoft, He y3Hajia jih OHa ero TaftHu. 

Borb OH'b nprfcxajn,. 3^-fecb HaHHerb oht> CBoe A-fcoio, y>Ke off* 
Bee pa3opBajn> co crapmrb; otciojw bt> Mip-b ero HaHHeTca npn- 
mecTBie. Ho nona — MOJRame! Bnepa ohh hhjih, -kin — n nnan, 
nHJH. noAHHMaH araKairb ct> Bo^Koft, oht> eme noMHiwb, hto 
Hy^cHO TanTbCH, a onycKaa, He noMHHjn>: o6HHMajicH ct» oraoirb, 
o6a, nbHHue, maTajiHCb yrpoM-b no cany Ha 3ap*fc h hto-to roBopHm 

O^BajicH. Oraao KopoB-b npoTamHJiocb kt» o6-fcay. IlacTyrb 
opajrb n-fecHio po^KKOM-b, h cnnjiaxi>» meJKajrb 6hht», Ckjohhjt> 
ycTaoioe, eji^Hoe, 6ji-fcAHoe, 6jn'B4Hoe CBoe jihuo h jobko bckhhv3t» 
neHCHs: 3Hajn>, hto ^-knaji-b: cnacaJT» qeJiOB-tnecTBO. 

3Hajn>, hto ero coht> — He coht>, a npoo6pa3T> rpHAymaro. Obt» 



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A^AMX. 23 

npeBpaTHJit chmbojili bt> Bonjiomeme: TBopwjn> bt» Mip-t 6ut1h 

Mipi> U*feHHOCTeft. 



JOMA, HA OTJUX-fc! 

AiUMi, Ahtohobhht> Bumcn H3t> cjxjmrejibKa, KOTopufl bt» jrfcr- 
CTB-fe OH*b Ha3UBaxi> «MipOMl>». Ckbo3b CTCKJIO KpHKHyJlt oht> uiyTKy 

npHcnyrk: cTu eme bt* cMip-fc», a a yytcb ne bt> Mip-fc: a bt» Poccin». 

rop6aTUH paBHHHu pa36*k^aJHCb Ty^a h cKua — paBHHHU pyo 

cnifl, H3i>'kjieHHu < a oBparaMH, arapuHHUH, po^Hua, ace rfc jkc. 

cYmohI) Poccin He o6H)m>: y Hefi oco6eHHaa cTaTb, bt> Pocciio 

MOyKHO TOJIbKO B-fcpWTb», nO^yMaJIt OHT>: «IIpaBU CiaBHHOCJ>HJIu: 

ohh B-fepHJin B'b moc npHniecTBie. Ce, rp>uy >KeHHxy». H nouie-Tb 
m> cmy nHTb nafi. IIhjjh naA, a H3i> cocB^Heft KOMHaTti pa3AaBa- 
jiHCb ^ceHCKie rovioca: iHiuiomewH-To y Bac-b najaiorb?* 

— dla^aiorb*. 

— «A-a-a». 

H HacTynajio Mojmme. 

Orem* noao3pHTe:ibHO nocMOTp-krb Ha cuHa: «Hto-to ct> nwiHy, 
jipyrb Moft, Hecypa3Hoe tu roBopnjrb*. H A^aMi> Ahtohobhht> oTB*fc- 
thjtb, totobh oraop-b, 6xijmoe, 6ji-kAHoe, 6-Tfc.nHoe BCKHHyxb -ihuo, 
npHmypHBi* rojiy6ue, noacirknoBaTue nia3a h raajtji cfc^rfeioinyio 
6opoAy: «A x BHirkn, bo cH-fc, hto KaTajica Ha nct». 06a thjK&io 
B3AOXHyjH. Oreirb cnpocHjn>: cHto tu HaM-fepeHT> .a-knaTb?* — 
tKorjw-To x nonnctiBajn> h noHHTHBa.Yb: Tenepb y;ne HHnero He 
nnmy, HHqero He HHTaioi. Otcut* x:ionHyjrb ero no mieny: cThxo 
no>KHBaft ce6*t Ha po^HH-t, bt> crapHH-fc*. H, noKa3UBa* bt» okho, 
npHCOBOKynnjn>: «3to — Haina po^HHa — npocTpaHCTBa. 3;rfccb hckohh 
thxo nonCHBawrb. By^eM-b yue h mm HeH3id>HHue, poAHue*. A 
H3T> cocfcaHeft KOMHaTM pa3jWBajiocb H-feyKHoc jionoTaHbe: cBu 6u 
HHAiomeHKaMt rojioBKy-To boaohkoA cmohhjihi. 

— cjja yyne mh cMaHHBajH*. 

— cA-a-a!» 

H HacTynnjio MOJiiame. 

OTem» no,no3pHTejibHO nocMOTp-fe-Tb Ha cuHa: «Hto 3to ct> nwiHa 
cTparaHoe Tanoe tu roBopnjn*?* Aaairb Ahtohobhht> Hanaji-b bcho- 



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24 BfcCH N 4 

MHHaTb. Hnnero He BcnoMHHJrt. PyKH ero paBHoayniHo noBHcin 

B^OJIL KOJI*BH1>: yCTaBHJICH BT> OKOOIKO RT> Cj-EAHO-CEpUJI KOMKH 

npaxa, HcnempeHHtie py6hhobumh 6yKamKaMH. Oht> Ayuarb o6t> 
otu*b: oTem» roBapHBajn>: cBpeim — AeHbrni h Ha 3Tomt> ocHOBamn 
KonHJii> BpeMeHa; pa3M-BHHJn» BpeiieHa Ha npocTpancTBa; h noM-fecrwi 
pocjiH, poaiH h nyxjiH. Ct> Toft nopu oht» BJtaHHJH> KaJiKoe cyme- 
CTBOBame h orpoMHuft jkhbotl, npjuto nponopnioH&HLHufi npo- 
cTpaHCTBy h o6paTHo nponopuioHajiLHufi KpacHop-feniio; aiBie h3ukh 
cm'bajhcl, 6yATo omy noAB^3UBaioTT> TaHKy no;n> ^chbott> jum 
odjierneHiH ero ynacrn, 6yATo oht> noroBapHBajn>: cHajiBHraDTc* 
ohh h a B^pyn. HCHe3Hy, h6o cTapv, y6epHTe Tonw mok> najjajib, 
ocraBiuyiooi bt» HaarfeACTBO*, h npn 3Tomt> npnroBapHB&iH: cKa- 
KOB*b /KHBOTt, TaKOBO H HaCfl-BACTBO*; A^aMi* Ahtohobhht> 3Hajn», 

hto BpeMeHa Ha hcxojte h npocTpaHCTBa ero 3eiiejii> Ha.no BepHyra 
BpeMeHH o6paTHO, hto6h cnacTH h bhbccth Aymy h3t» Bpeneffb: 
uiyuiy cbok), 3HaHHn> Aymy ne-noB-BHecTBa. 

Ilpouijra AynienKa Kyxapna, noA03pHTejii>Ho norauwBBT> na Alalia 
AHTOHOBHna JiasypbK) oqeft. 

— «CbIH*b MOft, HTO TH TaKOft 3aAyMHHBLlfi? CblBTb MOft, X 6o»Cb 
3a TBOe 3AOpOBbe». Bjl-BAHOe BCKHHyJTb AjUMX AhTOHOBHHT>, 6ji*ea- 

Hoe CBoe jihuo, ho ycTajio onycnurb pyKH, KOiyja MyjKHKi*, 3B-fcpcKH 
cocpeAOToqeHHLift, npo6-fc;Kajrb bt> okh-b ct» y3Aoft bt> pyK*fc: Bne- 
pe^H Hero cKaKana Jionia^b. cIIyxHerb — nyxHerb bt> Monwy: Hcnoa- 
hhiotch cpoKH: HanaTb, cKop-feft HanaTb*. YnajH KanJiH, bt> kom- 
HaTy noHeoiHCL hhjilho aojKAeBue apoMaTH. Tyna npoTamnoiacb, 
He Hs^o^cneBHJiacb, h ee npHBjun> bt> oS-wmn cyxoft TynaH-b. — 

«CfcIHT> MOfl, CKa^H HTO-HH6yAb. Til CBOAHmb MeHH bt» Monuy, 

cepaue kojiothtch: y mchji oauniKa. Hto 03Hanaerb Bee 3To?> Ho 
A^aM-b Ahtohobhht> bckohhjit> h BH6-BjKaxb bt> cajn>; 6ucTpuxH 
uiaraMH nomeon> Ha jepeBHK), h eiiy bcji*bat> KpHnajn> arapuft oTeirb: 

fOHHHCb: TU — BT» ^yiHHOft TbM*B>... 

ffOTem*, 0Tem»! % BtipBy y Te6a BjracTb: a ocBo6o^cy cbok> 
Ayniy, cnacy poAHHy. Mh-b 6ooibHO Te6a y6HBaTb, ho jw cBep- 
iiihtch npe4CKa3aHie!> 

TaK-b mejn> Aaaan. Ahtohobhht., noAHiiB-b pyKH bt. noajurb: 
3Hajn», hto A'fcjiajn>: cnacajn> HeJioBinecTBo. 



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A.J.AM'L. 25 

norop-kibuu cha^jih Ha rakioineM'b; nepHbia, 6e3cne3HbiH JiHua 
ycTaBHJHCb bt> TbMy. B^aJiH oahhoko TopnaJia Tpy6a oSrop'fejioft 
nenn. Bt> cTopoH-fe Ha cnajieHHOMT> 6peBH-fc cHA*fem> BniHBufi da- 
Phkt» ci> BtiiwHeHHoft rydoft; oht> TOBopnjrb XHbiRajomHM-b 6a6aarb: 
cHto 3HaeMi>, noMHHM-b— o-xo-xoo: bott> TaK*b ^ce 6tiBajio h bo Bpe- 
MeHa roHemfi. Ho npnxoAHrb KOHeui. H bott> chahmt> Tyn. h 
memeMOi o npHiuecTBiH*. CojiHue caAiwocb iuiaMeHHcro 6arpoBoe 
h cpa3y noMepKJio, He coBJiajiaBt co Mrjioft. Obiiu dlijihjih 3o;iofi. 
TAi-TO B^ajiH n-fejin: cPoccia, Poccia, Poccin moh: bchomhh th, 
Poccia, .aeBHTa anBapji!» A arapmcb npo^oJi^cajn>: «3to He MaTb 
Hania, poAHHa*. Ho Ha^BHrajicH A^awb Ahtohobhto: oht, B03A'kn» 
cbok) pyKy h TpocTHHKoft noaeBoft KOCHyjiCH: «H — ajb4)a h OMera: 
Hanajio h KOHem>: Mipt Moft Aapio Ba*n>». — cTaKi> tohho, Baaia 

MHJIOCTb: 3eMeJIbKH 6bl MaJIOCTb>, KpflKHyJTb MyyKHKT>, HO Afl,aMT> 

Ahtohobhht> nomexb Aajibme, npomeiiTaBT> hto-to My;KHKy». HtoA- 
to?j — cnpocHJia 6a6a. cBaen>: cKopo Bnuib He yBH^HMt ero, yna- 

THTT> BHmb BT» JlHCHHeHCKT>, 2L nOTOMT* OnHTb BHHIb 6yAeTT>; Haft 

to ero,- 6aerb, He yTeKyrb on HacT>>. — tJleMOKparbl* — yxMbuibHVJica 
napeHb h san-km.: «Poccih, Pocci*, Poccia moh: homhh tu, Poc- 
cin, AeBHTa HHBapali 

cOtcut., r OA^Hy 6arpHHHny; n B-fcHOKT> noaieBbix-b 3*iaK0BT> 
B03Jaraio OTHbwfc Ha ce6n. CnacTbe, th yxoAHJio orb mchh. Ho 
x BepHyjicn Ha poAHHy. % y^ce HHKyaa He yftAy orb Te6n, poah- 
Ha-MaTb: yxoAfl, He yftAy: noKHAa*, npeSyAy. £a, a npeSy^y. «IIe- 
peA*b A^aMOM-b Ahtohobhhcmt> Tpenuxajiocb nyraoio. Poronta, Jiona- 
cthmh pa3B-tHBaHCb Ha 3ap-fc, raenTajia: cBpemi Hacrajio*. .HoHara 
pa3A-fejiCH cbiH-b, AjiaM-b, bt> BeTxifi comeAmift 3aB*fcrb poAHHbi 
CBoeft: o6iiaHHJiCH bt» poroacy; bosjio^hjit, Ha ce6n B-fcHem* h3t> 
TpaBi* nojieBtix-b, npHAopo#CHbix*b; He xsopocTHHy — nocox-b BbiAep- 
Hyjn> oht. H3i> 3CMJ1H, noMaBan 6epe30Boft B^TBbK), KaKi> Bafteft 
CBHmeHHoft. CTajn>, Kaio> cTpa^cx, Ha Aoporfc. GfcponbiJibHaH ao- 
pora nma Ha 3aKarb. Cha^JH* rpam>; cHA'kji'fc h xpHn-km> Ty w, rxh 
He6ecHoe n&hj&jio njaMH 3eiuiK). 

Biiojib c-feponbiJibHoft Aoporn, 6-feryineft bt» cyMpaKi*, mojkho 
6ujio BHA'farb cji-knuoBT». CorfieHHbie, cTapoo6pa3bie, ohh Tamn- 
jHCb KyTKocnpoTJiHBbiMH cHJiysTaMH, Aep^cacb Apyrb 3a Apyra h 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



26 BiCH N 4 

3a naaicy noBOAupii. IImjhjih. Oahht> 6hun> 6e3T> 6opo;uj: cm 
Bee kochji-b. ilpyroft, crapHHeKT> ct> BtmHHeHHoft ry6ofi Bee *o- 
jihjica h inenTajit. Tperift, o6pocmifl p«;khmh KocMaMH, tojuco 
xmyphjich. CnHHU hxt, 6ujih BurHyTu, rojioBu hh3ko onymeHU, 
pyKH npoTHHyTu kt> naanci. GrpaHHO 6hjio BHxfcrb sto 6e3MOJB- 
Hoe mecTBie bt> rpo30BOMi> cyMpaick TaKi> 6peJiH ohh H6U3niH- 
Hue, HCKOHHue, oi-fenue. O, ecjiH6i> npo3p-kiiH, o, ecjH6*b He 6h- 
jih crfcnu! Pyccnaa 3eMJui, npocHHCb! 

M BeTxift o6pa3T> BepHyBniaroca uapn A^aMa 6epe30Byjo ony- 
CTH.3T> B-frrBb kt> 6-kntiMT> 3paKaMT». H B03Jiarajn> oht> Ha HHX1» 
pyKH, Konia, kphxth h B3AHxaH, ycfenncb ohh B*t ntuib, hto6w na- 
xaTb bt» pon> jiomth nepHaro xa-fe6a TpncymHMHCH pynaMH. Baiji- 
Hufi CB'fcrb MepTBeHHuxt TyHi, najn» Ha HXT> JIH1W H OHH Ka32- 
jnicfe rpo3HonenejibHbiMH. Bcnuxnyjia MOJOHbfl, BcnuxHyjH ocain- 
jieHHUH JHua: o, ecjm6i» npo3p-knH, o, ccjih6t> yBH^-fcaH CB-fcrb! 

AiWM-b, A^aM-b: tu croHmb ocwHHuft Mo-noHbHMH. KpoTKyw 
B-tTBb oTHUH-t B03Jiaraeuib th Ha hxt> jiHua. A^aMT>, A4aMT>, no- 
Morn, BepHH, npH^H. H oht» B03Bpamaen> hmt> sp-fcme. 

Ho cjrfcnuu noBopanHBajiH cfcpontuibHua JiHua, pacicpuBaJH 
6*kibMa h He npo3p-tBajin. H B-feiepi* nienTa:n>: «3a nicaoMeHeMt 
ecTe>. 3aTpeneTajia h3t> Tym> orHeuHOKpacHaa ncaeHa n no- 
Tyxjia. IlpojieneTajia 6epe3Ka, B3MOJiHJiacb: ycHyaa. Cyjtpain> pa30- 
pBajica y ropH30HTa: OTTy^a Topqajia 3aKaTa KpoBaBax roaoBH*. Ha 
poroyK* KpacHue rop*fcnH, spue yrojiwr, h aptiMH oHa, KaKi> noaoca- 
Tuil njiaiirb, pa3B-feHBajacb naTHaMH Ha 3apio. Ha' bockobomt* aHKi 
Aaaaia B-feHKa nojieBbia TpaBHHKH H-fcjKHHM-b hocbhctomt. ncnyraH- 
ho n-fciH, a cohhuh pocoft, 3ejieHUH KHCTbH oraeBoro Kponnjn 
cae3oft He3p*HHx-b He3pHHin Jinua: 3Hajn», hto xfcjiajn> — B03Bpamaxb 
3p-tHie. Bo3Bpamajn», oTein>, hmt> ;KH3Hb h orHeBbia H3*b raa3T> 
KaTHJiHCb caeiu: h He KpoBasuM-b Kpy>KeBOMT> cjie3-b Kypnacn ero 

nOBHTUft JIHKT>, CB*feTJIOCTbIO OB-feHHHHft: UapCTBO KypHJIOCb OTU2, 

noBHToe noxcapoMi». 

aOreu-b, h y^e He BepHycb kt> TeG-fe, h6o TeCn h H-fen* BOBce: 

TbI OTHUH-t rOpHEUb, HCXOAHHIb HaAOMt, HCXOAHUIb HpaXOMT*.! Oh^ 

B03Bpauiavic« bt» ropo;n>: 3najii, hto xhazji'b. IIIeJi> orb Maaaro 

KT> f)0-lbIIieMy, HT06bI KO BC-feM-b B03BpaTHTbCX. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



Bhh3i> pa36*fe^ajacb paBHHHa: h JIhchhchckt* xepoajtb bwr 

3OJI0TUMT» tZWh KpeCTOM-L. 

Bt» xy nopy nojuBaja oTuy nyxapica cTyjeHb. Oreirb nonepx- 
nyac* ^cHpHKMi* KycKOMi>, Korja TapeJKa y 30jotokocoA Btinaja 
KyxapKH, h oHa HanojiHiua KOMHaTy thxhmt, a H-fc/KHUMT* 3bohowt»; 
H^eHmHHa 6yATo noMOJOjrkaa, 6yAto craaa CKB03Ha*, h— ax*bl— H-fc>K- 
humt» TpOHyjacb oCjaKOMT*; bott> 6bua ynce OHa y ok Ha, H*fc)KHoA 
BUKypHBa*cb crpyftKofl eRMiaMa bt> hohh tcml: ii yyKT> to ue au- 
mokt>: to -fe^Kifl iuaMeHH memo*, nieJiKi*, no6*fe>KaBiiiiA no crfcHairb 
AOU2L. Homt> 3aropajcH: Ayuia OTJCTaaa 11 noftapa renepb Heat 3* 
y^ce 6ujio HHKaio> notyuinTb. 



JinCHHEHCKT*. 

Kto timi* caAaacH Ha cTanuiH y Cyc^eTa, noiiepKuiiA, THxifi, ho 
OBaa^'feBmift C060A? B*b nJCTCHoA Kop3RH-fc KaKT» 6« on 6-fcjb*, 
3aKpuToft CHHeft KyxaneBoft TpanKoA, coxpaiiHJiHCb uapcnix pern- 
jin: h poro/Ka, n B-fcHeirb H3i> nacToameft M-fcAH h MHoroe imoe, 
o neMT* ne ca-^AOBsuo 3HaTb. Bj-feAHoe, 6a-feAHoe, 6a-feAHoe Kao- 
HHjn> jihuo AAairb Ahtohobhht>: 3HaaT» f HTO A*kia.Tb — B03BpamaJCH 
bt> ctojihuv, cTpaniHOio CBoefl o6.ieHeHHwft TaAnoft. Kto noA>Ken> 
aomi> OTua? Hjih ero hhkto He nojuKHram>? — 3aH-fcM*b cnpaniHBaTb: 
no-t3Ai» 6pochtch Bee BnepeAT>, nee Bnepejn> — Kyaa? 

CfvUOHRJOI HMl DHBOMT*. PflAOMX TOJCTJiKT* OTHpa.1T> HOTb 

(renepb 6hjio oahhmt> tojcthkomt* MeHbme). Phaomt> tojicthki* ro- 
Bopnxb: cPo^Cb 3anpojuu-b h Ha KopHD. Becb AeHb bo3hjch ci> 

^CHAOMT.: IIOH.Yb, KOpMH.Tb HOpxaTarO*. Co6eC'feAHHK'b 3'fcBHy.Tb 

cAaai. H Hacrymuio MoanaHie. 

IlpoTpeneTajia KpacHan »6Ka lrfcmaHOHKH co B3AepHyTu>n> ho- 
CHKOM-b h ynopxHyaa Ha njiaTc^opMy. Bt» oiurfc XHXHKHyjrbTejierpa- 
cjMCTb, mejKHyjn> H3Hkomt» ii npnnaj-b kt» annapaTy. MiuxaHOHKa 
CTfhMsmz rjia3aMn bt> acb-apa (acb-ap-b 6w-Tb bt» nepHoft py6auiK'fc), 
npoHocacb cb noApyroA, AOTomHoft h HanjWHBmeft uuaiiKy. IIpo- 
xoah, mojioaoA ac-b-ap-b chhjit, cf>ypa;KKy: «AAaaiy AHTOHOBHHy 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



28 BiCH N 4 

noHTeme*. XMypo ctojut* MoxHa<n>, Hepn> 3Haen> bt» nem,, ho 
bt> nanark h ct> ca6jeft. r^'t-To napoB03i> jKajiOBajc* Ha pa3CToxHie 
h coxjh bt> 6yc}>erfe nnpo^KKH, 3acH#ceHHue Myxaun. 

A^aMT> Ahtohobhtl BCTajrx»: tHayqy, npocB-fcmy, h6o k — cB-fcn>, 
h6o h — ynoBame; 3eitiK) Hamy cKop6Hyn He ocTaBJiio, pH3oft ee 
CBoex) noKpoio, noKpox) pH30ft*. 

IloAomejn> kt> Kap3HHK-fe h npHnoAHJUTL KynaHeBVK> TpjniKy, 
npHAep^HBan y Hoca neHCHs: Bee 6ujio bt> coxpaHHOcro. 

no-B3Xi» JLOxro He npaxoAHJi*. Bwmejrt co cTaHuin: pozHoft 

JlHCHHeHCKT> TOHHJICH BT> 3HO*BJ ZOMHHIKH 6pOCaJH TyCRJUfl T^HH 

r;iyno Topnaaa BjajiH AepeBaHHaa KajaHHa; TapataflKH npo-fejsain 
no M^rKOMy. TojibKO imicaja npojieTKa Ha 6htuxt> Kzunxrb h rb 
Heft iuiHcajn* ypHAHHKi> co d/BxaBmeft 4>ypa^CKoft. Ha aaBowt 
cH^-kiH h rpu3JiH noAcojiHyxn; ronctzn irfcmaHKa noBH3aHHa& mai- 
komt>, Bti6pactiBajia raejyxy BunflneHHoft ry6oft h meirrajtacb cb 
M-fcmaHKoft: tKopeftnrb, Ajumi» Ahtohobhtb; cxopoHHjn, oma: ai- 
tocb noM-tcTte AOTJia crop-kao, Aa h cTapHin> crop-fcji> To^e; 
npo^cHBajn* Tyn» oahht> — cHHMajn> y 3ynnxH ()>jiHrejieKi>». Co- 
ctAKa pa3HHyja port: cA-a-a-a». H Hacrynnjio MOjniaHie. Bene- 
p-faomift Jiym* ynajit Ha BtiB-fecKy h Ha nepHOMt 3a6arpHJiHCi» 
^capHUH, 30JOTUH 6yKBti: cIloKy nna h npajiajica 3epHa- 
b aBa xjie6a». 

PyccKan 3eMJH: Bpan> He ApeiuerB. Bee h3m-bhhjioci>, BceMy 

npilXOAHTB KOHeUT*. PyCCKaH 36MJ1A! 

AAaMt Ahtohobhtb Kopeftnn> ckn» bt» noi3At. napoB03*k 
no^cajiOBajicn Ha pa3CTOHHie njianeBHo h oyno. 



OAPb AAAMT>. 



Oahht>. TopoAT», JKap**. IIocmotph: TycKaaa MTJia HOHHCM-fc- 
HHJia TycKJiyw MTJiy ah*. Bora y^cbTpn jrfeoma ero H'fcra — ymejn>, 
HaBcerAa. Bon> ero 6pioKH, a bott> ero manna; th pa36Hpa» 
pyKonncH? OH-t cocTaBHJiH 6w Jiynmift tomt>. A offi ymerb. Ca- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



A&kWb. 29 

ahjicji TycKJiuft Kpyrt cojiHua; 3aKpoeMi> OKHa: moctobmh ntinian* 

JKapOMl,. 

JlpyroA. Mbi noTep^an o hcmt. H3B-fccTia, Koaa oht> npo- 
nan*b bt> cpe^Hefi noaocfc. TyAa ynajrb, Kaio> flpKaa HCKpa: cj> 
rfarb nopi, Bee 3aKypiuioci>: Ji-fecHue nojKapu HAyrb H3t> Tofi o6na- 
cth. A botl ero pa3p^3ajiKa. 

Cuhht,. nO-t3Aa.OCTaHaBJIHBaK)TCH, noTOMy HTO TyCKJIHA ahmt. 

h TycKJioe njiaMH Bajmn, Ha Hacb, ouohcubzh ropoAi> orHeHHUMT* 

KOJIbUOM'b. IIo*k3Aa OCTaHaBJIHBaiOTCH. 

,H p y r o ft. 3to HHnero He 3Ha4Hn>... A bott> ^nopTcnrap-b: 
KaKi> jihd6hjii> oht> 6e3irfcjifeHo BeprfcTb ero bt, pyKaxx, nonypHBan. 
Cero^HH, KajKeTCH, 6bun> >Ke;iTbift 3aKaTHiue. 

O a h h t. Ero aio6HMuft 3aKan>, ho ;KejiTbiH-;KejiTLift n nyTb- 
nyTb cTpainHwft. TorAa mu eme ne noHHMa-iH A^aAia, ho Tenept... 

JX p y r o ft. Co6epeMT> yme Benin h cjio>khmi. bt> oaho M-fccro. 
3a^oKeMi» CB-knH; 3a CTaKaHOMi> KpacHaro BHHa, ero b h h a, 6y- 
AeMt Tpane3HHnaTb ao 3apn, ao H3HeMO«eHw. H 6yjien> yT- 
powT> >KeJiTuft 3aKaTHiue. 

Jlericift cTyKi> y ABepn, Jienuft cryin> y ABepH. QiyniafiTc: aer- 
Kift CTyKi> y ABepH. ^i, Aa: 6e3T> coMH-fcHui. Ohh co6pa.iH Bcfe 
Beiun; Kejuoe njiaMH 3anaTa Bee hmt> Tain> ;khbo HanoMHHJio, a 
^ceJiTUH cB-tnH, ^cejiTMH cB-fenH: He mooo 'Me Bee sto He BepHVTb 

X03HRHa. H X03flHHT> BepHynai. 

H oTKpujiacb ABeps: ynoBamft 6e3iwpcTBeHHbift uapb, uapb Ha- 
Ae;KAT>, AjuM-b, Ha BeTxoe coineAinift nenejmiue poahhu poAHiioft — 
Aa: botl oht> cpeAH hhxt>... ctohtt> — 

— bt> njiami h3t> poro;KH, xfuurh yrojibeMT* naB- 
hihxt> CB-fcroB-b noKpuToft (a bt> pyicax-b hxt> njiauiyrb 
KcaTbia cB-tHH). KaKi> nojiocarbift iuiamT> pa3BHBaeTca 
bt» hohh TeMbI Ha bockobom-b ero neji-t (KanaioTCH, >Keji- 
tu« CB-knH, KanaioTc^) B-fcHica nojieBbi* TpaBHHKH, a coh- 
Hoft pocoft HanoeHHan 6axpoMa 6epe30Baro ero ckh- 
neTpa, jiHCTBAHaji, cTpynrb 30jiothh, aHTapHbia c:ie3bi: 
cBac-b He noKHHy 0THbiH*fc, 6pari)il> — 
HoHb TeMHa. Tpemarb npojieTKH. itymHan bt» oKH-fc HaBa-iHJiacb 
Tyna. Hhub c^oHapHbix-b orneft npoTnuyjacb Aaseno. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



30 BfcCH N 4 

— Haci> He noKHHenib oimiirfc, 6pan»? «Hy, cua/SH, 

ny, cicajKH Ke! Axt>, oTnero >kt> th MoaqHnib? IIpHJw »e, 

npHAH! pa3;rfcjiH Hainy Tpane3y! GraKaHi* TeMHtro BHHa, 

TBoero BHHa. CiiepTeJiLHO ycrajiHft, tu ct> HaMH, Aim, 

uapb, 6e3uapcTBeHHuA uapb». Ehjio hxt> Tarn* Tpoe, n 

ohh yjiu6aJiHCb bt» cB-knaxT*. 

Bt> OKHaxt cTynajiH TycKJiHH cjie3ti hohh. yTpoin* ^ceimfl, 

jKeJiTuft 6ujh>, /Kexruft Bocxo;n>. Ehjih noraineHia cb^hh, 6hjh 

cjiojkchh Benin: h4jtt>, He BepHeTca oht>. Tyja yxo«afln>, ho onyja 

ne B03BpamaioTCH. Tjii me tm, ixfc th? 

A h a p e ft Eiiuft. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



PAflOCTM 3EMH0K J1I0BBH. 

Tph hobejjhj. 

nocBxnueTc* AHH-b AejpeeBH-fc TopeHKO. 



Oj.HOBpeMeHHo ct> 6jiaropoAHoft crpacTbio, KOTopa* 3anbiJia-ia 
bt> cepjurfe Hairre AauinriepH kt> AonepH 3HaMeHHTaro 4>ojibKo 
IIoHTHMapH, Ha3UBaeMoA ea nojipyraMH H-fejKHoft EeaTpnne, 4>jio- 
peHnifl BHA'kaa Apyryio jiio6obi», paaocTn h nenajiH KOTopofi npo- 
xo^hjih He cpe^H xojioahhxt* He6ecHiJXT> npocTpaHCTBt, a 3^-fecb 
Ha us'tTymeft HTanbflHCKoft 3eMJi-fe. 

H aah Toro, KOMy TocnoAb Eon> bt> 6e3KOHe<*Hoft MyapocTH 
cBoefi He no3BOJiHjn» 6bm> cBHA'trejieM'b atoro npeKpacHaro 3p-fe- 
jiHma, a pa3CKa?Ky to neMHoroe, hto mh^ HSBicTHO o jho6bh 6:iaro- 
poAHaro Tbhao KaBajibKaHTH kt» crpofiHofl npHMaBepi. 



i. 

JloJiro orpaaaa on, TH>Kejiaro, xoth h cjiaauaro Hcayra CKpuToft 
jik)6bh, KaBajibKaHTH, HaKOHem>, piinHJi-b oTKpbiTbca 6-iaropo^Hoft 
Aan-fe cbohxt, Mbicjeft, H-feKHoft IIpHMaBep'fc, pa3CKa3aBT> bt> en 
npHcyTCTBik BbiMbiniJieHHyio ncTopiio, ixfc HCTHHa oTKpbiBajiacb 6bi 
nojn> cfcrbio XHTpoyMHbixT> BbuyMOKi>, noiio6HO MaTOBoft 6-knH3H-fe 
>KeHCKoft pyKH, ciLnonib noKptiToft jiparoirfcHHWMH KOJibuaniH BeHe- 
IliaHCKHX-b MacTepoBT>. 

Gaynaft — yBbi!— ainuiKOM-b Hacro KOBapHbift cok>3hhkt> BJiio6-ieH- 
huxt>, Ha 3Tott> pa3i> 3axorfejn> noMOHb eMy h ycTpoHJTb TaKi>, hto 
Kor^a KaBajibKaHTH nocfeTHJiT> CBoero Apyra, 6jiH3Karo poACTBeH- 
HHKa npeKpacHoft IIpHMaBepbi, oht, Hamejn> hxt> o6ohxt>, 6ecfc- 

AyiOmHX-b BT> O^HOft H3T> 3aj)T> HXT> JOMa H, He B036yjKiiafl HHKa- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



82 BfcCN N 4 

khxt> nojio3p*iHift, Mon> npocHTb pasp-femeHLH pa3CKa3an> puuap- 
ckvk) HCTopiio, 6y;cro 6bi hcwbho npoHHTaHHyic hmt> h chjilho 
nopa3HBiuyio ero BooGpa^ceme. Ero jpyrb BbicKa3ajn> jKHB-fcftmee 
Heiepn-feHte BucayniaTb ee, a IIpHMaBepa, onycTHBi> i\aa3a, yjuGKofl 
jiaaa noHHTb cBoe yKejiame, o6HapyjKHBT> upH stomt, eme pa3T>Ty 
coBepmeHHyio ynTHBocTb, KOTopaa oTJinnaerb jihui bhcokoto npo- 
Hcxo>KAeHiH h He MeH-fee bhcokhxt> j(ymeBHuxi> nanecrB-b. 

KaBajbKaHTH Hanajn> pa3CKa3HBaTb o ceHbep-fc, KOTopuft j»6hjit» 
jamy, He TOJbKO He oTB-knaBmyio Ha ero nyBCTBa, ho AaRe Bbipa- 
3HBmyio yKcaame He BCTp-fcnaTbCH ci> hhmt> coBcfcarb, hh Ha yjinuan, 
hxt> poAHoro ropojw, hh Ha co6paHum> 6iaropo,aHbirb ^aMT>, rjrt 
oH-fe noKasbiBaiorb cboio KpacoTy, hh bt> uepKBH bo BpeMK Mecca; 
KaKi> 3Torb pbiuapb, ct> cep.imeM'b, ixfe, Ka3a^ocb, Bet nenajH cbrjh 

CBOH rH-fe3Aa, CKptlJICH BT> CaMblft OTJUJieHHHft H3T» CBOHXT> 3aMK0BT> 

4<3H cTpaHHHXT> 3a6aBi», MyHHTejrbHbirb HaciaHUeHift Hepa3jrkieHHoft 

JIK)6BH. 3HaMeHHTblft Xy^OJKHHK'b H3T> 30JOTa H CJOHOBOft KOCTH 

crkiajT> eny AHBHyx) cTaTyio .aaMbi, Jio6oBb kt> KOTopofi CTaja 
BaacTHTejubHHueft ero AymH. IIoTHHyjiHCb ojHHOiue ahh, to ne- 
najibHue h 3aAyMHHBbie, Kain> cobh, jKHBynuji bt> 6oftHHaaxi» 
3aMKa, to JuoBHTtie h MepHbie, Kain> 3irfcH, m-ksjwmincR bt» ero 
no^Baaaxi>. Ct> paHHjiro yrpa jlo no3AHeft hohh ckjohjmch hc- 
cnacTHbift BJiio6jieHHufi nepe;n> 6e34ymHoft cTaTyeft, Hanojiajm pu* 
^aHLHMH h B3AoxaMH ryjiKO 3ByHamU 3aiu. H Bcerju tojibko 
H-fe^HUH h noHTHTejibHu^ cnoBa cieTaoiH ct> ero ycn> h Bcema 
oht> roBopHjrb TOJibKO o juo6hmoA aairfe. Hhkto He 3Haen>, ckoju>ko 
npouuo TH^cejibiXT> Ji-ferb h CKopo uoracjio 6h jKrynee miax* 
>KecTOKoA kh3hh h nojiyooi-feniiiie orb cne3T» i\aa3a B3i\aflHVJiH 6u 

BT> KpOTKOe JIHaO B-feHHOft HOHH, HO BCIHKafl JK)6oBb COTBOpHJl 

BenHKoe Hy.no: oAHajKAM, Korja ocoCeHHO nepHoft tocroA Cskhju- 
jiocb cepaue BJiK)6jieHHaro h ycTa ero meirrajH oco6eHHo H-fcjKHu* 
caoBa, pyna craTyn AporHyna h nporaHyjiacb kt» Heiiy, Kairb 6h 
Ajh nou-fenya. H, Kowa oht> npnnajrb kt> Heft ry6aMH, jyne3apHas 
pa^ocTb npo3BeH*kia bt> caMux'b >najibHHXT> Kopn>nopax*b ero cepjiua 

H OHT> BCTaJH>, CHJIbHblft, CM-fenblft H TOTOBblft MX HOBOft ^(H3HH. 

A CTaTyH TaKi> h ocTanacb ct> npoTHHyroft pyKoft. 

Toaocb KaBajibKaHTH ^po^cajn*, Koraa oht. pa3CKa3biBajn> 3Ty 



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PAflOCTH 3EMH06 JIIOBBH. 33 

HCTOpi©, H OHT> HaCTO 6pOCaaT> KpaCHOp-feHHBHe B3rJI*AU BT> CTOpOHy 

IIpHMaBepH, KOTopaH caymajia, ckpomho onycTHBi> ma3a, Kain> h 
no^oOaeTL ;rfcBHirfc crojb 6jiaropo^Haro AOMa. Ho, — yBul — ero 
xirrpocTb He 6mia noHjnra h, Kor^a ero Apyrb npHHjuica ropbKo 
ctroBan, Ha jKecroKocTb npeKpacHiixt jaM-b, IIpHMaBepa 3aM-fcTH;ia, 

HTO, HeCMOTpH Ha BCK> 3aHHMaTeabHOCTb TOJIbKO HTO pa3CKa3aHHOfl 

HCTopin, OHa Bcfcifb punapcKHMi> poMaHairb m jho6obhumt> hobcj- 
jaMT» npeAnoHHTaerb khhth 6.aaroHecTHBaro coAep^camH h bt> 

0C06eHHOCTH UB-feTOHKH 4>paHU,HCKa AcCH3CKarO. CKa3aBT> 3TO, OHa 
HOAH^JiaCb H BMlDJia Cb TaKHMT* 6jiarop04HHMT> ^OCTOHHCTBOM-b, 
HTO KT> Heft MOJKHO 6tIJ10 npHJIOJKHTb CJIOBa JipeBHHXT, nODTOBT>, 

BoctrtBaiom.nxT> noxoiucy 6orHHb. 

Bhah cTOJb nojiHyio neyAany jiaBHO jieaiiHHHaro iuaHa, KaBaoib- 
KaHTH oinyrojn, bt> cepairfc ropbKoe oTHaaHbe h, He Ha^^HCb, hto 
cyM-ier* oBjia^'farb co6ofl, nonpomajica co cbohmt> 4pyroMT>, npocn 
ero He OTHromaTb ce6n cKynoft npoBOAOB-b. CojiHue y^ce cfeno h 
no 3ajaMT» njaBajH cyMepKH, Kor^a B^pyn* y caM«XT> ABepeft 
KaBajbKaHTH 3aM-fcrHjn> irk/KHyto IlpHMaBepy, oAHy, CMymeHHo 
HaKJOHHBinyiocH kt> cHHeBaTOMy MpaMopy uoja. cH ypoHHaa KOJibiio, 
CKa3ajia ona HeMHoro THmeo6uKHOBeHHaro,— He xorare sh noMOHb 
mh^ ero HaftTH?». H, KorAa oht> HarHyjiCH, pyna, TOHKaa, H-fe/KHan, 
ci> 6A-hjsjio - ro:iy6HMH HCHJwaMH, 6yATo cjiynafiHO cKOJib3Hy.ia no 
ero Jinny, ho Ha mhit» 3aAep;Kajiacb y ry6-b. H 6ucTpoTa, ct> ko- 

TOpoft OHT» nO^HHJIX IDJIOBy, He MOna CpaBHHTbCH Cb GucrpoToft 

IlpHMaBepu, cKpuBmeflcH 3a Tjweaoft H3t> (|*paHuy3CKaro Ay6a 
ABepbio. TorAa KaBaabicaHTH noHHJn>, hto oht> Bee paBHO He 
Hafi^erb KOJibua, Kain> ecjiH 6u oho ynajio bt> h^hkuh boah Aa- 
piaTHnecKaro Mop* h nome-n> aomoA ct> Aymoft, AOCTHrHyBmefi 
BHcmeft CTyneHH 6ja^ceHCTBa. 



IIocjiiAHee BpeMH KaBajibKaHTH nacTo Bcrp-fenajicH cb npeicpac- 
Hoft IlpHMaBepofl to Ha co6paHwxi>, rA't iohomh GjiaropoAHux-b 
aomobt> yjocraHBaDTCH bhcokoA necTH 6uTb oiyjKHTejJHMH cbohxt* 
Aa»i>, to bo BpeMH OjiaroHecTHBUx-b npoueccift, to bt» AOM-fe en 

B*CW. 



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84 BfcCH N 4 

pOAHTejeft. H HH Hi^CHbie B3f*flAU, HH TH^eJUe B3AOXH hah jid- 

6oBHue coHen* He moimh noKOie6aTL Toro oco6eHHo xojOAHaro 
HeBHHMaHw, ct» KaKHMt IIpHiuBepa oTHOcaiacb kt» BHyraeaaofi ei> 
jkd6bh. Bt> to BpeMH bch <f>JopeHiiU roBopHJia o 3a*B3«eM*b seee- 
uiaHCKOMi> ceHbep-t h o ero cKop-fce anoCjeHHOirb, h-bmt» hohth- 
TejiLHOMi., npeKJOHemH nepeAi> KpacoTofi IIpHMaBepti. 3ron> BeHe- 
iuaHeut o^-BBajicH bt> koctdmh, HanoMHHaioiuie ub-btomt, nonyraeBb, 
jonaflCb, n-fcrb nicHH, npHroAHH* pa3B-fc tojh>ko aa* TaBepm* hjh 
rpy6tixi> coMaTCKHxi. nonoeirb, h XBacTJiHBO pa3CKa3tiBajn» o ny- 
TemecTBUccb cBoero cooTeHecraeHHRKa MapKO riaio, bt> noTopurb 
cant h He Ay)tajn> ynacrBOBaTb. H Kaia>-To KaBajbKaHTH Bfurbrb, 
hto IlpHMaBepa npHHjoa npeAAojKeHHuft eft coHerb aToro bucoko 
M-BpHaro rjiynna, wfe Bocn-EBajacb en KpacoTa b*b Biipa^ceHuin 
Han«meHHLixT> h cm-boihuxt>: en rpyAH cpaBHHBajmcb co CH-fcroBbixH 
BepmHHaj&H rHMajaflcKHXT> rop-b, B3rjx^u ct> oTpaBjeraujiH crpi- 
jiaMH oGHTaTejieft ahkoA TapTapin, a Ji»6oBb, B036y;KAaeMa* eio, ci» 

HyAOBHlUHHMT> 3B*EpeMl> CHMJOfl, KOTOpuft JftHBeTb BO BviajT^HUDTb 

BejHKaro Morojia, e>KeAHeBHO noncnpax tuchhh lo^efl; BAo6aBom> 
pa3M-Bpi> nacTo nponajuun> h phomu 6uih pa3CTaBjeHu HeBtpHo. 

Ho BCe-TaKH BT> MHHyTH yHUHBH CepAUC KaBajbKaHTH TOMFUOCb 

6e30CHOBaTejibHofl, ho ^cryneft peBHocn>io, hoao6ho TOMy, Kam> 
6jiaropoAHan cTajib BoeHHaro nena pa3T>-BAaeTCH pxcaBHHHofi B*b xo- 
jioahoA cupocTH crapuxrb noABaaoBT>. 

3aAyMHHBbift, nyBCTByn ce6n nepBbiirb bt» aom-b nenaieft, men 

OHT> OAHa^CAM HO HJOUUAH, pa3MbIHIJWW O TOMT>, HTOdbl ytiaTb 

HaBcerAa bt> AaaeKiH crpaHbi, hjih npocTo yAapojc-b cnueTa 060- 
psaTb nenajibHyio HHTb cBoefl >kh3hh. Emit* noueHb, jKapiuft h 
Aynuiuft. Thxui yjiniibi cTapHHHoft 4>jiopeHiuH, na3ajocb, ApeMajH 
bi> o^cHAaHin Benepa, KorAa no hhmt> rpanio3Hofi BepeHHueft npoft- 
Ayrb npeKpacHUH h h-b^huh Aawu, a BjiK>6xeHHiie xmomn, ctoi 
bt> oTAajieHiH, 6yAyrb onycKaTb nujaionue B3opu. KasajibKaHTH 
nierb, Becb oTAaHHbift cbohmt> nepHUJCb AyMam*, h tojmio, ciyiaftHO 
noAH5BT» i\na3a, 3aM*ETHJn> JIopeHuo, CTaparo hhuuto, xmrpocrb 
KOToparo 6biJia xoponio H3B*fccTHa cpeAH MOJOAejKH. Oht» creperb 

BII06jieHHblX'b BO BpeMH HXT> BCTp-BHT> H yCIOBHO HOCTyKHBaj-b KO- 

cTujieM-b, KorAa npnGjiHHCaJiHCb HecKpoMHue hjh peBHHBuu. HixcHiu 



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PAJOCTH 3EMH0ft JLIOBBH. 85 

AZMU TOJlbKO eMy AOB-fepflJlH OTHOCBTb IIHCbMa, Ha3HaHa* TaftHUH 

CBHAaHiH. H ceftnacb crapuft JIopeHUo ct> jyKaBoft ycM-feniKofl 
3anpflTtiBajn> hto-to bt> 6e3AOHHtifl ckjsuikh cBoero mepcnmoro 
Mama, a pimoM-b ct> hhmt», Tmerao crapaacb cKpuTt cMymeHbe, 
cTOHna cTpoftHan IlpHMaBepa bt> marafe, CBepKaiomeMt ocxfenn- 
TejbHoft 6-kni3HOio. 

Cmnb Ke oarpaa, cKOJib h BHe3anHan iiyna peBHHBaro nojio- 
3p-tHLH oraeHHHin> o6jiaKOMi> OKyTajia B3opu KaBanbKaHTH m, koiviu 
oht> CHOBa nojiyHHJn> bosmojkhoctl BJiajrferb cbohmh nyBCTBaMH, 
JIopeHuo y#ce ckphjich 3a cocknnmn> yrjioM-b, a IlpHMaBepa to- 
poiuiHBLiMH maraMH HanpaBJijuiacb aomoA. Ero npHcyrcTBie ocTajiocb 
HesaM-feneHHUM-b o6ohmh. Ct> ropbKHMi> oTqanmeM-b bt> cep;wfc, 
nyBCTByn Ha JiHirf> CMepTejibHyio 6ji-fcjiHocTb, KaBajibKaHTH 6bicTpo 
AorHaJit IIpHMaBepy h rojiocoMT>, ApojKamHM-b orb crpaxa 6biTb 
npepBaHHMKi>, Hanajrb pa3CKa3UBaTb, Kaio> ;ubho oht> jho6htt> ee, 
KaKt BeaHKH ero CTpaAamA h npocnjn>, Kaio> nocji-fejiHefl mhjiocth, 
cKa3aTb, KaKoity cnacTJiHBiiy crapuft Jlopemxo noHecb nncbMo; oht> 
Bbipa>Kajn> Hajje^uy, hto ea cepjue ot;who A*feftcTBHTejibHo ao- 

CTOAHOMy, H KJIHJICH yMepeTb CerOAH^ JKe, HHKOMy He OTKpblBT> ao- 

B-fepeHHoft eMy TaftHH. 

IlpHMaBepa nuia, He npAHHMaa tojiobu h cMymeHHo nepe6Hpaa 
tohkhmh najibuaMH apoMaTHtiH neTKH, ho no M-fep-fe Toro, KaKT> 
KasajbiUHTH roBopHjn>, ea ry6u B3AporHynH, meKH noKptuincb 
pyM^HueMT» h, He AocayniaB-b, ona npHHHJiacb oTB-fenaTb ropano h 
6bicTpo. OHa yAHBJiHJiacb Aa;*ce mhcjih, hto eio MojKerb 6uTb 
nocnaHO nncbMO. HnKor^a 6jiaropoAHUH jaMbi He p-fcniHJiHCb 6u 
Ha TaKoft nocTynoKi>. Taicb mo>kho aynaTb h roBopHTb pa3B*fc 
TOJibKO o 6po4HHHxi> irfcBHuax-b H3i> HeanoM hjih o KeHmHHax-b 
npeaM-fccTba, ct> KOTopHMH KaBanbKaHTH, KOHenHO, oneHb xopouio 
3HaKOM-b. OHa He noHHMajia, Kain> ocM-fenHJicfl oht> no^oftTH kt> Heft 
Ha yjHirfe h .aaxce roBopHTb o cBoeft jik>6bh. Pa3B-fe oht> He 3Haen», 
KaKi> TH^ceao h HenpncToftHO ajih GjiaropoAHoft AaMbi BuoiyniHBaTb 

XaKiH BdUH? H, He 3aKOHHHBT> CBOIO p-fenb, CT> JHHOMT>, p030BHMT> 

orb o6ham h HanoMHHawmeM-b HHAiftcicift po30BaTbift ^ceMHyrb, 
OHa CKpujiacb 3a MaccHBHOft ABepbio CBoero AOMa. 

IlojiHbifl cTbi^a 3a cboh noA03p-feHia h HeocHOBateJibHyio peB- 



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36 BfcCN N 4 

hoctb, KaBa^bKaHTH MeAJCHHO nomejrb o6paTHo, yrferaan ce6* 
MHcabio, hto 3Ta H^jKHaa AaMa paBHO HeAOCTynHa jyiH BcfcxT* h 
o6-feman ce6-fe bt> 6yAyme>n> He TpeBo;Kim> en cthabhbocth hh 

B3AOXaMH, HH B3rJWAaMH, HTo6bI XOTb K0l\2tt - HH6yjtf> 3aCSV^CHTI> 

npomeHte cBoeft bhhu. M3i> 9Thxt» pa3MHmaeHift ero BUBear> era* 
puft JlopeHuo, AaBHO 6poAHBmift Bonpyn* ero AOMa, Ka*n> 6ajibma* 
jieTynaa Mbimb. tOn npenpacHoft IIpHMaBepu, — CKa3a:n> oht., octo- 
po;KHO npoTHrnBaa nHCbiio, — OHa jiajia Mirfc 3a sto u-kauft AyRarbi. 



in. 



HeMHoro BpeMeHH cnycT* caynnjiocb Taicb, hto KaBajibKaHTH 
3a6oji-fcjn> n BOJieto Bceaiorymaro rocnoja Bora Ao-i^em. 6wjt> 
nepeflTH bt> hhcjo rpajKAaH-b B-fenHofl ;kh3hh. 3anjiaKajia crpoftHaa 
h H-fcjKHaH IIpHMaBepa, pohhh nacTbiH KpynHbiH cje3bi Ha nojo- 
^eHHoe bt> MpaMopHyio rpo6HHixy rfejio ea B03J»6jieHHaro, a 6aaro- 
po^Hbie ceHbepbi ct> rpycTHbiiin jihiumh BcnoMHHajm, KaKia npe- 
KpacHbia Bemn cjvfejiajrb oToniejunift bt> cBoein* HeycraHHOM-b cay- 
;KemH BejiHKOJi'knHofl My3-fc HTajibXHCKofl no33iH; Ha3biBain ero 
coHeTbi, 6ajiJiaAw h AHBHyio KanuoHy o npitpo,2rfc jik>6bh. 3ajiyMHHBaH 
4>jopeHuia o^Bajiacb bt> Tpayp-b. 

CB-krjibifi AHrejn> BBejrb KaBajibKaHTH bt, paficKia ABepH, Ha 

KOTOpbIXT> 3eJreH0BaTHMT> JiyHHCTHMT> 30JOTO*rb 6hjih HanepTaHH 

cniAyiomiH caioBa: cBbicniaapajocTb, B-fenHoe cnacrbe Bain>, Bxojwnrie, 
oTHMH'k 6e3CMepTHbiei. HcKa3ajn>AHrejn»: cXonemb, k noBe.*y Te6a 
Ty.ua, rxfc bt> cBHrfc # n*fcBymeK'&, OKpyKaiomnrb RiBy Mapiio, Ha- 
xoahtch H*fe^tHaa, KaKT> mejiROBHCToe oCjiaHKO, upoTKa* BeaTpme, 
npejecTH KOTopoft ahbhtch aance anrejibit. H KaBajibKaHTH oTB*fe- 
THJn>: cKaKT> mh^ 6jiaro£apHTb Te6*, o CBHtroHocHbiftl Tu 3Haemb, 
H-feM-b ycjia^HTb cTpaAaiomee cepaue. Bcah mchh kt> npeKpacHoft 
EeaTpnne h jwft MH-fc curfenocTH xoTb H3pi^Ka B3rjuubiBaTb Ha ei 
CBepKaromia caesura. B-feab OHa Cujia nojpyrofl IIpHMaBepui. 

H cKa3aj-b AHreJi-b: cXonerab, h noBejjy Te6n Tyja, ixk bt, ce- 
pe6pflHbixT> pomax-b paa npoxoanrb npKift, nam* cojiHue, hcbrhhwA, 
KaKt BocTOHHan JiHJiirt, Incycb XpncTocb; ct> H-fe^cHoft JiacKoft ut- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



PA^OCTH 3EMH0ft JHOBBH. 37 

jiyen> oht> Bcaicaro bhobl npHXo;mmaro kt» HeMyi. H KaBajbKaHTH 
oTB-feTnai»: cCB-feroHOCHuft, TBoa 6jiarocTb npeBocxoAHrb Bcfc moh 
o;KH;iaHiflI H nonponiy y Incyca Xpnora to 3ojioto, KOTopoe npn- 
HecjH eMy ct» BOCTona rpn My,npHXT> uapii, h, czrfcaaB-b y3opHoe 
kojii>uo, Kaio> ^ceMHy^cHHy B03bMy h cne3y, HOHbio ynaBniyio h3t> 
kpotkhxt> rjia3T> bt> caay TeecHMaHCKOM-L. H y mchh 6y*eTT> hto 
no^apHTb IlpHMaBep-fe, Koraa 0Ha npHaerb*. 

H cKa3ajn> AHreJit: cXonemb, n noBe,ny Te6a TyAa, ixfe bt> CHJi-fe 
h CiaB-fe, oKpy^ceHHufi jierioHaMH CB-tuiux-b jiyxoBT>, B03cfenaerb 
Ha TpoH-fe Borb OTem>; 30JioToft B-fcHeirb Hajn> rojioBoft, Ha iue- 
nax-b 30J0TaH MamiH, a bt> Horax-b jiic-THHua, ciHiomaa 30jiotomt>, 
no KOTopoft aHrejiM cxojurrb Ha 3eMJno, a jiyiuH npaBe^Hux-b 

DOAHHMaiOTCH KT> paflCKHJTb 6jia;KeHCTBaMT>». H KaBaJIbKaHTH OTB-fe- 

thjh»: «Ecjih xonenib HcnojiHHTb canoe coKpoBeHHoe jKejiame Moe f o 
CB-feTOHOCHHfi, nofijeM-b Tyjw h ycKopHM-b Harnn niarH; h no Toft 

30JOTOft a-fecTHHU-fe, O KOTOpofl TH TOBOpHinb, H CnymyCb Ha 3CMJH0, 

rA-fc >KHBerb moh IIpHMaBepai. 

H. TyMMjieBx. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HA flEPEBAJTB. 



XI. TEOPIfl HJIH CTAPAM BABA. 



HCKJCCTBO eCTb CHMB0JlH3auifl JTbHHOCTeft BT>ro6pa8an> JTbHCTBH- 
TeJIbHOCTH. CllOCO&b CHMBOJIHBauiH H XapaKTep-b OTHOmOHifl ITb CHHBOJIH- 

aHpyeifbiif t> u-feHHOcTaifb onpeAfeJiaero paaHoo6paaie 4>opMT> cHMBOjraava. 
PaacMaTpHBaa chiibojih8iii» ct> btoA otfmeft tohrh ap-feHia, mbi He Moxesn* 
eme npeapfeniHTb BCb (fopubi CHiiBOJiHaaiiiH irfeHHOCTeft. H noTOMy-TO 
o6mie npHHUHDM cHMB0JiH8iiaHBJiaK)TCH ofoeflHHaiomefi ochoboA Bcaie- 
CKaro TBopnecTBa HOBbixi <J)opiiT> HHgHBHjiyaJibHaro h KOJiJieKTHBHaro 

B*b 06JiaCTH HCKyCCTBa. Bo*Tb nOH6My 90TeTHH6CKia XyA0X6CTB6H- 

Hbia, peJiHrioBHbia b liHCTiraecKia TeopiH, bcjih oh* ho xothtl pac- 
njiHTbca bt> 6eanoHBeHHoifi» xaoTH3M*. hjih aanyraTbca bt> MepTBOirb Jior- 
MaTHSM*, hjih, HaKOHein>« coAth Ha H'brb^b cojiHncHairb h CKenTHixHaM*, 
AOJukhu BbiacHHTb CBoe oTHomeflie kt> ocHOB-fe TBopiecTBa, hxi» nopoAHB- 
meft, irb cHiiBOJiHdMy. 

Teopia cHiiBOJinaMa CMyrao npeayraaaHa BCbMH BbmawmHMHca 
xyAoxHHJtaMH; ho huh oHa He onpeAbJieHa bt» (J)hjiocck}>ckhxt> Tep- 
MHHax*b. fiecb xo,m> paaBHTia <J)HJioco<t>cKoft mncjih XIX cmrt-ria 
bi> o6;iacTH 8THRH h TeopiH dHama npeflonpefl-bJiaerb mrrepecb kt» no- 
CTpoeHiw cHMBOJiHHecKHx*b Teopifi. Tohho TaKT> 16 H Bl 06JiaCTH no- 
CTpoema 3CTeTH4ecKHx*b Teopifi. Ob tohkh ap-feHia TeopiH aH&Hia cym- 
HocTb rpynnnpoBKH t*xt> hjih hhuxi CBaaefi aaBHCHTb BceirfeJio oi-b 
$opMH rpynnnpoBKH. BcaiecKoe coaepaaHie flMcTBHTejibHocTH Bb 
TeopeTHnecKOMb paacMOTptHin noAiHHaeTca MeTOAy- y^eme o moto- 
flax-b nocTpoeHia Teopifi aaxoHoirbpHo BbirfecHaerb yneHie o xapaKTept 

A*fiCTBHTeJIbHOCTH. CHMBOJIHieCKaH TOOpiH aBJUOTCa HeotfXOflHMOH 

npeAnocbiJiRofi TeopiH dHaHia. IIpejioMJiaacb bt> Hopaiaxb TeopiH SHama, 
CHMB0JiH3Mb AaJifee npeaoMJiaeTca h bi» MeTOAaxi: moxho roBopHTb o 

CHMB0JIH8M"fe CaMHXl> MeTOAOB* H O CHMB0JIH3M'fe B*b Upefl^JiaXb TOfl 



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HA HEPEBAJft. 89 

HJIH HHOft MOTOflO-lOrHHeCKOft HIKOJIbl SHOHiH. TeopeTHHeCKOe M-fcCTO 

CHMB0JiH3Ma aa npea'fejiaMH Teopin 8HaHia; ho npexae, HexenH onpejrb- 

JIHTb 9T0 M*CTO, CJlfcflyerb TOHH*e BMJVfeJIHTb yCJlOBHOO npeacTaBJieme 

o cHMBOJiHHecRod TeopiH bi» npejvhJiax'b chctomm aHaHia h TeopiH no- 
dHaalfl. KjiaccH^HRamn <t>opM*b cHMBOJiHiecRHX'b nocTpoemft Kb moto- 
jxax'b ecTb TeopeTHKonoaHaBaTenbHaa aaaana oGocHOBama cHMBOJiHBMa. 
YcTaHOBJieme coAepxaHin noHHTift „chmbojh>", v chmbojiu3mi m 
bt> npefl'bJiax'B Toro hjih HHoro MOToaa— aaaana MeToaoJiorHiecRaro 

O^OCHOBaHiH CHMBOJIHBMa. NfOTOflOJIOrW H rHOCeOJIOrifl CHMB0JIH3Ma H6- 

oGxoahmo npeamecTByiOT'b nocTpoemio TeopiH cHMBOJiHdMa. Teopin chm- 

BOJIHBMa — 3T0 HCXOflHatf TOHKa BCfeXT> Teop6THH6CRHX'b nOCTpOOHifl: 

TeopiH no3HaHia, pejiHriH, acTeTHKH h HayKH cyTb nacTHbia aaa&HH 

TeopiH CHMB0JIH3Ma, <|>OpMyjIHpOBaHHOft BT> 0<5meM*b BHfl*. H eCJIH HHT6- 

pecb Kb TeopeTHnecKoiiy MMnuiemio He aTpoifmpyeTca oROHiaTOJibHO 
bt> HenoB'bHecTB'b, Teopin CHMBOJiHdMa Kb 6jajm t ewb saftMerb noieTHoe 
ifbCTo TeopiH noaHaHiH. Moxho ocnapHBaTb nepBeHCTByiomee aHaieHie 
TeopeTHHecRaro MMnuieHin BooGme, ho 6mjio 6m tieayxieM'b ocnapHBaTb 
BooCme HHTepecb rt» TeopeTH^ecRHMi* HacjrbAOBaHiiDrb. 

A eCJIH CT> 8THM1» HHTepeCOM'b npHXOAHTCH CIHTaTbCH, TO HMteTt 

M-fecTo h HHTepecb ht> TeopeTHiecKHWb paaMuniJieuiHM'b bt> o6jiacTH 

HCKVCCTBa: B*flb BCHRaff apXH-CB060AHafl KpHTHKa BT> 06JiaCTH HCKyCCTBa 

bhsagtch Ha TeopeTHHecRHX'b npeflnocMJiKaxT> cboGoam TBopnecTBa, u*h- 
hocth aTofl cboCoaw; npn HeoGxoAHMocTH sanufmaTb 9th npeanocMJiKH 
mh noAxoAHirb Kb Teopin xyaoxecTBeHHaro TBopiecTBa; ho Teopin xyao- 
xecTBeHHaro TBopnecTBa ecTb Teopin acTerHiecRaro cHMBOJinaiia; acTe- 

THHeCKiH CHMB0JIH3M1» HepnaeTb CBOK) CHJiy TOJIbRO Kb TeopiH CHMBO- 

jiH3Ma.EcjiH mm tiyaearb ocnapHBaTb HHTepecb kt> TeopeTHiecKHMi Hscjrfe- 

flOBaHiflMT> Kb OCJiaCTH CHMBOJiHdMa, MM BMphIBaeMT> y Ce(5fl nOHBy H3*L 

noAi> Hon»; ocTaBancb nocjifeAOBaTeJibHMMH, mm JiHraaeMT> ce6a npaBa 
nncaTb RpHTHRy, aaHHMaTbCH HayneHieMi* CTHJiHCTHHecRHxi Rpacorb, 
noTOMy hto u-feHHOCTb 3thxi> Rpacorb ocTaHeTCH cnopHOfl. PaaB-fe, CManyn 
bt> cTaTb* cjiOBopacnojioaceme h HSMCKairaocTb pHe.Mi> y Ore<t>aHa Teopra, 
h taHxe kt> fllwiy, ifeMi h3t>hchhh CBoeMy MMnuiemio HopMM CBotfonHaro 
TBopnecTBa? TaKi> nacTo noJiaraiorb bctotm, CTpevrjiaB-b yCtrawmie otb 
BCHRaro TeopeTH^ecKdro BMHCHeHin oGmnx-b ochobt> Toro, nacTHocTH 
Hero ohh aamnmaiorb *bi» neiaTH. H*Tb: hjih Bootinte HHHero Hejiban 

HHCaTb 06l> HCKyCCTB*, HJIH M*CTO TeopeTHHeCRHX'b H3MCKaHifl B*b 06JiaCTH 

acTeTHKH aojixho 6MTb pa3i> HaBcer^a aamnmeHo orb BCHRaro copra 
MexeyMOKi. IlycTb jiioah, HecRJioHHMe kt> TeopeTHnecROH paapa^oTK* h 
aanufrb npaBT> HaMT» jnoOeaHaro TeneHin, yaajmicnrcH orb bthx* Bonpo- 
cobt>, ho nycTb xe ohh ho ctpoiott* rpHMacb TaMT>, rfl* 3th BonpocM 
noAHHMaiOTCH. Hjih ohh He HOHHMaiorb, hto ohh pydnrb B'bTKy, Ha ro- 
Topoft CHAflrb? 



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40 BfcCH N 4 

HHAHBHAyaoHBirfc XIX CTOAtTia c* ocotieHHoft chaoA npHCffrayn 

8aB*TaMI> BeAHKHXT> XyAOXHHKOB1> BT> HX1> 3anjHTB XyflO*eCTBeHHATO 
TBOpHeCTBa; XyAOXHHRH-HHAHBHAyaAHCTbl H6 TOJIbKO 0C03HaAH CHMBO- 

•iHairb csoero TBopiecTBa, ho h ocoaHaJiH npeaycTaHOBAeHHocTb chmbo- 
jiHaauiH Bejucaro TBopiecTBaBOo6ii(e.IIocROAbRyoHHocTaBaAHCbxyAaz- 

HHKaMH, OHH H6 BamMDjaAH CB06 HpaBO, a AOKadblBaJIH ero C06CTB6H- 
HblNCb TB0pi6CTB0MT>; OOCROAbKy OHH OCOdHaJIH CB06 TBOpHdCTBO, OHH 

Abjih AJiaT(t>opMy 9 ct> xoTopoft moxho corAamaTbcn hah Hfcrb, ho ct» 
KOTopofi Mbi bcb CHHTaeMCH. 9Ta nAaT$opMa 6buia BbiCKaaaHa mat n 
KpaTKHxi, a4>opHCTHHeoRHX-b TepMHHax'b. TBopiecTBo, conpoBOJmaeMoe 
njiaT<t>opMod, BbiA'bJiHJio cHMBOJiHiecKyio mKojiy. Bo MHoroirb mm— npflsoie 
HacJi*BAHHRH 8T0fi micoAbi. Hama otaaaRHocTb— pa306paTbca, vb nesrb 
Mbi HBJiaeMca npeeMHHKaiiH nepBbix'b chmboahctobt> h bi» iein> npo- 
flOJixaTeJWMH. H, npexae Bcero, aoaxhu mu othotjihbo paaAfeznrrb 
o6jiacTb TBopnecTBa on» otiAacTeft aamHTbi hah kphthrh 8Toro TBop- 
HecTBa. Bt> nocjrBflHeMT>' cJiyna* mm aoaxhh pa3pa5oTaTb mnpoxie 
jioayHrH CHMB0AH3Ma: aoashu npeBpaTHTb njiaT(J>opiiy bi> Teopiio; to, 
hto :mm HHTaeMi> y Hirame, YaftJibfla, HCceHa, MdTepAHHRa h A&Jrfea 
y IHiope, PeMH Ae rypMOHa h TaHKpeaa ae ItaaaHa, hto yaHaeifb npo 
Teopiio MaJinapMd eme ho eoTb aanurra cHMBOJiHasia h Bcero Hosaro 
HcsyccTBa BOoOme, a tioesaff iuiai^opMa; ocjih mu Aoposmrb cepioa- 
HooTbio aToft njiaT(J)opMbi, Mbi AOJiXHbi yrJiy6HTb noAHHTbie Bonpocu, 
hjih npoftTH mhmo: bt> nocji'BAHeii'b cAywb Ham e npoxoxAOHie 

MHMO eCTb OTpHUaHie HCXOAHbJXl» TOHOJCb HOBarO HCKyCCTBa. JIflR Toro, 
HTOGbl OTpHUaTb, Mbi AOAKHbl 3 H a T b, HTO padyM^BAH HaiDH npOAT6HH 
Bl> TOMl» HAH HHOMl> BbICKa3bIBaeM0MT> HOAOXemH. ToAbRO OTCyTCTBie 

3 h a h i a, KyAbTypbi, aa h Bootfme HHTepeca ki» BonpocaMi» TBopiecrM 

MOXOTb HpeBpaTHTb BOAHKift npH8bIBl» R*b CHMBOAHdMy BT> BOnpOCl 

moan. OTHomeme ri» npotiAeMaMi» cHMBOAHaMa, xaKT> kt> npexoAameft 
MOA*,Ha6AK)AaeTCH y Haci> Tenepb bt> tbxi> npoMexyToiHbix'b Kpyrarb, 

KOTOpblO MHHTb C06h CTOHH^Hlf H BblfflO IHHpOROft DydAHRH, otipaTHBHieftCff 

Ri» npeATenaicb Hamero ABHseHin. TaKoe OTnomeme homhmo Boero 
npoiaro ecTb noKaaaTOAb rpydoft (fearpaMoraocTH. Ohh cMOTparb Ha 

€HMB0AH3M1», RaKl> Ha HIROAy; RaXAOO AeCHTHA'bTie IipHHOCHTb HOByn 

mROAy; h BOTb yae nmyrb ohh hoboA nucoAbi; ho yMfca mnero npocro 
opHrHHSJibHaro npHAyxaTb, nAOAflTB mKOJibi nepecTaHOBKOft h cohot»- 

Hi6Ml> CAOBT>. TaRie aHSJIHTHKH CHMBOAH3Ma HOHTH BCOrfla HM-fe»TT» 3» 

cotioft Ten Hoe,.npomAoe: 8to— 6biBmie Bparn cHMBOAHaxa, RaRi> AHTepa- 
TypHofi mROAbi, h BHepamHie uphxbocthh; ceroAHH ohh npoBooflpynTV 
HHRorAa ohh ho aHaAH chmboahctobt>; eme MeH'be aHaAH ohh AoayHn 
chmboahctobi> (co6pame coHHHeHifi Himme.KarbHHRaR^aaaRjnoHaeT* 
bt> ce6*B 16 tomobi»). 

MexAy Thwb, upo6neHhi, HaHBHo <J>opMyAHpoBaHHbiH y nepauxb 



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HA HEPEBAjTB. 41 

chmbo.ihctobi», cyTB KopeHHbia npotiJieifbi o(J*b oraomeHiH Teopin 3HaHift 
Kb TeopiH TBopnecTBa. 

B% MoweHTb, Kor^a caxn TeopeTHKo-noaHaBaTeJibHbia Haco-BAoaaHia 

CKJIOHHOTCa Kb 3SBHCHM0CTH HOdHaHifl OTb TBOpieCTBa, SaHHTie TeO- 

piefi noaHaHin CTaHOBHTca coBepmeHHO Heo6xoAHMburb ajia Bcaitaro 
TeopeTUKa HCKyccTBa, Karb CTaHOBHTca HeotixoAHMmrb SHame RBtybe- 
peHoiajihHaro HCHHcaeHia rjjh cepioaHaro xHMHKa. Cjiobbjih o cboGoa* 

HJIH H6 CBO^OA'B TBOp^eCTBa, BfalKpHKaMH O COCopHOWB TBOpHBCTB'B: 

hjih TBopnecTB'b HHflHBHjiyaJibHOirb ho oTBepTHmbca orb npotijieuu: 
hto 3HaHHTb TpecKynaa peBOJjbBepHan naab6a Tairb, rxb BbicTaBJieHbi 
AaJibHo6oflHbiH opyAia? H Borb mm cnpamHBaewb rocno;rb TeopeTHKOB-b- 

KpHTHKOBb, HMnpeCCiOHHCTOBT» H aHapXHCTOBb MbJCJIH: HyXHa JIH Kpil- 

THKa? Ecjih ohh Hawb oTB'BTflTb, hto He HyxHa, Mbi hxi cnpocinn>: 
„TaKT> noneaiy xe bm aaHHMaeTecb 6eairfeJibHbiirb aaHHTieMb?" Ecjxh 

Z6 OHH OTB-BTHTb, HTO HyXHa, TO 6jAb OHH HpeflCTaBHTeJIflMH apXH- 
CyGbeKTHBHOfi KpHTHKH, OHH AOJIXHbl HJieH0pa3A*BJIbH0 AOKaaaTb CB06 

npaBo. II dToro AOCTaToiHo, htoGh npnraacHTb hxt> bi» MapOypn, kt> 
KoreHy, HaTopny hjih bo <I>pefi6yprb, noToiiy hto mbi xothmt> necTHbixb 
AOKa3aTe-ibCTBi>, a He IlapoKb 6 a 6 h a r o JieneraHba; a t o jiene- 
t a h b e npeKpacHo bt> jihphk* h HaMb jih ocnapHBaTb ero KpacoTy? Ho 
6a6beaeneTaHhe bt> Bonpocax-b, CBaaaHHbixb ci HamnM-b xyao- 
xecTBeHHbiM'b „credo" (bco paBHo: bt» otiaacTH jih TeopiH, kphthkh 
hjih TaKTHKH), ecTb apxa-axHHea: Tyrb kphthkt>, TeopeTHKb hjih tsk- 
thkt> ecTb c t a p a a 6 a 6 a, He Go-Jibine. Mbi caiiH noAnacb rp-fcraHMb 
coeAHHemeirb Teopin ct> nao6paaHTeJibHOCTbK>; ho mu ho BbiAaeMi> TorAa 
Hamnx'b npn-nrb, aoaeropift h chmbojiobt> aa Teopiio. Bonpocu Teope- 

THH6CKHXT> HOCTpoemfl, TaKTHKH H KpHTHKH OOpeA'BJieHHO BblHOCHMb da 
rpaHb HHAHBHAyaJIbHbJX'b CyXAOHift. Mbi CTaHOBHMCa CHMBOJIHCTaMH, 

noaTaiiH, MHCTHKauH (h*bmi» yroAHO), KorAa BHHMaeicb IT a p o k b a e- 
n e t a h b w, a ho TeopeTHKaMH, He KpHTHKaMH. 

CoBpeMeHHbie TeopeTHKH HCKyccTBa yHacb xeyuuiHCbaTHirb npie- 
MaJTb; h mbi Hirb He oTKaauBaeirb bi» npaBfe nHcan> KaKi> yroAHo: Mbi 
TOJibKO Tpe6yem> f vrotibi oTB-BTCTBOHHocTb TeopeTHKa, KpHTHKa OHH 
ct> ce6a chhah bt> dTorb MosieHTb. Ho, yTbiKaamHCb naaJiHHbaMH nepb- 
hmh KpacHop-biia, ohh hmohho bt» dToifb aaHHTiH yciiaTpHaaiorb CBoe 
aHaieme, xaxb pyKOBOAHTeaeft mbicjih. IIpH aTOMb coBepmaiorb ohh 
aBHyio dKonponpiaiuio. Tairb, Kaeeapa nponoB-BAHHKOBT> chii Boanaifa npe- 
BpamaeTca bt> tiaaapb KpHKAHBbix'b <5a6*b, a npo6aeMbj HCKyccTBa, 
cToanua Ha onepeAH, bt> apxH-axHHeio. 

CoBpeneHHaa Haifb anoxa ecTb anoxa TBopnecTBa HOBbixi* 4>opMb 
HcuyccTBa: aA'bcb AonycKaeirb mbi BcanecKoe AepaHOBeHie; ho TBirb 
<rrpoae, rbirb neAaHTHHH-be mbi bi> odaacTH TeopeTHnecKofl paapa6oTKH 
npaBi> aroro AepaHOBeHia. Ectb <J>HHaHCOBoe, rpaxAaHCKoe, yroaoBHoe, 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



42 R&CH N 4 

pHMCKoe npaBo: h octb <J>Hjioco<J)ifl npaBa. Ectb CHMBO-inairo Hfcena, 
Himme, MepexKoacxaro b ecrb Teopia cHMBOJiHaica. JXJia Hayiemi 
nepsaro otfpaTHMCH kt> gaHHOify Ham» TBopnecTBy HadBaHHbixb xyno*- 
hhkobt>. JJjifl paapa6oTRH BToporo He irfemajio 61a name coBepman 
uaJioMHHnecTBO bt> Maptiyprb. He 6yju> y Hacb aaneHifi, mu hhsoiw 
He aaAajiHCb 6w BonpocoMi>, xaxb bobmoxhu aanema. Ho paai 8th 
HBJieHia HajiHuo, neo6xojwuo Bb Hwxb paaoGpaTbca. Hjih— ga noni6- 
Herb xpHTHxa h 8CT6THKa. Ho xyaa bt> TaxoM*b cjiyna-fe fftoyTca cte- 
pufl 6a5u, Hano^HHiomiH CTpaHHixu acypHaJioB-b dCTerHiecxofl 60a- 

T0BH6fl? 

Bopiei Byrien. 



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Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



IIP09lCn> BCEOBmArO IIPHMHPEHIH. 



YB'bpflrjoTb, ito bt> Teienie MHHOBaBmefi 8hmu pyocxie iracaTe&H 
TOJibRo u fllwia a*Jhuih, hto GpaHiuiHCb Apyr* ct> ApyroM*. Bojibimihctbo 

HXl da MHOBCeCTBOMb'06JIHHHTeJIbHbIXb B 3amHTHTeJIbHbJXb „nHC6MT> B*b 

pejxaKuiio* He ycirfcJio aaxe HanfecaTb hto-jih6o 6ojrfee sHaHirreJibHoe (h 
TOJibKo oahhb BCiOAy-nocn-bBaioinift JleoHHAb AHApeeBi nenynro coa^ajrb 
naTb-mecTb MipoBwxb ApaMb ua aecirroirb-ApyroH paacxaaoBik, ocBfe- 
maiomnxb iripoBue Bonpocu). IIpHToirb Gpamuracb He TOJibKo peaJiHCTbi 

Cb AOKaAeHTaMH H flOKa^eBTM Cb MHCTHieCXflMH aHapxHCTaxH, HO H 

peaJiHCTbi Mexny cotioft, h AexaAeHTu npyrb ct> apyroirb. yxaabiBaioTb, 
hto .Bfccbi", cbohmh HanaAxaMH, aobojih reoprik HyjixoBa lyrb ho 
ao caMoy6iflcTBa» a Bopnca SaftueBa npaiio ao „Arpa<J>eHbi"; „IIepe- 
BaJTb" bck) cbow xpaTxyx) SH8Hb npoxHjrb Ha Hoacaxi Cb ffB^OaMH* H 
•PyHoirb"; M. ApubiCameB-B xoctoko npepexaacH cb H. ByHHHbiMb 
H3i>-8a ,JKhbhh*, noToiib otipaTHBmeflCH bt> ,3eMAK>"; a hto ao raaeT- 

HbCCb KpHTHXOKb, TO OHH BB6JIH B*b 0<5HXOA*b CJIOBa y»B Cailblfl flM- 

CTBHTejibHbia, Taxi* hto neTeptiyprcxie UHcaTeJiH aojixhu 6mjih npo- 
TecTOBaTb npoTHBT> pasBaaHocTH r. Dfuibcxaro, MocxoBCxie— r. Tap- 

AOBS. Bcb pOKOpAM, HaKOHOUb, no6HITb KaKOH-TO r. T., KOTOpblft nowb- 

cTHJTb, Bb oAHOfi neTeptiyprcxoft rasenrb, o cfapHHX'fe M. KyaMHHa 
,C*th*, HeroAy»my» aaicbTxy, cnjiomb cocTaBJieHHyio H3i> oahhxi> 
.HeneiaTHbUb" Bbjpameirifl h Aoxaaajrb BTHMb, xaxb GnaropoAHa, 
iynta h TOHKa ero Ayma h xaxi> rpyGbi othxh r. KyaMHHa. Bt> otfmexib 
noJiyHHAca Taxofi ApyxHHft xojtb GpaHH, xaxoro pyccxafl JurrepaTypa, 
xaacercfl, ho oJibixaJia ci> 60-xb roAOB-b! 

Ob HacTynaeHieirb Been*, HaAo HaAterbea, AHTepaTypraiH cpaxe- 
Hia npiyTHXHyrb, Tarb xaxb AirrepaTopairb, xaicb noaxoBOAUaMb npea- 

HflrO BpOMOHH, CB0flCTB6HH0 B6CTH BOeHHblfl AtftCTBifl AHOIb OflHHb 

ceaoHb bt> roAy* Ho b*ab sinia, v <iecTB6e cjiobo, B08BpaTHTCfl M ! Borb 
noneicy a corraio, hto cefiiacb canoe noAXOAflmee Bpeufl, hto6n npeA- 
jioarHTb jnrrepaTopairb BCfcxb napTifi, HanpaBJieHiH ft mxoirb moh 
^upoBKTb Bceo<5maro npHMHpeHia*. IIpoaKTb "BTorb, xarb bc* reHi- 
aJibHbifl H8o6p1nreHiH, ao HpeaBunaftHocTH npocrb. Bb HasHa<ieHHbifi 

A6HB, XOTfl 6hl 19 iXXHH, Bb A6Hb CB. lyflbl, BC* CHOpU H CCOpbl JIHTepa- 



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46 BfcCH N 4 

Topoffb Mesoy codoft ynpaajiHaioTCH; bc* ofoniaiOTca roBopHTB o cber- 
cofifr6re'axb tojtbko Jiecraoe h npiarHoe HMbfJibBhi BoaaeraOTb Boaorfe 

HTHflTb, AM(J)HTeaTpOB*b BOBJTb KjSMHHa H AhTOHT> RpafiHift B03JTfc 

BjiJinca; jcTpaHBaeTca munoHHHauiH o<5*feHXb CTOJraub h ButiHBaeTCs 
iienajib cb HaAQHCbio Bb JiaapoBOMt B*feHKfc: Sunt verba et voces praete- 
reaque nihil. 

Ho, HecMOTpfl Ha xpafiHDio npocTOTy h Jiencyw ocymecTBHMOCTb 
npoarra, a npeABHzy BoeBosMOXHbiH BoapaxeHis nponiBb Here h aa- 
parte cn-famy otb^thtb Ha ABa, cairaxb cymecTBeHHHXb* 

Mh* Morjrb yxaaaTb, hto npHMHpeHix) # rr. nHcaTeJiefi nosrhma- 
en npHHawexHOCTb HXb Kb paamiiHbiira .mKOJiaub" h BpaxAefaborb 
JiHTepaTypmorb TeieHuiirb. Taxoe Boapaxenie a Haxoxy He cootb^t- 
CTByiomMirb flyxy Hameft bhoxh. Mh* KaxeTCH, mm yxe hocthtjih, 
hto „hikoah" h .TeieHin* oien xopoiiH Bb HCTopiH jnrrepaTypi*. ho 
coBepmeHHo Heyic fecTOU Bb npaKTH^CKoft xhshh. B*Ab He M*bmaeTb xe 
K. BaabMOHTy ero upHHaaaexHocTb Kb „AeKaAeHTaifb" ynacTBOBaTb 
Bb ,C6opHHKaxb BHaHifl", a Bajiepi© BpiocoBy— Bb „CoBpeiceKHOirb Mipfc*, 
rjft BCfexb oCbi^Hbixb co-roBapHmeft "ero r. HeBtyioMCKift oGatiBaerb no- 
cjrfiflHHMH cjiOBaMH, h, Hao6oporb, T*bicb xe •CoBpeMeHHbon> Mipairb - H 
»OGpa30BaHiHMi> a Bb KpHTHiecKoirb 0TA*bJi* OTpHijaTb to canoe, hto ohb 
nenaTaiorb Bb nepBOMb otaIwi*? He nrfamajia xe »IIepeBajiy* ero npo- 
rpaiiMa: ,paAHKaJXH8Mb Bb noJiHTHirfe, nopajiH, h jiHTepaTypV— ne*a- 
TaTb Ha CBOHXb cTpaHHuaxb H. Tejiemoaa h n. KoxeBHHKOBa, y ko- 
Topwxb ecjiH h ecTb ht6 aa aymofl, to TOJibKO yxb ho paAHKarasMb, 
HaKOHeab, nocjrbAHia coicHfeHiH Moxerb paacfeaTb Taxofl BHCOKift 
otipaaeob, KaKb K). H. AfixeHBaobAb, KpHTHKb .Pyccxofl Mhcjih*, ko- 

TOpblft KO BCfeMb niKOJiaiTb H HanpaBJieHUIMb H KO BCfclfb nHCaTOJIflMb 
OTHOCHTCH Cb OAHHaKOBOft ffbXHOCTbX) H BCfeXb paBHO O&lHBaeTb na*ro- 

Kofi CBoero yifHJieHUi, TaKb hto noAb efl Kopoft KaxAH& npeBpamaeTca 
Bb cJiaAKift CTOJidb, h yxe He paaAHHHmb, kto bto: Bhth OrpaxeBb 
hjih K Ba^bMOHTb, BmecAaBb HBaHOBb hjih tojibko HBaffb Ho- 

BHKOBb? 

BTopoe BoapaxeHie, KOTopoe a npeABHxy, HtcKOJibKO cepbeaste, 
h6o oho, TaKb CKaaaTb, nosHTHBirfee, ocHoaaHo Ha peaabHOMb, a He sa 
<t>HKuiHXb t KasoBBi „niKOJia" hjih .haoh*. Hmohho, Moryrb BoapaaHTb, 
hto nncaTejiH 6paHaTca H3b aaBHCTH: aaBHAyiOTb cJiaB'b JI. AHApeeaa i 
noTOMy pyraiOTb ero ApaMw; aaBHAy^Tb nopaaHTejibHbiMb ycirbxaifb 
TeopriH HyjiKOBa h noToiiy HacMtxaiOTCfl HaAb HHifb. Bhojih* coraa- 

maDCb, HTO SaBHCTb— TaKOft (J)aKTOpb, Cb KOTOpbllfb CHHTaTbCH AOJomo, 

h noToiiy cBoft raaBHMfi npoanrb noAKptaJiaK) Apyrnifb: npeAAarav 
BUAaaaTb BBanie nepBare pyccicaro nncaTOJifl Jinnib Ha roai h npa- 
Toirb no x p e 6 i ». PaayirbeTCfl, cb »THMb aBaaieiib aojixhm Curb 
coeAraeiui h bc* npo4iH nojiaranixuaca no vuiy 6iiara: HHTepBbD, bh- 



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PyCCKAfl JIHTEPATyPA. 47 

aHTbi h nscbiia noxJioHMUb, nopTpen* bt> raaeTaxb etc. etc., a rjiaBHoe 
roHopapH,flaJieKoocTaBJiHi>mie aa coGofl naaTy, KaKyio sorAa-To noJiy- 
naoH nymsHVb h JIofb ToacTofl,— t.-6. no 2 h no 3 thcjtih pyfoeft aa 
jihctb. TaKHirb o6paeoin> una aaBHtrra lrbcra He Oyjierb h hhhto He 
noirbmaerb Tofl KapTHH-b BoaaemaHiH paAOifb JibBoro h aram*, koto- 
pyx> Mia pHCOBSJiH Bhime. 

DpeABHzy, hto h BTopofl lcoft Uo(5aBOiHMfl) npoaRTb Toxe BuaoBerb 
BoapaxeHin, ho paacu OTpurb ero GjiHace. PasB* h bt> HamH ahh bmOodt, 
nepfiaro nodTa He AfenaeTca coBepmeHHo cjiyiaftHo? Hiirb, kdoitb 

npeCJIOBTTOft ,KpHBOft", KOTOpafl BbIB03HTb, MOaCHO OtfbflCHHTb, 1TO BT> 

Teieme HjTb He AewrrH jtbtl nepBbnrb y Hacb mfcaTeJiem> no- 
HHT&ncfl MaRCHicb TopbKift, xoth om> h bt> rfe roflM HHcaJTb Tanifl 
bodjh, Kara •MfemaHe", h Bootinje HHKorAa He BosBhimaJica eslJP> 
ypoBHeirb BTopocTeneHHaro farroBHKa? A noToirb, ctojil ace Heoara- 
Aarao, TopbKift oura oTCTaBJievb orb CBoero M-tora h BApyn» bcb 
cpaay, bejiotb ao JiHU'b, Tara ace uajio CMbicjranjHXb ra Bonpocaxb 
noaaiH, Kara r. fl. OHJiocotyora, otkputo aaroBopHJiH o „kohitb Topb- 
KaroV Tenepb Ha to ace aumiya BbiABHHyrb JI. AHApeeBi», KOTopufl 
CTOJib ycepACTByerb, hto tcm-l, HHace tbmt> „napb", hjjh ,Bon»*, hjih 
.CiiepTb* HeCeperb, ho KOTopoMy ra oahhi» npeKpacHwft (HeflJia Hero) 
AeHb b*bab npHAeTCH ace Toace .ixaTb Ha KanpH"! A TaMb, Moacerb 
6bTTh y yBHAHirb Mbi Ha myTOBCKOMb tdoh'b r. niajioiia Ama, ecJiH He 
AHaTOJiia KaaceHCKaro. 

MesAy TBMb, ec^H CyAerb npHHHTb Mofi npodKTb, to oht», ocTaBJina 
Tara ace h hwh-b cynjecTByiontfft ajieueHrb cayiaflHocTH bt> paaAaife 
jiaBpoBhixb b-bhkobt>, see ace SHawreJibHO yperyjinpyerb ee. Bo-nep- 
Buxi> t offb ycTaHOBHTb noJiHoe paBeHCTBO UHcaTeJieft nepeAb CflaBOft, 
ht6, kohoiho, cooTB-BTCTByerb AeMOKpaTHHecKOMy Ayxy Hamero BfeKa. 
3Bame nepBaro nHcaTeJia tiyAOTb A&BaTbca HeaaBHCHMo orb cjiynafi- 
HOCTefi poatAeHifl, ooraTCTBa (Hrpaionjaro TaKyio poJib npn Hameifb ne- 
npaBeAHOMb corUajn>HOMb cTpo*) h aaace TaJiaHTa: h6o b*bai» ne bhho- 
BaTbi ace it. Cepa<f>HMOBH<rb hjih Hhphkobt>, hto npHpojia o6A*BJiHJia hxi» 

TSJiaHTOMb! Bo-BTOphIXb, MOft npodKTb AaCTb B03M02CH0CTb aaHHMaTb 

nocTb nepBaro iracaTeJiH ropaaAo 6oJibmeMy wcjiy mux*, H*Mb Tenepb, 
TaK*b Kara TaKoe aBaHie CyAerb AasaTbca Bcero Ha roAb (oTb A©Ka6- 
pa no AeKa6pb,— ao hoboA noAUHCKH). Bm-bctb ct> t-bmi» nacTaa CMtaa 
nepBbixb HHcaTejiefl Aacrb BoaMoacHocTb rr. KpHTHKam» He aceBaTb bi> 
csoHXb cTaTbxxT> CTapufl peaHHKH, h 6yAeTb KaxAMfi roAb npeAOCTaB- 
jurrb oCHAbHyio nninj jijih (J^JibeTOHOBb rr. raaeTHbixb <t>ejibeTOHH- 
ctobi> (o cyAbC* KOTopuxb HaAO ace, HaKOHem>, noaa(5oTHTbca, Taxb 
Kara, 6yAy?H JinmeHbi ajieMOHTapHaro o6paaoBaHiH, ohhho bt> CHJiaxb 

CSMH HdblCKHBaTb Teifbl AJW CBOHXb DHCaHiH!). HaKOHeUb, TO OtiCTOHTeJIb- 

ctbo, tto 6oAbmie roHopapu 6yAyn> nonaAaTb Bb paaHbia pyRH, 6y- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



48 B*CN N 4 

A6ti» cnocoGcTBOBaTb A&xe npaBHJibHOMy pacnpejrbJieidK) xanHTajm h 
coKpamemio jiHTepaTypHaro npojieTapiaTa. 

Bt» KOHirfe kohuobt> a noJiaraio, ito eAHHCTBeHHbift lejioB-fcKb, ko- 
Topufl icorb 6m cepbeano BoapaxaTb npoTHFb Moero ocHOBHoro npoax- 
Ta, 8to— JI. AuApeeBi. Ho h jiyMajo, hto, paaMucjiHBi sprfeno, h on 
cfl-BJiaeTCH ero sanuiTHHKoifb. BfeAb btotb npoaxrb ct, iecTbi> bubo* 
AHTb ero nab Toro saTpynHHTejibHaro nojioxeHia, bt> Kasoe oh* no- 
najn>: ciHTaTbca lripoBbWb nHcaTejieirb h ho HirfeTb Ha to hhhxi 
npaB*b, Kpoirfe ,IJapa roaoaa* hah .IIpoiuiaTia 3B*pfl*. HBaHb Aae- 
scaHApoBHHi* XjiecTaxoB^'oOpaAOBajicH, Koraa ero nprajuiH aa peBHaopa, 
noTOMy tojibko, hto oht> He njiaTHJTb no cieTam bt> rocTHHHHut, ho 
Bpfljrb jih Before npiHTHo, KorAa MoaBa xaayeTb SBaHieifb HenoAxoa* 
mHm», h upocToro npofesxaro npoBoamamaerb peBH3opoMT>. 

HTara, ocTaeTca tojibko 4>HKCHpoBaTb npewoxeHHbifl mhokagh* h 
ynpeflHTt Bcepoccificicyio xepe6beBKy HHoaTejiefi npaMyio, paBHyio, (fea* 
paajiHHifl noaa h BospacTa. A TaKbKairb bt> Taraxb cjiynaaxb, ocoGei- 
ho npn nepBoiib paa*. Bcer^a .noprb mymrb*, 6bx>cb o6t> aaiuiajrb, 
hto Ha Cyaymift roA* y Hacb OKaxeTCH nepBbnrb nodTom> Bopaei 
3aftueB7>! 

B. B117-IHI. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



BHBJDOrPAOIfl. 



C6opHHKT>TOBapHmecTBa„3HaHie* aa 1906 roA*. KHHra 
XX. Cn6. II. 1 p.— To me. KHHra XXI. I(. lp. 

CRyiHaflt oAHoo6paaHaH, AaBHo BcfeMb npHBMiHan cfepocTb h xy- 
AoxecTBeHHan GeacoAepxaTejibHocTi* c6ophhrobi> „3HaHifl" ct> KaKAHMb 
BunycKoirb ctehobhtch eme c*p*e h CeacoflepxaTejiLH'be. Koraa-To, 

BT» OAHOM*b H3T> HepBUXL BMIiyCKOBT>, HpOlieJIbRHyJIl Taftfb HeXOBT>, 

BCTp^najica sarfeirb BpeMH orb Bpeif ohh JI. AHApeeBi*, Aajn> H*cROJib- 
ko (fojrbe hjih M6H*e HHTepecHbix-b Bemeft KynpHH-b; TenepbHeTOJibRo 
KynpHHi» h ByHmrb, ho Aaxe CepatyHMOBHYb h GeAopoBi*, h rfe, hobh- 
AHMOMy, npeAHOHHTarorb ApaxJiowy „3HaHiio a Apyrin, fojrbe, coBpeueH- 
hmh HauaHin, h ,3Hame* Bee Mame npHti'braerb ri nepeBOAaMb nony- 
jupHbix'b sanaAHbix-b imcaTejieft. 

Ao6paa noJioBHHa AByxb docji'bahhxt. cGophhrobi aaHHTa (J>aKTH- 
qecKHMH MaTepiaJiaMH, RaROBbi, Hanp., aanHCKH JIbBa fleftna .HeTwpe 
noC-bra* h BocnoiiHtiaHia o nowi*AHeft boAh* B. BepecaeBa. Ki> HHCJiy 
TaxAXT> me MaTepianoB-b HaAo oroecTH tb npoHSBOAeHiH, Bb KOTopuib 
bch 6eJiJieTpHCTmecxafl o6pa6oTRa CBOAHJiacb kt> nepeirfeH* co(5cTBeH- 
hmxt> HMem> h yMOJinaHiK) o ifbcT-b aMctbIh, KOTOpOlfb, BnponeiTb, 
He TpyAHo AoraAaTbca: TaRoro .KpoBaBMfl paaJifrab" AfiaifaHa. Bnpo- 
iera, h ocTaJibHan <5eJiJieTpHCTHKa (M. TopbRaro, E. HupHROBa, A. Ce- 
pa<t)HMOBHHa) He MHorHirb oTJiHiaeTCH orb TaKHxi> MaTepiaJioBb. Ci» 
RaxAbiirb HOBbiirb cOopHHKOMb HyBOTByeTCH Bee onpeA'taeHH'be, HTO HH- 
caTeJMifb ,3HaHifl M , bi cymHOCTH, nyxAN aaAain xyAOsecTBeHHbiH, h 
JiHTepBTypa hbjihotch ajih hhxt> Jinmb cpeACTBOirb ahh aocthsohIa u*- 
Jieft, ho HM'Bion^HX'b HHiero o(5maro ct> HCRycoTBoir*. Xoporao jih hjih 

HAOXO OHH OTpeifHTCH RT> OTHIfb UfeflHlCb,— BOIipOCb APyrofl H BblXOAH- 

mift aa npeA*Jiw xyAoxecTBeHHoft rphthxh. 

Mm HHCKOJibxo He Ayu aeirb, OAHaKo, hto cemh no ce6* t e m u, hs- 
6Hp&em*fl nHcaTeJWMH *3HaHiH", He Moryrb (torrb o(5pa<5oTaHN xyAose- 

CTB0HHO. HanpOTHBb, 9T0 OieHb <50JIbmiH, CTpamHMH, OTB'BTCTBeHHMH 

Tew, h noAt> nepom> Oojibmoro xyAOHHHRa oh* morjra 6m cTaTb ocho- 
Boft Bejraicaro, iripoBoro nponsBeAeHui. Ho HiieHHo OBoeft rpoMaAHocrbio 
oh* h coRpymaiorb pa3HHX*b Cepa$HMOBiraeft h Hhphrobm1t>, TaKb KaKT> 
coBepmeHHo He cooTB*TCTByiOTb cRpoMHbnrb pa8M-BpaMT> HXb nHcaTeJib- 
ckhxi» AapoB&HiA. 9th HHcaTejiH Kb CBOHidb CTparaHMii'b Teuairb He yn*- 

WTb HOAOflTH Vb HOBOfi, eme HeOCB*meHHOfl CTOpOHH, y HHX1» H*Tb HOBMX-b 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



50 BfcCH N4 

OTB*TOBT> Ha CTapbie, BtSHbie BOnpOCbl, ORH BT> pOKOBHXT> nepexHBamarb 

Hecnocofaw yciioTp*Tb t* TaftHbi HeJiortnecKofl flymH, bt> Roropbia erne 
He aarjiHHyjrb hhkto. IIoaToify CejuieTpHCTHKa „8HaHifi"npoH8BOAHrb ane- 
HaTjrBHie lero-To Rdpfecraaro, AaBHO h BrfecROAbRo paa-b npoTOraHHaro. 
Bo3b*ie*n>, Hanp., CTOJib iacTyw bt> „3HaHiH a TeMy, — ciceproyi) 
KaaHb. KaRi> BH-bniHe h djiocko, a noToicy h $aJibmHBO hoaxoahto eb 
Heft r. Cepa4)HMOBH«n> (,Raxi» 6wio")! OxHp'BBinift ropoAosoft HBJueTCi 
kt> CBoefi 3HaKOMoft CTapymxlv, Heyrtmno ytiHBaxmieficH o HendB-fccTHofi 
yiacTH CBoero apecTOBaHHaro cwna, h, chah ct> Heft aa canoBapoirb, 
padCRaauBaerb eft o icaaHH aToro Cbraa, npa KoTopofl owb npHcyTCTBo- 
Bajrb h iyTb jih He noAcotiJiajrb. Crojuro paai» yxe paacKaauBajract. 
cxoAHbw hctopIh! He Tax* a*bho ABa (torbe TajiaHTAHBbixb coBpeMe* 
HbixT> nHcaTeAfl BMMicb sa Ty xe Teiiy h bt> peayjibTarb y hxx* 
noHBHj^cb KyAa Cojrfee ivbHHbifl bgiah (Mapxi> KpHHHUxift — .OnJioTb 
otiDjecTBa", Ocnn-b ,ZXhniOBT>— ,y bhcbjihoh*). Borb HnpHKOFb norfc- 
CTByerb o BneiaTjrbHUix'b MajibHHxa, Ha ceifbio KOToparo BHeaaino 
oCpymHBawTCH bchkIa HeciacTia: nojraueficxie otoicxH, apeerb crap- 
maro tipaTa, ero aaaHb, AOJiraa (tarbaHb h ciceprb uaTepn h t. a* 
(,Ha noporfa xh3hr"). EbieTerb, njieTerb om> cBOft paacxaat— 6e» 
BCflaaro xyAOxeeTBeHHaro oitiopa, 6eai> acTemecxoft kphthxh r, no- 
BHAHMOMy, bh* Bcoxaro nyBCTBa M-apu AOJixnaro h HeAOJixHaro. Paaro- 
Bopbi noA^aci hh Ha hto He HyxHbiHJiH BepTflTcaBceBOKpyrbToroxe. 
CTHAb— nepBbift aonaBmiftcff. noTreraoe m*bcto bt> paacxaafc otboahtc* 
pyraHHxyxapxH. A-faTcxaff ncHxoaoruityaJibiiiHBaH HeBUAepxaHa. 3art*n> 
yarb oieHb hbho BHAeHb BeaA* BbipaaHTeJitHo noAMHrHBax>nuft HHTaTNOO 
aBTop-b, ocoGchho, xorAa owb paacxaabiBaerb o6t» „0TJiHHH0irb* cat, 
npHCHHBmeMca Bajrb. Bo ch* xe BaHa y BHA-Bjrb, hto .nepHbifl, Moxnanit 
lepra BeAerb Bctxt bxi (nojiHueftciuix'b) bi» aA*b. PyxH y hbx* cm- 
aaHU BepeBxaMH, a Ha Horax* SBeHarb xejiteHua utaH, xan y apf. 

CTBHTOBT*, a lOpTb CT> A^HHHOft HSJIXOft HAOTb HOSaAH H KpHTOTb M 

hhxt>, HToObi mAH cxop-fee!" 3HaiHTejibHo u*HH*e bt» xyAOxecTBeraoirt 
OTHomeHiH noifBD^eHHuft bt> XXI BbinycK* anoA* KynpHBa n y^esBVb\ 
eARHCTBeHHuft paacxaa^ bt> o6*hxt> KHHraxi>, roBopanufl He o saaHm 
h apecTax-b, ho jramb o napoxoAHbixi myjiepaxi. Bt» paacsaaa ecu 

HSB-feCTHaa yifBAOCTb, l&TROCTb H B806pa3HTeAbHafl CHJia. 

Bt> o6opHHRax a b, Rpoirb Toro, nowBmeHM nepeBOAu nocji-fcAHefi AP** 
mw TaynTMaHa ,3aJioxHnua Kafwia BejiHKaro" h Apaiia Bepxapn 
.MoHacTbipb*. 06a nepeBOAa CA^AaHbi npoaoft, xoth opHniHaJiu-n 
CTHxaxi» (.MoHacTMpb" AHmb OTiacTH). nepeB0A*b w 3ajioxHHiiH* npi* 
HaAAexHTb 3. BeHrepoBoft h, HeciioTpn Ha HSB'BCTHyio Ao6pocoitcT- 
HocTb h ToiHocTb, He icoxerb CbiTb npH3HaHT> yAa^HbOfb yxenoTOHj, 
hto cA^Jiavb Taxi Ha8UBaeif oft .paaifftpeHHoft npoaoft*, T-e. eTWieiib n 
Bbiemeft cTeneHH OeaBRycHbiMi, ct> Hejrtnoft, ReecTecnteaHoft h nopot 



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BHBJIOrPA*W. 51 

npaMo raynofi paeeTaHOBKoft cjiobi. Taxoe xaafeqeHie aabiKa He TOJib- 
ko He BoaHarpaxAaerb aa yTpaiy HCTHHHaro MeTpa, ho, HanpoTHBi, 
sacTaBJweTb xartTb o npocTofl, ho Tpeaaofl h npaBHJibHOfl npoa*. Bt 
nepeaoA* .MoHacrapa* paeirfcpHocTH vbrb, ho bco xe oh% Aaaexo He 
nepe^aerb cthjh> iioajjhhhhjUL Cxama h irfeTxbi BblpaxeHia 9. Bep- 
xapHa o6pameHbi wbcb bt> pacTHHyrbia (paw h o6n*ifi nrfccxa. 

Taaaps lipimm Ilojnnii craxoTBopHbifl nepeBOA* ci rpeiecxaro 
BCfexi ntecb h otpubkobi*, AomeAmnxii ao naci hoa* 8thmi» Huenewb, 
e-b AByna BBeAeHikifH, cTaraflMH 061 oTAfribmixi* nbecaxi, o6*hchh- 
TeJibHbnrb yxaaaTejieM-b h chhmkomi» ct» aHTHHHaro OiocTa EepnnHAa, 
H. 0. AmeHCxaro. C.-I16. T-bo w lIpocB'femeHie\ 

BacjiyateHHaa HSB-bcraocTb r. AHHOHcxaro, Kara yieHaro <|>hjio- 
aora, bt> sHEHHTeJibHoft lrfep* npeApfrnaer* oirfeHxy ero BbiAaromaroca 
■ Ao6pocoB*cTHaro TpyAa. T. AHHeHcxift vb coBepmeHCTB* BAaAtteTi 
b aahucoM-b opnrHHajia h pyeeKHifi» CTHiom>: oht» anaerb, ht6 nepeBo- 

AHTb, H BT> CHJiai'b HCHOJIHHTb HepeBOffb Taffb, KaXT> XOHOTb. 

HoeTOMy BospaxaTb r. AmeHCKOMy homo, jramb ocnapaBaa ne- 
TOAbi ero pa6oTbi. 

UpexAe Bcero, Hac* pfcnuiTejibHo He yAOBJieTBopaerb aabiKT> nepe- 
BOAa, noBHAHMony, co8HaTeabHo HaCpaHHbifl nepeBOAHHKoifb. Mbi chm- 
Taem> p-femirreJibHo neyir&CTHbiMH bi» nepeBOA* ct> ApeBHe-rpenecKaro 
jiaTHHHaiibi, raJuiHUH3Mbi h repMaHH3Mbi t xaxoBbi, Hanp., y r. Ahoh- 
cxaro: ceHTeHUia (CTp. 405), xopnyei (560), <J>ajibinHBbjft (294), mapjia- 
TaHCKifl (307), Ha uaHepi (317), Tpaypi (822). repoJibAbi (873), ysypna- 
topb (874), BaTepnacb (390), cyjiTaaw (78), tohi (81), Tpnro (533), 
6aHTb (510), Mapnrb (587), tiaHxerb (151), mKHnepi> (164), 6apbepi» (195) 
h t. a— Bee 8to (no CMbicJiy aAeKBaraoe noAAHHHHKy Bnojra*) cTpaHHo 
h HenpiflTHo aByiHTb bt> ycTaxi> ApeBHHx-b ajuiHHOBii, repoeBT> H 6oroBi>, 
h yxe coBCbirb He BaxeTca hh ct> yifbpeHHbiMH cJiaBHHH8MaMH (ch*ai>, 
BcnHTb h t. A*)* HH C1 > npocTOHapoAHbiMH peieHiaifH (nyTHHa, nepe- 
KHARa), oxotho AonycKaeMbiMH r. AHHeHCKHjrb. 

3arbifb He coraacHbi mm h ct> paairfapaifH, HaGpaHHbiMH nepeBOA- 
iHxoifb. B-b AiaJiorfc r. AHHeHCKifi HecnpaBeA*iHBo aaifbHaerb My- 

3bIKaJIbHblft HM6H<ieCKiH TpHMeTpi 60JTfee KOpOTKHMl H OAH006pa8HbIMT> 

nHTHCToirahiirb HM0oirb (npaBAa— hohth BcerAa ueaypoBaHHUirb). Yp-b- 

3aH CTpOKH H HHCJIO HXT>, nepOBOAHHRl* nOCTOHHHO AOJlKeHl 6bUTb 

mepTBOBaTb oCpaaan e h orrbHKaMH BbipaseHift EBpenHAa. MexAy Tbin* 
Bin. HBaHOBi* bt> CBoem> w TaHTan** Heno<5*AHMo Aoxaaajrb^HTo Hif6H^e- 
CKifl TpHiierpb ho MGH'be cB0ftCTB6HT> pyccxoMy aabiKy, TfeM* H'bMemcoMy 
(.OaycTB*, n nacTb). IloxaJiyft, eme neyAaHH'be y r. AHHeHcxaro bu6oj>t> 
pa8M*bpoBi» ajih nepeAaHH xopoBbix-b HaereH.Riurb 6bi cnopHbi hh 6buiH 
bxi» cxeMbj— bt> pyccxoifb aabiicb ecTb paairfcpbi, cooTB-feTCTBeHHbie rpene- 



r 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



52 



BftCH N4 



oxiurb. flocTaTOHHO flajrb jww BToro yaaaaHifi h nyTeft totl xe Bin. 
Hbbhob* bi» .TaHTaJi-fe* h nepeBeAeHHuxiHarb h3t> XlHHaapa h BauBABA* 
oa* h flHeHpaMCb. Taaace HBJibaa corJiacHTbca ci> BHeceHie»n> bi> nep* 
boat» r. AHHOHCKaro jmewb, npaBHJibHux*b Aaimwieft h t. a* 

Bon aba oTpuBRa nail xopoBi HanojiHTa h MeAen, c&mmuM a> 
noA^HHHHKoirb*. CkoCkh HajrfeBo — onymeHHoe y r. AHHeflcxaro; 
Banpaeo— BB6A©HHoe hmt> bi> tokcti. 
HnnoiiTi, (ripoarkayftTe, oaaro- 
roai*, npocxtayaTej 

a* .ZQeBoa— a* Be6ecaot 

ApTCJourfe, tto paayeTi Back 
Oxotbbrb. O Bjaatnnma, (ajajuj- 
iaaa AOcroiTMirkftmaji) 

3escoia oTpacib— 

(paayac*) paayaca tm! o aoik 

JIaTOHM h 3eBca, (ApTeMHju!) 

Meat* jtiBCTBeHBBB> — MHoronpe- 
Kpacffkftmaji— 

tm, to> ea bmcb Be6a 

npeoNBaemi (n ciarao) otuob- 
crom-i 

(jtBOpfc), (l*fc 3cBCOBOITfc aom-b) 

MBoroaiaTBon... 
(Psutyftca, o apeKpacafcamaa — 
o npeapaca-fcamaa aa Ojuucd-b) 

M3"fc A'BBCTBeBBBm— 0, ApTeMBJia! 



Xopi H9i Me a ear 

CTpo<t>a I: Hasajn* p-aa* cwrruxr. no- 
TeKJR bctokb; 
h npa&oa (h ice aaaajti oopamaeTca.) 
Y ayacea — KOBapau kjmtbu b 

6oram» h-bt* 
6airse BBpaocTa BeaapymMHOft. 
H mod acasBfc — rt Aoopyio caasy 

aojiBa o6paTaii! 
IlojntoAan, nonen jum poaa acea- 

CKaro. 
H bbobl BeojaroaayaHMa n-fccaH 

BceamaHu He aocByrca... 
* no BaxaaiflM'b: Hbdoibt*— H. Veil 
Uiptig 1880). 



O, BOBCiaBbTe rHMHOMi,, (jpyra,) 
(3oiOTyx>) JU* aoib, 
ApTCMHjy, Hamy paxocn*! 

itfcBa BaaaMiaaa, 

Paayaca, (chjmsuO 

3eBC0Ba aohl! 

Haaa JlaToa wkm> 

Bt nip'fe npeapacH-se. 

O, AprcMBjia, (Ham. 

H-BT& h MHjfee Teoa:) 

Bt» sjiTom, yapameHHun 

3aaara onia 6orort 

(Crojuko lapyiomaxi,) 

Ckoju>ko He6ecHmn> xkn. 

Tm aeacay hhxt, oaaa 

ABBcneHBo (qacraa,) 

(Goaaaa oTpaAHBe) 

Tm, ApTeMHAa, (Ham..) (CTp. 269). 

IlepBMB MySHRil&HUi 

aHTpaxTi. 
Pbkb cBameaBMa Bcnjm noreaia, 
ITpaana ocnuiacb, ho Ta aa? 
(TopHMa bmch aocHyaaa» sexjaj 
Haa 6orort nonapaa (rt nMJ*J 
Myaca aoBapHHaa cnura... 

Brfcpao, a aama xyaaa aoiBa 
Toace uaaoa o6paTaTca 9 
H noJCTan bojotm* cioaa 
HCeaavrb n ycaaay, (vro ntaia) 
(160). 

(Ptris 1897) b Mtxea-N. WetfcWi 



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BHBJIIOrPAttfl. 58 

RoioieHTapui kt> ntecaici I TOMa (AjutecTa, MeAen, HnnojiHrb, 

repaKJTb, IOHT>, KHKJIOITb) 0H6HB HHT6p6CHM H U^HHbl. 

BllAlMipi H I I M X I p l> 

JI. AHjgpieBa. PaacKaau. KHHra I. C. IleTeptfyprb. 1908. IJ.80 k. 

KHHra«r-XH AHytypieBofi— npeaadaBuaa icoaaHKa aaHMCTBOBaHHbix-b 

cTHJiefl. TpH nHcaraifl aepxarb bt> rarfeHy efl BOotipaxeHbe: JI. Ahap©- 

OBTb, A. POMHdOBl H JI. 3HH0BbeBa-AHHH6aJTb. 

fiOTb TpH npHM-Bpa, TpH Oj60HBblH aaraflOHHblH KapTHHKH, oTKyAa 
BUTJIHAUBaiOTB KappHRaTypHO HCKaxeHHblfl SHaKOMMH JIMUa. 

I.— ,OHa nojiyCeacoaHaTejibHo cjiuraa^a: 
rjxuy, a* oh*... 
IIpecBflTafl BoropoAHua... 
MHoro HHHie hxt>. 

OTOfiAHTe, 0T0&AHT6, TOOHOAa, HTO CMOTp'BTb? 

...ecJiH 6h H3i> boam, TaKi> iieAaab 6u'...— PeiiHaoDir— .ripyAi,". 
2.— ,H3T>-aa yrjia BbicnKHBaerb BApyrb BHipb— ctifesaBmift tiyftHufi 
oyMacmeAmifi. HatipacbiBaeTca Ha He©. 

3ajiaMMBaeTb nroany. 3aKpyiHBa©rb uoaojii. OcTaHaBJiHBaerb. 

OTnycKaerb. BfrKHTb Aajibme. 

OnflTb Ayerb. 

CjibimHTCfl ryjiKifi Tonorb noAKOBaHHbixi> Horb, OTpoftHbixi, nopo- 

AHCThlX-b. 

IIpHJiHHHO-npoTHXHoe maenaHbe ramrb. 

Kojieca nejibKawmia, cjiHBaionujicfl. 

MHoro ROJiecb. 

Ha6epemHaH*...— 3HHOBbeBa-AHHH6ajn>—»TparHHecKifl 3B*pHH©m>V 

H, HaKOHem*, bott> JI. AHApeeBi>, BupoMe>n>, noTepHBmift bc» ap- 
KocTb cbohxi* Kpacotcb, Bt paacKaa* „Mhco", nponaraHAHpynnieifb 
BereTapiaHcxyx) Kyxmo: 

w nepecTaBT> TOJixaTb, jinn nero-To HenpinTHaro Tyro npHTHrHBaJiH 
h npHBflsuBaJiH BepeBKy orb poroBi* ki noJiy. H orroro jih, hto h©- 
CBo^OAHaa Tenepb rojioBa Tairb HeotibiKHOBOHHo tiuJia npHrHyTa in> 
aeiui* hjih hto hmohho cefiiaci* naxjio Yfearb-TO TaKHM t» Heo6biiaftHbnn>, 
Tenjio-jiHnKHM-b,— bt> aymfc BApyrb npocicaJibabiBaJio ito-to cjitno Tpe- 
BoxHoe, cTpamHoe, h CTpacrao xorfejiocb HaaaA^, npoib". 

Ha* Tpex*b CTHJiefl, cTOJib paaJiHiHWX'b no BH'bmHHM'b iepTain> h 
BHyrpeHHeft xyAoxecTBOHHofi u*bhhocth, Aa ©me BbiBepHyTbixT> Ha na- 
Ha.HKy CeaaepeiioHHbiMH pyitaMH, nooyuuiocb btbhto HCKJnoiHTOJibHo© 
no 6©3BKyciK>. Hto so KacaeTca .HanpaBJieirifl" paacgaaoffb, to oho 
njrfeHaerb Hacb oiapoBaTOJibHo HaHBHbarb AatfCKHirb JiH<5epaJiH3M0irb 
n ryuaHHocTbK). 

H ■ ■ a n • t p o i e i 1 1. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



54 BfeCU N 4 



BanagiHe o6opmon. CGophhrt> 1-fi. K-bo .CoBpeneHHwa npofoeim". 
H. 1 p. MocKBa. 1906. 

,3anaAHNft c6opHHRi>" KHHioH3AaTejibCTBa ,CoBpeMeHHHfl npo&ne- 

MU"— THDHHHOe A*THIAe BTOIX) H8AaT6JIbCTBa, ROTopoe Vb CBOeiTb «h a- 

y 4 h o m T> a oTA'bJi'b BbinycKaerb KHHrH o0t» w H3BpameHiax*b bt> jdoGbh*, 
a BT> AHTepaTypRoifb He habit* AaJibme 3yAepMaHa. Kara Gponuopxa 
o nojioBbix-b H3BpameHiaxT> He Hicterb HH4ero oCnjaro ct> Haysoft, a 
.Poabi" 3yAepMaHa anmb oieHb oTAajieHHo conpHKacaiorcH ct> Hcxyc- 
ctbomI), TaKi h 1-fi „3anaAHbift c6ophhki> m , nocBameHHbift coBpeiceHHofl 
H-bMeuRoft JiHTepaTyp*, npeACTaBJiaerb ee BecbMa He yAOBaeTBopH- 

TOJIbHO. 

Hto sa CTpaHHbifl noAttop* nncaTejiefl? IIoM'biAeB'b paacicaaHirb To- 
iiaca MaHa h oTcyTCTByeTi BHAHfefimift tiejuieTpHcrb eoBpeiceHHOfi 
TepMaHiH ,H*MeuKifi OjioCepb*— reHpHX* MaHi>. lifer* PHJibRe, may- 
KaJia, TapTJieCeHa, PuRapAU ryxi, P. Banbaepa, MafipHHRa — h npn- 
cyTCTBy»T'b CTOJib coMHHTeJibHWH B6JIH4HHM, KaKi> rojuieHAepi*, Ka- 
jieHtieprb, nLia$i>... 

Jta h caiiufi noACopi Bemefl HCKJimnTeJibHO HeyAaieffb. HeyxeAH 
y tbxt> xe Toxaca MaHa, KaaeHtiepra, rojuieHAepa h mjia<i>a HeJibaa 
<5biJio HafiTH MTO-HH6yAb Con-he apKoe h orroieHHoe, tiojrbe B*CKoe Ha 

B*CaXT> JIHTepaTypHMX-b U*HHOCTeft, 4*MT> CaHTHM eHTaiibHoe nOB-feCTBO- 

BaHie o tomi, KaKi> Ao6pwe jiwah b3hjih Kb ce6* Hes-bAOMo kbmi, 3a- 
poxAeHHaro npieMbima h oht> oieHb oropnajrb hxi> bhocji-bactbih cbo- 
hmh nopoiHMMH HaKJioHHocTHMH (4>. roAJieHAepb, w lJpieMNnrb") t hah 
ncnxoAorniecRaa Gojitobhh Uljia^a h <J)aabCH<t>HimpoBaHHoe 6oro6op- 
necTBo „rop6yHa M — KaaeHtiepra? 

nepeBOAT>? KorAa, HHTaa RHHry, nepexoAHmb on> oAHoro an-ropa 
K*b Apyroiiy, He aaifbqaemb ptmHTeJibHo HHKaKoft paaHHUbi bt> frabirfe 
h cTHJrt. Bee toti> xe HecypaaHbifi uepeBOAHWfi xaproHi, GJiaroaapa 
KOTopoMy yTpawBarorb Bcaxoe aoctohhctbo h tb u-BHHhia boiah Ajii>- 
TeH6epra, roffwaHCTaJia h BaccepiiaHa, mo nonajin, Ha paAy ct» apy- 
rHM-b, bt> c<5opHHKT>. He see bt> nepeBOA* r. KaAHma Moxerb tiu-rb 
npHdHaHo TaKxe rpaMOTHbiurb h coraacHburb ci pyccRHirb CHHTaRCH- 
coin>. OtiJioxKa CRonnpoBaHa ct> OAHoro h3t> H-BMeuKHXT> HdARHifi b no- 
Tony HeAypHa. 

Biitopi r o $ ii a h v 

fl-p* Bpogepi XpHOTiaHoeHv IIch xo Jiorin h Teopia no* 
dHaHifl. ETepeBOA'b ci> H-bMeiucaroE. H. BopHHeBCKaro. IIoat> peA&R- 
uieft B. A. OoxTa. Mcr. 1907 r. 

Ecjih mm nocTaBHM-b ce6t npoOJieuy, RaRi CTpoHTb Teopiio chiibo- 
Jiusua, to Becbii a MHorie GyAyrb ynaabiBaTb, tto yxe bt» caiioft yTBep- 
XAaeMofl opo6jieifb nocTpoeHia saRJifoiaeTca JiorHHecRaa omH6Ra *q6 



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EHBJIIOrPAfclfl. 55 

tsqov kneQor. Teopui CHHBOJiHBMa oKaxeTCH, no m MHtaiio, hjih RJiac- 
CH(()HKauiefl $aRTOBi> TBopiecTBa, hjih HHAHBHAyajibmncb iceTA$H&H*e- 
ckhmt> nocTpoesieMii. HaKOHem>, hhno HenadtaHo oirbmanTb canoe 

TBOpiOCTBO CT> TOOpieft TBOpHOCTBa Ha pa3H006pa3HbIXT> OCHOBaHlaXls 

HocnmHXT> xapaKTepi hcthhhocth; 6yxjTb yTBepaA&Tb, ito Teopin h 

TBOpieCTBO HeCOHSITBpHMhl, HJIH HTO TBOpiOCTBO, JipeAOUpeA'BJIHH HO* 

aHaeie, ho onpeAferaico hm t», h noaroicy npHHUHnu TeopeTHKonoraaBa- 
TejibHaro HacjrbAOBaHiff, npeABapon tbopioctbo, ho npHJiouMi* kt> npo- 
6JieM* TBopnecKHX-b utoHocTeft; 6oji*o Toro, ohh h ho npHroAHH. Bon 
rjTb-ro m* Hifbeirb npaBo aarHaTb bt> Tymnet npsmojuiHeftHux'b cto- 
Pohhhkobt> ecTecTBeHHo-HayiHaro, acTOTHHecKaro, ifHCTHiecRaro, iieTa- 
<t>H3HiecKaro h couio;iorHHecKaro oirfaHHBaHiH acTenrcecRHxi 4>axTOB% 
TKaaaHieicb Ha to, hto jme caMHiri npHSHaHiera TBopiecTBa, Rani u'bhho- 
cth, ohh npBHyxAaiorb ce6fl npenBapHTeJibHo nocTaBHTb h paapfeniHTb 

np06JI6My UtHHOCTH H BblTOKaiOIAHX'b H31 H©H OU'BHOR'b (BC6 paBHO, 

c b o 6 o a h JiH TBopnecTBa hjih ero ho cbo6oau); ohh aojix- 
Hbi pacnojioxHTb noHHTie ivbHHaro bt> OTHomeHiH kt> RaTeropbnrb 
HCTHHHaro h ABHHaro, i\-e. . Haftra eme h TeopeTHiecRoe nrfeCTo npoti- 
jieii* irfeHHocTefi. H canoyB-bpeHHbie dCTera, onpeAfenJUonde BRycb 
KpHTepieifb ,h t a k i> x o i y", h caiioAOBJrfciomie .TeHAOHuioa- 
HHKH a , h w a ji b 6 h h o c bi* orb HAeajiHaMa, h TeyprH 6yAyrb oAHHa- 
robo npHHyxAOHbi nepeHeoTH oaoft cnopi> Ha HeftTpajibHyio noiBy, 
npoB^pajomyio hxt> hojihomoiIh, ocjih hxt» cnpocHTb, RaRi» CTpoHTe Bbi 
CBoe acTCTHiecKoe cyxAOHie. 

H Ha cueHy BUCTytrarb Bee Ta ace MapGyprcicaa hjih 4>pefi6yprcRafl 
mROJia <|>HJioco<t>iH. H acTerb bm-bct-b ci neTa<t>H3HRoirb h couiojioroirb 
noRopHo 8acHAen» aa ochobhuh TeopeTHRo-noaHaBaTejibHhin co^HHOHifl. 

Bponnopa XpnoTiaHceHa HBJuieTCfl BejiHROJTBiiHhiirb BBOAeHieifb kt> 
noHHManiio TeopeTHro-nosHaBaTeJibHofl npotiJieubi: hbhiaho, cxaTo, npo- 
cto (5ea*b AypHoro TOHa HaHBHbixi> nonyjurpHaauifi), oHa ROHcneRTHpy- 
erb h6o6xoahmo BUABHraeMbui npoffjieiibi nioceojioriH. BonpeRH npe- 
Ahcjiobuo B. OoxTa, oTHoenmaro xapaRTepHCTHRy XpHCTiaH06Hoici» aa- 
Aaii rHoceoJioriH kt> mROjrfe BHHAejibCaHAa-PHKRepra, in* oTHecJiH 6u aB- 
Topa tipomiopbi rt> npoMexyroiHoicy M*<yry u e«Ay Map6yprcRoft h Qpeft- 
tiyprcRoft dirojioA. IIpaBAa, bm*ct* ct> Phrroptomi* bhahtt> oht> bi> 
^Sollen* HCTBHHocTb cyxAOHia. Ho 3to cxoxAOHie ct> PHRRepToirb-JIa- 

CROMT> eCTb CXOXAOHie BT> OTHpaBHOM-b, a HO Bl> ROHOHHOITb HyHKTB. 

Bt> Bonpoc* o utaHOCTH, Tam>, rA* PHRReprb JiHrab OTaBHTb npoCJieiiy 
o cooTHomeHiH MexAy HCTHH0ftHu1iHH0CTbK),npHHeirb caMaa npoCneu* 
BOBce ho npeApBmaerb coBnaAeHia noHHTifi HCTHHHaro h u*bHHaro, hh 
eme Men-be noAiHHeHin OAHoro dohhtIh ApyroMy, hjih o6paTHO v Tam> 
XpncTiaHceHb plvmaerb ee, a 6u CKaaajrb, v c i> Tonopa', onpeA*- 

JIHH U*HHOCTb HCTHHHOCTbK) CySA6HUl. CyXAOHie .HCTHHH06 eCTb 



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56 R&CHN 4 

n "h h h o ©* no XpncTiaHceHy 6*uio 6u cymAOHieirb aHajramecKflMb. 
JlflSL PHKKepTa Tyn>-To h BoaHHKaerb HeaaTpoHyTaa ero mKoaoft npo- 
faeua; vb Bonpocfe, Ran pfemHTb ooCTaBJieHHy» npotaeuy, bch chju 
h bch tfy^ymHocTb OpeftCyprcKofl mK(WiH. Rjih KoreHa sjftch npo6ae- 
Hbi h*btt>; h bi> dToifb XpHciiaHceH-b npHMfaiKaerb kt> MapGypry. Bi 
totb MoiieHrb, Koraa lai p-Brnmrb npotijieiiy oTHocirrem»Ho xaparrepa 
cy«A0BJa ,hcthhho6 e c t b u * h h o o* bt» tomt> cmhcji-b, hto ot- 
Heceirb flaHHoe cyxAOHie Kb cym^mKWb cHHTeTHiecKHirb, mu npoBo- 
AHifi HenepecTynaeiiyio nepTy icexA7 Teopiefi anaHia h Teopiefi tbob- 
necTBa; Teopia CHMBOJraaifa npe^Bapeea HaucKaHiera Beo6xojpnam> 
npeflnocbiaoK'b icara hctmhhocth eyxAeHia, TaKi h ero AOjmeHCTBOB*- 
hIh. Bon. Tyrb-To mh h hoaxoahmi ki> OTOCKaflito TeopeTH^eciaro 
lTBCTa flJiH CHMBOJiHHecKofl npotfJieMw; flajibH-Bftmaa sa^ana ecTb Bme- 
AOHie noHHTifl chmbojui h otiocHOBaHie dToro noH&Tifl, Kara nonari*, 
oopefl'bJiiiiomaro utaHocrb; Aturbe BoaHHKaeTb Bonpocb o paacMOTptaii 
BbiBefleHHaro noHjrrifl bt> MeToaax*b cymecTBywnjHXb ducojit* h ahcuhd- 
jihhi> aHaHin. 

Mm KOHnaeifb rfcirb se, vbirb Haiajnr, Kara nocTpoHTb Teopin 
CHMBOJiuaifa? Bt> Bonpoc* o ivbhhocth Hanum* acTeTHiecKHXT> cywe- 
Hift lai npHHyxAaem> ojjHaaKOBO bcbxt> BCTynHTb Ha cjiosHHft nyn> 
paapa6oTKH MOTOAOB'b pfemeHia noAHHTaro Bonpoca: hjih npBSBaTb 
Bonpocb, ho nocnraa Ha ero cepioaflocrb, hjih p a a * HaBcerjia 
oTKaaaTbca on BCflMecsHii o6cyxneHift aaaani 

HCKyCCTBa. 

Mu npHB^TCTByeirb nepeBOAi HanmHoft 6pomiopbi XpHCTiaHceea, 

KaKb (J)dKTb prBAKOfk BT> HaOYH AHH HCTHHHO-KyJIbTypHOft patfOTM. 

fitpioi Bjrinv 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



DJHK 



L OCKAFL rHJlLfl. BPBIIH 

n. ockafl rajiba CHPBHA 

IIL A. OOH'b-BHaHH'b. HA 3AKATO 



Digitized byLjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQiC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



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Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HHOCTPAHHAfl J1HTEPATYPA. 



IIHCbMA O OPAHUy3CK0fl 1103311*. 
Cte<*aht> Majijiapms, kakt> hejiob*&ki>. 



Haoflpaxaa GeanoKoflHyio h aw6KyK> JiHHHocTb IIojih BepjidHa *, a 
bti> to ace BpeMH 0HepTHJi*b 6-brjio h CTe$aHa MaJiJiapMa, TaKi> KaKb 
AOJiaeeHii 6buii> aHaJiHanpoBaTb to ecTecTBOHHoe h neoCxo^HMoe, xota 
ix 6eaco3HaT6JibHoe, ycTpeMJieme ywoBt kt> ero npeoCpaaoBaTeJibHoft 
pa6oT*fe, KOTopoe onpeA'bJiHJiocb okojio 1885 roaa. fl yicadbiBajrb, hto 
otb Bepjiana hmohho kt> Majuiapao bt> Ty a;:oxy oOpama-iocb o6mee 
npeK-ioHeme, 6oJi*be cepbesHoe, 6oJit*e npoHHoe h 6oJi*be onpaBflaHHoe. 
H Mbi ocTaHOBHJiHCb Toraa Ha noporb Toro aoMa Ha yjiHu* ae - Pomt>, 
rjr& 9 no c^oBaMt Ajib6epa Moicejifl, „MajuiapM3 2Chjii> bt> ckpomhomi 

flOBOJIbCTB'fc, rpaHHHHBfflHM'b nOHTH Cl> <5*BflHOCThK), HO CT> AOCTOHHCTBOMl> 

npHHua!* 4 Ha noporb Toro caaoHa, H3i> KOToparo, Kaaflbift btophhkt>, 

JIOCBTHTeJIH BblHOCHJIH ttCHblO ypOKH TOH HyXOBHOH CTblflJIHBOCTH, Ka- 

xafl HeoGxoflHMo aojuKHa 6biTb ya'bjioM'b MbicjiHTeJieft y noaTOBi). 

Bt> nepBbin paa*b nepefli ABepbio MajuiapMa a 6bun> okojio nflra 
MacoBi> uonojiyAHH, bt> Mapi"fc 1885 rojja. Tor.ua a 6bun> coBepmeHHo 
nyawb -iHTepaTypHOMy Mipy, ho hm-bjit> HHKaKoro oTHoraeniH kt> myM- 
BbiMi>, ho HeonpeA"BJieHHbiMb Kpy«KaMT> MoHMapTpa hjih JIaTHHCKaro 

KBapTaJia H HO GbJ.Tb 3HaK0MT> HH C*b K"BMT> H31> ,M3TpOBI> - . HeyAHBH- 

TeJibHo, hto fl HcnbiTbiBaJTb h-bhto Bpoivfr Tpiyiicfa, nojiynHBi npmviacH- 
Te^ibHoe nncbMo MajuiapMa **, bt> kotopomt> oht> npHB*BTCTBOBa^*b moh 
nnaHi> oahhoh h MHorocjioacHoft nodMbi h o6oapflJii> mohh Ha dTorb 
noABHrb, npHdHaBafl uena cnoco6HbiMi» coaaaTb Tanyio no3My, JiorHHecKH 
TpeCyeMyw rpflAynwMi>. Mohcho ce6*b npeacTaBHTb, KaKHM*b BOJiHOHieM'b 

fl CblJTb 0XBaH6Hl>, rOTOBHCb H03B0HHTb, 3Hafl, HTO COftHaCb fl yBHHCy 

* Cm. .Btctt", 1905, tt 7, crp. 29 i ex. 

•* 3to iijcmio, HanicaflBoe Tomac* nocxt ooiiBJeiiH Moet nepBot khih, npi- 
bcxcho dojhoctm> b» cran.* Baiepia BpiocoBa, „B*ch*, 1904 r., N 12. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



66 BfcCBI N 4 

aBTopa „L'Apr&s-midi d\in Faune"; bo bc6mt> mo6M1> cymecTB-fe bt> tj 
icHHyTy xhjio TOJibRo nopuBHCTO 6HBoreeca cepAueL 

Majuiapao caMT> 0Tnepi> mh* ABepb h npoTHHyji* Mrt pyny Tarb 
npocro h TaKT> ecTecTBeHHo, KaKT> noAaiorb ee flpyry, ct> ROTopunb 
padCTSJiHCb HaRaHyH-b. Oht> nonpocHJTb y m6hh uoaBOJiema npHHHTb 
M6HH bi» cBoeMi> pa6oieMT> RatiHHerb, rfl* no cnwiy 6hua paa6pocaHw 
bt> 6eanopflAK* 6yaiarH. Cnpocmn* MeHH, Kypn jih a? aa?— h oht> npo- 
THHyjrb MH-fe Ta6aKepxy h KHnxxy ct> namipocHoft Gyiiaroft. fl aairfe- 
THJTb, hto y Hero caMoro bt> pyK-b 6wia irfeHKOBaa Tpytina, KOTopofi 
ohi» Hrpajn> ci> HanmHoft HetipexHocTbio h KOTopaa Bcer^a 6una Kan 6m 
flono#THeHieMT>, aaBepmeHiewb ero xecroBii, TpeaBtix-b h nprajieRa- 

T6JIbHbIXl>. 

MaJiJiapMd bt> to BpeMH Cujio copoKb Tpn roAa. CpeAHflro pocrra, 
xopomo cjioxeHHbiR, mnpoKonjieHifl, om> oct&hch cTpo&Hbarb, 6e&b xyAo- 

6h, OHT> 06jiaA*JH> KaKOfl-TO OC06eHHOH ROpp6RTHOCTbI0 BCfeXb ABRXeHifl, 

KaKOft-TO paairbpeHHoft h othotjikboh rpaniefl hxi. Bt> Hein> Be 6uao 

HHKaKOH THSKOJIOBaTOCTH, Bb BbipaSOHiU 3K6 JIHUa 6Wia eAHHCTBeHHaH, 

HanpnaceHuaa oflyxoTBopeHHocTb,— HanpaxeHHaa, ho cuoKoflHaa h o&xer- 
HeRHaa HaamecTBOM-b. noAfc eABa oaHaiaioiAHMHca BoanaMH jcanrraHo* 
Bbixb Booocb, cbfl'biomHX'b Ha BHCKaxt, ero GeaoGjiaraoe neao, mapoKoe 
h npaMoyro-ibHoe, npH^aBaJio ero JiHiiy xapaKTept cnoKoftHofi hchocth. 

H dTOTb HCHblH CB-feT*b, HCnOHHeHHblfl TOHKOH npHBliTJIHBOCTH, OXHBJiaiTb 

Ma^eHbKia MopmHHKH, oKpyacaBmia ero Kapie rJiaaa, AOBOJibHo r;iy6oKo 
CHAHmie noAb 6poBHMH. H oht> xe, BbipaauTejibHo noAiepKHyTbifi Hrpoft 
CKyjioBbixb KocTeft, CK0Jib3HyBi> kt> ero ROpOTKO nOACTpHXeHHOfi H, TaMT> 
h chmi>, cepetipameftca 6opoAK*b, Tepaaca bt> HeonpeA'taeHHoft yabiGK* 
hoai> rycrbiMH ycaMH. Hoc*b — TOHKifl h npaMofl, ct> GeacTpacTHbiMH 

H03APHMH. 

roJioBa, npaBHJibHO oKpyrjieHHaa, 6biJia HeBeJiHKa, ho lyBCTBOBaaca 
HCRJiio«uiTeJibHo paaBHTbifl Moarb, rapMOHHiecKH opraHHaoB&HHHH h 
AHcuHnjiHHHpoBaHHhift BOJiefi, Bceraa o<5paayiomeft oahhctbo Mticm n 

XH3HH. H TO-lbKO OAHa HeOHCHAaHHafl HOpTa BT> OAyXOTBOpeHHOlTb, Bill- 

coko HHTeJiJieKTyajibHOMb jmufr: y aBTopa ,IIocJi'ko6'bAeHHaro oTAbaa 
OaBHa" ymH 6bum cjierna aaocTpeHHUMH, — h ara ocoGeHHOCTb, Be 
ocTaBmanca HeaaM-bneHHoft aBTopoMb ero uaB^CTHaro nopTpeTa-mapxa*, 
o6ocTpaJia h oflmift o6nHKb noaia Kajcoft-TO nepTOfl tohkoh h Aio6onbiT- 
Hofi Bece^ocTH... MojioAOCTb, — BOTb nepBoe, mo BocnpHHHMaJiocb H3T. 
o6paaa Ma.i-iap.Ma, ho Mo;iOAocTb ypaBHOB'bmeHHafl, ycnoRoeHHan Ha- 
Ae«AOft ii yBlspeHHocTbio, KOTopaa KaKT> 6w aajiynaJia H3i> ceta, cb 
y6*AHTeabHbiMb oiapoBameub, Bee ero cymecTBO. 

• Bi cepia »Les Hommes d'Aujoui-d'hui", hsj. L^on Vanier (A. Messeifl— 
succ.) 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JIHTEPATyPA. 67 

TaKHirb npeflCTaJiT> oh* Mirfe, KorAa, bi» AouaniHeMii koctiom*, He- 
tipexHO noJiomHBT> Hory Ha Hory, oht> ci» AoGpuMb BHimameMb roBo- 
Phjtb co MHoft 060 mh*. IIo noBOAy Moero naaHa 6ojibmofl „eAHHoft h 
MHorocJioxHofi" nodMU, oht> aaroBopHJTb CBoeM-b ochobhomt> TpyA*. 
KOTopbift oht* o6AyMbiBajn> bck) XHBHb. 9ra paCoTa, roBopHjn> oht>, no- 
ctohhho saHHMajia ero mncjih; ota^jilhuh ea nacTH h hxt> BaaHicooT- 
HomeHie MeAJieHHO BwpucoBbiBaJiHCb nepeAt hhm7>,— ho oht> ho qyBCTBO- 

Ba^T> AOCTdTOHHO flOCyra, HH (Ct OTKpOBeHHOft CKpOMHOCTbK) A06aMH^l> 
OH*b) JJOCTaTOHHOft yB^pOHHOCTH BT> CBOHX*b CHJiaXl>, Bb CBOOfi BJIBCTH 

bi» HCKyccTB*, 4to6w flOB*pHTb xoth 6u Haiaao nepy. OAHaKO, OHT> 
HeycTaHHo coGepaJib MaTepia^b, hto coctohjio B*b aanuchiBaHiH Ha 
MaJieHbKHXi H6TbipeyroJibHbixi> jiocKyTKaxi* dyMarn, KOTopuxb npif 
HeMi> BcerAa <5hun> xopomift aanacb, paaHbix* Mbicaefl h cooSpaaeHift 

KOTOpblH MOrJIH 6bl BnOCJTbACTBlH daHflTb CB06 M-feCTO B*b RaROH-JIHGo 

nacTH dToro 6yflymaro Tpyaa. Y Hero 6hjjt> u-fejiwfl amHR*, Ha6HTbift 

3THMH wlHCTOHKaMH 6yMarH, OTflneHHblMH MHMOJIOTHblMH MblCJIflMH... 

Oht> 3anHCbiBa^T> bth 61>r;ibja aawbTKH Beaa*b: bo BpeMa 6ecbA*ti Ha 
yjiHirfe, Ha ypoK* (KaRi> h3b%ctho 9 -Majiaapire 6bun> npenoAaBaTe- 
aewb amviiftcKaro aabiRa), flaae aa o6*Rowb. Tojyb cnycTa, mh* bh- 
najia hoctb, KOTopyio a oieHb bucoko irbHio, GtiTb ero rocT6MT> Bb 
ero MaaeHbKOMb AepeBeHCtcoMb AOMHick, bt> BaabBeHaxb, 6jih3i> <Doh- 
TeneG.io: h a BHA'fcra* Tor.ua KaKb, coBepmeHHo ecTecTBOHHo, Maajiapao 
BbnramH.Tb aa ctojiomi h3t> KapMaHa MaaeHbRift ^HCToieKb h CTaai> 6w- 
CTpo aanHCNBaTb Ha Heart hto-to. Tocnoxa MaJiJiapma h ero AOHb HeBOJib- 
ho BOCi^iHRHyjiH: ,Tbi aa(5biBaeinb! mu He oahh!« Ho MaaaapMd cb yjiw6- 
ROft, cjrfeJiaBmeft mohh ero coynacTHHKOMb, BospaaHJib: .rnab hohh- 
uaerb 3to!* 

Ilo3AH*be MH-fe npHmjiocb H*CRoabRO 6jihx6 uoaHaKOMHTbca ct> a-rott 
paCoToA MaaaapMd, KOTopofl oht> He jho6h^t> roBopHTb, ho Bee ace 
mh*& 6bi.io ofrb Heft H3b*ctho JiHmb neMHoroe. Hh a, hhkto-ah6o Apy- 
roft, He 3Ha.iH hh ea ochobhoA mmcjih, hh ea njiaHa. HiKOTopue jiaace 
coMH^Ba-iHCb, hto caMi> aBTopi>, Bii cBOHXb padAyMbaxb, npHmeab KT» 
onpeA'fcieHHbiM'b h aaKOH^eHHWBfb BbiBOAaM-b... 

HTaKT>, MH 6biaH BABOeM-b, Bb MaJieHbROft KOMHaTK*, CKpOMHO 

oGcTaB-ieHHoft, bt> KOTopofl poA*b KymeTKH ctoh^t> HenoAaJieKy orb pa- 
Conaro nncbMeHHaro CTo-ia. Bt> pacTBopeHHbia oKHa OTRpuBSJica ct> 
neTBepTaro aTaxa bhat> Ha oTKpbiToe He6o HaA?> rue de Rome h Ha 
mapoKyio apKy t ckbo3b KOTopyw B0K3aab CaHi-JIaaapb BbinycRaeT* 
hohth 6eanpepuBHua coAparaHia CBOHXb nofeaAOBb. Benepb (5biJib thxt>, 
HeuHoro BaaxeHi* nepBofl BJiaroft aa^HHaBmeftca bochu. He6o, aarpo- 
MoxAOHHoe otfJianaMH HaAb cMepTbio cojiaua, Cuao TopacecTBeHHO h 

Be^HRO.TbllHO. 

K>Hbift, ott> acHbix-b 0T6aecK0B*b CBoefl caaBU, a, moxctb dMTb, eme 



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68 B*CH N 4 

6ojrbe, fi.iaroaapn 6-bjih3h-b cbomxt> bhckobt*, KOTopaa HanoMHHaaa b*h- 
Huft cH*n> hs BepmHHax'b ropt,— Maojiapiid roeopiurb xenepb co mhod 
o Toft rop^ocTH, KaKyw Aaen> coaHaHie, hto ap-feaame Mipa tm uohh- 
Maemb HHane, H-bwb Apyrie. Oht> roBopHJTb icaK-b nepBOCBameHHHrb, 
nocBJinieHHbjft bt> BbicmiH TafiHbi ..CHMBOJia* . Bt> bto MraoBeme kt> ho- 
uy eaMoiiy moxcho 6mjio othocth nepBbifl crax-b ero 6eacMepTHaro co- 
HeTa ,JIe6e4b*: 

Le vierge, le vivace ct le bcl AujourdTiui, 

AO Tanoft CTeneHH ero rojiocb, ct TeMtipoMi apKHM* h uy*unem>Bhnn>. 
KaaaJicn npoponecTBOM* o6i> oxuAaeMOM'b ocBOfoxtAeHhi!.. Barns zt> ero 
Ha MHn> ocTaHOBHJica Ha rapMOHHiecKOMi* noacap'b aaxaTa, Ha ero xpae- 
Kaxi, hpkhxi», ho MejjJieHHO 6jieKHynmxi> h xairb 6u norJiomaeMbiib 
coCok). BejiHKoe BOJiHeHie npo6*bxcaJio no ero JiHay. 

— A, KpoM-B Toro, Moft aoporoft noarb,— CKaaajrb oht> thxo,— Bee, 
hto h roBopn, peaioMHpyeTca bott> TaiuiMi npeKpacHbiMT> aaKaTora, 
Kaici ceroflHa! 

fl BarJiHHyjii> Ha aanajub. MajuiapMa cboiimh cJioBaMH onpeA*k.iHJTb 
Bee CBoe HCKyccTBo. H xapaKTepHo, hto oht>, htoOh o6i>acHHTb cboc 
acTeTHiecieoe noHHMaHie Mipa, H3<5paji-b bha* aaxaTa, hoao6ho tomj 

KaKT> H3T> 4eTbipeX*b BpeM6HT> rOM OHT> JHOGHJIT* MCKJUOHHTeJIbHO OCeHb, 

Korjia bt> jihctb-b „(J)aKeJibi coacHrawrb bcb momtu, nbiJiaBmia paHbme 
hxt>\ He yTpo, Haci> ahh HeonpeA*JieHHbift, Koraa bch npapoAa, nasi 

6bl paaMblTaH HOHbK), BHOBb COflHpaeTb CJIOBHO CT> TpyflOMT> CBOIf CO- 

CTaBHbia nacTH nofl-b KOJieGniomHMiicH JiyiaMH paacB-bra. Ho ocjrfcn;iH- 
romyio nopy jrfcTHaro nonyAHa, KOTopaa aaxBaTbiBaerb Bacb, ynoaotf jih- 
eTi> Bacb ceC"B, A-bJiaerb Bacb oahhmi h3t> TpeneTOBi bo BceJieHCKOMi* 
TpeneT"B. Ho BenepoBOft nacb, cocpeAOTOHeHHbift bt> ceO*B, nojrabift bcb- 

MH AblXaHiHMH 2KH3HH, KOTOpblH OKb CJIHJTb B*b rapMOHHHeCKOO 6AHHCTB0 

Kara Bee pa3Hoo6paaie Kpacom>, Ha KOTopua paaaaraeTca Jiy«rb, Hame 
BocnpiflTie cjiHBaerb bt> oahhi cb-btt>.— Bthmt, MajmapMa xorfejrb yisa- 
aaTb, hto paaHoo6paaHbie dJieMOHTbi Mipa 6mjih, aojukhu 6brn> RHTeHCHB- 

HblMH UpeACTaBHTeJiaMH HaraHXt HyfiCTBl> H Hfleft (KOTOpblH HXT> B TBO- 

parb, corjiacHo ct> ero MipocoaepuaHiem>, HCTeKaBtnHMi> h3t> aortphhu 
<I>HXTe):BceaeflHaa,pacHJieHeHHaa t ho rapMOHHHHaa,— sto TaTeiia. nepe3i> 
xoTopyio HejioB-BHecxoe fl, orb aHaJioriH kt> aHajioria, BoaBbimaeTca ao 
npeACTaMeHia caMoro HHCTaro, caifaro coBepmeHHaro e^HHCTBa. 

3aM-BTHMi> Tenepb ace: MajuiapMa HHcxo^bKo He aa6oTHJicfl o toh- 
Hbix*b, Hayxoft ycTaHOBJieHHbix'b cooTHoraeHiax'b, ho onepHpoBa;n> hckak>- 
HHTeabHo aHaJioriaMH, BJiacTHo ycTaHaBJiHBaeMbiMH ero H, h hmohho 
HHCToe ii H^eajibHoe Bbipaxeme CBoero fl oht> h AaBaJTb, Kaxi» AyxoBHyio 
HopMy BceJieHHoft. Bt> tomi> ace cmwc-tb, KaKoft coKpbirb bt> cxaaaHHoirb 
mh^ a*opH3Ml>: n BcepeaioMMpyeTca npexpacHbiM'baaKaTOM'b'^-csaaa.i'b 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JLHTEPATyPA. 69 

om> noase h i"b cJiOBa, KOTopwa, Ojiaroflapa K. MoKJiapy, noJiyuuiH 
mupoKyio ortiacKy: „Mipb coaAaHb hjih Toro, htoGm BbiJiHTbca Bb npe- 
KpacHyio KHHry".— Le monde est fait pour aboutir k un beau livre". 

Ho 6MJIO CM OIDH60HHO, KEKI* TO A^aeTb K. MoKJiapb, K0MM6HTHpyfl 
3TH ClOBE, HCKaTb BT> HHXb H'BKyK) HayHHyH) OCHOBy, COBOpmeHHO OT- 

BepraeMyio Majuiapxa... 

OjiHaKo, 6y&euT> eme paacMaTpHB&Tb Bb noaT*fe lejioBtaa. 

MHorie ao uena yaco paacKaaueaJiH o(h> hhthmhomt> oiapoB&HiH 
»BTopHHKOB*b* MaJiJiapxa. Bb 1885 roay cpeAH nepBbixb nocbTHTOJieft 
8thxt> BeiepoBb 6buiu A.ae-PeHbe, Bbejie-rpH<|>({>HHb, Bappacb, QeHe- 
ohi>, Bnpoieiib, eme He BbipaaHBmie Toraa onpeA'kJieHHaro HanpaBJieHia 

CBOefi MblWIH. roffb CUyCTH DOHBHJICH T. KaHb, KOTOpUfi, 03HaK0MHBniHCb 

cb iioeft .CjiOBecHofl HHCTpyxeHTOBRoft", BbicTaBHJii TorAa nepBbie Te- 
3hcu cBoero ,CBo6oAHaro craxa"... Ho ropaaAO ueH'be dHaiorb Majuiap- 
Ma bt> AepeBH*, MaJiJiapMa bt> ero'MajxeHbKOMb aomhk'B bi> BajibBeHaxb. 
CKOJibKo a noifHK), o6b 3tomt> Majuiapiia paacRaabiBaJiocb bt> neiaTH 
jiHmb oahhtj paa-b, bt> 6*rJibixb aairfeTRaxb Bbejie-rpH<|><J>HHa *, koto- 
pwfl npiiBHaeTca, <rro ,3anHcajn> hxt> co CAOBb PeHd Thjia, h npHTOMb, 
htoCu coxpauHTb bck) CB'bsecTb BiepamHHXb BneiaTJrtHifl, iiohth ero 

COtfCTDeHHblMH CJIOBaMH*. Il03T0My H nOBTOpK) SA^Cb 3TH CTpaBHUbi: 

»Bi> rocTaxb bt> BaJibBeHaxi> M . 

.HeTBepTb naca teAbi on $OHTeH6jio. Ci» no*3Aa, no rfeHHCTOft 
Aoporb, Aotexaemb ao onyniKH jrbca. Hepea-b p*HKy nepeRHHyrb Ae- 
peBflHHbid moctt>: 3to Ba^bBOHbi, h TaMb, Ha nepBOM-b Mfccrfe, aomt> 
nodTa, Ha caiioM-b Cepery CeHbi, nrapoRoft h thxoO, KaKb oaepo, cb 
TpaBJiHHCToft JiyxaflKofl h jrbcoMb nepeA* Baiiu, Ha ApyroMb 6epery 
KOTopufl, noAMMaacb aM<j)HTeaTpoMb, KaxeTca npoaoJiaceHieMb aToft ApeM- 

JHOmefl BOAW. Ha 3T0ft CTOpOH*B ApOMOTa'naJIHMblXb COJIHUeMb 6-BJIUXb 

AepeBymeKb h, npaaio nepeA* CTporHMb ropHaoHTOMb,— Tonojib, rpo- 

MaAHUfl, OAMHOKift... 

.Hepesb AepeBOHCRiH BopoTa nonaAaemb Ha ABopb, cb BucoRHMb 
AepeBOMb h paacaAHHKOMb poab, a Aa^*e, no bucokoA h rpyCo cJioxeHHofl 
RaMeHHoft jiImsthhivb, o6bhto& xicejieirb, npoHMKaenib, HaROHeub, rt> noaTy. 

.ripexfle Bcero— HHTHMHaa KoiniaTa: paOoiifi KaGHHerb MaAJiapMa. 
Ha crtHaxb— anoHCKifl rpaBiopu: ab* seHCRia wacRH yjiu6aK)Tca yjiu6- 
koio c<|>HHRca. IlHCbMeHHbifl cTOjrb, CTapHHHbifiH oiapoBaTeAbHbifi. CeBp- 
CRie Macu, BAoxHOBHBmie npejiecraoe h uaB'bcTH'bfimee craxoTBopeHie 
bt> npo3-fc ^Frisson d'hiver*. KHHrn. flaji*e BHAHa CTOJioBaa... 

,Bt> AepeBH*b noaTb pa6oT8Jib cb aobhth yTpa ao hoaahh. Oht> 
npH aTosrb aanHpajica Bb cBoeft KOMHarfc H3*b cTpaxa nepeAb ITpHpo- 
Aofi, aTOfi eejiHKofl co6AaaHHTeAbHHueft t npeBpamaiomeft mucjih Bb mch- 

* .Ecrits pour TArt", 1887, Mars. 



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70 BfeCN N 4 

to, dToft eoHHCTBeHHoft B03JiK>6JieHHofi f cnocoGHOfi oTHATb ero y Hciyc- 
ctb8, HeoAO^HMaro Bdopa KOTopoft oh* H36*rajn>. 

.Ho, Koraa bt> jiowb osHAaiorb tocth, noarb oTKaaAbiBaer* pafory 
u caarb BCTp*Haerb Ha BOKaaji'b bt> CBoeitb aBraiflcKoirb mapa6aH-fe, aa- 
npflseHHOMi> yajieHbKoft JiomaAKoft. floaia noarb M*bHHen> ropoacsofl 

KOCTIOMb, H BOTT> OH*b B*b MaTpOCCKOft KypTK*h H COAOMeHHOfi mJWITfc, 

noxeJiT*bBmefl orb BCfexT> nepeM-bHi> noroAbi. Ecjih Ha pfeirfe xoTb Ma- 
jrfeftmee BOJiHeme,— bott> oht> yae hoa* napycoMi: JiOKOTb Ha pyafc; 
ynnpaacb BbrraHyrbiMH HoraMH, oht> ct> 6ojibmHMi> hck.vcctbomt> ynpaB- 
naerb yaHOBpaMH CBoefl He<5ojibmofl hxth, bt> KOTopoft Hep^AKo fae- 
cTflrb noA* cojiHuewb ABa KpacHhix*b naaTba: ero aceHa h A04b. Ecjh 
ace rocTb oahht>,— aitob, paaocTJiaHHbift Ha ah*, Boa6yxAaerb turn ycno- 
KaHBaerb MeiTbi, nepeAb jihuomt> roay6oro He6a; TorAa noarb, noKy- 

pHBaH, B0306HOBJIfleT*b OAHy H3T> CBOHXlt „BTOpHH1HUXT>" dnMHHXb 6e- 

chKb f aa KOTopofl cjrbAumb cpeAH JifrrHaro oAHHonecTBa. 

„4ame Bcero, oAHaKo, yTpo tiuBaerb oTAaHo MeAaeHHoft nporyart 
no .-Tfecy... Bi> TaKoicb cjiyna-b noca-b aaBTpaKa, nourb TpytfKH a-w 
MaJiJiapMa h cnrapeTOKT* Aaa tocth, nocjrb Ko<t>e h onapoBaTenbHaro 
KHpma, nocjrfe HabicxaHHoft 6ecbAu, KOTopyio BeAerb xoaaHH*b.— ca*feay- 
erb nporyjiKa no p*K*b... UpnxoAHrb Benepi, THxift Benep-b na boa*, fl 
cabiraeHT* ivry6oKift b3aoxi, Tavrb, Bb oMpanaiomeMCH jrbcy. Bt> cyaep- 
kh Hecn-feniHbift o6*bAT>, a noaxe, hohbio, Ha AepeBeHCKoft cxaub*, Kor- 
Aa Baopbi ycTpeMHTCH bt> rjiy6HHy rfeHeft, p^AKia h jhoGobhmh c.iOBa- 
HaKOHem>, bt> aobhtb HacoBi>. notaA* bt> flapumb,— yBbi!"... 

TaK*b npoxHAb a ABa HeaaGhiBaeMhixb ahh, ABa ahh bt> hhthmhoA 
OdHaocTH ct> MajuiapMd, KOToparo TorAa (eme ao AHeft 6opi>6bi, ao pac- 
naAeHia mojioaoA JiHTepaTypw Ha micojibi) otfmifl nopuB-b eme cmvt- 

HbIXT> MHTeJKHhIX'b CHJTb nOAKM&H'b BT> BUCb, KaKb 6fal Ha H^KOeMb 

DoimcKOMb TpiyM(()aabHOMb mHT*! Mh* r;iy6oKo Bp*aaJiocb bt» naxaTb, 
KaKi> jierKo h yB*fepeHHo ynpaBJiiun> MajtaapMa napycoifb, KOTopuft noa- 
HHHajica esiy, KaKt paaM-bpeHHbia ctpokh coHOTa. H Tarb xairb HHnero 
He.ibaa HaaBaTb HeBaacHbiMb, hto othochtch kt> MaJiaapMd^ to ccaxy, 
mto y Hero A*AcTBHTeabHO 6bun> Aapi> BJiaA*Tb napycaMH h oht> Oh- 
Bajn> ropAi», ocTaBaacb noaTOM-b bt> CBoeft roJiy6oft MaTpoccKofl KypTxt, 
KorAa ywbjvb noKaaaTb, hto, Kara 6oabmyio 0-bayw nTHiiy, npnpyHHirb 
3tott> napyci, noKopno yHocHBmift ero BnepeA*. 

Tanace aanoMHH.iocb mhI, KaKb BenepoMi> npoBOsaJii> oht> ueHa, co 
CB*feHOft Bi pyx*, bi He6ojibmyio npHCTpoftKy K*b hxi> AOMy, HanoMHHaa- 
myjo aTejibe xyAoacHHKa, ta* a AoameHb 6bun> npoBecTH HOHb. Tan 
bco 6njio o^CTaBaeHo no-AepeBeHCKH: noOanaocTH 6wia (J^epya, OTKyAa 
yrpoM-b maaH ckott* bt> none,— ho ace 6wao Hcno:raeHO onapoBaTejib- 
Haro naamecTBa, Ha BceMb 6wjia neiaTb Toro npnpoAHaro GnaropoA- 
CTBa, KOTopoe caMO He aaM-bnaeTb ce6a, n KOTopoe 6uao npucyme 



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HH0CTPAHHA3 JIHTEPATYPA. 71 

MaJiJiapua n AByMb cnyTHHuaiib ero zhbhh... Ran Hera 9Ta KOMHaTa 
Gbiaa KaKHirb-TO MaJiuifb TpianoHoirb, coajiaRBbiM'b Jix>6eaH0ft npooTo 

TOfl H HafalCXaUHOfi B*feXJIHBOCTbl0 X03fl6Bb. flOMa... 

fl noaBOJiHJib ce6* Ha H'fecicojibKO Mimyrb saMejiJiHTb flame Ha 

3THXT> HHTTOXHblXb MeJIOTOXb, UeMRJ npOHHMb, H nOTOMy, HTO AOMHXy 

bt> BajibB6Haxi> cyxfleHo 6buio noayHHTb ocoCeHHoe aHaneme: aAfccb 
yMep-b CTe4>aHi> Majuiapua, cpaxeHHbift BHeaanHbiMb npHnaAXovb rop- 

JIOBOfl 60-Tfc3HH. 

BepHeMCH Tenept ko # BTopHHicaMb tt Ma.iAapua. 9th btophhrh ct> 
188$ h ocoGohho ct> 1886 rofla npeACTamiJKiH co6ok> bok> Hamy noaaix), 
crpynnHpoBaBmyiocH Boxpyrb yBaxaeMaro h JiioGHMaro yHHTeoa. Apyrie 
yze H3o6paaH^H onapoBame, yBJiexaTeJibHocTb h rjiyfoiHy rfexb Cecfeflb 

KOTOpbJH Bem Cb HaMH, TaKl> JiaCKOBO yd-feXfleHHMMH ero HCHblMH, Me- 

JioAHHecxH npoHBHocHiiuiiH cjioBaMH, Majuiapua, to CTOfl y BbicoKaro 
KauHHa, to noJiypaaBaJiHBmHCb Ha CBoeifb Kpecjrfe una xypeHui. Haab 
ero roaoBoft ero nopTperb, nncairabift 8AyapAOMi> Mare, BocnpoHaBo- 
HH.Tb ero AK>6HMbifl xecTb: bt> npaBoft pyirb cnrapa (bmImjto TpytiKH, 
xaxb Tenepb), a jrbBaa cjierxa aacyHyTa bt> «HJieTHufl xapMaHi>. H 
nacTo ero rojioBa aacrbiBaJia bi> dTOMb noaoxeHiH, cjiobho bt> aTMO- 
c^p-fe rpeabi hjiii rJiy6oxaro paaAyMb*, h b^kh onycxaJiHCb Haab rjiy- 
6okhmt> aaposAOHieirb nenro... 

^Divagations", KHHra, noaBHBinaflCfl bt> 1897 r., AaeTb, ao irb- 
KOTopofi cTeneHH,'pe3K)Ma sthx* 6ecbAb. Haao, oAHaxo, aai«*THTb t hto 
Ma.uiapM8 He ocTaBa^cn HeHairbHHbiMb aa Becb nepioflb CBoeft nodTH- 
neexoft AtoreJibHOCTH, ho Mipocoaepuame ero nonojiHiuiocb paajiHHHbi* 
mh ajieMeHTaMH, aaHMCTByeMbiMH hmt> orb Apyrnxb. HaM-b eme npuAOTCH 
roBopHTb o(5b 8tomt>, ho CKaxeMt yse Tenepb, *ito hst* paaroBopoBb 
Majuiapua h h3t> ero npoHSBeAOHift BOBce He bhaho, hto6ij ohi> npocTO 
TpaHcnoHHpoB«uiT> bt> CBoeft noaaiH <|>HJioco<|>iio Terejia h Ohxto, xaxb 
3to yTBepsAaerb KaMKJib Moxjiapi*,* bt> raaB-b, nocBameHHoft .ScTerairfc 
Maojiapua." Moxaapb, caMb BOcnHTaHHbift Ha rerejrfe, cMOTp-fcjrb Ha 
Ma.iJiapMd ckbosl cboh jihihbih yG-fexaemH, noAoGHo TOMy, xax*b Ajib- 
6epi> Moxewib ** cnpaniHBajrb ce6n: He 6bun> jih Ma.uiapMa no yC'bx- 

AeHlflMb 8B0^K)Ui0HHCT0Mb, Ha HTO H MOry OTB*bTHTb: H^Tb! 

Ecjih npeAaTbca raAaHiawi* fa 6ojrfee tohhuxi cB*fl*irift y Haci> 
H-fcTb), ht6 npeACTaBJiflwio 6u rjiaBHoe 4>HJioco4>exoe coHHHeHie, aaAy- 
MaHHoe Maji^apMa, to, xaxeTCH, moxho, A*flCTBHTejibHO, yTBepxAaTb, 
hto HcxoAHan To^xa aBTopa CbiJTb— <J>HXTe. 4to xe xacaeTCH ao paa- 
BHTin, xaxoe AOJiacHbi Cwjih noJiyiHTb y Ma*uiepM3 hack H'fcMeuKaro 
4>HJioco4>a,— Mbi Hiiqero o6t> 3tomt> ho 3HaeMb. Moxho JiHmb AoraAbi- 

* L'Art en Silence. Ollendorf 4<L 1901. 
** Stephane Mallarml. Un H4ros. Mercure do France. 



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72 B£CN N 4 

BaTLCJI, HTO Mbl HlffelH 6bl fllWIO H6 CTOJIbKO Cl» M6Ta<l>H8H<ieCKHMH HO- 
CTp06HifllIH, CKOJIbKO CO CM'feJlblM'b H HeotiblHHbOrb JIOrHKOMT> H TOUHM* 

dCT6THK0Mi>. nonbmca so K. Moiuiapa h Apyraxi> BfaicTaBHTb Maji- 
jiapMd (|)HJioco<t»oM i b-HAeaJiucTOMi>, Moxerb 6biTb, Boa6yxAOHa <5huia xe- 
jiaHieMT> AaTb CiiMBOJiHauy $HJioco<|>CKyio ochobv, nocjrt noaBJiem* 
woeft TeopiM ,HayHHoft nodaiii"... HanoMHHMi>, hto pacxoxAeme uemsj 
Majuiapwa, aa KOTopbncb nocJi*AOBajiH „cHifB03HCTbi% h mhoio, npo- 
Haonuio bt> 1888 r., noraa m nonoJiHHjrb cbok) MeToay Hanosemesrb 

MOHXl> $HJIOCO<t>CKHrb npHHOHOOBl*... 

Ho hto coBepmeBHo BtpHo HajioxeHo y R. MoKJiapa,-3To Bar- 
HepiaHCKin Boaap*bHia MaJiJiapMd Ha TeaTp-b h Ha KHnry, jxbbl BbipaxeBi* 
6yjiymaro TBopiecTBa.Ho o6t> btomi Ham> eme npHfleTca roBopHTb, Koraa 
mu <5ynein> Hay?aTb Mipocoaepuame MaJiJiapMd, BhialuiHH h3t> Hero paaHo- 
poAHbie aJieMeHTbi, h6o remajibHoe Taui> 6buio CM*maHo ct> napaaoKcaJib- 

HblftCb H DOpofl XHMepHH6CKHMT>... 

Btotb ace BCTynHTeJibHbift aTK>;vb mh* xohctch aaKOHHHTb, cootf- 
nuiBT> HHTaTejiflMi w B*coBT> a nocJi-feflHee dhcbmo, nojiyHeraoe mhod on 
MaJiJiapMd (no xpaftHeft M-fep*, nocJrtjiHee h3t> mrfeioniHX'b oTHomeHie 
kt> JiHTepaTyp-fe), iioao6ho TOiiy, KaKi paH*e a coo6mHJn> nepBoe. 9to 
nucbiio oTB-feqaeTb OTpmiaTejibHO Ha coMH-fcHiH A. Mokojih no Bonpocy, 
npHHHMajn> jih Majuiapaia hah H*brb naeH dBOJiiouioHHaMa. HarracaHo 
oho no noBoay noHBJiemii B*b CBfrrb TpeTbsro TOMa Moero „Ordre alt- 
ruiste", aaBepmaiomaro nepByx) qacTb Moefi noaMU. Borb 8to hhcbmo: 

Valvins, par Avon (Seine et Marne). 

Juillet 1897. 
Mon chcr Ghii, 

Vous allez superbement dans votre chemin, ou, mieux, l'ouvrez de- 
vant vos pas. Cette fin de la premiere partie de l'„CEuvre*, le volume III de 
r„Ordre Altruiste*, s'acheve en une grande plate-forme de pensee, d'06 
le pied sur domiue . Le motif, au debut, de Tenfant, est d'un tendre et 
puissant elan, tres vaste. J'en jouis, fremissez, malgre la science, a cau- 
se, ici, d'une vision humaine que je crois superieure meme a la no- 
menclature, dont vous tirez de si curieux effets— ou litt^rairement 

A vous— Stephane Mallarrae. 

9to jiparou'bHHoe nHCbiio, JiHrttonuTHoe rbm>, hto ytcaabiBaerb Ha 
HeoAOJiHMbifi aHTaroHHBBTb Meacay mhok) h ,omfBOJiHCTaiiH", bt> to me 
BpeMH o6HapyxHBaen> bcbo mapoTy Boaaptaift Majuiapm, acHocTb 
ero yaia, CTOHBmaro Bbime ^HTepaTypHbix'b pacnpeft. »To 6bmo cepwie> 
yMtomee JiK>6HTb,— nHmen> A. MoiceJib,— hojio, yMtemee coHHMaTb; 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JIHTEPATyPA. 



73 



om> He Mon> 6mtb HHxe iero 6w to hh 6wio, h oht> He npeanpajit 
HHHero, Taxi> xaKi> bo BceirB owb ycuarpmurb Taitaoe noyiefeie hjih 
oT(5jiecKT> KpacoThi.* 

R«nt Gfcil. 




C t e c}) a h i» Majuiapica. 
PHcyHom* ilxc. yncTjiepa. 



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.KOPABJIb" T. ffAHHyHUIO. 

IlHCtMO H3T» MhJUHA *. 



yate MHoro jitrb TaOpiejib A'AHHyHuio ynopHo npoAOJixaerb aa- 
HHMaTbCH T-feMT», ht6 eacy coBCfeMt He yAaeTca— TeaTpovb. Hh nocpea- 
cTBeHbie ycn*bxH, hh rayMHhie npoBaJiu He <5mjih bt> cHJiaxb oTCTparaTB 
ero ott> cueHbi h CHOBa BepHyrb bt> yeAHHeme, bi> KOTopoirb onb. torn 
Moacerb, eme HyxAaeTCH ajih Toro, hto6m oiHCTHTbcn h coagaTb, naxo- 
Hem>, to nocji-bAHee npoHaBeneme, Torb raeaeBp-b, KOToparo MHorie 
oacHflaiOTb orb Hero. BeayMHoe aceJiame HenocpeACTBOHHo BJiaeTBO- 
BaTb HaA'b TOJinoft h Heo6xoABMOCTb Jiernaro aapaCorica Aepxarb ero 
eme npHKOBaHHbiirb kt> cuoh* h kt> aKTepavrb. nocjitAHin KHHrH .Landi' 
eme He onyd.iHKOBaHbi, tohho Taicb He, Kant ctojilko paai» ofrfemawHMfl 
poMaHb, n La Madre folle*, eme He Bbimejib, 11 noarb npoAOJisam 
<t)a6pHROBaTb h npoAaeaTb orpoMHUH TparHiecKin MaroHHw, xoTopufl 
Go.Tfee oTB-bHaiOTi ero jho6bh kt> pocKomn h KpacHop-feniio. 

Ero xejiaHie BoacoaAaTb bi> hobuxt> (J)opMaxi> aHTHiHyio Tpareaiw h 
TpanrcecKH npeoCpaaHTb <J>aKTbi cpeAHeB-bKOBoft HTaJiwmcKofi ncropiH 
H.1H coBpeMeHHofl scHdHH, He JinmeHo, caxio no ce6*b, BejiHiin h (taaropofl- 
CTBa. CpeAH 6jiaropa3yMHoft, ofoiAeHHoft, cfepoft h rbcHo-6ypacyaaHoft 
HCII3HH, HeotixoAHMo, hto6h roaoca no3TOB*b Kpn4aJiH nepeA* coopaB- 
raeftca TOJinoft, hto Haraa xnaHb, eme He bch JKH3Hb h tto HvrfcioTCfi 

Bl> JHOAHXl 6e3AHbI 30J11> H BT> Mip* 6e3AHbI TaflHb. Ho, HTOflbl CAftHaTb 

3to, HyxHO, hto6n Aynia noaTa xhto bt> coaBynin ci> Aymot! jnoaeft, 
nyBCTBOBaJia co CTpacTbio to, hto ohh HyBCTByiorb, h yarfeaa Gh 
aacTaB^ATb Momno aBynaTb bt> hxt> cepauaxb to, hto H3*b HXb se 
cepAeub <5mjio nepeAano eft <5e3C03HaTe;n>H0 ajih Hen. 

Ho TadpieJib A'AHHyHuio MaJio cnoco<5eHT> kt> TOMy, hto6h rayffow 
noTpacaTb AymH h Bo-iHOBaTb apHTeJieft npocTbim* Haotfpasemeirb b** 
Hoft iirpu nenaJiH h paAocTeft. JIhhho out> — cqacTJiHBbift, h yTonea- 

* „Ropa6iB* T. x'AHHyimio noaBHJCH yxe bi Tpexi pyccuun nepeBOxan 
r. H. BpoHinTettHa( t yflHBepcaJBHaa6H6jiioTeKa a .^ 58-59), r. B. Ahocob* (sax. B> 
ACpaMOBHMa) h r-an B. Kopayxinoft (.Bftcroiiui HHOCTpaHHot JirepaTypu*). 
lIoaTOny xu coqjn bo3moxhhmt» m> H3JOxeHin coxepxasui Tparexii orpairancf 
xBmb caMUMi cymecTBeHHUM*. 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JHTEPAT7PA. 75 

raft mfiwnab apfcimitb, apeBHOCTeft h avnraiaro HcxyccTaa, hah 
roBopa (torbe rpyfenni eAOBanH, oh* — aroHen h AexopaTopb. Ero 
Tanavry, xoTopuft oiexb aaawreAeRb, He yaaeTca expirrb Bb ero 

HCKyCCTB-B&THX-b OCHOBHHXb HOpTb ero XH8HH, H HB OCHOBABiH OIIlJTa, 

xoropuft aahtca yse abbam™ a-fen, ioi nosenb yTBepxA*Tb, hto 
oht> ho eooeofieHb &m> mnftare numb, xaxb AHpHKOMb — ca%ao- 
MTeabHo, noeroMb ahhhocth, h nrrfcMb mnn<b, xaxb onBcaTeaeiib, T.-e. 
iejioB*Kom> CTpacTHO AXtfamHMb AexopauiH, otioTaHOBxy, Haamraa ne- 
aoto h yA&iHue amrreni. 

Koraa A'AHHymdo pfcnniAca aaaaTbea TeaTponb, oht> ho uorb ne- 
peirfeHHTb Aymy bm*ctb cb CBOurb hobum* npn3BaHieub. 

TftAaeTb ah A'AxnyHiiio norarrxH Bb HOTHKHoft h eoBpen eHHoft Tpa- 
renin, xaxb Bb J^zioxoaA*", Bb .MepTBoiib ropoAV h Bb w Bhime 

JO06*B\ HAH Kb COAbCKOft, I*py6oft H UpHMHTHBHOfi TparOAiH, KBXb Bb 

.flonepH Iopio" hah Bb „CB'feTBAbHHK'fc noAb cnyAOMb*, hah bt> ofaa- 
cth HCTopHHecsofl, apxeoaoniiecKoft h cpeAHOB'bKOBofi TparefliH, xaxb 
Bb .OpamecK* H3b Phmhrh* h Bb vKopaGA*"; eny yuaeTca 6mh b6jih- 

XHSCb TOAbKO Bb AHpHHOCXHXb HBOTAXb, HAH Bb HaCTHXb OOHCaTeAb- 

mmb. XHBonHCHfcixb h AexopaTHBHtncb. OHb HaxaiiAHBaeTb, Aarpo- 
MozAaeTb xpnxB, ytfffieTaa h ymacbi, ho Apanu, hcthhhoB Apasm, 
MomHoft h yBAexaTeAbHOft, y Hero HHXoraa ho GuBaeTb. 

HeAocTaTOHHo yraosaTb yCiftcTBa, xopu h nepeirftHH xapTHRb, 
hto6h Boa6yAHTb Bb ax>Aaxb TOTb cnacHTeAbHHfi yxaob, xoTopuft 
BuauBajOTb dcxHAb h IIIexenHpb. Doca-bawia Tpareflia r. A'AHHyniiio 
„Kopa6Ab*> rpaHAioBHax no aasiHCAy h nepenoAHOHHaa A-BflcTByionuiMH 
jiHuaMH h TeaTpaAbHHMH a<N>exTaMH # aBAaeTca HOBMMb npHM-bpoMb 
TparHHecxaro 6eacHAiA aeAHxaro irraAbAHcxaro noeTa* 

HacToamifl repoft, r.iaBHoe ;rBflCTBy»mee ahao .Kopafoia*,— He 
MopenjiaaaTeAb Mapxo rpaTaxo, ho HapoAb npmiHTHBHoft Beueuiii VI b*b- 
xa Hameft apt*, HapoAb, xoTopuft yxe npeAiyBCTByerb 6yaymiH aa- 

BOeBaHlH H pOXOBOO BAaAbTieeTBO HftAb lfopeub. 

TIpomeAb yxe Qlunit Btab cb Toro ahh, xaxb Axbhaoh Obuia aa- 
BoeBBHa AthaoA h paapymena, h BeneuiA yse cymecTByerb h eme He 
cymecTByeTb. Oaa npeACTaBAAerb co<5o» y61uxHnie aaa 6-fcrAeiiOBb, 
6eaonacHoe 6AaroAapfl okpymaiomHMb ee BOAaMb; eotipame xaAXHXb 
XHxtHHb, nocrpoeHHHXb H3b o6AoiixoBb ropoAOBb, paapymeHHbixb Bap- 
BapcxHMb HamecTBieMb, 6eab Beaxaro nopaAxa, 6eab racaHHbixb 
aaxoHOBb; ynpaBAHeiiaa TpHdynoMb, noABAacTHax enHcxony, ofla b*bh- 
ho Bb boahohIh, b*hho BoopyxeHa h Bcerfla noAb onaceHieMb Bpa- 
xeexaro HamecTBia; ea 6aaHAHxa eme ho aocTpoeaa, ea nopna 
ho aamameHbi, HoeaxopaOAH aaaioTb bc* rasaHH AjipiaTHqecxaro Mopa, 
noti'BAOHocHo cpamaKyrca eb cAaaaHCKHMH nnpaTaMH. 

Ha <|k)h* aToft MOAOAofi aapoatAaiomeflca pecny6AHXH paaurpuBaeT- 



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76 BfcCH N 4 

en Tpareoi* conepamecTBa Axyxi Bmsrenhiaab eeaefterv*: QaaQjipt 
h rpaTMKorb. Herb hbcab rnHftXAeHmra OaaeApo bhxoaht* ihuhi , 
BaaHAioaa, OTaKOBAmaHCH Kan 6u ajnoj-b ayroirb h oupoaaaaaro 
en Tpxtiyaa Mapxo TpaTHXO, h Beero aapoaa, h aeero ropojia. Ban- 
aIoab Tax* npexpaeaa, mo hhkto ae uoxerb ycToaTb nepex* iapa*i 
ea xpaoora; ho onaaabe h aecTb BJiaaiaoTb ea jymop , ao c ib at 
oraa, xoTopoay BbisrAH rjxaaa pacxaAeHHiofb aejrfeaoirb, aa aaypoAo- 
BaHHUXi* 6paTbeBi>, ea othhthA y hx*b poAa npecTOjrb^. JIxtfoBaana 
Mapxo TpaTuao, OHa bt> to xe Bpean, AitfoBaana ero 6p*ra— enacxooa 
CepA*io; OHa-<t>ypifl, noceaaioniafl paaAopi> h epeca, ohb— zeeroxaa 
H0Tpe6RT6Jii*HRaa, bo y6HBaeMbie en xpHHarb eft caaBocaoaia a ctb- 
otahbh, hto y6HTU ea pyicoio... IIorattoAbio OHaiaaa Cepjprio, dotomi 
BaaHAioAU h oTnabrriea* Mapxo Ha rpoaaAHoirb xopafcrfc JToios 
Mundus" aaKaHHHBaeTea TpareAia. 

Bt> oflmewb ona oneHb HanonHHaerb „CaAOMeio" Oexapa yafiAbAa 
m TaK»e,— yBu!— # 9eoAopy" BHXTopbeHa Capny. YTOHHeHHocTb aeTOTa 
bt> Heft oTABHa Bb ycayaceHie mxeaoft MOAOApaitaTHHecKoft Mamaa*. 
Xophi a cueHaplft nwhrnt bi> ubecfe GoJibme sHaioma, h-bmt* ea raaB- 
HbiM A*ftCTBy»min AHua. H Aywaio, hto eme HHKoraa bt> AP&xaiirae- 
exoe A*flcTBie He BBOAHAacb TucaHeroAocaa TOJina, — ct> Taxoft cirfc- 
jiooTbio h bt> TaKHXi paaM-fepaxi. HacejieHie octpobb— bott> hcthhhh* 
npoTaroHHcrb „Kopa6AH*. flpyria A*ftcTByiomia AHixa He (tarfce, xax% 
ero boah, ero xeAaHie, ero K)HocTb, ero rp*xT>: AbaxoHHcca 3i«a— 
OHAa ropAOft AymH; Cepawio h Mapxo rpaTHxo— cicbAOCTb, bc&xab npn- 
XAmeKift, saxAa HpaBHTbca; BaaHAioAa— caMo HacAaxAeHie, BHaairrifl- 
oxlft oofiAaaab, rpaacAaHcxoe MexAoyco6ie h t. a. 

TpareAix noAHa yrpoai» h yfliftcTB*. Puhetl ocji-fenjieHHbift oTenb 
nepeAi saAKOft rpyAoft cbohxi> HaypoAOBaHHtix'b cwHOBefl; cTpfeAH, 
nyoxaeiifaia 6eaxaAooTHOfi pyxoft, oflpamaiorb poB*b, xyAa GpomeHbi npe- 
OTynHHXH, bt> cTpamHoe btbcto Ha6ieHia; 6paToy6iftCTBO coBepmaercfl 
npeAi BATapeM*; BaaHAioAa XHAaeTCH jihuom* bt> toti> oroHb, bt> xo- 
Topoai naaaHi HaxaAHBaerb kahhoki, hto6h ocjrfenHTb ee. Ho bc* 
9tk yaachi ho nyrawrb: cAHmxoirb cjiohhu h TaacejioB^cHbi bc* xap- 
THHbi h axceoeyapu, hto6u apHTOAb A^ftcTBirreAbHo Mon» HcnhrraTb 
noAHyio oueHHHecxyx) HAAioaix). Mu hoctoahho, xaxAyx) MHHyTy nye- 
OTByewb, hto nepeAi> hbmh coaAaHbe c-rnxoTBopua, a He noAAHHHoe 
BbipaseHie npnpoAbi h HCTopia. 

BoxcTHKy, .KopaGJih"— Tpareaifl no caaoMy cymecTBy Aapanecxaa. 
rioerb caMi> upeaoTaBAaerb ee 006* xaxi> 6u bt> bha* (toabmoft aAae- 
ropHHeoxoft xapTBHbi. CoaAaHBax no aanucjiy cxoprbft XHBonacacnqr, 
H'birb ApaaaTHHecxoMy, 8Ta TpareAix 6oAl&e BbipaxaeTca bt> xecrarb 
h ABRxeHiax'b AMoTByxmuiX'b ahui, H*bab bi> hxt» pteax-b. IIoaTOMy 
cueHHneoxoe BonAon^eaie ee npHHusaerb a o6eao(Spa3KHBaeTb. Marepi- 



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HHOCTPAHHAH JIHTEPATYPA. 77 

BJIbHOCTb H306pa3HTeJIbHHXT> CpOflCTB'b CU6HH H6 MOXOTb B0Cnp0H3B6- 

cth ee bt> Tofl tyopifb, bt> xaxoft ee 066* npeACTaBJinerb noerb, KaK-b 
6bi coBepmeHHa hh 6buia Hrpa axTepoB*, xaxi> 6bi HcxyceH-b hh 6bun> 
pexHccep-b. HeyuoJiHiiaji peaJibHocTb jiioAeft h Bemeft Ha cueH-b hh bi> 
KEKOM'b cjiyna* He xoxerb nam, BneiaTjrfeHia rpeabt. 3Ta peaJibHocTb 
caMa no cedt ecTb ByjibrapHaa <t)opMa xhshh: OHa noflHHHflen> ceC* 
HAeajibHbia BHfl-bHia nodTa, fl-feJiaerb hxt> ocoGohho (tesotipaaHbiMH. 

Iloarb xorfejii, htoCh bt> A'bftCTBiH .Kopatfjw* npHHHMMH yqacTie 
He6o h Mope, KJiyGbi Abwa, bc*6 BByxH h bc& oGpaabi, KaRHMH npnpofla 

npHXOflHTb BT> COnpHK0CH0B6Hie Cb HeJI0B*H6CK0fl XH3HbK>. OHb H6 

pa&iHHaerb ocymecTBHMaro orb HeocymecTBHyaro. Bi> obo6mi> hobth- 

HeCKOBfb BHA*HiH OHT> BHflHTb 06pa8bl TpaTBAiH H6 O0OCO6JI6HHbIMR BT> 
OTfl'feJIbSblH HHAHBHAyaJIbHOCTH, HO XBXI> 6bl HaCTHblH <J)OpMbI OAHHOft 

BOJiHKoft rapMOHiH, h TOJibKo cb Taxoft TOHKH 3p*HiH TpareAia Moraa 
6bi noJiynHTb cBoe dojihoo BonaomeHie. Taxoft oht> h xonwrb BHAfrrb 
ee Ha cueH-k, aa6biBafl Becb CBOft oobiTb ApawaTypra- 

Hoarb Ha btotb paa% npHBBajrb ceCI* Ha nowomb Myauxy. Mhohh 
HacTH TpareAiH, h npeawe Bcero xopu, conpoBOxaaxvrcfl Myauxoft, Ha- 

HHCaHHOfi KOMHOBHTOpOirb HjIbflCflpaHflOMb H3T> IlapMbI, KOTOpblft IlOIIbl- 

TaJiCH, corjiacHo ct> TpaAHuiniiH uepxoBHOfl Myabixn, BocnoJibaoBBTbca 
CTapHHHbiMH rpenecxuMH JiaAaMH. JIk>ah noHHiiaiomie yTBep*Aax>Tb, 

TTO KOMHOBHTOpy yflBJIOCb BJIHTb HOByK) JKHBHb Bb CTapblfl $0pMbI, HO 

h xyabixa TpareAiH ho Morjia osHBHTb. 

•Kopa6Jib M 6bKTb wb nepBbifl paa* nocTaBJieHi Ha cuch* BB Phm*, 
12-ro HHBapa, bt> npHcyTCTBin xopoan, Bceft dHBTH h Bbicmeft hhtcji- 
jiHreHrun ropoaa. IIpHroTOwieHiH kt> nocTaHOBK* TpareAiH Gnjih 6eaxo- 
HeHHbi, pacxoAbi rpouaAHbi. Bcb ZAanH BToro nepBaro npeACTaBJieHin cb 
Taxmrb HaapnxeHHbiM'b BHHMameMb, xaxoro a&bho He aanoMHarb bt> 
HTaJiin. CaMoe npeACTaBaeHie Onjio BeoHXHifb coGbrrieM'b bt> JiHTepa- 

TypHOft H XyA0X6CTB6HH0fi XH3HH BTOft BHMbl. 

TpareAiH MHoro annJiOAHpoBajiH: to H6 6hwio Tpiyw^oMb, ho h ho 
xajncHirb naAOHieMi npeAmecTBOBaBmeft nbocbi v Pid che l'amore". 
IIoc.Tfc Toro .KopaCjib" 6burb nocTaBJieH-b bt> 6oJibmHHCTB*b HTaJibHH- 
cxhxi> ropoAOBT>, ho CBOHtfb ycH^xoiTb 6ujit> oOHaaHb Cojibrae Bcero 
JiK>6onbiTCTBy apHTOJiefi h anaB*b dobtb. Tenepb y we moxho npeABHA'bTb, 
hto TpareAiH ho yaepxHTca AOJiro Ha HTajibHHCKHxi* cueHaxi>. HHTa- 
TejiH wb BToft HOBoft TpareAiH HafiAyTb He Majio xpaeoTb, MHoro hd- 

KHX1> XapTHHb, H306p1iTaTb KOTOpblH A'AHHyHUio TdKOft MBCTepb, HO 

Tbwb H3i> HHTaTejieft, xoTopue Bbirae BCbx-b bthxi> aoctohhctbt> HTyrb 
reHifi aoBTa, hphabtch onaTb BoopyxHTbca o«HAaHieyi> t bcah ohh xo- 
TflTB yBHA'bTb ero saBepmHTe.ibHoe, HaxoH6m>, coBepraeHHoe coaABHie. 

Giovinnl Pftp iwi. 



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BHBJIIOITAOia. 



Max Messer. MaxSiirner. Miteinem Titelbild. Bard Marquart 
& C°. Berlin. (.Die Litteratur"). 

MaJio HOBaro, u*HHaro h HHTepecHaro HaftAerb bt> aToft hobo* 
MOHorpa^iH o HlTHpHep* tott>, kto aHaROMi cb ero co6crBeHHHMi 

COHHHeHUUI H HJIH, HO Kpa&Heft M*p*, Cb JiyHHieH RHHTO& O H61TB— fl»0- 

Ha TeHpu Maxxafl. BfepooTHo, 6ojrfee irfcHHoft noKaxeTCH ohe Tony, kto 
BoabMerb ee ajih nepBaro oaHaaoiureHiH cb BeAHRmrb MopajmcToirb 
HMMopaJiH3Ma. CoAepsame rhhth bi> nepBOft tooth— AOBOAbHo yA&iHoe 
HdJioxeHie w EAHHCTB©HHaro < *,cAt JiaHHoe novra BeaA* co6ctb6hhhmh $pa- 
aaMHlIlTHpHepa, bdojih* cb ero toirh aptaifl,Ho (tea* paac-rtAOBAHifl 4»- 
«ioco<|)CKHX'b npeAnocbuiom* ero yieHia h TeoperaHecRHXb nepsoocHOBb 
ero viipocoaepuaHUi; aarbMi* cjifenyxrrb HtaoTopfaiH noacHemfl kt> hsao- 
aceHHOMy, coeAHHeHHbifl ct> oieBHAHWMH aaCoTaMH otfb onpaBAaHiH h 
pea6HAHTaoiH HlTHpHepa; bt> aaiuiio<ieHie — nonuTRH AOKaaaTb npas- 
THHecRyio ocymecTBHMOCTb mTHpHepoBCRaro yneHifl, raaBHuirb o6pa- 
3omi>. ero nojioxHTejibHHi'b Teopift o aairBH'b coBpeiceHHaro rocy- 
AapcTBa .coioaoM'b aroHCTOBb". 

yxe H3i> dToro C'BTAaro oGoap-BHi* patioTbi Meccepa bhaho, to> 
MHoroe bt> Heft BecbMa noAAaerca ocnapHBamio. Hanoxeme Teopift 

IllTHpHepa H nOHCHOHiH R*b HBJfb MOJKHO 6bUlO 6w eCJTH H He daM^HHTb, 

to, bo BCHKoirb cjiyia'b, conpoBOAHTb paacMOTp'BHieirb hx*» $hjxoco$- 

CKHXb OCHOBaHlft H HCTOKOBb, BT> CBH8H Cb H'BKOTOpOft HCTOpHHeCIOf 

KOHuennieft. PeaGHJiHTauin xe LLTrHpHepa — A'k-io coBCBirb 6eaiuioAHoe 
h KOMHHHoe, ocoGohho KorAa oHa npHBOAHTb kt> TaRHirb Kypbesan, 
KaKi> saaBJienie aBTopa, 6yAT0 aHaieHie h noAeaHocTb HlTHpaepa, Messy 
npoHHMb, bt> tomt>, iTO ero y ie Hie, npeAOxpaHHa orb Haannraefi HA6- 
aJiMaauiH A*ftCTBHTeJibHocTH, cnocoGHo Bicbcrb cb rbifb npeAoxpaHHTb 
ii 0Tb MyHHTeJibHbixi* paaoiapoBaHift. CTpeMJieHia cABJiaTb HlTHpHe- 
pa npaKTHiecKH npHroAHbiirb h ocynjecTBHMbiMb Toxe aacJiymHBaDTb 
ocyxAOHifl. Ott> hhxi npexAe Bcero CTpaAaerb cairb nTrapHepb, crpa- 
Aacrb nocJi'BAOBaTeJibHOCTb h irfeJibHOCTb ero rhhth. Bt> fHHTepeeaxb 
dToft ocymecTBHMocTH Meccepi* He ocTaHaMHBaeTCH nepeAi TaRHMH 
npieMaMH, RaRT» o6MBJieHie Hanfojrbe spaftHHX'b buboaob^ HlTHpHepa 
numb noJieMireecKHMH npeyBeJiHieHMiMH. JlfoGonbrrao, hto CKaa&JTb <5h Ha 
:»to ca>fb HlTHpHepb h HacKOJibKo AonycTHifb Tanoft npieirb. npai* 



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HHOCTPAHHAfl JLHTEPATYPA. 79 

TiraecKaa HeocymecTBHMOCTb HTrHpHepa— npaiioft peayjibTarb HacTy- 
njieHHoft noeA'bAOBaTeJi&Hoft h xpaftHefi cm^jiocth ero mhcjih, m ieMi» 
Moacerb 6htb rJiaraaa irfcHHocrb h cymHocrb ea. 

CnpaBeAJiHBOCTb TpeGyerb otm*thti» Tenepb h fffeCKOObxo noaoacH- 

TeJIbHWXT> MOMeHTOBT> BT> MOHOrpa<J>iH. TaKOBO npoBeAeHHoe aBTopomb 

paauircie moxaj rarapHepoBCKHiflb h oUwKHOBeHHbiirb acHTeftcsmrb arona- 
MOM-b, paaBHTie aHTHHOMin IIlTHpHepa h couiajiHaica. Barbirb h^ito ho- 
boo aaiorb CTpaHHuw, Hajiaraionjia msjio HdBfecTHyio cTaTbio IITrapHepa 
•Ober das nnwahre Prinzlp der Erziehung^Humanismus und Realismus). 
KOTopyio aBTop-b He 6e*b ocHOBaHia HaawBaerb Moryieft npeauAiefi. kt> 
ocHOBHOMy TBopeHin IIlTHpHepa. JlntfomaTHo itbcto, rjvb Meccepb roBO- 

pHTb O paaBHTiH TepMHHOJIOriH IIlTHpHepa. .EflHHCTBeHHhlfl' h ,aroHCTb" 

CHaiaaa HaabiBaJicn „HpaBCTBeHHf>nrb" („Der Sittliche") h .HepcoHajiH- 
ctomt>*. Meccep*b Tyn> ace npe^Jiaraerb HaaBaTb ero XpHCTOMi*. 

BiiTopi r(|miv 

Bernd Isemann. L u c r e z i a. Ein Act E. W. Bonsels Verlag Mtln- 
chen. 1906. 

BepHj^b HaeMaHi* npHHaAJiexHTb kb rpymrfc mojioanx'* MiOHxeH- 
CKHX'b nodTOBi> 9 o6i>eAHHHBniHxca BOKpyrb HdAaTeJib^TBa E. W. Bon- 
sels. OAHHirb H3i> nepBbix'b JiHTepaTypHbtxi AO^fOTOBi ero folJIO koji- 
jieKTHBHoe BucTynJieme bbcbctb ct> BaJibAeiiapoM* BoHaeJibcoM*, 
raHCOMi> BpaHAeH6yprom> v BecnepoM-b h H'BROTopbiMH apyrHMH bi> 
c5ophhkb .Erde* (3eMJia) f npHHHTOirb H-feMemcoft kphthkoA cpaBfiH- 
TeJibHO 6jiarocRJiOHHO (oAotipHTeJibHO OToaBaJicn, MeatAy npoiHirb, 0. K). 
Bnptiayirb). Hai> 6ojrbe ap-fejibix-b h ycTaHOBHBmHXCH nncaTejiefi ki> 
ynoiiHHyToft MoaoAofi rpymrb woHxeHueBT., a paBHO h kt» HaaaTeJibCTBy 
BoHaejibca, HirbiOTb BrbKOTopoe OTHomeHie: MaxcHMiuiiaH'b HayTenfleft, 
Toacacb Mam>, IoraHHecb IUjia^b, M. F. KoHpajvb. Tbu-h se HdAaTeJib- 
ctbomt> tibuia BbinymeHa TOHeHbJcaa, ho BOcxHTHTeJibHan no cBoeft ray. 
6hitb h HSHiAecTBy KHHateiK* TeHpHxa MaHa o Apyx6*fe Qjiotiepa h 
yKoparb 3aHAi> (,Eine Freundschaft«). 

HacToamaa Apaica HaeMaHa— ero nepewft onwTb bi> AP&MaTHiecieoft 
oCjiacTH. Ro chxt» nopb ero TBopiecTBO o&ieicajiocb hohth hckjiiohh- 
TejibHo bt» JiHpunecKie cthxh. CoAepxaHie „ JlyicpeuiH"— cTHxiftHoe Ha- 
pocTaHie h noaaBJieHHbie BapwBbi aaTaeHHwx'b ap*mt»— Ha myMHom* Mac- 
jiflHHHHoirb KapHaBaJTB^Apam*, cKpuBaenbix'b HaamHoio ifacicofi h Bece- 
jioft necTpoToioKocnoMOBb. BoraTan Teiia paapatioTaHa, OAHaieo, hoao- 
CTaTOHHo cHabHo h rjiy6oico: BbinojiHeflie o6HapysHBaen» BTBROTopyio He- 
paaBHTOCTb, HecoBepmeHCTBO h, 6wn> icoserb, Aaxe h HeAecTaTOirb TBop- 

HeCKHXT> CHJTb aBTOpa, XOTH H'bCKOJIbKO CTpaHHITb RpaCHBU H HCTHHHO 
JIHpHHHW. 

BlXTOpl r O <{> H t I I, 



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80 BfeCU N 4 

Peter Altenberg. M&rchen d e s Lebens. S. Fischer. Berlin 
1906. 

HoBbift, narbift no cieTy c<5ophhkt> npoHaBegeHift AabTentfepr* 
oUpaaoB&jrb HeMHoroiHCJieHHMX'b HCKpeHHHii> noHBTaxeaefl aroro no- 
aTa, BoaHarpaAHFb hxt> sa HeyAaiHbift npeAUAynuft tomhr »Prod- 
romos". Bt> hob'bbiiihx* Bemax* noen> BepHyjica kt» Toft caiiiHot 
GeeucKyecTBeBHofi npocTorfc h BbipasHTeabHoft JiaKOHHuocTH, kotojw- 
mh oTJiHHaiOTCfl ero nepBwa tooth, „Ashantee" b w Wie ieh es sehe*, 
coajiaBmiH ero caaBy. Bt> hoboh KHHrfe mh BCTp-biaeirb irfcCTaMH eme 
Torb HenpiaTHuft naeocrb h nponoBftAHiraecKift toht», xoTopue Tan 
noprHTb w Prodromos", ho aaTo HaxoAHirb bt> Hefi CTpamm* orpoiaoft 
cbjiu h rayfloKoft, HHorjia noTpacaiomeft KpacoTbi. Ki> ofHnnun* Bemara 
cCopHHKa cjrbjqrerb othocth ,Ger&usche" h .Mama". B* nepsofi neap 
p-feib Hflen> o mopoxaxi> h BByxax'b, KOTopbm h noaoH* Mipb u Ha io- 
Topwe lyncaa jqrma no&ra oTKaHKaeTca Kara KaxepTOKb. CaaGbie, eae 
yaoBHioie mopoxH BbiabiBaiorb bt> Heft 6ypn, sBynarb bt> Hefi ropse* 

CTB6HHMMH rHMHaMH HJIH MipOBbUIH CHM^OHUOCH: B-feTepi KOCHJJCa 

BepxymKH h6jiohh, petieHomb irbpHO Aunum bt> KoabitieaH, A^Bymxa 
KOCHyjiacb bo CBrb HarHirb jiokt6Mi> npHRpfenJieHHOft kt> CTtafe y nocrau 
anoHCKOfi ubraoBKH, KpHiarb cMepTCJibHo paHeHHft aaam*— B<rfe aByiH 
CyAHTb MomHwe h paaHOo6paaHbie otkjihkh. 

„Mama" npome h ciiabrbe. IIoaTb GpoaHTb noaAHefl hohmo no Btrfe 
h cJiynaftHo ocTaHaBOHBaeTca npegb aomomi>, rA* oht> poAHaca. H 
botb eMy BcnoMBHaeTCH liaTb, Koropaa MHoro xton rouy Haaajn yiiep- 
.ia. THXoft rpycTbio B*eTi» orb HecaoxHbix'b cjiOB*b, bi> KOTopwx"b no- 
arb paacKaabraaerb o •MaMV; cjiobo „MaMa" Tan-b cicoptfHo aaynwrb 
bt> ycTax'b oAHHOKaro cTaparo leaoBfeica. »H Borb a cronnpeA* an- 

Mil ORHaMH, BI» TOTb SCO HaCb HOHH, CHOBa CJIbimy CTOHbl MaMbl. fl JBiCb 

h HCTpenaHi> XHOHbio, mh* 48 a*ferb h a, He CMOTpa Ha otjuhhua cno- 
coGhocth. HHHero He AocTHrb.— Maxa yMepjia. Orb Hea HHiero He cxrra- 
aocb... OHa A&na uwh aAopoBoe rfcao, yirb h iyTKoe cepATO, aHaiirr* 
HAeaJibHO Hcaojranaa cboII icaTepHHCKift aoarb. Map* eft". 

a. a. 

Jakov Sohaffner . Die Laterne. S. Fischer. Berlin. 1906. 

Hmh IIla^Hepa jiHrab oqeHb HeaaBHo noaBHJiocb bi> airrepaTypft; 
noaroAA TOMy Haaajvb oht> BnepBbie BbicTy nHJTb co cbohmh paacKaaascB n 
xypHaJiax'b »Mftrz* h w Neue Rundschau" h cpaay o6paTn«ii> Ha ce6i 
BHHMaHie. HcxyccTBO ere — npeKpacHbift npHM-bp-b Tairb Ha8biBaexot 
.Heimatkunst", HBHBmeftca peaKoieft npoTHBT> npeairbpHaro yBJieiemji 
HHocTpaHHbiMH (cKaHflHHaBCKOft h aHFJiiflcKoft) JiHTepaTypaMH. UIa(M>* 
Hep-b— d.ibaaceu'b h paacKaau ero npeACTaBJiaioTca A*ftCTBHTejibHo v- 
CTbiMii npojyKTaMH poAHOft noHBbi. Bnponeirb, Ta«eaocTb h HenoABHS- 



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HHOCTPAHHAJI JIHTEPATYPA. 81 

hoctl, oTJiHHaiomifl aanaflHHXi, repnaHueBT> h mBefluapueBt, utCKOJib- 
ko crjiaxeHbi y Hero $paHiiyacKoft JiernocTbio. Ha* coBpeMeHHbixt 
H*hMeoKHXi> nncaTeJieft fELa^Hep-b npH&iHKaeTca kt> TajiaHTJiHBOMy 
TepMaHy recce h 06a ohh otiflaam* oieHb MHoruMi* BemucoMy mBeft- 
uapuy roT<t>pHAy Kejuiepy. Bt> „Heimatkunst" IIIa^Hepa uu He Ha- 
xoahmi HHnero jrtJiaHHaro h HacHJibCTBeHHaro. h noaTOMy oht> npeg- 
cTaBJiHeTcn HaMi> CHMiiaTHHHbiM'b HCTHHHBiBfb ?epMaHueMi>. HaT> paa- 
CKaaoB-b cGopHHKa HaM-b KaacoTCH JiyiniHsrb .Grobschmiede". 

A. 8. 

Hermann Esswein. Die Schrittmacher und anderes. R. 
Piper & Co. Mlinchen. 1908. 

MojioAoft MX>HxeHem>, H3B*BCTHMft xaicb aBTopi MOHorpa$ifi o co- 
BpeMeHHbixi> pHcoBajibnuiKax'b h HJiJiiocTpaTopax*, BnepBbie BbicTynn.ii> 
B*b pojiH 6eJuieTpHCTa, o6Hapy*HBT> HecoMH*HHbift TajiaHTi,. OaHTa- 
cTHHecKie paacieaabi cGopHHica cjieriea HanoMKHaiorb BenjH To<|)MaHa 
ii Iloa, ho He CTpamHbi. HeB-bpoHTHbiH coGbrria HaJiaraioTCH y^HBHTejib- 
ho cnoKoftHbiirb h A*BJioBbiMi> tohomi, y6mi> flocTHraerca Cojibmaa yC*- 
AHTejibHocTb: He aaayicbiBaflCb, B^pmnb annrb HeGbuiHiiaM'b, HAynwifb 
bi paaprfeai» co bcbmh aaxoHaitH 4>h3hkh h MexaHHKH. Bt> dToft y6*BAH- 
TeabHocTH cicaabiBaeTCH 6ojibraoft MacTepi*. PaacKaai .BaHjja", bt> ko- 
topomt> 3ccBefiH*b nbrraeTca CbiTb pea.iHCTOMi>, cjiatfte ApyrHxi>. 

A. 3. 



HOBHfl KHHrH, 

AOCTABJieiHua bi p«Aasni» .BteoB*" 
c% 15 mnapa no 15 anpfcss. 



Belles-lettres. 

Roger Allard. Vertes Saisons. Poemes 1905—1908. Paris. Ed. de 

1'Abbaye. 3 fr. 50. 
Louis Dumont De TOmbre et de la Solitude. Sonnets familiers 

S. Roubaix. Ed. du Beffroi 3 fr. 50. 
Ren 6 Qhil. (Euvre. I. Dire du mieux. III. Le Vceu de vivre. Tome 

deuxieme. Edition nouvelle et revue. Paris. Librairie Won Vanier. 

A. Messein succ. 3 fr. 50. 
P. Grommelynck. Le Sculpteur de Masques. Symbole tragique 

en an acte. Lettre-prlface d'Emile Verhaeren. Bruxelles. Edmond 

Deman 6d. 



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82 BtCH N 4 

R. d'Hugheer. La Chanson de l'innassouvi. Po&me. Rosendael. 

1 fr. 50. 
Adr. Mithouard. Les Pas sar la Terre. Podraes. Paris. P. Stock 

6d. » fr. 50. 
Louis Pergand. Herbe d'Avril. Podmes. Roubaix. Ed. da Beffroi. 

3 fr. 50. 
Jules Roma ins. La Vie Unanime. Po&me. Paris. Ed. de l'Abbaye. 

3 fr. 50. 
Ed. Rougemont. Souvenances et Nostalgias. Paris. Ed. de la Pha- 
lange. 2 fr. 
Emile Verhaeren. Les Visages de la Vie. Les douze mois. 

Po^mes. Paris. Mercure de France. 3 fr. 50. 
Emile Verhaeren. Toute la Flandre. Les Heros. Bruxeiles. Ed- 

mond Deman 6d. 3 fr. 
Charles Vildrac. Images et Mirages. Poemes. Paris. Ed.de 

l'Abbaye. 3 fr. 50. 

Art et litterature. 

L 6 o n Bazalgette. Walt Whitman. L'Homme et son (Euvre. Avec 

an portrait et un autographe. Paris. Mercure de France. 7 fr. 50. 
M. D. C a 1 v o c or e s s i. Moussorgsky. ( 9 Les Maltres de la Masiqu c* 

Paris. F. Alcan 6d. 3 fr. 50. 
H. de C a r z o n. L'Evolution lyrique au Theatre dans les difforents 

pays. Tableau chronologique. Paris. Marcel Fortin et C-ie. 
R. Petrucci. Essai sar un TMorie de la Vie. Preface de Ernest 

Solvay. Paris. 3 fr. 

Htaju»hhciuji KHHrn. 

Oueltiero Petrucci. Lettere di Riccardo Wagner ai suoi ami- 

ci. Ed. A. Solmi. Milano. 
S o 1 a n d o. Le Donne dei Poemi di Wagner. 2 ed. con preludio di 

Corrado Ricci. Ed. A. Solmi. Milano. 



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rucwycciriea 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



HTO TAKOE TEATPTb? 



Xlpexne Bcero a nyBCTByio HeBbipaaHMoe xejiame npocnrb npomeHia 
y ceKTM 6paMHHOBT), h6o h TOJibKO xmaTpia, h, ocjih a h 
otiKaacaio CBOft Mem* bt> aanjHTy CBottoflbi HcxyccTBa, Tenepb, bo Bpexa 
oKOHnaTenbHaro paaaoxeHia, to npocTo noTOMy, hto a— necTHbift xmaT- 
pia, He 6o.Tfee. fl MHoraro. oneHb MHoraro He noHHuaio bi> coBpeMOHHoft 
pyccKoft CpaMHHCRofl HayK-fe. 

Korfla MH"B TOBOpHTb, HTO HKHHEOB-b — AHTHXpHCTb, HTO B. Poaa- 

HOB-b raytixe Hnmne, hto orb loaHHa BorocaoBa no MepexxoBCxaro 

HHKTO He HOHHMaJTb XpHCTa, HTO HOpTb — C * p a T UB'BTa, HTO JieKIliH 

bt» JlaTHHCKOMb XBapTaa-fe h HbcKOJibKo raaeTHhixi CTaTeft cpaay nepe- 
BenyTB Pocciw orb TpeTbeft JXyuu bt» n IJapcTBO Boxie" (npH 8T0icb 

T JI b K PoCCilO), HTO II08T0My KOHCTHTyuiH H BCB B006lBfi HOJlHTHHe- 

cKia napTiH— Bemb He HyxHaa n a a P o c c i h, hto flbHBOJTb— oTpaxe- 
Hie bt> aepnajTB Bora h t. n. aaoTepHHecxia BeioH, a npocTo HHHero 
He noHHMaio! 

Korna mhb roBoparb, hto Poccia ratiHerb orb CBoeft xyabTypHo- 

CTH, HTO ee HpHdBaHO CliaCTH BapBapCTBO, HTO CHMBOJIHSM'b HeMHHyeMo 

^ojdk6hi> nepeftTH bt> MHeoTBopnecTBo, hto cHMBOJTb — He peaJievb, a 
rpynna chmbojiobi>, T.-e. mh6t>, yxe peaaemb, hto coBpeueHHbie Hapo^u 
Bb u-baoM-b Moryrb npeaaBaTbca xyaoxecTBeHHOMy TBopnecTBy mhoobi, 
a npocTo HHHero He noHHMaio! 

Korjja Ha Monxb raaaaxi, coBepmeHHo HOBOdMyTHMo h 6ea*b BcaKaro 
CMymema, o^hht> h tot* xe nncaTejib, Bb oaho h to xe BpeMH, uojp> 
<J>aMHJiiefi 3. r h n n i y c t> nponoB'feflyerb cotfopHOCTb h xpHCTiaHCTBO, 
a nofl-b (j)aMHaieft A. K p a ft h i ft — giaifeTpaabHo npoTHBonoJioxHoe, 

OXeCTOHeHHO H HOnpHCTOHHO 6paHa CBOHXb C06CTBeHHWXT> aflenTOBT> 

(r. HyjiKOBa, B. HBaHOBa, M. ro$uaHa), Bwpaxaa conyBCTBie mxojrfr 
dCTeTHHecRaro HHAHBHoyaaHaMa h BbicxaabiBaacb aa CBo6ooy TBop- 
necTBa,— a HHHero He noHHMaio! 

Kor.ua TOTb xe An. Baoxi* bi> oahomi* h tomt> xe xypHajrfe Ha 
nepBOft cTpaHHu* nowfemaerb cboh AexaaeaTcxie cthxh, a he nocjrfca- 
Hefl cboh BbixoflKH npoTHBb CHMB0JiH8na h anoaoriio peaanaiia, a HH- 
Hero ho noHHicax)! 

Korga mbtb jihhho bt> BHfl* B03paxeHia Ha mod cTaTbio o xyao- 
xecTBeHHoyb aHaneHiH cthxobi> BpiocoBa (cm. „B*cw* 1908 r., M 1) 



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86 BiCN N 4 

yicaafaiBaeTCA, Kairb Ha <J>aKTb, iieHA onoporaBawmift, Ha mod npHHaa- 
jiexHoeTb Kb con-aeitoKpaTHiecKOft napTia # , a Hmero He noHHMajo! 
Ho Bce-TaKH bo bcbxt> BbimeHCHHCJieHHHiT> cayiaaxi a noHHxan 
6oa*be, ifeifb bi» tbxi» otiBHHeHiax'b, KOTopwa cTaBarca TaKi> naawBae- 

MblMH npOTHBHHKaMH 8CT6TH3Ma H CymHOCTb ROTOpUXl CBOAHTCS Kb 
TOMy, KaKT> 9T0 H BT> CTaTbHX'b, nOCBHID;eHHbIX'b HCKJIDHHTCltHO BOIipo- 

ca\n> HCKyccTBa, ho K&caiocb BonpocoB* peanriH, o6mecTB6HHOCTH 
h t. n. PasyM-heTca, Ha noaotiHbia Bospaxema ctbiaho A*xe oTB-fenaTb! 
nodToiiy h Tenepb, aacaacb Bonpoca o TeaTp* h ero xyaoxecTBeHHOft 
cymHocTH, a aapairfee orpaHHHHBaio cbok> cTaTb» ctpoiumh paMKasnc 
»Ha T6My M v ho cwraacb cb xeaaaiaMH xasi CBepxi-HHjiHBHflyaJiHCTOBis 

CH6apHTOB1s MHCTHKO-aHapXHCTOKb, TaiCb A&Xe H HeO-CJiaBflHO(})HJ10BT>l 

HTairb, hto Taxoe TeaTpi? 

Honesty HOBaa Rrara, iraaaHHaa „niHnoBHHRoirb" 9 osaraaBaesa 
.K h h r a o hobomi t e a t p V? KaROBa CBasb 8*roft rhbth ct> co- 

BpeMeHHbOI-b RpHdHCOIfb CHMB0JIH3Iia? DpH ti-BTJIOMl* Aaxe HTOHiH 3T0ft 

khbth npexAe Bcero 6poca»Tca bt> raaaa ab* ea oco66hhocth. 

Bo-nepBhix'b— HeyaepxHMoe cTpeMaeme hohth bcbxt> aBTopoBi* Kb 
CyaymeMy, cTpacTHoe xeaame He paacKaabreaTb, He naywrb, a 
npeflcxaawBaTb. 

3to, rohohho, h oecbua noHaino! Koraa y TeGa pobho HH^ero 
E'hvb bt> HacToameifb, Koraa naoxo npeflCTaBJiaerab npomearaee h He- 
nero xAaTb orb 6aHxafimaro CyAynwo, ocTaeTca oaho— npoponecTBO- 
BaTb bt> cTHa* p 1 u s q u am f u t u r u m. 4to KacaeTca HacToamaro 
Hamero TeaTpa, to, roBopa iio-cob'bcth, hsjh h6bo3moxho yxe nacn> 
hhxo .BajiaraHHHKa* h •SChshh HeaoBfeRa"; bt> 6jih3Romi» 6yAymeMi» 
yxe rpoaHTb, RaRi» nocal&AHHa CTyneHb CBepx-b-nonuiocTH, TeaTpi* Ma- 
pioHeTOK-b, a bt» npomaoM-b... MHoro an y Haci» h bt> npomaoirb TeaTpa.. 
h Tax* .a a b a ft t e npopoiecTBOBaT b'L 

Kpoirb Toro, paaB* npopoiecRift c t h a * He CTaai bt> Bame 
AecHTHJi-feTie, cb aerxoft pyaa AocToeBCRaro h B. CoaoBbesa h cnerp- 
aabHo nocji* II Toiia .ToacToro h AocToeBcaaro" MepexROBCRaro, croab 
xe cneuH^HHecKii-xapaKTepHhDi-b, RaRi> aaarpbiBaHie ct> Tereaescb Kb 
40 rr M h aaryniHHbift HaTypaarairb, coitfaabHbift aHTH-8CTeTH3in» si 
HeAaBHem npomaora? IIoiipotiyftTe He npoponecTBOBaTb, He p-femaTb 
cpaay bcbxt> Bonpocorb bt> oaho& CTaTb*, h Bacb saaaeflMHrb RaHVoft 

• HacKOAso npovmaTeiuui n otfuecTBemom cmhci* amxi picwataMfeci 
acrem, iano xon 6u wn xpaim «Maxo» I{Bin> 9 coopymemaoi Tp iyaaa- 
paTon MicTiiecxix*-o(JmccT8eHH«oi* (MepexKoscux^ rimriyc* ■ ^xaoco- 
4>0BHirk), rii bi H3o6pasemi ncixoxorii pyccxoi peBonomM aa6im, ae 6oite ae 
Meaie, **k% pa6oqii!.. 3to Jioenie istfapaieAiian opan hc o6ixrte mm Bcasaro 
xpyroro? 



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HCKYCCTBA. 87 

„aKajieifHCTa, napHacua" h t. n.! IlancKia GyjuiH h TopxecTBOHHbie 
MaHH<)>ecThi 7 Ha<n> bt> ctyep* »;iHTepaTypbi tt aaM-BHHJiH peixeHdto. 

BTOpoft OC06eHHOCTb» H O B O A KBHrH H B a r KHHr0H3AaT0JIbCTBa 
HOBOMl TeaTp-B ABJiaeTCA (8T0 BOOlJme CBOftCTBOHHO HdAaHlfllTb 

.niHnoBHHKa*) a6coJiK)THoe OTcyTCTBie cbash bo BHyTpeHHewb coaep- 
zaHiH cTaTeft, co6paHHbixi» nojn> oAHy o6aoxxy. Kara hh norfeJiH mm, 
ho HafiTH xoTb HTO-HH6yAb otiniee Mexjxy Kocojianoft h ByjibrapHofi 
CTaTbeft A. JlyHaiapcxaro, HaamHO-6e3coAepxaTejibHofi causerie 
A. BeHya, AfeJiOBHTo-ottaTOflTeJiBHOft bt> AeTajiaxT> (xoth h Geaaoicaaa- 
TeJibHoft bo bcbxt> rjiaBHbiXT> nyflieraxb) MOHorpa(J)iefl B. MeftepxoJibAa, 
nycTocjioBieMi £. AiuFixoBa, HarpoMoxAeHiearb C. Pa4>aaoBHia, napaao- 
KcaabBo-a(J)opHCTHHecKoft, ho ropaiefi h osapeHHoft moahIhmh mmcjih, 
cTaTbeft-nporpawMofl A. BbJiaro, MexAy myTOBCTBOifb bi> Tparaiecxoft 
MacK*b 9. CoaoryOa h 6eayxopHaHeHHo-ieTKo&, npeapHTejibHo-nonyjiap- 
Hofi h MaTOMaTBHecRH AoxaaaTejibHoft cTaTbeft B. BpiocoBa. 

KoHeiHo, r. fl. OHJioco4>OBy Moxerb noxaaaTbca oieHb o6hahumi> 
to o6cT05rrejibCTBO, hto cTaTbfl BpwcoBa aBJiae*rca Jiynmeft h3T> Bcfexb 
ApyrHxi, ho BHHOBarb bt> 8tomi», Kara h bo BCfcxb noAotiHbix'b cjiyna- 
flxis ho a, a cam B. Bpncora, a, CbiTb Moxerb, h-bckojibko h flpyrie 

COTpyAHHKH 8Toro CfopHHRE. BpiOCOBl OAHHl, KpHTHXy* peaJiHawb 

Ha cueH-ft, hto A'BJiaiorb hohth bcb aBTopbi KHHrn, xaxAbift no-CBoeiiy, 

Ge3T» BO3M0XH0CTH M* HHTaTOJIH CB6CTH Kb OAHOMy BCB HXT» HanaAXH, 

— nbiTaeTca ycTaHOBHTb rpammy AonycTHMocra peajraaMa bt> TeaTpl*. 
Bt> cyntHocTH oTpiwaTb aflcoaiOTHNH peajiH3M-b Ha cueH* hobos- 
m oxho coBepmeHHo Tairb me, Kara yHHiToxirrb peanbinjft ajieif eHTb ro 
HcxyccTB* BOo6m;e. Eme HOAonycTHicbe h3t> oTpHuaHia pearaidMa (bch- 
xaro) A*BJiaTb JioranecKift buboai* acontrario ra bosmoxhocth h 

eAHHCTBOHHOft HpHrOAHOOTH A^fl CUOHbl CHIfBOJlHdlia CT> T'BMb, ITOtibl 

noTora, CA'B^aB'b ab*, TpH HaTflXKH bt» interpretatio 9Toro cMyTHaro 
aarb CMyTHHTb noHHTift, noroBopHTb o (toarpaHHHHbix'b nepcneKTHBaxb 
6yAyn;aro h v BaA0XHyBi> no co6ophocth, aaxoHHHTb aa aApaBie 
Bcero h o b a r o Bootfme, m ocoGohhocth xe *ero-HH6yAb moaho- 
Hejrfenaro, bt> poA* w npeBpameHia apHTeJia bt> xopoBoe Haiaao" (?), 
orbraeHia TeaTpaJibHaro aajia ct> uepxoBbio, a cueHbi ct> aMBOHOMb, 
npHabiBOBb «iHTb cueHy h xnaab (x.-e. yjiauy) bo-oahho h t. n. noaop- 
Hbix*b Hecoo6paaHocrefi, BbiHepKHBajonjHX'b bt» nocji'BAMeMT> cnerb canyio 
BAeio TeaTpa H8*b c$epbi HCKyCCTBa. 

Heo6xoAHMO CTaBHTb Bonpocb ho o AHJieMirb— peaJiH3MT> hah ohm- 
Bo^H3Mb,— a o BaaHMHOMb OTHomeHiH a-rnxij Asyib HOHa^'bxHbixb ajie* 
MOHTOBb Boaxaro xyAoxecTBOHHaro npoH8B6AeHia. 

TeaTpb, xaxi cneuiaJibHaa <)>opMa HCxyecTBa, Tpe6yen> cneuiajib- 
hoh <t>opMhi eoHOTaHiff 8thxi> AByxi a.ieMeHTOBT*. K a k o b a xe npo- 
nopuia hxt>? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 BfcCN N 4 

B. Bpiocoffb Taffb HM6HH0 h CTaBHTb Bonpoci. 

Oht> AORaauBaerb, hto h bt> peaJiHCTHH©CKOMT> TeaTpfe .jjaiieKo He 
Boe oKaauBaeTCA, keki> bt> „xh8Hh" (247), a aarfeirb HeyMoJiHMo aHa-m- 
aHpyerb h coBpeiceHHBui ooomtkh ycAOBHbixi nocTaHOBoifb, aajunraa*: 
w aTOTb noJiy-pea^M3M'b cKOBWBaen, Bootfpaxeme apHTena (tarfee T£ze- 
jiumh irbnflMH, H*m> cTapwfi, cueHHHecRift peajiH3MT>* (250). Jlornierb 

erO OTpHUaTeJlbHblft BUBOA?* HeBOBMOJKHOCTH 6opOTbCH CI «H3H6H- 
HOCTbK) H*BKOTOpbIXT> 8JieiieHT0BT> (Hail p., rOJIOCb apTHCTa), • H6B0aM0X- 
HOCTH „C03A&Tb U*BJlHKOM"b CXOMaTHMeCRift TeaTpi>\ IlyTb, yxa3H- 

BaeMwft BpiocoBMM'b, aceHb h onpeA'&ieHeHi, 8to— npHaburb otipaTBTicx 
K*b npi e MaMT> TeaTpa aHTHiHaro h mexenHpoBexaro! 

Kb Tony ace BUBOfly, hcxoah h3t> Apyraxb nocbuxoKb, npHxoABTt 
h aBTopb apyroft HHTepecHOft CTaTbH cCtopHHKa, AHApefi 5'fejibift: ,co- 
BpeMeHHbift TeaTpt paaoflbeTca o Ciuuiay meKcnnpoBCKaro TeaTpa vol 
o XapnOAy cHH6MaTorpa<|)a" (OTp. 289). 

KaK*b SHaMeHaTejibHO h Baxflo 8to coBnaAeme bt> HaraiH 6yAyn*ar© 
h ocy«AeHiH HacToamaro 6aJiaraHCTBa h aRcnepHMeHTaJibBaro xjiecra- 
KOBCTBa coBpeMeHHaro uoBaro, CHMBOAHiecRaro, TeyprHHecKo-napioHe- 
TOHHaro, opxecTpo-o6me^ocTynHaro TeaTpa-xpaMa-(5aJiaraH^HKa co cto- 
poHbi AByxb caiibix-b KpynHbm> coBpeueHHbixb xyAoraHROBb h Teope- 
TMKOB-b, ucxoAHiAHX'b H3i» AiaMeTpaJibHo-iipoTHBonoJioxHbix'b xipocoaep- 
uaiiift! HcnoB-fe^ya Teopiio ,canoBJiacTi>a HdcyccTBa" h rHoceoJioroiecKift 
npHHUHirb xyAoxecTBeHHaro TBopiecTBa, BpiocoBb npaxoAHTb kt> Toft 
ace Beo6xoAHMocTH BoaBpaTa kt> meRcnHpoBCRoxy TeaTpy, KOTopan co- 
CTaBJiaeTb caMyio cynjHocTb h nojieMireecKofl CTaTbH A. B-fejiaro, dToro 
nepBaro h caMaro rayGoKaro TeopeTRRa HCRyccTBa (cHMBOJuraecxaro), 
Raxb cpeACTBa nepecoaAaHia caMbixi (J>opMi> Guti*. &ro 
coBnaAeHie HBJiaeTca iiohth eAHHCTBeHHbiMi* bo bccmt* ctopHHRfe h bo 
bchkomt> cjiy^a* caifbm'b aHaHHTejibHbiM-b nyHKTOMb ero. 

AocaAHbiifb o6cToaTejibCTBOifb HBJiaeTca to, hto MHorie ocTaabHiie 

aBTOpbl RHHIH TeaTp'B, HO HM'fcfl CaM0CT0HT6JIbHbIXb Teop6THTOCRHX1» 

Boaap^Hifl, oKaaajiHCb BbiHyxcAeHHbiMH bjih ccbuiaTbcs Ha nyxofi aBTO- 
puTerb, lacro coBepraeHHo He RCTaTH # , hah onnpaTbca Ha aBTopHTen 
TaHHCTBeHHo-CKpbiTaro on> bcbxi> npoH3BeAeHiH eeopeTHRa B. HBanoBa 
o TeaTp^ rA* oKaabiBaeTca aaKJUOHeHHborb „cTpoftHHft nnavb JUoeb- 
coBa fl-bftcTBa". TpyAHo mh*, ROHeiHo, RpHTHROBaTb Boaap-BHiH H ca- 
Mbift HOBbift naaHb TeaTpa B. HBaHOBa, ROTopwe (no cjiOBam» Mofiep- 
xoJibAa) m6o ,roTOBHTca rt> nenaTH*, jih6o w npeA0CTaBJieHbi eity aBTo- 

* Taxi nocTynaerb r. Meiepxonxi*, xtJiaa bhjpb, tpo obi conxapero ch ocho»- 

HUM! BO^pBBUIMH BB TCBTpi B. BpDCOBB, HO ynyCKBfl ISl BIXJ y6iiCTB6BByi> 

■proxy co cropoHU nociUBflro toto, vro cam Bp»coBi HasuBaen <quasi-ycionHO 
nocraHOBxaxn* (cip. 259), T.-e. imohho npeciOByrofi <ietepi02bX0BB,HH>. 



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HOKYCCTBA. 89 

poirb bt> rpaHKax-b" (cTp. 170), Thwb tiojrbe, hto, no cJioBaMb Toro xe 
MedepxoJibAa (CTp. 170), „hto6m ytifeAHTbca, hto npoaicrb Ban. HBaHOBa 

AEJX6K0 H6 OflHOCTOpOHHift... HaAO HO nponyCTHTb HH OAHOft CTpOHKH, 

hmi> HanHcaHHofl a ... fl nojiaraio, hto ;no6oft npoaitTb Moxerb 6ntl a6co- 
jiiotho He-TbnwM*b h 6ea*b oahoctopohhocth, cTpaflaa xaicb paab npoTH- 

BOnOJIOXHUlTb H6A0CTaTR0Ml» MHOroCTOpOHHOCTH, HTO 90^0 BCHKHXTj npo- 
dKTOBlt HM6HH0 HOTOMy H niGHyTb... 

JIjih nhcb jihhho, bt> Hanajrb XX Bfeita, Korjja HeGNBaJio yTOHneHHoe 
xjAoxecTBeHHoe apfeHie HaHHHaerb nepepocTaTb c a m y k> h a e » t e- 
a t p a, aaM*Haa uerojsh coaepuaHia moitn nepeai* Bonjiomeme en 

npOTHBOnOJIOZHbnCb HCKaHieifb B'BHHMXb npH3paK0BT>, pOMaHTHHeCKHXb 

oTp-fcmeHiH,— Bcaitia nonbiTKH kt> BOSBpaTy eARHCTBa XH3HH h coaepua- 
Hia, ki> npHCJiHxeHiio cueflM Kb Hanajiy peJiHrioaHo-oGmecTBeHHOMy— ho 
MeH-fee norburabi h GeanJiOAHM, H'feM'b,HaiipHM'6p'b, CTpeMJiema JIbBa Ton- 
cToro noBepHyTb HeaoBfeHecTBO orb CTaflia ropoACKoft uHBHJiHaaiUH h 
KanHTaJiHSMa npano kt> cTapoicy HaTypajibHo-xoaaftcTBeHHOMy naTpiap- 
xaJibHOMy (ferry! Mb* He moxomi* cepbeaHO roBopHTb o noAo6HMx*b xh- 
Mepaxi», T'bM'b dojite, hto oh* Tenepb bt> moa* h, CTajio 6111Tb, nepeab 

4-5 JI-BTb OTb HHXT> OCTaHeTCH npH6JIH3HTeJIbH0 CTOJIbKO Xe, CKOJIbKO 

ocTauiocb orb »xopoBoro Hanajia* cjiaBaHo^HJioBb hjih MOJiHTBeHHaro 
BOcn-BBaHia oGhihhm HapoAHHicaMH, T.-e.— pobho HHHero! 

„BonJiomeHie mohtm, bott> hto Taieoe cueHa!"— roBopnrb A. B^JiMft 
(Ha 263 cTp.) bt> HanaJi'B cBoeft cTaTbH, ho oht> yxe BocmiHixaerb ne- 
pea*b 3 CTpaHHUbi Aajibme: B Bb chmbojihsm-b pea^bHaa cbh3l aa npe- 
A'taauH bhahmocth' (CTp. 277). 8to Boniiomee npoTHBop'feHie— npoTHBO- 
p-fenie, KOToparo HCJibaa uaGtrHyTb, He noxepTBOBaB* caMoft HAeeft 
TeaTpa paAH KyjibTa HHCTaro coaepuama. Mm xroeMb He bt. B'feKb 
ApHCTOTeJia, enje Men-fee bt> B-feiCb JleccHHra. Mm iioxeirb BoaaaBaTb 
AOJiacHoe BomiomeHHOMy aMctbIio, mm He MoaceTb He JiK>6HTb IHeiecnH- 
pa, ho Becb Tpenerb Hameft anoxn, bch 6ojib h bccb BocToprb Toro 
h b a r 0, HbM-b oanaMeHOBaHa anoxa cHMBOJiHdMa, nexnrb bt> c^ep* 
npaMo-TaKH npoTHBonoJioxHofl. 

Chmbojih3Mt> n a ckoh! h6mi>icjirmi Taicb xe, Kara He- 
soaMoxHa MyaMRa jijih rjiasa, ApyrHMH cjiOBaMH, TaKb xe, KaKi> He- 
BOSMoxHa onepa! 

CymHocTb CHMB0JiH3Ma— yM^Hie jioBHTb TOHHaftraie HaMeKH Bemeft, 
He HCKaxaa hxt> peajibHaro JiHKa, yMlraie noHHMaTb npHCTaJibHMa h 
HenojmaioiAiaca nepeAanb rpy6MMH, BcerAa MexaHHnecRHMH h HCKyc- 
CTBeHHo-ycjioBHMMHcpeACTBaMHcueHN, .regards familie rs*BcaKofi 
BemH bt> Be^HKOMb xpaM*fe IIpHpoAM. 

CyiAHocTb CHMBOJiHdMa— correspondences, 6e3HHcneHHMH, HeyjiOBH- 
mmh, eABa h jiHmb oTHacra Bon^omaeMMa, HHKorjja ho coBnaflaiomia 
ct> MipoMb HBJieHift correspondences, h eAHHCTBeHHMMb cpeACTBOMb 



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90 BfiCN N 4 

n6j>eflaHH hxt> Bceraa 6hah h 6yjiyrb rt .confuses paroles* 
AHpHiecxaro noara, ca&fbiMb cymecTBeHHbucb cBoftcTBOirb Koropun 
AOAZHO 6mh npHdHaHo hxt> HeAOCTynnocTb cpeAHeity, nepenoJiHeHHaro 
TpeneTOMt xhbhh, HeAOBtay, hxt> apHCTOKpaTHHecsafl HCKAioHHTeab- 
HocTb h atfcoAJOTHaa HenpHTOAflocTb aah xaKHX* 6w to hh 6i*ao o6me- 
ctbchhuxi* SKcnepHMeHTOB'b. He CAyiafiHO BeAH^aftmie noam - chmbo- 
ahcto uameft anoxn 6i>iah uaoxhmh ApauaTypraxH, npn 8tomt> caxue 

BCJIHKie H8T» HHX*b BOBCC HMH HO 6bUIH. 

Bt> caMOM'b a*a*, paaB* cueHHHHH ntecbi MeTepjiHHKa? PaaBt, 
eme paHtrae, FeTe He aaicfeTBAb wb oahoito h3t> cbohxi* a<J>opHa- 
mob'b, hto Jiyiniifl ap&mu IHeKcnHpa — HanncaHbi a-th TreHin? Jfc* 
A*e paaB* moxho noAyMaTb 6eai apoxh yxaca o npncnocofaeHiH rb 
caeH-B (xoTopaa k% tohj se HeMHCAHica h He npeACTaBAHeifa 6eab 
n y 6 ji h k h, a nocAfeAHAA Bceraa tibuia h GyAeTb caMoft bwcokoA naa- 
Toft aa cueHy) xota oAHoro hs* GescMeprHbixb CBoeft 6eaxH3HeHH0CTbK) 
otipaaoB* MaAAapiid, CTaBmaro Ha poKOByw rpara caMaro caobs? 
PaaB-B 06* nbecu PoAes6axa (»Le voile*, *Le mirage") He cAatoe bcoto 
Hirb HanHcaHHaro? PaaB* cAyia&HO BoflJiep* HHKorAa He ocymecTBHJb 
CBoero naaHa HanncaTb Apaiiy o AoKb-JKyaH-fc? PasB-b bosmoxho npea- 
CTaBHTb ceto Ha cueH-b rrfeAb leAOBfeiecTsa hoai> paaBepcToft Mipo- 
Boft xpumeft, npoHaeHHoft Aynaxn soAOToft Tpy6bi AHreJia,Bi> ,3eMAfe - 
B. BpnooBa? HacxoAbico CKaaxH YafiJibAa Bbime ero nbecb! Moxho jib 
BHA*Tb 6eai> B03icymeHiH Ha cueH* „Aai" flaHTe, coaaaHHbifi a$$eK- 
TaMH paxnu hah BfeiHyx) Posy ero .Paradiso', aaxseHHyio MHpiaaaMH 
BJieKTpHiecKHXb AaunoieKb? MbiCAHii a ah nocTanoBiea noAHocTbio re- 
TeBCKaro w <X>aycTa"? Bepxapvb — caMbift coMHHTeAbHbift cpeAH coBpe- 

MeHHUX'b CHMBOAHCTOBT> Cb T01KH dp'taifl CTpOrOCTH MeTOA*t CaMtlft 

Aynnifl ApaxaTyprb Me«Ay hhmh, ho Bee se ero TpHAoria — xyamee 
H3i> Boero norAa-AH(k) hmt> HanHcaHHaro. 

TeHifi 9. IIo HeaapoMb opraHircecKH nyxA&Aca cueHhi, He 6ynjHB 
vb coctohhIh orpaHHHHBaTb CBOHXb noJieTOBb h naaemfl paaM-fepasui 
Tpexi> cT'bH'b h paMnoft h HeH36*BXH0 3a6uBaa bt» CBOHXb rAy6onaft- 
mHXb TBopiecKHXT> nepeitHBaHiflXb o eueHHiecKHXi* 8<M>eKTaxi», T.-e. o 
ahhih 3p*HiH nyCAHKH. He aaa upocroft myTKH HHcaAb BoAAepb Bb 
CBoeMb ,Mon ccBur mis a nu", ito Aynraaa Bomb bi> TeaTp'h— AiocTpaL 
dTa HpoHia nepBaro cpeAH chmboahctob'b h noaTOBi> coBpeMCHHofl 

AymH— rOBOpHTb OHCHb MHOrO, HeCMOTpA Ha BCJ0 CBOfO napaAOKCaAbHOCTb. 

fla, CTporifi, yTOH^eHHbifi h nocA^AOBaTeAbHbifi chmboah3mi» qyz- 
AaeTCA cueHbi, Raxi> TaxoBofi. Bb Hameft HeAftBHefi AHTepaTypb He b&- 
0ADAaeTCfl ah to xe caMoe: paaB-B yBHAanie BaAbMOHTa ho HacTymwo 
CKopo BC-TBAb aa ero .TpeMfl paauB-BTaMH*, a TeaTpaAbHbia nbecu av- 
pnxa h cHMBOAHCTa A. BAOKa He ropaaAo An hhxc ero nepBbix-b cn- 

XOTBOpCHifl? 



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HCKYCCTBA, 91 

A contario 3to jtoKaabiBaerb humi, hto aajieico He cjiynaeirb cKen- 
thuh3mi> BpiocoBa h Bfeiaro bi> oTHomeHiu ,CHMBOJiuqecicaro TeaTpa* f 
hto B*b cymHocTH Becb c6opHUKT>, aa HCKJH0H6HieMi> HeHyxHaro xJiaMa 
(CTaTbH Jlyflaiapcicaro, AuHHKOBa, HyjiKOBa), cocToamaro h3t> nepeace- 
BMBaHifl o6mHxi> M'bcrb h XBacTOBCTBa Ha CHOTb nyxoro KapMaHa, ro* 
Bopurb u.iH o0t> 8Tanan> npom.iaro TeaTpa, hjih o ROHKpeTHbixi> 
fiBJiemHTb coBpeMOHHocTH, h-ih apa&io nporaBonojioKHoe TOMy, Kb neny 
pByTCH eeopeTHKH cyrytiaro MojjepHHaMa, aatibraniie CeacMepTHbia Tpa- 

flWUH B6^HKHX*b TOOpeTHKOB'b CHMBOJIHdMa. 

B*b aaKJiiOHeBie H-fecxojibito cjiobt> o CTaTb* 9. Co-iory6a. Tpy^Ho 
cepbeaHo roBopHTb o ero nonuTirb oTB'BTHTb Ha Bonpocb ho o tom*, 
xaKH\ri> flojiaceffb forrb TeaTpb, a o tomt», KaKHM*b HHKaicoft TeaTpi hh 
npn KaKHXb ycjiOBiax-b 6biTb He aojuk6ht>! 

Hto CKaaajra 6u bh, iHTaTeab, ecJiH 6w BaMi> nprnnaocb yBHAaTb, 
xarb MacTHTbift jwpHsepb, nocTyiaB-b npejjBapHTejibHO naaoHKoft o 
cBon nwnHTpb, Bapyro» cTajib foi KyBupicaTbca Ha acTpaa*fe— roaoBa- 
Horn, roJiOBa-HorH? UonuTKa 6. Co;iory6a coaaaTt n TeaTpi» eaHHon 
bojih" AOKaabiBaen tojiuco to, hto a-ia coaaama HOBaro THna TeaTpa 
HeAOCTaTOHHO oahhoh bojih! 

3 j a u c i. 



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TEATPT> H XyflOSCHHKH. 



Pyccxift TeaTpi> poahjich hoa* cnacT.iHPoft aB'baAOft h ero a^tctbo 
h oTponecTBO npoTeKJiH cpeflH CKaaoiHo-npeKpacHhix'B coa^aHifl b€-ih- 
xaro TeaTpajibuaro BOJimetfHHxa ToHaaro. CoaAaHHaa hmt> mxoaa ae- 
KopaTopoFb HOAOJiro flepacajiacb ero TpaAHuifl h kt> nojioBHirfe 19 bbi* 
npHmjia kt> nojraoMy ynaAsy. IIoiiutkh BoapoAHTb 9to HCKyccTBo ot- 
hochtch k*b KOHuy 80-xt> roflOBi>, Koi\aa fleKopaulflMH aaHHTepocoBa- 
jiHCb Taicie xyAOXHHxu, KaKT> B. BacHeuoFb h IIojrfeHOtfb, a aa hhmh 
Kopobhht>, BpyCeJib h rojioBHBTb. IIocTeneHHO TeaTpoirb yBJiexjiucb Bet 
HamH jiynmifl xyAoxecTaeBHbin chjim h eABa jih HaflfleTCH xora 6u oahhi 

TaTiaHTJIHBblfl pyCCKifi XyAOXHHKT>, KOTOpblft, B*b TOft HJIH HHOft <t>opir& 

He npHHHMajrb-6bi ynacTia bt> TeaTpsuibHbix'b nocTaHOBxax* nocjrfeAHHib 
ji-brb. TarorbHie JiWAeft, enje B4epa CHA*Bnrax , b HaA* xpomeHHHMH an- 
BapejiHMH, Kb rHraHTCROMy Macnrratfy, kt> cToapraHHHbiwb xojicrairb— 
oneHb 3HaMeHaTe;ibH0. 3to— npoCyxAaromaaca TocKa no (fcpecx*. ToJibKo 
bt> TeaTp* B03MoaceH*b enje paaMaxb, xoth-6n BHlunHHin* oGpaaoirb Ha- 
noMHHaiomift BpeiceHa „buon fresco", Kor^a BepoHeai paciracuBaJib bc* 
bhjijiw, nocTpoeHHbifl ero Apyroirb IlaJuiaAio. TeaTp*b bt> Hanra ahh— 
eAHHCTBeHHan o&iacTb, bt> xoTopoft xyAOXHHxi Moxero eme MeTraTb 
o GoJibmoM'b npaaflHHK-B fljiH rjiasb, bt> xoTopoft ecxb r^-B paaBepHyTBC* 
ero Boo6paxemio. Bee ocTajibHoe y Hero othhto HeyifOJiHMoft XHaHuo, 
ocTaBHBmefl eMy oah* BbicTaBKH. 

CoBpeMeHHHfl AOKopaTopi HMfeerb bt» CBoeM*b pacnopffxemH Ta- 
xi* cpeACTBa, o KOTopwxi> Bb CTapHHy h He CHHJiocb HHKOMy. Kb ero 
ycjiyraftfb upexA© Bcero— Heiiciepnaeifbie CBfeTOBbie a^eRTbi, ot- 
KpNBmie coBepmeHHO HeoxHAaHHbui bosmoxhocth; phaomt> cb hhhh oh* 
noJibayeTCfl ocTpoyMHo npHAVMaHHWMH MaraHHaMH h irfunnrb pj*AOMb 

MyApOHblXls TeXHHHeCKHXb TpiOKOBb, pa3ABHraK>mHXl> 8TH BOaifOXHO- 

cth ao CeaKOHeHHOCTH. IIo cpaBHeHiio co Bctarb 3thmt> cpeACTBa, ko- 
TopbiMH pacnoJiaraji-b ToHaaro, Cbijih npaiio HHmeHCKHMH h, ecjm Bee 
xe oHb yM-BJib coaAaBaTb BOJiraeGHbia npaaAHecTBa xpacoro, to tojb- 
ko noTony, hto bt> ero apTHCTHHecxoft Ayra* 6bun> BfeHHbifl npasAHHTb 
TaKoro npasAHnxa ajiexTpHiecKia JiaMnoixa He aaMtaarb HHKoraa. 

BjieKTpOTeXHHKb OKOHHaTCJIbHO BblT'BCHHJTb XyAOXHHKa. fl COBCfcllb Be 

npoTHBT> CB-bTOBbixb yxKiupeHift, co3AaK>n*HXT> HHorAa Taxie HayMBrreJib- 
Hbie no xpacorb 84>4>exTu» xairb urpa boam bt> noABOAHoirb uapcTBt 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HCKYCCTBA. 93 

,CaflKo", Ha cuoh* Bojn>moro TeaTpa. 9to Tax* onapoBaTeJibHO h Tax* 
BHxercH ci> xypnamHMH aByxaMH Bceft »noABOAHofl" nyabiKH, hto h 
He Mory ce<5*ft npeACTaBHTb, Kaia> 3to cfl'bJiaTbeme Jiynme. OAHaxo, ho- 
bojibho HanparaHBaeTca Bonpoci>: XTO-xe SA'feCB co6ctb6hho rocno- 
jihht>— a-ieKTpoTexHHK*b hjih AexopaTop*? HecoMH-fcHHo, nepBbift. Othh- 
mht6 Hrpy CB*Ta— h ocTaHyrcfl oflH'fc acajiRifl TpanxH. H*ti» canaro 
rjiaBHaro, Toro, hto Gbuio bt> BejiHRHXT* coaaaHiflXb ceicbH BHCieHa, 
IlHpaHeaH h roHaaro,— h*tt> pHTMa. Kor^a CMOTpmnb jihctn nnpa- 
HeaieBCKHX-b ,carceri", to CTaHOBHTca xyTxo. JHeorrxH hcuojihb- 
ckhxt> cboaobi* nepecfexaiOTCH miiuionHHecKHMH apxaMH C*b HyflOBHm- 
HbiMH aaMKaMH h Bee 9to HeceTCH Ky^a-To BBepxb, Ha rojioBOKpyacn- 
TejibHyio BbicoTy h npoBajiHBaeTca BHH3-b,Bb CTpamHbia, MpaiHbiH hoa- 
aeuejibH, h 6-feryrb BnepeA* TaHHCTBeHHbia rajuiepen, KOTopbiMb h-&tt> 
KOHua. H bch 9Ta 4>aHTacTHKa noAHHHeHa xejrfcaHoft jrornx* apxHTex- 
TypHbixi KOHCTpyicuifi. Bee 3to He B3Aopi>, Bee— B03M0XH0, h ott> aToro 
eme cTpamH-fee. no coxpaHHBmHMCH ao Hacb acKHaaMb ToHaaro mw mo- 
xexib ceC-fc npeACTaBHTb, xaxoe BneiaTjrfeHie aojijkhh 6ujih npoH3BO- 
jjHTb ero w ycbinaJibHHUbi* 11 B raJuiepeH a ; bt> hhx* Taxi yraAara Mac- 
mTa6'b 9 hto Aaxe dA'bcb, Ha 3thxi> JincTax'b, ero aaaHia paaABHraiOTCH 

BBepXT> H BmHpb H BbipOCTafOTb B*b THraHTCKifl KaMeHHblfl Maccbi. 

BoapoacAeHie AexopaTopcxaro HcxyccTBa coBepmeHHo He xocuyaocb 
aToft cTopoHbi A*Jia, a cocpeAOTonnjio nee cboo BHHMaHie na nnTHax-b 
h KpacKaxb. Kb TeaTpy nptiM-BHiuiH TOJibRo to, <ito Bcfcxb aaHHMaJio 

H Bb XHB0HHCH. H, HaAO CKaaaTb, HTO BT> 3T0M*b HanpaBJieniH CblJIII 
COdAaHbl HOBblfl U-BHHOCTH, HCH3B-BCTHbIfl HHKOMy H3T> CTapblXb MaCTO- 

poBb. H-BKOTopbiH AeKopauiH KopoBiiHa ii rojioBHua— njrbHHTeJibHo xpa- 

CHBbl no CBOHlTb KpaCOHHbIMb COHeTaHiflMT>; Bb COeAHHCHiH Cb yAaHHO 
HaftAeHHblMH nHTHdMH XOCTIOMOBb, HXb nOCTaHOBRH JT^flCTBHTeJIbHO 

KpacHBbi h hcthhho npaaflHHHHbi. IlepBafl KapTHHa w Pycjiana* hjih na- 
poAHaa cueHa bt> B CaAKo*— hotth 6edyxopH3HeHbi. fl roBopio— ,noHTH a 

OOTOMV TOJIbKO, HTO H6 MOry npHMHpHTbCH Cb OTCyTCTBieSTb JIOrHHHO- 
CTH, CO BCVftMb T-BMT> apXHTeKTypHbllfb B3A0p0Mb, KOTOpbJft 6bIJIb-6bI no- 
HHTeHb JIHIHb Bb TOMT) C.iyHA'b; BCJIH 6bl BCA HOCTaHOBRa 6bina BblACp* 

scaHa bt» onpeA*JieHHOMi> npHHHHHo-cyca;ibHOMi> ctrh-b, bhojih* n ny- 

paUROM*b M , HO MttJIOMb. XorbJIOCb-6bI, HTOCbl nHTHd H KpaCHBbW KpaCKH 
HO yCHBaJIH HH pHTMa, HH JIOrHHHOfi (faHTaCTHKH, H6o BITfeCTb CT> HH- 

mh y6HBaercfl CTHJib. Ero He CyAerb ao Ttab nopi, nona AeKopaTHB- 
Hoe HCKyccTBO, BUJiHBraeeca nab Toro Be^HKaro apxHTeKTypHaro pyejia, 
KOTopoe lepeai IlHpaHeaa h BepoHeaa coeAHHnerb Hacb cb Phmomi» h 
AeHHaMH,— ho BepHeTCH Ha npeacnee m*bcto. PaaJiHBb ocTaBHJTb HaMb 
nyAecHbift HJib— HMnpeccioHHaMb; ohi» cA'toani* CBoe a^io h Ha cuch-b, 
ho HaMb He ABHHyTbca BnepeA*B. noxa mm ne BepHeMca Haaaflb, m> 
rpaAHuiHMb apxHTOKTypHaro neflaaaca. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



94 B£CH N 4 

Ecaa aaexTpoTexaaxi Bbirbcaa:ii> xyAoxaaxa-AexopaTopa, to pe- 
acaccep* ero y6ajn>. Hto TaKoe, ct> tohkb aptaix „acxyccTBa ra&a*". 
BCb nooTaHOBRH nexoBCKHxii nbecb Ha cuea* XyAOxecTBeaHaro Tearpa? 
Bee a*jio BAfecb cboahtcx bt> cjiahocth kt> Tony, htoGh 6buo xan 
icosho 6oAbme .HacToamaro": aacToaamx*, He HanHcaHHba'b a^aaift, aa- 
CToammcb KycTOBi> h aaxe HacToanuixi AepeBbeB*. BtAaoe acxyccTBo 
AeaopaTopa! Tetfa aaraajia h3t> xaaaa, roaara ci» nJiomaaeft h yjxaub, 
roaarb H8i> KOMHarb h bott> noraajia, aaxoaeirb, aa* TeaTpa, r^a th 
HBAfeflJiocb HaftTH CBoe nocji-feAHee npacTaaame! He Ha BbicTaBxarb me 
any, Bb canons A*Jrfe> m*cto! Canoe yxacaoe to, hto Hexosa aM- 
CTBHTejibHo Tpy4H0 nooTaBHTb aynme, HemejiH bto cAfeJiaaa bt> Xyao- 
mecTBeHHoifb TeaTp-fe. noxaaaBi, xaa* aaAO CTaBHTb HexoBa, btot* 
TeaTpi noKa8ajn>— h oto A'taaen* eiiy necTb— xaxb He aaao cTaaaTb 
nymxaaa. Mbi Haa^JiHCb y BHA^Tb »Py cb fc CypaicoBa h BirkCTo aea yBH- 
Aaoa xopomo eaaxoMyio .Pycb" K MaxoBcaaro. KopoBHHi» h roaoBaa* 
AaBHO yme noaajia, hto aeAOCTaTonao aaA^Tb Ha axTepoBi nojsjam- 
Hbie eTapHHHbie roctdmh, htoGm BocxpecaTb 9Ty cTapHHy. Ohh He xo- 
napoBMB, a coaaaBaJiH oboh <J>aryphi, jcaKi» coaaaBajrb hxi» Cypaxofiv 
BocToprb nepeA* otoTaaoBOHBofi cropoaoft ,Bopaca roAyHoaa", bto 

BOe TOTb-Xe 8BBK0Mblft BOOTOprb nepOAT* ,6oapCRHMH CBaAb6aMH« B 

„Bbi6opaica HeBfccTO*. BnpoHeATb, hto yxi> roBopaTb o aa6hrroM*b ac- 
xyccTBfe A^KopaTopa, Koraa eaicoify nymaaay oTBeAeHO aA'fccb xo- 
BOJibHo eapoMHoe lrfeCTo, h Combine AfeficTByeTb cara HerapoBBHi? 
YxoAfl H8i» TeaTpa, JioBamb ce6a Ha coBepmeHHo aeoxaAaaaoirb bh- 
boa*, hto HeMHpoBHHb conaaaerb xyAa Jiynme, Ybarb cohhhhjh 
nymxaa*. 

noxaaaa*, xax* boa* pyxaica pesaccepa pxaBfeerb nymxHHCKot 
aoaoTo, TeaTpi. bcx^a* aa aTHifb noxaaajro bt> JRubevl Hejxofffexa', 
xaxi npH TaaaHrb pexaecepa h pxaBoe xejrbeo ifoxen> HHorAa fae- 
crtTb, xarb bojioto. Oco6eaHo xopomo CAbaaao BCTyaaeaie h aaxai>- 
HHTeAbaaa ateaa. 9tb nocjrfeAHaa lrfceTBMa CTapaerb bc* rpaHH uemsj 
peaabHooTbio h (J)aHTacTHKoft. One^b yrao h TaaaHTAHBo npaAyMaaa 
rpynna uyabixaHTOB*, ho eoBcaxrb He Bumaa koctdicm, xoTopue AOJDDbi 
6hum 6biTb h eoBpeiceHHbiMH a ^aHTacTHHHbDCH bt> oaho RTOxe epeica. 
Orb oeTparo rpoTeexa BepACJiea He ocTaJiocb Hanero. Ho omrrb: kto 
ace 8A*cb yiceai a kto TaaaaTAHBb — AexopaTop^ aaa pexaceep^T 
HecoMHtHao, pexHocepb. A ecjia boo bto upaAywaJTb AeKopaTop-b, to 
oht> a ObiJTb rjiaBHbim> pexHCcepom» nbecbi. 

fl ho bhabju. w IIaBajibOBa ApicaAbi", 6aaeTa, nocTaBJieHHaro Aae- 
KcaBApoirb Beaya aa cuea-fe Mapiaaoxaro TeaTpa, ao BBA*Jn> Bca m 
aanaoaaHbia Aexopaaia a B<rb paoya&H kootk>mobi». Botb noAARHraift 
AexopaTopB, aacTaBJiaiomift BcnoicaaTb o cTapuxi. TeaTpaJibHbnrb rpa- 
AHuiax*b. Bto— HwioB-hxb, KOToparo aaexTpoTexHHKi ae aaAynnrrb. Orb 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HCKyCCTBA. 95 

ajiexTpHiecTBa oht> Boabiferb tojibso to, hto euy Hyxno. Kt> btouj xe 
Tflny HaAO othccth h fleKopauin BaKCTa. 

Bt caxoe nocjrbAnee BpeMH BhicxynHJiH bt> RaiecTB* AexopaTopoBi* 
JIo6yzHHCKift, Bhjih6hht>, 4en6epcT> h IUjko, co3A*Bmie bck> oOcTaHo- 
BOHspo cropoHy neTep6yprcRaro ^OrapHHHaro TeaTpa*. Jlyime Bcero 
y^ajiocb .JlHueA*ftCTBo o PoGeH* h MapiaHV h w iiopaJiHTe*— .HbiH-fem- 
Hie CpaTbH*. JleKopauiH, roctxmoj h GyTacJwpia bt> nepBOfi nbecfe ca*- 
aam* no pncyHKaifb floCyxHHcnaro. fleKopauin iijioxh h cKyHHbi, ko- 
ctiomh Jiyime, ho aaTo 6yTa<J)opia npaico oiapoBa-rejibHa. IIpeBOcxoAHo 
6bum nocTaBaeHbi .HborbniHie tipaTba". Canaa nocTaHOBKa npHAyuaHa 
HpeaBhinaflHo ocTpoyMHo h Becejio. Koctiomu (taecTame napHCOBaHbi n 
He npocTo cKoirapoBaHH co CTapHHHHX'b m HHiaTX>p*, ho h yraAaHW. Hxt> 
cM-fejibifl KpacKH, npB Bceft CBoeft p^brocth h necTporb, rapMOHHHHbi 

H OHeHb BHXyTCH Cl> OTJIHHHbOTb rpa^HieCRHifb <J>0H01Tb H CT> frfeJIblMH 
CBHTKaMH BT> pyRaX* A'MCTByiOIAHX'b JIHUT», Ha KOTOphlX'b RpyOHblMH 

6yKBaMH HaiepTaHM HaotipaxaeiojH hmh Ao6poA*TeaH h nopoKH. Bca 
eueaa npoHdBOAHJia BnenaTJifeHie cpeAHeB-bROBOfi MiraiaTiophi, Taxoft-xe 
HaBBHoft, TaRoft-xe apicoft h TaRoft-xe iuiocRofi, He peJibe(J)Hofi. Y 5h- 
AH6HHa oqeHb xoponrb 6bun> roctiomi CajiaAHHa h otjihmho npHAyuaHbi 
$Hrypfe Ilbepa h Toxaca bt> .jJ-bftcTB-fe o Teo<|>Hjrb*, ho oieHb njioxT> 
paft cb ero <j>OHo>fb ROH^eTHoft RopotiRH. HexGepcy oieHb yAaancb ro- 
chomm myTOBT> bt> (J)apcaxi> v O h&uV h ,0 nuiJurb-poraTfe*. See bto 

npOHCXOAHJIO He COBCfelTb TaiCb, KaRT> H806pa3HAH XyAOXHHKH, HO BCH 

9Ta aaT-fea He ecrb TOHHan peROHCTpyRuia eTapHHHaro TeaTpa, a, cro- 
p-be, h^hto bt> poAl> 4>aHTaaiH Ha TCMy o npiuiHTHBHOM* TeaTp-b. H 
Beiepa eTapHHHaro TeaTpa tibuiu oahhmh h8t> HHTepecH'bftmHx* b* mh- 
ayBmeifb roAy. 

Hropi rpa6api». 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



CPEflHEB'BKOBBlfl TEATFK 

IIo noBoay mockobckhxt* racrpcaeft 
C.-IIeTep6yprcKaro CrapHHHaro TeaTpa. 



Bt> HacTonmee BpeMH, Korfla oxHBJiemo Ae6aTHpyK>TCH Bonpocbi o 
pe$opM-b TeaTpa w HacToamaro* h ctsbhtch nporHoabi TeaTpa 9 6jnj- 
maro*\— Becbiia HHTepecHoft h cBoeBpeiceHHoft aBJineTca nontmca Ha- 
noMHHTb o Teaxp* „npomjiaro", peKOHCTpynpoBaTb 0TA*feJibHbie momchtw 
H3i> HCTopiH cpeAHeBteOBaro TeaTpa. Bto rfein> oojrfce 3acJiyxHBaen> 
BHHMaHin, hto oHeHb nacTo Ha paAy ci» RpHTHKofi cymecTByiomaro pas* 
flaioTCH poMaHTHHecxie npuabiBU BOBBpaTa Kb HAeaJiawb ApaMa-nree- 
CKaro HCKyccTBa cpeaHeB-bKOBbH. 

OpraHHaoBafimaacH bt> XleTepCypr* Tpynna „OrapiiHHaro TeaTpa" 
BflyMHHBo h cepbeaHo oTHewiacb kt> nocTaBJieHHOft saaaTfe, nprajiesiia 
kt> jxbjsy cojiHAHUH Hayrabur, JiHTepaTypHhia h xyflomecTBeHHHH chjoi 
h, npnoTaJibHo BCMOTp*BmHCb bt> CTapHHy, flajia paffb JirooonbiTHbccb h 
KpacHBbix'b pecTaBpauifl. KoHeiHo, Afcao He ooomjiocb (5eai> paaa hcto- 

pHHeCKHXT> npOMaXOB-b H HCKyCCTB6HHHXT> HaTHXeKl, HO TpyAHOCTb 

nocTaBJieHHOft aaAaiH bt> BHaiHTejibHoft cTeneHH ncKynaerb npoti-fcu 
h nepeAepxKH. Kt> coxajitaijo, iiocKOBCKaa ny6;iHKa He Moraa oaHaxo- 
MHTbCH cb nocTaHOBKoft MHCTepin, icexAy rfeiffc icaro 8Ta nocTaHOBKa 
BbiauBaerb ocofeift HHTepecb. MHCTepiH ahxavyrca HaHoojrfee paHHH» 
bhaomi» cpoAHeB'bKOBbix'b TeaTpajibHbixi» npeacTaBJiemft: oh* hochtb Ha 
ce6* flpnift oTnenaToKt nepKOBHo-pejiHrioaHHX'b nepenomfi h oGdjiaobt* 
llcHxojiorin cpeAHeB-bKOBaro neJioB-hKa, CTporo onexaeMaro BcecHOBHoi 
uepnoBbK), HaxoAHTb ceo"* BHpaxeHie bt> 3thxt> noJiy-apaMaTHiecKHrb 
o6pflAaxi» hxh noJiy-peJiHrioaHbixi. npeACTaBJieHiax'b. 

MnpaKJiH ABJiaiOTCfl yxe aaJibH-bflmeft CTyneHbio ApaMaTHiecxaro 
HCKyccTBa; afl-bcb y*e oojrfce cjioacHhie, xoth boo eme OAHOoCpaaHbie, cio- 
sera, aami CTBOBaHHwe H3i> anoKpH<J>OBi> h cxaaaHifi o iyaecaxT> Boropo- 
Ahum h CBflTbixi. „CTapHHHttft TeaTpa" rjih oopasua m Hpauieft Aajn> npe- 
KpacHhift h CTHJibHbill MHpaxjib XIII B-feita .fl-feHCTBO o Teo$HJrb", npraaA- 
Jiexamin TpyBepy PiOT6e$y. Xopomifi, JiHrepaTypHbift nepeBogfe Aae- 
KcaHApa Bjioica rpbnuirb bi> H'fcKOTopbix'b nrbCTaxT>H8JiHniHeH MOAepHiiaa* 
uiefl. OrM'bTHM'b Taicse, KCTaTH, tto, no ueHaypHborb y anoBWifb, „Notre 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



HCKyCCTBA. 97 

Dame** npeBpameHa bi> pyccKoin> nepeBOA* bt> OaHajibHaro nepcoHaxa 
onepHhix*b jiH6perro „Ao6paro ayxa". Bu6epi> h nocTauoBKa MHpaxJui 
yAaiHbi; bi> .fl-McTB* o Teo^HJTB* mm HaxoAHifb oGuhhuA cioacerb 
Miipaxjxefl: a*bActbo o iyAecHOMT> cnaceuiH aaCJiyAmaroca neJiOB-bxa, 
nonaBmaro bt> kobm kt> ajioxy h cTpanmoify AwiBOJiy bt> onieHHOft 
npeHcnoAHefi. 

Teiioft ajw MopaJiHTe cjiyxarb o6mkhob6Hho cioxceTbi, HaraflAHo 
noxaabiBatoutfe TopxecTBO HpaBCTB6HHbixi» Hana^i. h HaxaaaHie no- 
poKa. Mopa-iHTe — AanbH-Bftmaa cTaaia ApaMaTHnecxaro ucxyccTB* — 
aojixho A*flcTBOBaTb Ha cepAue onymaTejiH, aojukho BoenHTUBaTb ero 
MopaabHoe coaHaHie. MopaJiHTe .HwH-bniHie OpaTba* (XV b*bkt>) — th- 
jiiihho ajih aToro poAa ApanaTHnecKaro TBopiecTBa; aA^cb, Taxxe 
KaAo otm-bthtb nocTaHOBxy, apxo HJiJiiocTpHpyiomyio HecnoxHocTb h 

npKMHTHBHOCTb CpeAHeB*BKOBblX*b TOaTpaJIbHblX'b npieMOB-b. Xoth 
3A*BCb ace HaAO OTM*BTHTb, HTO C0BpeM6HHbie HCnOJIHHT6JIH CpeAHeB*BKO- 

Bbix*b npoACTaBJieHifi oco6ohho noAiepKHBaiorb xypbeau h HaHBHocTb 
aponrJdaro h, aJioynoTpettaHH 8thmt> h yTpnpya, BbiauBaiorb MacTo He- 

yMfeCTHblft CMiiX-b. 

CTH^bHaa h H3Hmnaa nacTypejib .JlHueA-bflCTBo o Po6eH*fc h Ma- 
pioHi>* Hpe3BbiMafiHo xapaKTepHa ajia cajioHa pbmapoKaro aaMKa 
XIII Biuca; Ha <J>obtb nacTyroecxoft poMaHHiecxofi hahjijiIh cjibidihtch 
Becenbin cM-bx-b, conpoBOXAaeMbift aa6aBHbiMH nfeceHxauH h Tamia- 
mh; aA'Bcb bi pojiH repoeBT> <J)HrypHpyiOTT> npocTbie nocejurae h JiHrab 

A*lfl TOpseCTB6BH0CTH BbIB03HTCH Ha OrpOMHOMT> AepeBHHHOlfb XOH* 

ropAfaifi puiiapb, ceHbepi>-<f>eoAaJii>. IlepeBOAb nacTypeJiH CAlwiaHi> bt> 
o6mewb AOBo^bHo yAaHHo, xoth Taxice noBHHem* h bt> MOAepHHaauin h 
bt> iioaTuiecxoft BOJibHocTH (ocotoHHO ptaerb yxo cJiaBHHH8MTi ,aaAa", 
ynoTpeCjiaeMbift HCKJiioiHTejibHO ajih phomu ,0TpaAa", bt> mhjioA nt- 
ceuicb PoteHa: w DacTymxa-^aAa, tm moh oTpafla - ). HcnoJiHHTeJiH 
paaurpbiBaiorb nacTypejib <n> 6ojibmHMi> yBJieieHieMi> h aHcaMtfJib He- 
AypeHi. 

Ct> Teiemeirb BpexeHH TeaTpi aaBoeBbiBaerb Bee Gojibme h Gojibme 
CMMnaTiH cpeAHeB-BKOBaro HejioBiwa, oht> BbixoflHTb na mnpoxyio hjio- 
ma^b, Ha ueHTpaJibHoe icbcTo cpeAHeBfexoBaro ropoAa; bt> ahh GoJib- 
ranxT> npaaAHHHHbixi> ryjiaHifl h npiiapoxi TeaTpajibHbia npeACTaaneHia 

ABJIHIOTCH HaHtfOJI-fee JIK^HMblMT, Bp-fWlHIUeWb ropOACXHXT> XHTCJieft H 

ceabCKHxi. npHmeJibueBi>. M^hhotch h penepTyap-b cooCpaaHO Ayxy Bpe- 
M6HH. B-b 9Ty anoxy hoboo axoHOMHiecxoe paaBHTie conpoBoacflaeTCH 

XpynHblUU H3M*BfleHiflMH B1» AyXOBHOft Xy^bTyp* H XH3H0HH0MT> OCH- 

xoa*; paajiaraeTCH $eoAanH3Mi, naAaorb o6oco6jieHHocTb oTA'BJiLHbix'b 
liipKOBi, rocyAapcTB'b-noM'bCTifl, Tepnerb 3Ha^enie npHBH^erHpoBaH- 
Han auaTb, napanejibHo ocBoCoacAacTCH Haii-noAi* onexn nepxoBiiofl 

AOrMaTHXH H KaTO.lHHOCKOn KaayHCTHKH HClOBliMeCKift yMT., II Ha CMfcHy 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



98 BfcCN N 4 

OTapoMy pocrerb ropofli, BOBBbimaoTC* tiypsyaai*, BhixoBbiBaeTca HOBoe 
MipoBoaapteie. HaBCTp*B*iy hobmmt> aanpocairb HAerb JwrepaTypa, 
Hjierb TeaTpi>. Ha pnjiy ct> npeicHHMH noay-uepxoBHbiMH A^ftcTBAMH h 
cTporo-HpaBCTBCHHUMH MopaJiHTe ctbbjitch Ha 6aaapHuxi» naomaAflrb 
HRTepMOAiH h cRa6peaHbie 4>apchi. Bt> 3thxt> $apcaxi>, rpy6bixi> h pe- 

aJIbHblX-b, CT> pHCKOBaHHblMH ClOlCeTaMH Mbl HaXOAHMl» HCKpeiffiift CMtab. 
CM-feXT), MOmeTb-6hlTb, XHBOTHblfl, HO CM*XT> paAOCTHblft „CBOGOAHaro" 

le.ioB'bKa nosARHro cpeAHeBfeKOBbH. Bt> <J>apcaxi> ocyfeHBaioTCH cTaptu 
iv&hhocth, c&rBxosrb Mcrarb nocrbuioMy npomaouy; bt» 3thxt> nbecaxi 
bt> caMbixt HeBoaMoxHbix'b KOM6HHauiflx*b <J)HrypHpyion> MOHaXH B 
kjihphkh, b&iboahtch BJiafl Tenia h aflTb-Ko-inaK-b, B*feTpeHHiia-xeHa 
ii Myacb-poroHoceu'b. Bee 9to conpoBOXAaeTCH Ha tiaaapHoft cuerfe 
my.MOMT> h raMOMi> rayTOB*b h raepoBb— npoTOTunoB'b coBpeMeHHHXb 

UHpROBblXTj KJIOyHOB*. 

•CTapHHHbift TeaTpi>" no<rraBHjn> abb 4>apca: »OieHb CM-fenraoft ■ 
Beccwoift (J>apcT> o hbhV h ^Omchb cMUnraoft h Becemwfi ((taper* o man- 
icfc-poranl*". Oapcbi, Bbi4HmeHHbie h BhirJiaaceHHbie et> pyccKoui ne- 

pOBOA*, OAHaKO, CHJIbHbl HM6HH0 CBOCft GeaaaCTbHIIIBOCTbfO II CBOHVb 
npHMhlHBHblM'b UHHH3W0MT>. Bl> HHX*b HyBCTByBTCH OTKpOBeHHOO B6- 

ce.ibe, aa hhmh c:muiBTcn auiaHepaAOCTHbift ciffex-b PeHeccaHca. 

•iac:iyra „CTapHHHaro Teaipa", HanoMHnBinaro HaMb o CTapoABB- 
hhx-b BpeMeHaxT> TeaTpaabHaro ucxyccTBa ii Bbino.iHHBmaro nocTaBJiea- 
Hyio aaAa'iy bt» o<5meM*b yAaiHo, BecbMa no<rreHHa. Ecjih Aaxe cih- 

TBTbCH CO BCfeMH HBAOCTaTKaMH H H6T0MH0CTHMH nOCTBHOBOICb, a HHOrAB 

h noHHMaif in, to Bce-xe nepauft onbm> HaAO npnaHBTb yAaiHfanrb h npH- 
coeAMHHTb kt> BTOMy noxceJiaHin, HTo6bi B*b 6yAymem> <5mah npeAcraB- 
jiohn, npH BOBMOftHOM-b cofoiioAeHiH xpoHOJiorH4ecxaro nopaAxa^oGpaam* 
nocji'&AyioiuiiX'b nepioAOBT> TeaTpajibHaro paaBHTifl. 

If. Bopoiuiv 



PeAaKTopi-HBAaTexb C. A. flOJIflKOBT). 



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OBtflBJIEHIil. 99 

KHHr0H3MTEJILCTB0 «CKOPmOITL>i. 

Mockba, Teatpa;h>hah na., fl. METPOnO-lb, KB. 23. 

HOBHfl H3MHia 

BuepiH Bpiocoiv HyTHiiIIepenyTba. Co6paaie cthxobt*. Tout, 
nepnuft. (2-a Tbicana). *IOHoniecKia CTaxoTBopeHia*. „9to— a*. .TpeTba 
CTpaxa". (Cthxsi h3t> c6ophhkobt> »Chefs d'ceuvre", „Me eum esse*, 
.Tertia Vigilia*). M. 1908. U. 2 p., A*a noAnHCHHKWb pfitcoB'b* 1 p. 70 k. 
ct» nepecwjiKoft. 

Buepift Epioooiv II yTHallepenyTba. Coopame cthxob*. Tomi> 
BTopoft. „PHMy h Mipy«. .B-feHOKb". (Cthxh h3t> c6ophhkobt> w Urbi 
et Orbi a h .Stephanos'). M. 1908. H.2 p., flJia noAHHCHHKOB-b .B-fecoBi - 
1 p. 70 k. ct> nepecbiJiKoft. 

Btiepff Epwootv OrHeHHbift Ah re jit*. IIoB-ftcTb h3t> HfcMemeoft 
XHarH XVI B-bKa. HacTb nepBaa. (IJpeAHCJioBie h rjiaBhil— X). Ofaoaaca 
no rpaBiop-B XVI b. M. 1908. HaAaaie bt> npoflamy He nocTynaerb h 
BbicbJJiaeTca HcuiioiHTeJibHo noAiracniKaMi ,B*cobi>* no irfcH*ft 1 p. 70 k. 
ct> ncpecbuiKoft. 

Aiupeii Bfciuft. K y 6 o k t> M e t e ji e ft. HeTBepraa CHM(|)OH!a. OtfJiomica 
H. 9ejioT0Ba. M. 190R. U,. 1 p. 50 k., flJia noAnHc<?HKOBT> n B-bcowb* 
1 p. ^8 r. ci> nepecbiJiKoft. 

M. Kyi««MV C*th. IlepBaa KHHra cthxobt*. Ofaoacica H. 0eo<jm- 
JiaKTOfia. M. 1908. I}. 1 p. 60 k., AJia noAnHCHHKOBi ,B*cobt>« 1 p. 28 x. 
cb nepecbiJiKoft. 

GKHAaa Moxerb 6biTb CA'bJiaHa jiamb npa HenocpeACTBeHHom* 
otipameHia bt> KOHTopy K-Ba. fioJiHbift KaTanorb K-Ba .CKopniom** h 
HJiJiiocTpHpoBaHHbifl npocneKTb xypHaJia ,6*014", no TpetioBaHiio, Bbicbi- 
JiaeTca 6eanjiaTuo. 



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100 BfeCLl N 4 

THE MASK 

THE ONLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ART OF THE THEATRE. 

Beautifully printed on hand-made paper and illustrated by wood 
ongravings, lithographs and, (to subscribers) etchings. 

The object of the publication is to bring before an intelligent pub- 
lic many ancient and modern aspects of the Theatre's Art which ha- 
ve too long been disregarded or forgotten. 

Not to attempt to assist in the so-called reform of thj modern The- 
atre—for reform is now too late; not to advance theories which have 
not been already tested, but to announce the existence of a vitality 
which already begins to reveal itself in a beautiful and definite form 
based upon an ancient and noble tradition. 

Among the contributors to „The Mask** are the foUowinf: 

M. Austin, John Balance, Allen Carrie, Frans Cleton, Gordon Craig, 
J. Paul Cooper, Isadora Duncan, Luis Pulip, Adolf Furst, Julius* 
Germain, Ivo Hauptmann, Stephen Haweia, Alexander Heve6i, Hugo v. 
Hoftnannsthal, Jan van Holt, Edward Hutton, Fllen Key, Jan Klaasaen, 
Fritz Lapidoth, I>. Neville Lees, Michael Lykiardopulos, Haldane Mac Tall, 
Neuwert Nowaczynski, G. Nicholson, George Norman, Jean Jacques 
Olivier, Will Rothenstein, Willem Royaards, Rudolph Schmerz, Martin 
Shaw, Ellen Terry, E. Thesleff, Jan C. dc Vos, H. Wilson, Helen 
Zimmern. 

The May numher contains contributions from Signor Tommaso 
Salvini, M. Antoine, H. Beerbohm Tree, Sydney Grundy, Gordon 
Craig. 

Edition de luxe. 15 Copies only. A few copies remain. 

These copies are printed monthly upon a yellow hand-made dec- 
kleedged paper identical in appearance and texture with that made 
in the same district of Fabriano in the year 1315. This edition 
contains Etchings and other prints signed by the artists, which are 
not included in the popular edition. ." 

ANNUAL SUBSCR1BTI0N 8 ROUBLES. 

„The Mask - , 2 Lung'Arno Acciauoli, Florence, Italy. 

nOAflMCKA AAA POCCIN npiiHiiMaeTCfl m> kohtop* peaaKuin xypHana 
»Bncbi* (MocKBa, TeaTpanLHan nnom, ^. MeTpono.ib, Kb. 23). Ran no* 
nucMHKOBi» ,B-fecoBT»* »ypHa<Tb .The Mask" Bbicbi.iaeTca aa 7 p. Birfccro 
8 pyOJieft. 



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RBCBI ♦ MAft ♦ 1908. 
La Balance. Mai. 1908. 

Foffft mb&mjm nmdL Oinquttme annee. 




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«BfeChl» EHCEM'BCHSHHK'b 
HCKYCCTB1) H JIMTEPATyPR 

Toxh H3MKUI usmdL 1908. N 5, *uft. 



COIEPJKAHIE. 

Onn, noBioTm, xptmi, orans. 

A r ji p e ft Eijuft. Ctihcu. 10 cmoTBopeifift 7 

B a j c p i ft E p » c o b -&, OraeHHU* AHren. novfecn. XVI b. Tju Xm . . 19 
Ulapjt iaHi JIep6cpr*L. M-lle Kocb-Obbo. Tpareju* n 2 jl • . - iS 

E. EapiTUBcxit. HeaajUHHue cthxh 53 

Bopaci B y r a e b **. Ha nepeiaxs. XI. Realiora $9 

Jbneparypa. Pyccxax jHTeparypa. 

A b a p e ft Biiut. OdiOMKH atipoBv (O aJIapHHecKBx* Apananv A. Ejokb). 6$ 

^BOBCKit. JbrrcpaTypHM* paauuc* 69 

f>H6.iiorpa<t>ix. (Amjtpeft Btjaift. Ky6oK-& Meieieft.— JId6obb Crojnaxa* 

Pub*) 7$ 

HOBUI KBiri, JIOCTaUCHHUB b* pejuuuiiD 77 

HnocTpaiBtx jHTcpaTypa. 

K. EaibNOBTi. Ulapjn. Ban JIep6epn». alxcuco mn Bpxxceju ... 79 
P e h a ruk Hobmji kbhtb 3. Bepxapaa 89 

Hai BtypaaioBv 

PixapAO Poxaci. Pyfea* iUpio, kmkho r aaceprnxaflcxift xiobt*. (Mer- 
cure de France) 94 

HosyooTBa. 

H. r. iUa caioaa. IlfECkaco wary IlapixacT 103 

BH6jiorpa<t>ix. (Oscar Bie. Was ist modeVne Kunst — A. JLtmmeoKk. 
Axcen> rajraro). ........ «... 106 



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COJtEPXAHIE. 



E. Hiro. cJIjBBas iou» r cJIpRronv. Asa pRcyHica 49 h 51 

O&ioatxa r 4>porracinicu H. 9eo(t>iiaxToia. 06mji 4>poktrciirci — 
RRRiiTDpa XIV vmxa. 



SOMMAIRE. 

A n d r 6 Biely. Poemes .— V alire Brussov. L'Ange igne\ Roman de 
la vie allemande du XVI slide. Chap. XIII.— Charles van Lerberghe. 
aMademoiselle Faucheux ou L'Araignee bleue». Trag6die en 2 actes. Trad. p. 
Serge Poliakoff. — E. Baratinsky (1800— 1844). Poeme inddiL— B oris 
Bouga6f£ Realiora. 

Litterature russe. Andr6 Biely. Let drames d'Alexandre Block. — 
Ianovsky. Ecroulement litteraire. — Bibliographic — Accuses de 
reception. 

Litterature ttrangere. C B a 1 m o n t. Charles van Lerberghe.(— R e n 6 
G h i 1. Deux livres ncuveaux d'Emile Verhaeren.— »L es revues. («Mercure 
de France*: Ruben Dario par Ricardo Rojas). 

Beaux-Arts. N. G. Soctete* des Artistes Independents et Socfctt Nationale. 
Lettre de Paris.— Bibli ograph ie. 

Dessins. E. In go. <Au clair de la lune* et «Le repaire*. Deux dessins 
in&iits. — Frontispices et couverture par N. Theophilaktof f.— Frontispice 
generate— miniature du Livre dUeures du due de Bern. 



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CrfcCHATb CBOHXT. nOCTOJTHHHXT, COTpyjlHHKOBl BT» BMCKaSMBaHJg CBOHXT* MHSHlft, 

xoth 6u ohh h He coBnaaajm co BarjiuaMH pejaKPJH. IIoaTOMy, no crrxkjaaim, 
qacTHUM-L BonpocaMi h npn oitbhicb paajreiHitxi. qacTBWXT» xsjieHiH, Ha crpa- 
HHaaxT» acypHaxa B03MOJKHO noxBJKHie cyamemH, piano npOTHBOpfcXHBUXl. 
PasyirseTCji, sto He KacaeToi ochobhuxt. bsi-juxaobi peaaxnJH, onpejrkjunoniHxi 
Bee HanpaaieHie xcypHaja: bt. ihcjb cbohxi coTpyAHHKorb peaaimU xoHtere 

CVHTaTfc TOJKbKO JUHTb, 3THMT, BBrJJUaXl He BpajRAeOHHXI*. 



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cyHKa C. CyaeftKHHa nPyccKaji BeHepa». BcjrfeacTBie TexHsraecKHxi TpyjHOCiea 
xpoMOJHTorpa^La He Moroia 6mtb HcnojraeHa in cpoxy. Htoou HesAAepaKHBm 
BuxoAa Jto, pejUKuia p-femajia otjioxchtb stotb pHcyHOici ao ooHoro hsi 6jh- 
xcaHniHX'b W&M&. 



PeAaxniH npocin-L b* 9tomi» M&, bi> craTbi B. Eyraeea w Realiora*, cxp. 59, 
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cobt»» 3TOro rojia, ocTaBmHxc* bt» pacnopxxceHiH pejuKniH, nojuracKa Ha nepaoe 
nojyrooie saxpuTa. IlojuiHCKa Ha sect roj» 6yjierL npoAOJ»aTi>ai ao HSpac- 
xoAOBaHi* Bcero neqaTaenaro KOMnjieicra. 



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Kaicb mh, mo6owb Ae/rfca, mitrai, 
Bmoiasi 6yp* CHtroBOft, 
Kaicb vb puxAOirb neimt yr/m pjftm. 



BsrmmH, qyn touihtc« oroHb; 
Bt> norarb nypra nwmrb h rauraerb. 
Han* HaMH 6ypn qepHuft KOHb 
>Kc^t8Hbim> TonoTom> npocicaqerb. 



ThI ZOJIOAHt: H BOTb, H BOTb 

BsjyBuo yroJiM Kamma. 

Kaicb oirb BCKHnHTb miepb, aaAberb 

Hacb xpoBbio xcammeft py6HHa! 



Ho OTBCpHy^acb: cuorpirrb sno 
&b Ttraorb aa imaneHHOft qeproio. 
Omrro (biiAHoe wio 

BOAHOft BOAOCb, BOAHOft SJIBTOV}. 



Iloifepicb BOSAyiiiHbift oBtrb Jiamn-b. 
CoMKHyAHCb uapcTBeHHua b-bkh. 
H Bee TBepwTb, h bcc TBepAim: 
.ripouwa jiiofoBb" mit rwiocb Htidft. 



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BcKHrorrb, Banrnrrb, Kara 6pomycb Vb 

H rtopa qeptuie mchh 

IIpoxAaAHuirb CBHCTom> ptacyrb mow! 



v OMHMCb: Tbi ciuvrb. H n cnaAa...* 
He Btp» eft, conHtHbeirb nyvorb. 
Ho noAOiwia, ho ofoxovia 
JIo68aMbeirb aaaneHHO TCKymtifb. 



„JIlO&IK>, TBOfl — O Btpb, O Btpbl* 

A abb Kpuna vb yrny rfcHHcroirb 
Hai> ynieft KpacHbift, npuft artpb 
Paaatsurb bt> cstrfc uieAKOBHcroirb. 



A Bb OKHarb CHtHCHaSI BOAHa 

Aiviacoftrb Bbercsi Haju> AepeBHeft. 

H rpo6oBasi niytiHHa 

HaBticb paai>srra CKop6bK> ApeBHefi. 



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CTAHCH. 



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Bb oiork Tin jttob cxBOsmm nypra, 
Cepe6pamrb, — m ro Bo&nyn 6poarrb. 
C-b mirb OTpacierb nirb arkra, 
O cyHba peerv Baonerb h hochtb. 



Banenrrb h ahko 6pu8Hjrrb n HOHb, 
3acmman KOHeft qepmxb Tpaamo. 
Modi tockh He npesosMOHb. 
H 6yp» 6tmeHyio cmbaio. 



Koraa noftAy n HoiHyio apb, 

Hto6t> KtHyTb n 6apxrrt xpycnmcirb, 

npocrptHCTBo qepnoe, yaapb, 

Mirk vb rpyAb yaapb, Menem* paamipml 



ycHymnift aovk H mm BABoem*. 
npimuia: ,H kjhtbu He Htpymy". 
Diasa. Ho CHHmib, aunorb AbAOMi» 
Tboh rviasa sepicaraTb Ayniy. 



Tiicb 9to th (ymtxh f yxenbl), 
Moh cepe6pawui Ataa, 
(Mem AHBHyBiiuui Mereob 
Bb Boumarb BOSAyniRaro Hantea), 



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10 BSGHN5 

Cbhu* irhiKHoe pyHO, 
Orfeiicb h wwul wn> noaroirb, — 
Tm npocoHiutcb mrfe n okho 
CHtroBuirb, xpyroaarb GbnouMtotomit 



Ilumrrb KMceft KMceflHuft Aum; 
Pyxa— wun> nwda, ckbosiuui. 
yxpofl Mem lunmewb ciaum*— 
npiewm, aciTCpTb mjunuuil 

i 
3ayTpa SAtcb tboA MepTBuft Apyrb 

He TpOHCTCfl SepKWbHhDfb TtAOlTb. 
nOBHCHCTb KptCHUli, TyCKWft KpyTb 
Ha O&UICt OCHpOTtffOM*. 



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CTAHCH. 11 

3. rPAHHTb. 

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yuuia OHa: He B03BpaTwiacb. 
Ho, Kam> onarb, nyna — nym — 
Haai» ntHHuirb nopeirb noxanviacb. 



y Hon» KHinrrb. OrnpsiHerb nponb. 
OxpecTHOCTb neuiyeft OAtTa. 
Tam» iMsmiyrb, iukbho ruwuiyn* rb HOMb 
PasopBaHrtbifl KO/ibixa cBfcra. 



To CBtTOBbiH nHCbueHa 
Eme HecxaaaHHuxB ocasairift 
Hecyroi bt> HOHb. A HOHb 6eyb AHa. 
Taicb 6ntacb c^tnuuuirb HanepTaHifl 



3aAH3icerb rfeHb. A mu bcc ameirb, 
Hto b* cBtrfe BtcTb two, hto 6yjieTb. 
Mu aooto xcAeirb. BsAOXHeirb— nofUeirb* 
H He noftMeirb. H He 3a6yAem». 



3&6yAb, Ayma new, — ho 6yAb. 
H npespn, npespn nip* si&neHift, 
Xoth bt> oiesarb wiOK04en> rpyAb 9 
Kaicb rponHbifl Ba^T> bt> KHiwmefl ntHt. 



riycrb cepAue TaflHy coxpaHHTb, 

Ho cepAueirb tiAhu He o6psnue»rb: 

Btica Kynaercsi rpaHHTb 

Bt> Kcuibut jiyieft, rb Ktobut aitrwtuem,. 



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# Ee ai6yAb*. 



DiyujH, r/iyxi* HOHb! noons roieta intuit, 
BeaponoTHin rpy;u> (SeaponoTHO Mararrb. 3*6yxt — 
Ee 8t6yAbI 



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0, earn &h MMHcrufl Atcb Boocnt^b Moeft MCMb6oA, — tow 

(JU, SHaio *!..) 



Manny, Htnoft: normy. HtMOft, ctoio Hajn> aiamo. 
Hi: r cicnoHiocb, ynbiocb To6oft, owoft To6oft — tohul 
iUt SMaio A. 



Tairb— HOHb, Tim> — cMepTb: to — xairb, aa rptHbio poKOsow. 
H HOMb To6oft, a CMepTb (biarooioMio to6oA: atom— 

3aCHN H Tbll 



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.3aCHH M Tbl...* 



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.iOiowi mieHOBufl men no icyiuirb npOKHnim; 



„Konu, 6arpon h <mcrb, Mem boctokb npmrfcmrb, 
,Korju HMberb noTdeb cBOMTb cxBOSHurb oineft: — 
„Tbo* Aynn, tmm, moio npmuBHO KTptTirrb. 
.(Uocjrkjwcrh jweft moh», noun Becemmrb jutdl...) — 



,Hy «rro xn»? TpeBOxaraibca? TpeBOxomai He hiao 
.OTpaju eeuiWDi icpyroirb. CuoTpH — sapn 
.Orpaaa Bemim hmcxoahtb kt> wurb, orpaaa. 
.Tenepb cKJioimcb, jdo6h — vinyl!: acaaai: w ynpH\ 



„JIo6saft Meml Bonuc: h raoier* jnotb 8anceHiuift, 

,y»C CKflOHeHHfclft Vb CtHb ^CTCfldCOfl nyCTOTU. 

.ripOCTH, MOfl frfcAHUfl Apyrb, npOCTH, MOfl ApJTTb BJIIO&ieHHUJt. 

,Te6t si OTjuurb aoBHb. Htn», He Jno6wia th*. 



Tonu juteBHun xyndk arfcn»miA rotch, qepMeiuift, 
iOiowi KACHOBuft mym> no icyiuirb npouarbrb. 
BoTme: h icaicb oiesoft, pocoft jncTorb aaieiniJI 
Tarb CKpowiO m Kpomurb h acop6HO OTropfcrb. 



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14 MCHN5 



6. PA3yB*PEHbE. 



Kaicb Haifb yftTH on TcpnKHTb anm foieft? 
KyAa Hecni noicoft pasyBtpeitbsi? 
Jlyuit eme ltoeft— AOKWib, AOKWit 
Xoaoahuxi* jiyirb xoAOAHoe BomieHbe? 



Hyuia ropirrb m iuianerb HeB036paimo. 
3ewisi neproa. IlpoftAyrb h He OTBi*nm>. 
Ho Tam»,cnoTpH — Tajrb, rA* sapa, — Tyuairao. 
Tairb, rAt sapa, — mtua aewiH cBtarrb. 



Tony He Btpb, Htm* hchsitcsi t* swum: 
HH meApOCTH, HH nhlLUHOft faarocTUHt. 
Tu SAtcb npe6yAi» ao Btica — SAtcb othwh-b. 
Tbi noKopHCb, Ayma. Tu AOArift itpaicb npiemm. 



Kaicb Bee npeflaerb! H tu cioiOHHCb noaiymHO 
y THxaro 6acceftHa. Hacb HacraHerb. 
H BOAOMen> cBoeft crpyeft BOBAyuiHO— 
CBoeft crpyeft, Kaicb thxIH npropairb BcraHerb. 



BeaoitAHa KHSHb. Hec6brro<iHu BomieHbsi. 
Tu hckohh bt> xpaio qyxcoirb, Aaneicoirb, 
BesBpeneHHyio 6onh pasyBtpeHbsi 
BeaBpeMeHbe saMoerb oiesHuirb TOKom>. 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



CTAHCH. 15 



7. CTE3JL 



Tam» rkTcpi* AOXHen» <n> noaefl, noerb: 
tyjui men. 



Tiifb TBepAb. Kaicb mcto, tin* TBepju,,— icucb Men, 
3at3Aa ctaer*. 



Tllfb H*Tb— TMTb HOHH IffcTb, HO AHS 

Ta»n» irfcrb. M xouib. 



Mor ctcsji, o Hoqb, Mem 
Beaer* Tyaa ab? 



JUy BtpiO fl; HHOft CTC8H— 
JU, B*P» «— 



He BCTptTimib to. ripoftAH, cpa3H — 
CpasM Meml 



Miit Kim? A to? Miit 6biTfc? 3t<rkm? 
Pish ace, cueprb,— 



Bb ion* qacb, Ktin> cepirb — irtomuA raxem* • 
Pasptxcerb TsepAb. 



r 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



16 BfcCH N 5 



8. ,M HE BT> CyflT> WW BO OCSOKZIEHIE'. 



Kaicb nepoKHTb h Kara oiuiaicaTb Mirfc 
BeautHHfairb AHeft 6e3iitHHyio norepio? 



BoCXOAHTb BtTfTb Vb B03flyiIIH0ft BUUIHHt. 

fl 3Haio see. H nponomy. fl Btpio. 



flyuia: bt> ayint — rb ayiiit BecHOft BecHa; 
BecHOft BecHa, h 4tm> ee H3Mtpio? 



Htra oTBOBycb, Konia npiiaerb ohb? 
H 3Haio Bee. H nponoany. H Btpio. 



He OCKOp6^Hft MOHTb nOOltAHHTb fltTb. 

Bb Bticarb, bt> niparb o6iuiy a Hsutpio. 



fl nponcwiHy. fl He cicaxcy — HtTb, Htn>. 

fl npoMoany. — Kaicb MHt ocaaaTb: w He Btpio...*?.. 



Kto ocy)KAeifb Ha OHom» cyjiHOirb jwt? 
CBepuiHTcsi cym>. JIk>6jik> Te6» h Btpio. 



Kara nepoKHTb h Kaicb oiuiaicaTb MHt 
BeautHHurb AHeft 6e3iitHHyio norepio? 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



CTAHCH. 17 



9. BCV1HA. 



H HOHH TCMb. KaiCb HOHH TOIb BSOfflJM, 
TaiCb HOHH TCMb CBOft Ky6oKh npwiHjia, 



CBOft xyfoicb, Ky6oKh KpyxceBOirb BAtTuirb, 

CBOft Ky60Kb 9 3Bt3AH CkjOUlift, KUCh AUITb, — 



KaiCb wieHHuft Auirb, xaitb miesHuft, aumhuA nyTb, 
Kam» stHHUfl nyTb: 3Bjwa kt> ce6t — npwibHyTb. 



IlpwibHH, npwibHH xcet GiyinaA niy&iHy: 
Bb powMyio tm KHHeuibd Bomiy, 



Hto 6eperb weft otbiBaerb hckohh. 
Boahb 6txurrb: inc6m ee, xjie6gH. 



H TeMHufl, TenHufl, TenHuft tokt> oxpecrb 
Onoerb rpyAb, bckhium nteofl astern. 



TO IMCHHUft AHIfb, TO MAeHHblJI, aumhuA nyrb,— 
To rfcwiuft nyTb aoserb kt> cc6t... npwibHyTb. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



18 BftCH N6 



10. CMEPTb. 



Kpyrovfc spurns 
Cifteffci rtrpon 



An pool artrv Sq* 
Kpoarten KpocsuA Kpd. 

rpeMi n 



Tpuj m ocTpuft rpc6cn 
■ran ■. 



Hn ipyuciA, ipyuulA ipycn. 

Tpuor— fpuqr: ojooik 

M Kpyn moA njm* h oycrv 

y Mn no 

AocoA ene— j 

Muysm irfccn, < 

Bocropn h tab, ■ 

H 6oa: no 

KflOOOCfc Bin 

Kjkmdo cmA xm n jyuxv 

H MTfc, H BOTO MGM— 

ffc« null M^^ BAa^jt^M^^ 

nv KpM 00*01 sipjocnn, 
B* ptsopMmyio nepj^, 
Km rUdl 
CueracTk arkxon 

AHipei SiiHL 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OrHEHHhlfl AHTEJTb. 

rj aba xm. 

Kaki nocnrmLn n ha cmwtkmt k* itaot «on-Bujm rati imrauxi bv 
■Am 8AMOV¥ AMwaaaum Jrwrcmtk ■ ka» mm omriiuia c* im 
ro MOiAcnm cmtoto Yju*a. 



3aKJHHamc Eieau rpenecRoft 6ujo nociiAHHMt nprnuoHeHiein., 
R3i» Moeft oOmeft hchbhh a> Aorropom* <J>aycTom>, n6o yuce Ha 
crtAy»mift MfiBh % paaiyHiuai a> hhmi>, Ha *rro, Rpoirfe oOmaro 
oTHomemii no rnrfe mohxt> cnyTHHROBi*, no6yjuuo MeHX eme o^ho 
orA'bi&Hoe o6cTO)rrexbCTBO. 

HiteHHO, npocHyeniHCv BHeaanHo cpejiH hohh, paaciumajn. * 
wh cocfcweft KOMHarfe, npeAOcra&ieHHoft ABym> mohmt» jopoK- 
humi TOBapmuaMi*, cnyTHtift roBopt h, hcbojeho HanpxrmH bbh- 
Mame, pa3JH^Hjn» roxoc* Mec|>HCTo<|>ejx, KOTopuft roBopnrbt 

— Eiarojupn CBjrroro Teopra h mchji, hto TeO-k yjuuc* cero- 
AHjmraiA ontm,, ho ecn> Benin, Ha ROTopux He art^yer* nocx- 
nm ABaxjpi. He BooCpajRaft, hto bcx BcejeHHax, Bee nponuoe h 
6 yjymee — tboh HrpymRH. 

rojoci. 4>aycTa, noBumeHHiift h rcfeBHuft, oTrbqaji»: 

— MaxHinHH cnopti! % xony ee BHjrfrrb eme pa3i h tu Mirk 
noMOncemb bt> stomt*. A ecjH cyxjeHO Mirfc cjoium* meo bt> Ta- 
romt» npeAnpijmH, hto aa frtaal 

HaciffcmjHBHfl rojon Mec|>HCTo<|>eju B03pa*can: 

— CMeprawe jnrfxrt oraBHT* to-robi cbok> hchshi^ Kan* 
frfcuxRH noarfcAmft Tajepi.. Ho cjonan» ce6* meo cyirfcen Rax- 
Aiift Aypain*, yMHaro we lexoB-fefta xfeio — coo6pt3irn», ctohtb jih 
Bsrfcx noTa. 

rvkBHiift roaoci <J>aycra roBopnn: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



20 BfcCH N 5 

— Ecjh tu oTKaauBaeinb noMoraTb Mirfc, mu pa3CTaeMcx cb 
T060A 3aBTpa xcel 

Ilocjuniajicji en-fen, Mec|>HCTo<f>eJX, cTpaHHiift h Heopunrmifi, 
noTOMi. ero oTBirk: 

— y Te6« He Ctreaen xpyrnrb cpoKOB-b, RpoM-fc Kam 3asTpa! 
rioAynafl zoTji 6u, hto pam>nie Hajo Te6i c6tm» cb pyir& aroro 
KeibHCKaro MOxojHHRa, Kcnropuft TaR-b noKopHo uonaen ria3anH 
Ha tboh po3ciu3HH. Bnepa jr nojurfcTiurb, xaici owh nacb irbraft 
meirrajcji cb rpa<|>oirc, h, Aynax>, mojkho on Hero xutarb jo6oro 
npejuTejbCTBa. 

MeHH wh Ty MHHyTy ocRop6HTeJbHtift ot3ubt» Mecf)HCTo<f>ejfl 
He 3aTpoHyjn» HHCROJbKO, h6o jynmaro ah He maw* on Hero, 
a, HanpoTHrb, % BCjymHBaxcx ct CcubmHHT, jo6onuTCTBoin», okr* 
Aax, hto Bii muy yBjenemx cnopouiRH ofannan nepejo mhod 
TaftHy cBonrb cTpaiiHiirb oTsomeHift. Bjjpyrb, He 3Ha» can 

KaKT», HeOJAIHMMfl COHT» OXBaTHJTb Men* H 3aHKHyJTb MO ft cjyra, 

cjobho 6u Me4>BCTo4>ejecb, yrajurb nyTbeMb, hto x noACjynui- 
Ba» y Hasej-b Ha neiui Taxoe oaineH-feme H^Rram • HaroBopoxv 
CjumaHHaro mhod, oahiro, 6ujo AOCTavoHHo, hto6ki yTpoirb, 
Kam» TOJbKo hohhhx BneHiTjiHix pacnpiuiHJHCb bt» itoeft naiunra, 
3a4aj-b % cefrk Bonpocb, yirfecTHO m Mirk ocraBaTbcs cb aokto- 
poM-b 4>aycTOM-b, KOTopony jr f noBiUHMOMy, bt> TxrocTb, h hto6h, 
nocj-fc KpaTKaro pa3Ayniji, x nopimnxb, hto MH-fc npaiHHB-fce cb 
mohmh nonyTHHKaMH paacTaibCfl. 

3Hax, hto Ham-b orb-fa^b Ha3HaneHi» Ha Ton jteHb, bt» nacu 
nocji nojyjtHx, % Tonacb nee OTopaBHjex pt3HCRHBaTb rpa4>a, 
hto6u nonpocHTb y Hero no3BOjem* nposecTH B-b saatR-fc xow 6u 
eme cyTRH, h, He 6erb H-fcuoToparo Tpyju, jioChjcx ayjuemun. 

rpacjn, BCTptrajTb MeHX BecbMa He JK>6e3HO y hto 6iuo pa3B- 
TejbHUM-b npoTHBopinieM'b ct» ero noBejemeirb HaRaHyH-fc, ho hto 
HeMeAieHHo h Hamxo csoe miKOBame, b6o, e^Ba % ofrbxcHiurb 
u-fejb cBoero nocfememx, rbr* oht> nepeirfcHRjcx B-b mira, bcro- 
HHjrb cb Kpecja, no^axb Mirfc pyKy h BocRXHRHyn: 

— HTaR'b, bu pa3jynaeTecb ct> BamnMH cnyTHHKaMH, Muni 
Pynpexrbl Ho sto coBciirt Apyroe xk*o\ Pa3yM*fceTcx, bu Moxeie 
He npocHTb, a TpeCoBaTb y Menx rocrenpiHMCTBa HMeHen Aobhu 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHHft AHrEJTB. 21 

[Ujjkuh. Mm, hobik jkuh, oGpasyen-b Brfe*oe 6paTCTBo, ioth 6h 
napRH h BunpjiiH Hani* paaiHHHUfl hhth cyjeC-b, h o6ji3aHu Apyrb 
Apyry oRaauBarb BceB03m»KHUji yciyni. 

Korju Ke a 9 yAHBjeHHtift, cnpocmrb rpac|>a, noneny ero 
Tain> pajiyen hoc pimeHie, obi, nocrb H-fcKOToparo ROje6aHui, 
coo6mHJn» MH-fc, hto nepejo mhok> 6uit> y Hero Me<f>HCToc{>ejecb, 
Koropuft npH 3anBjeHiB ofrb orvfc3A*b cnpocHJTb, KaKi» njaTy 3a 
BHepamuift onirn* Marin, cto pefiHCRHx-b ryjMeHOBt, h rpa<frb He- 
roAOBTLTh Ha Moe noBeAeHie, noHHTax h MeH* yiacTHHKOMi* bt» a*b- 
aejicfc aran AeHerb. IIpH3Haiocb, sto H3B-fccTie nopa3iuo ue»n 
KZKh yjupi» aiopoBoft najHueft no rojoB-fe, h6o, xoth % noHHMajn., 
rto Maria He Hirfcen HHiero ofimaro ci» ajucHMieft, h hto cajiue 
hc Rye Hue HeKpoiiaHTH Bee paBHo Hjjun&mc* bt» KpoB-fe h nponH- 
TBHiH, ho Bee «e nocrynoKt Me<f>Hcro<|>ea£ noRa3aicfl mh-b He- 
pwuapcKHMi,. Ecjh h 6iuh y MeHji KaKi>i-JH6o coMH-fcrn*, xopo- 
mo jh a nocrynaio, paacraBaacb cb AOKTopoM-b <S>aycTOMi>, to 
coo6meHie rpa<f>a pa3B*feiuo hxt», RaRi> B-krep-b paaBisaerb TyMaHt, 
hh in canux-b yqTHBfeixT> caoBaxi* Bupaana-b rpa(f>y 6jarojup- 
HocTb sa rocrenpiHMCTBO. 

Torju rpacfrb, bhahmo, caM-b pacTporaHHuft CBoeft jo6poToft, 
cRa3ajn» MH-fc eme cj-fcAyrciuee: 

— 3at*-fcMi» BaMi» Boo6me ToponHTbc* on»'fc3j|OM'i» H3T» Moero 
3aMRa? Pa3B-fc y Bacb croxb HeoTJOKHU* A'kaa bt» ropojrfc Tpep-fe? 
OcraBaflTecb bt» MoeM*b 3aMR*fc, h m no3a6oqycb, hto6u Ban-b He 
6ujo y MeHM naoxo. Ktomj »e MH-fc HyxceHi neioB'fcR'b, xopomo 
yM-fcmnJH nncaTb no-aaTtiHH, Tain* KaKi» HaM-fcpeHT* * coaraBMTb 
oahht, Tpaicran. o 3B-fc3Aaxi». 

TaRoe npejuojKeme 6mo RpaflHe w mchm HeoxcnjaHHo h 
Aance noKa3ajoct mh*b, jubho npHBbiicmeMy rt> HeaaBHCHMOcm, He- 

MHOrO o6HAHUM*b f HO, 6llCTpO OKHHyBT* yMCTBCHHUMT* B3rJLMOMT» 

CBoe nojoxceme, nopimui* n, hto H-farb npHHHH-b MH-fc oTRaau- 
Ban»cH. C-b OAHoft cropoHH, y MeHji Torju He 6hjo HHRaRoro onpe- 
A'fcaeHHaro HaM-fepeHui, RaR-b noBecrH juuibme cbok> jkh3hi», a ct» 
Jipyroft, — e HHRorju He 6peanurb hhiukoh aojwhoctbk), 6mbt» 3a 

CBO10 )RB3Bb H npOCTUM-b jaHACRHeXTOM*b, H CHOJipyHHHROM'b Ryne^ 
HeCRBXT* AOMOBT,. HtaKT», M OTB-fcTHJ-b COrJiacieMT*, H TaKHMT* o(Sp^. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



r 



22 BBCHN5 

30mt», noAHHHjiHCb npnxoTH >Kfi3HeHHaro TeneHi*, BJieRmaro Mew 
H3BHJHCTofl piicoft mhmo ocTpoBOBi* h nejeft, — Bjpyrb npeBpa- 
thjcji H3i> cnyTHHKa coxHHTeibHaro napojiiji bt» ceitpeTap* comhb- 
TejbHaro ryMaHHCTa. 

B-b tott» kc jem* AOKTopb 4>aycrb h Me<f>HCTo<i>ejeci>, jrki- 

CTBHTeJbHO, nOKHHyJH 3aMOKT». 

riepeAT> hxi> oTvfc3AOMT> * 3amej*b kt» jOKTopy 4>aycxy npo- 

CTHTbCJi H HM-kll> Ck HHMT» pa3rOBOp*b, H3T» KOTOparO H^KOTOpiU 

qacTH xony nepejuTb 34-fccb. EcTecroeHHO, hto o6cyjuaJH mu 
BnepamHiA onun> Marin, h AOKTopi* 4>aycn» npoH3Hecb irk- 
jufl naaerHpHKi* npacorfc EieHu rpeiecicoA, bt> TaKHXt Bocrop- 
KeHHun Bupa^eHLgxi*, hto Bpajn* *h ct> 6oabineft cTpacTH0CTbx> 
npociaBJAJ-b ee bt» HjioH-fc, nepejrb otuomt> h 6paTbHMH, cam no- 
xHTHTeib AjeKcaHApi». IIoTOM'k 3aroBopHJH mu Boo6me o Hexpo- 
MaHTiH, h AOKTopt 4>aycrb bt» napauieJb cbohmt> nonuTKaMi* y*a- 
3aj*k MH-k Ha BU3UBaiiie rfcmi npopimaTeJU Tnpe3ix YjaccoM* h 
npopoKa CaMynja AsHAopcitoft Bo*me6HHiieft. Bi> KOHirfc 6eci*u 
a, bt» BupaxceHinrB oneHb yKJOHHHBUxi», HaMeKHyjrb Aomropy 
4>aycTy ua hcthhhu* hphhhhu Moero ct> hhmt> pa3jyHeaig, hmchho 
Ha Hapo4HyK> MOJBy, npmwcuBattmy© eMy nocrynKH HeGiaro- 
BHAHbie h o6T>HCHH»my» ero MorymecTBO caMbiMi* HeAocToftHum> 
o6pa30Mi». JloKTop-b 4>aycrb, noBiUHMOMy, noimrb moh ocropoxHue 
HaMeKH, h, noMOJHaBi,, oTB-fcnurb Mui Taicoft p-fenbo: 

— Hhkoiuu He BipbTe, ar>6e3Hbifi Pynpexrb, eciH kto-m6o 
cKancerb BaM-b, 6yaTo HCTHHHbift Man, 3aKJDHHJrb nanrb cb jeMO- 
homtJ Moxcerb 6uTb, hhoA HecnacTHuft HejoyHiu h oTpetueTai 
orb B^HHaro 6*a>KeHCTBa bt» o6MiH*b Ha H*tcKoibKO npHropnraefl 
KpajieHux-b MOHen,, npeaiaraeMtix-b eMy mcjkhmh 6-fccaMH, ho cnpa- 
BeAiHBocTb Boutin, kohchho, He Kapaerb 3a Tatcyi) crfeiicy, bt» ko- 
Topofl 6ojbme HeB-fcwecTBa, h^mt* rp-fcxa! A niwh Moryrb co6aaa* 
HHTb jicmohu HejoBina, no3HaBmaro hxt» npnpojy h npe;rfciH hxt> 
cHJi-b? IlpaBAa, AeMOHbi ofaajaiorb H-fcicoTopuMH ciioco6hoct*mii, 
neioBixy He JupoBaHHbiMH: 6ucrpo nepeHoonrc* cb mien ea 
M-fecTo, pacTBOp^DTb CBofl cociaBT* ao jencaro A«Ma hjh crynucn 
ero B*b j»6ue o6pa3u 9 BoaHoanrcji bt» B03AymHbi* h hhum c(|>epu. 
Ho pa3Bi KeaaHLfl nejoB^Ka orpaHHHeHu rtMT», hto moxcho jaobx- 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHfalfl AHTEJTB. 23 

rwopnth DOMombK) Taiciro cpejcrrb? Pt3rk He xcaauerb hcjob-brt> 
no3H2Tk Bcfe Tafluu Bceft BcejeHHoft, ao cmaro rohiu, h o&uuatb 

BC&MH COKpOBHIIUMH, 6C30 BCXKOft MipH? HcTHHHftlft MOTB BCerjU 

cnoTpim» Ha jeMOHOBT* Kamt Ha chjh Hnamiji, KOTopbiHH mojkho 

UOMbaOBXCbCH, HO nOAHHHjRbC* ROTOpHX'b 6iuo 6u HejMHO. He 

3a6yjp>Te, hto HeaorfcR-b coTBopem> no o6paay h noAoGho CaMoro 

TBOpua H H09T0N7 eCTL BT» HeiTb CBOftCTBa, HenOBJCTHUJi He TOIbRO 

AeMOHanT>, ho h aHrejajrb. Aareju h jcmohh Moryr* crpeMHTbca 
ram* rt> CBoeMy 6jary, nepBue — bo auBy Eojkid, BTopue — bo ciaBy 
3ia, ho HeJOB-ferb Mowera HCRaTb h ckop6h, h cTpajaHi*, h -caMoft 
CMepTH. Kaio> Tocno^B Bce*ep»HTeJb CtiHa CBoero EjHHopoAHaro 
npHHecb bt» jKepTBy 3a coTBopeHHuft hmt> nipi», TaK*b mu nopoK) 
npHHOCHMi* bt» xcepTBy Hamy 6e3CMepTHyi> jtymy, n rfejn* yno- 
AotiueMC* Co3AaTejiio. H BcnoMHirre cjOBa eBaHreibCRi*: kto 
xoien Aymy cboio c6epeib, noTepnen* ee, a kto noTepaerb, Ton. 
c6epejicen>! 

3Ty cbod npomaJbHyo, h Kain» 6h HanyTCTBeHHyr> p-kib ko 
MH-t MPKtojrh 4>aycn npoH3Hecb ct» 6ojbmHM'b oAymeBxeBieM-b, 
b % e© 6h j-b HCKpeHHe 3arpoHyrb f h6o MHoroe bt> Heft 6hjio cjobho 
moh co6ctb€hhuji ciosa, TaR-b HTo jyma moji, cjuraa hxt», Apowaaa, 
nam* xpojRHTb cTpyHa npn 3Byxi jtpyroft, HacTpoeHHoft eft bt» jui. 
OjiHaRO, ewa co6pajoi * oTB-fcnrrb AOKTopy, nam* paajajc* roxocb 
Me<f>Hcroc{>ej*, Koropuft nojRpaac* rt> HaMi> HecjumHo bo Bpemi 
Hameft 6tcbxu n Bjpyrb BocniHRHyj-b: 

— IlpeKpacHo, jiOKiop-b, npeBocxojiHo! Bti poxueBti, hto6h 

CTb IiepKOBHOft KaeejipU JOBOJHTb CBOHMH nponoB-tuHMH AO Cie3T> 

Toicriionmrb npRxoncaHOR-b. Bpeiw erne He ynuio, y Hero mhoix) 
Ao6puxi» 3HaKOMUXT» bt» nancRoft KypiH, h * Mory yapoHTb Bac-b 
npeaaTOM-b Ha AoxojHoe wkctol OcoCeHHo *ce * jio6jio, koivu 
Bbi npHBOAHTe wh AOKasarejbCTBO tckctm cBjrroro nHcama: sto— 
MjnnnA cnocofrb j*ona3aTb irro-ynuHO. B4ju> TOJbKo rjynocrb 
OAHOCTOpOHHJI, a HCTHHy mojrho noBepByTb j»6oft rpaHbDl 

npHcyrcTBie Me<t>Hcioc|>ej* Bcerju cjobho cbh3ubuio bcb moh 

JIBHBXeHig npOHHUMH BepeBRIMH, H B*b 3aMimaTejbCTB^ A p-BIDH- 

TejuHO He 3Haj*b, hto cxaaatb, oht» «e, o6paTHBraHCb ro MRi 9 
Ao6aBHXb: 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



24 B*CH N5 

— A bw, rocnoARro Pynpexn, Bipoano, Haxojme, hto mh 
3aTneBacMT» Bamn AOCTOHHCTBa, h hto 6c3t> racb Bairb jene 
6yj*erb BUABHHyTtca. Mh 6yAeirb BeJHKOAymHU h ycrynnirb Bin 
M-fecTo. 

BcTynaTt bt> ejHHOfopcTBO Ha Konbarb ocTpoyma y Mem 
coBchm-h He 6iuo oxoni, h, Moaia, a ookjohrjch Aorropy, no- 

BCpHyjCH H Bftimero H3*b KOMHaTO, HTO, ROHeHHO, BOBCe He 6lU0 

ynTHBO h Mono 6un» HCTOJKOBaHo naicb o6hjuu IIosTOMy Ha Ton 
caynaA, ecjH 6h sth sanHotn nonajH bt> pyKH caMoro AOKiopa 
4>aycTa hjh Koro-JH6o H3i> ero *py3eft, a cirfcmy axkcb aacBHjti- 
TejbCTBOBaTb, hto Bee Aypnoe bt» nocrynKan /pyx-b moot* cnyr- 
hhkobt* Bceirfcjo oTHomy a Ha cnerb Me4>HCTO(J>eja ojhojo. 4to 
Ke KacacTCH caMoro AOKTopa <J>aycra, to bt» pa3Hoe Bpeiu xpnn 
% o6t> Hero pasHoe, ho bt> KOHirfc kohuobi*, Acuwein, npH3Han», 
hto Moft HcmiTarejbHuft jott> He H3jrfepui> Bcfcn* rayGHH-t ero 
1KH3HH h ero Ayran, h hto bt> Moefl Hanaro ero o6pa3*b ctohtt* 
noHUH-k, ciobho Ha ropHBOHT-fe T*Hb Iaiia<t>a. 

ripn cajioMi* orb*fc3jrfc AOKTopa a npncyTCTBOB&ai» y^e Kan 
3pHTeJb, bt> HHexfe o6HTaTexeft 3amca, h onaTb bt> 9Tofl caevfe 
npomama AonymeHO 6ujo MHoro myroBCTBa nwh nprtaftBMH ro- 
ctjimh. Ptmapb Po6epn» npoH3Hecb HacatnuHByio piib, 6aarojupa 
AOKTopa 3a nocbmeme, a jumh yBiHHaan Me<f>HCTo<|)eaa b^hkoitw 
H3i ub*tobt», BupaoieHHurB huh bt» KOMHaTaxi*, h, Hajio co3Han»- 
ca, hto MOHarb 6uai> AocTaTOHHO CM-femoHT* bt» TaKOMi» Henojpco- 
Aamero yKpameuiH. Hto ao itera, to a, BcaaTpHBascb bt> mohtv 
HejUBHHxi» cnyTHHKOBi>, crapaaca Tenepb yaoBHTb bt» hhxt> lepra, 
co3jubqiu HapoAHy» MOJBy o6*b hhxi>, h AoajKeRt 6turb co3HaTb- 
ca f hto nnnm aih pa3Hurb Aonuoro juBajn ohh He Jiaio. Yto- 
jueHHoe cnoKoflcTBie Aoicropa He TpyjHo 6hjo HcroxROBarb 6e3y- 
HacTHOcTb© neaoB-fcica, 3Ha»maro cbok> ynacTb sapaH-fee; wh 6ncrpuxb 
ABHKemax-b Me<f)HCTo<i>eaa <f>aHTa3ia aerito noma yatoTpfab a-taro 
He HejoB-knecKoe, CicoBCxoe, h ju»e Hamero yrpDMaro, nepeo- 
Copojuro Kynepa npH ^eaaHiH mokho 6ujo npHHjrrb 3a npocroro 
Hopra, sarop*tBmaro on a^cnaro uaiieHH n npHBUKmaro He n 
B03Kajn», a kt» Koieprt, KOTopoft Mima»rb yroaba bt» a^cKKTb 
Kocrpax-b. H Korju noB03Ka, Bck tojihkh KOTopoft He^aBHo nepe. 



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OrHEHHHft AHTEJTB. 25 

jUBaJHCb mohmt» pe6pam>, aaorynaja no Momenoiiy ABopy sauna, 
MejucHHO npoKaTHjacb Hepe3t noA^MHitfi nocn> h CucTpo 3a- 
jieibitaja BAOJb Bmneja, h, noA* Bjuameirb cbohxt> pa3Aynift, nyTb 

JH He OKHJUUT*, HTO BOTb-BOTb, Ha KaKO!Tb-HH6yAb HOBOporfc, OHa, 

KaKi» to pa3CKa3UBacTCH bt» HapoAHurb caeHax*b, otipaTHTc* bt» 
cicopjynKy opixa, a neTBepica Ax»KHrb joniaAeft — bt» 6-fciux-b 
Mumeft. 

Bt» Torb^e 4enb, kt» Benepy, pa3vfcxajHCb h ocrajibHue iocth 
rpa4>a, pimapH h Aaiiu, Tam» hto ooraiHCb bt> 3aMKi tojbko 
o6hhhhc ero o6HTaTeiH, KOTopurb, BnpoHCMi>, 6hjo He *taio. Ct> 
oahoA cTopoBU ctoajo o6meciBo ?auKa: cam> rpacfvb, rpa<f)HH* 
JIyH3a, ab4 e* Aanu, ptmapb Po6epn», ceHemajrb, Kanejuiairb h 
Apyri* hoao6hiu jhiu, a ct> Apyrofl— MHoroHHCjeHHa* neMAb, Ha- 

HBHa* CO CTp-fclKOBl* H JOBHHTb H KOHHaA npOCTUMH CiyraMH. %, 

KOHeiHo, npoAOJucan ocraBaTbcji bt> o6mecTB-fc, Ha ht6 jusajo 
MH-t npaBo Moe o6pa30BaHie, ecse h He npHHHMaTb bt> pacnerb 
B-tcKHX-b coo6pa*ceHift o nobilit* IIoawo EpanHOJHHH, h 6ujt» 
npHMamaeM-b, nam* kt> o6meMy crojy, Taicb h Ha BeHepoBtui 6e- 
cfcjuJ y rpa4>HHH t ho AOJjKeH-b nproHaTbc*, hto Bee we nojojKeme 
Moe bt» 3aMK-fe orajo ABycMucjeHHuirb. Oahht> rpacfn* o6pamajcji co 
mhod HeH3M-tHHo no-ApyjnecicH, Aa uopoD 3arfcHBajn> co mhok) cnopu 
nann* Kauejuam*, ho rpa<f)HHji h puiupb Po6epn» cTapajHCb 
A-fejaTb bhat», hto He o6pamaOTb Ha mchh HHKaKoro BHHMaHia. 
Ht6 ao itch*, xflHe Hcnaxb cfonweHU hh ct» niv-b, coxpaHHJrb 
Ha JHu-fe Ty MacKy cypoBOCTH, ct» Kaicoft hoabhjich bt> 3anK-fc, h 
Aa*te 3a oC-kjiOM-b npeAnoHHTajn> Moanarb, rfcm> 6oj-fce, hto rpacfrb 
h ero Ky3eHi» j»6hjh cnopHTb o Bonpocaxi> nojHTUHecKRrb, MH-fc 
najo3HaKOMHrb, HanpHM-fcp-b, o A^arb bt» BHTreH6eprfc, no bo3- 
Bpamemn Tyju repnora Yjibpnxa, o xcejaHiH h noniiTicarb Hnne- 
paTopa B03o6HOBHTb UlBa6cKift cok>3i», o npeACTOABmeM'b bt» 6yAy- 
meirb M-tcHui BopMCKOMT, cefiwfc no noBojy ocaAu ropoAa Mioh- 
crepa h noAo6HOM*b. 

BcnoMHHaii Tenepb ahh, npoBeAeHHue mhod bt, 3aMKi bt, 
3Tomt> noaonceHin nojy-Apyra, nojy-cjyrn, % He oneHb yAHBJixDCb, 
hto bt> cBoe BpeMB Tam» Maio nyBCTBOBaj-b Hx-b rHerb HaA> co6oft, 
o6t»xcha« sto rtm,, hto nocii nojyrow MyHHTeJbHofl khshh 



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28 BfeCH N6 

c-b PcnaTOK), nocj-fe cTpacTHaro HanpjUKem* Moero Kpantaro o6me- 
Hifl cl AnieccoK) h noci-h MHoroo6pa3H-feftniHx*b npHRjuoiemft a 
nempe aha nyTemecTBi* cb AORTopom* <J>aycTom>, — jcyma moji Boaia 
bt. H-fcKOTopoe on-tneH-tmc, kikt» Bnajaorb Ha siuiy H-kROTopiu 
ryceHHuu. 

riocejRJH MeHji, nocrb orvfc3*a AORTopa <S>aycra, bt> zpyrofl 
KOMHarfe, TaRnce Becbiia yj|o6Hoft h npHcroftHoft, bt» 3anaAHoft 6am* 
H*fc 3aMKa 9 cb oKHaMH, buxoajhuhmh Ha oTnajieHHRg jhhih Apcxan 
BosBumeHHoarefi, h tiki* KZKb rpacjrb jarb Mirk pa3p-fcnieHie nojb- 

30BaTbCH KHHraMH H3*b erO 6H6ji0TCKH, TO 60JbmyK> TOCTb AHff x 

h npoBOAHjn> bt, 3Tomt> yejutHemH, y orm, ct» KHHroft bt» pyun, 
TOTnacb B03Bpaman ce6ji kt» HaiaToft cTpaHmrfc, ejiBa cayxafims 
MeMTU yBJieKajH Moe Boo6panceme bt> Aajb. TaR*b npoien a 
H-fecKOJbKO 3aM*taaTejbHurb, paH-fee He3HaKonnn> MH*fc coiHHemft, 
npeHMymecTBeHHO H3*b nyTemecTBift, h bt» tom* mci-is npcKpac- 
Huft TpyA'B IleTpa MapTHpa AHraepiyca, onacaBmaro bt» cbohxi 
Aena^ax-L, jkhbo h 3aHHMaTeJbHo, oTRpmrie HoBaro Cvbn h nepBHj 
3aBoeBaHw bt» HoboA Hcnamn. Ho, HecMOTp* Ha mnpoiufi jiocyrb, 
KOTopuMi* * nojbaoBaac*, hoith He npeAaBajc* n ut^amxwh o 
cBoeft j»6bh, h6o cTpamHO un-k 6ujo 6epe,*HTb paHii cepjpia, 
KOTopu*, KaKi» tow Ka3ajocb, nojuRHBajH, h npejnoimran 
aaKpuBaTbcx on> BOcnoMHHamft, KaRi> orb oTpaBjeHHura crp-fcrb, 
iuhtomt> 6e3pa3AyMiH. 

T-fc moh 3aaHTtg, HcnoiHHTb KOTopuii * npHHjurb Ha cefa, HH- 
CKoabKo He oKa3ajncb o6peneHHTeJbHUMH, h6o rpa<fn> 6ojbme ji> 
6hjt> HCHTaTb o CBoem> yneHOM-b Tpaiorarfe, HexteiH hcthhho xpy- 
ARTbcx Hajcb ero cocraBjeHieirb. KajKAuft jenb npHrjamajrb ohi 
uena Kb ce6i bi» Ka6HHerb, n h, ohhhhbi» HOBoe nepo, pa3BepniBan 
jHcn> 6yMarH, hto6u nncaTb no^o* jHRTOBRy, ho pi^KO npHxojm- 
jocb MH-t BUBecTH HepHHirb no 6*fcjony 6ojbme oahoA hjh Jisyn 
cTpoKi>, TaR*b Rani* rpacfn* hjh HaiHHairb, yBjeRaxcb, o6*bacHjrrb 
HH-fe AajbH-kflinin raaBU cBoero TpaKTaia hjh npocTo saroBapHBaa-b 
co HHoft o Bemaxi. nocropoHHHx-b, npHHest-b 9th 6ecbiu 6iuh 
BOBce He yTOMHTejbHu, a ^acTo h Becbua juh mchji noyHHieibHii. Hto 
jkc RacaeTcji ao Toro He6ojbmoro, hto Bce-TaRH 6ujo mhod sanHcaao 
nocj-fe MHoroo6*fema»nuro sarjaBix: cTracutus mathematics de 



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OrHEHHHfi AHTEJB. 27 

firmamento septentrionalii, to a yMoaiy o cojtepxcaaiB sToro, h6o 
rpacfrb bo MaoroMi* oiu3aii» mh4 ycjyni aeoa-fcaBMuji m bo mho- 
rnn jpyrax-b oftaacrax-b npoxBHra ce6a hcjob^komi* o6pa30Ban- 

BUJTb H Cb yMOMT» OCTpUMT.. 

O cajtom* rpacfrfe erne npajieTca uwh roBopHTb no4po6Brfee, 
3xicb kc yiujny * toji>ko, hto jo6hjt» obt> noxBajRTbc* apafl- 
hhmt, cbobmt> BerkpieM-b n «iacTO CM*fc*acfl hjut> mohmt», H3t> 
ontiTa noHcpuHynjMT*, y&fcjKAeaieM'b bt» peajbaocTa MaraiecKarb 
iiBjeHifi. Tam>, bo Bpeaji ojaoft h3Ti Baniaxt 6ecfcj> oh**, Me*uy 
npoHBMi> v cnpocHJ-L Meaji, mto Ayu2JO * o6t» onurfc 3aKjaaaaui Ejeau 
TpenecKoft, KOToparo 06a mu6ujh cBBA'krejijiMB. fL oTKpoBeaao 
o6t*cBBj'b, ito onurb 9Ton> Mai noKa3ajcji oieab 3ajrfcHaTejb- 
aujrb h hto it oneab yKajrbrb, Korju puoapb Po6epn> Re no3BOJBjn> 
AoeecTH cro ao Bacroamaro kobiu. rpacjrb, pa3CM*feflBmHCb, cna- 
3aj*b MB-fc: 

— Th oieab jerKOBipeHT,, Pynpexn! Paasi Taa-b Tpyjao 6h- 
jo HaflTH coo6muHay cpejw AiBymeicb naMKa? 3a Aea ryjuteaa 
j»6as corjacBjacb 6h pa3urpaTb poab uapBixu Ejeau, ju kto- 
My «e cTOJb aeacKycaol % JU/Ke dohtr Barfcpaoe 3aaio, Koro 
jojjkbo aairb noA03p*BBan>. 

Xopomo 3Ban 9 hto a-far* xy»e ciinoro, naRt Ton, kto 3a- 
KpuBaen, na3a, % ae CA-fciajrb dobutkb o6pasyMHTb rpa<f>a h npo- 

MOJHaJTb. 

Jlpyroft paa-b, rpa<fvb cnpocaro nee*, hto s Ayaax) 06* acrpo- 
joria, a * npBBerb bt> oTrfcrb o6mcB3BicTBHji cioaa: castra non 
mentiuntur sed astrclogi bene mentiuntur de astrisi. OjaaROt 
rpa4>t B03pa3HJfb a> aeroAOBaaieirb: 

— Me herculel ae oxcaAan a nojoCaaro cyjtueaui on bokjob- 
HBKa IIbko *e Mnpas^oju! BuacRHBaTb npej*CRa3aaui bt» pacao- 
aofteaiR aiaaerb f Bee paBBO, hto BUBOjum* cbod cyju>6y m3t» cm4- 
hu xfcTa oceBb», h6o b to b Jipyroe paBBO aojpiRBReTai aaRoaairb 

4>B3BKB. 

3xkch yjrfecrao Cyjierb TaR*ce 3aM*fcTRTb, hto rpacfrb, xotji 
roBopBJ-b o t6paTCTB-t» bcbxt* c BOBux-b jio^eftj, a noHBTaj-b ce6* 
yneanROM-b 3aeji CajbBin f OABano, ynopao cTaj-b o6piauTbCR ko 
Mai aa cnii, nocai toro kzkt> a ctajT* on aero bt» b^ko- 



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28 MCH N 5 

TopyD aaBHCHMOCTb, neiiy He nonej-b * qxran npajuBan. 
3HaneHie. 

Bnponeirb, cjywCa mo* y rpa<f>a Aju*i»6epTa jjuacb hcacoto, jukA 
4ecBTb, h Bcero npoBcn* ji bt> 3anirfc okoio jpyx-b Hejrfcn*, npa- 
hcmi kt» Koauy aioro BpcMeHH y#ce Hanaj-b omynuib eecuu 
onpej-feieHHO wroTy cBoero nojojuem*, h cMyTHyi) mzzULj nepe- 
irfciiu, KOTopan Bcerju ynpaaijuu Moeft jKH3Hb«>. Ho, bt> corjudn 

Cb MOMM TeMHUMH JK&iaHUMH H MOH Cy*b6a HC uejUmJUL OHCRb, 

h6o nopa eft 6ujo Becro MeH* kt> 3aKJK>HHTejbH&iMi> h crpaHHun 
co6uTmMi» nepejKHTofi mhoA RCTopiH. CXuiajfuu, Roup 6tun» a, 
no CBoeft aoajkhocth, aa ctojomt* bt> KOMHarfe rpa<{>a h Buciy- 
rnHBajfL ^iHHHoe ero o&bjicHeHie oTHOCHTejbHO pa3CTo*Hi* a|>epH 
3B-fc3jn» ori> cojiHua, BHe3anHO bt» KoiiHaTy Bomej-b s-fecroBofi, 
KOToparo BnycTHJH 6e3i> npeAynpejiueHi*, bt> BHAy BajKHocni 
npHBe3eHHaro hmt. nncbaia. To 6mjio H3B-fccrie orb ApxienBCRona 
TpHpcxaro IoaHHa, hto oht» npejmpHHiixb no-fc3jiKy bt> itoHacrupb 
CBHToro Yjibcftf, ixk npoiiBHjacb HOBa* epecb, h hto 6jH«aflmyx) 
HOHb HaM-fcpeH-b oht» npoBecTH B-b 3aMK-fe cf^H-b-BeueH-b. 

Tpa^i ct> yqTHBUMM caoBaMM oraycTHA-b nociaHua, ho Korju 
Mbi BHOBb ocTajiHCb BABoeifb, npmnjiocb mh^ BucxymaTb lvtiufi 
noToicb Kajio6-b h neHeft. 

— Hei mihil— roBopHj-b rpa<frb. — KoHiaiacb mox cbo6oju> 
Korju AMorbBi> bojiio ycnajiuaTbc* cnyKeHie»n> My3?m>! Arb,no- 
qcMy n He npocToft noarb, He 3Ha»niifi apyrnx-b o6B3aHHOcrefi, 
KpoM-fe KepTBi> AnoaaoHy, hah He HHmift yneHtiA, 3Ha»mifl mib- 

KO CBOH KHHIHI 

FIpH dtomt, rpacfvb ocunarb jKeJHHHMH o6BHHeHiHnn CBoero 
cx)3epeHa f HacM-fctiuiHBo cpaBHHBaji ero ct> jpyrHirb AyxoBHum* 
KHjraejfb, HamHM-b 6jaropoAHbim> coBpeMeHHHKOM-b, ApxieaHCRonoM-b 

MaflHUCKHMT> Ajlb6peXTOMT>, KOTOparO BHCTaBHJn> HOHTH KaKT> 06- 

pa3em> ncnoBiKa. Oco6eHHO yjipynajo rpa<|>a, hto oht>, eirka 
3BaHie coB-feTiiHKa, HenpeirfcHHO AoaweH-b 6ujh> conpoBO*cjun» 
ApxienHCKona, no KpaftHeft Mipi, Ha nporajKeHiH H-fccftoxbKHXb 
AHeBHbix-b iiepexoAOBi>, h Tyn> ;ne oG-bHBiurb, hto MH-fc npfuercx 
ixaTb ct> HHM-b, Tarn. KaKi> hh 3a hto He xonerb oht> npepuBm 
CBoefl paCoTu uzxh TpaKTaTom*. % pa3yirfceTca, corjiacHJCji Becbxa 



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OrHEHHHft AHrEJTb. 29 

oxotho, noioMy hto iieHu hhckojbko He npHMCKaja Mucib ocraTb- 
cfl bt» 3aMK-fe 6e3i> rpacf>a, ho x He noA03p-fcBaxb n Ty MHHyTy, 
hto 3Ta no-t3AKa jojjKHa 6htl poROBoft, h hto caMoe npn6uTie 
ApxienncKona IoaHHa AHim» maxMaTHtift xojtb bt> pyitara cy»6u 9 
Roropa* h KH>i3eM'B-Ryp(f)iopcTOM'b HunepiH nrpaer* RtR-b npocToft 
nimKoft a*x jtocrajKeHui cbohxt* TaHHCTBeHHuxi, irkieft. 

Bt> Torb «e naci. Hanajncb bt» 3PMK*fe npnroTOBjeHU am 
npiena BucoKaro rocT* h no Bcfcin* RoppHAopaira h npoxoAan-b 
3aneTajiHCb cjyra h paCoTHHuu, ciobho MypaBbH bt» norpeBoxeH- 

HOMT» MypaBefiHHK*. H, KOHCHHO, HHCROJbRO He BWfcmHBaJC* BT» 

3Ty cyeroio h npeAnonerb ocTaTbcs bt> o6tiHHoft jui mchh yeAH- 
HeHHocTH, Tain* hto Aawe row Ha crjoh! ah* BTopoft B-fccro- 
Boft H3B^cTHjn,, hto no*fc3Ai» ApxienncKona npH6jHwaeTcji, He npn- 
Hjun» HHKaKoro yHacriii bt> ero BcrpiH-fc h noTony He Mory onn- 
caTb ex noApoCHocreft. IIpaBAa, cha* b% cBoeft ROMHari, 3*hh- 
Majcji h peGjinecRoft nrpoft: no 3ByRani», cMyrao aohochbhihmcji ko 
MHi, CTapajcx yraAUBaTb, hto hmchho coBepmaeTC* Ha ABop-fe, y 
BxoAa, bt> Cojbmoft 3aji-fe, Hani* npoHSHoarrai p-fenn, n-fcirb npieu-b 
cx>3epeHa oTjHHaerc* orb myTOBCKaro npieiia, oKaaaHHaro aor- 
Topy 4>aycTy, — ho sth npa3AHH* iieHTu He Moryrb npexhHBJunb 
HHRaKRxi* npRTii3aHift Ha BHHMaHie CjiarocKJOHHaro HHTaTeJM. 

Bl> TOMT» COCTOAHMI 6e34'tftCTBii! 1 BT» KaKOMT* X Torju HaXOAHJCI, 

Mo^erb 6uTb, npoBej-b 6u x 9 He buxoah h3t» ROMHaTu, see Bpemi 
mq hohh, ecjH 6u cam* rpacjrb He npneaaj-b 3Ban> mchh kt> yxcHHy, 

H X, npHUapHAHBfflHCb CKOIbKO MOrb, CnyCTHJCA BT» TpOHHCKyt) 

3ajy. 3totl pasr* oHa 6uia y6paHa ct» jrtflcTBHTeJbHoft ntiniHocTbi), 
h6o hhcjo 3a^oKeHuxT» bockobuxt* cB-fem* h AiHHHbixr> 4>aReaoBi> 
6bijio orpoMHO, a bt> nyGHirfc 3aju B03ABHniyTbi 6hjh xopu mam 
My3MKaHTOBT,, yine o^cHjuBmnxi* cnrHaaa, ci» TpytiaMH h AyARaitn 
bt> pyKax-b. JI Tornacb pa3JHHHj?» cpejin nprbajRHxi c|)Hrypy Apxi- 
enncKona, ROTopuft noRa3ajcx MH*fc aobojkho npeAcraBHTeabHUMT* 
bt» TeMHo-jHJOBoft cyTaui, cb 30JOToft ocunaHHoft jiparoaiHHii- 
mh RaMenbjiMH npjjKRoft Ha rpyw h B^TopncecTBeHHoft HH(J>yji. 
3aTo j 10 ah ero cbhtu, npejaTbf, RaHOHHRH h Apyrie, Bci npo- 
H3BeJH na MeHH BnenaTjrfcHie oTrajKHBaiomee h, o6o3piBan sth toj- 

CTHe HCHBOTU H IRRpHblH CaMOAOBOJbHUB JHEtf, HCBOJbBO BCUO- 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



so men N 5 

Miraaro * He3a6Bemui* crpaHHwi (Seaciiepraoft carapu Cefiacriaaa 
Spana. 

Bcero Torju, % Jtynai> f co6paaocb bt» toA 30-t 6orfce TpM- 
mth qeaoBirb, am yromcmji KOTopuxi, y«e 6uao 3aroroBjeeo 

TpH OTJCfelbHlirb CTOJt, HTO&b pa3M-fcCTHTb BCfarb C0O6pa3H0 CI 
HXT» npaBlMH H AOCTOHHCTBIUH. 3a TJUBHUMl CTOJOM*b cfclH CI 

ApxienHCKonom» r ero npHOjRKeHHUNH rpacfrb, cro cynpyra 
h pwup* Po6epn f a Bcfea-b Apyrairb 6ujh tohho yxaaaHii nn 
n-kcra, Kyju itajuaro Toroacb h npoaojuajR Hamn iuxh, ojefarye 
n apirie nocnmii h a> cajc|>CTKaMH t norkmaHHUMH Ha mei>, no 
cTapRHHOMy o6uiai>. Mh* 6iurb Ha3HaHcm» npH6opi» 3a Majem- 
KHWh ctojomt* wh cropoirfc, 3a KOTopyin» OKasaacx Tai&ce Hanrb 
Kaneajaro, ceHeman sauna h qeaoriirb jecxTb n-n* cbrth Hamero 
roar*, h m 6iun> ohchl pajn», hto bt» 3tomt> Kpyry jioro 3anpa- 
TaTbca nairb 6u coBcfem* BesaM-krao. 

He 3Ha© f hto jfiaaaocb aa ctojomt, ApxienRcnona, h6o Ha arorb 
pa3-b y mchji He 6hjo paem* rb HafaDjteHiairb, ho 3a Hainan 

BCk HaKRHyJHCfc Cb HCTHHHOft aJHHOCTbl) Ha T* 6j»ja, KOHMH 

nocrapaancb meroibHyTb Hams nosapa, h, noiu npoxojpuH mhmo 
BceBOBMOXHiui KymaHb*, cpew KOTopux-b npeoCjajuua, rohciho, 
pu6a: myKH, napnu, jhhr, yrpn, paKH, cf>opeaH, mrhohi, jococh, 
noxa naxcH ycepjwo paaaHBaJH Beanie copTa npnpeftHCKiiri* bhh-w,— 
caumHo 6iuo ToabKo veaRaH&e Heirxrreft r bhahu 6ujh xoauto 
oTTonupeHHUii npn KeaamH meKR. Jlnnib bt» noHirfc yjRHna o6pa- 
aosaaacb H*fc*oTopaa 6ecfeu Mexuy mhoio, BamHjrb KaneuaHon 

H MOHMT» COCtAOMT* 3a CTOJOMT,, HH3eHbKHMl> H TOJCTtHMUUTb 

MOHaxoM-b AOMRHRKaHueM-by — KOTopyD nepBoe Bpemi a Bexb oe- 
6pe#tRO, ho Kb KOTopoft npRjo^RJTb noTom, Bee crapame, HTO 
npRHecao MH-fe cbok> noibay anoarfeACTBUi. 

AoMHHRKaHeirb Hanaro cb x(uo6i Ha rk yrfccHemx, aaaurb 
rb ceft rkirb noABepraercs n repMamn r bo Bcem. nipt caaras 
KaTonnecKaii uepKOBb, r6o, no ero cioBairb, bt» ^cctokocth npe- 
orklOBaHift yno4o6uflcb npoTecranTu ToTairb r TeTaM-b rb Esponi, 
BaHjuaaMi> bt» Ac^puK-fe, apianaM^ Tyn> r Taji-b, r j&jk npenao- 
djh RTb. Oht, pa3CRaaajrb noTOM*b H^cKoabKo cayuen, narb 
npoTecTaHTu xaaTaaR sipHurb KaTouROB-b, Mipan h caameBHs* 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHNft kETWrb. 31 

kobt>, npHHy^cJUH hxt» oTpeHbca orb HcTRHHoft B-fcpu, rfcx-b-we, 
kto ynopcTBOBajn*, y6HBajH jteioirb, BimaiH Hajrb RocTpaMH, pac- 
nHHajn bt> ucpKBaxi» Ha cb*thxt> pacnHTinx-b, touhjh bt» p-fcRax-b 
h KOJOAuax-b, noABepraiR bchkhmt* HCTjraaHum'b, HecTepnHMUM-b m 
nocniAHUM-L, HanpHM*Bpi», 3acTaBJMi* jomajieft no-Man* y hhxt», 
KHBtix-b, BHyTpeHHocTH, rjh nceHiiuiHajrb Ha6HBail cpaxHHx HaCTH 
nopoxoMt h noAHCHrax Tanyi) MHHy. Qreirb <J>HJHnn*b, Hanrb Ranei- 
Jiam», h3t>hbhjt» Bee CBoe ueroAOBaHie npH TaKHiT, pa3CKa3an>; a 
l*e, yAHBHBmHCb Ha cnajocrpacTHuft BocToprb, cb KaKHMt Hanrb 
co6ect,iiHHKT» nepcuaBajn* npoHcmecTBi*, ecjn h He hcbo3mo^c- 
huh, h6o npH pa3rpa6jemH PHMa 6mjit» x cans CBHjrbrejeM'k cxoa- 
huit, cjyHaeBi., to Bee ^ce piARi* h HCKJioHRTejLHHH,— ocb-bao- 

MHJCfl, CT» K-tni» HMiei41» XU HeCTb 6eCBAOBaTI>. TorAa AOMHHHKa- 

Hem*, ct> jacKOBoft yju6Roft, Ha3Bajn> ce6fl. 

— % — cMHpeHHuft ciyHCHTejb ajnrapa, — cRasan oht,, — 6pan 
0OMa, a bt» nipy IleTp-b TefiGeHep-b, hhkbh3Htopt> cro CB*rfcftnre- 
crea, HM-tiomifl noAHoxoiie pa3HCRHBaTb h HCRopeHjiTb nary6HH* 
3a6jyKAeHia epeTHROB-b no Bc-fcx-b npnpeftHCKHMT* 3eMJum>: EajieHy, 
Illneftepy, n<f>ajbiiy, Mafiimy, Tpnpy h xpyrnwh. 

IlpH3HaiOCb, HTO npH CJOB*fe f HHKBH3HTOpT>l BTBHTO BpOA*t Omy- 

THTejbHoft apojkh npofrfcftajo no Moexy rfejy, orb mew ao jojh- 
xckt>, oco6eHHo npn coBnuemn HxeHH HOBaro sraRoxaro cl 
HxeHexi* 3HaMCHHTaro Gomh *e TopRBexaja, noxBina Tony m- 
3ajn> yfltacoMi cbohxt* npeortAOBamft noTpgcaBmaro Kacraiix> h 
AparoHuo. % 3Hajn>, hto hhkbh3Htopu, co BpeMeHH nancRoft 6yjju 
cSummis desiderantest, o6-b-k3«a»rb ropojw h m-bctchkh, buhcrh- 
Baji jrairb, BHHOBHurb bt> cHomeHijm> ct> ju>>ibojoxt>, BUB-fcniHBaOTb 
Ha ABepxrb uepKBH hjh paTynra 06-bXBiemx, Tpe6yx>mui tlojo> cTpa- 
xomt* oTxyneiriji orb uepKBH aohochtb o noAoapHTeflbHtix-b jKumx-b, 
XBaTax>rb hxt,, nojib3y»TCH npaBOMi* noABeprarb hxt» nuTR-fc h 
no3opHoft Ra3HH. Onenb 6i>icTpo, KaR*b bt» MHHyTy, norju 3axjc6u- 
BaembCB, npHnoMHHJHCb mh-b, bt> nocj*fcAOBaTeJbHOMi> piurfc, h xoft 
noxerb Ha ma6ann>, h 3aHjrrU xarieft, h otfmeme cb nepHORHHw- 
hhromi> Arpnnnoio, h HejuBHee Apy^cecTBo ct» aortopomi> 
<t>aycTOM-b, h MrHOBeHHO nopimBJrb * 6utb cb mohmi sacrojbHUM'b 
co5€cbahhkom-b cROJibRo mojkho DpeAynpeAHtejbHie h o6e3o- 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



32 BfcCH N 5 

pyftBTb B-fc HeMT, Bcfc COMHiHijI OTHOCHTeJIfcHO HHCTOTM nod 

B-fcpu. 

riodTOMy, TiKHCe HasBaB-b ce6* f npHHuaoi * ct tbkoA ipocni) 
noHocHTb npoKa>rrun> jmepiaHueBT, ■ canoro Mapraa Jlmept, 
hto Hann» Kanejjam*, npewie caiixaBciiA moh pascyjuema, Be 
noxowi* Ha &m 9 nyTb He OH-feM-fca-b on H3ynieHur, ho totoci, 
orb BceA AymH, npncoeAHHiucx ko mh*. KoHem> yxraa bi ion 
a npomeai*, hto, ocyma* ojwirb 3a Apynm-b cranaHH 6aiapaia, mu 
crapajHCb nepemerojaTb jpyrb apyra bt> HemajHoft 6paHB, o6pt- 
meHHoft K-b BnrreH6eprcKOMy npopony. 

— H Kaxoft 0H*b <|>Haoco(Jyb? — cnpamnBaai* raiBHo 6paiv 

HHKBR3HT0pi>. C>HT>— HH CKOTTHCTb, HH aJb6epTHCTb, HH eOMHCTL, 

hh OKKaMHcn. KaK-b He bciiomhhti> npeApeneHHaro IncycoMT, Xpa- 
cTOM-b: B03CTanyrb JwenpopoKH, juuyrb Beanici* 3Haneiii*, koto- 

PUMH npeJbCTjTTb H H36paHHMXT»! 

— Pa3ynieTCii 9 hto noMorajn> eiiy AhHsarh,— Bropen Hanrb aa- 
neaaairb.— He caynaAHo, bt> KaTexH3Hci Jlmepa hmh Xpnora no- 
MHHaerc* jHmb 63 pa3a, a hm* HenpcTaro— 67 pm. 

— Hto TOJKOBaTb!— xpa6po roBopmrb h.— ripaBt 6«jrb ciaB- 
Huft ToMac-b MypHep-b, Kor*a Ha3Bajn> MapTHHa Jlmepa npoao 
CojibmuMi, AypanoM-bl 

HecMOTpii Ha Taxoe eAHHOAymie, h 6Hjrb oneiib pa*b, Koraaxko 
Aomjo ao AeccepTa, aHMOHHaro coua h Bnmeirb bt» caxap£,H ero 
BwcoKonpenoAo6ie B03raacH*o 6aaro,*apcTBeHHyx) MOJHTBy: cAgimus 
tibi gratias, omnipotens Deust, Taio> hto mowho 6mjo, MKOHeirb, 
BCTaTb h HanaTb npomaTbcji. O^HaKO, a Mon. He ncaxfarb, hto 6po- 
cHai npHropmHBMH cboh cfciteHa bt» jqrmy cBoero co6yniabHHKa, 
«6o BnocaiACTBiH npninjocb-TaKH mh* HCKan> ycayrb 3Toro caiiaro 
Gpara Goitii, KOTopuA noca-fc nepBaro 3HaKOMCTBa ycepAHO xarb 
mh* pyKy h wice BycnparnHBaa-b y Men*, He ciy^cy an h * Taft- 

HO CBftToA HHKBH3HIUH. 

Ha caiayiomiA *eHb a npocHyac* c-b paaocTHoA Macawo, hto 
ceroAHH noKHHy 3anoK-b, neBoabHo cpaBHHBan ce6* ct> puCoft, 

KOTOpoA H3T> C-fcTH B,*pyrb OTKpfciaCJI BUXOAT, B*b ptHHM* CTpjH, 

h A*Ac.TBHTejbHo, buAah Ha BHyTpeHHiA ABop-b, sacTaa-b a Bci 
npiyroTOBjeiiu kt> OTvfcsjy. Tmj& $ icam* sanparacrb h ctwaDTb 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHEHHUft AHrEJTB. 33 

jomajieft, nam* HaBbKWHBaiorb MyjoB-b, Kaicb pa3Mimaion> tiokh 
no noB03KaMi> h Teji*feraMT>, BooSme— npH bhjtb o^cHBJiCHHoft ne- 
jioB-feqecKoft A^HTejibHocTH, n nonyBCTBOBajT. Tanya 6oApocrb, 
Kanoft He HcnuTHBajn> y^ce jubho. Hcneaaa jajite Ta ynopHaa 
MOJPiajHBocTb, KOTopax Aepftaja uensi bt> cbohxt» janaxi> nocxsA* 
hk>k> HeA'tnio, h h ch 6ojbinoA oxoToft 3aroBapHBajn> ct> He3Ha- 
komhmh jnojibMH, jaBajn> cob*btm h noMorajn* c6opaMi>. BlJJIO BO 
MH-fe Tanoe omymeme, cjiobho CHapx>Kaio * H-feiuft KapaBaHT>, cb 

KOTOpUMT* OTHpaBJHDCb Ha nOHCKH HOBarO CB-feTa H HOBOft JKH3HH. 

C6opu 3aHHJiH He MeH-fee AByn> nacoBT>, noTOMy hto xjionorb 
6ujo He MeHbme, Kam> ecan 6u bt> noxoxb Bucrynajia MajeHbtca* 
apMla. He cHHTax Toro, hto bt» nyTb orapaBJUuicH Tenepb rpacfn. ct> 
H-fccKOjibKHMH jiK>AbMH H3i» 3aMKa, c*b ApxienncKonoM-b ixaja He- 
uxi2lh CBHTa H3i> MOHaxoBi> h npeaaTOB-b, a TaK#ce bch ero no- 
xoAHa* KaHuejinpin ct> H-fecKOJibKHMH nncuaMH, McaHicb h airre- 
Kapb ct> anTeicoio, nHpyjibHHicb h H-fccnojibKo cayrb. KpoM*fe SToro 
OTJi-kibHUH TeJi-trn Be3JiH cvfccTHue npnnacu, BHHa, nocyjy, npn- 
Ha^je^CHocTH jm* cnaHbH, 6-tabe, noxoAHyio 6n6jiioTeKy h eme 
He Majo tiokobt*, Ha6HTMXT» mh* HeB-fcaoMO niwb. Jlyuzv), HTO 
Kor4a Moncefl bubo^hjit> Hapo;rb eBpeAcicift h3t> Ennrra, He mho- 
rHMi» 6ojibme 6hjo KOJiHiecTBO Bemeft h 3anacoBT>, yB03HMUxi» 
hmh Ha MHoroji-BTHee CTpaHCTBie bt» nycrtiHH, H-fem* 6pajn> ct> co- 
6ok> ApxienHCKom> TpnpcKiA bt> aopory, wfc Ka;KAyK> HOHb Mon> 

npOBO^HTb nOAl> KpOBOMT, TO 3aMKa, TO MOHaCTUpH. 

HaKOHeirb, bt> nojueHb Hanrb ceHemajn> juurb cnrHajrb BoeHHHMi> 
poroMi,, h Bet cTajH nocirfcmHO 3aHHMaTb Ha3HaieHHHji hmt> M-feara, 
h h bt. Toii-b HHCJ-fe, BepxoM-b Ha Ao6pofl jiomaAH, AaHHOft MH-fe 
rpacjx)MT>, noM-fecTHJicH bt> appieprap^*, wk 6ujih h bce apyrie jikxhh 
3aMKa. IloTOM-b Ha GajiKOH-fc noKa3ajiHCb juarh 4>nrypu: ApxienHCKona 
h rpac|)a, h c*b Top^cecTBeHHoft MeweHHOcTbio cnycnuncb no ji-bct- 
HHirfc bhh3t>, rxk ^CAaJin: nepBaro — 3aKpuTan, npocTopHan noB03Ka, 
3anpji)KeHHaii BocbMepHKOM-b, a Broporo — BejHKOJi'fenHbifl KOHb bt» 
6oraToft nonoH-fe, ct» JieHTaMH h nepb^MH, cjiobho ajh TypHHpa. 
iJ,am> 6hjit> BTopoft cHraajiT», — M cpa3y Bee npnnuio bt> ABHjneHie: 
JomaARHUH KonuTa CTajH no^uwaTbc*, Kojeca BeprsTbCH, noB03KH 
nepeM-kmaTbCji, h cjiobho oahht* MHoronjieHHCTuft 3M-fcft, cjKHMaacb 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



ft* E&CH N 5 

h BUT*THBaxci>, xiHHHufl no-tajr* ApxienHCKona nonoi3T>, yBieuj 
ct, co6oft ucum 3a Bopoxa 3an*a, IlepeixaB-b nojn»eMinift nocn», 
Roropbift 3an-fciBO norayjai nojrb TaKoft x*jKecxbx), iui pa3M- 
jhcl ranpoKO* xoanoft no Toft caiioft Aopor£, no ROTopoft, jurfc ee- 
jrfciH Ha3ajn», * npnCbixb s-b 3anoKT>, h bo3o6hobhjocb Moe npe- 
pBaHHoe nyremecTBie, ho npe ycioBum>, H3M-fcHeHflux-b ciobbo 
ApKajiaeMT>-BOjime6HHKOMT s h6o, bm^cto AORropa h ero jpyta, 
6hjo co mhoJI xenepb irfcioe myMHoe h ^aHcraxejLHoe otfmeoBO. 
BbrfcxaBi*, HaicoHciri, bt» ncae, HcnbrruBajrb * cosepmeHHO xfcr- 
otyx) pazocrb: Bjuxaj-b juuitift BeceHHifi Boaxyrb, KiKh nyjuxrift- 

CTBeHHIlfi 6Hb3aJTb, JE>60BaJCji pa3HOUB*THOft 3ei£HbK> JtfJbHHrb 

jrfecoBi* h JiyroB-b, jobiui» Ha jhiio, Ha me» 9 fla rpyotb Teniae 
jyro cojraua, h aecb JHROBarb, ciotfHo 3B-fcpb, npocHyBmiflc* on 

3f!MHCft CUSHRH. Ee3T> JJinCBHOft 60JH BCUOMRHaJTb SL Rh TOT* 

*»cb h 061. PeHart, o> ROTopofi Bcero Bocejtb MicaneBb tomj 
H23ajn>, BnepBue, pjuoirb, -fcxaj-b nepe3-b xaKUi me nycruHHWi 
nojH, h Penaxa Ka3ajaci> usk y»e juueKofi h 3a6tiTofl, h s ju«e 
Rairb-TO can yjHBHjes, bchomhhbb rfc rsyxi* nponacTH oruaHU, 
bt, KOTopuji ynaxb no pa3iyirfc cb neft, h eme HejaBHi* cboh 
cMtsu na Teppacfc aaMRa. Miri xorkaocb He to n-fcrb, He to pia- 
Bfrrboi, KaKi» mRoupy, BupsaBmeMycx 3a-ropo;n» f Ha bojk>, He to 
BU3Ban> Koro-To Ha noexHHorb h 6aTbC* mnara-o-mnary, rdeju 
orb arajRHBannuixcji rxhhrobi> cunurrcs axpyn, tomjGobtctuk RCKpu. 
TaKoe 6ozpoe HacTpoeme jjyxa npojiep^cajocb bo mh4 tohih 
Becb *eHb, h TOJbRo m» Beiepy arfcHKiocb H-fcRoropbiirb yroiue- 
mem>, npeHMymecTBeHHo ottoto, hto -fcxajn mli nepe^-Hypi, na 

JieHHO, Cb MHOrOHHCaeHHUMH OCTaHOBKaHH aib OTJUJia h jus 

saBTpaKOBT*. ToabKO bt> cyiiepRarb aocthhh mu, HaROHem*, jw 
irfejH Bcero nym: MOHacTbipx cBaroro yjb4>a, xot* jHzofi -kazoRi 
Mon> <5h AOCKaKaxb ao Hero on 3anRa <f>OHi> Bcjjieaa n nos- 
Topa hjh ABa naca Bcero-Ha-Bcero. Korja nepe^o mhoA BUCTynau 
Bjuum HeTBepoyroibHaji orpaju MOHacrups, o6BezeHHaro pBOjrb, 
Kam» puuapcKifl saiiorb, He nojtyMaj-b a HH^ero Apyroro, Rpoxi 
Toro, ito 6jh3okt> HOHjerb, h HHKaKoe npoponecRoe BOJHemc 
ne npejiyiipejiHJO mchs o tomts ^to MeHH ^uwjo 3a sthmh crt- 

HBMR. BC30 BCXRITO BHHIUHiil BUCiymHBaJl» A o6l»HCHeHijl OAHoro 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



OrHSHHHft AHrEJTL. 85 

H3T> MOHaiOBT> 4 «TTO MOHaCTiipb 3tOTh OCHOftttTb TpH CXOXktlK 

Hasajrb, 6jiaro%cTHBoft Eu&aBeToft JIorapHHrcRot, copeBHOBasiaeft 

CBHTOft Knap*fe t HTO B* pH3HHfl-fe ero XpaHHTCX CMTHCHH ejCHHCT- 
BeHHU*, K4ITB BJiaTT>, KOHMT> OHOHCaHtf 6l«JH qpeCJVi ClUCHTeflK 

Ha Kpecrfe,— h HHKurb a He Morb Boo6pa3irn> oe6i, ^ro n> ojHoft 
H3i> rejift 3to& ofSneiH 6yaerb HarfarR, Hepme-tommxH ninaMH 
BocnoMHHaHiH, npHKOBana Moa ayma. 

Tatrfc «am> B-fccTOBwe m i&xicb npexjnpwum o HprkaA-fc Apxi- 
enHCKona, to Bee, eme 40 Hamero npH6uTia, ynce 6nao roroBo, 
hto6h npiixaBmie motjh hc Ccbi yao6cTBa HpoaecTfi hohk 
CaMi> ApxienncKoirb h H-fccRoabRO ero vpn6Mny&ewman> npofeuuH 
npHno wb MORacTupb; am 6ojwui«cTBa jroi 6hjh owxkhh h 
y6paau aomhrr 6jh^b«A jepeBHH Aju>raop4>a, a a*h rpacfca 
Ajuuib6epTa namn jdah Tornacb npHiuuscb paa6HBarb noxo.*Hyx> 
naxancy, cjobho bt» soeHBOM-b aarep-fe. Bt» HicRaibitsn Jticnrb 
6ujh 3a^cxceHU 6ojbmi* cmojuihuh 6ohrb» orb «ro bt> oRpyrfc 
6ujo orpaHHo cB-ferao, h nepHiie o6pa3u J»aeft a aomajiefi, ko 
jfUKaBuzieca npa 9Tomt» icenoKoflHOMT* crferi, Raaaancb *yaoBHm- 
humh npHapaicaaHi, buxoaiumh h3t> aaa, xofipaBiimMfica si» Boame6- 
Hyio aoaH«y. 

Koraa, BcnojHwrb pasflaa nopy^ema, pasHmajre, a nataTRy 
rpa4>a, oht, y^e 6un Tam> h oraiixa**, aeaw sa paaacxaaHHOft 
nejurfexbeft mxyp*. YBH^a uena, oht. cnpocHa-K 

— Hy vro, Pynpexrb, He ycnurb th orb noxoaa? 

51 BG3p«3HJT>, HTO H — CTOJb JW JaHJClWeXT*, CKOJbKO ryiU- 
HHCTb, H HTO eCJIH 6h BCfc IIOXOAM COBepIMJIHCb Cb TaKHUfl jao6- 

cTeaMH, KaR-b BTorb, He 6uao 6h peaiecaa tioa-fce npiaTHaro, <rfcin> 

BOHHCKOC 

rpa(f)i> pacnopaanaca, hto6u y hch* Bceraa tfnan naromrb 
sepHFua h oepba, ecan <ity, KaR-b Ktoiio IIe3apx>, npn^erb bt» ro- 
jiobv AHKTOBaTb bo Bpeiia nyTH, a hotomt* CRa3aai» Bcnoab3b: 

— KcTara, Te6-fe 3to 6yAerb awSonwrao, Pynpexrb, Tarn. RaRi> 
Tu jK>6Hmb Bee, hto nacaeTca AbHBoaa n Bcanoft Marin. 3Haemb 
jh, Kanaa epecb npoaBHaacb bt> 3Tomt» MOHacTupi, Ky^a au npi- 
-txajH cb Tanofi Toanofl? Mh^ caMony tojbko-hto pa3CRa3aan. JJ-tio 
bt> tomt>, hto bt» MOHacTupb nocTyuHaa o^Ha HOBaa cecTpa, Cb RO- 
Topoft HeouyHHo npefiuBaerb He to aRreai>, He to AeMonb. O^H-fe 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



86 BfcCH N 5 

narb cecrep* uokizhrvtch eft, Kaicb cbsto&, apyria KiHHyn> ee, 
KaKt OAepKHMyr) h Kain> codshhuy ;uȣBOJia. Becb MOHacnip* 
pasjrbrajoi Ha jB-fc napTm, ciobho chhhxi» h 3eieHiizi» bt» Bh- 
3aHTin, h bt> pacnpi npHwija ynaciie bca OKpyra, punapH 6jhk- 

HHXT» 3aMKOBT>, JtyjKHKH SjHftHHrb jepeBeHb, nOHbl H MOHaiH. 

MaTb-a66aTHCca norepiua BancyD Hajejiuy cnpaBHTbca co CMyTofi, 
h botb Teneps ApxienncKony h Hani> npeACTonrb p-fcmarb, kto 
3xkch ^ftcTByerL: aHrejrb hjh acmoh-l? hjh npocro Bceo6mee 
HeB^^cecTBo. 

TojbKO nocji-fc SToro pa3cna3a nepBoe npeA^yBCTBie B3jipor- 
Hyjo bt> MoenT> cepjorfc h cpa3y cMyTHoe BOJHeme ORynuio mod 
Aymy, Kairb OKyraBaerb npejmeTbi rycroft aumt». H^m-l-to 3HaKo 
Mbim> noB-fcflJO Ha MeHH on. cjiobt* rpacfca h, ct» 3auHpaHiem> ro 
joca, % cnpocHJi*, He HasbiBaiH jh hmchh Toft hoboA MOHaxRHH, 
ct> npH6bmein> KOTopoft bt» MOHacTHp*fe HaiajHCb 3th Hyaeca. 

HeifHoro noayMaBi,, rpacjrb oTB-fenajn*: 

— BcnoMHHJi*: ee 30Byn> Mapi*. 

3tott> OTB-fen> bo BH-femHeMi* ycnoROHjrb Mean, ho r^-t-To vb 
ny6Hfffe Moero jyxa npoAOJHcajacb TafiHa* TpeBora. H, 3acunaH na 
cBoem* pa30CTJiaHHOMT» mianrk, He moit» a oToraaTb BocnoMEHami 
o tomt> AH-fe, Kor^a bt> aepeBeHCKoft rocTHHHHa-fe pa36yAHJH» MeHI 
AOjeTaBmift H3i> cocfcaHeft KOMHara jfceHCiuft yMOMDmift rcuock. 
JXoboj&uh pa3yMa cTapaic* a o6pa3yMHTb ce6n n AOKa3biBajn», hto 

KpyrOM-B Hi>Tl» HHKOrO, KpOM-fe MOHaiOBT. H BOHHOB7», HO MH* BC6 T 

h cRB03b nepBbift coht>, Ka3ajocb, hto ceftnacb * 3aciumy 30bt> 
PeHaTbi. 

H 3to npe^HyBCTfiie He o6n aHbiBajo mchh, noTOMy hto Ha *py- 
roft ^eHb MH-t npe^cTOHJio yBH^iTb bhobl Ty, Koropyu ji y»c 
CHHTajn» HeB03BpaTHo yTpaneHHoft. 

Bajiepift Epccoiv 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



M-lle KOCM-CBHO MJIH CHHflfl nAYHHXA. 

TpareAifl b* AByxi. jxtftcTBim. 
IIIAPJIfl BAHT> JIEPBEPfA. 



4t0CTByK)IIUH JIHUA: 

M-lle KocH-CtHO (M-lle Faucheux). 
r-ii ujm-h n a y h h x h (M. de Laraigne). 
r-Hi My xt» (Mouche). 

Xopi. 



£l>ftCTBIE nEPBOE. 

5oju»nioft pocKonraufi cam Ha sap* jrsTH*ro ah*. KaxceTCH, hto Beet caai 
noxpuTL HHeen. Cumrao irfeHie acaBopoBxa. 

M y x t» mxomm. n BKCTtst. Eonee Moft, KaKi> 3&icb xopomol B*b pafl, 
hto-jih, a nonajn>? HnKor.ua bt> HCH3HH a He BHjuun> HHiero 6oji*fee 
Heo6u4Haro r BejHKOjrBnHaro! IIoBCKuy, ott> jiepeBa kt> Aepesy 
h ct> b-btkh Ha B-fcTicy, noBHCHyBi> ueytmy BCBMH UB-fcraMH, pa3CTH- 
jaxyrcH noAB-BHeiHu* ByajiH, ByaiH H3i» TOHKaro 6-kaaro raaa, bh- 
uihtmji TucjiHaMH jKenHyHCHHOKi>, KOTopuH bcb 6jiecTATi» npH nep- 
bomt> cB-fcrfe 3apn. Kam> sto B&iHKOjrfciiHo! Bon» o*Ha h3t> Byajieft 

Ha 3THXT> p03aXT>. OHa BeJIHKOJI'BnH'Be BCBXT> OCTaJbHHXT>. OHa art- 

jiana m3t» HHHero: Heocji3aeMaji TKam> h3t> Mmefl, 6ojrfce tohkhxt>, 
h-emi* TeHeTHHKT* hjh BOJioca c}>eH. Ho hto a BHHcy! H-bkto 

H3T> MH-B IIOA06HHX1> jejKHTb TaMT>, BHyTpH, H-fcjKaCb, KaiO» npHHU1>. 

Axt>, cnacTJHBem>I ^-bActbht&ibho, cymecTByi>rb jtoah, #CH3Hb 

KOTOpLIXT*, KaKT> rOBOpHTCJI, COTKaHa H3*b BOIOTa H meJIKa. 3ft f 

6pan> Myn>!.. Htoth eme He npocHyacaPTu Taicb cnoKoftHo Jie^cnniB 
y ce6*, Ha CBoeft nocrejiH? 

r-Ht My^cbllayHHXH. E-fcrHl E-fern cKop-fce! HecnacTHtift, 
He npn6jiHX(aftcA. 

M y x t». Mh-b 6-BxcaTb? * BOBce axoro He ^cejiac B-feab y Bacb 
aA'fccb Top^ecTBO. H xony npHBjiTb B*b Hem* ynacne. 



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88 BfcCN N 6 

r-m» ujyu'h IlayHRXH. B-fern, TeCi roBopK), rjyneai. H3i> 
rjynnoB*b! 3xkch cnpaBJwrorb npa3«*HHKi> MyxoaoBOR-b. 3to uap- 
ctbo— ajr*. 

Myx-b. Hto xaKoe? Hto to cKa3axb? % yARBMocb Ha Te6a h 
* 3aBHAy» TBoeny ciacsbD. Tu xain> ciiokohho jejRRinb Tam» y 
Mexuiy 4Byx*b B-fcrom. po3-b, bt> HyaecHOM-b ranaK-fc, ROTopuft ita- 
Ha»n» yrpeHHiff jyHOBemji. Tu cnnnib, y6a»KaHHbift rpe3oft jk>6bh, 
h, koivu to npocunaembCH, to ciumRim. irfcHie nTHm» h b*h- 
xaemb caMbie H-fcjRH-fcftmie apojiara B-b idp-h, H to MH-fe Beanmb 
Ci^caTbl 

T-Ht m y jht> II a y h h x h. % HaxojKycb bt» ai-kHy, bt» 3ioft 
nayniHi. 

Myx-b. Bt» 9Toft TOHKoft, MaieHbKofl nayTHH-fe, TaRoft KpacHBofi, 
TaKoft yARBHTejbiioft no CBoeft npaBHJbHOCTH, no cBoeft chmmct- 
piR?.. Bo3mojkho>*» arc? Kaxercs, oHa H-fcxtH-fce xyBOBemH. 

T-H-b mjki IlayHRXR. 3th hhth raneea-fee h Rp-fcnie 
aJuaaHtirb trfcaeH, KoTopbia AepjfcaiH npOMerea bt» nx-feny, Ha ero 
ciauri. Bine nojuubme otcdjw. Pa3B-i to He BRAirmb naynRxi.? 
Ofi-fe npHTaRJiRCb Tan*, noj-b p03anfl. H oH-fc noACTepera»rb Te6*. 

Myx-b. H HTb He 6ox>cb. H Hfb jk>6jk>. Oh-6 MH-k RajKyrca 

TaRHMfl KpOTKHMH, TSKHMH DblJlKHMH, TaKHMH 6apXaTHCTOMH, TaKT» 
H-fejKHO B*fcpHUMR... 

T-h^ ny»t Day<iHXH. HecHacTtrcfttTtl — caa6oe cymecTBo. 
Ofl-fc nporaoMTb Te6a ojutfurt raoTKOirt. Ttf, cT5Uo-6bm>, He 
3Haemb, *tT0 saantirb CBo6cua? • 

Myx-b. Eft-Bory, ji shzd, «rra sto noHTff Bcerjtf ojuraonecTBo. 

A Mil He C03WHH 4JDT TOro, HTOtfbl ftlttb 0OTHM7>. KTO HUTaeTC* 

9to orbteTb, Ton, craHOBHTor mroxoiupRKoin>, MH3aBTponoirb, 
AHKHin>. Oht» ctap-feerb, npoKJHttaerb atxae* h Bora. H-fcrb, a 
Te6*t 3aBiuyK>, to ciacTxftB-b... £ He fiftfty tsoeft aojipyrn, ho a 
yB-fcpeH-b, hto OHa onera ao6paa r Mfuair. % yB-ipeffb, hto oBa 
choroSho, cnpoMHo charts TaM-b, b* cBOeirb yrowk, H Cb JIK>- 

6oBbX> CI-feAHTb 3a MaxfeftmHlTb H3T> TBOHTb JKeCtOffb. Y Te6* 

CKBepffbifl xapaKTep-b, pasi» to He yM-fcetnl 6bm» ctacTJiHBitirb. H 
Bce-TaKH OHa AOJiHCRa Te6a o6o#catt. 

r-Hi, MyjKi* IlayHHXH. CjHmKOM-b, 6oj-fce 7bn» cinni- 



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M-lle KOCH-CiHO. 39 

komt.1 OHa iieHH jiymHTt. OHa Mean MejuieHHo o6Bji3UBaja BepeB- 
KauH, o6BepTUBajia, ynaKOBUBana, Kain> KaKyx>-HH6yjib HecnacTHyn 
Bemt. 3to mchji-to, KOTopuft H-feKor,*a jeTajrb bt> Boasyxi? OHa 

CBJI3aia BCk MOH CB060AHfcie HHCTHHKTU, OHa npHKJieHJia HOH KpUJbX. 

KaftAuft H3T» ex noirfejiyeB-b xfejiajn* mchh Bee 6oj-fee k Goa-fee ex 
pa6oMi». OHa Bucocaia y uqhh cep^ae. Oh* Bcfe Taicix, Bcfel Axb, 
h 3Hax> oieHi xopomo, hto OH-fe He ^yna»n> .a-fenaTb anal OH-fe 
HeBHHHH, OH-fe noBHHy»Tcx cBoeMy HHCTHHKTy, cBoeny npeAHa3Ha- 
HeHuo, b-l cyniHocTH, Bory. OH-fe pojuumcb ajih Toro, nro6u 
hhtb Hamy KpoBb. Ho mu, Moft 6pan» f mu pojwracb He wa hhxt>. 
Hanrb aoarb JieraTb no B03Ayxy, Bee Bume h Bume, xaKt Kant 
y Haci> ecn> Kpujwi. 

Myxik Bt> tbohx^ caoBax-b 3aKJH0HaeTca HeoGuiaflHax y6*fe- 
AHxeJibHax ca-ia. % Te6*fe B-fepio. A noTOMy h He Boitay. H, oAHano, 

HTO-TO pOKOBOe MCHH UpHTHITIBaerb. KyJia MH-fe HyjKHO HTTH? % He 
BH>Ky HRKaKOrO Btixo^a. 

r-H-B-My^cb flayiHiH. Tu 3a6jiy;uuc>! bt» nipt, yc-feaH- 
hoki» onacsocTHMH. noneiiy tu He ocT&acH y ce6a jioiia, Hecqacr- 
iiufi! 3^-fecL Be3A*fe HaxoAHTcx 3anaAHH, nayrHHKH, npoTaHyruji 
uejKAj Maa-feftrnHMH cTe6enbKaMH TpaBu, h TaiciH tohkw, hto hxt> 
He 3ajrfe*iaemb. CKopo Gyaerb eme xy^ce; Kaicb tojlko hohbhtch 
comae, xcen**yrb hxt> jwiBOJibCKHx-b c-fereft ncnapHTca. H Totvua 
npn^eTCH BecTH 6opb6y npoTHBi* HeBHAHMaro. GrpamHCb aToro 
MrHOBeni*. CrrfemH y^aiHTbcx. Te6-fe npiWTca nojBBraTbcx Bne- 
pejrb Cb 6e3KoneHHb]HH npeAocropoHCHOCTjiMH. Jlynme Bcero 6ujo 
6« xerfcrb no BepTHKajibHoft jnamH, npaito BBepxi>, no HanpaBJie- 
Hi© kt» He6y. 

M y x t». IIo HanpaBjeniio kt» He6yl TIoAyii ai-b jh tu o tomt*, 
qro roBopHmb? A hthuu, tu o hhxt> 3a6ujn>? Axt», Kaieb 3an-feTHo, 
hto tu He ftRBemb 6oju>me Ha cBo6oA-fel.. U'kaux tucjfui hxt» 
jieiax>rb Tain>, BBepxy, ct» oTKpuTUjfb kjikbomt*, roTOBbiji Hac-b 
nporjoTHTb. Tyn> jiaxce 6oiaropa3yMie HHCKOJibKO He noMOHterb. 

HeB03MO^CHO BUpBaTLCH OTb 3THXT> HHpaTOBT>, OTb 3THXT> XHHIHH- 
KOBT>, OTb 3THXT> JieTaK)mHXT> MOrHJTb. 

T-H'b My«i IlayHHXH. Tor^a B03Bpanxaftcn vh aomt», KaK'b 
Homo CKop-fee, caMoft Kparnaftmeft ^oporoft. 



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40 BfiCH N 5 

M y i t». Bt> aomiA Ho ni, ctuo-6utb 9 noTepan bcxrjd xHTefi- 
CKy» omiTBocTb ch rfcxb nopi, Kan» th jRHBem* bt» TBoefi 
nayTHH-k? Tu, cTajo-6u*n>, Be 3Haemb, hto Tanoe Rjeft? Bote, to> 
npHrxajRUBaerb Bajn» RpuxumRji! S can* HyTb-6wao Ha sto He 
nonaac*. IIpeAcraBb cefri, ohh pacTHHyjn Tam», BHyTpn, noBciojjy, 
hhth, ' naMa3aHHUA Kaeejcb, r pa3CT*BUH BceB03MOKBiu a^cKui 
aoBymKB, noKpuTua xtxowh h caxapoMt, hto6u noftjutn» Hacb, 
frfcAHurb Myn». H nonacn>cfl Tyju — yjgacHol BuTarHBaemBCji Ha 
cbohxi> &sj|HHrb jaosarb cb rpoMajtpuMH ycuuuiH, xonemb pac- 

RpHTb KpUJbH H He MOJRemB, RaRT> 6yjTTO Ha TCfrfc TiaM^a H 3T» 

pacuaBJieHHaro oaoBa. Taxi h yMHpaemb bt» oAHHonecTB-fc, MejueH- 
HOft CMepTbD, OTT> FOJOJU H HHmeTH. H HHKTO He noAynaen> 
ja»e ycunRTB Te6a jx>6obhoh xojrbjd. ilpyrie CHHTanra ce<5a erne 
cbo6oahhmh, noTOMy hto ohh eme Moryn* jerarb, ho ohh aeTaim> 
no^i> creRJJiBHiiM'b rojiuromi», ixfe ohh 3a4bixa»Tca, hah b* 
Kej*fc3HOM*b aaCnpHHrfc, h3t> KOToparo ohh — npjiMo jgajRo cmo- 
Tp-BTb — Bcerjia TmeTHo nmyrb Bwxoaa. S npejmo^Tj cRop-fce na- 
ynnxy. 3to oncpoBeHH-se h npome. 3xka> th Kony-HH6yju» npn- 
HOCHmb nonay, juemt bo3mojb:hoctb jrrtb Apyrony cymeciBy... 
3to 6jH9(e k*b npHpojrs. Th noBHHyemboi eme Eory. 

r-Hi> ujyu'b IlayHHXH. Ecjh yiK-k tw He MOKemt »HTb 
6es*b naynnxH, to Te6-fe, no-Moeny, ocraeToi oamrb hcxoju>, a 
RMeHHo: Bw6pan> MaaeHbKyt), MFueHbKy», CKop-fee npoTKyo, Tim. 
crpacTHyi), nayroxy, on* xoTopoft tw cKop-fce uon> 6w jKj*an» btbk- 
hocth, h*emi» noirfeiyeB-b. MajeHbKyx) naynnxy, Roropax He Aepxaaa 
6w Te6* bti cBoeft nayTHirB, ho ociaaajua 6u xe&i cbo6oabwmt>, 
KOTopaa npnxoAHja 6w itl rt&k Bpeim or* BpeMeHH H3*b jto6bh 
ri Te6*B h jjx toto, htoCh jirfSoBaTbCJi tbohmh xopomeHbRHHH 
KpwjwmKaMH... naynnxy cKponHyx> 9 ax>6«ayx), 6e3RopucTHyD, 
HAeax&Hyx), He caHmKOMt y^eHyx), ho cnoco6Hyx> Te6* noHRMaib, 
cnoco6Hyx> Aa»e HayHHTb tc6« aeTaTbemeBwme, H^MT»TwaeTaemi> 
Tenepb. 

Myxi>. Tw roBopHnxL npaaay, RMeHHo sto mh-b HyKHo. jl 
TOTMac-b oTnpaBXK>cb Ha dohckh sa Heft. Ho eme oahht* aonpocb: 
yB-kpem* an th, ito uoao6b2ji nayinxa cymecrayerb? 

T-H t> m y >k i» IlayHHXH. CoBepmeHHO yB*peH*b. Hto Racaeica 



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M-Ue KOCH-CfcHO. 41 

MeHH, a ee HHttorjia He BHjuurb, noTOMy hto h 6uBaio Majio bt> 

3TOMT> 6e3nopHAOHHOMT» Mip-fe; HO MOH Apy3bH 3Ha»TT> JKUeft, KO- 
TOpbie BHJUUH TaKHXT* naynnrb. 

Myx-b. H H*fen> HHKaKofl onacHocTH? 

T-H t» m y hc t» IlaynHXH. KaKax >kc Mo^cerb 6uTb onac- 
hoctb, Moft Apyn>?3ro— He M-fcmaHKH, He xo3*ftKH. Oh* Henp>uyrb, 
r, o^HaKo, KaKi» roBopHTi* EBaHrejie, OH-fe o6jeneHu 6ojbmeft Kpa- 
coToft, niwb Aonepn CioHa bo Bceft coiaBi hxt». 

M y XT). % HyBCTByo, hto h coBepmeHHo BocojiaMeHeH-b jh>6oblk> 

KT> HHMT». Ho KaiCb HaBUBaeTCfl 9T0TL BHJTb? 

T-ht> Myxci> riaynnxH. Ero Ha3Bame Arachnis rara hjih 
azurea: naynnxa rojiyCa*. 

Myx-b. IIpeKpacHO. Tojibko ecjin sth naynnxn, npo KOTopuxi* 

TM rOBOpHIDb, TaKT» p*fejlKO BCTpinaiOTCH, HyHCHO, CTaJIO-6HTb, 

coKpoBHma namH, hto6h bxt» y^epKaTk? Tu 3Haemb, n 6^Atwh. 
T-H t» My>Ki> IlayHHXH. Oh* Bcfc 6e3KopucTHW, roBoparb. 

OH-fe OTJW10TCH TOJbKO HO JII06BH H OCTa»TCH B-fepHUMH AO CMepTH. 

Myxi>. % 6-fery; xjfe mh* ee Haftra? 

T-h t> m y >K t» IlayHHXH. Axt», jujh nepBaro pa3a th cnpamHBa- 
emL y mchh cihiiikomi> MHorol % Majo Buxojny h, hto Kacaerca 
nayHHxt, a 3Ha» miibKO cbob, KOTopaji BOBce He rojiy6aji, ho 
CKop-fee po30Ba^ h ct> Kpecroirb Ha cnHH-fc. Hah, hiuh, cnacTJHBaro 
ycnixa. 

Myx-b. Jlo cBHjiaHbji, 6jarojwpr. 3a Ao6puft coB-ferb. 

Brabo Kirw Myn jaumctcji ntimcom no auuefc c* foumoi octo- 

pOXHOCTMD. 

Xopi» nji-feHHux-b. HecnacTHufl! Kaio» ero cepAae 3aTeM- 
Hjierb ero pa3ym>! IlocMOTpHTe, KaK-b oht> nenaJibHO BJiaHHTca 
uo seMJi-fe. fl Tpenemy 3a Hero. Oht» y>ne 6ojibnie He jxeiaerb. 
y^ce <^>zT2LJkhnocib jj»6bh yapyHaerb cboio Ao6uHy. 



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42 BfcGH N 5 



i^ftCTBIE BTOPOE. 

Maacapjia, noara. Paoonia cron, saBaaeHKua pyxonacaKH a khhtucm. Ha cri- 
nn- Bomnteua, hi ctojbkb — aasa c% jouumh. Hepesr* cayaoaoe ojcho mi- 
bo aataaaoe ec6o. Myn aaum sa crcxion a paooxaerv npa cvtrfc aajeBv 
aoa Jason. Obi Kxaxen ncpo a nepewruBaen. 

Myxi» cMunncrui jl HinHcajTb meAeBpt. Ha stott, pa3i» 

9TO HeCOMH^HHO. 0m MeHJI BJlOXHOBHJia. Pwctono, ycrpcian rnw n 

aonMn. Kan> oea npeapacHa, icpoai Bcerol Tair& 6oncecTBaiB0 
caixja h Tar* H-fcatHal H noAyaaTb tojmco, hto a coMH-feBaoica bt» bo3- 
moxchoctb noaoSaur* cymecrBiJ IIoAyMaTb tojbko, hto a Bdpi- 
thjt* cc Ha cBoeMi» nyTH TaMT», sa yiwrfc, Saarojapa caMOMy nyaec- 
HOMy H3i» cajnaevv.. 



JH no apta* M-Ut Koca-Ciao nouDrrv, ae nocrynarfc, < 
6e3H7MBo. Oaa iwii nepccteaa Kojowry, own HOitno, bucoko not- 
aaaaa cms aora, so aoapy* on 67x10 6m oaa bh no ipast. low on 
ata a oamo BejosKA n» con jpaanaian. on nten jencocxi 6«*rt- 
Jtcnro c juwcim . Ea cipua Truer* cxpoaea* ■ mi«n Oaa npao* 
jaaaufca ct ooorj, ofiMonm. «ro cbobbb pyxaaa a ataauaam eay 

M-lle Kocm-C*ho. Ky*y! 

MyXT> aupttaau. O-o!- 0, KBJaal 3tO TU, MOft aHTeS'a? Oa* * 

amirm. Tm neHJi acnyraaa. Y Te6a Taicaa TaHHCTBeHHaa nocxyn*. 
He GiiunHo, aarb tu npaxoABmb. JtyMaem*, iro th juieao-jujeiio 
otckmu, a tu yxte ajrtx»» MoaiajHaaa m H*fcjicHaa, hhiti tboh» 
o&vjmjai! 3 mchtutl o Te&i, a oaaHHRBaaV cbod noaay. Obi 
BeiHKOj-fcnHa, tu yBHjuiinb. 3to— CeayMHuft nmHt TBoefi Kpacorfe, 
aamefl jk>6bh, aamefi aeaRKoft a CBofkuHoft jk>6bhI O, tu ae 
aaaem*, Kam» a Te6a jo6jo, aaic* a tc6* apaaaaTejieBiJ H 6ur* 
Ttra OARHora, i*n> newevt. E*w jr a 3Hajt, *no racoe jk>* 
6ob&. Mh* BHymaia oTBpameme r* 9to* SoacecrBeHBoA Bema. 
Oabbi* B3i» aoaxb co6paTMB%, r-HT> My^H» IlayHHiH, erne cero- 
xaa yTpoMt roaopajn* MH*fe o jd6br bt> Taaoarb yKacar>mean> to- 
Hi, hto a 6ujra coBcpmeHHo noTpaceB*b. Oai» KpanarK, kmk* 
npopoKi»: cCnacaAca! Cnacaftca! Co acefl 6ucrpoToft tbohxi apuia- 
CB-fci. H a 6i)Kaj%. 



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M-lle KOCH-C*HO. 43 

II Bon, BaicoHeirLy * bt> 6e3onacHocTH, bt> tbohxt* o6i>jituixi»... 
% Tam> CMacxiHcrb... Mejiuy npoHHM-b, nojynnjia th 6yKen> h3t> jh- 
jiA, KOTopuft % TeC-t nocnaxb? 3to— BeAHKOJcfenBue hb^tu! Ohh 
Tame hhcthc, h H-ferb 3anaxa 6ojrfce ciaAocipacrno onbAHjuoma- 
ro. % npnmjio Te6*t TaKjite po3i>, n cajy hxt> Tan** MHoro. H 
npeKpacHUH noamj, Bcfe moh nodMH, noxoMy hto OH-fe Bocn-feBaiorb 

TOJbKO Te6n... mm**i« Jmm6mj ■& rj6t» M-Ue Koc*Ct«o h, KOKeHHO, TBI 

6yjiemb. noaynaTb Taxnce MHoro ^pyrnrt KpacHBtixt Bemefl: .aparo- 
irfeHHocro, Kpy^.eBa, KpacHBbiA max**, KpacHBbi* nepbji, BpeM* on 
BpeneHH, kt> tbohmt> HMeHHHaMt... kt» HoBOMy roAy... BiAb Tb) 
3Haemi>, * coBcfen-v He 6orarb. Axi^ ecnH 6t> hu 6bUH 6oraTbi! 

M-lle KocH-C-iHo. % HHHero He jnejaio. 

Myxi» MH-fe Ka^ceTCB, a ycabixaa-b HecjbixanHoe cjiobo! Ho a 
He B-fcp» cbohmi» ymaMV, tu roBopnnib Tain» thxo. IIobtoph eiue 
pa3i>. 

M-l le Koc h-C -fe H o. % HHHero He #cejiaio. 

M y X T» co cxtsain uruun. O, MOH MHJafll H, CTaJlO 6blTb, Tb! JIIO- 

6Hnib. MeHH TaKi» npocTO, Tain* BoaBumeHHo, paAH mchh caMoro, 
paAH BejHKoft jk>6bh, KOTopyio a HM-fco kt> Te5-fe?Tti joCumbMeH^, 
HecMOTpa Ha to, hto a 6-fcjieHi, HecMOTpa Ha to, hto bo MH-fe 
H-fen> HHHero npeKpacHaro h mojioaoto, Kpoiffc mohxt* HecnacTHbix-b 
MajeHbKHXi, Tpeneiuymnrb KpujibeBt, cxojb ;Ka/KAymi&xi» B03Ayxa, 
h npocTopa, — h cbo6oahI Axt>, cso6oAal... Jlflz Toro, hto6h Ha- 
ma jtx>6ofib ocTaBajiacb npeicpacHoft HyjKHo, hto6h oHa ocTafiajiacb 
CBo6o4Hofl f He npaBjw jh? Mh 6yjieMT> cbo6oahh, Aa*.. Ho tkt 6y- 
Aemb npHxoAHTb, Korjia Te6-k B3AynaeTca, c»Aa, B*b axy mo© na- 
jeHbKy» KOMHaTy, bt» oco6chhocth no BocKpeceHbmn»; a HHKOTAa 
He pa6oTax> no BocKpeceBbjurb. Oahhmt> cjiobomt>, Tain> nacTo, 
Kam» Te6-k B3AyMaeTca... Ho a AyMarc o tomt,, 6yAemb jh tu MH-fe 
B-fcpna, Moft Apy»toin>? 

M-l le Koc H-C i H O 06mm* tro eme cuurto Bcer^a. 

Myx-b. B-fe^b Bet TaKT> MaJOAynrabi h KOBapiibi bt> stomt* nip-fe. 
H c*b nojiHbiM*b npaBOM-b Mory CKa3aTb Te6i sto; y mchh 6*1.10 
CTOJbKo npHM-fepoBi, nepe^i* rja3aMH. Moh 6-feAHue Apy3bx... % He 
roBopi) rhn^ Kotoptie HaxoAHTcn n> nji-feny, ho o Apytnrb, o 
rkrb, «rto CHHtaorb ce6)i cboCoahhmh. Bc-fe ohh hjh casuM-b 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



44 BfcChl N 5 

HeCHaCTHUMT> 06pa30MT» npHKOBaHU KT> OAHOMy M*fecTy, HJIH CaMUJft 
>KaJIKHMT» 06pa30MT» JJOJIJKHH nepeHOCHTb H3M-feHy. H cyju>6a stoh 

nocjrfeaHHn> erne Soai-fee nenajibHa. Ohh Bcer^a aanyrb h ^awJiyn 

JIi06BH, HO HMH nOMUKaiOTL, HXT> o6npaiOTT>, H2LJP> HHMH H3A"BBaDTCS, 

H3i» hhxt, BBicacuBa»Tb nocj-Bjtme cokh, hmt> HacTaMH»TT» pora, nrb 
6pocaion. — Bee sto caMoe nnaqeBHoe 3p*BJiHme bt> Mip-i. Axt», 6ii- 
Hue! Ctohtt> nocMOTp-BTb, Kain> ohh 6-fcryrb 3a cBoefl nopmefl 
jho6bh, cjiobho nxnojiHue ncu. H yjiapu, KOTopae Aocxzmca mi hi 
aojiid! KyJia 3to hh nwo eme jduui CHJibHtix-b, KpacHBux-b, mojoahx*, 
BT> OCOCeHHOCTH A£* tbxt>, y Koro Ha6HTa* MoraHa, HO *jx 
Apyrnx-b! Hit, jiio6obhux MyitH yncacHbi, ho ohh He ocifkiHBa- 

K)TCH B*L HHXT» HpH3HaTbCH, H STO TaKT> CJTBII1HO. TaKHMT» o6pa301H», 
60JlbmHHCTB0, HT06tI HaflTH, HO KpaftHeft M-fep-fe, XOTb CROlbKO-HH- 

6y^b ycrroKoeHW, nmyrb y6-BjKHma, ct» onymeHHoft roioBoft, vn> 
EoKbefi nayTHH'fe. Ohh He HanuiH, icaio* a, cBoefi roiy6ofi naynHXH. 
Ho tu HHHero hh roBopninb, moA apyrb. O Hem* th .ayMaemb? 
M-lleKocH-C-BHo. Hh o nem.. % Te6a caymaio, * Te6* 
o6o;Kaio. fljKe-naio 6tiTb tojkko hhhtokhoA cny^KaHKoft, KOTopai 

CHAHTb BT» CBOeMT> yrOJIICB... h npaAerb... 

Myx-b TjnrajitHHMt. Ilpjuerb? 

M-l 1 e K o c h«C -b h o h*kho.~ HacTo^myio jiK>6oBb... 

MyXT> cnaoBsa sajQTMHMBUMTM MejKAy npOHHMT*, CKa)KH MH-fc, ZO- 

poraa, noHeny y Te6n Taicie 6oabmie rja3a? 

M-l le KocH-CiHo. 3to ajih Toro/HToCu Te6a aynme BRjrfcTb. 

Myx-b. Oaho mchji yAHRiaerb TaKfte. Th — He rojy6a*. H ne 
BHjity HHnero rojy6oro wh Te6-k # 

M-lle Koch-C-bho. Tojiy6oe y Memi bt> jiym-fe. 

Myx-b. HnoneMy y Te6a cTojibKO pytrb, n TaKHx-b AJHHHbirb, 

flflHHHHX-b pyKi>? 

M-l 1 e K O C H-C "B H O npajwuta* tro x* cBOtuj ctpjmy. 3TO AM TOFO, 

hto6u Te6a ay^me o6HHMaTb, moA MHJiuft. 

Mouraaiiie. Hepen. ciyxoBoe okbo npoenuen rw luacapuy jyvml 
crkrt. B* amy noerb caaoBeft. 

Myx-b c«oBt n MCTast JlyHa, o, jyHal Moft j»6nMuft je6ejb! Tu 
ee BHAHmb? BnAHmb tu sTorb 6jiecKT>? 3to aenn 30Ben> moA 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



Ji-lle KOCH-CiHO. 45 

frkauft je6cAb. Pa30^HH cboh pyicn. Ex JiyHH yKa3UBaK>rb MH-fe 
Moil xiyTL. JI xoqy jieTaTb bt» ex Jiynax-b, KynaTbca bt> en cepe6px- 
homt> cB-frrfc. 3to — 3anapoBaHHHfi nacb. Momcpujiwi Tpenemyn>. 
riycTn MeHH Ha cBo6oay. Tu cjnimnmb 3to n-fcme? Ilo3BOJib MH-fc 
yftra. Hto th jrknaemb? 

M-l le KocH-CiHo. fl Te6a o6hhm aio. 

Myxi>. Ha, mo ft muiuft Apyn», ho mh* Hy^cHO yjierferb, aitu 
He Mo>KeMi» yjerfcrb BM-fccrfc. Y Te6n H'fcrb KpujibeBi*. % He Mon> 
6u yHecTH Te6x bt» jiyHHue Jiynn. Tu cjihhikomt» uwejia. Mh 
ynajH 6u Ha 3emiK> Birfccrfc ci> To6oft. FlycTH MeHx. Axt>, tij mchh 
zymHrab! Kaici*, h th To«e? [lycra mchh, re6i roBopio! 

M-lle Kocn-CiHO rojiocoM* BopoBa. Never more! 

M y x t». H3M-tHal Txk moh Kpujib*! Hrfe npocTop-b? Pa3B-fc x 
y^e 6ojibme He CBo6o^eHT>? 

M-lle KocH-CiHo. Never more! 



JIjHa jipxo ocrknueTv cneny. Ilocjit imioBeHi* npa*Baro MOjraaHU 
M-lle Kocb-Obbo paanouiaeTfc cboh aibbbux xpynxl* pyKB ojuxj aa apy- 
roft TparHiccKHiri. xecroin; aa es ry6an saM-tina yxu6xa JUuokobou. 
Myx-k ocTaeTcx 6eaauxaHHum. HenarfccTHO, mxn on bjib MepTB-k. He 
ace jib paiHO? CasoBeft jme 6oxune He nocrv. 

riep. C. IIOJIflKOBT.. 



IIPHM-feHAHIE HCYPHAJIA «LA PHALANGE*. 
15 avril, 1908. 

HenaiaHHoe nponaBeaeHie lllapjx bzbt> JIep6epra « Mademoiselle Faucheux, 
ou L'Araignee bleue», KOTopoe ony6jmKOBHBaen» Tenepi «La Phalange», 6ujio 
HaimcaRO bo Bpeim upeouBaiii* noaTa bt. Bepjratrfc. 

Oho o6paayen» MaHycKpHrm. 12 crp. in-octavo na 6ynarfc nejnopi. h eaxo- 
jonroi npH nHCbirfe on* 21 (pespxaa 1900 nxna, kt» KOTopoMy 3Ta Tparejiiji aoj- 
3KHa 6&ua ciyxcHTb Hjuuocrpauiefl. 

« M-lle Faucheuxa oTBrBiaen. MpOHiraecKH MsmeHLKOft CKaairfe juui aafcrefi 
8aBTpamHjiro ah*»; KOTopan noaBHJiacB bt, xypHajrfe aLa Plumen. Bi» 3Toft cicaa- 
iti BeAyn> Jiiajon* Kaiian h ptica, h bt. 4>aHTa3iH stoA nocjrfcAHeft, nponiBy- 
nocraBJieHHoft crporocra nepsaro, jicho bhaho cirfcjiyio 9amHTy cboooahoh juo6bh. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



46 B*CH N 



Illapax im JIep6eprx 60x2c* 6ypnocTei caooarao* Jo6n; wen ojSja- 
x* 6aua cmj fixxaxa, xaofopoTx, ftaanuapx caoex nocvoxxxox aumooax, i 
en ynpexaax aaropa cxaaxx: aCanal et la Riviere* xx ton*, <m> oxx extern 
nun Bin aa ero ckjokkoctb xx opaxy x Bocxxaaerx paaocrx 6ypx xti xo- 
pomo aarnxmexaox raaaxx. Bon noiexy 9totx aaropx noxaxxeTca, ein a na 
paaocrx cefrx, y Jlepoepra noxx xxeaexx M. de Laralgne (p-xx arjxcx Flaymnij 
B x Tparejrix, rjrx M. Mouche (r-xx Myxx) npexcraaxxerx ax ^aawarfoDro 
xepraxx noara, aM-Ue Faucheux (M-Ue Kocx-Cxxo) tt, xxnopax xoraafc 
xbxtbcx. 

Ha arr xaxexxxTX) Apaxv npexcxe acero ayxcxo cxoTpfcTx, xaxx Ha mynj, 
xaxx na oaby hsx arxxx myronx noaTa, ax xoTopuxx carfcxx He *ro ihoc, 
xaxx nixie forte jerxaro xcaapa. Ho M-Ue Faucheux nioie xpexx xaifera 
paaooxaqxTeaxxxnex xaaicTxaro cocroxxix xyxa; ax net hoxcho iaan nxxe 
caoero poju exenoxxjuxie xxpit» v xaxx oox avoxx xoxcxo aaxiinxn in 
cxaaynmaro oTpuaxa nxcuu, xoropoe conponoxuajo pyxonxcx. 

aft uocuaao uaxx xecxpoxayi> oaxaxaxocTB, ex onrxrx Ha Bamy_ Oia 
cojepxcxix uxjoe paacyxtaexic, h act hoh Boapaxceaix, h act hoh coxatau 
no noaoxy Teopix... xoropaa npoHaaeaa na xexx Taxoe cxxuioe xiw^awrkaie*. 
J-bjo xxeix odx o6mxxx xxexxx. Ho ex Toro xoxexTa, xaxx hoc pascyx- 
xexie npeapanuocx ax6acxi>, ax xpaYxyo iparejuD «ao axycB jpeaxocrxB... 
x xyxaxx tojxko o jrfcacTByK>mxrx xxnaxx. Mox repox craxx Txnaxx, canon* 
a x pyx u n x xx cpaay acxxx x xxxoro». 

He cxtxyeTx, Kara xu bxxxxx, ex-amxaaix coaepmexxo M. Mouche a 
caxxxx aaTopoxx. Aaropx oaojjkjlix r-Hy Myxy hxxotophi xxx cbokxi aaet 
ho r-xx Myxx ocTaercx p-boxx Myxoxx, x ohx yxserx coxpaHxn cbod m- 
bocix Myxa. 

Rsajraxenx aixxx xaxnaaax CTpaxxnx xe sameix aoaxoxcxwn coxpi- 
xxTX xxx jlmm ce6x jnraxo. Hxx xaxBHax npexecTx, hxx coaepmeKHaa noon, 
BOCxxTHTejfcBax xerxocTb xxx xpoHix bbojux onpaaxxiBaeTx xxx noiaiexie n 
neiaTH, no ero XBrxxiD. Ho ectx-ou cxy noxaxooxxocx, xpoxt annx ocao- 
aaxii, Kaxoe-Hx6yju» jpyroe xsaxBeHic, oxx ero sameix oh bx nxoxi, ko- 
Topoe xiime yxce oxTxpoaaxocx xaxx. 

aEcn», — nxmerx noarx, — ecrx ax xacx caxxxx x*ro>, no xu afw 
aaexx, tbxx xu hc noxuyeHcx x xto xtuuercx, 6wnx xoxcen^xx xacx xai- 
oorte opKTHH&ixKUXx* y X. aro—JuofoniiTHoe carxnieHie xpoxix^ 6ojtobd, 
fyBCTBa, ccpaeaxuxx xucieft x xcxpxmeflcx noxaix^*. Hacro, raxxxx ofipaaoax, 
xu npxHxxaexx xyroee xx xacx caxxxx aa xrpy, xexHoxcxo aa xkKKjn 
xrpy, xx KOTopox cTtcxxeniKx opHaxaixca nosxee, xorxa craaoaxnaai caam- 
xoxx cepBeaxuxxw. 

Kara paax Toraa, xorxa Illapxa xaxx Jlepoeprx ToxuBO-noxoxvancK)!) 
*M-Ue Faucheux», oxx aucxasBixaxx Taxix xxicxx. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



OICyHTC 



I. E. HHIX). JIYHHAR H04K 
II. E. HHIU nPHTOHTj. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 




Digitized by VjOOQiC 




Digitized by VjOOQLC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HEH3AAHHHE CTHXH E. A. BAPATHHCKArO. 



nyraKHHt vb nncbirb Kt A. fleJibBHry, 16 Honflpa 1828 i\, racajn>: 
,Paafl1uiaio tboh HaAexAN Ha flawxoBa h a&bhk>io JuotfoBb xt> ho- 
nopoHHoft Myrt BapamHcxaro. SKAy h He AOXAycb noaBJieHia bt> 
CB*fcrb BaraHx*b cthxobt>; tojibko hx*b nojiyny, aaKOJiio araua, BocxBaaio 
rocnofla — h yKpamy iwbT&MH CBoft maJianrb— xotb BiipyxoBi* HaxoARTb 
8to cjimnKOirb caaAocTpacTHbiifb.— CaTHpa kt> FH'bAHHy iifffe He Hpa- 
bhtch, flapoMi> hto cthxh npexpacHtie; bt> hhxt> icajio nepua; C o u o b t> 
CeaiiyHAHpHoft— nenpocTHTejibHo. EIpocB*meHHOMy jih HeaoBtxy, 
PyecKouy jih caTHpHKy npHCTajio cifbHTbca HaA* HeaaBHCHMocTbio uh- 
eaTeJiH? 9to myTKa, AOCToftHaa xojuiexcxaro coBfeTHHxa HauaftJioBa". 

KoMMeHTapift xt> OToiiy irfeCTy imcbica ao chx* nopb npeACTaBJiaai> 
HeoflOJiHMwa aaTpyAHeHifl. Bojibiiihhctbo xomceHTaTopoB'b coraamaaocb, 
hto noA* .CaTHpofi kt> rH*AH?y" noApaByicbBaJiocb oaho hbt* „Ilocaa- 
Hift kt> rHtflHHy* E. BapamHcxaro, ho bi hhxt> Toro BbipaxeHia, 8a 
KOTopoeIIymKHH*bynpeKaerbaBTopa( w CoiiOB , b 6eaiiyflAHpH0fl*), He oxa- 
auBSJiocb. II. 0. MopoaoBT> bt> cbohxi> npHM-feHaHiflXi* (Coh. DyniKHHa, 
H8A. 1887 r., VII 59) xJiaAHOxpoBHO aaaBJiaerb 061 sroifb lffecT* 
HHCbMa: w roBopHTCH, B-fepoarao (?), o IIocJiaHiH xi> rH-feAHiy PhurteBa". 
Ho AOCTaToiHO nponecTb IIocjiaHie irb rH*AHHy PtiJi*eBa, hto6h He ci> 

B*pOHTH0CTbK) t H0 Cb AOCTOB*pHOCTbK> BHaTb, 1T0 rOBOpHTCH He 

o6t» Heicb, h6o Taifb o CoMOB'b irbrb hh cJiOBa. 

3aTpyAH0Hie paapfcrnaerb nenaTaeican Haicn peAaxwa BToporo 
IIocJiaHiH B. BapaTMHexaro xt> I^Amy, xoTopoe ao chxt> nop* bt> 
coCpaniax-b coiiraeHift BapaTMHexaro oraocHJiocb BcerAa xt> 1827 r. 
Rax* H8B*CTH0 t BapaTHHCxift jhoGhji* nepepa6aTHBaTb cboh cthxh, 
npaieirb HBMtHeHiH, A*aaeMbia hmt>, (teaJiH nopoft HacToabrto cyme- 
cTB6HHHMH,HTonbeca noHBJWAacb btophhho coBepmerao HeyaHaBaeiioft. 
H-fexoTopHH CTHXoTBopeHia Tax* nepeAluiHBajrb oh* Aa*e no Tpn paaa. 
BTopoe nocjianie »THftamy* yace 6hjio H3B-fecTHo naMi vb AByx* pe- 
Aaxnwx^ H3AaHk 1827 roAa h HaaaHia 1835roAa,He ciHTaa HoaxM*. 
noaAHtftmnx-b nonpaBOXi, BHeceHHhixi> bi nocitepTHbia aaAaHia. Tenepb 
oxaabiBaeTCfl, hto yme bt» h3a. 1827 r. IIocjiaHie noaBHjiocb bi chjimio 
nepepa6oTaHHOMT> bha*. cpaBHHTejibHO c-b nepBOHanajibHoft peAaxuieft. 

3Ta nepBOHaiaJibHaa peAaxuia paaucxaHa HaMH b* cTapHHHoft TeT- 
pa«H cTHxoB-b, cyAfl no noiepxy, oTHOcameficH x-b 30-mt, roAaM-b XIX b. 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



54 BfcCH N 5 

IIpOHCXOXAeHie dTOfl TOTpBflH HaiTb HeHdB'bCTHO, OABaRO, HfrTb COMfi-feHifl, 

hto oHa Aojiaraa 6bi Jia buAth h3T> aHTepaTypHbixi* RpyroFb, Tax* xarc 
bt> Heft cnHcam* ivfeauft jMRb cTHXOTBopeHift, bt» cBoe Bpeiifl bt> nenaTH 
He noaBJWBmHxea. IIoflJiHHHOCTb cthxobi* BapaTMHCKaro yTBepxuaercfl, 
TaKt CKaaaTb, ,BHyTpeHHbiMH* A&HHbiiiH. He Jierxo 6biao 6bi nojwb- 
n&Th xapaRTepHbift cthxt> DapaTbiHCRaro. Kpoyfe Toro, irfcabifl paA> 
HaMeKOBi), paacbaHEbix-b bi Hamefl pe^aKuiH IIocJiaHiH, icon> 6hm> ca*- 

JiaHT> TOJIBRO COBpeMeHHHKOMT>. 

0TH0CHT6JIbH0 H0BH3HH A&BaeifaTO HEMH TORCTa HaflO aairfcTHTb 

cjrbAyiomee. ElepBbie 11 cthxobt> Hamefl peflaKuiH s&wbBsuyrb 5 cthxobt* 
pe^aKuiH OKOHHaTejibHoft, KOTopaa coxpaHHJia h8T> nepBOHaiaabnaro 
TeKCTa Bcero Tpn CTHxa, 5—6 h 11. Cthxh 17—24 aaiOTca BnepBbie h bt> 
oROHiaTeJibHofi peAaKuiH aau'taeHbi HeTbipbiia hhhmh cthxsmh. Cthxh 
35—44 AanTCH BnepBbie h b*b oROHiaTeabHOfl peAaxiUH aairbHeHbi oa- 
hhmt> ABycTHmieyb. Cthxh 52—62, ct» H'tKOTopwiiH BapiaHTaMH, co- 
OTB'bTCTByiorb peAaRuiH 1827 roAa h bt» 0R0H?aTeJibH0fl peAaKuin aairfe- 
BeHbi TpeMH ApyrHMH. Cthxh 71—74 anaiHTeabHO HdifbHeHU bt> oxoh- 
HaTeJibHofi peAaRuin. Cthxh 85—86 Toxe. Cthxh 97—132 bt> okohhb- 
TejibHoft peAaRuin oTcyTCTByiOTb. Bi» peAaRuin 1827 roAa 8THMb 36 

CTHXaifb COOTB'feTCTByeT'b BCerO 28 H dHaiHTettbHO H8M*HeHHbJXT>, npH- 

newb bc* co6cTB6HHbifl uueua aairbHeHbi nceBAOHHif am, Hanp., Birfecro 
„CxaaaTb IlaHaeBy* HaneiaTaao: .CKaaaTb ApRaAHHy", bm*cto ^Ha- 
MaflJioBb a — ,naflCHHi>", h t. a., a AaycTHmie, ta* ynoiimaeTca IJep- 
TejieBT>, flROBJieBii, OeaopoBT* h Comobt>, BbinymeHO bobcc. 3axai>?H- 
TeabHbiwb 18-th CTHxam Hamefl peAaRuin, 133—150, bt> oROHHaTeabHoft 
cooTBfeTCTByerb tojibko necaTb cthxobt>, SHaiHTCJibHo HaicfeHeHHbixi. 

KpoM-fe Toro, bo MHorHXT> cTHxaxi, Goalie hjih neH*be coBnaAaromHib 
ct> oROH^aTejibHofl peaaicuieft, Hann> TeKcrb AaeTb paaaHHHue BapiaHro. 

IIpHHHHbi, noHeMy IIocjiaHie BapaTbracKaro He noaBHaocb CBoeBpe- 
iieHHo bt. nenaTH *, AOBOJibHo acHbi. Bo-nepBbixi, MHoria irfeCTa nepBO- 
HanajibHofl peAaRuiH He Moran 6biTb nponymeHbi TorAamHeft ueHaypofl, 
KaKOBi,, Hanp., cthxt> o .HaMtcTHHicfe*, ROTopufl ,naoxi> yiioifb*. Bo- 
BTopbixT> t BapaTbiHCROMy, B'bpoaTHO, 6biJiT> nepeAaHb oTBbiB'b HyniKHHa 
(HHTaBmaro, ca*AOBaTeabHO, .IIocaaHie* bi» pynonHCH), cyxAOHie koto- 
paro A^A BapaTbiHCKaro He Morao He 6biTb aBTopHTCToifb. 

Bajitpli Bpneeiv 

9 KoHe^Ho, bo Hcunqeaa bosmokhoctb, «rro Kama pexaxAia nociaau, in 
xotji 6u cxoxHaa ci nett, (5uia Bce-TtKH, HaneiaTEHa vb o^Hom» mn Maioisjt- 
cthuxi i8xaBift 20-n. roxoB>. Hajfi, oahsko, oto Kaxerca MaiOBipoflraim, nn 
urn i RaMH jiiho Cm jo nepecMOTpbHO 6oimdhhctbo zjpHaiOB% r amaiiaxon 
Toro BpexeBH, h uqa KOMneTeHTHua, k* KOTopum» mu otipanianci sa coxitcrw- 
em», ho noriH \m mm no aToity noBOjy BisaKm Hoaim yaanaaii. 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



rHitfMHy orb bapatuhckato. 



JLjmn npasHaTeiuioft BcerjumHift bjuctcjihht*, 
XynomBMKh jynnift sanr* h xjnmib rpaauiaBHB'B, 
Tu aaxce cyereoft 3a6aB-fc n-fccaoirsBBj! 
06menojesBaro xeejaem* HasBa^eHuil 
He jrojum TeG* ciajwaanriBY hst, n-BBuoBt 
PaaBpaTHoft npejecn»io HBH-fcxceBBLix'B cnrxon,: 
JId6obi» nopoHHaa poxmaerB jdi y^acrte? 
EescjaBHu bt, Heft frBAH, eme 6escxaBB-sft cqacrte! 
EeajMHa am itbbuobt. Bovkftma* opaa, 
Caoft crtm-i. noiomaa 6eax Boncaro cmaa! 
BosBumeHfly© itbjib Iloan Ha6pan ofasaBB. 

Kx 6jecT«mHin» majocniM*, icaici npexue, He npHBjraaa-i, 

fi npaBHJUjrb tbohbtb nocjrsAOBaTB 6*1 Mon»; 

Hotuju mbtb Bejnum», ocraB* mipBuft caon» 

H -Bjucoft acejnix) HamrniBaji crpoxH, 

CaTHpoio BoaoraTb Ha rjynocn. h nopoRH? 

He too, rfepio «, bt» Kaxoft hhor irfcBen>, 

<f>paHny3a Byaao npHHaB-L sa oGpasem, 

IIoRJOHHHrB Ha6o5KHoft ero 6escnepTHoft ciasu, 

IIo-pyccKH raxbode ocirBHBaen* HpaBU. 

YcraBa Hoearo Aepxcacb Bt crHxaxx mohx-b, 

IlycTL rjynocTb Pyccicyx) apasHHTB a 6yay bt» hhxt>; 

Hto 6yAerB nojnau b*b tomt»? A 6c3T» oco6oa itbjdi 

Corjiacbfl jenri* aarkftjorooft cBHpkiH 

B* BeyroMOHHUH juft hcjiobko npeBpaw, 

3a<rfeMi> « nojurb Bparori cosAam* ce6*, myT*? 

Crpamyai Hanepen* * 8jio6h hxb onacHoftl 

noieseHi o6mecray CarapHicB 6eanpHCTpacTBua! 

4bima ano6oBiio ktb corpaauttBairB cbohbtb, 

Ha hx-l AypaiecTBa oh* acanyeTC* hitl; 

YnpeKOBx h yjnuci *3BHTeju»Hwin» opyiifceM-B, 

KjeftMHTB 6eaA*Jii»BHKOBT> aa6uTMxi npaBOcyaBcirL, 

Hjd» -BAKoa chjox) 3a6aBHaro cjoBua 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



56 BfcCH N 

Cuupxcrrk nonuxn Baayraro rjynna°, 

JlHiHny qyacAyD cpuBaa c* q&iOB-fcica, 

Hbjuix rw Barorfc ypojunBocTB rfcica, 

Oh-l BcnpaBJMCTi hxt»; h Kan yMOMx bh GuarpT,, 

Ehbz Mb nojesB-sft Han KDctbojb M bbb c tf* ! 

Bee Tarb, bo k* 06mecTBy ycepaLCBi. njUMenfca, 
H cm-bd jn» yxaaaTb Ha Boncaro ajofffcx? 
rpaxuiHCKaro rjyima noaBOjeeo jh mbtb 
& HeroABtiMT, pB(|>Ma<iem» auraaBTb HapaBirfe? 
H cnpaBejuBBO jih, bo cmucjtb upnuo aapaBOBrb, 
KoMy-Jw6o H3i» Haci. bjiaasti» nojoOHUMi npaBoirk? 
Ocrpori aartfijuiBuxi,. BacM-smcicfc -fcjuam Aapi, 
H3BBTejnBux-& ctbxobi. Kaxoft-TO &io6hhb acapi 
H uvh crapaTeju>HO noAoopaHHue SByioi— 
3a oeanpHorpacrie aaoaBaux nopyxH! 
Ho eara nojuyo CBo6oay mbtb zajiyn., 
Toro ju> a ycrpamy, Kony He crpameHT, Kayn.? 
Koro h Bohcib rasai. bt» aaoory He npBBOjnm? 
HairicTBBKi> njioxt yjiojrb h jibbo cyMaa6poABn»— 
IIojoxcBMb, to> bt» cnixarL cKaacy eny h Taxi: 
Tm Ao6poft qejOBfein», ho, ciymaft, tm jtypam»! 
OAaaacAM ct, paay noire. BCTyn* bt» oiHyio craBKy, 
Am o6mea bmtoam uexbsx ju> dojutb bt» oTcraBicy? 
Yxc-k OH-b roTOBHJica ooAyMan. mob cobbtv, 
Ho Qay ijjulkj noAHecB Apyrofi noarL, 

r^-fe BT. ABBJUiaTB CTpo4>aXT» BBUBaeTCB 6e3CTMAH0 

Ci: >*b 80poKi> yjn» ero, ckoib oko jujo>hobbaho! 
Apyatii b Hejipyni, ji cnpanraBao Bact: 
Kojiy oxorake bobspbtl on sat sacL? 

Ho ciymaA; qeaoBBKi Bcenu KopucTB tkzjlbuH 
BepeTca job sa TpyjfL HarfcpHO 6e3BarpaAHMB? 
Rynen> paaieTXBBMft H3* Ao6puxi» 6apwmeft 
BfffcpxeTi cboh Kopa6jn> BeBrfcpBocTjm Mopefi; 
Ha* njiani ouuucyx> oTBeprayBmB ApeMOTy 
IloaeHMiiHK-b ao aapa bmxoabti, sa paooTy; 
Ha auBy rpoMKyn BaAS*AOio corp*n 

B-L TpyjaXT. B03BbimeHHUXT» B03BUQieHHUB noCTi, 

Ho aa 6eacTpamBoe nopoKOB* oftnrieHbe 
Kaxoe, Mucjinnifc tm, mb* 6yaeTL HarpaacAeHbe? 
He ciaBa ju» rpOMxax? — Tajairrom. x y6on»! 
IIpH3HaTejn»HOcn» ADAeft?— JboAcft yaean. a non»! 



Digitized by VjOOQiC 



TEhfljmy OTL BAPATUHCKArO. 57 

He o6oMhcm% aeax raaen BucoKonapBom! 
Tab BCTpfciy a nopoft CorpaacAaa-* 6*an>Aapflocn>, 
Konu cet pfcAKofi ayaci, BeAbaoata TpsumuBHai 
On, B-kxa ciaBBaro ocraBaiiic* oabbi, 
Ho cmtejo jsjrb ero xpaBBBmia bt» aferfe bobo», 
OGmapaua pasyaoarL m cbabbub, rpoaicia caobobi, 

JIlOOOBMO KT» HCTBirfe B Kt pOABH"fc rop«, 

Bt» corfeTark se pofyfcj-L ocnopaBan. Ilapa, 
Korju npexpacBOMy BAeqcaiio nociymflua 
yirbxi. cay BBBaaTb Moaapxi BeABKOAymBua,. 
Hto bhcabab o seat CorpaaeAaae TorAa: 
cYacT. obi BBTificTBODATk paAexoncn, BcerAa! 
«Ho ctoju. TopjKccTBeHHO Be BOflycry xAonoierc., 
«Cbob Jiap-b opaTopcaia aaax BUK23aTi> on xoien; 

«KaTOHOMT, CMOTpHTk OHX, BO TOBKaTO AbCTeUA 

«On Back ae yTaaTb boa* crporocn© jmiu». 
Tain jymiBMi noABaraai juojKCKoe pasBpaaieBie; 
npaAyaaii BBsxoe yarfcerfc Bo6yacAeai>e; 
Taax H3Kx»«nrrejrao nocpeacTBeaHocn* ak>6«, 
Cn-Lmart BucoKoe yaasBTb ao cc6a; 
Tam> caaura. AOOAecrea saBBCTABBo ipenemerc., 

H HT06l» BC B-fepBTfc BMT», H2 OBLIA KACBeiUeTO. 

FTpBaaaTCji, bi acbl cto paax 6uBax> n roTOBi, 
Heaaoro nocrpanuTi* IJapBaccaaxi* qyAaKOBi, 
CKa3an>, xoti> aa yxo, <f>aaaTBKan mypnvnBUWb: 
CpaaaTe bu cc6a pyraTeALCTBoai aaxajLauax, 
He ctuabo jn» yai» a Bjcycb voBepicaTb aa boapaai, 
H Tpa&iefi aBTopcxoa caiman* rocraaBua p*Ai»; 
Poccia bt, Tamaa-fe, a ct, myaojrb aenpacToftauai 
BoiOCTfc HBBajIBAT* Cb ApXHBOMl oeanoKoaBbiai.; 

Oca3aTL IlaaaeBy: ae Myaaaa tc&b 

ITosBOJieao cbbd-bal. aana^xaTb aa rep&fe; * 

CxaaaTB HaaafijoBy: oojTyai exceaeA^ju>Boa, 

Tu cA-BJiaxt cBoft acypHajn» napaaccKoft GonursAfcaoB, 

H wh aeai tu Kaauuro y6oraro yaoa** 

C* jno6oBt» jfcajyemt ycAyacABBuai* abctkomt,. 

* Bi repfrs n^^^, mmmbom% cme npeAKan ero, HaxoABTcx CBMpta*.— 1\ He— ci* 
npo<prraai cnula da, cKaavm 

Cusm cxr upuKj : aa aron cyAb Te6t 
AocroiHO Buptaara nyx* aaaork aa rep6t. 

(npBMiiiBie pyaonaca). 



Digitized by VjOOQLC 



58 BbCU N 5 

H UepTeiero 6ja»Hoft ■ HxoueBi. TpaxT